Change search
Refine search result
2345678 201 - 250 of 24523
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the 'Create feeds' function.
  • 201.
    Adrelius, Ann-Kristin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Schultz, Ellinor
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Omvårdnadspersonals upplevelser i vårdandet av personer med självskadebeteende2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 202.
    Adrian Hansson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Kan gravida kvinnor som lider av övervikt eller fetma minska de negativa effekterna övervikten har på fostret och på barnets framtida hälsa?: -en systematisk litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 203.
    Adriazola, Mary Isabel
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kjellström, Thima
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att vara inlagd på flerbäddssal: En litteraturöversikt om hur patienter upplever att vårdas i en flerbäddssal inom somatisk vård.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Patients may have different experiences while they are cared for in a multiplebed

    room. Those experiences are influenced by the hospital environment,

    atmosphere, lack of space and communication. Dignity can be affected and

    offend in various ways depending on their own perceptions of dignity.

    Aim: The aim of this literature review was to explore how patients experienced

    their own dignity in a multiple-bed room ward within somatic care.

    Methods: This literature review was based on 13 qualitative and one quantitative study

    and found in the databases CINAHL, Medline and PubMed. The results were

    compiled in a chart, where similarly themes were identified to created new

    themes.

    Results: The overall themes for this literature review are presented in six different

    themes. They are: Patients experiences of being independent, patients

    privacy, patients’ participation in being placed in a multiple-bed room,

    patients' experiences of being with others and how staffs’ response affects

    patients' experiences. The patients both positive and negative experiences are

    described.

    Discussions: The authors discuss the results based on Nordenfelt dignity concept, where

    dignity as moral stature, human dignity and the dignity of identity are

    involved.

    Keywords: Multiple-bed rooms, privacy, patients’ experience, dignity

  • 204.
    Adén, Camilla
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Sjöberg, Caroline
    Strategier som sjuksköterskan använder vid bedömning av akut och postoperativ smärta2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 205.
    af Bjerkén, Agneta
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Åslund, Mia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Anestesisjuksköterskors erfarenheter av vård av patienter med missbruksproblem: En intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The aim of this study was to describe anaesthetic nurses' strategies for the nursing of patients with misuse dependency within anaesthetic care.Background Anaesthetic nurses daily meet patients with different backgrounds, conditions and needs. There are often different physiological and psychological factors that affect the anaesthesia and the anaesthetic care for persons with misuse problems than for persons without similar problems. These factors could be for example increased tolerance for drugs, impaired ability to digest drugs, increased bleeding tendency, stress and anxiety. The anaesthetic nurses' knowledge and understanding for earlier mentioned factors are of utmost importance for them to be able to perform a good and optimum anaesthetic care.Design The study was made with qualitative research design with semi-structured interviews.Methods The participants were chosen on a representative basis. The data collection consisted of semi-structured interviews with anaesthetic nurses in five hospitals in Sweden. The interviews were written down and analyzed using a qualitative content method.Results Twelve interviews were made during the autumn 2016. The analysis of the material resulted in three categories titled ”Having preparedness for action”, ”Communicating with the patient” and ”Being security conscious”. The categories consisted of eight subcategories that were titled ”Being prepared to adjust the doses”, ”Choosing the adequate medicine”, ”Managing bleeding tendency”, ”Handling difficulties with giving injections”, ”Establishing trust”, ”Being explicit”, ”Ensuring safety for the staff” and ”Ensuring safety for the patient”.Conclusion Anaesthetic nurses are aware of the physiological and psychological factors that affect the anaesthesia of patients with misuse dependency. They have conceived strategies for planning the anaesthesia and for preventing the emerging of problems. The predominant strategies contain drug related measures such as dose adjustment and selection of drugs. There are different opinions whether a PM or a general routine would increase the safety and improve the handling of patients with misuse dependency.Keywords: Anaesthetic nurse; Misuse; Strategies; Experiences

  • 206.
    af Burén, Julia
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Szanto, Anna
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av patienter med substansmissbruksproblematik: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Substance abuse has a negative impact on the body and is contributing to some of the world's diseases. The drug availability has increased, showing an upward trend. Patients with substance abuse who seek care feel that their needs are not taken seriously. The nurse’s role in this is to create a care that is as good and efficient as possible, where patients feel involved and respected.

    Aim: To investigate nurses' experiences of caring for people with substance use problems.

    Method: The literature review consisted of ten scientific articles taken from the databases Cinahl Complete and PubMed. All articles were based on nurses’ experiences of caring for patients with substance abuse. The result was constructed on the similarities and differences between the articles.

    Results: The results showed that nurses from various departments had different experiences of providing care to patients with substance abuse problems. Nurses working on different kind of departments did not have any specific training focused on substance abuse. In contrast, nurses who worked in psychiatry, detoxification centers, and alcohol and drug departments, had more experience of dealing with patients suffering from this sort of disease.

    Discussion: The discussion has been based on Parse's theory Humanbecoming. With help of the theory the discussion included the nurses’ different experiences and how healthcare is formed along this. It concluded with the impact education and healthcare environment has on the care for patients with substance abuse.

  • 207.
    af Ekenstam, Albert
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lindström, Erik
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Upplevelsen av stressrelaterad ohälsa: En rörelse mellan balans och obalans2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Stress är idag något de flesta människor kan relatera till och stressystemet är ett av det mest grundläggande verktyg som människan utvecklat. Detta för att klara av de stora påfrestningar och belastningar det innebär att leva ett liv. Men vid långvarig stress utan att människan får chans till återhämtning och vila så utvecklas istället en ohälsa som kan vara svår att hantera. Denna ohälsa kallas stressrelaterad ohälsa och kan leda till en rad olika sjukdomar både inom det somatiska och det psykiatriska området. Begrepp som hälsa, livsrytm, lidande och det existentiella perspektivet blir nödvändiga att använda för att på ett djupare plan beskriva den obalans som uppkommer vid stressrelaterad ohälsa.

    Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att undersöka patienters upplevelser av stressrelaterad ohälsa och vägen till att finna balans. Metoden bygger på en litteraturstudie där enbart kvalitativa artiklar använts. I resultat framkom två teman: upplevelser av obalans och att finna balans med tillhörande subteman som presenteras i en vågrörelse. De drabbade lever ofta ett liv med höga krav, ensidiga relationer och tar även ett stort ansvar både i hemmet och på arbetet. Utan återhämtning och vila blir denna livsstil ohållbar vilket leder till en nedåtgående rörelse där "att nå botten" blir en slutstation men även en vändpunkt för de drabbade. Genom att förstå och ha kunskap om hur det är att leva med och uppleva stressrelaterad ohälsa kan sjuksköterskan stödja, skapa tillit och skapa en miljö så att den drabbade åter kan finna den balans som krävs för att uppnå hälsa.

  • 208.
    af Klint, Madeleine
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Jonasson, Paulina
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ovisshet och väntan: Anhörigas upplevelser av att bli informerade av sjuksköterskor2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

     

    Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskor har till uppgift att informera anhöriga med hänsyn till tidpunkt, form och innehåll. Anhöriga har behov av att få information från sjuksköterskor. Studier visar att behovet av information inte tillfredsställs och att anhöriga lider i ovisshet och väntan.

     

    Syfte: Beskriva anhörigas upplevelser av att bli informerade av sjuksköterskor.

     

    Metod: En litteraturöversikt enligt Friberg (2006) har gjorts och baserats på nio vetenskapliga artiklar. Likheter i resultaten delades efter innehåll in i teman.

     

    Resultat: Anhöriga vill bli informerade på vardagligt språk, med få medicinska termer och informationen ska vara rak, sanningsenlig och patientnära. De vill inte behöva vänta på att få information, de vill få den kontinuerligt och inte riskera att få motsägelsefull information. Förmedlad information ska syfta till att anhöriga får förståelse för situationen den närstående befinner sig i, utvecklar tillit till sjuksköterskorna och blir delaktiga i vården av den närstående. Dessutom bör förmedlad information lämna utrymme för realistiskt hopp. 

     

    Diskussion: Det händer att sjuksköterskor talar i medicinsk jargong med varandra och då anpassar de inte språket efter de anhörigas förförståelse av sjukvården. Sjuksköterskor bör, således, väga sina ord med större omsorg. Anhöriga söker information från andra källor, vilket ställer högre krav på sjuksköterskor att uppdatera och anpassa sig efter dagens snabba informationsflöde. För att möta anhörigas vilja till delaktighet kan familjeronder öka informationsöverföringen. Anhöriga får där möta människor från olika professioner och ta vara på deras kunskaper om den närstående och på så sätt skapa sig en egen bild över situationen.

     

    Nyckelord: Anhöriga, behov, information, sjuksköterskor                     

  • 209.
    af Sandeberg, Margareta
    et al.
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet.
    Johansson, Eva M.
    Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet.
    Hagell, Peter
    4Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Wettergren, Lena
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet.
    Psychometric properties of the DISABKIDS Chronic Generic Module (DCGM-37) when used in children undergoing treatment for cancer2010In: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, ISSN 1477-7525, E-ISSN 1477-7525, Vol. 8, p. 109-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The aim was to evaluate data quality and psychometric properties of an instrument for measurement of health-related quality of life: DISABKIDS Chronic Generic Module (DCGM-37) used in school-aged children with cancer.

    METHODS: All school-children diagnosed with cancer in Sweden during a two-and-a-half year period were invited to participate in the study. Analysis was performed on combined data from two assessments, two and-a-half and five months after start of cancer treatment (n = 170). The instrument was examined with respect to feasibility, data quality, reliability and construct and criterion-based validity.

    RESULTS: Missing items per dimension ranged from 0 to 5.3 percent, with a majority below three percent. Cronbach's alpha values exceeded 0.70 for all dimensions. There was support for the suggested groupings of items into dimensions for all but six of the 36 items of the DCGM-37 included in this study. The instrument discriminated satisfactorily between diagnoses reflecting treatment burden.

    CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate satisfactory data quality and reliability of the DCGM-37 when used in children undergoing treatment for cancer. Evaluation of construct validity showed generally acceptable results, although not entirely supporting the suggested dimensionality. Continued psychometric evaluation in a larger sample of children during and after treatment for cancer is recommended.

  • 210.
    Aferdita, Mehmetaj
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Skoug, Emelie
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Sjuksköterskans och Invandrarkvinnors upplevelser av mötet i vården: en litteraturstudie2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Skandinavisk sjukvårdpersonal anser att det ibland är svårt att förstå patienter med en annan kultur och bakgrund vilket kan påverka mötet dem emellan. Kulturkrockar är därför inte helt ovanliga i vården vilket kan upplevas jobbigt för både sjuksköterskan och invandrarkvinnor. Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva sjuksköterskans och invandrarkvinnors upplevelser av mötet i vården. Metod: Under litteraturstudiens gång har vetenskapliga artiklar analyserats och sammanställts. Granskningen av artiklarna har resulterat till tre underrubriker som presenteras i resultatdelen. Resultat: Språksvårigheter är en av den vanligaste faktorn till kulturkrock mellan invandrarkvinnor och sjuksköterskor i vården. Enligt sjuksköterskorna är det viktigt att ha förståelse för kvinnornas värderingar och bakgrund för att kunna ge invandrarkvinnorna en anpassad och individuell omsorg. Sjuksköterskorna anser att mer tid behövs för att hinna ge omsorg till kvinnorna enligt kvinnornas önskemål som varierar beroende på deras olika kulturer. Invandrarkvinnorna anser att en bättre omsorg till dem är att ta hänsyn till deras religion, etnicitet och individuella önskemål. För att som sjuksköterska kunna få förståelse om andra människors tro måste sjusköterskan först förstå sitt eget levnadssätt som är påverkat av interaktion, sociala och kulturella bakgrunder. Diskussion: Enligt socialstyrelsen ska sjuksköterskan ge hela befolkningen vård och omsorg på lika villkor samt visa öppenhet och respekt för olika värderingar och trosuppfattningar.

  • 211.
    Afeworki, Tigisthi
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Andersson, Frida
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Alla Lika Olika: Vårdupplevelser för familjer där föräldrarna lever i en samkönad relation2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Historically, people in same-sex relationships, have had a vulnerable position in society and are often victims of discrimination. In Sweden there is a law that prohibits discrimination related to sexual orientation. The aim of the health care law is that the entire population should have an equal health. Despite this, the selfrated heath of those who live in a same-sex relationship is often lower than the rest of the population. In healthcare, there is often a heteronormative approach, which can lead to uncertainty for families with a different constellation than heterosexuals. Aim: The aim of this study was therefore to describe how families with parents who lives in same-sex realtionship experienced meeting within health care. Method: To describe this, a qualitative content analysis with descriptive approach of 10 scientific articles were done. This was then discussed by Levinas's theory of the Other. Results: The results that emerged were that most positive experiences were based in a comfortness, which was born out of an acceptance from the healthcare side. The adverse experiences tended to be imbued with an emotional alienation, which in turn to an increased vulnerability. Conclusion: For all families to feel welcome and obvious, it would probably be helpful if health personell should meet each individual and family with an open mind, without making any assumptions on their lives. As the personell makes open questions and are comfortable with the answers, it might make it easier for all families to be honest with their situation.

  • 212.
    Affland, Susanna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Jernberg Åkerstein, Ida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda patienter med funktionsnedsättningar efter en strokediagnos: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Stroke drabbar cirka 28 000 personer årligen i Sverige. Många drabbas av funktionsnedsättningar som kräver rehabilitering där sjuksköterskan spelar en viktig roll i den inledande rehabiliteringsfasen. Genom de funktionsnedsättningar patienter drabbas av blir vårdandet komplext och utmanande för sjuksköterskor.

    Syftet med studien var att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda patienter som drabbats av funktionsnedsättningar efter en strokediagnos. En litteraturstudie har genomförts. Databaserna som använts är Cinahl, Medline och Primo. Nio kvalitativa artiklar hittades och kvalitetsgranskades enligt Friberg (2017) och analyserades enligt Axelsson (2012) metod.  Två huvudteman identifierades i resultatet vilka var vårdandets komplexitet med subteman sjuksköterskans roll, utmaningar i vårdandet och vårdrelation, samt utmaningar i organisationen med subteman sjuksköterskans kompetens, samarbete i teamet och tidsbrist. Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskor upplevde att de hade en viktig roll i rehabiliteringen och vårdandet, att vårdandet av strokedrabbade var komplext och utmanande. Skapandet av vårdrelationer var viktigt men påverkades av den upplevda tidsbristen. Även sjuksköterskors kompetens och samarbetet i teamet upplevdes vara viktigt för att uppnå god och säker vård. För att tillgodose patienter den vård de kräver samt att skapa vårdrelationer är det viktigt att organisationen ses över för att tillgodose sjuksköterskor den tid och de resurser de behöver för att uppnå god vård.

  • 213.
    Afram, Basema
    et al.
    Department of Health Services Research, CAPHRI, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands.
    Verbeek, Hilde
    Department of Health Services Research, CAPHRI, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands.
    Bleijlevens, Michel
    Department of Health Services Research, CAPHRI, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands.
    Challis, David
    University of Manchester, Manchester, England UK.
    Leino-Kilpi, Helena
    University of Turku, Turku, Finland/Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.
    Karlsson, Staffan
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Soto, Maria
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, CHU Toulouse University Hospital, France.
    Renom-Guiteras, Anna
    School of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health, University of Witten/Herdecke, Germany.
    Saks, Kai
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tartu, Estonia.
    Zabalegui, Adelaida
    Nursing Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Spain.
    Hamers, Jan
    Department of Health Services Research, CAPHRI, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands.
    Predicting institutional long-term care admission in dementia: a mixed-methods study of informal caregivers’ reports2015In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 71, no 6, p. 1351-1362Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate agreement between: (1) expected reasons and actual reasons for admission of people with dementia according to informal caregivers; (2) scores on measurement instruments prior to admission and the actual reasons for admission according to informal caregivers.

    Background: Timely admission of people with dementia is a crucial issue. Information is highly warranted on whether informal caregivers are capable of prior identification of causes of admission and, can thus be considered a reliable prospective source on causes of admission.

    Design: A cohort study among informal caregivers of people with dementia who made a transition to institutional long-term care.

    Methods: Qualitative data on the expected and actual reasons for admission were collected via open-ended questions at baseline and follow-up. Furthermore, at baseline, data were collected using measurement instruments to measure pre-admission characteristics. Interviews took place between November 2010-April 2012. After categorizing the answers, the agreement between the expected and actual reasons was calculated. Furthermore, bivariate associations were calculated between the actual reasons for admission and scores on corresponding measurement instruments.

    Results/Findings: For most informal caregivers, there was agreement between their statements on the expected reason and the actual reason for admission. A third of the caregivers showed no conformity. Bivariate associations showed that there is also agreement between the actual reasons for admission and scores on corresponding measurement instruments.

    Conclusion: Informal caregivers can be considered reliable sources of information regarding what causes the admission of a person with dementia. Professional care should anticipate informal caregivers' statements and collaborate with them to strive for timely and appropriate admission. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  • 214.
    Afroz, B.
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Division of Public Health Sciences.
    Moniruzzaman, S.
    Karlstad University, Division of Public Health Sciences.
    Stark Ekman, Diana
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Andersson, R.
    Karlstad University, Division of Public Health Sciences.
    The impact of economic crisis on injury mortality: The case of the 'Asian crisis'2012In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 126, no 10, p. 836-838Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 215.
    Afshar, Parvaneh
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Björkert, Pernilla
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Nutrition och fallrisk hos äldre personer: en intervjustudie2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Undernäring är ett stort problem inom vård och omsorg för äldre. Att få i sig rätt mängd näring och energi under ett dygn är en mänsklig rättighet. För att bibehålla sin vikt under ett sjukdomsförlopp ska det vara balans mellan intag och förbrukning av energi. Föratt uppnå god livskvalitet, förebygga sjukdom, återvinna hälsa är ett gott näringstillstånd nödvändigt. Det finns idag många riktlinjer och bedömningsinstrument för att bedöma och behandla undernäring. Att vara undernärd är allvarligt och en av de vanligaste orsakerna till att äldre personer ramlar och skadar sig hemma eller under en sjukhusvistelse. Att upptäcka och förhindra patientens omvårdnadsproblem är sjuksköterskans huvuduppgift.

    Syftet var att belysa omvårdnadspersonals upplevelse av nutrition hos äldre personer med falltendens under sjukhusvistelse.

    Kvalitativ metod användes med en induktiv ansats. Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med fem sjuksköterskor och fem undersköterskor som arbetar på ett akutgeriatriskt sjukhus. Intervjuerna analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    Resultatet av insamlade data visade fyra teman:

    - Nutrition och fallrisk i omvårdnaden

    - Varierande helhetskontroll beroende på bemanning,

    - Svårigheter med nutrition för äldre personer med fallrisk

    - Rutiner.

    Omvårdnadspersonalen som består av sjuksköterskor och undersköterskor upplever att nutrition och fallrisk är två viktiga delar i omvårdnaden för äldre personer som vårdas på sjukhus. Vid stress och hög belastning upplever flera personer att helhetskontrollen gällande nutrition och fallrisk minskar kraftigt och kommunikationen mellan yrkeskategorier försämras. Genom dialog under arbetspasset, förbättras både patientens näringsintag och förebygger fallrisken.

    Slutsatsen visar att omvårdnadspersonal har ansvar för att uppfylla den äldre personens näringsbehov. Fungerande rutiner, samarbete och god kommunikation är viktigt men personalbrist och tidsbrist leder till bristande engagemang. Resultatet belyser att omvårdnadspersonal upplever att nutrition är en av många fallriskåtgärder, vikten av kommunikation i teamet tas upp samt fungerande rutiner men även de etiska dilemman som dyker upp.

    Studien visar att omvårdnadspersonal upplever att det finns ett samband mellan nutrition och fallrisk hos äldre personer på sjukhus.

  • 216.
    Aftevik, Monika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Carlbark, Nina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Musikens påverkan på individer med autismspektrumdiagnos: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) tend to have a limited capacity for social interactions, communications, and usually show hyper or hypo reactions to sensory stimuli. Time spent in health facilities can therefore be extra stressful. Since music is used for therapy or pain relief in cancer treatment and dementia care for example, it would be interesting to further explore the effects of music. The aim of this literature review was to investigate how individuals with ASD are affected by music. Eleven literature articles were analyzed and as a result, four themes emerged: physical, social, emotional influence and also focus and coping. Anxiety, mood, and social interactions were affected in a positive way by music or music therapy. Physical reactions in the brain were seen in regions underlying music perception and emotional processing. The nurse’s goal is person-centered care, and the knowledge of the effects of music and the possibility to use music in clinical practice, could make working with ASD patients easier. Future research on this subject could provide further knowledge and result in guidelines and routines for an easy use of music in the care of individuals with ASD.

  • 217.
    Aftonfalk, Anders
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University College.
    Norberg, Jennifer
    Sophiahemmet University College.
    Bemötande av närstående vid plötslig, oväntad död2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 218.
    Afzelius, Görel
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hesse, Ylva
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att hjälpa eller stjälpa: patientens delaktighet i vården2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 219.
    Afzelius, My
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjölund, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter och upplevelser av att vårda unga kvinnor som drabbats av bröstcancer - en kvalitativ intervjustudie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Being diagnosed with breast cancer is an overwhelming experience,especially for young women of childbearing age, because they often find themselves in acomplex life situation. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe nurses’ experiences ofwhat is important in caring for young women with breast cancer. Method: The data wascollected by semi-structured qualitative interviews according to Kvale and Brinkmann. The transcribed interviews have been analyzed to understand their meaning. Results: Caring ofyoung women with breast cancer do not differ from other patient groups. Although allpatients should be treated on equal terms, caring should be individualized. Importantelements, such as deep conversations, are perceived as difficult in caring and referred toother professionals. However, the nurses stress the importance of these conversations to geta relationship with the patients. Discussion: A caring relationship is important in order toget access to what patients considers important in caring. Without a caring relationship, it isimpossible to give the patients the right support. Caring should be individualized becausethe perception of health is subjective. The nurses seem unfamiliar with self reflection whichshows in their unwillingness to discuss sensitive topics.

  • 220.
    Afzelius, Åsa
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Lundahl, Christina
    Halmstad University.
    Ett sista hopp: Obotligt sjuka patienters uppfattningar om dödshjälp2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den moderna sjukvårdens avancerade resurser räddar många liv, men kan också leda till ett utdraget och plågsamt döende. I ett fåtal länder i världen är eutanasi och läkarassisterat självmord ett val för den som drabbats av en obotlig sjukdom som leder till döden. Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva obotligt sjuka patienters uppfattningar om dödshjälp. En litteraturstudie genomfördes och relevanta sökord som motsvarade syftet användes vid artikelsökning. Vid bearbetning av data framkom tre olika kategorier med subkategorier som motsvarade de olika uppfattningarna. Resultatet visar att positiva uppfattningar till dödshjälp kan bero på patientens egna syn på värdighet, självbestämmande och hopp, medan negativa uppfattningar till dödshjälp kan bero på rädsla eller religion. Även kommunikation med vårdpersonal kan påverka patienters uppfattningar om dödshjälp. För att möta obotlig sjuka patienters behov den sista tiden i livet behövs det kunskap om alla sorters tankar patienten kan ha, detta gäller även tankar om dödshjälp. Vidare forskning inom området dödshjälp behövs för att möta alla utmaningar som det innebär när patienter önskar hjälp med att dö.

  • 221.
    Agartz, Julia
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ghebrehiwet, Miriam
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Anhörigas upplevelser av palliativ vård2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 222.
    Agaskova, Natalja
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Bakoev, Temur
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Anhöriga: Vems liv lever jag?: Litteraturöversikt om anhörigas erfarenheter av att leva med en familjemdelem som lider av psykisk sjukdom2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 223.
    Agduhr, Therese
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Grundh, Camilla
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Psykisk stress och depressiva symtom hos tonåringar med diabetes typ 12011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a chronic disease that affects children and adolescents. Diabetes treatment demands the parents and teenagers to be aware of the treatment and the complications of the disease that might occur if there is low compliance to the treatment. Diabetes type 1 may create a psychological stress due to the importance of achieving satisfactory blood glucose values. Previous research shows that teenagers with type 1 diabetes tend to be at risk for developing depression. Being a teenager with type 1 diabetes and a contemporary diagnosis of depression impairs adherence to diabetes treatment. Purpose: To describe the factors that contribute to psychological stress and depressive symtoms among adolescentes with type 1 diabetes. Method: A literature review based on 13 scientific articles with quantitative data. Results: Six factors were presented as contributing to the fact that adolescents with type 1 diabetes may suffer from psychological stress and depressive symtoms. The factors were: blood sugar control, family conflicts related to diabetes, family structure, gender, and psychological stress and time from onset. Conclusion: Each one of the factors might end up in psychological stress and depressive symtoms, but each factor also as an isolated phenomenon for teenagers with type 1 diabetes. 

  • 224.
    Agefur, Anders
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Orshammar, Maria
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Postoperativ shivering efter laparoskopisk kirurgi: en pilotstudie2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Shivering is a phenomenon that occurs in patients postoperatively. This means that the patient has uncontrollable muscles tremors which allow the patient to tremble or shiver in more than 15 seconds. Previous research shows that shivering have a negative effect on the body, but is also an unpleasant and unnecessary suffering for the patient. In step, with today's rapid development in technology, more and more patients undergo surgery with laparoscopic techniques. The pilot- study aimed to investigate the incidence of postoperative shivering in patients who were surgical operated with laparoscopic technique. This empirical study has been done with a quantitative approach. Self-designed questionnaires, together with an instrument were used in the data col-lection. The pilot study enrolled 33 patients in the age range 23-78 years. The results of the pilot study suggest that the presence of shivering was little in relation to laparoscopic surgery, six (n = 6) of all (n = 33) patients in the study was shivering. When the study is made of a small scale is the result not possible to generalize, but you can still see that certain stressors, such as anesthesia drugs may contribute the patient shivering.

  • 225.
    Ager, Emily
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Sevelin, Lisa
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Handhygien inom akutsjukvård2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMMANFATTNING

    Inledning Vårdrelaterade infektioner är infektionstillstånd som drabbar patienter till följd av sjukhusvistelse eller behandling inom vården. Tidig förespråkare gällande hygien var bland andra Florence Nightingale (1820-1910). Ämnet hygien är fortfarande aktuellt då smittspridningen ökar inom vården trots att det finns noggranna riktlinjer och god kunskap om hur detta ska förhindras. World health organization och Control disease center har utvecklat internationella riktlinjer för hur god vårdhygien bör bedrivas för att förhindra smittspridning. I Sverige finns riktlinjer framtagna av Socialstyrelsen om vårdhygien som har till syfte att förhindra smittspridning Den vanligaste smittvägen är kontaktsmitta via personalens händer och detta kan till stor del undvikas med god handhygien. Forskning visar att det kan innebära hög arbetsbelastning både psykiskt och fysiskt att arbeta som sjuksköterska inom akutsjukvård på grund av den stressiga miljön. Denna studie avser att undersöka hur följsamheten av handhygienrutiner hos sjuksköterskor inom akutsjukvård ser ut, vilka faktorer som kan påverka följsamheten av handhygienrutiner inom akutsjukvård samt vilka förbättringsåtgärder som prövats inom området.

    Syfte Syftet med studien var att belysa följsamheten av handhygienrutiner hos vårdpersonal inom akutsjukvård.

    Metod Litteraturstudie valdes som metod för studien. Metoden valdes för att undersöka det nuvarande kunskapsläget inom det valda området. Resultatet i studien är baserat på vetenskapliga artiklar som noga valts ut från databaserna Pubmed och Cinahl där sökningarna gjordes. Till resultatet valdes och sammanställdes 15 artiklar som svarade på studiens syfte och frågeställningar.

    ResultatI resultatet framkom det att följsamheten av handhygienrutiner inom akutsjukvård generellt var låg bland vårdpersonal. Flera faktorer påverkade följsamheten av handhygien inom akutsjukvård, en del positivt och andra negativt. Faktorer som ledde till ökad följsamhet var aktiv utbildning, ökad kunskap och återkoppling. Faktorer som påverkade följsamheten negativt var tidsbrist, ömma och torra händer och att handskar användes. Förbättringsarbeten under längre tid med återkoppling visade sig ha bäst effekt i form av ökad och kvarstående följsamhet av handhygienrutiner inom akutsjukvård.

    Slutsats Studien har visat att följsamheten av handhygienrutiner inom akutsjukvård generellt är låg då enbart en studie visade på hög följsamhet. Det framkom att flera faktorer påverkar följsamheten av handhygien inom akutsjukvård. Återkommande utbildning med fokus på återkoppling hade betydande positiv påverkan på följsamheten. Omfattande förbättringsarbeten under lång tid har visat sig öka följsamheten.

  • 226.
    Agerberg, Elin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ericsson, Carin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Att leva med döden i farstun: En kvalitativ studie av kvinnors berättelser på internet om att leva med obotlig cancer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to examine how women living with incurable cancer described the palliative phase based on their own stories on the Internet. Method: The study was performed with qualitative descriptive approach and included six blogs written by women diagnosed with incurable cancer. The Google search was used to collect data and the keywords were “incurable cancer” and "blog”. To answer the aim of the study a qualitative content analysis, according to Graneheim and Lundman (2004), was performed. Results: The women experienced physical and social changes as well as psychological pressure and they used various strategies to manage their lives. The women felt that both daily life and relationships changed due to the disease and it turned out that relatives had an important supporting role to play. A strategy of great importance was communication and some of the women highlighted the importance of getting to talk about their illness and death. It was revealed that the women experienced writing meaningful for themselves and also for others. Conslusions: The study provides a greater understanding to the experience of living with incurable cancer. It also gives an opportunity to understand the coping strategies that patients use to manage their lives. A personal story on the Internet is a relatively new source of greater knowledge, as seen from the patient's perspective. The Internet is a growing forum that in healthcare should be seen as a resource for gathering information.

  • 227.
    Agerberg, Sandra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Norberg, Carina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Faktorer av betydelse för god palliativ omvårdnadsett ur ett patientperspektiv- en litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this literature review was to, from a patient point of view, identify factors within the specialized palliative care that constituted good care from the.Method: A systematic literature review was undertaken. Fifteen articles were reviewed. Thirteen of these were qualitative and two were quantitative.Results: Four categories were identified: self determination, capability of the nurse, nursing relations and maintaining dignity.The patients self determination was a central part of nursing. Delegating control and self determination from a patient to a nurse is also a form of self determination.Capable nurses instill trust and gave patients the opportunity of more alternatives when it came to choices concerning the care of the patient.A good relation with the nurse could give the patient a feeling of being important and being a part of something bigger, despite lack of family or friends. Important factors regarding patient-nurse relations were continuity and nurse accessibility.Maintaining dignity included being seen as the human being that the patient was before the terminal illness was diagnosed.Conclusion: Patients noted several factors as important for good palliative care. These could be summarized as self determination, nurse capability, nursing relations and maintaining dignity.

  • 228.
    Agerbjer, Emma
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Karlsson, Marie
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    SJUKSKÖTERSKORS INSTÄLLNING OCH ANVÄNDANDE AV FYSISK AKTIVITET PÅ RECEPT (FaR®): en enkätstudie2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Fysisk aktivitet är all kroppsrörelse som resulterar i ökad energiförbrukning. Genom att vara fysisk aktiv så minskar risken att drabbas av flera sjukdomar. Balans och muskelstyrka förbättras och risk för benskörhet minskar. Fysisk aktivitet kan användas både i förebyggande syfte och som behandling av sjukdom. Sedan 2001 har fysisk aktivitet kunnat förskrivas på recept (FaR®). FaR® innebär att en läkare, sjuksköterska, sjukgymnast eller annan legitimerad vårdpersonal kan ordinera fysisk aktivitet på ett liknande sätt som läkemedel.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att kartlägga inställning till och användande av fysisk aktivitet på recept (FaR®) hos sjuksköterskor i primärsjukvården inom Växjö kommun.

    Metod: Metoden som användes var en kvantitativ enkätundersökning som genomfördes på sjuksköterskor på elva vårdcentraler inom Växjö kommun. Svarsfrekvensen var 73 %.

    Resultat: De flesta sjuksköterskorna i studien diskuterade ofta fysisk aktivitet med sina patienter. Inställningen till FaR® var övervägande positiv, en knapp fjärdedel hade förskrivit FaR®.

    Slutsatser: Sjuksköterskor är mycket eller ganska positiva till att ordinera FaR® i förebyggande syfte och merparten av dem är positiva till att ordinera FaR® i behandlande syfte. En trolig slutsats är att FaR® kommer att användas i större utsträckning i framtiden under förutsättning att tillräcklig utbildning och uppföljning görs.

  • 229.
    Agerlind, Emma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Musikens betydelse vid omvårdnad av individer med demenssjukdom2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 230.
    Aggebrink, Jenny
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Larsson, Stefan
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Wikås, Carina
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Unga vuxnas erfarenheter av att ha fått diagnosen ADHD2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Living with ADHD can lead to a number of problems for the individuals receiving the

    diagnosis. Social- and psychological difficulties and other mental illnesses like

    depression and anxiety are all conditions that can occur when individuals are

    diagnosed with ADHD. Based on these facts it is urgent to examine young adult’s

    own experiences of what it means to live with an ADHD diagnosis to find ways to

    reduce the risks following the diagnosis. This study’s aim turns focus on young adults

    with ADHD, and the purpose is to increase the knowledge in what’s important after

    receiving a diagnosis from a nursing perspective. Four young women who all had

    received their diagnosis during the past year were recruited to the study. The

    informants were randomized from a children's psychiatric registry in Region Halland

    .

    The informants were contacted by phone and asked to participate in the study. Before

    the interviews started they were asked to fill in a consent form. The findings from

    your study clearly show a correlation between ADHD and other troubles in young

    adults everyday life. The majority of the informants describe feelings of exclusion

    with multiple failures in adaption as a result. Receiving a diagnosis contributed to get

    an explanation for their troubles, not only for themselves but to their environment as

    well. The result of the study also show the group's fear of changing health care

    contact mainly concerning the transition from child psychiatry for adult psychiatry.

    The study shows a high prevalence of trouble among individuals who have ADHD

    but also what an enormous personal profit it may mean getting diagnosis when the

    support can be individually adjusted. The study is based on only four informants and

    the result is therefore not possible to generalize on a larger group, however, the study

    can be used as background for a larger study with more informants. The current state

    of scientific knowledge in the field today are insufficient and most facts are based on

    individuals own experiences. We hope that our findings can contribute to further

    research that can benefit the nursing care for the patients.

  • 231.
    Aghajani, Jana
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Odén, Ann-Charlotte
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters erfarenheter av cancerrelaterad smärta i palliativ vård: En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Smärterfarenheter är subjektiva, enskilda upplevelser, som kan framträda varierande och är vanligt förekommande vid långt gångna cancersjukdomar. Palliativ vård månar om patientens välbefinnande genom att se den hela människan och bland annat tidigt identifiera och behandla olika typer av smärta. I begreppet smärta ingår de olika dimensionerna av fysisk, psykisk, social och andlig/existentiell smärta. Dessa olika smärttillstånd kan samverka med varandra och förstärka den upplevda smärtan. Detta är smärtor som påverkar den cancersjuke patientens välbefinnande och välmående i dennes sista dagar.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturöversikt var att beskriva patienters erfarenheter av cancerrelaterad smärta i palliativ vård.

    Metod: Litteraturöversikten är grundad på elva vårdvetenskapliga artiklar: sju kvalitativa, två kvantitativa och två med både kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats. Artiklarnas innehåll analyserades och resultat presenterades med fyra teman.

    Resultat: Resultat av denna litteraturöversikt presenterades med fyra huvudkategorier: smärtans olika uttryck, smärtlindringsstrategier, smärtans inflytande på livssituationen och vårdens hantering och bemötande av patienters smärta. Resultatet visade att patienter erfor fysisk, psykologisk, social och existentiell/andlig cancerrelaterad smärta i palliativ vård. Det framkom att både farmakologiska och icke-farmakologiska smärtlindringsmetoder användes av patienter. Rädsla för biverkningar av opioider belystes av patienter. Det visade sig att smärtan påverkade negativt patienters vardagliga liv, möjligheter att utföra aktiviteter samt bibehålla nära relationer. Patienters rädsla för stigande smärta visade sig ibland vara större än rädsla för döden. Patienter betonade betydelsen av att förbättrad kommunikation, förståelse, förtroende, kompetens och engagemang från vårdpersonal när det gällde patienters smärtbehandling.

    Diskussion: Katie Erikssons vårdteori användes vid resultatdiskussionen. Resultatet visade att patienter med cancerrelaterad smärta i palliativ vård hade liknande erfarenheter, tankar och problem gällande sin smärta, samt sjuksköterskornas sätt att möta smärta. Det framkom ett behov av kompetensutveckling angående sjuksköterskors ansvar och förhållningssätt gentemot patienters smärta i palliativ vård.

  • 232.
    Agheli, Nahal
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Svensson, Johan
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Patienters skattning av postoperativt illamående och kräkning efter robotassisterad prostatektomi2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Robotic assisted prostatectomy requires special circumstances for the patient regarding their positioning. They lay with the head tilted down 45 degrees in a position called Trendelenburg and their bowel is insufflated with carbon dioxide which both can cause nausea and vomiting. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of postoperative nausea and vomiting 24 hours after a robotic assisted prostatectomy. The patients valued their own nausea according to the MANE-scale which is a 7-pointed scale. The method used was a quantitative non- experimental pilot study. 20 patients participated in the study. The result showed that more than a third of the patients were nauseas or vomited within 24 hours after surgery. Of all 20 participants only one had received antiemetics in preventing purpose. The conclusion was that this study should be proceeded and a larger number of patients should be evaluated too see if there is a need to adjust the antiemethic prophylaxis for this patientgroup in the future.

  • 233.
    Agic, Aida
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ek, Manuel
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Fördomar mot manliga sjuksköterskor2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 234.
    Agius, Angeline
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Lallet, Sophie
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    "Somatik inom psykiatrin är svårt": En intervjustudie om sjuksköterskors upplevelser av det somatiska omvårdnadsarbetet inom psykiatrisk slutenvård2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patients with mental illness are at increased risk for physical illness. The number of patients that are admitted to the psychiatric inpatient care has increased over the past decade. The nurse should be able to observe and manage the patient's mental need as well as their physical needs. They should also have a holistic and ethical approach and their work should be based on evidence and science. Aim: The aim of this study was to explore nurses' experiences regarding the care of patients with somatic conditions in psychiatric inpatient care. Method: This study is an empirical study with a descriptive qualitative approach based on semi-structured interviews with four nurses working in a psychiatric inpatient ward. A manifest content analysis was used to analyze the interview material. Results: The analysis emerged into three main categories which describe the experiences of the nurses. The categories are: 1) Experiences of somatic care, 2) The importance of knowledge and 3) Cooperation between the psychiatric and somatic care. Conclusion: The majority of the nurses in this study felt that the somatic care was difficult. Their resources are limited when somatically ill patients are admitted to the ward. They also experience that it is hard to keep the knowledge updated regarding somatic care and that there is a need for training. The nurses also felt that health care was divided between the somatic and the psychiatric care, although some patients are in need of the expertise and professionalism from both the somatic and psychiatric care. Clinical significance: The results of the study may contribute to provide a greater understanding of which factors that influence nurses' experiences of the care of patients with somatic conditions in psychiatric inpatient care.

  • 235.
    Agmyr, Pernilla
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Nilsson, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Vilken är min roll? - Föräldrars upplevelse av delaktighet i barns omvårdnad på sjukhus2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Parent participation in the nursing care of their children in hospital haven´t always been obvious. Not until after the Second World War children´s need of their parents in hospitals were elucidated by researchers within psychology and nursing. Despite continued development of parent participation within children’s nursing care there is still deficiencies in that area. The aim of the study was to describe parent’s perception of participation in the nursing care of their children in hospital. The result shows parental perceptions of participation in the nursing care of children in hospital based on twelve scientific articles. The result includes four categories of participation which elucidate parental perceptions of; being present, information, decision-making, practical nursing care. The conclusion describes parent’s positive and negative perceptions of participation. Suggestions on further national studies within the area and in relation to the gender perspective are given. The futures care development with education on the subject could be national guidelines, Standardized Care Plan and e-hälsa.

  • 236.
    Agnas, Maja
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies.
    Holmenäs, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies.
    Egenvårdsråd vid ”Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease”. Effekter och följsamhet   En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 237.
    Agnas, Maja
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Holmenäs, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Egenvårdsråd vid "Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease". Effekter och följsamhet: En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet var att undersöka vilka egenvårdsråd och effekterna av dessa som finns beskrivna i litteraturen vid NAFLD samt hur följsamheten av dessa beskrivs. Studien utfördes som en litteraturöversikt som inkluderade 16 artiklar, alla med kvantitativ ansats. Resultatet visade att livsstilsförändringar i form av fysisk aktivitet och ändrade matvanor var det bästa sättet för att minska NAFLD. Viktminskning hade en god effekt på NAFLD och även små viktminskningar reducerade mängden fett i levern. Det framkom även att fysisk aktivitet utan viktminskning var effektivt för att reducera mängden fett i levern. Vidare visade det sig att följsamheten ökade med individuellt utformade program och kontinuerlig stöttning. Förutsättningar för att uppnå livsstilsförändringar ökade med realistiskt uppsatta mål.

  • 238.
    Agnblad, Lisa
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University College.
    Eriksson, Karin
    Sophiahemmet University College.
    Postoperativ omvårdnad av patienter som upplevt awareness under generell anestesi2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 239.
    Agnes, Jedvik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Anna, Arnljots
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av tolk inom hälso- och sjukvård: En systematisk litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Commutative obstacles due to language difficulties are gradually increasing with migration. Consequences due to linguistic barriers may lead to misunderstandings or failures of information between patients and healthcare professionals. The availability of authorized hospital interpreters is significantly lower than the demand from patients who are in need for an interpreter. The Swedish Patient Act determines that all patients should be informed about their disease situation, upcoming treatment and aftercare. Aim: To describe patients' experiences of using interpreters in healthcare. Method: A systematic literature study of eleven scientific articles. Searches were made in the PubMed and CINAHL databases. Result: The analysis of included articles resulted in six themes, which were equal care, satisfaction with individualized interpreters, lack of trust, disability, fear for misunderstanding and when the interpreter is a family member. Conclusion: Patients experience access to a professional interpreter positively. However, there are significant deficiencies regarding interpreters in healthcare today. The ability to achieve person-centered care is complicated by the shortcomings that patients experience in the conversation via interpreter. Likewise, patients' ability to participate in their own care situation is complicated.

  • 240.
    Agnsäter, Elin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Arnesson, Jacob
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av en kort vårdtid och ett snabbt vårdförlopp2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 241.
    Agren, Susanna
    et al.
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, 581 83 Linköping, Sweden and Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Ivarsson, Bodil
    Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Clinical Sciences, Lund University, 221 85 Lund, Sweden and Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery/THAI, Sk˚ane University Hospital and Medical Services, 221 85 Lund, Sweden.
    Rönning, Helén
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    The Unsteady Mainstay of the Family: Now Adult Children's Retrospective View on Social Support in Relation to Their Parent's Heart Transplantation.2014In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The needs for support among children with a seriously ill parent, who is waiting for heart transplantation, are unknown today. The aim was to describe now adult children's experiences of social support in relation to a parent's heart transplant during childhood. Nine females and four males were interviewed. The median age for the children was 18 at the transplantation and their parents had been ill before for 18 months (median) and on waiting list for 161 days (mean). Three categories emerged: health care professionals' approaches, family and friends' approaches, and society approaches. Our results show that there was lack of support for children of heart transplantation patients. Support in the shape of information was in most cases provided by the sick or healthy parent. It is of great clinical importance to develop psychosocial support programs for children with a seriously ill parent waiting for heart transplantation (before, during, and after surgery).

  • 242.
    Agren, Susanna
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Dept Cardiothorac Surg, Lund, Sweden.;Linkoping Univ, Dept Med & Hlth Sci, Div Nursing Sci, Linkoping, Sweden.;Linkoping Univ, Dept Cardiothorac Surg, Linkoping, Sweden..
    Sjoberg, Trygve
    Lund Univ, Dept Cardiothorac Surg, Lund, Sweden.;Skane Univ Hosp Lund, Dept Cardiothorac Surg, Lund, Sweden..
    Ekmehag, Björn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Wiborg, Maj-Britt
    Skane Univ Hosp Lund, Dept Cardiol, Lund, Sweden..
    Ivarsson, Bodil
    Lund Univ, Dept Cardiothorac Surg, Lund, Sweden.;Skane Univ Hosp Lund, Dept Cardiothorac Surg, Lund, Sweden..
    Psychosocial aspects before and up to 2years after heart orlung transplantation: Experience of patients and their nextof kin2017In: Clinical Transplantation, ISSN 0902-0063, E-ISSN 1399-0012, Vol. 31, no 3, article id e12905Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundPsychosocial factors are important for patients undergoing heart (HTx) or lung (LTx) transplantation and for their next of kin (NoK). AimTo describe health-related quality of life (HRQoL; patients only), anxiety, depression, stress, coping ability, and burden (NoK only) for patients and their NoK before and up to 2years after HTx or LTx. DesignAdult patients (28 hearts and 26 lungs) and their appointed NoK were surveyed with questionnaires about specific psychosocial topics when they were accepted for the transplantation waiting list and 6months, 1year, and 2years after transplantation. FindingsPatients' coping ability and self-perceived health were low at baseline and improved over time after transplantation. However, lung patients took longer time to recover in terms of HRQoL, depression, and stress than heart patients. Similarly, NoK of lung patients experienced a higher burden and more stress 1year after transplantation than NoK of heart patients. ConclusionsHealthcare professionals should be aware of the psychosocial challenges patients and their NoK face in daily living and provide support both before and after heart or lung transplantation.

  • 243.
    Ahderine, Veronica
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Lagerbäck, Madeleine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Upplevelser av given omvårdnad. - Utifrån personer med Anorexia nervosa.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 244.
    Ahderinne, Camilla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Föräldrars upplevelse av att få ett förtidigt fött barn - En litteraturstudie.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 245.
    Ahl, Carin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Larsson, Anna
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Body Mass Index hos 16-åringar under fyra år: Epidemiologisk studie2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 246.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    Nyström, Maria
    University of Borås, School of Health Science.
    To Handle the Unexpected: The meaning of caring in pre-hospital emergency care2012In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 33-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The patient’s voice has not been present to the same degree as the professional perspective in caring research in a pre-hospital context. In order to further develop and improve pre-hospital care, it is therefore important to explore patients’ situations not only in life threatening but also in non-traumatic situations. This is especially important as these patients might be defined as inappropriate attendees of ambulance services. The aim of this study was to interpret and explain experiences of caring in pre-hospital care situations that are not defined as traumatic or life threatening. Twenty informants aged between 34 and 82 years were interviewed. The design of the study was exploratory, and it used an interpretative approach in order to understand the meaning of pre-hospital caring. The findings show that pre-hospital caring can be understood and explained as a matter of interplay between carer(s) and patient with potentials for positive as well as negative outcomes. Our conclusion is that the initial meeting is of vital importance in how patients experience pre-hospital care. It is suggested that general public information on the development of Swedish pre-hospital care received in turn may facilitate the first encounter between patient and carer(s).

  • 247.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Nyström, Maria
    To handle the unexpected: the meaning of caring in pre-hospital emergency care2012In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 33-41Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The patient's voice has not been present to the same degree as the professional perspective in caring research in a pre-hospital context. In order to further develop and improve pre-hospital care, it is therefore important to explore patients' situations not only in life threatening but also in non-traumatic situations. This is especially important as these patients might be defined as inappropriate attendees of ambulance services. The aim of this study was to interpret and explain experiences of caring in pre-hospital care situations that are not defined as traumatic or life threatening. Twenty informants aged between 34 and 82 years were interviewed. The design of the study was exploratory, and it used an interpretative approach in order to understand the meaning of pre-hospital caring. The findings show that pre-hospital caring can be understood and explained as a matter of interplay between carer(s) and patient with potentials for positive as well as negative outcomes. Our conclusion is that the initial meeting is of vital importance in how patients experience pre-hospital care. It is suggested that general public information on the development of Swedish pre-hospital care received in turn may facilitate the first encounter between patient and carer(s). 

  • 248.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. School of Health Sciences, University Collage of Borås, SE-501, 90 Borås, Sweden.
    Nyström, Maria
    Jansson, Lilian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Making up one's mind: patients' experiences of calling an ambulance2006In: Accident and Emergency Nursing, ISSN 0965-2302, E-ISSN 1532-9267, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 11-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of the inappropriate use of ambulance transport and care has mainly been studied from the professionals' and caregivers' perspective, with few studies focusing on the patient and his/her experiences. To further understand whether patients use ambulance care in an inappropriate manner and, if so, why, it is important to obtain an overall picture of the patients' existential situation at the time they call an ambulance. The aim of this study was to analyse and describe patients' experiences related to the decision to call an ambulance and the wait for it to arrive. The design was explorative, and twenty informants aged between 34 and 82 years were interviewed. Qualitative content analyses were performed. The findings showed that calling for an ambulance is a major decision that is preceded by hesitation and attempts to handle the situation by oneself. Our conclusion is that the definition of inappropriate use of valuable health care resources should not be based solely on the professionals' point of view but also take account of the patients' reactions when they experience a threat to their life and health.

  • 249.
    Ahl, Lina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Eriksson, Sandra-Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Språkbarriärer i vården av barn: Vad sjuksköterskor anser om informationsutbyte och hjälpmedel2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Background Research has shown that health care in another language than the patient’s main language can affect the outcome of treatment in a negative way. It is of great importance when children are patients that the foundation of health care feels safe and trustworthy since the way of viewing health care will affect the rest of the child’s life.

     

    Aim Examine nurses experience of giving and receiving information in the care of children when children and/or relatives do not understand/speak Swedish. Another aim is to examine if there is any strategies and tools that are being used to give correct information and if the nurses believe the tools help them or not.

     

    Method The study is a descriptive study with quantitative approach and a quantitative content analysis contenting a qualitative part. Surveys were handed out on pediatric wards and clinics on a hospital in the middle of Sweden. In total, 44 nurses replied.

     

    Result The respondents believed that they sometimes could give and receive information to and from patients and relatives. A majority said there was a strategy on their ward and half of them thought the strategy was working well. All of the respondents said tools were available. The best tool was interpreter at the scene. Most accessible was telephone interpreter.  

     

    Conclusion No one of the participating nurses believed they could give information correctly to patients or and relatives that do not speak or and understand Swedish. This reveals an uncertainty whether the right information has been given or received. The majority of the nurses believed that they sometimes can give and receive correct information to/from patients and relatives that do not speak and or understand Swedish. Mostly there was a strategy available and tools were always available. Telephone interpreter was the most accessible tool and interpreter at the scene was the best option, although there were some questions considering the quality of for example the medical knowledge of the interpreter. Booking of an interpreter took a lot of planning ahead and there is a need for more bookings.

  • 250.
    Ahl, Lisa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Gustafsson, Petra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kvinnors upplevlse av urinläckage efter graviditet: en intervjustudie2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
2345678 201 - 250 of 24523
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf