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  • 151. Andersson, P
    et al.
    Edman, Kjell
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Lindberg, A. Michael
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Molecular analysis of the echovirus 18 prototype2002In: Virus research, Vol. 85, p. 71-83Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 152.
    Andersson, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Edman, Maria
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Bekmezian, A
    Holmberg, J
    Mircheff, A K
    Gierow, Peter
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Characterization of beta-hexosaminidase secretion in rabbit lacrimal gland2006In: Experimental eye research, Vol. 83, no 5, p. 1081-1088Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 153.
    Andersson, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Hamm-Alvarez, S F
    Gierow, Peter
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Integrin adhesion in regulation of lacrimal gland acinar cell secretion2006In: Experimental eye research, Vol. 83, no 3, p. 543-553Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 154.
    Andersson, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Sjögren, Elsie
    Magnusson, Caroline
    Gierow, Peter
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Sequencing, expression, and enzymatic characterization of beta-hexosaminidase in rabbit lacrimal gland and primary cultured acinar cells2005In: Glycobiology, Vol. 15 (3), p. 211-220Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Andersson, Sofie
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Lipashämmaren orlistats effekt på viktnedgång och typ 2-diabetes2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fetma är ett växande hälsoproblem, såväl i Sverige som i övriga världen. Idag räknar man med att cirka 10 % av männen och 12 % av kvinnorna i Sverige lider av fetma (BMI≥30). Komplikationerna till följd av fetma är många, och inkluderar många allvarliga sjukdomar och tillstånd. Typ 2-diabetes är en av dessa sjukdomar och risken att insjukna ökar kraftigt med ett stigande BMI. Man räknar med att cirka 90 % av alla som diagnosticerats med sjukdomen också uppvisar fetma. Grunden i all fetmabehandling utgörs av livsstilsförändringar, som kost och fysisk aktivitet. En viktnedgång på 5-10 % är ofta tillräckligt för att man ska se en förbättring av kardiovaskulära och metabola riskfaktorer. När en tillfredsställande viktnedgång inte uppnås genom livsstilsförändringar kan farmakologisk behandling bli aktuell. Ett av de läkemedel som idag är godkänt för behandling av fetma är orlistat (Xenical®). Läkemedlet verkar genom att hämma gastro- och pankreaslipaser, vilket resulterar i en minskad fettabsorption på cirka 30 %.

    Syftet med detta arbete var att undersöka orlistats additiva effekt på viktnedgång hos personer med en samtidigt mild minskning av kaloriintaget. Förutom viktnedgång har även dess effekt vid typ 2-diabetes, med avseende på HbA1C, fasteglukos samt förändringar i diabetesmedicinering undersökts i vissa studier.

    Metoden som har använts i detta arbete är en litteraturstudie. De artiklar som användes hämtades från databasen PubMed, och sammanlagt var det fem studier som granskades. Två studier som fokuserade på orlistats effekt på viktnedgång, och tre studier som fokuserade på både dess effekt på viktnedgång och typ 2-diabetes.

    Samtliga studier visade på en signifikant större viktnedgång hos orlistatbehandlade individer jämfört med placebogruppen. I tre av studierna låg viktnedgången mellan 3,9-6,5 kg, och i de övriga två studierna mellan 5,0-8,5 %. När det gäller HbA1C så minskades det med mellan 0,6-1,1 procentenheter och fasteglukos mellan 1,3-1,9 mmol/l. Det var även fler orlistatbehandlade som kunde minska, eller till och med upphöra med, medicineringen mot sin diabetes. Slutsats blir därför att orlistat kan vara ett användbart läkemedel i kampen mot fetma och dess riskfaktorer, som i det här fallet typ 2-diabetes.

  • 156. Andres, E.
    et al.
    Askebjer, P.
    Bai, X.
    Barouch, G.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Bay, R. C.
    Becker, K. -H
    Bergström, L.
    Bertrand, D.
    Biron, A.
    Booth, J.
    Botner, O.
    Bouchta, A.
    Boyce, M. M.
    Carius, Staffan
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Chirkin, D.
    Conrad, J.
    Costa, C. G. S.
    Cowen, D. F.
    Dailing, J.
    Dalberg, E.
    DeYoung, T.
    Desiati, P.
    Dewulf, J. -P
    Doksus, P.
    Edsjö, J.
    Ekström, P.
    Erlandsson, B.
    Feser, T.
    Gaug, M.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Goobar, A.
    Haase, H.
    Hallgren, A.
    Halzen, F.
    Hanson, K.
    Hardtke, R.
    He, Y. D.
    Hellwig, M.
    Heukenkamp, H.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hundertmark, S.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Karle, A.
    Kim, J.
    Koci, B.
    Köpke, L.
    Kowalski, M.
    Leich, H.
    Leuthold, M.
    Lindahl, P.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Liubarsky, I.
    Loaiza, P.
    Lowder, D. M.
    Ludvig, J.
    Madsen, J.
    Marciniewski, P.
    Matis, H.
    Mikolajski, T.
    Miller, T. C.
    Minaeva, Y.
    Miocinovic, P.
    Mock, P.
    Morse, R.
    Neunhöffer, T.
    Newcomer, F. M.
    Niessen, P.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Pérez de los Heros, C.
    Porrata, R.
    Price, P. B.
    Rawlins, K.
    Reed, C.
    Rhode, W.
    Richards, A.
    Richter, S.
    Rodriguez Martino, J.
    Romenesko, P.
    Ross, D.
    Rubinstein, H.
    Sander, H. -G
    Scheider, T.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schneider, D.
    Schneider, E.
    Schwarz, R.
    Silvestri, A.
    Solarz, M.
    Spiczak, G.
    Spiering, C.
    Starinski, N.
    Steele, D.
    Steffen, P.
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Streicher, O.
    Sun, Q.
    Taboada, I.
    Thollander, L.
    Thon, T.
    Tilav, S.
    Vander Donckt, M.
    Walck, C.
    Weinheimer, C.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Wischnewski, R.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Wu, W.
    Yodh, G.
    Young, S.
    Results from the AMANDA high energy neutrino detector2000In: Nuclear physics B, Proceedings supplements, ISSN 0920-5632, E-ISSN 1873-3832, Vol. 91, no 1-3, p. 423-430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper briefly summarizes the search for astronomical sources of high-energy neutrinos using the AMANDA-B10 detector. The complete data set from 1997 was analyzed. For Eμ > 10 TeV, the detector exceeds 10,000 m2 in effective area between declinations of 25 and 90 degrees. Neutrinos generated in the atmosphere by cosmic ray interactions were used to verify the overall sensitivity of the detector. The absolute pointing accuracy and angular resolution has been confirmed by the analysis of coincident events between the SPASE air shower array and the AMANDA detector. Preliminary flux limits from point source candidates are presented. For declinations larger than +45 degrees, our results compare favorably to existing limits for sources in the Southern sky. We also present the current status of the searches for high energy neutrino emission from diffusely distributed sources, GRBs, and WIMPs from the center of the earth.

  • 157. Andres, E.
    et al.
    Askebjer, P.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Bay, R.
    Bergström, L.
    Biron, A.
    Booth, J.
    Bouchta, A.
    Carius, Staffan
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Carlson, M.
    Cowen, D.
    Dalberg, E.
    Deyoung, T.
    Ekström, P.
    Erlandson, B.
    Goobar, A.
    Gray, L.
    Hallgren, A.
    Halzen, F.
    Hardtke, R.
    Hart, S.
    He, Y.
    Heukenkamp, H.
    Hill, G.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hundertmark, S.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Jones, A.
    Kandhadai, V.
    Karle, A.
    Koci, B.
    Lindahl, P.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Liubarsky, I.
    Leuthold, M.
    Lowder, D. M.
    Marciniewski, P.
    Mikolajski, T.
    Miller, T.
    Miocinovic, P.
    Mock, P.
    Morse, R.
    Niessen, P.
    Pérez De Los Heros, C.
    Porrata, R.
    Potter, D.
    Price, P. B.
    Przybylski, G.
    Richards, A.
    Richter, S.
    Romenesko, P.
    Rubinstein, H.
    Schneider, E.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schwarz, R.
    Solarz, M.
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Spiering, C.
    Streicher, O.
    Sun, Q.
    Thollander, L.
    Thon, T.
    Tilav, S.
    Walck, C.
    Wiebusch, C.
    Wischnewski, R.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Yodh, G.
    The AMANDA neutrino telescope: Principle of operation and first results2000In: Astroparticle physics, ISSN 0927-6505, E-ISSN 1873-2852, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AMANDA is a high-energy neutrino telescope presently under construction at the geographical South Pole. In the Antarctic summer 1995/96, an array of 80 optical modules (OMs) arranged on 4 strings (AMANDA-B4) was deployed at depths between 1.5 and 2 km. In this paper we describe the design and performance of the AMANDA-B4 prototype, based on data collected between February and November 1996. Monte Carlo simulations of the detector response to down-going atmospheric muon tracks show that the global behavior of the detector is understood. We describe the data analysis method and present first results on atmospheric muon reconstruction and separation of neutrino candidates. The AMANDA array was upgraded with 216 OMs on 6 new strings in 1996/97 (AMANDA-B10), and 122 additional OMs on 3 strings in 1997/98.

  • 158. Andrés, E.
    et al.
    Askebjer, P.
    Bai, X.
    Barouch, G.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Bay, R. C.
    Becker, K. -H
    Bergström, L.
    Bertrand, D.
    Bierenbaum, D.
    Biron, A.
    Booth, J.
    Botner, O.
    Bouchta, A.
    Boyce, M. M.
    Carius, Staffan
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Chen, A.
    Chirkin, D.
    Conrad, J.
    Cooley, J.
    Costa, C. G. S.
    Cowen, D. F.
    Dailing, J.
    Dalberg, E.
    De Young, T.
    Desiati, P.
    Dewulf, J. -P
    Doksus, P.
    Edsjö, J.
    Ekström, P.
    Erlandsson, B.
    Feser, T.
    Gaug, M.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Goobar, A.
    Gray, L.
    Haase, H.
    Hallgren, A.
    Halzen, F.
    Hanson, K.
    Hardtke, R.
    He, Y. D.
    Hellwig, M.
    Heukenkamp, H.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hundertmark, S.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Kandhadai, V.
    Karle, A.
    Kim, J.
    Koci, B.
    Köpke, L.
    Kowalski, M.
    Leich, H.
    Leuthold, M.
    Lindahl, P.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Liubarsky, I.
    Loaiza, P.
    Lowder, D. M.
    Ludvig, J.
    Madsen, J.
    Marciniewski, P.
    Matis, H. S.
    Mihalyi, A.
    Mikolajski, T.
    Miller, T. C.
    Minaeva, Y.
    Miočinović, P.
    Mock, P. C.
    Morse, R.
    Neunhöffer, T.
    Newcomer, F. M.
    Niessen, P.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Ogelman, H.
    Pérez De Los Heros, C.
    Porrata, R.
    Price, P. B.
    Rawlins, K.
    Reed, C.
    Rhode, W.
    Richards, A.
    Richter, S.
    Rodríguez Martino, J.
    Romenesko, P.
    Ross, D.
    Rubinstein, H.
    Sander, H. -G
    Scheider, T.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schneider, D.
    Schneider, E.
    Schwarz, R.
    Silvestri, A.
    Solarz, M.
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Spiering, C.
    Starinsky, N.
    Steele, D.
    Steffen, P.
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Streicher, O.
    Sun, Q.
    Taboada, I.
    Thollander, L.
    Thon, T.
    Tilav, S.
    Usechak, N.
    Vander Donckt, M.
    Walck, C.
    Weinheimer, C.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Wischnewski, R.
    Wissing, H.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Wu, W.
    Yodh, G.
    Young, S.
    Recent results from AMANDA2001In: International Journal of Modern Physics A, ISSN 0217-751X, E-ISSN 1793-656X, Vol. 16, no 1C, p. 1013-1015Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present results based on data taken in 1997 with the 302-PMT Antarctic Muon and Neutrino Detector Array-B10 ("AMANDA-B10") array. Atmospheric neutrinos created in the northern hemisphere are observed indirectly through their charged current interactions which produce relativistic, Cherenkov-light-emitting upgoing muons in the South Pole ice cap. The reconstructed angular distribution of these events is in good agreement with expectation and demonstrates the viability of this ice-based device as a neutrino telescope.

  • 159. Andrés, E.
    et al.
    Askebjer, P.
    Bai, X.
    Barouch, G.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Bay, R. C.
    Becker, K. -H
    Bergström, L.
    Bertrand, D.
    Bierenbaum, D.
    Biron, A.
    Booth, J.
    Botner, O.
    Bouchta, A.
    Boyce, M. M.
    Carius, Staffan
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Chen, A.
    Chirkin, D.
    Conrad, J.
    Cooley, J.
    Costa, C. G. S.
    Cowen, D. F.
    Dailing, J.
    Dalberg, E.
    DeYoung, T.
    Desiati, P.
    Dewulf, J. -P
    Doksus, P.
    Edsjö, J.
    Ekström, P.
    Erlandsson, B.
    Feser, T.
    Gaug, M.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Goobar, A.
    Gray, L.
    Haase, H.
    Hallgren, A.
    Halzen, F.
    Hanson, K.
    Hardtke, R.
    He, Y. D.
    Hellwig, M.
    Heukenkamp, H.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hundertmark, S.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Kandhadai, V.
    Karle, A.
    Kim, J.
    Koci, B.
    Köpke, L.
    Kowalski, M.
    Leich, H.
    Leuthold, M.
    Lindahl, P.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Liubarsky, I.
    Loaiza, P.
    Lowder, D. M.
    Ludvig, J.
    Madsen, J.
    Marciniewski, P.
    Matis, H. S.
    Mihalyi, A.
    Mikolajski, T.
    Miller, T. C.
    Minaeva, Y.
    Miočinović, P.
    Mock, P. C.
    Morse, R.
    Neunhöffer, T.
    Newcomer, F. M.
    Niessen, P.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Ögelman, H.
    Pérez De Los Heros, C.
    Porrata, R.
    Price, P. B.
    Rawlins, K.
    Reed, C.
    Rhode, W.
    Richards, A.
    Richter, S.
    Martino, J. R.
    Romenesko, P.
    Ross, D.
    Rubinstein, H.
    Sander, H. -G
    Scheider, T.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schneider, D.
    Schneider, E.
    Schwarz, R.
    Silvestri, A.
    Solarz, M.
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Spiering, C.
    Starinsky, N.
    Steele, D.
    Steffen, P.
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Streicher, O.
    Sun, Q.
    Taboada, I.
    Thollander, L.
    Thon, T.
    Tilav, S.
    Usechak, N.
    Vander Donckt, M.
    Walck, C.
    Weinheimer, C.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Wischnewski, R.
    Wissing, H.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Wu, W.
    Yodh, G.
    Young, S.
    Observation of high-energy neutrinos using Čerenkov detectors embedded deep in Antarctic ice2001In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, Vol. 410, no 6827, p. 441-443Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Neutrinos are elementary particles that carry no electric charge and have little mass. As they interact only weakly with other particles, they can penetrate enormous amounts of matter, and therefore have the potential to directly convey astrophysical information from the edge of the Universe and from deep inside the most cataclysmic high-energy regions. The neutrino's great penetrating power, however, also makes this particle difficult to detect. Underground detectors have observed low-energy neutrinos from the Sun and a nearby supernova2, as well as neutrinos generated in the Earth's atmosphere. But the very low fluxes of high-energy neutrinos from cosmic sources can be observed only by much larger, expandable detectors in, for example, deep water3,4 or ice5. Here we report the detection of upwardly propagating atmospheric neutrinos by the ice-based Antarctic muon and neutrino detector array (AMANDA). These results establish a technology with which to build a kilometre-scale neutrino observatory necessary for astrophysical observations1.

  • 160. Andrés, E.
    et al.
    Askebjer, P.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Bay, R.
    Bergström, L.
    Bouchta, A.
    Biron, A.
    Carius, Staffan
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Costa, C.
    Cowen, D.
    Dalberg, E.
    Ekström, P.
    Goobar, A.
    Gray, L.
    Hallgren, A.
    Halzen, F.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Hart, S.
    He, Y.
    Hill, G.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hundertmark, S.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Jones, A.
    Kandahai, V.
    Karle, A.
    Lindahl, P.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Liubarsky, I.
    Lowder, D. M.
    Marciniewski, P.
    Mikolajski, T.
    Miller, T.
    Mock, P.
    Morse, R.
    Niessen, P.
    Nygren, D.
    Perez de Los Heros, C.
    Porrata, R.
    Potter, D.
    Price, P. B.
    Richards, A.
    Rubinstein, H.
    Schneider, E.
    Schwarz, R.
    Spiering, C.
    Streicher, O.
    Thon, T.
    Tilav, S.
    Walck, C.
    Wiebusch, C.
    Wischnewski, R.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Yodh, G.
    Status of the AMANDA experiment1999In: Nuclear physics B, Proceedings supplements, ISSN 0920-5632, E-ISSN 1873-3832, Vol. 70, no 1-3, p. 448-452Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The AMANDA high energy neutrino telescope has successfully been increased in size from four detector strings to ten detector strings during the 1996/1997 season. The first upward going muon-neutrino candidates have been reconstructed from the 1996 year's four-string data. Three new detector strings will be deployed during 1997/1998 to 2350 metres depth.

  • 161. Andrés, E. C.
    et al.
    Askebjer, P.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Bay, R. C.
    Bergström, L.
    Biron, A.
    Booth, J.
    Botner, O.
    Bouchta, A.
    Carius, Staffan
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Carlson, M.
    Chinowsky, W.
    Chirkin, D.
    Conrad, J.
    Costa, C. G. S.
    Cowen, D.
    Dalberg, E.
    DeYoung, T.
    Edsjö, J.
    Ekström, P.
    Goobar, A.
    Gray, L.
    Hallgren, A.
    Halzen, F.
    Hardtke, R.
    Hart, S.
    He, Y.
    De Los Heros, C. P.
    Hill, G.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hundertmark, S.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Jones, A.
    Kandhadai, V.
    Karle, A.
    Kim, J.
    Leich, H.
    Leuthold, M.
    Lindahl, P.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Liubarsky, I.
    Loaiza, P.
    Lowder, D.
    Marciniewski, P.
    Miller, T. C.
    Miocinovic, P.
    Mock, P. C.
    Morse, R.
    Newcomer, M.
    Niessen, P.
    Nygren, D.
    Porrata, R.
    Potter, D.
    Price, P. B.
    Przybylski, G.
    Rhode, W.
    Richter, S.
    Rodriguez, J.
    Romenesko, P.
    Ross, D.
    Rubinstein, H.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schneider, E.
    Schwarz, R.
    Schwendicke, U.
    Smoot, G.
    Solarz, M.
    Sorin, V.
    Spiering, C.
    Steffen, P.
    Stokstad, R.
    Streicher, O.
    Taboada, I.
    Thon, T.
    Tilav, S.
    Walck, C.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Wischnewski, R.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Wu, W.
    Yodh, G.
    Young, S.
    The AMANDA neutrino telescope1999In: Nuclear physics B, Proceedings supplements, ISSN 0920-5632, E-ISSN 1873-3832, Vol. 77, no 1-3, p. 474-485Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With an effective telescope area of order 104 m2 for TeV neutrinos, a threshold near ∼50 GeV and a pointing accuracy of 2.5 degrees per muon track, the AMANDA detector represents the first of a new generation of high energy neutrino telescopes, reaching a scale envisaged over 25 years ago. We describe early results on the calibration of natural deep ice as a particle detector as well as on AMANDA's performance as a neutrino telescope.

  • 162.
    Ankarloo, Jonas
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Nicholls, Ian Alan
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Escherichia coli viability in water-miscible organic solvents2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 163.
    Ankarloo, Jonas
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Olofsson, Linus
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Nicholls, Ian Alan
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Phage viability in chemically extreme environments1997Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 164. Ansbjer, J
    et al.
    Hogland, William
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Tamaddon, F
    Storage of waste-fuels with bailing technique1995In: ISWA Times, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 165. Arahal, DR
    et al.
    Lekunberri, I
    Gonzalez, JM
    Pascual, J
    Pujalte, MJ
    Pedros-Alio, C
    Pinhassi, Jarone
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Neptuniibacter caesariensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel marine genome-sequenced gammaproteobacterium2007In: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, ISSN 1466-5026, E-ISSN 1466-5034, Vol. 57, p. 1000-1006Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 166. Arnemo, R
    et al.
    Bergbäck, Bo
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Carlsson, D
    Persson, L-E
    Tobiasson, Stefan
    Kuststatus. Miljöfakta som underlag för planering1989Report (Other academic)
  • 167.
    Arpteg, Anders
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Communication and Design.
    Kulesza, Wlodek
    University of Kalmar, Department of Technology.
    Karlsson, Reine
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Luttrop, Conrad
    Knowledge Management for Reuse of Disassembly Information in EcoDesign2001In: 15th International Symposium Informatics for Environmental Protection, Zuerich, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 168.
    Asp, Karl
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Water Storage Capacity and Flow Dynamics in a Papyrus Wetland, Uganda: Implications for Studies of Water Treatment Effects2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hydrological investigations were performed in the Lubigi papyrus wetland in suburban Kampala, Uganda, impacted by human encroachment for settlement and agriculture. The first aim was to investigate the water flow variations and the dampening effect of the wetland. A second aim was to estimate the effective wetland volume and area, and relate this to the wetland function for treatment of the suburban runoff. A study site with well defined inflows and outflows was chosen, and three transects were cut through the papyrus to be able to study the water movement beneath the floating papyrus mat. Water flow measurements showed a flow dampening effect of the wetland on peak flows after rains, and the water balance revealed that the precipitation on the wetland was only 4 % of the inflow during the study. The tracer added at the inlet was rapidly detected downstream in the canal in the middle of the wetland, indicating a strong short-circuiting effect of the human made canal. At the outlet the tracer concentration was lower than the detection limit, suggesting a good mixing in the downstream part of the wetland, which was also supported by other water quality measurements in the transects. Ammonium-N concentrations at the inflow and outflow indicated a net export of ammonium-N, but the observed flow variations suggest that intensive water sampling campaigns are necessary for a proper evaluation of the water treatment function. The calculated effective volume and area amounted to 74 and 46 %, respectively, of the theoretically estimated, with a corresponding loss in the flow dampening and water treatment function of the wetland.

     

  • 169.
    Asplund, Andreas
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Kontaktlinsens hanteringsfärg och behovet av skydd för det kortvågiga synliga ljuset2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kontaktlinser har idag oftast en hanteringsfärg, en färg för underlättande av hantering. Denna färg är i de flesta fall blå. Det kortvågiga blåa ljuset har visats kunna ge skador på ögats näthinna trots att det är inom det synliga spektrumet till skillnad från ultraviolett ljus. Inom kataraktkirurgin hanteras detta blåa ljus genom att en blåljus-filtrerande lins används. Kontaktlinsens blå hanteringsfärg har i denna studie utretts ur ett skyddsperspektiv för det kortvågiga blåa ljuset.

    Metod: Kontaktlinstillverkare blev tillfrågade om faktorer som prioriterats vid val av den blåa hanteringsfärgen. Kontaktlinser med olika hanteringsfärg mättes upp i en spektrograf för att undersöka skillnad i transmission av blått ljus.

    Resultat: Den blåa hanteringsfärgen hade främst valts av hanteringspraktiska och estetiska skäl, mer än av optiska och synhälsoskäl. Kontaktlinser med gul hanteringsfärg visades ge betydligt mer absorption av kortvågigt blått ljus än en kontaktlins med blå hanteringsfärg.

    Slutsats: För att skydda ögonen mot kortvågigt blått ljus, som har skadligt verkan på näthinnan, är en gul hanteringsfärg mer effektiv än en blå. Även de låga grader av färg som hanteringsfärgen innebär kan ge stor skillnad i absorption av ett visst område, om färg väljs därefter.

    2008:O5

  • 170.
    Atac, Selma
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Kvinnornas roll i avfallsproblemet-källsortering2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Women and environment; two subjects that are connected.The environment is destroyed constantly and women often take initiatives to environmental work. To be able to take initiatives women must known about the phenomenon, especially about the household waste. This study was carried out in Kocasinan municipality in Kayseri in Turkey in order to examine the women's attitudes to householde-source separation and in order to find out the women's knowledge about the impact the waste had on the environment. The result showed that a majority of women had a positive attitude towards recycling of the household waste. The women did not think that they had got any information from the municipality or from the authorities about how and why they should sort the household waste and what happened with the waste after that they thrown out it. The result shows that an introduction of a source separation system would not function unless women first are aware of the problem. Environment improvements can only be achieved if women become enlightened about how the household waste influences environment, their own health and their children's health.

  • 171. Atwood, W. B.
    et al.
    Abdo, A. A.
    Ackermann, M.
    Althouse, W.
    Anderson, B.
    Axelsson, M.
    Baldini, L.
    Ballet, J.
    Band, D. L.
    Barbiellini, G.
    Bartelt, J.
    Bastieri, D.
    Baughman, B. M.
    Bechtol, K.
    Bederede, D.
    Bellardi, F.
    Bellazzini, R.
    Berenji, B.
    Bignami, G. F.
    Bisello, D.
    Bissaldi, E.
    Blandford, R. D.
    Bloom, E. D.
    Bogart, J. R.
    Bonamente, E.
    Bonnell, J.
    Borgland, A. W.
    Bouvier, A.
    Bregeon, J.
    Brez, A.
    Brigida, M.
    Bruel, P.
    Burnett, T. H.
    Busetto, G.
    Caliandro, G. A.
    Cameron, R. A.
    Caraveo, P. A.
    Carius, Staffan
    University of Kalmar, Department of Technology.
    Carlson, P.
    Casandjian, J. M.
    Cavazzuti, E.
    Ceccanti, M.
    Cecchi, C.
    Charles, E.
    Chekhtman, A.
    Cheung, C. C.
    Chiang, J.
    Chipaux, R.
    Cillis, A. N.
    Ciprini, S.
    Claus, R.
    Cohen-Tanugi, J.
    Condamoor, S.
    Conrad, J.
    Corbet, R.
    Corucci, L.
    Costamante, L.
    Cutini, S.
    Davis, D. S.
    Decotigny, D.
    DeKlotz, M.
    Dermer, C. D.
    De Angelis, A.
    Digel, S. W.
    Silva, Edce
    Drell, P. S.
    Dubois, R.
    Dumora, D.
    Edmonds, Y.
    Fabiani, D.
    Farnier, C.
    Favuzzi, C.
    Flath, D. L.
    Fleury, P.
    Focke, W. B.
    Funk, S.
    Fusco, P.
    Gargano, F.
    Gasparrini, D.
    Gehrels, N.
    Gentit, F. X.
    Germani, S.
    Giebels, B.
    Giglietto, N.
    Giommi, P.
    Giordano, F.
    Glanzman, T.
    Godfrey, G.
    Grenier, I. A.
    Grondin, M. H.
    Grove, J. E.
    Guillemot, L.
    Guiriec, S.
    Haller, G.
    Harding, A. K.
    Hart, P. A.
    Hays, E.
    Healey, S. E.
    Hirayama, M.
    Hjalmarsdotter, L.
    Horn, R.
    Hughes, R. E.
    Johannesson, G.
    Johansson, G.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Johnson, A. S.
    Johnson, R. P.
    Johnson, T. J.
    Johnson, W. N.
    Kamae, T.
    Katagiri, H.
    Kataoka, J.
    Kavelaars, A.
    Kawai, N.
    Kelly, H.
    Kerr, M.
    Klamra, W.
    Knodlseder, J.
    Kocian, M. L.
    Komin, N.
    Kuehn, F.
    Kuss, M.
    Landriu, D.
    Latronico, L.
    Lee, B.
    Lee, S. H.
    Lemoine-Goumard, M.
    Lionetto, A. M.
    Longo, F.
    Loparco, F.
    Lott, B.
    Lovellette, M. N.
    Lubrano, P.
    Madejski, G. M.
    Makeev, A.
    Marangelli, B.
    Massai, M. M.
    Mazziotta, M. N.
    McEnery, J. E.
    Menon, N.
    Meurer, C.
    Michelson, P. F.
    Minuti, M.
    Mirizzi, N.
    Mitthumsiri, W.
    Mizuno, T.
    Moiseev, A. A.
    Monte, C.
    Monzani, M. E.
    Moretti, E.
    Morselli, A.
    Moskalenko, I. V.
    Murgia, S.
    Nakamori, T.
    Nishino, S.
    Nolan, P. L.
    Norris, J. P.
    Nuss, E.
    Ohno, M.
    Ohsugi, T.
    Omodei, N.
    Orlando, E.
    Ormes, J. F.
    Paccagnella, A.
    Paneque, D.
    Panetta, J. H.
    Parent, D.
    Pearce, M.
    Pepe, M.
    Perazzo, A.
    Pesce-Rollins, M.
    Picozza, P.
    Pieri, L.
    Pinchera, M.
    Piron, F.
    Porter, T. A.
    Poupard, L.
    Raino, S.
    Rando, R.
    Rapposelli, E.
    Razzano, M.
    Reimer, A.
    Reimer, O.
    Reposeur, T.
    Reyes, L. C.
    Ritz, S.
    Rochester, L. S.
    Rodriguez, A. Y.
    Romani, R. W.
    Roth, M.
    Russell, J. J.
    Ryde, F.
    Sabatini, S.
    Sadrozinski, H. F. W.
    Sanchez, D.
    Sander, A.
    Sapozhnikov, L.
    Parkinson, P. M. S.
    Scargle, J. D.
    Schalk, T. L.
    Scolieri, G.
    Sgro, C.
    Share, G. H.
    Shaw, M.
    Shimokawabe, T.
    Shrader, C.
    Sierpowska-Bartosik, A.
    Siskind, E. J.
    Smith, D. A.
    Smith, P. D.
    Spandre, G.
    Spinelli, P.
    Starck, J. L.
    Stephens, T. E.
    Strickman, M. S.
    Strong, A. W.
    Suson, D. J.
    Tajima, H.
    Takahashi, H.
    Takahashi, T.
    Tanaka, T.
    Tenze, A.
    Tether, S.
    Thayer, J. B.
    Thayer, J. G.
    Thompson, D. J.
    Tibaldo, L.
    Tibolla, O.
    Torres, D. F.
    Tosti, G.
    Tramacere, A.
    Turri, M.
    Usher, T. L.
    Vilchez, N.
    Vitale, V.
    Wang, P.
    Watters, K.
    Winer, B. L.
    Wood, K. S.
    Ylinen, T.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Ziegler, M.
    THE LARGE AREA TELESCOPE ON THE FERMI GAMMA-RAY SPACE TELESCOPE MISSION2009In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 697, no 2, p. 1071-1102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Large Area Telescope (Fermi/LAT, hereafter LAT), the primary instrument on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi) mission, is an imaging, wide field-of-view (FoV), high-energy gamma-ray telescope, covering the energy range from below 20 MeV to more than 300 GeV. The LAT was built by an international collaboration with contributions from space agencies, high-energy particle physics institutes, and universities in France, Italy, Japan, Sweden, and the United States. This paper describes the LAT, its preflight expected performance, and summarizes the key science objectives that will be addressed. On-orbit performance will be presented in detail in a subsequent paper. The LAT is a pair-conversion telescope with a precision tracker and calorimeter, each consisting of a 4 x 4 array of 16 modules, a segmented anticoincidence detector that covers the tracker array, and a programmable trigger and data acquisition system. Each tracker module has a vertical stack of 18 (x, y) tracking planes, including two layers (x and y) of single-sided silicon strip detectors and high-Z converter material (tungsten) per tray. Every calorimeter module has 96 CsI(Tl) crystals, arranged in an eight-layer hodoscopic configuration with a total depth of 8.6 radiation lengths, giving both longitudinal and transverse information about the energy deposition pattern. The calorimeter's depth and segmentation enable the high-energy reach of the LAT and contribute significantly to background rejection. The aspect ratio of the tracker (height/width) is 0.4, allowing a large FoV (2.4 sr) and ensuring that most pair-conversion showers initiated in the tracker will pass into the calorimeter for energy measurement. Data obtained with the LAT are intended to (1) permit rapid notification of high-energy gamma-ray bursts and transients and facilitate monitoring of variable sources, (2) yield an extensive catalog of several thousand high-energy sources obtained from an all-sky survey, (3) measure spectra from 20 MeV to more than 50 GeV for several hundred sources, (4) localize point sources to 0.3-2 arcmin, (5) map and obtain spectra of extended sources such as SNRs, molecular clouds, and nearby galaxies, (6) measure the diffuse isotropic gamma-ray background up to TeV energies, and (7) explore the discovery space for dark matter.

  • 172.
    Au, Gough G
    et al.
    The University of Newcastle.
    Lindberg, A Michael
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Barry, Richard D
    The University of Newcastle.
    Shafren, Darren R
    The University of Newcastle.
    Oncolysis of vascular malignant human melanoma tumors by Coxsackievirus A21.2005In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 26, no 6, p. 1471-6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cultured melanoma cell lines despite exhibiting similar in vitro morphology, display significant phenotypic and growth rate differences when propagated as in vivo xenografts. Previously we have shown that Coxsackievirus A21 (CVA21) lytically infects in vitro cultures of malignant melanoma cells and is efficient at reducing the tumor burden of mice bearing slow-growing SK-Mel-28 melanoma xenografts. The oncolytic activity of CVA21 against in vivo melanoma xenografts, which possess rapid growth rates and more extensive vascular structure than SK-Mel-28 xenografts warrants further investigation. In the present study we evaluated the oncolytic action of CVA21 against rapidly growing melanoma xenografts (ME4405) which exhibit a highly vascular phenotype. Flow cytometric analysis indicated that in vitro cultures of ME4405 cells expressed comparable levels of the CVA21 cellular receptors, ICAM-1 (intercellular adhesion molecules-1) and DAF (decay accelerating factor) to SK-Mel-28 cells. Despite similar levels of CVA21 receptor expression, SK-Mel-28 cells appear to be more susceptible to viral lysis than ME4405 cells, even though the kinetics of virus replication in both lines was comparable. Intratumoral, intraperitoneal or intravenous administration of CVA21 were equally effective in reducing the tumor volume of ME4405 xenografts in immunodeficient mice, and provides further evidence for the use of CVA21 as a novel oncolytic agent against varying phenotypes of malignant melanoma.

  • 173.
    Augustsson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Bergbäck, Bo
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Åström, Mats E.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Trace metals in recharge and discharge ground waters at two sites at the Baltic coast of Sweden2009In: Applied Geochemistry, ISSN 0883-2927, E-ISSN 1872-9134, Vol. 24, no 9, p. 1640-1652Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The distribution and controls of trace elements (Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn and U) in shallow groundwater in discharge and recharge zones were analysed at two sites on the Baltic coast of Sweden; one granite-dominated and one with a significant addition of calcite. Although the study sites differ in overburden geochemistry and groundwater trace metal concentrations, which were well reflected in the general groundwater composition, the relative hydrochemical differences between recharge and discharge ground waters were similar at both sites, and temporally stable. The concentrations of Cd, Cu, Ni and U were higher in soil tubes in recharge areas, but Cr was higher in discharge zones. Also concentrations of HS, Fe, Mn and NH4 were higher in discharge samples, which in combination with increased 34S values provide strong evidence of a transition from oxidizing to more reducing conditions along the groundwater flow gradient. In terms of trace metals, this might mean either mobilisation due to dissolution of trace-metal carrying Fe(III) and Mn(IV) phases, or immobilisation caused by precipitation of discrete trace-metal sulfides or co-precipitation with Fe sulfides. The results from this study show that the latter is dominant in both the carbonate and granite environments for the metals Cd, Cu and Ni. Chromium concentrations were likely coupled to organic complexation and were higher in discharge groundwater, where DOC was also more abundant. As the concentration of several potentially toxic trace metals were found to differ between recharge and discharge areas, a climate driven change in hydrology might have a substantial impact on the distribution of these metals.

  • 174. Axelsson Lindgren, C
    et al.
    Berggren-Bärring, A - M
    Chiverton, P
    Hammer, M
    Göransson, Görgen
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Ekologisk odling som skapare av mångfunktionella landskapsstrukturer2001In: Ekologiskt lantbruk, Vol. 30, p. 7-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 175.
    Axelsson Olsson, Diana
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Campylobacters and protozoans: the missing link in the epidemiology of campylobacteriosis?2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 176.
    Axelsson Olsson, Diana
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Survival of Campylobacter jejuni within Acanthamoeba polyphaga; a possible transmission route?2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 177.
    Axelsson Olsson, Diana
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Ellström, Patrik
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Waldenström, Jonas
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Haemig, Paul D
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Brudin, Lars
    Olsen, Björn
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Acanthamoeba-Campylobacter coculture as a novel method for enrichment of Campylobacter species2007In: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 73, no 21, p. 6864-6869Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we present a novel method to isolate and enrich low concentrations of Campylobacter pathogens. This method, Acanthamoeba-Campylobacter coculture (ACC), is based on the intracellular survival and multiplication of Campylobacter species in the free-living protozoan Acanthamoeba polyphaga. Four of the Campylobacter species relevant to humans and livestock, Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli, C. lari, and C. hyointestinalis, were effectively enriched by the coculture method, with growth rates comparable to those observed in other Campylobacter enrichment media. Studying six strains of C. jejuni isolated from different sources, we found that all of the strains could be enriched from an inoculum of fewer than 10 bacteria. The sensitivity of the ACC method was not negatively affected by the use of Campylobacter-selective antibiotics in the culture medium, but these were effective in suppressing the growth of seven different bacterial species added at a concentration of 10(4) CFU/ml of each species as deliberate contamination. The ACC method has advantages over other enrichment methods as it is not dependent on a microaerobic milieu and does not require the use of blood or other oxygen-quenching agents. Our study found the ACC method to be a promising tool for the enrichment of Campylobacter species, particularly from water samples with low bacterial concentrations.

  • 178.
    Axelsson Olsson, Diana
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Olofsson, Jenny
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Ellström, Patrik
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Waldenström, Jonas
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Olsen, Björn
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    A simple method for long-term storage Acanthamoeba species2009In: Parasitology Research, ISSN 0932-0113, E-ISSN 1432-1955, Vol. 104, no 4, p. 935-937Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a novel and simple technique for storing live Acanthamoeba for long periods of time. The amoebae are maintained at refrigerator temperatures in a peptone-yeast extract-glucose (PYG) medium normally used for cultivation. Using this method, we obtained survival rates of at least 4 years for Acanthamoeba polyphaga and 3 years for Acanthamoeba castellanii and Acanthamoeba rhysodes. Advantages of this storage method are: (1) it is quick and simple, (2) inexpensive, (3) does not require encystment before storage, (4) resuscitation of cysts can be achieved within a week of culture in PYG medium at 27A degrees C, and does not require co-culture with bacteria or any special equipment.

  • 179.
    Axelsson Olsson, Diana
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Olofsson, Jenny
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Svensson, Lovisa
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Ellström, Patrik
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Waldenström, Jonas
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Olsen, Björn
    Uppsala University Hospital.
    Campylobacter jejuni acid tolerance increases when co-incubated with amoebae2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Although Campylobacter jejuni is a frequent cause of bacterial gastroenteritis, one of the enigmas is how thisfragile organism can survive the transit through the acid milieu of the stomach. C. jejuni is very sensitive to low pH, but cansurvive in moderately acid environment for short periods of time. We have previously shown that C. jejuni can colonize andeven replicate in different species of amoebas, thereby gaining protection from adverse environments.

    Objectives: We evaluated the effects of hydrochloric acid (HCl) on C. jejuni at various pH and time intervals, to study whetherco-cultivation with amoeba influenced C.jejuni acid tolerance. The setup was chosen to mimic the acidified milieu of the humangastrointestinal tract.

    Methods: Cultures of C. jejuni (CCUG 11284) were co-cultured with Acanthamoeba polyphaga in either PBS or tap wateracidified with HCl to pH 1, 2, 3 and 4. We also evaluated different treatments effect on campylobacter survival, by exposingsome bacterial samples to an acid shock and some to a slower acidification process.

    Results and conclusions: We show that C. jejuni can withstand pH below the normal range of survival, when co-cultured withA. polyphaga. C. jejuni co-cultured with amoebae survived acidified conditions at pH 3 for 20 hours and pH 2 for approximately5 hours. We also found a pH increase during the experiment, which correlated with campylobacter survival. These results pointto an unknown mechanism for C.jejuni to survive at low pH levels. This could be in the form of excretion of pH-increasingsubstances and simultaneous chemotaxic orientation towards a protective host. Our results could give one possible explanationto C. jejuni survival through the low pH of the gastrointestinal tract.

  • 180.
    Axelsson Olsson, Diana
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Olofsson, Jenny
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Svensson, Lovisa
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Griekspoor, Petra
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Ellström, Patrik
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences. Uppsala University ; Uppsala University Hospital.
    Waldenström, Jonas
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Olsen, Björn
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Protozoa as hosts for Campylobacter spp2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 181.
    Axelsson Olsson, Diana
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Waldenström, Jonas
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Broman, Tina
    Olsen, Björn
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Holmberg, M
    The protozoan Acanthamoeba polyphaga as a potential reservoir for Campylobacter jejuni2005In: Applied and environmental microbiology, Vol. 71 (2), p. 987-992Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 182. Axner, Ove
    et al.
    Gustafsson, Jörgen
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    M. Schmidt, Florian
    Omenetto, Nicolo
    D. Winefordner, James
    A discussion about the significance of Absorbance and sample optical thickness in conventional absorption spectrometry and wavelength-modulated laser absorption spectrometry2003In: Spectrochimica Acta, Part BArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 183. Axner, Ove
    et al.
    Gustafsson, Jörgen
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    M. Schmidt, Florian
    Omenetto, Nicolo
    D. Winefordner, James
    Authors’ reply2004In: Spectrochimica Acta, Part BArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 184. Axner, Ove
    et al.
    Gustafsson, Jörgen
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Omenetto, Nicolo
    D. Winefordner, James
    Line strengths, A-factors and absorption cross-sections for fine structure lines in multiplets and hyperfine structure components in lines in atomic spectrometry—a user's guide2004In: Spectrochimica Acta, Part BArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 185. Axner, Ove
    et al.
    M. Schmidt, Florian
    Foltynowicz,, A
    Gustafsson, Jörgen
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Omenetto, Nicolo
    D. Winefordner, James
    Absorption spectrometry by narrowband light in optically saturated and optically pumped collision and Doppler broadened gaseous media under arbitrary optical thickness conditions2006In: Applied spectroscopy, Vol. 60, no 11, p. 1217-1240Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 186. Azam, F.
    et al.
    Ammerman, J.W.
    Fuhrman, J.A.
    Hagström, Åke
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Role of bacteria in polluted marine ecosystems. ed R Colwell1983In: Proceedings of Workshop on meaningful measures of marine pollution effects NOAA, 1983Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 187. Azam, F.
    et al.
    Smith, D.C.
    Steward, G.F.
    Hagström, Åke
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Bacteria-organic-matter coupling and its significance for oceanic carboncycling.1993In: Microbial Ecology, ISSN 0095-3628, E-ISSN 1432-184X, Vol. 28, p. 167-179Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 188. Azoulay, M
    et al.
    Carlsson, Bo
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Chemical Substances for Heat-of-Sorption Storage - Thermodynamic Data for some Solid/Gas Phase Dissociation Reactions1982Report (Other academic)
  • 189. Babiker, A A
    et al.
    Hamad, O A
    Sanchez, J
    Ronquist, G
    Nilsson, B
    Nilsson Ekdahl, Kristina
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Prothrombotic Effect of Prostasomes of Metastatic Cell and Seminal Origin2007In: The Prostate, ISSN 0270-4137, E-ISSN 1097-0045, Vol. 67, p. 378-388Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 190. Babiker, A A
    et al.
    Nilsson, B
    Ronquist, G
    Carlsson, L
    Nilsson Ekdahl, Kristina
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Transfer of functional prostasomal CD59 of metastatic prostatic cancer cell origin protects cells against complement attack2005In: The prostate, Vol. 62 (2), p. 105-114Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 191. Babiker, A A
    et al.
    Nilsson Ekdahl, Kristina
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Nilsson, B
    Ronquist, G
    Prothrombotic Effects of Prostasomes Isolated from Prostatic Cell Lines and Seminal Plasma2007In: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis, ISSN 0094-6176, E-ISSN 1098-9064, Vol. 33, p. 80-86Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 192. Babiker, A A
    et al.
    Ronquist, G
    Nilsson, B
    Nilsson Ekdahl, Kristina
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Overexpression of ecto-protein kinases in prostasomes of metastatic origin2006In: Prostate, Vol. 66 (7), p. 675-686Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 193. Backlund, K
    et al.
    Boman, A
    Frojdo, S
    Åström, Mats
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    An analytical procedure for determination of sulphur species and isotopes in boreal acid sulphate soils and sediments2005In: Agricultural and food science, Vol. 14 (1), p. 70-82Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 194.
    Bagert, Bodil
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Borrelia burgdorferi: metodutveckling och tillämpning avseende odling och resistensstudier mot komplement, särskilt interaktion med faktor H2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The genus Borrelia is a widespread, pathogenic pest and the causative of among others borreliosis or Lyme disease. The vector for the bacteria is the hard tick, Ixodes ricinus and the infection is transferred through a bite. Untreated, Borrelia may cause arthritis, heart damage or neuroborreliosis. Infection is made possible through different strategies for avoiding the body’s complement system. One such strategy involves the binding of factor H to specific bacterial membrane proteins and, thus, no complement activation and lysis. Another defence mechanism, phagocytosis, acts in cooperation with the complement and is subsequently retarded. The present study includes optimizing of Borrelia culturing, characterisation of different Borrelia strains in regard to sensitivity against the complement including culture counting and the analysis of free C3a and the Terminal Complement Complex (TCC). Further, tagging with FITC in order to study morphology as well as phagocytosis with the aid of microscopy and FACS was performed. The culturing experiments showed Borrelia to be rather easy to culture, although a strict sterile technique has to be applied. Concerning sensitivity to complement, the B.afzelii strains showed to be resistant to complement action, while most of the B. garninii are sensitive. Analysis of C3a and TCC after incubation with normal human blood serum as well as human whole blood, showed that complement activation demands rather or very high cell densities. Tagging with FITC followed by microscopic analysis resulted in good illustrations of the bacterial morphology. The FACS analysis resulted in findings of phagocytosis in both monocytes and granulocytes and, further, the different stages of phagocytosis were visualised through nuclear staining followed by microscopy. The genus Borrelia is a widespread, pathogenic pest and the causative of among others borreliosis or Lyme disease. The vector for the bacteria is the hard tick, Ixodes ricinus and the infection is transferred through a bite. Untreated, Borrelia may cause arthritis, heart damage or neuroborreliosis. Infection is made possible through different strategies for avoiding the body’s complement system. One such strategy involves the binding of factor H to specific bacterial membrane proteins and, thus, no complement activation and lysis. Another defence mechanism, phagocytosis, acts in cooperation with the complement and is subsequently retarded. The present study includes optimizing of Borrelia culturing, characterisation of different Borrelia strains in regard to sensitivity against the complement including culture counting and the analysis of free C3a and the Terminal Complement Complex (TCC). Further, tagging with FITC in order to study morphology as well as phagocytosis with the aid of microscopy and FACS was performed. The culturing experiments showed Borrelia to be rather easy to culture, although a strict sterile technique has to be applied. Concerning sensitivity to complement, the B.afzelii strains showed to be resistant to complement action, while most of the B. garninii

    are sensitive. Analysis of C3a and TCC after incubation with normal human blood serum as well as human whole blood, showed that complement activation demands rather or very high cell densities. Tagging with FITC followed by microscopic analysis resulted in good illustrations of the bacterial morphology. The FACS analysis resulted in findings of phagocytosis in both monocytes and granulocytes and, further, the different stages of phagocytosis were visualised through nuclear staining followed by microscopy.

  • 195.
    Balaz, Martina
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Månsson, Alf
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Detection of small differences in actomyosin function using actin labeled with different phalloidin conjugates2005In: Analytical biochemistry, Vol. 338 (2), p. 224-236Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 196.
    Balaz, Martina
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Månsson, Alf
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Simultaneous studies of different actins in the in vitro motility assay2005In: Biophysical journal, Vol. 88 (1), p. 503A-503AArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 197.
    Balaz, Martina
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Sundberg, Mark
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Persson, Malin
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Kvassman, Jan-Olov
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Månsson, Alf
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    "Effects of surface adsorption on catalytic activity of heavy meromyosin studied using fluorescent ATP analogue"2007In: Biochemistry, ISSN 0006-2960, E-ISSN 1520-4995, Vol. 24, p. 4917-4934Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 198. Baldini, L.
    et al.
    Barbiellini, G.
    Bellazzini, R.
    Bogart, J. R.
    Bogaert, G.
    Bonamente, E.
    Bregeon, J.
    Brez, A.
    Brigida, M.
    Borgland, A. W.
    Bruel, P.
    Caliandro, G. A.
    Cecchi, C.
    Ceglie, F. P.
    Charles, E.
    Chekhtman, A.
    Claus, R.
    Cohen-Tanugi, J.
    Silva, E. D. E.
    Dubois, R.
    Conrad, J.
    Dumora, D.
    Favuzzi, C.
    Fewtrell, Z.
    Focke, W. B.
    Funk, S.
    Fusco, P.
    Gargano, E.
    Germani, S.
    Giebels, B.
    Giglietto, N.
    Giordano, F.
    Godfrey, G. L.
    Kelly, H. M.
    Grove, E.
    Karlsson, N.
    Kocian, M.
    Kuss, M.
    Latronico, L.
    Longo, F.
    Loparco, F.
    Lott, B.
    Mazzenga, G.
    Mazziotta, M. N.
    Minori, M.
    Minuti, M.
    Mizuno, T.
    Moiseev, A.
    Mongelli, M.
    Monte, C.
    Nuss, E.
    Omodei, N.
    Paneque, D.
    Pepe, M.
    Pinchera, M.
    Piron, F.
    Pontoni, C.
    Prest, M.
    Raino, S.
    Rando, R.
    Reposeur, T.
    Reyes, L. C.
    Rochester, L. S.
    Sacchetti, A.
    Scolieri, G.
    Sgro, C.
    Smith, D. A.
    Spandre, G.
    Spinelli, P.
    Takahashi, H.
    Vallazza, E.
    Ylinen, Tomi
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Preliminary results of the LAT calibration unit beam tests2007In: Proceedings, 1st GLAST symposium / [ed] Ritz, Steven; Michelson, Peter; Meegan, Charles, Melville: AIP , 2007, p. 190-204Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The calibration strategy of the GLAST Large Area Telescope (LAT) combines analysis of cosmic ray data with accelerator particle beams measurements. An advanced Monte Carlo simulation of the LAT, based on the Geant4 package, was set up to reproduce the LAT response to such radiation and to benchmark the event reconstruction and the background rejection strategy before launch and during operation. To validate the LAT simulation, a massive campaign of beam tests was performed between July and November 2006, in parallel with the LAT integration and test, on the LAT Calibration Unit. This is a detector built with spare flight modules and flight-like readout electronics, which was exposed to a large variety of beams, representing the whole spectrum of the signal that will be detected by the LAT, using the CERN and the GSI accelerator facilities. Beams of photons (0-2.5 GeV), electrons (1-300 GeV), hadrons (pi and p, a few GeV - 100 GeV) and ions (C, Xe, 1.5 GeV/n) were shot through the CU to measure the physical processes taking place in the detector and eventually fine-tune their description in the LAT Monte Carlo simulation. This paper describes the motivations and goals of the test runs, the many different experimental setups used, the measured detector performance and preliminary results of the LAT Monte Carlo validation.

  • 199. Baltzer, Peter
    et al.
    Chau, F. T.
    Eland, J. H. D.
    Karlsson, Leif
    Lundqvist, M.
    Rostas, J.
    Tam, K. Y.
    Veenhuizen, Hans
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Wannberg, Björn
    A study of the vibronic structure in the HeI excited photoelectron spectrum of CO2 involving the X 2Pig and A 2Piu ionic states1996In: The Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 00219606, Vol. 104, no 22/June 8, p. 8922-8931Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 200. Barreiro, A
    et al.
    Guisande, C
    Maneiro, I
    Lien, T P
    Legrand, Catherine
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Tamminen, T
    Lehtinen, S
    Uronen, P
    Granéli, Edna
    University of Kalmar, School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences.
    Relative importance of the different negative effects of the toxic haptophyte Prymnesium parvum on Rhodomonas salina and Brachionus plicatilis2005In: Aquatic Microbial Ecology, Vol. 38 (3), p. 259-267Article in journal (Refereed)
1234567 151 - 200 of 2787
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