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  • 251.
    Ahmedi, Idris
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Från Nixon till Obama: Förändring i amerikansk utrikespolitik gentemot Iran och Irak2015In: Fokus på Mellanöstern: Ur Uppsala Senioruniversitets program 2011-2015 / [ed] Birgitta Johansson, Lena Jonsell, Gunilla Öbrink, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2015, p. 30-35Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågan om förändring i den amerikanska Mellanösternpolitiken är inte enbart av akademiskt intresse. Förändring i såväl den övergripande amerikanska strategin som de bilaterala relationerna till regionens stater kan få långtgående konsekvenser både inom och utanför regionen. I vissa fall tämligen dramatiska sådana. Artikeln fokuserar på förändring i den amerikanska politiken gentemot Iran och Irak.

  • 252.
    Ahmedi, Idris
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Iran2015In: Komparativ politik: Nio politiska system / [ed] Thomas Denk, Carsten Anckar, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 253.
    Ahmedi, Idris
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Remaking of American Strategy toward Iran and Iraq: Outline of a Theory of Foreign Policy Change2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sets out to develop a realist-constructivist theory of foreign policy change. The theory claims that whenever policymakers believe that the distribution of power favors an expansive grand strategy or necessitates retrenchment, they will act accordingly. Similarly, when policymakers revise their images of other states – that is, whether they view them as hostile or friendly – change in existing strategy will follow.

    The historical record of the (re)making of American strategy toward the Persian Gulf lends support to the theory. After having relied on pro-American Iran to balance Iraq in the region in the 1970s, Washington “tilted” toward Iraq to prevent post-revolutionary Islamic Iran from achieving victory in the ensuing war between the two regional powers in the 1980s. This offshore balancing strategy during the Cold War bipolar distribution of power gave way to the simultaneous containment of these regional adversaries in the post-Cold War unipolar era. However, some years after the adoption of this new strategy, it underwent a shift. Whereas concerted efforts were made to normalize relations with Iran after the presidential victory of a “reformist” candidate, Mohammad Khatami, the Clinton administration eventually adopted regime change as official policy toward Iraq. In the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks on American soil, the George W. Bush administration endorsed a strategy of forcible regime change and democracy promotion, leading to the invasion of Iraq in 2003.

    Over time, U.S. strategy toward these two regional powers has become more expansive – from offshore balancing limited to checking their outward expansion, to containment aimed at facilitating alteration in their policies, to outright regime change policy. However, with the erosion of unipolarity and the superpower’s retrenchment in the Middle East, we may witness a return to offshore balancing in combination with containment of a perceived hostile Iran. 

  • 254.
    Ahmedi, Idris
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Öppning för kurderna: nyckelroll i kriget mot IS2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 255.
    Ahmedi, Idris
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Bremberg, Niklas
    Utrikespolitiska Institutet.
    Teori: varför en eklektisk ansats är att föredra inom samhällsvetenskaplig forskning2016In: Att forska: praktiker och roller inom samhällsvetenskapen / [ed] Linus Hagström, Niklas Bremberg, Arita Holmberg, Carlsson Bokförlag, 2016, p. 119-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 256.
    Ahnqvist, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ja eller nej till kommunala hälsoförbund2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 257.
    Aho, Christina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Massmedier2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 258.
    Ahrne, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Organiserade stater2014In: Demokrati och förvaltning: en festskrift till Rune Premfors / [ed] Bengt Jacobsson, Göran Sundström, Stockholm: Stockholm School of Economics Institute for Research , 2014, p. 19-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 259.
    Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Brunsson, Nils
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE). Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
    The travel of organization2013In: Global Themes and Local Variations in Organization and Management: Perspectives on Glocalization / [ed] Gili S. Drori, Markus A. Höllerer, Peter Walgenbach, New York: Routledge, 2013, p. 39-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 260.
    Ahva, Laura
    et al.
    Univ Tampere, Tampere 33014, Finland.
    Hellman, Maria
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Citizen eyewitness images and audience engagement in crisis coverage2015In: International Communication Gazette, ISSN 1748-0485, E-ISSN 1748-0493, Vol. 77, no 7, p. 668-681Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Amateur imagery has become an important component of news coverage of distant crisis events, and it plays a decisive role in shaping how audiences respond to crises. In this article, we discuss how the factors of authenticity, affectivity, and ethics play a role in the ways in which citizen images engage or disengage the distant audience. The article is based on 17 focus group interviews in Sweden and Finland that centred on a selection of visual news coverage of the Arab Spring in Syria and Libya - landmark news events in the use of citizen eyewitness images in the Nordic countries. The results indicate that citizen imagery is indeed a potential tool with strongly engaging characteristics, especially in terms of its authenticity and to some degree also its affectivity. However, disengagement may also result, especially due to the interpreted deficiencies in terms of ethics.

  • 261.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Lithuanian Social Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania .
    Housing Policy Regime in Lithuania: Towards Liberalization and Marketization2014In: GeoJournal, ISSN 0343-2521, E-ISSN 1572-9893, Vol. 79, no 4, p. 421-432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews housing policy development in Lithuania in the light of previous literature which reinterprets Esping-Andersen’s work on welfare regimes and adopts it to study housing policy. It seeks to highlight the major features of the Lithuanian housing policy. The findings of this paper reveal that the Lithuanian housing regime exhibits many features which are common under the liberal one. Most significant of these are low de-commodification for those who have to buy or rent a home for the market price, increasing stratification based on income and the dominant position of the market in housing production, allocation and price determination. However, a detailed examination of the Lithuanian housing policy reveals that the housing policy system, despite having many features similar to the liberal one, has been operating in different social and economic settings as a result of unique historical experience of the communist housing policy (massive production of low quality apartment blocks during the communist era, which currently need substantial renovation) and consequently drastic changes in the housing field since 1990s (massive privatization of the housing stock and decentralization of the housing management system). The Lithuanian housing policy regime could be characterized as a regime with the higher owner-occupation compared to other welfare state regimes, but the lower economic power of the owners to take care of their property maintenance, repair and renovation.

  • 262. Aina, Tade Akin
    et al.
    Etta, Florence E.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The Search for a Sustainable Urban Development in Metropolitan Lagos, Nigeria: Problems and Prospects1994In: Third World Planning Review, ISSN 0142-7849, Vol. 16, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 263.
    Airaksinen, Jenni
    et al.
    University of Tampere, Finland.
    Åström, Joachim
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Perceptions of power in regional networks: a nordic comparative analysis2009In: Local Government Studies, ISSN 0300-3930, E-ISSN 1743-9388, Vol. 35, no 5, p. 595-614Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to explore the differentiated attitudes towards power in Nordic regional networks. The analysis draws upon a unique comparative survey targeting regional network participants in Finland, Sweden, Norway and Denmark. Three specific issues of power are studied: (1) the perceived influence of different actors in regional networks, (2) the perceived mandate of network members, and (3) the perceived impact of networks on regional development. When searching for the national political specifics that might determine participants' different attitudes, State administrative traditions and regional institutional set-ups are of particular interest. While regional governance in all countries is going through a period of transformative flux, the results show strong association with historical paths. The western countries' networks are characterised by less State influence, more influence by regional stakeholders, greater discretionary power of network members, and they are perceived to have more of an impact on regional development than their eastern counterparts. The results suggest that networks do not represent dichotomous alternatives to formal institutions of regional policy-making, but that they are linked to them in complex ways.

  • 264. Airey, John
    et al.
    Lauridsen, Karen M.
    Räsänen, Anne
    Salö, Linus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Schwach, Vera
    The expansion of English-medium instruction in the Nordic countries: Can top-down university language policies encourage bottom-up disciplinary literacy goals?2017In: Higher Education, ISSN 0018-1560, E-ISSN 1573-174X, Vol. 73, no 4, p. 561-576Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, in the wake of the Bologna Declaration and similar international initiatives, there has been a rapid increase in the number of university courses and programmes taught through the medium of English. Surveys have consistently shown the Nordic countries to be at the forefront of this trend towards English-medium instruction (EMI). In this paper, we discuss the introduction of EMI in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden). We present the educational setting and the EMI debate in each of these countries and summarize relevant research findings. We then make some tentative suggestions for the introduction of EMI in higher education in other countries. In particular, we are interested in university language policies and their relevance for the day-to-day work of faculty. We problematize one-size-fits-all university language policies, suggesting that in order for policies to be seen as relevant they need to be flexible enough to take into account disciplinary differences. In this respect, we make some specific suggestions about the content of university language policies and EMI course syllabuses. Here we recommend that university language policies should encourage the discussion of disciplinary literacy goals and require course syllabuses to detail disciplinaryspecific language-learning outcomes.

  • 265. Airoldi, Adele
    The European Union and the Arctic: Developments and perspectives 2010-20142014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The report analyses the policy statements on Arctic issues released from 2010 by the EU institutions and the EU’s role-building in the Arctic political framework, notably the Arctic Council. It describes how the EU’s role in the Arctic is seen in strategies and policy papers of Member States, and reports on the EU’s relations with other Arctic actors, particularly indigenous peoples. It gives an overall view of the status of the main EU policies with relevance for the Arctic and identifies the main challenges the EU has to face for progressing to an integrated and coherent Arctic policy.

  • 266.
    Aizsalnieks, Janis
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sustainable development strategy in the EU and Latvia-comparative study2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 267. Ajakaiye, Ojo Iseghohime
    : Participation in Nigerian ElectionsIndependent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Participation in Nigerian elections is an interesting issue. This study is aimed at comparing the 1999 elections with 2003 elections. There is more participation in elections, organized by the Civilian government than that of the Military government. Nigerians feel freer and secure to participate in elections organized and conducted by the civilian government be-cause it is more democratic than the military government.

    The part identification model, and a sociological approach were tested in relation to Nige-rian elections. The Sociological approach influences voter’s decision during elections. Democratic government in Nigeria has much to do for it to be consolidated. The issues of Political Rights and Civil Liberty have to be properly addressed

  • 268.
    Ajeganov, Boris
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Post-accession Poland in the EU – connecting policy co-ordination features to long-term administrative capacity trends2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to study and describe Poland’s policy co-ordination system, demonstrate the decline in Polish administrative capacity over time, and attempt to find and explain institutionality- driven links between the two. For this purpose, three policy co-ordination systems were deconstructed, a mechanism for analysing that data created, and information on Poland’s administrative performance was collected. The study finds that some structural features within Poland’s hierarchical, amalgamated co-ordination system can foster incentives to suppress the improvement of its own public administration.

  • 269.
    Akill Ali, Refka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Islamiska staten: En studie av Islamiska staten i förhållande till begreppet stat2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka huruvida Islamiska staten kännetecknar en stat. Detta kommer att undersökas utifrån berättelser från källor som har befunnit sig nära Islamiska statens territorium. Det finns idag olika uppfattningar kring vilka Islamiska staten är och vad de vill – om de endast är en beväpnad politisk rörelse eller en rörelse som har lyckats bygga upp ett territorium med statsliknande organ. De berättelser som kommer att ligga i fokus i denna studie har tagits från tidningen Dabiq som är en av Islamiska statens tidningar, befintliga intervjuer från människor som har befunnit sig inom Islamiska statens territorium men även rapporter från internationella organisationer. Som hjälpmedel har studien valt att utgå från Barry Buzans teori om statsbildning. Denna teori behandlar tre kriterier av vad som utgör en stat; statens idé, statens institutionella uttryck samt statens fysiska bas. Denna teori kommer att fungera som ett verktyg för att granska och sammanställa den empiri som har valts. Studien kommer att utgå från en kvalitativ textanalys där de berättelserna som har valts om Islamiska staten prövas mot begreppet stat såsom det definieras av Barry Buzan. Resultatet visar på att Islamiska staten inte utgör en stat utifrån de berättelser som analyserats.  

  • 270.
    Akimana, Allison
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    New Public Management Vs Professionalism: A qualitative case study of the local political governance and its effect on the role and autonomy of teachers in the Swedish public compulsory schools2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The last three decades have been characterized with tremendous changes and reformations in the Swedish school policy as a result from the global trend of reorganizing the public sector. These reformations consisted of shifting the responsibility of managing the organization and financial distribution from the government to the local municipalities. However, with that fact, the Swedish educational sector has been experiencing a teacher shortage especially in the public compulsory schools at the local level. Which leads to the purpose of this study how local authorities are promoting teachers and their role.

    The aim of this thesis is to study and analyze how the local political governance is designed (through local policies/regulations, financial management and auditing) is affecting the role and autonomy of teachers in the public compulsory schools in relation to the new public management and professionalism as management models. This is a qualitative descriptive case study where the municipality of Trollhättan and its local regulatory tools will be analyzed, and where potential conflicts that may arise between the two management models will be theoretically explained.

    Finally, as the analysis shows, there are features of the disagreement between the new public management and professionalism (control and autonomy) in the design of the local political governance of the school policy and its effect on the role of teachers. It is also remarkable that the way of governance of the school policy by local authorities plays an important role in promoting the role of teachers.

  • 271.
    Akindès, Francis
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The roots of the military-political crises in Côte d'Ivoire2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    With the coup d’etat of 24 December 1999 and the politico-military conflict that started on 19 September 2002, Côte d’Ivoire broke with its tradition of political stability, which had served as a model in the West African sub-region. It is now facing an unprecedented crisis that is not only jeopardising the continuity of the state, but has also introduced a culture of violence into the society.This study has three objectives. The primary one is to understand the nature of this socio-political crisis, and what is at stake in it. Secondly, the study examines the issue of ivoirité. Finally, it explores the escalation of violence in this socio-political crisis and the catalogue of justifications for that violence.It is argued that the recurrence of military coups d’etat in Côte d’Ivoire signifies the delegitimisation of the modes of regulation built on the tontine system, and calls for a renewal of the political grammar and socio-political regulatory modalities around integrating principles that have yet to be devised.

    CONTENT

    Introduction

    CHAPTER 1. The Three Parameters of the Houphouët Boigny Compromise

    Deliberate and centralised openness policy to the outside world

    Philosophy of the “peanut roasters”

    Paternalistic management of social diversity

    CHAPTER 2. Houphouetism Shows Signs of Wear and Tear under Democratisation

    Confronting the issues: the political class and the criteria for political representation and legitimacy

    “Ivoirité” under Bédié, or the selective function of an ideology

    General Gueï’s variable-geometry Houphouetism

    The RDR, or Houphouetism the wrong way round

    The FPI, or the theoretical expression radical schism Immigration and its politicisation

    CHAPTER 3. The Problematic of “Ivoirité” and the Meaning of History in Côte d’Ivoire

    The social and political construction of “Ivoirité”

    Ideological justification

    Political justification

    Economic justification

    The constitution and ethno-nationalism

    Military coups d’état as therapy for “Ivoirité”?

    CHAPTER 4. The Course of History, or the Need for the Invention of Another Social Contract

    Alassane Dramane Ouattarra (ADO): symbol of the reality underlying the question of being a national

    An alternative to “slice” citizenship

    Bibliography

  • 272.
    Akouri, Elie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Varför har Egypten inte demokratiserats?: En fallstudie om bakomliggande orsaker till den haltande demokratiseringsprocessen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is designed to analyse the situation regarding the attempt to implement democracy in Egypt and why it failed. Theories regarding democratic transition and consolidation is acting as scientific instruments to carry out this case study. This essay directs its focus on several key factors that has contributed to the prevention of democratic reforms. The theory concerning path dependence is used to compliment the remaining theories to distinguish vital historic aspects to this issue. Key factors such as the Muslim brotherhood, the Egyptian military and regime, as well as the liberal movement is examined in this paper to illuminate their respective contribution to this situation.

    The conclusion of this paper focuses on the military, unwilling to surrender its power, along with the religiously fundamental brotherhood, growing rapidly. A democratic transition was in the making, only to be shut down by the military, regaining its former power. Although chaotic and military-biased reforms continued, they were far from democratic.  Because of all the key factors not sharing any political ideals, the situation has come to an abrupt halt regarding a democratisation process. The democratic ideal has become worn among the protestors and another try at a democratic transition is far from reality. 

  • 273.
    Aksak, Rona Isabelle
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Demokratisering i Bashur: En fallstudie om förutsättningarna för en demokratiseringsprocess i den kurdiska regionen i Irak.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 274.
    Al Nashéa, Aram
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Reaction of the U.S. President To the Rise of China: A discourse analysis into the president of the United States’ reaction to China emerging as a competing hegemon.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The U.S. has enjoyed global hegemonic power for over 70 years and even more so

    after the fall of the Soviet Union. However, some political scientists argue that it is

    descending and the evidence lies in the increasing power of China. An imbalance of

    power in the international structure has the ability to result in different outcomes. The

    realist theory suggests that a conflict between the U.S. and China is unavoidable, the

    liberal theory suggests that the economic dependency between the two makes conflict

    less possible, while the constructivist theory suggests that the outcome depends on the

    reaction of the leaders and social change. This study asks what the reaction of the

    President of the U.S. is to the rise of China to find out the result of this hegemonic

    power imbalance. By using discourse analysis, this study has analyzed the remarks of

    President Trump from the period of January 2017 to November 2017 in search of his

    reaction to the rise of China. The results of this study show that President Trump

    divides the world in two parts making the U.S. the protagonist and the rest of the

    world, including China, the antagonist in his discourse as his reaction. Due to this

    reaction, Trump takes nationalistic and protectionist measures against China.

  • 275.
    Alan, Mustafa Burak
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Political Function of the Visegrad Group: A study of the political function and role of the Visegrad Group within European Integration from a regionalist perspective2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Visegrad Group, consisting of Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia, is a subregional cooperation that is in the Central Europe. Its goal is to create a region where these countries can easily work together in the fields of common interests, above all the main objective of EU membership. Since 2004, all the four Visegrad countries have gained a full membership status of European Union and the question remains what political function, role and influence the Visegrad Group has in the larger context of European Integration after achieving this goal.The purpose of this study is to examine what political function, role and influence the Visegrad Group has in the larger context of European Integration. As a subregional cooperation, the V4 will be analyzed by studying its political function in two sectors, defence and environment, from a regionalist perspective.

  • 276.
    Alanko, Eveliina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Pandid, Mila
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Who is the victim?: A descriptive single case study of the United Nations’ construction of the sex trafficking victim2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a descriptive single case study where the construction of the sex trafficking victims by the UN is analysed. More specifically, the study examines the construction of the actual victim and non-victim through the theoretical assumptions of masculinity and femininity. It asks 1) How does femininity and masculinity contribute to the construction of the actual victim by the UN? and 2) How does femininity and masculinity contribute to the construction of the non-victim by the UN? Making it possible to draw conclusions about the "ideal victim" of sex trafficking. Through the use of qualitative content analysis, we look at how the UN uses feminine and masculine assumptions in the construction of sex trafficking victim. The findings indicate that the UN uses more feminine assumption when describing the actual victim and masculine assumptions when describing the non-victim. Hence, supporting the construction of "ideal victim" being a woman. As the UN is a significant actor on the field of trafficking issue, the assumptions and ideas it spreads through its documents and media campaigns, has a significant affect to other actors in the field, IOs, IGOs, NGOs and governments, thus spreading the socially constructed gender stereotypes of the female victim and male predator.

  • 277. Al-Badri, Dominic
    et al.
    Berends, Gijs
    After the Great East Japan Earthquake: Political and Policy Change in Post-Fukushima Japan2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The triple disaster that struck Japan in March 2011 began with the most powerful earthquake known to have hit Japan and led to tsunami up to 40 meters in height that devastated a wide area and caused thousands of deaths. The ensuing accident at the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power plant was Japan’s worst and only second to Chernobyl in its severity.

     

    But has this triple disaster also changed Japan? Has it led to a transformation of the country, a shift in how Japan functions? This book, with fresh perspectives on extraordinary events written by diplomats and policy experts at European embassies to Japan, explores subsequent shifts in Japanese politics and policy-making to see if profound changes have occurred or if instead these are limited.

     

    The book addresses those policy areas most likely to be affected by the tragedy – politics, economics, energy, climate, agriculture and food safety – describes how the sector has been affected and considers what the implications are for the future.

  • 278.
    Alberg, Jakob
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Förebyggande fas i ofas2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 279.
    Albers, Jorick
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    European identity through ‘thick’ and ‘thin’: Normative theory and the challenge of diversity2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 280.
    Albertsson, Rebecca
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    FINNS DET ETT DILEMMA ?: En fallstudie av mellanchefer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 281.
    Albin, Cecilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Explaining failed negotiations: Strategic interaction2012In: Unfinished Business: Why international negotiations fail / [ed] Guy Olivier Faure and Franz Cede, Atlanta, Georgia: University of Georgia Press , 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 282.
    Albin, Cecilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The Many Faces of Justice in International Negotiations2015In: International Negotiation, ISSN 1382-340X, E-ISSN 1571-8069, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 41-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are a wide range of roles and effects that justice can have in negotiations at the international level. It can be a source of conflict and trigger for negotiation, a referent guiding negotiations, a subject of negotiation, a tool to reach effective agreements, and a tactical tool. Justice can assume any or several of these roles in any one negotiation. This article looks at justice as a lens through which to understand what drives negotiation processes and explains different results in the international arena.

  • 283.
    Albin, Cecilia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Druckman, Daniel
    George Mason University Fairfax USA; Macquarie University Sydney Australia; University of Queensland Brisbane Australia.
    Negotiating effectively: Justice in international environmental negotiations2016In: Group Decision and Negotiation, ISSN 0926-2644, E-ISSN 1572-9907, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 93-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Are negotiators who rely on justice principles in the process of bargain- ing and drafting agreements more—or rather less—effective than others? This article examines whether adherence to principles of procedural and distributive justice in negotiations contributes to more effective results, with a focus on international envi- ronmental negotiations. Effectiveness is defined in terms of the extent of agreement (among parties and on issues), time to reach agreement, and comprehensiveness of the agreement. A set of hypotheses is evaluated on a selection of bilateral and mul- tilateral cases of environmental negotiations, using statistical methods. The analyses reveal that adherence to principles of procedural justice contributes to more effective results in multilateral environmental negotiations. These principles are found to hin- der effectiveness in the bilateral cases. On the other hand, adherence to principles of distributive justice is only moderately related to effectiveness in both the bilateral and multilateral cases. 

  • 284.
    Albin, Cecilia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Druckman, Daniel
    George Mason University, USA.
    Procedures matter:  Justice and effectiveness in international trade negotiations2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 285.
    Albin, Cecilia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Young, Ariel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Setting the Table for Success - or Failure?: Agenda Management in the WTO2012In: International Negotiation, ISSN 1382-340X, E-ISSN 1571-8069, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 37-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How does the agenda management process influence the effectiveness of multilateral trade talks in the World Trade Organization (WTO)? How can the all-important agenda be shaped so as to enhance the prospects of an agreement being reached? How the agenda is managed directly affects the negotiation process which follows and the eventual outcome. Yet researchers have paid little attention to the particular dynamics and challenges of agenda management in large-scale multilateral negotiations, and actual practice points to several weaknesses. This article proposes that the complexity of the agenda in multilateral talks needs to be managed and reduced in procedurally just ways if a successful outcome (agreement) is to result. It develops an analytical framework of agenda management in multilateral negotiations and conducts a structured focused comparison to explain the differences in outcomes of two rounds of WTO negotiations: the failure of the 2003 Cancún Ministerial Conference and the success of the 2004 Geneva negotiations in reaching an agreement. The findings support the proposition that a successful outcome depends in part on reducing agenda complexity and that this needs to be achieved in procedurally acceptable (if not just) ways.

  • 286.
    Albinsson, Carl
    Karlstad University.
    Sverigedemokraternas utskottspolitik2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 287.
    Albinsson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Arnesson, Kerstin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Chefspositionen i en svensk kommunal organisation: Möjligheter och begränsningar2017In: FALF Konferens 2017 : 13-15 juni 2017 Alnarp: Arbetslivets utmaningar i staden och på landsbygden, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 288.
    Albinsson, Lars
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Citizens´ services: Nordic and Baltic research needs2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What are the key issues in citizen-centric service development that research should address? People engaged in the development of services for citizens, both public and private, in six countries – Iceland, Sweden, Lithuania, Norway, Estonia and Latvia – have participated in half-day workshops during 2008-2009 to discuss the challenges research projects should take on, which output is needed and how to conduct them in order to better help service developers. This work has been a key part of the project “Citizens’ services – Turning Public Private outside in”. In general, the situation in the six countries is very similar and key findings include: • The need to improve cross- and inter-organizational service development. There are too many “silos”. • The need to better engage citizens in service design, to increase the use and effectiveness of services. • The need for more collaborative research projects with researchers, and public and private service developers in an action-oriented and experimental mode.

  • 289.
    Albrecht, Frederike
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Ctr Nat Hazards & Disaster Sci CNDS, Box 514, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Government Accountability and Natural Disasters: The Impact of Natural Hazard Events on Political Trust and Satisfaction with Governments in Europe2017In: Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, ISSN 1944-4079, E-ISSN 1944-4079, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 381-410Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Do natural disasters generally affect individuals' political trust and satisfaction with the government? To answer this question, 10 cases of minor and major disasters in Europe are examined using a quasi-experimental quantitative design that is based on ordinary least squares regression models. The results indicate that alterations in satisfaction with the government are possible, but only occur in very specific instances, and that effects are small. Changes in political trust are even more unlikely. While it was expected that disasters and their management have at least some effect on how individuals perceive their government's performance because they hold incumbents accountable for their actions, generally speaking this effect hardly occurs in relation to natural disasters. Political attitudes among individuals appear largely unaffected and cases of disasters when incumbents benefit from or are blamed for the perceived management of disasters appear to be uncommon.

  • 290.
    Albrecht, Frederike
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Natural hazard events and social capital: the social impact of natural disastersIn: Disasters. The Journal of Disaster Studies, Policy and Management, ISSN 0361-3666, E-ISSN 1467-7717Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 291.
    Albrecht, Frederike
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Perceptions of Successful and Failed Disaster Management in the Media: A Comparative Analysis of News Media Coverage following Natural DisastersManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 292.
    Albrecht, Frederike
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Social and Political Impact of Natural Disasters: Investigating Attitudes and Media Coverage in the Wake of Disasters2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Natural disasters are social and political phenomena. Social structures create vulnerability to natural hazards and governments are often seen as responsible for the effects of disasters. Do social trust, political trust, and government satisfaction therefore generally change following natural disasters? How can media coverage explain change in political attitudes? Prior research suggests that these variables are prone to change, but previous studies often focus on single cases, whereas this dissertation adopts a broader approach, examining multiple disasters. It investigates the social and political impact of natural disasters by examining their effect on social and political attitudes and by exploring media coverage as a mechanism underlying political consequences.

    The results reveal that natural disasters may have a comparatively frequent, although small and temporary, effect on social trust. Substantial effects are less likely. Social trust was found to decrease significantly when disasters cause nine or more fatalities (Paper I). Political attitudes were expected to be prone to change after natural disasters, but Paper II illustrates that political trust and government satisfaction among citizens are generally hardly affected by these events. Finally, media framing and the political claims of actors explained the variation in political consequences after disasters of similar severity. Paper III also illustrates the importance of the political context of natural disasters, as their occurrence can be strategically exploited by actors to further criticism towards the government in politically tense situations.

    This dissertation contributes to existing disaster research by investigating more cases than disaster studies typically do. It also uses a systematic case selection process, and a quantitative approach with a, for disaster research, unique research design. Hence, it offers methodological nuance to existing studies. A broader analysis, factoring in the variation of disaster severity and the increased number of cases offers new answers and tests assumptions about underlying patterns. The main contribution of this thesis is that it examines how common political and social effects of disasters are. Furthermore, this dissertation contributes to existing disasters research by emphasizing contextual and explanatory factors, e.g., properties of disasters and the political context that affects the media coverage of natural disasters.

  • 293.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Enabling socio-technical transitions – electric vehicles and high voltage electricity grids as focal points of low emission futures2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today humankind is facing numerous sustainability challenges that require us to question CO2 intensive practices like those present in the transport and energy sector. To meet those challenges, many countries have adopted ambitious climate targets. Achieving such targets requires an understanding of the wider socio-technical context of transitions. The aim of this licentiate thesis is therefore to analyse such socio-technical transitions towards low-emission futures enabled by the electrification of passenger cars and high voltage grid development.

    A combination of different transitions theories (for ex. Multi-level perspective and Technological innovation systems) and institutional theory has been used. To reach the aim paper I analyses the climate impacts of electric vehicles (EVs) and policy measures to achieve a breakthrough scenario for EVs. The results show that a mixture of short and long term policies are needed that take into account the technology development stage and behavioural aspects of EV adopters. Paper II addresses the need to include the high voltage transmission grid and its planning procedures as a central part of debates on transitions. Therefore the opportunities, challenges and reasons for conflict in the established regime are studied. The results show that in order to achieve a sustainable grid development regime, it is necessary to spend time on achieving legitimacy and social sustainability. The third paper uses semi-structured expert interviews and focuses on innovation dynamics for EV adoption. By focusing on dynamics instead of single policy measures, it is possible to grasp interactions within a niche, but also in between a niche, regime and landscape. The results show that strong initial technology legitimacy was needed to start substantial innovation dynamics. This could be further strengthened with a strong and broad coalition of actors. Both those factors led, if present, to an improved variety and match of policy instruments.

    As such this thesis has shown that transitions are not just about technology or policy instruments as such but about the dynamics and processes needed to enable them. This can be relevant in other transitions that otherwise may underestimate the importance of these components.

  • 294.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nordic power road map 2050: Strategic choices towards carbon neutrality. D4.1.R Institutional grid review.2013Report (Other academic)
  • 295.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    System innovation dynamics around electric vehicles. The cases of Norway, Denmark and Sweden.Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the comparison of electric car innovation patterns in Norway, Sweden and Denmark. Doing so, it takes a closer look at what the most essential dynamics in the systems were over time and what enabled those dynamics. The main research aim is to contribute to a wider understanding of why Norway is so much ahead of Sweden and Denmark in electric car adoption. The purpose is also to adopt a perspective that goes beyond a mere focus on economic policy instruments. In order to do so different theory elements are combined in a framework. These elements stem from the transition theory literature field, especially the technological innovation system (TIS) and the multi-level perspective (MLP). This combination allows analysing the development behind a dynamic, not just when it comes to an innovation itself but also with regards to the established regime. The data is gathered through analysis of existing documents and data as well as a series of 27 expert interviews conducted in the three case countries. The findings suggest that there are important differences in transition patterns that can account for the electric vehicle (EV) diffusion situation we can find nowadays in the three Nordic countries. An important stepping stone was the need for a very strong legitimacy of the original EV vision that is also anchored in a coordinated, sector overarching coalition of actors that thinks strategically and long term. Moreover some general beneficial dynamics could be identified across the countries in question. In Norway these beneficial dynamics can be summarised as a systems motor, in Denmark as a failed entrepreneurial motor that shifted towards a constrained municipal motor and in Sweden as a loosely, coordinated and weaker version of a systems motor.

  • 296.
    Albrecht, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nilsson, Måns
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms). Stockholm University, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Electrification of vehicles – policy drivers and impacts in two scenarios.2013In: Grid Integration of Electric Vehicles in Open Electricity Markets / [ed] Qiuwei Wu, John Wiley & Sons, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines current policy drivers of battery electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid EVs, the current and anticipated impacts on carbon emissions, as well as what potential role policy can play in enhancing the innovation system and market development around such vehicles in the future. We start with a policy review of key targets in the Nordic countries and the EU, up to 2030, and discuss to what extent they are consistent with industry and expert estimates of how the systems can grow. On the basis of this, the second part elaborates two simple scenarios of EV development in the EU: one breakthrough expansion scenario and one incremental expansion scenario. Building on that is an analysis of the climate impacts of the two scenarios, given different assumptions relating to, for example, electricity production as well as EV penetration in the fleet. The third part examines what policy drivers might be needed to enable the breakthrough scenario, using a technological innovation systems perspective to describe the needed processes, drivers and developments.

  • 297.
    Albrecht, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nilsson, Måns
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nordic power road map 2050:Strategic choices towards carbon neutrality. D4.2.R Policy and Institutional Review Electric Vehicles (EV).2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report examines policy drivers of electric vehicles (EVs), and what potential role policy can play in enhancing the innovation and market development of EVs. We start with a policy review of key targets in the Nordic countries and the EU, up to 2030, and discuss to what extent they are consistent with industry, government and expert estimates of how the EV innovation systems can grow. On the basis of this, the second part examines what policy drivers might be needed to enable a breakthrough scenario, using a technological innovation systems (TIS) perspective to describe the needed processes, drivers and developments in policy and technology.

  • 298.
    Al-Dahlaki, Tiba
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Voting of foreign-born citizens in Sweden: A case study of naturalized Swedish citizens and the motives behind their non-voting in the general election events in Sweden.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The voting turnouts in Sweden has been increasing through the years, as there are more people that are willing to vote for a candidate or a political party during the general election events. However, despite the increase of voter turnouts during elections, there is a decrease in the voting of one group in the Swedish society and are the foreign-born citizens, i.e. immigrants. It has been observed that immigrants, with naturalized Swedish citizenship and born in another country than Sweden, vote less in the general election events in Sweden than others, e.g. home-born citizens. The low voting of immigrants has been an issue for a while, and it was noticed that the numbers of immigrants that vote is becoming less with each general election event. Therefore, this thesis investigated the reasons behind the non-voting of immigrants in Sweden, by interviewing six Iraqi-born immigrants with naturalized Swedish citizenship that did not vote for at least two general events, and examined the reasons and motives behind their non-voting. 

  • 299.
    Alegria Alvarez, Li
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Jämställdhet i politisk debatt: en argumentationsanalys av riksdagsdebatt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study involves an analysis of arguments on parental allowance debates and sex legislation debates. The debates that will be analyzed are the following; allowance, equality bonus, stricter punishment for the purchase of sexual services and men's violence against women, violence and oppression, and violence in same-sex relationships.

    This empirical research is a qualitative study in its entirety, as for the method is an argumentation analysis. The arguments which the debates contain will be analyzed from a gender perspective.

    The theoretical question is: What is considered equality as a gender perspective?

    The empirical question is: How did parliament debates the issue of parental and prostitution laws issue from a gender perspective?

    The debates about genus and gender equality perspective have been a crucial issue in the Swedish Parliament. That women and men are equal or unequal has been heavily emphasized in the debates.

    My study aims at an in depth investigation in these debates based on an analysis of arguments. Moreover, I have evaluated what gender combined with democracy and democratic self-determination entails. I have structured my analysis up by various arguments and analyzed these arguments on the basis of the perspectives above.

    My conclusion is that the first two debates were treated particularly in the genus and the gender equality perspective and there was a possibility to connect the theories in relevant argumentations/discussions. However, complex problems emerged in the last two debates, stricter penalty regarding the purchase of sexual services, violence against women, violence and oppression, and violence in same-sex relationships where gender and equality issues have been avoided to be treated. Generally occurring from the bourgeois side than from the opposition.

  • 300.
    Alexander, Eriksson
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Samhällskunskapslärares bedömningspraxis: i relation till likvärdighet och utbildningens mål2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka samhällskunskapslärares tankar och upplevelser kring bedömningspraxis. Den undersöker hur lärare tänker kring sin egen bedömning i relation till likvärdighet, samt vad de uppfattar som målet med sin bedömning. Detta undersökningsin-tresse undersöks med hjälp av kvalitativa intervjuer med fem stycken lärare för att undersöka hur de tänker kring bedömning på en djupare nivå.Resultatet visar att lärarna ser bedömning som något bra eller åtminstone nödvändigt. Studien visar att lärare försöker jobba formativt i sin bedömning för att hjälpa eleven utvecklas. Den summativa bedömningen har på så vis mindre plats i bedömningen hos de undersökta lärarna. Den kunskap lärarna söker är både faktakunskap och förmågor där fakta ses som en nödvän-dig grund för att utveckla elevernas förmågor. Målet med bedömningen enligt lärarna är att ge eleverna kunskaper som de har nytta av genom hela livet och inte enbart under sin skolgång. Lärare ser likvärdighet som något som uppnås på deras egen skola mellan dem och deras kol-legor. Likvärdighet ses dock på nationell nivå ouppnåeligt vilket anses problematiskt. För att uppnå likvärdig bedömning mellan elever anser lärarna att beprövad erfarenhet i de flesta fal-len säkerställer detta, metoder som matriser är mindre vanligt. Lärare uppfattar på så vis lik-värdighet som ett problem men skolan och lärarna har få konkreta metoder för att stärka sin likvärdighet.

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