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  • 151.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    The street, a quintessential social public space2018In: Journal of Urban Design, ISSN 1357-4809, E-ISSN 1469-9664, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 163-164Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 152.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Urban design of winter cities: Winter season connectivity for soft mobility2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    All across the world the form of the built environment is playing a crucial role as enabler or inhibitor for urban outdoor activity such as soft mobility. Urban form can make it more attractive for people to be mobile outdoors and playing a role in the public life, or it can put people off venturing outside. For winter cities, a question for urban design is how we can design environments that are attractive for outdoor activity in the winter season as well as summer and additionally how will climate change influence these aspects.

    The reason for studying this is the importance of understanding how, in relation to urban form, weather, seasonal variations, and climate change influences human outdoor activity. In this study the focus on outdoor activity is problematised around the concern that people spend a low percentage of their time outdoors in winter conditions. For society, the problem is that this trend and the related low levels of physical activity are associated with a range of health issues.

    To study this the main question for this research is what attracts and hinders soft mobility during the winter season and how can this knowledge underpin new considerations about urban design for connectivity in winter cities? To address this, the research methods focused on document studies, surveys, mental mapping, photo elicitation and semi-structured discussions.

    The study works at three scientific levels. Firstly, it seeks to understand the interrelationship between the built environment and people’s outdoor activity in winter. Secondly, it attempts to understand how connectivity for soft mobility in winter is being affected by weather and climate change. Thirdly, it seeks new ways of thinking about how the urban form can be designed to increase outdoor soft mobility in winter.

    The discussion and conclusions focused on the argument that in winter settlements, the winter season can alter spatial patterns and settlement organisation. Here it was argued that in these settlements the winter season can be an aspect of urban morphology and can be part of the process of shaping the public realm and its connectivity for soft mobility in winter.

  • 153.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Urban Designer: Myth or Reality?2015In: Plan: tidskrift för planering av landsbygd och tätorte, ISSN 0032-0560, Vol. 69, no 4, p. 42-47Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 154.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    York New City Beautiful: Toward an Economic Vision2010Report (Other academic)
  • 155.
    Chapman, David
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Larsson, Agneta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Toward an Integrated Model for Soft-Mobility2019In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, no 19, article id 3669Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A key urban design challenge is to create built environments that encourage outdoor activityall year round. This study explores a new model for soft-mobility that places the interaction betweenthe urban form, the seasonal climate and climate change, and the individual at the center of people’ssoft-mobility choices, or in more general, their modal choice. The research methods used werecomparative studies of documents, surveys, mental mapping, and photo elicitation. These studieswere undertaken to research people’s outdoor activity in the built environment during the winterseason of a cold climate settlement. The results were analyzed against the three-dimensions of themodel. In the discussion it is argued that in places with significant climate variation, the interactionbetween the urban form, the season, and the individual together influence soft-mobility choices. Inturn, these interactions influence people’s level of outdoor activity and the individual health benefitssuch activity can aord. In conclusion, it is highlighted that all three dimensions of the model are in aconstant state of change and evolution, especially in relation to planning and development processesand climate change.

  • 156.
    Chapman, David
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Larsson, Agneta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Winter City Urbanism: Enabling All Year Connectivity for Soft Mobility2019In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, no 10, article id 1820Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores connectivity for soft mobility in the winter season. Working with residents from the sub-arctic city of Luleå, Sweden, the research examines how the interaction between the built environment and winter season affects people’s use of the outdoor environment. The research questions for this study are, 1) how do residents perceive the effects of winter on an areas spatial structure and pattern of streets and pathways? and 2) what enablers and barriers impact resident soft mobility choices and use of the public realm in winter? Methods used were mental mapping and photo elicitation exercises. These were used to gain a better understanding of people’s perception of soft mobility in winter. The results were analysed to identify how soft mobility is influenced by the winter season. The discussion highlights that at the neighbourhood scale, residents perceive that the winter alters an areas spatial structure and pattern of streets and pathways. It was also seen to reduce ease of understanding of the public realm and townscape. In conclusion, it is argued that new and re-tooled town planning strategies, such as extending blue/ green infrastructure planning to include white space could help better enable all year outdoor activity in winter cities.

  • 157.
    Chapman, David
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Larsson, Agneta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Climatic barriers to soft-mobility in winter: Lulea, Sweden as case study2017In: Sustainable cities and society, ISSN 2210-6707, Vol. 35, p. 574-580Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban form can moderate the effects of weather on human movement. As such, the interrelationship between built environment, weather and human movement is a critical component of urban design. This paper explores the impacts of weather on non-motorised human movement (soft-mobility). Throughout we look at soft-mobility from the citizen’s perspective and highlight the barriers to soft-mobility in winter.

    The aim of this study was to test the traditional pallet of winter city urban design considerations. Those of solar-access, wind and snow management and explore other weather and terrain conditions that act as barriers to soft-mobility in winter. This study is based on survey responses from 344 citizens in the sub-arctic area of Sweden. Outcomes from the research highlight that rain, icy surfaces and darkness are today’s most significant barriers to soft-mobility in winter.

    Results from this study link changing barriers to soft-mobility in winter with climate change. The paper concludes that future urban design and planning for winter cities needs to consider a wider pallet of weather conditions, especially rain.

  • 158.
    Chapman, David
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Larsson, Agneta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Updating winter: the importance of climate-sensitive urban design for winter settlements2018In: Arctic Yearbook, ISSN 2298–2418Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores winter settlement urban design principles to begin to identify climate related conditions that are affecting soft mobility (walking and cycling) in these communities.

    Winter communities have evolved lifestyles and means that fit with working and living with local conditions and seasonal variations. With climate change, however, comes evolving weather’s that these communities need to adapt too. These changes may present new risks and unexpected challenges to outdoor soft mobility in the community.

    Public policy highlights physical inactivity as a major health concern. For these communities, winter has always limited outdoor soft-mobility. Here, we understand that in winter outdoor activity can be reduced by weather and fear of accidents.

    People’s understanding of the barriers and enablers to soft mobility are also often based on experience and ability to detect environmental clues. To help winter communities maximise the opportunities for outdoor soft mobility and the wellbeing benefits this can bring, built environments need to be designed with an understanding of climate change. 

    This study explores barriers and enablers to soft mobility in winter and discusses them in light of climate change and human wellbeing. It is argued that established principles of urban design may require re-evaluation if we want to increase outdoor soft mobility in winter. Increases in physical activity could help reduce costs and pressures on health services by creating safer and more walkable communities. The paper concludes by suggesting that communities should focus on more context based winter urban design principles that account for ongoing climate change.

  • 159.
    Charlotte, Svensson
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Tornberg, Elisabeth
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Arkitekttävlingar, Gestaltningsprogram och Arkitektonisk kvalitet2006Report (Other academic)
  • 160.
    Checchi, Marco
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, The Department of Design, Crafts and Art (DKK), Interior Architecture & Furniture Design.
    Genius loci2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 161.
    Chen, Hanyao
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Reclaim the Right to the City: Public Space Design in Lishui Civic Center, China2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 60 credits / 90 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 162.
    Chith, Hussein
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering. Chalmers tekniska högskola.
    Den tillgängliga stationen: Gestaltning av en stationsmiljö på basis av tillgänglighet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is about accessibility in a station environment. Studies have been made about how an accessible building should be designed. Accessibility is an important issue when striving for a society with equality as the foundation. Sweden is one of the most accessible countries when speaking about the built environment. A result of prosperity and a well-managed democracy. In spite of this there’s still a lot to do and in some areas the politics for disabled persons has major deficiencies. By continuing to strive against improvements Sweden could actually develop into one of the countries that sets the standard for the rest. Clearer directives from the European Union and the Swedish government during the last years has lead into several new laws and regulations about the design of the built environment. In this report studies have been done about how to attain an accessible surrounding with the focus on the environment in station-buildings. The station that has been studied is Nils Ericsson terminal in Gothenburg, Sweden. The aim has been to highlight good solutions for accessibility and to detect areas where it could be done in a different or perhaps better way. This type of studies is hard to do for a person without any disabilities since there, most often, is an obvious lack of personal relations to the issues. Therefore studies about different types of disabilities and a deeper understanding for the exposed people has been very important for the progression of the work. It has also laid the foundation for understanding the laws and the regulations around accessibility. The results showed that the studied terminal obviously had been designed with a wide thought about making it accessible. There were several solutions for helping the ones in need, for example distinctly marked patterns on the floor. Also, the actions for accessing the terminal had been done with great notice to the surrounding architecture since very few things stood out in contrast. The discussion is mostly about how the different solutions actually worked and fulfilled their purpose.

  • 163.
    Chraibi, S.
    et al.
    Philips Lighting B.V., Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    Creemers, P.
    Department of the Built Environment, Building Lighting Group, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    Rosenkötter, C.
    Department of the Built Environment, Building Lighting Group, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    van Loenen, E. J.
    Department of the Built Environment, Building Lighting Group, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    Aries, Myriam
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Rosemann, A. L. P.
    Department of the Built Environment, Building Lighting Group, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
    Dimming strategies for open office lighting: User experience and acceptance2019In: Lighting Research and Technology, ISSN 1477-1535, E-ISSN 1477-0938, Vol. 51, no 4, p. 513-529Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sensor-triggered control strategies can limit the energy consumption of lighting by considering the presence of users in the office and dimming lighting down when it is not needed. In multi-user offices, the application of occupancy-based dimming at room level limits the energy saving potential. However, zone- or desk-based dimming may affect the comfort of co-workers due to its dynamics. This paper reports the assessment by 17 participants (30–50 years of age) of occupancy-based dimming in a mock-up office, using different dimming speeds. Participants consisted of co-workers experiencing changes triggered by others, and actors triggering these light changes. While the participants performed an office-based task, the luminaire above the actors’ desk was dimmed from approximately 550 lx to 350 lx (average horizontal illuminance), and vice versa. The participants evaluated the dimming conditions regarding their noticeability and acceptability. The study showed that the noticeability of light changes due to dimming, increases when fading times become shorter. Dimming with a fading time of at least two seconds was experienced as acceptable by more than 70% of the participants. The results of this experiment provide insights to system behaviour that does not compromise user experience while addressing energy efficient use of electric lighting.

  • 164.
    Claesson, Christian
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Stad i ljus: En undersökning om bygglovsbefriade solpaneler2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att det finns en pågående klimatförändring kan nog ses som en ganska stor självklarhet av många och en lösning kan vara införande av mer förnyelsebar energi. Solpaneler tycker jag är den mest intressanta, men hur ser regelverken kring bygglov för solpaneler ut och hur välvilliga är kommunerna att införa befrielser i byggloven. Denna undersökningen  handlar om bygglovsbefriade solpaneler i alla Sveriges 290 kommuner. 

  • 165.
    Collin, Victor
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Viktor, Eriksson
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    SABOs kombohus som senioranpassat boende2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Många av SABOs typhus, kombohusen, har en majoritet av hyresgäster över 65 år. Detta var inte planerat vid utformning av bostadshusen utan tanken var att bygga ett flerbostadshus till ett lågt pris. Därför kan kombohusen sakna produkter och utformning som äldre hyresgäster behöver. Ett kombohus kan se olika ut men det de har gemensamt är att de är upphandlade av SABO och kan avropas av deras medlemsföretag. Kombohusen har även vissa likheter i form av produktval och utformning av lägenheterna. Bostäderna uppfyller SIS-standard men det betyder inte att allt är anpassat för en äldre hyresgäst. Eftersom andelen seniorer i Sverige ökar så kommer det behövas fler tillgängliga bostäder. Målet i denna undersökning handlar därför om att utvärdera SABOs kombohus och identifiera faktorer som kan förbättras för att åstadkomma ett bättre anpassat boende för seniorer.

    Metod: I studien har fem olika kombohus undersökts utifrån ett tillgänglighetsperspektiv där den huvudsakliga metod som använts är intervjuer. De intervjuade är hyresgäster som brukar en lägenhet i kombohusen samt bostadsföretagen som har låtit uppföra byggnaden. Studien består även av en fallstudie där en inventering av miljöhinder (tillgänglighetsgranskning) har utförts med hjälp av Housing Enabler Screening Tool. Verktyget behandlar punkter inom olika områden: inomhus, entréer och utomhusmiljöer. Om byggnaden inte uppfyller någon punkt får den en anmärkning inom det specifika området.

    Resultat: Undersökningen har visat att de flesta anmärkningarna hos kombohuset har varit inomhus. Även att det kombohus som klarade sig bäst var i Ronneby som är ett kombohus anpassat till trygghetsboende vilket bland annat innebär förhöjd tillgänglighet i badrum. I studien har författarna kommit fram med förslag för att förbättra framtidens kombohus för att kunna åstadkomma ett bättre anpassat boende för seniorer med hänsyn till tillgänglighet.

    Konsekvenser: Slutsatser som har tagits är att konceptet med kombohuset har stora möjligheter att i framtiden ge fler tillgängliga bostäder på marknader där det verkligen behövs. Dessutom att några av de kontrollerade punkterna är lite svagare och bör åtgärdas även i det befintliga beståndet. Exempel en sådan punkt är utrymme för rollator i lättillgängligt förråd eller förvaringsmöjligheter i trapphus som inte utgör en brandfara eller blockerar utrymningsvägar då många hyresgäster i kombohusen använder sig av rollator. En slutsats som författarna har kommit fram till är att många av de intervjuade anser att det görs för lite uppföljning av hur hyresgästerna upplever boendet. Fler uppföljningar tillsammans med hyresgäster med hänsyn till tillexempel arkitektur och utformning är en stark rekommendation.

    Begränsningar: Studien baseras på empiri från fem kombohus men detta anses vara tillräckligt då kombohusen är typhus och många är utformade på samma sätt. Studiens resultat skulle därför troligtvis vara samma även om andra kombohus hade valts.

  • 166.
    Coopmans, Catelijne
    et al.
    Imperial College London, UK.
    Whyte, Jennifer
    Imperial College London, UK.
    Digital tools, complex projects and playful engineering2007In: The Structural Engineer, ISSN 1466-5123, Vol. 85, no 13, p. 16-18Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The research project 'Playful Engineering' investigates how digital software tools, such as digital databases, enable innovation in an organization. the project is conducted in collaboration with a number of engineering and science-based companies and carried out within the Innovation Studies Center at Tanaka Business School, Imperial college, London. These digital tools can help engineers and scientists predict the real-world outcomes of a range of alternative solutions and compare them relatively. Digital tools can be used to optimize the processes. The project combines interviewing, observational fieldwork, and document analysis to develop. Visual scheduling packages that take into account multiple streams of information can test various execution strategies with many interdependencies, such as Heathrow Terminal 5, the intergravity quality of digital tools.

  • 167. Cordi, Ilja
    et al.
    Leden, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Ranhagen, Ulf
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    FoU-plan trafikteknik: inriktningsplan för FoU inom integrerad fysisk samhällsplanering och trafiksäkerhet1999Report (Other academic)
  • 168.
    Cowan, Rob
    et al.
    Urban design skills.
    Adams, Scott
    Urban design skills.
    Chapman, David
    Urban design skills.
    Qualityreviewer: Appraising the design quality of development proposals2010Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Preface Foreword Planning for quality How to use Qualityreviewer Part A: Qualityreviewer Understand the place Understand the proposal Understand the implementation Make the decision Qualityreviewer at a glance Part B: Thinking about design and quality Using diagrams Six sets of design qualities Part C: Quality reviewer in the planning process Pre-application discussions Effective design statements Outline and full planning applications Beyond assessment Appendices

  • 169.
    Cowan, Rob
    et al.
    Urban design skills.
    Chapman, David
    Urban design skills.
    Adams, Scott
    Urban design skills.
    Huxford, Robert
    Urban Design Group and Esther Kurland of Urban Design London.
    Capacitycheck: Urban design skills appraisal2008Book (Other academic)
  • 170.
    Cowan, Rob
    et al.
    Urban Initiatives.
    Hill, Daniel
    Urban Initiatives.
    Campbell, Kelvin
    Start with the park: Creating sustainable urban green spaces in areas of housing growth and renewal2005Book (Refereed)
  • 171.
    Crocella, Gaia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå School of Architecture.
    Interdine: celebrating human transactions in space, a new form of integration.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Humans are evolutionarily programmed to respond to danger, natural disasters, wars, destruction and harassment through fleeing and migration. Finding refuge in a new place is a necessity for the survival, health and well being of every individual. This is crucial within the context of what the western world defines as the Refugee Crises. Today, an unprecedented 65.6 million people around the world have been forced to leave their home. Among them, there are nearly 22.5 million refugees fleeing from misery, environmental defacement, wars and harassment; mainly coming from south saharan countries and middle eastern one. After the peak of incomers in 2015, Europe started shutting its borders. Since then, the number of approved asylum applications in Europe has decreased drastically. In the meanwhile, the urgent need for integration has increased in all welcoming states. Having reached Sweden, refugees are being located according to where the Migration Agency can find accomodation for them. This happens often without considering their relation to the surroundings, hindering the process of integration to take place. The goal of Interdine, as a thesis project, is to celebrate human transactions in space. To address the modern era of mass displacement and the subsequent need for integration, the role of the architect, myself in this context, is to claim space for integration and mutual exchange in our cities. This will be proposed through two scales of action: a 1:1 live action research project and a speculative design proposition confronting legacy and providing a permanent space for Interdine. In Sweden, the thesis investigation takes the example of the city of Umeå, which homes today 698 asylum seekers. Here, organisations working with integration are positioned in the city centre, whereas accommodations and housing for refugees are often located along the outskirts of the city. In order to bring visibility and critical denounce, the key site of intervention is Kulturvaven, the so called House of Culture . During time, discursive dinners, civic classrooms, and dining rituals will be adopted as a means to investigate the problem, claim space and educate the city and its community. Throught food, the thesis project aims to redefine the term integration in a spirit of celebration, interaction and mutual enrichment. The proposed design hopes to be a revolutionary prototype to be applied in other cities within Europe.

  • 172.
    Cui, Ying
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Let the wind flow: Based on the social and physical needs2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 173. Czembrowski, Piotr
    et al.
    Laszkiewicz, Edyta
    Kronenberg, Jakub
    Engstrom, Gustav
    Andersson, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Valuing individual characteristics and the multifunctionality of urban green spaces: The integration of sociotope mapping and hedonic pricing2019In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 14, no 3, article id e0212277Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We categorize Stockholm's urban green spaces according to the use values and social meanings they support, based on a sociotope mapping, and estimate their impact on property prices with a hedonic pricing model. The approach allows us to identify the most and least desired green space characteristics (attributes) and to assess the willingness to pay for the multifunctionality of green spaces. To do this, we test the following hypotheses, each with a separate hedonic pricing model: .The proximity of all green space characteristics increases the property prices, but the specific monetary value of these characteristics differs; . the multifunctionality of green spaces is well recognized and highly valued by real estate buyers. We find partial support for the first hypothesis: the green space attributes of aesthetics, social activity and nature seem to be desired by real estate buyers, whereas physical activity and play seem not to be desired. We also find support for the second hypothesis: the higher the number of characteristics an urban green space has, the stronger its impact on property prices. This study furthers the discussion on the economic value of urban green spaces by assigning monetary value to their perceived character and use values. In doing so, it highlights the need to understand green spaces both as ecological features and social constructs.

  • 174.
    Dagnäs, Klara
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Tillgänglighetens påverkan på kulturvärden i statliga byggnadsminnen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a great determination towards an increased accessibility in today’s society.  This creates some problems, when the building in question is a historic building of cultural significance, due to legislations and protective regulations. This thesis is executed as research for The National Property Board Sweden (SFV), who deals with these kinds of difficulties daily.

    The objective of this theses was to explore the influence of accessibility adaptation on cultural values in historic buildings from the 19th century, with a focus on doorways. The aim is also to identify possible faults and weaknesses that could cause a loss in cultural values.

    The study is based on a literature review and observations of eight doorways in the historical buildings Gamla Riksarkivet, Kungliga Operan, Linneanum and Uppsala Universitetshus. For each doorway actions and procedures have been identified and categorized based on the affected cultural values using two different evaluation models.

    The visual changes are, according to the result, the most frequent reason behind the affected cultural values that has been studied. The increase in social reforms and legislation about accessibility are the result of a changing society that has altered its preceptions of disabilities. This could be traced back as one of the major reasons that might be behind the loss of cultural values. Accessible environments are important, we should however consider that the cultural heritage is poorly accessible for a reason.

    It has been discovered that the studied archive files and documents have a lack of information, what actions and procedures the building had endured are vague. The amount of details explaining the procedures and justification of the actions are also limited, especially in the permit applications from SFV and its resolve from RAÄ.

    In order to facilitate the issue of how the legislation for accessibility and cultural values should ​​be interpreted, policy documents of how the laws should relate to each other are required.

  • 175.
    Dahlberg, Hanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Flodin, Sofie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Modern energisnål bostadsbebyggelse för landsbygden, i svensk tradition2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 176.
    Dahlberg, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Lindblad, Jessica
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    ANALYS AV STATIONSHUS UPPFÖRDA 1860–1900 MED BEVARANDE- OCH ENERGIKRAV I KLIMATSKALET2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Linde Bjur och Engström (2009) skriver att det finns 2000 äldre stationshus i Sverige och att det är en kulturhistorisk skatt. Under tidens gång har de förlorat sin status och flera rivits. Idag nyttjas ej längre flertalet byggnader inom Trafikverkets verksamhet och ska därför rivas eller säljas (Trafikverket, 2015). Fokus bör ligga vid försäljning men då uppstår nya problem. Då stationshusen skiljts från järnvägsverksamhet krävs en ändrad användning. Myndigheter kan då ställa krav likvärdig en nyproduktion, exempelvis på energianvändning. 2020, när nya direktiv sätts från Europaparlamentet och rådet (EU) på energihushållning blir kraven strängare, bebyggelse ska motsvara NNE-hus. Boverkets byggregler (BBR) beskriver dock att fall vid ombyggnad kan ha som enda mål att eftersträva specifika U-värden. De förändringar som då bör göras för att uppnå energikraven i stationshus från 1860-1900 kan komma att påverka stationshusets insida och/eller utsida vilket då inskränker på bevarandekrav. Målet med denna studie är att undersöka möjligheter om byggtekniska detaljer som praktiskt behöver och kan utföras för att uppnå energikraven 2020 vid ändrad användning för stationshus med kulturhistoriskt värde och bevarandemärkning.  

    Metod: I denna studie används både kvalitativa- och kvantitativa metoder. Arbetet inkluderar fem fallstudier med fem tillhörande intervjuer och beräkningar gällande energianvändning. Beräkningar görs för byggtekniska detaljer (U-värden) och för hela byggnaden (specifik energianvändning) genom ett beräkningsprogram.

    Resultat: Denna studie visar att U-värden i klass med ett NNE-hus i helt klimatskal är starkt problematiskt att nå då bevarandekrav gäller och om byggnaden är uppförd 1860-1900. Detta då de äldre byggnadernas byggtekniska detaljer har hög värmegenomgång i sitt ursprungsläge och kräver mer tilläggsisolering än en modern byggnad. Den byggtekniska lösningen som verkar mest positivt för både bevarandekrav och U-värdeskrav är isolering av vindsbjälklaget om vindsutrymme kan avvaras. Detta då ingen del som berörs av bevarandekrav exteriört förvanskas och är lättast att genomföra praktiskt.   

    Konsekvenser: De slutsatser som kan dras från denna studie är i linje med BBRs rekommendationer. BBR beskriver att ”om vindsutrymmet inte är avsett att vara uppvärmt kan isoleringen placeras i vindsbjälklaget” (BFS 2011:26). Även ägare har visat sig vara mest positiva till isolering av taket samtidigt som just isolering av vindsbjälklaget kan vara negativt då det tar upp annars disponibel yta.

    Begränsningar: Varje byggnad som ansöker om ändrad användning eller genomgår en större ombyggnad kan tvingas uppnå tidsenliga krav på energiförbrukning. I studien undersöks specifikt stationshus uppförda 1860–1900 med bevarandekrav. Andra byggnader som uppkommit under samma tidsspann kan förväntas ha någon form av bevarandemärkning. Därför kan denna studie tillämpas generellt på byggnader från nämnt tidsspann som möter liknande problematik, dock kan resultatet bara tillämpas där vindsutrymmet kan avvaras. 

  • 177.
    Dahlberg, Mattias
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
    Opera i Stockholm, Stadsgården2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Opera i Stockholm vid stadsgårdskajen. Huvudsakligt koncept går ut på att exponera scenstrukturen.

  • 178.
    Dahlblom, Sverker
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Prestandabaserad Parametrisk Arkitektur: - en fallstudie i utformning av lamellhus2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Early in the design process, the architect must take several important decisions that directly affect the end result. Construction costs, energy efficiency, sustainability as well as architectural qualities are likely to fail if the work is based on a design that has fundamental flaws. One way to handle this issue is to create a computer tool that provides the architect indications of how design affects the performance of the building.

    To investigate this possibility, a model that parametrically generates building designs and calculates their performance has been developed. Performance assessment is conducted within three main criteria: construction cost, energy consumption and daylight. The result of this work is then validated by an assessment of usability and its potential as a tool in the design process.

    It proved possible to develop such a model. The level of detail in the generated designs are not adequate to provide results of the building's final performance with reasonable confidence. However, as a basis for comparison between different design proposals functionality is good and the respondents in the construction industry expressed an interest in the work.

  • 179.
    Danielski, Itai
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    Energy performance of residential buildings: projecting, monitoring and evaluating2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy security and climate change mitigation have been discussed in Sweden since the oil crisis in the 1970s. Sweden has since then increased its share of renewable energy resources to reach the highest level among the EU member states, but is still among the countries with the highest primary energy use per capita. Not least because of that, increasing energy efficiency is important and it is part of the Swedish long term environmental objectives. Large potential for improving energy efficiency can be found in the building sector, mainly in the existing building stock but also in new constructions.

    Buildings hold high costs for construction, service and maintenance. Still, their energy efficiency and thermal performance are rarely validated after construction or renovation. As energy efficiency become an important aspects in building design there is a need for accurate tools for assessing the energy performance both before and after building construction. In this thesis criteria for energy efficiency in new residential buildings are studied. Several building design aspects are discussed with regards to final energy efficiency, energy supply-demand interactions and social aspects. The results of this thesis are based on energy modelling, energy measurements and one questionnaire survey. Several existing residential buildings were used as case studies.

    The results show that pre-occupancy calculations of specific final energy demand in residential buildings is too rough an indicator to explicitly steer towards lower final energy use in the building sector. Even post occupancy monitoring of specific final energy demand does not always provide a representative image of the energy efficiency of buildings and may result with large variation among buildings with similar thermal efficiency. A post occupancy method of assessing thermal efficiency of building fabrics using thermography is presented. The thermal efficiency of buildings can be increased by design with low shape factor. The shape factor was found to have a significant effect on the final energy demand of buildings and on the use of primary energy. In Nordic climates, atria in multi-storey apartment buildings is a design that have a potential to increase both energy efficiency (by lower shape factor) and enhance social interactions among the occupants.

  • 180.
    Danielski, Itai
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Fröling, Morgan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Joelsson, Anna
    SWECO, Vastra Norrlandsgatan 10 B, Umea, SE 901 03, Sweden.
    The impact of the shape factor on final energy demand in residential buildings in nordic climates2012In: World Renewable Energy Forum, WREF 2012, Including World Renewable Energy Congress XII and Colorado Renewable Energy Society (CRES) Annual Conference, 2012, p. 4260-4264Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The shape factor of a building is the ratio between its envelope area and its volume. Buildings with a higher shape factor have a larger surface area in proportion to their volume, which results in larger heat losses in cold climates. This study analyzes the impact of the shape factor on the final energy demand by using five existing apartment buildings with different values of shape factor. Each building was simulated for twelve different scenarios: three thermal envelope scenarios and four climate zones. The differences in shape factor between the buildings were found to have a large impact and accounted for 10%-20% of their final energy demand. The impact of the shape factor was reduced with warmer climates and ceased with average outdoor temperature 11ºC-14ºC depending on the thermal envelope performance of the buildings.

  • 181.
    Danielski, Itai
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    Krook, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Weimer, Kerstin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Atrium in residential buildings – a design to enhance social interaction in urban areas in Nordic climates2018In: Cold Climate HVAC 2018: Sustainable Buildings in Cold Climates / [ed] Dennis Johansson, Hans Bagge, Åsa Wahlström, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 773-789Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The design concept of conditioned atria receive growing popularity in  both commercial and service buildings all over the world, but still not common in the residential sector. This study used a psychological framework to examine if building design with enclosed heated atria in apartment buildings can enhance sense of community and social interactions in Nordic climates. A qualitative study was conducted to understand the perception of residents living in apartment buildings with heated atrium. One of the few examples in Sweden. This was compared to the experience of residents in a “traditional” apartment building without an atrium. The questionnaire was comprised of six parts: (i) socio-demographic aspects; (ii) information about the apartment; (iii) social activities within the building; (iv) social interaction with neighbours; (v) information about principles in life; and (vi) sense of community linked to their homes.

    The results showed significant social differences between the residents of the atrium and “traditional” buildings, which could not be explained solely by differences in preferences and principles in life. A large proportion of the social differences between the buildings could be explained by the building design, as the common and semi-private areas within the atrium building provide opportunities to establish social interactions. The residents in the atrium building was found to have greater sense of community and higher frequency of interactions, which are both parts of social sustainability.

  • 182.
    Danielski, Itai
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    Weimer, Kerstin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Krook, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Atrium in residential buildings – a design to enhance social sustainability in urban areas2017In: Valuing and Evaluating Creativity for Sustainable Regional Development: Design, sustainability and its impact on social community and cultural/creative development / [ed] Daniel Laven, Wilhelm Skoglund, Östersund: Mid Sweden University , 2017, p. 153-155Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 183.
    Danielsson, Christina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Applying Lynch’s Theory on Office Environments2005In: Nordic Journal of Architectural Research, ISSN 1236-6064, E-ISSN 1893-5281, Vol. 4, p. 69-79Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 184.
    Danielsson, Christina
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Design, Work Environment, Safety and Health, DASH.
    Office Design: Applying Lynch’s Theory on Office Environments2005In: Nordisk arkitekturforskning, ISSN 1102-5824, no 4, p. 69-79Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 185.
    Danielsson, Christina
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Design, Work Environment, Safety and Health, DASH.
    Office Environment and Employee Satisfaction: The Impact of Office-type.Manuscript (Other academic)
  • 186.
    Danielsson, Christina
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH).
    Office environment, health and job satisfaction: an explorative study of office design's influence2005Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis investigates environmental factors impact on office employees. More specifically, it investigates: 1) perception and experience of office environments, 2) satisfaction with office environments, and 3) health status and job satisfaction in connection to office environment. It is based on an empirical study with 491 office employees from twenty-six companies and divisions in larger companies. Each one respectively represents one of seven identified office-types in office design: cell-office, sharedroom office, small open plan office, medium open plan office, large open plan office, flex-office and combi-office. This study takes its basis in architecture, although an interdisciplinary approach from organizational and management theory, environmental psychology, and social and stress medicine has been used. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used.

    In Article I a review of the different research fields that investigate environmental influences are presented with a focus on office environments. Different perspectives on the environmental impact on office employees are investigated.

    In Article II an analysis of office environment based on the employee’s perception and experience of the architecture is done based on in-depth interviews using a method originally developed by Kevin Lynch (1960). The method measures the "imagebility" of a space, rated by the users with following elements: landmark, node, path, edge and district. The result showed that the method, based on employees’ perception and use of space, is a possible tool in the design process to get a better understanding of where the elements that reinforce "imageability" most likely will appear in an office environment. The method thus gives a better idea of the future "imageability" of a space and could be useful as guidance in the design process of how the architectural design will be received by the users in the end.

    In Article III employees’ satisfaction with the office environment in different office-types is investigated. The article focuses on three domains: 1) Ambient factors, 2) Noise and Privacy and 3) Designrelated factors. The statistical analysis was done using a logistic regression model with multivariate analysis. Adjustment was done for: age, gender, job rank, job satisfaction and market division. The results show differences in satisfaction with the office environment between employees in different office-types, many of which were statistically significant. When differences persist in the multivariate analysis they can possibly be ascribed to the office-type. Results show that employees in cell-offices are prominently most satisfied followed by those in flex-offices. Cell-offices rate only low on social aspects of Design-related factors. A major finding is internal differences between different office-types where employees share workspace and facilities. The medium and large open plan offices could be described as high-risk officetypes.

    In Article IV differences between employees in different office-types with regard to health, wellbeing and job satisfaction are analyzed. A multivariate analysis of the data was done with adjustment for the confounders: age, gender, job rank and market division. The results show that there are risks of ill health and poor well-being in medium and small open plan offices. Employees in these office-types show significantly higher risks compared with those in other office-types. In medium open plan and combioffices the employees show the highest prevalence of low job satisfaction. The best chance for good health status and job satisfaction is among employees in cell-offices and flex-offices; there are, however, internal differences in distribution on different outcome variables for job satisfaction. The major finding of these studies is that there are significant differences with regard to satisfaction with office environments as well as health status and job satisfaction between employees in different office-types; differences that can possibly can be ascribed to the office-types as they persist after adjustment for important confounders.

  • 187.
    Danielsson, Christina
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH).
    Three Approaches to Office Design; A Review of Environmental InfluencesManuscript (Other academic)
  • 188.
    Danielsson, Cristina
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    BOSTADENS NÄRMILJÖ I ETT HÅLLBARHETSPERSPEKTIV2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A majority of Sweden’s population, about 80 %, lives in urban environments, and

    a majority of them live in residential complexes with shared residential yards.

    People spend a large part of their time in or around their home, which is why the

    outside environment and the green space in the area play an important part in a

    person’s well being. The green yard offers space for children’s activities,

    recreation, solitude, relaxation and gardening and gives the opportunity to learn

    and understand nature and its processes.

    The green yard also constitutes a part of the city’s factual green structure, informal

    green spaces that are not owned by the city and are therefore not included in the

    formal planning processes. The green residential yards also provide a number of

    ecosystem services such as climate regulation, purification of water and air and

    rainwater infiltration, all of which are of importance in the fight against climate

    change.

    The goal of this thesis has been to present the advantages an improved planning

    and maintenance of the urban green space and the residential yard in particular

    can offer. A number of important properties and functions that affect a yard’s

    functionality and how it is perceived are also presented and explained.

    The paper also aims to offer a better understanding of the garden’s role in

    improving the social conditions in the neighbourhood, and of the importance of

    involving the residents in planning and maintaining the green spaces. A number of

    case studies and analyses offer a more concrete perspective on the real world

    situations, and of successful refurbishment projects. Involving the residents in the

    formal planning and building processes has been proved to have positive effects

    on revitalising areas such as Gårdsten in Göteborg. Tenant involvement in open

    space management can lead to a positive spiral where people start caring for and

    identifying themselves with their neighbourhood, which can reduce the degree of

    stigmatisation and marginalisation.

  • 189.
    Davidsson, Anneli
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Munteanu, Michaela
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Scandinavium: Sveriges största inomhusarena2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 190.
    Davidsson, Oscar
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Obrelius, Marcus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Faktorer och aspekter att beakta vid solcellsinstallationer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The global energy use must change, more than 80 % of the primary energy use is currently based on fossil fuels. To achieve a more sustainable development, a larger part of the energy consumption must be produced from renewable energy sources, such as solar energy.

    The purpose of this study is to exemplify practical, technical, economical and architectural factors and aspects that should be taken into consideration regarding solar cell integration in buildings. Through a case study, the Sankt Sigfrid area in Växjö was examined and bounded to four properties with possible solar cell installation as well as a possible solar cell park.

    Through theory, study visits, observations, solar study as well as technical and economical calculations, the solar cells' possible electricity production and potential savings were demonstrated. The integration proposals were compiled through the obtained theory and a survey based on how the design of building objects is affected by a solar cell installation.

    With today's generous government subsidies, there is a possibility of economic profitability regarding solar cell investments, which is reflected in the profit calculation of the result. The case study also demonstrates the complexity of solar cell installations as well as how various practical, technical, economical, architectural factors and aspects complicate the integrations onto buildings.

  • 191.
    Davoodi, Anahita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Johansson, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Aries, Myriam
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    The use of lighting simulation in the evidence-based design process: A case study approach using visual comfort analysis in offices2019In: Building Simulation, ISSN 1996-3599, E-ISSN 1996-8744Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The EBD-SIM (evidence-based design, simulation) framework is a conceptual framework developed to integrate the use of lighting simulation in the EBD process to provide a holistic performance evaluation method. A real-time case study, executed in a fully operational office building, is used to demonstrate the framework’s performance. The case study focused on visual comfort analysis. The objective is to demonstrate the applicability of the developed EBD-SIM framework using correlations between current visual comfort metrics and actual human perception as evaluation criteria. The data were collected via simulation for visual comfort analysis and via questionnaires for instantaneous and annual visual comfort perception. The study showed that for user perception, the most crucial factor for visual comfort is the amount of light on a task area, and simple metrics such as Eh-room and Eh-task had a higher correlation with perceived visual comfort than complex performance metrics such as Daylight Autonomy (DA). To improve the design process, the study suggests that, among other things, post-occupancy evaluations (POEs) should be conducted more frequently to obtain better insight into user perception of daylight and subsequently use new evidence to further improve the design of the EBD-SIM model.

  • 192.
    Davoodi, Anahita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Built Environment.
    Johansson, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Built Environment.
    Enger, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Comparison of lighting simulation tools with focus on lighting quality2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By the rise of concerns for global warming, reducing emissions via lowering energy consumption has become a necessity in every sector and the lighting sector is no exception. However, it should not come at the cost of lighting quality and user comfort which is a common practice in today’s lighting design and energy reduction initiatives. The “energy reduction” view should change toward “value driven optimization” in which energy reduction is balanced against lighting quality and user comfort for optimization of the total value of the building. As the use of IT technology grows in lighting design, constant reviews of the software tools are necessary in order to evaluate their performance and ability to design value driven lighting.The main objective of this paper is to compare different lighting simulation tools with respect to their ability to simulate lighting quality both artificial and daylight. The indicators for the comparison are defined based upon findings from another project “criteria for good lighting quality” that is currently being conducted at the same university. First, current numerical metrics for lighting quality are summarized. Then, different simulation tools are evaluated based on a literature study. The outcome of this research summarizes the strength and shortcomings of a number of simulation tools.

  • 193.
    Davoodi, Anahita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Built Environment.
    Johansson, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Built Environment.
    Enger, Johanna
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Lighting design.
    نرم افزارهای شبیه سازی نور، چالشها و فرصتهای پیش رو2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 194.
    Davoodi, Anahita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Johansson, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Henricson, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Aries, Myriam
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    A Conceptual Framework for Integration of Evidence-Based Design with Lighting Simulation Tools2017In: Buildings, ISSN 2075-5309, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 7, no 4, article id 82Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of lighting simulation tools has been growing over the past years which has improved lighting analysis. While computer simulations have proven to be a viable tool for analyzing lighting in physical environments, they have difficulty in assessing the effects of light on occupant’s perception. Evidence-based design (EBD) is a design method that is gaining traction in building design due to its strength in providing means to assess the effects of built environments on humans. The aim of this study was to develop a conceptual framework for integrating EBD with lighting simulation tools. Based on a literature review, it was investigated how EBD and lighting simulation can be combined to provide a holistic lighting performance evaluation method. The results show that they can mutually benefit from each other. EBD makes it possible to evaluate and/or improve performance metrics by utilizing user feedback. On the other hand, performance metrics can be used for a better description of evidence, and to analyze the effects of lighting with more details. The results also show that EBD can be used to evaluate light simulations to better understand when and how they should be performed. A framework is presented for integration of lighting simulation and EBD

  • 195.
    Del Curto, Davide
    et al.
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Joppolo, Cesare Maria
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Luciani, Andrea
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Valisi, Luca Pietro
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Energy efficiency and preservation of 20th century architecture: The case of the Urbino University Colleges2018In: Conference Report. The 3rd International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings (EEHB2018), Visby, Sweden, September 26th to 27th, 2018., 2018, p. 182-190Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper follows the discussion on the energy efficiency of heritage buildings by dealing with the task of preserving 20th century buildings and making them more sustainable. It is confirmed that a thorough analysis of each case is needed, since the cultural value of modern heritage risks being overwhelmed by the effort to improve its energy efficiency. The Urbino University Colleges are a masterpiece of the 20th century. They were designed by architect Giancarlo de Carlo, built between 1962 and 1983 and still host 1000 students. A conservation plan was outlined in 2016 with the aim of developing the long-term and sustainable preservation of such a huge complex. A specific goal in terms of sustainability was lowering the heating costs to save funds for conservation activities. The efforts were thus to balance building conservation, energy efficiency and users’ comfort. A thermal analysis, an energy retrofit design, a test on a pilot site, a comparison between before and after, are the tools that have been used to achieve this objective. Results provide some operational indications to merge conservation and sustainability in a 20th century heritage building.

  • 196. Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Henning, CeciliaLieberg, MatsSalonen, TapioÖresjö, Eva
    Välfärdens operatörer. Social planering i brytningstid1997Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Social planering, bostadsförnyelse, civilsamhälle, kommunal planering

  • 197. Derix, Christian
    et al.
    Izaki, Åsmund
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Urban Design.
    Spatial computing for the new organic2013In: Architectural Design, ISSN 0003-8504, E-ISSN 1554-2769, Vol. 83, no 2, p. 42-47Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 198.
    Dobrucka, Lucia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Global changes require renewed strategies. Do planners need new approaches or better understanding of their original role?2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many stress that the role of planners will change under the new global situation. But what is the ’old role’ of planners which is expected to change? And will the ’new role’ be truly different from this ’old role’? The key messages of Torremolinos Charter, Agenda 21, New Charter of Athens, Territorial Agenda and other documents concentrate around few repeating concepts: complexity, balance, integration, inter-disciplinarity, cooperation, participation, education, involvement of politics, long-term orientation, creativity and strategy. Should planners change these ideals?One of the most frequent and influential words today is strategy. Even though strategy can be defined in many ways and there are many different forms of strategic planning around the world, its original meaning often remains hidden. There is no doubt that concept of strategy has a military background. Therefore, this article focuses on two main topics. First, it presents the five ancient principles for victory which can be transferred into the five principles for balanced development of territories as Continuity, Sustainability, Context, Leaders and Conditions for implementation. Second, it seeks interconnections between these principles and the role of strategic spatial planners. It discusses the role of planners particularly in connection to two principles: Leaders and Context. Since strategic spatial planners deal with coordination of expert teams having relevant influence on development processes, they belong to the principle of Leaders. Since they have all the relevant data, analyses and expertise, their role is to be honest while evaluating the situation and unmasking the real Context to others. Dishonesty, misinterpretations and preference of politics to professional esteem inevitably lead to wrong decisions.Accepting this premise, education of planners needs revision in two basic points. First, is should increase abilities to identify context of time, place and causality. Instead of making a ’list of facts’, the context should be measured and calculated to be as objective as possible. Second, the education should increase soft inter-personal skills to be able to handle leadership, present the context, negotiate the reasonable further steps, lead multi-professional teams, manage conflicts and self-develop. Being first-line leader is equally or even more important than being planning expert.Of course, new discourses and practices influencing methods, tools and performance in spatial development are needed. However, the new global situation calls for rediscovering and coming back to the original core role of planners: honest, brave and responsible expertise. The article presents an anonymous case study of how this ’new role’ changed the planned development project.

  • 199.
    Dobrucka, Lucia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Knowledge cities2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 200.
    Dobrucka, Lucia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Reframing planning theory in terms of five categories of questions2016In: Planning Theory, ISSN 1473-0952, E-ISSN 1741-3052, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 145-161Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates how planning is influenced by five categories of questions (what, who, when/where, how and why) and the interactions between them. Planning theories differ in their answers to these questions but all of them are primarily built around an assumed connection between the questions of ‘what’ and ‘how’. This orthodox assumption of a ‘what-how’ connection is shown to be responsible for the failure of planning theories in practice and their inability to address issues of power. The article illustrates that both ends and means (‘what’ and ‘how’) are predefined by answers to three fundamental questions (‘who’, ‘when/where’ and ‘why’) and that there is no direct connection between ‘what’ and ‘how’ in practice.

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