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  • 151.
    Chapman, Adam
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humlab.
    Westin, Jonathan
    What is historical game studies?2017In: Rethinking history, ISSN 1364-2529, E-ISSN 1470-1154, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 358-371Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 152.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Nilsson, Annika E.
    Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Wormbs, Nina
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Changing Arctic: Changing World2013In: Media and the Politics of Arctic Climate Change: When the Ice Breaks / [ed] Miyase Christensen; Annika E. Nilsson; Nina Wormbs, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, 1, p. 157-171Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 153.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Nilsson, Annika E.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Wormbs, Nina
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Eyes on the Ice2013In: Le Monde diplomatique, ISSN 1478-6591, no November, p. 10-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    A new report confirms that we are responsible for global warming. The continued melting of the Arctic’s sea ice is now widely seen to be true. So too is the idea that this has major global consequences. Is the situation reversible?

  • 154.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Nilsson, Annika E.
    Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Wormbs, Nina
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Globalization, Climate Change and the Media: An Introduction2013In: Media and the Politics of Arctic Climate Change: When the Ice Breaks / [ed] Miyase Christensen; Annika Nilsson; Nina Wormbs, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, 1, p. 1-25Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Nilsson, Annika E.Stockholm Environment Institute.Wormbs, NinaPhilosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Media and the Politics of Arctic Climate Change: When the Ice Breaks2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Arctic sea-ice reached record lows in 2007, and again in 2012. In the international news media, these moments were reflected via striking images of polar bears, crumbling ice chunks and the use of more alarmist metaphors about global climate change. Through these narratives, and despite the periodic disappearance of climate change from media reports due to issue fatigue, a sharper narrative of climate change has entered public discourse: a new global reality where the future is no longer a given. Going beyond media studies as well as descriptive or highly scientific accounts of the impacts of climate change in the Arctic, this book explores how both historical and contemporary mediations, scientific narratives and satellite technology simultaneously capture and reconstruct this new reality of the Anthropocene, where human activities shape the planet. By highlighting the linkages between science, media, environmental change and geopolitics, the informed contributors to the volume invite the reader to reflect on what is local and what is global in today's connected mediatized world.

  • 156.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Titley, G.
    Technology and the Question of Empowerment2014In: Popular Communication, ISSN 1540-5702, E-ISSN 1540-5710, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 202-207Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 157.
    Christer, Nordlund
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Full gas mot en (o)hållbar framtid2012In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 244-251Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 158.
    Dahlberg, Matz
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Elinder, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet.
    Isaksson, David
    Uppsala universitet.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN).
    Lindbom, Anders
    Uppsala universitet.
    Lundqvist, Heléne
    Stockholms universitet.
    Winbladh, Ulrika
    Uppsala universitet.
    Öhrvall, Richard
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN).
    Inledning2013In: Välfärdstjänster i privat regi: Framväxt och drivkrafter / [ed] Henrik Jordahl, Matz Dahlberg, Mikael Elinder, David Isaksson, Anders Lindbom, Heléne Lundqvist, Ulrika Winblad Spångberg och Richard Öhrvall, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2013, 1, p. 221-230Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här antologin har vi behandlat privatiseringar inom den svenska välfärdssektorn. Sedan slutet av 1980-talet har Sverige gått från ett nästan helt offentligt produktionssystem till ett system med en blandning av offentliga och privata utförare som konkurrerar med varandra. Valfrihet för brukarna har införts på flera områden. Vi har beskrivit hur framväxten av privat välfärdsproduktion sett ut och analyserat några centrala drivkrafter bakom denna utveckling.

  • 159.
    Dennis, Richard
    et al.
    University College London.
    López Galviz, Carlos
    School of Advanced Study.
    Merrill, Samuel
    University College London.
    Introduction: 150 Years of the London Underground2013In: London Journal, ISSN 0305-8034, E-ISSN 1749-6322, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 175-176Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 160.
    Druenert, Ferdinand
    et al.
    Univ Jena, Germany.
    Palamara, Eleni
    Univ Peloponnese, Greece.
    Zacharias, Nikolaos
    Univ Peloponnese, Greece.
    Wondraczek, Lothar
    Univ Jena, Germany.
    Möncke, Doris
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology. Natl Hellen Res Fdn, Greece.
    Ancient Roman nano-technology: Insight into the manufacture of mosaic tesserae opacified by calcium antimonate2018In: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, ISSN 0955-2219, E-ISSN 1873-619X, Vol. 38, no 14, p. 4799-4805Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Opaque mosaic glass tesserae containing calcium antimonates from Ancient Messene, Greece (1st-4th century CE) were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. Both trigonal CaSb2O6 and cubic Ca2Sb2O2, with crystallite diameters below 1 pm, were identified as opacifying agents. To better understand ancient technologies, we prepared model glasses that were opacified by crystallisation via a secondary heat treatment, by direct crystallisation during the melting process, or by the addition of pre-reacted calcium antimonate to a base glass. We found that direct crystallisation replicated the antique glass artefacts most accurately. We demonstrated that 0.2 wt% of nucleating agents like TiO2 and SnO2 already exert significant influence on the crystallisation behaviour of calcium antimonates. Secondary scattering centres such as silica and carbonates contribute to the optical appearance. Concurrently, we reproduced opaque white glass ceramics in a reconstructed, wood-fired, Roman-type glass furnace built by Wiesenberg (2014).

  • 161. Dussauge, I.
    et al.
    Gribbe, Johan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Kaijser, Arne
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Lundin, Per
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Peralta, Julia
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Sjöblom, G.
    Thodenius, B.
    Precursors of the IT Nation: Computer use and control in swedish society, 1955–19852011In: 3rd IFIP WG 9.7 Conference on History of Nordic Computing, HiNC 2010, Springer-Verlag New York, 2011, p. 425-432Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a presentation of a research project that aims at writing the history of computing in Sweden in the mainframe age from a user perspective. Rather than beginning with the history of hardware, this project takes as its point of departure the way in which actors in different sectors of society used computer technology in order to achieve a higher degree of control over crucial processes, whether through electronic data processing systems, process control or technical/scientific computation.

  • 162. Dussauge, I.
    et al.
    Peralta, Julia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Instruments of surveillance welfare: Computerizing unemployment and health in 1960s and 1970s Sweden2011In: 3rd IFIP WG 9.7 Conference on History of Nordic Computing, HiNC 2010, Springer-Verlag New York, 2011, p. 56-64Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The object of this paper is the role of computerization in the establishment of a specific form of “surveillance welfare” after World War II. Was computerization used as a technology of mass-welfaring to produce a governable population in the frame of an expanding welfare state? Large-scale welfare practices such as health screenings and databasing of the unemployed seem to have a common purpose: making the population into a governable, partially self-regulating, collective body–a welfare body. The paper analyzes the use of computers in the implementation of regional health screenings in the 1960s and the 1970s and in the transformation of (un)employment procedures in the 1970s as two sites for the exercise of state control in post-WWII Sweden.

  • 163.
    Dussauge, Isabelle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Brains, Sex, and Queers 2090: An Ideal Experiment2014In: Gendered Neurocultures: Feminist and Queer Perspectives on Current Brain Discourses / [ed] Sigrid Schmitz, Grit Höppner, Vienna: Zaglossus , 2014, p. 67-88Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 164.
    Dussauge, Isabelle
    KTH, Teknik- och vetenskapshistoria.
    Technomedical Visions: Magnetic Resonance Imaging in 1980s Sweden2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The medical imaging technology called MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) stems from a blind measurement technology which was further developed in research and practice to enable seeing into the inner body. Vision with MRI was open-ended, and it was developed and tamed in a context of fragmented medical perspectives on the body and on technology. "Technomedical Visions" addresses the formation of MRI’s specific visualities in the first decade of its introduction in Sweden.

    The purpose of this dissertation is to explore how vision with MRI has been constructed in practice in relation to existing ways of knowing the body within medicine. Dussauge investigates first the early decisions that led to a national evaluation of MRI technology in the mid-1980s in Sweden. Then she addresses the shaping of MRI’s quantitative visuality in the practices of radiology, psychiatry and the laboratory, with focus on microhistories at St. Göran’s Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Uppsala University Hospital, and Lund University.

    Dussauge shows that whereas authorities’ early decisions momentarily defined MRI as a radiological tool for immediate clinical use and evaluation, a crucial part of MRI’s introduction was the work conducted by MRI-users. These researchers from a range of scientific and medical disciplines performed, over time, a multitude of shapings of MRI’s vision. This studies shows how MRI was made congruent with existing technomedical gazes. The novel MRI gaze was made intelligible within cross-referential networks, and researchers reproduced technomedicine’s existing gazes both in the production, optimization and interpretation of MRI representations.

    Technomedical time frames, epistemologies and definitions of the normal and the pathological were reproduced and sometimes, re-cast, in the shaping of MRI in practice. This study also demonstrates that anatomy recurrently worked as an underlying frame for the exploration and production of MRI visions. Anatomy’s material visuality provided a site for the production of novel facts at the intersection of existing gazes. Through the practices of shaping MRI gazes, anatomy was systematically remediated, reproduced and reconfigured.

  • 165.
    Dussauge, Isabelle
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), History of Science and Technology.
    Technomedical Visions: Magnetic Resonance Imaging in 1980s Sweden2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The medical imaging technology called MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) stems from a blind measurement technology which was further developed in research and practice to enable seeing into the inner body. Vision with MRI was open-ended, and it was developed and tamed in a context of fragmented medical perspectives on the body and on technology. "Technomedical Visions" addresses the formation of MRI’s specific visualities in the first decade of its introduction in Sweden.

    The purpose of this dissertation is to explore how vision with MRI has been constructed in practice in relation to existing ways of knowing the body within medicine. Dussauge investigates first the early decisions that led to a national evaluation of MRI technology in the mid-1980s in Sweden. Then she addresses the shaping of MRI’s quantitative visuality in the practices of radiology, psychiatry and the laboratory, with focus on microhistories at St. Göran’s Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Uppsala University Hospital, and Lund University.

    Dussauge shows that whereas authorities’ early decisions momentarily defined MRI as a radiological tool for immediate clinical use and evaluation, a crucial part of MRI’s introduction was the work conducted by MRI-users. These researchers from a range of scientific and medical disciplines performed, over time, a multitude of shapings of MRI’s vision. This studies shows how MRI was made congruent with existing technomedical gazes. The novel MRI gaze was made intelligible within cross-referential networks, and researchers reproduced technomedicine’s existing gazes both in the production, optimization and interpretation of MRI representations.

    Technomedical time frames, epistemologies and definitions of the normal and the pathological were reproduced and sometimes, re-cast, in the shaping of MRI in practice. This study also demonstrates that anatomy recurrently worked as an underlying frame for the exploration and production of MRI visions. Anatomy’s material visuality provided a site for the production of novel facts at the intersection of existing gazes. Through the practices of shaping MRI gazes, anatomy was systematically remediated, reproduced and reconfigured.

  • 166.
    Dussauge, Isabelle
    et al.
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Themat Studies Technol & Social Change, S-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Peralta, Julia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Instruments of Surveillance Welfare: Computerizing Unemployment and Health in 1960s and 1970s Sweden2011In: HISTORY OF NORDIC COMPUTING 3 / [ed] Impagliazzo, J Lundin, P Wangler, B, SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN , 2011, p. 56-+Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The object of this paper is the role of computerization in the establishment of a specific form of "surveillance welfare" after World War II. Was computerization used as a technology of mass-welfaring to produce a governable population in the frame of an expanding welfare state? Large-scale welfare practices such as health screenings and databasing of the unemployed seem to have a common purpose: making the population into a governable, partially self-regulating, collective body-a welfare body. The paper analyzes the use of computers in the implementation of regional health screenings in the 1960s and the 1970s and in the transformation of (un)employment procedures in the 1970s as two sites for the exercise of state control in post-WWII Sweden.

  • 167.
    Dávila, Milena
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology.
    Datorisering av medicinsk laboratorieverksamhet 1: En översikt: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium vid Svenska Läkaresällskapet i Stockholm den 17 februari 20062008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The witness seminar ”Datorisering av medicinsk laboratorieverksamet 1: En översikt” [Computerization of Laboratory Work 1: An Outline] was held at Svenska Läkaresällskapet The Swedish Society of Medicine] in Stockholm on 17 February 2006, and led by Hans Peterson and Urban Rosenqvist. During the seminar different technical developments within the health care sphere were discussed. Furthermore, different computer programs developed for use in health care in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s in Sweden were brought up. One of the large projects discussed was the ”Kirurgen II”-system that was developed at Sahlgrenska sjukhuset in Göteborg. Elemas cardiac catheterisation project and radiotherapy project that were initiated in the 1960s in Uppsala were also confered. Other subjects that arose were the digitalisation of laboratory results and medical journals with the first computers in a hospital environment. The early computers were also used for evaluation of laboratory results as well as for digital filterisation, imaging, pattern recognition and dose planning. Technical problems of different sorts and also problems involving the human factor were brought up, e.g. resistance from the users, the physicians when introducing computers in their working environment. The early users bore witness to the lucrative and the favorable medical results of these developments for the industry, e.g. companies as Siemens and the health care system, e.g. Uppsala akademiska sjukhus. Another subject touched upon was the importance of study trips abroad, as to the USA and to various countries in Europe where techniques were being developed by early pioneers which inspired the early developers in Sweden.

  • 168.
    Dávila, Milena
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology.
    Datorisering av medicinsk laboratorieverksamhet 2: Massanalyser och hälsokontroller: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium vid Tekniska museet i Stockholm den 20 september 20062008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The witness seminar “Datorisering av medicinsk laboratorieverksamhet 2: Massanalyser och hälsokontroller” [Computerization of Laboratory Work 2: Automation and Health Screenings] was held at Tekniska museet [The National Museum of Science and Technology] in Stockholm on 20 September 2006. The seminar was led by Urban Rosenqvist and focused on the upscaling of medical laboratory work through automation and computerization for screening purposes in the 1960s.

    The participants described crucial Swedish projects, which addressed issues of upscaling, rationalization, labeling and patient identification of laboratory results. During the seminar the development of mass analysis through Auto-Chemist, one of the first devices for automated blood analysis in the world, was explained. Two large-scale health screening projects, Värmlandsundersökningen and X69 were also brought up. The latter project was accomplished in cooperation with Uppsala Datacentral, UDAC.

    Early computers were a central part in all the mentioned projects. The interaction between local university-based developments, industrial production, and Swedish health care authorities were addressed. Another challenge the early ITusers in the panel had to deal with was that professional programmers had difficulties to adjust to the working conditions in the laboratories. This may explain why many chemists learned to program and developed computerized applications for the laboratories. Another subject touched upon was the importance of study trips abroad, as to the National Institute of Health (NIH) in the USA where techniques and visions were being developed, which inspired the early users and developers in Sweden.

  • 169.
    Edström, Kristina
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning.
    The tension between academic and professional values in engineering education - comparing the work of Carl Richard Söderberg and the CDIO approach2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 170.
    Egan Sjölander, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Eklöf, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Lång, Henrik
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sundin, Bosse
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Motorspriten kommer!: en historia om etanol och andra alternativa drivmedel2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Motorspriten kommer! löd budskapet i början av 1900-talet. Liknande utfästelser om alternativa drivmedel har gång på gång hörts genom historien. Men de oljebaserade bränslena har behållit sitt grepp om transportsystemet, trots att de alltid ansetts problematiska. Varför?

    Den här boken handlar om olika försök att utveckla och förverkliga alternativ till oljebaserade drivmedel i Sverige. Den spänner över ett drygt sekel, från slutet av 1800-talet och framåt, och behandlar bland annat sulfitsprit, syntetisk bensin, gengas, metanol och den första och andra generationens etanol. I fokus står motiven bakom dessa alternativ varför de har ansetts angelägna och önskvärda liksom de problem och strukturella hinder som de har mött och alltjämt fortsätter att möta. Boken ger historiska och medievetenskapliga perspektiv på de pågående försöken till en omställning på drivmedelsområdet och bidrar till kunskap av värde för såväl beslutsfattare som allmänhet.

    Boken bygger på forskning som utfördes inom det tvärvetenskapliga projektet Framtidens drivmedel? Biobränslen i historisk och kulturell belysning. Den är skriven av samtliga forskare i projektet Annika Egan Sjölander, Helena Ekerholm, Jenny Eklöf, Erland Mårald, Christer Nordlund och Bosse Sundin i samarbete med Henrik Lång.

  • 171.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Bränsle för den moderna nationen: Etanol och gengas i Sverige under mellankrigstiden och andra världskriget2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigate Swedish policy-making concerning promotion of wood gas and ethanol distilled from fermented sulphite lye as domestic fuel alternatives in the Interwar years and World War II. With a departure point in the theories of social constructions of technology (SCOT), the sociology of expectations and Thomas P. Hughe’s socio-technical systems I analyse the measures that were undertaken in these efforts, the arguments put forward for and against the ethanol and wood gas projects and how the efforts turned out. I also investigate how the interpretations of ethanol and wood gas as fuel alternatives changed from the Interwar period on through World War II and what consequences this had for ethanol and wood gas policy immediately after World War II. Source material includes Parliament and Government records, cabinet meeting files, governmental commissions, authority archives, technical evaluations and handbooks and scientific medical publications.

    Ethanol and wood gas were promoted from a nationalist vantage point. The Interwar debate was imbued with visions of national techno-scientific prowess in a perceived ongoing global contest for technological and scientific advancement, of which achieving autarky, self-sufficiency on important raw materials and industrial products, was an ideal for some. Ethanol and wood gas were also promoted as means for creating a lucrative new market for the forestry industry, which also held a prominent position in nationalist visions of technology. Expectations of a new war also motivated the promotion of ethanol and wood gas as national fuels. Measures for promotion included tax exemptions, sales guarantees and legislation for mandatory ethanol purchase for all petrol importing companies and gasifier loan funds. Political conflicts mainly centred around the principles of free trade as opposed to protectionism, proper use of tax funds and whether the potentials of the fuel alternatives were rhetorically exaggerated. During World War II ethanol and wood gas in particular served as important petrol surrogates. The increased wood gas use led to negative interpretations of wood gas a fuel alternative due to its hazardous, dirty and time-consuming maintenance and the changed driving behaviour it required from its users compared to petrol or ethanol fuelled automobiles. Compared to wood gas, ethanol was appreciated for its socio-technical similarities to petrol, but production was after the war deemed difficult to maintain during wartime. Whereas wood gas remained an important stand-by surrogate during the cold war, Swedish politicians lost interest in ethanol of the kind that was promoted in the Interwar years. 

  • 172.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Cultural meanings of wood gas as automobile fuel in Sweden 1930-19452012In: Past and present energy societies: How energy connects politics, technologies and cultures / [ed] Nina Möllers & Karin Zachmann, Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, 2012, p. 223-247Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Ett nationellt drivmedel: etanol i svensk politik 1924-19342013In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 79, no 1, p. 63-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the political efforts to establish ethanol as a national fuel in Sweden in 1924 - 1934. Drawing on official records - the transcripts of parliamentary debates, governmental commission reports, and government bills and legislation - ethanol is considered as a technological and political artefact, with a particular focus on a strongly ideological fuel policy intended to bring about technological change.

    At the time, considerable political effort went into finding and establishing a national fuel, efficient and abundant enough to support the nation's requirements for essential products. This was by no means a uniquely Swedish undertaking. Nation-states all over the industrialized world sought domestic fuel alternatives, prompted by the expected depletion of oil reserves and the fear of renewed international conflict. In that period, Swedish ethanol was distilled from fermented sulphite lye, a waste product from paper and pulp production. It was therefore presented as a lucrative solution for a waste problem, and, as it was produced within the nation-state's borders, a promising wartime surrogate. However, ethanol was more expensive than petrol, which made it less marketable during peacetime. To cover losses, the ethanol industry requested state support in the form of tax exemptions and legislation to force petrol importers to blend ethanol into all marketed petrol.

    Those who argued in favour of the ethanol industry's requests were mainly right-wing politicians, who based their arguments on a nationalist ideology that national collective benefit justified state intervention in the free market. Opposition was mainly mounted by a faction in the Social Democrat party. For them, any measure that made products more expensive for consumers was unthinkable. They also argued that the ethanol industry had reached the end of the line; any production without the means and capacity to support itself should make way for its competitors. Concerns about the anticipated international conflict, however, led the Social Democrat minister for finance, Ernst Wigforss, to concede to the demands of the ethanol industry. In 1934, he thus proposed legislation that largely corresponded to claims made by right-wing politicians and the influential forestry industry, of which ethanol production was a part.

  • 174.
    Eklöf, Jenny
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Promoting ethanol in the shadow of oil dependence: 100 years of arguments and frictions in Swedish politics2012In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 621-645Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On a political level, Swedish transport ethanol has always been embedded in visions of an alternative, brighter future. Arguments in support of ethanol have been reiterated throughout the 20th and 21st century, exhibiting a striking stability over time. At the same time, the contexts in which arguments for ethanol have been raised have undergone dramatic shifts. This article investigates the historical contingencies of three empirical cases, covering the interwar years, the aftermath of the oil crises of the 1970s and the 21st century's concerns over global warming. It concludes with the observation that despite political convictions about ethanol's commercial, military and environmental potential, domestic production has not managed to take off on its own. It has relied on state support such as tax exemptions, it has been dependent on other industries for feedstock provision and its technical superiority is still waiting for market confirmation.

  • 175.
    Ekström, Anders
    Uppsala universitet.
    Det vertikala arkivet: Om översiktsmedier och historiska svindelkänslor2006In: 1897: Mediehistorier kring Stockholmsutställningen / [ed] Anders Ekström, Solveig Jülich & Pelle Snickars, Stockholm: Statens ljud- och bildarkiv , 2006, 1, p. 275-307Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 176.
    Ekström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Viljan att synas, viljan att se: Medieumgänge och publik kultur kring 19002010 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Ekström, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Jülich, Solveig
    1897: Mediehistorier kring Stockholmsutställningen2006Collection (editor) (Other scientific)
  • 178. Ekström, Anders
    et al.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Integrativa kunskapsmiljöer: Rapport från två seminarier våren 2016.2016Report (Other academic)
  • 179.
    Eldelin, Emma
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Swedish Studies and Comparative Literature. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Om stereoskopet och en revolution i seendets historia2009In: Ord & Bild, ISSN 0030-4492, no 5, p. 43-56Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 180.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    A place in the memory of nation: minority policy towards the Finnish speakers in Sweden and Norway2002In: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 103-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is devoted to an analysis of language policy towards the Finnish-speaking minorities in Sweden and Norway from the end of the nineteenth century until ca. 1940. After the 1880s, the language policy in both countries turned into a nationalistic phase. The common underlying doctrine was to transmit the majority language and culture to the minorities, in order to make them melt into an imagined homogeneous national culture. The minority policy was relatively similar in character in the two countries up to the end of the First World War. After that time it started to diverge. While Norway continued with an assimilative policy without compromises, Sweden adopted a somewhat modified policy. This altered policy in Sweden was partly due to the long continuity and minority status of the Sami and Torne Valley people in the Swedish nation state, but also to elements of modernization and international political change.

  • 181.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Alternative communities among the ethnic minorities in Northern Sweden: a report from an ongoing project1997In: Stat, religion, etnisitet: rapport fra Skibotn-konferansen, 27.-29. Mai 1996 / [ed] Bjørn-Petter Finstad, Tromsø: Universitetsbiblioteket i Tromsø, 1997, p. 453-462Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Arvostelu Teemu Ryyminin väitöskirjasta "De nordligste finner" ("Pohjoisimmat suomalaiset")2005In: Arina - Nordisk tidskrift for kvensk forskning - Pohjoismainen kveenitutkimuksen aikakausjulkaisu, ISSN 1502-8119, no 1, p. 118-125Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Recension av Ryymin, Teemu, : "De nordligste finner" : fremstillingen av kvenene i den finske litteraere offentligheten 1800-1939. 2003, ISBN 82-92201-08-4

  • 183.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Assimilation policy towards the ethnic minorities in Northern Sweden 1809-19391999In: Circumpolar change: building a future on experiences from the past / [ed] Håkan Myrlund; Lars Carlsson, Luleå tekniska universitet, 1999, p. 127-138Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 184.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Bidrag i samlingskapitlet "Regione e storia regionale in Europa. Antitesi o metafora della nazione?": discussion a cura di Rolf Petri2006In: Storie Regionali: Memoria e Ricerca. Rivista di storia contemporanea, Ravenna: FrancoAngeli , 2006, p. 107-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 185.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    De fem nationella minoriteterna i Sverige2008In: Kulturutskottets offentliga utfrågning om de fem nationella minoriteternas kultur, Stockholm: Sveriges riksdag , 2008, p. 8-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 186.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Den nordiska minoritetspolitiken som demokratiskt experiment2009In: Är vi inte alla minoriteter i världen?: Rättigheter för urfolk, nationella minoriteter och invandrare., Stockholm: Ordfront förlag, 2009, p. 242-258Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 187.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Det förbjudna finska språket: språkpolitik och kulturell revitalisering i Tornedalen2002In: Provins : nordsvenskt magasin, ISSN 0280-9974, no 4, p. 48-57Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 188.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Det mångkulturella Norrbotten2006In: Norrbottensakademien årsskrift 2004-2005, Luleå: Norrbottensakademien , 2006, p. 41-56Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 189.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Etniska grupper och regioner som minnesplatser2008In: Kanon och kulturarv: historia och samtid i Danmark och Sverige, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2008, p. 201-220Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 190.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ett uthålligt språk: genomförande av lagarna om användning av minoritetsspråk i förvaltningsområdena i Norrbottens län åren 2000-20042005In: Nationella minoriteter och minoritetsspråk, Stockholm: Sveriges riksdag , 2005, p. 75-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 191.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    From ethnic groups to neo-tribes: identity transformation in the age of the declining nation state2007In: Challenges of globalisation and regionalisation: proceedings I from the conference Regional Northern Identity : from past to future at Petrozavodsk State University, Petrozavodsk 2006 / [ed] Lars Elenius; Christer Karlsson, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2007, p. 40-54Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 192.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Få tjänstemän talar samiska2006In: I & M, ISSN 1404-6857, no 2, p. 15-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Minoritetsspråkslagarna har stärkt de nationella minoriteternas identitet och självuppfattning. Språkens status måste dock höjas vid myndigheter och förvaltningar för att de ska bevaras. Samiska och meänkieli talas i dag mest bland äldre.

  • 193.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Förlusten av Finland - ett svenskt trauma1999In: Svenska överord: en bok om gränslöshet och begränsningar, Eslöv: Brutus Östling bokförlag Symposion AB , 1999, p. 75-92Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 194.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Förord2007Other (Other academic)
  • 195.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Förord2007Other (Other academic)
  • 196.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Förundersökning. Centrum för forskning om nationella minoriteter vid Luleå tekniska universitet2007Report (Other academic)
  • 197.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Förändrade identifikationer på Nordkalotten2009In: Fredens konsekvenser: samhällsförändringar i norr efter 1809, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2009, p. 25-35Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 198.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Guds ord på meänkieli och samiska: kyrkan och språkpolitiken under fyra biskopar2008In: Norrbotten, Luleå: Norrbottens hembygdsförbund , 2008, p. 236-252Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 199.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Hur äkta kan man bli som tornedaling?2006In: Met-aviisi, ISSN 1104-0939, no 1, p. 6-7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 200.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Identiteter i Tornedalen2010In: Tornionlaakson vuosikirja: Raja 200 vuotta, Torneå: Tornedalsrådet - Tornionlaakson maakuntamuseo , 2010, p. 329-353Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
1234567 151 - 200 of 1360
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