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  • 201.
    Baum, Christopher F.
    et al.
    Boston College.
    Karpava, Margarita
    MediaCom London.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. DIW Berlin.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). DIW Berlin.
    Credit Rating Agency Downgrades and the Eurozone Sovereign Debt Crises2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the impact of credit rating agency (CRA) announcements on the value of the Euro and the yields of French, Italian, German and Spanish long-term sovereign bonds during the culmination of the Eurozone debt crisis in 2011–2012. The employed GARCH models show that CRA downgrade announcements negatively affected the value of the Euro currency and also increased its volatility. Downgrading increased the yields of French, Italian and Spanish bonds but lowered the German bond’s yields, although Germany’s rating status was never touched by CRA. There is no evidence for Granger causality from bond yields to rating announcements. We infer from these findings that CRA announcements significantly influenced crisis-time capital allocation in the Eurozone. Their downgradings caused investors to rebalance their portfolios across member countries, out of ailing states’ debt into more stable borrowers’ securities.

  • 202.
    Baum, Christopher F.
    et al.
    Boston College and DIW Berlin.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Perez, Luis
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Offshoring and Innovation Capabilities: Evidence from Swedish Manufacturing2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the impact of global value chains on firms’ innovation capabilities. Using the United Nations Broad Economic Categories (BEC) system to identify offshoring-related intermediate imports, we study contracting out production over the period 2001–2014 from about 7,000 mainly small Swedish manufacturing firms to six different destinations and test hypotheses on improvements and outcomes of innovation capabilities. Our empirical findings show that the strategy to participate in global value chains increases firms’ innovative capability regardless of firms’ technology intensity. The results are robust to a wide set of controls and in line with predictions in recent models of directed technical change.

  • 203.
    Baum, Christopher F.
    et al.
    Boston College and DIW Berlin.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Viklund-Ros, Ingrid
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Outside Board Directors and Start-Up Firms’ Innovation2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We exploit increased access to detailed employer-employee data to assess whether outside board members affect innovation performance among start-up firms. Using data for all new limited companies in Sweden born during 1999–2013 which have no more then 10 employees when formed, we provide structural equation estimates that deal with the endogenous selection of board directors. Our empirical findings show that an increase in the board’s expertise, measured by the relative productivity of the firms where outsiders are employed, has a significant and positive impact on the new firm’s propensity to apply for both patents and trademarks.

  • 204. Baum, Christopher F.
    et al.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Accounting and Finance.
    Talavera, Oleksandr
    The Effects of Uncertainty on the Leverage of Non-Financial Firms2009In: Economic Inquiry, ISSN 0095-2583, E-ISSN 1465-7295, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 216-225Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 205.
    Baum, Christopher
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Boston College and Department of Macroeconomics, DIW Berlin, Germany.
    Lööf, Hans
    Department of Industrial Economics and Management, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    Department of Industrial Economics and Management, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    A new approach to estimation of the R&D–innovation–productivity relationship2017In: Economics of Innovation and New Technology, ISSN 1043-8599, E-ISSN 1476-8364, Vol. 26, no 1-2, p. 121-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We apply a generalized structural equation model approach to the estimation of the relationship between R&D, innovation and productivity that focuses on the potentially crucial heterogeneity across sectors. The model accounts for selectivity and handles the endogeneity of this relationship in a recursive framework which allows for feedback effects from productivity to future R&D investment. Our approach enables the estimation of the different equations as one system, allowing the coefficients to differ across sectors, and also permits us to take cross-equation correlation of the errors into account. Employing a panel of Swedish manufacturing and service firms observed in three consecutive Community Innovation Surveys in the period 2008–2012, our full-information maximum likelihood estimates show that many key channels of influence among the model's components vary meaningfully in their statistical significance and magnitude across six different sectors based on the OECD classification on technological and knowledge intensity. These results cast doubt on earlier research which does not allow for sectoral heterogeneity.

  • 206.
    Baum, Christopher
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Boston College and Department of Macroeconomics, DIW Berlin.
    Lööf, Hans
    CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    A New Approach to Estimation of the R&D-Innovation-Productivity Relationship2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluate a Generalized Structural Equation Model (GSEM) approach to the estimation of the relationship between R&D, innovation and productivity that focuses on the potentially crucial heterogeneity across technology and knowledge levels. The model accounts for selectivity and handles the endogeneity of this relationship in a recursive framework. Employing a panel of Swedish firms observed in three consecutive Community Innovation Surveys, our maximum likelihood estimates show that many key channels of influence among the model's components differ meaningfully in their statistical significance and magnitude across sectors defined by different technology levels.

  • 207.
    Baum, Christopher
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Boston College, USA.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Credit rating agency downgrades and the Eurozone sovereign debt crises2016In: Journal of Financial Stability, ISSN 1572-3089, E-ISSN 1878-0962, Vol. 24, p. 117-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the reaction of the Euro's value againstmajor currencies to sovereign rating announcements from Moody's, S&P and Fitch CRAs during the Eurozone debt crisis in 2010--2012 based on eventstudy methodology combined with GARCH models. We also analyze how theyields of French, Italian, German and Spanish government long-term bondswere affected by CRA announcements. Our results reveal that CRA downgrades, watchlist and outlook announcements had no impact on the value of the Euro currency but increased exchange rate volatility. At the same time, downgrades as well as negative outlook announcements increased the yields of French, Italian, and Spanish bonds and evenaffected the German bond's yields. This shows that the monetary union hasled to a breakdown of the consequences of the rating shocks between currency value and sovereign bond yields. The reason is that part of the rating shock is absorbed by an internal repricing of sovereign bonds.

  • 208.
    Baù, Massimo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Pittino, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. EGADE Business Sch, Tecnol Monterrey, San Pedro Garza Garcia, Mexico.
    Chirico, Francesco
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Res Inst Ind Econ, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Roots to grow: Family firms and local embeddedness in rural and urban contexts2019In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 360-385Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study analyzes the nexus among business growth, ownership structure, and local embeddedness—that is, the involvement of economic actors in a geographically bound social structure—in rural and urban contexts. This work combines regional economics with studies on family business and firm growth and uses a coarsened matched sample of privately held Swedish firms. The findings indicate that family firms benefit more than nonfamily firms from local embeddedness and as such they achieve higher levels of growth and that this effect is more pronounced in rural areas. Research implications are shared in the Conclusion section.

  • 209. Beckmann, Martin J
    et al.
    Johansson, BörjeJönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.Snickars, FThord, R
    Knowledge and networks in a dynamic economy: Festschrift in honor of Åke E. Andersson1998Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 210.
    Beheshtitabar, Elham
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Irgaliyev, Asset
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Impact of Economic Freedom on FDI Inflows to Developing Countries: The Case of the Middle East2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the impact of Economic Freedom on FDI inflows to developing countries and the Middle East in particular. Four forms of Economic Freedom were tested as variables determining FDI inflow. These four variables were Freedom from Corruption, Government Size, Trade Freedom and Investment Freedom. Cross-sectional data for twelve Middle Eastern countries and forty-three other developing countries were gathered for 1995 and 2006. It was revealed that only Trade Freedom and Invest-ment Freedom were significant in both Middle East and other regions. Apart from one case, the general positive sign of the significant variables confirms our hypothesis re-garding the positive effects of these Economic Freedoms on FDI inflows. Based on these findings it can be recommended to improve the investment environment and re-duce the barriers to trade in order to attract more FDI.

  • 211. Belitz, Heike
    et al.
    Fleischer, Frank
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Staatliche Förderung von Forschung und Entwicklung in der ostdeutschen Wirtschaft: eine Bilanz2001In: DIW Wochenbericht, ISSN 0012-1304, Vol. 68, p. 537-544Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 212.
    Bengtsson, Camilla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Olsson, Terese
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Donor Behaviour: A Study of Swedish Aid2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses which factors has driven the allocation of Swedish aid between 1975 and 2003. The results are then compared to the official policy. The general goal of Swedish aid is to “help to raise the living standard for the poor”, but there are more factors than income status that affect allocation.

    Allocation of Swedish aid is affected by a set of criteria for the choice of recipient. The details and the goals of aid have changed over time even if the core has remained the same. According to the official policy, Swedish aid should be used to take responsibility across borders, to contribute to a greater common market and a peaceful development. It has been considered important that the recipients’ needs can be matched by Sweden’s capacity and that aid is developed from the recipients’ situation. The recipients’ absorption capacity is thus an important criterion. Summarized, Swedish aid should be used to promote democracy, fight corruption and contribute to more equal societies.

    In this study we do not find any significant relation between the official policy and actual allocation. A Generalized Least Square regression with Random Effects points out only two significant variables, the recipients’ size of trade (openness) and their former (British) colonial status.

    Instead of rewarding open economies, Swedish aid has been allocated to more closed economies which tend to be more corrupt. Although the majority of the recipient countries are former colonies, we find that former British colonies are favoured. This allocation is believed to be a result of the historical development of aid and practical circumstances such as language etc...

  • 213.
    Benyah, Francella Ewurama Ketsina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Determinants of Financial Development: A Focus on African Countries2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis attempts to establish what determines financial development in Africa by making use of cross sectional and panel data techniques. Financial development, the dependent variable, is measured using the banking sector indicator liquid liabilities (M3) while trade openness, financial openness and the GDP growth rates are used as independent variables. The data used in this research ranges from 1975-200, though for the cross sectional analysis particular years (1975, 1985, 1995, and 2005) are focused on.

    The empirical results from both regression types generally suggest that trade openness has a significantly positive effect on Africa’s financial development. Cross-sectional results show that financial openness and the GDP growth rate are significantly negative in 2005. With the panel data results, financial openness is significantly negative in explaining financial development, while the GDP growth rate is insignificant suggesting that it is not an important determinant of financial development for African countries.

  • 214.
    Beradovic, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Hennix, Jeanette
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Role of FDI and Openness to Trade in Economic Growth: A study of Africa and Asia2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Economic growth from a globalisation point of view is seen as being impacted to a large extent by two phenomena – foreign direct investments (FDI) and trade. FDI brings many positive spillovers such as technological progress and increases in human capital. Trade can help improve the efficiency of production allocation in which the comparative advantage lies. According to David Nellor (2008) parts of sub-Saharan Africa today experience growth rates similar to those of the first five founding members of ASEAN in the beginning of the 1980’s: Singapore, Thailand, the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia.

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to analyse the role of FDI and trade openness in promoting economic growth in Africa and Asia. The contrast in how FDI and openness to trade affect growth rates in these regions in particular is something that has been left out from previous studies. It may give a hint of what factor(s) are important for Africa and Asia to focus on in order to stimulate economic growth. The effects of FDI and trade openness on economic growth are empirically tested using data on a sample of 82 countries in Africa and Asia over the years of 1999-2006. Regressions are conducted using the total sample as well as the regions separately to show on differences of the importance and effects of the explanatory variables in each of the two regions.

    The regression results most often indicate a positive relationship between FDI, trade and their combined effect on economic growth. Despite this the results are weaker than expected and in general insignificant. A possible explanation for the unexpected results may be due to additional forces driving economic growth such as macroeconomic stability, human capital, taxes and inflation all of which have been left out from the estimated model.

     

  • 215.
    Berger, David
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Welfare Criteria for Policy Making: The BDI Index2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    GDP and GDP per capita are widely used to gauge for living standards across countries. However, they have originally not been constructed for this purpose and are therefore subject to significant limitations. This paper aims at developing a better and non-monetary development index with which cross-country living standards can be assessed. This index, the BDI, can then be utilized for policy making. When constructing the BDI, this study utilizes time series analysis and panel unit root tests. A major finding of this study is that the BDI does indeed produce statistically significantly different results/ rankings for a special set of countries, compared to GDP and GDP per capita.   

  • 216.
    Berhane, Esayas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Role of Government in East Asian Development: Lessons for Ethiopia2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This paper examines the lessons Ethiopia can learn from East Asia’s growth to sustain its recent economic growth. By an in-depth analysis of the role of government in East Asian’s development it provides recommendations for Ethiopia. The study is based on the experiences of South Korea, Taiwan and Japan in the context of three issues: selective intervention policies, coordination problem and export orientation. Results of the study show that governments in East Asia have used phased selective intervention mechanism to nurture their industries and coordinated private investment to ensure national development. They have also targeted export markets to make their firms competitive and upgrade exports from primary products to higher value goods. The selective intervention suggests a greater role for government, however targeting of exports and the efficiency from international competition indicates the virtue of market mechanisms as well. Government intervention however must be phased, moving from targeting primary products to higher value goods. This paper suggests that government intervention has to be supplemented by a government-firm relationship that avoids too much government autonomy, which is meant to solve rent-seeking problem. Rent-seeking problem can instead be solved through performance requirement and time limits on protection.

  • 217.
    Berlin, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Carin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Decreasing the Regional Disparities through the EU’s Structural Fund Policy: A Study on the Impact of the Structural Fund Policy on Sweden’s Regional Growth2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the impact of the EU’s Structural Fund (SF) policy between 2000-2007 on regional economic growth in Sweden. A regional convergence analysis is performed in order to examine if the SF policy’s overall aim of convergence is reached. Furthermore the study examines the growth of important Structural Fund goal indicators as employment, education and new firm formation in the Objective 1, 2 and 3 areas. The main growth- and convergence theories and their connection to regional policies such as the SF policy is used as the theoretical framework and form the study’s hypothesis.

    The results show that absolute β-convergence exists between the Swedish urban areas. The growth of the goal indicators show that the Objective 1 and 2 areas, which received most part of the SF support have achieved their aims in increasing employment and new firm creation. In addition the Objective 2 areas have increased their share of population with higher education compared to the areas that did not receive either Objective 1 or 2 support. The Objective 3 areas, which received the least part of the SF support had a lower mean growth in employment than the areas that received no direct Objective 3 support. In addition the urban areas that only received Objective 3 support had a lower growth in share of population with higher education. From the results we can reach the overall conclusion that the positive impact of the SF policy on the goal indicators seem to be the largest in the areas that received most part of the funding. The final conclusion is that the SF are effective in enhancing economic growth in the areas of intervention.

     

  • 218.
    Berntsson, Karin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Ill-health in Sweden: A regional Perspective2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the regional development of ill-health and the purpose is to analyse factors that tend to influence the Swedish ill-health. Theory of household choice between work and leisure is used when analysing the results of the empirical study. The background for this thesis is derived from the development of ill-health that has increased with 5.1 days between the years 2000 and 2004. The empirical findings show that unemployment has a positive relationship with ill-health and that women tend to be more ill than men. Furthermore, the results confirm that income has a negative relationship with ill-health and this is also true for large companies. Consequently, small companies have positive influence on ill-health and an analysis of the municipalities in the northern part of Sweden points out a higher number of ill-health than the other municipalities. Moreover, the individuals’ age is also a factor that can explain the development of ill-health. These findings confirm that unemployment, gender, income, size of company, age, and the municipalities in the north-ern part are factors that can explain the development of ill-health. However, other factors are important in the process as well.

  • 219.
    Berntsson, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Operating with Options: A Study of Volatility2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats har jag haft intentionen att försöka förklara vikten av att ha en uppfattning av volatilitet när man handlar med Optioner. Syftet har varit att analysera ifall man kan lära sig från volatilitetens historia, och ifall historisk volatilitet är bättre på att indikera framtida volatilitet än marknadens volatilitet, även kallad den implicita volatiliteten. Syftet har även varit att undersöka ifall det går att göra vinst på Optioner om man har en annan uppfatt-ning om den framtida volailiteten.

    I uppsatsen har jag använt mig av Black, Scholes and Mertons epokavgörande teori om hur man prissätter Optioner, den så kallade Black-Scholes ekvationen. Från den ekvationen har jag erhålligt volailiteten i OMX index Optioner, den implicita volatiliteten. Black-Scholes ekvationen har likaså använts för att härleda denna faktiska och historiska volaliteten. För att kunna utnyttja en annan uppfattning om den framtida volaliteten än marknadens så har jag presenterat ett antal olika Options strategier.

    De slutsatser som jag har kunnat dra från år 2001 OMX index Optioner är att den implicita volaliteten verkar vara bättre på att förutspå den faktiska volaliteten än den historiska vola-tiliteten. Ingen av dem är en perfekt indikator på den faktiska volatiliteten men i genomsnitt så skiljer sig den implicita mindre från den faktiska än den historiska.

    För att sammanfatta volalitetens historia så kan man påstå att volatiliteten som reflekteras i Optionspriset sällan stämmer överens med den faktiska volatiliteten. Ingen sitter på Op-tionsmarknaden med en kristallkula och kan förutspå volatiliteten perfekt hela tiden. Sam-tidigt är det just skillnader i volatilitetstro mellan de olika aktörerna i en Optionsaffär som skapar handel och som gör Optioner till ett så användbart och intressant instrument.

  • 220. Bersisa, Mekkonen
    et al.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Multidimensional Measure of Poverty in Ethiopia: Factor and Stochastic Dominance Analysis2016In: Poverty and Well-Being in East Africa: A Multi-faceted Economic Approach / [ed] Almas Heshmati, Springer, 2016, , p. 281p. 215-238Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study did an in-depth analysis of multidimensional poverty in rural and small towns in Ethiopia. As social well-being or poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon, using a multidimensional measure of poverty helps circumvent problems surrounding the conventional measures of poverty and helps show clearly the realities of households. In this line, our analysis used six dimensions with 14 indicators to construct a multidimensional index of poverty using first rounds of Ethiopian Rural Households’ Socioeconomic Survey data set. The study also employed a factor analysis for determining relative weights in computing a multidimensional index and did an in-depth analysis of stochastic dominancy of poverty for different segments of society. Besides, a comparison of the extent of poverty using the conventional measure of poverty and the multidimensional approach was also done. The results reveal that intensity, severity, and depth of poverty vary considerably across the two measures. Moreover, demographic, regional, and household heads’ characteristics are major factors in determining poverty.

  • 221. Bettinelli, C.
    et al.
    Dossena, G.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Entrepreneurial propensity: An Empirical Investigation2010In: En­trepreneurship Today / [ed] Dossena, G., Milano: McGraw-Hill, 2010, p. 49-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 222.
    Bhatia, Martina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Evaldsson, Matilda
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Entry into the Swedish Wholesale Electricity Market and the Electricity Price: A Strategic Behavior Analysis2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyze the strategic behavior of the leading firms on the Swedish wholesale electricity market. This thesis wishes to address the competition situation on the market and how the firms can manipulate the price in order to maximize the profits.

    The Swedish electricity market was deregulated in 1996 and the predicted outcome was that the competition on the market would increase. However, today’s market is highly vertically integrated with three dominating firms; Vattenfall, E.ON, and Fortum. Moreover, the market has similar characteristics of an oligopoly with high entry barriers, limited room for product differentiation, and limited access of information.

    The Herfindahl-Hirschman Index and the Lerner Index show that the wholesale electricity market is highly concentrated and that market power exists.

    Besides external factors that affect the electricity price, such as emission trading and the amount of water in the reservoirs, the leading firms can with their market power manipulate the price. This can be done by preventing new entrants to enter the market which has led to underinvestment in new capacity with lower production costs.

  • 223.
    Bilinskaya, Yuliya
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Stable and Unstable Debt Dynamics: Does Debt Monetizing Policy Matter?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyzes the effect of the two Debt Financing policies: Monetary and Bond Issuing, on the Dynamics Development. Economic variables, like GDP growth, interest rate and inflation are discussed, as the key determinants in the Debt Dynamics process development. The proposition of countries EMU members having higher Debt Dynam-ics level is suggested. This proposition is based on the fact that EMU member countries cannot use their Monetary policy to the extend it is needed in hard times. Due to this lack of choice EMU members can only intensively use Bond financing. The empirical findings of the paper indicate that the difference in Debt Dynamics between the euro us-ing and non-using countries exists. The difference indicates that the EMU member countries tend to have higher Debt Dynamics than the rest of the EU countries. These findings are discussed from different sides, concluding that Monetary Policy does mat-ter in certain cases. At the same time a quite high level of Debt Dynamics in both groups is discovered, which is also an interesting issue to address.

  • 224. Bitzer, Juergen
    et al.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    A Schumpeter-inspired Approach to the Construction of R&D Capital Stocks2007In: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 179-189Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 225. Bjellerup, Mårten
    et al.
    Holgersson, Thomas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    A simple multivariate test for asymmetry2009In: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 41, no 11, p. 1405-1416Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 226.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Handelskontakter i Tranemo kommun: En studie av export- och importflöden2006Report (Other academic)
  • 227.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Jönköpings länstrafik: Fyra fallstudier av förväntade effekter av en förbättrad kollektivtrafik2009Report (Other academic)
  • 228.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Knowledge flows across space and firms2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation consists of four separate papers and an introductory chapter. The four papers can be read independently of each other but are held together by concepts around embodied knowledge: knowledge embodied in products and embodied knowledge flows. Thus the papers mainly contribute to the empirical literature on firm and regional knowledge. The rapid growth of knowledge-based industries is one of the prominent features of post-industrialism and economic growth in the industrialised part of the world.

    The first paper investigates the residential choice of Swedish university graduates after graduation. It also analyses what factors make them move away from their graduation region. In addition to individual characters such as age and gender, there are also regional characteristics that can either retain graduates or make them choose another residence region. The results of this paper show that large and growing regions are good at keeping their graduates but are also good at attracting graduates from other regions.  

    The second paper examines what regional characteristics are preferable attributes in order to renew regional exports in the manufacturing sector with export products from other regions. The results indicate that to do so, regions need a specialised export support system and a large amount of sector-related knowledge.

    The third paper deals with the issue of how industries and regions absorb new knowledge. Focusing on the role of regional high-quality import flows, the results of this paper show that imports play an important role in regional high-quality export renewal.

    The fourth paper investigates how creative labour inflow affect the productivity in firms in knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS). Labour inflow bring new knowledge and increase firm productivity but only if the incoming knowledge is firm-related, which means that the firm can absorb this new knowledge and incorporate and add it into the existing knowledge stock.

  • 229.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Jonkoping Int Business Sch, Box 1026 551 11, Jonkoping, Sweden.;Swedish Board Agr, Box 1026 551 11, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    Knowledge in agriculture: a micro data assessment of the role of internal and external knowledge in farm productivity in Sweden2016In: Studies in Agricultural Economics, ISSN 1418-2106, E-ISSN 2063-0476, Vol. 118, no 2, p. 68-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the impact of internal and external knowledge on firm productivity in the Swedish agricultural sector. It combines theories from regional economics about the geographical aspects of knowledge with traditional theories on the role of knowledge in productivity in agriculture. The study is a firm-level analysis using an unbalanced panel between the years 2002 and 2011 in Sweden. The results show that these firms are positively affected by employees with formal education related to the sector. Higher knowledge levels have a greater impact than lower levels. External knowledge, such as localised spillovers, is also important, but the results on this factor are more ambiguous.

  • 230.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Metropolitan regions and non-metropolitan export base renewal2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 231.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Regional Export Growth: The Impact of Access to R&D2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this master thesis is to study whether a high accessibility to R&D performed by firms and universities respectively generate export growth. This sug-gestion is founded in the theory of the product cycle why this thesis also scrutinizes its validity. Firms in a region which have a high access to knowledge and research should have a front position within export. This access can be sub-divided into the unit of performance or with respect to the geographical location.

    Due to the data used in the analysis and its complexity, the final result is an indica-tion rather than precise. The accessibility is doubtlessly of major importance for the export growth but the subdivisions give different results. Research performed by firms seems to affect the export growth positively irrespective of the localisation. Also, the external accessibility to firm research has a larger impact on the export growth than if it is performed internally.

    The access to research performed by universities gives the most notable results. Without statistical significance a tendency can only be distinguished. The research performed by universities seems more difficult to absorb by firms irrespective of geographical location. The relation between firms and universities may be two folded where it is positive as well as competitive.

  • 232.
    Bjerke, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Andersson, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Import of Products and Export Innovation2008In: Uddevalla Symposium 2008: spatial dispersed production and network governance: papers presented at the 11th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 May, 2008, Kyoto, Japan / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: Department of Economics and IT, University West , 2008, p. 31-53Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 233.
    Bjerke, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Inter-regional Labour Mobility and Returns to Migration2008In: Working regions: conference proceedings of the Regional Studies Association Winter Conference, November 2008-11-05 / [ed] Lisa Bibby Larsen, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 234.
    Bjerke, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Företagande och arbetsliv i Sveriges lands- och stadsbygder2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Både den ekonomiska och demografiska utvecklingen skiljer sig mycket åt mellan olika delar av Sverige. Det finns regioner som visar stark tillväxt i befolkning, inkomster, sysselsättning och företagande. Samtidigt finns det svagare regioner där såväl befolkning, som sysselsättning och arbetsställen minskar. Generellt sett är det storstadsregionerna som står för den starkaste utvecklingen i både demografiska och ekonomiska termer. Vad gäller stads- och landsbygdsområden utanför storstäderna finns en stor variation i tillväxt under det senare decennierna.Denna rapport ger en bred översikt av utvecklingen av näringsliv och arbetsmarknader i Sveriges olika regioner. Rapporten baseras på officiell statistik, vilken presenteras och diskuteras med stöd i och referenser till relevant forskning. Syftet med rapporten är att beskriva den långsiktiga utvecklingen och dess bakomliggande orsaker, med fokus på näringslivets förändring och därtill kopplade förändringar i efterfrågan och utbud av olika typer av arbetskraft i olika typer av regioner. Målsättningen är att ge en nyanserad bild av utvecklingen av näringsliv och företagande i Sveriges olika landsbygdsområden i jämförelse med utvecklingen i städer och storstadsregioner.

  • 235.
    Bjerke, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    Patterns of innovation and collaboration in small and large firms2015In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 221-247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the patterns of innovation and collaboration by using unique regional survey data on more than 600 Swedish firms. The data also include the smallest firms, which have been largely neglected in the existing literature on innovations. In the context of collaboration, however, small firms are of particular interest because external interactions and joint projects can be expected to play a very central role in innovation processes in firms where internal resources are very limited. The results show that the probability of innovation is higher among collaborating firms, yet not all types of collaborations matter. Extra-regional collaborations appear as most important in promoting firm innovation, and collaboration seems to be most favourable when the partners involved have some organizational or knowledge relatedness. Small firms, in particular, seem to gain from such extra-regional linkages.

  • 236.
    Bjerke, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Pettersson, Lars
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Arbete och liv på landsbygden: Landsbygdens förutsättningar i kunskapsekonomin2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett hållbart samhälle bygger på att resurser används på ett effektivt sätt. En effektiv ekonomi bygger på att olika typer av verksamheter utförs på de platser där de kan utföras på ett effektivt sätt. Vissa platser har bättre förutsättningar för att skapa ekonomiskt välstånd. Både teoretisk och empirisk forskning visar att produktivitet, förnyelse och tillväxt gynnas av den täthet och mångfald som finns i befolkningstäta områden. Detta gäller inte minst för kunskapsintensiva verksamheter, vilka tenderar att koncentreras till urbana miljöer. Syftet med denna studie är att ge en översikt över vilka utvecklingsvägar som finns för landsbygden i en ekonomi som i växande grad koncentreras till kunskapsintensiva verksamheter.

    Denna studie belyser det faktum att landsbygden, trots urbaniseringskrafter, är en fördelaktig plats för verksamheter som är direkt beroende av fasta naturtillgångar som återfinns utanför urbana miljöer. Landsbygden är således en fördelaktig plats för att bedriva råvaruproduktion, tillverkningsindustri samt för många företag som är inriktade på exportmarknader. Även den småskaliga livsmedelsindustrin och delar av besöksnäringen drar nytta av landsbygdens specifika resurser. Det är främst inom besöksnäring, rekreation och småskalig förädling som man kan se en potential för sysselsättningstillväxt på landsbygden, eftersom stora delar av den storskaliga industriproduktionen fortgående ersätter arbetskraft med kapital och därmed visar på en svag tillväxt i sysselsättning.

    Både småskalig livsmedelsförädling och besöksnäring är växande branscher i flera landsbygdskommuner, inte minst i fjällvärlden och i kustområdena. Man ser emellertid också att det finns många platser i Götalands och Svealands inland som har en stark livsmedelsproduktion (både storskalig och småskalig) och dessutom har en attraktiv miljö för friluftsliv och därtill kopplad besöksnäring.

    Avgörande för möjligheterna till ekonomisk tillväxt på landsbygden är att miljön är attraktiv. Viktigt för att skapa en attraktiv miljö är att landskapet är varierat, och för detta förutsätts i många avseenden ett aktivt jordbruk. Jordbruksproduktion är nödvändig för att hålla marken öppen och bidrar till en stor artrikedom och bevarade natur- och kulturmiljöer. Att odlingslandskapet bevaras torde vara av stor vikt för landsbygdens långsiktigt positiva utveckling.

    En annan förutsättning för att en plats ska visa på en långsiktigt positiv utveckling är att det finns en lokal marknad med stark köpkraft. Denna studie visar att en kommun behöver ha ett lokalt tätortscentrum med minst ca 25 000 invånare för att den förväntade befolkningsutvecklingen ska vara positiv. Närhet till grannkommuner med större tätortscentra inom avstånd som upplevs som pendlingsbara, kan kompensera avsaknaden av egen större tätort.

    Avsaknad av en köpstark lokalbefolkning kan också kompenseras av en stark besöksnäring, vilken temporärt flyttar den inhemska köpkraften från storstadsregionerna till landsbygden. Ytterligare köpkraft kan också komma från utländska besökare. Det tycks finnas ett ömsesidigt positivt samband mellan besöksnäring och uppkomst av småskaliga lokala produkter i vissa delar av landet. Många sådana produkter har en direkt koppling till det lokala jordbruket, vilket påtalar jordbrukets roll för en levande landsbygd.

  • 237.
    Bjerke, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Handelskontakter i Borås: en studie av export- och importflöden2006Report (Other academic)
  • 238.
    Bjerke, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Metropolitan Regions and Product Innovation2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In smaller countries, the non-metropolitan regions are to a substantial degree linked togetherwith the metropolitan regions through various networks. The national infrastructure andtransport networks are often organised with the metropolitan region as the central hub. Thiscreates a number of dependencies between the metropolitan region and the non-metropolitanregions in a small country. In this paper we focus on the role that metropolitan regions playfor the renewal of the export base in the non-metropolitan regions in a small country. Theanalytical part can be divided into three main parts: i) the role of the Stockholm metropolitanregion for the renewal of the export base in the rest of Sweden between 1997 and 2003; ii)which non-metropolitan regions gain renewal of their export base; and iii) what factors canexplain the spatial distribution of these gains. The results show that distance has little to dowith the potential success of an export products diffused from Stockholm. Instead, regionalcharacteristics such as a large manufacturing sector, educational level, size of public and/oragricultural sector, and access to producer services have a larger influential potential.

  • 239.
    Bjerke, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth . Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Metropolitan Regions and Product Innovation2009Report (Other academic)
  • 240.
    Bjerke, Lina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Mellander, Charlotta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    Moving home again? Never! The locational choices of graduates in Sweden2017In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 59, no 3, p. 707-729Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two major challenges in Europe’s rural areas are an aging population and the diminishing share of human capital. While this pattern has been occurring for a long time, the effects are becoming acutely visible and impactful. The long-term loss of younger individuals has in many ways “drained” the labor market and the economic market power of rural areas. This is the context of our research: the locational choice of university graduates from an urban–rural perspective. Using micro data covering the entire Swedish population, we identify all university graduates from the year 2001. We analyze them with respect to whether they live in a rural or urban region before starting university and where they live after graduation at two points in time: 5 and 10 years. We use a series of multinomial logit regressions to determine what factors affect their short-term and long-term choices of location. We find that having children is one of the most influential factors for moving back home after graduation, irrespective of type of region. We find only minor differences between the two time perspectives.

  • 241.
    Bjuggren, Per Olof
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Wiberg, Daniel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    A Regional Perspective on Firm Ownership and Performance: The Case of the Jönköping Province2005In: Uddevalla Symposium 2004: regions in competition and co-operation : papers presented at the 7th Uddevalla Symposium 2004, 17-19 June, Fredrikstad, Norway, Uddevalla: University of Trollhättan/Uddevalla , 2005, p. 97-109Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 242.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    3G och skönhetstävlingar ur ett kontraktsperspektiv2005In: Studier i rättsekonomi: Festskrift till Ingemar Ståhl, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2005, p. 29-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 243.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Book review of Innovation, economic growth and the firm: Theory and evidence of industrial dynamics, Jean-luc Gaffard and Evens Salies (eds.), Edward Elgar, 20102013In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 92, no 1, p. 238-239Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation, economic growth and the firm is an edited book containing a selection of papers from a Schumpeter conference in 2006. How economic growth is created in a dynamic interplay between firm and industry is the subject matter. Knowledge, innovation and competition are the dynamic forces considered. The different essays in the book are both of theoretical and empirical econometric nature. The book can be said to belong to fields of industrial organization, theory of the firm, and entrepreneurship. The purpose of the book is to study the determinants of economic growth from a firm perspective.

  • 244.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Entreprenörskap: den viktigaste produktionsfaktorn2007In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, no 5, p. 93-96Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 245.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Ingen tillväxt utan tillitsfrämjande lagstiftning: Robert D Cooter och Hans-Bernd Schäfer: Solomon’s Knot: How Law Can End the Poverty of Nations, Princeton University Press, 2012, 344 sidor, 978-0-69114-792-52015In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 83-87Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 246.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Liberalisation of the Telecom Sector and the Changed Role of the State: The Swedish Development from a Transatlantic Perspective2006In: The End of Sovereignty: A Transatlantic Perspective, Hamburg: Munster Lit , 2006, p. 433-457Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 247.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Ratio Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.;Jonkoping Int Business Sch, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    Marginal q revisited2016In: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 52-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two measures of firm investment behaviour used in the empirical research are Tobin's q (average q) and marginal q. The marginal q is a more recently introduced measure than Tobin's q and is not as well known. This article aims to demonstrate the advantages of using marginal q as a performance measure and is a response to an earlier critical article (Berglund, 2011) claiming an elusiveness bias. The pro arguments made in response are that the claimed elusiveness is not a problem. Furthermore, many of the evaluation problems inherent in the empirical use of Tobin's q, like estimation of replacement cost of assets, can be avoided. From a pure theoretical standpoint, it has long been recognized that marginal q is superior to an average measure of investment behaviour such as Tobin's q.

  • 248.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    ”Skattepolitik från insidan” bokanmälan av Sven-Olof Lodin: Professorn som blev näringslivstorped – min tid i skattepolitiken2010In: Ekonomisk Debatt, no 2Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 249.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    ”Specialisering, marknad och företag” bokanmälan av Per Bylund: The Problem of Production: A New Theory of the Firm, Foutledge, 20172018In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 46, no 4, p. 83-86Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 250.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Swedish 3G Beauty Contest: A Beauty or a Beast?2006In: The Emerging Digital Economy: Entrepreneurship, Clusters, and Policy, Berlin: Springer , 2006, p. 277-291Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
2345678 201 - 250 of 1579
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