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  • 1551.
    Åberg, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    The contagiousness of divorce: Chapter 152009Ingår i: The Oxford Handbook of Analytical Sociology / [ed] Peter Hedström, Peter Bearman, UK: Oxford University Press , 2009, s. 342-364Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1552.
    Åberg, Yvonne
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Hedström, Peter
    Institutet för framtidsstudier.
    Youth unemployment:  A self-reinforcing process?2011Ingår i: Analytical Sociology and Social Mechanisms / [ed] Pierre Demeulenaere, Cambridge University Press , 2011, s. 201-226Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 1553.
    Åkerlund, David
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Golsteyn, Bart H. H.
    Grönqvist, Hans
    Lindahl, Lena
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Time discounting and criminal behavior2016Ingår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 113, nr 22, s. 6160-6165Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most basic predictions of almost any model of crime is that individual time preferences matter. However, empirical evidence on this fundamental property is essentially nonexistent. To our knowledge, this paper provides the first pieces of evidence on the link between time discounting and crime. We use a unique dataset that combines a survey-based measure of time discount rates (at age 13) with detailed longitudinal register data on criminal behavior spanning over 18 y. Our results show that individuals with short time horizons have a significantly higher risk of criminal involvement later in life. The magnitude of the relationship is substantial and corresponds to roughly one-third of the association between intelligence and crime.

  • 1554. Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Böhlmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI). CReAM, UK.
    Nordström Skans, Oskar
    Childhood and Family Experiences and the Social Integration of Young Migrants2015Ingår i: Labour Economics, ISSN 0927-5371, E-ISSN 1879-1034, Vol. 35, s. 135-144Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We study how age at migration affects social integration in adulthood. Using Swedish register data, we estimate the effects of age at migration by comparing siblings arriving (as children) at the same time, but at different ages. Migrants who were older when they arrived are less likely to live close to, work with, and marry natives. We also study 2nd generation immigrants and show that parental time in the host country has similar (although somewhat weaker) effects for this group. The effects do not appear to be propagated through socioeconomic status. Instead, preferences or cultural identities appear as key mechanisms.

  • 1555.
    Åslund, Olof
    et al.
    Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation (IFA U), Uppsala University, IZA, and Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS)..
    Edin, Per-Anders
    Uppsala University, IFAU, and UCLS. Department of Economics, Uppsala University.
    Fredriksson, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Grönqvist, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Peers, neighborhoods and immigrant student achievement - evidence from a placement policy2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine to what extent immigrant school performance is affected by the characteristics of the neighborhoods that they grow up in. We address this issue using a refugee placement policy which provides exogenous variation in the initial place of residence in Sweden. The main result is that school performance is increasing in the number of highly educated adults sharing the subject’s ethnicity. A standard deviation increase in the fraction of high-educated in the assigned neighborhood raises compulsory school GPA by 0.9 percentile ranks. Particularly for disadvantaged groups, there are also long-run effects on educational attainment.

  • 1556.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Ensamkommandes framtidsutsikter i Sverige2017Ingår i: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, nr 3, s. 46-47Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1557.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nekby, Lena
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Rashid, Saman
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Assortative Mating by Ethnic Background and Education in Sweden: The Role of Parental Composition on Partner Choice2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Assortative mating patterns in two dimensions namely, ethnic background and education are analysed in this paper for individuals with an immigrant background living in Sweden. We focus on the role of individual and spousal characteristics as well as the role of parental composition on partnership formation. Results indicate that assorative mating by ethnic background is significantly lower for second generation immigrants in comparison to first generation immigrants. In the case of assortative mating by education, although the descriptive statistics show that the proportion of educational homogamy is higher for second generation immigrants, after controlling for own and partners’ characteristics, educational homogamy is found to be significantly lower for those in the second generation. Gender differences in these patterns suggest that second generation females are significantly less likely than second generation men to be in educational homogamouspartnerships relative to their first generation counterparts. In terms of parental composition, having a Swedish background (mother or father) is associated with lower ethnic endogamy, especially for first generation women. Having a Swedish background is also associated with significantly higher probabilities of educational homogamy but primarily only for first generation male immigrants.

  • 1558.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    De ensamkommande flyktingbarnen och den svenska arbetsmarknaden2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1559.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    De unga utrikes föddas etablering på arbetsmarknaden: en kvantitativ bild2018Ingår i: Unga inför arbetslivet: om utanförskap, lärande och delaktighet / [ed] Jonas Olofsson, Fredrik Wikström, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, s. 277-302Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1560.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Dropping out of Education: Refugee Youth Who Arrived as Unaccompanied Minors and Separated Children2019Ingår i: Unaccompanied Children: From Migration to Integration / [ed] Işık Kulu-Glasgow, Monika Smit, Ibrahim Sirkeci, Transnational Press London , 2019Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 1561.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Ensamkommande barns och ungas väg in i det svenska samhället2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur går det för ensamkommande barn och unga att utbilda sig och etablera sig på den svenska arbetsmarknaden? Den frågan försöker vi besvara med hjälp av registerdata för dem som fick uppehållstillstånd i Sverige 2003–2014. Vi undersöker hur olika faktorer som ålder vid uppehållstillstånd, ursprungsland, tid i Sverige, utbildning, och bostadslän, påverkar etableringen. Andra aspekter vi studerar är ensamkommandes hälsa och civilstånd. I analysen jämför vi både med unga som har invandrat till Sverige med sina föräldrar från samma länder och med unga födda i Sverige med svenskfödda föräldrar.

  • 1562.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Ensamkommande flickor på väg in i samhället2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1563.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Ensamkommande flyktingbarns väg till utbildning och arbetsmarknad2017Ingår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 103-117Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 1564.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Kartläggning av erfarenheter och forskning om ensamkommande flyktingbarn i Sverige och andra länder: Rapport till Arbetsmarknadsdepartementet2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1565.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Missuppfattningar om studier av ensamkommande barn2016Ingår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 44, nr 2, s. 73-77Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1566.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nyanlända på väg mot etablering i Stockholm: Underlagsrapport2017Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 1567.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Policies, Practices and Prospects: The Unaccompanied Minors in Sweden2017Ingår i: Social Work & Society, ISSN 1613-8953, E-ISSN 1613-8953, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 1-16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 1568.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Refugee Youth in Sweden Who Arrived as Unaccompanied Minors and Separated Children2017Ingår i: The Journal of Refugee Studies, ISSN 0951-6328, E-ISSN 1471-6925, Vol. 30, nr 4, s. 530-553Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of children fleeing and/or seeking asylum alone without parents or guardians has been increasing during the last decade worldwide, where Sweden has been receiving the largest number of asylum claims by unaccompanied minors in Europe. Despite the growing interest in the situation of this group in destination countries, there is a lack of research articles that address this group with nationwide comprehensive data. This study examines the labour-market situation of the whole population of the refugee youth who entered Sweden as unaccompanied minors or separated children and were registered during the years 2003-12. We investigate whether this group is in a disadvantageous situation regarding labour-market incorporation compared to their counterparts who arrived with their families due to their specific marginalized and vulnerable position within society. The results show that this group exhibits capacity and resilience in terms of finding employment and willingness to work. The results are discussed with a structural incorporation framework from a reception and integration policy perspective as well as from an immigrant wellbeing and a 'whole-child' approach.

  • 1569.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Refugee youth who arrived in Sweden as unaccompanied minors and separated children: Education and labour market well-being2019Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 179-200Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, Sweden has been one of the largest receiving countries of unaccompanied minors, compared to other EU member states. Recent studies have increasingly stressed the strength, resilienceand agency of unaccompanied minors, despite the traumatic experiences and challenges they face. In this article, we study unaccompanied minors in the Swedish education system and the labour market using register-based data covering the period 2003–2014. We compare this group with accompanied minors and persons of the same age born in Sweden to investigate the mechanisms that facilitate and/or hinder their labour market well-being. We find that unaccompanied minors have problems in completing secondary school but do well in the labour market with regard to finding employment. Our results draw attention to the multifaceted processes that facilitate and/or hinder their labour market well-being.

  • 1570.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Sweden: Intergenerational mobility patterns in immigrant and native families2018Ingår i: Catching Up? Country Studies on Intergenerational Mobility and Children of Immigrants, OECD Publishing, 2018, s. 121-143Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates the labour market situation of Swedish native-born sons and daughters in immigrant and native families with regard to their parents’ education, as well as intergenerational educational mobility patterns for these families. The latter are compared in order to ascertain whether the roles played by institutions and family background vary across these two groups. Rather than focussing solely on father-son pairs, the chapter looks at all family combinations, including mothers and daughters and mixed couples. Since there can be differences across countries of origin for those families with an immigrant background, all country groups of interest are analysed separately. Transmission patterns are also investigated separately for different household types with regard to parental composition.

  • 1571.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Unaccompanied minors and separated refugee children in Sweden: an outlook on demography, education and Employment2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1572.
    Çelikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Utbildning och arbetsmarknad för ensamkommande ungdomar2019Ingår i: Ensamkommandes upplevelser & professionellas erfarenheter- integration, inkludering och jämställdhet / [ed] Mehrdad Darvishpour, Niclas Månsson, Liber, 2019Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1573.
    Öckert, Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Effects of higher education and the role of admission selection2001Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Study I Using Admission Selection Rules to Estimate the University Earnings Premium - A Regression-Discontinuity Design

    This study estimates the earnings premiums for university admission and graduation, using unique data from the admission selection process. Applicants and non-applicants for university in Sweden in 1982 are studied in terms of earnings in 1996. Admitted applicants are compared with four groups of non-admitted individuals. The choice of comparison group proves crucial when estimating the admission earnings premium. A comparison between admitted applicants and a random sample of non-applicants yields a significantly higher admission effect than a similar comparison using withdrawals or screen-outs. When the admission selection variables are added to the model, the effect of admission is completely eliminated. When admitted applicants are decomposed into no-shows, dropouts and completers, the same pattern emerges as in the case of the effect of admission. The university completion premium falls from 18 per cent when non-applicants provide the comparison group to 5 per cent when screen-outs are used instead and admission selection variables are controlled for. Hence, two thirds of the estimated effects are attributable to unobserved differences, while only one third can be seen as a causal effect. In order to find unbiased estimates of the effects of different programmes or interventions, information about all the selection mechanisms seems to be crucial.

    Study II Estimating the Return to Higher Education Using a Social Experiment

    Applicants for a university education in Sweden who possess equal qualifications have been subject to selection by lottery, i.e. there has been a social experiment at the margin. This study uses a unique data set of over 1,600 individuals who in the autumn of 1982 were subject to randomized admission to university. Annual earnings between 1982 and 1996 are used to compute lifetime earnings. To adjust for dropout and substitution bias in the estimated treatment effects, two new estimators are proposed. They allow for non-zero effects of partial treatment and for alternative treatment for all treatment group members.

    The choice of estimator proves crucial. If no adjustments are made, only about half the estimated returns to university training are positive. Accounting for dropout bias raises the estimates. The result is not sensitive to alternative identifying assumptions. When the earnings differences between treatment group and control group members are adjusted for both dropout bias and substitution bias, the estimated effects becomes much higher. Allowing all treatment group members to receive alternative treatment reduces the estimates substantially. The estimates suggest that the internal rate of return to completed university education is about 20 per cent, significantly different from zero.

    Study IIIDoes Pre-University Background Matter?

    This study analyses the completion probability and the effects of university on labour market performance for groups with different pre-university background. The data includes detailed information on the admission selection process for most applicants to university education in Sweden in 1982. The results reveal considerable heterogeneity in the probability of obtaining a degree and the effect of university studies on labour market performance. Applicants with long upper secondary schooling are more likely to graduate from university than other students are. The best indicator of degree completion is grade point averages from upper secondary school and the field of educational interest. It is interesting to note that age is negatively related to student performance.

    In terms of employment and earnings, returning adults have more to gain from being admitted to university or receiving a degree there than students with any other pre-university background. Hence, the pay-off for allowing individuals a 'second chance' seems substantial. Another finding is that completers generally do better than no-shows, who in turn do better than dropouts. Further, the effects of attending university on employment and earnings are small for all groups, particularly for students with short upper secondary schooling. The return to a completed programme for students with long upper secondary schooling is estimated at 5 per cent. 

  • 1574.
    Östberg, Viveca
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Plenty, Stephanie
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI). Institute for Futures Studies, Sweden.
    Låftman, Sara B.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Modin, Bitte
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Arbets- och organisationspsykologi.
    School Demands and Coping Resources - Associations with Multiple Measures of Stress in Mid-Adolescent Girls and Boys2018Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 15, nr 10, artikel-id 2143Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Stress, and stress-related health complaints, are common among young people, especially girls. Since studies have shown that school demands are an important driver of stress in adolescents, identifying if school-based resources can protect against stress is highly relevant. The aim of this study was to analyse task-related demands and task-related coping resources as aspects of the school work environment of potential relevance for stress in mid-adolescent girls and boys. The data came from “The School Stress and Support study” (TriSSS) conducted among students in grades 8 and 9 (aged 14–16 years). Self-reports of demands, coping resources, stress, as well as recurrent pain, were collected through questionnaires (n = 411). A subsample of students (n = 191–198) also provided salivary samples, which were analysed for the stress marker cortisol. Linear (OLS) and binary logistic regression analyses showed that higher demands were associated with more perceived stress, a higher likelihood of recurrent pain, and a lower cortisol awakening response. Greater coping resources were associated with less perceived stress and a lower likelihood of recurrent pain, but there was no association with cortisol. The strength of the associations differed by gender. The findings suggest that schools can promote student wellbeing by providing clear and timely information and teacher support to the students, especially for boys. Identifying specific features of the schoolwork that give rise to stress and to modify these accordingly is also of importance, especially for girls.

  • 1575. Østhus, Ståle
    et al.
    Mäkelä, Pia
    Norström, Thor
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Rossow, Ingeborg
    Sosial ulikhet i alkoholbruk og alkoholrelatert sykelighet og dødelighet2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [no]

    I Norge er befolkningens helse gjennomgående god og levealderen høy, men tross velstand og høyt velferdsnivå er det i Norge, som i de fleste andre land, sosiale ulikheter i helse og levealder (Dahl, Bergsli, & van der Wel, 2014): Helsen er bedre og levealderen lengre blant dem som har lang utdanning, høy inntekt og høy yrkesstatus, sammenlignet med dem som har kort utdanning, lav inntekt og lav yrkesstatus. Sosial ulikhet i helse har betydelig helsepolitisk interesse, og det er en tverrpolitisk enighet om at sosial ulikhet i helse er en kilde til bekymring. Det er derfor en uttalt målsetting å redusere slik ulikhet (Dahl et al., 2014). I folkehelsemeldingen (Stortingsmelding 16 – Resept for et sunnere Norge) er det gitt flere begrunnelser for å redusere sosial ulikhet i helse. Blant disse er at det ligger muligheter for en forbedring av den samlete folkehelsen dersom alle oppnår en like god helse som den gruppen med best helse og at en bedret helse for alle grupper bidrar til økt økonomisk utvikling (Sund & Krokstad, 2005).

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