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  • 201.
    Dobrucka, Lucia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Strategic governance and planning as fractal2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Some years ago I experienced a project aiming to develop strategic documents in a city which was considered progressive. The project following communicative planning practice was considered successful and yet the documents weren’t implemented. My observations about discrepancies between planning and overall results clustered around few categories: continuity/consistency, aims, leaders and context/conditions. Since my observations were based on intuition rather than empirical data, I compared them with findings in Flyvbjerg’s influential book Rationality and Power (1998) offering 15 years of evidence. The categories were approved; moreover, the book uncovered some interactions and inter-dependencies between them which were not in line with communicative planning theory. Looking for explanation for my results, I consulted Chinese strategist Sun Tzu offering probably the most comprehensive understanding of forces hidden behind success or failure of decisions and activities. Interpretations of his manuscript (e.g. Sawyer, 1996; Lord, 2000; Yuen, 2008) reveal few universal principles applicable in governance and planning. I have this hypothesis: Strategic governance is a fractal having a self-repeating pattern which might help to understand complexity of cities. This pattern is qualitative, remaining the above key categories and their interactions. However, this hypothesis cannot be proved by empirical data at this stage. Therefore, this article sketches strategic governance as a fractal based on my own experience and illustrates its projection into planning. It shows how the hypothesis could bridge an increasing contrast between complexity of governance and simplicity of concepts required by communicative planning involving non-professional stakeholders and distributed decision-making practice.

  • 202. Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    Aktivitet: Populärvetenskapliga föreläsningar: Vinterstäder: design med sol och vind i krävande klimat2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    För att skapa attraktivitet och komfort bör utformning av städer göras medhänsyn till lokalt klimat. Sol, vind och snö har stor inverkan på hur vi upplevervåra städer och dess gator. Hur kan man bygga gator och torg i nordiska städerför att öka utomhuslivet vintertid?

  • 203.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Improvements in addressing climate factors in urban planning and design2012Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban settlements located in subarctic regions have particular characteristics due to their climate. Climate and weather conditions influence people’s attendance in public spaces, their travel habits and recreational activities. In the subarctic regions, this influence is more visible due to greater seasonal differences. Urban design that deals with the generation and change of urban form can influence the impact of climate factors. Such interventions can be especially influential in the subarctic regions.This thesis focuses on addressing climate factors in urban design and transportation in the subarctic regions of Sweden. On one hand, it focuses on problems of incorporating climate factors into urban design, and on the other hand, it investigates travel patterns in relation to subarctic climate. The problems of urban design in subarctic regions were investigated by conducting a literature review and interviews with the planners from some of the Swedish northern municipalities. To study travel patterns in relation to cold climate, two travel surveys were conducted in Kiruna, a town located in the Northern Sweden. These issues are analysed and discussed in a covering essay and three attached papers. The interviews with planners show that climate considerations have a low impact on urban planning practices in these regions. The absence of a positive attitude towards cold climate, lack of knowledge and analytical techniques to be used in design, and weak relation between knowledge of climate factors and urban design practice are some of the major problems. Further, the interviews highlighted that dealing with snow in urban spaces (snow removal, better use of snow) is a crucial issue for these municipalities. The travel surveys in Kiruna demonstrated that car trips made a large proportion of all trips made in Kiruna while a very small part of trips were made by bicycle and public transport. The proportions of trips made by different transport modes (modal share) did not vary significantly in accordance to seasonal change, except in the share of bicycle trips, which dropped sharply during winter. Slipperiness, very low temperature, and wind have been the most negatively perceived climate factors when walking and cycling. Sunlight has been perceived positively. The distance travelled was shown to be correlated with the distance to the work place, but independent of the distance of the neighbourhood to the centre of Kiruna. Based on the analyses, improvements are suggested in three areas: institutions, design, and research. Institutional issues focus on how climate factors are handled in the municipal planning system. There is need for attitude shift, legitimacy and defining clearer goals in comprehensive plans. Design calls for active using of climate analysis and considering winter maintenance in developing design schemes. Research refers to collaborations between urban designers and experts from other fields, e.g. urban climatology, to develop knowledge applicable in planning and design.The potential of urban form in improving conditions for walking and cycling is significant. However, urban form seems to have limited potential for reducing the number of car trips in Kiruna with respect to long severe winters and current work distribution. The limitations of physical measures in affecting travel patterns can be partly improved by soft policy measures.

  • 204.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Outdoor Comfort in Cold Climates: Integrating Microclimate Factors in Urban Design2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Designing urban spaces that provide outdoor comfort is an important but challenging goal in subarctic climates. An approach to urban design that is sensitive to subarctic climatic conditions is essential, but this requires effective incorporation of urban climate knowledge into urban design, which presently is impeded by several barriers. The aim of this thesis is to contribute to the knowledge of climate-sensitive urban design with a focus on outdoor comfort in cold climates. This thesis consists of a cover essay and three papers, which together address three questions: (1) What are the barriers to integrating climate factors into urban design in subarctic climates? (2) How do urban design practitioners address outdoor comfort in design process? (3) How can wind and solar considerations be integrated into the design of urban spaces? In accordance with the broad scope and interdisciplinary nature of this research, a mixed method approach was adopted, including a literature review, two interview-based studies and microclimate analysis of an urban design proposal.The study objectives were pursued in three stages corresponding to the research questions. The first stage consisted of interviews with local planners, which aimed to identify key barriers hindering the incorporation of climatic factors in urban planning in subarctic regions. Key findings include the identification of barriers related to design based, attitudinal, organisational, conceptual and technical issues. The design based issues relate to contextual difficulties for comfort design in cold climates, namely snow and low sun elevation. Attitudinal and organisational barriers include the neglect of opportunities for and challenges associated with urban liveability in cold climates, failure to exploit local knowledge and lack of engagement among local planners and politicians. Conceptual barriers relate to a lack of climate knowledge among practitioners and technical barriers relate to methods and the principles to be used in design, particularly wind comfort and snow in urban environments. The second stage centred on urban design practice, by investigating the role of comfort in the development of an urban design project in a subarctic climate. The findings of this stage showed that urban design practitioners predominantly rely on simple climate design principles and rarely use analytical tools in design. In terms of knowledge sources for urban designers, existing urban environments, work by other architects, the architects’ own experience and everyday life experiences are influential sources of understanding and inspiration. In the third stage a method to integrate outdoor comfort assessment into design is outlined and applied on a case study in a subarctic climate. The method encompasses wind comfort analysis and microclimate assessment based on solar access and wind velocity. It produces two types of result: quantitative and visual. The quantitative results include area ratios of different combinations of wind and solar conditions. Visual results are maps showing the spatial distributions of different microclimate combinations in a studied urban space, either proposed or existing. The method has proved useful for assessing relative differences in thermal comfort.Study stages highlight issues that are crucial for improving environmental comfort in subarctic climates: (1) provision of sheltering from the wind 2) maximising solar access and, (3) managing snow in the outdoor environment. In addressing these urban design issues, experimental design based research has the potential for creating and testing new design concepts. Practitioners’ reliance on simple climate design principles is also discussed. This research highlights that a more balanced application of climate design principles and analytical methods for addressing microclimate issues is required. Suggestions are also proposed to create a shift in the way outdoor comfort is addressed in practice, including clear goal definition, theory building and improving communications between research and practice.Key words: urban design, urban microclimate, outdoor comfort, subarctic climate, climate-sensitive, Kiruna

  • 205.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Principer för Utformning av Utemiljö i Kallt Klimat med Hänsyn till Sol- och Vindförhållanden2014Report (Other academic)
  • 206.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Vind och skuggstudier: nya Kiruna2016Report (Other academic)
  • 207.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Microclimate assessment method for urban design: A case study in subarctic climate2018In: Urban Design International, ISSN 1357-5317, E-ISSN 1468-4519, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 116-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in climate-sensitive urban design has grown in recent decades. Nevertheless, there are various difficulties associated with such an approach. One of these is the lack of simple comfort assessment tools. This paper presents a method for microclimate assessment that is composed of a wind comfort analysis and a microclimate assessment based on measuring a combination of solar access and wind velocity. The study includes analysis of a proposed urban project situated in Kiruna, a Swedish town located in the subarctic region of the country. The results from the simulations were then overlaid to produce combined microclimate maps for three specific dates: winter solstice, spring equinox and summer solstice. The maps illustrate relative microclimate differences between areas in the proposed project based on combinations of wind/lee and sun/shadow conditions. The outcomes showed that only a small proportion of the area studied had favourable microclimate conditions at the winter solstice and spring equinox. The thermal comfort Index OUT_SET* was calculated for the summer solstice in the study area. Comparisons between the spatial distribution of OUT_SET* values and the microclimate assessment map showed a large degree of correlation. The method is intended to be a simple and representative evaluation of microclimate

  • 208.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Winter climate and non motorised travel modes – a case study in Kiruna Sweden: Results from a travel survey in North of Sweden2011In: Resilience in urban design: conference proceedings : 4th International Urban Design Conference 21st to 23rd September 2011, Nerang: AST Management , 2011, p. 259-265Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 209.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    The problems of addressing microclimate factors in urban planning of the subarctic regions2015In: Environment and Planning, B: Planning and Design, ISSN 0265-8135, E-ISSN 1472-3417, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 415-430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban life in the towns of the subarctic regions is affected by the severity of the local climate, which must be taken into account in urban planning. Previous studies show that the use of climate knowledge in urban planning is hindered by different constraints. In this study we focus specifically on the problems of incorporating microclimate factors into the urban planning practices in northern Sweden. We rely on a literature study and focus on interviews as our study methods. Some of the major problems identified are the lack of design knowledge relevant to a cold climate, lack of user-friendly tools to analyze microclimate, overlooking the potential uses of local climate, and lack of support from politicians. The problems related to knowledge development and the lack of tools for microclimate analysis are discussed further. In terms of knowledge issues, the planners’ awareness of climate objectives achievable at different planning scales needs to be improved. There should be further research into the effect of urban form on the use of snow and on snow-removal activities. Tools for microclimate analysis should become more user friendly for planners. More importantly, planners need methods that combine different microclimate analyses and offer a complete assessment of a given design scheme.

  • 210.
    Edling Helmers, Siri Hanna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Opera i Stockholm, stadsgårdskajen2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    operahus vid stadsgårdskajen

  • 211.
    Edström, Frank
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nyman, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Building in rural Tanzania: Proposal for a self-sufficient orphanage2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 212.
    Edwards Mannheimer, Rebecca
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Mammabarnanstalt: Barn i fängelse - bra för barnet, bra för mamman, bra för samhället2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Synen på vad som är bäst för barnet då modern sitter på anstalt har förändrats. Det har visat sig att det bästa för barnet i många fall är att stanna hos sin moder trots fängelsevistelse, snarare än att separeras och placeras i fosterhem vilket tidigare varit den rådande uppfattningen. Mitt förslag är ett ställningstagande i en nu rådande het debatt.

  • 213.
    Ehrnberger, Karin
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, The Department of Design, Crafts and Art (DKK), Industrial design.
    Design och genus: hur vi formger produkter och hur de formar oss2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag har valt att som examensarbete kritiskt studera arkitektur och industridesign ur ett genusperspektiv för att därigenom hitta frågeställningar som skapar nya tolkningsprocesser och tankesätt i skapandet av byggnader och produkter.

  • 214.
    Ehrnebo, Ingrid
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, The Department of Design, Crafts and Art (DKK), Interior Architecture & Furniture Design.
    Kulturhuset Slottsholmen: rapport för magisterexamen2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 215.
    Ek, Ann-Sofie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Opera i Stockholm, Galärvarvet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idén är att operan skall binda samman stadsdelarna genom en ny bro, skapa ett nytt gemensamt kulturtorg där operan, vasamuséet och nordiska muséet ingår. Operan skall tillgängliggöras och kännas välkomnande för alla människor. Genom att bryta upp en stor volym i delar och placera olika funktioner i varje kropp kommer platsen att vara levande från morgon till kväll. Kontor har lagts till programmet för att skapa liv och fler arbetsplatser. Junibacken får en ny byggnad med barnscen där till exempel barnopera och barnteater visas. Stora scenen och lilla scenen separeras och får var sin kropp. Mellan de olika husvolymerna skapas ett inglasat torg, som en förlängning av utomhustorget, där restauranter, barer, caféer och mingel tar plats. Ett nytt kulturnav har skapats.

  • 216.
    Ekelund, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Aktivitet: Green Futures2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 217.
    Ekelund, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Energisystemet är också en fråga om planutformning: teoretiska och empiriska studier av energisystemets rumsliga artefakter i fysisk planering2005Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det svenska energisystemet är under omställning för att på sikt låta förnybar energi svara för hela energitillförseln. Med detta följer fler anläggningar och en större diversitet mellan olika energislag. Kommunernas roll i detta är uppenbar. Inte minst i den fysiska planeringen som anger riktlinjer för samtida och framtida användning av mark och vatten. Den lokala planeringen har två huvudsakliga möjligheter att uppmärksamma energisystemets förändring. Det ena är att påverka omställningen genom att hantera produktion, distribution och användning av förnybara energikällor. Det andra är att uppmärksamma energisystemets påverkan på människa, mark och vatten. De energikällor som avses ersättas är mycket yteffektiva, det vill säga de har ett litet yt- och volymbehov i relation till producerad mängd el (företrädesvis). De förnybara energikällorna däremot har, i relation, en låg grad av yteffektivitet vilket innebär att det framtida energisystemet i flera fall kan komma att avsevärt prägla den lokala mark- och vattenanvändningen. Energisystemet är och har traditionellt setts som ett tekniskt, ekonomiskt, ekologiskt och på senare tid också som ett sociotekniskt infrastruktursystem. Men för att hantera förändrade rumsliga förutsättningar för energisystemet i den fysiska planeringen så konstrueras i avhandlingen ett synsätt där energisystemet ses som ett rumsligt infrastruktursystem. Dess delar, rumsliga artefakter, beskrivs som, och kategoriseras, utifrån indelningen av anläggningar, nätverk och brukare. För att studera hur energisystemet hanteras som ett rumsligt system genomfördes två empiriska studier, en deskriptiv och en explorativ fallstudie. De avser att belysa den befintliga och den möjliga planeringsberedskapen för energisystemet i översiktsplanen (ÖP), respektive i en specifik planeringsuppgift. Den andra studien fokuserade på hur energisystemet hanteras om en metodik för planutformningsprocessen används. Metodiken har en huvudsaklig rationell struktur, men med deliberativa ansatser. De empiriska studierna genomfördes för sex olika kommuner fördelade på två län, ett i norra och ett i södra Sverige. Resultaten visar generellt att det är storskaliga anläggningar och stor- och medelstora nätverk som ur ett rumsligt perspektiv är integrerade i kommunernas ÖP. Det handlar främst om anläggningar och nätverk som är av nationellt intresse för elproduktion samt fjärrvärmeverk och utbyggnad av fjärrvärmenät för lokal uppvärmning. Den geografiskt lägesbundna informationen är dock i samtliga fall så pass övergripande redovisad att det är svårt att genomföra någon bedömning av den befintliga och framtida påverkan på människa, mark och vatten. Mina slutsatser av arbetet med en rationell metodik för planutformningsprocessen är lika de som kommer av studien av ÖP. Detta kan sammanfattas som att metodiken inte medför att energisystemets rumsliga artefakter blir automatiskt integrerade i den fysiska planeringen. Den samlande diskussionen utifrån de empiriska resultaten antyder att energifrågor på lokal nivå framför allt är fokuserad på bebyggelsens energianvändning och -hushållning och inte så mycket på energisystemets sammansättning av egna rumsliga artefakter. Diskussionen resonerar också kring det att energi inte ses som ett rumsligt system i planeringen, utan oftare som ett tekniskt, ekonomiskt eller ekologiskt system att ta hänsyn till i planutformningen. Dessutom belyser diskussionen att energi till stor del är en fråga av nationellt sektoriellt intresse som kan bli överordnat en tydlig lokal anknytning mellan fysisk planering och energisystemets utformning.

  • 218.
    Ekelund, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Projekt: 2 grader, 2 meter2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Konstnärlig gestaltning av fjärrvärmeledning i Ulricehamn

  • 219.
    Ekelund, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Projekt: Guide STHLM2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Guidebok för Stockholms arkitektur sedd genom dess politiska kontext.

  • 220.
    Ekelund, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Projekt: Rumslig analys2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kunskapssammanställning åt Arkus finansierat av Formas.

  • 221.
    Ekelund, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Rumslig legitimitet: när hållbar utveckling medvetandegörs2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The political ambition for sustainable development is dependent on new attitudes and behaviors, as well as new physical environments. Sustainable development has, therefore, become increasingly important to analyze and describe within the fields of planning, urban design, and architecture to contribute to a positive attitude and to gain democratic approval throughout society. Sustainable development was explored through three studies of sustainable energy facilities; looking at space, place, and architectural design.In the first study planning and energy systems (production and distribution facilities) was in focus. This study dealt with the current practice of energy decisions based purely on political will in comparison to the effects on physical environment. The study attempts to illustrate how truly sustainable energy systems are dependent upon ties to space and place within the planning process. This was studied empirically on six comprehensive municipal plans. In these examples large infrastructure policies are emphasized over place-based energy planning, leading to non-sustainable growth. A connection between planning and the spatial placement of future facilities seems to be central to sustainable development. The second study dealt with urban design and the specific placement of energy facilities in local communities. This study indicated that facility placement in the public realm affects public attitudes. Spatial analysis was empirically used to study the location, position, and visual presence of distribution and production facilities in three Swedish communities and all three communities had well-integrated and visible energy facilities. According to the space syntax analysis certain facilities had more potential than others to develop into positive sustainable development icons. This finding further emphasizes that the potential to create awareness for sustainable development is place specific. The third study dealt with the architectural design of specific energy facilities. A theoretical review of previous research showed that the perception of sustainable development does not coincide with the individual experience of a specific representation of sustainable energy. The perception of sustainable energy systems was more positive than the reality experienced in the physical environment. This dissonance suggests that architectural design must play an integral role in the development of energy systems in order for them to be truly sustainable. In an empirical study individuals experiences of an architecturally designed power line compared to their previous attitude towards power lines. The results highlighted the potential to reverse negative associations of energy facilities by aesthetic and place-specific architectural design. A positive perception of sustainable development might, therefore, correspond with a compelling experience and not necessarily with long held attitudes.The theoretical and empirical results presented can be described by the term spatial legitimacy. This term explains the ability of the planning, urban design, and architecture fields to rearticulate physical form and function within a specific cultural context, thus allowing actual experience to correspond with held preconceptions. How communities design affects how communities plan and vice versa. Spatial legitimacy underscores the central connection between placement and architectural design in personal experience. The fields of planning, urban design and architecture have the potential and responsibility to further the field of sustainable development by helping us understand that design is as important to individual response and collective perception as is technology.

  • 222.
    Ekelund, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Sociospatial och rumslig integration av energisystemet i Köpmanholmen: en studie av befintlig och framtida plats för produktions- och distributionsanläggningar2007Report (Other academic)
  • 223.
    Ekelund, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Sociospatial och rumslig integrationav energisystemet i Dalsjöfors: en studie av befi ntlig och framtida plats förproduktions- och distributionsanläggningar2005Report (Other academic)
  • 224.
    Ekelund, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Sociospatial och rumslig integrationav energisystemet i Ulricehamn: en studie av befi ntlig och framtida plats förproduktions- och distributionsanläggningar2005Report (Other academic)
  • 225.
    Ekelund, Björn
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Barandka, Saioa Ibarrola
    SWECO.
    Kreativ snöhantering2014Report (Other academic)
  • 226.
    Ekelund, Daniel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Socialt hållbar stadsplanering: Kommunal stadsplanering i samspel med digitala verktyg för rörelse och kommunikation2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable urban planning is an approach that cares about the future as well as

    the forthcoming generations. This subject involves technical as well as physical

    aspects of society. This report focuses on sustainable urban design in terms of

    availability, movement and integration in relation to urban planning. It also

    considers the fact that there are digital tools that are not fully utilized during the

    process of urban planning.

    An analysis regarding the practice of urban planning has been implemented. The

    concepts of availability, movement, and integration are discussed and analysed in

    relation to the municipality work process. The purpose is to formulate and test a

    theory that could be indicative to the work towards sustainable urban planning.

    The purpose is to determine whether there are reasons for the introduction of

    digital tools as a strategy within the municipal urban planning.

    The issues concern terms of availability, movement and integration and how these

    are applied in daily municipal urban planning. Answers have been found through

    literature reviews and an interview. Finally, a case study of an area facing

    redevelopment in Borås, called Simonsland, has been made.

    Simonsland is a centrally located area in Borås, where a case study has been carried

    out. The area is being rebuilt and transformed from an isolated industrial area into

    a flourishing college campus and cultural centre. With help from the digital tool

    Space Syntax, the site has been assessed in it´s previous and new design.

    Space Syntax is a spatial analytical tool that calculates how roads and streets, in

    form of axial lines, interact and integrate with each other. This analysis culminates

    in color-coded illustrations that demonstrate strong and critical points within the

    city's pattern of movement.

    Development of sustainable urban planning is a constant process within the

    municipally work. There are no precise practice that applies to the promotion of

    quality concepts such as movement, communication and integration. The work

    process is seen as a negotiation where the objective is to satisfy as many parties as

    possible.

    The purpose of this study is to present concrete and clear arguments that

    demonstrate why and how Space Syntax could play a greater role in municipal

    urban planning. Emphasis has been placed on how various stakeholders can come

    to benefit from the tool and how these measures can be implemented with simple

    means.

    The result shows that there is a basis for introduction of the spatial analytical tool

    Space Syntax within municipal planning. The tool contributes with good

    knowledge about the outcome of construction and its influence on the city's

    pattern of movement.

  • 227.
    Ekemark, Viktor Zapata
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Opera i Stockholm, Galärvarvet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att tänka opera:

    Vi kan ge det nya operahuset många betydelser. Det kan vara ett skal, som inrymmer möjligheten att skapa konst. Vi kan hoppas på att det blir en mötesplats, ett nytt rum. Det kan ses som en symbol, en signatur för staden Stockholm. 

    Att positionera sig:

    En signatur blir dock inte bättre av att lägga till nya bokstäver, då känns det angelägnare att försöka läsa vad som redan står skrivet. Jag tror inte på inordning, jag tror på inkänning. För mig så är operabyggnaden som en identitetssökande symbol ointressant, ett seriöst förslag på en ny opera är ett förslag som tar opera som hantverk seriöst. Funktionalitet är ett ord som är användbart. Att försöka se operan som en fabrik.

    Att inta en plats:

    Placeringen är känslig. Från Galärvarvets udde ser du slottet samtidigt som hötorgsskraporna. I en bermudatriangel mellan Nordiska museet, Wasamuseet och Strandvägen så krävs både hänsyn och mod för att lyckas få det nya huset att tala med omgivningen. Risken finns att uppfattas som skrikig, men också faran att bli överröstad. Operan är en enorm byggnad och det är en kvalitet att ta vara på, samtidigt som de kringliggande byggnaderna har sin integritet. För mig känns det naturligt att bygga lågt och horisontellt. Då betonas volymen och samtidigt som den inte tar över platsen visuellt. 

    Att rita en opera:

    Kommunikation. Kommunikation. En opera är en kropp. Den har ett blodomlopp, den har tarmar och den har ett hjärta. Utan ljusteknikerns toalett kan divan inte sjunga. En opera är en väv, där alla funktioner måste ligga dörr i dörr. Även de offentliga utrymmena måste binda ihop besökaren och scenerna, samtidigt som de ska erbjuda det bästa av omgivningen.  Jag har skapat tre kommunikationsstråk som binder samman de två scenerna och samtidigt samlar liknande funktioner kring samma gata.

    Att skapa form:

    En opera är ett kvarter, en stadsdel. Det är svårt att behandla den volymen som ett vanligt hus, särskilt som scenerna har en bestämd utformning.  Jag hittade lösningen i Pompeji. Att låta naturen välla in över huset likt ett jordskred eller ett vulkanutbrott. Jag ville att fasaden mot Strandvägen skulle vara en spegel av staden, en monolit som i sin brist på variation blir monumental. Genom att använda betongplattor i olika utföranden så skapas ändå en subtil variation. Fasaden mot söder/parken skulle möta naturen. Att ha möjligheten att gå på en byggnad tillgängliggör den både fysiskt och mentalt. 

  • 228.
    Eklöv, Evelina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Liljeqvist, Jessica
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Anpassning av byggregler vid förtätning på en begränsad tomtyta2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Today's urbanization requires densification of cities, which can lead to removal of parking lots, green areas and sunlight. To build and live in inner cities is expensive because of high land prices, complicated projects and a high demand for housing. Homes today are designed according to the regulations SIS and BBR, which in the inner cities leads to complications, especially regarding accessibility qualities and light conditions. The aim of this work is therefore to abolish certain rules regarding accessibility, room height and lighting conditions in order to simplify densification and create a new proposal of a planned infill property where a varied apartment structure has been achieved together with a potential financial gain.

     

    Method: The research methods of this work are qualitative and consist of literature studies, document analyzes and interviews. These were performed to analyze today's densification and result in a sketch where building rules were abolished to simplify some densification.

     

    Findings: The work outline shows that a multiple apartment structure is achievable via the abolition of certain BBR requirements that have created different types of apartments, interesting volumes, two-storey apartments and surface-efficient floor plans. Abolition of rules to simplify densification affects people in one way or another.

     

    Implications: Abolishing construction requirements in densification contexts can remove qualities such as daylight and accessibility in homes. Short-term solutions to the parking 

    shortage exist but densification with living ground floors is performed to solve the parking shortage in the long term by creating assets geographically close to people which reduces the need for car. Removing rules can lead to simpler planning and contribute with some economic advantage, but expensive new construction together with a high demand for central housing can make it difficult for low budgets and price reductions in housing.

     

    Limitations: The general result of this work on the elimination of rules works in densification contexts in other dense cities, but since the survey method is based on Jönköping's inner city and experiences and opinions linked to it, the general validity can be questioned. The sketch is based on one's own opinions and only suitable in this context.

     

    Keywords: Densify cities, infill, apartment buildings, urbanization, building rules, standard, accessibility, room height, lighting conditions, city center, inner city.

  • 229.
    Ekman, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
    Molla Omar, Soulin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
    Utbyggnad av Gröna Lund: Ett förslag till utformning av Skeppsholmsviken 62019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of the thesis is to investigate and design the extension of Gröna Lund within the property of Skeppsholmsviken 6 in regards to the factors that affected the formation. Methods: Interviews were conducted with people involved in the current project. A survey was administered on social media to explore public opinion and requisition tied to the extension work. Furthermore, an audit of detailed plans, reports and drawings was carried through. Results: The constructions resulted in five buildings placed along the coastline facing Saltsjön and a public board walk in terms of a dock which should be accessible for passage through Skeppsholmsviken 6. Conclusions: The results show that the extension of Gröna Lund has a strong cultural and historical attachment and will benefit the public and visitors of Gröna Lund. Additionally, the extension will have positive ecological, social and economic consequences such as increased safety, tourism, job opportunities and reduced traffic. The extension can be made ecologically sustainable by using wood as a building material, build it on piles and raising the dock a bit over the water surface to get a larger light transmission.

  • 230.
    Ekman Öhrn, August
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Wirf, Pontus
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Stadsgatans överlevnad: En studie av förhållandet mellan utbud, densitet och urban form2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Staden som en handelsplats har djupa rötter och handelns form i våra städer förändras löpande, i samtiden kanske framförallt genom e-handelns intåg. Arenan för kommersiell service är i ständig förändring och när våra städer förtätas har vi genom planering chans att påverka förutsättningarna för kommersiell service.

    Föremålet för denna studie är förhållandet mellan densitet, service och urban form. Sambandet mellan densitet och urban kommersiell ställs mot en integrationsanalys enligt space syntax för att identifiera om olika områdens urbana form påverkar tillgången till urban kommersiell service.

    Genom fallstudier av Stockholm och Göteborg visar uppsatsen att över- och underrepresentation av urban kommersiell service i förhållande till befolkningsdensiteten framförallt förekommer i de centrala delarna av staden, men underrepresentation oftare i anslutning till större barriärer. Områden med höga integrationsvärden kan i studiens båda fall kopplas till en stor överrepresentation av kommersiell service.

  • 231.
    Ekmat, Benar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Concrete Structures.
    Hermes, Natalea
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Concrete Structures.
    Basic Creep of Young Concrete - Sensitivity in the Evaluation Method2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Creep is defined as deformation that takes place under constant load after an initial elastic response. This thesis focuses on a material property problem area that concerns stress analysis. Focus is on stress development considering creep deformations occurring when a concrete structure is under load, i.e. stress analysis with viscoelastic properties of the material.From laboratory tests, both elastic modulus and deformations over time are estimated in an evaluation process. Usually, deformations of moist sealed samples are denoted basic creep. At Luleå Technical University creep measurements are evaluated according to the theory and methodology in Larson and Jonasson (2003a, 2003b). The model is denoted Linear Logarithmic Model, used for moist sealed concrete samples. This thesis involves an investigation of the evaluation procedure for basic creep performed in Thysell laboratory at LTU, to examine how sensitive the evaluation process is for the outcome from stress calculations. The calculations are performed in the Finite Element Method software ConTeSt Pro.The aim of the thesis is to analyze the sensitivity of evaluation of basic creep and of the Linear Logarithmic Model (LLM) by making changes in the evaluation process to see how different parameters sets effect calculated stresses/strains during through crack analysis. The changes are solely done in the relaxation spectra.The purpose is also to analyze how sensitive the changes made in the evaluation process are when typical cases are studied. The typical cases are defined with a structure of a newly cast wall on a mature slab, where various thickness of the wall during different temperature conditions are analyzed. The temperature conditions are named standard, winter and summer. With this, concrete is tested and evaluated to yield two material parameter sets useful for temperature - and stress calculations for young concrete.The material parameter sets were analyzed and their creep values were converted into relaxation values, i.e. relaxation spectra, according to Maxwell-chain formulation for LLM. ConTeSt calculations generate temperature development for the walls and slabs. Colour maps and values of the strain ratio for each studied case are also obtained.It can be established that the evaluation process of basic creep is sensitive. A conclusion to be drawn is that small changes in the relaxation spectra, gives changes in the results of stress calculations for the typical cases. As soon as we deviate from the temperature development for the test performed in the laboratory, either by changing the thickness of the wall or by testing different temperature conditions we get a different temperature development than the tested one. With the deviation in the calculated temperature development compared to the measured one, a difference in the calculated strain ratios for the two different material parameter sets created are found.The main discovery in this work is that when a geometry of the wall that is identical to the geometry of the concrete tested at the laboratory is analyzed, a small deviation in the calculations of strain is obtained. This is expected since the temperature development in the created wall will follow the temperature development of the tested concrete. When differing from this geometry and temperature case, differences in calculated strain ratios are observed.

  • 232.
    Ekoutsidou, Caroline
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Ombyggnad av skolbyggnad för nya verksamheter: En visionsstudie för Wenströmska skolan och dess närområde2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    New production is not the only thing that is important for the city’s growth. It is also crucial to recover existing buildings in order to create attractive areas. There is a school in Västerås city called Wenströmska skolan which consists of six high schools that provide different professional specializations and which has an area of about 35000 square meters. Due to many different reasons the city has decided to close the school down and any decisions on what to do with the remaining buildings have not yet been made. The aim of this thesis is to develop a proposal on Wenströmska skolan future. The proposal illustrates a vision towards adaptive reuse of school’s buildings based on the district’s needs and the city’s visions for the future. The proposal can be used as inspiration in the larger context or as idea for upcoming decisions regarding Wenströmska skolan. The theoretical part is an overview and compilation of general requirements and rules on availability and technical aspects regarding school buildings design. The pre-study investigates the best alternative which is based on the needs in the district that provides support making the choice of activities. SWOT-analysis helps to define strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats which affect the choice of activities too. New drawings are created in order to illustrate the proposal. Both the buildings and the plot of Wenströmska skolan are used to develop the proposal. The buildings can be adapted to a secondary school in combination with other operations such as sports and health, cultural, music and theater, rooms and areas for children activities, a restaurant with food from different cultures, offices spaces for companies and new residents. The buildings and the plot can also be used as a gathering place. The proposal shows that adoption of the vision may help to raise social values, sustainability and quality of life in the district. The residents would be connected in a way they haven’t been before. 

  • 233.
    Ektander, Caroline
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Culturehouse of Waste: A demonstration artifact for the municipality of Stockholm2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 234.
    Elander, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Bolmstad, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Byggnadsmodellers anpassning inför 3D-utskift & dess användning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To investigate how digital 3D models should be adapted to enable 3D printing for use in the construction process in its various stages.

    Method: A case study is conducted with an existing digital 3D-model where interviews and action research is used as a data collection method. The empirical data are compared and analyzed with the theoretical framework developed through literature studies.

    Findings: A physical 3D model can be used at several stages in the construction process, mainly in idea development stages, the production stage and throughout the process as a communication tool and for advertising/sales/presentation for increased understanding. Prior to printing, all parts of the building should be solid, details should be erased depending on the scale used and components should consist of the same material.

    Implications: Based on interviews with people with varying knowledge and experience within the subject, it is important to take into consideration the fact that the proposals on the fields of use may not be enforceable in reality since they are requests. Despite this, the use of physical 3D models can be recommended in several construction phases of the process for greater understanding and better communication, which is corroborated by the theoretical framework. Adaptions of a digital model require a digital 3D model as a prerequisite and a certain experience of 3D design.

    Limitations: Since this study is a case study conducted in a specific case, knowledge and recommendations cannot be generalized statistically to other types of buildings. However, with small adjustments, this study can be implemented in similar projects. Due to the fact that the study is qualitative with a limited number of interviewees, there is a possibility of a different result if the execution occurred with other conditions.

    Keywords: BIM model, physical building model, 3D model, 3D printer, 3D printing 

  • 235.
    Elf, Marie
    et al.
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Dougherty, Mark
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering.
    The role for simulation in the design of new health care environments2003In: The 8th International Congress in Nursing Informatics - NI2003, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 236.
    Eliasson Sahlin, Malin
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, Institutionen för Bildpedagogik (BI).
    Skolbyggnaden som rum2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 237.
    Eminovic Helmersson, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Hansen, Helena
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Dagsljusförhållanden vid förtätning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: I människans natur har det sedan tusentals år tillbaka varit kroppens egna dag-och nattklockor som styrt dygnsrytmen. Elektricitet och dagens moderna levnadssätt har betytt en förändrad dygnsrytm som människan inte hunnit anpassa sig till. Förtätning är en senare trend som tillkommit i sättet att bygga städer på. Effektivisering av markytan innebär dock en konflikt med faktorer som exempelvis ljus. Genom studiens analysobjekthar hantering av dagsljusfråganstuderats, i hopp om att se vart i processen det brister. Studiens mål är att se vilka dagsljuskrav man kan ställa på ett samhälle där förtätning sker.

    Metod: Huvudsaklig metod för insamling av empiri är intervjuer. Dessa kompletteras med en dokumentanalys. En fallstudiegenomförs på ett analysobjekt innehållande de två metoderna. Studien tillämpar ett kvalitativt angreppssätt.

    Resultat: Omkringliggande byggnader är den mest avgörande faktorn för dagsljuset. Det måste hanteras i planeringsskedet. Kommuner måste arbeta med dagsljuset vid framtagning av detaljplaner för att sedan kunna ställa krav i bygglovsprocessen. Vertical Sky Component är ett digitalt verktyg som kan användas för att förebygga att projekt med bristfälliga dagsljusförhållanden förekommer. Som resultatfrån studienvar för täta byggrätter i detaljplanen den avgörandefaktorntill att analysobjektetinteklarade dagsljuskravet iMiljöbyggnad Silver. Miljöbyggnadhar nyligen tillåtit en sänkning av dagsljusfaktorn med belägg i senare forskning. Dehar inga planer på att sänka dagsljuskraven ytterligare.

    Konsekvenser:Ju tidigare man arbetar med dagsljusfrågan desto större påverkan har det på slutresultatet. Dagsljussimuleringar i planeringsskedet ger bättre förutsättningar för att kunna klara dagsljuskrav. Aktörer i branschen bör anpassa sig till gällande dagsljuskrav och inte tvärtom. Riktlinjer vid stadsplanering så som vrida byggnadsvolymer, avfasning av hörn, tillräcklig gatubredd och inte för djupa byggnadsplaner bör tillämpas för att tillåta att ljus träffar fasader. Det geografiska läget reglerar ett projekts förutsättningar och måste beaktas vidfysisk planering. Ambitionen att tillgodose bostäder med goda dagsljusförhållande är något som bör genomsyra alla parter iblandade i projektet.

    Begränsningar: Den största begränsningen för studien var tid. Vid mer tid till förfogande skulle fler intervjuerkunna genomförasoch fler projekt skulle kunna studeras för att få en mer verklighetsbaserad bildav dagsläget. Fler orsaker till ouppfyllda dagsljuskrav hade också då kunnat identifieras. Ursprungligbyggherreför analysobjektethade kunnat gjort uttalande angående projektet och dess hantering av dagsljus. Endast ett certifieringssystem har studerats.

    Nyckelord:Nyckelord under studiens gång är dagsljus, avskärmningsvinkel,förtätning, hälsa, samhällsplanering,bygglovavdelningenoch planavdelningen

  • 238. Englund, Fanny
    et al.
    Lurell, Emma
    Dagsljusdesign för en god visuell miljö2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During our education to become lighting designers at Jönköping University, the artificial lighting has been in focus. Therefore we wanted to learn more about daylight. We chose to do this from a visual approach in open plan offices. Since daylight is part of the architects´ responsibility to master, we wanted to examine what architects think of when they plan daylight environments in open plan offices and how this is expressed in the buildings with focus on the visual factors.

    Our questions at issue are:

    1. What knowledge do architects have concerning daylight planning, and how do they use this knowledge in their practice?
    2. How well do the chosen daylight environments meet the end-users need of a good visual environment?

    The study consists of three case studies, carried out in the same way. Each case study contains an analysis of the daylight environment in a modern building with open plan offices. A responsible architect was interviewed about the intensions for the building, and about his or her general thoughts about daylight. Three end-users were also interviewed about their experiences of their working environment and the daylight conditions in each building. In total three buildings were analysed, three architects and nine end-users were interviewed.

    The result shows that it is hard to tell what knowledge architects have about daylight, since it is a part of the overall design of the building. It is also very individual whether the architect displays an interest, and work with daylight issues in an active way. We can see differences in this matter between the interviewed architects.

    The analysed buildings also show varying results in the visual qualities. The results from our environment analyses are at most part confirmed by the end-users in each building. The problems we have found concerning the daylight environment are primarily the solar shadings and the layout of furnishing.

    Our conclusion is that architects could benefit from collaboration with lighting designers in daylight issues. This is because lighting designers have more knowledge about the visual conditions of the eye, and a more explicit focus on the end-user. To ensure a good collaboration the lighting designers also need to increase their knowledge about daylight in buildings, and about the building construction as a whole.

  • 239.
    Engström, Linnéa
    Gotland University, School of the Humanities and Social Science.
    Barnservis2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Innovator Håkan Berndtsson has developed an idea for a new spin on cutlery for small children to start learning to feed themselves. The idea is investigated in this graduation project to create an overall concept of a dinner set for children. The focus lies on developing Berndtssons cutlery were knife, fork and spoon is included. This is accomplished by applying the design methodology.

    A common problem with many types of cutlery for children today is that the children have difficulty getting a grip that is easy to use for bringing food to the mouth. This results in a lot of wasted food and messy meals. The kids lose their patience when they encounter too much difficulty with the cutlery and they will ingest less food with each bite.

    The target group for the project were children in the beginning to learn how to eat themselves with different meal gear. This is done in a span of about one to three years depending on the child's individual development.

    The solution to the problem consists of a grip that combines a power and precision grip for the fork and spoon.

    With this grip the child can without further effort bring the food to the mouth with precision. The knife has a different function and is therefore designed for this, namely, cutting and squashing food. Overall suggestions for the solutions to the mug, plate and bowl has been made. The idea for the cup is that it is able to develop and change its functions as the child itself develops, by replacing parts of the mug. The plate and bowl can be inserted in one another and therefore create a lunchbox that can ie. be included in excursion.

    The result consists of three cutleries, a fork, a spoon and a knife where all of the grips are developed through the use of ergonomic studies and in close collaboration with a pre-school. The development of the remaining parts of the dinner set was stopped after revising the project at the end of the “idea generation”-process. The result has an idiom that consists of a pervading animal theme that binds together the cutlery to unified concept. The theme of animals is relatively gender neutral and are pedagogically suited for younger children. The cutlery grip is composed of plastic with the eating part of stainless steel.

  • 240.
    Enquist, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Solel till Akademiska sjukhuset: möjlig genererad effekt och solcellers estetiska konsekvenser2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today many buildings and it´s nearby surroundings are designed to achieve some kind of environmental goal.The issue concerning energy consumption is currently at focus and it is relevant that we start increase the share of renewable energy. Solar energy is an infinite resource and should therefore be considered when selecting an energy supplier.

     

    Uppsala University hospital is facing major restructuring when parts of the existing buildings will be refurbished and a large new building will be constructed. White Architects have developed a study concerning the new building and for some of the existing buildings on the hospital campus. Uppsala County requires tough energy measures and wants the new building to be classified as an eco-building in Whites following work. The classifications will involve high energy source requirements.

     

    This work has been conducted to see if solar power can be envisaged as a supplementary energy source for the University hospital and also to investigate the aesthetic impact of solar cells on the new building. In this report, solar cells integrated on the facade and PV modules on the roofs have been studied. Focus has been to evaluate the potential of what each option can produce and what opportunity they have to become an intrinsic part of the architecture

     

    The type of solar cell module, which in this case study has been proven to generate most electricity is stand-alone modules on roofs. These are however, more difficult to reconcile with the architecture. Solar cells on the facades should therefore still be considered as an alternative application.The result shows that the potential energy that can be generated by solar panels on the new building is large but not in relation to hospital´s electricity use. It is for that reason questionable whether solar installation, applied on the new building, can be seen as a good additional source of energy or if it will more become a matter of public relations.

  • 241.
    Ericson, Emelie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Modemuseum2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En kulturell infill i Stockholms innerstad som fyller behovet av en samlad plats för visning av och samtal kring mode.

  • 242.
    Ericson, Fabian
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Knutas, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Energieffektiva klimatskal i flerbostadshus: Tillämpning av nära-nollenergikrav2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hårdare energidirektiv från EU gällande energianvändning i byggnader har resulterat i Boverkets framtagande av Sveriges kommande nära-nollenergilagstiftning. Den kommande lagstiftningen kommer ur energisynpunkt innebära ett paradigmskifte för hur man projekterar och bygger nya byggnader i Sverige. I samarbete med WSP Sverige AB har detta arbete huvudsakligen undersökt potentialen att klara av denna omställning, genom att fokusera på minimering av energiförluster från transmission i en byggnads klimatskal. Arbetet innehåller en omprojektering av en specifik byggnads klimatskal. Vid framtagandet av detta klimatskal har olika konstruktionsalternativ simulerats och analyserats för att på ett kostnadseffektivt sätt avgöra den ambitionsnivå som krävs för att uppnå kraven i den kommande lagstiftningen. Utöver Boverkets kommande lagstiftning har även möjligheten att klara av viktade krav från miljöclassifieringssystemet Miljöbyggnad analyserats.

  • 243.
    Eriksson, Carl-Johan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Erlingsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    FRP i brokonstruktion: -varför används FRP inte i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    FRP stands for Fiber Reinforced Polymer. FRP materials have yet to be introduced inbridge construction in Sweden. Composite materials can through combined componentsand manufacturing processes be tailored to fit advanced bridge designs. FRP materials arestrong, durable and of low weight. FRP materials give the superstructure reduced weightand are therefore a suitable alternative for industrial prefabrication. This report shows thatFRP materials are possible to use in bridge construction. With the introduction of a specificEurocode we are confident that FRP materials will become a competitive alternative inbridge construction in Sweden in the future.

  • 244.
    Eriksson, Helena
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Opera i Stockholm, Värtahamnen2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studentförslag på nybyggnad av Opera i Värtahamnen, Stockholm. Ca 40.000kvm, 3 scener.  

  • 245.
    eriksson hemström, Gusten
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Opera i stockholm galärvarvet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    opera om ca 30.000 kvm 

  • 246.
    Eriksson, Jonas
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Lysande rör, rörligt ideal: belysningsbranschens introducerande av lysröret i Sverige2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the 1930´s the hot potato for the Swedish lighting associations were how to create the most suitable light for every situation, either for industries, offices or homes. The light bulb were the most frequently used source of light but due to limitied luminous intensity, big halls sometimes required up to hundreds of light bulbs to produce the right amount of light. Two kinds of different lights, by different reasons, can be titled the predecessors of the fluorescent lighting during the 1930´s: The volfram-filament tube light due to its estetic similarities and the electric discharge (mercury- and sodium-) lamps due to its technical resemblance. Even though they came in quite wide use (the volfram tube in public halls (e. g. cinemas and public baths) and the discharge lamp in the industry) none of them could provide a light that combined efficiency in both light and cost.

    This essay deals with the predecessors as well as the introduction of fluorescent lighting in Sweden 1940-1945 primarily as a consequence of todays non existing historic knowledge about this modernist invention. By analyzing articles and advertising issued by the Swedish journals Elektricitetens rationella användning and Tidskrift för Ljuskultur 1930-1945 this thesis answers questions about how, why, when and where the lamp industry came to bring the new kind of light on the market.

    The research concludes that fluorescent lighting was introduced in almost every environment except for the homes, even though the Swedish lighting associations believed it to be the future also for the homes. The prospects for the new light source were without exeption positive and promising and in both articles and advertising it was talked about as the ”artificial daylight”. The light fittings were made different depending on the purpose of the room. Esthetic as well as functional reasons together with the extracted shape of the lamp made the designers make fittings that differentiated heavily from the fluorescent light fittings we are used to see today.

  • 247.
    Eriksson, Mattias
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Duntarvie Castle2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 248.
    Eriksson, Päivi
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Hem.. ljuva hem...2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökning i hur man kan göra bostäderna mer individanpassade genom att skapa en enkel matris som fungerar som ett hjälpmedel i kommunikationen mellan arkitekt och beställare.

  • 249.
    Erlandsson, Sandra
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Matrinsson, Therese
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Utformning av ett miljöcertifierat flerfamiljshus av planelement2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En ökad bostadskris och allt högre miljökrav gör att Sveriges byggnadsbransch står inför en stor utmaning under den närmaste tiden. Allt fler småhusföretag känner att de vill utveckla sina produkter så att de passar bostadsmarknaden. Efter samarbete med Vimmerbyhus har ett ritningsförslag på ett prefabricerat flerbostadshus i tre våningar tagits fram. Det framtagna förslaget har även fått en miljöcertifiering inom Miljöbyggnad.

    Studien innehåller val av byggnadens design samt inre utformning av ytor. Sveriges lagar och krav inom ändrings- och nybebyggelse är här av stor vikt. Det ställdes också vissa krav på designen av byggnaden på grund av att planelementen byggs i fabrik för att sedan fraktas och sättas ihop på byggplatsen. En jämförelse mellan fyra olika miljöcerifieringar gjordes innan Miljöbyggnad valdes som den mest passande. Här utreddes och beräknades olika aspekter inom energi, material och inomhusklimat.

  • 250.
    Ersson, Amanda
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Opera i Stockholm, Galärvarvet:  2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mitt förslag om en nya centralt placerad Opera, vid Galärvarvet. Byggnaden inrymmer, förutom tre scener, också ett konferanscenter och Operahögskolans lokaler.

2345678 201 - 250 of 1128
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