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  • 201.
    Allar, Piirsoo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hur ska vi få äpplet att falla långt ifrån trädet?: En experimentell studie av hur elever väljer gymnasieprogram2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Social snedrekytering är ett stort samhällsproblem, och en av orsakerna till klassbildningen i samhället idag. För två decennier har universitet och högskolor i Sverige aktivt arbetat med att bredda rekryteringen av elever från icke-akademisk bakgrund, men detta utan framgång. Denna studie försöker ta ett första steg i att hitta effektiva metoder som univeristeten kan använda sig av. Det teoretiska ramverket utgörs av nudging-teorin som går ut på att "knuffa" elever mot rätt riktingt genom att exponera dem för högskolealternativet, något som elever med akadeiska bakgrund får naturligt hemifrån. Det är en experimentell studie där eleverna har delats in två gruppern där den ena gruppen för behandling, och den andra gruppen används som kontrollgrupp. Studien utgår från hypotesen att en ökad närvaro av universitetet i utsatta områden kommer påverka målgruppen positivt. Resultaten ger stöd åt denna hypotes. Trots att den misslyckade randomiseringen gjorde det svårt för hypotesen förblev sambandet positivt. Alltså elever som hade fått behandlingen var mer benägna att ange högskoleförberedande program som sitt först val på gymnasiet än kontrollgruppen. 

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  • 202.
    Allard, Anders L.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics.
    Medborgerligt deltagande bland marginaliserade grupper2000Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att vissa grupper deltar på samhällets olika arenor i lägre utsträckning än andra, är tämligen klarlagt. Detta kan betraktas som ett demokratiproblem. Mitt sätt att angripa problemet är att studera dem som trots allt deltar från dessa så kallade marginaliserade grupper. Tanken är att härigenom finna ledtrådar till hur medborgerligt deltagande kan uppstå och vilka effekter det i så fall får. Huvudsakligt studieobjekt för uppsatsen är ett ombyggnadsprojekt (Ringdansen) i Norrköpingsförorten Navestad. Det deltagardemokratiska teoriperspektivet, som betonar att samhället ska fyllas av medborgerligt inflytande och deltagande, utgör en viktig referenspunkt i utformning och analys av uppsatsens data. En vilja att delta måste, för vem det än gäller, finnas vid ett frivilligt engagemang. Denna vilja uppstår lättare under vissa förutsättningar. För grupper som deltar i relativt låg grad bör särskild hänsyn tas för att skapa en gynnsam miljö. De i min studie uppdagade förutsättningarna av vikt är att deltagandet: (1) upplevs beröra frågor med direkt betydelse (ofta vardagsnära), (2) har sitt ursprung i en mänsklig kontaktyta, (3) kan utövas i närheten av hemmet, (4) sker i kollektiv form, (5) inte är allt för komplicerat. Initiativtagarna, i det här fallet ett bostadsbolag, har således en viktig möjliggöranderoll, där även förtroende spelar in. Deltagarna i Ringdansprojektet, framför allt de resursbegränsade, har förbättrat följande medborgerliga resurser: självtilltro, tolerans/kritisk rationalism, samhällsintresse/delaktighet och gemenskap. Detta i något av en positiv kedjereaktion. Det visar sig att individuella förutsättningar, arbetsformer och nivån på deltagandearenan har inverkan på vilka effekter som infinner sig. En rad frågetecken kvarstår, bl.a. gällande beständigheten i effekterna, men som helhet anser jag att de positiva resultaten berättigar ökade satsningar på möjliggörande av medborgerligt deltagande bland marginaliserade grupper.

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  • 203. Allard, Christina
    et al.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Cocq, Coppélie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Hjortfors, Lis-Mari
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Jacobsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences.
    Ledman, Anna-Lill
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Löf, Annette
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Johansson Lönn, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Moen, Jon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
    Nilsson, Lena Maria
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Nordin, Gabriella
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Norlin, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Outakoski, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Reimerson, Elsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Moa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Sehlin MacNeil, Kristina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Stoor, Krister
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Storm Mienna, Christina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Svonni, Charlotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Vinka, Mikael
    Össbo, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Rasbiologiskt språkbruk i statens rättsprocess mot sameby2015In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Statens hantering av forskningsresultat i rättsprocessen med Girjas sameby utgör ett hot mot Sverige som rättsstat och kunskapsnation. Åratal av svensk och internationell forskning underkänns och man använder ett språkbruk som skulle kunna vara hämtat från rasbiologins tid. Nu måste staten ta sitt ansvar och börja agera som en demokratisk rättsstat, skriver 59 forskare.

  • 204.
    Allard, Christina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences. Faculty of Law, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway.
    Reimerson, Elsa
    Department of Political Science, Umeå University, Sweden.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Department of Political Science, Umeå University, Sweden.
    Contrasting nature, contrasting rights: Concluding remarks2017In: Indigenous Rights in Modern Landscapes: Nordic Conservation Regimes in Global Context / [ed] Lars Elenius, Christina Allard, Camilla Sandström, New York: Routledge , 2017, p. 216-231Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 205.
    Alldén, Susanne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Amer, Ramses
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The United Nations and peacekeeping: Lessons learned from Cambodia and East Timor2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The United Nations’ role in securing peace and promoting democracy has developed in the post-Cold War Era. Only a few of the Unite Nations peacekeeping missions undertaken since 1989 have been deployed in Asia. However, two of the more ambitious operations have been carried out in Asia, namely in Cambodia in the early 1990s and in East Timor in the late 1990s. Both these operations had mandates that provided the United Nations with the possibility to control the national institutions in peace building attempts; i.e. cases of international administrations. In Cambodia the United Nations carried out its most ambitious operation to that date and the mission undertaken in East Timor was the most extensive and expensive peace building attempted by the United Nations. As such, both operations have served as ‘blueprints’ for future United Nations missions.

    The paper will study these two cases in-depth, looking specifically at what lessons can be learned, from the mandates, the contexts, the challenges encountered during the operations, and the outcomes. What problems and possibilities can be identified based on how the operations were initiated, planned and implemented?

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  • 206.
    Allenbrant, Adam
    Swedish Defence University.
    Hur kan svenska luftstridskrafter bidra till Natos avskräckning?2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2022, i samband med Rysslands krig mot Ukraina, valde Sverige tillsammans med Finland att ansöka om Nato-medlemskap. Sverige omvandlas därmed från att ha varit militärt alliansfria med ett defensivt luftförsvar med förmågor utvecklade för att enskilt kunna försvara landet, till att ingå i en stor försvarsallians. Denna studie syftar till att försöka kartlägga hur de svenska luftstridskrafterna bidrar till Natos avskräckning i norra Europa. Genom att svara på studiens frågeställning kan eventuellt förmågor belysas som behöver justeras för att skapa en så bra avskräckning som möjligt för Nato. För att kunna svara på studiens frågeställning undersöks vad Flygvapnet högsta företrädare anser om luftstridskrafternas bidrag till Natos avskräckning. Luftmaktsrepresentanternas svar kompletteras med en analys av Försvarsmaktens styrande dokument i syfte att kartlägga hur dessa skapar förutsättningar för en trovärdig avskräckning. 

    Studien grundar sig till del på Thomas C. Schellings avskräckningsteori, John Stones definition av trovärdig avskräckning samt Robert A. Papes luftmaktsteori.

    Studiens visar att svenska luftstridskrafter kommer att bidra med defensivt luftförsvar samt tillgången till Sveriges territorium och geografiska läge. Det senare medför logistiska fördelar, vilket leder till att ett högre tempo i luftstriden kan föras och fler flyguppdrag kan utföras.

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  • 207. Allern, Elin Haugsgjerd
    et al.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Overcoming the fear of commitment: Pre-electoral coalitions in Norway and Sweden2009In: Acta Politica, ISSN 0001-6810, E-ISSN 1741-1416, Vol. 44, p. 259-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we examine the occurrence of pre-electoral coalitions (PECs). Recent research points to when and why they are likely to occur, but these explanations are pitched at aggregate level, and they are less satisfying when applied to our particular cases. Rather than institutional or party-system features, we concentrate on the parties themselves – a level of analysis that raises theoretical and methodological challenges, which we discuss. Empirically, we investigate two cases of PEC in 2005–2006. One involved three Norwegian left-of-centre parties, the other involved four Swedish right-of-centre parties; both marked major departures from established behavioural patterns. We suggest certain conditions that may be necessary for a PEC to be formed. In particular, we argue that ‘decisive’ parties must prioritize office at the moment of decision, and that this preference order may be induced by some sort of environmental or intra-party stimulus.

  • 208. Allern, Elin Haugsgjerd
    et al.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Christiansen, Flemming Juul
    Social Democrats and trade unions in Scandinavia: The decline and persistence of institutional relationships2007In: European Journal of Political Research, ISSN 0304-4130, E-ISSN 1475-6765, Vol. 46, no 5, p. 607-635Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the institutional arrangements between Social Democratic parties and trade unions in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. First, the authors show how these relations have weakened at a varying pace. Party–union ties are now quite distant in Denmark, but remain relatively close in Norway and, especially, Sweden. Second, the authors explore this variation using a simple model of political exchange. The finding is that the intensity of the relationship is correlated with the resources that each side can derive from the other, which in turn reflects national differences. Yet it is also clear that the degree of change is related to the formative phase of the institutional arrangement itself: the weaker the ties were from the beginning, the more easily they unravel in response to environmental changes.

  • 209. Allern, Elin Haugsgjerd
    et al.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Juul Christiansen, Flemming
    Scener fra et æktenskab: Socialdemokratiske partier og fagforeninger i Skandinavien2008In: Partier og partisystemer i forandring: festskrift til Lars Bille / [ed] Karina Kosiara-Pedersen, Peter Kurrild-Klitgaard, Odense: Syddansk universitetsforlag , 2008, p. 251-280Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 210.
    Allgoth, Philip
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    U.S. Diplomatic relations: How has it been used in Iran and North Korea?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of how the United States has used different diplomatic strategies towards Iran and North Korea. The concept of coercive diplomacy is defined and explained, in or-der to see if it has been used by the United States, and if so, to what extent. After giving a brief historical background between the U.S and the two countries, the study will put a fo-cus on what and why the Bush administration has acted the way they have in their diplo-matic relation with Iran and North Korea. The study presents cases where you can see par-allels between strategies used, but also some significant differences. The latter part of the study will examine the reasoning behind the different strategies used. Conclusion drawn from this study was that, in the case of Iran, the United States has been forced to act in a certain way due to the other conflicts they are involved with in the region, i.e. the war in Iraq and the situation in Afghanistan. Due to the fear for North Koreas al-ready existing nuclear arsenal, the U.S. has shown a more restricted diplomatic policy to-wards the country, not wanting to push them towards starting a nuclear war.

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  • 211. Allodi, Mara
    et al.
    Almgren, Ellen
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Ekman, Tiina
    Eriksson, Cecilia [ Arensmeier ]
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Johansson, Susanna
    Theodorsson, Niklas
    Munck, Ingrid
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Ungas demokratiskolor i internationell belysning2007In: Resultatdialog 2007: forskning inom utbildningsvetenskap, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2007, p. 7-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 212.
    Allstrin, Susanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Jämställdhet i form av heltidsarbete: Om den genus-epistemiska kulturens konstruktion av arbete och jämställdhet2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish welfare model has long been based on the motto that as many people should work as much as possible. Paid work is considered to be an institution that creates a sense of belonging, identity and purpose in life. For women in particular, paid work has been a means towards economic freedom and emancipation from men. Sweden is today considered to be at the forefront of gender equality policy development. Despite that, there are still significant differences concerning gender equality in regard to which sex has the largest responsibility for the unpaid care and domestic work at home. Also, the amount of labor hours differs depending on if you are a man or a woman. There seems to be a consensus between different feminist researchers and politicians that there is a link between working hours and gender equality, but how is this connection outlined? This thesis makes visible the prevailing knowledge of working hours, linked to gender equality, that gender experts have produced within the Swedish Government Official Report series, and which has thereby made the issue manageable. Through Bacchi’s discourse analysis “What is the problem represented to be?”, the study critically studies the statements made by Delegationen för jämställdhet i arbetslivet (JA-delegationen) and applies Kathi Weeks critical view of work on the analysis. The study concludes that there are two prominent problem representations: women’s part-time work and fathers’ low participation in the unpaid care and domestic work. Both problem representations assume that only women in a relationship with small children are affected by the problems, and that both norms, agents and structures come into play. This in turn makes single mothers as a group invisible. The report creates a dichotomy between part-time, and full-time work and thereby a dichotomy between paid work and unpaid care and domestic work, by instilling the latter with low value which solidifies the current work ethic. This in turn has consequences for what type of politics is made possible and impossible. The report makes possible the subject of the female worker and the male caregiver.

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  • 213.
    Alm, Jens
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    OS i Kina, oberoende idrott eller politisk propaganda?: A Study of the Chinese Regime’s Political involvement, in the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to describe which view the Chinese government in connection with the Olympics wants to display for the natural world and analyze if this view coincide with China’s foreign-policy goals. A qualitative content analysis is used. By using the theory of rational choice and a model with three different political approaches I want to examine whether or not the foreign-policy goals of the Chinese regime comport with the view that displays in two major newspapers in China. Since the runoff voting in Moscow in 2001 for the 2008 Olympics the Chinese government has been able to act rational and to compose different strategies to use the Games in Beijing for political propaganda. The analysis show that the governing in China make use of domestic media to put across their political message and some of the most important foreign-policy goals also occur in articles that handle the Olympic Games of 2008.

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  • 214.
    Alm, Josef
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Youth political participation in an emerging democracy: A case study of political participation among Tanzanian youths in urban Mwanza2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on a case study of Tanzanian youths’ political participation in urban Mwanza. The purpose of this study is to examine how urban youths understand their participation in various political activities in an emerging democracy like Tanzania. The research question guiding the study is how youths understand and value voting in elections in comparison to other forms of political participation. The study focuses on three different political activities; to vote, to contact a politician and to participate in a demonstration. The three political activities are combined with Verba et al.’s (1995) theory of the attributes of political activities into a theoretical analysis model. The thesis uses a qualitative methodology based on 19 semi-structured interviews with Tanzanian youths living in urban Mwanza. The results indicated that the youths in Mwanza understood voting as their prime opportunity to communicate their political voices to politicians. However, the youths expressed that political activities beyond voting facilitate them with opportunities to communicate more specific political messages to politicians multiple times. 

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    Youth political participation in an emerging democracy, Alm (2015)
  • 215.
    Al-Maawaly, Nura
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Demoneycrazy: A case study of the United Arab Emirates2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 216.
    Almbjär, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Au carrefour des intérêts: Les maisons consulaires suédoises en Espagne au xviiie siècle2021In: La maison consulaire: Espaces, fonctions et usagers xvie-xxie siècle / [ed] Mathieu Grenet, Aix-en-Provence: Presses Universitaires de Provence , 2021, p. 75-94Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 217.
    Almbjär, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Beate-Christine Fiedler & Christine van den Heuvel (eds.), Friedensordnung und machtpolitische Rivalitäten: Die schwedischen Besitzungen in Niedersachsen im europäischen Kontext zwischen 1648 und 1721’2021In: Diplomatica, ISSN 2589-1766, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 222-224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 218.
    Almbjär, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Consular Complications: The Appointment and Rejection of Swedish Consuls in Eighteenth-Century Spain2024In: International History Review, ISSN 0707-5332, E-ISSN 1949-6540, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The early modern consul was an important economic and diplomatic institution. By the end of the eighteenth century, the number of consuls had increased drastically. However, previous research has failed to appreciate how bilateral relations between states could have a significant impact on how one state’s consular service expanded. Appointments could get rejected or take a long time to secure, not least because the sender state wanted to avoid provoking tensions with the receiving state. In this article, the author explores these themes through the appointment of Swedish consuls in Spain in the eighteenth century. The article shows that the Spanish reticence to accept Swedish appointments had a severe effect on the Swedish consular service in Spain in terms of the speed and scope of its expansion. The Swedish diplomatic corps played a key role in trying to sway the Spanish authorities, and when that failed they circumvented the Spanish state’s rejections of consular appointments by authorizing agents. These agents must also be treated as part of the expansion of the early modern consular service. Their existence begs the question of what a consul really was and if we have underestimated the number of consuls in the eighteenth century.

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  • 219.
    Almbjär, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Scandinavian Diplomacy in the Late Medieval and Early Modern Period2024In: Early Modern European Diplomacy: A Handbook / [ed] Dorothée Goetze; Lena Oetzel, Berlin; Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2024, p. 353-371Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 220.
    Almroth, Andréas
    Swedish Defence University.
    Explaining the U.S. Strategic Narrative Regarding 5G, China and Huawei2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 221.
    Almén, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Euroasian Studies.
    Difang renda, liyi jituan yu fazhi de fazhan (Local people's congresses. interests groups and the development of rule of law)2008In: Zhongguo minzhu de zhidu jiegou (Systemand structure of China's democracy), Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe , 2008, p. 22-33Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In this article I discuss how China’s local legislatures, the local people’s congresses, can facilitate the development of rule of law in China. Rule by law and rule of law are perceived here as being a difference in degree, where rule of law increases as more organized groups in society can use the law to pursue their interest. The difference between China’s legislatures and legislatures in liberal democracies can be found not so much in the power functions and voting behavior of the legislators, as in the extent to which legislators are collectively organized and represent organized interest. While legislative reform can improve governance and the efficiency of the legislative system, it is when the legislature is used an instrument for different interests in society that it becomes a strengthener of the rule of law.

  • 222.
    Almén, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Local participatory innovations and experts as political entrepreneurs:: The case of China’s democracy consultants2016In: Democratization, ISSN 1351-0347, E-ISSN 1743-890X, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 478-497Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is concerned with understanding the dynamic behind participatory innovations in China. The case of China provides a contrast to the literature on participatory innovations in democracies. While participatory innovations in democratic countries are seen as a way to deepen and improve democracy, in China these innovations are to some extent developed in order to provide an alternative to electoral democracy. In this article I introduce the concept democracy consultant to describe expert political entrepreneurs involved in the development of participatory innovations. Research on local participatory innovation in China is abundant but the role that experts play in this process has previously not been analysed. Based on in-depth interviews with democracy consultants and local officials, the study finds that democracy consultants frequently act as bridges between central and local levels of government by providing expertise, information, legitimacy, and connections. This is especially true in localities where local leaders want to gain the attention of the central level but lack the required expertise and connections.

  • 223.
    Almén, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Participatory Innovations Under Authoritarianism: Accountability and Responsiveness in Hangzhou’s Social Assessment of Government Performance2018In: Journal of Contemporary China, ISSN 1067-0564, E-ISSN 1469-9400, Vol. 27, no 110, p. 165-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the role of participatory governance innovations in China. The purpose is twofold. First, it seeks to explore the logic and dynamics behind participatory innovations in China. Second, it examines in what way a participatory innovation in Hangzhou can lead to increased accountability and responsiveness of the local government. Participatory innovations in China are used as a way to improve the Party-state’s governing capability and thereby strengthen the legitimacy and power of the Communist Party. Despite some limitations related to the evaluation of politically powerful Party and government departments, social assessment of government performance in Hangzhou serves as an input channel from society that put pressure on many government departments. The study finds that by allowing limited and controlled political participation, transparency and accountability to develop, the reform in Hangzhou improves the responsiveness of the political system.

  • 224.
    Almén, Oscar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Delman, JorgenYuan, RenLuova, OutiBurell, Mattias
    Greening China’s Urban Governance: Tackling Environmental and Sustainability Challenges2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume examines how urban stakeholders in China – particularly city governments and social actors – tackle China’s urban environmental crisis. The volume’s case studies speak to important interdisciplinary themes such as new tools and instruments of urban green governance, climate change and urban carbon consumption, green justice, digital governance, public participation, social media, social movements, and popular protest. It lays out a unique theoretical framework for examining and discussing urban green governance. The case studies are based on extensive fieldwork that examines governance failures, challenges, and innovations from across China, including the largest cities. They show that numerous policies, experiments, and reforms have been put in place in China – mostly on a pragmatic basis, but also as a result of both strategic policy design, civil participation, and protest. The book highlights how China’s urban governments bring together diverse programmatic building blocks and instruments, from China and elsewhere. Written by experts and researchers from different disciplines at leading universities in China and the Nordic countries in Europe, this volume will be of interest to researchers and students who are interested in Chinese politics, especially urban politics, governance issues, and social movements. Both students and teachers will find the theoretical perspectives and case studies useful in their coursework.The unique green governance perspective makes this a work that is empirically and theoretically interesting for those working with urban political and environmental studies and urbanization worldwide.

  • 225.
    Alonso Hjärtström, Livia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Regularization as a tool for managing irregular immigration: An evaluation of the regularization of irregular immigrants in Spain through the labour market2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the thesis is to make a stakeholder evaluation of the regularization process that in 2005 gave the right to irregular immigrants in Spain to apply for a legal status. I want to portray how different groups at the labour market experienced the process and identify the factors that contributed to the result. I further want to study if regularization can be seen as an effectual measurement for managing irregular immigration. The methods are qualitative interviews and text analysis combined with evaluation method. The main theories are Venturini’s and Levinson’s suggestions for a successful regularization. Other prominent theories are Soysal’s theory about citizenship, Jordan’s and Düvell’s and Castles theories about irregular immigration. The result shows that the main argument for carrying out the process was to improve the situation at the labour market. The most prominent factors that affected the outcome were the social consensus preceding the process and the prerequisite of having a job contract. The regularization of irregular immigrants had an overall positive outcome but the stringent prerequisites for being regularized together with problems with sanctions of employers probably had a somewhat negative outcome on the result of the regularization.

  • 226.
    Alonso Hjärtström, Livia
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Jensmar, Hedvig
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Platt och jämlikt?: En fallstudie av Feministiskt Initiativ2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work is to define the party structure of Feministic Initiative (FI). We want to examine the structure of an organization that doesn’t start out with a hierarchical order. We further intend to examine the party’s leadership; whether or not it is equal, between the three spokespersons.We find it interesting as a topic from a democratic point of view as well as to see if a flat structure could work in practice. We use several theories among them Michel’s “iron law of oligarchy” and Holmberg’s and Söderlind’s theory on flat organizations. There is modest research on leadership in Swedish political science; we therefore consider it important to highlight. Shared leadership is interesting to examine, for it might be an alternative to the traditional order.We use a mixed-methodology based upon qualitative interviews and text analysis. We have interviewed the three spokespersons and examined materials like official weekly letters written by the spokespersons and the party’s constitution.The result shows that a flat structure is hard to carry out in practise and it appears that some form of hierarchical order appears in the party structure. Despite efforts towards equality the shared leadership is not totally equal.

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  • 227.
    Alphonse, Melanie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Det fredsbyggande arbetet i Demokratiska Republiken Kongo2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An analyse of the local actors involvement of the international peacebuilding in the Republic of the Congo. How international actors as the United Nations cooperate with local peacebuilders.

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  • 228.
    Al-Qaraghuli, Ziyad
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media Discourse & Representations of Refugees in Sweden: A descriptive and comparative study of how refugees have been represented in Swedish newspapers before and after the implementation of the new immigration policies of 20162017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor's thesis is a descriptive study of the refugee media discourse and refugee media representations during 2016 in the 5 biggest Swedish newspapers (Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen, Göteborgs-Posten, and Svenska Dagbladet). This thesis focuses on the news articles and explores the representations of refugees in these articles prior to the implementation of new Swedish migration policies, from Jan 1, 2016 until July 20, 2016 and after their implementation, i.e. from July 20, 2016 to Dec 31, 2016. The analysis of the data by using discourse theory and the representations theory in of the us vs them field and the economic and security threat field reveals that a change and shift in the refugee media discourse and the representations of refugees occurred between the two time periods.

  • 229.
    Alrifai, Diala
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    KRIGSPROPAGANDA: Analytisk studie om Bashar Al-Assads propaganda under det syriska upproret 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ongoing Syrian conflict is one of the most violent, bloody and complex conflicts that broke out in modern time. The Syrian people were inspired by the Arab spring, where popular demonstrations and peaceful protests demanded freedom and democracy. The Syrian regime declared that Syria is in a serious war against terrorism.

    This essay will try to analyze the Syrian president Bashar Al-Assad’s propaganda during the revolution against his government in March 2011. The analysis will go through a few of Al-Assad’s speeches and interviews during the Syrian uprising between 2011 and 2012. The study will be based on several fundamental researches that explain the relationship between the Syrian regime and the jihadi Islam in many dimensions before and after 2011. The study will answer the following question: How has the Syrian regime used fight terrorism as propaganda to serve its own political interest during the Syrian uprising 2011?

    In my study, I use argumentation analysis as a method, this method is used to assess the credibility and sustainability of text or politics in context. In an argued text, the author aims to convince the reader of something in a critical and reasonable manner of argument. The method used is both descriptive and appreciative of Bashar Al-Assad’s arguments.

    The study concluded that Al-Assad from the beginning of his presidency has played a major role of producing Islamists to achieve his own political objectives in the region and was able to take advantage of them while trying to crackdown the Syrian revolution in 2011 through many political acts.

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  • 230.
    AlSaadi, Zahraa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Att förstå den amerikanska invasionen av Irak: En tolkning studie om den amerikanska invasionen av Irak med fokus på just war och realism.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 231.
    Alsouheli, Shams
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Harbi, Ryad
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Human kriminalpolitik eller hårdare tag?: Socialdemokraternas kriminalpolitik 2002–2022. En kvalitativ fallstudie om hur mycket Socialdemokraterna följer sin ideologi i kriminalpolitikens utformning.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kriminalpolitiken har varit ett hett politiskt ämne i den svenska dagordningen på grund av den ökade brottsligheten i samhället under de senaste åren. Politiska partier har en avgörande roll i brottsbekämpningen, exempelvis genom att framlägga förslag om lagar och regler för att minska kriminaliteten. Politiska partier formulerar sina mål och åtgärder utifrån sina ideologiska grundvärderingar. Under de senaste decennierna ansågs Socialdemokraternas kriminalpolitik börjat bli mindre ideologisk laddad. Detta skapar en ideologisk problematik, eftersom varje politiskt parti ska utgå från sin ideologi när de utformar sina politiska sakfrågor. Socialdemokraterna är ett socialistiskt parti och därmed bör utforma sina politiska sakfrågor utifrån värderingar och ståndpunkter som finns inom socialismen.Det övergripande syftet med studien är att analysera hur mycket Socialdemokraterna följer sin ideologi i kriminalpolitikens utformning. Samtidigt vill vi se om socialismens värderingar som representerats i kriminalpolitiken har skiftat genom åren. Studien illustrerar i vilken utsträckning Socialdemokraternas kriminalpolitiska förebyggande arbete och insatser hänger ihop med partiets ideologi.Studien visar att Socialdemokraterna har skiftat i sin utformning av kriminalpolitiken mellan år 2002 och 2022. Något som har påverkat partiets inställning till sina ideologiska ståndpunkter.

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  • 232.
    Altgård, Anton
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Reinventing the Middle Kingdom: A case study of Chinese spread of authoritarianism through International Organizations2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The liberal theory of international relations primarily associates international cooperation with liberal democratic states, to the point that a theory of scholars Poast and Urpelainen claim that international cooperation with consolidated democracies through international organizations may boost the democratization of or at least prevent democratic backsliding in non-consolidated democracies. This paper investigates the possibility of decoupling these theories from democracies and democratizing by examining whether Chinese efforts within the framework of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the Belt and Road foreign policy project have a similar but reverse effect on its target states, prompting developments in authoritarian directions. Though the results of study are inconclusive on account of the relative youth of the studied IOs, they indicate a strong possibility that could do with further study.

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  • 233.
    Alvarado, Camilo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Justicialist Party: Peronism and Institutionalization in Argentina2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at examining the level of institutionalization of the argentine party system as well as the Justicialist party. The paper presents two parallel analyses on the argentine party system and the Justicialist Party using two different perspectives on the concept of institutionalization. The first is a qualitative analysis using Mainwaring and Scully’s (1995) theory and operationalization of institutionalizations of party systems. This part analyses presidential and parliamentary electoral results in the period between 1995 and 2013. The second part of the study is a qualitative analysis of the Justicialist Party within the theoretical framework proposed by Randall and Svåsand (2002). This section analyses the origins of the party and its history throughout the 1900’s focusing on the character of the party, the relationship between the party as a whole and its leader(s) as well as the relationship between the party as a whole and its different factions. 

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  • 234.
    Alvarez Cea, Camila
    Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
    Verklighet eller en politisk illusion?: En studie av den svenska pressens syn på sjukförsäkringsreformen i USA.2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Essay in Political Science, C-level, by Camila Alvarez Cea, spring semester 2010.

     

    Tutor: Alf Sundin

    “Reality or a Political Mirage? – A Study of the Swedish Press Views on the Health Insurance Reform in the USA”

     

    The purpose of this essay is partly to examine whether the picture that Swedish press presents of the health insurance reform in the US, which is part of the Patient Protection and Affordable Act bill, will be of crucial importance to the possibilities that the American population has to receive health insurance. The main research question is accordingly: “Does the picture that Swedish press presents of the health insurance reform in the USA, seem like something that will be of radical importance to the possibilities of the population to receive healthcare?” The purpose is also to examine in which model (demand or market) the opinions of the Swedish press fits. This purpose will be answered by using three specific questions asking whether their opinions differ when it comes to three criterions: organization, financing/resources and delivery systems. These criterions come from a model from Milton I. Roemer’s book “National health systems of the world,” which also is the theoretical foundation of this essay.

     

    The methodological approach of this essay is a qualitative text analysis along with an analysis chart, where the three criterions have been examined from the reporting of the four Swedish newspapers chosen for this essay. The conclusions that have been reached from the analysis chart are that the opinions differ greatly within Swedish press, and that the picture that Swedish press presents of the health insurance reform is that it will become easier for the American population to receive health care.

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  • 235.
    Alvarsson, John
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Dagens Nyheters bild av förslaget till konstitution för Europa: En studie av mediernas betydelse för vår bild av viktiga politiska händelser2006Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with Swedish newspapers' portrayals of the Treaty which establishes a Constitution for Europe, which then influenced Swedish newspaper readers. This study connects the areas of both media and politics. What the media states can be expected to shape

    public opinion, especially when it comes to foreign policy issues. In order to fullfill the aim of the study, I have constructed two problems which I have answered to in accordance with my data, theoretical framework and research method. My data consists of articles from the largest Swedish morning newspaper Dagens Nyheter. The theoretical framework of this study is a combination of political science, media- and communication science and behaviour science. I have utilized two research methods in this study; a qualitative analysis of content, which transcends into different categories, and a method of quantification of the main actors in the

    articles. One of the results that I have discovered in this study is that the image of the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe offered to the readers is a fairly positive one.

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  • 236.
    Alvi, Ali Ahsan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    The changing global domestic political conditions and the role of media organization Wiki Leaks to shape these conditions2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 237.
    Ambrosio, Thomas
    et al.
    North Dakota State Univ, Fargo, ND USA..
    Hall, Stephen G. F.
    Univ Bath, Dept Polit Languages & Int Studies POLiS, Bath, Avon, England..
    Obydenkova, Anastassia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Sustainable Development Agendas of Regional International Organizations: The European Bank of Reconstruction and Development and the Eurasian Development Bank2022In: Problems of Post-Communism, ISSN 1075-8216, E-ISSN 1557-783X, Vol. 69, no 4-5, p. 304-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper analyzes how the European Bank of Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and the Eurasian Development Bank (EDB) approach sustainable development in their legal documents and social media. Unlike democracies, autocracies are driven by concerns of regime survival, but they often seek legitimacy through expressed commitments to global norms. We find that while the EBRD has a clear and detailed environmental agenda, this is not so for the EDB, which appears unconcerned about legitimizing itself on this issue. The paper advances our understanding of the likely role of these organizations in sustainable development, identifying areas for further research on global environmental challenges.

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  • 238.
    Amer, Ramses
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sino-Vietnamese relations2004In: Asian security and China 2000-2010 / [ed] K. Santhanam, Srikant Kondapalli, Delhi: Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), New Dehli, and SHIPRA Publications , 2004, p. 269-276Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 239.
    Amer, Ramses
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sino-Vietnamese relations2004In: Southeast Asia A historical encyclopedia, from Angkor Wat to East Timor: vol. III: R-Z, ABC-Clio, Santa Barbara, California; Denver Colorado; London , 2004, p. 1212-1216Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 240.
    Amer, Ramses
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Sahovic, Dzenan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    The Legitimacy of the United Nations in the Wake of Non-Authorised Military Interventions2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of aim this study is to analyse the challenges faced by the United Nations in its involvement in countries that have been targeted by foreign military interventions that have not been authorised by the Security Council of the United Nations. The study does not examine the patterns of reaction to military intervention as such. Instead, the focus is on the United Nations’ response to the outcome of the military interventions at two main levels. The first is at the level of the Security Council and the decisions taken there on the nature and scope of the involvement of the United Nations in the post-intervention developments in the target state. The second level is the level of the target state and the challenges that the United Nations may face in carrying a given mission. A core dimension addressed in the study is how the United Nations’ responds to demands that it involves itself in situation resulting from actions that it had not authorised beforehand. Another dimension is the question of the legitimacy of the United Nations on the ground in the target state of the intervention. The later is of particular relevance when there is armed resistance to the intervening forces.

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  • 241.
    Amhliden, Sofia
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Bergquist, Stina
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Whistle-Blowers in Viet Nam: Possibilities and obstacles from an institutional perspective2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate, from an institutional perspective, the implications of the

    new anti-corruption law in Viet Nam with a particular focus on its impact on civil society

    and individual rights to report on corruption. The overarching research question is: How do

    formal and informal institutions affect whistle-blowers possibilities to engage in combat of

    corruption in Viet Nam? To blow the whistle in Viet Nam can be problematic, with

    consequences such as loosing his/hers job and social exclusion. Whistle-blowers in Viet

    Nam today seem to have an insufficient confidence to official authorities. Moreover, a

    problem of significance is that whistle-blowers have to state their name and contact details

    when reporting on corrupt acts to competent agencies. Another problem is that civil society

    is strongly connected to the CPV (Communist Party of Viet Nam).

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  • 242.
    Amin, Miriam
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    The Democratisation Process of the Kurdistan Province in federal Iraq: A case study of democratisation2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 243.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Active, passive, or stand-by citizens?: Latent and manifest political participation2010In: New forms of citizen participation: Normative implications / [ed] Erik Amnå, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG , 2010, p. 191-203Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 244.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Associational life, youth, and political capital formation in Sweden: historical legacies and contemporary trends2007In: State and civil society in Northern Europe: the Swedish model reconsidered / [ed] Lars Trägårdh, New York: Berghahn books , 2007, p. 165-204Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 245.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    En demokratisk befrielseteologi2010In: Sändaren, no 20Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 246.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ett åtråvärt mellanrum mellan stat och marknad2009In: Idellt engagemang, Vol. 2, no November, p. 2-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 247.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Förord2007In: En ny demokrati, Stockholm: Global utmaning , 2007, p. 2-5Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 248.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Förord [till Staten och organisationerna av Gunnar Heckscher]2010In: Staten och organisationerna av Gunnar Heckscher, Stockholm: Sober , 2010, 3, p. VII-XIIIChapter in book (Other academic)
  • 249.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Governance: en utmaning för staten och för demokratin?2007In: Vård med omsorg - möjligheter och hinder: betänkande från Delegationen för mångfald inom vård och omsorg, Stockholm: Fritze , 2007, p. 191-222Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 250.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Gynnar regioner demokratin?: Några reflektioner med anledning av Ansvarskommitténs slutbetänkande (SOU 2007:10)2007Conference paper (Other academic)
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