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  • 151.
    Al-Tai, Milad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The Macroeconomic Effects of Monetary Policy in Sweden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the identification strategy introduced by Romer and Romer (2004) is used to derive more accurate estimates of the effects of monetary policy in Sweden. By constructing a new real-time data set and then matching this data to each of the Riksbank’s repo rate decisions between 1999 and 2016, an exogenous monetary policy shock measure is obtained from the estimated residuals of the first-stage regression. The results from the VAR model show that a one percentage point innovation in the shock reduces output by 8 per cent and inflation by more than 1.4 percentage points. The results also indicate that the macroeconomic effects are protracted and that using the new measure for monetary policy shocks solves the ”price puzzle”.

  • 152.
    Altvater, Christoph
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Does looking at Vehicle Currency Volatilities and their Effects on Sectoral Trade Flows solve the Exchange Rate Volatility Puzzle ? : An Empirical Analysis of the Swedish Case 2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the impact of the volatility of vehicle currencies- namely the US-Dollar and the Euro- on sectoral trade flows is investigated. It is hypothesized that vehicle currency volatilities have relatively more important effects in sectors that use vehicle currencies more frequently. However, this hypothesis finds no systematic support when investigating the Swedish case using an Error Correction Model for the different sectors of the one digit level of the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC). The data that is used is monthly data for the time period January 2000 until December 2010 and the sample includes ten different trading partners. It is found that the long-run effects of vehicle currency volatilities are significant in a large amount of different cases with a greater number of positive signs. However, in the case of Swedish exports the sectors, in which vehicle currencies are expected to be used to a rather low degree, are associated with a high number of significant vehicle currency volatilities. Only the cases of exports of Crude Materials and imports of Beverages and Tobacco support the tested hypothesis. Vehicle currency volatility seems to be more important in trade with relatively less industrialized countries.

  • 153.
    Alvarez Jr, Luis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kanniainen, Vesa
    Södersten, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Why is the Corporation Tax not Neutral? Anticipated Tax Reform, Investment Spurts and Corporate Borrowing1999In: Finanzarchiv, Vol. 56, no 3/3, p. 285-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper shows that a corporate tax policy which is thought to be neutral may have significant incentive effects. This result is established in a model with tax advantage to debt and expectations about a forthcoming tax reform. Investment spurt effects a

  • 154.
    Alvarez, L., Kanniainen, V. and Södersten, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Tax Policy Uncertainty and Corporate Investment1998In: Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 69, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Alvarez, L., Kanniainen, V. and Södersten, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Why is the Corporation Tax Not Neutral?1999Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 156.
    Alvarez, LHR
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kanniainen, V
    Sodersten, J
    Tax policy uncertainty and corporate investment - A theory of tax-induced investment spurts1998In: JOURNAL OF PUBLIC ECONOMICS, ISSN 0047-2727, Vol. 69, no 1, p. 17-48Article in journal (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The anticipatory effects of a corporate tax reform of the tax-cut cum base-broadening variety are analyzed in a dynamic stochastic adjustment model of firm behavior, focusing on the case where the firm is uncertain both about the timing and the contents o

  • 157.
    Alvarez, L.,Kanniainen, V. and Jan Södersten
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Tax Reform Uncertainty, Investment Spurts and Capital Markets1995Report (Other scientific)
  • 158.
    Alvarez, Luis H. R.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kanniainen, Vesa
    Södersten, Jan
    Tax policy uncertainty and the corporation: theory of tax-induced investment spurts1997Report (Other scientific)
  • 159.
    Alvarez, Luis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    jr., Kanniainen
    Vesa, Södersten
    Jan,
    Theory of tax-induced investment spurts1995Report (Other scientific)
  • 160.
    Alvarez, Luis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kanniainen, Vesa
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Södersten, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Why is the corporation tax not neutral? 2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper shows that a corporate tax policy which is thought to be neutral may have significant incentive effects. This result is established in a model with tax advantage to debt and expectations about a forthcoming tax reform. Investment spurt effects are established and compared to those of a firm with equity finance. A tax-cut cum base-broadening tax reform which leaves the long-run investment incentives of an all-equity firm unaffected is shown to cause a substantial short run investment hike. The findings are illustrated by numerical simulations indicating the magnitudes of the spurt effects.

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  • 161.
    Alvden, Martina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Do employers adjust their requirements in response to regional labor market conditions?: Evidence from Swedish vacancy postings2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate whether Swedish employers change their requirements for experience depending on the situation of the labor market. Using vacancy postings data from Platsbanken, and a labor shortage index by occupations, produced by the Swedish Public Employment Service, I assess whether the probability of posting an experience requirement changes in a tight or a slack labor market, in the timeperiod 2007-2017. To do this, a linear probability model with fixed effects is used. Utilizing the regional and occupational variation in the shortage index and the unique firm identifiers, allows the study to estimate both effects within an occupation and within a firm-occupation unit. The study shows a significant negative effect on the probability of an employer posting an experience requirement when a market in balance moves to a significant shortage of workers. This effect is robust across several specifications and robustness checks, including a nonlinear test of the functional form. There is no conclusive evidence for a slack labor market when workers are plentiful. However, the study shows some indications of heterogeneous effects across broad skill level groups, which points to that employers in low-skilled occupations are more responsive to changes in the labor supply than employers in high-skilled occupations.

  • 162.
    Alvtegen, Marcus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Utbildningssituationen i Tanzania: En studie om hur avskaffandet av den allmänna skolavgiften har påverkat närvarograden i Kagera2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tanzania har länge strävat efter att uppnå så kallad universal grundskoleutbildning, men

    haft blandad framgång, år 2001 genomfördes ett nationstäckande projekt för att försöka

    uppnå detta (BEMP). Som en del av projektet avskaffades skolavgiften i landets statliga

    grundskolor vilket förväntas öka närvaron i skolorna. I denna uppsats kommer en

    utbildningsmodell användas för att analysera hur situationen har utvecklats från år 1994

    till 2004 samt effekterna av projektet. En aning förvånande så visade det sig att

    närvarograden har sjunkit mellan de undersökta åren. Slutsatsen som kan dras av det är

    att skolavgiften endast utgör en liten del av kostnaden som förknippas med

    grundskoleutbildningen och att det krävs fer åtgärder än att endast ta bort ekonomiska

    inträdeshinder för att uppnå universal grundskoleutbildning.

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  • 163.
    Alzén, Tilda
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Westerdahl, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kvalitetsskillnader i välfärden: En studie av privata och offentliga aktörer på marknaden för hemtjänst2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Privatiseringen av välfärdssektorn är ett omdebatterat ämne. Idag finns både privata och offentliga aktörer inom hemtjänsten i många kommuner, något som skapar diskussion om likvärdigheten av tjänsten. Skillnader mellan hemtjänster kan exempelvis uppstå i och med privata företags möjlighet att vinstmaximera på bekostnad av kvaliteten. Med data från 2016 års undersökning av äldres upplevelser av hemtjänsten studerar vi om det finns skillnader i kvalitet beroende på aktörens regiform genom linjära OLS-regressioner. Vi finner att privat hemtjänst upplevs ha bättre kvalitet än offentlig, även om skillnaderna är små. Vid undersökning av bakomliggande faktorer framkommer det att konkurrens och valfrihet är två viktiga förklaringar till uppvisat samband. Det visar sig dessutom att offentliga aktörer agerar på samma sätt som privata när det kommer till att utnyttja kommunens ersättningssystem för att få högre ersättning.   

  • 164.
    Amcoff, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Matell, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Finanspolitiken och dess effekt på konsumtion2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 165.
    Amid, Javad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Land Reform in Post-Revolutionary Iran Revisited2009In: Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies, ISSN 1066-9922, E-ISSN 1473-9666, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 73-87Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 166.
    Amid, Javad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The dilemma of cheap food and self-sufficiency: The case of wheat in Iran2007In: Food Policy, ISSN 0306-9192, E-ISSN 1873-5657, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 537-552Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-sufficiency in wheat has been one of the major goals of Iranian agricultural policies since the Revolution of 1979. Even so, the country failed to achieve this goal by the early 2000s, despite a satisfactory growth in wheat production. This paper addresses this failure and the political difficulties in introducing reforms that would reduce the need for import. First, the production and consumption of wheat are examined. The conclusion is that the cheap-bread policy has mainly been responsible for the imbalances between domestic supply and demand, and the continued reliance on wheat imports. Moreover, the paper argues that the subsidy program is an expensive safety net for the needy and shows that the Iranian government has intended to reform the program since the early 1990s. However, subsidy reforms are politically sensitive, especially in developing countries where subsidies are considered very important, both for supporting the poor and for political stability. An analysis of the Iranian attempts at subsidy reform suggests that they have not yet succeeded, mainly due to such political considerations.

  • 167.
    Amid, Javad
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Hadjikhani, Amjad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The State, Technological Capacities and Technical Exchange in Iran: An Interdisciplinary Approach2005In: The Role of State in West Asia, Tauris, London , 2005, p. 194-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 168.
    Amid, Javad
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Hadjikhani, Amjad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Trade, Industrialization, and the Firm in Iran: The impact of government on Business2005Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book seeks to find out how government interventions affect the performance of an economy. It develops notions on trade, industrial sector, and firms and examines them for the case of Iran. The analyses suggest that the excessive interventions of the Iranian government in trade and industrial sectors resulted in small benefits at high costs. Government interventions, for example, reduced the incentives of firms to undertake technological investments. They rather invested to increase their political competencies and aimed at short-term profits. Low technological investment is argued to have been one of the major reasons behind the poor performance of industrial sector in Iran.

  • 169.
    Anbo, Johan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kan Sveriges löneökning vara högre än genomsnittet i EMU?2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 170.
    Anderhamn, Göran
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Hur påverkas den disponibla inkomsten med Hicks inkomstbegrepp?: en empirisk undersökning av hushållens inkomster och inkomstfördelning för år 20002003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study the income and income inequality for Swedish households were measured using the current definition of disposable income and Hicks income definition. The purpose has been to investigate how the porposed income definition will affect the income levels and income inequalities using Swedish equalized households. The study shows that for the year 2000 income and income inequality grow with Hicks income definition. In addition some potential problems with using the new income definition has been discussed. These problems are referred to as the gauging problems and the end result problems.

  • 171.
    Anders, Klevmarken
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Färe, Rolf
    In Memoriam: Sten Malmquist2005In: Journal of Productivity Analysis, ISSN 0895-562X, E-ISSN 1573-0441, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 141-142Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 172.
    Andersson, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Spatial Dependence in Swedish Multi-Dwelling Markets2002Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 173.
    Andersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Konjunkturinstitutet, Stockholm, National Institute of Economic Research, Stockholm.
    Österholm, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Forecasting Real Exchange Rate Trends Using Age Structure Data – The Case of Sweden2005In: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 267-272Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Theory predicts that life cycle saving and consumption behaviour could cause real exchange rate variations as the age structure varies. Time series regressions show that the Swedish demographic structure has significant explanatory power on the real exchange rate during 1960 to 2002. A model using age shares as regressors is used for medium-term out-of-sample forecasts, which perform well both compared to na ve forecasts and forecasts based on an autoregressive model.

     

  • 174. Andersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Österholm, Pär
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Population Age Structure and Real Exchange Rates in the OECD2006In: International Economic Journal, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 175.
    Andersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Österholm, Pär
    The Impact of Demography on the Real Exchange Rate2001Report (Other scientific)
  • 176.
    Andersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Österholm, Pär
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The impact of demography on the real exchange rate2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Theory predicts that life cycle saving mechanisms will cause real exchange rate variations as the age structure varies. We investigate the impact of demography on the Swedish real exchange rate, measured as the real TCW index, during 1960 to 2000. Time series regressions show that the Swedish demographic structure has significant explanatory power on the real exchange rate. A model using age shares alone as regressors is used for medium term out-of-sample forecasts, outperforming both a naive forecast and forecasts based on an autoregressive model. Finally we use the estimated model in order to make forecasts of the Swedish real exchange rate up to 2015. The model predicts that the Swedish age structure will have a depreciating effect on the real exchange rate up to 2007 followed by an appreciating effect in the end of the forecasting period.

  • 177.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Bostäder och förmögenhetsbildning: En studie av betydelsen av egnahem för svenska hushålls förmögenheter.2000In: Prisbildning och värdering av fastigheter. Var står svensk forskning inför 2000-talet? En antologi om svensk bostadsekonomisk forskning., Uppsala: Institute for Housing and Urban Research , 2000Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 178.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Growth, saving, and demography2000Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of three self-contained essays.

    Essay 1 investigates the relationship between economic growth and the age composition of the population. The age distribution is seldom taken into consideration in macro-econometric papers in spite of the fact that established economic theories predict that demographic factors will affect the aggregate economy. This essay investigates empirically the influence of age variables on growth. Unlike recent papers on the subject, the focus here is on investigating the relationship on annual data for individual Scandinavian countries. Estimations of a typical growth specification, augmented with age variables, are run and the results indicate that economic growth is indeed affected by the age distribution, where the demographic structure catches the medium-run trend in the growth rate. The robustness of this finding is first checked by instrumental-variable regressions to control for the potential endogeneity of the economic variables, and then by running ridge regressions to mitigate the collinearity between the age variables.

    Essay 2 focuses on the causality between saving and growth. The temporal interdependence between saving and output has been in focus in a number of recent empirical studies. Results from these studies have compelled some authors to question the traditional notion of a causal chain where saving leads growth through capital accumulation. This paper contributes to this literature. As opposed to the previous studies, which have mainly utilised panel-estimation methods, the tests of causal chains here are carried out in time-series settings. Saving and GDP are estimated in bivariate vector autoregressive or vector error-correction models for Sweden, the UK, and USA, and tests of Granger non-causality are performed within the estimated systems. The main results show that the causal chains linking saving and output differ across countries, and also that causality associated with adjustments to long-run relations might go in different directions than causality associated with short-term disturbances.

    Essay 3 investigates life-cycle patterns in the asset allocation of Swedish households. Data on household portfolio allocation are collected from the HINK surveys for the period 1982-1992, and portfolio shares of different asset categories are regressed on age, period, and cohort dummies, as well as socio-economic and demographic variables. There are evident differences in the age profiles for the demand of different assets. The fraction of "risky" financial assets follows a hump-shaped age profile, as does the share of total real assets. While the probability of ownership of "safe" financial assets increases over life, the weight in the portfolio has a U-shaped age pattern. This is also true for the fraction of total financial assets. Furthermore, there are differences in the asset allocation of different birth cohorts; the portfolio weight of real assets is relatively higher for the "baby-boom" generation, while younger generations are more prone to invest in "risky" financial assets. Such differences in cohort behaviour are quite important to recognise in analyses of wealth accumulation and portfolio choice.

  • 179.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    On the causality between saving and growth : long and short-run dynamics and country heterogeneity1999Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The temporal interdependence between saving and output has been in focus in a number of recent empirical studies. Results from these studies have compelled some authors to question the traditional notion of a causal chain where saving leads growth through capital accumulation. This paper contributes to this literature. As opposed to the previous studies, which have mainly utilised panel-estimation methods, the tests of causal chains here are carried out in time-series settings. Saving and GDP are estimated in bivariate vector autoregressive or vector error-correction models for Sweden, UK, and USA, and tests of Granger non-causality are performed within the estimated systems. The main results show that the causal chains linking saving and output differ across countries, and also that causality associated with adjustments to long-run relations might go in different directions than causality associated with short-term disturbances.

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  • 180.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    On the causality between saving and growth : long and short-run dynamics and country heterogeneity1999Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The temporal interdependence between saving and output has been in focus in a number of recent empirical studies. Results from these studies have compelled some authors to question the traditional notion of a causal chain where saving leads growth through

  • 181.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Portfolio allocation over the life cycle : evidence from Swedish household data2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides empirical evidence on life-cycle patterns in the asset allocation of Swedish households. Data on household portfolio allocation are collected from the HINK surveys for the period 1982-1992, and portfolio shares of different asset categories are regressed on age, period, and cohort dummies as well as socio-economic and demographic variables. There are evident differences in the age profiles for the demand of different assets. The fraction of “risky” financial assets follows a hump-shaped age profile, as does the share of total real assets. While the probability of ownership of “safe” financial assets increases over life, the weight in the portfolio has a U-shaped age pattern. This is also true for the fraction of total financial assets. Furthermore, there are differences in the asset allocation of different birth cohorts; the portfolio weight of real assets is relatively higher for the “baby-boom” generation, while younger generations are more prone to invest in “risky” financial assets.

  • 182.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Portfolio allocation over the life cycle: Evidence from Swedish household data2001Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides empirical evidence on life-cycle patterns in the asset allocation of Swedish households. Data on household portfolio allocation are collected from the HINK surveys for the period 1982-1992, and portfolio shares of different asset categ

  • 183.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Scandinavian Evidence on Growth and Age Structure.1997Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 184.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Scandinavian Evidence on Growth and Age Structure2001In: Regional Studies, Vol. 35, p. 377-390Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The age distribution is seldom taken into consideration in macroeconometric papers in spite of the fact that established economic theories predict that demographic factors will affect the aggregate economy. This paper investigates empirically the influenc

  • 185.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Scandinavian evidence on growth and age structure1998Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The age distribution is seldom taken into consideration in macroeconomic, and macro-econometric papers. This in spite of the fact that established economic theories predict that demographic factors will affect the aggregate economy. This paper focuses on economic growth and investigates empirically the influence of age variables on growth. Unlike other recent papers on the subject, the focus here is on annual data and individual countries, namely Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. Estimations of a typical growth specification, augmented with age variables and other, more volatile, economic variables, are carried out, and results from these regressions seem to indicate that economic growth is indeed affected by the age distribution. The effect does not disappear when the specification is reestimated using an instrumental variable estimator in order to correct for the potential endogeneity of the economic variables. Since the age variables are highly correlated with each other, experiments with ridge regressions are also made in order to mitigate the collinearity which obscures the results when all of the age variables are included in the regressions.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 186.
    Andersson, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Scandinavian evidence on growth and age structure1998Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The age distribution is seldom taken into consideration in macroeconomic, and macro-econometric papers. This in spite of the fact that established economic theories predict that demographic factors will affect the aggregate economy. This paper focuses on

  • 187.
    Andersson, Björn
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Berg, Lennart
    Klevmarken, Anders
    Inkomst- och förmögenhetsfördelningen för dagens och morgondagens äldre2002In: SOU 2002:29 Bilagedel BOther (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This report summarizes the changes in the distributions of income and wealth for the Swedish population aged 50+ in the 1990s and discusses potential future developments.

  • 188.
    Andersson, Björn
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Berg, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Klevmarken, Anders
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Inkomst- och förmögenhetsfördelningen för morgondagens äldre2001Report (Other scientific)
  • 189. Andersson, Christer
    et al.
    Andersson, Ola
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Andersson, Tommy
    Sealed bid auctions versus ascending bid auctions: an experimental study2012In: Review of Economic Design, ISSN 1434-4742, E-ISSN 1434-4750, Vol. 17, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers two multi-item auction formats (ascending and sealed bid) which both identify the minimum Walrasian equilibrium prices and where truthful preference revelation constitutes an equilibrium. Even though these auction formats share many theoretical properties, there are behavioral aspects that are not easily captured. To explore this issue in more detail, this paper experimentally investigates what role the design of the auction format has for its outcome. The results suggest that the sealed bid mechanism performs weakly better in all of the investigated measures (consistent reporting, efficiency etc.). In addition, we find that the performance of the ascending auction is increasing over time, whereas the sealed bid auction shows no such tendency.

  • 190.
    Andersson, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Teacher density and student achievement in Swedish compulsory schools2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes how student achievement is affected by resource increases in the Swedish compulsory school due to a special government grant that was enforced in the academic year of 2001/02. The analysis is based on register data that contains all students that completed compulsory schooling (ninth grade) between 1998 and 2005. The results show that socio- economic variables explain a great deal of the variation in student achievement. The study also shows that the increased resources have not had a statistical significant positive effect on the average student’s achievement. This conclusion holds true when different measures of student achievement are used. Increased resources have however improved student achievement for students with low educated parents. If teacher density is increased with 10 percent students with low educated parents are expected to increase their grade point average ranking with about 0.4 percentile units.

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  • 191.
    Andersson, Christian
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Teachers and Student Outcomes: Evidence using Swedish Data2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Essay 1 analyzes how student achievement is affected by resource increases in the Swedish compulsory school, due to a special government grant. The analysis is based on register data between 1998 and 2005. The study shows that the increased resources have not had a statistically significant positive effect on the average student’s achievement. Increased resources have, however, improved student achievement for students with low educated parents. If teacher density is increased with 10 percent, students with low educated parents are expected to increase their grade point average ranking with about 0.4 percentile units.

    Essay 2 finds that the share of non-certified teachers in Swedish compulsory public schools has grown considerably during the last decade and studies whether this pattern may be explained by restrictions in the supply of certified teachers. This is done using a targeted government grant as an exogenous teacher demand shock. Our results show that the grant decreased the share of non-certified teachers more in areas characterized by relatively high unemployment rates among certified teachers. These findings suggest that teacher supply restrictions do indeed matter for the composition of the teaching staff.

    Essay 3 examines how the teaching staff composition, with respect to certification, affects student achievement in compulsory Swedish schools. We apply an instrumental variable approach to estimate the causal effect of non-certified teachers on student achievement. We find that a one percentage point increase in the share of non-certified teachers, is expected to decrease the average student’s GDP ranking with about 0.6 units, a substantial effect considering the large differences in certification rate that do exist between schools and municipalities. The effect also appears to be stronger for students with highly educated parents.

    Essay 4 estimates the effects of early age tutoring on grades, educational attainment, earnings, early retirement and death. We use data on boarding home students in the 1940s. At these boarding homes, students had daily scheduled time for doing their homework and a directress was employed to help with the students’ homework. The placement at the boarding homes had no direct connection to students’ skills, which enables us to study the effects of the pedagogical stimuli at the boarding homes. We find that tutoring at an early age in life is important as a way of equalizing skills upon leaving school.

  • 192.
    Andersson, Christian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Häkkinen, Iida
    En utvärdering av personalförstärkningar i grundskolan2005Report (Other scientific)
  • 193.
    Andersson, Christian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Johansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Social stratification and out-of-school learning2013In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), ISSN 0964-1998, E-ISSN 1467-985X, Vol. 176, no 3, p. 679-701Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To study the effects of out-of-school learning we use data on children who stayed in boarding houses while attending public elementary schools in Sweden in the 1940s. The out-of-school environment at the boarding houses could be considered as being more conducive to learning than the home environment: the pupils at the boarding houses had daily scheduled time for doing their homework with the assistance of a junior school teacher and, in addition, they had access to a small library. The placement at boarding houses was based on the distance from their place of residence to the nearest school and thus had no direct connection to the pupils' skills, which simplifies the empirical analysis based on register data. We find that the more conducive learning environment equalized skills at school leaving age, and the effect was greater for children with poor initial ability.

  • 194. Andersson, Christian
    et al.
    Johansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Waldenström, Nina
    Do you want your child to have a certified teacher?2011In: Economics of Education Review, ISSN 0272-7757, E-ISSN 1873-7382, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 65-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the teaching staff composition with respect to certification affects student achievement in compulsory Swedish schools. We apply an instrumental variable to estimate the effect of the share of non-certified teachers on student achievement (measured by grade point average, GPA). We find statistically significant negative effects on the GPA. The effect is stronger for students with highly educated parents. A one percentage point increase in the share of non-certified teachers is expected to decrease student's GPA by, on average, 1.8 standard deviations per year. This is a substantial effect considering the large differences in the shares of non-certified teachers across schools and municipalities.

  • 195.
    Andersson, David E.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Karadja, Mounir
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Prawitz, Erik
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mass Migration, Cheap Labor, and Innovation2018In: Journal of Economic History, ISSN 0022-0507, E-ISSN 1471-6372, Vol. 78, no 2, p. 623-623Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 196.
    Andersson, David
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Karadja, Mounir
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Prawitz, Erik
    Res Inst Ind Econ, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Mass Migration and Technological Change2022In: Journal of the European Economic Association, ISSN 1542-4766, E-ISSN 1542-4774, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 1859-1896Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the effect of emigration on technological change in sending locations after one of the largest migration events in human history, the mass migration from Europe to the United States in the 19th century. To establish causality, we adopt an instrumental variable strategy that combines local growing-season frost shocks with proximity to emigration ports. Using data on patents, we find that emigration led to an increase in innovative activity in sending localities. Using data on capital and labor inputs in agriculture and industry, we find evidence of an increased capital intensity related to new technologies in both sectors. We argue that these results are consistent with theories of induced (labor-saving) innovation due to high labor costs following emigration.

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  • 197.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Causes and Labor Market Consequences of Producer Heterogeneity2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Essay I studies establishment-level employment changes in the Swedish Manufacturing sector over the 1972-96 period. The results show that modest changes in the aggregated employment record have been the resulting sum of rather large gross flows of jobs and that this constant reshuffling of jobs has important implications for the workforce and is closely related to process of economic growth. Shifts in employment across industries or other observable characteristic of establishments cannot explain the different employment outcomes across establishments.

    Essay II (with Altin Vejsiu) studies the determinants of plant closures in Swedish Manufacturing. From our theoretical framework we derive and empirically test hypotheses regarding the linkages between the probability of plant failure and industry-specific characteristics; local labor market conditions; and plant-specific sources of heterogeneity, including insider mechanisms in wage determination, plant specific human capital, selection mechanisms and technology vintage effects. Our results suggest that all these factors matter in ways that by and large conform to the a priori hypotheses.

    Essay III investigates the importance of access to product markets in explaining the spatial wage distribution by estimating the parameters of a spatial labor demand model. The model takes into account the effects of sorting of heterogeneous labor and heterogeneity in transportation costs. The results are consistent with the idea that increasing returns to scale together with transportation costs is an important driving force behind urban agglomeration and sizeable spatial wage differentials.

    Essay IV (with Harry Holzer and Julia Lane) presents a dynamic analysis of workers who persistently have low earnings over a period of three or more years. Some of these workers manage to escape from this low-earning status over subsequent years, while many do not. We analyze the characteristics of persons and especially of their firms and jobs that enable some to improve their earnings status over time.

  • 198.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Job Flows in Swedish Manufacturing2000Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 199. Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    Friberg, Richard
    Johansson-Stenman, Olof
    Kolm, Ann-Sofie
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Den första nationella konferensen i nationalekonomi i Sverige2011In: Ekonomisk Debatt, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 67-73Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den 1–2 oktober 2010 hölls en nationell konferens i nationalekonomi i Lund. Konferensen samlade 140 deltagare och innehöll en plenarföreläsning, en paneldebatt, en postersession samt parallella sessioner där nästan 60 uppsatser presenterades. En andra konferens i samma format äger rum i Uppsala den 16–17 september 2011. I denna artikel redogör personerna i arrangörskommittén för sina erfarenheter och tankar kring framtida former för möten mellan svenska nationalekonomer.

  • 200.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Vejsiu, Altin
    Determinants of Plant Closures in Swedish Manufacturing2001In: Essays on Labor Market Dynamics, Department of Economics, Uppsala University , 2001Chapter in book (Other scientific)
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