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  • 201.
    Hasic, Tigran
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner, Infrastruktur.
    Reconstruction planning in post-conflict zones: Bosnia and Herzegovina and the international community2004Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The history of mankind has been plagued by an almost continuous chain of various armed conflicts - local, regional, national and global - that have caused horrendous damage to the social and physical fabric of cities. The tragedy of millions deprived by war still continues. This study sets out to understand the nature of reconstruction after war in the light of recent armed conflicts. It attempts to catalogue and discuss the tasks involved in the process of reconstruction planning by establishing a conceptual framework of the main issues in the reconstruction process. The case of Bosnia and Herzegovina is examined in detail and on the whole acts as the leit-motif of the whole dissertation and positions reconstruction in the broader context of sustainable development. The study is organized into two parts that constitute the doctoral aggregate dissertation – a combining of papers with an introductory monograph. In this case the introductory monograph is an extended one and there are six papers that follow. Both sections can be read on their own merits but also constitute one entity.

    The rebuilding of war-devastated countries and communities can be seen as a series of nonintegrated activities carried out (and often imposed) by international agencies and governments, serving political and other agendas. The result is that calamities of war are often accompanied by the calamities of reconstruction without any regard to sustainable development. The body of knowledge related to post-conflict reconstruction lacks a strong and cohesive theory. In order to better understand the process of reconstruction we present a qualitative inquiry based on the Grounded Theory Method developed originally by Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss (1967). This approach utilizes a complex conceptualization with empirical evidence to produce theoretical structure. The results of process have evolved into the development of a conceptual model, called SCOPE (Sustainable Communities in Post-conflict Environments).

    This study proposes both a structure within which to examine post-conflict reconstruction and provides an implementation method. We propose to use the SCOPE model as a set of strategy, policy and program recommendations to assist the international community and all relevant decision-makers to ensure that the destruction and carnage of war does not have to be followed by a disaster of post-conflict reconstruction. We also offer to provide a new foundation and paradigm on post-conflict reconstruction, which incorporates and integrates a number of approaches into a multidisciplinary and systems thinking manner in order to better understand the complexity and dependencies of issues at hand. We believe that such a systems approach could better be able to incorporate the complexities involved and would offer much better results than the approaches currently in use.

    The final section of this study returns to the fact that although it is probably impossible to produce universal answers, we desperately need to find commonalities amongst different postconflict reconstruction settings in order to better deal with the reconstruction planning in a more dynamic, proactive, and sustainable manner.

  • 202.
    Hassler, Malin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Neotraditionalism-Examining the Role of Traditional Revival in Vanuatu2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Contrary to the predictions made by classical modernization theory that ethnic traditions and religion would die out, they have proved to be surprisingly resilient throughout the world. In contemporary times various revitalization movements have been on the rise and from Africa to Asia scholars have been debating what seems to be a growing attention to tradition and culture. This thesis, based on empirical material from a minor field study in Vanuatu, will elaborate upon revivalist tendencies in a small island country. The purpose of the thesis is to examine expressions of revival of tradition, their causes and their possible implications for the country and its inhabitants. Modernization theory and the contesting paradigm of Alternative development create the foundation of the work while Globalization and the notion of Neotraditionalism are used as further theoretical points of reference. The thesis main findings are that tradition is used as a political strategy in Vanuatu and that a present neotraditional ideology offers both opportunities and pitfalls to the future development of the country. Based on the understanding gained from the field study, the message of this thesis lies in the importance of keeping an open mind when discussing development. 

  • 203.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Haandrikman, Karen
    Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Repopulation of the Swedish countryside: globalisation by international migration2014Inngår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 34, s. 128-138Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Rural areas have often been treated as mono-ethnic and homogeneous areas, as compared to urban areas that are seen as dynamic and mobile areas. Recent discourses in rural studies have been questioning this idea, adding the perspectives that rural areas are constituted by mobilities, actively engaged in globalization processes, and characterized by ethnic diversity. As population decline is a constant threat to many rural areas, international migration flows can contribute to their repopulation and to a dynamic and transnational countryside. The present paper takes a quantitative perspective, thereby adding to the mostly qualitative studies in this field. Through the use of Swedish full-population register data, patterns of international migrants in rural areas are depicted, using a unique definition of rurality. Our study shows that international migration to the countryside reveals a rich diversity in ethnicity and age. Nordic and European middle-aged and elderly migrants have the highest odds of living in the countryside, while South East Asian women are an upcoming group. Migrants in the countryside are more often women, have a Swedish partner, have less education, live in border areas and are short stayers. Female migrants in rural areas also have a higher employment rate than their urban counterparts. The results suggest a variety of migration motives, ranging from quality of life to cross-border and marriage migration, which indicate increased globalization of the countryside.

  • 204.
    Hedström, Karin
    et al.
    Handelshögskolan, Örebro universitet.
    Melin, Ulf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Informatik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Söderström, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Informatik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Identitet arbete privatliv: användning av smarta ID-kort2018Inngår i: Ett smartare samhälle?: Sju perspektiv på digitaliseringen av vår vardag / [ed] Lotta Gröning och Elin Whilborg, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018, 1, s. 112-128Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sjuksköterskan Mikael kliver upp tidigt på morgonen för att åka till jobbet. Han jobbar på en mindre vårdcentral ungefär tre mil hemifrån och måste åka strax före halv sju på morgonen. På väg ut till bilen kommer han plötslig ihåg att han måste ha med sig sitt nya ID-kort. Utan kortet kan han inte jobba…

  • 205.
    Hegre, Håvard
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning. PRIO, Oslo, Norway.
    Mokleiv Nygard, Håvard
    PRIO, Oslo, Norway..
    Flaten Raeder, Ranveig
    Off Auditor Gen Norway, Oslo, Norway..
    Evaluating the scope and intensity of the conflict trap: A dynamic simulation approach2017Inngår i: Journal of Peace Research, ISSN 0022-3433, E-ISSN 1460-3578, Vol. 54, nr 2, s. 243-261Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies show that internal armed conflict breeds conflict by exacerbating conditions that increase the chances of war breaking out again. Empirically, this 'conflict trap' works through four pathways: conflicts increase the likelihood of continuation, recurrence, escalation, and diffusion of conflict. Past empirical studies have underestimated the scope and intensity of the conflict trap since they consider the impact of conflict only through one of these pathways and rarely across sufficiently long time periods. This article shows that simulation and forecasting techniques are useful and indeed necessary to quantify the total, aggregated effect of the conflict trap, over long time periods and across countries. We develop a country-year statistical model that allows estimating the probability of no conflict, minor conflict, and major conflict, and the probabilities of transition between these states. A set of variables denoting the immediate and more distant conflict history of the country are used as endogenous predictors in the simulated forecasts. Another set of variables shown to be robustly associated with armed conflict are treated as exogenous predictors. We show that the conflict trap is even more severe than earlier studies have indicated. For instance, if a large low-income country with no previous conflicts is simulated to have two to three years of conflict over the 201518 period, we find that it will have nine more years of conflict over the 2019-40 period than if peace holds up to 2018. Conversely, if a large low-income country that has had major conflict with more than 1,000 battle-related deaths in several of the past ten years succeeds in containing violence to minor conflict over the 2015-18 period, we find that it will experience five fewer years of conflict in the subsequent 20 years than if violence continues unabated.

  • 206.
    Hellsten, Sirkku
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Palmer, Eric
    Editorial2016Inngår i: Journal of Global Ethics, ISSN 1744-9626, E-ISSN 1744-9634, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 123-126Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 207.
    Henningsson, Johanna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap.
    Hur den svenska innovationspolitiken framställer och bemöter globalisering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization is a diffuse term, which is why it’s interpreted very differently.  The purpose of this study is therefore to examine how the Swedish innovation policy portrays globalization and what consequences this imposes. How countries’ politics are run depends on their views on globalization.

    This study involves an ideal type analysis. The chosen ideal types represent three different perspectives on globalization. The three ideal types I have chosen are the neo-liberals, the reformists and the dissidents. In order to answer this study’s questions, I’ve chosen three documents to analyze. These documents concern the governments’ current view on growth strategies since innovation constitutes an important part. Innovation has now become Sweden’s response to globalization. The three chosen documents are: Den nationella innovationsstrategin (2012), En nationell strateg strategi för regional tillväxt och attraktionskraft 2014-2020 samt Svenska framtidsutmaningar – slutrapport från regeringens framtidskommission (2013).

    The conclusions of this study suggest that the Swedish innovation policy portrays globalization from a neo-liberalism perspective. This means that Sweden has a very positive view on globalization. The Swedish government sees great opportunities in this matter since globalization is something they want to invest in. By supporting innovation, education, attractive environments that allow companies to establish themselves and collaboration on both a local and a global scale, the Swedish government suggests that Sweden is prepared to confront the future challenges they are facing.

  • 208.
    Henriksen, Helene Elvira Berg
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Big Goals - Small Island: Will Fiji achieve sustainable food security?: Comparing the plans and policies built by the Fijian government under the Millennium Development Goals and Sustainable Development Goals 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how global development goals affect Fijian plans and policy strategies to achieve food security. The concept of food security is vast and complex, as several development issues contribute to the difficulty in achieving such security. It is therefore relevant to look at some of the dominating and underlying causes that challenge the possibility for Fiji to achieve food security. Built on previous theoretical and empirical evidence, this thesis identifies poverty and vulnerability as two dominant causes that hinder food security on Fiji. However, other causes, both internal and external, are recognised. Global development goals such as the Millennium Development Goals and the Sustainable Development Goals have highly influenced the strategies built within Fijian plans and policies. Millennium Development Goal 1 and 7, and Sustainable Development Goal 1 and 2, are of particular interest to this study, as the different goals target the issues of poverty, vulnerability and hunger. Although the different goals all target the underlying causes of food insecurity, this thesis finds that they differ in influencing a focus on achieving sustainable food security. Therefore, as the aspects of poverty, vulnerability and food security are highly intertwined, this thesis examines how strategies tackling poverty and vulnerability reduction have influenced strategies on food security on Fiji. By comparing the plans and policies built in consistency with the Millennium Development Goals and the Sustainable Development Goals, it has been possible to analyse whether such global goals have had an influence on addressing the underlying causes of food security on Fiji. Using the method of structured focused comparison in combination with an in-depth text analysis, structured questions have been built in order to analyse the chosen materials. The analysis has been conducted using information from different national plans found to be of relevance to the purpose of this study. The results show that goals with greater focus on social and environmental vulnerability, as well as long-term targets to eradicate poverty, provide a greater success in influencing a focus on food security in Fijian plans and policies. However, additional factors such as political instability, climate change and globalization need to be integrated into further studies on the chosen subject, in order to provide a greater understanding of how to achieve food security in a Pacific Small Island Developing State such as Fiji.

  • 209.
    Hietanen, Markus
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. 1988.
    A Discourse on Democracy in China Daily2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    ‘Democracy’ has been frequently praised by the Chinese political leadership, while liberal democratic institutions have remained conspicuously absent under CPC one-party rule. This study explores the discourse on democracy in the newspaper China Daily between the years 2007 and 2017 to determine how the concept is articulated in a Chinese presumably alternate discourse on democracy. Fifty articles published between 2007 and 2017 are sampled, and a discourse analysis is performed to identify prominent themes featured in these articles concerning democracy. The sample is then further divided in two subsamples with a cutoff in 2012, to investigate whether there has been a qualitative shift in the discourse since the accession to power of Xi Jinping. The analysis shows that - and how – the discourse treats China largely as a particular democracy, frequently contrasted with ‘Western-style democracy’, and downplays certain democratic principles and institutions in favor of alternative ones. It also shows that an overall shift in tone seems to have occurred since the accession of Xi, from optimistic and progressive to a more negative one.

  • 210.
    Ho, Hang Kei
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Christine Yano, Pink Globalization: Hello Kitty’s Trek across the Pacific2015Inngår i: Journal of Consumer Culture, ISSN 1469-5405, Vol. 15, s. 425-427Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 211.
    Ho, Hang Kei
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Hong Kong2015Inngår i: The SAGE Encyclopedia of Alcohol: Social, Cultural, and Historical Perspectives / [ed] Scott C. Martin, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2015, s. 701-703Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 212.
    Ho, Hang Kei
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Mer rött vin, tack!: Den ökande vinkulturen och vinindustrin i Hongkong2015Inngår i: Kinarapport, ISSN 0345-5807, nr 4, s. 40-41Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 213.
    Ho, Hang Kei
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Atkinson, Rowland
    Burrows, Roger
    The flow of capital from Hong Kong to UK's property market.2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 214.
    Holmgren, Simon
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Hawks and doves on the Korean peninsula: A content analysis of United States and South Korea policy vis-à-vis North Korea in 20132014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the South Korea President Park Geun-hye and United States President Obama respective administration's policy vis-à-vis North Korea. The scope is narrowed down to the year 2013, during which the regime in Pyongyang conducted its third nuclear test. How to perceive and engage the regime in Pyongyang have been debated in the post-cold war era, divided into progressive (doves) and hard liners (hawks). Periods of policy discrepancy have occurred between Washington and Seoul, that have been observed to bear effect on North Korean behavior vis-à-vis South Korea. This study ties on to the contemporary policy debate in Seoul and Washington on North Korean engagement strategies. Moreover, expanding the scope and examines the respective administration's policy through a analytical framework based on a content analysis from a system level perspective. Furthermore, how neo-realism, neo-liberalism and the concept of reciprocity can shed light upon respective policies and give a sense of notion of alignment or discrepancy between Seoul and Washington.

  • 215.
    Holzinger, Katharina
    et al.
    Konstanz University.
    Sommerer, Thomas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    "Race to the Bottom" or "Race to Brussels"? Environmental Competition in Europe2011Inngår i: Journal of Common Market Studies, ISSN 0021-9886, E-ISSN 1468-5965, Vol. 49, nr 2, s. 315-339Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 216.
    Holzinger, Katharina
    et al.
    Konstanz University.
    Sommerer, Thomas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Was verursacht die Aufwärtsspirale in der Umweltpolitik? Der Einfluss internationaler Harmonisierung auf nationale Umweltstandards2012Inngår i: Österreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft, ISSN 0378-5149, Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 53-72Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The classical theory of regulatory competition in environmental policy predicts a race to the bottom of standards as a consequence of globalization. The empirical evidence is contradictory, which is partly due to the measurement of the regulatory level. Research using environmental quality data seems to show an upward movement. The literature provides us with some causal speculation as to the explanation of an upward dynamic, but so far lacks broadly based empirical proof. This article first complements the existing theory by introducing the factor of international environmental harmonisation. It is hypothesized that international harmonisation leads to an upward movement of the regulatory level. We then test the theory using environmental output data for 24 countries from 1970 to 2005. We find a clear race to the top, no impact of economic competition, and a clear effect of international harmonisation.

  • 217.
    Hooi, Mavis
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Avdelningen för historie-, turism- och medievetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Oriental Fantasy: A postcolonial discourse analysis of Western belly dancers’ imaginations of Egypt and dance festivals in Egypt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Belly dance is popularly practised in the West, and every year, thousands of enthusiasts and professionals from around the world travel to attend belly dance festivals in Egypt, which is considered the cultural centre of the dance. This bachelor’s thesis examines the discourses produced by Western or ʽwhiteʼ belly dancers from Sweden and Finland, on the topics of tourism in Egypt and belly dance festivals in Egypt. The texts are analysed using James Paul Gee's discourse analytical framework, combined with postcolonial theory, complemented with an intersectional approach. From the postcolonial and feminist perspectives, belly dance discourse in the West and tourism discourse are problematic, as they perpetuate Orientalist tropes and unequal global power structures, which build on colonial discourse. It is hoped that by identifying and questioning these aspects of discourse that are problematic in terms of equity, this study will make a small contribution towards mitigating its adverse effects, and towards social change.

  • 218.
    Horal, Fanny
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Önskan om att leva och inte enbart överleva: En kvalitativ intervjustudie baserad på ensamkommande barn från Afghanistan tillhörande folkgruppen hazaras berättelser.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 219.
    Hummerdal, Björn
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Skolnära forskning, Samhällsstudier och didaktik.
    Our Rights, Our Development: A Research about Christian Women in Egypt and Their Perception of Everyday Life2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 220.
    Hunt, Rebecca
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Climate Change & Security: A study of how the political rhetoric affects the conceptualisation of climate change 2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is often described as a threat by IGOs and at international climate conferences. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change frequently presents climate change as a threat to the planet and emphasises its urgency. This responds to the rhetoric and grammar of security which constitutes the main part of the securitisation theory as presented by the Copenhagen School of Security Studies. This theory suggests that the grammar and rhetoric of security has contributed to a securitisation of climate change on the global level by presenting it as e.g. an acute threat. On national level however, such arguments are rarely used and as a result, climate change has not received the same priority as it has on the global level. Hence, this research sets out to investigate to what extent the grammar and rhetoric of security is used on the national level by analysing climate documents in two different countries: a developed (USA) and a developing country (India). A content analysis facilitated in coding the research documents into categories based on how climate change is presented and described. The content analysis found that on national level, the degree to which climate change is described with the rhetoric and grammar of security is used to a lesser extent than on the global level.

  • 221.
    Husovic, Alma
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    The Beijing Consensus: världen utifrån ett Världssystemperspektiv2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 222.
    Höglund, Clara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kvinna som soldat och den kvinnliga soldaten: En studie av svenska mediers framställning av kurdiska kvinnliga soldater2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syfte är att analysera på vilka sätt som kurdiska kvinnliga soldater har framställts i svenska medier, samt om framställningen skiljer sig från den i brittiska och franska medier. De centrala frågeställningarna är på vilka sätt framställs kvinnliga kurdiska soldater i svenska medier? Samt, skiljer sig presentationen av kurdiska kvinnliga soldater i svenska medier från den i franska och brittiska medier? Om ja, i sådana fall hur?

    Uppsatsen bygger på postkolonial feminism, Edward Saids exotifieringsteori, socialkonstruktivism samt diskurs som teoretiskt ramverk. Datainsamling har skett med hjälp av dokumentanalys av 5 artiklar i olika svenska nyhetstidningar och har analyserats med hjälp av kritisk diskursanalytisk metod. Uppsatsen finner att diskurserna i de franska och brittiska medierna även går att finna i de svenska medierna, vilket får konsekvenserna att stereotypa könsroller och orientalistiska uppfattningar. Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att lyfta hur kurdiska kvinnliga soldater framställs och positionernas i media. Med hjälp av de valda teorierna och metoden har detta kunnat göras.

  • 223.
    Höglund, Lovisa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The European Union and Food Security: A study of how the European Union works with food security within the context of international cooperation and development2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    Today a lot of people in the world experience food insecurity. In this paper a qualitative content analysis method has been used in order to answer the following question:

     

    How does the European Union work with food security? More specifically, this paper investigates if the EU´s focus is on strengthening people’s entitlements or on increasing the availability of food, e.g. through increasing the production of food.

     

    This analysis was able to confirm that the 23 European Union projects (within the international cooperation and development context) which were analysed focus their attempts to achieve food security in a variety of different ways. Around half the projects include elements of improving both entitlements and food availability/production, whilst roughly half of the projects aim to improve only one of the above-mentioned elements. It was possible to identify Sen’s entitlement approach in the European Union projects; however, the paper reached the conclusion that although the entitlement approach to achieving food security is clearly very influential in the projects, it is not the only influence present.

  • 224.
    Hörhammer, Josefin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Windenergy in San Dionisio del Mar: - a qualitative study on social mobilization2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Since the beginning of 2000 a wind energy project has been planned to be constructed in the indigenous village San Dionisio del Mar. A resistance movement in the village was born and in 2013 they managed to expulse the Spanish wind energy company Mareña Renovables. Using the method process tracing, a qualitative study is presented with an aim to find out what it was that gave the resistance movement its strength. Drawing on New Social Movement Theory and Resource Mobilization Theory, three hypotheses are tested. This to contribute to the study on why some resistance movements succeed and why some do not.

  • 225.
    Höök, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Globala energisystem.
    Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND)2011Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 226.
    Jansson, Desirée
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    ” Our women are the foundation of our life”: A critical discourse analysis of how AKP describe women roles in Turkish society in their political manifestos.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis takes its stance from social constructionism, according to which our reality is seen as socially constructed and where history, culture and knowledge are interrelated. Knowledge, is seen as a product of social processes and social action that we categorize our world after. This categorization then, is a product of how we use language, how we understand and talk about subjects. This categorization is usually referred to as discourses and through them, we create and reproduce our understanding of social relations, social identities and power structures.

    Using theories on gender and nation by scholars such as Nira Yuval-Davis and Jenny White and elaborating on earlier studies on nationalist and women discourse in Turkey, this thesis seeks to examine how the gendered nature of the nation are present and used in nationalist discourse to shape society and how nationalist discourse poses limits and opportunities for women roles within a nation. By analysing the political manifestos of AKP with critical discourse analysis, the aim is to investigate AKP’s discourse on women and if they in their policies and description on women issues in society, emphasizes women roles within the private sphere. 

  • 227.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Könspolitik, rättigheter och amning2013Inngår i: Internationella relationer: Könskritiska perspektiv / [ed] Paulina de los Reyes, Maud Eduards, Sofia Sundevall, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, s. 250-265Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 228.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Paul Kennedy: The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict from 1500 to 20001988Inngår i: Internationella Studier, ISSN 0020-952X, nr 4, s. 45-48Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 229.
    Johannesson, Emma
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    An Analysis of the Paris Agreement: A study of the Agreement in the light of the theory of the eight design principles by Elinor Ostrom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a qualitative text analysis with a purpose of evaluating strengths and weaknesses of the Paris Agreement in the light of the eight design principles of Elinor Ostrom's theory on how to govern the common resources. The eight design principles are; clearly defined boundaries, congruence between appropriation and provision rules and local conditions, collective-choice arrangements, monitoring, graduated sanctions, conflict-resolution mechanisms, minimal recognition of rights to organize, nested enterprises. These principles then lay the ground for the chosen methodological framework. Processes of categorization and coding the Agreement into categories based upon the eight principles then allows for an understanding of strengths and weaknesses shown in the Agreement, in relation to the theory. The result is then also discussed in relation to further considerations that might be important factors to take into account when understanding the Paris Agreement. The paper is based around the document on the Paris Agreement as well as the book by Ostrom named Governing the Commons “The Evolution of Institutions for CollectiveAction”. Further documents and articles are presented throughout the paper, especially in the analysis and discussion to provide for a wider picture on the subject and to avoid an all-biased paper.

  • 230.
    Johansson, Emmelie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV.
    Att tala om Leviathan: Yttrandefrihet i konflikt med statens behov av skydd – En fallstudie av åtalet mot Bradley E. Manning2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a case study on Bradley E. Manning, famous for leaking classified intelligence to media, or in the charge sheet’s words: “knowingly give intelligence to the enemy, through indirect means.” My opinion is that this sort of dilemma is a question of values, how you view the world and, most important of all, human rights and the philosophy of rights. Therefore I decided to sort out the arguments regarding the issue of freedom of speech versus the state’s need for protection. To do this I performed a pro et contra analysis from John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty and Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan, this building my theory on which I lean my other work upon. Furthermore, I performed a case study on Manning where I compared the charges and the defense with the arguments of Mill and Hobbes.

    Ergo: I applied my theory on an existing conflict between freedom of speech and the state’s need for protection to see which arguments that are used in the charge against Manning and if one could derive this from the argumentation analysis consistent of Mill and Hobbes.

     

    Words: 11474

  • 231.
    Johansson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Globala studier.
    Ton, Thao
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Globala studier.
    Omhändertagandet av ensamkommande barn i Jönköping2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är en kvalitativ intervjustudie som använt sig av strukturerade intervjuer med inslag av semistruktur. Intervjuer har gjorts på sju respondenter på tre olika HVB-hem(hem för vård och boende) i Jönköping kommun där en sektionschef, tre heltidsanställd och tre timanställda har deltagit. 

    Syftet med studien är att få en förståelse kring hur personal på HVB-hem ser på omhändertagandet av ensamkommande barn samt hur arbetssituationen ser ut för personalen. Frågeställningar som har svarats på är “Hur ser omhändertagandet ut av ensamkommande barn på HVB-hem i Jönköping kommun?”, “Hur ser arbetssituationen ut för personalen med fokus på mötet med ensamkommande barn?” och “Vad finns det för centrala problem och utmaningar i omhändertagandet av ensamkommande barn på HVB-hem i Jönköping kommun?”

    Forskningsläget just nu visar att samarbetet bland personal på HVB-hem är bristande och barnen får inte den hjälp de behöver trots att de är i en utsatt situation. Studiens resultat bekräftar en del av den tidigare forskningens problemområden och tar upp ytterligare problematik med att det finns för många barn under samma tak och att HVB-hemmen misslyckas med att leva upp till lagarna om att barnen har rätt till ett eget rum. Problematiken ligger i huvudsak att det inte finns tillräckligt med lokaler, och i att personalen inte har tid att prioritera barnen före andra arbetsuppgifter, vilket medför en frustration bland både barn och anställda.

  • 232.
    Johansson, Julia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Power and Public Goods to the People: A cross-national study on the effect of democracy on climate change policy output2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates in what way democracy affect climate change policy output. The aim of the study is to test the positive correlation between democracy and climate change policy output that Bättig and Bernauer (2009) found. A contribution is made in the form of a new database including 193 countries and a newly constructed climate change policy index. The method of regression analysis using ordinary least squares is utilized. The results confirm a significant and substantial positive relation between democracy and climate change policy output. Furthermore, the effect of civil liberties on climate change policy output seem to be stronger than the effect of political rights. The results underline the instrumental value of democracy for sustainable development. To protect and enforce democratic institutions in high emission countries is important to avoid interruption of social and economic development all over the world, due to the consequences of climate change. Additionally, the results speak in favour of democratization aid to avoid development of carbon dependent economies. Finally, they underline the importance of analysing the possible environmental impact of different kinds of aid. In sum the thesis shows that democracy can affect the likelihood of collective action and increase the provision of public goods in the form of ambitious climate change policies.

  • 233.
    Johansson, Niklas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ryssland och krisen i Ukraina: En studie av det ryska agerandet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 234.
    Johansson, Patrik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Flyktingar och återvändande2017Inngår i: Om krig och fred: en introduktion till freds- och konfliktstudier / [ed] Karin Aggestam & Kristine Höglund, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 2, s. 273-287Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 235.
    Johansson, Viktor
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The news framing of the ‘Syria Fighters’in Sweden: A frame analysis of Swedish Newspapers2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the framing of Syria fighters in Swedish newspapers during selected time periods of 2016 and 2017. Syria Fighters refer to individuals who travel to Syria to join the ongoing conflict, an occurrence commonly known as Foreign Fighters. Using framing analysis and framing theory the study finds that Syria fighters and their actions are framed mainly as problematic and as a negative social phenomenon. The study also makes a comparison to similar, previous research of Dutch and Flemish newspapers and finds clear similarities as well as differences.

  • 236.
    Johsefin, Tallroth
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The ripple effects of discourses: An examination of post-colonial tendencies among three British NGOs2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 237.
    Jondell Assbring, Malin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    What factors affect economic growth in China?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this thesis is to find out what factors have been the main sources of economic growth in China in 2003 and 2010. It also aims to find out whether the Solow model can be used to explain growth in China, if factors of growth are the same in rich and poor regions, whether the factors are the same in 2003 and 2010 and if the results are in line with previous research.

    The theoretical framework is the Solow model. Empirical tests are performed using econometrics, and therefore this thesis has a quantitative approach. Factors used are growth in GDP per capita which is tested against investments, household savings, the level of GDP per capita, population growth, healthcare and education.

    The results show that the Solow model can explain economic growth in China. Investments, the level of GDP per capita and population growth are the factors most significant to growth. In poor regions, both investments and population growth are more significant than in rich regions, whereas healthcare is more significant in rich regions. Investments and population growth also have a smaller impact in 2010 than 2003. Healthcare is more significant in 2010 and than 2003, and education is only significant in 2010. Previous research shows a wide range of results, and the results of investments and population growth are consistent with those. 

  • 238.
    Jonsson, Gabriel
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för orientaliska språk.
    Mr. Chance: FN:s förfall under Ban Ki-moon2011Inngår i: Orientaliska studier, ISSN 0345-8997, nr 125, s. 44-46Artikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 239.
    Jonsson, Gabriel
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för orientaliska språk.
    Lagerkvist, Johan
    Foreign aid trade and development: The strategic presence of China, Japan and Korea in sub-Saharan Africa2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 240.
    Jonsson, Robert
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier – CKS. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Syssner, Josefina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier – CKS. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Demografianpassad infrastruktur?: Om hantering av anläggnings-tillgångar i kommuner med minskande befolkningsunderlag2016Inngår i: Nordisk Administrativt Tidsskrift, ISSN 0029-1285, Vol. 93, nr 3, s. 45-64Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi har i en rad studier undersökt huruvida effekter och policyimplikationer av långvarig befolkningsminskning beskrivs i kommunala styrdokument. Denna artikel bygger på en delstudie vars övergripande syfte varit att öka förståelsen för hur man i krympande kommuner hanterar och planerar för sina anläggningstillgångar. Vi har här intresserat oss specifikt för huruvida kommunerna i budget och årsredovisningar beskriver sina anläggningstillgångar avseende status och underhåll. Vi har också intresserat oss för i vilken mån kommunerna i dessa dokument drar slutsatser om vilka konsekvenser en förändrad demografi har för hur kommunerna ska planera för sina anläggningstillgångar. Syftet med vår art ikel är därmed att diskutera i vilken mån kommunernas budgetar och årsredovisningar är sammanhang där kommunerna beskriver sina anläggningstillgångar avseende status och underhåll, och huruvida kommunerna här beskriver strategier för hur anläggningstillgångarna ska kunna anpassas till en ny demografisk situation. Strategier kan finnas i andra dokument, men budget och årsredovisningar är för kommunerna tvingande dokument som underställs kommunfullmäktige varje år. I dessa dokument ska kommunerna inför medborgarna redogöra på vilket sätt de svarar upp mot kraven på god ekonomisk hushållning. Anläggningstillgångarnas status, underhåll och demografianpassning har dessutom uppenbara ekonomiska implikationer, vilket gör att budget och årsredovisning torde vara de styrdokument där kommunen i första hand beskriver dessa förhållanden.

    Vår ambition har varit att undersöka kommuner som har ett minskande befolkningsunderlag, men som i övrigt har varierande förutsättningar och karaktär. Studien baseras därför på ett systematiskt urval av kommuner, där urvalet baserades på geo-grafiskt läge, närhet till större tätort samt befolkningsstorlek.

  • 241.
    Jonsson, Robert
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier – CKS. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Syssner, Josefina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier – CKS. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    New demography, old infrastructure: the management of fixed assets in shrinking municipalities in Sweden2018Inngår i: Dealing with Urban and Rural Shrinkage: Formal and Informal Strategies / [ed] Gert-Jan Hospers and Josefina Syssner, Zürich: LIT Verlag GmBH and Co. KG Wien , 2018, s. 31-44Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

     large minority of municipalities, especially in the rural parts of the vast Scandinavian country, face declining population numbers. Studies show that demographic decline has brought about severe challenges to these municipalities. Jonsson and Syssner argue that most of Swedish communities do not account for declining population numbers in the management of their fixed assets, like the maintenance of public buildings, water supply networks and sewage pipes. Jonsson and Syssner also shows that adaptation strategies for real estate are much more common than adaptation strategies for other types of assets. This is a worrying situation for shrinking rural areas, since this lack of adjustment ultimately may result in growing welfare differences in Sweden.

  • 242.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    A Moon Called Europe: Migrant Agency and Political Emergence2018Inngår i: European Journal of Social Theory, ISSN 1368-4310, E-ISSN 1461-7137, Vol. 20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 243.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Clashing internationalisms: east European narratives of west European integration2016Inngår i: Europe faces Europe: narratives from its eastern half / [ed] Johan Fornäs, Bristol: Intellect Ltd., 2016Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyzes how West European integration was viewed in communist Eastern Europe at the time of the foundation of the EU. Throughout the period from the Schuman declaration and the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1951 to the Treaty of Rome and the establishment of the European Economic Community in 1957, Moscow, Berlin, Prague, Budapest, and Warsaw reacted, in part by criticizing the West European integration project as a continuation of Europe’s imperial and capitalist past, in part by projecting ideas for a wholly different European and global integration project. While this debate was patterned on the cold war logic and the clash between capitalist and communist ideologies, it also contained a profound – and lasting – dispute regarding Europe’s geopolitical position and role, especially in relation to its African colonies. After the fall of the communist East, this dispute was apparently settled to the West’s favor, and it was then forgotten. Yet, varieties of the same dispute today reappear as the EU seeks to develop a foreign policy and global mission for the twenty-first century. By using sources mainly from the Soviet Union and the German Democratic Republic that have so far been largely neglected in scholarship, the chapter evinces a East-European narrative about Europe’s calling and destiny that merits particular attention in today’s emerging pluricentric world order.

  • 244.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Globaliseringen och 11 september2002Inngår i: Nationalencyklopedin. [Bd] 26, 2001, Höganäs: Nationalencyklopedin AB , 2002, s. 212-213Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 245.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The Wisdom of Crowds2014Inngår i: TANK Magazine, ISSN 1464-3472, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 62-65Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Stefan Jonsson reminds us that without the uprisings of the 'swinish multitude' there would be no such thing as democracy.

  • 246.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    A Statue to Nasser?: Eurafrica, the Colonial Roots of European Integration, and the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize2013Inngår i: Mediterranean Quarterly, ISSN 1047-4552, E-ISSN 1527-1935, Vol. 24, nr 4, s. 5-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In response to a widespread idea of the European Union as a “peace project,” an idea disseminated especially after the EU received the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize, this essay retrieves some of the historical causes of the foundation of the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1957. The essay emphasizes specific geopolitical and colonial incentives that had lain behind the European integration project ever since the pan-European blueprints the interwar period and which became critical with the Suez crisis and decolonization movements of the 1950s. As the essay demonstrates, practically all of the visions, movements, and concrete institutional arrangements working toward European integration during this period placed Africa’s incorporation into the European enterprise as a central objective. As much of the scholarly, political, and journalistic accounts at the time testify, European integration was inextricably bound up with a Eurafrican project. According to the intellectual, political, and institutional discourse on Eurafrica, a future European community presupposed the transformation of the strictly national colonial projects into a joint European colonization of Africa. Strong evidence suggests that these ideas were instrumental in the actual diplomatic and political constitution of the EEC, or of Europe as a political subject, in 1957. The essay discusses why the EU’s colonial origins have been consigned to oblivion in mainstream research and why this history is of continued concern to the world.

  • 247.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Eurafrica: History of European Integration, ‘Compromise’ of Decolonization2018Inngår i: Europe Now. A Journal of Research and Art (online), nr 15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between the history of European integration and the history of colonialism is best understood through a compelling geopolitical entity once known as Eurafrica. As we have shown in a recent book by that title, most efforts to unify Europe from 1920 to 1960 systematically coincided with efforts to develop and stabilize the colonial system in Africa. Eurafrica was also the name of the “compromise” of decolonization. It was the mediating institutional formation through which Africa and Europe exited the colonial era and entered a new world order where, just as the founders of the EEC had intended, their unequal relationship essentially remained unchanged. Today, even as the Eurafrican project is largely forgotten, the content of current EU policymaking towards its African “partner” demonstrates that its influence persists under the surface. The only way to comprehend the deep structures of current EU–African relations is to bring this history to life again, or at least bring it into the history books.

  • 248.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Eurafrica Incognita: The Colonial Origins of the European Union2017Inngår i: History of the Present, ISSN 2159-9785, E-ISSN 2159-9793, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 1-32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 249.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Eurafrika och den europeiska integrationens glömda koloniala rötter2012Inngår i: Socialistisk debatt, ISSN 0346-1491, nr 202, s. 49-62Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 250.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    European Integration as a Colonial Project2018Inngår i: Routledge Handbook of Postcolonial Politics / [ed] Olivia U. Rutazibwa and Robbie Shilliam, London: Routledge, 2018, 1, s. 32-47Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For a long time, studies of colonialism and imperialism focused primarily on once colonised societies where the traces and consequences of colonialism lay immediately open to anyone’s experience. In recent decades, and much due to postcolonial scholarship, which has disclosed that colonising societies were just as much influenced by colonialism as the colonised ones, there has also emerged an impressive body of research that traces colonialism’s influence on the national cultures and histories of a number of European states, and not just those that had explicit colonial ambitions. This research testifies to the fact that colonialism lingers on as a touchy and salient issue in national imaginaries and cultural identities, as well as in national high politics. Meanwhile, the urgency of a series of contemporary developments and projects should challenge research also to go beyond the methodological nationalism or, better, methodological colonial statism often inherent in such studies.In this chapter we attend to the ‘the European project’, or more specifically the project of European integration. Challenging received ideas in scholarship, we suggest a new point of departure for the analysis of the relation between Europe and Africa in the interwar and postwar eras. By demonstrating that the early European integration that culminated in the Treaty of Rome in 1957 in fact was a colonial enterprise that incorporated all the member states’ colonies within its institutional framework, we also point to the crucial implications that this has had for postcolonial relations between what is today the European Union and the former colonies in Africa.In reconceiving historical European integration as a colonial project, we also discuss the implications of this for contemporary conceptions of European integration. Provided that European integration in the postwar period to a large extent revolved around matters of trade, the EEC being a ‘customs union’, our intuition should tell us that such a project ought to have been deeply concerned with colonial affairs, particularly because the future of the French empire and its trading bloc seemed to hinge on France’s ability to preserve and consolidate its colonial economy. It should be equally safe to assume that the general political and geopolitical situation of the latter part of the 1940s and the 1950s, so profoundly marked by colonial crises and colonial wars, should have left a strong imprint on the various initiatives to bolster postwar Western European cooperation. To imagine that these circumstances did not affect European integration would be as counterintuitive as to imagine European integration to have been unaffected by the Cold War. Yet, this is how things are portrayed in just about all of today’s standard histories of European integration (see further Hansen and Jonsson 2014a). As a third and final task, then, the chapter seeks to clarify this puzzle and lacuna, focusing, inter alia, on the need to rethink the concepts and remodel the interpretive frames within which the history of European integration traditionally has been understood and explained.

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