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  • 201.
    Bostedt, Göran
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Westerholm,
    Reorganized Public Services - the case of Citizens Offices in Sweden.2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 202.
    Bostedt, Göran
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Westerholm,
    The occupational health Seevice in Sweden - Efforts in up-dating its competence in line with client demands and changing occupational hazards: Konferens2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 203. Boëthius, Göran
    et al.
    Lisspers, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Weimer, Kerstin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Operation Tobaksfri: Avvänjningsstöd till patienter som ska genomgå operation2005Report (Other scientific)
  • 204. Brandsen, T.
    et al.
    Pestoff, Victor
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Co-production, the third sector and the delivery of public services - An introduction2006In: Public Management Review, ISSN 1471-9037, E-ISSN 1471-9045, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 493-501Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, public management research has paid increasing attention to the third sector, especially to its role in the provision of public services. Evidence of this is the rising number of publications on the topic, as well as a growing number of sessions and papers on the topic in academic conferences of the EGPA and IRSPM. However, much of the discussion on its role is motivated at least as much by ideology as by fact. We still lack a comprehensive empirical understanding of what happens when the third sector is drawn into public service provision. In this collection on Co-Production: The Third Sector and the Delivery of Public Services, we will try to enhance this understanding by presenting several new studies on the subject. We also introduce the concepts of co-production, co-management and co-governance as a conceptual framework that enables us to better understand such developments.

  • 205.
    Brandum Granqvist, Meeri
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Att återvinna ett kulturarv: Den politiske entreprenören gör gammalt och nytt2010In: Entreprenörskap i regioners tjänst: Ingångar till nya näringar genom design, upplevelser, kulturarv / [ed] Bengt Johannisson & David Rylander, Jönköping: EIDI, Jönköping International Business School , 2010, p. 75-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Glesbygden har de senaste decennierna genomgått förändringar som lett bland annat till en omfattande utflyttning samt ett ständigt minskande serviceutbud. Många försök har gjorts att vända utvecklingen och i vissa fall har man lyckats. Finns det några recept på framgång inom glesbygdsutveckling? Kan det finnas en lösning på problemet i att hämta inspiration ur ett kulturarv, att hämta idéer från det förgångna för att blicka framåt? I projektet som beskrivs i detta kapitel har man försökt göra just detta och initiativet togs av ett antal politiska entreprenörer – politiker eller tjänstemän som agerat entreprenöriellt för att förändra policy eller institutioner. Tack vare det entreprenöriella agerandet lyckades en liten bygd få igenom ett mångmiljonprojekt som strävar efter att vända den negativa trenden både kortsiktigt och långsiktigt. Projektet genomsyras av en nerifrån-och-upp-mentalitet och innehåller prioriteringar som arbetats fram i samarbete med lokalt näringsliv och byalag. Huruvida projektet kommer att lyckas kommer framtiden att utvisa, men det verkar ändå som att det politiska entreprenörskapet kan vara en kraft att räkna med i framtiden – både i just den här bygden och på andra platser.

  • 206.
    Brandum Granqvist, Meeri
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Who has the last laugh?: About the entrepreneurial politician as an unconventional problem solver2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Politicians as well as entrepreneurs are surrounded by random preconceived notions, some that when you look closely turn out to be incorrect and others that turn out to be rather close to the real picture. In the rather widely debated issue of contempt towards politicians the traditional politician has been described as a person who says one thing but does another. The entrepreneur on the other hand is described by many as curious, creative, independent, devoted, optimistic and visionary.

    This paper will put the entrepreneurial politician in focus and study if and how the political evolution is affected when the politicians act more according to the stereotype of an entrepreneur than that of a politician. It will put the entrepreneurial political into context.

    The empirical material will be constituted by the study of a number of municipal politicians active in two municipalities in Norway (Lierne and Røyrvik) and parts of two municipalities in Sweden (Frostviken and Hotagen). These study objects were chosen due to the fact that there is an ongoing project in the region in question where the four entities together are involved in a cross-national attempt to solve rather traditional peripherality issues. What separates these politicians from other politicians in demographically and economically challenged municipalities is how they have made an attempt to think “outside of the box”. They have used a different rhetoric and an unconventional way of thinking about problem solving. These politicians are visionaries, dreamers and acteurs who have decided to take the measures necessary to stop the downward spiral of development in their home regions.

    In the cases that will be examined it has also been possible to find actors that directly or indirectly have opposed the work in progress or have regarded it with scepticism and/or indifference. But who will have the last laugh? Will it be the entrepreneurial politician who sees his home district rise above its difficulties or will it be the sceptical spectator?

  • 207.
    Bring, Annika
    et al.
    Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Box 593/BMC, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 75124, Sweden.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health, Care and Social Wellfare, Västerås, Sweden.
    Wasteson, Elisabet
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Asenlof, Pernilla
    Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Box 593/BMC, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 75124, Sweden.
    Daily stressors in patients with acute whiplash associated disorders2012In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 34, no 21, p. 1783-1789Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Stressors in acute whiplash associated disorders (WAD), as reported on a daily basis, have hitherto been neglected in research. The primary aim of this study was to describe the most stressful daily situation or event reported by individuals with acute WAD within a month of a whiplash trauma. Another aim was to describe the meaning and significance of these daily stressors, i.e. primary appraisal. Method: A descriptive design with a content analysis approach was used. 260 WAD-daily coping assessments (WAD-DCA) generated during 1 week by 51 participants with acute WAD were included in the study. Stressors were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results: The reported stressors generated 13 categories covering a wide range of stressful situations in daily life related to (i) work, (ii) physical symptoms, (iii) feelings and cognitions, (iv) family and home responsibilities and (v) recreation. The majority of the stressors were appraised as "expected" as well as "disabling". Most threatening stressors were related to work, driving and feelings/cognitions. Conclusions: The wide variety of stressors indicates that it is not only pain itself that influences daily life in acute WAD. Early identification of individual and situation-specific stressors gives new data regarding what bothers individuals suffering from WAD after a collision and may be helpful in understanding the coping process in relation to specific stressors and stressor appraisals.

  • 208. Broman, J
    et al.
    Lundh, Lars-Gunnar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vicious cycles of sleeplessness: A new scale for insomnia: Meeting abstract2003In: Sleep, 2003, p. A298-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 209.
    Brown, Patrick
    et al.
    University of Amsterdam.
    Olofsson, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Risk, Uncertainty and Policy2015Book (Refereed)
  • 210.
    Brulin, Emma
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Consequences and preparedness of pandemic influenza, a national consern: A study of the effect of the Asian Flu on the Swedish military2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1918, the Spanish flu pandemic killed an estimate number of between 50 and 100 million people worldwide. 40 years later a new influenza pandemic, the Asian flu spread throughout the world. The Asian flu hit a large proportion of the world’s population but the case-fatality rate was lower and an estimated number of 2 to 4 million people died in the pandemic. In order for today’s governments to formulate good preparedness plan for future influenza pandemics, studying previous pandemics can give better understanding of how the community might be affected. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the Asian flu pandemic on the Swedish military forces. By seeing if the regiment was affected by the Asian flu one can then assume that the whole society was affected. Data from Swedish regiments has been collected from the Defence Medical Administration Service at the National Archives and processed trough SPSS. The findings show that there where an increase of the amount of sick as well as the number of sick leaves during 1957 compared to previous and later years. Because of the increase in sick leaves one can draw the conclusion that the society has a great risk of being influenced. Hence, a preparedness plan will be even more important. Conclusion: The community is affected by influenza pandemic in both an economical and a societal level. The effects are short in time since infected recover quite quick. However, there are effects which could be better handled if the government is prepared and has conducted a plan for when the next pandemic influenza strikes.

  • 211. Brännlund, Runar
    et al.
    Nordström, Jonas
    Svedin, Dick
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Foreign ownership and effects on employment and wages:: The case of Sweden2004Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we study how foreign ownership of Swedish companies affect employment and wage setting. To study the effects we specify a model that is essentially based on the assumption that the Swedish labour market can be described as a market where trade unions and employers bargain over both wage and employment. Our hypothesis is that the bargaining power is affected by institutional settings and the ownership of the firm. The data we used to test our hypothesis is a panel data set including nearly 200 firms, spanning over the period 1980-1994. The results indicate that foreign ownership has no significant effect on employment and wage setting.

  • 212. Bröms, Peter
    et al.
    Eriksson, Johan
    Svensson, Bo
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Perspektiv på samarbetet i Barentsregionen1994In: Internationella studier, ISSN 0020-952X, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 213. Bröms, Peter
    et al.
    Eriksson, Johan
    Svensson, Bo
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Reconstructing Survival: evolving perspectives on Euro-Arctic politics1994Report (Other scientific)
  • 214.
    Burckhardt, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University. Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Quality management in the 21st century in the hotel industry: Does the guest move closer into the focus?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 215.
    Burman, Malin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Carleson, Mattias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    I de lugnaste vatten: Hur allmänheten påverkades av Cryptosporidium i Östersund2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Människor har olika riskuppfattningar beroende på tidigare erfarenheter, kulturell bakgrund och kunskap. Riskuppfattningarna kan skilja sig så att vissa människor upplever en inträffad händelse som en kris, medan andra upplever samma sak som en allvarlig händelse. Vid en kris eller allvarlig händelse prioriteras inte allmänhetens uppfattningar eller åsikter när ansvariga aktörer och myndigheter arbetar för att hitta orsaken till händelsen. Eftersom allmänheten är en stor grupp i samhället och är de som drabbas vid en kris eller allvarlig händelse, vill vi med denna studie undersöka hur de uppfattade det vattenburna Cryptosporidiumutbrottet i Östersund som pågick från november 2010 och tre månader framåt.

    För att genomföra studien har vi analyserat kvantitativa data från vår egen surveyundersökning som har genomförts med hjälp av enkäter. Den teoretiska referensram som ligger till grund för uppsatsen behandlar riskuppfattning samt kopplingar till risksamhället. De resultat som vi fick fram av studien visar att det finns signifikanta skillnader mellan ålder och hur man påverkades av Cryptosporidiumutbrottet, då i synnerlighet yngre påverkades mer av parasiten. Vidare finns stöd för detta resultat i tidigare forskning, som understödjer resonemanget att framförallt yngre personer påverkas mer av Cryptosporidium än äldre.

    Nyckelord: Vattenburen smitta, Cryptosporidium hominis, parasitutbrott, riskuppfattning och risksamhälle.

  • 216.
    Byberg, Lars-Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Framgångsrika exportörer: En studie av strategiska faktorers inverkan på mindre företags exportutfall2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate which factors that are of particular importance for export performance among small and medium-sized manufacturers. The present study concentrates on strategic factors that are within the powers of the exporters to influence themselves. Additionally, different ways of measuring export success are studied. The resourse based perspective on internationalization and the contingency theory of organizations are used as theoretical framework of the study. Three control variables have been choosen for the study: firm-size, line of business and region. A survey was conducted on a sample of 339 companies which have less than 200 employees each. They are located in eihter of two different regions of Sweden and are involved in one of two selected lines of businesses. 239 usable questionnaires were completed and those were analyzed with correlation analysis, component (factor) analysis and multiple regression analysis. The results indicate that commitment is the factor having the strongest relations with export success, and that background variables have the weakest relations. Of four different fields of strategic and general success factors, relationship marketing is the most essential one. On second place comes internal locus of control, and on third place knowledge orientation. The results show that of the strategic factors, those related to entrepreneurship are the least important for export success. One conclusion from the study is that, depending on how export success is defined and measured, the results differ slightly. The results show that larger companies are more professional in their actions than smaller ones, and for that reason more successful in exporting. Industries of more advanced technology have more elaborate export behaviour, and are therefore more successful than others. Concerning the location, it is concluded that different regions have different competitive advantages and that otherwise similar companies can experience differences in export success for that reason. In the study, companies with a more central location are more successful than others.

  • 217.
    Bäck, Lennart
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Friluftslivet i de svenska Lapplandsfjällen2002In: Utmark : tidsskrift for utmarksforskning, ISSN 1502-3532, Vol. 2002:3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 218.
    Bäck, Lennart
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Friluftslivet i norra Lapplandsfjällen2002In: Ymer, ISSN 0044-0477, p. 152-167Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 219.
    Bäck, Lennart
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Christiansson, Carl
    Bergen i fokus2002Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 220.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Eriksson, Lina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    A health-related Quality Management approach to evaluating health promotion activities.2011In: QMOD Conference on Quality and Service Sciences 2011: From LearnAbility & InnovAbility to SustainAbility / [ed] Carmen Jaca, San Sebastian: Servicios de Publicaciones Universidad de Navarra , 2011, p. 188-197Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper was to describe health promotion activities accomplished within a project and to measure the conditions for sustainable health within the case organizations. The purpose was also to test a previously developed measurement approach, which measures health-related Quality Management.

     

    Methodology/ApproachA health promotion project currently being carried out at eight Swedish elementary schools has been studied. In earlier research a measurement approach had been developed to measure health-related Quality Management. The approach was handed out to the co-workers at the eight different schools in the initial stage of the project.  The result was analyzed and the leaders at the schools were informed of the results of their own school and the mean value of all the eight schools. The consistency and reliability of the statements within the approach was  tested.

     

    Findings

    In the results a description of health promotion activities accomplished and planned within the project can be found. The results from the measurement of the health-related Quality Management in the eight schools is presented together with the mean score of all schools. The test of the measurement approach is presented and discussed.

    ValueA description of health promotion activities can help managers and project leaders to plan and carry out valuable health promotion activities in their striving for both sustainable health among the co-workers and efficient organizations. This measurement approach can help managers and project leaders to measure the starting point and also the effects of the health promotion activities.

  • 221.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Eriksson, Lina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    A health-related quality management approach to evaluating health promotion activities2012In: International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, ISSN 1756-669X, E-ISSN 1756-6703, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 76-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose

    – The purpose of this paper is to describe health promotion activities accomplished within a

    project and to measure the conditions for sustainable health within the case organizations. Also, the

    purpose is to test a previously developed measurement approach, which measures health-related

    quality management.

    Design/methodology/approach

    – A health promotion project currently being carried out at eight

    Swedish elementary schools has been studied. In earlier research a measurement approach was

    developed to measure health-related quality management. The approach was handed out to the

    co-workers at the eight different schools in the initial stage of the project. The leaders at the schools

    were informed of the results of their own school and the mean value of all the eight schools. The

    consistency and reliability of the statements within the approach was tested.

    Findings

    – A description of health promotion activities accomplished and planned within the project

    can be found. The results from the measurement of the health-related quality management in the eight

    schools are presented, together with the mean score of all schools. The test of the measurement

    approach is presented and discussed.

    Originality/value

    – A description of health promotion activities can help managers and project

    leaders to plan and carry out valuable health promotion activities in their striving for both sustainable

    health among the co-workers and efficient organizations. This measurement approach can help

    managers and project leaders to measure the effects of the health promotion activities.

  • 222.
    Bångman, Gunnel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Samhällsekonomisk lönsamhet av snabbtåget Mittlinjen1995Report (Other academic)
  • 223.
    Bångman, Gunnel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Snabbare tåg - ändrade resvanor: utvärdering av Mittlinjen, etapp 21994Report (Other academic)
  • 224.
    Bångman, Gunnel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Viktad cost-benefit analys: en metod att ta hänsyn till inkomstfördelning i välfärdsanalyser1997Report (Other academic)
  • 225. Canadi, M
    et al.
    Höpken, W
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Visualization of Customer Cards with 2D Codes2011In: Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2011 / [ed] Law, R., Fuchs, M. & Ricci, F., New York: Springer, 2011, p. 215-227Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 226. Canadi, Michael
    et al.
    Höpken, Wolfram
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Application of QR Codes in Online Travel Distribution2010In: Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2010 / [ed] Gretzel, U, Law, R., Fuchs, M., Vienna, New York: Springer, 2010, p. in print-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile services support various situations in everyday life and with the spread of mobile internet and better equipped mobile devices mobile services are becoming increasingly important, especially in tourism. Mobile tagging, based on QR codes or similar approaches, offers a technique to increase the accessibility of mobile services. In this paper potential applications of QR Codes in tourism, and specifically within a cultural institution (the Mercedes-Benz Museum), are identified and prototypically implemented. In a second step, these application scenarios are evaluated within a test user study. Results show that both, usability and intention to use the services are potentially high and QR codes are able to provide additional comfort in accessing mobile content and services.

  • 227. Carlbring, Örjan
    et al.
    Fredman, PeterMid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Konferens och mötesplats för Natur- och kulturturism: Skydd av natur och kultur - död hand eller lönsam upplevelseindustri? Turistföretagande i natur- och kulturmiljöer - en framtidsbransch? 12-13 november 2003, Campus, Mitthögskolan, Östersund2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här publikationen är en dokumentation från en konferens i Östersund om natur- och kulturturism.

    Konferensens hade två huvudteman: Skydd av natur och kultur - död hand eller lönsam upplevelseindustri? Turistföretagande i natur- och kulturmiljöer - en framtidsbransch?

    Här är några av programpunkterna:- Nya naturvårdspolitiken - bevarande genom nyttjande   - Funky history - i Arns fotspår   - Turism - ett sätt att förmedla kulturarvet   - Militära skyddsområden - turistiska råvaror för skärgården?   - Världsarvet Birka - en balansgång mellan bevarande och exploatering   - Betala för rekreation i naturen - förutsättningar och lösningar   - Rovdjursturism - en tillgång!   - Kom och köp samisk kultur!   - Skogsturismen går att utveckla

  • 228.
    Carlson, Per
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Commentary: Russia's mortality crisis, alcohol and social transformation2009In: International Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0300-5771, E-ISSN 1464-3685, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 156-157Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 229.
    Carlson, Per
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Self-perceived health in east and west Europe.: Another European health divide1998In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 46, no 10, p. 1355-1366Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a great, and possibly also a growing, difference in public health between the central, eastern (CEE) and western European countries. Several suggestions have been put forward as explanations for this health divide. A broader framework than one focusing on medical care systems or behavioural patterns is necessary to examine this difference. It will be more fruitful to try to identify social and economic factors at large, as well as specific explanatory factors. The aim of this study is to find out to what extent "The East-West Mortality Divide" was apparent in people's perception of their own health in 1990-1991, as a division in self-perceived health across Europe. If there were indeed differences, the aim is to examine whether or not they can be explained by specific economic and social conditions present in the early 1990s. Data from "World Values Survey 1990" reveal a striking east west divide in self-perceived health among people in the age group 35-64 yr, one of greater size than the gender gap in self-perceived health. The importance of a number of circumstances for people's self-perceived health in the 25 European countries was estimated. The assumption was that any resulting difference between eastern and western European countries could help to explain the health divide. An attempt was made to estimate how much the east-west health divide would be reduced if some of these circumstances were similar in CEE to those in the west. The results indicate that people's participation in civic activities has a positive effect on their health. This effect is recognised especially on a societal level. This supports theories about civic activities and community performance. In western Europe the tradition of the active citizen is more developed than in eastern Europe. People's life control was important for their self-perceived health in almost every European country, both in the west and the east. In the former communist countries, however, people did not feel that they had the same control over their lives as did people in the west. People's economic satisfaction was the most powerful predictor of self-perceived health, both in the eastern and western parts of Europe. The average level of economic satisfaction in 1990 1991 was considerably lower in CEE. If people's influence and economic resources were the same in the former communist countries as in the west, the health divide, according to my estimations, would decrease by something between 10-30%.

  • 230.
    Carlson, Per
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Socialt kapital och psykisk hälsa2007Report (Other academic)
  • 231.
    Carlson, Per
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vågerö, Denny
    Stockholms universitet.
    The social pattern of heavy drinking in Russia during transition: Evidence from Taganrog 19931998In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 280-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: we examined the pattern of Russian alcohol consumption, in particular its link with the social and economic situation in Russia after the first year of ‘shock therapy’ and super-inflation in a middle-sized Russian city, Taganrog. Methods: face-to-face Interviews were conducted, with a sampling frame consisting of dwellings selected from an official register and stratified by type and size. Results: In 1993–1994 heavy alcohol drinking (>0.5 I of 40% alcohol/week) was very common among men in Taganrog (34%), while it was uncommon among women (3%). Male heavy drinking was closely related to social, economic and family characteristics. The lowest educational groups and those In manual occupations reported heavy drinking more frequently than others, independently of household income. Among men, quarrels and conflicts in the family were associated with a sixfold higher frequency of heavy drinking compared to families reporting good relations. The social transformation taking place at present is being accompanied by increased social and economic pressures on families. Conclusions: we suggest that heavy alcohol consumption Is particularly common among men who are likely to have lost out during this transition. Russia's mortality crisis seems to be closely linked to its social transformation, but in different ways for men and women.

  • 232. Carlsson, Katrin
    et al.
    Petersson, Karl Magnus
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    Karlsson, Andreas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ingvar, Martin
    Öhman, Arne
    Fear and the Amygdala: Manipulation of Awareness Generates Differential Cerebral Responses to Phobic and Fear-Relevant (but Nonfeared) Stimuli2004In: Emotion, ISSN 1528-3542, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 340-353Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid response to danger holds an evolutionary advantage. In this positron emission tomography study, phobics were exposed to masked visual stimuli with timings that either allowed awareness or not of either phobic, fear-relevant (e.g., spiders to snake phobics), or neutral images. When the timing did not permit awareness, the amygdala responded to both phobic and fear-relevant stimuli. With time for more elaborate processing, phobic stimuli resulted in an addition of an affective processing network to the amygdala activity, whereas no activity was found in response to fear-relevant stimuli. Also, right prefrontal areas appeared deactivated, comparing aware phobic and fear-relevant conditions. Thus, a shift from top-down control to an affectively driven system optimized for speed was observed in phobic relative to fear-relevant aware processing. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)

  • 233.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Från lokal demokrati till lokal demokratur?1997Report (Other academic)
  • 234.
    Carlsson, R.
    et al.
    Karlstad Hosp, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Burell, G.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Caring Sci, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Hambraeus, K.
    Falun Cent Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Falun, Sweden .
    Johansson, P.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Caring Sci, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Lisspers, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Perk, J.
    Linnaeus Univ, Sch Hlth & Caring Sci, Kalmar, Sweden.
    The challenge of lifestyle counselling after percutaneous coronary intervention2012In: European Heart Journal, ISSN 0195-668X, E-ISSN 1522-9645, Vol. 33, no Supp 1, p. 560-560Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 235.
    Carrington, Thomas
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet .
    Johansson, Tobias
    Örebro universitet.
    Johed, Gustav
    Stockholms universitet .
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Professional and commercial tension in the accounting profession2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 236. Carrington, Thomas
    et al.
    Johed, Gustav
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Svenska revisorer i undersökning om profession och kommersialism2012In: Balans : tidskrift för redovisning och revision, ISSN 0346-8208, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 40-41Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 237. Carrington, Thomas
    et al.
    Johed, Gustav
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The organisational context of professionalism in auditing2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 238.
    Caust, Therese
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Theoander, Christina
    Elektronisk ingivning ur ett företagarperspektiv: en kvantitativ studie om elektronisk ingivning av årsredovisningshandlingar2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and Problem Discussion: In Sweden today there is close to 320 000 registered companies which are obligated to generate their annual report at the end of the financial year. This is followed by the requirement to submit the complete document to the Swedish Companies Registration Office (SCRO), who since 2006 offers the possibility to submit the document digitally. The possibility offers not only a benefit due to a simplified administration but also an assurance to a major part of the inaccuracies that are confirmed when submitted traditionally. Regardless of the benefits there are only 17 companies who up to marsh 2008 have used the service provided, which leads to the following concerns: Why is the service not being used; What is the general opinion about electronic submission and also; What gains can be made available for companies who submit their document electronically?

     

    Purpose: The intention whit this study is to explore the attitude towards submitting the annual report electronically involving the companies who hold the key requirements to be able to use the service and in the process we will aspire to address the arguments of the study.

     

    Methodology: By the use of a systematic random selection we have singled out the companies that haven’t used the service up till today. These companies have been ordered by the number of employees where 50 in the workforce was the interception. In total there were 50 companies that were interviewed, who together substantiate a normal spread of the results. Nearly the complete set of companies among the ones who have used the service where interviewed, with a slight reduction due to delisted companies.

     

    Analysis and Conclusions: The results reveal affirmation to the fact that a substantial part of the companies are not aware of the diverse way to submit the annual report. The marketing efforts made by the SCRO have not accomplished the intended objective, furthermore have the weak contribution of information by the accountants played a major role by not distributing their insight about the service. Some resistance regarding the development process was uncovered among the companies that have become aware of the service. The benefits provided when using the service have gone unnoticed and to some extent the procedure are perceived to demand too much effort. Merely a few acknowledgements have been made to the benefits, for instance increasing flexibility and a simplified flow of information.

     

    The users are generally content with the service and the intentions among them are to submit their document again. However have some criticism regarding the security and the integrity of the electronic identification been identified and complications in the submission process are pointed out in addition to previous issue.

  • 239.
    Celikaksoy, A
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Swedish Inst Social Res SOFI, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nekby, L
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Econ, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rashid, Saman
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Assortative mating by ethnic background and education among individuals with an immigrant background in Sweden2010In: Zeitschrift für familienforschung, ISSN 1437-2940, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 65-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the determinants of assortative mating by ethnicity and education for individuals with an immigrant background in Sweden, focusing on the role of individual, marriage market and parental characteristics. Results indicate that higher levels of host country specific human capital decrease the likelihood of ethnic endogamy and increase the likelihood of educational homogamy. Opportunity as measured by sex ratios and relative group size is found to be positively correlated to both types of assortative mating. Parental assortative mating (ethnic/educational), as a measure of group identity, is found to increase the likelihood of assortative mating. A comparison of marginal effects, by gender, suggests that the social boundaries defined by ethnicity and education in the marriage market are relatively more easily crossed by men with the accumulation of local and general human capital. Likewise, the influence of group identity appears to matter more for women when marriages are based on ethnicity but matter more for men when marriages are based on education.

  • 240.
    Celinder, Johan
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Arvidsson, Totte
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Den dödliga mobiltelefonen2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 241.
    Chekalina, Tatiana
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    A value co-creation perspective on the customer-based brand equity model for tourism destinations2012Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 242.
    Chekalina, Tatiana
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Davidov, Denis
    Immanuel Kant State University of Russia, Kaliningrad.
    Kaliningrad: positive and negative aspects of the exclave location (Калининград: плюсы и минусы эксклавности)2008In: Cosmopolis, ISSN 1727-4079, Vol. 2, no 21, p. 141-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Denis Davidov and Tatyana Chekalina discuss the trans-boundary cooperation as the factor and an effective tool for overcoming negative aspects of the exclave location of the Kaliningrad region. Authors consider the exclave as the particular case of the border region. Therefore there is an idea that the provisions of the border regions theory, which is better elaborated than the exclave one, could be applied for this case as well.

     

  • 243.
    Chekalina, Tatiana
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    A Meta Comparison of Emprical Brand Metrics and Models for Tourism Destinations2009In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Destination Branding and Marketing / [ed] Leonardo (Don) A.N. Dioko and Xiang (Robert) Li, Macao SAR, China: Institute For Tourism Studies , 2009, p. 130-141Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of customer-based brand equity (CBBE) and related measurement issues have recently attracted significant attention in tourism research (Pike, 2009; Boo et al., 2009). However, the complex and multi-dimensional nature of tourism destinations challenge the traditional approach towards the brand, its constructs (e.g. awareness, image, quality, loyalty, etc.) and measurement scales. Nevertheless, a number of empirically validated destination performance models found in the recent tourism literature share many similarities with the CBBE model in terms of structure and employed survey-based metrics. The aim of this study is to conduct a meta-comparison between a set of destination performance models and the CBBE model proposed and verified in a tourism destination context by Boo et al. (2009). The proposed comparison framework grounded in marketing and tourism literature is utilized in order to deduce a parsimonious and comprehensive set of destination brand metrics, relevant model dimensions, as well as empirically validated causal relationships.

  • 244.
    Chekalina, Tatiana
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    A customer-based brand equity model for tourism destinations: – insights from service marketing2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 245.
    Chekalina, Tatiana
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Customer-Based Brand Equity Model for Tourism Destinations: Insights from Service Marketing2011In: Innovation Processes and Destination Development in Tourist Resorts, The Regional Studies Association Research Network on Tourism and Regional Development (RSA), 2011, p. 9-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 246.
    Chekalina, Tatiana
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Determinants of the co-created destination experience: an empirical validation from Sweden2011In: Transforming experiences: tourism marketing from both sides of the counter / [ed] Sonja Sibila Lebe, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 247.
    Christiansson, Reine
    Mid Sweden University. Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Engagemang i skolan: Kan förbättringar i arbetsmiljön gynna lärarnas prestationer och hälsa?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Lärare tillhör den yrkesgrupp där stressrelaterad ohälsa ökar som mest. Syftet är att undersöka hur olika faktorer i arbetsmiljön kan bidra till minskad stress och ökat arbetsengagemang. Utifrån Job Demands–Resources (JD-R) modellen skapades frågeställningarna om hur arbetsmiljöfaktorer är relaterade till stress och engagemang och förhållandet dem emellan. Grundskolelärare (N=57) skattades genom frågeformulär. Hierarkisk multipel regressionsanalys och korrelationsanalys användes för att besvara frågeställningar. Resultatet visade på att krav var positivt relaterat med stress, men inte signifikant relaterat med engagemang, och resurser var positivt relaterade med engagemang men inte signifikant relaterade till stress. En interaktionseffekt mellan krav och resurser på stress påvisades bland kvinnor, där resurser hade en buffrade effekt av kravens egenskaper på stress. Något stöd för en association mellan engagemang och stress påvisade inte i undersökningen. Slutsatsen i studien är att resurser kan användas i förbättringar av lärarnas arbetssituation. 

  • 248.
    Christiansson, Reine
    Mid Sweden University. Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Engagemang i skolan: Kan förbättringar i arbetsmiljön gynna lärarnas prestationer och hälsa?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Lärare tillhör den yrkesgrupp där stressrelaterad ohälsa ökar som mest. Syftet är att undersöka hur olika faktorer i arbetsmiljön kan bidra till minskad stress och ökat arbetsengagemang. Utifrån Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) modellen skapades frågeställningarna om hur arbetsmiljöfaktorer är relaterade till stress och engagemang och förhållandet dem emellan. Grundskolelärare (N=57) skattades genom frågeformulär. Hierarkisk multipel regressionsanalys och korrelationsanalys användes för att besvara frågeställningar. Resultatet visade på att krav var positivt relaterat med stress, men inte signifikant relaterat med engagemang, och resurser var positivt relaterade med engagemang men inte signifikant relaterade till stress. En interaktionseffekt mellan krav och resurser på stress påvisades bland kvinnor, där resurser hade en buffrade effekt av kravens egenskaper på stress. Något stöd för en association mellan engagemang och stress påvisade inte i undersökningen. Slutsatsen i studien är att resurser kan användas i förbättringar av lärarnas arbetssituation. 

  • 249.
    Christiansson, Reine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ignatiansk retreat som kriminalvård: En kvalitativ studie om fångars personliga utveckling2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med undersökningen har varit att undersöka om positiva förändringar och inre resurser utvecklas för intagna under en 30 dagars Ignatiansk klosterretreat på en av Sveriges högsäkerhetsanstalter. Deltagarna var dömda män i åldrarna 23 – 55 år med straff på fyra år till livstid.

    Studien har tillämpat en kvalitativ ansats med semistrukturerade intervjuer av deltagare och personal, observationer och dokumentanalyser. För ytterligare djuplodande kunskaper och information har studien också använt sig av ett autoetnografiskt perspektiv för att undersöka upplevelser och förändringsprocesser från retreaten.

    Resultaten påvisade att deltagarna utvecklat och förstärkt inre resurser, som emotionell kompetens, inre styrka och en positiv andlig utveckling. Resurserna har vidare legat till grund för den positiva posttraumatiska personlighetsutveckling deltagarna uppvisade.

    Slutsatserna i studien är att deltagarna erhåller en ökad positiv framtidstro och ökad reflektion över värderingar och vad som är viktigt i deras liv. Upplevelsen av retreaten resulterade i viktiga livsstilsförändringar och resurser för fortsatt främjande av personlighetsutveckling för framtiden.

  • 250.
    Cvetković, Anita
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Den thailändska paviljongens framväxt - ett kultur och förnyelseprojekt2003In: Relationsbyggande för ekonomisk utveckling: från idéer om ekonomisk utveckling till lokalt utvecklingsarbete i Norrlands inland, Stockholm: Arbetslivsinstitutet , 2003, p. 147-170Chapter in book (Other scientific)
2345678 201 - 250 of 2046
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