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  • 201.
    Behrami, Drilon
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    50 år av tvetydighet: En Historiografisk analys av diskussionen kring resolution 242 av juridiska och historiska forskare2018Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study is a historiographical analysis of previous articles in academic journals discussing the U.N. Security Council resolution 242, which is a diplomatic and legally binding document, aimed at securing peace in the Middle East after the June War of 1967 between Israel and its neighboring Arab Countries. The study analyses various texts written by juridical and historical researchers, which discuss the resolution and its ability to generate a lasting peace in the Middle East. The problem lies in the linguistic features present in the resolution, more specifically in the lack of a definitive term regarding occupied territories in times of war. Various interpretations of the resolution give different answers, as some have interpreted it as obligating Israel to return all occupied territories, whilst others have interpreted it as guidelines, thus not legally binding Israel or any other involved actor to any specific actions in regards to the occupied territories. It is as befitting that this study is presented 50 years after the conflict arose, as it is telling that the discussion has failed to evolve during this time, with the same set of interpretations being relevant. The conflict is yet to be resolved, and this study presents various texts explaining and discussing the problematic elements of the resolution and international relations which have inhibited the peace process from finding a lasting conclusion.

  • 202.
    Bengtsson, Alexander
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Digitaliserade möjligheter för skolan : En studie av två spels pedagogiska potential för historieundervisning i grundskolan2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines computer and video games and their capacity of being useful in teaching sessions. Focus is being put at a possible pedagogical potential and how it is being expressed in games mechanics. To get answers on these subjects’ studies by Professor James Paul Gee and Jesse Schell is used together in creating a model for analysis. With this model together with a narrative analysis this essay hopes to give clarifications on if a pedagogical potential is present and if so, how it is being expressed.

    Studies in this paper shows that a pedagogical potential is overall present in used material. It is showed differently depending on basic mechanics that different computer and video games relies on. An especially contribution is being held based on what view games are being experienced from.  Both games show usefulness regarding historical learning and can contribute especially towards visual aspects and as a complementary material in today’s education. What’s really matter on using computer and videogames as learning materials is what happen around them and the foundational constructions of games.

  • 203.
    Bengtsson, Alexander
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Filmers visualisering av stereotyper: Islam ur ett västerländskt perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines on what kind of Muslim stereotypes exist in entertainment movies which are being produced in the West and particularly the United States. First, the focus will be on explaining the concept of stereotypes and Islamophobia and what role the media has in the movies' production of its contents. The incident at the World Trade Center will also be discussed briefly. By using semiotic and narrative analyses the essay investigates if a stereotyped image is being used about Muslims and how Muslim main characters that have the role of being protagonists, are visualized in entertainment movies. The material that is included in the empirical analysis consists of three selected movies. The purpose of this essay is to create a broader understanding on how stereotypes of Islam and Muslims are being used within the entertainment industry with particular focus on movies that are produced in the West.

    The results in this paper show that stereotypes of Islam and Muslims lives on in the 21st century movies and that Muslims who are characterized as protagonists are illustrated with traits and appearance that reminiscent of the West. However, Islam and Muslims is not a frequent content in movies produced in USA.

  • 204.
    Bengtsson, Alexander
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Urshults Knektar: En studie om vad som hände de indelta knektarna från Urshults rotar 1709 till 17182014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines what happened to soldiers from Urshult in military service of Sweden during the diminished power of the country in the beginning of the eighteen century. Information of interest is taken from the soldiers’ age, time of service and other annotations of interest that shows to be helpful when examining their fate.  First off, this study explains Sweden’s situation during this period of time. To get a grasp about the situation, allotment is explained as well as the most important events in the big Nordic war. This study is based on qualitative content analysis and GMRs are used as its main resource of information and consists of empiric analysis.

    The result of this paper shows that very few soldiers from Urshult were able to return home alive. After eight years of service most of the soldiers from Urshult are showed to be either killed or captured. During this period of time, casualties in the army were mostly dependent on diseases that occurred during travels between fights.

     This study however shows that soldiers from Urshult did more often die directly as a result from battle rather than from disease traveling between them.

  • 205.
    Bengtsson, Emelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Svensson, Johannes
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Imperialister, angripare eller beskyddare?: En omvärldsanalys av tre tidningars rapportering om Vietnamkriget 1964-1975 och Afghanistankriget 1979-1989.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    From the end of the Second World War until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 the world was divided. An iron curtain separated the world into two parts, east and west. These were dominated by the two great powers, the Soviet Union and the USA. The contradictions between the great powers should characterize the whole period that was named the Cold War. USA and the Soviet Union never met in open confrontation during this time, but it happened indirectly in the many conflicts that occurred during the Cold War. The Vietnam War (1964-1975) and the Afghanistan War (1979-1989) were two conflicts in which the great powers brought war against smaller states and the non-fighting part supported the resistance against the great power.

     

    The purpose of this study is to examine the three Swedish newspapers, Svenska Dagbladet, Dagens nyheter och Norrskensflamman, and thereby discover how they reported during the Vietnam War and the Afghanistan War.  We seek the answer on following questions: What did the reporting looked like during the Vietnam War and the Afghanistan War and how did it change over time? How does the newspapers political point of view appear on the editorial pages? Which international outlook can be seen in the news report and which are the similarities and differences?

     

    In order to do this we’ve used a qualitative method. The result shows that three different international outlooks are described in the newspapers. We can also confirm that the political point of view for each newspaper is confirmed by the standard reporting and primarily by the content of the editorial pages.

  • 206.
    Bengtsson, Håkan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    En resa över havet: en studie av stockbåtens användning inom Erteböllekulturen med ett fokus på Tybrind Vig och Stralsund2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Log-boats within the Ertebölle culture have had a broad use in the society. From social usesas transport and communication devises to economical uses within hunting and fishing. Thelog-boats have been quite large, larger than log-boats in later periods. With a length of up to 10 meters and a width of 0,5-1 meter the log-boat have been big enough to carry a family andthere gear along the cost. Even though the long and narrow shape of the log-boat have made them mostly suitable for calm and shallow water they have still aloud the people of theErtebölle culture to cross major waters such as the sound between Denmark and Sweden.

  • 207.
    Bengtsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Den mångkulturella regnbågshyllan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Two subjects which have grown constantly larger due to globalization are diversity and LGBTQ. This can be seen since people with different sexualities, religions, ethnicities and much more have become more visible in Sweden. Therefore, one can ask oneself how diverse the literature is at public libraries, especially if a certain genre such as LGBTQ is placed at a special section called rainbow shelves. This issue will be examined in this study. To show how important it is to include and acknowledge everyone and not only some groups, social recognition by Axel Honneth has been chosen as the theory of this paper. In order to see how diverse the literature in rainbow shelves are, a qualitative content analysis, based on four different semi-structured interviews with four different individuals, has been made. Only librarians from libraries which have rainbow shelves has been interviewed, but they were spread all over Sweden, from north to south. The interviews took place during April 2018. The result shows that the libraries have diverse LGBTQ-literature to a certain degree. They can only purchase as much diverse LGBTQ-literature as exists and unfortunately, there is not much diverse LGBTQ-literature available. Due to this, the four public libraries cannot acknowledge individuals who are not included in the white normativity or western standards. The discussion revealed that the rainbow shelves of the participating libraries do not represent a greater diversity. However, there are rainbow shelves where diversity is more represented than in other rainbow shelves. It was also found that there is a limited amount of multilingual LGBTQ-literature and that it is complicated to find. Not enough multilingual LGBTQ-literature is published to enable public libraries to find and make this available to a wider extent. All participating libraries work in some way to support the diversity of the rainbow shelves and make them more representative. This work is mainly done by getting inspiration from other libraries’ rainbow shelves or by searching for diverse LGBTQ-literature.

  • 208.
    Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Flisbäck, Marita
    University of Gothenburg.
    Lund, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Farväl till arbetet: Sociologiska perspektiv på meningen med att gå i pension2017Book (Other academic)
  • 209.
    Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Flisbäck, Marita
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lund, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    På väg mot en annan vardag: existentiellt meningsskapande och social ojämlikhet vid pensionens inträde2015In: Livsberättelser, kultur & hälsa / [ed] Motzi Eklöf, Margareta Petersson, Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2015, p. 17-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 210.
    Bengtsson, Nikolina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Du finner mig online: En kvalitativ studie om hur unga tjejer värderar sitt eget användande av sociala medier2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For western youth social media has become an everyday occurrence. An abundance of information is delivered right to them. But how do they evaluate the credibility of the information they encounter? Web 2.0 and social media has created an easy access to information, but has also made it harder to identify who the creator of the information is when anybody can create content. Which makes it important to constantly critically evaluate the sources one is faced with. T​his study aims to examine how adolescents judge the credibility of information they meet on social media, and also how they use social media and how they see themselves as creators of information. The data was accumulated by conducting two group interviews with three participants in each group. The results has been analyzed with two separate theories, cognitive authorities and also with the theory of uses and gratifications. The results showed that they are more critical to information created by sources that the do not know personally, than they are of users that the know on an closer level. The study also shows that they do not ​perceive that they create content themselves on a regular basis. But they are still constantly connected with their friends on some sort of social media. Based on this study future relevant studies can be made with social media as the focus. This study focus on adolescents with a similar socioeconomic background, the same study but with different socioeconomic backgrounds would be interesting to make. Results in this study shows that an older generation is starting to use social media in a different degree then before, therefore studies in how this generation evaluate information the meet on social media could be interesting since they have an education that differ from the one adolescents get today.

  • 211.
    Bengtsson, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Synen på det stora nordiska kriget 1700-1721.: En komparativ läromedelsanalys om hur det stora nordiska kriget behandlas i olika läroböcker, 1924-2012.2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 212.
    Bengzon, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Hur tjänstemän ser på folkbibliotekets IT-utveckling2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to examine how officials within the Swedish public libraryorganisation view the IT-development, how the IT-development progresses within theorganisation and if there is a need for a national IT-strategy for the public libraries in Sweden.Four unorganized interviews with officials within the regional- and county libraryorganisation and one within the national organisation where conducted. This study is aqualitative examination where the phenomenographic approach has been used as inspirationfor the analytic model. The analytic result has been compared to the system theory of how anoptimal system should be constructed to perform in an optimal way and to be able to producegood results. The results of this study show a wish for a better national cooperation regardingthe IT-development for the Swedish public libraries. Today’s library structure should bereviewed over in order to enable the libraries to produce even better results from the cooperation’s.

  • 213.
    Bentfors, Sara
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Svanberg, Regina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Låt oss tala om integration: En studie av folkbibliotekariers syn på integrationsfrämjande arbete2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social exclusion is a problem in today’s society that we feel public libraries can help resolve since they are based on the idea of equality and openness. The purpose of this essay is to examine how public librarians think and reason about the concept “integration” as well as what role public libraries can play in immigrants’ integration process. With Jose Alberto Diaz’ theory on the integration process, and Marianne Andersson and Dorte Skot-Hansen’s model for analysis of the local library profile as theoretical framework, we analyzed the responses from two qualitative interviews in small groups of 2-3 librarians from two different public libraries. The result of this study shows that some public librarians cannot give an accurate definition of the word integration; instead they define integration as mutual respect for cultural differences. Only two librarians included in their definition that integration means to become participants in society. Despite this lack of a comprehensive understanding of the concept the librarians have a positive attitude towards the public libraries’ ability to support the integration process through book collection and program activities. The librarians think that public libraries mostly support the integration by: 1) increasing the understanding between different cultures and thereby decreasing prejudice and fear in the society (personal integration), 2) help immigrants develop a social network with the majority culture (social integration), and 3) help immigrants with language development(communicative integration). This is done mostly by focusing on the public libraries’ role of knowledge and education as well as their social role.

  • 214.
    Berg, Jesper
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Noblesse Oblige: Ett rollspel: 1600-talets svenska adel, skyldigheter och plikter och skapandet av ett rollspel2015Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract – Noblesse oblige: a roleplaying game

    During the 17th-century the Swedish nobility was forced to deal with a number of new challenges. They reached the height of their power, but also began their downfall. How did the nobility’s ideal come to be in the face of this? Can we in these ideals find the duties and obligations of the nobility? And if we can, how can a roleplaying game be made out of the historical facts? A roleplaying game meant for educational means, well suited for the classroom and teachers, capable of stimulating the young minds and offering them an in depth understanding of how the nobility’s minds moved. In this study it will show, with the help of a qualitative method along with the theory of Mark Edward Motley and a look at social sanctions from the time. We shall find that the nobility indeed held obligations and duties both. 

  • 215.
    Berg, Karolina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Dödligt våld under 1950-19592019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    This essay is about criminal cases with deadly outcomes in Skåne during the period 1950 - 1959. The seven chosen cases were gathered from criminal records from the ”härdansrätt” in Frosta and Eslöv. These cases have not previously been written about and therefore somewhat unheard of. The focus will lay on the gender, age and social status of the perpetrators. Some of the years in are of less importance since no crimes with deathly outcome was found. The most dominated cause of death are crimes commired in traffic. Traffic offenses spiked in the 1950’s when the use of motor vehicles was more common and more people fell victim to those kind of accidents. The main point of the essay is to examine why the accidents/crimes led to death and how the media wrote about it.

    Sweden’s first mass murderer, Tore Hedin, will be mentioned. He is worth mentioning since he was active during the chosen time period, but since he wasn’t put before a trial, he won’t be part of the main study.

  • 216. Berggren, Cathrine
    et al.
    Kristoffersson, Katarina
    Källberg, Marie
    Zetterlund, Angela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Cecila, Natvig
    Olsson, Gunnel
    Hansson, Krister
    Carlsson, Håkan
    Nordström Hallberg, Viveka
    Nyströmer, Anna
    Att utvärdera och använda resultaten – vilka avtryck ger bibliotekens utvärderingar i samhället?2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det har blivit allt viktigare för biblioteken att kunna visa på sin betydelse i samhället. Mätetal och utvärderingar är nödvändiga instrument för att kunna jämföra satsningar på biblioteken med satsningar på andra områden. Men finns det en synergi mellan mätetalen och verksamhetens planer och mål? Hur mäter vi måluppfyllese i biblioteksverksamheten? Finns det kvalitetsindikatorer som vi har gemensamma oavsett bibliotekstyp? Hur kan biblioteksstatistiken användas? Vad gör bibliotekens utvärderingar för avtryck i beslutsprocessen? Vad gör bibliotekens utvärderingar för avtryck i samhället?

    För att svara på frågorna ovan har expertgruppen påbörjat ett arbete med att kartlägga hur svenska bibliotek arbetar med utvärdering. I det arbetet har vi bland annat sett vikten av ett gemensamt språk mellan bibliotekstyperna i arbetet med utvärderingar och kvalitetsutveckling. Gruppen kommer att under år 2014 publicera ett utvärderingsverktyg för bibliotek. Där kan bibliotek finna vägledning och stöd i valet av utvärderingsmetod, i genomförandet och i nyttjandet av utvärderingars resultat i syfte att utveckla och synliggöra biblioteksverksamheten.

    I det här papret presenterar vi syftet med vårt arbete och den metod vi har använt samt mer ingående berättar om hur vi har tänkt kring det verktyg som vi i slutet av papret ger en beskrivning av – ett verktyg som går under namnet "Utvärderingshjälpen".

    Vid konferensen kommer vi att presentera hur en årscykel kan se ut vid ett bibliotek som väljer att använda sig av utvärderingsarbete och systematiskt kvalitetsutveckling i nära relation till måluppfyllelse och till dialog med beslutsfattare samt omgivande samhälle. Vi presenterar också hur "Utvärderingshjälpen" skall kunna användas som stöd i det arbetet.

  • 217.
    Berggren, Åsa
    et al.
    SAAB.
    Högberg, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Olausson, Deborah
    Lund University.
    Rudebeck, Elisabeth
    SAAB.
    Early Neolithic flint mining at Södra Sallerup, Scania, Sweden2016In: Archaeologia Polona, ISSN 0066-5924, Vol. 54, p. 167-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The area around the villages of Kvarnby and S.dra Sallerup in south-west Scania is the only known flint-mining site in Sweden. Radiocarbon dates show that the flint was mined mainly during the earliest phase of the Early Neolithic, between c. 4000 and 3600 BC, thus coinciding with the earliest evidence of the Funnel Beaker Culture in the region. The type of flint, the size of the flint nodules, production debris in the mining area and the concentration of point-butted axes to south-west Scania all suggest that the mining was related to the extraction of flint for the production of point-butted axes. However, considering the abundance of easily available flint elsewhere in the region, it seems clear that the mining was not motivated purely by economic reasons. We suggest that the very extraction of flint from pits and shafts in the chalk was socially and symbolically significant in itself.

  • 218.
    Bergqvist, Sandra
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Wictorin, Nina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Det mångkulturella biblioteket: En kritisk diskursanalys av vetenskapliga artiklar ur ett postkolonialt perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Multiculturalism is a current issue in our globalized society, which also the

    library field must relate to. In the Swedish Library Act from 2014 it is

    stressed that users with another linguistic background than Swedish shall be

    prioritized. However, an undifferentiated comprehension of what

    multicultural services at the library really means prevails, and the underlying

    values of the concept are rarely questioned. The purpose of this bachelor

    thesis is to problematize the concept of multiculturalism in a library context,

    by the identification of ideological patterns in the research discourse. Nine

    Library- and Information Science research articles that discuss

    multiculturalism at the public library have been scrutinized, and we found

    that the articles are dominated by a palpable Western and colonial

    perspective. Four discourses were identified in the empirical material, which

    all can be linked to changes in the macro-sociological context. As a

    theoretical and methodological framework we have chosen Norman

    Fairclough's critical discourse analysis (CDA) in combination with Homi K.

    Bhabha's postcolonial theory. CDA focuses on linguistic text analysis, in

    order to uncover how discourses both influence and are influenced by the

    social context, while Bhabha's theory questions how Western scholars create

    an illusion of fixed cultural identities. By combining these theories we

    wished to problematize the Western knowledge production, and initiate new

    approaches regarding how to work practically with these issues. Our

    conclusion is that there are similarities in how Western scholars depict

    multiculturalism and ethnicity at the library, which might impact the library

    practice in a negative way.

  • 219.
    Bergstrand, Alva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Hur kände de sig?: Populärhistoriens problematik och möjlighet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to study what is characteristic for popular historical writing. The purpose is also to both problematize popular history and to see its abilities, which leads to the essay's focus on historical literacy and the popular historical writing's capacity to attach to its own contemporary. The essay aims to study the response that three popular history books got after their publication, partly from historians in the academic world, partly from the public. The essay also aims to study how one can use popular history as a teacher during class, focusing on the curriculum that applies for high school.

    The result of this study shows several characteristic aspects for popular historical writing. The three popular history books are attaching to their own contemporary numerous times. It also shows that the response that the books got after their publication were mainly critical from historians in the academic world. The response that the books got from the public can be summarized as both critical and acclaiming. The result of this study also shows that popular history can be well used in educational purposes in areas of teaching that concern both use of history and source critisicm.

  • 220.
    Bergstrom, Linus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Valfilmens roll i Sverige under andra världskriget: En undersökning av valfilmernas budskap under krigstiden 1939–19452019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this research was to examine what message the political parties in Sweden wanted to convey in election films during the years 1939-1945. The goal was to discover both explicit and implicit messages. To conduct this research, a content analysis with a rhetorical focus was used.

    Some of the discoveries in this research was that the political parties wanted to convince the voters that the military was capable of defending the country against foreign powers. Another distinct discovery was that the parties’ spoke highly of past accomplishments regarding social reforms and that they wanted to assure the voters of future efforts. Distinguishable differences regarding politics could be noticed between Socialdemokraterna and Högerpartiet regarding economics and government involvement in enterprise.

    All the rhetorical methods of persuasion could be discovered in the films. The easiest to distinguish of the three was logos, which alludes to the electors’ common sense and ability to make rational decisions.

  • 221.
    Bergström, Pontus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    En tung historia: En undersökning om metalbandet Sabatons historiebruk.2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper has been to examine the heavy metal band Sabatons use of history and to relate it to societal trends in today’s Sweden. I have examined Sabatons music, album covers and music videos in order to define a certain use of history. To do this I have used a use of history theory and a heavy metal theory. My results showed that some of Sabatons use of history could be defined as commercial and that the societal trends in today`s Sweden have in some cases affected the selection and presentation of events and characters that`s been portrayed by Sabaton. Earlier use of history in other forms of media, especially movies, has also played a part in the selection and presentation, which becomes particularly obvious in some of Sabatons music videos. However, an overall theme in my results have shown that the heavy metal cultures norms and ideas have been the main cause behind the selection, but especially the way characters and events is portrayed in their songs, an existential use of history.  

  • 222.
    Bergström, Pontus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Vildmark/Lappmark: Föreställningar om naturen, samerna och naturväsen i Lappmarkerna 1670-17402018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate Swedish representations of the Lappmark in the 1600s and 1700s, with particular regard to the descriptions of nature and the supernatural. The study examines how swedes depicted nature and nature spirits in the Lappmark, and how the descriptions relate to larger process during the time period. The sources used are mainly from priests who were active in the Lappmarks during this period. The source material has been divided into two groups to simplify the comparison, one containing Johannes Schefferus Lapponia (1673), the other contains Pehr Högströms Beskrifning öfver de till Sveriges krona lydande lappmarker (1747). Works such as Carolyn Merchants The Death of Nature (1989) and Henri Lefebvre's The Production of Space (1991) are used in the study.The study show that the early authors had a very negative attitude towards the Lappmark and its nature. The area was perceived as an unproductive wilderness, and the saamis were used as an example of the Lappmarks depraved nature. Högström approached the land from a different angle, he believed that the Lappmarks had a great potential once Gods plan for the region had been realized. Högström uses the Saami to show how a people, despite their shortcomings, still could flourish in the Lappmark. Högströms optimistic attitude required that he separated the nature spirits from nature, which illustrated the transition from the idea of a lifegiving nature to the idea of a mechanical nature. The study also contributes to new knowledge about how swedish priests tried to define and control the representation of the Lappmark and how this was complicated by both saamis and settlers.

  • 223.
    Bergvall, Lina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Barnfamiljen och folkbiblioteket: En studie om hur barnfamiljen använder och uppfattar folkbibliotekets verksamhet för barn2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor thesis is to explore how families with children use and perceive the collection and activities the public library offers children up to nine-year-old. I also want to seek knowledge about how families with children receive information about these activities. The library user, more and more becomes an important asset when it comes to developing and designing the library. User studies have become useful tools to gain knowledge about users. The study aims to analyse how users use and perceive activities at the public library and how they receive information about what activities the public library offers. I used qualitative interviews as a data collection method, where seven caregivers have been interviewed. The Four Spaces model by Casper Hvenegaard Rasmussen, Henrik Jochumsen and Dorte Skot-Hansen has been used as a theoretical framework. According to the model, The Four Spaces, the study shows that families with children foremost use the public library as a place to explore and excite, than to participate and create. However, the users request activities for these ages, creative and cultural activities where the children participate. Families with children use the public library, primary for book reading and book loans. They perceive the activities arranged by the public library as positive. They receive information about theatre performances, but the users still request further information about what the library offer.

  • 224.
    Berkeby, Victor
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Steinbrecher, Victor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Världen vill bedras...: Lärare och elever om källkritik2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this study is to examine how students and teachers value source criticism. Partly, this regards how teachers practice this in their teaching and how students work with it during lessons – but also how students value source criticism in situations where the teacher not has pointed out that this topic is part of the actual assignment. Moreover, there is a focus on investigating how students who are critical of the sources take this into account in their daily lives; for example, when they surf on the Internet or when they discuss news articles or other media. This essay is based on interviews with students and teachers, using a qualitative method.

     

    The results of this study show that both students and teachers find source criticism to be of major importance. However, the results show that the students relate source criticism with school, since the students feel that the perspective of criticism gets omitted in daily situations where they do not get assessed. Additionally, this study makes it clear that teachers are working with source criticism in similar ways. For example, all teachers who participated in this study seem to include a period during the students’ first year on upper secondary school with an emphasis on this particular area. Thereafter, source criticism is included frequently in the teaching through analyses in the tasks that follow. Nevertheless, the students highlighted that they would like more concrete teaching within the area of source criticism on a frequent basis during lessons, especially during the later terms of upper secondary school.    

  • 225.
    Berketa, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Zadar, Croatia.
    Lundman, Madeleine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Dragija Ivanovic, Martina
    University of Zadar, Croatia.
    Golub, Koraljka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    The importance of quality classification and subject indexing of health information in public libraries: A comparative analysis2017In: Improving Quality of Life Through Information: Proceedings of the XXV Bobcatsss Symposium, Tampere, Finland, January 2017 / [ed] Paavo Arvola, Tanja Hintsanen, Serafia Kari, Soile Kolehma, Shan Luolin, Jasmiina Sillanpää, 2017, p. 131-136Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The general aim of this paper is to explore the practice of subject indexing and classification of health information in public libraries. The pilot study encompasses two public libraries, each from a different European country, Croatia and Sweden: Zadar Public Library, and Växjö Public Library. The research questions are: 1) how important is the terminology for subject headings; and, 2) how many subject terms are enough to describe an information resource in a catalog record? The research was done in two phases. First, an exploratory evaluation of subject searching in the catalogs was conducted. Second, after the analysis of the catalogs, questions for interviews were formed. Four semi-structured interviews were conducted, two per library, of which one interview with a subject librarian and one with a reference librarian. Finally, a comparative analysis between the two libraries from the two countries was con- ducted. Results imply that the subject headings and classification used were very generic and did not cater for specific, topically narrower queries. Also, subject indexing was considered important, especially to the librarians for searching purposes through ensuring consistency in the catalog, thereby making it easier to find resources on the same topics.

  • 226.
    Berlin, Frida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Läsprojekt, hur och varför?: Politiskt motiverade arbetssätt i Kultur i Västs läsfrämjande projekt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor´s thesis is to examine the motivational factors for project management as a method for the regional library Kultur i Väst in Sweden, using qualitative content analysis and New Public Management (NPM) as the theoretical framework.. It was performed on eight applications for Kulturrådet from 2010 to 2015.

    The theoretical framework is based on New Public Management theory and a schematic for the analysis was constructed from several scientists established characteristics of NPM.

    The results showed that Kultur i Väst primary focus has been intercommunication and united action. Many of the projects were also focused on establishing a network between libraries and methods for collective marketing. These work proceedings correlated with established traits in NPM such as standardization and greater focus on reporting and evaluation. Three different reasons for this correlation were discussed. User demand, standardization and legitimation were all found to have implied or outright stated to be the motivational factor in the projects.

    The study came to the conclusion that the similarities between how Kulturrådet formulates demands on regional libraries and how Kultur i Väst plan and motivate their own strategies supports the idea of a connection between NPM and project as a method for regional libraries.   

  • 227.
    Berling, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Vapengravskicket på Öland och Gotland: En studie över regionala och överregionala drag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to evaluate the hypothesis that Öland and Gotland shared a superregional weapon burial custom during the older part of the Scandinavian iron age by comparing the weapon graves and a selection of graves on two cemeteries one from each isle. The essay concludes that the weapon graves on Öland and Gotland (or at least the examined cemeteries) was not connected by a super-regional weapon burial custom.

  • 228.
    Bernhard, Emelie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Nostalgi och retro2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Retro lockar och nostalgi skapas av existentiella och/eller estetiska skäl med omfattande och varierande betydelser för olika aktörer. Människors minnen och sinnen kan knytas an till folkparken Tyrolens dansbana och musikverksamhet. Dansbanan och musiken fungerar som minnesbärare, de är exempel på hur materiellt och immateriellt kulturarv samverkar och genererar upplevelser av nostalgi. Att samla och dokumentera kulturarv är avgörande för nostalgins och retrons betydelser för människor, ett exempel är den mobila museivagnen "Tyrolen på hjul". Samtida individuella och kollektiva berättelser om det nära förflutna liksom begreppen nostalgi och retro kan användas inom arkeologin för att förstå vad det innebär att vara människa.

  • 229.
    Bhambra, Gurminder K.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. Univ Warwick, UK.
    London is the Place for Me: Black Britons, Citizenship and the Politics of Race2017In: Political quarterly (London. 1930. Print), ISSN 0032-3179, E-ISSN 1467-923X, Vol. 88, no 3, p. 529-531Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 230.
    Bhambra, Gurminder K.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. University of Warwick, UK.
    "Our Island Story": The dangerous politics of belonging in austere times2016In: Austere Histories in European Societies: Social Exclusion and the Contest of Colonial Memories / [ed] Stefan Jonsson, Julia Willén, Routledge, 2016, p. 21-37Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 231.
    Bhambra, Gurminder K.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. Univ Warwick, UK.
    Postcolonial Reflections on Sociology2016In: Sociology, ISSN 0038-0385, E-ISSN 1469-8684, Vol. 50, no 5, p. 960-966Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This contribution addresses the impact of postcolonial critiques on sociology by drawing parallels with the emergence of feminism and queer theory within the academy. These critiques were facilitated by the expansion of public higher education over the last five decades and the article also addresses the implications of the privatisation and marketisation of the university on the processes of knowledge production.

  • 232.
    Bhambra, Gurminder K.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. University of Warwick, UK.
    The state: Postcolonial histories of the concept2018In: Routledge Handbook of Postcolonial Politics / [ed] Olivia U. Rutazibwa, Robbie Shilliam, Abingdon-on-Thames: Taylor & Francis, 2018, p. 200-209Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Our contemporary political landscape is organised around the idea of the nation-state and, as Habermas (1998) (among many others) has argued, this idea is seen to have its origins in the system of sovereign states that came into being in Europe in 1648 with the Treaty of Westphalia. The history of the modern nation-state is then understood to be further shaped by the American and French Revolutions in the late eighteenth century. Within Europe, there are seen to be two routes to modern statehood. The first was the evolution of nation-states ‘within the boundaries of existing territorial states’ (Habermas 1998: 397), as was the case for most North and Western European states. The second was in establishing a nation and then a state, as exemplified by the projects of Germany and Italy in the late nineteenth century and the subsequent formation of states in Central and Eastern Europe in the twentieth. These initial formations, he continues, were followed in the period of mass decolonisation in the mid- to late-twentieth century by the establishment of ‘postcolonial’ states. A final moment in the history of nation-states is then presented as the secession of states from the Soviet Union in the aftermath of its collapse in the late twentieth century.

  • 233.
    Bhambra, Gurminder K.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. University of Warwick, UK.
    Santos, Boaventura de Sousa
    University of Coimbra, Portugal;University of Wisconsin–Madison, USA.
    Introduction: Global Challenges for Sociology2017In: Sociology, ISSN 0038-0385, E-ISSN 1469-8684, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 3-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the 50th anniversary of the journal, this special issue takes stock of the progress that has been made within sociology to become a more globally oriented discipline and discusses the new challenges for the future that emerge as a consequence. From its inception, classical sociology was primarily concerned with the European origins of processes of modernity that were to become global. There was little discussion of how the global might be understood in terms of structures, processes and social movements not directly identified as European but nonetheless contributing to modernity. The challenge for sociology has been to take into account these other phenomena and to rethink its core categories and concepts in light of newly understood alternative formations of the global and the social movements that bring them about.

  • 234.
    Billore, Soniya
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Golub, Koraljka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Digital humanities: an exploration of a new programs in higher education and its meaning making by community partners2017In: Extended Papers of the International Symposium on Digital Humanities (DH 2016): Växjö, Sweden, November, 7-8, 2016 / [ed] Koraljka Golub & Marcelo Milrad, CEUR-WS.org , 2017, Vol. 2021, p. 119-125Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As part of the Digital Humanities initiative at Linnaeus University, this exploratory study is aimed at gathering views and opinions from relevant stakeholders in the regional community in order to understand their perspective on Digital Humanities as a subject of study and the potential application of Digital Humanities to address local requirements. The ultimate purpose of the study was to inform the development of Digital Humanities at Linnaeus University in a way that would address genuine needs within society. The principal research question of the study was: "What views and opinions are there about Digital Humanities and how can they be exploited for the optimal benefit of the education and industry sectors of the local region of Småland?" A focus group interview of four stakeholders was conducted, each representing a different cultural institution in the region. The participants largely agreed that Digital Humanities could be used in optimal ways to engage people and end users in their work and social engagement. The Digital Humanities project could contribute and engage with wider society through schools, museums and other public platforms. However, the sustainability of the Digital Humanities project requires further study. Also, as a provider of higher education in Sweden, it was important to bear in mind that the proposed educational programme in the Digital Humanities needs to keep to the three pillars of Education, Research, and Engagement with Society as the primary components of their course development. 

  • 235.
    Billore, Soniya
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Hägerdal, Hans
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    The Indian Patola: Import and consumerism in early modern Indonesia2019In: Journal of Historical Research in Marketing, ISSN 1755-750X, E-ISSN 1755-7518, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 271-294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The present paper aims to focus on the Indian influence in the transfer of, the business of and consumer markets for Indian products, specifically, textiles from producers in the South Asian subcontinent to the lands to the east of Bali. This aspect of the influence of Indian products has received some attention in a general but not been sufficiently elucidated with regard to eastern Indonesia. Design/methodology/approach This paper is based on archival research, as well as secondary data, derived from the published sources on early trade in South Asia and the Indian Ocean world. The study includes data about the Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, a Dutch-owned company, and its textile trade history with India and the Indonesian islands with a special focus on Patola textiles. Narratives and accounts provide an understanding of the Patola, including business development and related elite and non-elite consumption. Findings The paper shows how imported Indian textiles became indigenised in important respects, as shown in legends and myths. A search in the colonial sources demonstrates the role of cloth in gift exchange, alliance brokering and economic network-building in eastern Indonesia, often with important political implications. Research limitations/implications - The study combines previous research on material culture and textile traditions with archival data from the early colonial period, thus pointing at new ways to understand the socio-economic agency of local societies. Originality/value Only mapping the purchase and ownership of trading goods to understand consumption is not enough. One must also regard consumption, both as an expression of taste and desire and as a way to reify a community of people.

  • 236.
    Bjurman, Mahshid
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Sluka e-böcker och leka digitalt?: Informationsteknik på barnbibliotek2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We live in a digital age . This means that information technology affects our lives in all its forms. Information technology has become an important cultural, intellectual and physical tool in our society and now form the interaction between people. The use of information technology is an everyday activity in children and young people's lives today. Children in the Digital Age play , read, write , learn and communicate with others using information technology . Childhood has , thanks to information technology and new media habits, become different in both form and meaning. This applies for children’s libraries aswell. The children's library has in its mission to promote language development, encourage reading and provide literature based on children’s and young people's needs and circumstances. This paper examines how children's development is influenced by information technology. How information technology can help children in their development and learning. If information technology has the potential to influence children's development positively and how children's libraries can use information technology to inaugurate children and adolescents in the literature and culture with greater account of children's new media habits . What can children's libraries provide children and young people through information technology ? Can children's libraries reach children and young people through the children's own media habits in order to fulfill its mission?

  • 237.
    Bjurvald, Elin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Vara ifred men höra ihop: Gemenskapskänsla och folkbibliotek som plats2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how library patrons experience the public library as a physical place and how their emotions and opinions fit into the concept sense of community. Nine informants were selected and interviewed about their habits, experiences, preferences, opinions and emotions when visiting their respective most-used libraries. Using the theoretical framework developed by David W. McMillan and David M. Chavis for the concept sense of community as an analytical tool, the transcribed interviews have been closely studied and analysed in terms of the different criteria that make up a sense of community according to the theory.

    Some criteria were found to be relatively weak in the interview data, such as a shared emotional bond and strict boundary settings. Other criteria were better represented, such as a sense of personal investment, mutual influence between patron and library, a sense of belonging, fulfilment of needs, and shared values. The informants were particularly unified when discussing the importance of a public library for a local community as a place that welcomes all for free, values culture and knowledge, and provides a multitude of books and media in a calm, peaceful environment.

    The conclusion was drawn that public library patrons do feel a sense of community with their local library, its staff and other users, and that there’s a connection to this sense of community and the sense of being a citizen in Sweden as a whole. Physical factors such as interaction with staff and the make-up of the collection were found to be of particular importance to patrons, but other physical factors also influenced how they viewed and made use of specific public libraries.

  • 238.
    Bjälevik, Gustav
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Albertz, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Skolbibliotekarier och lärare: Ett professionsöverskridande samarbete2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the Swedish School Inspectorate school libraries in Sweden are not utilized to their full potential. They conclude that this has a lot to do with a lack of communication and collaboration. We have, with this as a working premise, analyzed the collaboration between school librarians and teachers with a basis in the Teacher Librarian Collaboration-models. The TLC-models illustrates the collaboration between school librarians and teachers by using four categories for collaboration. The results are based on four interviews with school librarians on the topic of collaboration with teachers from the librarians’ point of view. Three things to note according to the informants are their dependence on a library plan, the need for a more involved management that has a deeper understanding for what they want from the school library, and that overall, they express a satisfaction with the collaborations they do have with teachers although two of the respondents wish these were conducted with all of the teachers in their workplace and not just a select few. The models have been applied to the result to elucidate the level of cooperation and we can conclude that although the collaboration patterns are far from terrible there is room for improvement. For further research we suggest deeper investigations on the role of the library plan and its impact on the collaboration. We also suggest further research on the role of the teachers and principals should be done in disciplines outside Library and Information science. At last we see an advantage in this kind of study, but in a grand scale to gather a broad array of ideas and perspectives.

  • 239.
    Björk Andersson, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Folkets Röst: ras och vithet i en svenskamerikansk tidning2017In: Ras och vithet: svenska rasrelationer i går och i dag / [ed] Tobias Hübinette, Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 115-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 240. Björk, Nina
    et al.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Absolut individualism är omöjlig2018In: Dagens ETC, ISSN 1652-8980, no 2018-05-01Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilka är vi – som människor – när vi samlas på första maj? Nina Björk förklarar, tillsammans med Stefan Arvidsson, vad ett socialistiskt kulturarv är eller kan vara. Låt oss kalla det vänsterns mänskliga manifest.

  • 241. Björk, Nina
    et al.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Terry Eagleton2015In: Samtida politisk teori / [ed] Stefan Jonsson, Stockholm: Tankekraft , 2015, 1, p. 159-175Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 242.
    Björnell, Jakob
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Ulf Ekmans konversion till Katolska kyrkan i svensk dagspress: Diskussion utifrån ett diskursanalytiskt perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the reasons a religious minority leader has to convert to a larger religious group and how the leader chooses to communicate this event in certain daily press. In March 2014 the leader and founder of the Christian and charismatic movement “Livets Ord” (Words of Life), Ulf Ekman, announced his decision converting to the Roman Catholic Church after a 10 year long process of thinking. The communications of Ekman’s linguistic language in the articles are discussed through two discourse analyzing perspective, Laclau & Mouffe’s and Fairclough’s. Lewis Rambo’s theory about the process of conversion is compared with Ekman’s statement in the daily press.

    According to Ekman, his reasons for leaving “Word of Life” in favor for the Roman Catholic church is how he, in RCC, sees the concrete, visible aspect of ”the Church”. In plenty of his sayings he mentions RCC’s sacramental dimension, its authentic authority and moral superiority. These opinions were depicted in the Swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter. In the Christian newspaper Dagen Ekman says that he sees the Roman Catholic Church as ”the oldest church” which, according to him, was another reason for his conversion. Ekman also says that he feels as if the Lord urged him to this conversion because of how God’s order now is broken and that the biblical knowledge and those dogmas that the Roman Catholic Church is holding as true, is a step in the right direction for finding unity in ”the body of Christ”. In another Swedish Christian newspaper, Världen idag, Ekman expresses the need for a ”ministry” in Sweden, which also can be explained as a reason for his conversion. Their social pathos, the presence of charismatic Catholics around the world, the strongly established theology, the rich masses, the missionaries, and the Roman Catholic Church as an ethical church is said to be another reasons for his conversion in Världen idag. The communication of Ekmans conversion in the daily press keeps pretty well in line with Rambo’s seven descriptive phases towards conversion. The discourse analysis shows that ”the Church”, according to Ekman, can get a significance that will be viewed as some sort of ethos when it’s represents a constructed identity which remains unclear. The discourse analysis also shows that Ekman’s sayings tend to ”silence” previous criticism he issued towards the Roman Catholic Church. Ekman sometimes cites absolute truths. His statements are also intertextually anchored.

  • 243.
    Blad, Pontus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Den svenska neutraliteten: En studie hur rikets neutralitet skildras i skolans historieböcker2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How has the question of Swedish neutrality been taught in the Swedish school during the 1950s, 1960s and 2000s?

    Neutrality is changeable and can be linked to shifts in history culture, conscious and contemporary perceptions during time.

    The material has been interpreted through the hermeneutics guidelines, which means that I have made the interpretation.

    At the beginning of the Second World War in 1939, the Swedish government declared the country neutral. Sweden was represented during the war by a collective government led by Per Albin Hansson and declared the country as "non-warring". The consequence of this was that Sweden was not drawn into any armed conflict. In our school books, the knowledge is conveyed that Sweden was not included in the Second World War. Between historians and within history science, it is continuously debated to what extent the Swedish government maintained and protected the neutrality. The essay will analyze and study material in which Sweden’s neutrality is portrayed and in what way the transit agreement is reported in the textbooks and how it differs. Differences in history consciousness will be investigated with the help of current research. Compared to previous research, this study provides a more complex understanding of neutrality changes in school textbooks. The analysis has concluded that the historiography appears different over time and that the ethical aspect is becoming increasingly apparent.

  • 244.
    Blixt, Tobias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Urbaniseringens relation till klasstorleken: En studie om ämneslärares uppfattningar om stora skolklasser för årskurs 7-9 i Kalmar tätort2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur ämneslärarna för årskurs 7-9 i Kalmar tätort uppfattar arbetet med stora skolklasser och deras interaktion med eleverna, samt hur relationen ser ut mellan urbanisering och det ökade elevantalet för skolklasser i årskurs 7-9. De frågeställningar som undersökningen baseras på är: hur ser relationen ut mellan urbaniseringen till Kalmar tätort och skolklassernas storlek? Samt vilka uppfattningar har ämneslärare i Kalmar tätort om deras interaktion med stora skolklasser? I studien har fyra kvalitativa intervjuer gjorts för att få förståelse kring lärarnas perspektiv på hur undervisningen sker i större klasser. I undersökningen är det flera viktiga teoretiska begrepp som har använts som teoretiska ram. Tätort, urbanisering, landsbygd och skolans förändring är några begrepp som använts för att undersöka och besvara de två frågeställningarna. Studien visar att befolkningen i Kalmar tätort ökar, men det är inte urbaniseringen som är den främsta faktorn utan det är framförallt andra orsaker. Det är bland annat invandring och ökat barnafödande som är den största orsaken till att Kalmar ökar i befolkningsmängd. De lärare som deltar i denna studie beskriver att arbetsbördan ökar när det är fler elever i klasserna. Skolan och kommunens ekonomiska situation påverkar i hög grad hur klasserna ser ut. Om lärarnas arbetsbörda minskar och att skolorna har bättre ekonomi så skulle det leda till att lärarna och eleverna har mer tid till att öka kunskapsutvecklingen. 

  • 245.
    Block, Jimmy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Donald Trump: A fascist president with Christian support?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Donald Trump chocked the world when he decided to run for president of the United States of America, and won. This study examines if Donald Trump may be placed on a fascist scale based on his statements in six speeches; and how the Christian support, that he received, may be explained. The speeches have been analysed based on a qualitative text analysis and been categorized in to five categories of fascism.

     

    The Christian support may be explained by common values; Lakoff’s Strict Father morality, in combination with fear. The fear for what may happen to the U.S. with Hillary Clinton as president has a big impact on why conservative Christians voted for Donald Trump. The conclusion of this study is that Donald Trump can be classified as a semi-fascist as he partly fulfils the fascist criteria this study presents.

  • 246.
    Blomberg, Christina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Karlsson, Jennifer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Litterära Cirkeln: En studie hur Cirkeln av Mats Strandberg och Sara Bergmark Elfgren diskuterats på bokbloggar i anknytning till nätbokhandlar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to examine posts on bookblogs about the book, Cirkeln by Mats Strandberg and Sara Bergmark Elfgren and see how it has distributed amongst readers through social media and reader response. We want through this examine whether bookblogs have a place in the literary society, and in such cases, how this may take place. The Swedish Online bookshops Adlibris and Bokus is being used to find the blogposts to be examined in this thesis. The analysis is being implemented using content analysis and constructed encoding schemes. Interdisciplinary topics, like LIS and sociology of literature may have similar points of contact, which we want to highlight with this thesis. It is also possible to extract understanding of their own research topic by taking advantage of each other's knowledge. This is done in our paper by using Lars Furuland´s model, den litterära processen, as a starting point. The interlocking of posts on bookblogs, reader response and Online book shops, we believe demonstrates that bookblogs have a place in the Swedish literary society.

  • 247.
    Blomfelt, Therese
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Folkbibliotek som mötesplats för flyktingar: En undersökning av två folkbibliotek och deras potential att öka socialt kapital i samhället2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay points at the importance of public libraries as arenas of meetings between refugees and the local population, and by this - creating social kapital in the society as a whole. The researchers Aabø, Audunson and Vårheim have created theories about low-intensive meeting places, that means – neutral, public places where accidential meetings with different strangers can happen, which can create social capital and trust among each other. To complement these theories I also use Vårheim who have implementet social capital-theories to the sphere of public libraries. These two theories complement each other and can help me investigate two public libraries in a rural area in Sweden. My purpose is to see how these two libraries are used as low-intensive meeting places for refugees and if the libraries contribute to build social capital in the society. I am interviewing library personal and the two heads of the libraries. I want to see what services etc. they provide for refugees and overall their thoughts and attitudes towards the library as a meeting place for refugees. In conclusion I have found that neither library is very strong when it comes to the function of creating meetings between refugees and the local population. But overall they have open attitudes towards it, and they try in different ways to provide services for immigrants. I can see in the material that these libraries have a good platform and possibilites of creating social capital in the society, and in many ways they contribute to this.

  • 248.
    Blomstrand, Jaqueline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Att leva i en magisk värld: En litteraturstudie om synen på magi hos tre framstående neopaganistiska författare2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to study the pluralism of notions of magic and magic ritualization by doing an analysis of three influential books by three Neopagan authors. The works that were used as material for this essay were Witchcraft today by Gerald Gardner, Wicca by Scott Cunningham and Instant Magick: Ancient wisdom, modern spellcraft by Christopher Penczak. The study answers two main questions: Which views on magic does each author express, regarding what magic is and how it should be practiced? How can each author’s views on magic be explained by studying the society the author lived in and the Neopagan traditions he came into contact with? For this study, I have been inspired by Åsa Trulsson and Catherine Bell. I use Bell’s concept of ritualization in order to provide a perspective where the practitioner is put in the center of attention, not the ritual itself. This essay showed that the authors’ views of magic and how it should be practiced can be explained by studying the societies they lived in as well as which Neopagan tradition they belonged to. Gardner has a much more rigid view on what magic is and how it should be exercised, compared to Cunningham and Penczak, which can be explained by the more traditional view on religion and ritual that existed during Gardner’s life, and his wish to legitimize the tradition he presented to the world. Furthermore, this essay shows that Gardner has influenced both Cunningham and Penczak, who have also been influenced by more diverse traditions than Gardner, such as Kabbalah, Reiki et cetera. This more diverse inspiration from other traditions also explains the differences between Gardner and the other two authors.

  • 249.
    Blomstrand, Jaqueline
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Upp till kamp?: En uppsats om varvsarbetarnas fackliga arbete i Försvarvsverkens Civila Personals Förbund, avdelning 36 i Karlskrona 1939-19492017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to study the labour union Försvarsverkens Civila Personals Förbund section 36 in Karlskrona between 1939- 1949, which consisted of men and women who were employees of the naval shipyard. The labour union is studied by investigating their economy, membership number and amount of written rapports to and from the section and which labour questions they worked for. Besides this, the essay seeks to study if there was any development in the working process, for example if there occurred any modernization in the shipyard and if this is visible in the questions driven by the union. Another purpose of this paper is to compare section 36 in Karlskrona with section 41 in Malmö, by comparing which questions they worked for and the working process in the shipyards. The theory used in this paper is the so called conflict- theory, which states that conflict is either moving society forward, or creating chaos in the natural order, by the struggle for material resources. Conflict theory is a multi- faceted theory and therefore one interpretation, made by Bo Stråth, is used for this paper. When it comes to the method used in this paper, the one that is used is a comparative method with both quantitative and qualitative elements. The other aspect of the method comes from the conflict theory, as described by Stråth.

    The result showed that section 36 had a relatively good development between 1939- 1949: their economy increased and their membership increased overall, even though most factors changed for better or worse between each year. Another result was that section 36 and section 41 were quite alike when it came to the two aspects that were investigated. In both sections the question of wages was the most important and in both shipyards the working process changed to some extent for the employees, which can be seen in the questions driven by both sections.

    Key words: Shipyard, labor, politics, Karlskrona, Malmö Nyckelord: Varvsindustri, fackförening, Karlskrona, Malmö 

  • 250.
    Blücker, Lina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Kindstrand, Andrea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    HBT-certifiering av Sollentuna bibliotek2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The public libraries in Sweden has an obligation to serve all of its citizens, but despite of this they often fail to include their LGBTQ-patrons. Since the year of 2008 RFSL (the Swedish Federation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights) have arranged a specially designed certification-process based on normcritical criterias that a chosen institution should fulfill to make their work more inclusive for LGBTQ-people. Sollentuna is the first municipal in Sweden to certificate all of their libraries. This study aims to examine what the certification have meant for the public library in Sollentuna and how a normcritical view can contribute to include LGBTQ-patrons at the library. As a method we used a qualitative interview-study to get a full picture of the certification-process and its influence on the public library of Sollentuna. Our main source of information has been through interviews with four individuals who have been involved in or has experience of the certification-process. As a theoretical framework we used queer-theory to understand how a normcritical perspective can influence the daily work in the library. The results showed that the certification has made the library staff aware of the social norms they have been replicate. We have come to the conclusion that the certification is a good entrance for public libraries to start implementing a normcritical view in their daily work for inclusion of a wide range of minority groups.

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