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  • 201.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Om samtalets organisering för hälsa i arbetet - begripliggörande processer om arbetet tillsammans med andra2019In: Hälsopromotion i teori och praktik - olika arenor och målgrupper / [ed] Bringsen, Åsa. Nilsson Lindström, Petra, Malmö: Liber, 2019, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 202.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    On principles of sustainability and complexity: a qualitative quest for regenerative work2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 203.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    On the complexity of being a principal - emerging identities and performance in a new work reality2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is the first piece of a jigsaw puzzle in an effort to study the conditions that enable

    Swedish principals and preschool leaders to do a good job, create an identity and safeguard

    health. The present study is the first step to approach the overarching aim of understanding

    how principals’ and preschool leaders’ assignments are interpreted and construed and of who

    or what enables or prevents them from doing a good job. The primary aim of this paper is to

    narrow down how the assignment (the task)) is interpreted and to identify the markers for how

    principals and preschool leaders look upon the chances of doing a good job. These markers

    will subsequently form the basis of an in-depth qualitative study we have begin.

  • 204.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Planering i komplexa verksamheter2013In: Chefstidningen, ISSN 2000-3498, no 3, p. 48-51Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 205.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    På spaning efter hållbara förutsättningar för individens välbefinnande och utveckling i arbetet: en betraktelse genom komplexitetsteorier2009In: Arbetslivsforskning och hållbarhet: empiriska illustrationer och framtidsvisioner, Växjö: Växjö Universitet , 2009, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 100-113Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 206.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Sustainable work systems and complexity: a social challenge2008In: / [ed] B.Frostell, Å. Danielsson, L. Hagberg, B.-O. Linnér, E. Lisberg Jensen, Uppsala: Föreningen Vetenskap för Hållbar Utveckling (VHU) , 2008, p. 231-238Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 207.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad och Linnéuniversitetet i Växjö.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Karlsson, Jessica
    Linnéuniversitetet i Växjö.
    Samtalsgrupper som ledarutveckling för socialt komplexa organisationer2016In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 20-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln beskriver och problematiserar samtalsgrupper för utveckling av ledarskap. Praktiken med dess komplexitet är utgångspunkten. Möten och interaktioner utanför hierarkin skapar grund för undran och konstruktioner av mening som kan bidra till ett skickligare handlande i den egna praktiken. I studien undersöks samtalsgrupper på Rektorsprogrammet vid Linnéuniversitetet. Utformningen av grupperna, dess processer och deltagarnas upplevelser pekar på att dessa grupper är effektiva för utveckling av skicklighet i ledares handlingar inom ramen för social komplexitet.

  • 208.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Pettersson, Pär
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    On the organisation of sustainable prerequisites for the subjective well-being and growth of individuals2012In: Vulnerable Groups & Inclusion, ISSN 2000-8023, Vol. 3, p. 18938-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects that work has on individuals are not unknown. The importance of work in terms of the subjective well-being and growth of individuals through their work, however, is not as extensively discussed and documented. Risk factors and unhealthy factors have long been discussed at the expense of positive conditions for well-being and personal growth. We like to call work with that type of potential regenerative work. Hence, that is the type of work that we have chosen to focus on in this study. The following research objectives have guided us through the study: Which everyday work processes may contribute to sustainable prerequisites for the subjective well-being and growth of individuals? The study takes an explorative approach to two workplaces - a care unit at a hospital and a manufacturing company. Our aim is to increase the understanding of prerequisites for the well-being and growth of individuals through their work. Three themes emerged in this type of regenerative work: performance, general overview and participation, and dialogue. These themes are problemised by looking at their potential in relation to the organisation of the work. Prerequisites for performance, general overview and participation, and finally dialogue prove to be more efficient in contexts where the complexity of the work and organisation is acknowledged and where there is room for inter-subjective sense-making and self-organising.

  • 209.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Fröjmark, Daniel
    Hansson, Jesper
    Skolinspektionen - exempel på "funktionell dumhet"?2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 210.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Germundsson, Lisa
    SLU-Alnarp.
    Lidén, Alina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Collaborative learning and evaluation in the multi-actor context of an innovation intermediary: How can intermediary organisations be understood and developed through the lenses of complexity and learning theories2020In: Farming Systems Facing Climate Change and Resource Challenges, 2020Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 211.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Karlsson, Jessica
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    On evaluation of base-groups in headmasters academic leadership program2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The effects of leadership training are disputed in research. Evaluations of participants’ training experiences are commonplace. Studies are seldom made which investigate and problematize the impressions that can be left in their complex practice by training, and which can have an effect on their practical duties and on the leaders’ capacity to deal with leadership in their everyday complexity. 

    Empirical material

    The 3-year Headmaster Training Course in Sweden which offers 30 Swedish university credits, equivalent to 30 ECTS, comprises approximately 500 headmasters and pre-school leaders. The leaders of the base groups are university staff. During the course the groups meet 6 times, each time containing a different theme. Curiosity dictated that we should ascertain what work and discussions took place within the base groups, how this is experienced, and how it contributes to the participants’ professional development. 

    Method

    In order to study what happens in the base-group meetings, two of the university base-group staff kept a diary noting down the contents and discussions from each specific session. Recorded interviews were made with 21 participants from 4 base groups. Part of the result of this part of the study has been tested on other base-group leaders from the university (7 people). In order to handle the empirical material we turn to narrative organizational research. The method involves a systematic interpretation of other people’s sense-making of the worlds they experience, here basic group meetings. The interpretation is based on how people create meaning in the experiences of what happens in the groups using perspectives from their everyday complexity as leaders.

    Result

    Preliminary results show an ongoing frustration related to their perception of having too limited resources to allow them to do a good job as headmasters. Within the base groups they are given the opportunity, together with others in similar situations, to exchange experiences and feelings regarding the complex, tangible, everyday work duties they carry out. The frustration felt by the leaders about the complexity of their workday was dealt with by the participants by taking advantage of common discussions held outside of the organizational hierarchy. Within the base groups they can talk and negotiate with colleagues about their complex workday as leaders in schools and pre-schools. According to the participants, they were able to solve common puzzles, even a health puzzle. The base-group meetings were also perceived as energizing them in their practical role as leaders.

    The study will be of significance for the continued structuring of base groups as a support for the education and development of headmasters and pre-school leaders. A questionnaire will now be sent to a random number of participants who have completed the headmaster training course.

  • 212.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Liden, Alina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    Rapport pilotundersökning: underlag för utvärdering Partnerskap SLU Alnarp2019Report (Other academic)
  • 213.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Richard, Elvi
    Linné university.
    Balansering och brobyggande med svårigheter : en studie av de kliniska lärarnas vardag i vården inom Region Skåne2006Report (Other academic)
  • 214.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Richard, Elvi
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Jämställdhet och diskriminering: om strukturer och sociala handlingar2013Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 215.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Särnholm-Ericsson, Stefan
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    On framing headmasters leadership training for leading socially complex, processual and emergent organization2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives:

    If leadership and organization are in constant flux, what are the consequences for the design of headmaster leadership training? 

    Background:

    What do leaders do, why do they do it the way they do it, and how is what we call organizing done? Starting on the educational design track should begin with a deep understanding of what leadership and organizing mean in practice, but neither with the illusion about what happens, nor the illusion of what should happen. 

    Method

    Leadership training for headmasters and preschool heads at Linnaeus University in Sweden has been the starting point of testing the ontological approach to organization as flux. As background material we used focus group interviews with the participants after the completion of the course. In our paper, however, we limit ourselves for reasons of space to evaluating an experiment containing a new design of the Whats and Hows of the headmaster leadership course, comprising two groups with 50 participants each. The starting point was the flux of [the] practice. 

    Results

    The evaluations from both occasions show surprisingly great similarities. In all answers, superlatives are frequent in the assessment of the days of training and their contribution to the participants’ practice.  The evaluations also contain criticism. However, one conclusion is that a course that makes use of the social complexity, flux and organizational becoming has a chance of making an impact on the participants’ practising. Preliminary results also demonstrate that a course which is adapted to the notion of leadership and organization involving flux can also be experienced as meaningful and useful, as has also been confirmed by management research. 

    Conclusions

    Our conclusion about  management education programs is that  the starting point ought to be a/ an understanding of organizing as social complexity, b/ flux, emergent and organizational becoming, c/ what leadership ‘may be in practice’ ,and d/ participants’ experiences of social complexity and leadership as practising. In addition to including knowledge based on management and organizing as flux (What), the education should also be designed in a way which at least partly resembles the participants’ practice. Thus, the How and What of the course are related to the character of the practice.  The result may have possible effects on the latter, although research shows that this is hard to achieve.  It seems at least that the results are better than if illusions about the practice are allowed to guide the educational contents (What and How). Furthermore, since the practice has the character of flux, parts of the education should also be designed with this in mind (How). Besides, the insight that each participant and each activity is unique, at least in detail and in the long run, should have consequences for the design of the What and How of the training. Academic leadership education with its traditions must incorporate flux and organizational becoming in the choice of literature, lectures, learning situations and examination.  

  • 216.
    Augustsson, Angelica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Bemanningsföretag VS Landsting: En kvalitativ studie om vårdpersonals psykosociala arbetsmiljö utifrån val av arbetsgivare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Utifrån olika psykosociala faktorer har vårdpersonal intervjuats utifrån om de arbetar/arbetat för landsting eller bemanningsföretag. Tre frågor har besvarat i studien och dessa är; Hur väljer vårdpersonal arbetsgivare? Hur upplever vårdpersonal sin psykosociala arbetsmiljö och vilka faktorer påverkar den? Samt hur skiljer sig upplevelserna av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön mellan vårdpersonal som är anställda av landsting och bemanningsföretag?

     

    Teorier som använts i studien är teorier utifrån psykosocial arbetsmiljö där ibland Karaseks krav och kontrollmodell, KASAM (känsla av sammanhang) och upplevelser av att arbeta som konsult för bemanningsföretag. Ytterligare teorier som studien också utgått ifrån är möjligheten att kombinera arbete och övrig tid (Work Life Balance) och motivationsfaktorer.

     

    Resultatet som framkommit visar att det finns brister i den psykosociala arbetsmiljön både som anställd av bemanningsföretag och landsting. Det saknas kontroll i förhållande till de krav som finns i yrket och det finns ett missnöje bland många av respondenterna i studien där också flera valt att ombilda sig till andra yrken. Det finns vissa skillnader som utmärker de olika typer av arbetsgivare och den största är den flexibilitet man får genom att arbeta för bemanningsföretag. I studien analyseras de olika faktorer som påverkar den psykosociala arbetsmiljön för vårdpersonal och vilka utmaningar arbetsgivarna står inför med den personalbrist som råder inom vården.

  • 217.
    Augustsson, H.
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    von Thiele Schwarz, Ulrica
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Stenfors-Hayes, T.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hasson, H.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Investigating Variations in Implementation Fidelity of an Organizational-Level Occupational Health Intervention2015In: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, E-ISSN 1532-7558, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 345-355Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The workplace has been suggested as an important arena for health promotion, but little is known about how the organizational setting influences the implementation of interventions. Purpose: The aims of this study are to evaluate implementation fidelity in an organizational-level occupational health intervention and to investigate possible explanations for variations in fidelity between intervention units. Method: The intervention consisted of an integration of health promotion, occupational health and safety, and a system for continuous improvements (Kaizen) and was conducted in a quasi-experimental design at a Swedish hospital. Implementation fidelity was evaluated with the Conceptual Framework for Implementation Fidelity and implementation factors used to investigate variations in fidelity with the Framework for Evaluating Organizational-level Interventions. A multi-method approach including interviews, Kaizen notes, and questionnaires was applied. Results: Implementation fidelity differed between units even though the intervention was introduced and supported in the same way. Important differences in all elements proposed in the model for evaluating organizational-level interventions, i.e., context, intervention, and mental models, were found to explain the differences in fidelity. Conclusion: Implementation strategies may need to be adapted depending on the local context. Implementation fidelity, as well as pre-intervention implementation elements, is likely to affect the implementation success and needs to be assessed in intervention research. The high variation in fidelity across the units indicates the need for adjustments to the type of designs used to assess the effects of interventions. Thus, rather than using designs that aim to control variation, it may be necessary to use those that aim at exploring and explaining variation, such as adapted study designs. 

  • 218.
    Avby, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Pedagogik och sociologi.
    Professional practice as processes of muddling through: a study of learning and sense making in social work2015In: Vocations and Learning, ISSN 1874-785X, E-ISSN 1874-7868, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 95-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using an ethnographic approach, the aim of this study was to explore how social workers learn and make sense of experiences in their daily practices. Five events that took place during an ordinary day of child investigation work are described and serve as the basis for the analysis. The findings imply that investigation work is largely a social rationalization process and that the interaction between different actors in work is a strategy to enhance the level of knowledge and contribute to learning among the professionals. Thus, learning is embedded in daily activities, for example, consulting colleagues, framing problems and building relationships. Furthermore, the findings suggest the possibility of assuming a contextualized view of reasoning, a so-called contextual rationality, which maintains that practitioners need to make judgments in a way that is sensitive to and relevant for their own contextualized settings. Contextual rationality is a reasonable strategy to deal with complex problems in daily practices that cannot be completely analysed or solved. Contextual rationality is thus not about accuracy, rather it engages individuals to find meaning and order in the complexity of modern organizations where norms, values and expectations provide frameworks for explanations. Besides offering an explanation for the basis of practice, the study identifies a variety of learning opportunities in everyday practice that could potentially be used in efforts to organize a more reflective practice to facilitate improved workplace learning.

  • 219.
    Avby, Gunilla
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Professional Practice as Processes of Muddling Through: a Study of Learning and Sense Making in Social Work2015In: Vocations and Learning, ISSN 1874-785X, E-ISSN 1874-7868, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 95-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using an ethnographic approach, the aim of this study was to explore how social workers learn and make sense of experiences in their daily practices. Five events that took place during an ordinary day of child investigation work are described and serve as the basis for the analysis. The findings imply that investigation work is largely a social rationalization process and that the interaction between different actors in work is a strategy to enhance the level of knowledge and contribute to learning among the professionals. Thus, learning is embedded in daily activities, for example, consulting colleagues, framing problems and building relationships. Furthermore, the findings suggest the possibility of assuming a contextualized view of reasoning, a so-called contextual rationality, which maintains that practitioners need to make judgments in a way that is sensitive to and relevant for their own contextualized settings. Contextual rationality is a reasonable strategy to deal with complex problems in daily practices that cannot be completely analysed or solved. Contextual rationality is thus not about accuracy, rather it engages individuals to find meaning and order in the complexity of modern organizations where norms, values and expectations provide frameworks for explanations. Besides offering an explanation for the basis of practice, the study identifies a variety of learning opportunities in everyday practice that could potentially be used in efforts to organize a more reflective practice to facilitate improved workplace learning.

  • 220.
    Avby, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ellström, Per-Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Knowledge use and learning in everyday social work practice: A study in child investigation work2017In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 22, p. 51-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore knowledge use and learning among social workers in everyday child investigation work. Research was undertaken in two Swedish children’s services departments. The study applied an ethnographic approach. Methods for data collection included interviews, participant observations, reflective dialogues and a documentary analysis of case files. The social workers’ knowledge sources were classified into research-based, practice-based and ordinary knowledge. The findings show that the social workers preferred practice-based knowledge, which was primarily conveyed from colleagues and previous experience, and rarely consulted knowledge from sources found outside the practice setting. Furthermore, the findings suggest that the integration of knowledge was made possible through the social workers' engagement in both a verbal and a more cognitive (tacit) reasoning activity, processes that fostered learning at work. The social workers’ learning was predominantly adaptive as they learned to handle tasks in a fairly routinized way on the basis of rules or procedures. The findings lend support to the notion that the use of different knowledge forms could potentially trigger learning in everyday social work.

  • 221.
    Avby, Gunilla
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Linköpings universitet, Pedagogik och sociologi.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin.
    Ellström, Per-Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Pedagogik och sociologi.
    Knowledge use and learning in everyday social work practice: A study in child investigation work2017In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 22, no Supplement S4, p. 51-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore knowledge use and learning among social workers in everyday child investigation work. Research was undertaken in two Swedish children’s services departments. The study applied an ethnographic approach. Methods for data collection included interviews, participant observations, reflective dialogues and a documentary analysis of case files. The social workers’ knowledge sources were classified into research-based, practice-based and ordinary knowledge. The findings show that the social workers preferred practice-based knowledge, which was primarily conveyed from colleagues and previous experience, and rarely consulted knowledge from sources found outside the practice setting. Furthermore, the findings suggest that the integration of knowledge was made possible through the social workers' engagement in both a verbal and a more cognitive (tacit) reasoning activity, processes that fostered learning at work. The social workers’ learning was predominantly adaptive as they learned to handle tasks in a fairly routinized way on the basis of rules or procedures. The findings lend support to the notion that the use of different knowledge forms could potentially trigger learning in everyday social work.

  • 222.
    Ax, Carola
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Norén, Malin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Visionen “ett Stockholm för alla” - men finns det möjlighet för alla att delta?: En undersökning av styrdokuments beskrivning av möjligheter till deltagande i arbete för individer med neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning i allmänhet och autismspektrumtillstånd i synnerhet i Stockholms stad2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The last decades, prerequisites on the labour market have changed due to technical development and elevated demands on stress-resistance and social skills. We have distinguished a research gap in terms of examining the possibilities to attend the competitive labour market for adults with autism spectrum disorder in Sweden. The aim of this study is to examine regulatory documents from Stockholm municipality and how they describe requirements and ideals on their employees and which efforts they conduct. This to examine the possibilities for individuals with neuropsychiatric disabilities in general and autism spectrum disorder specifically to participate through employment within the municipality’s various functions. Our conclusion is that the demands on the employees tend to hinder participation in work for the focus group because of demands on social competencies and constant development of the organisations various functions. The demand on personal adaption could contribute to increase participation. Since the efforts within daily activities tend to lack incentives to reach the competitive labour market, a large focus on these efforts might hinder further participation in work for the focus group.

  • 223.
    Axelsson, Bodil
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Avslutande sammanfattning och reflektioner: Ideal, livsval och komplexitet2009In: Rapport från konferensen Arbete, livsval och ideal, Arbetets museum 12-13 november 2009, 2009, p. 43-49Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 224.
    Axelsson, Elin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Andersson, Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    "Det är ju som om man tar folks vardagsrum": En kvalitativ studie om förändringsprocesser ur ett ledningsperspektiv vid byte av kontorsmiljö2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 225.
    Axelsson, Elin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Torevik, Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Att pendla eller inte pendla?: Vilka faktorer är avgörande för att kunna attrahera arbetare och/eller tjänstemän till ett arbete med pendlingsavstånd?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Brist på arbetskraft som matchar arbetsgivarens behov gör konkurrensen om rätt kompetens stor. Det gör att organisationer kan behöva locka sökande bosatta på annan ort. Det krävs också att arbetsgivaren kan locka med rätt komponenter vilka kan skilja sig beroende på tjänst och livssituation. Den här kvantitativa enkätstudien är baserad på 129 svar som analyserats för att besvara syfte och frågeställningar om vilka faktorer arbetare och tjänstemän finner attraktiva för att bli intresserade av att pendla till ett arbete.

     

    I studiens teoretiska referensram introduceras läsaren till forskningsområdet genom en bak-grund och tidigare forskning. Sedan följer redogörelser av pendling och teorierna Work-life balance, attraktivt arbete samt Attractive work model. I metodavsnittet redogörs därefter för datainsamling, dess urval, hur enkäten utformats och hur databearbetningen gått tillväga.

     

    I studiens resultat och analys redovisas skillnader mellan vilka faktorer som är mest attraktiva beroende på om man är arbetare eller tjänsteman och vilka faktorer de har gemensamt. Här redovisas också vilka faktorer som är viktiga för att underlätta livspusslet då restiden till arbetet kan ha inverkan på privatlivet. I resultatet framkommer bland annat att arbetare prioriterar trygghet, trivsel och socialt umgänge medan tjänstemän anser att kunna styra sin arbetstid, plats att arbeta och hur man lägger upp det egna arbete är några faktorer som värdesätts mest. Gemensamma faktorer som både arbetare och tjänstemän ansåg vara mycket viktiga är det som underlättar balansen mellan arbete och privatliv, till exempel att kunna ta kortare ledigheter samt lättheten att ta bil till arbetet. Ytterligare betydelsefulla faktorer är inflytande och delaktighet, gemensam värdegrund och känna att den egna kompetensen är efterfrågad prioriteras högt. I den sammanfattande diskussionen sammanställs slutsatserna för att besvara frågeställningar och syftet. Till sist förs en diskussion om förbättringar och förslag till vidare forskningsfrågor inom ämnet.

  • 226.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Avdelningen för arbetsvetenskap.
    Dominanser: En utveckling av den realistiska livsformsteorin2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present dissertation develops a specific theory about everyday life called realist life mode theory. This theory is based on critical realism and consists of "work", "love" and "life mode" as central concepts. The background of the theory is the Danish life mode analysis developed by Thomas Højrup in the 1980:s.

    The aim of the study is to develop the central clusters of concepts in the realist life mode theory - i. e. "work", "love", "life mode" in a theoretical way. These concepts are seen as clusters since other related concepts are developed in connection to the concepts mentioned above. In connection to work I also discuss the concepts of "labour power", "labour receptor", and "work form"; in relation to love, "love power", "love receptor" and "love form" are discussed. And "life mode" is connected with the concept of "everyday life" in a more exact way than before.

    The argument of this study is that realist life mode theory is about two fundamental types of dominance - personal dominance and structural dominance. "Personal dominance" is used synonymously with "ownership". "Structural dominance" is dominance between non-personal, non-conscious entities. Life mode theory is a theory about ownership surrounded by structural dominances both beneath the owning person (sub-personally), and above (socially).

    Personal dominance - ownership - is produced via two human and societal processes - work and love. Work is defined as doing and occuring in the sphere of necessity. In work there especially are possibilities for ownership of the material surroundings. Love is defined as doing and occuring in the sphere of freedom. In love humans produce each other as self-owned persons through transaction of love power.

    Both work and love has great emancipatory potentials, and this theme is discussed in the present study. But, unfortunately, really existing work and love practices are to a great extent exploitative. Labour power is exploited in capitalism, and love power in patriarchy.

    When it comes to structural dominance, this study focuses on the following dominances: The dominance of labour receptor over labour power in men´s working life; the dominance of love power over love receptor in women´s love life. The dominance of work over love in men´s everyday life; the dominance of love over work in women´s everyday life. And on a more social level we find the following dominances: in the male life modes the work form dominates the love form. In female life modes the love form dominates the work form. And finally, in society as a whole male life modes have dominance over female life modes.

    When the dominance between social structures is analyzed, a distinction is made between "dominance form" and "the substance of dominance".

  • 227.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Funderingar kring Kotarbinskis arbetsbegrepp2015In: Tankar om arbete: 17 texter om arbete, arbetsliv och samhällsförändring / [ed] Ann Bergman, Gunnar Gillberg, Lars Ivarsson, Premiss förlag, 2015, p. 138-147Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 228.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Kooperation och arbetsformer: En livsformsteoretisk upplösning av Rothsteins paradox2016In: Inkluderande och hållbart arbetsliv: Book of abstracts FALF 2016, 13–15 juni 2016, Östersund, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 229.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Lojal - mot vem?2018In: Nio-Fem: tidskrift om arbetsliv & profession, ISSN 2001-9688, no 2, p. 18-21Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 230.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Recension av boken Social struktur och mänskligt handlande: en introduktion till kritisk realistisk samhällsanalys av Gunnar Gillberg, Sofia Persson, Ulla-Britt Wennerström och Daniel Seldén.2018In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 24, no 3-4, p. 94-98Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 231.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Recension av publikationen Gillberg m fl (2017) Social struktur och mänskligt handlande: en introduktion till kritisk realistisk samhällsanalys (Gleerups)2018In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 24, no 3-4, p. 94-98Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 232.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Bergman, Ann
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Inflytande som medel för att hantera maktobalans2016In: Makt och inflytande i arbetslivet / [ed] Margaretha Holmqvist, Stockholm: Premiss förlag, 2016, 1, p. 13-32Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 233.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Bergman, Ann
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    The absence of power and the presence of influence in Nordic work life studies2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 234.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Høyer, Hans Christian
    Lojalitet och tillit - hur är fenomenen relaterade till varandra?2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tillit är ett mycket välutforskat fenomen och begrepp inom samhällsvetenskapen under desenaste decennierna. Såväl teoretiskt som empiriskt har många aspekter av tillit blivit belysta. Även lojalitet får betraktas som relativt utforskat, om än inte alls i lika hög grad som tillit. Både lojalitet och tillit berör djupgående men också förhållandevis implicita och svårfångade aspekter av den mänskliga samvaron. I detta paper vill vi utforska relationen mellan dessa fenomen. Även om sådana kopplingar redan har undersökts bedömer vi att mycket återstår att göra. Vi vill just ha ett fokus på själva fenomenen, snarare än begreppen. Bakomliggande finns här ett kritiskt realistiskt perspektiv på vetenskaplig verksamhet, där vi antar att det är samhällsvetenskapens roll att utforska fenomen på en ontologisk nivå snarare än en epistemologisk. Preliminärt kan vi konstatera att i en jämförelse mellan begreppen så framstår tillit som något mer fundamentalt än lojalitet. Tillit tycks exempelvis vara aktuellt i nästan alla mänskliga situationer,medan lojalitet inte är det. Tillit är exempelvis aktuellt redan när vi är små barn – något liknande kan inte sägas om lojalitet. Även om tillit tycks vara mer fundamental vill vi också lyfta fram hittills förhållandevis bortglömd teori om lojalitetens centrala plats i människans socialitet. En likhet vi iakttar är att båda fenomenen är integrerande till sin karaktär. Vi använder här Johan P Olsens begrepp ”politisk ordning” – och både lojalitet och tillit tycks vara centrala när det gäller att skapa en sådan ordning. En skillnad tycks gälla partiskhet. Lojalitet handlar om att vara partisk, att ta ställning för något (och åtminstone implicit ta avstånd från något annat). Tillit tycks inte präglas av en liknande partiskhet. Ytterligare en skillnad berör tidsdimensionen. Tillit tycks vara framtidsinriktad och fenomenet ligger nära ett annat välkänt fenomen – nämligen hopp. Lojalitet, däremot, tycks ha en påtaglig inriktning mot det förflutna. En lojal person ärtrogen mot tidigare gjorde överenskommelser, löften eller avtal. Detta paper är en förstudie till en mindre empirisk studie om lojalitet och tillit bland tjänstemän i offentlig sektor i Norge och Sverige (tjänstemän i Hedmark och Värmland är aktuella). Studien skall vara jämförande och intervjuer skall göras med tjänstemän på tre olika nivåer -  kommunal, regional och statlig nivå

  • 235.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Karlsson, Jan Ch
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Skorstad, Egil J
    An infiltrating solidarity: The worker collectivity today2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 236.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Karlsson, Jan Ch
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Skorstad, Egil J
    Arbeiderkollektivet i dag: Replikasjon og teoretisk utvikling2016In: Tidsskrift for samfunnsforskning, ISSN 0040-716X, E-ISSN 1504-291X, Vol. 57, no 2, p. 105-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lysgaard's theory of the worker collectivity is still an influential classic in Scandinavian working-life research. The study was carried out in a pulp and paper mill in the late 1950s and we have returned to the plant to find out what has happened to the worker collectivity. Through observations at the workplace and interviews with workers, engineers and managers, as well as having access to data from the 1950s and 1980s, we are able to map the development of technology, work organization and the collectivity. On this basis, we suggest two changes to Lysgaard's theory. One is to conceptually split what Lysgaard called the technical/economic system into two relatively autonomous systems the technical and the economic, respectively. The other is to analyse the way in which the collectivity has infiltrated the technical, but not the economic system.

  • 237.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Karlsson, Jan Ch
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Skorstad, Egil J
    Arbetarkollektivet infiltrerar det tekniska systemet: En utveckling av Lysgaards teori2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 238.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Karlsson, Jan Ch
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Skorstad, Egil J
    Høgskolen i Østfold.
    Arbetarkollektivet i dag: Ny studie och teoretisk utveckling2019In: ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys, ISSN 2000-6225, E-ISSN 2000-6217, no 10, p. 113-143Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 239.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Karlsson, Jan Ch
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Høgskolen i Østfold.
    Skorstad, Egil J
    Høgskolen i Østfold.
    Collective mobilization in changing conditions: Worker collectivity in a turbulent age2019 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book presents the first published account in English of Sverre Lysgaard's theory of the ‘worker collectivity’ – a theory of an informal protective organisation among subordinate employees, which so far has been unknown outside Scandinavia.

    Lysgaard’s theory espouses that workers collectively form a buffer against management to protect themselves from the technical/economic power, which controls their working lives. The authors have returned to the same Norwegian factory Lysgaard studied in the 1950s to carry out ethnographic fieldwork in the 1980s and 2010s, and investigate the changing nature of the production, labour processes and management strategies. Through analysis that extends over 50 years of factory life, this research documents shifting power relations between workers and employers during times of changing institutional structures, globalisation, and worker solidarity. A revised version of the theory is also presented as an answer to some of the uncovered deficiencies in the original framework. The book will be of interest to students and scholars of the sociology of work, labour studies, business management and organisation studies.

  • 240.
    Axelsson, Lars
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Youth - the future manpower: studies on unemployment, quality of life and work attitudes in young people2005Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to gain knowledge of experiences of unemployment in young adults with special regard to quality of life (QOL) and to highlight work attitudes and related factors among adolescents. Three studies were performed in Kristianstad municipality, Sweden. In Study 1, a questionnaire was sent in 1998 to 264 unemployed young adults (md=22 years, range 20?25) and to a control group of 528 randomly selected young adults who were studying or working. In Study 2, interviews with 16 unemployed young adults(md=22 years, range 20?24) were performed. In Study 3, 606 students in upper secondary school (md=18, range 18?22) were invited to participate in a questionnaire study. In Study 1, the prevalence of three or more mental health symptoms was 41% in males and 60% in females. Unemployed reported lower mental health than controls. In unemployed females, without very good parental support and with low self-esteem, 76% had three or more mental health problems. Unemployed had lower QOL than controls. However, this picture seemed diversified as 35% reported that QOL had become worse, 41% reported unchanged QOL and 24% reported that QOL had become better since unemployment started. In Study 2, the variation in experiences of unemployment was established in more depth by the qualitative research approach. Perception and action were constituents of QOL among unemployed young adults and QOL was regarded as an outcome of these two dimensions. Perception and action varied greatly, and four groups with substantial differences in QOL were identified: fighters, optimists, exposed and unworried subjects. Study 3 focused on work attitudes. Two separate dimensions of work attitudes were found: work ethics (WE), including attitudes to using the social welfare system, and general work attitudes (GWA), including the general attitude towards work and life as a context. Being female, having very positive work experiences, having good QOL, high SOC and good subjective health were positively related to WE. Being female, studying on a practical programme, being content with the school period, having high SOC and very good parental support were positively related to GWA. This thesis shows that unemployment is experienced in various ways, and these experiences are not only negative. Individual factors such as QOL, SOC, health and parental support are of importance to both unemployment experiences and attitudes to work. Consequently, when the purpose is to increase young adults? possibilities to participate in working life, it can be argued that strategies where the focus is on the individual perspective instead of the collective approach are relevant.

  • 241.
    Axelsson, Lars
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Brorsson, A.
    Håkansson, A.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Variations in perception of unemployment and actions as unemployed: interviews with sixteen young adultsArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 242.
    Axelsson, Lars
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Self-reported health, self-esteem and social support among young unemployed people: a population-based study2002In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 111-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A population-based study was performed in southern Sweden in the autumn of 1998. The aim was to study connections between self-reported health, self-esteem and social support among unemployed (≥ three months) young people. The sample consisted of 264 unemployed individuals aged 20–25 years, and 528 individuals of the same age, randomly selected from the population register and not registered as unemployed. The response rate was 72%. Defined by means of factor analysis, mental health consisted of the symptoms tearfulness, dysphoria, sleeping disturbance, restlessness, general fatigue and irritability. The unemployed had more mental health problems than young people who were working or studying. Restlessness and dysphoria were significantly over-represented in the unemployed among both sexes. However, good social support seemed to predict mental health. Support from parents was most important, particularly in males. Those with low self-esteem and poor parental support were especially vulnerable.

  • 243.
    Axelsson, Linda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Hofsten Salminen, Christina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Arbetsglädje eller bara gnäll?: En kvalitativ studie rörande poliser motivation och arbetstillfredsställelse2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 244.
    Axelsson, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    HR-medarbetares upplevelser kring spelprevention och policyimplementering på arbetsplatsen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The complex concept regarding harmful use of different nature, could be related to the use of alcohol, drugs or gambling. Such activities could affect the efficiency and productivity of an employee in a workplace environment in a negative way. At the request of the Public Health Agency of Sweden, a group of scientist was given the task to evaluate a project regarding education concerning problematic gambling. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate a project regarding education concerning gambling and gambling prevention, and was carried out by the organization Alna. Thematic analysis was used and collection of data was done with semi structured interviews, with ten HR-employees whose five organisations was included in the project Gambling and gambling preventive efforts directed towards the labour market. The results show that the methods and tools used by Alna is perceived as efficient and valuable by the participants. Some obstacles which works against efficient implementation of updated policies and guidelines were identified and these could consist of time constraints, under staffing or subordinated priority of the gambling issue per se. Furthermore it seems that the education project regarding gambling prevention performed by Alna has contributed to the development of policies and guidelines regarding harmful use of different kinds with focus on the gambling issue.  

  • 245.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Personalinvolverat förändringsarbete i industriföretag: Ett verksamhetsledande perspektiv2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Workforce involvement innovation in industrial organizations: a management perspective.

     

    Author: Axelsson Tobias

    Tutor: Lindhult Erik

    Mentor: Sjödin Carina

    Subject/curse: Innovation management, KIN190

    Keywords: innovation, management, workforce involvement, organization, industrial sector

    Problem: Scandinavian organizations have a long tradition of workforce involvement and find it essential to have an engaged workforce to handle innovation. Workforce involvement innovation can give many indirect or direct positive effects but the area are (relative) new to the industrial sector. The question that rises is what an industrial sector workforce need to accomplice innovative changes, and what kind of innovative work do they fit for? What possibilities does a workforce have to create ideas in an organization?

    Purpose: With this study the aim is to create a clearer picture about innovative workforce involvement in the industrial sector. The study follows a management perspective and tries to understand workforce involvement through a manager’s eye.

    Method: The study follows a small innovative initiative in which two groups, one internal and one external to a organization use the same material to find innovative solutions to problems in the working environment.  The study is a qualitative action research project, and is focusing on a managers learning process through the project.

    Conclusion: The study shows that internal workforce is suited to create incremental solutions which also are easy to implement. It’s not an easy task and the organization has to be prepared to involve several levels of the workforce. A manager who leads the process has to be prepared to receive a lot of criticism and reserving a lot of time to projects. If it’s a bigger project the organization might need to get external help. The study also shows that the workforce needs support through the whole innovative process in projects. This is even if they work with their own ideas and their own working environment. There is no easy way even if you might think that a workforce should manage to improve their own situation.

    • The workforce needs support all through an innovative project.
    • Managers have to reserve a lot of time to innovative projects.
    • Managers have to realize that they will receive criticism and reflect over there own view about situations.
    • An organization that wants to create innovative changes might need to change work assignments, recruit or hire external help to succeed.
    • Workforce innovation projects should result in a better working organization both by actual solutions but also in the commitment of the work force.
    • Workforce involvement increases organizational internal transparency.
  • 246.
    Axenstedt, Simon
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Fredriksson, Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Chefers upplevelse av framgång i sitt ledarskap: - Vad chefer på en statlig myndighet upplever som faktorer för att utöva ett framgångsrikt ledarskap.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The field of leadership is a previously well-explored area, but relatively little research in the subject has concerned Swedish organizations and even less government institutions and authorities.

    In the following study, what managers at a government authority are perceived as factors to exercise successful leadership in their organization are investigated. The study is based on empirical evidence from qualitative interviews with five managers at the State Administration of Transport, Trafikverket. Through this study, a new interview method has also been developed, interactive themed interview. Where the respondent is a part in creating and designing the interview guide.

    In the results of this study, it is found that the investigated managers themselves felt that successful leadership in their organization is based on four factors. These are referred to as relationships, decision making, development and

    authenticity.

    The conclusions that this study can contribute beyond what factors the managers themselves consider generating a successful leadership are also how the managers act to exert what they experience successful leadership, but also what roles a successful leadership includes. That the role of the manager, the role of leader and the role as himself, affects the aforementioned factors, relationships, decision and development, and that the interaction between these roles and factors in various ways affects the managers' degree of perceived success in their leadership. The study also shows that Trafikverket's new leadership philosophy is in line with what managers perceive as contributing factors for the pursuit of successful leadership. And that this new philosophy can help managers to exert more what they themselves experience as a successful leadership.

  • 247.
    Ba, Bocar A.
    et al.
    Univ Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 USA..
    Ham, John C.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.;Univ Wisconsin, IRP, Madison, WI USA.;IZA, Bonn, Germany..
    LaLonde, Robert J.
    Univ Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 USA.;IZA, Bonn, Germany..
    Li, Xianghong
    York Univ, N York, ON, Canada..
    Estimating (Easily Interpreted) Dynamic Training Effects from Experimental Data2017In: Journal Labor Economics, ISSN 0734-306X, E-ISSN 1537-5307, Vol. 35, p. S149-S200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate the effect of endogenous training participation on transitions in and out of employment for disadvantaged women in the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) study. Decomposing the effect of training on employment into its effects on transitions in and out of employment has the potential to develop more effective programs. We also consider a potentially serious identification problem that arises when individuals do not undertake training immediately, and we propose a test to shed light on this problem. We find that this problem is not important in our context. JTPA classroom training substantially reduced unemployment durations, and thus it complements programs that increase employment durations.

  • 248.
    Backman, Christel
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Rec. av Susanne Fransson och Per Norberg Att förstå lagstiftning om diskriminering och mänskliga rättigheter2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 79-81Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 249.
    Backman, Christel
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Recension av Susanne Fransson Och Per Norberg, Att förstå lagstiftning om diskriminering och mänskliga rättigheter (Premiss, Stockholm 2017).2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 79-81Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 250.
    Backman, Christel
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Hedenus, Anna
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Ulfsdotter Eriksson, Ylva
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Stereotyper och brytbilder i yrkesbeskrivande text och film2014In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 54-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den sociala stratifikationen på arbetsmarknaden reproduceras i hög grad genom sociala representationer och stereotyper av lämpliga och typiska utövare av olika yrken. Möjligheten att förändra den segregerade arbetsmarknaden påverkas därför av hur yrken skildras i exempelvis vägledningsmaterial. I artikeln granskas Arbetsförmedlingens yrkesbeskrivningar och vi visar hur materialet såväl upprätthåller som bryter mot yrkesmässiga stereotyper utifrån genus, klass och etnicitet.

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