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  • 151.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. CHILD.
    Berättelsen om "den obente" soldaten.1998In: Arbetsterapeuten, ISSN 0345-0988, no 13, 14-18 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett försök att reda ut begreppen med anknytning till ett arbetsterapeutiskt perspektiv.

  • 152.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. AFR. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Focus on Occupational Therapists' Paradigms1999In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 13, no 3, 165-170 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study has an explorative design with its starting point in Törnebohm´s theory of paradigms. The primary aim of the study was to identify and characterize seven experienced occupational therapists´ perceptions of their profession, especially regarding world view and field of action view. The secondary aim was to find out if there were similarities among the respondents´ personal paradigms that could constitute a potential, local ideology for the group. Qualitative data were collected using audio- and video-taped, thematic discussions which involved focus groups on three occasions during the autumn of 1996. Within the two paradigm components world view and field of action view the data were analysed qualitatively. The results show several unifying factors and dissimilarities were limited to specifications within the unifying factors, with regard to the respondents´ notions. The unifying factors could be described as a potential, local ideology for the group.

  • 153.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. AFR.
    Function, action and/or well-being as health constituents in occupational therapy2006In: 5th Occupation UK and Ireland symposium in Occupational science 11-12 september: Health through occupation - the evidence, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 154.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. AFR.
    Hälsa, kropp och arbetsterapi i ett professionsperspektiv2004In: At-forum 21-22 april, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. AFR.
    Kunskapsmöte inom arbetsterapi.2001In: Vetenskapens dag 3 oktober, 2001Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 156.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    'Occupation': Fokus för yrkesutövningen arbetsterapi.1999In: Arbetsterapeuten, ISSN 0345-0988, no 1, 4-9 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 157.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. AFR. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Occupational therapy students' paradigms: A passage from beholder to practitioner.2000In: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, ISSN 0045-0766, E-ISSN 1440-1630, Vol. 47, no 3, 97-109 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study has an explorative, comparative design with its starting point in Törnebohm´s theory of paradigms. The aim of the study was to identify and describe how qualified OT students perceived their future profession, especially regarding world view and field of action view, and to compare their conceptions with those of newly enrolled OT students in order to find out the differences and similarities between the two aggregations of paradigms. Data were collected in writing, using essay questions. Data analysis/synthesis was accomplished qualitatively. The comparision between the two groups was carried out through the structure of three themes with appurtenant categories. The qualified occupational therapist students´ notions gave expression to a constant application of a holistic health perspective which in contrast to those of the newly enrolled occupational therapist students resulted in numerous examples of interrelations between themes belonging to different paradigm components. In line with Törnebohm (1987) this is characteristic for paradigms.

  • 158.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. AFR.
    Om arbetsterapeutstudenters och arbetsterapeuters syn på arbetsterapi2000In: Vetenskapens dag 3 oktober, 2000Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES:

    To study quality of life and subjective post-concussion symptoms in adults (16-60 years) with a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) 3 months and 1 year after injury.

    METHODS:

    Of a total of 489 patients 173 responded to questionnaires at 3 months and at 1 year, including the SF-36 health-related quality of life survey, which is a standardized measure validated for Swedish conditions. Post-concussion symptoms were rated as either existing or non-existing in a 21-item checklist [a modified version of Comprehensive Psychopathological Rating Scale (CPRS)].

    RESULTS:

    SF-36 showed impaired scores in all dimensions. Existing post-concussion symptoms were reported by 1545%. Significantly, more symptoms were present at 3 months than at 3 weeks after injury. Furthermore, a significant correlation between higher rates of post-concussion symptoms and lower SF-36 scores was found. CONCLUSIONS:

    The SF-36 results were significantly impaired compared with an age- and gender-matched normative control group and the rate of post-concussion symptoms was significantly higher at 3 months than at 3 weeks after injury. As a significant correlation between higher rates of symptoms and low SF-36 scores was also found we assume SF-36 to be a sensitive enough measure of MTBI-related effects.

  • 159.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. AFR.
    Om arbetsterapeutstudenters och arbetsterapeuters syn på arbetsterapi2001In: At-forum 17-18 maj, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 160.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. AFR.
    Paradigmatik inom arbetsterapi.1998In: Vetenskapens dag 22 september, 1998Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 161.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work. AFR.
    Tematiska diskussioner med fokus på arbetsterapeuters verksamhet.1997In: Program för At-forum 13-14 mars, 1997Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 162.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. AFR. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Borell, Lena
    Svensson, Tommy
    What Occupational Therapists Consider to be Worth Knowing: An Analysis of Swedish Occupational Therapists' Examination Papers 1984-96.1999In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 6, no 3, 127-133 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine and characterize an aggregation of experienced occupational therapists´ exam papers with regard to the occupational therapists´ research interests, concerning especially ontological and strategical matters, during the time period 1984-1996. The title pages, summaries and results discussions of 84 papers were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively with the starting point in two of the components from Törnebohm´s structure of paradigms: the world view- and the field of action view-component. The occupational therapists´ interest in research subjects related to the field of action view component of paradigms, and applied research on strategical matters, dominates throughout the material. The interest in research subjects related to the world view component of paradigms, and basic research on ontological matters, increases in the last five year period. The increasing interest in more ontological matters seems as a natural and necessary progress for a profession which is deeply involved in knowledge aquired by experience. Only by the development of a “double-edged” knowledge, the profession has the possibility of developing and adapting to future demands.

  • 163.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Svensson, Tommy
    A Longitudinal Study on the Transformation of Fifteen Occupational Therapist Students' Paradigms into Occupational Therapists' Paradigms.2006In: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, ISSN 0045-0766, Vol. 53, no 2, 87-97 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes the transformation of 15 occupational therapist students’ paradigms into occupational therapists’ paradigms according to Törnebohm’s theory of paradigms, over a period of six years. This research particularly considers the paradigm components world view and field of action view in Törnbohm’s sense. Qualitative data were collected using essay-questions on three occasions: first week, and last semester, at the Occupational Therapy Programme at the School of Health Sciences, Jönköping, Sweden, and after three years of occupational therapy practice. A content-analysis of the collected materials was performed and the transformation of the informants’ views could be characterized as comprising three different perspectives: a ‘public’ view in 1995, a ‘theoretical’ view in 1998 and an ‘experiential/contextual’ view in 2001.

  • 164.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Svensson, Tommy
    Begreppet 'Hälsa' som vägvisare för arbetsterapeuter.2005In: Arbetsterapeuten, ISSN 0345-0988, no 9, 10-14 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 165.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Svensson, Tommy
    Femton arbetsterapeutstudenters paradigmutveckling genom utbildning och yrkespraktik: en sexårsstudie2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studien handlar om paradigmutveckling hos arbetsterapeutstudenter, senare arbetsterapeuter, under en sexårsperiod. Speciellt studeras deras världsbild och verksamhetssyn enligt Törnebohms paradigmteori. Kvalitativ data samlades in genom essäfrågor, första veckan och sista terminen på arbetsterapeutprogrammet vid Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping, samt efter tre års yrkespraktik. Genom kvalitativ innehållsanalys framträdde informanternas syn på arbetsterapi vilken kan karaktäriseras som "allmänhetens syn" 1995, "teoretisk syn" 1998 och en "erfarenhetsbaserad/kontextuell syn" 2001.

  • 166.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Svensson, Tommy
    Health, the Body and Occupational Therapy2000In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 7, no 1, 26-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to identify and characterise conceptions of health in a group of experienced occupational therapists. Data-collection involved the occupational therapists´ personal accounts of the meaning of health and data analysis was accomplished qualitatively. The material was found to comprise 52 distinguishable articulations of the meaning of health, which were categorized under three main themes: 22 articulations of Health as “feeling fine“; 20 articulations of Health as ability to act; and 10 articulations of Health as an objective state of body and/or mind. The results show a very strong tendency towards holistic health conceptions and also toward a phenomenological view on the body. If this tendency should be taken to reflect current basic views within the profession this would indicate a movement away from biomedical frames of reference on the theoretical level. This would seem to imply consequent movements on the practice level away from organ focused interventions to the benefit of interventions in the person/context dimension of occupational performance. Studies of processes of change seem to be needed and we suggest that a paradigm theory approach probably be most pertinent.

  • 167.
    Björklund, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Svensson, Tommy
    Read, Sanna
    Holistic and biomedical concepts of health: A study of health notions among Swedish occupational therapists and a suggestion for developing an instrument for comparative studies.2006In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, Vol. 13, no 3, 141-150 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objectives of this study were to inquire into notions of health among a group of 439 Swedish occupational therapists and to test a model derived from a qualitative study by Björklund and Svensson in a representative sample of occupational therapists in Sweden. The data were collected through a questionnaire and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, cluster analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. The means and ranking of the health notions showed that the Swedish occupational therapists most frequently hold holistic notions of health, and to a smaller extent biostatistical ones. Most Swedish occupational therapists indicate that being clearly conscious of one’s health notions is important both to themselves and to their profession. The test of the model provides a step towards developing an instrument for measuring notions of health that clearly distinguishes between holistic and biomedical ones and that could possibly be used for comparative studies.

  • 168.
    Björklund, Ove
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland.
    Häggström, Elisabeth
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland.
    Nyström, Lisbet
    Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland.
    Young Finnish Unemployed Men's Experiences of Having Participated in a Specific Active Labor Market Program2017In: American Journal of Men's Health, ISSN 1557-9883, E-ISSN 1557-9891, Vol. 11, no 5, 1426-1435 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to describe young Finnish unemployed men's experiences of having participated in a specific active labor market program, intended to fight unemployment and offered at a resource center. Fifteen young unemployed Finnish men in the age range 18 to 27 years were interviewed face-to-face. Purposive sampling was used to increase the variation among informants. The interview texts were analyzed using both manifest and latent qualitative content analysis. The present results reported that the young men felt that they, thanks to the program at the resource center, had acquired daily routines and could ultimately believe in the future. The young men described how they now had a structure, economic support, and that they could return to their daily life. The informants also described how they could see new possibilities and believe in oneself. There is a lack of empirical studies assessing the possible impact of active labor market programs on the unemployed based on participants' own experiences. Further research is needed to describe and elucidate in more detail the effects of targeted support measures and the needs of unemployed men of different ages and living in different contexts.

  • 169.
    Block, Fredrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Gym ombord på fartyg: Behöver sjömän träna och hur?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 170.
    Blusi, Madeleine
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Dalin, Rolf
    FoU Västernorrland.
    Granholm, Ove
    Landstinget Västernorrland.
    Patienters upplevelser av hemsjukvården2014Report (Other academic)
  • 171.
    Bodin Törmä, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Böhm, Sandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Åka hem, jag ska väl föda barn!: -en intervjustudie med förstföderskor i latensfas2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The midwife's attitudes are important for a woman’s experience of feeling secure and manage pain during latent phase and delivery. The goal is that the woman should be at home during latent phase, because of that the hospital environment can have a negative impact on the physiological delivery process during this phase. Maternal health care has an important role by supporting and preparing the pregnant woman for birth. Objective: To explore women's experiences of latent phase, sought care at the maternity ward, and then had to go home. Method: A qualitative study has been done and is based on five individual interviews with first-time mothers. The data were analyzed according to content analysis. Results: The women felt unprepared and expressed ignorance about latent phase. The treatment from the midwife at the maternity ward was important for the women and how they could handle their experience of latent phase and delivery. Painful contractions and sleep deprivation were the main factors that made the women visit the maternity ward. Conclusion: The study showed that the information about latent phase from the midwife at the maternal health care center was inadequate and need improvement. The women found it  difficult to determine when they were in active phase and would go into the maternity ward. The midwife at the maternity ward need to see the individual woman and adapt care individually. Partners / relatives may be in need of advice and support from the midwife to make it easier to help the woman in latent phase.

  • 172.
    Bohlenius, Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Påverkas hälsan av den fysiska aktivitetsnivån för bröstcancerpatienter under cytostatikabehandling? 2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Bröstcancer är den vanligast förekommande cancerformen hos kvinnor. Vid diagnos och behandling är det vanligt med psykiska reaktioner och biverkningar. Bland annat förekommer ångest, oro, infektionskänslighet och trötthet. Fysisk aktivitet bidrar till många positiva hälsoeffekter som exempelvis ökad muskelstyrka och kondition, minskad depression och ångest och förbättrat immunförsvar. Detta gör det intressant att undersöka om detta samband även förekommer hos bröstcancerpatienter som genomgår cytostatikabehandling.

    Syfte: Syfte med studien är att undersöka hur hälsan påverkas av den fysiska aktivitetsnivån hos bröstcancerpatienter som genomgår cytostatikabehandling.

    Metod: Arbetet är en litteraturstudie. Artiklar söktes i databasen PubMed. Inklusionskriterier var att artiklarna skulle undersöka effekter av fysisk aktivitet avseende hälsan hos bröstcancerpatienter som behandlas med cytostatika.

    Resultat: Bröstcancerpatienter som utförde fysisk aktivitet under sin cytostatikabehandling, förbättrade, bibehöll eller minskade nedsättning av status på flertalet av de hälsoområden som undersöktes. På vissa hälsoområden sågs ingen skillnad mellan tränings- eller kontrollgrupp eller så var skillnaden inte signifikant. Fysisk aktivitet sågs inte i någon studie försämra hälsan hos patienterna. I något fall sågs att en mindre träningsdos var bättre än en högre. Fysisk aktivitet gav inga biverkningar.

    Slutsats: En ökad aktivitetsnivå för denna patientgrupp ger positiva hälsoeffekter, därmed bör fysisk aktivitet rekommenderas. 

  • 173.
    Bolic Baric, Vedrana
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Support in school and the occupational transition process: Adolescents and young adults with neuropsychiatric disabilities2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis was to describe and explore the experiences of support in school of adolescents and young adults with neuropsychiatric disabilities. Furthermore, the aim was to explore support that influences the occupational transition to upper secondary school, further education and work. The two first studies investigated computer use in educational activities and during leisure activities by adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Study II also aimed to explore how traditional leisure activities and Internet activities interrelate among adolescents with ADHD. In Studies I and II data was collected using a questionnaire focusing on information and communication technology (ICT) use in school and leisure. Adolescents with ADHD (n = 102) aged 12-18 years were compared with adolescents with physical disabilities (Study I) and adolescents from the general population (Studies I and II). In Study III the aim was to describe the experiences of support at school among young adults with AS and ADHD, and to explore what support they, in retrospect, described as influencing learning. Study IV aimed to describe the occupational transition process to upper secondary school, further education and/or work and to explore what support influenced the process from the perspectives of young adults with AS or ADHD. Studies III (n=13) and IV (n=15) used qualitative semi-structured interviews with young adults with AS or ADHD, aged 18-30 years and were analysed using hermeneutics according to Gadamer.

    The findings of Study I showed that students with ADHD reported significantly less frequent use of computers for almost all educational activities compared with students with physical disabilities and students from the general population. They reported low satisfaction with computer use in school and a desire to use computers more often and for more activities in school compared with students with physical disabilities. Study II showed that Internet activities among adolescents with ADHD during leisure, tended to focus on online games. Furthermore, analysis demonstrated that Internet activities were broadening leisure activities among adolescents with ADHD, rather than being a substitute for traditional leisure activities. Study III found that young adults with AS or ADHD experienced difficulties at school that included academic, social, and emotional aspects, all of which influenced learning. Support addressing difficulties with academic performance was described as insufficient and only occasionally provided in school. In conclusion, support for learning among students with AS or ADHD needs to combine academic and psychosicial support. The findings of Study IV identified three different pathways following compulsory school. Support influencing the occupational transition process included: occupational transition preparation in compulsory school, practical work experience in a safe environment, and support beyond the workplace. Support from community-based day centres was described both as an important step towards work in the regular labour market, as well as being too far away from the regular labour market.

    In conclusion, this thesis revealed that support in school among students with AS or ADHD needs to combine academic and psychosocial support. Despite being regarded as facilitating learning, individuals with ADHD or AS reported limited computer and Internet use in school. Based on the results it is suggested that Internet activities may provide adolescents with neuropsychiatric disabilities with new opportunities for social interaction and educational activities. On the basis of the results it is suggested that the occupational transition process should be viewed as a longitudinal one, starting in compulsory school and continuing on until young adults obtain and are able to remain in work or further education. This thesis revealed that extended transition planning, inter-service collaboration and support from communitybased day centres were aspects of the environment that influenced the occupational transition process.

  • 174.
    Bolic Baric, Vedrana
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy.
    Hemmingsson, Helena
    Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy.
    Hellberg, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden .
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy.
    The Occupational Transition Process to Upper Secondary School, Further Education and/or Work in Sweden: As Described by Young Adults with Asperger Syndrome and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder2017In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 47, no 3, 667-679 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to describe the occupational transition process to upper secondary school, further education and/or work, and to discover what support influences the process from the perspectives of young adults with Asperger’s disorder (AS) or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This qualitative study comprised semi-structured interviews with 15 young adults with AS or ADHD, eight men and seven women (aged 20 to 29 years). Most of the participants were attending community-based day centres at local businesses. Analysis identified three different occupational transition pathways following compulsory school. Support influencing the occupational transition process included: occupational transition preparation in compulsory school, practical work experience in a safe environment, and support beyond the workplace. The overall understanding shows that the occupational transition process was a longitudinal one starting as early as in middle school, and continuing until the young adults with AS and ADHD obtained and were able to remain in employment or further education. Support from community-based day centres was described both as an important step towards finding employment in the regular labour market in which participants could develop practical work experience, and as being too far away from the regular labour market.

  • 175.
    Bolic, Vedrana
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Hellberg, Kristina
    Specialpedagogiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Hemmingsson, Helena
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Support for learning- goes beyond academic support: voices of students with Asperger’s disorder and ADHD2016In: Autism, ISSN 1362-3613, E-ISSN 1461-7005, Vol. 20, no 2, 183-195 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe and explore the experiences of support at school among young adults with Asperger’s disorder (AS) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and also to examine what support they, in retrospect, described as influencing learning. Purposive sampling was used to enroll participants. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with thirteen young adults aged between 20-29 years. A qualitative analysis, based on interpreting people’s experiences was conducted by grouping and searching for patterns in data. The findings indicate that the participants experienced difficulties at school that included academic, social and emotional conditions, all of which could influence learning. Support for learning included small groups, individualized teaching methods, teachers who cared, and practical and emotional support. These clusters together confirm the overall understanding that support for learning aligns academic and psychosocial support. In conclusion, academic support combined with psychosocial support at school seems to be crucial for learning among students with AS and ADHD.

  • 176.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ymefors, Mattias
    Teambaserat skolsocialt arbete: fördjupad och utökad elevhälsa2017In: Skolsocialt arbete: Skolan som plats för och del i det sociala arbetet / [ed] Åsa Backlund, Ylva Spånberger Weitz & Sara Högdin (red.), Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, 183-194 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Boman, Åse
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Specialist Nursing programme.
    Brink, Eva
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Salutogen omvårdnad2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., 191-208 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Borg, Robin
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Bohlin, Patrik
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Fysisk aktivitet: Hur påverkar det den mentala hälsan?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka mentala effekter av fysisk aktivitet bland en grupp gymnasieelever.

    Hur upplever gymnasieeleverna att den fysiska aktivitet de ägnar sig åt påverkar deras:

    1. Sociala gemenskap?

    2. Mentala hälsa?

    3. Förmåga att vara självstyrande?

    Metod

    Studien genomfördes med hjälp av kvalitativa intervjuer. Vi intervjuade fyra fysiskt aktiva elever på en gymnasieskola där eleverna spelade fotboll, innebandy och gymnastik på fritiden. Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med hjälp av en intervjuguide. Intervjuerna spelades in, transkriberades och analyserades utifrån en teoretisk modell bestående av tre kategorier som relaterar till studiens tre frågeställningar; social gemenskap, mental hälsa och förmåga att vara självstyrande.

    Resultat och slutsatser

    Det resultat vi kom fram till var att fysisk aktivitet ansågs ge en förbättrad mental hälsa, en bidragande faktor till att ha förmågan till att vara självstyrande- och en tydlig aspekt till social gemenskap. Gymnasieeleverna påpekade även att det var viktigt att ha en balans mellan den fysiska aktiviteten och resterande delar i vardagslivet för att den fysiska aktiviteten skulle leda till något positivt inom de ovan givna områdena. Vid en obalans, oavsett om det förekom för lite eller för mycket fokus på den fysiska aktiviteten så kunde detta resultera i en försämring av de givna aspekterna snarare än en förbättring.

  • 179.
    Bornedal, Kristina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Individers uppfattningar av motivation till en viktnedgång samt det sociala stödets inverkan: en fenomenografisk studie2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle är hälften av alla män överviktiga, drygt en tredjedel av alla kvinnor och vart femte barn är överviktiga eller feta (Svenska livsmedelsverket, 2010). Med detta i åtanke väcktes tanken angående hur överviktiga individer motiveras i en process av viktnedgång. Syftet med studien var att undersöka uppfattningar av motivation hos överviktiga individer som genomgår en viktminskningsprocess. Vidare var även syftet att undersöka hur dessa individer påverkas av att genomgå en viktminskningsprocess i grupp. Detta är en fenomenografisk studie där intervjuer har genomförts med tre individer som är i en pågående viktminskningsprocess hos ett viktminskningsföretag. Efter en bearbetning av det empiriska materialet kunde tre beskrivningskategorier utläsas, att komma igång, att nå framsteg samt att blicka framåt. Resultatet visade på många skillnader, men också likheter i individernas uppfattningar av motivation. Slutsatsen blev att respondenterna fann motivation i form av ett stort stöd hos gruppen på viktminskningsföretag, vilket var viktigt för dem i deras viktminskningsprocess, samt att en snabb start i början av processen ökar motivationen för den resterande resan

  • 180.
    Boson, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Viktor, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    "Rummet utan fyra väggar": - en fenomenografisk studie om sex förskollärares uppfattningar om förskolegårdens betydelse för barns motoriska utvecvkling2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ABSTRAKT

    Idag visar forskning på allt fler stillasittande och inaktiva barn vilket delvis kan bero på samhällets tekniska framfart. För att barn ska ges möjlighet till att utveckla sina motoriska färdigheter visar studier på att förskolan bör erbjuda en utmanande och stimulerande utomhusmiljö men en del forskare menar att förskolors utomhusmiljö kan se väldigt olika ut. Syftet med detta examensarbete har varit att intervjua sex förskollärare om deras uppfattningar angående förskolegårdens möjligheter till att stimulera barns motoriska utveckling. Studien är en fenomenografisk ansats där vi använt oss av en kvalitativ metod och där empirin inom studien utgjort grunden för arbetet. Resultatet i vår studie visar på att även om förskolan ligger centralt eller i utkantanten av en storstad eller en småstad har förskollärarna i stort sätt liknande uppfattningar och tankar om förskolegårdens betydelse för barns motoriska utveckling. Det är enligt förskollärarna en kombination mellan förskolegårdens utformning och faktorer som exempelvis deras egen roll som ger barn de bästa möjligheterna till motorisk utveckling på förskolans utegård.

    Nyckelord; Barn, fenomenografi, förskolegård, förskollärarens roll och motorik

  • 181.
    Boström, Gustaf
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Conradsson, Mia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Hörnsten, Carl
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Rosendahl, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Lindelöf, Nina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Holmberg, Henrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Nordström, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Gustafson, Yngve
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Littbrand, Håkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Effects of a high-intensity functional exercise program on depressive symptoms among people with dementia in residential care: a randomized controlled trial2016In: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, ISSN 0885-6230, E-ISSN 1099-1166, Vol. 31, no 8, 868-878 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of a high-intensity functional exercise program on depressive symptoms among older care facility residents with dementia.

    METHODS: Residents (n = 186) with a diagnosis of dementia, age ≥ 65 years, Mini-Mental State Examination score ≥ 10, and dependence in activities of daily living were included. Participants were randomized to a high-intensity functional exercise program or a non-exercise control activity conducted 45 min every other weekday for 4 months. The 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) were administered by blinded assessors at baseline, 4, and 7 months.

    RESULTS: No difference between the exercise and control activity was found in GDS or MADRS score at 4 or 7 months. Among participants with GDS scores ≥ 5, reductions in GDS score were observed in the exercise and control groups at 4 months (-1.58, P = 0.001 and -1.54, P = 0.004) and 7 months (-1.25, P = 0.01 and -1.45, P = 0.007). Among participants with MADRS scores ≥ 7, a reduction in MADRS score was observed at 4 months in the control group (-2.80, P = 0.009) and at 7 months in the exercise and control groups (-3.17, P = 0.003 and -3.34, P = 0.002).

    CONCLUSIONS: A 4-month high-intensity functional exercise program has no superior effect on depressive symptoms relative to a control activity among older people with dementia living in residential care facilities. Exercise and non-exercise group activities may reduce high levels of depressive symptoms.

  • 182.
    Boström, Marianne
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Vardagslivets aktiviteter. Handlingen som terapeutiskt redskap vid återhämtning för personer med svårare psykiska funktionshinder: En analys av arbetsterapeuters berättelser med utgångspunkt i G H Meads teori om social handling2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need of community-based treatment methods with focus on everyday occupations, for persons with severe mental disabilities. The importance of occupation in achieving health has been highlighted in large mental hospitals and community-based service/support designed for people with severe mental disabilities who today live in society. Despite this support these people are in a vulnerable position, as they often have extensive difficulties in carrying out daily occupations which also leads to poorer well-being and health conditions. In the rehabilitation process, it is necessary to enable the person to use her own effort to perform activities. Occupational therapy has a unique role in community-based efforts for people with severe mental disabilities through their person-centered practices approaches and knowledge of daily occupations and how these can be used as therapeutic means of recovery and development of the self.

    The purpose of the study is to use theory about social action to contribute theoretical understanding about how everyday occupations are used as a therapeutic means for people with severe mental disabilities in occupational therapy, with the goal of contributing to their recovery and development of self. A qualitative, interpretative approach is used in the study to examine how everyday life can be used as a therapeutic tool. Empirical data of 11 events were generated from interviews with four occupational therapists. A theoretical tool developed by George Herbert Mead’s social psychological theory of the social act, were used as a frame for new-descriptions. Through abductive analyses reconstructed events are given new (theoretical) understanding.

    The result indicate that the social acts have met such difficulties that they have almost ceased and at the same time risk losing their meaning. The therapist adjusts the activity to find the level at which the person can participate with his/her own experience in the implementation of the everyday action. This gives the person with severe mental disabilities opportunities to use one self in the social process which eventually makes the person regain the ability to perform everyday activities

  • 183.
    Bradley, Jonathan P.
    et al.
    Department of Physics, Warwick University, Coventry.
    Velaga, Sitaram
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    Antzutkin, Oleg
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
    Brown, Steven P.
    Department of Physics, Warwick University, Coventry.
    Probing intermolecular crystal packing in gamma-indomethacin by high-resolution 1H solid-state NMR spectroscopy2011In: Crystal Growth & Design, ISSN 1528-7483, E-ISSN 1528-7505, Vol. 11, no 8, 3463-3471 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An NMR crystallography approach that combines experimental solid-state magic-angle-spinning (MAS) NMR with calculation is applied to the gamma polymorph of the pharmaceutical molecule, indomethacin. First-principles calculations (GIPAW) for the full crystal structure and an isolated molecule show changes in the (1)H chemical shift for specific aliphatic and aromatic protons of over -1 ppm that are due to intermolecular CH-pi interactions. For the OH proton, (1)H double-quantum (DQ) CRAMPS (combined rotation and multiple-pulse spectroscopy) spectra reveal intermolecular H-H proximities to the OH proton of the carboxylic acid dimer as well as to specific aromatic CH protons. The enhanced resolution in (1)H DQ-(13)C spectra, recorded at 850 MHz, enables separate (1)H DQ build-up curves (as a function of the DQ recoupling time) to be extracted for the aromatic CH protons. Supported by eight-spin density-matrix simulations, it is shown how the relative maximum intensities and rates of build-up provide quantitative insight into intramolecular and intermolecular H-H proximities that characterize the crystal packing

  • 184.
    Brandin, Kristina
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Hallberg, Sara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Muntorrhet – Oral hälsa och Livskvalitet: En litteraturstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 185. Brattberg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Wiklund, Maria Lennernäs
    National Institute of Public Health.
    Socialtjänstens roll i det förebyggande folkhälsoarbetet1997Report (Other academic)
  • 186.
    Bredin, Sara
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Granqvist, Sara
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Socialsekreterarens roll i arbetslivsinriktad rehabilitering för nollplacerade2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 187.
    Brengdahl, Emelie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Göthlin, Sofia
    CHEFERS UPPFATTNING OMFÖRUTSÄTTNINGAR FÖRHANDLEDARE ATT BEDRIVAVERKSAMHETSFÖRLAGDUTBILDNING FÖRFYSIOTERAPEUTSTUDENTER: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 188.
    Briggs, Karen K.
    et al.
    Steadman Hawkins research foundation, Basic science research, Vail.
    Lysholm, Jack
    Winternet.
    Tegner, Yelverton
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    Rodkey, William G.
    Steadman Hawkins research foundation, Basic science research, Vail.
    Steadman, J. Richard
    Steadman Hawkins research foundation, Basic science research, Vail.
    25 years later: the reliability, validity and responsiveness of the Lysholm score and Tegner activity scale for anterior cruciate ligament injury of tne knee2008In: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, ISSN 0942-2056, E-ISSN 1433-7347, Vol. 16, no Suppl. 1, S34- p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 189.
    Brinck, Pernilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Tre förskolors förutsättningar och möjligheter till inköp av ekologisk mat2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 190.
    Broberg, Hanna
    University of Kalmar, eHealth Institute, School of Human Sciences, University of Kalmar,.
    Utvärdering av VårdIT-systemet Cosmic på en sjukhusklinik i Kalmar län2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att förbättra hanteringen av vårdinformation införde Landstinget i Kalmar län under åren 2004 till 2008 vårdIT-systemet Cosmic i de flesta av sina vårdverksamheter. Under hösten 2007 och våren 2008 genomförde eHälsoinstitutet en utvärdering av IT-systemets måluppfyllelse, problemlösning, handlingsstöd och verksamhetsstöd på en sjukhusklinik i länet.

    Det gjordes en studie av IT-systemet och verksamheten, en förändringsanalys, värdering av IT-systemet i verksamheten samt förslag på förändringar av ITsystemet och verksamheten.

    Utvärderingen resulterade i bedömning att införandet av IT-systemet har lett till att de flesta mål har uppnåtts och flera problem har blivit lösta. Dock finns vissa mål som ännu inte uppnåtts helt och vissa problem som kvarstår. Dessutom har införandet av IT-systemet orsakat vissa nya problem, men det har också lett till andra mindre förväntade förbättringar.

    Slutsatsen är att IT-systemet har sina styrkor, men också sina svagheter. Det finns därmed potential att genomföra förändringar för att förbättra IT-systemet för verksamheten. Personalen på kliniken är inte helt nöjd, men skulle heller aldrig vilja gå tillbaka till hur det var tidigare. Resultatet av utvärderingen pekar också på vikten av att utvärdera IT-systemet i verksamheten efter införandet.

  • 191.
    Brogren, Pia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Arbetssituationen för första linjens chef och medarbetarnas förväntningar: -en fallstudie på en arbetsplats2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 192.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University ; Linköping University Hospital.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköping University.
    Gardner, Benjamin
    University College London, UK.
    Johansson, Peter
    Linköping University Hospital.
    Ulander, Martin
    Linköping University Hospital ; Linköping University.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Linköping University ; Ersta Sköndal University College ; Ersta Hospital.
    Validation of the CPAP Habit Index-5: A Tool to Understand Adherence to CPAP Treatment in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea.2014In: Sleep Disorders, ISSN 2090-3545, E-ISSN 2090-3553, Vol. 2014, 929057Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is low among patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The potential role of "habit" in sustaining adherence to CPAP use has not been studied. This study aimed to establish the relevance of habit to CPAP adherence, via validation of an adaptation of the Self-Report Habit Index (the CPAP Habit Index-5; CHI-5). Analyses focused on the homogeneity, reliability, and factor structure of the CHI-5 and, in line with theoretical predictions, its utility as a predictor of long-term CPAP adherence in middle-aged patients with OSA. A prospective longitudinal design was used. 117 patients with objectively verified OSA intended for CPAP treatment were recruited. Data was collected via clinical examinations, respiratory recordings, questionnaires, and CPAP devices at baseline, 2 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months. The CHI-5 showed satisfactory homogeneity interitem correlations (0.42-0.93), item-total correlations (0.58-0.91), and reliability ( α = 0.92). CHI-5 data at 6 months showed a one-factor solution and predicted 63% of variance in total CPAP use hours after 12 months. Based on the satisfactory measurement properties and the high amount of CPAP use variance it explained, the CHI-5 can be seen as a useful tool in clinical practice.

  • 193.
    Broström, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University ; Linköping University Hospital.
    Sunnergren, Ola
    Linköping University ; Ryhov Hospital, Jönköping.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Linköping University.
    Johansson, Peter
    Linköping University ; Linköping University Hospital.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköping University.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University.
    Svanborg, Eva
    Jönköping University ; Linköping University.
    Undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea in hypertensive outpatients in primary care: Associations with sleep complaints, depressive symptoms and global perceived health2013In: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 3, no 6, 445-452 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: 1) To describe the prevalence of undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and depressive symptoms in hypertensive men and women below 65 years of age, and 2) to describe the association of OSA to subjective sleep complaints, depressive symptoms and global perceived health. Design: Cross-sectional design focusing on nursing care outcomes of obstructive sleep apnea. Setting: Four primary care health centres in Sweden. PATIENTS: 411 consecutive patients (52% women), mean age 57.9 years (SD 5.9 years), with diagnosed hypertension (BP > 140/90). Main Outcome Measures: Prevalence of OSA and depressive symptoms, and association of OSA to sleep complaints, depressive symptoms and global perceived health. RESULTS: Mild, moderate and severe OSA was seen among 29%, 16% and 14% of patients, respectively. Depressive symptoms were seen in 16% of the total group, with a higher prevalence among men, compared to women, 21% vs. 12%. No differences were found regarding blood pressure, estimated sleep need, sleep sufficiency index, insomnia symptoms, daytime sleepiness or depressive symptoms with respect to different degrees of OSA. Apnea-hypopnea index was significantly associated to perceived health after adjustment for gender and comorbidities, but when depressive symptoms and non-restorative sleep were added to the model, 33% of the variance in global perceived health was explained. Conclusion: OSA is highly prevalent among patients with hypertension in primary care and does together with sleep complaints and depressive symptoms have a negative impact on global perceived health. Hypertensive patients without subjective sleep complaints or depressive symptoms may still have OSA.

  • 194.
    Brown, David B
    et al.
    The University of Alabama, USA.
    Turner, Daniel S
    The University of Alabama, USA.
    The Critical Analysis Reporting Environment (CARE): a versatile tool to obtain optimal accident countermeasure strategies2001In: Proceedings of the conference Road Safety on Three Continents: International conference in Pretoria, South Africa, 20-22 September 2000 / [ed] Asp, Kenneth, Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2001, 148-161 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Crash Analysis Reporting Environment is a sophisticated crash record analysis system that is powerful, highly versatile and easily transportable. It was designed specifically to review accident data and to provide user-friendly summaries and reports on topics defined in real time by the user. CARE operates on a desktop computer using the Windows or NT system. It is in the public domain and can easily be downloaded (http://care.cs.ua.edu). With simple modifications it can be mated to virtually any crash record database. The paper presents features of the analysis system together with several examples.

  • 195.
    Bruhn, Linnea
    Karlstad University.
    Motiverande samtal -En dynamisk process i arbetet med barn och ungdomar med övervikt: - En kvalitativ studie om professionella inom hälso- och sjukvårdens upplevelser av att använda MI tillsammans med överviktiga barn och ungdomar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The unhealthy lifestyles such as poor diets and lack of physical activity can lead to overweight and obesity for children and adolescents today. To not have the unhealthy lifestyles lead to future complications it’s important to give them the help and support they need to get motivated to change theirs behavior. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a method to help people change their behavior, this study will focus on a healthy lifestyle changes. A profession in healthcare uses the MI as a method to support the lifestyle change for children and adolescents with obesity. The purpose of this study is to examine what the professions experiences is concerning how the method works with children and adolescents with overweight. This study has used a qualitative method with six interviews. The interviews were recorded and analyzed. The result of this study showed that professions experiences MI as a very positive and useful method, also that the professions needed to use the method continuity to maintain the knowledge. The potential of MI as a method was that the professions often could see a positive change in the patient and the respondent had a positive view in using MI in the future. The author of this study believes that it’s incredibly important to keep working with MI as it probably can "save" money both for society and the work hours for professions in healthcare.

  • 196.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    'Då blev jag besviken': en fenomenologisk analys av fyra berättelser2007In: Välfärdspolitik i praktiken: om perspektiv och metoder i forskning, Uppsala: NSU Press , 2007, 65-86 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här kapitlet diskuteras fenomenologisk filosofi och dess influenser på olika forskningsmetoder som deskriptiv fenomenologi och fenomenografi. I kapitlet kommer även att visas hur man kan göra en deskriptiv fenomenologisk analys. Utgångspunkten för analysen är fyra korta berättelser som skrivits av fyra flickor som deltagit i en kurs inom ett s.k. individuellt program. Syftet med kapitlet är att visa hur en deskriptiv fenomenologisk analys kan ge en fördjupad förståelse för flickors erfarenheter av sociala relationer samt när och hur de upplevt besvikelser i relationer till andra.

  • 197.
    Brüde, Ulf
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Vart är antalet dödade och skadade i trafiken på väg?: modeller för kontroll av måluppfyllelsen, uppdaterade med data för år 20002001Report (Other academic)
  • 198.
    Bullington, Jennifer
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Cronqvist, Agneta
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Group supervision for healthcare professionals within primary care for patients with psychosomatic health problems: A pilot intervention study2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: In primary health care, efficacious treatment strategies are lacking for these patients, although the most prominent symptoms accounting for consultation in primary care often cannot be related to any biological causes.

    AIM: The aim was to explore whether group supervision from a specific phenomenological theory of psychosomatics could provide healthcare professionals treating patients with psychosomatichealth issues within primary care a deeper understanding of these conditions and stimulate profession-specific treatment strategies. Our research questions were as follows: (i) What is the healthcare professionals' understanding of psychosomatics before and after the intervention? (ii) What are the treatment strategies for this group of patients before and after the intervention?

    METHODS: The study was an explorative qualitative intervention pilot study. The six participants from a primary healthcare setting in a medium-sized city in Sweden participated in the study. A supervision group was formed, based on a mix of professions, age, gender and years of clinical experience. Supervision consisted of one 75-minutes meeting every month during the course of 6 months. Participants were interviewed before and after the supervision intervention.

    FINDINGS:The study showed two distinct categories emerged from the data. One category of healthcare professionals espoused a psycho-educative approach, while the other lacked a cohesive approach. The supervision improved the second category of healthcare professionals' understanding of psychosomatics. The psycho-educative group did not change their understanding of psychosomatics, although they felt strengthened in their approach by the supervision. Profession-specific strategies were not developed.

    IMPLICATIONS: This pilot study indicates that a relatively short supervision intervention can aid clinicians in their clinical encounters with these patients; however, further research is necessary to ascertain the value of the specific phenomenologically based supervision intervention.

  • 199.
    Burman, Erik
    et al.
    Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Umeå University.
    Lysholm, Jack
    Linköping University Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sports and Ttrauma Research Group, Winternet, Bodens sjukhus, Ortopedkliniken, Läkarhuset Hermelinen Luleå, Sjukgymnastiken, Department of Orthopaedics, Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Umeå University, Department of Orthopaedics, Sunderby Hospital.
    Shahim, Pashtun
    Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Department of Clinical Neurochemistry Laboratory, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Mölndal.
    Malm, Christer
    Umeå University, Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Winternet, Department of Sports Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Umeå University.
    Tegner, Yelverton
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    Concussed athletes are more prone to injury both before and after their index concussion: data base analysis of 699 concussed contact sports athletes2016In: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, ISSN 2055-7647, Vol. 2, no 1, e000092Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Ice hockey and football players suffering concussions might have an increased risk for injuries afterwards. We aimed to investigate if concussions predisposed athletes for subsequent sport injuries. Methods Patient data were obtained from a data base established at the University Hospital in Umea, Sweden. Athletes who had suffered a concussion were included if they had been aged between 15 and 35 years of age, and played ice hockey, football (soccer), floorball and handball. They were studied in terms of all new or previous injuries during 24 months before and after their concussion. Results were compared with a control group of athletes from the same four sports with an ankle injury. Results Athletes with a concussion were more likely to sustain injuries compared with the control group, both before (OR 1.98. 95% CI 1.45 to 2.72) and after the concussion (OR 1.72. 95% CI 1.26 to 2.37). No increase in frequency of injury was found after a concussion compared with before. This was true for athletes in all four sports and for both sexes. Conclusions This study indicates that athletes sustaining a concussion may have a more aggressive or risk-taking style of play than their counterparts. Our data do not suggest that a concussion injury, per se, leads to subsequent injuries.

  • 200.
    Byenfeldt, Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Faktorer som kan påverka mätresultaten vid shear wave elastografi av lever. En litteraturstudie.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus causes inflammation of the liver which can lead to fibrosis development, liver cirrhosis, chronic liver inflammation and liver cancer. Assessments of each patient’s progression of fibrosis are important for start of treatment on time and avoid the development of severe liver disease and in the worst cases, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It is therefore of great importance that these patients are monitored and that patients' liver fibrosis development is continuously monitored and graded. Shear wave elastography (SWE) of the liver is a new technology that easily can be performed in conventional ultrasound. SWE has both nursing and medical advantages compared to liver biopsy and transient elastography (TE) with FibroScan®, making it reasonable to assume that there are also economic benefits and resources to save. However, there are factors that affect the result in SWE and these factors have been investigated in several studies. Aim: The aim of the study was to identify factors that may influence the result with shear wave elastography of the liver. Methods:  The study is a literature review where 22 quantitative articles, published between the years 2010 to 2015, were studied. Searches were made in four databases with keywords elasticity imaging techniques, shear wave and ultrasound elastography. Results: The study was able to identify several factors that may influence the result, which should be considered before determining the degree of fibrosis of the liver. These factors were in this study divided into two domains; factors related to the patient as well as factors related to technology and analysis of measurement results. Conclusion: This review is of great importance for radiography when a large number of factors that may influence the measuring result with SWE of the liver were identified. It is very important that these factors are considered before determining the degree of fibrosis in the liver.

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