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  • 251.
    Gustafsson, Cornelia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Brückner, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Att skära guld med kniv: En studie om hur bostadsmarknaden påverkat fastighetsmäklaryrkets professionaliseringsprocess2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study intends to scrutinize how adjustments made in the housing market has affected the profession of estate agents. Our premise is based on that social facts can be interpreted by social facts and the aim is to understand the factors affecting the profession in today's society that are developed in interaction with societal factors. In order to fathom this phenomenon, we have chosen to study the profession of estate agents and how it has been affected by the housing market. The empirical material is based on real estate agents’ experience and is therefore collected through a qualitative method based on interviews. The study is interpreted by a professional theoretical perspective, where we have assumed the thesis that all professions can be professionalised. The theoretical conceptual apparatus consists of autonomy, social closure, legitimacy, authority and will be used to understand the professionalisation process, that is when and why professions arise.

    Despite the fact of the profession’s changes, it has not been enough for the profession to be professionalised in the classical term. It can be said that the housing market has affected the professionalisation process of profession of real estate brokerage, which means that social factors can influence the professionalisation process. What prevents the profession from change and development of their professional position is the lack of autonomy. Due to the runaway housing market, a regulator was established to combat irregular transactions, which lead to decreased autonomy. A stronger professional status would derive from an increased authonomy and the conclusion is therefore that as long as the profession is under external control, it will not be professionalised.

  • 252.
    Gustafsson, Ida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Don't you forget about me: En studie kring teorin om det ideala offret och dess påverkan i fall av barnkidnappning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The paper considers Nils Christie’s theory of the ideal victim with its output in different cases of child abduction. Two parts illuminate the similarities and differencies between family and stereotypical abductions and between different cases based on Christie’s theory. The purpose of the paper is to investigate if the theory appears to explain why one kind seems to receive more attention than the other, even though it is basically the same crime. The thesis also examines which of Christie’s criteria that seems to be of most importance to give the victim attention.

     

    The study categorizes the different criteria under three different titles: ideal victim, ideal perpetrator and ideal circumstances, illustrated by a model which defines the concept with the denomination, a true ideal victim. The investigation is carried out through an internet search of the number of hits at the Google search engine, as well as through close up studies of a few cases. The possibilities for abducted children and their families to claim a valid status as a victim is highlighted as of very great, if not of the most, significance for generating attention. The differences between the two types according to Christie’s theory is shown, as is the difference in hits between the two which indicates that ideal victims of abduction get more attention.

  • 253.
    Gustafsson, Philip
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Rättvis, tillrättavisande och sympatisk: En studie om manliga lärarstudenters relation till sitt framtida yrke2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The gender balance in Swedish preschool and elementary schoolteachers is highly uneven. Male preschool and elementary schoolteachers consist of only 4% and 25% respectively. The study’s motivation is found here. The aim is to get knowledge of the way male students at university who are studying to become preschool or elementary schoolteachers use and take benefit of existing male discourses and if they make opposition on these discourses.

    By the use of qualitative interviews, the material in this study is based on subjective views and experiences of male students doing gender in the context of a female-dominated space of study and anticipated future career.

    Within a broader social constructive approach, the empirical material is analyzed by the use of Connell’s theory on gender and hegemonic masculinity. Other theoretical concept that have been used in this study to display and analyze the way the students are doing gender are such as “male discourses” and “masculinity”.

    The result of this study suggest that male students are not giving up their use of male discourses, instead they are constructing a new role in relation to their future profession and existing discourses. They construct their profession roles in relation with their use of existing male discourses as well as opposition towards them, as well as the use of female discourses.

    The result of this study suggest that male students are in some cases using existing male discourses in relation to their profession, but that they are also using active resistance towards these discourses with the use of female discourses.

    These results go mostly in line with results presented by earlier studies in the field. The students are negotiating with the hegemonic masculinity in the way they are constructing their professional role as teachers and role models.

  • 254.
    Göransson, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Who gets to decide the path to peace?: - A study of the participation of women during the peace process in Burundi and the obstacles for their participation. 2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The participation of women in peace processes has received increased attention in recent years and it is possible to identify several arguments of why it is of importance to include women to a larger extent. As the debate regarding the presence of women in peace processes is focused around the importance of including women to a larger extent, it can be valuable to further explore the role of women in peace processes in terms of their participation and the obstacles present for their participation. The focus of this study is the peace process in Burundi from the beginning of the Arusha negotiations in 1998 and onwards, as it can be considered a country with a positive outcome in terms of the inclusion of women’s situation in the final peace agreement. The participation of women during the peace process is studied with the aim to identify the main obstacles for women’s participation. The first aspect studied is the participation of women during the peace process both in the formal and informal part of the process. The outcome in terms of the peace agreement signed in 2000 and the situation for women’s participation after the agreement is also considered. Furthermore, the obstacles present for women’s participation in the peace process are studied. To explore the participation of women as well as the obstacles present for women’s participation in Burundi, the case study method is chosen together with the use of theory testing and content analysis. The case of Burundi is placed in relation to theories regarding women’s participation in peace processes and the obstacles identified in Burundi are placed in relation to findings in other studies regarding obstacles present for women’s participation. Content analysis is used when studying the Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement, in order to explore the inclusion of women’s specific situation in the agreement.  

     

    The findings of the study demonstrate that the case of Burundi is similar to several other cases studied in terms of the obstacles women face for their participation. The obstacles identified to be the most common were aspects related to the culture and social norms, as well as the presence of violence in society. The external support is further raised as an important factor for women’s organizations working for a more equal post-conflict society. The participation of women is argued to have had a positive effect on the outcome in terms of the consideration of women’s situation. But as it also is stated, it is difficult to identify the exact impact of specifically the women’s participation. 

  • 255.
    Hagevi, Magnus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Viscovi, Dino
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Enkäter: att formulera frågor och svar2016 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Enkäten är sedan länge ett väletablerat redskap för både forskare och praktiker. De flesta vuxna får ofta fylla i formulär av olika slag, i de mest skiftande sammanhang. Hur utformar man då en enkät? Ett bra enkätformulär ska vara tydligt, överskådligt och enkelt att fylla i, och det får inte ta för mycket tid i anspråk. Dessutom ska enkäten ge undersökaren tillförlitlig och bearbetningsbar information tillbaka.

    Den här boken är en introduktion till konsten att göra enkäter, oavsett om dessa ska tryckas på papper eller distribueras digitalt. Den beskriver hur allmänna frågor kan preciseras och omvandlas till fungerande enkätfrågor och svarsalternativ. Författarna ger råd om i vilken ordning frågor bör ställas, hur formuläret kan utformas grafiskt och hur datainsamlingen lämpligen läggs upp. Allt för att undvika missuppfattningar, minimera fel och för att få många ifyllda formulär tillbaka.

    De praktiska råden inramas av en skildring av enkätens pionjärer i Sverige och en diskussion om enkätens framtid i ett alltmer digitaliserat samhälle.

  • 256.
    Hallberg, Fredrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Det gränslösa arbetet som gymnasielärare: En studie om gränsförskjutning mellan arbete och det övriga livet.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies, institutions and authorities are increasingly restructuring their businesses to adapt to a changing environment and working conditions are becoming increasingly looser, more indefinite and perceived as more boundless. Earlier general and more stable working time rules, norms and agreements for organizing the work have begun to be dissolved or transformed and employees must increasingly initiate, plan, implement and take responsibility for their own work. This may mean that the work is perceived as more varied by the employee, but also as more complicated, more stimulating but perhaps also more demanding, more personal but with a reduced community, more focused but more cohesive and insecure.

     

    This is a qualitative thesis conducted at the Linnéuniveritetet by Fredrik Hallberg that, through the use of grounded theory, examines questions about what affects the balance between the work of school teachers and their leisuretime. In the study, a total of seven teachers have been interviewed and the material has been analyzed and processed through a theoretical framework in the form of grounded theory. 

  • 257.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Att äta och att sova2015In: Tydningen, ISSN 2001-4570, no 17-18, p. 74-75Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 258.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Berättelser – Motberättelser2014In: Eftertankens Följetong: De nordiska författarseminarierna vid Nordens Biskops Arnö 1960-2014. En dokumentation sammanställd av Ingemar Lemhagen / [ed] Ingemar Lemhagen, Stockholm: Stiftelsen Nordens Biskops Arnö , 2014, p. 151-171Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 259.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Dikter2015In: De Nio - Litterär Kalender 2015 / [ed] Magnus Halldin, Stockholm: Norstedts Förlag, 2015, p. 37-40Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 260.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Dikter ur Det som övar annorlunda likt ett hjärta2016In: Om detta sjunger vi inte ensamma: Dikter till samtiden och världen / [ed] Anna Jörgensdotter, Charlotte Qvandt, Stockholm: Bokförlaget ETC , 2016, 1, p. 57-61Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 261.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Jaz je clovekova najuglednejsa norost (odlomek)2016In: Brez Besed ji sledim: sodobna evropska lezbucna poezija / [ed] Brane Mozetic, Ljubljana: Zalozba Skuc , 2016, p. 119-121Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 262.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Några reflexioner och en lathund2014In: Kreativt skrivande och kritiskt tänkande i genusvetenskap / [ed] Anna Lundberg, Ann Werner, Nationella sekretariatet för genusforskning , 2014, p. 35-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 263.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Poetik för akademiker2015In: Skrivande om skrivande / [ed] Benedikte Borgström, Jenny Helin, Maria Norbäck, Elena Raviola, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, p. 233-241Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 264.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Prolog till den litterära vetenskapsteorin2014Book (Other academic)
  • 265.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Skrivandet som metod / Writing as a Method of Inquiry: En studie i poesi, skrivprocess och det reflexiva akademiska skrivandets möjligheter / A Study of Poetry, the Writing Process and the Possibilities of Reflexive Academic Writing2015In: Från konstnärlig högskola till universitet / From Arts Colleges to University: Konstnärlig forskning - Årsbok 2015 / Artistic Research - Yearbook 2015 / [ed] Torbjörn Lind, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2015, p. 76-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 266.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    THE I/EYE IS IN THE VERB: TOWARDS A POETICS OF THE FEMINIST POETIC I2015In: The ninth Nordic conference on language and gender, 15-16 October 2015 Linnaeus University, Växjö, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 267.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Vald poesi2013In: Ny svensk poesi / [ed] Malin Waak & Nina Søs Vinther, Köpenhamn: Arena , 2013Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 268.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Writing on Mourning, Death and Dying: Keynote2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 269.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    El Sousi, Somaya
    Tunedal, Jenny
    Writing during war: Keynote2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 270.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Henderson, Melissa
    The Speech: Poetik för akademiker2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 271.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Lundberg, Anna
    To be or not to be in sync: On intersections between artistic research and post disciplinary feminist research2015In: Konstuniversitet – politisk dröm eller utvidgad framtid för konsten? / Art university – political dream or broadened future for art?, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Feminist research is a field emerging from overlaps and contingencies in relation to traditional disciplinary academic structures. Hence, given this position, feminist research has produced what we want to call post disciplinary academic knowledge. Herein lies one of the strengths and major academic contributions of feminist research.

    Crucial to this post disciplinary knowledge production is not only a critical scrutiny of power hierarchies, but also a critical stance towards the power hierarchies (re)produced by scholarly norms and values, which has an impact on how academic knowledge is produced and perceived. Perhaps equally important is the influence of artistic and aesthetic productions and expressions on feminist research.

    The presentation will start out giving an account for a range of historical examples where artistic explorative work has played a distinct role on the feminist academic field. Then we will summarize and reflect upon our own experiences of and ideas about the intersections between artistic research and the research field of arts and humanities from a feminist perspective.

  • 272.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Tunedal, Jenny
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Being each others dog: or the figure wanders on alone2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 273.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Tunedal, Jenny
    El Sousi, Somaya
    Translating 51 days2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the summer of 2014 poets Somaya El-Sousi, Hanna Hallgren and Jenny Tunedal were working together in a translation workshop via skype that had been ongoing for more than a year. When war broke out in Gaza, where El-Sousi lives and works, this translation workshop transformed into a daily conversation on war, despair, food, rooms, objects, women, children, mothers, intimacy, fear, news, weather and writing.

    The differences and distances always present in translation work became enhanced and acute, as did a sense of closeness. The circumstances of war cut into our work and somehow into the everyday quotidian life of Sweden; as a shock, as a difference, as an acute experience of a lack of experience. The computer screen became, in El-Sousis words: “a blue window of hope”; the hope of continuing, linearity, future.

    Continuity is complicated for anyone living in Gaza. Life is a secluded incarceration not only in space but maybe even more so in time. Future as well as political and personal history are constantly being cut off from and / or conditioned by a claustrophobic present. The disaster that war is adds enormous pressure and fear to this present, to the extend were chronological time seems almost entirely dissolved.

    We would like to examine this sense of time and how it conditions the work of female writers in Gaza. We have gathered literary texts by women living in Gaza that were written during the 51 days of war and aim to perform a reading of how the temporality of war becomes readable, and possibly shareable, in these texts; as structure, as experience, as knowledge, as the unanswerable question: ”How long is that night, how hard is that darkness?” (from Somaya El-Sousis “It does not end”, written in late July 2014)

    Our work and our friendship takes place on skype. During the conference we would like to use skype and together, yet apart, perform a poetic conversation piece on the temporality of war, of literature, of translation and of friendship.

  • 274.
    Hamid, Abdalrhman
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Protracted Internal Displacement: A Case Study of Darfur IDPs2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 275.
    Hammermo, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Gender Mainstreaming: A critical idea analysis of gender mainstreaming in Sida´s evaluation documents2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gender inequality is a structural problem in almost all societies in the world. The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) is argued to be in the front when it comes to include women and gender equality in their cooperation with other countries. However, what kind of gender mainstreaming discourses are they using?

    This study is a critical idea analysis of the evaluation documents published by Sida. The objective of the thesis is to investigate what feminist discourses Sida is using and how it can be understood from the perspective of power of Michel Foucault.

                          The major findings of the ideal type analysis are that Sida is mostly using a socialist feminist discourse in their documents. However, when applying the theory of power on the findings, a discussion about how much (and maybe what kind) of power Sida is actual practicing emerge. The main conclusion is that Sida is using power to set the norms and the discourse. On the other end could not a fully gender mainstreaming be seen, this can be resistance from the cooperation countries to adopt to the socialist discourse. 

  • 276.
    Han, Shuang
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    A Study on Chinese Teachers’ Experiences and Perceptions of Gender Roles and How it Affects Work, Family and Students2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research is a case study focusing on a group of Chinese teachers working in a senior high school in northern China. It seeks to explore their experiences and perceptions of gender roles, both in the workplace and at home. It aims to discover the impact of cultural values and beliefs on them as well as on their teaching practice, and to explore how they deal with the potential contradictions.

    There are three questions being addressed in this research: (1) In what way do male and female teachers experience and perceive gender (in)equality at the workplace? (2) In what way do male and female teachers experience and perceive gender (in)equality at home? (3) How do their experiences and perceptions of gender roles influence their teaching practice?

    The results show that both modernization and communism have positive influences on gender equality. However, tradition and stereotype impose men and women with specific roles and qualities. They influence participants’ domestic life to different extents: decision-making, housework division, attitudes toward marriage, premarital sex and gender preference of their children. Whether caring or paternalistic, parents play a very important role in the family. It also can be seen that women are trying to take an active role in household finance management. At the workplace, the ongoing work-family conflict and stereotype about gender roles hinder women’s career development. The participation and the percentage of female representation in management positions are rather low, even though they are encouraged to take an active role. When seeking employment, women face more frustration than men. In the classroom setting, gender difference can be seen when teachers give criticism and assign legwork. Students are expected to develop different qualities: male students with “male characteristics” and female students with “female characteristics”, as a result of social pressure. 

  • 277.
    HAQUE, ZIAUL
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Spoilers in the Peace Process of the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT)2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 278.
    Haraldsson, Oscar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Polisens Moral: En formande process2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Inspired by Durkheim’s (2002) moral sociology, this bachelor thesis examines what morally form individuals who take on work within the police. Specifically, this thesis identifies and analyses the steps that morally form police officers in southern Sweden from their childhood to professional life through qualitative interviews. Three police officers in chief positions were interviewed, three newly graduated police officers and two police students. The respondents spoke about a strong moral ideal from youth and this conviction was strengthened when they realized their wish to join the police force. When closing in on their goal to join the police the pressure to act morally from their peers increased. Through the statements collected this thesis identified four steps which the interviewees followed when they approached a moral code which society at large internalize. It also identified how a mission can be used to justify otherwise immoral behavior. The identified steps are: Ideal indifference and norm conformity, ideal realization, ideal and norm reinforcement and, ideal and norm insurance. The first step identified matched with the results of Jacobsson and Lindblom (2016) while the remaining were interpreted from the expressed statements of the interviewees. The second step this thesis interpreted was ideal realization, this step was defined by individuals who realized their desire to work within the police later in life. Working in tandem with ideal realization is the step ideal and norm reinforcement, this step was characterized by a phase in the interviewee life where they took steps to achieve their goal. Lastly ideal and norm insurance is the step identified when the interviewees had joined the police, distinctive for this step was their drive to ensure that every day norms was ensured and trust for the police was maintained within the populace. 

  • 279.
    Hartelius Nilsson, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Kollektivets pris: Tillämpning av en teoretisk modell om organisatorisk målförändring2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 280.
    Hartshorne, Eric
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Al Qaeda, the Islamic State and the Terrorist Identity: A Qualitative Comparatative Case-study on the Strategic Self-Presented Identities of the Global Jihadist Groups2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the Strategic Self-presented identity of Al Qaeda and the Islamic State, two global militant Islamic groups. Parallels are often drawn between the two groups creating a generalized image of global jihadists. This thesis argues that although certain comparisons may be made, the two groups differ in their identity and tactics. Therefore, in order to gain a deeper understanding of the violent groups it is key to analyze and compare how the two groups wish to be perceived. Through a qualitative comparative case-study this thesis sets out to recognize the strategic self-presented identities of Al Qaeda and the Islamic State. By combining the Terrorist Identity by Arena & Arrigo (2006) and Goffman’s (1959) theory of self-presentation via a theory building method this thesis argues that Al Qaeda encompasses a victim role to legitimize their cause. To the contrary, The Islamic State upholds a martial role, building on a sense of wrongdoing, violently reclaiming a geographical and social arena which they claim is rightfully theirs. The Strategic Self-presented identities of the two jihadist groups stand contrary to each other. The Islamic State proudly stands for a state which they claim deserves to be legitimized and welcomes new members to join them within their borders. Al Qaeda on the other hand continues their decentralized struggle against their suppressive opposition. The research behind the paper is a desk-study method, which practically has taken form by gathering photos, videos, interviews, statements, magazines and other outward directed documents released by Al Qaeda and the Islamic, hence, the messages which the jihadist groups wish to share with outsiders.     

     

                                                                                       

  • 281.
    Hartshorne, Eric
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Immigrant members of the Swedish Democrats: A qualitative study regarding the process in which immigrants become politically active within the Swedish Democrats.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the process that individuals who have migrated to Sweden go through when joining the Swedish Democrats (SD), a nationalistic and anti-immigration party. SDs history is filled with Racism and violence, since the parties remodelling in 1988, where the party removed its more extremist and violent grouping, SD have become the third largest political party in Sweden. Through the classic outsider theories of Elias (1999) and Becker (2006) this study is driven to explore a new theoretical view on the process of role and organizational change. By looking at what pushes the individuals away from their former organizational belonging and what pulls them towards SD, this study will try and understand the thought process and decision making of the group, immigrants in SD, around the time before and during their organizational change. As a secondary point to this paper the respondent’s sense of identity and belonging to SD will be studied. How has their change to SD affected their identity as a group and how do other groups affect them when they (SD) are trying to establish their identity. The research behind this paper is based on interviews with individuals that have migrated to Sweden and are public members of the Swedish Democrats.

  • 282.
    Hassan, Aisha
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Possibilities for Nicaraguan Mangoes: A Value Chain Analysis of Dried Mango2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Two months of fieldwork was conducted during the summer of 2014 in Nicaragua, through qualitative interviews the aims was to investigate the Value Chain of dried mango and its potential as an alternative income source for livelihood improvements for households in Manzano Uno, Nicaragua. The idea to investigate dried mango in particular originates from a conversation in the spring of 2012 with Ben Orton, co- founder of local NGO Waves of Hope, who considered the idea after witnessing the huge amounts of ripe mango falling to the ground and rutting away during the peak season in Manzano Uno. The research problem in a bigger context is related to the debate on how developing countries, and rural parts in particular, are often excluded from the benefits that come with a globalized market economy, since they often lack the tools to participate or do so on unfavorable terms. The idea of a Value Chain Analysis is to detect where along the production line value is added to a product from raw to finished good. Income Diversification comes in to the investigation and contributes to the conclusion that it would be favorable for livelihood improvements to households in Manzano Uno to diversify income sources, to create more secure and higher quality income. The value chain analysis is mainly based on information provided by Sol Simple, an organic-fruit drying plant in San Ramon, Nicaragua and is one out of two fruit processing enterprises in the country. They have been growing every year and have positive expectations of the future. Dried fruit and mango in particular seems to have good prospects for future demand as export products and one important addition is the sustainable, organic and Fairtrade markets which all enable higher product prices and thereby enable bigger shares to go back to the local producers. The federal incentives in Nicaragua include focus on the foreign investment to the country and quantity secondary education, which is concluded to not always be quality education. The high share of investments and entrepreneurships from foreigners are explained by the high security profile in the country, fertile lands and the lowest minimum wage in the region.

  • 283.
    Hassan, Sammy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Reconciliation and peace-building in post-genocide societies: A structured focused comparison in Rwanda and Cambodia2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore the effectiveness of reconciliation in post-genocide peace building. Peace activists believe that reconciliation is necessary after a post-war conflict to ensure regeneration and lasting peace. Past research has shown that there are successful and failed cases when implementing reconciliation mechanism, however there is a lack of understanding why some models of reconciliation have succeeded, while others have failed, an aspect that is not fully explored. Therefore this study aims to explore how reconciliation is approached and implemented across different contexts, Rwanda and Cambodia, so as to understand why it brings success or failure in these contexts. The results are analyzed with the help of John Paul Lederach’s four components for reconciliation, justice, truth, mercy and peace, and compared the generated results with the previous research. The main results show that reconciliation has failed in Cambodia and Rwanda. In accordance with John Paul Lederach’s theory, there is a hindrance towards reconciliation in Cambodia because of lack of Justice and Truth as the main concepts and is identified as a structural dimension. In the case of Rwanda, there is a lack of Mercy and Truth and is identified as a relational dimension.

  • 284.
    Hasselberg, Ylva
    et al.
    Uppsala university.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Hur ska universiteten styras?2018In: Universitetsläraren, ISSN 0282-4973, no 5, p. 36-37Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En kritisk granskning av en pågående statlig utredning av ledning och styrning inom universitets- och högskolevärlden. Den kollegiala styrningen tycks vara på väg att marginlaiseras än mera.

  • 285.
    Hellgren, Sanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Bibliotekarien och boktipset: En normkritisk studie av bibliotekariers upplevelser av mötet med barn i biblioteksrummet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how norms about gender are constructed in the meeting with the library user as experienced by the librarian, with a focus on recommendation of books as a social practice. Questions that the study asks are if the librarians experience that norm critical notions are expressed in the meeting with the user, if the book recommendation as a social practice can strengthen and/or challenge norms and if the library as a room, what it contains and how it is structured, can affect the book recommendation as a social practice where norms are constructed or questioned. The study conducts interviews with six librarians who work with children’s literature, and parts of the interviews were done while walking through the children’s section at the participants libraries to respond to the question about how the room affects the book recommendation as a social practice. The theoretical framework that has been used consists of Connell’s theory about masculinity and Hirdman’s theory about the gender system and its gender contract. The results of the study shows that norms about gender are constructed in the book recommendation meeting with the library user, as experienced by the librarian, and it exists a gender contract at the library that contributes to reproduce a distinction between boys and girls. In the analysis a masculine reading hierarchy-model with three stages are presented, to understand how masculinity norms and the gender system affect boys reading habits, but also how the library room can affect it.

  • 286.
    Herold, Sarah Sascha
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Women in congress and the substantive representation of women in Chile2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this research are the linkages between the descriptive and the substantive representation of women. The research questions seek to explore 1. in how far and on what basis women in parliament represent women and women's issues and how women in civil society perceive this 2. what obstacles to the work of women in congress are identified 3. to what extent women in Chilean congress work amongst each other and over organizational barriers with women's organizations and SERNAM and lastly 4. how the findings on the questions above relate and contribute to the broader debate on mediating factors between DRW and SRW and what conclusions on the potential impact of a quota on these factors they allow.

    For this purpose, this field study involved interviews conducted in April and May 2015 in Santiago de Chile and Valparaiso as well as one via Skype. The interviewees were seven current and recent female members of the Chilean congress as well as five representatives from reputable women's organizations. Furthermore, the extensive literature on the topic as well as reports on the issue of gender equality were reviewed. The method applied was qualitative and abductive. No theory-testing was involved, instead the approach was exploratory and theories and analytical frameworks were used as inspiration for interview questions in an abductive way.

    The results of this study shed light on six variables drawn from the research debate, the role of women's diversity, the impact of their attitudes towards the representation of women, tokenism, 'women's issues', feminist triangles and here also the relation of legislators to feminism, and finally the impact of numbers on all variables. Specifically feminist triangles reveal a wealth of interactions and potential for the promotion of enhancing SRW in ways contingent and non-contingent on DRW. 

  • 287.
    Hiekkamäki, Miranda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Conceptions of National Identity and Attitudes Toward Immigrants: A study about if national identity and attitudes towards immigrants correlates2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 288.
    High, Christopher
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Buckler, Alison
    Open University, UK.
    Teachers work: The tacit pedagogy of expert teachers in rural Malawi2017In: Presented at EADI-NORDIC 2017, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The status of school teachers in much ofrural Sub-Saharan Africa has a dual nature across many different countries. At the local level they are influential social actors, respectable people who are expected to provide a positive role model to their pupils and the wider local community. Within the national civil service, they are not often treated as very important - sometimes paid intermittently and frequently problematised as lacking in the capacit to deliver ambitious education-led national development strategies.

    In this paper we report on the results of a pilot study in rural Malawi, which sort to investigate the tacit knowledge and pedagogical skills of primary school teachers using participatory visual methods. Around a three week participatory video exercise with teachers from two schools, a combination of participatory action research, participant-observation, semi-structured and photo-elcited interviews and group reflection was analysed to understand how different data-gathering and analytical techniques could combine to surface and valorise the teachers' knowledge.

    Rather than a lack of skills and capacity, the data instead showed the range of skills and personal characteristics involved in the teachers' practice. Cognitive mapping on a subset of the data showed that the concept of active learning operationalised independently at two schools was (i) consisten, (ii) informed sophisticated practice, and (iii) was richer than that embedded in much external expert knowledge about teaching

  • 289.
    High, Christopher
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Buckler, Alison
    Open university, UK.
    When the best action happens behind the camera: Using participatory video to understand the implicit theories-in-practice of primary teachers in Malawi.2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper covers the use of participatory video in a methodological pilot which took as its subject the experience of primary teachers in two schools in rural Malawi. School teachers in much of Sub-Saharan Africa have a dichotomous status. At the local level they are often respectable people who are expected to provide a positive role model to their pupils and the wider local community. Within national civil service hierarchies, they are often frequently problematized as lacking in the capacity to deliver on ambitious education-led national development strategies. This tension presents interesting ethical and methodological challenges in surfacing and valorising their role as experts in a way that speaks to people from outside of their local communities.The project used PV to appreciate the implicit theories-in-practice of teachers; exploring the different kinds of data and analytical options that the PV process can generate to understand local practices and understandings. This included elements of participatory action research, participant-observation, semi-structured and photo-elicited interviews, and group reflection. The data provided different opportunities to experience and evidence the teachers’ roles as capable experts. For example, the cross-talk behind the camera was notably rich. Techniques such as cognitive mapping also showed promise in highlighting the consistency and sophistication of their understandings.The pilot thus suggests that PV can provide different ways surface implicit understandings. We conclude by discussion some of the implications for research practice, participatory ethics and the opportunities to use PV within mixed methods approaches that have direct impact on policy and practice.

  • 290.
    Hiltunen, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Lagom perfekt: Erfarenheter av ohälsa bland unga tjejer och killar2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The pursuit of restrained perfection: Experiences of ill health among adolescent girls and boys

    Rates of self-reported mental health problems among young people in Sweden are alarmingly high. Despite several contributions to the literature, knowledge about the subjective health of adolescents is still scarce; specifically, little is known about their experiences of subjective ill health. The aim of this thesis is therefore to study how young people themselves understand the root causes of ill health – or the risk of suffering from ill health – and how they perceive their own ability to cope with these challenges. The thesis also aims to increase our understanding of the fact that girls persistently report higher levels of ill health than boys. Theoretically, the thesis is mainly inspired by symbolic interactionism, but it also relates to, and employs concepts from, the fields of social inequalities in health, research on gender and health, educational research on health, and the sociology of emotions. The thesis applies a mixed-methods approach, and so the conclusions are drawn from a combination of quantitative and qualitative data. The statistical analyses are based on a survey of 497 adolescents, and the qualitative studies build on essays written by the same adolescents, describing their experiences of ill health. I also conducted interviews as a complementary source. The empirical findings are presented in five chapters. The statistical analyses described in the first of these chapters show that the level of ill health in my sample corresponds well with previous studies, whereas the regression analyses reveal that variations in ill health depend on adolescents’ experiences of social relations and status. I also find that these measures interact systematically with gender. The qualitative analyses of the essays and interviews in the following chapters provide more detailed insights into the daily lives of adolescents. A significant finding in these chapters is that ill health is rooted in adolescents’ striving for perfection in several spheres in everyday life. Furthermore, the gender analysis shows that girls, to a greater extent than boys, adhere to norms of behaviour concerning social competition, social relations, and schoolwork. I argue that this “gender regime” helps explain why girls report higher levels of ill health than boys. The results described in the final empirical chapter show that most adolescents employ proactive and reactive strategies to cope with ill health. Still, the resources needed to formulate successful strategies are highly unequally distributed. Notably, adolescents who experience social exclusion appear to have very limited prospects of coping with their situation. 

  • 291.
    Hiltunen, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Psykisk ohälsa i skolan2015In: När livet känns fel: Ungas upplevelser kring psykisk ohälsa / [ed] Tiina Ekman, Stockholm: Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor , 2015, , p. 263p. 218-239Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 292.
    Himmel, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Fishy politics?: An inquiry into information availability and implementation in European Union fisheries policy making2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ”Fishy politics?” sets out on a research journey in fisheries data and literature. Through using a mixed methods approach utilizing quantitative data from the European Union quota system, the Total Allowable Catch, and qualitative data found within a set search frame, the thesis aims to inquire into how it is possible to understand wether EU policy makers are able to make informed decisions. As many variables are working together,  influencing decision making processes, the research process turns out to be unsuccessful in locating specific factors although identifying several possible influences. Further, as connected to informed decision making, the research sets out into looking for indicators of the ways that available knowledge may effect decisions. Convergence was found between quantitative and qualitative results. This supports the idea that more plentiful information in EU fisheries policy decision making will result in quotas that can be found to be more reasonable as to populations concerned. However, the findings also indicate the need for more ecological research to be carried out in order to further support and increase well informed decision making in fisheries, as well as to evaluate whether a quota system is a long term sustainable solution for EU fisheries.

  • 293.
    Holm, Rikke Heimdal
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Is an Authors Arguments on Reconciliation affected by his background?: Abductive Study on Patterns in Reconciliation Literatur2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The field of reconciliation literature has grown substantially since the 1990s, and the concept of reconciliation is now associated with many different definitions and actions in the peace building process. In the diverse field of literature on reconciliation authors highlight different aspects as most important which complicates the knowledge of what a successful reconciliation process really is. To have a better understanding of the field of reconciliation and what affects an author, to argue for their specific theory this study will, through the approach of abductive reasoning, research whether the background of an author affects what they research. To represent the field of reconciliation literature an expert sampling of five authors who are all highly referenced and influence the field will be used. To answer the research objective an analytical frame work together with a hermeneutic text analysis will be applied to each authors text to highlight their arguments. Finally the authors arguments and background will be analyzed to find patterns in the texts which could be compared with possible connections or patterns in the authors background. Based on this study the result shows that authors with a background, which is not only academic might have another approach to understanding the reconciliation process but their arguments show no clear patterns which can be connected to the authors background, however understanding why an author argues is important to understand what kind of people are affecting the actions of reconciliation. This study looked at five authors who all represent a very similar background and arguments which can show a tendency in reconciliation literature that the most distinguished authors all share the same background and therefore might not provide any new insight to the field.

  • 294.
    Holmberg, Tora
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Sjöstrand, Glenn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Sociologförbundet har ordet: Sociologförbundets arbete med ämnes-/gymnasielärarutbildningen2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1-2, p. 133-134Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 295.
    Holmström, Elin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Dimensions of power and gender based violence in post-disaster societies: A case study on Haiti after the 2010 earthquake2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Haiti experienced the greatest urban disaster of international history in 2010 when the county was hit by an earthquake which triggered one of the largest responses of humanitarian assistance and disaster relief efforts ever identified. The Haitian population was harshly affected by the earthquake, killing approximately 200 000 people, injuring 300 000 and displacing over 2,3 million. Reports from the post-disaster period also revealed that gender inequalities were growing deeper and that cases of sexual based violence against women and girls increased massively. The history of Haiti shows similar patterns of discrimination and gender based violence against women and children.

    Research upon gender based violence in the aftermath of disaster presents that disastrous events such as an earthquake, often is followed by an increase in gender based – and sexual gender based violence. Disasters could also provide a window of opportunity for change of  traditional roles and social norms in societies where they are deeply rooted. In order to seize this opportunity disaster management needs to acknowledge and adapt to gendered needs and capacities in all stages of disaster relief efforts in order to provide these opportunities for the subordinated gender.

    This research is studying the responsive policies of the Haitian government in the aftermath of the earthquake 2010, presented in the Action Plan for National Recovery and Development of Haiti. The aim is to investigate if any exercises of power could be observed to have affected the increase of gender based violence and sexual gender based violence for women and children in the post-earthquake responsive period.

    The study will be carried out as a text-analysing, desk study and by applying the theoretical framework of Steven Lukes three-dimensional power approach and the theory of radical feminism abductively.

    The findings of this research presents that power exercises by the government can be observed to have affected the increase of gender based – as well as sexual gender based violence in the period of study.

  • 296.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Elin Ennerberg, Destination Employment? Contradictions and ambiguities in Swedish labour market policy for newly arrived migrants. Lund dissertations in sociology, 115. Lund: Department of Sociology, 2017.2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 3, p. 253-256Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 297.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Familje- och jämställdhetspolitiken2013In: Vad staten vill: mål och ambitioner i svensk politik / [ed] Daniel Tarschys & Marja Lemne, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2013, 1, Vol. S. 133-194, p. 133-194Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 298.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    På cykeltur genom livet: en vänbok till Gunnar Wetterberg2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 299.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Social policy, welfare state, and civil society in Sweden. Vol. 1: History, policies, and institutions 1884-19882014 (ed. 3, rev.ed.)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book History, Policies, and Institutions 1884–1988 is an updated and enlarged edition of Sven Hort’s well-known and wide-ranging dissertation Social Policy and Welfare State in Sweden, published under the author’s birth name Sven E. Olsson in 1990. This book contains the original four essays from 1990 and covers the formation and evolution of the Swedish welfare state. By now minor classics in welfare state literature, the essays have both inspired and started lively polemics among researchers of the field.

  • 300.
    Hort, Sven
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies. Soeoul National University, Korea ; Södertörn University.
    Social policy, welfare state, and civil society in Sweden. Vol. 2, The lost world of social democracy 1988-2015: The lost world of social democracy 1988-20152014 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The second volume, The Lost World of Social Democracy 1988–2015, aims at the civil society challenge to the welfare state since 1988. It opens with an overview of the three generations of comparative welfare state research, from Harold Wilensky to Gøsta Esping-Andersen, Theda Skocpol and onwards. The civilizing process and embeddedness of the welfare-industrial complex are then scrutinized as the simultaneous deconstruction and reconstruction of the once famous Swedish welfare state is elaborated with force and vigour. Finally, the cross-national Scandinavian differences are outlined. The five essays of volume II emphasize the historical relativity of social welfare institutions and argue against all developmental metaphysics.

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