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  • 151.
    Becker, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Performing the News2013In: Photographies, ISSN 1754-0763, E-ISSN 1754-0771, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 17-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Photographs of non-professionals taking pictures are a common feature of contemporary journalism. Drawing on theories of photography as performance and ritual, this article addresses what it means when professionals include these photographing “others” in their images ofnews events. It argues that the image of the amateur, performing photography in the news, shifts and destabilizes journalistic discourse. Using examples from the daily press, the article accounts for these “meta-pictures” as a manifestation of participatory visual culture dating from 9/11, examines specific ways they challenge the authority of the professional andconsiders how they alter the significance of the media event.

  • 152.
    Becker, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Kautsky, Robert
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Widholm, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Watching Football in the Fan Park: Mediatization, Spectatorship and Fan Identity2014In: The Ashgate Research Companion to Fan Cultures / [ed] Linda Duits, Koos Zwaan, Stijn Reijnders, Burlington VT: Ashgate, 2014, p. 275-288Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The football fan park, originally a surrogate stadium for fans without tickets, has now become a live venue in its own right, and a new arena in the culture of football fandom. In these sites of exceptionally high media density, football fan identities become increasingly flexible and mobile as participants in these venues interact with an increasingly mediatized social environment. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork carried out in FIFA Fan Parks during the 2010 World Cup, we argue that the fan park, as a mediatized space, has become a site where fan identities are constructed in new ways, facilitating a cosmopolitan understanding of football.

  • 153.
    Becker, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Tovar, Patricia
    Awakening the past, Expressing the present: Stories of photography, migration and belief in a Mexican village2014In: Photographic Powers: Helsinki Photomedia 2014 / [ed] Mika Elo, Marko Karo, Helsinki: Aalto University , 2014, p. 308-333Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How may the practice of photography shift ways of looking at oneself and at one's community? Can creating visual narratives also support reexamining the past, whereby old pictures and other objects gain new significance? This article addresses these questions in a study of several workshops on transmedial storytelling in the town of St. Ana Zegache, Oaxaca, Mexico. We chose photography as the primary medium for the workshops, based on our interest in the visual vernacular and the relative ease of using simple cameras to acquire first-person accounts of everyday experience. We did not anticipate that participants would seize the opportunity to work across media, to include other objects and images, weaving alternative histories into their stories.

    We found that telling stories through photographs opened possibilities for some participants to reinterpret experiences of the self in relation to place, community and beliefs. This became ‘empowering’ in the moment when each person presented his or her story, sharing this reinterpretation with other workshop participants, simultaneously re-enacting his or her place within the community. Examples included experiences of migration, familial relations, and their own creative practice.

    Old photographs and objects, as repositories of histories and memories, acquired new dimensions when incorporated into contemporary stories.  Participants also reflected on the value of their narratives beyond the immediate community, to people elsewhere who would be interested in the culture of Zegache, and ‘how we live here.’ They saw the digital interface as a network offering the possibility of sharing their stories with an audience from afar. The reflexive power of photography in this context revealed the image as multidimensional, beyond visual representation, encompassing both individual and collective experience.

  • 154.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Freaks of Time: Reevaluating Memory and Identity through Daniel Knauf's Carnivale2012In: Time in Television Narrative: Exploring Temporality in Twenty-First-Century Programming / [ed] Melissa Ames, University Press of Mississippi, 2012, p. 178-189Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Belinskaya, Yulia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Outdoor Advertising and Gender Differences: Factors Influencing Perception and Attitudes2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis examines attitudes towards outdoor advertising, with strong emphasis on gender-based differences. The research intends to reveal the most influencing factors, including gender, format, different images and recall. Earlier researchers have argued that females are inclined to rate advertisements more positively than men. Five different, but interconnected studies, one content analysis and four surveys, were implicated in order to measure the responses to advertising. It is further suggested that positive attitude towards outdoor advertising affects the purchase intent. The theme of sexualised advertising is also discussed within this research. After detailed examination of the advertisements in the centre of St. Petersburg it was concluded that females’ rating is considerably more positive compared to males in the situation of high processing opportunity. However, men were more positive when respondents were asked about more general attitudes to outdoor advertising. Recall of advertising was studied within the field settings and showed that women indeed demonstrate better visual memory. Such factors as format, content were proved to have influence on the recall. In addition, different visual preferences were tested within one study. The findings prove that gender differences in perception of outdoor advertising do exist and should be taken into consideration by advertisers in order to raise the effectiveness of advertising campaigns.

  • 156.
    Bellak, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Bellak, Susanna
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Responsiv Webbdesign: En studie av två responsiva gränssnitt2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The market for new devices is expanding, while older devices and browsers still remains. This makes it problematic for designers and developers to know what screen size and device that is used by the visitor. Previously , this has often been handled by creating a separate mobile site , but since we are no longer limited to a few screen sizes , this becomes untenable. The designer / developer then would have to create different web pages for all devices. One popular solution to this is responsive web design, which is based on a flexible and dynamic interface that automatically adapts to the visitor's screen size. Although responsive web design has had a major impact on the web , it is still a new area which is reflected in the lack of research on the subject. The rapid development of the area has also led to that the designers and developers have had to quickly adapt interfaces and techniques as they no longer work for all user situations.

    The purpose of our study was to increase the understanding about responsive web design, and how this can be adapted to improve the usability and user experience . We have chosen to evaluate different, responsive interface to find guidelines that can be the basis for future, responsive web pages. Our research question is therefore :

    "How can responsive design be optimized for an improved user experience and greater usability?"

    The main findings in our study is partly that it is very important that the user perceives the website as consistent and recognize both the design of aesthetic elements and the interface, regardless of platform. We were also able to say that it is important for the designer / developer to prioritize the content and maintain margins and distance even on the smaller screens, allowing users to create a good overview and therefore get a better user experience

  • 157.
    Bendroth Karlsson, Marie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Art education and Educational drama.
    Karlsson Häikiö, TarjaGöteborgs universitet.
    Bild, konst och medier för yngre barn: kulturella redskap och pedagogiska perspektiv2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är en pedagogisk balansakt att ta del av barns perspektiv och i rätt ögonblick utmana dem så att de utifrån egna intressen kan lära sig mer om olika gestaltningsformer och om den visuella kultur de lever i. Att barn idag erövrar en visuell läskunnighet är lika angeläget som att de får en verbal- och skriftspråklig kompetens.

    Med denna antologi vill vi erbjuda kulturella redskap och pedagogiska perspektiv för att arbeta med bild och konst i förskolan, men också på fritidshem och i skolans tidiga år. Det pedagogiska arbetet med bild, konst och medier har olika aspekter – sociala, kunskapsmässiga, kommu­nikativa och konstnärliga. Vi menar att samtliga är betydelse­fulla och att det är viktigt att ingen av dessa aspekter hamnar i skuggan. De senare årens fokus på visualitet, visuell kultur, estetiska lärprocesser och lärande om, i, genom och med konst behöver diskuteras ytterligare i relation till yngre barn. Med exempel från olika projekt och aktiviteter diskuterar vi hur arbetet med bild i vid mening kan vara både lekfullt, meningsskapande, lärande och problematiskt.

  • 158.
    Bengtner, Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    The Cambodian Curse: A field study on the role of journalists in modern Cambodia2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The title enlightens the difficulties of democratic transition that Cambodia experiences post Khmer Rouge. Media in transitional democracies is often described as a forced compromise between what is ideal and what is actually possible. This thesis aims to understand how political agency and technological advances have affected journalistic agency in a transitional democracy. Three research questions were decided upon: How do journalists in Cambodia perceive their role in a democratic transition? What restrictions and limitations do journalistic practices face in Cambodia? And how do journalists in Cambodia perceive the impact of social media on democratic development?

    A field study was conducted in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. For ten weeks, eight editors and journalists currently active in Cambodia were interviewed and observed in their working environment. Normative media theory and developmental democracy theory have been used to analyze and understand the material that was generated through a combination of unstructured observations and semi-structured qualitative research interviews.

    Important findings were that the complicated structures of transitional democracies make journalists take on different roles, from very collaborative to extremely radical. Their different stand on journalistic practices is a mixture of their own choice and the force of historical, political and social constraints. Political power players treat them differently, which further separates them and has led to a segregated journalistic community. Even though they seem to share the same fundamental ideal of what journalism should be journalists are therefor unlikely to cooperate.

    Social media has been a catalyst for change in democratic development in Cambodia. By offering a place for uncensored conversations it has given the opposition access to media. Social media has brought along many new dilemmas though and is probably more beneficial to journalistic development than to democratic development. There is a lack of tolerance of diversity in Cambodia due to the fragile state of democratic transition. Therefor the immediate and unrestricted ways of expression in social media partially works against creating the social capital necessary for consolidation – fully completed democratization.

  • 159.
    Bengtsson, Bengt
    Högskolan i Gävle, Ämnesavdelningen för medier, kommunikation och film.
    Filmen i Gävleborgs län2006In: Medierade offentligheter och identitet / [ed] Hammar, Björn, Gävle: Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Högskolan i Gävle , 2006, p. 100-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 160.
    Bengtsson, Bengt
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Film studies.
    Åsén Ekstrand, EvaUniversity of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Media and communication studies.
    Spår och spridning: perspektiv på internet2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det tog 50 år innan internet började att mer allmänt användas. Femtio år tog det också för radion och televisionen. Hur skall man få en överblick och distans till det globala fenomen som just nu pågår och som vi alla är en del av? Ett sätt är att placera de nuvarande händelserna i ett längre perspektiv. Att dra trådarna bakåt och försöka se internet i ett något större sammanhang, för att både kunna upptäcka vad som är gemensamt med äldre medier och vad som är unikt för just internet.

    Spår och spridning är de två nyckelord som fångar de olika perspektiv som författarna representerar. Humanistiska och samhällsvetenskapliga perspektiv, samtida och flydda tiders medieanvändning, i arkiv, film och i pressen. Nätet som både politisk arena och vardaglig förströelse. Hur ska vi se på det fenomen som vi kallar internet?

  • 161.
    Bengtsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Nilsson, Annika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Kärlek – hetare än någonsin: En studie av förändringen i Fridas sex- och kärleksrapportering mellan år 1991 och 20122013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    In Swedish shops today there are a lot of magazines aimed at teenagers, which fight for young girls’ attention. These teenage-magazines are one of the most important sources for young girls to get information about sex and love-relationships; therefor it’s important how these magazines portray it. 

    We have examined how the magazine Frida has portrayed sex and love-relationships from 1991 until today. The way sex and love-relationships are portrayed in Frida’s articles affect the young readers in their process of building an identity. 

    Using a combined rhetoric- and discourse analysis we found that the main focus in Frida is for the reader to have a love-relationship with a guy, instead of a physical sex-relationship. Frida uses all the rhetorical tools to convince their readers that what they are telling them is the right way to think and behave. 

  • 162.
    Bengtsson, Petter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Monika Djerf-Pierre & Mats Ekström (red.), A history of Swedish broadcasting: Communivative ethos, genres and institutional change (Göteborg: Nordicom 2013). 379 s. Juhanni Wiio (red.), Den finska televisionens milstolpar: Program och progamproduktion under fem årtionden (Göteborg: Nordicom 2014). 249 s.2016In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 136, no 1, p. 125-128Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 163.
    Bengtsson, Stina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Digital distinctions: Mechanisms of difference in digital media use2015In: MedieKultur: Journal of Media and Communication Research, ISSN 0900-9671, E-ISSN 1901-9726, Vol. 31, no 58, p. 30-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to understand the distinctive mechanisms of digital media use, seen in relation to cultural practices at large. The empirical material is a survey study of university students at the Business Administration, Media and Communication Stud-ies, Political Science and Philosophy departments at Södertörn University, Sweden. The empirical analysis deals with the students’ digital media use and preferences, and how these are related to their broader cultural practices and preferences. Spe-cific attention is paid to the webpages the students mention in the survey, and how these are distributed among the groups. By showing detailed information on these areas, the mechanisms of difference of digital media use are revealed.

  • 164.
    Bengtsson, Stina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ethics Exists in Communication: Human‐machine ethics beyond the Actor‐Network2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The growing governance of algorithms and the rapid emergence of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the ‘Internet of Things’, has intensified discussions about the relationship between humans and machines, and the ethics of everyday life with technologies. It raises questions such as: How should we live with technologies? Can humans still make decisions? The earlier taken for granted authority of humans is clearly debatable, and sometimes also dismissed, particularly within Actor Network Theory (ANT). In this paper, I look into the basic premises of the ethics of ANT, explore suggested ethical perspectives within ANT such as ‘disclosive’ ethics, and continue by penetrating the relation between agency and ethics, as well as between morality and ethics in ANT. ANT is further discussed as on the one hand a sociological perspective and on the other hand an ethical approach. Based on this analysis I propose the anthropological perspective of an ‘ethics of the ordinary’ as a possible way to learn from the basic premises of ANT while maintaining a human notion of ethics in a technology‐conflated culture.

  • 165.
    Bengtsson, Stina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Media and Communication Studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Imagined used modes: Media morality in everyday life2012In: International journal of cultural studies, ISSN 1367-8779, E-ISSN 1460-356X, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 181-196Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 166.
    Bengtsson, Stina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Janne Seppänen & Esa Väliverronen: Mediesamhället2013In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, no 1-2Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 167.
    Bengtsson, Stina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The presentation of self in a virtual world: Working in Second Life2016In: Virtual Workers and the Global Labour Market / [ed] Juliet Webster and Keith Randle, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, 1, p. 219-237Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 168.
    Bengtsson, Stina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Media and Communication Studies.
    Virtual Technologies of the Nation-State: State Administration in Second Life2012In: Cultural Technologies: The Shaping of Culture in Media and Society / [ed] Göran Bolin, London: Routledge, 2012, p. 170-188Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 169.
    Bengtsson, Towe
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Källen, Matilda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Från granskare till guide: om medborgarjournalistikens och deltagarkulturens påverkan på svenska journalisters professionella identitet2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: From inspectors to guides: how citizen journalism and participatory culture

    affect the professional identity of Swedish journalists (Swedish title: Från granskare

    till guide: om medborgarjournalistikens och deltagarkulturens påverkan på svenska

    journalisters professionella identitet).

    Number of pages: 44 (48 including enclosures).

    Authors: Towe Bengtsson and Matilda Källén.

    Tutor: Amelie Hössjer.

    Course: Media and Communication Studies C.

    Period: Fall 2011.

    University: Division of Media and Communication, Department of Informatics and

    Media, Uppsala University.

    Purpose/Aim: The goal of this paper was to answer how citizen journalism and

    participatory journalism as well as an increasing range of information today have

    affected the professional identity and professional lives of journalists. In addition to

    this, study how journalists today respond to these changes.

    Material/Method: The study is based on Deuze’s theories about journalistic ideals,

    Jenkins’ theories about convergence culture, and on theories about professionalization

    and de-professionalization based on Nygren, Wiik and Torstendahl’s theories. The

    study is based on eight interviews with professional journalists, four employed

    journalists and four freelance journalists. The results are analysed based on a broad

    theoretical framework.

    Main results: The results of this survey show that the role of the professional

    journalist is extremely complex, with a strong ideological basis that fundamentally

    influences the journalist's view of the profession and of him- or herself. The survey

    shows that the journalist role is changing and how important the identification as a

    journalist still is. Furthermore, the survey shows that the role is being redefined. The

    role consists of two levels, an ideological level and a more practical level. The survey

    shows how these two levels are in harmony, but also on a collision course, and how

    journalists seek to clarify their ideology to distinguish themselves from others, but

    also how they actually adapt the ideals on a more practical level.

    In summary, despite a de-professionalization of the profession, the journalists keep

    the journalistic ideals very high, although they constantly redefine their role, as well

    as the ideals. They see their role as an aid to guide the readers, rather than a traditional

    journalist, although they still cling to a traditional perception of the ideal journalist.

  • 170.
    Bennett, Samuel
    et al.
    Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.
    ter Wal, Jessika
    Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Lipinski, Artur
    Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.
    Fabiszak, Malgrzata
    Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.
    Krzyzanowski, Michal
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The representation of third country nationals in european news discourse: journalistic perceptions and practices2013In: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 248-265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on semi-structured interviews with journalists in six European countries, this article examines the extent to which the findings of recent literature about the representation of migrants in European media content are reflected in the perceptions of journalists themselves about the way in which migrants are represented in the media discourses produced by their outlets. It finds that the four key findings of the literature were by and large confirmed, namely inaccurate group labelling and designation, negative or victimised representation, underrepresentation of migrants in quotations, and the scarce reference to a wider European context. Finally, the article discusses media professionals’ self-reported awareness about general professional ethics versus diversity-specific ethics, and about the way in which their outlets cover news involving ‘‘new’’ immigrants, i.e. nationals of non-European Union countries residing in the European Union, and examines the differences between media practices and perceptions in ‘‘old’’ and ‘‘new’’ immigration countries.

    For a full explanation of the methodology of the research project, please see the introduction in this themed section: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2012.740213.

  • 171.
    Bergenheim, Fannie
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Barnboksskrivande: - En kvalitativ studie om framställande ochpublicering av barnböcker2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how a children's book is suggested to be prepared in order to be accepted for publication by a publishing house in Sweden today.

    My questions was first to clarify the concept of a "children's book". Secondly, to understand if there are any guidelines to follow regarding the design and illustration of a children´s book, and how to proceed with the best chances of getting a mauscript published.

    To answer the question, I have chosen to use a qualitative method containing questionnaire items involving eleven Swedish publishers of children's literature.

    My results show that children's books includes all literature that has an target audience of people between 0-18 years of age. The most important thing is that the book's material is appropriate to the target group's level of mental perceptions and emotional competence. The material which then is submitted to the publisher will need to be of the highest quality and the author must investigate a consistent niche in order to submit the material to a publisher.

  • 172.
    Berglez, Peter
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Global journalism: theory and practice2013 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent instances of global crisis reporting on climate change and the financial crisis are early embryos of a new form of journalism that is increasingly needed in global times: global journalism. Instead of associating global journalism with national comparisons of media systems or defining it as an ethically «corrective» form of journalism, Peter Berglez sets out to develop the idea of global journalism as an epistemological updating of everyday mainstream news media. He theoretically understands and explains global journalism as a concrete practice, which can be applied in research, training, and reporting. He argues that the future of professional news journalism is about leaving behind the dominant national outlook for the sake of a more integrated(global) outlook on society. Emerging examples of global journalism are analyzed throughout the book alongside the historical background and the challenges it faces.

  • 173.
    Berglez, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Kritisk diskursanalys2019In: Metoder i medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap / [ed] M. Ekström & B. Johansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 3, p. 225-254Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Berglez, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Smileys Without Borders: A Critique of Transboundary Interaction Between Politicians, Journalists and PR practitioners on Social Media2018In: TripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 18-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to contribute a critical theoretical understanding of cross-professional relations on social media, focusing on politicians, journalists and PR practitioners. It is well known that these professional groups establish personal and close relations in offline contexts, but more attention needs to be paid to the role of social media. Here, it is argued that in the context of digital media use, semi-private chatting, humour, and mutual acknowledgment, including the use of likes, smileys, heart symbols, etc., are evidence of a ‘neoliberalisation’ of cross-professional relations. The underlying idea is that the common practice of self-branding undermines representations of professional belonging and exacerbates the blurring of professional boundaries. The critical conceptualisation of such ‘transboundary’ interaction between politicians, journalists and PR practitioners, which is guided by a culturalmaterialist approach, includes the presentation of examples deriving from the Swedish Twittersphere, and suggestions for empirical research.

  • 175.
    Berglez, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Time for the rise of global journalism2018In: Watchdog for the future: the journalist as pioneer of a new global narrative, Stockholm: Global Challenges Foundation , 2018, p. 53-57Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 176.
    Berglez, Peter
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Foreign, domestic, and cultural factors in climate change reporting: Swedish media's coverage of wildfires in three continents2019In: Environmental Communication: A Journal of Nature and Culture, ISSN 1752-4032, E-ISSN 1752-4040, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 381-394Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines domestic media’s coverage of foreign wildfires from a climate change perspective. It explores Swedish newspapers’ coverage of wildfires in Australia, the Mediterranean region and the USA during a three-year period (February 2013–March 2016), focusing on how and to what extent climate change is viewed as an underlying cause. A central result is that climate change is mentioned far more often in the case of Australian wildfires than of fires in the other two regions. Another finding is that the climate change issue became more prominent after a severe domestic wildfire in 2014. These observations are also examined qualitatively through a combined frame and discourse study where the importance of foreign news values, the use of foreign sources, cultural proximity/distance, and domestication procedures are analyzed. In conclusion, foreign, domestic, and cultural factors in climate change reporting in relation to extreme events are further discussed.

  • 177.
    Berglund, Emil
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Idemark, Oscar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Zlatan Ibrahimovic och Cristiano Ronaldo: En studie om hur olika länders tidningar skriver om Sveriges och Portugals nationalhjältar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this C-essay examines how football players Zlatan Ibrahimovic and Cristiano Ronaldo depicts in different countries media, especially newspapers and web sites. To our help we have used the theories of national stereotypes, the National Sporting Heroes, sporting stars in sports journalism and the theory of news values ​​and media logic. We have made qualitative textual analysis of newspaper and internet articles from seven different countries and made a depth interview with Johanna Frändén, journalist Sportbladet and Swedish Television. The results show that there may be a distinct differences in how a person or event depicted in different countries. Essential factors may be that a newspaper clearly support a national team or a club or uses the national stereotypes surrounding opponents and themselves.

  • 178.
    Bergman, Anders
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Hjältar finns de?: En studie av journalistens roll i våra berättelser2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur journalisten framställs i berättelsen och hur rollen som hjälte reflekteras. Jag har valt att avgränsa mig till två texter, Alexandra Pascalidous dokumentärserie Vi kallas tiggare (2016) och Johan Persson och Martin Schibbye reportagebok 438 dagar (2013). Det teoretiska ramverket som tillämpas i första hand av analysen är filmvetenskaplig teori, retorikteori samt arketypstudie. Genom komparativ metod kommer de båda texterna att analyseras och jämföras. Koppling till filmberättelser kommer att ackompanjera undersökningen. Resultatet av undersökningen fastslår att det finns starka kopplingar till det traditionella berättelserna och Hollywoodfilmens hjälte.

  • 179.
    Bergsten, Kevin
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    CARL MICHAEL BELLMAN - En remediering2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta examensarbete skapades illustrationer och modeller i digital 3D-grafik, föreställande den svenske skalden Carl Michael Bellman (1740 - 1795). Förebild för arbetet var en 2D-bild i detta fall Per Krafft d.ä:s (1724 - 1793) målning av Bellman från 1779. Arbetet utfördes med föresatsen att åstadkomma en så realistisk återgivning av en verklig karaktär som var rimligt tidsmässigt. Den modellerade karaktären poserades och renderades i flera bilder. Den praktiska delen av arbetet resulterade alltså i en remediering av en målning till digital 3D-grafik. Remedieringarna av karaktären Bellman utformades för att användas i en undersökning som syftade till att studera följande: Vilken typ av komplikationer skulle remediering av kulturarv kunna innebära? Om det finns komplikationer, är dessa i så fall olika beroende på syftet med den realistiska gestaltningen, exempelvis om den utförs i undervisnings- eller underhållningssammanhang? Studien utvärderades via en kvalitativ undersökning, med frågor till tre informanter vilka arbetar som museipedagog (konst- och kulturhistoriker), antikvarie (arkeolog) samt författare/journalist (medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap). Undersökningsresultatet redovisas i en diskuterande text där även en diskussion förs om framtida arbete.

  • 180.
    Bergvall, Fanny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Ekot av normerna: En diskursanalytisk studie av hur kön konstrueras i Dagens Ekos nyhetssändningar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden’s most trusted news distributor, Sveriges Radio (Swedish Public Service radio broadcaster), has high ambitions with the journalism it broadcasts – especially when it comes to gender equality and diversity. This thesis examines how gender is constructed in Dagens Eko (Today’s Echo) to find if and how power structures are expressed language-wise. Queer theory is used to look at how gender is constructed and how one can look at, and question, gender and gender hierarchies. Intersectionality is used to find how different power structures work together, combined with theories about how journalism constructs truth. At the same time the thesis is also evaluating different choices of theories and methods, to find strengths and weaknesses for future research purposes. 

    The analysis is based on materials from domestic news segments from Dagens Eko, consisting of one week’s broadcasts in January 2015. Critical linguistics is used as a method, with emphasis on Halliday’s functional grammar, as a part of Fairclough’s three-layer model. Through the eye of critical discourse analysis, this study shows that gender is constructed through language, more specifically via categorization and stereotyping. The thesis conducts that the use of so called cases, people who are in the news segments to give a more human perspective on the subject, is problematic because this is as also a way of efficiently constructing stereotypes. The thesis also concludes that while using statistics to present more equal representation in the news, this is not enough.

  • 181.
    Bergérus, Erik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Karlsson, Harald
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Inbrott eller besök?: En experimentell studie av narrativ varseblivning genom spelmekanisk interaktion2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the connection between mechanical interaction in a digital game and the narrative perception of the player, and thereby whether one and the same digital game sequence is perceived as thematically and narratively different based on available interactions and their degree of granularity. By executing a user test and allowing two groups of participants to experience and evaluate a game sequence with different degrees of granularity in their core mechanics, we have aquired the self-reflective experiences of the participants through subsequent interviews. The result of this shows a correlation between the granularity of the interaction phase and the subjective perception and narrative understanding of the digital game sequence. When the player is offered mechanical conditions that enables peeking through a door before opening it, the participant's perception of the relation between player character and location changes in a way that colors the overall understanding of the scenario. The study reaches the conclusion that game mechanical interaction in a digital game is a strong semiotic information carrier and that the possibilites of extended use of thorough granularity in games creates new narrative possiblites in interactive experiences. Research on narrative aspects of game mechanics are currently very limited and we see this study as part of a foundation for further and more extensive research within the field.

  • 182.
    Berholt, Minne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Olander, Yasmine
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Ungdomar och Facebook: En studie om en grupp gymnasieelevers användning av Facebook2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:To study the everyday use of Facebook among high school students in order to gain a deeper understanding of Facebooks possibility to motivate and activate interaction and how this tool is given different purposes and alternative meaning in users self-presentation. With this information we aim to explain how the phenomena Facebook impacts the interaction between people and examples can be defined by how the users communicate and interact witheach other online and how they choose to present themselves in a desirable way on their profiles. Material and method:By netnografi. The material in this study consist of non-participating hidden observations on seven high school students and their use of the social media tool Facebook. We used the approach qualitative observation with the justification that this grant us the opportunity to approach the real behaviour of the users without disturbing the sequence of event. Main results: The conclusion of this study is that youths everyday use of Facebook consists of sharing videos and links more than updated information about what they are doing. Friends are more responsible for the activity on the users Facebook profile. Social spheres are the answer to the users neutral posts. The students were members in several groups were the majority of the activity took place. The interaction between the users took place in the group-tool were the students interacted with like minded people who shared the same interest and communicated with the similar language patterns.

  • 183.
    Berr, Katharina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Slaves to our Screens?: A Critical Approach to Self-Regulation of Smartphone Use at the Example of Apple’s Screen Time Feature2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The increasingly ubiquitous role of smartphones in our everyday lives causes concerns regarding our relationship with the devices. While some raise the question whether smartphones are addictive (Alter 2017; Lopez-Fernandez 2019), others regard this concern as the most recent manifestation of moral panics (Cashmore, Cleland & Dixon 2018; Leick 2019). Meanwhile advocates of the attention economy argument claim that the problem is the design of technology occupying users’ attention (CHT 2019a-d). Somewhere in between, media and communication studies search for empirical evidence.

    From this vantage point of ideas this study explores the role of Screen Time, shaping and being shaped by this discourse. As a feature of Apple’s iOS software it is supposed to support users in regulating their smartphone use. Applying the walkthrough method as proposed by Light, Burgess & Duguay (2018) combined with an analysis of user experiences, shows how the technology company shapes a concept of self-regulation for users to adopt to. A concept, which first and foremost follows corporate and not the users’ best interest.

    This thesis poses the the question whether we are slaves to our screens, but arrives at the conclusion that we carry chains of self-regulation. The question remains, how we can create more sustainable and meaningful environments for protecting our attention.

  • 184.
    Bertilsson, Emma
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Apotekskedjornas visuella kommunikation: En jämförande studie av butiksmiljöer och dess kommersiella attribut2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats rör de fyra största svenska apotekskedjorna och dess visuella kommunikation samt användning av kommersiella attribut. Med visuell kommunikation menas här det budskap som sänds ut till kunden genom butiksutformningen och som kunden kan uppfatta med sina sinnen, exempelvis färgval, exponerade produkter och personalens bemötande. Dessa attribut kan sedan användas på kommersiella vis i den mån att man till exempel vill locka till sig en speciell målgrupp eller sälja extra mycket av en specifik vara, exempelvis genom specialexponering eller genomtänkt placering av produkter. De frågor som besvaras i denna uppsats berör vilka visuella attribut apoteken använder sig av, hur dessa visuella attribut skiljer sig åt från kedja till kedja samt hur kommersiella attribut används. Genom standardiserade observationer baserade på empirisk forskning, rörande visuella och kommersiella attribut som har en bevisad effekt på kunden, utfördes observationerna på Apoteket AB, Apoteksgruppen, Apoteket Hjärtat samt Apoteket Kronan. Syftet med observationerna var att får en upplevelse likt den kunden kan tänkas få när denna kliver in i butiken. Observationerna gav ett resultat som påvisade att apotekskedjorna skilde sig åt i användandet av kommersiella och visuella attribut. Detta gav upphov till ett analyskapitel där teorier rörande hur de olika attributen bör kategoriseras och vidare hur dessa kategorier bör vara i symbios och således kommunicera ett enhetligt budskap till kunden. Det kunde sedan konstateras att Apoteket Kronan, Apoteket AB samt Apoteksgruppen inte kommunicerade ett enhetligt budskap till kunden via sin visuella kommunikation. Personalen i dessa apotekskedjor kommunicerade inte, vid observationens tillfälle, samma budskap till kunden som de materiella attributen gjorde. Apoteket Hjärtat ansågs dock inte ha detta problem, däremot diskuteras huruvida deras visuella kommunikation och därmed den tänkta målgruppen är för bred. Apoteket Hjärtat erbjuder många varierande tjänster i kombination med, för ett apotek icke-typisk, visuell kommunikation och detta kan antas skapa förvirring.

     

  • 185.
    Bevort, Marianne
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, Institutionen för Bildpedagogik (BI).
    Världen som vi ser den: En undersökning om hur vi läser trovärdighet i andefotografier2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning handlar om olika sätt att titta på och uppfatta fotografier. Frågeställningen tar upp hur vi läser av trovärdighet i ett fotografi. Undersökningen tar upp olika synsätt och faktorer som kan påverka fotografiers trovärdighets som till exempel hur fotografiets teknik och dess koppling till det avbildade påverkar hur vi ser på fotografier. Eller till exempel hur möjligheten att bearbeta fotografier påverkar trovärdigheten. Temat i undersökningen är fotografier på spöken och andar. Just dessa fotografier visar tydligt att vårt förhållningssätt till det avbildade påverkar hur vi ser på fotografierna och detta gör det svårt att fastställa om fotografierna är äkta eller inte. Vi ställs alltså inför frågan om vi kan tro på dessa fotografier eller inte. I undersökningen låter jag ett medium, en fototeknisk expert och en grupp elever i gymnasiet uttala sig om dessa bilder för att få fram olika synsätt och uppfattningar om fotografier. Fotografier är de bilder vi har flest av i vårt samhälle idag och de används i olika sammanhang och har olika funktioner. Vi behöver fundera över vad vi använder fotografier till och vad vi har för syn på fotografier.Gestaltningen tar upp frågan om vilken koppling fotografier har till verkligheten. Vad uppfattas som verkligt och hur kan ett fotografi visa verkligheten, eller vara en bild av verkligheten? Denna fråga tas upp genom att låta betraktaren jämföra olika fotografier av samma motiv. Jag har fotograferat samma miljö med ett vanligt objektiv och genom ett infrarött filter. Genom ett infrarött filter får vi se en bild av världen som visar det vi inte kan se med våra egna ögon. Gestaltningen tar även upp frågan om hur vi kan granska fotografier. Negativ har setts som ett original till fotokopian som ger möjlighet att granska fotografier, vilket inte går att göra på samma sätt med digitala bilder. Därför får betraktaren en chans att se fotografier med tillhörande negativ och avgöra om fotografiet blir mer trovärdigt då.Resultatet av undersökningen visar att det i slutändan är upp till betraktaren att avgöra om ett fotografi känns trovärdigt, även om det finns en mängd faktorer som påverkar trovärdigheten som till exempel tekniken, kontexten, bildskaparen och det som faktiskt avbildas och hur.

  • 186.
    Bi, Chun
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Cultural Characteristics in China's Official Online Tourism Advertisements2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism advertising is an important approach in providing information about tourism destinations and in attracting potential customers, and in this process, particular cultural factors are usually conveyed. In this thesis, the main intention was to describe the cultural factors reflected in advertising and discover the role that Chinese cultural identity plays in China’s official Internet tourism advertisements to overseas markets using a theoretical framework of diverse cultural issues. The objects of this study are the official tourism advertisements from China National Tourist Office’s (CNTO) websites.

    The author researched Chinese cultural characteristics and tried to connect them with the expressional tendencies in tourism advertisements. Using a quantitative content analysis method, the most frequent cultural symbol in advertising was discovered as the basis and general image of the online tourism advertisements. Then the author discussed the external manifestations of cultural factors in tourism advertising in detail and analysed the internal cultural values behind them using the qualitative discourse analysis method. The main conclusions of this study indicated that the most representative cultural characteristic of Chinese culture in tourism advertising is a high-context cultural feature; in addition, at present traditional ideology in Chinese society, such as Confucianism and Taoism, was still being conveyed in tourism advertising. In general, Chinese cultural traditions influenced tourism advertising expressions, both in external manifestations and internal connotations.

  • 187. Bilandzic, Helena
    et al.
    Carpentier, Nico
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
    Patriarche, Geoffroy
    Ponte, Cristina
    Schrøder, Kim
    Vossen, Emilie
    Zeller, Frauke
    Overview of European Audience Research. Research report from the COST Action IS0906 Transforming Audiences, Transforming Societies2011Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The state of audience research in European countries is not yet properly charted due to the fragmented and varied nature of the field. Obtaining an overview was both an objective of the Action in its own right, and a precondition of other achievements. For the first meeting of the Working Groups (WG) in Lisbon (November 11-13, 2010), the Steering Group (SG) of the Action invited the members to submit short national essays that review existing and emerging audience research in their respective countries. The reviews could be theoretical, topical, methodological, empirical or institutional. Most of them were presented in the WG sessions of the Lisbon meeting. The SG requested some revisions or additional essays in order to better cover the countries for which the essays where too focused, or to cover the countries that were not represented at all. In total, 58 essays covering the 30 participating countries were delivered and are available on the Action website at: http://www.cost-transforming-audiences.eu. This research report brings together these 59 essays as well as a tentative synthesis in the concluding section.

  • 188.
    Birgersson, David
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    SKRÄCK OCH AVSKY: Att framkalla stötande känslor i skräck2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka i vilken grad olika fysiska avvikelser kring en humanoids ögon/syn kan framkalla stötande känslor, de fysiska avvikelser som undersöks är: sjukdom, stympning och mutation. Studien byggde bland annat kring teorier kopplade till attraktivitet och hälsa och undersökte hur man kan använda ohälsa för att väcka stötande känslor.Inför studien skapades totalt åtta porträtt, en för varje fysisk avvikelse samt kön. En enkät skickades sedan ut till män och kvinnor i åldrarna 18-29 där de fick ta ställning till porträtten genom att gradera dem utifrån en 7-siffrig skala.Resultatet i undersökningen visade att majoriteten av respondenterna upplevde den fysiska avvikelse mutation som mest stötande, detta på grund av dess omänskliga utseende. Det fanns dock en problematik kring användningen av 3D modeller i undersökningen, framtida arbete skulle gynnas av att använda ett annat medium, exempelvis fotografi.

  • 189.
    Birgersson, David
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Skräck och avsky: Att framkalla stötande känslor i skräck2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka i vilken grad olika fysiska avvikelser kring en humanoids ögon/syn kan framkalla stötande känslor, de fysiska avvikelser som undersöks är: sjukdom, stympning och mutation. Studien byggde bland annat kring teorier kopplade till attraktivitet och hälsa och undersökte hur man kan använda ohälsa för att väcka stötande känslor.

    Inför studien skapades totalt åtta porträtt, en för varje fysisk avvikelse samt kön. En enkät skickades sedan ut till män och kvinnor i åldrarna 18-29 där de fick ta ställning till porträtten genom att gradera dem utifrån en 7-siffrig skala.

    Resultatet i undersökningen visade att majoriteten av respondenterna upplevde den fysiska avvikelse mutation som mest stötande, detta på grund av dess omänskliga utseende. Det fanns dock en problematik kring användningen av 3D modeller i undersökningen, framtida arbete skulle gynnas av att använda ett annat medium, exempelvis fotografi.

  • 190.
    Birgisdottir, Hrefna
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it.
    PresenteraMera: En rapport om skapandet av ett interaktiv presentationsverktyg2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the background, approach, and the final results for the presentation tool PresenteraMera.

    PresenteraMera is an online-based, interactive presentation tool that is created to improve the quality of sales presentations and simplify the creation of presentations. The client for this project is Dempsey, a digital advertising agency and production company with headquarters in Stockholm. PresenteraMera consists of several features that make it easier for businesses to create, edit and display their presentations. The tool also allows the user to always be sure that the presentations created with PresenteraMera follows a specific design, based on their graphic manual for example.

  • 191.
    Bjurner, Moa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    "Det är så mycket män överallt": En kvalitativ studie om kvinnliga sportjournalister i en mansdominerad bransch2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study was focused to highlight the problems that comes with being a minority on a workplace, in this case female sports journalist who are working in a male dominated sports field. The objective was to find out how the female sports journalist was experiencing working in such a domain, with focus on journalists who works on local news papers. The study also wanted to look on how these workplaces incorporated gender in their daily work. 

          In combination with gender theory, with concepts as masculine hegemony and power structures, I also choose to apply the american researcher Rosabeth M Kanters concept ”token”. With these aspects in mind I analyzed the five interviews that I carried out with female sports journalist with a qualitative data analysis. 

              The results of the study showed that the female sports journalist in some aspects were aware of the difficulties of being a woman in a male dominated area – when they were talking about the profession at large. But on the other hand they were not as aware when it came to their own situation. Even though the gender problems that comes with being a woman in a patriarchal society, in combination with the minority-issue, the respondents did not express their situation in terms of problem, even though their stories of interview situations for example showed the opposite. 

                In conclusion, the study showed that even though the respondents really enjoyed their work, even though it was not always easy to cope with. But since their own interest in sports and the profession lead them there in the first place, the obstacles created in society like the minority role they were in or the fact that they are women in a patriarchal society, they kept working in the profession despite the resistance. 

  • 192.
    Bjurström, Erling
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Fredriksson, MartinLinköpings universitet.Olsson, UlfStockholms universitet.Werner, AnnSödertörns högskola.
    Senmoderna reflexioner: Festskrift till Johan Fornäs2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Senmoderna reflexioner. Festskrift till Johan Fornäs, är en antologi med tjugotre artiklar tillägnade Johan Fornäs på hans 60-årsdag den 7 mars 2012. Flera av artiklarna utgår från teman i Johan Fornäs böcker, medan andra på olika sätt behandlar ämnen relaterade till hans breda och mångfacetterade intresseområden. Boken är indelad i fyra tematiska delar, som behandlar olika praktiker: teoretiska, mediala, estetiska och litterära. Under rubriken ”teoretiska praktiker” diskuteras olika aspekter av hermeneutik, kulturalisering och kulturellt kapital. Under ”mediala praktiker” återfinns studier av samtida mediefenomen och deras relationer till demokrati och politik. ”Estetiska praktiker” innefattar bidrag som diskuterar kulturella praktikers funktion i den offentliga sfären. I den avslutande delen, ”litterära praktiker”, analyseras utvalda litterära texter och den diskurs som omger dem. Huvuddelen av artiklarna är skrivna på svenska, med undantag av tre engelska bidrag.

    Late modern reflexions: Festschrift for Johan Fornäs is an anthology of more than twenty essays dedicated to Johan Fornäs on his 60th birthday 7th of mars 2012. Several of the articles included take Johan Fornäs’ books as their starting point, while others are related, in different ways, to his wide and diverse interests. The book is divided into four thematic parts, dealing with "Theoretical Practices", “Medial Practices”. “Aesthetic Practices” and “Literary Practices”. Articles included under ”Theoretical Practices” discuss different aspects of hermenutics, culturalization, and cultural capital. ”Medial Practices” offers studies of contemporary media phenomena, relating them to questions of democracy and politics.”Aesthetic Practices” include contributions that discuss the function of different cultural practices in the public sphere. The last section, ”Literary Practices”, takes a closer look at both select literary texts and the discourses surrounding them. Most of the Articles are written in Swedish, with the exception of three articles in English.

  • 193.
    Björck, Catrine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Children and visual/media literacy2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In my research I am looking at art teachers’ roles when the pupils use the computer as a tool, and use visual material from their own everyday visual experiences and cultures. I will observe what kind of problems/questions they have to tackle in lessons. I will also study if and in what way teachers interact with their pupils to stimulate them to develop their visual/media literacy. I have just started my work in observing art classes when they are working with computers. At this point in my research it would be helpful to get the opportunity to hear others opinion about what visual/media literacy might include, and to discuss what it means and can be. The opportunity, to hear others opinion about visual/media literacy, will help me broaden my horizon. This would help me to find different angels in my own material in the future when I start analyzing, and it will hopefully also help me in my observations in knowing what to look for.

  • 194.
    Björe, Rasmus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Backlund, Gustav
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Tjuv, polis och bortglömda offer: En innehållsanalys av Helikopterrånet i svensk kvällspress mellan 2009 och 20102019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine how Sweden’s two biggest tabloids, Aftonbladet and Expressen, frame spectacular crime and specifically how they covered the Helicopter robbery that occurred in 2009. We identified three main participants in the story, the police, the culprits and the victims. We examined how much and what kind of space the identified participants were given and how the two newspapers constructed the participants in a dramaturgic sense.

     

    Using a quantitative content analysis method we found that the time period included 433 articles in both newspapers. From the original articles, we picked and examined 19 articles with a qualitative content analysis method and also used framing theory in order to be able to examine how the participants were portrayed in Aftonbladet and Expressen.

     

    The culprits were given far most space in both Aftonbladet and Expressen. The study show that the police was given second most space and that the victims were hardly ever written about at all, in contrast to recent studies showing that victims of crime often are depicted as the main character in articles regarding crime. The results also show that the story as a whole carried a lot of resemblance to the classic Hollywood movie plot. The police were portrayed as incompetent, creating a conflict within the justice system community. The culprits were portrayed as the protagonist of the story with highly competent features, whilst the victims were portrayed as scared and helpless.

     

  • 195.
    Björk, Johannes
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Fletcher, Alex
    Gush, Rose-Anne
    AND: PHENOMENOLOGY OF THE END2016In: Philosophy of Photography, ISSN 2040-3682, E-ISSN 2040-3690, Vol. 7, no 1-2, p. 171-175Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    AND – PHENOMENOLOGY OF THE END, FRANCO ‘BIFO’ BERARDI (2015) Semiotext(e), South Pasadena, 355 pp., ISBN-13, p/bk, 9781584351702, £12.47PHOTOGRAPHY AND ITS VIOLATIONS, JOHN ROBERTS (2014) New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 232, ISBN: 9780231168182, h/bk, £20.67ON PHOTOGRAPHY, WALTER BENJAMIN AND ESTHER LESLIE (ED. AND TRANS.) (2015) London: Reaktion Books, 160 pp., 31 Illustrations, ISBN: 9781780235257, p/bk, £14.95

  • 196.
    Björk Stiernström, Gabriel
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Video tutorials for artists in the entertainment industry: A comparative study of what makes a video tutorial effective2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores video tutorials for concept artists in the entertainment industry. Through websites such as Gumroad tutorials are today being sold and the problem is that there is no guarantee of the quality of the tutorials and people simply have to rely on the description of the product. The research question is: What is an effective video tutorial for concept artists in the entertainment and game industry and what elements contribute to what makes it effective? Five video tutorials were created based on a comparative study, and discussed during qualitative interviews with novice and proficient artists. The results say that parallels can be drawn between a person's proficiency, the content and the structure of the tutorial. If you understand these parallels you are able to create effective tutorials for specific audience groups.

  • 197.
    Björkholdt, Josephine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Dehgani, Shahab
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and communication science.
    Spelar storleken någon roll?: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av Jönköpings-Posten vid övergången till tabloid2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study is to examine if there´s been any affects in the content of the newspaper regarding the transition of Jönköpings-Posten going tabloid. The primary question that this study is based upon is if Jönköpings-Posten shows tendencies regarding tabloidization in the content due to the shift of the format 7th of November 2013.

    Material and method: The material contains of six newspapers from Jönköpings-Posten, totally 12 parts, in printed format around the time of the shift. A quantitative content analysis has been used as a method where the notion tabloidization has been operationalized.

    Conclusion: As a whole it is not possible to gather a straightforward increase of the tabloidization tendencies. It is not until a closer review of the result been made which tendencies of tabloidization in the content of the newspaper can be identified. The results are many times ambiguous and should regard to earlier research and theories speak for and against a tabloidization at the same time. One conclusion that is drawn concerning Jönköpings-Posten is that the newspaper only in a certain degree show signs of tabloidization in its content, in relation to the shift to tabloid. The study only partially supports the earlier opinion of previous research where a changed format also contributes to a changed content.

  • 198.
    Björklund, Ellinor
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, Institutionen för Bildpedagogik (BI).
    "Man vill i alla fall ha en gilla liksom ...": om profilbildens roll i identitetsskapande och självrepresentation på Facebook2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi omges i vår vardag ständigt av bilder. Dessa spelar en roll för hur vi relaterar oss till omvärlden men också hur vi ser på oss själva. Idag är det enklare än någonsin att ta och dela med sig av fotografier och detta spelar roll för skapandet av vår egen identitet.

    Mitt arbete ställer frågan om hur profilbilden på Facebook är en del av  identitetsskapande processer. Jag försöker svara på frågan utifrån hur man ser på sitt eget användande av profilbilden och vad man som användare kan läsa in för betydelser i andras bilder. Eftersom det finns en pågående debatt om ungas användning av sociala medier och bilder på sig själva vill jag med detta arbete nyansera denna diskussion genom att beskriva de tankar och processer som ligger bakom unga och äldre användares användande bilder av sig själva på nätet.

    Frågan om ungas identitetsarbete har styrt både uppsatsen och den konstnärliga gestaltningen. Jag har genomfört intervjuer som jag studerat med hjälp av teorier kring hur vi använder och skapar vår identitet och relaterar oss till varandra, och på så sätt har jag kunnat visa att Facebook är en social scen eller arena som på många sätt fungerar som andra sociala arenor vi rör oss i. Mitt arbete visar på vilka olika sätt man försöker kontrollera den bild av sig själv andra får, samtidigt som man tolkar och påverkas av andras bilder. Det finns dock stora utmaningar i ett relativt nytt socialt forum som Facebook, och denna uppsats tar upp hur dessa utmaningar bemöts och hanteras.

    I min gestaltande del har jag valt att teckna profilbilder och animerat dessa. Över 3 miljarder bilder laddas upp på Facebook varje månad och denna ström av visuell information försöker jag illustrera. Men jag vill också visa att identiteten är mångbottnad och består av flera olika, ibland transparanta, lager och att vi spelar en mängd olika roller. Vår egen identitet blir till och förändras i mötet med andra identiteter; du, jag och de vi möter är en del av varandra. Jag gör medvetet mig själv till en del av min gestaltning. I mina intervjuer studerar jag de andras identitetsarbete men kan inte undvika att även bli en del av det, precis som de blir en del av min vardag och min identitet i nuet när jag skriver detta arbete. Jag har valt att försöka skildra hur vi tecknar vår egen identitet samtidigt som detta personliga arbete är en del av ett ständigt flöde där ingenting är fast och beständigt.

  • 199.
    Björkman, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Pressen och piraterna: En studie i representationen av fildelning och upphovsrätt i svenska storstadspress2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie undersöks svensk storstadspress representation av fenomenen fildelning och upphovsrätt. Fenomenen är en del av en pågående debatt kring Internets utveckling och reglering, inte sällan ingår begreppen då man talar om integritet och informationsfrihet. Politiska beslut tas som har juridiska påföljder, dessa påverkar människors vardag.

    Syftet med denna studie är att se hur diskurser, sätt att tala om, förstå och konstituera fenomen, ser ut och formar representationen av fenomenen i pressen. Press och media har stora maktpositioner i samhället, som granskare av makten och som frambringare av information till allmänheten. Utifrån objektivitets- och neutralitetsideal arbetar journalister med dagliga arbetsrutiner. Studien synar dessa utifrån fenomenens inverkan på pressen som en aktör på den kommersiella marknaden.

    Det teoretiska ramverket för studien är Kovach & Rosenstiels (2007) framställningar av journalistikens praktiska arbete, hur objektivitetsbegreppet kan impliceras till en arbetsmetod. Mot detta ställs McChesneys (2008) kritik av bakomliggande strukturer som påverkar journalistikens arbete, däribland efterlevnaden av objektivitetsidealet och pressens position på den kommersiella marknaden. Studiens metodtillämpning tilldelas Norman Faircloughs (1995) kritiska diskursanalys. Men hjälp av denna analyseras texterna och deras samband med sociala strukturer. Studien tillämpar Faircloughs tredimensionella modell för analys av kommunikativa händelser.

    Studien visar hur ett fåtal, tätt sammansatta och tillsammans välkoordinerade, diskurser konstituerar fenomenens representation i pressen. Främst juridisk diskurs och marknadsdiskurser återfinns i texterna. Texterna och diskurserna arbetar på ett sätt som gör att fenomenen ordnas på ett sätt som kan uppfattas som naturligt, självklart och ofrånkomligt. Individer och institutioner ordnas in i roller av diskurserna. Inga alternativ presenteras till den verklighet som diskurserna presenterar, diskurserna är ”sunt förnuft”.

  • 200.
    Björnberg, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Coster, Marie
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Content marketing: En guide för digital marknadsföring på sociala medier2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this degree project is to explore how content marketing canbeused as a strategy in digital marketing in the limited area social media. The conclusion was brought together by our content analysis, along with some relevant theories in the subject. Our selection is based on fifty companies who each got positive attention for their content marketing. In addition we also conducted qualitative analyses on two of these companies content marketing. We realized when we went through the results that the companies have an entertainment value that relies on a strong customer relationship. A known deficiency was discovered about the companies results early on. We realized we would not be able to get an insight about the companies profits and increased traffic, because of this we where able to put in more effort in the other parts that comprises the full meaning of content marketing.Our conclusion is a graphic guide that shows the use of content marketing in digital marketing on social media.

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