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  • 151.
    Ahmed, Ishtiaq
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Religious Nationalism and Sikhism1996In: Questioning the Secular State: The Worldwide Resurgence of Religion in Politics, London: Hurst & Company , 1996Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 152.
    Ahmed, Ishtiaq
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sikherna och sikhisk nationalism1994In: Stat, Nation och Nationalism i Asien, Uppsala: Sällskapet för asienstudier , 1994Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 153.
    Ahmed, Ishtiaq
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sydasiatisk islam: Konfronation mellan gamla värderingar och nya realitet1994In: Majoritetens Islam: Om Muslimer utanför Arabvärlden, Stockholm: Arena , 1994Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 154.
    Ahmed, Ishtiaq
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Kashmir Dispute: Is There an Important Hydropolitical Dimension to It?1998In: Hydropolitik och Demokrati, Uppsala: Sällskapet för asienstudier , 1998Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 155.
    Ahmed, Ishtiaq
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Tillämpningen av islamsk lag i Europa1997In: Euroislam - en tulipanaros?, Stockholm: Svenska Nationalkommitten För Kulturellt Samarbete i Europa , 1997Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 156.
    Ahmedi, Idris
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    El Kurdistanán iraní: pasado, presente y futuro2014In: Estos son los kurdos: Análisis de una Nación / [ed] Manuel Férez Gil, México: Universidad Anáhuac , 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 157.
    Aidt, Toke S.
    et al.
    University of Cambridge, UK;Jesus College, UK;CESifo, Germany.
    Sandholt Jensen, Peter
    University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    From Open to Secret Ballot: Vote Buying and Modernization2017In: Comparative Political Studies, ISSN 0010-4140, E-ISSN 1552-3829, Vol. 50, no 5, p. 555-593Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The secret ballot is one of the cornerstones of democracy. We contend that the historical process of modernization caused the switch from open to secret ballot with the underlying mechanism being that income growth, urbanization, and rising education standards undermined vote markets. We undertake event history studies of ballot reform in Western Europe and the U.S. states during the 19th and 20th centuries to establish that modernization was systematically related to ballot reform. We study electoral turnout before and after ballot reform among the U.S. states and British parliamentary constituencies to substantiate the hypothesis that modernization reduced the volume of trade in the vote market.

  • 158.
    Aimal, Morsal
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Liberalfeministisk analys av Afghanistans Nationella Handlingsplan för Resolution 13252023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Liberalfeministisk analys av Afghanistans Nationella Handlingsplan för Resolution 1325
  • 159. Aina, Tade Akin
    et al.
    Etta, Florence E.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The Search for a Sustainable Urban Development in Metropolitan Lagos, Nigeria: Problems and Prospects1994In: Third World Planning Review, ISSN 0142-7849, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 201-219Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 160.
    Airasmaa Storbjörk, Myra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Beslutsfattande: Rysslands beslut att inleda fullskaligt invasionskrig mot Ukraina - en teorikonsumerande fallstudie2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to present three different perspectives through which to analyse the decision made by Russia to invade Ukraine in 2022. The three perspectives used are based on the three theories of decision making found in the book Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis (Allison & Zelikow, 1999) and are as follows: the rational actor model, the organisational model, and the bureaucratic model.

    Firstly, all the models are presented and three indicators for each model are determined. These indicators provide a framework for when finding and selecting relevant empirical evidence. Secondly, the decision by Russia to invade Ukraine is presented through the lens of each model – this, paired with empirical evidence, aims to give a deeper understanding of the theoretical models’ application to the case.

    Throughout the course of the study, we find that there is empirical evidence that supports theoretical reasoning viewed through all three models. Although there is far more to uncover regarding the decision to invade Ukraine, qualitative case studies such as this one can act as a means to further the interest and understanding of the subject.

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  • 161.
    Aitomäki, Astrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Is help really helping?: A case study on the Gender-Equality in Afghanistan during the years of increased Humanitarian Aid2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The need to save the women of Afghanistan has for years been the focus of multiple

    international organisations, and through humanitarian aid the world has attempted to achieve

    this goal. This paper aims to gain an understanding of what it actually has been like to live, as

    a woman, in Afghanistan during the years of increased humanitarian aid, after the fall of the

    Taliban regime in 2001. To achieve this, the paper is based on the feminist institutionalist

    theory combined with previous research. This paper will focus on gaining an understanding

    of the informal institutions surrounding gender, and also look at empirical data to assess the

    practical implementation of gender-equality on the ground. To understand if or how the

    gender-equality has changed in Afghanistan this paper uses both quantitative and qualitative

    data. The conclusion will show that, even though there is a difficulty in obtaining data from

    Afghanistan, there has been a positive development for gender-equality on the ground and

    that there, however, has been little to no change towards gender-equality within gender norms

    and informal rules.

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  • 162. Ajakaiye, Ojo Iseghohime
    : Participation in Nigerian ElectionsIndependent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Participation in Nigerian elections is an interesting issue. This study is aimed at comparing the 1999 elections with 2003 elections. There is more participation in elections, organized by the Civilian government than that of the Military government. Nigerians feel freer and secure to participate in elections organized and conducted by the civilian government be-cause it is more democratic than the military government.

    The part identification model, and a sociological approach were tested in relation to Nige-rian elections. The Sociological approach influences voter’s decision during elections. Democratic government in Nigeria has much to do for it to be consolidated. The issues of Political Rights and Civil Liberty have to be properly addressed

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  • 163.
    Ajeganov, Boris
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Post-accession Poland in the EU – connecting policy co-ordination features to long-term administrative capacity trends2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to study and describe Poland’s policy co-ordination system, demonstrate the decline in Polish administrative capacity over time, and attempt to find and explain institutionality- driven links between the two. For this purpose, three policy co-ordination systems were deconstructed, a mechanism for analysing that data created, and information on Poland’s administrative performance was collected. The study finds that some structural features within Poland’s hierarchical, amalgamated co-ordination system can foster incentives to suppress the improvement of its own public administration.

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    Post-accession Poland in the EU
  • 164.
    Akande, Adebowale
    et al.
    IR Globe Cross-Cultural Inc, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Akande, Titilola
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Dublin University, Dublin, Ireland.
    Adetoun, Jibola
    Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL, USA.
    Adewuyi, Modupe
    Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA, USA.
    Children in Times of War and World Disorder in the Twenty-First Century: The International Law and Children’s Human Rights2023In: Politics Between Nations: Power, Peace, and Diplomacy / [ed] Adebowale Akande, Springer, 2023, p. 305-335Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Article 12 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child makes explicit reference to children’s right to say what they think about matters relating to the quality of their lives and to have these opinions taken into account in accordance with their levels of competence and maturity. The voting results showed that over two-thirds (68.1%) of the children polled “educating every child” as their first top priority; the issue “putting children first and caring for every child” was placed second by 65.4% of the respondents; 50.1% of them placed the issue “fighting poverty and HIV/AIDS” as their third priority; followed by 37.6% who said “hearing and listening to children’s voices” is very crucial; 35.6% placed their fifth priority to be “not using children as weapons of war” while 27% of the children said “protecting the earth—investing in children” must be sixth on their list of top priorities. Other things thought to be important by these children included stopping crime, child abuse and family violence, racism/xenophobia, muti (black magic) ritual killing of children (especially the albinos), forced child marriage (Ukuthwala), racism and xenophobia, rape, drugs and shooting at schools, and other evils. They also advocate better education in general for children, computer literacy, good parenting, child-friendly government, peace and tranquility (absence of stress), and active involvement in environmental planning. The full burden of children’s rights has to be “shouldered” and internally operationalized by UN specialized agencies. Within that context, the Sangraal of successful implementation and cross-cultural sustainability of children’s rights can be limned as resemblant to the proper alignment of the sun, the moon, and the stars. “Irokotinditindi Irokotinditindi” phenomenon. Sadly, competing agendas—HIV/AIDS, Russian invasion of Ukraine, and COVID-19 pandemics implementation of Education for All and Millennium Development goals have taken priority over the pursuit of children’s rights models, in many countries. A rights approach built on effective health promotion model and based on an interlace of Bourdieu’s Sociology that helps break poverty cycles and depicts children as social actors, and by all means an end in themselves is recommended. Suggestions for future research and practice are also discussed.

  • 165.
    Akarcay, Pinar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Sonrası Güvenlik Yönetimi Paradigmaları: NATO-AB-Türkiye2018Book (Other academic)
  • 166.
    Akarcay, Pinar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Ak, Gökhan
    Nişantaşı University, İstanbul, Turkey.
    Rethinking Cyber Warfare: Timeless, Normless and Unconstrained2018In: IKSAD Journal, ISSN 2630-6166, Vol. 4, no 9, p. 195-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Improvements in cybernetics have made likely far reaching shifts in all areas of life. Thus, the scientific-technological developments after 1950s gave rise to “the information revolution” from which national security has quite been affected as well. The rapid growth in the fields of computing created a new realm of fantasy called cyberspace. As a phenomenon, cyberspace has the potential for enormous avails and advantages as well as unpredictable risks. There are three major dimensions all associated with cyberspace: technologies, policies and disputes. In order to analyze the real damage that a hypothetical cyber-war or individual act of cyber warfare could do to the citizens of any nation coming under attack, it is fundamental to begin with some reflections which will help us reach a full understanding of the phenomenon, and its related practical implications as well as impacts. Since cyberspace comprises many complicating matters, it is a further difficulty of developing new combative techniques, tools and norms in an area that is inherently secretive. Cyber-attackers do not announce who they are and the victims may not want to admit having been vulnerable. By this view, this research will specifically examine timeless, normless and unconstrained cyber warfare by rethinking its history, content, associated emerging policies and focus on the question of national security in light of the cyberspace phenomenon.

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  • 167.
    Akarcay, Pinar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Ak, Gökhan
    Nisantasi Üniversitesi, Turkey.
    Ulusal Güvenlik Bağlamında Kıbrıs: Jeostratejik/Jeoekonomik Önem ve Gelişmeler2018In: Çeşm-i Cihan, ISSN 2149-5866, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 140-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [tr]

    Türkiye, Avrasya’nın tam ortasında birçok küresel etkili bölgesel sorunun içinde yaşayan bir ülkedir.  Avrasya’nın Doğu Akdeniz’inde yer alan Kıbrıs da Türkiye için bu anlamda gerek jeostratejik, gerekse jeoekonomik olarak vazgeçilemez bir coğrafi aktördür. Zira Doğu Akdeniz’in tabanının altında, özellikle de Kıbrıs’ın güneyinde mali değeri oldukça yüksek hidrokarbon zenginlikleri bulunduğu iddia edilmektedir. Güney Kıbrıs Rum Yönetimi (GKRY) de, adada GKRY tarafından temsil edilmeyen Kıbrıs Türk halkı ve onun devleti olan Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti (KKTC)’nin mevcudiyetinin hilafına, bu muhtemel zenginliklerden tek başına yararlanmaya çalışmaktadır. Ada çevresindeki zengin deniz-dibi kaynakları ile ortaya çıkan yeni menfaat yumağının, Kıbrıs uyuşmazlığının denize de yayılmasına sebebiyet verdiği aşikârdır. Bu bağlamda çalışmada, ulusal güvenlik bağlamında Kıbrıs Adası’nın önemi, Türkiye’nin Doğu Akdeniz’de deniz güvenliğine katkıları ve Doğu Akdeniz’deki son gelişmelerin Kıbrıs Sorunu’nun çözümüne muhtemel etkileri üzerine bir inceleme ve analiz yapılmıştır.

  • 168.
    Akindès, Francis
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The roots of the military-political crises in Côte d'Ivoire2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    With the coup d’etat of 24 December 1999 and the politico-military conflict that started on 19 September 2002, Côte d’Ivoire broke with its tradition of political stability, which had served as a model in the West African sub-region. It is now facing an unprecedented crisis that is not only jeopardising the continuity of the state, but has also introduced a culture of violence into the society.This study has three objectives. The primary one is to understand the nature of this socio-political crisis, and what is at stake in it. Secondly, the study examines the issue of ivoirité. Finally, it explores the escalation of violence in this socio-political crisis and the catalogue of justifications for that violence.It is argued that the recurrence of military coups d’etat in Côte d’Ivoire signifies the delegitimisation of the modes of regulation built on the tontine system, and calls for a renewal of the political grammar and socio-political regulatory modalities around integrating principles that have yet to be devised.

    CONTENT

    Introduction

    CHAPTER 1. The Three Parameters of the Houphouët Boigny Compromise

    Deliberate and centralised openness policy to the outside world

    Philosophy of the “peanut roasters”

    Paternalistic management of social diversity

    CHAPTER 2. Houphouetism Shows Signs of Wear and Tear under Democratisation

    Confronting the issues: the political class and the criteria for political representation and legitimacy

    “Ivoirité” under Bédié, or the selective function of an ideology

    General Gueï’s variable-geometry Houphouetism

    The RDR, or Houphouetism the wrong way round

    The FPI, or the theoretical expression radical schism Immigration and its politicisation

    CHAPTER 3. The Problematic of “Ivoirité” and the Meaning of History in Côte d’Ivoire

    The social and political construction of “Ivoirité”

    Ideological justification

    Political justification

    Economic justification

    The constitution and ethno-nationalism

    Military coups d’état as therapy for “Ivoirité”?

    CHAPTER 4. The Course of History, or the Need for the Invention of Another Social Contract

    Alassane Dramane Ouattarra (ADO): symbol of the reality underlying the question of being a national

    An alternative to “slice” citizenship

    Bibliography

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  • 169.
    Akouri, Elie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Varför har Egypten inte demokratiserats?: En fallstudie om bakomliggande orsaker till den haltande demokratiseringsprocessen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is designed to analyse the situation regarding the attempt to implement democracy in Egypt and why it failed. Theories regarding democratic transition and consolidation is acting as scientific instruments to carry out this case study. This essay directs its focus on several key factors that has contributed to the prevention of democratic reforms. The theory concerning path dependence is used to compliment the remaining theories to distinguish vital historic aspects to this issue. Key factors such as the Muslim brotherhood, the Egyptian military and regime, as well as the liberal movement is examined in this paper to illuminate their respective contribution to this situation.

    The conclusion of this paper focuses on the military, unwilling to surrender its power, along with the religiously fundamental brotherhood, growing rapidly. A democratic transition was in the making, only to be shut down by the military, regaining its former power. Although chaotic and military-biased reforms continued, they were far from democratic.  Because of all the key factors not sharing any political ideals, the situation has come to an abrupt halt regarding a democratisation process. The democratic ideal has become worn among the protestors and another try at a democratic transition is far from reality. 

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  • 170.
    Akram, Owasim
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Living Longer, Living Harder: Ageing in Extreme Poverty in Bangladesh2022Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this dissertation is to understand the lived experience of age-ing in extreme poverty in developing countries, in this case Bangladesh, a country that hosts a large number of extreme poor and ageing population. By focusing on the role of the family, the most neglected pillar of welfare, this dissertation sheds new light on the microprocesses of welfare politics. By doing so, it unravels the complexity and precariousness that characterises the lived experiences of the older persons, and the relational embeddedness of ageing in extreme poverty, which often makes bargaining, under conditions of scarce resources, an essential process.

    This dissertation seeks to make contribution at the empirical, theoretical, and methodological levels. Empirically, it explores processes of generational transfer of disadvantages that create the conditions leading to the experience of extreme poor late life. Theoretically it helps us reconceptualise extreme poverty as ‘agency poverty’ associated with ageing. By adopting a life course approach, the dissertation advances our understanding of ageing and extreme poverty being inspired by postmodern and postcolonial in-sights, thus highlighting the importance of othering and agency erosion mechanisms. The dissertation also formulates the concept of ‘relational security’, arguing that the older persons’ search for wellbeing and security primarily revolves around their relations. The level of ‘relational security’ is therefore a crucial marker of wellbeing and security during the late life. Lastly, methodologically, and relying on an activist approach, the dissertation challenges some of the conventional ways of doing research. It emphasises the need both to duly recognise the power and agency of the vulnerable research participants and to facilitate a space to exercise their power and agency. It also advocates for researchers to be more mindful about their accountability to the research participants.

    The dissertation discusses the policy implications of the findings and highlights that poverty policies and interventions should be concerned about ‘agency poverty’ and add provisions that contribute towards restoring older persons’ agency by, for example, empowering them politically. Policymakers also need to be aware that individuals’ different levels of relational embeddedness play a critical role in deter-mining the outcome of policy interventions tackling extreme poverty in old age.

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  • 171.
    Akram, Owasim
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Othering and Agency Erosion of Older Adults Living in Extreme PovertyManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 172.
    Aksal, Nure
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Etnisk mångfald och social tillit – kan vi ha båda samtidigt?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mainly due to the recent years of large inflow of immigrants to Europe, and not least Sweden, the debate of ethnic diversity has become more intense, and thus so has the debate of social cohesion and social capital. Social trust is part of our social capital, and has also been of interest for several researchers over the years. The development of the literature on trust first had focus on the economic and democratic benefits of trust, but has now taken a turn towards focusing more on the negative effects of ethnic diversity in societies. My research show that ethnic diversity in Uppsala does not directly affect the levels social trust in Uppsala. There are other factors, both in the society at large and personal factors that explain the relation between having another ethnic background than Swedish and trust.

  • 173.
    Alasuutari, Pertti
    et al.
    Tampere University, Finland.
    Lilja, Mona
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sigurdardottir, Heba
    Tampere University, Finland.
    Editorial2023In: Journal of Political Power, ISSN 2158-379X, E-ISSN 2158-3803, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 277-279Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Albarazi, Zahra
    et al.
    Tilburg Law School, Netherlands.
    Tucker, Jason
    University of Bath, UK.
    Citizenship as a political tool: The recent turmoil in the MENA and the creation and resolution of statelessness2014In: Recht van de Islam 28 / [ed] Pauline Kruiniger, Den Haag: Boom Juridische uitgevers , 2014, p. 73-79Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 175.
    Albers, Jorick
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    European identity through ‘thick’ and ‘thin’: Normative theory and the challenge of diversity2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 176.
    Albinsson, Lars
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Citizens´ services: Nordic and Baltic research needs2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What are the key issues in citizen-centric service development that research should address? People engaged in the development of services for citizens, both public and private, in six countries – Iceland, Sweden, Lithuania, Norway, Estonia and Latvia – have participated in half-day workshops during 2008-2009 to discuss the challenges research projects should take on, which output is needed and how to conduct them in order to better help service developers. This work has been a key part of the project “Citizens’ services – Turning Public Private outside in”. In general, the situation in the six countries is very similar and key findings include: • The need to improve cross- and inter-organizational service development. There are too many “silos”. • The need to better engage citizens in service design, to increase the use and effectiveness of services. • The need for more collaborative research projects with researchers, and public and private service developers in an action-oriented and experimental mode.

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  • 177.
    Albrecht, Frederike
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section, Sektionen för krishantering och internationell samverkan.
    Karlsson, Christer
    Uppsala University (SWE).
    Persson, Thomas
    Uppsala University (SWE).
    Patterns of Parliamentary Opposition: Empirical Evidence from the Deliberations in the German Bundestag’s Committee on European Union Affairs.2021In: Parliamentary Affairs, ISSN 0031-2290, E-ISSN 1460-2482, Vol. 74, no 1, p. 230-251Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines patterns of oppositional behaviour in the GermanBundestag’s Committee on European Union Affairs (EAC) for two separate legislative periods (2005–2009 and 2009–2013). The study makes two contributionsto previous research. It, first, shed some much-needed empirical light on politicalopposition in the Bundestag by examining how much and what kind of opposition exists in the German EAC. Secondly, the article examines the differences inoppositional behaviour of the Members of Parliament between the two legislative periods following an institutional reform in 2009 that afforded theBundestag with increased opportunity structures in Europen Union affairs.

  • 178.
    Albrecht, Frederike
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section, Sektionen för krishantering och internationell samverkan.
    Parker, Charles F.
    Department of Government, Uppsala University (SWE).
    Healing the Ozone Layer: The Montreal Protocol and the Lessons and Limits of a Global Governance Success Story2019In: Great policy successes: or, A tale about why it's amazing that governments get so little credit for their many everday and extraordinary achievements as told by sympathetic observers who seek to create space for a less relentlessly negative view of our pivotal public institutions / [ed] Mallory E. Compton, Paul 't Hart, Oxford University Press, 2019, p. 304-319Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Montreal Protocol - the regime designed to protect the stratospheric ozone layer - has widely been hailed as the gold standard of global environmental governance and is one of few examples of international institutional cooperative arrangements successfully solving complex transnational problems. Although the stratospheric ozone layer still bears the impacts of ozone depleting substances (ODSs), the problem of ozone depletion is well on its way to being solved due to the protocol. This chapter examines how the protocol was designed and implemented in a way that has allowed it to successfully overcome a number of thorny challenges that most international environmental regimes must face: how to attract sufficient participation, how to promote compliance and manage non-compliance, how to strengthen commitments over time, how to neutralize or co-opt potential ‘veto players’, how to make the costs of implementation affordable, how to leverage public opinion in support of the regime’s goals, and, ultimately, how to promote the behavioural and policy changes needed to solve the problems and achieve the goals the regime was designed to solve. The chapter concludes that while some of the reasons for the Montreal Protocol’s success, such as fairly affordable, available substitutes for ODSs, are not easy to replicate, there are many other elements of this story that can be utilized when thinking about how to design solutions to other transnational environmental problems.

  • 179.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Enabling socio-technical transitions – electric vehicles and high voltage electricity grids as focal points of low emission futures2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today humankind is facing numerous sustainability challenges that require us to question CO2 intensive practices like those present in the transport and energy sector. To meet those challenges, many countries have adopted ambitious climate targets. Achieving such targets requires an understanding of the wider socio-technical context of transitions. The aim of this licentiate thesis is therefore to analyse such socio-technical transitions towards low-emission futures enabled by the electrification of passenger cars and high voltage grid development.

    A combination of different transitions theories (for ex. Multi-level perspective and Technological innovation systems) and institutional theory has been used. To reach the aim paper I analyses the climate impacts of electric vehicles (EVs) and policy measures to achieve a breakthrough scenario for EVs. The results show that a mixture of short and long term policies are needed that take into account the technology development stage and behavioural aspects of EV adopters. Paper II addresses the need to include the high voltage transmission grid and its planning procedures as a central part of debates on transitions. Therefore the opportunities, challenges and reasons for conflict in the established regime are studied. The results show that in order to achieve a sustainable grid development regime, it is necessary to spend time on achieving legitimacy and social sustainability. The third paper uses semi-structured expert interviews and focuses on innovation dynamics for EV adoption. By focusing on dynamics instead of single policy measures, it is possible to grasp interactions within a niche, but also in between a niche, regime and landscape. The results show that strong initial technology legitimacy was needed to start substantial innovation dynamics. This could be further strengthened with a strong and broad coalition of actors. Both those factors led, if present, to an improved variety and match of policy instruments.

    As such this thesis has shown that transitions are not just about technology or policy instruments as such but about the dynamics and processes needed to enable them. This can be relevant in other transitions that otherwise may underestimate the importance of these components.

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  • 180.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nordic power road map 2050: Strategic choices towards carbon neutrality. D4.1.R Institutional grid review.2013Report (Other academic)
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  • 181.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    System innovation dynamics around electric vehicles. The cases of Norway, Denmark and Sweden.Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the comparison of electric car innovation patterns in Norway, Sweden and Denmark. Doing so, it takes a closer look at what the most essential dynamics in the systems were over time and what enabled those dynamics. The main research aim is to contribute to a wider understanding of why Norway is so much ahead of Sweden and Denmark in electric car adoption. The purpose is also to adopt a perspective that goes beyond a mere focus on economic policy instruments. In order to do so different theory elements are combined in a framework. These elements stem from the transition theory literature field, especially the technological innovation system (TIS) and the multi-level perspective (MLP). This combination allows analysing the development behind a dynamic, not just when it comes to an innovation itself but also with regards to the established regime. The data is gathered through analysis of existing documents and data as well as a series of 27 expert interviews conducted in the three case countries. The findings suggest that there are important differences in transition patterns that can account for the electric vehicle (EV) diffusion situation we can find nowadays in the three Nordic countries. An important stepping stone was the need for a very strong legitimacy of the original EV vision that is also anchored in a coordinated, sector overarching coalition of actors that thinks strategically and long term. Moreover some general beneficial dynamics could be identified across the countries in question. In Norway these beneficial dynamics can be summarised as a systems motor, in Denmark as a failed entrepreneurial motor that shifted towards a constrained municipal motor and in Sweden as a loosely, coordinated and weaker version of a systems motor.

  • 182.
    Albrecht, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nilsson, Måns
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nordic power road map 2050:Strategic choices towards carbon neutrality. D4.2.R Policy and Institutional Review Electric Vehicles (EV).2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report examines policy drivers of electric vehicles (EVs), and what potential role policy can play in enhancing the innovation and market development of EVs. We start with a policy review of key targets in the Nordic countries and the EU, up to 2030, and discuss to what extent they are consistent with industry, government and expert estimates of how the EV innovation systems can grow. On the basis of this, the second part examines what policy drivers might be needed to enable a breakthrough scenario, using a technological innovation systems (TIS) perspective to describe the needed processes, drivers and developments in policy and technology.

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  • 183.
    Aldabag, Rewing
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Svenska Idrottsrörelsen - Idealtyp mot Idealsamhälle: Hur elitidrott informeras av nyliberal rationalitet2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aimed to explore which organizational ideal type dominated the Swedish Sports Confederation's central governing documents and how this could potentially construct the athletes involved. The chosen ideal types were "associative fostering" and "competitive fostering" (Peterson 2002). To identify these ideal types within the documents, a coding scheme was used to concretize the ideal types' inherent goals and logic. Subsequently, the theory of social entrepreneurship was chosen as it could connect the ideal types with overarching ideological currents in society which affect the organization of elite sports initiatives.

    The theory of governmentality, operationalized through rationality and technology and subject formation, was employed. This theory was used partly to identify the various rationalities and technologies produced by neoliberalism, and to place the athlete within this context to examine the potential impact on the individual. By identifying neoliberal technologies, it was observed that goal management and economization significantly influence sports, primarily in favor of competitive fostering. Beyond this ideal type, the Swedish Sports Confederation has been fragmented in some aspects through projectification. Despite external pressures, the federation remains committed to its nonprofit roots and continuously applies educational programs internally on how to relate to what they describe as Sweden's largest popular movement.

    The method used to analyze the source material was an idea-critical analysis with an actor focus on the Swedish Sports Confederation. The goal was to find ideological currents in the text that could provide answers as to whether there was a predominant ideal type that had gained more prominence in the organizational directions, without necessarily conducting interviews or observing multiple training sessions across different sports.

    In summary, the findings indicate a significant neoliberal influence on Swedish sports governance, emphasizing competitive fostering through goal management and economic rationalities. The analysis highlights the federation's efforts to balance these pressures while maintaining its nonprofit roots and fostering associative education. This complex interplay between external neoliberal forces and internal organizational ideals reveals the nuanced construction of athletes within the Swedish sports system. 

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  • 184.
    Alderblad, Sebastian
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    SVT - "Vänsterliberal smörja"?: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys om partiskhet i SVT:s nyhetsrapportering under regeringsbildningen 2018-20192021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The  aim  of  this  study  sought  to  explore  bias  during  the  period  of  the Swedish government  formation of  2018–2019. By  using  a method of  quantitative content analysis the  thesis examines the  frequency  of  favorable and unfavorable  news published by  Swedish  public service  as well  as  measuring  how  the general newscycle were  percieved  in terms of  the  theoretical  framework known as ”framing”.  In order  to assess eventual  prevalance  of  bias,  the  news published during the government  formation  were examined in  relation  to two oppositional  parties; The  green party  and  the Sweden Democrats.  The study  concluded with  no evidence of  systemic  bias  during  the  timeframe, in  contrast  the news consisted  of  a  rather well  balanced  favorability  and disfavorability  towards  both parties with the majority of  news  published being  of  neutral  statue. However  a  clear  majority  of  the published articles  were  deemed to be  framed in  terms of  being  a  ”zero-sumgame”  with ”winners”  and  ”losers”  during  the examined  time-period. 

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  • 185.
    Alderblad, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The implicit ideas behind ‘Valkompassen’: An ideal type analysis of the democratic presuppositions in Voting Advice Applications2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With Voting Advice Applications changing how people engage in democracy it has become more important to understand the work behind them. Much research has been given to the algorithm and methodology, but less has focused on the ideas that presupposes the development process. The aim of this thesis is to examine and further our understanding of how VAA’s as part of the media repertoire affects contemporary democracy. Scholars have denoted that VAA’s neutrally transmitting information may not be as neutral as one might think. Indeed, democratic presuppositions of the developers may play a role in shaping the intent of what VAA’s intends to do. In order to explore those presuppositions this thesis has interviewed developers of Swedish ‘Valkompassen’ and their answers have been examined by employing an ideal type analysis of democratic ideals. The results indicate that the democratic presuppositions of the developers seem to be more akin to an electoral democratic ideal.

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  • 186.
    Alexandersson Stamcar, Erika
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Doverhäll, Emma
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Teachers’ experienced autonomy: A qualitative study of teachers’ autonomy in municipal and independent upper secondary schools2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to examine how teachers in municipal and independent upper secondary schools experience their horizontal and vertical autonomy to see if there are any similarities or differences between them. Describing their autonomy is done by applying a perception of teachers as street-level bureaucrats to gain a deeper understanding of the concept. In connection to the autonomy discussions, the theoretical understanding is provided in terms of horizontal and vertical influence that might affect autonomy. Those factors are reduced to three specific areas labelled as grading, teaching content and layout of teaching to examine our main research question: How do teachers in municipal and independent schools experience their vertical and horizontal autonomy? In order to answer our main research question, the following questions are specified, (1) how do teachers experience vertical and horizontal autonomy in the fields of grading, teaching content and layout of teaching? (2) what similarities or differences, if any, in respect to vertical and horizontal autonomy exist between teachers in municipal and independent schools? An interpretivist view forms the basis for this study and a qualitative approach is used to conduct a small-n comparison in order to answer those questions through semi-structured interviews. The result show that there is a relatively consistent view of vertical influence, where both the municipal and independent schools receive a high level of vertical autonomy. What is significant, however, is that due to loosely composed governing documents, there is rather a desire to reduce the vertical autonomy. In the horizontal respect, teachers in independent schools are more vulnerable, where guardians and students try to break into the vertical control and thus break the chain of command. 

  • 187.
    Alexandriyski, Paolo
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    A Game Enemy Images: A comparative case study focusing on the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the year 2020, the world witnessed the reignition of an old conflict over the disputed land of Nagorno-Karabakh, between the countries of Armenia and Azerbaijan. Throughout the duration of conflict, curiosity arose with the different implementations of Enemy Images and how both countries used said enemy images. As both countries have their respective claims towards the land, either based on ethnic or historic facts, they did not shy away from pointing fingers at one another. Following the conflict, questions started formulating as to; how are the countries similar or different in the way they depict the “other’’; how are the countries visually depicting each other; how are they trying legitimize their actions; and how are two countries trying to depict themselves as the victim?Thus, a qualitative comparative case study analysis is implemented to help understand this phenomenon. Using readily available online data (i.e. new sources) allowed the researcher to compare the two countries and see how there is more to enemy images, and how they were used for legitimacy. The outcome of the study presented both similarities and differences between the two countries, and how they legitimize themselves towards the audience, through tools such as victimhood.

  • 188.
    Alexopoulou, Sofia
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    "Please Mind the Grey Digital Divide": An Analysis of Digital Public Policies in Light of the Welfare State (Sweden and Greece)2022Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the grey digital divide and digital policies in the divergent welfare regimes of Sweden and Greece. The grey digital divide is a serious problem not only for the individual but also for society. The grey digital divide signifies the inability of older people to utilize digital technology. In academic circles, the emphasis is mostly on the technological aspects of the grey digital divide or on the individual characteristics of older people as (non)users of digital tools. However, the problem is more complex in nature and is interconnected with the aging process and experience. 

    The grey digital divide has multiple levels: the first concerns access, the second skills, and the third opportunities. This thesis concentrates mostly on the third level of digital divide because it touches on the welfare denominator. This particular level describes the encounters that older citizens need to have with the digital welfare state and the obstacles that they might face in doing this. Older digital “offliners” cannot take advantage of the welfare services that they need for their own well-being and cannot participate as equal citizens in digital space, which is expanding on a daily basis with new digital services.

    This thesis is situated in the discipline of political science and draws on various disciplines, such as political science (welfare regime theory, neo-institutionalism, and path-dependency), public policy (active aging paradigm), gerontology (disengagement), sociology (exclusion via the digital-by-default approach), and ICT studies (the phenomenon of digitalization and the third-level of the digital divide). The thesis is a compilation of papers and consists of two qualitative case studies, a comparative study, and a scoping literature review. The key findings are as follows: 1) older people are a heterogeneous group and this applies in the digital world as well, with the appearance of heterogeneous digital profiles; 2) the welfare regime seems to affect the manifestation of the grey digital divide and there is a path-dependency pattern in this; 3) the more digitalized a society, the greater the chance that older people not using technology will be excluded from the digital and social spheres; and 4) digital policies indicate the priorities of every society and how older people are perceived as a social group.

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  • 189.
    Alfredsson, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences. Karlstad University.
    Ett Förändrat Ledarskap?: En studie av EU:s ledarskap sett ur ett institutionellt perspektiv, kopplat till internationella miljöförhandlingar2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Political Science, level III thesis

    Spring semester 2010

    Author: Emelie Alfredsson

    Supervisor: Tomas Mitander

    "A Changed Leadership? - A study of the EU leadership from a institutional standpoint, related to multilateral environmental negotiations"

    The EU has for a relatively long time considered itself a leader in the environmental policy area as a whole as well as in multilateral environmental negotiations. This study attempts to classify and identify the European leadership with the purpose of relating it to the institutional framework of the Union. The treaties of the European Union decide its ability to act and its institutions the right to engage in different policy areas, the environmental area being the focus of this study. With the recent ratification of the Lisbon treaty this study aims to make out if the type of leadership the Union showed during the Kyoto negotiations has changed with the new treaty, into a new type during the COP-15 meeting in Copenhagen. The results shows that the Union has kept the same type of leadership despite the change in treaties, though with great potential of changing leadership if or when the new reforms of the new treaty are better implemented. This result points to the fact that institutional changes have a small effect on the EU leadership and that other factors such as ability to unite the member countries may play a bigger role.

    Keywords: EU, leadership, multilateral environmental negotiations, Copenhagen, Kyoto

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  • 190.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Från katekestvång till religionsfrihet: debatten om religionsundervisningen i skolan under 1900-talet1975Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 191.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Grundläggande rättigheter eller handelshinder?: Den svenska debatten om EU, föreningsfriheten och rätten till fackliga stridsåtgärder2008Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 192.
    Alhajj, Imad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Challenges for Building Peace in Syria post-2011 Conflict: Evaluation as Research and Monitoring in Conflict Zones2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research is the product of a qualitative research design in the field of Peace and Conflict Studies Research. The design of this study is Evaluation as Research and Monitoring of the Theory and Practice of Research in Conflict Zones. Syria as a multiple case study post-2011 conflict. 

    The objectives underlying this explorative research are three-fold.

    First, it seeks, from applied research, to produce and contribute to building better-suited methodological self-conscious and evidence-based approaches to building peace in conflict zones (Bush and Duggan, 2013; 2015); that also, can serve to propose new approaches and research practices within the state-of-the-art of Peace and Conflict Studies Research.

    Second, it proposes pertinent knowledge for researchers and practitioners in all spheres of humanitarianism, development, and peacebuilding that can influence policy-making and designing processes aid in the humanitarian crisis in extreme contexts of conflict conditions.

    By utilising Syria as a multiple case study post-2011 conflict, the overall goal of this study is to generate new knowledge for a better understanding and systematically reinforcing the political, economic and social infrastructures considered by the author as requisites to enable locally-oriented paths to a prosperous and dignified life, peace-reinforcing dynamics and a just future (Ibid., 2013, p.20; 2015).

    The findings and analysis are based on the conceptual framework built and developed by the author in this thesis, adopted and employed theories, specific methodology, and the author grounded experience in humanitarian action.

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  • 193.
    Ali, Sadiya
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Isse, Yasmiin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    How can you be dark-skinned and beautiful?: A Qualitative study of how colorism and internalized racism is perceived by Somali women in Sweden2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the perceptions and understandings of Somali women in Sweden toward colorism and internalized racism in the context of Sweden’s Eurocentric beauty ideals. Using social constructivism, intersectionality theory, colorism, and internalized racism as the theoretical frameworks. The study employs a qualitative method with focus group interviews to explore the beauty habits and ideals of Somali women and how they attempt to conform to Eurocentric norms. This thesis finds that Somali women's beauty ideals are heavily influenced by Eurocentric beauty ideals as they dominate the media and beauty industries. The study also finds that it is difficult for Somali women to belong to Swedish beauty norms as whiteness is the dominating norm. Concluding, the study reveals that intra-racial colorism is prevalent and perpetuated within the Somali community, and that Somali women internalize racism as the unattainable Eurocentric beauty ideal of light skin leads to skin lightening practices and attempts at concealing one’s racial identity. 

  • 194.
    Alice, Edholm
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Klimat, vår generations största hot mot mänskliga rättigheter?: Diskursiv klimaträttvisa i Sverige, för våra kommande generationer2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental politics in Sweden are portrayed in the Swedish environmental discourse to be both ambiguous and a pioneer state internationally. Sweden has an established aim to solve the sixteen identified grand environmental issues in Sweden until the next generation (2025). For example, Tracy Skillington, mentioned in the field of research, argues of an absence of climate justice for future generations. This paper will therefore examine the way Sweden relates to future generations in the Swedish environmental politics through a lens of climate justice. I will approach this subject through a discourse analysis of three Swedish propositions which can be used to understand the background meaning of legislations, and therefore also can be regarded as authoritarian in the Swedish environmental discourse. The analysis will be based on the logic of signs in the discourse and structured according to the analysis tool, problem – reason – solution.

    The main problem in Swedish environmental discourse can relate to the ambiguous formulation of the generational aim. Sweden expresses, in their environmental discourse (proposition 1997/98:145), a confidence to solve the environmental issues until the next generation, meanwhile maintaining other political priorities such as economic growth. Sweden describes an overall change of society to sustainable development. In the Swedish environmental discourse terms such as justice and crisis are excluded, which forms and characterizes the Swedish discourse. The problems in Swedish environmental discourse are being visible though the environmental aims seem unreachable on the set timeline.

    There are three identified reasons in the Swedish environmental discourse, nature as an economic human resource, the environmental quality issues in Sweden depends on other states environmental actions due to the transnational problem and the initial environmental goals are portrayed as impossible to fulfill.

    Sweden legitimize their environmental discourse through the solutions found in the three propositions. The choice to use generation to describe the Swedish aim, could be understood to unify the Swedish environmental discourse. In the propositions, a change in the meaning of the generational aim will be shown, which makes a prominent difference for future generations. In proposition 2016/17:146, a transition to climate is made which means less focus on future generation in the Swedish discourse.

    The next generation has a prominent role in the environmental discourse of Sweden, but it turns out unclear what exact meaning the generation of today include in the term next generation. The promises made in the first proposition, are emptied of the initial meaning, why it is questionable if climate justice towards the next generation can be reached in the Swedish environmental discourse.

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  • 195.
    Alin, Tova
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The magic bullet against semi-automatic weapons: A quantitative study about the effect of gender mainstreaming in peace processes 2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Women and men experience conflict and peace processes differently. The thesis builds on the idea of feminist policy and gender mainstreaming that suggests women should be substantially included within and around all policy decisions including peace processes, not only to provide gender equality but also because inclusion leads to more long-lasting and qualitative solutions. The purpose of this thesis is to examine if gender mainstreaming in the form of engendered language in peace agreements affects post-conflict sexual violence. To achieve this, a systematic large-N study with OLS regression analysis was conducted. The hypothesis was that engendered language in peace agreements would lead to a smaller prevalence of post-conflict conflict-related sexual violence and hence the correlation between the two would be negative. The findings rather show that there is a positive correlation between the two on a 95 percent significance level, generating questions regarding both measurements of the prevalence of post-conflict conflict-related sexual violence and about the effectiveness of gender mainstreaming in peace agreements. Hence, the general conclusion of the thesis is that gender mainstreaming in peace agreements as a ‘magic bullet’ is not the complete answer in the struggle towards gender equality in post-conflict situations.

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  • 196.
    Alipour, Mohadeseh
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hur skapas trygghet i otrygghetens land: Trygghetsfrämjande arbete i fysisk planering av ett utsatt område med fokus på Centrala Hallunda belägen i Botkyrka kommun.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Polisen (2015) uppger att förorter kan upplevas som otrygga platser bland annat på grund av förekomsten av narkotikahandel och brottslighet. Dessa miljöer har därför blivit ödsliga, förlorat sin funktion och påverkats negativt i takt med framväxten av bostäder i innerstaden. Denna kvalitativa fallstudie syftar till att studera hur den fysiska planeringen av Hallunda-Norsborg belägen i Botkyrka kommun ser ut idag samt hur kommunen arbetar med trygghetsfrämjande åtgärder med utveckling av den fysiska miljön samt de utmaningar och möjligheter kommunen bemöter i sin trygghetsfrämjandea arbetet. Resultaten bygger på observation av Hallunda-Norsborg, semistrukturerade intervjuer med tre tjänstepersoner från Botkyrka kommun, enkätundersökning och intervjuer med invånare.Resultatet visar att den fysiska miljön har påverkan på den upplevda tryggheten och hur den skapar möjlighet eller utmaningar för att brott kan ske i den fysiska miljön. Områdets fysiska utformning med bland annat miljonprogrammets stadsfördelning, centrumets omslutande utformning och långa gångvägar i området är exempel på faktorer vilka medför brottslighet och skapar otrygghet. Långsiktiga åtgärder kräver flera aktörers engagemang eftersom det handlar om förändring av en redan byggd struktur. Studien har således ämnat bidra till större förståelse för kommunalt utveckling av trygghetsfrämjande arbete vid planering av den fyiska miljön av ett utsatt område som Hallunda-Norsborg. 

  • 197.
    Alirani, Gertrud
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Miljöhänsyn vid offentliga upphandlingar: En fallstudie på tre kommuner i Sverige2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att ta reda på om skillnader finns i hur stora miljöhänsyn som tas vid offentliga upphandlingar i kommuner där en aktiv miljöstrategi finns integrerad i förvaltningarna än i kommuner där de inte integrerats.

    Jag har utfört en fallstudie på tre kommuner i Sverige där jag kvantitativt samt kvalitativt jämfört förfrågningsunderlag från tre typer av offentliga upphandlingar. Den kvantitativa undersökningen har utgått från Miljöstyrningsrådets och Vägverkets kriteriedokument som ger rekommendationer för hur miljökrav kan ställas vid offentliga upphandlingar.

    Utifrån tidigare teorier om hur institutioner över tid formar normer och värderingar samt påverkar individers handlingar har jag utformat tre hypoteser där slutsatsen kunde dras att en av hypoteserna stämde. Jag kom fram till att oavsett om kommunen hade integrerat en aktiv miljöstrategi eller inte syns inga större skillnader i hur stora miljöhänsyn som tas vid offentliga upphandlingar.

     

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  • 198.
    Alirani, Gertrud
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olausson, Pär M.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Different approaches to flood risk management in Sweden: The river groups in Indalsälven/Ljungan and Ljusnan2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Network management has become important in flood risk management in Sweden. Previous studies on flood risk management groups has shown variations in focus among the groups (see Olausson & Nyhlén, 2017; Petridou & Olausson, 2017; Hedelin, & Hjerpe, 2015). Some of the groups has a societal focus while others has a more technical approach which means that different actors are participating depending on focus of the group. More knowledge is needed to understand the implications this has on network cooperation and the networks capacity to meet expected increase in flooding and high flows because of climate change. The study aims at explaining the consequences of the different approaches on cooperation within the network and the multilevel coordination of flood risk management. The theoretical approach of the study depart from theories of policy networks with an emphasis on the interaction between public and private actors. (see Rhodes 1996, 1997; Sörensen & Torfing 2005, 2007; Enander et.al. 2015; Wimmelius & Engberg, 2015) Two case studies are conducted of two river groups, Indalsälven/Ljungan and Ljusnan. While Indalsälven/Ljungan has a societal approach, Ljusnan has a more technical approach.

  • 199.
    Alit Wedhantara, Dewa Ketut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Fear and Loathing in Streets of Europe: Reading the Right-Wing Protestors’ Visual Expressions2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the last ten years, significant increase in national protest and transnational activism within the area of Western Europe brought a new impact to the study of the visual: a pictorial turn to argumentation. Visual texts in the form of posters and banners can be seen throughout the streets of Europe, alongside the rise of right-wing organizations with populistic tendencies. This research examines the posters and banners produced by three Western European right-wing organizations, namely English Defence League in the United Kingdom, PEGIDA in Germany, and PVV in the Netherlands. This thesis observes how the three organizations utilized posters and banners displayed in their rallies to manufacture a particular imagination regarding immigrants with an Islamic background. This research situates the three right-wing organizations in a specific vertical organizational hierarchy to explore the possibility of understanding which organization is at the most advantageous, generating benefit for the sake of visual mobilization of other groups.  Furthermore, the operationalization of the fear strategies as an inherent part of their visual argumentation and encounter them with the myth of Islam in the West will also be considered.

  • 200.
    Alkert, Alicia
    Swedish Defence University.
    En idealtypsanalys av militära lärares doktrinära idéer2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to give an alternative understanding of why military doctrines could be rejected by its organization. Previous researcher has explained doctrinal rejection and reluctance to change mainly through organizational and cultural theories. This study takes its point of departure in theresearch of doctrinal implementation. A doctrine can be perfectly writtenbut if the organization does not understand it, the doctrine will fail its purpose. Education is considered a vital part of implementation and doctrinalunderstanding, but the subject is underexplored. The study therefore examines military teachers understanding of military doctrines. With an ideal typology the study presents three types of understandings and revenue of doctrine and then draws the conclusion that doctrinal implementation needs toaddress a variation of ides to be properly incorporated in the education ofofficers to avoid a contradictory dynamic.

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