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  • 251.
    Andersson, Roger
    et al.
    Institute for Housing and Urban Research, Uppsala University.
    Bråmå, Åsa
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Holmqvist, Emma
    Institute for Housing and Urban Research, Uppsala University.
    Counteracting Segregation: Swedish Policies and Experiences2010In: Housing Studies, ISSN 0267-3037, E-ISSN 1466-1810, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 237-256Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of residential segregation has been on the Swedish political agenda since the early 1970s. This paper analyses the background for this interest, presents some basic features of socio-economic and ethnic residential segregation, and discusses some fundamental contextual properties regarding the Swedish welfare state, its institutional set-up and changes in housing and other policies that have affected the conditions for segregation processes. Three more specific anti-segregation policies are also identified and analysed: housing and social mix policy (first initiated in the 1970s); the refugee dispersal policy (initiated in the 1980s); and the area-based urban policy (initiated in the 1990s). Of these three, the last two have a clear ethnic focus while mix policies primarily aim for socio-economic and demographic mix. The analysis shows that none of the policies have managed to affect levels of segregation more than marginally, the reasons being ineffective implementation (the mix policy), failures in the design (the refugee dispersal policy) or conflicting aims inherent in the policy (area-based interventions).

  • 252.
    Andersson, Roger
    et al.
    IBF, Uppsala universitet.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Selectieve armenzorg: asmoedebestrijding en gemeentelijk welzijnsbeleid in Zweden2003In: Agora : tijdschrift voor sociaal-ruimtelijke vraagstukken, ISSN 1380-6319, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 23-26Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 253.
    Andersson, Roger
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Hedman, Lina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Delft Univ Technol, Fac Architecture & Built Environm, OTB Res Built Environm, Delft, Netherlands.
    Economic decline and residential segregation: a Swedish study with focus on Malmö2016In: Urban geography, ISSN 0272-3638, E-ISSN 1938-2847, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 748-768Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic crises are often associated with increasing levels of income segregation and income polarization. Poor neighborhoods generally hit more severely, with unemployment levels increasing and income levels dropping more than in better-off neighborhoods. In this article, we study the correlation between economic recession and income segregation in Malmö, Sweden, with focus on development in the regions' poorest neighborhoods. We compare and contrast these areas' development during a period of economic crisis (1990–1995) with development during a period characterized by relative economic stability. Our findings  suggest that (1) income segregation and income polarization indeed increased during the period of economic crisis; (2) neighborhoods that were already poor before the crisis fared worse than the region in general; and (3) this development was due to both in situ changes and to residential sorting, where the differences in income and employment status between people moving into a neighborhood, those moving out, and those who remained in place were greater during the period of recession compared to the more stable period.

  • 254.
    Andersson, Roger
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Holmqvist, Emma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Grannskapseffekter och politik och planering för minskad segregation: Underlagsrapport till Jämlikhetskommissionen2019Report (Other academic)
  • 255.
    Andersson, Roger
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Musterd, Sako
    Univ Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Galster, George
    Wayne State Univ, Detroit, MI USA.
    Port-of-Entry Neighbourhood and its Effects on the Economic Success of Refugees in Sweden2019In: International Migration Review, ISSN 0197-9183, Vol. 53, no 3, p. 671-705Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the degree to which the ethnic group composition of “port-of-entry neighborhood” (PoE), the first permanent settlement after immigration, affects the employment prospects of refugees in Sweden during the subsequent 10 years. We use panel data on working-age adults from Iran, Iraq, and Somalia immigrating into Sweden from 1995 to 2004. We control for initial individual and labor market characteristics, use instrumental variable regression to avoid bias from geographic selection, and stratify models by gender and co-ethnic employment and education rates within the neighborhood. We find that the impact of co-ethnic neighbors in the PoE varies dramatically by gender.

  • 256.
    Andersson, Roger
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Musterd, Sako
    Galster, George
    Springboard or Flypaper? Port-of-Entry Neighbourhood and the Economic Success of Refugees in Sweden2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 257.
    Andersson, Roger
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Nordvik, V
    Return migration, Neighbourhood change and Family ties2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 258.
    Andersson, Sandra
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Upplevelser i stora och små städer: En studie av upplevelseturism och platsmarknadsföring i Örebro och Säffle2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 259.
    Andersson, Sanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Flexibilitet: Att skapa flexibla stadsmiljöer och rum för det annorlunda2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna essä undersöker jag hur olika idéer kring att skapa flexibla stadsmiljöer kan kopplas till målen om social hållbarhet. Argumenten och efterfrågan av flexibilitet diskuteras i förhållande till en förändrad syn på samhället och begreppet rum samt en strävan efter att skapa plats för det ”annorlunda”.  I arbetet förs en diskussion om hur olika teorier använder sig av flexibilitet och vilken form av flexibilitet man syftar på. Den konceptuella diskussionen kompletteras med två exempel från Stockholms stad, en urban trädgård och en normkritisk bar/galleri/scen. Den flexibilitet som argumenteras för i de idéer som jag sett närmare på fokuserar på gränser, fysiska och mentala som verkar för ramar i stadsmiljöer. Man förespråkar att se processerna som skapar och formar rummen och gränserna som skapas som plurala. Genom att arbeta med flexibla gränser så kan man skapa mångtydiga stadsmiljöer som är öppna även för det ”annorlunda”.

  • 260.
    Andersson, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Den inåtväxande staden: En studie om förtätningsprocesser i Uppsala stad2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 261.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Bloggen som annex till akademin: En skådeplats för kunskapande och vänskapande2015In: Universitetet som medium / [ed] Matts Lindström, Adam Wickberg Månsson, Lund: Mediehistoria, Lunds universitet , 2015, p. 109-134Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 262.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    De digitala vidderna styrs från ovan2014In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 23 junArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 263.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Honorability and the Pirate Ethic2015In: A Reader on International Media Piracy: Pirate Essays / [ed] Tilman Baumgärtel, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2015, p. 81-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 264.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Online File Sharing: Innovations in Media Consumption2014 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book summarizes the role that The Pirate Bay has played during the last decade, but also connects the history of this infamous site with the emergence of legal services such as Spotify. The book also serves as an up-to-date summary of various strands of research on file sharing—particularly, user motivation and justification.

     — 

    It is apparent that file sharing on the Internet has become an emerging norm of media consumption—especially among young people. This book provides a critical perspective on this phenomenon, exploring issues related to file sharing, downloading, peer-to-peer networks, "piracy," and (not least) policy issues regarding these practices. Andersson Schwartz critically engages with the justificatory discourses of the actual file-sharers, taking Sweden as a geographic focus. By focusing on the example of Sweden—home to both The Pirate Bay and Spotify—he provides a unique insight into a mentality that drives both innovation and deviance and accommodates sharing in both its unadulterated and its compliant, business-friendly forms.

     — 

    Online file sharing does not only entail music files but movies, software, and e-books alike. The phenomenon has been an integral part of online life for more than a decade. From my own and other researchers' findings it is apparent that unregulated file sharing is an emergent norm—if not even a new condition to media consumption—especially among young people. In countries like the US, the UK, Sweden, and South Korea, access to high-speed broadband is commonplace; both file sharers who I have interviewed and those who speak out in online forums hold that file sharing is as natural an element online as trees would be in the forest. This original and thought-provoking book critically summarizes debates on this topic, on a level which is approachable to undergraduates, yet useful for postgraduates and senior scholars as well. The book is based on a novel approach that fuses close-range, micro observations of user behavior and reasoning with macro perspectives of political economy and infrastructural features of digitization. Through exploring the reflexive management of the self, found among media audiences, insights into more innovative modes of management in the media industries are elicited. Through merging an ontological inquiry (popularized by theorists such as Bruno Latour) with an economics of complexity and networks (popularized by theorists like Manuel Castells) new insights into both online sociality, media anthropology, and modes of accumulation can be sought. The continuity between Spotify and illegal file sharing is explored through a critical account that examines the discourses of both file sharers and industry stalwarts. Tendencies towards "information idealism" and "networked accumulation" are scrutinized; they are found to be endemic among actors striving to extract value from online, granular dissemination. In the first place, the book would suit undergraduates on courses in media and communications—especially undergrad courses in new media, and the sociology of the Internet. The book can be seen as a critical introduction, a historical overview, as well as a case study of file-sharing—explaining the infrastructures, the particular modes of media use involved; ultimately, sketching out a political economy of unregulated file-sharing, based on the current historical record, listing some observed economic repercussions, alongside potential future ones. A major secondary market would be postgraduate students, Ph.D. students, researchers, and lecturers. The great appeal with this book is that it would be of interest to several groups within academia. It would appeal both to scholars of my own subject, media and communications (especially, the history and sociology of new, digital media)—but it would appeal also to scholars of science and technology studies (STS), since the topic raises numerous interesting questions about the nature of technology, the complexity of agency and morality, while simultaneously offering a "case study," and thus some specificity in an otherwise broad, slippery subject.

  • 265.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Public Service Broadcasting and Data-Driven Personalization: A View from Sweden2016In: Television and New Media, ISSN 1527-4764, E-ISSN 1552-8316, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 124-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through an interview-based study of Swedish public service broadcasting (PSB) companies, I explore the ways in which these institutions react to and interact with a set of normative conceptions of a contemporary digital media ecology characterized by social networking and personalization of the media experience. The respondents were engaged in negotiations of how to realistically maintain public values in a commercially configured online milieu. The nature of organizational adaptation within PSB is found to be complex. Several elements of the Nordic PSB model appear to counteract acquiescence to algorithmically aided personalization: its majoritarian heritage, its institutional caution toward data positivism, favoring more interpretive editorial audience knowledge, and the high costs and structural consequences of making individual users uniquely identifiable. These organizational ambitions and obstacles are embodied in recent innovations that act to mimic a personalized delivery, however, doing so without utilizing algorithmically aided prediction and instead favoring manual editorial selection.

  • 266.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Hammarlund, Johan
    di Grado, Stefan
    Kjellberg, Magnus
    Opinioner och offentligheter online: Vad gör en politisk utsaga framgångsrik? Den användardrivna kommunikationens villkor. Slutrapport2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Vad gör en politisk utsaga framgångsrik? Den användardrivna kommunikationens villkor” är ett ettårigt forskningsprojekt delfinansierat av Internetfonden, Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, Retriever AB, M-Brain AB samt Forsman & Bodenfors AB. Projektledare har varit Jonas Andersson Schwarz, som tillsammans med Johan Hammarlund, Stefan di Grado och Magnus Kjellberg har analyserat data från Twitter och rikspress i syfte att skapa ny kunskap om villkoren för politisk kommunikation i de sociala mediernas tidevarv. Huvudfokus har varit att undersöka vilka specifika faktorer som spelar in för delning av politiska tweets samt vilken typ av material från sociala medier som fångas upp av traditionella nyhetsmedier och vice versa. Samspelet mellan sociala medier och massmedier formar de bilder som görs av sociala medier i samhället, och omvänt: det formar de bilder som görs av massmedia likväl.

  • 267.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Larsson, Stefan
    Lunds Universitet.
    The justifications of piracy: Differences in conceptualization and argumentation between active uploaders and other file-sharers2014In: Piracy: Leakages from Modernity / [ed] Martin Fredriksson & James Arvanitakis, Los Angeles, CA: Litwin Books , 2014, p. 217-239Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By employing a mix between qualitative and quantitative methods, we explored the ways in which file sharers themselves conceive of the future of “piracy.” A content analysis of a selection of open answers from the Research Bay study (a global file sharing survey conducted in collaboration with file-sharing site The Pirate Bay in April, 2011, with more than 75,000 respondents) revealed significant differences between active uploaders and the much larger group of respondents who regularly download files but never upload. Tropes of “community” were not particularly abundant in this corpus. The biggest singular tropes were those of unstoppability/technical resilience (“File-sharing won’t be stopped”); convenience/availability/supply; skepticism/hostility towards governmental intrusion; and—surprisingly—the trope that file sharing will eventually be integrated with the market. This latter trope was particularly common among the non-uploaders (representing the majority of Pirate Bay users) compared to the dedicated uploaders. The non-uploaders also appeared to be more disposed towards a generic belief in the progress, evolution, and a potential convergence/assimilation of technology.

  • 268.
    Andersson, Stina-Kajsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Betydelsen av närmiljöns definition: En sambandsanalys av befolkningssammansättning, valdeltagande och röstande på demokraterna i New York2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 269.
    Andervad, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    To care about the environment: Technologies of government in forest conservation - Khasi Hills, India2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Involvement of communities in forest conservation and other forms of environmental governance isproliferating. Reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD+) is one mechanism,designed to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by reversing deforestation trends in low-incomecountries. The benefits of involving communities in conservation projects have been recognized,but one aspect of environmental governance that so far has received less attention is how theinterests and attitudes of people towards the environment are altering over time and with newinstitutional arrangements. Based on interviews and group discussions during fieldwork in theKhasi Hills REDD+ project, Meghalaya, India, profound changes in environmental subjectivitieswere found among the people in the area. New regulations, changes in the environment, raisedawareness, and changed practices have turned forests into an entity seen as important for protection.Using a governmentality framework, the objectives and rationalities of forest protection have beeninternalized among the population. Further, the material characteristics of nature was found to be anaspect in subject formation. This thesis argues that local attitudes towards conservation correspondto changes beyond governance structures that ought to be taken under consideration for why peoplecome to perceive the environment as they do.

  • 270.
    Andrae, Gunilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Beckman, Björn
    Lagos Tailors, Trade Unions, and Organizations in the Informal Economy2013In: African Studies Review, ISSN 0002-0206, E-ISSN 1555-2462, Vol. 56, no 3, p. 191-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In January 2012 a broad spectrum of popular groups staged an unprecedented protest against the removal of what has been termed a “subsidy” on fuel prices by the Nigerian government. The participation of tailors in this national political event suggests that self-employed artisans were prepared to transcend their narrow nonpolitical agenda to promote their interests and demands for decent social and economic conditions. Interviews with participating organization representatives in Lagos indicate the supportive role of alliances with labor unions and organized informal workers at large. We see current global developments in the textile industry as conducive to this outcome.

  • 271.
    Andrae, Gunilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Beckman, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Union power and the formal -informal divide2010In: Missing Links in Labour Geography / [ed] A.C. Bergene, S.B. Endresen, h. Knutsen, Aldershot, Harts: Ashgate, 2010Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 272.
    Andrae, Gunilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Bäckman, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Alliances across the formal-informal divide: South African debate and Nigerian experiences2010In: Africa's informal workers: collective agency, alliances and transnational organizing in urban Africa / [ed] Ilda Lindell, London & New York: Zed Books, 2010Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 273.
    Andreasson, My
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Emergency Water Planning and the Issues with making Drinking Water Accessible for Everyone2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, the access to drinking water is something that often is taken for granted. But several incidents where regions have found themselves without drinking water shows that we should be more concerned about crisis management concerning drinking water. Regulations state that even in a situation with drinking water disturbance the municipality is responsible for providing all citizens with drinking water of acceptable quality. When drinking water is not delivered in regular pipelines it is called emergency water, which is an alternative way to distribute drinking water within the region. During a crisis it is important that the authorities can act quickly in order to minimize the consequences that will occur if a region is without drinking water. The National Food Agency (Livsmedelsverket) have therefore developed a guide for municipalities how to make an emergency water plan. It contains information of how to map and prioritize water users. This is a case study of Nordmaling Municipality that investigates how and why water users should be prioritized during a disturbance in drinking water. The aim has also been to locate emergency water containers for citizens and study the accessibility of these locations and the level of justice within the society connected to citizens (in)accessibility. In order to do this study, the guide from the National Food Agency have been studied along with consultation with the municipal administration. Then a quantitative Multi Criteria Analysis (MCA) in GIS has been performed in order to find “optimal” locations for emergency water resources. Recommendations from the National Food Agency have been followed within the frame, ability and visions of Nordmaling Municipality. The study displays the functions that will obtain emergency water, and recommendations and regulations behind the decisions. Along with 12 different locations which have been decided based on results from the MCA. Water users (with extra consideration to vulnerable water users) living outside of the geographical “catchment-area” of a location with emergency water have been studied. This has shown that the locations are not accessible for everyone within the municipality. Constrained accessibility can be seen especially for elderly and those living in the sparsely parts of Nordmaling, which displays an unjust society.

  • 274.
    Andræ, Gunilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Industry in Ghana: production form and spatial structure1981Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 275.
    André, Rebecka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Roundabout 42: A study on slum upgrading in Kibera and its implications for informal traders2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims at uncovering consequences for and strategies amongst informal traders in Kibera caused by the slum upgrading project known as the Relocation Action Plan. Henri Lefebvre’s concept Right to the City is the theoretical framework through which the experiences of the informal traders is analyzed. By using the three themes; socio-spatial exclusion, citizenship and participation, and appropriation and struggle the thesis shows how Lefebvre’s concept can be used in a specific Kenyan context.

    The empirical data was gathered during two months of field work in Kibera, Nairobi. 15 semi-structured interviews with informal traders were conducted on the site. Participatory observation was also used as a method to gain deeper knowledge. The results show that the informal traders face several challenges at their current location and in regard to the relocation. Uncertainties and lack of information surrounding the project creates further stress and limits the informal traders’ possibilities to invent new and use existing strategies to mitigate the negative impacts of the relocation. The results also highlight how the organization of space in Roundabout 42 is affected by the project and in turn affecting the informal traders. Despite the projects shortcomings, I argue that the Relocation Action Plan further strengthens the importance of participation and Lefebvre’s concept right to the city.

  • 276.
    Andréasson, Gabriel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Planeringsideologier och värdekonflikter: En fallstudie i Hammarbyhöjden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 277.
    Andrén, Simon
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Innebandyns utveckling i Uppland mellan 1990 och 2001: En tillväxtstudie och föreningsanalys2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 278.
    Anell, David
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    En utvärdering av Staffanstorps centrum: Hur blev det efter ombyggnationen?2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 279. Anglert, Mats
    Landskap bortom traditionen: historisk arkeologi i nordvästra Skåne2008Book (Other academic)
  • 280.
    Ango, Tola Gemechu
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Ecosystem Services and Disservices in an Agriculture–Forest Mosaic: A Study of Forest and Tree Management and Landscape Transformation in Southwestern Ethiopia2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The intertwined challenges of food insecurity, deforestation, and biodiversity loss remain perennial challenges in Ethiopia, despite increasing policy interventions. This thesis investigates smallholding farmers’ tree- and forest-based livelihoods and management practices, in the context of national development and conservation policies, and examines how these local management practices and policies transform the agriculture–forest mosaic landscapes of southwestern Ethiopia.

    The thesis is guided by a political ecology perspective, and focuses on an analytical framework of ecosystem services (ESs) and disservices (EDs). It uses a mixed research design with data from participatory field mapping, a tree ‘inventory’, interviews, focus group discussions, population censuses, and analysis of satellite images and aerial photos.

    The thesis presents four papers. Paper I investigates how smallholding farmers in an agriculture–forest mosaic landscape manage trees and forests in relation to a few selected ESs and EDs that they consider particularly beneficial or problematic. The farmers’ management practices were geared towards mitigating tree- and forest-related EDs such as wild mammal crop raiders, while at the same time augmenting ESs such as shaded coffee production, resulting in a restructuring of the agriculture–forest mosaic. Paper II builds further on the EDs introduced in paper I, to assess the effects of crop raids by forest-dwelling wild mammals on farmers’ livelihoods. The EDs of wild mammals and human–wildlife conflict are shown to constitute a problem that goes well beyond a narrow focus on yield loss. The paper illustrates the broader impacts of crop-raiding wild mammals on local agricultural and livelihood development (e.g. the effects on food security and children’s schooling), and how state forest and wildlife control and related conservation policy undermined farmers’ coping strategies. Paper III examines local forest-based livelihood sources and how smallholders’ access to forests is reduced by state transfer of forestland to private companies for coffee investment. This paper highlights how relatively small land areas appropriated for investment in relatively densely inhabited areas can harm the livelihoods of many farmers, and also negatively affect forest conservation. Paper IV investigates the patterns and drivers of forest cover change from 1958 to 2010. Between 1973 and 2010, 25% of the total forest was lost, and forest cover changes varied both spatially and temporally. State development and conservation policies spanning various political economies (feudal, socialist, and ‘free market-oriented’) directly or indirectly affected local ecosystem use, ecosystem management practices, and migration processes. These factors (policies, local practices, and migration) have thus together shaped the spatial patterns of forest cover change in the last 50 years.

    The thesis concludes that national development and conservation policies and the associated power relations and inequality have often undermined local livelihood security and forest conservation efforts. It also highlights how a conceptualization of a local ecosystem as a provider of both ESs and EDs can generate an understanding of local practices and decisions that shape development and conservation trajectories in mosaic landscapes. The thesis draws attention to the need to make development and conservation policies relevant and adaptable to local conditions as a means to promote local livelihood and food security, forest and biodiversity conservation, and ESs generated by agricultural mosaic landscapes.

  • 281.
    Ango, Tola Gemechu
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Impacts of medium-scale forestland 'grabbing' on local livelihoods and forest conservation in the southwestern highlands of EthiopiaArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 282.
    Ango, Tola Gemechu
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Börjeson, Lowe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Senbeta, Feyera
    Crop raiding by wild mammals in Ethiopia: impacts on the livelihoods of smallholders in an agriculture-forest mosaic landscape2017In: Oryx, ISSN 0030-6053, E-ISSN 1365-3008, Vol. 51, no 3, p. 527-537Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We assessed the impacts of crop raiding by wild mammals on the livelihoods of smallholding farmers in south-western Ethiopia. Data were generated through participatory field mapping, interviews and focus groups. The results indicated that wild mammals, mainly olive baboons Papio anubis and bush pigs Potamochoerus larvatus, were raiding most crops cultivated in villages close to forests. In addition to the loss of crops, farmers incurred indirect costs in having to guard and cultivate plots far from their residences, sometimes at the expense of their children's schooling. Raiding also undermined farmers’ willingness to invest in modern agricultural technologies. Various coping strategies, including guarding crops and adapting existing local institutions, were insufficient to reduce raiding and its indirect impacts on household economies to tolerable levels, and were undermined by existing policies and government institutions. It is essential to recognize wild mammal pests as a critical ecosystem disservice to farmers, and to identify ways to mitigate their direct and indirect costs, to facilitate local agricultural development and livelihood security, and integrate wildlife conservation and local development more fully in agriculture–forest mosaic landscapes.

  • 283.
    Ango, Tola Gemechu
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Börjeson, Lowe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Senbeta, Feyera
    Hylander, Kristoffer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
    Balancing Ecosystem Services and Disservices: Smallholder Farmers' Use and Management of Forest and Trees in an Agricultural Landscape in Southwestern Ethiopia2014In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 19, no 1, article id 30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Farmers' practices in the management of agricultural landscapes influence biodiversity with implications for livelihoods, ecosystem service provision, and biodiversity conservation. In this study, we examined how smallholding farmers in an agriculture-forest mosaic landscape in southwestern Ethiopia manage trees and forests with regard to a few selected ecosystem services and disservices that they highlighted as beneficial or problematic. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected from six villages, located both near and far from forest, using participatory field mapping and semistructured interviews, tree species inventory, focus group discussions, and observation. The study showed that farmers' management practices, i.e., the planting of trees on field boundaries amid their removal from inside arable fields, preservation of trees in semimanaged forest coffee, maintenance of patches of shade coffee fields in the agricultural landscape, and establishment of woodlots with exotic trees result in a restructuring of the forest-agriculture mosaic. In addition, the strategies farmers employed to mitigate crop damage by wild mammals such as baboons and bush pigs, e. g., migration and allocation of migrants on lands along forests, have contributed to a reduction in forest and tree cover in the agricultural landscape. Because farmers' management practices were overall geared toward mitigating the negative impact of disservices and to augment positive services, we conclude that it is important to operationalize ecosystem processes as both services and disservices in studies related to agricultural landscapes.

  • 284.
    Ango, Tola Gemechu
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hylander, Kristoffer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
    Börjeson, Lowe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Drivers and patterns of forest cover change since the late 1950s in southwest Ethiopia: deforestation, agriculture expansion, and coffee productionManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 285.
    Ankarbranth, Johannes
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    ”Vart är vi på väg?”: En kvalitativ studie av Linnéuniversitetets personals arbetspendling mellan Växjö och Kalmar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För mig har intresset för tidsgeografi vuxit eftersom komplexiteten i ämnet är stort, men även att tidsgeografi är något varje individ upplever i sin vardag. Varje individ kommer antagligen att ställa sig inför valet att arbetspendla någon gång i livet.

    Syftet med undersökning är att få fördjupad kunskap om människans val att arbetspendla, med inriktning mot hur bildandet av Linnéuniversitetet har påverkat arbetspendlingen mellan Växjö och Kalmar. Undersökningens syftar också till att få en fördjupad kunskap om hur sammanslagningen har påverkat Växjös region. För att besvara frågeställningarna användes intervjuer där fyra av Linnéuniversitetets personal blev intervjuade om deras upplevelse av hur sammanslagningen har påverkat deras arbetspendling och vilka restriktioner som de upplevt under resans tid.

    Den första januari 2010 blev startskottet för Kalmar högskola och Växjö universitet att bli Linnéuniversitetet. Detta öppnade upp för flera institutioner att samarbeta med varandra, för att en högre kunskapsnivå skulle uppnås. Det gav även fler möjligheter till att konkurrera med andra universitet. I och med denna sammanslagning blir Linnéuniversitet Sveriges nyaste universitet.

    Regionförstoring sker vid en sammanslagning av universitet, där en ökning av humankapital förekommer i regionen. Växande kompetens kan öka regionens tillväxt och etablering av infrastruktur har effekten blivit att pendlingen har ökat och lett till att rörelseströmmen både har ökat och förflyttats.

    Det finns tre olika restriktioner som styr människans möjlighet att förflytta sig i tid och rum. För det första har individen biologiska restriktioner som påverkar dess prestationsförmåga att nå sin destination vilket heter kapacitetsrestriktion. Den andra kallas kopplingsrestriktion och innebär att individen blir beroende av att befinna sig på en plats vid en viss tid genom ett beroende av andra individer. Den tredje restriktionen innefattar den tidsgeografiska aspekten på maktutövning. Detta innebär att en individ kan stöta på enheter som begränsar deras tid.

    Resultatet visar att respondenterna har påverkats av sammanslagningen mellan Kalmar högskola och Växjö universitet. De behöver förflytta sig mer mellan de två olika lärosätena. Genom sammanslagningen har deras arbetstjänster utökat och gjort att deras ansvarsområde utökats.

  • 286.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Friluftslivkonflikter i svenska kustlandskap ur ett planerings- och användarperspektiv: Studier av Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hav och kust har alltid varit viktiga för oss människor. I svenska kustlandskap har boende, infrastruktur och fiskenäring existerat sedan lång tid tillbaka samtidigt som områdena också varit viktiga för nöje och rekreation. Men mellan olika intressen, samt mellan och inom olika användargrupper samt förvaltning, kan det uppstå målkonflikter. Utgångspunkten för den här avhandlingen är att beskriva och analysera eventuella målkonflikter kopplat till friluftsliv utifrån både ett planerings- och ett användarperspektiv genom två fallstudier i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. Friluftslivet är en del av samhället och dess relevans för fysisk och mental återhämtning ger planering och förvaltning av friluftsliv ett ökat politiskt stöd, samtidigt som tidigare forskning visat att friluftsliv är stark i retoriken - men svag i planeringspraktiken. Därför behövs kunskap som kan utveckla planering och förvaltning av friluftsliv i svenska kustlandskap.

    Resultaten från den här avhandlingen visar att användarnas perspektiv på målkonflikter i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar ännu inte till stora delar har inkluderats i den kommunala planeringen. En slutsats är alltså att det finns skillnader i hur konflikter i samband med friluftsliv beskrivs och identifieras i den fysiska planeringen jämfört med användarnas upplevelser. Det har betydelse för förståelsen av friluftlivskonflikter och hanteringen av dessa. Förutom analys och diskussion av konflikter kopplat till friluftsliv, ingår en fördjupande studie av buller och tystnad som konflikt. Upplevelserna av lugn och ro samt tystnad är centrala för användarna i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. Ett problem som avslöjas är att metoder med decibelnivåer inte avgör skillnader i buller som upplevelse i sig. Upplevelsen av buller och tystnad är nämligen subjektiv. Även zonering undersöks som ett planerings- och förvaltningsverktyg för att hantera friluftslivkonflikter i svenska kustlandskap. Som denna avhandling visar, finns det flertalet exempel på olika sorters zonering i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. När man i planering och förvaltning utgår från ett perspektiv där naturvård och bevarande är utgångspunkterna, så måste ytterligare värderingar och verktyg inbegripas som att inkludera användare med deras olika behov, upplevelser och aktiviteter som äger rum i skärgårdarnas landskap. Att landskapet i sig är av betydelse syns också i resultaten. I fallstudiernas översiktsplaner markeras det värdefulla, attraktiva och unika med skärgårdslandskapet, medan användarna betonar det äkta, naturliga och opåverkade landskapet som grund för deras friluftsupplevelser.

    Den här avhandlingen tillför kunskap om spänningen mellan olika attityder och synsätt i den fysiska planeringens processer, förvaltning samt friluftslivets användare i svenska kustlandskap. Avhandlingen är också ett tillägg till tidigare kunskap om zonering som ett sätt att hantera konflikter i svenska kustlandskap, där särskilt användarperspektivet är en viktig del. Avhandlingen bidrar även till en grundläggande översikt av fysisk planering i relation till friluftsliv.

  • 287.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Friluftslivkonflikter i svenska kustlandskap ur ett planerings- och användarperspektiv: Studier av Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hav och kust har alltid varit viktiga för oss människor. I svenska kustlandskap har boende, infrastruktur och fiskenäring existerat sedan lång tid tillbaka samtidigt som områdena också varit viktiga för nöje och rekreation. Men mellan olika intressen, samt mellan och inom olika användargrupper samt förvaltning, kan det uppstå målkonflikter. Utgångspunkten för den här avhandlingen är att beskriva och analysera eventuella målkonflikter kopplat till friluftsliv utifrån både ett planerings- och ett användarperspektiv genom två fallstudier i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. Friluftslivet är en del av samhället och dess relevans för fysisk och mental återhämtning ger planering och förvaltning av friluftsliv ett ökat politiskt stöd, samtidigt som tidigare forskning visat att friluftsliv är stark i retoriken - men svag i planeringspraktiken. Därför behövs kunskap som kan utveckla planering och förvaltning av friluftsliv i svenska kustlandskap.

    Resultaten från den här avhandlingen visar att användarnas perspektiv på målkonflikter i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar ännu inte till stora delar har inkluderats i den kommunala planeringen. En slutsats är alltså att det finns skillnader i hur konflikter i samband med friluftsliv beskrivs och identifieras i den fysiska planeringen jämfört med användarnas upplevelser. Det har betydelse för förståelsen av friluftlivskonflikter och hanteringen av dessa. Förutom analys och diskussion av konflikter kopplat till friluftsliv, ingår en fördjupande studie av buller och tystnad som konflikt. Upplevelserna av lugn och ro samt tystnad är centrala för användarna i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. Ett problem som avslöjas är att metoder med decibelnivåer inte avgör skillnader i buller som upplevelse i sig. Upplevelsen av buller och tystnad är nämligen subjektiv. Även zonering undersöks som ett planerings- och förvaltningsverktyg för att hantera friluftslivkonflikter i svenska kustlandskap. Som denna avhandling visar, finns det flertalet exempel på olika sorters zonering i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. När man i planering och förvaltning utgår från ett perspektiv där naturvård och bevarande är utgångspunkterna, så måste ytterligare värderingar och verktyg inbegripas som att inkludera användare med deras olika behov, upplevelser och aktiviteter som äger rum i skärgårdarnas landskap. Att landskapet i sig är av betydelse syns också i resultaten. I fallstudiernas översiktsplaner markeras det värdefulla, attraktiva och unika med skärgårdslandskapet, medan användarna betonar det äkta, naturliga och opåverkade landskapet som grund för deras friluftsupplevelser.

    Den här avhandlingen tillför kunskap om spänningen mellan olika attityder och synsätt i den fysiska planeringens processer, förvaltning samt friluftslivets användare i svenska kustlandskap. Avhandlingen är också ett tillägg till tidigare kunskap om zonering som ett sätt att hantera konflikter i svenska kustlandskap, där särskilt användarperspektivet är en viktig del. Avhandlingen bidrar även till en grundläggande översikt av fysisk planering i relation till friluftsliv.

  • 288. Ankre, Rosemarie
    Understanding the visitor – a prerequisite for coastal zone planning2007Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Planning for tourism and outdoor recreation in Swedish coastal areas could be improved with knowledge of visitors’ attitudes, experiences, activities and geographical dispersion. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the knowledge of visitors in planning for tourism and outdoor recreation. The Luleå archipelago in Northern Sweden is used as a case study. Supervisors: Professor Lars Emmelin, Blekinge Institute of Technology/ETOUR Dr Peter Fredman, ETOUR. The Department of Spatial Planning, BTH deals with research on planning processes, environmental impact assessment, social issues, gender issues and applied information technology in spatial planning. The European Tourism Research Institute, ETOUR, Mid Sweden University, develops knowledge and expertise within issues related to travel and tourism. There are three main objectives: to conduct research on tourism-related issues, to analyse statistics on tourism and to make the research results accessible to the tourism industry. The research aims to develop the tourism industry and the institute is a resource for businesses, organisations and authorities. This project has been financed by the AGORA Interreg III-project Network Sustainable Tourism Development in the Baltic Sea Region, the Blekinge County Administration Board, the Mid Sweden University in Östersund, the European Tourism Research Institute (ETOUR), and The Swedish Tourist Authority.

  • 289.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Forsberg, Lena Petersson
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Emmelin, Lars
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Silence – an article of short supply in outdoor recreation? Handling noise conflicts in Swedish planning2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Outdoor recreation areas are exposed to several causes of conflict. Many interests, along with different types of recreation activities, are competing in the same area. In these areas, conflicts are handled by spatial planning and by the separation in space of different functions. One source of conflict is noise. The lack of noise-free areas in the Swedish coastal areas has become an amenity problem. Does this make noise an important problem to consider in planning? An assumption is that the sound environment is relevant for the visitors’ experience; spending time in nature is associated with peace and quiet, where one should not be disturbed. In this study, it will be investigated how silence and noise actually are considered in the Swedish municipal planning. “Silence” is one of the amenity categories reported in the Swedish tourism data base. Is there a discrepancy between the existing municipal planning and the visitors’ opinions, attitudes and experiences? Furthermore, there will be an analysis of how silence and noise could be handled in spatial planning. One possible method is zoning. By excluding certain outdoor recreation activities from some areas, zoning may handle, or at least reduce, the problem of conflicts. The biosphere reserve concept (where zoning is an important part) will for that reason be discussed as a potential tool. A case study of the Blekinge archipelago, Sweden is the foundation of the study, which data consist of planning documents and questionnaire surveys considering outdoor recreation and nature tourism.

  • 290. Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Forsberg, Lena Petersson
    Emmelin, Lars
    Silence: an article of short supply in outdoor recreation? Handling noise conflicts in Swedish planning2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 291.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Accessibility and inclusive nature for everyone? A case study of outdoor recreation in Östersund, Sweden2019In: 28th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research. 23 to 25 October 2019. Roskilde University, Denmark, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, outdoor recreation is well established and traditionally considered to create good health with positive effects on physical and mental health (Fredman et al., 2014). The interests of outdoor recreation is hence part of the whole Swedish society, for example, in the government bill the Future Outdoor Recreation (2009/10: 238) it is described that the conditions for a so-called "good outdoor recreation" can be created by the State through spatial planning, accessibility, information and protected nature areas. However, accessibility for outdoor recreation relate to both physical, mental and socio-economic conditions (Emmelin et al., 2010). In Östersund municipality in northern Sweden, it is an on-going work to introduce more health-promoting activities as well as measures and rehabilitation for people with injuries and disabilities. Östersund municipality has developed a "Program for outdoor recreation" with the aim to create accessible outdoor recreation for all its residents. Previous studies have shown that lack of accessibility limits participation in tourism and outdoor activities for people with disabilities and destinations do little to identify and accommodate the specific demands and preferences of people with disabilities. Studies also show that planners are asking for more local investigations as to where, how and why outdoor recreation is practiced (see e.g. Petersson Forsberg, 2012; Ankre, 2019).

     

    The presentation will focus on a newly started project with the aim to increase knowledge of some of the challenges in Östersund regarding accessibility, lifestyle and physical activities. In addition, how accessibility and social inclusion can be further supported and developed in the local community are of interest. The project includes a mapping of accessible nature areas within the municipality, an investigation of needs and wishes among citizens with disabilities, and interviews with public and private stakeholders on their view on how to increase participation in outdoor activities. Preliminary results from focus group interviews and fieldwork will be presented. The focus group contains a before-during-and-after perspective. Firstly, the group meets indoors (to talk about, for example previous experiences and the importance of accurate information about the sites), followed by an excursion to a nature area in Östersund municipality, and finally a follow-up group meeting indoors. Of interest are how people with disabilities experience visits to different nature areas in the Östersund municipality, what kinds of obstacles there are when visiting nature areas, and how these areas may be improved.

     

    Accessibility also relates to the on-going densification in urban areas as a prevailing planning ideology. There is a general notion that there is so much green and that outdoor recreation can take place “elsewhere”. Even if this may be true, it can also lead to the exploitation of accessible urban and urban-close nature that is important for people’s everyday recreation. What kind of outdoor recreation one is practicing in Östersund and where and why was examined in the autumn of 2016 in a web survey directed at 3,000 randomly selected local residents. The results with a critical discussion of accessibility have recently been published (Ankre & Petersson Forsberg, 2019) which will create additional material in this study. We will also end with a discussion on ethical and methodological considerations.

     

    References

    Ankre, R. (2019). Friluftslivkonflikter i svenska kustlandskap ur ett planerings- och användarperspektiv. Studier av Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. Doctoral thesis. Karlskrona, Blekinge Institute of Technology.

    Ankre, R. & Petersson Forsberg, L. (2019). Förtätning och gröna kilar - konsekvenser för friluftslivet in Samhällsplaneringens teori och praktik. Stockholm, Liber. pp. 197-206.

    Emmelin, L., Fredman, P., Lisberg Jensen, E. & Sandell, K. (2010). Planera för friluftsliv. Natur, Samhälle, Upplevelser. Stockholm, Carlsson Bokförlag.

    Fredman, P., Sandell, K., Stenseke, M. & Emmelin, L. (2014). Friluftsliv i förändring. Studier från svenska upplevelselandskap. Editors P. Fredman, M. Stenseke and K. Sandell. Stockholm, Carlsson Bokförlag.

    Government Bill [Regeringens proposition] 2009/10:238. The Future Outdoor Recreation [Framtidens friluftsliv]. Stockholm, Ministry of the Environment.

    Petersson Forsberg, L. (2012). Friluftsliv och naturturism i kommunal fysisk planering. Doctoral thesis. Karlskrona, Blekinge Institute of Technology.

  • 292.
    Anne, Ouma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    From Rural Gift to Urban Commodity: Traditional Medicinal Knowledge and Socio-spatial Transformation in the Eastern Lake Victoria Region2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As we celebrate all the dynamic and dramatic improvements in human health care in the 21st century, life in much of Africa begins with and is sustained with the support of traditional medicinal knowledge. Research on traditional medicinal knowledge (TMK) is extensive, but rather few studies have been written about Traditional Healers' (THs') own perceptions about TMK and practices in relation to changing societal dynamics.

    The aim of this thesis is to examine how THs perceive on going socio-spatial transformation, including contemporary processes of urbanization, migration, commercialization and commodification of TMK, as well as changing dynamics of learning and knowledge systems between generations and genders and how these affect their medicinal healing practices in time and space.

    The thesis consists of four main empirical chapters, which derive from different data sources including literature, documentation review and qualitative interview material. The findings in this thesis can be summarised as follows: First that TMK today exists side by side with modern health systems, in what are seen as complex patterns of medical pluralism that provide evidence of an evolving role the TH plays in primary health care, in the rural and urban space. Youthful migrating population dynamics that are linked to historical processes, have effectively carved an emerging cross-sectoral role of the TH in the formal space.

    Secondly the developing legislation on IPR and ABS in parallel with the representation of an earlier official formal governance around TMK in Tanzania; and the difference in the sectors where TMK is anchored in the two contexts, could have paved way to some earlier collaborative mechanisms, that today provide space to enable a more natural engagement between formal and informal organizations involved in the governance of TMK in Tanzania. Thirdly, the practical ways in which TMK learning processes, which are characterized by learning systems in place, being sent and visiting sacred places that are lived by an apprentice over a number of years, have increasingly come under pressure. Fourthly the thesis shows approaches by THs, encouraging the youth to access conventional medicinal education followed by, or in parallel with TMK learned through traditional pedagogies employed by the THs themselves. The youth’s keen interest in learning TMK is seen to increase when they view improved livelihood possibilities due to the commercialization of medicinal plants. The future of TMK learning processes may be limited unless incentives are put in place for the youth regarding their future livelihoods. Fifth, gendered and generational dimensions suggest that older and some younger female THs reemphasize the values of the gift and TMK in a climate of increased commodification and commercialization of TMK, where TMK increasingly meets neoliberal processes, engaging an alternative paradigm than the gift economy, where a predominance of male TH’s in the urban space and places, increasingly define the diversification of the TMK livelihoods. The gift provided by a higher power and which is embedded in a particular cosmological view, to be used as a social service to help the community, is increasingly evolving as an emerging tested force in a changing ideological climate, with an increasing awareness of commodification, commercialization, IPR and ABS issues surrounding TMK. It implies awareness in relation to the increased benefits of commoditized and commercialized medicinal plant knowledge (which THs hold) for other individuals and institutions.

    The TH profession and TMK is seen as entering a contested IPR/ABS arena at a time when increasingly socio-spatial transformations are modifying its role from that of a gift to an owned commodity. However while the practice of TMK has changed over time and space, presenting new challenges as well as opportunities, it is also seen as a threat that anyone today can sell and market TMK products.

  • 293.
    Anneborg, Anne-Maja
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Learning while participating in public planning, and having fun: Testing a method of using focus groups and a vision of a sustainable future neighborhood, that ‘pushes the limits’2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We are facing the problems of climate change, the unfair share and over use of Earth’s resources. Global North overuses, Sweden has an ecological footprint of four planets. The challenge is to change our lifestyles. This thesis is trying out a method to diffuse ideas of sustainable development (SD) and for citizen participation. I created a future vision of a sustainable neighborhood inspired by Jane Jacobs and the concept of densification. This I presented to three homogenous focus groups: the next-door neighborhood, home owners and people in rentals. Free discussion then followed, and then a questionnaire. The findings where that the participants, fifteen of sixteen, thought the method gave them new ideas, allowed them to share their knowledge, and that it was a good method for participation. I thought that it was a ‘fun’ method. Focus groups research works more the way people normally interact, as did the literature show. I could see the learning process, that Patsy Healey describes, the creation of cultures, and also how the issue of SD was explored. It was time consuming to recruit participants. The tendency was that volunteers liked to talk, had an interest in planning, although not all in favor of SD. Many resembled me, in age and cultural background. The method could be useful to deepen dialog with citizens, especially in an early stage of planning. The vision should be ‘daring’ to spur good discussions, that may land in a compromise on SD.

  • 294.
    Anneroth, Emelie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Gender Renovation: A case study analysis of the feminist urban development project #UrbanGirlsMovement discussing gender-transformative urban planning techniques as a means for more equal cities2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a case study analysis of the feminist urban development project #UrbanGirlsMovement discussing how gender-transformative urban planning techniques impact local girls in the Million Dwellings Program area Fittja south of Stockholm. The thesis draws on a theoretical framework of feminist geography, intersectionality, and territorial stigmatization to analyze narratives from eleven girls participating in #UrbanGirlsMovement. The girls’ narratives reveal that it has been an empowering experience to be part of an urban development process as it has enabled them to recognize their own abilities. By re-evaluating the role of the planner to take on a more facilitating role, the girls shouldered the role of experts. It legitimized the girls’ ideas and designs, enabling them both to recognize and to use their own agency. Additionally, the process of redesigning a familiar place enabled the girls to regenerate the meaning of the urban public space around Fittja to mirror their own subjective spatial identities. The thesis shows that intersectional planning tools that transform, rather than inform, power and spatial oppression are crucial when renewing the Million Dwellings Program of Swedish suburbs. #UrbanGirlsMovement shows that a planning process is more than physical designs, it is as much a tool for enhanced democracy, equality, and justice in cities.

  • 295.
    Annersten, Filippa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Reproducing affluent neighbourhoods: Mapping the processes of neighbourhood change in Stockholm2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 296.
    Annersten, Filippa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Where is the power to change?: A reception study of the elderly in the Seychelles experiences of climate change and power2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 297.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Haikola, Simon
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Depoliticization, Repoliticization, and Environmental Concerns: Swedish mining Politics as an Instance of Environmental Politicization2018In: ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies, ISSN 1492-9732, E-ISSN 1492-9732, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 561-596Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An argument within the wider theory of postpolitics that has gained traction over the last decade is that environmental concerns in general, and climate policy in particular, are especially conducive to depoliticization. In this paper, we take issue with this notion by presenting an empirical case study of the repoliticization of Swedish mining and then, on the basis of this analysis, offer theoretical reflections on how to better understand depoliticization and repoliticization of the environment. We argue for the use of a narrow definition of 'depoliticization', and that sufficient attention must be paid to temporal and scalar differentiation of continuous processes of de- and repoliticization, and that normative assumptions of what constitutes the genuinely political should be abandoned. We argue that environmental concerns harbour large potential for effective politicization, and that this politicization occurs as a response to depoliticization, through concurrent, cross-fertilizing and intertwined processes of repoliticization across scales both inside and outside of formal channels of government, whereby previously depoliticized state agencies may become crucial.

  • 298.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Haikola, Simon
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Epilog2018In: Svensk gruvpolitik i omvandling: Aktörer, kontroverser, möjliga världar / [ed] Jonas Anshelm, Simon Haikola och Björn Wallsten, Gidlunds förlag, 2018, p. 233-239Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska gruvpolitiken under 2000-talet kan i stora drag sammanfattas som präglad av ett pånyttfött intresse från statligt håll för framförallt de exploateringsmässiga förutsättningarna för gruvindustrin, och en social mobilisering på lokal såväl som nationell nivå mot den förda politiken. Denna utveckling har ägt rum i kontexten av en internationell så kallad »boom and bust« – konjunkturuppgång-följt av nedgång – vilken på avgörande vis har bestämt förutsättningarna för det statliga intresset för gruvindustrin liksom för lokala intressegruppers förhoppningar och farhågor gällande gruvindustriell expansion. Sådana konjunkturcykler är en naturlig del av all form av gruvverksamhet. Det kan därför finnas anledning att från dagens utsiktspunkt, med ett visst retrospektivt avstånd till den turbulenta tiden kring Northland Resources konkurs och vid en tid då världsmarknadspriser såväl som produktionssiffror verkar ha börjat klättra uppåt igen, ställa oss frågan vilka lärdomar vi har möjlighet att dra av just denna boom och bust.

  • 299.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Haikola, Simon
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kritiken av 2013 års mineralstrategi och framväxten av ett alternativ2018In: Svensk gruvpolitik i omvandling: aktörer, kontroverser, möjliga världar / [ed] Jonas Anshelm, Simon Haikola och Björn Wallsten, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2018, p. 55-74Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 300.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Haikola, Simon
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mellan hopp och förtvivlan: om förväntningar på gruvetablering ovanför polcirkeln2018In: Svensk gruvpolitik i omvandling: aktörer, kontroverser, möjliga världar / [ed] Jonas Anshelm, Siomon Haikola och Björn Wallsten, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2018, p. 151-173Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta kapitel försöker vi förklara hur förhoppningar, idéer och löften tillsammans skapade stora förväntningar på ett gruvprojekt i Pajala, ett demografiskt och ekonomiskt stagnerande samhälle ovanför polcirkeln, något som ledde till etableringen av en gruva som lades ned efter bara två års produktion. Syftet är att skapa en förståelse av hur de centrala aktörernas förväntningshorisonter formades av specifika intressen i förening med historiska föreställningar knutna till platsen. Särskilt intresse ägnas åt att analysera hur dessa förväntningar under en period förenades i en för de berörda aktörerna gemensam förväntningshorisont som drev projektet framåt. Vi visar också hur den gemensamma förväntningshorisonten upplöstes efter en likviditetskris i bolaget, vilket blottlade de avsevärda skillnaderna mellan de berörda aktörernas ståndpunkter, i samband med att de olika aktörerna återvände till sina utgångspositioner. Med andra ord undersöker kapitlet hur förväntningshorisonter formas kring storskalig, långsiktig och råvarubaserad industriproduktion i avfolkningsbygder, inom ramen för en ekonomi som i övrigt är inriktad på kortsiktig ekonomisk tillväxt, globala kapitalflöden och konsumtion.

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