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  • 251.
    Bönnemark, Margit
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Egyptology.
    Binamn i det forntida Egypten: En undersökning av personnamn, särskilt rn nfr, under Gamla riket, Förstaintermediet och Mellersta riket samt under Senperioden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Ancient Egypt, names were very important, in this life and the next. Gods had a multitude of names, and kings were usually given five names, but also private individuals could have several names, given at birth or later. One of these names was called rn nfr (the good name), and it was especially prevalent during the Old Kingdom. The term rn nfr slowly disappeared during the First Intermediate Period and the Middle Kingdom, but reappeared during the Late Period.The characteristics of all occurrences that could be found of rn nfr from the Old Kingdom and the First Intermediate Period and the Middle Kingdom were studied and compared to the occurrences of rn nfr in the Late Period. They were also compared to the first names of the individuals who wore these rn nfr.The results of this investigation show that there are great differences between the earlier periods and the Late Period, especially in that the names of gods and kings are often prevalent in the rather long rn nfr of the Late Period, possibly used for official and religious purposes. The rn nfr of earlier periods are often short names, which people were probably called, on an everyday basis. They sometimes constitute abbreviations of first names, with phonological changes taking place, in the majority of cases only consisting of three consonants without any apparent meaning, perhaps used from a very early age, and in a few cases taking on the characteristics of true nicknames.

  • 252.
    Börjesson, Lisa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Dell'Unto, Nicolo
    Lund University.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Larsson, Carolina
    Lund University.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Petersson, Bodil
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Stenborg, Per
    University of Gothenburg.
    A Neo-Documentalist Lens for Exploring the Premises of Disciplinary Knowledge Making2016In: Proceedings from the Document Academy, ISSN 2473-215X, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 1-23, article id 5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to demonstrate how documentation analysis with a neo-documentalist lens can help us explore variations (and stabilities) in conceptions and materialities of documents, as intertwined with disciplinary and sub-disciplinary practices of informing and knowing. Drawing on documentation theory, and with previous research on archaeological documentation as a background, by means of autoethnographic vignettes we explore contemporary conceptions of documentation in five areas in or related to archaeology (Intra-site 3D documentation, Development-led archaeology, Aggregating documentation for use outside the organization, Mediating documentation – or documentation mediation, and Documenting and displaying archaeology in a changing environment). Digitization, and how digitization has spurred renegotiations of what counts as documentation, functions as a common denominator discussed in all of the vignettes. The analysis highlights simultaneously ongoing renegotiations of documentation serving each area’s unique epistemic purposes, and pushing document materialities in different directions. This operationalization of documentation analysis creates an understanding for intra-disciplinary variations in documentation but is importantly also a practical tool to uncover documentation-related premises of disciplinary knowledge-making. This tool can be applied for example in processes of information policy development (regulating what purposes documentation should serve, and what it should be like), information systems design (e.g. for creation and communication of documentation), and infrastructure development (e.g. for preservation and accessibility of documentation).

  • 253.
    Carlqvist, Carolina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Hästen ur en osteologisk synvinkel: -Den Gotländska hästens historia2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 254.
    Carlsson Jonasson, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Riksintressen: Intressen i rikets tjänst2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 255.
    Carlsson, Mats
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Svärd och silver: Några aspekter på samhällsförändringen i Norden under yngre järnålder samt Mälardalens ekonomiska roll i riksbildningen1997Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 256.
    Carlsson, Petra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Människan i Maassara2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An osteological study on human skeletal remains from Maassara in Egypt. The goal of the study was to get a good picture of the health of the individuals buried in the graves at Maassara. The study was combined of nine individuals. Two from the Early Dynastic period and six individuals from the Old Kingdom. All the adult individuals have some form of pathological change. Most pathological changes are in the spine. Most pathological changes were age-related. Some of the individuals were very poorly kept and the bones were very fragile.

  • 257.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Concepts of the city-state in ancient Greece2010In: The Urban Mind: Cultural and Environmental Dynamics / [ed] Paul J.J. Sinclair, Gullög Nordquist, Frands Herschend and Christian Isendahl, Uppsala: Department of Archaeology and Ancient History , 2010, p. 243-259Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 258.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Classical archaeology and ancient history.
    From Byzantine water management to modern tourist attraction.: A note on the Basilica Cistern in Istanbul2016In: London Encounters: Time, Space and Place in an Urban Context / [ed] Charlotta Widmark, Susanne Carlsson & Henrik Widmark, Uppsala: Uppsala University, 2016, 1, p. 55-61Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 259.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Hellenistic Democracies: Freedom, Independence and Political Procedure in Some East Greek City-States2010 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 260.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Classical archaeology and ancient history.
    Hellenistic Democracies: Freedom, Independence and Political Procedure in Some East Greek City-States2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Freedom from external control is one prerequisite for democracy. In the hellenistic period the Greek city-states are thought to have lost their independence due to the establishment of the hellenistic hegemonies, and thereby also lost their possibilities of democratic government and of pursuing a foreign policy of their own. This study shows that interstate relations among many of the Greek cities of coastal Asia Minor were active. Measures were taken to solve interstate conflicts and to strengthen ties of friendship among cities, but the cities did not refrain from claiming their rights vis-à-vis each other and even waging war; this would not have been possible during severe control. In the power struggle between the changing hegemons, the individual poleis had possibilities to manoeuvre fairly independently.

    By systematizing and analyzing the frequency and contents of hellenistic decrees enacted by the council and demos of four East Greek city-states, the study shows that the latter were democratically ruled, and the issues decided on foremost concerned foreign relations. The empirical investigation concludes with an application of the criteria for democracy set up by Aristotle and the political scientist Robert Dahl, and all four city-states are shown to comply with most of the criteria. However, in the second half of the second century polis decrees gradually decrease, to cease altogether towards the end of the first century BC, and foreign matters also disappear from the agenda. A possible reason is the growing power of Rome and the establishment of the Roman province of Asia in 129 BC. Under a sole hegemon the poleis no longer had possibilities to set their own agenda.

  • 261.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Classical archaeology and ancient history.
    Homoerotik i antikens Hellas - en alltigenom manlig affär?2011In: G(l)ömda historier: klassiska normer och antik kritik / [ed] Dimitrios Iordanoglou & Johannes Siapkas, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2011, p. 105-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 262.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Inskrifterna visar att demokrati rådde2006In: Populär Arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014x, no 1, p. 8-10Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 263.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History. Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    Koan democracy in context2004In: The Hellenistic polis of Kos. State, economy and culture: Proceedings of an International Seminar organized by the Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Uppsala University, 11-13 May, 2000. / [ed] K. Höghammar, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, Uppsala , 2004, p. 109-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 264.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Personnamn i antikens Grekland - ett uttryck för politiska sympatier?2010In: Hellenika, ISSN 0348-0100, no 134, p. 3-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 265.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Classical archaeology and ancient history.
    Recension: A. Powell & S. Hodkinson (eds.), Sparta. The body politic2012In: Opuscula. Annual of the Swedish Institutes at Athens & Rome, ISSN 2000-0898, Vol. 5, p. 192-194Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 266.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Classical archaeology and ancient history.
    Recension: N. Papazakadas, Sacred and public space in ancient Athens2012In: Opuscula. Annual of the Swedish Institutes at Athens and Rome, ISSN 2000-0898, Vol. 5, p. 188-189Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 267.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Classical archaeology and ancient history.
    Utsatta barn i antikens Grekland2013In: Institutionens historier: En vänbok till Gullög Nordquist / [ed] Erika Weiberg, Susanne Carlsson & Gunnel Ekroth, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2013, p. 71-77Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 268.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Classical archaeology and ancient history.
    Areskog, Elinor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Joan, Prytz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Walking Acklam Road2015In: London encounters: Interdisciplinarity and methodology in an urban context / [ed] Henrik Widmark, Charlotta Widmark & Susanne Carlsson, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2015, 1, p. 77-100Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 269.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Classical archaeology and ancient history.
    Billing, Nils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Lindblom, Michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Hedlund, Ragnar
    Klynne, Allan
    Montgomery, Hugo
    Antiken. Från faraonernas Egypten till romarrikets fall2017 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 270.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History. Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    Jonsson, Kenneth
    Institutionen för arkeologi, Stockholm.
    Swedish Finds of Medieval Coins Struck in the Baltic Countries2001In: Studia numismatica II: Festschrift: Mihhail Nemirovits-Dantsenko 80, Tallinn: Eesti Ajaloomuuseum , 2001, p. 15-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 271.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Lars, KarlssonUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Labraunda and Karia: Proceedings of the international symposium commemorating sixty years of Swedish archaeological work in Labraunda. The Royal Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities Stockholm, November 20-21, 20082011Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 272.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Classical archaeology and ancient history.
    Widmark, CharlottaUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.Widmark, HenrikUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Istanbul Encounters: Time, Space and Place ín an Urban Context2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 273.
    Carlsson, Susanne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Classical archaeology and ancient history.
    Widmark, CharlottaUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.Widmark, HenrikUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    London encounters: Interdisciplinarity and methodology in an urban context2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 274.
    Carlsson, Tom
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Kaliff, Anders
    Molin, Anna
    Molin, Fredrik
    Sundberg, Karin
    Hulje. Boplats, Skärvsten och Gravar. E4-syd RAÄ 89, Högby socken samt RAÄ 234-236 och RAÄ 246, Mjölby socken, Östergötland1997Report (Other scientific)
  • 275.
    Carlsson, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Tidig järnhantering: Klimat- och bebyggelseförändring i norra Kalmar län1994Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 276.
    Carlzon, Eric
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Spår av sjukliga förändringar i gotländskt, mänskligt benmaterial, från stenålder till medeltid – en sammanställning av forskningsläget på Gotland2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis is a compilation of previous master and bachelor theses written by osteology students at Högskolan på Gotland and Uppsala University Campus Gotland, with a focus on palaeopathology in individuals from the island of Gotland, from the Stone Age through the Middle Ages. The purpose of this thesis is to shed light on the history of disease on the island of Gotland on a bigger scale than previous theses have done. Most master and bachelor theses have typically focused on one site or settlement, set in a particular time period in their study, whereas I chose to combine all of the studies into one cohesive examination of all disease surveyable in the skeleton of these individuals. This, in order to see if there are differences to be found in the various time periods, or even differences among the population within a specific time period. And there are some differences to be seen, indeed; most notably perhaps between the Iron Age and the Middle Ages, where a difference in the dental health can clearly be seen. When comparing the other time periods however, caution must be advised; the skeletal material is lacking in most eras other than the Iron Age and the Middle Ages.

  • 277.
    Carrasco Gamboa, Pamela
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    The Lives of the People from Banken 1.: A study based on muscular development and other activity markers.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tre skelett från en kyrkogård daterad till Gotlands sen-vikingatid till tidig medeltid har analyserats avseende aktivitetsspår. Metoden som användes innebar observation av muskelutvecklingen tillsammans med förändringar i entesiterna som är fästen för muskler och ligament. Hittills har forskningen ägnat sig åt att studera dessa förändringar på ett kvantitativt sätt, genom att tilldela poäng till de olika förändringarna enligt hur utvecklade de är och sedan skapa en statistik. Men dessa metoder har fortfarande många begränsningar, eftersom det är väldigt få av dessa entesiter som har studerats.

    Syftet med studien har varit att undersöka vilka muskler var utvecklade och utröna hur dessa rörde sig tillsammans för att återskapa ett rörelsemönster som kan hjälpa att skapa en teori om vilka aktiviteter individerna sysslade med (arbetsuppgifter, fritidssysslor, m.m.). Analysen har gjorts med hjälp av litteratur om aktivitetsspår, paleopatologi, fysioterapi och med referensmaterialet från Osteologilaboratoriet vid Uppsala Universitet, Campus Gotland.

  • 278.
    Cederberg Lindholm, Jan Teodor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Att spåra glömda gudar: En jämförelse mellan utgrävda rituella platser som kan kopplas till de fornnordiska gudarna Tyr och Ull2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis compares four excavated ritual places that have been connected through place names to the two Norse gods Týr and Ullr. The purpose is to contribute to the discussion about the nature of Týr and Ullr and their relationship. Excavation reports, primary sources and other publications are used as material to achieve this purpose. A qualitative method is used in the comparison between the ritual places. The conclusion is that Ullr probably were a sun god and law god with connections to aristocracy, war, rings and possibly horses, but that he also changed through time. The relationship with Týr remains obscure though, partly because of the limited material, but the two gods seems to have had similar connections to aristocracy and war. Both gods may also have survived into the Viking age. The presence of other gods such as Freyr and Odin makes the tracing of Týr and Ullr more complicated.

  • 279.
    Centeno, Elina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    KRANIEBORTTAGNING: En rituell praxis i en natufisk kontext2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 280.
    Chami, F. A.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    . A Review of Swahili Archaoelogy1998In: African Archaeological Review, 1998, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 199-221.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 281.
    Chami, F. A.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Early Iron Age People’s Adaptation to the Near Shore and Island1998In: Mvita, Vol. 7, p. 15-17Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 282.
    Chami, F. A.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Graeco-Roman Trade Link and Bantu Migration Theory1999In: Anthropos, Vol. 92, no 1/3, p. 205-15Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 283.
    Chami, F. A.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Olduvai: Berceau de L’Humanite’1997In: La Tanzanie Contemporaine, p. . 31-42Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 284.
    Chami, F. A.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Roman Beads from the Rufiji Delta, Tanzania: First Incontrovertible1999In: Current Anthropology, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 237-41Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 285.
    Chami, F. A.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    The Early Iron Age on Mafia Island and its Relationship with the1999In: Azania, Vol. 34Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 286.
    Chami, F. A.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    The Excavation of Kiwangwa Late Stone Age Site1996In: Aspects of African Archaeology: Papers for the 10th Congress of the Pan African Association for Prehistory and Related Studies, Print Holdings , 1996, p. 307-316Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 287.
    Chami, F. A.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    The first millennium AD on the East African Coast: A new look at cultural sequences and interactions1995In: Azania, Vol. 29-30, p. 232-37Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 288.
    Chami, F. A.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    The People and Language of the Ancient Coast of East Africa1997In: Kaupia, Darmstadter Baitrage Zur Naturgeschichte, 1997, p. 165-167Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 289. Choyke, Alice M.
    et al.
    Vretemark, Maria
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Levels of social identity expressed in the refuse and worked bone from Middle Bronze Age Százhalombatta-Földvár, Vatya culture, Hungury2004In: Behaviour Behind Bones: the zooarchaeology of ritual religion, status and identity / [ed] Sharyn Jones O´Day, Win Van Neer, Anton Ervynck, Durham: Oxbow Books, 2004, p. 177-189Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 290.
    Christiansson, Hans
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Medeltida stenslungor och krypbilderna i Lunds domkyrka1952In: TOR, ISSN 0495-8772, Vol. 2, p. 104-115Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 291. Christiansson, Hans
    et al.
    Knutsson, KjelUppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History. arkeologi.
    The Bjurselet Settlement III1989Collection (editor) (Other scientific)
  • 292. Clark, Geoffrey R.
    et al.
    Reepmeyer, Christian
    Melekiola, Nivaleti
    Woodhead, Jon
    Dickinson, William R.
    Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Stone tools from the ancient Tongan state reveal prehistoric interaction centers in the Central Pacific2014In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 111, no 29, p. 10491-10496Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tonga was unique in the prehistoric Pacific for developing a maritime state that integrated the archipelago under a centralized authority and for undertaking long-distance economic and political exchanges in the second millennium A. D. To establish the extent of Tonga's maritime polity, we geochemically analyzed stone tools excavated from the central places of the ruling paramounts, particularly lithic artifacts associated with stone-faced chiefly tombs. The lithic networks of the Tongan state focused on Samoa and Fiji, with one adze sourced to the Society Islands 2,500 km from Tongatapu. To test the hypothesis that nonlocal lithics were especially valued by Tongan elites and were an important source of political capital, we analyzed prestate lithics from Tongatapu and stone artifacts from Samoa. In the Tongan state, 66% of worked stone tools were long-distance imports, indicating that interarchipelago connections intensified with the development of the Tongan polity after A. D. 1200. In contrast, stone tools found in Samoa were from local sources, including tools associated with a monumental structure contemporary with the Tongan state. Network analysis of lithics entering the Tongan state and of the distribution of Samoan adzes in the Pacific identified a centralized polity and the products of specialized lithic workshops, respectively. These results indicate that a significant consequence of social complexity was the establishment of new types of specialized sites in distant geographic areas. Specialized sites were loci of long-distance interaction and formed important centers for the transmission of information, people, and materials in prehistoric Oceania.

  • 293.
    Colonna, Giovanni
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Backe-Forsberg, Yvonne
    Le Iscrizione del 'sacello' del ponte di San Giovenale. Etruscan inscriptions and graffiti from the bridge at San Giovenale1999In: OpRom, Vol. 24, p. 63-81Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 294.
    Colto, Susanna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Cirklar och skepp under bronsåldern: Ett idéarbete om symboliken på hällristningar i jämförelse med symboliken i gravar1997Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 295.
    Conolly, James
    et al.
    Trent Univ, Peterborough, ON, Canada.
    Lane, Paul
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology. Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England.
    Vulnerability, risk, resilience: an introduction2018In: World archaeology, ISSN 0043-8243, E-ISSN 1470-1375, Vol. 50, no 4, p. 547-553Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 296. Costanza, Robert
    et al.
    van der Leeuw, Sander
    Hibbard, Kathy
    Aulenbach, Steve
    Brewer, Simon
    Burek, Michael
    Cornell, Sarah
    Crumley, Carole
    Dearing, John
    Folke, Carl
    Graumlich, Lisa
    Hegmon, Michelle
    Heckbert, Scott
    Jackson, Stephen T.
    Kubiszewski, Ida
    Scarborough, Vernon
    Sinclair, Paul
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, African and Comparative Archaeology.
    Sorlin, Sverker
    Steffen, Will
    Developing an Integrated History and future of People on Earth (IHOPE)2012In: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, ISSN 1877-3435, E-ISSN 1877-3443, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 106-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Integrated History and future of People on Earth (IHOPE) initiative is a global network of researchers and research projects with its International Program Office (IPO) now based at the Stockholm Resilience Center (SRC), Uppsala University, Arizona State University, Portland State University, and the Australian National University. Research linked to IHOPE demonstrates that Earth system changes in the past have been strongly associated with changes in the coupled human-environment system. IHOPE supports integrating knowledge and resources from the biophysical and the social sciences and the humanities to address analytical and interpretive issues associated with coupled human-earth system dynamics. This integration of human history and Earth system history is a timely and important task. Until recently, however, there have been few attempts at such integration. IHOPE will create frameworks that can be used to help achieve this integration. The overarching goal is to produce a rich understanding of the relationships between environmental and human processes over the past millennia. HOPE recognizes that one major challenge for reaching this goal is developing 'workable' terminology that can be accepted by scholars of all disciplines. The specific objectives for IHOPE are to identify slow and rapidly moving features of complex social-ecological systems, on local to continental spatial scales, which induce resilience, stress, or collapse in linked systems of humans in nature. These objectives will be reached by exploring innovative ways of conducting interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary science, including theory, case studies, and integrated modeling. Examples of projects underway to implement this initiative are briefly discussed.

  • 297.
    Courtney Mustaphi, Colin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History. Univ York, Environm Dept, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, Wentworth Way, York, N Yorkshire, England.
    Gajewski, Konrad
    Univ Ottawa, Dept Geog Environm & Geomat, Lab Paleoclimatol & Climatol, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
    Marchant, Rob
    Univ York, Environm Dept, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, Wentworth Way, York, N Yorkshire, England.
    Rosqvist, Gunhild
    Stockholm Univ, Inst Naturgeog, Stockholm, Sweden.
    A late Holocene pollen record from proglacial Oblong Tarn, Mount Kenya2017In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 9, article id e0184925Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High-elevation ecosystems, such as those on Mount Kenya are undergoing significant changes, with accelerated glacial ice losses over the twentieth century creating new space for alpine plants to establish. These ecosystems respond rapidly to climatic variability and within decades of glacial retreat, Afroalpine pioneering taxa stabilize barren land and facilitate soil development, promoting complex patches of alpine vegetation. Periglacial lake sediment records can be used to examine centennial and millennial scale variations in alpine and montane vegetation compositions. Here we present a 5300-year composite pollen record from an alpine tarn (4370 m asl) in the Hausberg Valley of Mount Kenya. Overall, the record shows little apparent variation in the pollen assemblage through time with abundant montane forest taxa derived and transported from mid elevations, notably high abundances of aerophilous Podocarpus pollen. Afroalpine taxa included Alchemilla, Helichrysum and Dendrosenecio-type, reflecting local vegetation cover. Pollen from the ericaceous zone was present throughout the record and Poaceae percentages were high, similar to other high elevation pollen records from eastern Africa. The Oblong Tarn record pollen assemblage composition and abundances of Podocarpus and Poaceae since the late Holocene (similar to 4000 cal yr BP-present) are similar to pollen records from mid-to-high elevation sites of nearby high mountains such as Mount Elgon and Kilimanjaro. These results suggest a significant amount of uphill pollen transport with only minor apparent variation in local taxa. Slight decreasing trends in alpine and ericaceous taxonomic groups show a long-term response to global late Holocene cooling and a step decrease in rate of change estimated from the pollen assemblages at 3100 cal yr BP in response to regional hydroclimatic variability. Changes in the principal component axis scores of the pollen assemblage were coherent with an independent mid-elevation temperature reconstruction, which supported the strong influence of uphill pollen transport from montane forest vegetation and association between temperatures and montane vegetation dynamics. Pollen accumulation rates showed some variability related to minerogenic sediment input to the lake. The Oblong Tarn pollen record provides an indication of long term vegetation change atop Mount Kenya showing some decreases in local alpine and ericaceous taxa from 5300-3100 cal yr BP and minor centennial-scale variability of montane taxa from mid elevation forests. The record highlights potentials, challenges and opportunities for the use of proglacial lacustrine sediment to examine vegetation change on prominent mountain massifs.

  • 298.
    Courtney Mustaphi, Colin J.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History. Univ Basel, Dept Environm Sci, Geoecol, Klingelbergstr 27, CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland;Univ York, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, Dept Environm & Geog, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England.
    Brahney, Janice
    Utah State Univ, Dept Watershed Sci, Logan, UT 84321 USA.
    Aquino-Lopez, Marco A.
    Queens Univ Belfast, Sch Nat & Built Environm, Belfast BT7 1NN, Antrim, North Ireland.
    Goring, Simon
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Geog, 550 N Pk St, Madison, WI 53706 USA.
    Orton, Kiersten
    Utah State Univ, Dept Watershed Sci, Logan, UT 84321 USA.
    Noronha, Alexandra
    Univ Texas Austin, Jackson Sch Geosci, Austin, TX 78712 USA.
    Czaplewski, John
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Geog, 550 N Pk St, Madison, WI 53706 USA.
    Asena, Quinn
    Univ Auckland, Sch Environm, Sci Ctr, Bldg 302,23Symonds St, Auckland Cent, New Zealand.
    Paton, Sarah
    Univ York, Dept Environm & Geog, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England.
    Brushworth, Johnny Panga
    Global Geostrategies Network, Ngiri Campsite, Seronera, Tanzania.
    Guidelines for reporting and archiving Pb-210 sediment chronologies to improve fidelity and extend data lifecycle2019In: Quaternary Geochronology, ISSN 1871-1014, E-ISSN 1878-0350, Vol. 52, p. 77-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Radiometric dating methods are essential for developing geochronologies to study Late Quaternary environmental change and 210Pb dating is commonly used to produce age-depth models from recent (within 150 years) sediments and other geoarchives. The past two centuries are marked by rapid environmental socio-ecological changes frequently attributed to anthropogenic land-use activities, modified biogeochemical cycles, and climate change. Consequently, historical reconstructions over this recent time interval have high societal value because analyses of these datasets provide understanding of the consequences of environmental modifications, critical ecosystem thresholds, and to define desirable ranges of variation for management, restoration, and conservation. For this information to be used more broadly, for example to support land management decisions or to contribute data to regional analyses of ecosystem change, authors must report all of the useful age-depth model information. However, at present there are no guidelines for researchers on what information should be reported to ensure Pb-210 data are fully disclosed, reproducible, and reusable; leading to a plethora of reporting styles, including inadequate reporting that reduces potential reusability and shortening the data lifecycle. For example, 64% of the publications in a literature review of Pb-210 dated geoarchives did not include any presentation of age uncertainty estimates in modeled calendar ages used in age-depth models. Insufficient reporting of methods and results used in Pb-210 dating geoarchives severely hampers reproducibility and data reusability, especially in analyses that make use of databased palaeoenvironmental data. Reproducibility of data is fundamental to further analyses of the number of palaeoenvironmental data and the spatial coverage of published geoarchives sites. We suggest, and justify, a set of minimum reporting guidelines for metadata and data reporting for Pb-210 dates, including an IEDA (Interdisciplinary Earth Data Alliance), LiPD (Linked Paleo Data) and generic format data presentation templates, to contribute to improvements in data archiving standards and to facilitate the data requirements of researchers analyzing datasets of several palaeoenvironmental study sites. We analyse practices of methods, results and first order interpretation of Pb-210 data and make recommendations to authors on effective data reporting and archiving to maximize the value of datasets. We provide empirical evidence from publications and practitioners to support our suggested reporting guidelines. These guidelines increase the scientific value of Pb-210 by expanding its relevance in the data lifecycle. Improving quality and fidelity of environmental datasets broadens interdisciplinary use, lengthens the potential lifecycle of data products, and achieves requirements applicable for evidenced-based policy support.

  • 299.
    Coutu, Ashley N.
    et al.
    Univ York, Dept Archaeol, BioArCh, York, N Yorkshire, England.;Univ Cape Town, Dept Archaeol, Rondebosch, South Africa..
    Lee-Thorp, Julia
    Univ Oxford, Res Lab Archaeol, Oxford, England..
    Collins, Matthew J.
    Univ York, Dept Archaeol, BioArCh, York, N Yorkshire, England..
    Lane, Paul J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History. Univ Witwatersrand, Sch Geog Archaeol & Environm Sci, ZA-2050 Johannesburg, South Africa..
    Mapping the Elephants of the 19th Century East African Ivory Trade with a Multi-Isotope Approach2016In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 10, article id e0163606Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    East African elephants have been hunted for their ivory for millennia but the nineteenth century witnessed strongly escalating demand from Europe and North America. It has been suggested that one consequence was that by the 1880s elephant herds along the coast had become scarce, and to meet demand, trade caravans trekked farther into interior regions of East Africa, extending the extraction frontier. The steady decimation of elephant populations coupled with the extension of trade networks have also been claimed to have triggered significant ecological and socio-economic changes that left lasting legacies across the region. To explore the feasibility of using an isotopic approach to uncover a 'moving frontier' of elephant extraction, we constructed a baseline isotope data set (delta C-13, delta N-15, delta O-18 and Sr-87/Sr-86) for historic East African elephants known to have come from three distinct regions (coastal, Rift Valley, and inland Lakes). Using the isotope results with other climate data and geographical mapping tools, it was possible to characterise elephants from different habitats across the region. This baseline data set was then used to provenance elephant ivory of unknown geographical provenance that was exported from East Africa during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to determine its likely origin. This produced a better understanding of historic elephant geography in the region, and the data have the potential to be used to provenance older archaeological ivories, and to inform contemporary elephant conservation strategies.

  • 300.
    Croix, Sarah
    et al.
    Aarhus University, School of Culture and Society.
    Neiß (Neiss), Michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Sindbæk, Søren Michael
    Aarhus University, School of Culture and Society.
    The réseau opératoire of Urbanization: Craft Collaborations and Organization in an Early Medieval Workshop in Ribe, Denmark2019In: Cambridge Archaeological Journal, ISSN 0959-7743, E-ISSN 1474-0540, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 345-364Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes that the organization of crafts may be a key catalyst in the emergence of urban communities. This is argued through a reassessment of finds from a non-ferrous metal workshop from the eighth century excavated in Ribe, Denmark. We analyse 3D laser scans in order to classify previously unidentified mould fragments, which show that the workshop produced a range of metal parts for composite products like wooden chests, belts and horse harnesses. Such production required an operational network, or réseau opératoire, to combine the necessary skills and expertise of several artisanal specializations. The need for collaboration between specialized craftspeople would have been a decisive incentive for the formation of permanent communities of an urban character. These observations point to a neglected bottom-up driver for the development of early urbanization.

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