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  • 1751.
    Wormbs, Nina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Public Service: Ruta och skärm2010In: Framtiden är nu: Kultursverige 2040 / [ed] Tobias Nielsén & Sven Nilsson, Lund: Volante , 2010, 190-197 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1752.
    Wormbs, Nina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Swedish Pre-Screening of New Services: Treading Lightly2011In: Exporting the Public Value Test: New Regulation of Public Broadcasters' New Media Services Across Europe / [ed] Karen Donders & Hallvar Moe, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2011, 127-134 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1753.
    Wu, Weixian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Popularity of Brand Posts on Sina Weibo: A Correlation Analysis of the Influential Factors on Tuborg’s Brand Community2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media continues to serve as vehicles for fostering relationships with customers. One specific way to implement this is to create and operate brand fan communities on social networking sites. Brands can place posts (including videos, messages, quizzes, information, and other material) in these brand communities. By customer’s reposting or commenting on the posts, it subsequently reflects the brand post popularity. In order to investigate the possible drivers for brand post popularity in the Chinese social media context, this thesis selects Tuborg’s Green Fest as the case, its official account on Weibo as the platform, and analyzes the correlation between six driven factors and brand post popularity pairwise. 

    Results show that interactivity is the most important factor for popularity; a higher level of interactivity would help boost popularity. Followed by entertaining content and vividness are also two factors that positively related to brand post popularity. Moreover, the post theme of Fans interaction is most popular with fans, while the theme of Green Fest information would have negative impact on post popularity. Nevertheless, informational content is not welcome by the fans either, which may have a negative influence on popularity. Managers of brands that operate brand fan communities can be guided by this research with regards to deciding which characteristics or content to place in their brand posts. 

  • 1754.
    Wu, Yifan
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Varumärkesplacering i digitala spel: Inverkan av interaktiv belöning och bestraffning på spelarens inställning till och minnesbilder av varumärken2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Varumärkesplacering i digitala spel i samband med belöning och bestraffning harundersökts i denna studie. Resultat från tidigare studier på varumärkesplacering i spelanvändes i utformningen av undersökningen. Tidigare undersökningar av belöningoch bestraffning och dess inverkan på minnet studerades också. Detta kan vara förstagången som varumärkesplacering i digitala spel undersöks i samband med interaktivbelöning och bestraffning.Två versioner av spelet Supertuxkart skapades för undersökningen; den ena medbelönings- och bestraffningsåterkoppling och den andra utan. Deltagare från Kina ochSverige medverkade i experimentet.Undersökningen visade att varumärken med belöning eller bestraffning har tydligaeffekter på deltagarnas memorering av varumärken. Detta verkar gälla oberoende avdeltagarnas kulturella bakgrund, genus eller erfarenhet av digitala spel. Resultatetvisade även att bestraffning inte nödvändigtvis leder till en negativ inställning hosdeltagarna i samband med varumärkesplacering. Vidare studier behövs för att bättreförstå inställningsförändring i detta sammanhang.

  • 1755.
    Wåhlstedt, Joanna
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Unseen and unheard: how Dalits are represented in three Indian newspapers2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    India has a population of 1, 2 billion people, and the country also has a great poor populationwhere 70 % still live in rural areas. The poorest are often Dalits, once called the untouchablesand they constitute one sixth, 167 million people, of India’s inhabitants. They are consideredoutside the caste system and are often on the bottom of the social ladder. Because of theircaste identity they are still discriminated.

    Since media has the power to influence this thesis focuses on how the Dalits arerepresented in three newspapers: Times of India, The Hindu and Indian Express. How dojournalists find their reporting about Dalits? The theories used are development journalism,the agenda setting theory and theory about minorities in media.

    A quantitative content analysis was done in Delhi during 17 days. 98 articles thatmentioned Dalits were found and coded.

    This was combined with a qualitative method: respondent research. Eight interviews withpolitical journalists were done. During the field work there was a legislative assembly electionin the state Uttar Pradesh, which affected the results since caste is closely related to politics inIndia.

    The results show that Dalits are mentioned quiet often in the newspapers, but the mainsubject is almost never Dalits and their situation in society. The most frequent topics were theelection, affirmative action, and crime and rape against Dalits. These subjects often have aconnection to sensation. The most quoted actors in the articles are the elite and not Dalits.Almost all respondents thought they could empower Dalits if they were reported about. Thisis a paradox since they almost never interview Dalits. There are no Dalit journalists at thethree newspapers, which can be one reason why they are not included in the news.

    There is little research done on this subject and therefore more research is needed.

  • 1756.
    Yan, Jizhou
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Understanding Chinese Student Social Networking: Interpersonal Communication at Renren.com2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the development of technology, the Chinese Internet enters into a socialization phase- Web 2.0 ages. In this phase, the Internet realizes socialization and individuation, and makes the individuals become the main role in the Internet. Now, Social Networking Service (SNS) is a new Internet service mode in Web 2.0 times, and it bridges the virtual network and real individuals, and also becomes a new popular vehicle to interpersonal communication. Social media is extending the communication scope of human beings and SNS connects people in different places together and it realizes the real interpersonal communication in the Internet to some degree. People can establish certain relationship with others in social network platform.

     

    In China, SNS sites are divided into many types and focus on different social groups. Among them, the development of student SNS is most fast. Now, numerous Chinese students use student SNS to communicate with others, and this thesis aims to explore the characteristics of the interpersonal communication at student SNS site. The thesis takes Renren.com as the study objective to explore. The study is mainly based on quantitative method and the primary data is collected by online questionnaire. Based on the data and the perspective of Peng (2001), I conclude five characteristics of the interpersonal communication in this SNS. They are, (1) the trust is establishing, (2) the development of communication scope is not evident, (3) the role of the communication objectives is relative single, (4) the weak instrumentality, (5) the high frequency of interaction.

     

    Besides analyzing the characteristics of the interpersonal communication in this site, I also discuss the general impact of student SNS on the interpersonal communication among Chinese students. In addition, I also come up with my personal view about the student SNS. Specifically, the traditional online community only shortens the information distance among individuals, but the effect on shortening the mental distance is less. The student SNS transforms the communication among individuals to a real and sincere condition, and it not only shortens the information distance among individuals, but also shortens the mind gap among individuals. Second, in student SNS, because individuals use real names, and most of the followers are acquaintances, individuals can get more self-consciousness through true feedback. Third, student SNS may be a new platform of public sphere and it enables the users to go there and back between the personal space and public sphere.

  • 1757.
    Yang, Shuo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Political Economy of Provincial TV Stations in China2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My master thesis aims to examine how a Chinese political economy context has shaped the media landscape in China, especially in the domain of provincial television. The key issues are: 1) what the role of private profit accumulation is for provincial TV stations in China; 2) Whom the ownership of provincial TV stations in China belongs to; 3) how global capitalism influence provincial TV stations today; 4) how government regulation influence provincial TV stations today. Theoretically, we follow a political economy framework developed by Wasko (1994), Meehan (2005), and Mosco (2009) and relate western theories to a Chinese social context, by referring to a range of academic works focusing on the Chinese media and a political economy context in China (e.g. Bai, 2005; Zhao, 2008). Based on a case study of Hunan provincial satellite television (Hunan PSTV), the results show that: 1) advertising is the main contributor to the total income of provincial TV stations; 2) provincial TV stations are state-owned according to the party-state’s definition, but they have started to gain some capitalistic characteristics as they are increasingly driven by  audience-rating and advertising revenue; 3) party-state can support the commercialization of provincial TV stations by taking a series of reforms, and at the same time, it can readily suppress the development of provincial TV stations, by issuing legal decrees.

  • 1758.
    Yijun, Ding
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    The aura of the artwork in the digitalization age: An experimental study based on Benjamin and Baudrillard2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores how the aura of the artworks changes in the age of digital reproduction through the empirical experiments conducted in Uppsala Konstmuseum. By employing the definition of the aura given by Benjamin in The work of art in the age of the mechanical reproduction and The arcade project, this thesis conceptualizes the “aura” into eight dimensions and then operationalizes the eight dimensions in order to find whether audience’s evaluation of the artwork changes when they are given different stimulus in the control experiment. From the control experiment, the quantitative data will be obtained from a questionnaire and non-participant observation. The qualitative data will be obtained from the interviews. By also applying the simulacra theory of Baudrillard to the analysis part, this thesis finds that there exists a small difference in the perception of the aura between the people who see a digital copy and who see a real painting. The aura still has its power. However, such power is really weak, as many dimensions of the aura have been weakened by the digital simulacra. Through this study, I suggest the museums to take cautious steps to digitalize their artworks though there is no evidence that virtual museums can replace real museums. 

  • 1759.
    YIN, ZEJIN
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Celebrity Humanitarianism in the era of Social Media: An Exploratory Case Study of the UN campaign “The World Needs More...”2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social Media has become a tool which connects distant people, but what kind of feelings does it connect? What motivates us to feel sympathy for a distant sufferer, for the tragedy of others? Moreover, what kind of discourse in social media can turn our feelings into actions, into donations, into help for those in need?

    This study intends, in first instance, to explore whether social media has transformed the essence of humanitarianism. Has cosmopolitanism actually changed through the humanitarian communication of today? Or has it just brought narcissism and locked the audience into a comfortable zone? Within this context, we explore what kind of role do celebrities play when they become part of a humanitarian campaign.

    This study explores the case of the United Nations campaign launched in 2013 under the name “The World Needs More______”, which through the use of celebrities such as David Guetta and Beyoncé, intended to build the connection between “how does people feel” about distant sufferers and “what can they actually do” to contribute to the cause.

    Through a multimodal critical discourse analysis performed via data collected on Twitter and YouTube, together with a Mediated Discourse Analysis carried out on three videos of the campaign, we conclude that social media has brought a shift in the way of constructing the humanitarian imaginary, not only within a positive or negative frame, rather as an hybrid of both, in which positive and negative representations merge to encourage participation and engagement from the audience, although for the particular campaign under study, the use of celebrities made people act in support of the celebrities and to enhance their own social media personae rather than promoting to solve a humanitarian cause. 

  • 1760.
    Yngfors, Jonathan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Sandkvist, Fredrik
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Från skärm till perception: En studie om påverkan. Relationen mellan nyhetsvåld och oro bland studenter på Jönköping University.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker relationen mellan konsumtion av nyheter och oro för våldsbrott i Jönköping. Vi utgår från kultivationsteorin som undersöker de långsiktiga effekterna av tv-tittande och som påstår att ju mer tid människor tittar på tv ju mer tenderar dessa att tro på den realitet som porträtteras i tv. Som metod använder vi oss av en enkät som vi distribuerat till studenter på två förstaårsprogram inom varje fackhögskola. Totalt fick cirka 400 studenter tillgång till enkäten. Svarsfrekvensen var låg, endast 127 personer svarade, flest var kvinnor.

    Vårt resultat visar inget samband mellan nyhetskonsumtion och oro/rädsla för våldsbrott. Den data vi inhämtade var inte signifikant så vi kan inte dra några generella slutsatser. Det vi såg bland de som svarade på undersökningen var att kvinnor är mer oroliga för våldsbrott än män. 

  • 1761.
    Yngvesson, Anton
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Tisjö, Lindah
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "En galning råkade finnas i staden": En kvalitativ framinganalys av Aftonbladets gestaltning av gärningsmannen bakom skolattacken i Trollhättan2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    On October 22, 2015, a masked man entered the primary school Kronan in Trollhättan and stabbed three people to death with a knife and a sword. Shortly after the attack the perpetrator was shot to death by the police. The event received a great deal of spatial attention in Swedish media and has been called the worst school attack in Swedish history. The twenty-one-year-old perpetrator had grown up in Trollhättan and it is his origin that is of interest in this study. The aim of this study is to examine how a perpetrator of native origin is portrayed in a Swedish medium. Previous research, which shows that there is a difference between how a perpetrator of native origin is portrayed compared to a foreign one, is used as background. According to these studies media often focuses on the perpetrator’s ethnicity and descent if the person is of foreign origin. Through a qualitative framing analysis we examine how the perpetrator in Trollhättan is portrayed in Sweden’s largest news website, namely aftonbladet.se. We explore how the perpetrator's ethnicity and origin are expressed and which of the perpetrator's characteristics are focused on by Aftonbladet. Through framing analysis we also explore how the perpetrator is portrayed from an us-and-them perspective, and how ideas and concepts are personalized through him. The results of this study show that the male perpetrator who is of native origin in the case Trollhättan is portrayed as a lone maniac who committed an act of evil and that Aftonbladet focused on his personal circumstances, for example that he had issues socializing.

  • 1762.
    Zabielski, Julia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Bäckström, Emma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Rädda miljön? Klicka här!: En deskriptiv studie om initiering och uppmuntran till slacktivism på Naturskyddsföreningens officiella Facebooksida.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to map out what kind of environmental issues that the environmental organization, Naturskyddsföreningen, present through slacktivist posts on their Facebook page. Furthermore, the study aims to gain an understanding of how Naturskyddsföreningen, in their slacktivist posts, initiate and encourage slacktivism. Our two research questions are: 1) What kind of environmental issues are presented in slacktivist posts on Naturskyddsförening’s Facebook page? 2) How are some environmental issues presented in slacktivist posts?

    The first research method used in this study was a quantitative content analysis with the objective to map out what kind of environmental issues that were presented in slacktivist posts. The material for this method consisted of 169 Facebook posts published by Naturskyddsföreningen. A critical discourse analysis was used on 5 slacktivist posts to get somewhat of a clue about how Naturskyddsföreningen present some environmental issues in a slacktivist way. One of the main results shows that the kind of environmental issues that are most frequently presented through slacktivist posts concerns ‘Food & groceries’ and ‘Forest & nature conservation’. The results also show that slacktivist posts was spread by shares and likes to a higher degree than non-slacktivist posts. In light of the study’s first theory, the first level of agenda setting, we can conclude that Naturskyddsföreningen holds the potential to influence the agenda within smaller Facebook networks.

    By certain choices of words and formulations Naturskyddsföreningen include other discourses that are built upon current societal values, norms and structures within the slacktivist discourse. These discourses, much like the second level of agenda setting, help frame and individualize the issues and promote the presented solution - slacktivism. 

  • 1763.
    Zapico Lamela, Jorge Luis
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Hacker Ethic, Openness, and Sustainability2013In: The Open Book / [ed] Kaitlyn Braybrooke and Jussi Nissilä with Timo Vuorikivi, London: The Finnish Institute , 2013, 40-44 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1764.
    Zapico Lamela, Jorge Luis
    et al.
    School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Pargman, Daniel
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Ebner, Hannes
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Eriksson, Elina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Hacking sustainability: Broadening participation through Green Hackathons2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Green Hackathon is an international series of coding events withsustainability purpose. Developers, researchers, environmental practitioners,and anyone else who is interested, work for a limited amount of time to createinnovative software solutions for sustainability. These events have explicitlyaimed to invite a broad spectrum of expertise besides technical expertise. Thisarticle presents the experiences and tensions of including these end users at amostly technically oriented event, and discusses how end-user developmentcould be used to encourage more reflective practices and as well as broadeningthe participation and the interdisciplinary collaboration in these events – withhigher-quality as a prospective outcome.

  • 1765.
    Zetterman, Monica
    Uppsala University, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Studies in Education, Culture and Media.
    Att förena kvalitativa data och samhällsvetenskapliga analysmetoder– exempel på tillämpningar av innehållsdesign2008In: Metode & Data, ISSN 1902-1569, no 98, 10-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1766.
    Zia, Lubaina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Media Coverage of US Drone Program: An empirical study of targeted killings in the tribal area of Pakistan2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most controversial policies in the War on Terror in Pakistan is the targeted killing of militants using unmanned aerial vehicles or drones. Due to the apparent success of drone strikes, there is a substantial increase in their use by the US military. Although drone strikes have killed important Taliban leaders, their use is unpopular in Pakistan due to the collateral civilian casualties often associated with them. This study explores whether the news media of the countries involved in War on Terror are highlighting any flaws in the legal procedures of drone strikes. The study also analyzes the role of cultural proximity in the coverage of drone incidents by the news media. Dawn from Pakistan, New York Times from US and Guardian from UK are selected as elite newspapers, as the three countries are important actors in War on Terror. This study is guided by the fourth estate notion of press, which focuses on the idea of the press as freedom-seeker, defender and as investigator as well as adversary of the government. Quantitative content analysis was used as the main method for this study. The results indicate that Dawn being a Pakistani newspaper and thus having greater cultural proximity with the drone incidents gave more coverage to the drone program as compared to New York Times and Guardian. The results also indicated that all the three newspapers did not ensure ‘presumption of innocence’ in most of the articles. It was also found that the three newspapers did not discuss any legal aspects of drone program. 

  • 1767. Zuiderveld, Maria
    ‘Hitting the glass ceiling’: gender and media management in sub-saharan africa2011In: Journal of African Media Studies, ISSN 2040-199X, E-ISSN 1751-7974, Vol. 3, no 3, 401-415 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to discuss the importance of gender in editorial leadership in African countries. Women in leading positions in the media industry work in a traditionally male-dominated area. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were carried out with five women on their work in media management in Zambia, Uganda, Nigeria and Ethiopia in order to explore how a group of female media managers in a non-western setting manage both their gendered identity and their identity as media professionals. This study challenges a western-based understanding of the role of gender in newsroom cultures. Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of capital is used as an analytical instrument. The study suggests that female gender is regarded as a positive capital, which contradicts other studies of women in media management. Another conclusion is that the ‘velvet ghetto’ is spreading, as women in journalism receive low salaries, if any.

  • 1768.
    Zuiderveld, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism. Stockholms universitet.
    Sex, Football and the Media: The case of South Africa and the World Cup 20102013In: Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, ISSN 2000-088X, E-ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 4, 25-48 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how gender interplays with the news agenda during a very large scale event, in a country still undergoing political transition and where journalism plays a significant role in the nation-building process. The present study brings new knowledge to this area by examining the news agendas in South Africa on a specific gender-related issue: the rights of sex workers and trafficking victims, concerning men and children as well, but women in particular. This issue is often debated in connection with global sports events such as the World Cup. Drawing on interviews with media practitioners and on discourse analysis, the purpose of this study was to examine the news discourse on sex labour and trafficking and the connection with the 2010 FIFA World Cup. The findings suggest that the media discourse during the event was permeated with the rhetoric of nation-building. The combination of sport, media, and nationalism in a country in transition resulted in the ‘symbolic annihilation’ (Tuchman, 1978b) of a specific gender issue.

  • 1769.
    Äng, Anton
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Svensson, Anton
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Det blir bara en massa byskvaller.: En kvantitativ studie om mediebevakningen i Malung- Sälens kommun2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problemformulering och syfte: Syftet med vår studie var att se hur befolkningen i Malung- Sälens kommun såg på den rådande mediebevakningen. Utifrån vårt case - Malung-Sälens kommun - vill vi alltså se hur tomrummet efter nedläggningarna av lokalredaktionerna såg ut och vad det har lett till, hur invånarna tycker att det förändrats sedan nedläggningarna och hur detta har påverkat deras förtroende för de lokala medierna.
Metod och material: Vi har gjort en kvantitativ studie som baserat sig på 100 telefonenkäter med invånare från Malung-Sälens kommun. 50 män- och 50 kvinnor i åldrarna 30-75. Huvudresultat: Respondenterna i Malung-Sälens kommun är i hög grad intresserade av lokala nyheter. Det finns ett stort missnöje med den lokala mediebevakningen i kommunen, där 84 procent uppger att bevakningen försämrats sedan den sista lokalredaktionen lades ner år 2015. Det övergripande förtroendet har sjunkit och 66 procent uppger att deras förtroende har försämrats.

  • 1770.
    Åberg, Alexander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    På väg mot rumsren rasism: En diskursstudie av SD-Kuriren2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverigedemokraterna tog plats i Sveriges riksdag i valet 2010. I detta land, där invandring länge tillbaka har varit en naturlig del av samhället och där endast ett invandrarkritiskt parti tidigare suttit i riksdagen har nu ett främlingsfientligt parti tagit plats. Denna uppsats söker att förklara hur texterna i partiets medlemstidning, SD-Kuriren, har förändrats.

    Genom att analysera 7 texter från 1988–1994 och 7 texter från 2008–2010 försöker jag att se hur denna förändring tar sig uttryck. Fokus ligger på texter som handlar om invandrare och brott, även om några texter som också tas upp kretsar kring den svenska identiteten. Med hjälp av diskursanalys och teorier från bland andra Norman Fairclough, Laclau och Mouffe samt Stuart Hall försöker att klargöra hur invandrare representeras i SD-Kuriren och ifall denna representation har förändrats och i så fall, hur denna förändring ser ut. Stuart Hall har deltagit i en serie böcker med fokus på kultur och representation där hans kapitel om ”de andra” utgör en viktig del för denna text. Med grunden i socialkonstruktionistisk teori – alltså att världen inte är objektiv utan ständigt skapas och återskapas genom språket – talar Hall om hur representationen av ”de andra” till skillnad från ”oss” leder till en betydelsereduktion. Det är denna betydelsereduktion som framkommer i min uppsats då jag försöker att visa hur Sverigedemokraterna och författarna till olika texter i SD- Kuriren reducerar invandrare till kriminella i ett försök till att skrämma svenskarna och skapa en rädsla för ”de andra”.

    I min analys kommer jag fram till att språket i tidningen har förändrats genom åren. Man säger egentligen samma sak som i slutet av 1980-talet: att invandrare är kriminella. Men man säger det på ett annorlunda vis. I äldre texter presenteras ofta åsikter och språket är i högre grad extremt, det förekommer också en högre grad av biologiskt förankrade slutsatser som sedan byts till kulturellt förankrade diton. I nyare texter förekommer ofta statistik och forskning som underlag för författarnas slutsatser. Avslutningsvis försöker jag titta på denna fenomen inte endast lokalt utan även globalt och sätta det i perspektiv tillsammans med de politiska förändringar som äger rum i Europa idag – det finns många främlingsfientliga partier representerade i olika europeiska länders parlament. Dessa partier vinner ständigt ny mark och söker alla att bli ”rumsrena” för att kunna verka i det politiska ”finrummet”. Rasism och främlingsfientlighet utgörs idag inte av skinnskallar i kängor utan istället av välartikulerade politiker i kostym. Vägen mot rumsren rasism kantas av ett flertal strategiska val som många av dessa partier måste göra. Denna uppsats tittar således närmare på ett av dessa val, nämligen reformeringen av språket.

  • 1771.
    Åkerlund, Mathilda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Nyhetsmedierna om Trumps valkampanj: En diskursanalys av 3652 artiklar genom topic modeling med MALLET2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how American news media covered Donald Trump's presidential campaign in the election of 2016, as well as discussing the possible consequences of such reporting on the election results. Using mixed methods, 3652 digital news articles were studied by discourse analysis and topic modeling through MALLET.

    The study found that a substantial number of articles were dedicated to such non-political news reporting as scandals, portraying an image of Trump as someone who can get away with doing whatever he wants. Furthermore, the results of the study found that media helped to convey Trump’s views of minorities, doing so in particularly by citing him.

    The media also relied largely on polls. Comparison of the candidates through these polls enhanced the image of the election campaign as nothing more than a horse race, as well as turning up Trumps entertainment value. As the campaign continued, the reporting got more aggressive towards Trump. At the same time there was an element of wanting to balance the critical articles about him by simultaneously writing negatively about other candidates.

    The study concludes that all of the non-political new stories might have directed focus away from the important policy issues, leading to people voting for candidates without  the proper insight into their politics.

  • 1772.
    Åkerman, Emelie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies. JMK.
    Anonymous ansikten: En undersökningar av några svenska dagstidningars konstruktioner av hackernätverket Anonymous2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    This study examines how a couple of Swedish daily newspapers construct the hacker network Anonymous, with an aim to discuss its possible effects. The question was: In which ways is the network Anonymous constructed in a few Swedish newspapers?

                          26 articles from four chosen newspaper were analysed, but because of many similarities in content, only 10 were chosen for deep analysis. With Fairclough's model of critical discourse analysis as chosen method, constructions varying from the images of heroes to villains were found as a result. The most common construction was that of Anonymous as a threat, which was most often exaggerated compared to what actions were actually described in the texts. In the secondly most common discourse, "guilty by association", Anonymous would be mentioned in a context, like in the report of a crime, without any apparent reason.

    Though labelled with other words, what the texts often described were actions that lived up to the criteria of civil disobedience, but in a digital context. Some texts described a protest movement that might get more legitimized, or continue as a guerrilla group. In some cases Anonymous were given power by getting their messages repeated without criticism, most likely accidentally since their usual silence might make the journalist jump when suddenly contacted directly. In other cases they were deliberately smeared, and constructed as a mischievous and powerless bunch of nerds.

    Opinions differed, but from the texts could be concluded that Anonymous is the first Internet based protest movement of its kind. How their identity develops may make or break the possibilities for future online protest movements and civil disobedience acts. In which direction they progress isn't the topic of this study. But what possible effects the newspapers constructions of Anonymous might have on that progress is of high interest.

    The discussion's theoretical base is that the journalistic content has an effect on its audience, and an effect on the construction of identity, both collective and individual. The media further have power, to some extent, over their audience as well as over their subjects.

  • 1773.
    Åsbrink, Johan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Publicering – det åttonde p:et i marknadsföringsmixen?: En litteraturstudie om visuell företagsidentitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to corporate visual identity; partly by mapping the field for future research – what we know and need to know – but also by providing theoretical and practical implications for professional practice. Managing corporate visual identity systems – containing guidelines for the use of name, symbol, logotype, fonts, colour and slogan – is namely a neglected research area in literature on communication and PR. This even though our western society is becoming more and more visually oriented with companies constantly competing for our attention. The paper takes the form of a literature review and begins with introducing theories on corporate visual identity, focusing on T.C. Melewar’s and John Saunders’ advocacy of its management as the eighth p "publications" in an extended marketing mix. After that, the process behind the systematic selection of empirical studies is rendered, which later is used to review the theories and investigate the arguments supporting Melewar’s and Saunders’ statement.

    The result of the study confirms that corporate visual identity includes elements beyond the traditional marketing mix and that organizations see benefits in moving past these to express other forms of visual communication. In addition to buildings, vehicles and clothing, smaller elements such as stationery and forms are also considered to be effective ways of projecting their visual identity. A consistent corporate visual identity is in turn attested to have a positive impact on a variety of things, including consumers, employees, corporate image, reputation, sales, recruitment and performance. To titulate the management of corporate visual identity systems as the eighth p "publications" in an extended marketing mix therefore feels in order.

  • 1774.
    Åsen Ekstrand, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Den delade verkligheten som community: utgångspunkter för empiriska studier2013In: Spår och spridning: perspektiv på internet / [ed] Bengt Bengtsson & Eva Åsén Ekstrand, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2013, 107-114 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1775.
    Åstrand, Caroline
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Birgersson, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "We should be a lot angrier": A case study of the Marikana shootings2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim with this study was to examine how the Marikana massacre, the killings of 34 mineworkers in August 2012, was portrayed in the news media in South Africa. We based our study on a discourse analysis of a selection of articles written at the time of the massacre. We have also used interviews with two journalists who covered the Marikana massacre, to gain further insight in journalistic decisions regarding the coverage.

    Through theories and earlier research we have analysed the content, among others we have used Burton’s theory of self-regulation and Gramsci’s theory of media hegemony. The findings of the discourse analysis show that newspapers have covered the incident from different angles, in accordance with the different conflicts that the massacre contains. We found a conflict between the police and miners as they are both portrayed as victims and the criminals in the articles. The second conflict between the largest unions and the third among the politicians Jacob Zuma and Julius Malema.

    We have concluded that there is a political discourse and the political key players have used the massacre as means to gain political support. Through the discourse analysis we have also found that newspapers are at times critical towards government and authorities. 

  • 1776.
    Ögren, Annica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Krigsjournalistik - Att rapportera från det bortglömda kriget i Afghanistan2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Förändringar i medieteknologin har möjliggjort att många krig och konflikter idag är mediebevakade och det är ofta händelser i krig går genom journalistiken ut till medborgare. Detta medför en problematik. Konkurrensen mellan medierna har hårdnat och många redaktioners ekonomi tillåter inte längre att ha utsända reportrar på plats. Sveriges involvering i Afghanistan är omfattande med militär och bistånd, samtidigt uppger 70 procent av svenska befolkningen att de har väldigt lite kunskap om de svenska soldaternas arbete. På grund av att krigföringen och dess teknologi också har förändrats, har därmed krigsjournalistens arbete försvårats.

    Genom kvalitativa intervjuer har syftet för studien varit att undersöka journalisters egen syn på arbetsvillkoren inför rapporteringen om Afghanistan. Detta för att få en bättre inblick i problematiken som svenska journalister ställs inför i rapportering från krig. Studien grundar sig i teorier om objektivitetsideal, etiska problem, mediernas makt i krig och reporterns strukturella villkor på olika nivåer. Detta för att bättre kunna visualisera problematiken för en krigsrapporterande journalists arbetsvillkor ute på fältet.

    Det kan det konstateras att det finns många komplicerade faktorer som påverkar journalistens möjlighet till en balanserad rapportering i Afghanistan. De olika aspekterna påverkar journalisterna på olika nivåer i deras arbete och de flesta är mer eller mindre överlappande. Resultat och slutsats visar på att praktiska omständigheter och sociala relationer till stor del påverkar arbetsvillkoren för journalisten på plats i Afghanistan. Säkerheten och etiken: pengarna och människorna ute på fältet, är av stor betydelse. I den bredare kontexten verkar mycket av problematiken dessutom ligga på redaktörs-, redaktionsnivå, som därmed kan spela en avgörande roll för att den balanserade, sanningsenliga rapporteringen av ett skeende. 

  • 1777.
    Önnerdal, Joakim
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Stenbacka, Erik
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Interaktiva biljettköpsautomater: En användbarhetsstudie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Automatiserad service är ett växande område där olika produkter och tjänster erbjuds genom kiosk- automater. Att använda den här typen av system är inget nytt, det har använts på flygplatser en lång tid för att avlasta personal, eektivisera och spara kostnader samt göra det smidigare för kunden att resa. Skillnaden är att det har börjat anammas av flera typer av företag och framförallt så är dessa system eektiva i situationer där man vill spara in pengar och låta kunden själv genomföra sina köp eller bokningar. Men för att dessa system ska vara kompletterande och inte öka utgifterna för företagen så krävs det att kiosk-tjänsterna har en fungerande och eektiv interaktionsdesign. Annars leder det till missnöjda kunder och ökade omkostnader för uppdateringar och underhåll.

    Vi har undersökt och utvärderat tre system för att se vilka brister som finns i deras användbarhet och hur detta påverkar efektiviteten. Vi har valt tre biljettförsäljningssystem som använder sig av kiosk-tjänster och fins i Stockholm samt har regelbundna, sporadiska och nya användare. De tre systemen är SJ:s biljettsystem för regionaltrafik, SJ:s system för rikstäckande trafik och SL:s system för resor i Stockholms lokaltrafik. Genom empiriska och analytiska undersökningar av de tre systemen har vi hittat resultat som visar att det ␣nns stora brister och skillnader mellan hur systemen är utformade och hur deras användargränssnitt är upplagda. Detta trots att de tre automaterna har samma mål för användaren, att genomföra ett biljettköp. De tydligaste problemen som automaterna har gemensamt är brister kring hur användaren ska interagera och navigera i användargränssnitten. Ju större användbarhetsproblemen är, desto mer missnöjda är användarna.

  • 1778.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Technology and journalism-as-labour: historical perspectives2010In: Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism, ISSN 1464-8849, E-ISSN 1741-3001, Vol. 11, no 1, 57-74 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Technological determinism is common among journalists when reflecting on changes in their profession; several studies show that journalists ascribe great power and independent agency to technology. There are at least two reasons for the persistence of technological determinism as an explanatory factor among journalists vis-a-vis their own work: first, technology is a highly integrated and therefore very tangible part of the everyday working life of journalists; and second, the technological paradigm for explaining change in journalism has deep historical roots. It is argued that analysing journalism as labour presents a way to address both the integration of technology in the everyday working practices of journalists, and the history of the inter-relations between journalism and technology. It is further argued that journalism studies as a field has not paid much attention to journalism as labour. This article is concerned with the second part of this programme for research, i.e. the historical analysis of journalism as labour. The framework of analysis is based on labour process theory, focusing on four themes in the history of journalism: (1) the importance of the separation of conception and execution of labour; (2) the increased differentiation of the labour process; (3) the use of technology to increase productivity; and (4) the deskilling of labour.

  • 1779.
    Österberg, Emma
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Linderot, Elvira
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Fler partiledardebatter – “men det är ungefär samma ingredienser”: –  en kvalitativ studie om ökad konkurrens och nya strategier när SVT, TV4, Aftonbladet och Expressen producerade partiledardebatter i valrörelsen 20142015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Fler partiledardebatter  – “men det är ungefär samma ingredienser” –  en kvalitativ studie om ökad konkurrens och nya strategier när SVT, TV4, Aftonbladet och Expressen producerade partiledardebatter i valrörelsen 2014.

    Författare: Emma Österberg och Elvira Linderot

    Kurs, termin och år: Vetenskaplig C-uppsats, HT 2014

    Antal ord i uppsatsen: 18 785

    Problemformulering och syfte: I studien undersöks partiledardebatterna i tv och webb-tv i valrörelsen 2014, samt den nya konkurrenssituation som uppstod i samband med det. Valet 2014 var första gången som kvällstidningarna, Aftonbladet och Expressen, producerade partiledardebatter - något som SVT och TV4 tidigare gjort. Studien utgår från ett konkurrensperspektiv och hur medieföretagen konkurrerar på olika marknader, där de bland annat vill få många tittare och ha hög trovärdighet. När medieföretagen producerar partiledardebatter kan de ha olika strategier, dels genom vilken publik de vänder sig till, dels genom hur de utformar själva programmen. Tidigare forskning har visat att ökad konkurrens kan påverka medieföretagens strategier, till exempel genom att de vill stärka sina varumärken eller göra “bra tv” med ökat tempo och dramaturgi. Syftet med studien var att ta reda på hur SVT, TV4, Aftonbladet och Expressen förhöll sig till den nya konkurrenssituation som uppstod i valet 2014, samt att ta reda på vilka strategier de hade vid programutformningen för partiledardebatterna.          Metod: I den empiriska undersökningen användes två kvalitativa metoder. Först gjordes en analys av partiledardebatternas programkoncept, utifrån fyra teman: miljö, medverkande personer, programmoment samt publikmedverkan. Genom samtalsintervjuer fick en programansvarig på varje medieföretag sedan svara på vilka strategier de haft när de utformade programmen samt hur de såg på konkurrenssituationen.          Resultat: Samtliga medieföretag förhöll sig till den nya konkurrensen, främst genom att de ville göra partiledardebatter som stack ut och stärkte deras varumärken, genom bland annat välkända programledare. En strategi var också att göra “bra tv”, genom dramaturgi och tempoväxling. När det gällde att rikta sig till en viss publik stack Aftonbladet ut i valet av en ung målgrupp, medan de övriga riktade sig till en mer bred publik. En strategi var också att göra program som kändes seriösa och granskande, framförallt gällde det SVT, som har ett public service- uppdrag och dessutom konkurrerar med sin trovärdighet. För kvällstidningarna var partiledardebatterna ett sätt att utveckla sin tv-satsning – och de kände sig fria att testa och prova nya grepp. Även TV4 ville sticka ut och försökte ha med “annorlunda moment”. SVT såg sig mer bundna av traditioner, men samtidigt inspirerades de av kvällstidningarnas “ton och identifikation” och trodde att det var något de kunde ta till sig av i framtiden. De programansvarige poängterade att partiledardebatterna har en demokratisk betydelse och såg det främst som positivt att det gjordes fler debatter. 

  • 1780.
    Östlund, Daniel
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Examining Sound Design's Effect On A Player's Wayfinding By Utilizing Musical Intervals2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As games get more complex, they can easily become overwhelming and difficult to navigate in. A way to make navigation and wayfinding in games easier is to add visual aids that help the player find the way, to progress to the next objective of the game. However, visual aids, such as arrows, or highlighted objects, can be distracting and break immersion. In this paper, the topic is how sound can be used to aid and guide a player in a game. More specifically, how using certain musically consonant or dissonant intervals can guide the player. A game prototype was created to examine how the use of musical intervals of varying degrees of consonance and dissonance would affect the participant’s choice of path. The results are analysed, and discussions are made on the results, what the conclusions made can be used for, and on future research in the area.

  • 1781.
    Östman, Johan
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Information, expression, participation: how involvement in user-generated content relates to democratic engagement among young people2012In: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315, Vol. 14, no 6, 1004-1021 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A number of studies have linked citizens’ involvement in user-generated content (UGC) on the internet to democratic engagement. Whereas previous research implies a view of UGC involvement as the processing of political information, this study conceptualizes and operationalizes UGC involvement in terms of a distinct audience experience based on expressivity, performance and collaboration. Analysis of survey data from Swedish adolescents in the 13–17 age range shows that UGC involvement predicts offline as well as online political participation. In contrast to informational media use, however, UGC involvement is negatively related to political knowledge. The findings are compatible with recent theories suggesting that the expressive, performative and collaborative features of UGC involvement can promote political participation. Implications of the findings for youth democratic engagement are discussed.

  • 1782.
    Östman, Johan
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ekström, Mats
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Information, entertainment and civic orientation among adolescents: exploring differential effects of media use2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1783. Gangadharan, Seeta Peña (Editor)
    De Cleen, Benjamin (Editor)
    Carpentier, Nico (Editor)
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
    Alternatives on media content, journalism, and regulation. The grassroots discussion panels at the 2007 ICA Conference2007Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From May 24-28, 2007, the International Communication Association (ICA) held its yearly conference in San Francisco (USA), bringing together more than two thousand media and communication scholars to discuss the state of affairs in our field, and to present new (academic) work to our peers. As is common with the ICA conferences, each year a specific theme is selected. For the 2007 conference the conference organizer, Sonia Livingstone, selected Creating Communication: Content, Control and Critique as theme. Together with the theme, the conference organizer also selects a theme chair brings the theme of the conference to life, in close collaboration with the conference organizer. For the 2007 conference, Sonia invited me to become the theme chair, an honor I gladly accepted. Together with Sonia, and with the much-appreciated help of Benjamin De Cleen, I worked for a year to organize the four keynote panels and the sixteen theme panels of the conference. But I soon realized that the theme of the conference-focusing on control and critique-required more than organizing traditional academic panels. When Susana Kaiser and John Kim offered to add a one-day film program to the conference, I gladly accepted. I have not regretted this decision for a moment, given the great films they selected and the enthusiastic response from the audience that in some cases did not leave the room for the entire day. In talking to Seeta Pe�a Gangadharan, I soon realized that we could do even more. Eventually we came up with the idea to organize three so-called grassroots discussion panels, bringing in activists and alternative media people into the ivory tower that academia often still is. Our aim was to organize a dialogue between the people that actually organize, realize, and live the participatory and bottom-up processes that we so eagerly analyze. By asking a wide variety of people from the evenly diverse alternative (or counter-hegemonic) worlds, we maneuvered us academics in the position of the audience, which was (at first) forced to listen to the presentations of our guests. And we were silent, and listened to the fascinating stories about how civil society intervened (sometimes successfully, sometimes less successfully) in the creation of alternative content, in the organization of alternative journalisms and in the attempts to influence the regulation that impacts upon the communicative processes. Only after the presentations, our and their questions came, in successful attempts to discover the areas where our interests met. We found many. When looking back at these dialogues, we decided that the civil society narrations were too relevant and too fascinating to leave them unpublished. Hence this book, which captures almost all of the narrations we listened to at the grassroots discussion panels during the ICA's 57th conference. Moreover, Steve Rhodes[1], who took pictures at these panels, kindly agreed to have his work included, so that our dialogues materialized even more. I hope you enjoy reading them with the same enthusiasm that we had in listening to them. All this would not have been possible without the help of my co-organizers (Seeta Pe�a Gangadharan and Benjamin De Cleen), all our panel members, our photographer (Steve Rhodes), the conference organizer (Sonia Livingstone), the ICA director (Michael Haley), and the entire ICA staff. I thank them for their appreciated support. [1] See http://ari.typepad.com/.

  • 1784.
    Carpentier, Nico (Editor)
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
    Culture, Trauma & Conflict. Cultural studies perspectives on contemporary war2007Book (Refereed)
  • 1785.
    Carpentier, Nico (Editor)
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
    Servaes, Jan (Editor)
    Deconstructing WSIS: Towards a Sustainable Agenda for the Future Information Society2005Book (Refereed)
  • 1786.
    Räf, Jan Erik (Editor)
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Dokumentation från journalistseminariet 3-4 november 19861986Report (Other academic)
  • 1787.
    Carpentier, Nico (Editor)
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
    Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, Pille (Editor)
    Nordenstreng, Kaarle (Editor)
    Hartmann, Maren (Editor)
    Vihalemm, Peeter (Editor)
    Cammaerts, Bart (Editor)
    Nieminen, Hannu (Editor)
    Media technologies and democracy in an enlarged Europe. The intellectual work of the 2007 European media and communication doctoral summer school2007Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    /

  • 1788.
    Carpentier, Nico (Editor)
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
    Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, Pille (Editor)
    Nordenstreng, Kaarle (Editor)
    Hartmann, Maren (Editor)
    Vihalemm, Peeter (Editor)
    Cammaerts, Bart (Editor)
    Researching media, democracy and participation. The Intellectual work of the 2006 European media and communication doctoral summer school2006Book (Refereed)
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