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  • 201.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Der repräsentierte Staat: Das Tauziehen um die dänische UN-Delegation Mitte der 1960er Jahre2010In: Regna firmat pietas: Staat und Staatlichkeit im Ostseeraum: Festgabe zum 60. Geburtstag von Jens E. Olesen / [ed] Martin Krieger and Joachim Krüger, Greifswald: Universität , 2010, p. 419-432Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 202.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Distressed Germans – British Benefactors: Collective Identities at the Time of the Napoleonic Wars2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 203.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Early Transnational Civil Society: The Committees for Relieving the Distresses in Germany and Other Parts of the Continent, 1805–18162011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 204.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Early Transnational Philanthropy: Global Civil Society and the Committees for Relieving the Distresses in Germany and Other Parts of the Continent, 1805–18162012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 205.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    From Neutrality to Membership: Sweden and the United Nations, 1941 to 19462016In: Contemporary European History, ISSN 0960-7773, E-ISSN 1469-2171, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 75-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden's relationship with the United Nations fluctuated considerably between 1941 and 1946. This article examines how the Nordic country's own security interests were sometimes viewed as compatible and sometimes at odds with membership of the United Nations. The discussions surrounding Sweden's accession to the United Nations and actions of its first delegates to the international organisation are explored at length. So too is the discrepancy between Sweden's reputation for neutrality and its enthusiastic support for the United Nations, on the one hand, and its internal debates and policy decisions during the 1940s, on the other. Finally, the article explores the ways in which Sweden used the United Nations as an arena in which to manifest both its indifference to security alignment and its exceptionalism in world affairs.

  • 206.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    ‘Moral Economy’: Its Conceptual History and Analytical Prospects2015In: Journal of Global Ethics, ISSN 1744-9626, E-ISSN 1744-9634, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 147-162Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article challenges E.P. Thompson’s definition of ‘moral economy’ as a traditionalconsensus of crowd rights that were swept away by market forces. Instead, it suggests thatthe concept has the potential of improving the understanding of modern civil society. Moraleconomy was a term invented in the eighteenth century to describe many things.Thompson’s approach reflects only a minor part of this conceptual history. Hisunderstanding of moral economy is conditioned by a dichotomous view of history and bythe acceptance of a model according to which modern economy is not subject to moralconcerns. It is on principle problematic to confine a term conjoining two concepts asgeneral as ‘moral’ and ‘economy’ to a specific historical and social setting. Recentapproaches that frame moral economy as an emotively defined order of morals are alsomisleading since they do not address economic issues in the way they are commonlyunderstood. The most promising current approaches appear to be those that consider themoral economy of welfare, humanitarianism, and civil society. The concept of moraleconomy may help us to clarify alternative ways of ‘utility maximisation’ through theconstruction of altruistic meaning for economic transactions.

  • 207.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Neutralität und Kooperation, Engagement und Intervention: Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik2014In: Der Burger im Staat, ISSN 0007-3121, Vol. 64, no 2-3, p. 176-182Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Die Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik der im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert entstandenen skandinavischen Nationalstaaten hat unterschiedliche Phasen durchlaufen. Eine in den 1930er Jahren zunächst noch gemeinsam verfolgte Neutralitätspolitik blieb angesichts der machtpolitischen Konstellationen während des Zweiten Weltkriegs erfolglos. Nach 1945 waren die nordeuropäischen Länder bestrebt, ihre Souveränität zu wahren und sich im beginnenden Kalten Krieg zu positionieren. 1948 wurde eine skandinavische Verteidigungsunion erwogen, die letztlich an den Differenzen der nordischen Staaten scheiterte. Dänemark, Norwegen und Island wurden Gründungsmitglieder der NATO, während Schweden seine neutralitätspolitische Tradition fortführte und Finnland aufgrund der Grenzlage zur UdSSR einen pragmatischen Kurs verfolgte. Um die unterschiedlichen sicherheitspolitischen Orientierungen zu kompensieren, wurde 1952 der Nordische Rat gegründet. In den 1960er Jahren wurde der Kurs einer aktiven und in internationaler Hinsicht stärker politisierten Außenpolitik eingeschlagen. In der Europapolitik hingegen zeigten sich die nordischen Länder eher zögerlich. Ambivalent gestaltete sich auch die Kooperation mit den baltischen Ländern Estland, Lettland und Litauen. Die seit 2005 zu beobachtende Renaissance der nordischen Zusammenarbeit vermag die Heterogenität der von den skandinavischen Staaten verfolgten Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik nicht zu überdecken.

  • 208.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    One Per Cent for Development: Rationales of Swedish Donorship2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has been one of the major providers of development aid to Third World countries, measured in per cent of the gross national income (GNI). Since the mid-1970s the country has always surpassed the 0.7 per cent goal propagated by the United Nations and sometimes exceeded the own, more ambitious goal of one per cent. The paper examines a variety of explanations for this extraordinary donor behavior and concludes that it may best be explained by ideological and strategic considerations made public by Swedish decision makers on both the national and the global level. Development aid has been an investment in international prestige and influence and, during the Cold War, also a marker of Swedish non-alignment in security policy matters. At the same time, the consonance of having a comprehensive domestic welfare system alongside the idea that international assistance should be given to those in need has given the country a consistent image. Domestically, development aid has been an issue that created an opportunity for social democrats to characterize the centre-right parties as divided on a foreign policy issue.

  • 209.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Parliamentary Diplomacy, the Nordic Countries and the United Nations2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 210.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Patron, Kin, and Fellow Believer: Transnational Relief for Ireland 1845–18512014In: On conference websit, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The famine of the 1840s is a historical landmark, a lieux de memoire not only of Irish, but of European and transatlantic history. Like writing on the wall it bears witness to the malfunction of the then hegemonic liberal doctrine and to the ignorance of the mightiest power of the time – the British Empire. Whereas these issues are recurrent subjects for discussion, the voluntary relief effort at the time has been little studied. This paper argues that this effort highlights the transnational capacity of civil society at the time and it shows the ambiguity of voluntary transnationalism with roots in imperial and diaspora constellations and in a wider context of religious and humanitarian driving forces.

  • 211.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Political History as Transnational History2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 212.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Public Accounting in the Committees for Relieving the Distresses in Germany and Other Parts of the Continent, 1805–18162012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines one of the earliest transnational voluntary relief efforts, the British campaign for relieving the distresses in Germany, other parts of the continent, and Sweden 1805–1816. The focus is directed on accounting for (a) the subscription paid by individual donors, (b) the appropriation of aid for different locations and purposes as well as (c) for the en detail provision of relief on the level of individuals. The questions asked are what function the public accounting had for the campaign, including the shaming of non-donors such as the German-born Queen Charlotte, what kind of structures it required and what it meant for the relation of donors and recipients of aid, and what effect it had in terms of export of specific traits of civil society and political culture from one country to another.

  • 213.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Scandinavianism Revisited: The Transnational Construction of Norden in the Age of Nationalism2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 214.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Societal Representation in UN-delegations: Open Diplomacy, Deliberative Democracy and Power-enhancing Consensus2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 215.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Spatial Order and Mental Mapping in the Baltic Sea Area2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 216.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Cautious Nordic Approach to Integration: Regional, Western and European2011In:  Fronteras y reconfiguraciones regionales: RISC 2009 / [ed] Claudia Puerta Silva and Juan Carlos Vélez Rendón, Brussels: Peter Lang Pub Inc. , 2011, p. 19-35Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 217.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Committees for Relieving the Distresses in Germany and Other Parts of the Continent, 1805–18152013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Voluntary transnational humanitarian aid dates back to the Napoleonic Wars, when affiliates of the British and Foreign Bible Society and some other British subjects, frequently of immigrant background, organized a relief campaign to the benefit of certain allied nations, in particular in Germany and Sweden. The paper accounts for the little known origins of transnational relief and asks for the driving forces of donors, examines the impact of their help, and problematizes the interaction of providers and recipients of aid. The focus will be  on how morality, politics, and economy were interwoven with one another. The paper also discusses the lessons that can be drawn from this early example of humanitarian aid, and which lasting structural problems were evident already two-hundred years ago.

  • 218.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Emergence of NGOs as Actors on the World Stage2019In: Routledge Handbook of NGOs and International Relations / [ed] Thomas Davies, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2019, p. 19-31Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This overview begins with a discussion of how the term NGO entered international relations in connection with the UN Charter conference. It continues with a chronological sketch of the emergence of NGOs in the nineteenth century. It then discusses the quantitative development of NGOs until today, periodisation issues, and major trends, suggesting a politico-economic perspective in tension with geopolitical IR approaches.

  • 219.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Good Plumpuddings’ Belief’: British Humanitarian and Medical Assistance to Sweden During the Napoleonic Wars2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 220.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    The Good Plumpuddings’ Belief: British Voluntary Aid to Sweden During the Napoleonic Wars2015In: International History Review, ISSN 0707-5332, E-ISSN 1949-6540, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 519-539Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The London-based Committee for Relieving the Distressed Inhabitants of Germany, and Other Parts of the Continent is an early example of a large-scale voluntary relief programme that has gone unappreciated in the annals of humanitarianism. The present article examines the period in 1808 and 1809 when this committee redirected its relief efforts to Sweden. The case highlights many issues that beset humanitarianism today. With well-preserved recipient records, it offers insight to aspects of humanitarian encounters that have been markedly under-researched. It examines how foreign-policy interests fostered mis-conceptions about those in need and how such misconceptions resulted in corrupt distribution structures. It shows that asymmetries in the development of civil society impeded the relief effort and that the divergent interests of donors and distributors caused the forms of relief to be inadequate and agency to be lost. Moreover, it illustrates how local elites resisted advice from abroad and how the individual personalities involved shaped policy outcomes. These factors remain issues at the present time and the case of two Protestant European countries with a cultural affinity illustrates how significant they are.

  • 221.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Universeller oder spezieller Frieden?: Demokratie als Kriterium der Mitgliedschaft in den frühen Vereinten Nationen2011In: Frieden durch Demokratie? : Genese, Wirkung und Kritik eines Deutungsmusters / [ed] Jost Dülffer and Gottfried Niedhart, Essen: Klartext , 2011, p. 167-186Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 222.
    Götz, Norbert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Brewis, Georgina
    Werther, Steffen
    Humanitäre Hilfe: Eine Braudel'sche Perspektive2019In: Freiwilligenarbeit und gemeinnützige Organisationen im Wandel: Neue Perspektiven auf das 19. und 20. jahrhundert / [ed] Nicole Kramer und Christine G. Krüger, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2019, p. 89-119Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 223.
    Götz, Norbert
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Ekengren, Ann-Marie
    Världssamvetet eller världsmedvetet?: Norden och biståndet under kalla kriget2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 224.
    Haapaniemi, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Att uppmuntra till hållbart beteende: En undersökning om nudgings effekt på pappershandduksanvändning 2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Samtidigt som konsekvenserna av förändringar i klimatet blivit alltmer uppenbara för varje år som gått är det tydligt att en stor del av miljö- och klimatproblematiken grundas i ohållbara beteenden hos en minoritet av världens befolkning. Ett viktigt steg mot en hållbar utveckling är därför att förändra dessa beteenden och göra dem mer hållbara. Nudging, en teori om människors beslutsfattande och beteendeförändring, syftar till att arrangera en valsituation på ett sätt som gör det enkelt att fatta önskvärda beslut. Denna uppsats undersöker nudgings potential att uppmuntra till mer miljövänligt och resurssnålt beteende genom att studera huruvida skyltar kan påverka människor att använda mindre pappershanddukar vid toalettbesök. Resultaten från undersökningen visar att en skylt kan skapa en statistiskt signifikant minskning i pappershandduksanvändning.

  • 225.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Infrastructure.
    Ethnic Conflict and the Right to Return of Limbo Disaporas: Multifaceted Reflections on the Case of BiH2004In: Migration and Ethnic Studies (Migracijske i Etničke Teme), ISSN 1333-2546, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 29-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the phenomenon of refugees and resettled persons in the process of forcedmigrations in the aftermath of man-made disasters. Although some of the ideas presented here couldhave wider application, the focus is on post-conflict zones within the former Yugoslavia, namely BiH.The paper uses the questions of ethnicity and nationalism within resettlement, dislocation and immigrationas a backdrop, into which the issue of globalization is also briefly reflected. The intention hereis not to cover a wide range of pressing topics, but simply to relate a number of issues arising in contemporarylarge-scale forced migrations to a resurgence of cultural specificity and ethnicized nationalismas counterpoints to globalization. The paper introduces the concept of “limbo diasporas” in the caseof Bosnian refugees in Sweden through reflection and linkage with the aforementioned concepts. Thepaper ends with some recommendations and open questions on social rehabilitation and ethnic healingas well as some general conclusions.

  • 226.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Sustainable Urbanism and Beyond: Rethinking Cities for the Future2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 227.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure.
    The Reconstruction Business: Economic Agendas and Regional Strategy in Post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina2004In: At War With the City / [ed] Paola Somma, Newcastle Upon Tyne: Urban International Press , 2004, 1, p. 217-228Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 228.
    Haas, Tigran
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure.
    Roberts, Andrew
    Hifab International AB.
    New Possibilities for Sustaining Human Settlements in a War-Torn Zon2001In: Sustaining Human Settlement: A Challenge for the New Millennium / [ed] Roderick J. Lawrence, North Shields: Urban International Press , 2001, p. 376-405Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 229.
    Habram, Sofie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Corruption Institutionalized?: Field Study on Corruption, Social Capital and Political Participation in the Peruvian Rainforest2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Corruption is considered by Peruvians as one of the main obstacles for the development of Peru. Corruption is widespread and structural, but there are large differences in the perceived levels of corruption within Peru. I have conducted a field study in two municipalities in Peru, which are similar to each other but have different levels of perceived corruption. Tarapoto rates among the lowest in national surveys while Pucallpa, in the neighboring region, rates among the highest in the country. I traveled to Tarapoto and Pucallpa to conduct a survey study and complementary elite interviews to find what the determinants are behind the variations in corruption. I hypothesized that both participation in voluntary association, social trust and political participation have a negative effect on corruption, and thereby explaining the difference between the cities. My result demonstrates that there are significant variations in the perceived levels of corruption in Peru between Tarapoto and Pucallpa. The study concludes that the determinants behind variations in the perceived levels of corruption in Pucallpa and Tarapoto is an active civil society in Tarapoto that puts pressure on government and pushes for transparency and lower levels of social trust in Pucallpa, which enables corruption.

  • 230.
    Hagelin, Sandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Education and Political Efficacy Among Youth in Kosovo: A field study on university students’ perceptions on the effect of higher education on political efficacy and political behavior2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study seeks to investigate perceptions on education’s effect on political efficacy among university students at University of Pristhina, Kosovo; as well as how that seems to inform political behavior. Education is believed to have important implications on political behavior, an important factor for this is internal and external political efficacy, which allows research to disentangle educational effects on the individual’s political behavior. In-depth interviews were conducted during a minor field study to examine these perceptions. Three ideal personality types were detected among the respondents in regard to their respective level of internal and external political efficacy, while the perception of how education informed these two components on the contrary was portrayed as uniform regardless of level of perceived political efficacy. It is found, in line with previous research, that education is perceived to increase internal political efficacy, making the individuals more confident in their capacity to understand and participate in politics. External political efficacy seems to be less informed by education and more so by the societal context in which the students find themselves. In a context such as Kosovo, which still struggles with its democratization process, this leads to low levels of external political confidence. Further studies are recommended to increase the understanding of, in particular, the external political efficacy among youths in Kosovo. 

  • 231.
    Hagström, Linus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.
    Japan anser sig behöva rusta för att kunna försvara freden2014In: Respons, ISSN 2001-2292, no 6, p. 8-9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 232.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Swedish Institute of International Affairs (UI).
    Jerdén, BjörnStockholm universitet och Swedish Institute of International Affairs (UI).
    The East Asian Power Shift: A Critical Appraisal2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 233.
    Hagström, Linus
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section. The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    Weissmann, Mikael
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Land Operations Section. The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    Hanssen, Ulv
    The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    Allt bör göras för att bygga relationer med Nordkorea2017In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 234.
    Hallbom, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Integration i Sverige: En jämförande fallstudie mellan Umeå och Malmö kommun.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is based on a qualitative case study and is based on a social science perspective. The method of study is a comparative study; content analysis focused on document analysis. Interest is based on examining local basic policy programs for integration, as integration has become more noticeable in recent years, and has become increasingly important for science. The survey will be based on Ager and Strang's framework "good integration".

    Under the analysis section, various regulations, local action programs and tasks will be understood and explained from different criteria, based on the perspective of integration. The theoretical framework for "good integration" as proven to be very useful, and a high explanation factor. In summary, the analysis shows that the action programs for Malmö and Umeå, differ between each other, in relation to the framework for "good integration". The action Programs in the municipality of Malmö, complies with 3 of 4 categories in the theoretical framework. The categories fulfilled are

    Employment, Education and Housing. The action programs within the municipality of Umeå however, fulfill only one category; Employment. Both Malmö and Umeå’s action programs demonstrate differences and similarities against "good integration". Accordingly, Umeå's action program has more deficiencies in relation to the criteria for "good integration", in comparison with Malmö's action program. The conclusion is that Malmö's basic policy documents, at a local level; for integration, can be explained to more conditions for a successful integration, in comparison with Umeå's policy documents. However, something that both Malmö and Umeå should focus on is what the analysis showed for the category Health; develop policy documents for dissemination of information, which should include, inter alia and languages other than Swedish, to create conditions that achieve successful integration, according to the framework of "good integration".

  • 235.
    Hallengren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    E pluribus unum: Mauritian reflections2013In: Patterns: Make 'Em and Break 'Em / [ed] Lawson, Carol S., and Robert. F. Lawson, West Chester, Pa., USA: Chrysalis Reader/Swedenborg Foundation Press , 2013, 1, p. 74-81Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [fr]

    Histoire sommaire de la Nouvelle Église chrétienne en Maurice

  • 236.
    Hallnäs, Charlotta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Holding Hands: A case study of China’s and the EU’s foreign aid to Zimbabwe2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 237.
    Halvarsson, Angelica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Discourses of Inclusion: Reality and Rhetoric of Women’s Political Participation in Afghanistan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 238.
    Hamnö, Albin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Reassessing Kerala as the ‘ideal’ development state2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The deficient provision of ‘economic facilities’ has situated a problematic aspect of development in Kerala. ‘A paradox of social development and economic backwardness’, it has been labelled. Meanwhile, the extraordinary achievements in Human Development have become tempered by high rates of Human Distress; i.e. high rates of unemployment, suicide and crime. In the aftermath of economic reforms bids have been for the state’s final overcoming of previous ‘HD-lopsidedness’ in development. The Human Distress Profile has, nonetheless, seen continuous disturbing rates into the 21st century. A cross-district analysis, by making the particular economic aspects and their influence on Human Distress rates to bear on Kerala’s status as a development ‘ideal’, points to problems in this conception. The research indicates a multifaceted association, but nonetheless suggests that access to ‘economic facilities’ has important bearing on rates of Human Distress. What is implied is that the notion of a ‘Kerala model’ of development falters, but where the post-reform regime of growth has the potential to carry a reversal in problematic HDP indicators.

  • 239.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Arbetskraftsinvandring i krisens EU2014In: Det globaliserade arbetslivet / [ed] Marinette Fogde & Johanna Övling, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2014, p. 45-53Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt EU, OECD, FN och andras skattningar räknas behovet till tiotals miljoner nya invandrare under det närmaste halvseklet. Tillväxt och invandring har blivit två sidor av samma mynt i EU:s ekonomiska och politiska strävan, något som framgår tydligt i unionens tillväxtstrategi "Europa 2020". Budskapet hörs även från EU:s regeringar; men av flera orsaker, däribland dagens djupgående lågkonjunktur, har många regeringar också tystnat i frågan, medan andra börjat vända sig mot en ökad arbetskraftsinvandring.

  • 240.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    "Fruktplockare utan rättigheter"2014In: Le Monde Diplomatique, ISSN 1503-5557, no 11, p. 21-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 241.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Another Colonialism: Africa in the History of European Integration2014In: Journal of Historical Sociology, ISSN 0952-1909, E-ISSN 1467-6443, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 442-461Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s European Union was founded in a 1950s marked by its member

    states’ involvement in numerous colonial conflicts and with the colonial question

    firmly entrenched on the European and international agenda. This notwithstanding,

    there is hardly any scholarly investigations to date that have examined colonialism’s

    bearing on the historical project and process of European integration. In tackling

    this puzzle, the present article proceeds in two steps. First, it corroborates the claim

    that European integration not only is related to the history of colonialism but to no

    little extent determined by it. Second, it introduces a set of factors that explain why

    the relation between the EU and colonialism has been systematically neglected. Here

    the article seeks to identify the operations of a colonial epistemology that has

    facilitated a misrecognition of what postwar European integration was about. As the

    article argues, this epistemology has enabled colonialism’s historical relation to the

    European integration project to remain undetected and has thus also reproduced

    within the present EU precisely those colonial or neo-colonial preconceptions that

    the European partner states, in official discourse and policy, falsely claim that they

    have abandoned.

  • 242.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bringing Africa as a 'Dowry to Europe': European Integration and the Eurafrican Project, 1920–19602011In: Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, ISSN 1369-801X, E-ISSN 1469-929X, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 443-463Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the history of the ‘Eurafrican project’ as it evolved from the Pan-European movement in the 1920s to its institutionalization in the European Economic Community (EEC) (i.e. today’s EU) in the late 1950s. As shown in the article practically all of the visions, movements and concrete institutional arrangements working towards European integration during this period placed Africa’s incorporation into the European enterprise as a central objective. As so much of the scholarly, political and journalistic accounts at the time testify to, European integration was inextricably bound up with a Eurafrican project. According to the intellectual, political and institutional discourse on Eurafrica – or the fate of Europe’s colonial enterprise – a future European community presupposed the transformation of the strictly national colonial projects into a joint European colonization of Africa. Indeed, there is strong evidence to support that these ideas were instrumental in the actual, diplomatic and political constitution of the EEC, or of Europe as a political subject. The article discusses the conspicuous absence of these matters from scholarship on European integration and its historical origins and trajectory. It also notes that it is equally neglected in postcolonial studies, which should be able to provide the theoretical and historical tools to engage with the complex and instructive issues with which the Eurafrican project and its intimate links to the history of European integration confront today’s scholars.

  • 243.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    EU Migration Policy Towards Africa: Demographic Logics and Colonial Legacies2015In: Postcolonial Transitions in Europe: Contexts, Practices and Politics / [ed] Sandra Ponzanesi and Gianmaria Colpani, London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2015, p. 47-67Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter analyzes current EU–African migration policy, but argues that it must be understood in its historical context. Whereas migration today is to be managed in the framework of a EU–African partnership model built on equality and mutual ‘win–win’ dynamics, a closer look at the history of EU–African migration reveals striking parallels between past and present. From the 1920s onward, the migration policies devised within various frameworks of European integration have been shaped by demographic projections. Each time demography has governed European migration policy vis–à–vis Africa, what has first been introduced as a mutual interest has quickly been transformed into a geopolitical relationship, where one partner has channeled migration to its own benefit. It is thus argued that unless scholars start to attend to European integration’s crucial colonial history, current power asymmetries between the ‘partners’ will not only remain obscure, we will also fail to recognize the continued currency of colonial ideology in the EU’s African relations.

  • 244.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Eurafrica: The Untold History of European Integration and Colonialism2014Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hansen and Jonsson investigate a topic of central importance to the history of European integration that has been virtually erased from scholarship. The topic once went by the name of Eurafrica and it entailed a shared European management of colonial Africa. Launched by Pan-European movements as a geopolitical idea and vision after World War I, Eurafrica gained political momentum after World War II. With the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1951 and the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1957, Eurafrica was implemented through the association to the EEC of the colonial domains of the six founding European states, as stipulated in the Treaty of Rome. On the basis of archival and other documentation from 1920 to the 1960s, the authors show that all major movements and institutions working towards European integration placed Africa’s geopolitical and economic incorporation into the European enterprise as a key objective. A final chapter discusses how Africa’s association to the EEC impacted on the process of decolonization and shaped postcolonial Africa, and how the ‘Eurafrican legacy’ still affects the EU’s foreign relations. The authors also explain why the link between European integration and colonialism is neglected in EU studies and histories of colonialism, and they develop new theoretical perspectives on European integration in the context of global history. Signalling a paradigm shift in debates and research on the EU, Africa and colonialism, Eurafrica presents an entire vista of both new questions that need to be answered and old answers to be questioned.

  • 245.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Eurafrika: EU:s koloniala rötter2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    EU presenteras ofta som ett fredsprojekt. Men bakom fasaden döljer sig en helt annan historia.

    För politiker, opinionsbildare och organisationer som från mellankrigstiden och framåt arbetade för europeisk integration stod Afrika i centrum för intresset. Exploateringen av kolonierna krävde samarbete och gemensamma investeringar. Målet var ett tredje block - Eurafrika - som skulle säkra Europas geopolitiska ställning mot de bägge supermakterna.Europas enande skulle alltså börja i Afrika.

    Eurafrika är en bok som redan väckt internationell uppmärksamhet. Den gör upp med myten om EU som fredsprojekt och konstaterar att dagens EU knappast hade existerat om det inte från början utformats som en eurafrikansk gemenskap.

  • 246.
    Hasic, Tigran
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure.
    Reconstruction planning in post-conflict zones: Bosnia and Herzegovina and the international community2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The history of mankind has been plagued by an almost continuous chain of various armed conflicts - local, regional, national and global - that have caused horrendous damage to the social and physical fabric of cities. The tragedy of millions deprived by war still continues. This study sets out to understand the nature of reconstruction after war in the light of recent armed conflicts. It attempts to catalogue and discuss the tasks involved in the process of reconstruction planning by establishing a conceptual framework of the main issues in the reconstruction process. The case of Bosnia and Herzegovina is examined in detail and on the whole acts as the leit-motif of the whole dissertation and positions reconstruction in the broader context of sustainable development. The study is organized into two parts that constitute the doctoral aggregate dissertation – a combining of papers with an introductory monograph. In this case the introductory monograph is an extended one and there are six papers that follow. Both sections can be read on their own merits but also constitute one entity.

    The rebuilding of war-devastated countries and communities can be seen as a series of nonintegrated activities carried out (and often imposed) by international agencies and governments, serving political and other agendas. The result is that calamities of war are often accompanied by the calamities of reconstruction without any regard to sustainable development. The body of knowledge related to post-conflict reconstruction lacks a strong and cohesive theory. In order to better understand the process of reconstruction we present a qualitative inquiry based on the Grounded Theory Method developed originally by Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss (1967). This approach utilizes a complex conceptualization with empirical evidence to produce theoretical structure. The results of process have evolved into the development of a conceptual model, called SCOPE (Sustainable Communities in Post-conflict Environments).

    This study proposes both a structure within which to examine post-conflict reconstruction and provides an implementation method. We propose to use the SCOPE model as a set of strategy, policy and program recommendations to assist the international community and all relevant decision-makers to ensure that the destruction and carnage of war does not have to be followed by a disaster of post-conflict reconstruction. We also offer to provide a new foundation and paradigm on post-conflict reconstruction, which incorporates and integrates a number of approaches into a multidisciplinary and systems thinking manner in order to better understand the complexity and dependencies of issues at hand. We believe that such a systems approach could better be able to incorporate the complexities involved and would offer much better results than the approaches currently in use.

    The final section of this study returns to the fact that although it is probably impossible to produce universal answers, we desperately need to find commonalities amongst different postconflict reconstruction settings in order to better deal with the reconstruction planning in a more dynamic, proactive, and sustainable manner.

  • 247.
    Hassler, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Neotraditionalism-Examining the Role of Traditional Revival in Vanuatu2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Contrary to the predictions made by classical modernization theory that ethnic traditions and religion would die out, they have proved to be surprisingly resilient throughout the world. In contemporary times various revitalization movements have been on the rise and from Africa to Asia scholars have been debating what seems to be a growing attention to tradition and culture. This thesis, based on empirical material from a minor field study in Vanuatu, will elaborate upon revivalist tendencies in a small island country. The purpose of the thesis is to examine expressions of revival of tradition, their causes and their possible implications for the country and its inhabitants. Modernization theory and the contesting paradigm of Alternative development create the foundation of the work while Globalization and the notion of Neotraditionalism are used as further theoretical points of reference. The thesis main findings are that tradition is used as a political strategy in Vanuatu and that a present neotraditional ideology offers both opportunities and pitfalls to the future development of the country. Based on the understanding gained from the field study, the message of this thesis lies in the importance of keeping an open mind when discussing development. 

  • 248.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Haandrikman, Karen
    Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Repopulation of the Swedish countryside: globalisation by international migration2014In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 34, p. 128-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rural areas have often been treated as mono-ethnic and homogeneous areas, as compared to urban areas that are seen as dynamic and mobile areas. Recent discourses in rural studies have been questioning this idea, adding the perspectives that rural areas are constituted by mobilities, actively engaged in globalization processes, and characterized by ethnic diversity. As population decline is a constant threat to many rural areas, international migration flows can contribute to their repopulation and to a dynamic and transnational countryside. The present paper takes a quantitative perspective, thereby adding to the mostly qualitative studies in this field. Through the use of Swedish full-population register data, patterns of international migrants in rural areas are depicted, using a unique definition of rurality. Our study shows that international migration to the countryside reveals a rich diversity in ethnicity and age. Nordic and European middle-aged and elderly migrants have the highest odds of living in the countryside, while South East Asian women are an upcoming group. Migrants in the countryside are more often women, have a Swedish partner, have less education, live in border areas and are short stayers. Female migrants in rural areas also have a higher employment rate than their urban counterparts. The results suggest a variety of migration motives, ranging from quality of life to cross-border and marriage migration, which indicate increased globalization of the countryside.

  • 249.
    Hedenskog, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Giving, receiving and reciprocating: A qualitative reanalysis of articles studying disaster aid through gift exchange 2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of international aid is debated in the scholarly literature. One of the theoretical frameworks used to study aid is developed in the Gift [1925] by Marcel Mauss. However, overall there is a lack of knowledge concerning the understanding of Mauss, and how it can be connected to the distribution of aid. Thus, this thesis takes its theoretical departure fromMauss’s gift exchange, and the obligation to give, receive and reciprocate to study how articles examine post-tsunami aid through the theory developed in “The Gift” by Mauss. The study is a qualitative reanalysis of three articles, which is structured by a series of analytical questions based on a broader reading of Mauss, previous research and the gift of disaster aid.The qualitative reanalysis finds that Mauss’ obligations to give, receive and reciprocate and the social bonds that these forms were discussed differently, and to a greater or lesser extent. This study brings “The Gift” by Mauss into light to the discussion of disaster aid, and thus highlighting new potential research for future studies.

  • 250.
    Hedman, Elina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    When Traditional Power Structures are Trembling: A qualitative analysis of aid agencies focus on gender roles and contribution to potential changes in those following the earthquakes in Nepal 2015.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how and to what extent humanitarian aid organizations strategically focus on gender roles following disasters, and how they contribute to potential changes in gender roles. The case selected for the study is Nepal after the 2015 earthquakes where the reports of four international humanitarian aid organizations were examined through a qualitative content analysis. The thesis aims to provide a contribution to the disaster risk reduction literature with a special focus on the possibilities to use disasters as catalysts for changes in traditional gender roles. As humanitarian organizations are major actors in the aftermath of disasters, the purpose is to evaluate their efforts and connect that to previous literature in the field. As a theoretical foundation two contrasting theories are incorporated in the study, the first is the idea that a disaster can be a ’window of opportunity’ for changes in gender roles whereas the other one is that vulnerable people is often left more vulnerable after a disaster due to secondary consequences, a so called double disaster. 

    The main findings of the study demonstrate that none of the four international humanitarian organizations incorporated a gendered perspective in their aid efforts following the earthquakes in Nepal 2015. The organizations seldom separate women from men in their reports, demonstrating an unawareness of the gender power structures at play. Few activities had a potential to empower women and the ones that did lacked a long-term perspective to enhance gender equality and lower vulnerability.

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