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  • 1551.
    Wixe, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Pettersson, Lars
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Segregation and individual employment: A longitudinal study of neighborhood effectsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we test whether individuals who live in more-segregated neighborhoods have a lower propensity to be employed. We apply an individual fixed effects strategy in order to reduce issues of self-selection and individual heterogeneity. This is possible due to access to full population micro-data, which allows us to follow the same group of individuals between 1990 and 2011. The results show that individuals who live in segregated neighborhoods are less likely to be employed, primarily in metropolitan regions. This effect is mainly driven by males with foreign background. However, it is not spatial separation per se that causes the negative effect on employment but rather the distress of segregated neighborhoods. This indicates that these neighborhoods provide fewer opportunities for labor market integration, which is particularly challenging for already disadvantaged individuals. The results thus have a strong bearing on policy concerning both integration and urban planning.

  • 1552.
    Wixe, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Pettersson, Lars
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    The impact of ethnicity and segregation on labor market outcomes2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1553.
    Wolf-Watz, Sanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Child Prostitution in Thailand: A Supply Side Analysis from an Economic Perspective2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to analyze the economic factors behind the supply of children engaged in child prostitution in Thailand. Children are recruited to the sex industry either by parents, adults in their immediacy or choose it themselves. There are several factors that contribute to pushing children towards prostitution. Many of these factors such as credit constraints and mortality are related to poverty, the most quoted of economic factors behind the supply of child prostitution. Associated to poverty is the high discount rate which means that people prioritize present over future consumption. In combination with a lack of alternatives, this makes people engage in risky activities such as prostitution. This also seems to be the case in Thailand.

     

    To analyze the different alternatives faced by children in Thailand, a calculation of present value of life time wages of the alternative activities a child faces was computed. The computation of present value of life time wages of alternative activities of children in the face of different discount rates is in line with economic theory and shows that education confers the highest reward unless the discount rate is extremely high. If education is unavailable, as it is for unregistered children in Thailand, or discount rates are very high, as it can be for very poor families, prostitution will be the occupation with the highest returns.

    

  • 1554.
    Wortley, David
    et al.
    European Chapter of the International Society of Digital Medicine, Alderton, United Kingdom.
    An, Ji-Young
    Office of Public Health Studies, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, United States.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Department of Economics, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea.
    Tackling the challenge of the aging society: Detecting and preventing cognitive and physical decline through games and consumer technologies2017In: Healthcare Informatics Research, ISSN 2093-3681, E-ISSN 2093-369X, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 87-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: This study seeks to review some of the approaches employed to address health and well-being issues in the elderly population.

    Methods: This article reviews and analyses a range of projects and approaches designed for the elderly population and aimed at preserving and/or enhancing physical and cognitive capabilities in later life.

    Results: Various intervention measures have been developed across the globe to preserve and/or enhance physical and cognitive capabilities of the elderly population. A selection of these measures is described in this article.

    Conclusions: Approaches which combine games psychology and mechanics with enabling technologies designed to engage, influence and motivate elderly people can encourage healthy active aging lifestyles. Healthy active aging helps to realise a double dividend of reduced healthcare costs and an improved quality of life for the elder citizen. 

  • 1555.
    Wulandari, Febi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. German Institute for Economic Research DIW Berlin and CERBE.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). German Institute for Economic Research DIW Berlin and Ratio institute.
    Sun, Chen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Liquidity risk and yield spreads of green bonds2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses how liquidity risk affects bonds’ yield spreads after controlling for credit risk, bond-specific characteristics and macroeconomic variables. Using two liquidity estimates, LOT liquidity and the bid-ask spread, we find that, in particular, the LOT liquidity measure has explanatory power for the yield spread of green bonds. Overall, however, the impact of LOT decreases over time, implying that, nowadays liquidity risk is negligible for green bonds.

  • 1556.
    Wulandari, Febi
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. DIW Berlin, Germany.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. DIW Berlin, Germany.
    Sun, Chen
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    The impact of liquidity risk on the yield spread of green bonds2018In: Finance Research Letters, ISSN 1544-6123, E-ISSN 1544-6131, Vol. 27, p. 53-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses how liquidity risk affects bonds’ yield spreads after controlling for credit risk, bond-specific characteristics and macroeconomic variables. Using two liquidity estimates, LOT liquidity and the bid-ask spread, we find that, in particular, the LOT liquidity measure has explanatory power for the yield spread of green bonds. Overall, however, the impact of LOT decreases over time, implying that, nowadays liquidity risk is negligible for green bonds.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-02-24 00:00
  • 1557.
    XU, JIN
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The factors affecting the development of the musical performance: A study on the musical performance in Shanghai2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The development of musical theatre in china is still in its initial stage, only a few big theatres have the ability of operating musical performance, and at this time, musical theatre is only performed in few big cities in China, like Shanghai and Beijing. The the-sis focuses on the development of musical theatre in Shanghai. As an entertainment ac-tivity and also one of the performing arts, the demand for musical theatre could be affect by many factors like educational background, income and competition from other forms of entertainment activities. There were many previous studies about the performing arts which also focused on the factors like education and income, however, the level of con-tributions of these factors to the development of different forms of performing arts are different. By reviewing related previous literatures and analyzing the data collected from Shanghai Grand Theatre which bases on a meta analysis of previous studies of performing arts, the thesis explores the current situation of the development of the mus-ical performance in Shanghai and studies various factors that affect the demand for musical theatre, as a result, a deeper understanding of how factors like educational background, income, competition among forms of entertainment activities etc. affect the development of musical theatre in Shanghai wish to be provided.

  • 1558.
    Xu, Yun
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Thai, Gia Linh
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Banking Market Competition and SME Financing in China: Case Study across Chinese Provinces2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in developing countries are reported to encounter difficulties in accessing to formal external financing resource. Banking systems in this category of countries are either under-developed or newly reformed. The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether SME financing in China, measured by SMEs per capita, is affected by local bank competition, measured by number of banks per capita or share of foreign banks. Control variables such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP), level of infrastructure and geographic location are also included in the regression models.

    The main findings are that: when disregarding the ownership of banks, bank competition has positive impact on SME financing across Chinese provinces, although the relationship is non-linear; and foreign banks do not significantly influence SME bank financing in China. The first finding generally support the conventional theories of industrial organization and the second one offers the basis for further arguments about the role of foreign banks in financing SMEs in China.

  • 1559.
    Yang, Lei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Sobolevski, Vojciech
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Trade Openness and Economic Growth: Evidence from Asia and Latin America2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on how trade openness influences the average annual growth rates of developing countries in Latin America and Asia. We find that there is a positive correlation between trade openness and economic growth and this indicates the positive impact that can be made by governments through efforts to stimulate growth with trade. We construct a simple regression model to highlight the positive association between trade openness and economic growth and add several control variables such as initial GDP per capita and gross domestic investment. We use a sample of 33 developing countries in Asia and Latin America to test the relationships. Our results confirm a positive relationship between trade openness and growth, as well as a negative correlation between initial GDP per capita and economic growth which means that poorer countries grow faster. We also find a positive correlation between the level of investment and growth.

    In addition to testing the relationship between trade openness and rate of growth generally, we also conduct a regression to examine if there is a significant difference in this effect between Asia and Latin America. We introduce regional dummy variables and interaction terms into the new regression and find that the impacts of trade on growth are not significantly different between these two regions. 

  • 1560.
    Yildiz, Cagri
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Investment Performance of the World Automotive Industry2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The paper examines the investment performance of the world automotive industry using a sample of 21 original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) based in three major continents, North America, Europe and Asia between the years 1999 and 2004. The empirical findings suggest that there exists persistent overinvestment not only in the global level but also in the major automotive production regions analyzed. Proving that none of the 3 regions gain returns on investment at least as large as their costs of capital, shareholder wealth is not maximized in the world automotive industry. Europe, among these regions, proves to gain the highest return on investment of its cost of capital. The empirical results also show that the return on investment financed by debt is high around the world and close to 100% of its cost of capital.

  • 1561.
    Yuheng, Li
    et al.
    Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
    Zhang, Zhenghe
    College of Economics and Management in China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.
    Westlund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Department of Urban Planning and Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Yansui, Liu
    Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
    Rural household income in transitional China: Spatio-temporal disparity and its interpretation2015In: China: An International Journal, ISSN 0219-7472, E-ISSN 0219-8614, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 151-168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to investigate the evidence of spatio-temporal disparity in rural household income at the provincial level in China during the 1978-2007 period. A research framework is developed to study the transitional processes of decentralisation, marketisation, urbanisation and globalisation. By computing the Moran's I index and using the spatial regression model, the findings indicate a highly clustered, spatio-temporal disparity in rural household income across the eastern, central and western regions in China during the post-reform era. Rural household income tends to be higher in the eastern provinces in comparison to inland provinces. This disparity is attributed to the impacts from the institutional, economic, social and external transitions that become increasingly significant in the recent decades in China.

  • 1562.
    Yun, Can
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    GDP elasticity in China's export to the U.S. and other countries2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1563. Zeidlitz, Andreas
    et al.
    Wallin, Tina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Flyttströmmar till och från Jönköpings kommun2013Report (Other academic)
  • 1564.
    Zemoi, Jonas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Spillover effects of Multinational Enterprises on domestic firms productivity2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Since the 1990s and the Swedish membership in the European Union in 1995, the presence of Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) has increased radically in the Swedish economy. The objective with this study is to analyze MNEs effects in different regions within the Swedish manufacturing industry in terms of productivity. Is a region with more MNEs, more pro-ductive than a region with a lower share of MNEs? The theory claims that productivity spillovers of MNEs occurs through three channels namely, via R&D, increased competi-tion and transmission of technology. By observing 81 regions which consists of all 290 municipals in Sweden and taking the average value of productivity and the explanatory variables trough 1997-2004, a cross-sectional analysis is conducted. The results evidently showed signs of productivity spillovers of MNEs on local firms in the manufacturing in-dustry. Findings suggest that (1) a regions with higher share of MNEs did face a higher re-gional productivity. However the spillovers was not successfully absorbed by regions with a industry structure that was not dominated by a the manufacturing industry. (2) Larger re-gions, in terms of population, tend to show a lower productivity level compared to the av-erage levels of the rest of the regions, since their structure was dominated by the service sector. (3) Regions with small technological difference compared to the MNEs, tends to hold the skills and knowledge needed to efficiently exploit the productivity spillovers, hence MNEs influence on regional productivity was greater in these regions than regions with a lower level of technical capability.

     

  • 1565.
    Zemoi, Jonas
    et al.
    Jönköping University. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Cardona Cervantes, Gabriel
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Economic Diversification in The United Arab Emirates: Is the economy leaving its oil dependency?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As the public becomes more concerned with the natural environment, one of the major topics discussed is the oil. Since there is no true source of knowledge how long the oil can continue to be extracted, it is interesting to know how long the world can benefit from such as scarce resource. Instead of idly watching as oil production decreases with time, which pre-measures could be taken in order to minimize a negative impact on an economy? The UAE is a thriving oil rich countries which for the past 30 years have experienced a vast oil wealth. Even though the oil gave wealth to the UAE, they should avoid any future oil dependency since it could negatively affect its now flourishing economy. Therefore, for the UAE to continue growing in the future it is in the best interest for the government to focus on a diversifying strategy that promotes the non-oil economy. By referring to concepts and theories of previous research in this field such as the Solow growth model, Resource curse and Dutch disease the authors find that the UAE had managed to diversify or not. Three sectors in different periods between 1970 and 2007 were measured: The oil sector, the non-oil sector and the government sector. Diversification changes means a decreasing dependency of the oil sector to the non-oil sector while the latter instead depends more on the government sector. Using British Petroleum (2008) and United Nations (2008) as sources, data was collected in order to draw a time-series regression analysis and test empirically for these diversification trends. The results for all periods confirmed that the UAE have indeed diversified and it could thus be observed that it started its successful strategy already in the 1970s. With the right government policy investments and the stability in the union, the UAE prevented from becoming dependent on oil and thereby not crowding out its important non-oil economy.

  • 1566.
    Zhao, Can
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Huang, Zhewei
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Impact of Trade Openness on Urbanization: A study of Eastern China2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses the impact of trade openness on urbanization in eastern China during the period of 1987 to 2005. The theoretical framework shows that open trade has a positive impact on growth of urban population, because trade serve as a factor that creates great job opportunities. According to the descriptive data, the massive rural-urban migrations are mostly concentrated in the eastern coastline of China where trade was started. Previous studies concluded that there is a positive relationship between trade openness and urbani-zation.Our study is based on a set of panel data from the period of 1987 to 2005 within 6 coast-line provinces. After running 4 different regressions we found that, 3 of the regression models revealed positive and statistically significant at 1% results, which suggest that the impact of trade openness on urbanization is positive.

  • 1567.
    Zheng, Wei
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Oil Price and Economic Growth: Evidence of China2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1568.
    Zienau, Charlotta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    What Determines a Region’s Capacity to Integrate Refugees?: A Study of the Swedish Municipalities’ Characteristics and their Relationship with Integration2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current refugee crisis has affected many European countries, not least Sweden with the highest number of asylum applications per capita. The crisis has brought an intense discussion on how refugees should be allocated, both across the EU member states and on a sub-national level, and it has undoubtedly put current dispersion policies on trial. Through a study of Sweden’s 290 municipalities, this thesis aims to identify certain characteristics of a host region that facilitates integration, in order to see whether current dispersion policies are optimal, and if not, how they could be altered. Through simple and multiple OLS regressions certain characteristics have shown a clear relationship with integration (positive or negative), while some have been deemed irrelevant. As dispersion policies suggest, a larger population seems to facilitate integration. Also labor market conditions are as expected important, but it seems that the situation for youths is more relevant than the general condition. Finally, it seems as though an ethnically fractionalized population facilitates integration, although the process is aggravated as the refugee influx increases. As surprisingly little research has been conducted on this field, this thesis has only laid the foundation for the topic and further research is necessary. Still, the research has induced some doubts regarding the optimality of current dispersion policies, and this thesis suggests that additional factors should be taken into consideration when dispersion policies are elaborated.

  • 1569. Álvarez, R
    et al.
    Andersson, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bellone, F
    Brandt, L
    Castellani, D
    Damijan, J P
    Fariñas, J C
    Fernandes, A
    Fryges, H
    Görg, H
    Greenaway, D
    Wagner, J
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Understanding Cross-Country Differences in Exporter Premia: Comparable Evidence for 14 Countries2008In: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 144, no 4, p. 596-635Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1570. Álvarez, Roberto
    et al.
    Andersson, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Bellone, Flora
    Brandt, Loren
    Castellani, Davide
    Damijan, Joze P.
    Fariñas, Jose C.
    Fernandes, Ana M.
    Fryges, Helmut
    Görg, Holger
    Greenaway, David
    Exports and productivity: comparable evidence for 14 countries2007Report (Other academic)
  • 1571.
    Åhström, Lisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Traffic Safety in Economic Development: A Case Study of the United Arab Emirates2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The transportation system is a growing concern as economic development progresses. It has become one of the major causes of air pollution as well as deaths world-wide. Hence, the transportation system is not a sustainable path in the world today. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a fast developing economy with poor traffic safety. Hence, the purpose of the thesis is to examine the relationship between economic development and traffic safety in the UAE. This is achieved with the support of the Kuznetz Curve Hypothesis, which indicates a positive relationship between economic development and road traffic fatalities initially. However, it will come to change into a negative relationship as the economy develops further. In addition, Institutional Theory states that institutions and organizations contribute to a successful economic development. In order to identify the development of traffic safety in the UAE, the characteristics concerning the issue in the country must be defined. Hence, a comprehensive analysis of the traffic safety in the UAE is carried out with the support of the Kuznetz Curve Hypothesis and Institutional Theory. A regression analysis confirms that there is a relationship between traffic fatalities and economic development. Until today, traffic fatalities have increased with national GDP in the UAE. Yet there is no reason to believe that this relationship has changed for the better. However, according to Institutional Theory, an improvement may be achieved through active work. It is important for the public authorities in the UAE to set explicit goals, so that institutions and organizations are able to integrate and coordinate their struggle for a safer traffic.

  • 1572.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Experience in Shopping Centers: An Accessibility Analysis of Swedish Shopping Centers2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate how market size impacts the level of economic success, diversity, entertainment, arts, and experience of shopping centers in Sweden. More specifically the paper uses regression analyses to test the relation between different forms of shopping center performance and market size. The results show that the municipality market size plays an important role in all analyzed cases. The results also showed that local labor market size does not have a significant impact on the dependent variables.

     

  • 1573.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Sweden.
    Retail City: The Relationship between Place Attractiveness and Accessibility to Shops2017In: Spatial Economic Analysis, ISSN 1742-1772, E-ISSN 1742-1780, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 72-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Retail city: the relationship between place attractiveness and accessibility to shops. Spatial Economic Analysis. This paper explores the role of retailers as an urban amenity. Using data for Swedish rural and city municipalities for 2002–08, ‘accessibility-to-shops’ measures are constructed for the shops in the municipalities and the hosting regions separately to examine the relationship between consumption possibilities and place attractiveness in a spatial continuum. Place attractiveness is proxied by a Q ratio for Swedish housing investment based on Tobin’s Q. Access to stores within municipal market boundaries is found to be relevant for the place attractiveness of city municipalities, whereas no such relationship is evident for rural municipalities.

  • 1574.
    Öner, Özge
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Sweden.
    Retail Productivity: The effects of market size and regional hierarchy2018In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 97, no 3, p. 711-736Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How important is regional hierarchy for retailers’ productivity? This paper investigates the determinants of independent retailers’ productivity in Sweden between 2002 and 2008 with respect to market size and regional hierarchy. Using an accessible market potential approach, the impact of the potential demand in close proximity, and in the region is investigated separately for stores in central and peripheral retail markets. The findings suggest that the market size in close proximity has a higher impact on the productivity of stores located in central markets, whereas the market potential in the region has similar productivity returns for both stores in central markets and stores in non-central markets.

  • 1575.
    Öner, Özge
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Does ethnic enclaves foster immigrant entrepreneurship? The Swedish experience2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1576.
    Öner, Özge
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Location of leisure: the New Economic Geography of leisure services2017In: Leisure Studies, ISSN 0261-4367, E-ISSN 1466-4496, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 203-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding more about the geographic location of leisure services is an important quest for research. For a long time now in developed economies, almost all employment growth is occurring within the service sector. In this sector, leisure services are fast growers. This means that the location of these services is important for economic growth and for employment opportunities of local market areas. Regional policy-makers time and again highlight these sectors as future engines of growth. This paper investigates the role of local demand in determining the availability and the scale of various types of leisure services. The analysis is motivated by observed regularities that indicate large and persistent interregional differences in the location and growth of leisure services. Based on a New Economic Geography framework, we investigate the role of local and regional demand for the size of leisure services in geographically separate markets in Sweden. We use data for 290 Swedish municipalities for the period 2002–2013 and run year-municipality fixed-effects regressions. Our main findings suggest a strong dependency on local demand, and less on the demand originating from other regions.

  • 1577.
    Östberg, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Syk, Niklas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Budget and Employment Effects of a Change in the Payroll tax: For the manufacturing sector2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is examining the effects of a decrease in the payroll tax and the responding effect on the state budget. The emphasis is on the change in the number of employments for the manufacturing sector as a result of a decrease in the payroll tax. In order to analyze the effect a decrease in payroll tax has on employment, the elasticity of labor demand has been calculated. The result of this regression is significant, and therefore it can be concluded that a change in the payroll tax will have an effect on employment in the manufacturing sector. Since elasticity of labor demand is inelastic, the change in payroll tax will have a small impact on employment. The results of various surveys conducted in other countries are consistent with the findings of this thesis.

  • 1578.
    Östman, Beata
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Trade with emission allowances: the impact on the Swedish paper and pulp industry´s competitiveness2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In January 2005 a trading scheme with emission allowances, including carbon dioxide (CO2), was introduced in Europe. This has influenced the electricity price as well as the price of CO2 emitting production. The paper and pulp industry uses a high share of electricity and emits CO2 and is therefore chosen. This industry is investigated to see if the competitiveness for the industry has been influenced by the emission trading scheme. Since the trial period is too short to give any clear results, USA has been investigated to make comparisons with Sweden. Different theories about the subject together with electricity price and production price data from Statistiska Centralbyrån. A competitiveness model is calculated with help from production prices and show that Sweden has become relatively more competitive compared to the USA since 1995. A reason for this can be the introduction of an emission trading scheme in the USA in 1995. If this is the case, the Swedish paper and pulp industry can face a decrease in competitiveness in the near future.

  • 1579.
    Östman, Beata
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Jonsson, Björn
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Taxes on fossil fuels: an incentive for FDI within the biofuel industry2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The demand for biofuels has increased over the last 30 years and at the same time period the price of oil has risen. In this thesis we have investigated the impact that taxes on fossil fuels had on the demand for biofuels between 1970 and 2003. We have looked at five different fossil fuels; the chosen fuels are the most frequently used. A large impact would lead to an increase in the biofuel market in Sweden and therefore make Sweden a more attractive alternative for foreign investors. The result might indicate trends towards the conclusion that high taxes gets more effective the larger the biofuel market becomes, this since adequate substitutes for fossil fuels are required. Unfortunately, most of our results show insignificant results and therefore no strong conclusions can be drawn.

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