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  • 151.
    Fairbrother, Malcolm
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Free traders: elites, democracy, and the rise of globalization2019Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today's global economy was largely established by political events and decisions in the 1980s and 90s, when scores of nations opened up their economies to the forces of globalization. In Free Traders, Malcolm Fairbrother argues that politicians' embrace of globalization was much less motivated by public preferences than by the agendas of businesspeople and other elites. Drawing on over one hundred interviews with decision-makers, and analyses of archival materials from Canada, Mexico, and the U.S., Fairbrother tells the story of how each country negotiated and ratified two agreements that substantially opened and integrated their economies: the 1989 Canada-U.S. and trilateral 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement. Contrary to what many commentators believe, these agreements-like free trade elsewhere-were based less on mainstream, neoclassical economics than on the informal, self-serving economic ideas of business. While the stakes in the globalization debate remain high, Free Traders uses a comparative-historical approach to sharpen our understanding of how globalization arose in the past to provide us with clearer trajectory for how it will develop in the future.

  • 152.
    Fernández Seijo, Paula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Democracy and Neoliberalism in Colombia: A sour blend for Peace?: An analysis of the neoliberal economic and political model for the post-conflict in Colombia2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By 1990, the process of peacebuilding, which requires addressing the root causes of conflict, was guided by a generally unstated but widely endorsed theory of conflict management: the notion that "liberalization" in post-conflict settings would help to originate the conditions for a stable and lasting peace. Central America was one of the first laboratories of international policies promoting the threefold transformation of ‘democratization, marketization and pacification’ conceived as the "liberal peacebuilding paradigm". The peacebuilding missions were considered a success as they effectively prevented a relapse into war in the region but, serious deficits in the transformation processes - persistent socio-economic inequalities, an explosive crime wave, increasing authoritarianism and political polarization - have continue to threaten Central America as a likely scenario of renewed social conflict. Despite de illusion of "peace and democracy" the peacebuilding efforts have reproduced the very primary conditions that contributed to the outbreak of fighting in the first place, which is clearly contrary to the mission of peacebuilding: “a stable and lasting peace”.  Similarly, the economic and political liberalization projects were urged by international pressure in Colombia in an attempt to achieve a political solution to the armed struggle. However, efforts on implementing the liberal agenda have had questionable results; a 'formal and presidentialist democracy', an exclusive economic model which has further ignited the structural causes of conflict as well as an increased state militarization and emerging patterns of violence reproduction. Both cases analyzed in this research offer a good example of the 'hybrid outcomes' of the model in creating a façade of formal democracies or renew traditional patterns of 'mal-development' and violence.

     

    Liberalism in Colombia does not offer a good example of the supposedly 'pacifying' effects of democratic and economic opening so far, but rather, of a negative form of 'hybrid peace'. The prospects of achieving a 'lasting and stable' peace are being endangered by a new wave of aggressive neoliberal policies and its destabilizing effects as well as their cross-purposes with the prevailing constitutional order. Rather than a peace relying over social consent, it resembles an elite 'pact-making' to preserve the neoliberal state and economic order. If these unstable conditions are not reversed or ameliorated in the event of a final peace agreement, Colombia will probably continue at war but 'by other means'.

     

    Liberal peacebuilding is a double-edged tool. It has the potential to create the political and economic conditions for a lasting and stable peace, yet implementation can reproduce the sources of conflict and prompt a relapse into war. This study will explore through secondary data the triple transformative processes of the liberal model - democratization, marketization and pacification - in the post-war Central American countries, in an endeavor to provide lessons learnt to the current peace process in Colombia. Following the same logic and variables, the study will examine through a review of primary and secondary data the results of liberalization so far and its future prospects for bringing a lasting and stable peace in Colombia. Peace at last?

  • 153.
    Fjellström, Daniella
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Lui, Lok Yan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Caceres, Wilfredo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Knowledge Transfer in Reshoring2017In: Reshoring of Manufacturing: Drivers, Opportunities, and Challenges / [ed] Vecchi, Alessandra, Cham: Springer, 2017, p. 79-98Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge is a key resource in any organization, and during a reshoring process, transferring knowledge to the home market is crucial. This study offers an in-depth comprehension of the factors influencing the knowledge transfer process in companies conducting in-house reshoring. We applied a qualitative multiple case study approach of Swedish organizations that fulfilled the criteria for in-house reshoring. Similar to other knowledge transfer processes, knowledge transfer during in-house reshoring is influenced by cultural, linguistic, and physical distances. Furthermore, reshoring motivation has an impact on the actors’ knowledge transfer motivation. This investigation clarifies knowledge transfer in the context of reshoring, and exposes the challenges of knowledge transfer during reshoring. The study signifies the importance of understanding reshoring motivation for the success of reshoring. It moreover contributes to the research on knowledge transfer by providing evidence of the influence of the role of knowledge on the choice of knowledge transfer methods. In addition, the study extends the research on the reverse direction of knowledge transfer, in terms of in-house reshoring scenarios.

  • 154.
    Forsgren, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Globalization as "The White Man's Burden": Modernity and Colonialism in a Swedish Travelogue2019In: Scandinavian Studies, ISSN 0036-5637, E-ISSN 2163-8195, Vol. 91, no 1-2, p. 222-237Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Fredmark, Hedda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Metoo – vad är problemet?: En frameanalys av det politiska gensvaret på #metoo-rörelsen.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 156.
    Fresker, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Biggest Effect on Attrition Among Enlisted U.S Marines: A qualitative field study 2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The military has an important role in peace and development work. Having skilled, experienced and knowledgeable personnel on peace-promoting missions abroad is crucial to ensure the missions success. A consequence of attrition is that military organizations lose valuable skills, experiences and qualities of service members. Preventing attrition is essential to maintain readiness, morale and knowledge. It also has a positive impact on peacekeeping missions, humanitarian relief and interactions with civil society. Current research on attrition has focused on early attrition; separation that occurs before a full term of service. It has focused on pre-enlistment factors of individuals that would make them less suitable to remain in the military. Current research has looked at attrition among all branches of the United States military. The focus of this thesis is to identify the main reasons for attrition among enlisted United States Marines. Focus is on the effect dissatisfaction of service and civilian opportunities has on attrition. It will also identify areas in need of improvement to prevent attrition. This research is a qualitative field study taken with an abductive approach. The main method of data collection was in-depth semi-structured interviews with active and retired U.S Marines, on site in North Carolina. The theory used to analyze the results is the Rational Choice-Theory, an individualistic theory that focus on individual’s actions and the values and beliefs shaping the action. Dissatisfaction because of bad leadership, military structures, long days of work and lack of motivation affected attrition. Civilian opportunities such as college and spending more time with family also played a part in the decision-making regarding reenlistment. Among the Marines, dissatisfaction arising from long-term issues was the factor that affected attrition the most. Civilian opportunities were in some cases the last pull needed to leave service. The findings can assist in making changes that will have a positive effect on the Marines. It can encourage Marines to pursue a longer military career, and hence keep valuable skills and experiences. These Marines can then continue to do important work within the peace and development field. 

  • 157.
    Friberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Introduction to the thematic issue ‘Moral Economy: New Perspectives'2015In: Journal of Global Ethics, ISSN 1744-9626, E-ISSN 1744-9634, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 143-146Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 158.
    Friberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Götz, NorbertSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Moral Economy: New Perspectives2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 159.
    Fritzell, Elvira
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Barn som taktiska måltavlor: En fallstudie om kidnappningar genomförda av Boko Haram2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På senare år har ett skifte i konflikters karaktär skett vilket leder till att inte enbart de stridande drabbas utan att hela samhällen involveras i nutida konflikter. I dessa samhällen lever barn vilka således har kommit att få en allt mer framträdande roll i krigen, dels som offer och dels som aktörer. Barn utsätts bland annat för mord, stympning, terror, sexuellt utnyttjande och används som barnsoldater. Kidnappningar är även något som barn utsätts för i konflikt vilket Förenta Nationerna uppmärksammat som ett allt mer förekommande fenomen. År 2014 riktades internationellt ljus mot Nigeria då nära 300 skolflickor kidnappades från staden Chibock av den icke-statliga väpnade gruppen Boko Haram. Syftet med denna studie är att i kontexten nya krig analysera varför kidnappningar av barn förekommer i konflikt med hjälp av fallet Boko Haram, samt att undersöka hur dessa kidnappningar gått till. Teorin som ligger till grund för studien är nya och gamla krig i och med att barns utsatthet verkar bero på de nya krigens karaktärsdrag. Den valda metoden för uppsatsen är en kvalitativ fallstudiemetod där en omfattande litteratur behandlas. Slutsatsen som denna studie för med sig är att kidnappningar av barn fungerar som en strategi i de nya krigen för att nå konfliktens mål, vilket i detta fall var att göra sig av med dem som inte höll med gruppens trosuppfattning.

  • 160.
    Fryckstedt, Mirja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Gendered Peace Agreement Implementation: An explanatory case study of the fully implemented gendered stipulations of the 2016 Final Colombian Peace Agreement2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is structured as an explaining-outcome process-tracing of the fully implemented gendered stipulations of the 2016 Colombian Peace Agreement. The Agreement has received worldwide attention, not the least for its comprehensive gender inclusiveness. However, in the implementation of said Agreement, the provisions coded as gendered are lagging behind with an implementation-gap of 14% compared to the overall implementation ratio. Out of the 130 stipulations coded as gendered by the Kroc Institute Barometer Initiative, only five have reached full implementation. Why these five provisions have been fully implemented, whilst the overall trend is to the contrary, is a puzzling result and something that deserves further attention. By utilizing an explaining-outcome process-tracing methodology, this thesis strives to gain further understanding of the causal mechanisms that underlies this outcome. By conducting such a study, this thesis seeks to contribute cumulatively to the research domain of gendered Peace Agreement implementation. The study shows that the fully implemented gendered stipulations do not have many factors and/or mechanisms in common with the exception of state capacity and international support. However, perhaps the most striking common denominator is how these five stipulations are all fundamental for further peace agreement implementation. Although gender inclusiveness was at the forefront during the peace negotiations in Havana, this study emphasises how what is agreed on paper is not necessarily translated into post-Accord reality, highlighting the discrepancy between peace on paper and its actualization.

  • 161.
    Fürst, Henrik
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Kümmel, Gerhard
    Sozialwissenschaftliche Institut der Bundeswehr (SOWI).
    Core Values and the Expeditionary Mindset: Armed Forces in Metamorphosis2011Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is quite some consensus that today’s international security environment has substantially changed following the end of the Cold War in 1989/90 and that this requires the transformation of modern armed forces from conventional ones to something else. This ‘something else’ may indeed be an expeditionary military. The military metamorphosis that is needed seems to be nothing less than a substantial overhaul of the armed forces in various dimensions. One obvious dimension is organizational structure. The second dimension is technology and especially armament technology where weapons and equipment need to be adapted to present-day conflict and combat challenges including a shift in focus of procurement policies. The third dimension rests with the assumption that the given, current security political landscape necessitates a change not only in the military’s organizational format and technological posture, but also in mindset. Changing the conventional military mindset towards one that is focused on expeditionary operations calls into question how such a transformation will influence the core values of the military. The fourth and final dimension is educating and training the soldiers because expeditionary operations call for additional skills and expertise compared to those required for a Cold War military mission.

    The contributions to this book focus on the mindset and the core values of an expeditionary military and take different avenues to approach these themes. At times, they also reach out into the other dimensions. The book is divided into two parts. The first part covers concepts and conceptual approaches, while the second part contains contributions that basically carry case-study character. The contributors belong to a wide range of academic disciplines, which allows for different avenues and perspectives on our topic, thus enriching our knowledge of the problems involved. The book is of great interest and relevance to academia, military practitioners and political decision-makers.

  • 162.
    Geijer, Christopher
    Swedish Defence University.
    Hybrida Hot i den Skandinaviska Geopolitiska Sfären, Finns en Samfälld Syn Mellan Sverige och Norge?: en teorikonsumerande fallstudie om svensk och norsk försvarspolitisk inriktning ur ett hybridkrigföringsperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid warfare and hybrid threats today represent a fundamental political challenge. Within the world of security politics, international cooperation has become a central tool with which western nations face this threat. In utilizing international cooperation in order to face hybrid threats, one should however ask whether nationally implemented methods and understandings of this threat correspond with those of other nations as a prerequisite to joint operations against hybrid threats.

     

    This study ventures to determine if a common understanding and approach to the issue of hybrid warfare optimizes our nations preparedness, protection and response by exploring whether Sweden and Norway have implemented the same understanding of current hybrid warfare and threats. It does so by applying a theoretical framework based on hybrid warfare theory.   

     

    By analyzing current intelligence reports, military doctrines and defensive planning, this study has found that implementation of hybrid warfare does exist in both nations. This study finds that a fundamentally likeminded understanding of hybrid threats has been integrated in both Swedish and Norwegian intelligence reports, military doctrine as well as defensive planning. Furthermore, this study finds the relative, equivalent integration of hybrid threats based on current hybrid theory establishes a prerequisite for future cooperation as well as achieving synergy by having a common threat understanding. 

     

    The study does however find that further research in the field of synergistic effects in military cooperation and strategic alliances such as that between Sweden and Norway is recommended. Future research is also recommended in order to determine whether the hybrid threat understanding transcends the nations armed forces and has been integrated on a higher political level. Furthermore, future research should delve deeper into hybrid warfare theory and its geopolitical relevance. 

  • 163.
    Gelot, Ludwig
    University of Gothenburg.
    On the Theological Origins of International Politics2013Book (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Gelot, Ludwig
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Reclaiming the Transcendence of Positive Peace Against the Violence of Post-Liberal Peace2018In: International Journal on World Peace, ISSN 0742-3640, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 27-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Peace research has abandoned thepursuit of positive peace becauseof a profound commitment to anontology of violence. By assumingthat the world is shaped by arbitrarypower relations, scholars workingon the liberal and post-liberal peaceend up focusing their research onnegative peace. The article developsa critique of this ontology ofviolence assumed by the Realist,Liberal and Critical traditions whichconceals the possibility of positivepeace. Following the lead of CharlesTaylor, it locates the philosophicalshackles that stifle peace research inthe immanent frame that underpinsthe political work of Hobbes and hiscontemporaries. The article outlinesthe contours of an ontology of peaceand revisits the concept of eirenismto conceptualise positive peace.

  • 165.
    Gelot, Ludwig
    University of Gothenburg.
    Religion and International Politics: Beyond Westphalia and the Clash of Civilizations2009Book (Other academic)
  • 166.
    Gerell, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Jämställdhet på hög nivå: Biståndets påverkan på ministerutnämningar i utvecklingsländer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 167.
    Gerges, Sofie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    From mud to shampoo: conversions and empowerment among Santali women in India2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to study personal empowerment processes and theinfluence religion have in such processes. The theory of Naila Kabeer,Srilatha Baltiwala and Sara Mosedale has mainly been used as thetheoretical framework in this thesis. In order to study the influence ofreligion i.e. conversion to Christianity in personal empowerment processesfive Santali women in India have been interviewed. The interviews weredone through WhatsApp with the help of a translator. The results of thisthesis have shown that religion influence women’s personalempowerment. In the sense that religion contribute to important changesin lifestyle, self-esteem and self-confidence.

  • 168.
    Getachew, Tegest
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Climate Change and Conflict in Darfur: Two competing perspectives2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 169.
    Giacometti, Alberto
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Regional Economic and Social Resilience: An Exploratory In-Depth Study in the Nordic Countries2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How capable are local and regional economies of recovering from global and local shocks and threats and ensure resilient long-term development paths?

    Answering this question was the challenge of the Nordic Thematic Group on Innovative and Resilient regions, set by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

    Thus, from 2017 to 2018, an exploratory in-depth study was conducted on economic and social resilience in the Nordic regions.

    The empirical research included a close examination of a variety of threats as well as factors driving resilience in regions in all five Nordic Countries.

  • 170.
    Gnatenko, Viktoriia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Integration of Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking and Refugee Minors in Sweden2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is focused on getting a deeper understanding of the access unaccompanied refugee youth have to integration. Thesis will examine what fosters and what hinders minors’ integration. Research is based on a qualitative field study carried out in Southern and Western Sweden. 36 semi–structured interviews were conducted with current and grown-up alone coming refugee minors; houses managers and social workers; local authorities’ representatives and decision makers; Migration Board employees.The (Dis)Empowerment model by Friedmann will be applied to analyse collected information. Thus, this thesis examines youth perspectives on their economic, social, cultural and political integration by connecting their experiences of life in Sweden to eight bases of social power, which (dis)empower them.The study shows that youth are willing to integrate into society, and to some extent they have access to integration. However, the research argues that minors’ access to bases of social power and youth’s usage of them is unbalanced and inconsistent. Interviewed youth have sufficient access to defensible life space, instruments of work and livelihood, and surplus time. Thus, they have capabilities to perform their life functions. On the other hand, youth have limited access and capabilities to the bases of social organizations and networks, financial resources, knowledge and skills, as well as unbalanced access to information and public policy action. This hinders youth economic, social, cultural and political integration. Moreover, these major obstacles are being reinforced by discrimination within the host society.

  • 171.
    Gottfredsson, Jens
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering.
    Landberg, Ludvig
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering.
    Den Indiska Demonetariseringens Påverkan på Identitet och Politiskt Deltagande: – En Fältstudie i det Rurala Karnataka2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis purpose has been to investigate how the demonetisation in India has affected the political participation and the rural identity in a rural part of Karnataka. The demonetisation in this thesis has been connected to globalisation and show how the globalisation expresses on the rural locality. This has been done by a field study in a rural part of Karnataka that contained direct observations and six focus-group interviews that has been analysed with qualitative methodology. The rural identity has been operationalised to three indicators; caste-identity, family and gender-identity and political-identity. Our results shows that the rural identity has been somewhat affected by the demonetisation and globalisation. The political participation has not been affected. However there are tendencies that the demonetisation might transform the political participation in the future. Our findings also suggest that the urban have moved further away from the rural towards the global due to the demonetisation. Due to the increased distance between the rural and urban, the rural identity has become more independent. 

  • 172.
    Gottfridsson, Hans Olof
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Geography and Tourism.
    Olsson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Möller, Cecilia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Geography and Tourism.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Politics and History.
    Att gränspendla: samma fast olika2012In: På gränsen: interaktion, attraktivitet och globalisering i Inre Skandinavien / [ed] Eva Olsson, Atle Hauge och Birgitta Ericsson, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012, 1, p. 95-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Graversgaard, Morten
    et al.
    Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Hedelin, Beatrice
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Smith, Laurence
    SOAS University of London, UK.
    Gertz, Flemming
    SEGES, Landbrug & Fødevarer F.M.B.A., Denmark.
    Højberg, Anker Lajer
    Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), Denmark.
    Langford, John
    University of Melbourne, Australia.
    Martinez, Grit
    Ecologic Institute, Germany.
    Mostert, Erik
    Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Ptak, Emilia
    Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Peterson, Heidi
    University of Minnesota, MN, USA; International Plant Nutrition Institute, MN, USA.
    Stelljes, Nico
    Ecologic Institute, Germany.
    van den Brink, Cors
    Royal Haskoning DHV, The Netherlands; Groningen University, The Netherlands.
    Refsgaard, Jens Christian
    Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), Denmark.
    Opportunities and barriers for water co-governance: A critical analysis of seven cases of diffuse water pollution from agriculture in Europe, Australia and North America2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 5, article id 1634Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Diffuse Water Pollution from Agriculture (DWPA) and its governance has received increased attention as a policy concern across the globe. Mitigation of DWPA is a complex problem that requires a mix of policy instruments and a multi-agency, broad societal response. In this paper, opportunities and barriers for developing co-governance, defined as collaborative societal involvement in the functions of government, and its suitability for mitigation of DWPA are reviewed using seven case studies in Europe (Poland, Denmark, Sweden, The Netherlands and UK), Australia (Murray-Darling Basin) and North America (State of Minnesota). An analytical framework for assessing opportunities and barriers of co-governance was developed and applied in this review. Results indicated that five key issues constitute both opportunities and barriers, and include: (i) pressure for change; (ii) connected governance structures and allocation of resources and funding; (iii) leadership and establishment of partnerships through capacity building; (iv) use and co-production of knowledge; and (v) time commitment to develop water co-governance

  • 174.
    Græns Larsen, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Is Democracy Good for the Rural Population?: A Cross-National Study on the Effect of Democracy on the  Urban-Rural Divide2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 175.
    Gröning, Lotta
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Från Folkhem till Facebook2018In: Ett smartare samhälle?: Sju perspektiv på digitaliseringen av vår vardag / [ed] Lotta Gröning och Elin Winborg, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018, p. 10-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Facebook är en diversehandel i sociala relationer och idéer som förändrar samhällsstrukturen. Utvecklingen går väldigt fort och det framkommer tydligt att politiken har svårt att hålla jämn takt med utvecklingen. Sverige har tappat sin tätposition när det gäller digitalisering. Lagstiftning tar tid och politikers kompetens på området, inte minst när det gäller sociala medier, är generellt sett inte stor. Vart tar folkhemmet vägen i Facebook…

  • 176.
    Gustafsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Tamm Hallström, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Constructing authority in transnational governance: rationality, hierarchy and state involvement in the world of certification standards.2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Gustafsson, Jan
    et al.
    Copenhagen Business Sch.
    Nilsson, Manuela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Conclusions: Latin America and Globalization-Challenges, Responses, and Perspectives in the Twenty-First Century2012In: Latin American responses to globalization in the 21st centur / [ed] Manuela Nilsson and Jan Gustafsson, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, p. 253-262Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 178.
    Gustafsson, Mariana S.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Reassembling Local E-Government: A study of actors’ translations of digitalisation in public administration2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The digitalisation of society decidedly affects public administration. Swedish public administration has long worked with information technologies for an effective and improved management of public services. But new and increased use of information technologies in society poses new challenges. New demands on information security are increasing, while accessibility and transparency are important priorities in policies on digitalisation in public services. However, the central government’s ambitions and expectations with regard to digitalisation face a slow and hesitant implementation in local governments. There are important differences between municipalities in priorities, local needs, and implementation mechanisms in connection with e-government. In this thesis, I argue there is a need to reconsider the role of governance mechanisms in e-government. There is a need to understand local translations of national policies and technological developments in relation to the goals of more effective and legitimate public administration. The main purpose of this thesis is to analyse tensions that emerge in the implementation of egovernment in local public administration. On the basis of a constructivist and interpretivist approach, I have undertaken two empirical studies. One focuses on municipal administration of education in Linköping. The other focuses on a governance network on digitalisation policy in Östergötland. The studies are presented in four papers. The issues addressed in the papers are further analysed with a focus on four fields of tension, using network governance theory and translation theory. This shows that the implementation of e-government in local public administration is a tension-laden process. The four fields of tension relate to: different logics and dilemmas for adoption and implementation; concerns and ambiguities in a context of unclear organisational and institutional arrangements; concerns and resistance from professional users; and a reassessment of the meaning of security as a reference for the interpretation of information security. I contend that established managerial and evolutionary models of e-government leave important process-related aspects out of the analysis of change in public administration. The contribution of this thesis lies in its description and analysis of the four identified fields of tension. One significant implication of my analysis is that reassembling current  governance mechanisms in local public administration is crucial.

  • 179.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    A dual history of securitization2015Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This Working Paper provides a dual historisation of ‘securitisation’, i.e. of the origins of the Copenhagen School in terms of its direct world historical context and of the historical origins of the specific bias in our political discourse which is prompted by security discourses. Born almost as a rationalisation of German Ostpolitik, and hence with desecuritisation, the Copenhagen School understood the speech act less as a kind of conspiratorial or elite manipulation than as the manifold processes that give prominence to the discourse of security (the reversal of Clausewitz) in public debate or diminish it, as in the processes of desecuritisation. This means that I see ‘securitisation’ not in the ‘act’ of those ‘speaking’ security, but in the possibly unintended and unconscious de-/mobilisation of the inherent logic, or grammar, of the discourse of security.

    This begs the question, however, of where the discourse of security would have gained its inherent logic from. It is here where a second necessary historicisation has to take place, not about the context of the theory itself, but about the content of its central concept. The Copenhagen School has been criticised for being basically still too conventional or realist in its reading of security, being connected to exceptional measures, done by foreign-policy elites, etc. But just as the increasing number of security sectors indicates, this is not to be understood as the ‘essence’ of security, but rather as the effect of a historical development in which certain actors have traditionally come to be authorised to talk and effect war and peace in a ‘realist’ way. This implies that, by reifying a historical moment into a general framework of analysis, securitisation theory may indeed help to reproduce such an understanding, although it does not need to.  In return, it implies, however, that if a different understanding of security (beyond the raison d’État) appears and becomes shared, the Copenhagen School will also have to adapt. Its conceptualisation is historically bound.

  • 180.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    A História dual da Securitização2015In: Segurança, Liberdade e Política: Pensar a Escola de Copenhaga em Português / [ed] André Barrinha & Maria Raquel Freire, Lisboa: Imprensa de Ciências Sociais , 2015, p. 15-32Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter ‘A história dual da securitização’ provides a dual historisation of ‘securitisation’, i.e. of the origins of the Copenhagen School in terms of its direct world historical context and of the historical origins of the specific bias in our political discourse which is prompted by security discourses. Born almost as a rationalisation of German Ostpolitik, and hence with desecuritisation, the Copenhagen School understood the speech act less as a kind of conspiratorial or elite manipulation than as the manifold processes that give prominence to the discourse of security (the reversal of Clausewitz) in public debate or diminish it, as in the processes of desecuritisation. This means that I see ‘securitisation’ not in the ‘act’ of those ‘speaking’ security, but in the possibly unintended and unconscious de-/mobilisation of the inherent logic, or grammar, of the discourse of security.

    This begs the question, however, of where the discourse of security would have gained its inherent logic from. It is here where a second necessary historicisation has to take place, not about the context of the theory itself, but about the content of its central concept. The Copenhagen School has been criticised for being basically still too conventional or realist in its reading of security, being connected to exceptional measures, done by foreign-policy elites, etc. But just as the increasing number of security sectors indicates, this is not to be understood as the ‘essence’ of security, but rather as the effect of a historical development in which certain actors have traditionally come to be authorised to talk and effect war and peace in a ‘realist’ way. This implies that, by reifying a historical moment into a general framework of analysis, securitisation theory may indeed help to reproduce such an understanding, although it does not need to.  In return, it implies, however, that if a different understanding of security (beyond the raison d’État) appears and becomes shared, the Copenhagen School will also have to adapt. Its conceptualisation is historically bound.

  • 181.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Benjamin Cohen on global order: when Keynes meets realism - and beyond2015In: Contexto Internacional, ISSN 0102-8529, E-ISSN 1982-0240, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 851-887Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the trajectory of Benjamin J. Cohen’s work by focusing on his ongoing concern with the nature and governance of world order. Benjamin Cohen on global political order:when Keynes meets realism – and beyond does so by playing out his debt to realism and to Keynesianism. In a first moment, Cohen criticises the economic determinism of dependency scholarship, while turning to political realism, and then to possible Keynesian co-operation under anarchy: agents have the power to affect positive change. Later, Cohen the disillusioned Keynesian, watching how the possible reform of financial markets is marginalised by politicians and academics alike, shifts his analysis to more structural aspects of governance or rule that affect actors’ preferences. I draw two conclusions. First, in this shift towards theorising the global political order away from steering capacity towards impersonal rule and bias, Cohen also questions the very setup of the theories with which we deal with that world – only to see that this very inspiration of original IPE is abandoned in the course of the ongoing ‘professionalisation’ of IPE as practised in the United States. Second, his analysis seems to incorporate a warning. The underlying grand question is nothing less than the bargain between capitalism and liberal democracy as we know it, since the present system undermines equality before the law – money trumps equal political rights – and undermines democratic accountability. One of the main achievements of the post-war Keynesian turn was the reappropriation of political space from anti-democratic forces. Therefore, the decline of Keynesianism could provoke a Polanyian nightmare in which the ‘double movement’ by which the laissez-faire is answered by moves to protect society does not strengthen democracies, as in earlier times of ‘embedded liberalism’, but undermines them instead.

  • 182.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Foreign Policy Identity Crises and the uses of the West2017In: Uses of the West: Security and the Politics of Order / [ed] Hellmann, Gunther & Herborth, Benjamin, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017, p. 13-36Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 183.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    International political sociology, or: the social ontology and power politics of process2016Other (Other academic)
  • 184.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    International political sociology, or: the social ontology and power politics of process2017In: Routledge Handbook of International Political Sociology / [ed] Guillaume, Xavier & Bilgin, Pinar, Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, p. 366-375Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 185.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Danish Institute for International Studies.
    Liberal International Order2013In: Liberal World Orders / [ed] Tim Dunne & Trine Flockhart, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, p. 247-256Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 186.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Danish Institute for International Studies.
    Power2016In: Concepts in World Politics / [ed] Felix Berenskoetter, London: Sage Publications, 2016, p. 23-40Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 187.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Danish Institute for International Studies, Copenhagen, Denmark; Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio de Janeiro), Brazil .
    Power and cause2017In: Journal of International Relations and Development, ISSN 1408-6980, E-ISSN 1581-1980, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 737-759Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Conceiving power relations as a subset of causal relations can be used toexpose the problems of a certain behaviouralist take on causality and develop aninterpretivist approach to explanation. The first section of this article shows that abehaviouralist approach ultimately clashes with a relational understanding of power,since the latter requires endogenising values and understandings in an analysis in whichseveral causal paths to the same outcome can exist (equifinality) with radically differentimplications for attributing power. Power relations can be non-linear, and power dispositionalor latent, as well as not translating into influence. The second section drawsthe consequences of these contradictions by conceptualising causal/social mechanismsfor and in an interpretivist framework. Such mechanisms can be part of a wider analysisof contingent processes that answer ‘how possible’ questions. Although interpretivistprocess-tracing provides explanations without strict regularity, such processes includemechanisms which are transferable to other cases, hence generalisable. Finally, thearticle establishes a specific discursive mechanism of crisis reduction in foreign policyidentity discourses, as developed in the comparative study of the processes that make usunderstand the unexpected return of geopolitical thought in Europe in the 1990s.

  • 188.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Prólogo2012In: Política exterior, hegemonía y estados pequeños: El caso de los países centroamericanos y balticos / [ed] Carlos Murillo Zamara, Guadalajara, Mexico: Editorial Universitaria , 2012, p. 14-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 189.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Securitization as a causal mechanism2011In: Security Dialogue, ISSN 0967-0106, E-ISSN 1460-3640, Vol. 42, no 4-5, p. 329-341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article seeks to offer a way forward in discussions about the status of securitization theory. In my reading, this debate has been inhibited by the difficulty of finding an appropriate version of ‘understanding/explanation’ that would be consistent with the meta-theoretical commitments of a post-structuralist theory. By leaving ‘explanation’ and/or all versions of causality to the positivist other, the Copenhagen School also left its own explanatory status often implicit, or only negatively defined. Instead, the present article claims that the explanatory theory used in securitization research de facto relies on causal mechanisms that are non-positivistically conceived. Using the appropriate methodological literature renders this explanatory status explicit, exposing the theory’s non-positivist causality and thus, hopefully, enhancing its empirical theory.

  • 190.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The ambivalent 'diffusion of power' in global governance2012In: The Diffusion of Power in Global Governance: International Political Economy meets Foucault / [ed] Stefano Guzzini & Iver Neumann, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, p. 1-37Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 191.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Danish Institute for International Studies.
    The ends of International Relations Theory: Stages of reflexivity and modes of theorizing2013In: European Journal of International Relations, ISSN 1354-0661, E-ISSN 1460-3713, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 521-541Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    International Relations theory is being squeezed between two sides. On the one hand, the world of practitioners and attached experts often perceive International Relations theory as misleading if it does not correspond to practical knowledge, and redundant when it does. The academic study of international relations can and should not be anything beyond the capacity to provide political judgment which comes through reflection on the historical experience of practitioners. On the other hand, and within its disciplinary confines, International Relations theory is reduced to a particular type of empirical theory with increasing resistance to further self-reflection. Instead, this article argues that neither reduction is viable. Reducing theory to practical knowledge runs into self-contradictions; reducing theorizing to its empirical mode underestimates the constitutive function of theories, the role of concepts, and hence the variety of necessary modes of theorizing. I present this twofold claim in steps of increasing reflexivity in International Relations theory and propose four modes of theorizing: normative, meta-theoretical, ontological/constitutive and empirical.

  • 192. Guzzini, Stefano
    The "Long Night of the First Republic": years of clientelistic implosion in Italy1995In: Review of International Political Economy, ISSN 0969-2290, E-ISSN 1466-4526, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 27-61Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 193.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The periphery starts in our heads2013In: Przegląd Europejski (European Review), ISSN 1641-2478, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 14-18Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 194.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Neumann, Iver B.NUPI, Oslo.
    The Diffusion of Power in Global Governance: International Political Economy meets Foucault2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study of global governance has often led separate lives within the respective camps of International Political Economy and Foucauldian Studies. Despite vast differences in these approaches, Guzzini and Neumann's study recognises that ongoing changes in global governance go far beyond a proliferation of steering techniques and has a systems-changing potential. As politics becomes increasingly global in character and the number of agents attempting to govern grows, this in-depth range of case studies suggests the emergence of a global polity.

  • 195.
    Gärde, Rafaella
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Preserving the Colonial Other: A postcolonial discourse analysis of the Millennium and Sustainable Development Goals2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 196.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Abolition, Bible, Relief: The Origins of Global Civil Society2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Paper analyses the voluntary action of the London-based Committee for Relieving the Distresses in Germany and Other Parts of the Continent, a set of humanitarian relief campaigns in the years 1805-1815, and its connections with the advocacy work of the anti-slavery movement and that of the British and Foreign Bible Society. While advocacy is a well-known dimension of early transnational civil society, early humanitarian relief services across borders are virtually unknown to research. This paper argues that advocacy and service were always interrelated and co-evolved as the two principal dimensions of global civil society already at the turn from the seventeenth to the twentieth century.

  • 197.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Asymmetry in Civil Society Development and Its Implications for Archival Preservation2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 198.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik2015In: Das Politische Skandinavien: Gesellschaft, Wirtschaft, Politik & Kultur / [ed] Bernd Henningsen, Sven Jochem, Siegfried Frech, Schwalbach: Wochenschau , 2015, p. 241-257Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 199.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Civil Society and NGO: Far from Unproblematic Concepts2011In: The Ashgate Research Companion to Non-State Actors / [ed] Bob Reinalda, Farnham: Ashgate, 2011, p. 185-196Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 200.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Deliberative Diplomacy: The Nordic Approach to Global Governance and Societal Representation at the United Nations2011Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ascendency of executive power in the presence of weak parliamentary and societal control has given rise to a need for deliberative forms of diplomacy in international relations. As Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden regularly include members of parliament, party representatives, and representatives of civil society in their delegations to the General Assembly of the United Nations, does this imply that a Nordic model exists? This book reviews the practice of these countries and finds that the role of societal representatives has diminished from participating members of delegations to mere observers. The Nordic examples illuminate the difficulties of achieving international governance through the practice of deliberative democracy.

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