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  • 151.
    Arvidsson, Simon
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Ekblom, Tobias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Marknadsplatsapplikation för Android2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Målet med examensarbetet är att utveckla en marknadsplatsapplikation för Android. Marknadsplatsapplikationen ska tillhandahålla funktioner för att ge användaren förutsättningar att hitta och ladda ner applikationer över Internet ifrån marknadsplatsens serversida. Marknadsplatsapplikationen kommer likt en tunn klient vara helt beroende av innehåll från en serversida. Vid examensarbetets utförande existerade dock ingen serversida då denna ännu inte var färdigutvecklad.

    För att utveckla marknadsplatsapplikationen utan närvaron av en serversida, implementerades en emulerad serversida som utåt sett hade funktionaliteten av en framtida serversida. En mjukvaruarkitektur implementerades bestående av tre lager: användargränsnitt (GUI), kärnfunktionalitet (Core) och webbkommunikation (WebCom). Syftet med arikitekturen var dels att begränsa inverkan av övergången från en emulerad serversida till en riktig serversida, och dels att avgränsa och avlasta användargränsnittet från tunga operationer för att därigenom uppnå god responsivitet.

    Marknadsplatsapplikationen implementerades med all funktionalitet som planerades. Arkitekturen med tydlig separation mellan GUI, Core ochWebCom, förväntas leda till en smidig övergång till en riktig serversida. Även ett tydligt öde för att hämta och skicka data mellan marknadsplatsapplikationen och serversida förväntas underlätta att implementera ny funktionalitet som är beroende av en serversida. Användargränsnittet uppvisar fortfarande brist på responsivitet. Arkitekturen med endast en asynkron klass GuiWorker, som hanterar exekveringen av tunga operationer på bakgrundstrådar, förväntas dock kunna uppnå ett responsivt användargränsnitt.

  • 152. Arvidsson, Åke
    et al.
    Rydén, Tobias
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för systemteknik. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Reglerteknik.
    Load transients in pooled cellular core network nodes2015Ingår i: Performance evaluation (Print), ISSN 0166-5316, E-ISSN 1872-745X, Vol. 90, s. 18-35Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 153.
    Ashjaei, Mohammad
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Multi-Hop Real-Time Communication over Switched Ethernet Technology2014Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Switched Ethernet technology has been introduced to be exploited in real-time communication systems due to its features such as its high throughput and wide availability, hence being a cost-effective solution. Many real-time switched Ethernet protocols have been developed, preserving the profits of traditional Ethernet technology, to overcome the limitations imposed by using commercially available (COTS) switches. These limitations mainly originate from the non-deterministic behavior of the Ethernet switches inherent in the use of FIFO queues and a limited number of priority levels.

     

    In our research we focus on two particular real-time communication technologies, one based on COTS Ethernet switches named the FTT-SE architecture and the other using a modified Ethernet switch called the HaRTES architecture. Both architectures are based on a master-slave technique supporting different and temporally isolated traffic types including real-time periodic, real-time sporadic and non-real-time traffic. Also, they provide mechanisms implementing adaptivity as a response to the requirements imposed by dynamic real-time applications. Nevertheless, the two mentioned architectures were originally developed for a simple network consisting of a single switch, and they were lacking support for multi-hop communication. In industrial applications, multi-hop communication is essential as the networks comprise a high number of nodes, that is far beyond the capability of a single switch.

     

    In this thesis, we study the challenges of building multi-hop communication using the FTT-SE and the HaRTES architectures. We propose different architectures to provide multi-hop communication while preserving the key characteristics of the single-switch architecture such as timeliness guarantee, resource efficiency, adaptivity and dynamicity. We develop a response time analysis for each proposed architecture and we compare them to assess their corresponding benefits and limitations. Further, we develop a simulation tool to evaluate the solutions.

  • 154.
    Aspnäs, Frida
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Kommunikations- och transportsystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Eliminating Right-Turn-on-Red (RTOR) at Key Intersections in a City Core2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The City of Fredericton is the capital of New Brunswick, located in eastern Canada. Rightturn-on-red (RTOR) is a general practice at any traffic intersection in this maritime province. Many collisions between pedestrians and vehicles have been recorded at signalized intersections in the downtown area of the city. Due to the number of collisions, the City of Fredericton was interested in investigating how a restriction against RTOR could affect vehicular traffic. The purpose and goal of this project was to develop a calibrated traffic model of the downtown area of Fredericton that could be used for simulation studies. Two main changes were investigated: 1) a restriction against RTOR for each of eleven key intersections in the downtown area, and 2) a restriction against left-turns at one selected intersection. The traffic simulation model was also used for analyzing how factors such as pedestrian volumes, lane channelization, and turning proportions affect the changes in traffic conditions due to permitting, or prohibiting, right-turn-on-red.

    The traffic simulation model was created in the TSIS/CORSIM software. Several different scenarios were generated for analysis. The results of the simulation show that the traffic conditions in the whole downtown area will be affected when introducing a restriction against RTOR. Certain intersections show a relatively high change while others show no significant change at all. Several different factors were seen to affect the number of RTOR that could be performed at an intersection. One main factor was lane channelization. With a shared lane, the proportion of right-turning vehicles at the intersection was found to highly affect how many RTOR can be performed. Pedestrian volumes prove to be a third factor affecting the number of RTOR at an intersection.

    Overall results demonstrate that there are only a few intersections where it is suitable for the City of Fredericton to implement a restriction against RTOR.

  • 155.
    Astély, David
    et al.
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner, Signaler, sensorer och system.
    Ottersten, Björn
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner, Signaler, sensorer och system.
    MLSE and Spatio-Temporal Interference Rejection Combining with Antenna Arrays1998Ingår i: Proceedings of Eusipco-98, Ninth European Signal Processing Conference, Island of Rhodes, Greece, 1998, s. 1341-1344Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 156.
    Athanasiou, George
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Weeraddana, Pradeep Chathuranga
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Fischione, Carlo
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Orten, P.
    Communication infrastructures in industrial automation: The case of 60 GHz millimeterWave communications2013Ingår i: IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation, ETFA, 2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Wireless sensor networks for industrial automation applications must offer timely, reliable, and energy efficient communications at both low and high data rate. While traditional communication technologies between 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz are sometimes incapable to efficiently achieve the aforementioned goals, new communication strategies are emerging, such as millimeterWave communications. In this overview paper, the general requirements that factory and process automation impose on the network design are reviewed. Moreover, this paper presents and qualitatively evaluates the 60 GHz millimeterWave communication technology for automation. It is argued that the upcoming 60 GHz millimeterWave technology brings an enormous potential and can influence the design of the future communication infrastructures in factory and process automation.

  • 157.
    Athanasiou, Georgios
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Weeraddana, Pradeep Chathuranga
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Fischione, Carlo
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik.
    Auction-Based Resource Allocation in MillimeterWave Wireless Access Networks2013Ingår i: IEEE Communications Letters, ISSN 1089-7798, E-ISSN 1558-2558, Vol. 17, nr 11, s. 2108-2111Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The resource allocation problem of optimal assignment of the stations to the available access points in 60 GHz millimeterWave wireless access networks is investigated. The problem is posed as a multi-assignment optimization problem. The proposed solution method converts the initial problem to a minimum cost flow problem and allows to design an efficient algorithm by a combination of auction algorithms. The solution algorithm exploits the network optimization structure of the problem, and thus is much more powerful than computationally intensive general-purpose solvers. Theoretical and numerical results evince numerous properties, such as optimality, convergence, and scalability in comparison to existing approaches.

  • 158.
    Athanasiou, Georgios
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Weeraddana, Pradeep Chathuranga
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Fischione, Carlo
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Reglerteknik. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Centra, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Tassiulas, Leandros
    University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece.
    Optimizing Client Association for Load Balancing and Fairness in Millimeter Wave Wireless Networks2015Ingår i: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, ISSN 1063-6692, E-ISSN 1558-2566, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 836-850Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Millimeter-wave communications in the 60-GHz band are considered one of the key technologies for enabling multigigabit wireless access. However, the special characteristics of such a band pose major obstacles to the optimal utilization of the wireless resources, where the problem of efficient client association to access points (APs) is of vital importance. In this paper, the client association in 60-GHz wireless access networks is investigated. The AP utilization and the quality of the rapidly vanishing communication links are the control parameters. Because of the tricky non-convex and combinatorial nature of the client association optimization problem, a novel solution method is developed to guarantee balanced and fair resource allocation. A new distributed, lightweight, and easy-to-implement association algorithm, based on Lagrangian duality theory and subgradient methods, is proposed. It is shown that the algorithm is asymptotically optimal, that is, the relative duality gap diminishes to zero as the number of clients increases.

  • 159.
    Atiiq, Syafiq Al
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Nätverk och systemteknik.
    Adaptive Counteraction Against Denial of Service Attack2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sakernas Internet (IoT) är nästa generations nätverkssamhälle där miljarder av, vardagliga, enheter är direkt anslutna till Internet och har möjlighet att kommunicera med varandra. Särskilt har CoAP, ett lättviktsprotokoll för webbtrafik som även fungerar för plattformar med begränsade resurser, blivit Sakernas Internets standard för kommunikation på applikationslagret. Men eftersom IoT-enheter är direkt anslutna till Internet så är de också speciellt utsatta för ett antal säkerhetsattacker, inklusive DoS, som kan försämra deras prestanda och mottaglighet avsevärt och i värsta fall göra dem helt otillgängliga för legitima förfrågningar.

    I detta examensarbete har vi utvecklat en lageröverskridande och kontextmedveten metod som adaptivt motverkar DoS attacker mot CoAP serverenheter genom att dynamiskt anpassa enhetens operativa tillstånd i enlighet med attackintensiteten. Detta begränsar DoS-attackers påverkan på enheterna avsevärt samtidigt som det bibehåller tillgänglighet för tjänster på utsatta enheter till största möjliga utsträckning. Den föreslagna metoden utnyttjar en betrodd proxy som adaptivt skyddar utsatta enheter, samtidigt som den effektivt vidarebefordrar och sparar meddelanden om så behövs. I detta arbete har vi skapat en proof of concept-implementation av vår lösning för Californium-ramverket och CoAP protokollet. Arbetet har utvärderats experimentellt för att undersöka lösningens effektivitet när det gäller att motarbeta DoS-attacker samt hur den bibehåller enheters tillgänglighet under attacker.

    Detta uppsatsprojekt har utförts i samarbete med RISE SICS som är ett forskningsinstitut för tillämpad informations- och kommunikationsteknik i Sverige.

  • 160.
    Augustian, Midhumol
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad fysik och elektronik.
    ur Réhman, Shafiq
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad fysik och elektronik.
    Sandvig, Axel
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för farmakologi och klinisk neurovetenskap. Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway.
    Kotikawatte, Thivra
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för farmakologi och klinisk neurovetenskap.
    Yongcui, Mi
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad fysik och elektronik.
    Evensmoen, Hallvard Røe
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway.
    EEG Analysis from Motor Imagery to Control a Forestry Crane2018Ingår i: Intelligent Human Systems Integration (IHSI 2018) / [ed] Karwowski, Waldemar, Ahram, Tareq, 2018, Vol. 722, s. 281-286Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Brain-computer interface (BCI) systems can provide people with ability to communicate and control real world systems using neural activities. Therefore, it makes sense to develop an assistive framework for command and control of a future robotic system which can assist the human robot collaboration. In this paper, we have employed electroencephalographic (EEG) signals recorded by electrodes placed over the scalp. The human-hand movement based motor imagery mentalization is used to collect brain signals over the motor cortex area. The collected µ-wave (8–13 Hz) EEG signals were analyzed with event-related desynchronization/synchronization (ERD/ERS) quantification to extract a threshold between hand grip and release movement and this information can be used to control forestry crane grasping and release functionality. The experiment was performed with four healthy persons to demonstrate the proof-of concept BCI system. From this study, it is demonstrated that the proposed method has potential to assist the manual operation of crane operators performing advanced task with heavy cognitive work load.

  • 161.
    Augustine, Robin
    Uppsala University.
    BAN Antenna Design Using Ferrite Polymer Composite2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 162.
    Augustine, Robin
    Uppsala University.
    Biocompatibility study of biphasic-chitosan-soyameal composite Bioceramic Implants and their use as Phantoms for Medical Imaging. Applications2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 163. Augustine, Robin
    Biocompatibility study of hydroxy apatite and chitosan composites for applications at microwave frequencies2010Ingår i: Microwave and optical technology letters (Print), ISSN 0895-2477, E-ISSN 1098-2760, Vol. 46, nr 3, s. 197-199Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydroxyapatite (HAp, Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2) bioceramic and chitosan (poly [(β-1-4) d-glucosamine]) biopolymer show good biocompatibility in vivo. They have biological origin and show excellent interactions with microwave. Microwave study of HAp made using different drying techniques and their composites with chitosan in the ISM band is presented. Pastes are made using HAp and chitosan with different ratios of mixing. The dielectric properties of this composites match with that of human fat, collagen tissues. Some of the compositions exhibit dielectric property close to that of natural bone. This makes them more biocompatible and better substitutes for natural bone. Thus composite bioceramics can be considered as phantom model constituents for imaging purposes. Their dielectric properties prove that they are biocompatible. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microwave Opt Technol Lett 50: 2931–2934, 2008; Published online in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). DOI 10.1002/mop.23806

  • 164.
    Augustine, Robin
    Uppsala University.
    Dielectric Studies of Calcium Hydroxyapatite at Microwave Frequency2005Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 165. Augustine, Robin
    Développement d’un modèle humain dans la bande millimétrique pour les applications2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 166.
    Augustine, Robin
    Université Paris-Est.
    Electromagnetic modelling of human tissues and its application on the interaction between antenna and human body in the BAN context2009Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this age of wireless technology, Body Area networks (BAN) is revolutionising the concept of patient care and health monitoring. BAN provides people good assessment of their health status at any time, wherever they are physically. The increased interest in developing effective body (in, on & off) communication systems made phantoms which can mimic the electrical properties of an actual human body necessary. Wearable antennas which are the indispensable part of BAN got to be low pro file and above all influences that human body can make. There should also be a way to reduce the effect of antennas on human body namely specific absorption rate (SAR). In this work effort has been made to develop phantoms suitable for both On body and In body communications. The base materials which are selected for the study are of biological origin (bio ceramics and biopolymers) whose behaviour is closer to that of human tissues. As these phantoms are biocompatible they are essentially non toxic where the conventionally available phantoms are toxic in nature. Different kinds of low profile conformal wearable antennas working at 2.4GHz ISM band were developed and studied in the BAN perspective. Antennas suffer much in terms of matching and efficiency when they are in contact or in the premises of human body. This is a major hurdle in the way to setting up a good body communication network. This work encompasses various techniques adopted to limit the body interferences to an acceptable level. The techniques adopted (Such as Backing Ground Plane, High Impedance Surface & Polymeric Ferrite Sheets) proved to be effective in reducing the sway in antenna characteristics when they are mounted on body. Specific absorption rate is also brought to acceptable levels and thus avoiding the formation of hot spots due to microwave absorption. A safer and cost effective BAN can be set up using this work which will lead to a safer, mobile and healthy future.

  • 167. Augustine, Robin
    Permittivity Spectra of Biological Solutions in the Millimeter-Wave Range at Room andHuman Body Temperatures2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 168.
    Augustine, Robin
    Uppsala University.
    SAR reduction of wearable antennas using polymeric ferrite sheets2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 169.
    Augustine, Robin
    Uppsala University.
    Topology Optimization of Wideband Directive Antennas2015Ingår i: Progress in Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 2A1, nr SC4, s. 636-639Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 170.
    Augustine, Robin
    Uppsala University.
    Wide Band Impedance matching For Transducers2005Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 171. Augustine, Robin
    et al.
    Thierry, Alves
    Sarrebourse, T.
    Poussot, B.
    Mathew, K. T.
    Laheurte, J. -M.
    Polymeric ferrite sheats for SAR reduction of Wearable ANtennas2010Ingår i: Electronics Letters, ISSN 0013-5194, E-ISSN 1350-911X, Vol. 46, nr 3, s. 197-198Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Reduction of specific absorption rate (SAR) has now become a buzz word because of the growing health concerns over microwave exposure. Ferrites are found to be effective in diminishing electromagnetic influence. In this reported work, flexible polymeric ferrite sheets are characterised on the basis of their shielding efficiencies. SAR measurements are carried out with a planar wearable antenna and polymeric ferrite shielding to confirm its competence.

  • 172.
    Aujla, Gagangeet Singh
    et al.
    Thapar University, Patiala, India.
    Chaudhary, Rajat
    Thapar University, Patiala, India.
    Kumar, Neeraj
    Thapar University, Patiala, India.
    Rodrigues, Joel J. P. C.
    National Institute of Telecommunications (Inatel), Santa Rita do Sapucaí, Brazil; University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal; ITMO University, St. Petersburg, Russia; University of Fortaleza (Unifor), Fortaleza, Brazil.
    Vinel, Alexey
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centrum för forskning om inbyggda system (CERES).
    Data Offloading in 5G-Enabled Software-Defined Vehicular Networks: A Stackelberg-Game-Based Approach2017Ingår i: IEEE Communications Magazine, ISSN 0163-6804, E-ISSN 1558-1896, Vol. 55, nr 8, s. 100-108Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Data offloading using vehicles is one of the most challenging tasks to perform due to the high mobility of vehicles. There are many solutions available for this purpose, but due to the inefficient management of data along with the control decisions, these solutions are not adequate to provide data offloading by making use of the available networks. Moreover, with the advent of 5G and related technologies, there is a need to cope with high speed and traffic congestion in the existing infrastructure used for data offloading. Hence, to make intelligent decisions for data offloading, an SDN-based scheme is presented in this article. In the proposed scheme, an SDNbased controller is designed that makes decisions for data offloading by using the priority manager and load balancer. Using these two managers in SDN-based controllers, traffic routing is managed efficiently even with an increase in the size of the network. Moreover, a single-leader multi-follower Stackelberg game for network selection is also used for data offloading. The proposed scheme is evaluated with respect to several parameters where its performance was found to be superior in comparison to the existing schemes. © Copyright 2017 IEEE

  • 173.
    Avazkonandeh Gharavol, Ebrahim
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Kommunikationssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Larsson, Erik G.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Kommunikationssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Robust Joint Optimization of MIMO Interfering Relay Channels with Imperfect CSI2011Ingår i: 2001 4th IEEE International Workshop on Computational Advances in Multi-Sensor Adaptive Processing (CAMSAP), Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE , 2011, , s. 5s. 209-212Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we deal with the problem of the joint optimization of the precoders, equalizers and relay beamformer of a multiple-input multiple-output interfering relay channel. This network can be regarded az a generalized model for both one-way and two-way relay channels with/without direct interfering links. Unlike the conventional design procedures, we assume that the Channel State Information (CSI) is not known perfectly. The imperfect CSI is described using the norm bounded error framework. We use a system-wide Sum Mean Square Error (SMSE) based problem formulation which is constrained using the transmit power of the terminals and the relay node. The problem at hand, from a worst-case design perspective, is a multilinear, and hence, a nonconvex problem which is also semiinfinite in its constraints. We use a generalized version of the Peterson’s lemma to handle the semi-infiniteness and reduce the original problem to a single Linear Matrix Inequality (LMI). However, this LMI is not convex, and to resolve this issue we propose an iterative algorithm based on the alternating convex search methodology to solve the aforementioned problem. Finally simulation results, i.e., the convergence of the proposed algorithm and the SMSE properties, are included to asses the performance of the proposed algorithm.

  • 174.
    Avazkonandeh Gharavol, Ebrahim
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Kommunikationssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Larsson, Erik G.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Kommunikationssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Robust Joint Optimization of Non-regenerative MIMO Relay Channels with Imperfect CSI2011Ingår i: Conference Record of the Forty Fifth Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (ASILOMAR), 2011, IEEE Computer Society, 2011, s. 1589-1593Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we deal with the problem of joint optimization of the source precoder, the relay beamformer and the destination equalizer in a nonregenerative relay network with only a partial knowledge of the Channel State Information (CSI).

    We model the partial CSI using a deterministic norm bounded error model, and we use a system-wide mean square error performance measure which is constrained based on the transmit power regulations for both source and relay nodes.

    Most conventional designs employ the average performance optimization, however, we solve this problem from a worst-case design perspective.

    The original problem formulation is a semi-infinite trilinear optimization problem which is not convex.

    To solve this problem we extend the existing theories to deal with the constraints which are semi-infinite in different independent complex matrix variables.

    We show that the equivalent approximate problem is a set of linear matrix inequalities, that can be solved iteratively.

    Finally simulation results assess the performance of the proposed scheme.

  • 175.
    Avazkonandeh Gharavol, Ebrahim
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Kommunikationssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Larsson, Erik G.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Kommunikationssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    The Sign-Definiteness Lemma and Its Applications to Robust Transceiver Optimization for Multiuser MIMO Systems2013Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, ISSN 1053-587X, E-ISSN 1941-0476, Vol. 61, nr 2, s. 238-252Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We formally generalize the sign-definiteness lemma to the case of complex-valued matrices and multiple norm-bounded uncertainties. This lemma has found many applications in the study of the stability of control systems, and in the design and optimization of robust transceivers in communications. We then present three different novel applications of this lemma in the area of multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) robust transceiver optimization. Specifically, the scenarios of interest are: (i) robust linear beamforming in an interfering adhoc network, (ii) robust design of a general relay network, including the two-way relay channel as a special case, and (iii) a half-duplex one-way relay system with multiple relays. For these networks, we formulate the design problems of minimizing the (sum) MSE of the symbol detection subject to different average power budget constraints. We show that these design problems are non-convex (with bilinear or trilinear constraints) and semiinfinite in multiple independent uncertainty matrix-valued variables. We propose a two-stage solution where in the first step the semi-infinite constraints are converted to linear matrix inequalities using the generalized signdefiniteness lemma, and in the second step, we use an iterative algorithm based on alternating convex search (ACS). Via simulations we evaluate the performance of the proposed scheme.

  • 176.
    Avesand (nee Sjöquist), Stefan
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner, Teleinformatik. KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT).
    Secure Database Access in Java Applets1998Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    For many years the web has only been used as a way ofdistributing information, but the need for more interaction isgrowing stronger. To accomplish this one can use Javaapplets, HTML forms, Active X, Javascript and a few othertechniques. One problem is that you must store the data theusers create, and change, somewhere and somehow. As thetitle reveals, this thesis will analyze a few ways to do this inJava applets.

  • 177.
    Avgeropoulos, Konstantinos
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Mikroelektronik och Informationsteknik, IMIT.
    Service Policy Management for User-Centric Services in Heterogeneous Mobile Networks,2004Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) är ett signaleringsprotokoll för IP-baserade mediatjänster som kommer att bli "de facto"-standard för framtida "media-över-IP"-tjänster. Då SIP User Agents (UAs) stöder ett begränsat antal typer av tjänster (oftast en eller två), antar vi att framtida användare kommer att behöva använda sig av flera UAs samtidigt. Dessa UAs utgör en användares personliga tjänstenätverk. I denna rapport, undersöker vi arkitekturer för policybaserad hantering (management) av detta nätverk, så att det kan användas effektivt. För att uppnå detta, föreslår vi en ny SIP-enhet, kallad SIP Service Manager (SSM), som är placerad i kärnan av hanteringssystemet. Slutligen utvärderar vi vår föreslagna lösning genom att implementera en version av en SIP Service Manager.

  • 178.
    Avgouleas, Ioannis
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Kommunikations- och transportsystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    IoT Networking Resource Allocation and Cooperation2017Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet of Things (IoT) promises that "anything that can be connected, will be connected". It comprises of Information and Communication Technologies that interconnect billions of physical and visual things with some "basic" intelligence. The emerging IoT services will be able to react with minimal human intervention and further contribute to the big data era that requires real-time, ultrareliable, ubiquitous, scalable, and heterogeneous operation.

    This thesis is the result of our investigations on problems dealing with the evolution of such technologies. First, we explore the potential of using relay i.e., intermediate, nodes that assist users to transmit their packets in a a cellular network. Paper I provides insights into how adapting the cooperation of the relay's receiver and transmitter optimizes the network-wide throughput while the relay's queue stability is guaranteed.

    The next part of the thesis copes with the resource allocation of services on IoT devices equipped with multiple network interfaces. The resources are heterogeneous and can be split among dierent interfaces. Additionally, they are not interchangeable. In paper II, we develop optimization models for this resource allocation problem, prove the complexity of the models, and derive results that give intuition into the problems. Moreover, we propose algorithms that approximate the optimal solution and show under which circumstances this is possible.

    Finally, in paper III, we present a resource allocation problem specically for smart cities services. In comparison to the previous problem denition, resources are of one type but the IoT network device can oer capacities that vary over time. Furthermore, services have a tolerance regarding their preferred scheduling, namely, their allocation over time. We parametrize each service with a pricing function to indicate its tolerance to be served at the beginning of the scheduling window. We prove that the problem is computationally hard and provide numerical results to gain insight into how different pricing weight functions impact the allocations' distribution within the scheduling window.

  • 179.
    Avgouleas, Ioannis
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Kommunikations- och transportsystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Angelakis, Vangelis
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Kommunikations- och transportsystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Pappas, Nikolaos
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Kommunikations- och transportsystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Utilizing multiple full-duplex relays in wireless systems with multiple packet reception2014Ingår i: 2014 IEEE 19th International Workshop on Computer Aided Modeling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD), IEEE, 2014, s. 193-197Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Relay nodes with physical layer cooperation have been used extensively to assist users' transmissions in wireless networks. This network level cooperation has been lately been gaining popularity and analytical expressions of the performance of a network with up to two relay nodes exist in recent literature. In this work, we give simulation results outlining the potential network level benefits of using multiple full-duplex relay nodes. We examine configurations where multiple full-duplex transceivers offer consistent improvement and provide guidelines on using them different network conditions.

  • 180.
    Avgouleas, Ioannis
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Kommunikations- och transportsystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Pappas, Nikolaos
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Kommunikations- och transportsystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Angelakis, Vangelis
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Kommunikations- och transportsystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Scheduling Services on an IoT Device Under Time-Weighted Pricing2017Ingår i: IEEE 28th Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor, and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC): Workshop on "Communications for Networked Smart Cities", IEEE conference proceedings, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The emerging vision of smart cities necessitates the use of Internet of Things (IoT) network devices to implement sustainable solutions that will improve the operations of urban areas. A massive amount of smart cities services may demand allocation of computational resources, such as processing power or storage, that IoT devices offer. Within this context, we present an IoT network device comprising interfaces with one specific computational resource available. The efficient utilization of available IoT resources would improve the Quality of Service (QoS) of the IoT network that serves the smart city. All resource allocations must be completed within a given scheduling window and every service is parametrized by a pricing weight function to indicate its tolerance to be served at the beginning of the scheduling window. We propose a mathematical optimization formulation to minimize the total cost of allocating all demands within the scheduling window considering the tolerance level of each service at the same time. Moreover, we prove that the problem is computationally hard and we provide numerical results to gain insight into the impact of different pricing weight functions on the allocations’ distribution within the scheduling window.

  • 181.
    Avni, G.
    et al.
    IST Austria, Klosterneuburg, Austria.
    Goel, S.
    IIT Bombay, Mumbai, India.
    Henzinger, T. A.
    IST Austria, Klosterneuburg, Austria.
    Rodriguez-Navas, Guillermo
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Computing scores of forwarding schemes in switched networks with probabilistic faults2017Ingår i: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Volume 10206, Springer Verlag , 2017, s. 169-187Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Time-triggered switched networks are a deterministic communication infrastructure used by real-time distributed embedded systems. Due to the criticality of the applications running over them, developers need to ensure that end-to-end communication is dependable and predictable. Traditional approaches assume static networks that are not flexible to changes caused by reconfigurations or, more importantly, faults, which are dealt with in the application using redundancy. We adopt the concept of handling faults in the switches from non-real-time networks while maintaining the required predictability. We study a class of forwarding schemes that can handle various types of failures. We consider probabilistic failures. For a given network with a forwarding scheme and a constant ℓ, we compute the score of the scheme, namely the probability (induced by faults) that at least ℓ messages arrive on time. We reduce the scoring problem to a reachability problem on a Markov chain with a “product-like” structure. Its special structure allows us to reason about it symbolically, and reduce the scoring problem to #SAT. Our solution is generic and can be adapted to different networks and other contexts. Also, we show the computational complexity of the scoring problem is #P-complete, and we study methods to estimate the score. We evaluate the effectiveness of our techniques with an implementation.

  • 182.
    Axberg, Stefan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Brynielsson, Joel
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Norsell, Martin
    Swedish National Defence College.
    A Sensor Concept for Superior Surveillance2007Ingår i: Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium on Protection against Chemical and Biological Warfare Agents, 2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A highly developed aerial surveillance concept is presented. When fully implemented, the outlined surveillance system enhances situational awareness in two ways: it enhances the overall situational awareness in a large, possibly multinational, area and it provides the possibility to gain additional awareness in critical sites. The system is intended to be beneficial within various kinds of crisis management situations, e.g., disaster relief situations, humanitarian crises, chemical discharges, etc. In particular, the combination of large-area coverage with the possibility to instantly gain local situational awareness is believed to allow for pan-European collaboration and interoperability. Another targeted area includes critical ground sites such as ground transportation and infrastructure. The proposed concept uses surveillance at different altitudes and passes on near real-time information to a variety of end users through its embedded sensor and communications architecture.

  • 183.
    Axell, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Kommunikationssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Spectrum Sensing Algorithms Based on Second-Order Statistics2012Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Cognitive radio is a new concept of reusing spectrum in an opportunistic manner. Cognitive radio is motivated by recent measurements of spectrum utilization, showing unused resources in frequency, time and space. Introducing cognitive radios in a primary network inevitably creates increased interference to the primary users. Secondary users must sense the spectrum and detect primary users' signals at very low SNR, to avoid causing too much interference.This dissertation studies this detection problem, known as spectrum sensing.

    The fundamental problem of spectrum sensing is to discriminate an observation that contains only noise from an observation that contains a very weak signal embedded in noise. In this work, detectors are derived that exploit known properties of the second-order moments of the signal. In particular, known structures of the signal covariance are exploited to circumvent the problem of unknown parameters, such as noise and signal powers or channel coefficients.

    The dissertation is comprised of six papers, all in different ways related to spectrum sensing based on second-order statistics. In the first paper, we considerspectrum sensing of orthogonal frequency-division multiplexed (OFDM) signals in an additive white Gaussian noise channel. For the case of completely known noise and signal powers, we set up a vector-matrix model for an OFDM signal with a cyclic prefix and derive the optimal Neyman-Pearson detector from first principles. For the case of completely unknown noise and signal powers, we derive a generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT) based on empirical second-order statistics of the received data. The proposed GLRT detector exploits the non-stationary correlation structure of the OFDM signal and does not require any knowledge of the noise or signal powers.

    In the second paper, we create a unified framework for spectrum sensing of signals which have covariance matrices with known eigenvalue multiplicities. We derive the GLRT for this problem, with arbitrary eigenvalue multiplicities under both hypotheses. We also show a number of applications to spectrum sensing for cognitive radio.

    The general result of the second paper is used as a building block, in the third and fourth papers, for spectrum sensing of second-order cyclostationary signals received at multiple antennas and orthogonal space-time block coded (OSTBC) signals respectively. The proposed detector of the third paper exploits both the spatial and the temporal correlation of the received signal, from knowledge of the fundamental period of the cyclostationary signal and the eigenvalue multiplicities of the temporal covariance matrix.

    In the fourth paper, we consider spectrum sensing of signals encoded with an OSTBC. We show how knowledge of the eigenvalue multiplicities of the covariance matrix are inherent owing to the OSTBC, and propose an algorithm that exploits that knowledge for detection. We also derive theoretical bounds on the performance of the proposed detector. In addition, we show that the proposed detector is robust to a carrier frequency offset, and propose another detector that deals with timing synchronization using the detector for the synchronized case as a building block.

    A slightly different approach to covariance matrix estmation is taken in the fifth paper. We consider spectrum sensing of Gaussian signals with structured covariance matrices, and propose to estimate the unknown parameters of the covariance matrices using covariance matching estimation techniques (COMET). We also derive the optimal detector based on a Gaussian approximation of the sample covariance matrix, and show that this is closely connected to COMET.

    The last paper deals with the problem of discriminating samples that containonly noise from samples that contain a signal embedded in noise, when the variance of the noise is unknown. We derive the optimal soft decision detector using a Bayesian approach. The complexity of this optimal detector grows exponentially with the number of observations and as a remedy, we propose a number of approximations to it. The problem under study is a fundamental one andit has applications in signal denoising, anomaly detection, and spectrum sensing for cognitive radio.

  • 184.
    Axell, Erik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Kommunikationssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Larsson, Erik G.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Kommunikationssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Multiantenna Spectrum Sensing of a Second-Order Cyclostationary Signal2011Ingår i: Proceedings of the 4th IEEE International Workshop on Computational Advances in Multi-Sensor Adaptive Processing (CAMSAP'11), 2011, s. 329-332Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider spectrum sensing of a second-order cyclostationary signal receivedat multiple antennas. The proposed detector exploits both the spatial andthe temporal correlation of the received signal, from knowledge of thefundamental period of the cyclostationary signal and the eigenvaluemultiplicities of the temporal covariance matrix. All other parameters, suchas the channel gains or the noise power, are assumed to be unknown. The proposeddetector is shown numerically to outperform state-of-the-art detectors forspectrum sensing of anOFDM signal, both when using a single antenna and with multiple antennas.

  • 185.
    Axelsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Ambrosius, Christian
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE).
    Nya lagar och avtal: Hur kan de komma att förändra svenskarnas fildelningsvanor?2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 5 poäng / 7,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I många år nu har det varit vanligt förekommande att människor suttit hemma vid sin dator och med några få klick laddat ner filmer, musik och programvaror, till en början helt lagligt, men med åren har lagar kommit till som har gjort det mer och mer olagligt.Oavsett om det har varit lagligt eller inte, så är det troligt att många artister, filmmakare och liknande gått miste om stora summor pengar i förlorade inkomster på grund av att folk inte har betalat för att ta del av deras verk, utan istället valt att ladda ner dem över Internet.

    Det faktum att fildelning har blivit så pass vanligt och att folk inte har sett det som ett särskilt allvarligt brott, har lett till att fildelning länge har varit ett hett omdiskuterat ämne i media, bland upphovsrättsinnehavare och bland folk i allmänhet. Upphovsmän och upphovsrättsinnehavare, såsom filmbolag, författare och artister har legat på och debatterat för att försöka få till en hårdare lagstiftning för att försvåra fildelning och kopiering av upphovsrättsskyddat material, samt för att få till hårdare straff mot fildelning.

    Flera försök från beslutsfattare har gjorts för att råda bot på problemet, nya lagar har stiftats och avtal har skrivits under. Frågan är om de nya lagarna och avtalen gör någon nytta? Blir folk avskräckta från att fildela eller fortsätter de som förut? Många har säkert under många år blivit bortskämda med att kunna sitta hemma vid datorn och på några minuter få hem de senaste filmerna och den nyaste musiken helt gratis, vilket säkert gör det svårt att helt plötsligt sluta fildela och börja betala för film och musik igen.

  • 186.
    Axelsson, Johannes
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Sjöfartshögskolan (SJÖ).
    WAN-optimering för sjöfarten: En möjlighet att effektivisera datakommunikationen till sjöss2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Verksamheten ombord på fartyg blir mer beroende av datakommunikation och många av arbetsuppgifterna ombord underlättas genom att besättningen kan nå information lagrad på annan plats. Fartygens bredbandsanslutning sker till största delen via satellitkommunikation där långa avstånd och begränsad datahastighet resulterar i att datakommunikationen blir ineffektiv. I denna studie undersöks vilken prestandaförbättring som utrustning för nätverksoptimering kan innebära för långsamma WAN-förbindelser via satellit. Undersökningen visade att det största problemet med anslutningar via satellit är den signalfördröjning som uppkommer vid långa sändningsavstånd. Detta medför att det blir prestandaproblem för datatrafiken och användare upplever anslutningen som långsam. För att åtgärda detta finns utrustning som hanterar datatrafiken och genom olika tekniker kan öka prestandan på anslutningen. För att undersöka hur stor prestandaförbättringen kan vara genomfördes ett antal olika experiment med utrustning för nätverksoptimering. Experimenten genomfördes genom att utvärdera filöverföringar med och utan nätverksoptimering. Resultaten visar att utrustningen för nätverksoptimering ger en stor prestandaförbättring vid filöverföringar.

  • 187.
    Ayrault, Cécile
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Mikroelektronik och Informationsteknik, IMIT.
    Service discovery for Personal Area Networks2004Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med en ökad användning av elektroniska enheter blir behovet av trådlösa tjänster, speciellt context-medvetna tjänster i så kallade Personal Area Network (PAN), ett område med betydlig potential. Service Discovery är en grundläggande funktion.

    Även om flera service discovery protocols har implementerats finns det behov av ett specifikt protokoll för PAN-miljöer då egenskaperna hos ett PAN skiljer sig från andra nätverksmiljöer. Således studerades de specifika krav för service discovery från ett PAN perspektiv. Metoder för service discovery kommer att ta med i beräkningen båda lokala och avlägna tjänster.

    Dessa metoder utvärderas i en SIP telephony infrastructure för att avgöra var en påringning ska levereras. Lokalisering av en användare sker genom det implementerade service discovery-protokollet.

  • 188.
    Ayyagari, Nitin Reddy
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Databases For Mediation Systems: Design and Data scaling approach2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Context: There is continuous growth in data generation due to wide usage of modern communication systems. Systems have to be designed which can handle the processing of these data volumes efficiently. Mediation systems are meant to serve this purpose. Databases form an integral part of the mediation systems. Suitability of the databases for such systems is the principle theme of this work.

    Objectives: The objective of this thesis is to identify the key requirements for databases that can be used as part of Mediation systems, gain a thorough understanding of various features, the data models commonly used in databases and to benchmark their performance.

    Methods: Previous work that has been carried out on various databases is studied as a part of literature review. Test bed is set up as a part of experiment and performance metrics such as throughput and total time taken were measured through a Java based client. Thorough analysis has been carried out by varying various parameters like data volumes, number of threads in the client etc.

    Results: Cassandra has a very good write performance for event and batch operations. Cassandra has a slightly better read performance when compared to MySQL Cluster but this differentiation withers out in case of fewer number of threads in the client.

    Conclusions: On evaluation of MySQL Cluster and Cassandra we conclude that they have several features that are suitable for mediation systems. On the other hand, Cassandra does not guarantee ACID transactions while MySQL Cluster has good support. There is need for further evaluation on new generation databases which are not mature enough as of now.

  • 189.
    Azari, Amin
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS.
    Energy Efficient Machine-Type Communications over Cellular Networks: A Battery Lifetime-Aware Cellular Network Design Framework2016Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the interconnection of uniquely identifiable smart devices which enables them to participate more actively in everyday life. Among large-scale applications, machine-type communications (MTC) supported by cellular networks will be one of the most important enablers for the success of IoT. The existing cellular infrastructure has been optimized for serving a small number of long-lived human-oriented communications (HoC) sessions, originated from smartphones whose batteries are charged in a daily basis. As a consequence, serving a massive number of non-rechargeable machine-type devices demanding a long battery lifetime is a big challenge for cellular networks.

    The present work is devoted to energy consumption modeling, battery lifetime analysis, and lifetime-aware network design for massive MTC services over cellular networks. At first, we present a realistic model for energy consumption of machine devices in cellular connectivity, which is employed subsequently in deriving the key performance indicator, i.e. network battery lifetime. Then, we develop an efficient mathematical foundation and algorithmic framework for lifetime-aware clustering design for serving a massive number of machine devices. Also, by extending the developed framework to non-clustered MTC, lifetime-aware uplink scheduling and power control solutions are derived. Finally, by investigating the delay, energy consumption, spectral efficiency, and battery lifetime tradeoffs in serving coexistence of HoC and MTC traffic, we explore the ways in which energy saving for the access network and quality of service for HoC traffic can be traded to prolong battery lifetime for machine devices.

    The numerical and simulation results show that the proposed solutions can provide substantial network lifetime improvement and network maintenance cost reduction in comparison with the existing approaches.

  • 190.
    Azari, Amin
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Energy-efficient scheduling and grouping for machine-type communications over cellular networks2016Ingår i: Ad hoc networks, ISSN 1570-8705, E-ISSN 1570-8713, Vol. 43, s. 16-29Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, energy-efficient scheduling for grouped machine-type devices deployed in cellular networks isinvestigated. We introduce a scheduling-based cooperation incentivescheme which enables machine nodes to organize themselveslocally, create machine groups, and communicate through grouprepresentatives to the base station. This scheme benefits from anovel scheduler design which takes into account the cooperationlevel of each node, reimburses the extra energy consumptionsof group representatives, and maximizes the network lifetime.As reusing cellular uplink resources for communications insidethe groups degrades the Quality of Service (QoS) of theprimary users, analytical results are provided which present atradeoff between maximum allowable number of simultaneouslyactive machine groups in a given cell and QoS of the primaryusers. Furthermore, we extend our derived solutions for theexisting cellular networks, propose a cooperation-incentive LTEscheduler, and present our simulation results in the context ofLTE. The simulation results show that the proposed solutionssignificantly prolong the network lifetime. Also, it is shown thatunder certain circumstances, reusing uplink resource by machinedevices can degrade the outage performance of the primary userssignificantly, and hence, coexistence management of machinedevices and cellular users is of paramount importance for nextgenerations of cellular networks in order to enable group-basedmachine-type communications while guaranteeing QoS for theprimary users.

  • 191.
    Azari, Amin
    et al.
    Wireless Multimedia Communications Laboratory, Center of Excellence on Applied Electromagnetic Systems, University of Tehran, Iran .
    Harsini, Jalil
    Lahouti, Farshad
    Performance Analysis of Ad-Hoc Routing in Heterogeneous Clustered Multi-hop Wireless Networks2015Ingår i: Computer Networks, ISSN 1389-1286, E-ISSN 1872-7069, Vol. 80, s. 144-154Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the performance of clustered decode-and-forward multi-hop relaying (CDFMR) wireless Rayleigh fading networks, and sheds light on their design principles for energy and spectral efficiency. The focus is on a general performance analysis (over all SNR range) of heterogeneous wireless networks with possibly different numbers of relays in clusters of various separations. For clustered multi-hop relaying systems, hop-by-hop routing is known as an efficient decentralized routing algorithm which selects the best relay node in each hop using local channel state information. In this article, we combine hop-by-hop routing and cooperative diversity in CDFMR systems, and we derive (i) a closed-form expression for the probability distribution of the end-to-end SNR at the destination node; (ii) the system symbol error rate (SER) performance for a wide class of modulation schemes; and (iii) exact analytical expressions for the system ergodic capacity, the outage probability and the achievable probability of the SNR (power) gain. We also provide simple analytical asymptotic expressions for SER and the outage probability in high SNR regime. Numerical results are provided to validate the correctness of the presented analyses.

  • 192.
    Azari, Amin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Miao, Guowang
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Battery Lifetime-Aware Base Station Sleeping Control with M2M/H2H Coexistence2016Ingår i: 2016 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2016 - Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016, artikel-id 7841624Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Fundamental tradeoffs in green cellular networkswith coexistence of machine-oriented and human-oriented trafficsare investigated. First, we present a queuing system to modelthe uplink transmission of a green base station which servestwo types of distinct traffics with strict requirements on delayand battery lifetime. Then, the energy-lifetime and energydelaytradeoffs are introduced, and closed-form expressions forenergy consumption of the base station, average experienceddelay in data transmission, and expected battery lifetime ofmachine devices are derived. Furthermore, we extend the derivedresults to the multi-cell scenario, and investigate the impacts ofsystem and traffic parameters on the energy-lifetime and energydelaytradeoffs using analytical and numerical results. Numericalresults show the impact of energy saving for the access network onthe introduced tradeoffs, and figure out the ways in which energycould be saved by compromising on the level of performance.

  • 193.
    Azari, Amin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Miao, Guowang
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS.
    Energy Efficient MAC for Cellular-Based M2M Communications2014Ingår i: Signal and Information Processing (GlobalSIP), 2014 IEEE Global Conference on, IEEE conference proceedings, 2014, s. 128-132Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Machine-to-Machine (M2M) networks, an energyefficient scalable medium access control (MAC) is crucial forserving massive battery-driven machine-type devices. In thispaper, we investigate the energy efficient MAC design to minimizebattery power consumption in cellular-based M2M communications.We present an energy efficient MAC protocol that notonly adapts contention and reservation-based protocols for M2Mcommunications in cellular networks, but also benefits frompartial clustering to handle the massive access problem. Then weinvestigate the energy efficiency and access capacity of contentionbasedprotocols and present an energy efficient contention-basedprotocol for intra-cluster communication of the proposed MAC,which results in huge power saving. The simulation results showthat the proposed MAC protocol outperforms the others in energysaving without sacrificing much delay or throughput. Also, thelifetimes of both individual nodes and the whole M2M networkare significantly extended.

  • 194.
    Azari, Amin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Miao, Guowang
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS.
    Fundamental Tradeoffs in Resource Provisioning forIoT Services over Cellular Networks2017Ingår i: Proceedings of the 2017 IEEE International Conference on Communications, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017, artikel-id 7996885Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Performance tradeoffs in resource provisioningfor mixed internet-of-things (IoT) and human-orientedcommunications(HoC) services over cellular networks are investigated.First, we present a low-complexity model of cellularconnectivity in the uplink direction in which both accessreservation and scheduled data transmission procedures areincluded. This model is employed subsequently in derivinganalytical expressions for energy efficiency, spectral efficiency,and experienced delay in data transmission of connected devicesas well as energy consumption of base stations. The derivedexpressions indicate that the choice of uplink resource provisioningstrategy introduces tradeoffs between battery lifetime forIoT communications, quality of service (QoS) for HoC, spectralefficiency and energy consumption for the access network. Then,the impacts of system and traffic parameters on the introducedtradeoffs are investigated. Performance analysis illustrates thatimproper resource provisioning for IoT traffic not only degradesQoS of high-priority services and decreases battery lifetime ofIoT devices, but also increases energy consumption of the accessnetwork. The presented analytical and simulations results figureout the ways in which spectral/energy efficiency for the accessnetwork and QoS for high-priority services could be traded toprolong battery lifetimes of connected devices by compromisingon the level of provisioned radio resources.

  • 195.
    Azari, Amin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Miao, Guowang
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS.
    Lifetime-Aware Scheduling and Power Control for Cellular-based M2M Communications2015Ingår i: Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), 2015 IEEE: , IEEE conference proceedings, 2015, s. 1171-1176Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the uplink scheduling and transmit powercontrol is investigated to minimize the energy consumption forbattery-driven devices deployed in cellular networks. A lifetimemetric based on the accurate energy consumption model for cellularbasedmachine devices is provided and used to formulate theuplink scheduling and power control problems as network lifetimemaximization problems. Then, lifetime-aware uplink scheduling andpower control protocols which maximize the overall network lifetimeare investigated based on the different lifetime definitions. Besidesthe exact solutions, the low-complexity suboptimal solutions arepresented in this work which can achieve near optimal performancewith much lower computational complexity. The performance evaluationshows that the network lifetime is significantly extended underproposed protocols.

  • 196.
    Azari, Amin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Centra, KTH Center för Trådlösa System, Wireless@kth.
    Miao, Guowang
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Centra, KTH Center för Trådlösa System, Wireless@kth.
    Lifetime-Aware Scheduling and Power Control for M2M Communications in LTE Networks2015Ingår i: Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), 2015 IEEE 81st, IEEE conference proceedings, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the scheduling and transmit powercontrol are investigated to minimize the energy consumptionfor battery-driven devices deployed in LTE networks. To enableefficient scheduling for a massive number of machine-typesubscribers, a novel distributed scheme is proposed to let machinenodes form local clusters and communicate with the base-stationthrough the cluster-heads. Then, uplink scheduling and powercontrol in LTE networks are introduced and lifetime-aware solu-tions are investigated to be used for the communication betweencluster-heads and the base-station. Beside the exact solutions,low-complexity suboptimal solutions are presented in this workwhich can achieve near optimal performance with much lowercomputational complexity. The performance evaluation showsthat the network lifetime is significantly extended using theproposed protocols.

  • 197.
    Azari, Amin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab). KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Centra, KTH Center för Trådlösa System, Wireless@kth.
    Miao, Guowang
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS.
    Network Life time Maximization for Cellular-Based M2M Networks2017Ingår i: IEEE Access, E-ISSN 2169-3536, Vol. 5, s. 18927-18940, artikel-id 8045999Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    High energy efficiency is critical for enabling massive machine-type communications (MTC) over cellular networks. This paper is devoted to energy consumption modeling, battery lifetime analysis, lifetime-aware scheduling, and transmit power control for massive MTC over cellular networks. We consider a realistic energy consumption model for MTC and model network battery-lifetime. Analytic expressions are derived to demonstrate the impact of scheduling on both the individual and network battery lifetimes. The derived expressions are subsequently employed in the uplink scheduling and transmit power control for mixed-priority MTC traffic in order to maximize the network lifetime. Besides the main solutions, low complexity solutions with limited feedback requirement are investigated, and the results are extended to existing LIE networks. In addition, the energy efficiency, spectral efficiency, and network lifetime tradeoffs in resource provisioning and scheduling for MTC over cellular networks are investigated. The simulation results show that the proposed solutions can provide substantial network lifetime improvement and network maintenance cost reduction in comparison with the existing scheduling schemes.

  • 198.
    Azari, Amin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Miao, Guowang
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS.
    Network Lifetime Maximization for Cellular-Based M2M Networks2017Ingår i: IEEE Access, E-ISSN 2169-3536Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    High energy efficiency is critical for enabling massivemachine-type communications (MTC) over cellular networks.This work is devoted to energy consumption modeling,battery lifetime analysis, lifetime-aware scheduling and transmitpower control for massive MTC over cellular networks. Weconsider a realistic energy consumption model for MTC andmodel network battery-lifetime. Analytic expressions are derivedto demonstrate the impact of scheduling on both the individualand network battery lifetimes. The derived expressions aresubsequently employed in uplink scheduling and transmit powercontrol for mixed-priority MTC traffic in order to maximizethe network lifetime. Besides the main solutions, low-complexitysolutions with limited feedback requirement are investigated,and the results are extended to existing LTE networks. Also,the energy efficiency, spectral efficiency, and network lifetimetradeoffs in resource provisioning and scheduling for MTC overcellular networks are investigated. The simulation results showthat the proposed solutions can provide substantial networklifetime improvement and network maintenance cost reductionin comparison with the existing scheduling schemes.

  • 199.
    Azfar, Abdullah
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS.
    Multiple Escrow Agents in VoIP2010Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med en nyckel förvaringsinstitut som tillsammans med Röst över IP (VoIP) kommunikation säkerställer att brottsbekämpande organ (LEAs) kan hämta sessionsnyckeln används för att kryptera data mellan två användare i en VoIP-session. Däremot har användningen av ett enda förvaringsinstitut visa nackdelar. En bedräglig begäran av en ond arbetstagare från LEA kan leda till otillbörligt röjande av en sessionsnyckel. Efter förvaringsinstitut avslöjar nyckeln detta onda person kunde fabricera uppgifter i enlighet med hans eller hennes behov och kryptera den igen (med rätt sessionsnyckel). I denna situation personer som deltar i kommunikationssession kan anklagas för brott som han eller hon eller de aldrig begått. Problemen med en enda förvaringsinstitut som blir ännu mer kritisk som ett misslyckande av förvaringsinstitut kan försena eller till och med gör det omöjligt att avslöja sessionsnyckeln, vilket förvaringsinstituten kanske inte kan följa en laglig domstolsbeslut eller uppfyller sina depositionsavtalets när det gäller data frisläppas i enlighet med detta avtal (till exempel för katastrofer).

    Detta examensarbete fokuserar på att förbättra tillgängligheten och tillförlitligheten i spärrade medel, samtidigt som god säkerhet. En sådan metod bygger på att dela upp sessionsnyckeln till M bitar och escrowing i bitar med M förvaringsinstituten. Använda tröskel kryptografi nyckeln kan genereras genom att samla alla N-out-of-M bitar. Värdet på M och N kan variera beroende på användarens roll. För en mycket sofistikerad session kan användaren definiera ett högre värde för M och N för förbättrad tillgänglighet, tillförlitlighet och säkerhet. För en mindre konfidentiell eller mindre viktigt session (telefonsamtal), kan värdet på M och N vara mindre. I avhandlingen analyseras den ökade tillgänglighet och ökad tillförlitlighet möjligt genom att använda flera spärrade medel.

  • 200.
    Azzolin de Carvalho Pires, Gustavo
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS.
    Multi-Cell Admission Control for WCDMA Networks2006Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det har länge varit känt att i multi-cellulära WCDMA nät så kan insläppandet av en ny användarei systemet ha en icke önskvärd effekt på intilliggande celler. Fastän insläppskontrollalgoritmer (AC)som tar hänsyn till sådana multi-cellulära effekter har studerats tidigare, så har endast begränsaduppmärksamhet ägnatsåt multi-cellulär insläpps- och bittaktskontrollalgoritmer när trafiken är elastisk.I detta arbete föreslår vi en modell för WCDMA-nät med multipla celler och multipla tjänster ochsom är applicerbar för studier av av hur multi-cellulär insläpps- och bittaktskontroll inverkar påviktiga prestandamått som klassvisa spärr- och utslagningssannolikheter, blockfelssannolikheter, ochsannolikheten för överträdande av tillåten interferensnivå. Med simuleringar jämför vi prestanda förlastbaserade multi-cellalgoritmer med prestanda för singel-cellalgoritmer. Vi har funnit att med multicellalgoritmerså är systemskapacitetet och prestanda (i termer av tidigare nämnda mått) i några fallbetydligt bättre i homogena lastscenarier, samt i heterogena lastscenarier av typerna ’hotspot’ och’hotround’.

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