Change search
Refine search result
24180241812418224183241842418524186 1209101 - 1209150 of 1237993
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1209101.
    Ämtvall, Jessica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Rosa för flicka och blå för pojke: Kön och könsroller i förskolan2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1209102.
    Ämtvall, Therese
    et al.
    University of Kalmar. University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Ingvarsson, Jessica
    University of Kalmar. University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Akuta hjälp- och stödinsatser inom psykiatrin: Vad är det som påverkar psykiatrins selektering och bedömning av de individer som söker akuta hjälp- och stödinsatser?2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the authors are focusing on people that work in psychiatric acute care. How do they identify the individual that is in most need of acute care? How do they judge in this kind of cases?

       The foundation in this study is in the qualitative method. The material to this study has been collected by doing qualitative interviews with six people in different professions and positions in psychiatric acute care.

       The material that we collected from these six qualitative interviews has been analysed with help from Sherif’s and Hovland’s (1961) Social judgement theory. The theory describes people’s judgement based on certain criterions and how it affects them. 

       It has been noticed that the individuals who asses first acute care are usually the ones that has a suicidal behavior. The resources are decreasing while the need for psychiatric acute care is increasing. The personell have to make decisions about which individual that are in most need of acute care. Their judgments are very important for the indiviuals in need of immediate care. This judgement can be depending on which individual who is doing the judgemet. This paper has given us comprehension for the immortance of good individual properties for doing judgements, and that they are made in several positions.

  • 1209103.
    Äng, Anton
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Svensson, Anton
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Det blir bara en massa byskvaller.: En kvantitativ studie om mediebevakningen i Malung- Sälens kommun2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problemformulering och syfte: Syftet med vår studie var att se hur befolkningen i Malung- Sälens kommun såg på den rådande mediebevakningen. Utifrån vårt case - Malung-Sälens kommun - vill vi alltså se hur tomrummet efter nedläggningarna av lokalredaktionerna såg ut och vad det har lett till, hur invånarna tycker att det förändrats sedan nedläggningarna och hur detta har påverkat deras förtroende för de lokala medierna.
Metod och material: Vi har gjort en kvantitativ studie som baserat sig på 100 telefonenkäter med invånare från Malung-Sälens kommun. 50 män- och 50 kvinnor i åldrarna 30-75. Huvudresultat: Respondenterna i Malung-Sälens kommun är i hög grad intresserade av lokala nyheter. Det finns ett stort missnöje med den lokala mediebevakningen i kommunen, där 84 procent uppger att bevakningen försämrats sedan den sista lokalredaktionen lades ner år 2015. Det övergripande förtroendet har sjunkit och 66 procent uppger att deras förtroende har försämrats.

  • 1209104. Äng, Björn
    Impaired neck motor function and pronounced pain-related fear in helicopter pilots with neck pain - a clinical approach2008In: Journal of Electromyography & Kinesiology, ISSN 1050-6411, E-ISSN 1873-5711, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 538-49Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1209105. Äng, Björn
    et al.
    Harms-Ringdahl, K.
    Neck pain and related disability in helicopter pilots: A survey of prevalence and risk factors2006In: Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 0095-6562, E-ISSN 1943-4448, Vol. 77, no 7, p. 713-9Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1209106. Äng, Björn
    et al.
    Kristoffersson, M.
    Neck muscle activity in fighter pilots wearing night-vision equipment during simulated flight2013In: Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 0095-6562, E-ISSN 1943-4448, Vol. 84, no 2, p. 125-33Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1209107. Äng, Björn
    et al.
    Linder, J.
    Harms-Ringdahl, K.
    Neck strength and myoelectric fatigue in fighter and helicopter pilots with a history of neck pain2005In: Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 0095-6562, E-ISSN 1943-4448, Vol. 76, no 4, p. 375-80Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1209108. Äng, Björn
    et al.
    Monnier, A.
    Harms-Ringdahl, K.
    Neck/shoulder exercise for neck pain in air force helicopter pilots: a randomized controlled trial2009In: Spine, ISSN 0362-2436, E-ISSN 1528-1159, Vol. 34, no 16, p. E544-51Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1209109.
    Äng, Christofer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Undernutrition among children in Bandja: Undernutrition among under-five children in the Bandja village of Cameroon2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1209110.
    Äng, Michaela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Science Education and Mathematics.
    Digitala verktyg inom naturvetenskapsundervisningen: En kvalitativ studie om hur och varför lärare använder digitala verktyg.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie behandlar lärares syn och inställning i användningen av digitala verktyg inom naturvetenskapsundervisningen. Flera forskare har kommit fram till att digitala verktyg i undervisningen visar på positiva effekter vid inlärningen hos eleverna. Forskning visar dock på vikten av att ha både kunskap och tillgång för att detta ska ge resultat. Skolverket (2016) anser att det är viktigt att samtliga elever och lärare ska få möjligheter att ta del av IT. Skolverket (2016) visar bland annat att de ämnena som mest använder sig av digitala verktyg i undervisningen är svenska och samhällskunskaps ämnen. Tidigare forskning visar också att det skiljer sig på skolorna vilken tillgång de har till IT-medel. Det här examensarbetet lyfter hur lärare inför digitala medel i naturvetenskapsundervisningen samt vilken syn de har inom det. Genom kvalitativa observationer och intervjuer har 5 lärare från 4 olika skolor inom blandade årskurser 1-3 deltagit. Resultatet pekar mot att samtliga lärare använder någon form av digitala verktyg i naturvetenskapsundervisningen. Under intervjuerna framkommer att 4 av 5 informanter använder de digitala verktygen på liknande sätt där samtliga anser att verktygen underlättar deras arbete och motiverar eleverna. Samtliga lärare är medveten om varför inte de väljer att använda digitala verktyg i undervisningen.

  • 1209111.
    Äng, Michaela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Science Education and Mathematics.
    En kvalitatativ studie av lärares syfte gällande användningen med konkret material i den tidigare matematikundervisningen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about how and for what purpose teachers use concrete materials in mathematics. The curriculum says that students should have the opportunity to use concrete materials in math. Research shows that concrete material leads to a better understanding for students in learning of mathematics. Researchers believe that the teacher is the important key person so the material will have the right effect. This thesis will highlight teachers' views on concrete material and the purpose for why it should be used. Through qualitative observations and interviews with teachers from four schools in grades 1, shows results that all teachers have a similar view of how it should be used, but it varies in how teachers are using it. Based on the interviews conducted, it appears that the majority of teachers have an ambition to make use of concrete materials. In practice, however, there are limitations that make the concrete material is not used so that teachers had wanted. Based on the research available is it the teacher who is the crucial factor for what effect the concrete material will have for the students learning.

  • 1209112.
    Äng, Oscar
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Trygg, Alexander
    Linköping University, Department of Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Planering av stränggjutningsproduktion: En heruistisk metod2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate if it is possible to use a heuristic method to create feasible solution in a Cast Batching Problem at SSAB. The problem occurs when different kinds of steel should be cast during the same day. Depending on which order the groups of different steel is placed different amounts of waste is produced, the goal is to minimize this waste. Earlier work has been done on this problem and resulted in a mathematical model to create feasible solutions to this problem. In practice the time it takes to create good solutions are long and the question is if it is possible to use a heuristic method to generate good solutions in a shorter amount of time.

    Drawing upon inspiration from metaheuristics such as Variable Neighbourhood Search, Simualted Annealing and Tabu Search multiple heuristics have been created, implemented and evaluated against the mathematical model. One of the heuristics perform better than the mathematical model does in 10 minutes. The result from the mathematical model after 60 minutes is slightly better than the heuristic, but the results are similar. With regards to running time the heuristic takes considerably less time than 10 minutes.

  • 1209113.
    Äng, Tova
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Bevara eller begrava?: Mänskliga kvarlevor i svenska anatomiska samlingar och deras framtid2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1209114.
    Ängalid, Filip
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Utredning av behovsstyrd ventilation: En jämförelse mellan CAV och VAV2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är ett examensarbete på C-nivå som görs i sammarbete med teknikkonsulten Ramböll. Det vanligaste sättet att ventilera en byggnad idag är med så kallad CAV-ventilation (Constant Air Volume). Denna metod bygger på att ett luftflöde bestäms för rummet och upprätthålls med konstant flöde. En annan metod är så kallad VAV (Variable Air Volume) som bygger på att flödet varierar efter behovet. Anledningen till varför man väljer VAV istället för CAV är att med CAV finns det ofta en stor risk att man överventilerar ett rum eller byggnad, just på grund av att flödet är konstant. Problemet med VAV är att det är en högre investeringskostnad än för CAV så metoden lämpar sig bara där energibesparingen är så stor så den täcker mellanskillnaden i pris. Denna utredning visar i vilka typer av rum som det kan löna sig att installera VAV istället för det traditionella CAV-systemet. För att undersöka detta sker simuleringar av fiktiva modeller i programmet IDA Indoor Climate & Energy (IDA). IDA är ett simuleringsverktyg som används till att simulera den termiska komforten i byggnader samt byggnadens energianvändning. De olika rumstyperna som simuleras är: klassrummet, kontoret och mötesrummet. De olika fallen är utformade så att de liknar så som de ser ut i verkligheten både till geometri och nyttjandegrad. Om något av fallen visade sig vara en bra kandidat för att förse med VAV fortsätter utredningen med att fastställa hur stort bör flödet vara för att energibesparingen ska bli så stor så att det täcker investeringskostnaden. Den ekonomiska kalkyleringen sker både med en livscykelkostnadsanalys och med en enklare återbetalningstidskalkyl. Resultatet för simuleringarna visade att den enda rumstypen i denna utredning som var lönsam var mötesrummet. Klassrummet och kontoret visade sig båda ge en förlust. Detta var eftersom nyttjandegraden för dessa rum var så pass hög så att ventilationen med VAV var igång nästan lika mycket som för CAV. För mötesrummet var nyttjandegraden betydligt lägre vilket innebar att energibesparingen blev så pass hög att den täckte den höga investeringskostnaden. För mötesrummet gjordes sedan en flödesanalys som visade att rummets luftflöde bör vara dimensionerat för mellan omkring 20 – 30 personer för att vara en lönsam investering. 

  • 1209115.
    Ängarne-Lindberg, Teresia
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Grown-up children of divorce: Experiences and health2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The comprehensive purpose of the thesis was to study the health and experiences, with a main focus on mental health, of a group of grown-up children of divorced parents in comparison to a group of persons without this experience. Mental health, experienced life events, narratives of divorce related experiences and personal resources were therefore examined in a group of young adults (age 22-33 years) whose parents divorced 15 years before the start of the first three studies. In addition to this, the presence of a child/adolescent and/or an adult psychiatric record and ten years of diagnosed physical health visits in the same but extended group (age 21-38 years) was examined 20 years after parental divorce. The outcomes of these examinations were compared with the outcomes of a group with married parents still living together, matched with the divorce group on age gender and living area. The results showed no major differences in mental health between the divorce and the non-divorce group, with the exception of women age 22-27 showing poorer mental health than the others in the study. Personal resources in this case SOC (Sense of Coherence) followed the same pattern, with no significant differences between the divorce and the non-divorce group, but with women age 22-27 showing lower SOC. The experiences/narratives told by the divorce group fell into one of two categories: one disappointment, the other contentment, with the first indicating non-optimal chances for adjustment to parental divorce and the other good. The run-through of psychiatric records showed no significant differences between the number of persons in need of adult psychiatric care in the divorce and the non-divorce group. A significant difference was present, however, in child- and adolescent psychiatric care pointing to a larger need for psychiatric care in the divorce group, a need most pronounced among girls. As concerned the number of diagnosed physical health care visits, only small differences between the groups were found. The main conclusion of the study was that experience of parental divorce in childhood is not found for a majority to be an experience determining poorer mental or somatic health in young adulthood.

  • 1209116.
    Ängarne-Lindberg, Teresia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Wadsby , Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Fifteen years after parental divorce: mental health and experienced life-events2009In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 32-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The children who experienced their parents divorce when the divorce rate in Sweden had begun to grow to higher levels than in preceding decades are today adults. The aim of this study was to investigate if adults who had experienced parental divorce 15 years before the time of our study, differed in mental health from those with continuously married parents, taking into account life events other than the divorce. Instruments used were the Symptom Checklist (SCL-90) measuring mental health and the Life Event questionnaire capturing the number and experience of occurred events. Forty-eight persons, who were 7-18 years old when their parents divorced, constituted the divorce group, and 48 persons matched on age, sex and growth environment formed the study groups. The SCL-90 showed a limited difference between the groups, but not concerning total mental health. A main finding was a difference with regard to sex and age; women aged 22-27 in the divorce group displayed poorer mental health than other participants in both groups. The results from the Life Event questionnaire showed that the divorce group had experienced a significantly larger number of events, and more life events were described as negative with difficult adjustment. A regression analysis showed a significant relation between the SCL-90, Global Severity Index and life events experienced as negative with difficult adjustment, divorce events excluded, but not with the divorce itself. It seems highly desirable to pay more attention than has thus far been paid to girls with experience of childhood divorce at age 7-12.

  • 1209117.
    Ängarne-Lindberg, Teresia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Wadsby, Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Psychiatric and somatic health in relation to expereince of parental divorce in childhood2012In: International Journal of Social Psychiatry, ISSN 0020-7640, E-ISSN 1741-2854, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 16-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The outcome of studies about experience of parental divorce and effects on mental and physical health differs in result possibly caused by the use of different questionnaires and instruments, varying length of time since the divorce and divergent drop-off of participants.

    Aims: To study the presence of psychiatric records and number of diagnosed somatic and mental health care visits in a group of young adults with childhood experience of parental divorce in comparison to a group without this experience.

    Methods: The presence of a record at the public psychiatric clinics and ten years of administrative health care data (somatic and mental) was checked for both groups.

    Results: Significantly more persons from the divorce group occurred in child and adolescent psychiatric care, most pronounced women. However, no significant difference between the groups in number of persons seeking adult psychiatry, or in number of psychiatric consultations was present. Experience of parental divorce was not either found to be an indicator of larger somatic health problems.

    Conclusion: Experience of parental divorce in childhood is not an indicator of adult psychiatric or somatic need of care.

  • 1209118.
    Ängarne-Lindberg, Teresia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wadsby, Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Psychosocial risk-mothers and their babies: Opinions about interaction treatment2013In: Child Care in Practice, ISSN 1357-5279, E-ISSN 1476-489X, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 49-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies focusing on mothers' own reports of their experience with intervention programmes are rare, so very little has been known about their evaluations of the programmes and what they have learned. The aim of the present study was to use interviews to evaluate these aspects of an intervention programme. The interviews were designed to capture the mothers' memories and thoughts about their experiences and to learn about the knowledge they acquired in a short-term intervention programme. Forty-six mothers identified as being at psychosocial risk were interviewed. The interview materials were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Two categories were identified: emotional context, and knowledge. The material assigned to the second category was further divided into three sub-categories. The study results point to the equal importance of actual knowledge and to the emotional dimension.

  • 1209119.
    Ängarne-Lindberg, Teresia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry .
    Wadsby, Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry .
    Sense of coherence in young adults with and without childhood experience of parental divorceManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: A number of studies show variability in children’s response to parental divorce. The intent of the present study was to look at personal resources as one possible factor explaining differences in mental health among young adults with childhood experience of parental divorce. This factor is examined by also taking into account the effect of traumatic experiences other than the possibly traumatic parental divorce. Method:  A group of persons with childhood experience of parental divorce (divorce group) was compared to a group without this experience, a non-divorce group consisting of persons of the same gender and age and living in the same locations as those in the divorce group. Personal resources were defined in this study as “Sense of Coherence” (SOC) measured with SOC-29, and mental health was assessed by the SCL-90 index General Severity Index (GSI). Traumatic life events were accounted for by using Life Incidence of Traumatic Events (LITE). Results: The results showed a significant connection between a strong SOC-29 and good mental health SCL-90/GSI, but no significant connection between SOC-29 and LITE, and the same pattern was seen in both the divorce and the non-divorce group. Conclusion: Personal resources measured as strong sense of coherence seem to be important in retaining a good mental health and the capacity to deal with life incidences such as parental divorce.

    .                                                                                                                           

  • 1209120.
    Ängarne-Lindberg, Teresia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Wadsby, Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Sense of Coherence in Young Adults With and Without Experience of Parental Divorce in Childhood2011In: Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, ISSN 1050-2556, E-ISSN 1540-4811, Vol. 52, no 5, p. 309-321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intent of this study was to look at personal resources, defined in this study as sense of coherence (SOC), as one possible factor explaining equalities and differences in mental health between individuals with and without experience of parental divorce, when traumatic experiences, other than a possibly traumatic parental divorce, were also considered. The results showed a significant connection between a strong SOC-29 and good mental health (Symptom Checklist-90/Global Severity Index), but no significant connection between SOC-29 and Life Incidence of Traumatic Events. Personal resources measured as strong sense of coherence seem to be important in retaining good mental health and for the capacity to deal with life incidences.

  • 1209121.
    Ängarne-Lindberg, Teresia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Wadsby, Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Berterö, Carina
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Young adults with childhood experience of parental divorce: Disappointment and contentment2009In: Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, ISSN 1050-2556, E-ISSN 1540-4811, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 172-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to use in-depth interviews to identify and describe experiences of parental divorce among adult children whose parents divorced 15 years earlier. Ten out of 76 interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim, and data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Two categories of experiences were identified: disappointment and contentment. Two subcategories of disappointment were distinguished: disappointment toward mother, father, or both, and disappointment with relatives and other surrounding persons. Four subcategories of contentment were distinguished: contentment in the belief that the members of the original family received a good or even better life after the divorce, contentment with how the divorce was handled by the parents, contentment and inner strength as a part of the child's own personality, and contentment with receiving adequate help during and after the parental divorce.

  • 1209122.
    Ängblom, Daniel
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Strategisk teori i cybermiljön ur ett flygmaktsperspektiv2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Moderna industrialiserade stater är under utveckling till post-moderna, globalt sammanflätade ekonomier och samhällen. Cybermiljöns strategiska betydelse är högaktuell då det finns en strävan att ersätta traditionella militära förmågor med långräckviddiga vapen och tekniska system. Tänkandet inom cybermiljön präglas emellertid fortfarande av teknikens möjligheter och dess taktiska tillämpningar och en historisk vetenskapsteoretisk utgångspunkt i avskräckningsstrategi som inte anses vara tillämpbar i cybermiljön. Cybermiljön militariseras men strategisk teori för hur maktmedlet skall användas saknas. Teoretiskt ramverk bör förankras i empiri, filosofi och historia. Den här studien undersöker hur flygmaktsteori kan utgöra vetenskapshistorisk utgångspunkt för att förankra cyberteori i strategin och hur luftmaktsteori kan utveckla strategisk teori i cyber?

    Analysen har visat att flygmaktsteori kan utgöra utgångspunkt för konceptuellt tankesätt och utveckling av teori i cybermiljön främst för att de strategiska grundelementen och effekten är teoretiskt jämförbara. Studien har utvecklat cyberteori för operativa metoder, konceptuellt tankesätt och den sammansatta effekten av cyberattacker. Studien har visat att flygmaktsteori utgår från en systemsyn på motståndarens sociala och tekniska system och målet är att genom strategiska attacker parallellt bekämpa tyngdpunkter för att nå en paralyserande effekt. Därigenom skall en psykologisk effekt påverka viljan till fortsatt kamp. Cyberattacker är mer strategiska och politiska men mindre våldsamma än flygmakt och kan på ett mer effektivt sätt uppfylla politiska mål än traditionellt militärt våld. Information, underrättelser och teknik är av permanent betydelse för strategi. Cybermiljön har en politisk och militär dimension och i likhet med de övriga militära maktmedlen är cybervapnet föremål för strategisk teori. Cybermiljön anses vara teoretiskt förankrad i den allmänna strategin med en tydlig spårbarhet till den indirekta strategin.

  • 1209123.
    Ängblom, Daniel
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Tillfälligt sammanstatt och samtidigt interoperabelt och robust: Ledningssystemets dilemma2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ledningssystemområdet genomgår stora förändringar med anledning av Försvarsmaktens strategiska inriktning att skapa flexibla, tillgängliga och stående krigsförband. Inriktningen innebär en utmaning inom ledningssystemområdet då den medför ett tydligare krav än tidigare på att ledningsmateriel, teknik och personal är ständigt uppfyllda i samtliga krigsförband.

    Modulära enheter och förband som på ett flexibelt sätt skall kunna sättas samman till stridsgrupper skapar vid varje tillfälle ett behov av att designa operationen med dess ledningssystem. Ett ledningsstödsystem vars övergripande syfte är att stödja chefers utövande av ledning, det vill säga att tillgodose ledningsbehoven. Denna studie analyserar hur Försvarsmaktens strategiska inriktning påverkar ledningssystem- och ledningsstödsystemområdet, vid en insats med tillfälligt sammansatta förband på operativ och högre taktisk nivå.

    Syftet med studien är att analysera vilka faktorer som är centrala för effektiv ledning vid en gemensam operation.

    Studien menar att de centrala faktorerna vid ledning av en gemensam operation härrör sig till analys av: aktuell verksamhet och dess specifika behov, operationskonst och taktik, vald organisations behov och sammansättning. Analysen resulterar i specifika ledningsbehov och metodanpassningar. Enligt studien är följande faktorer centrala vid ledning av en gemensam operation:

     Under planering; utgående från den specifika verksamhetsens behov är det centralt att genomföra en operativ design av det yttre systemet (förbanden) och det inre systemet (ledningssystemet).

     Under genomförandet; skall operationskonst och taktik möjliggöra effekt genom manöverkrigföring och den indirekta metoden. Det är därför centralt att Ledningsprocessens metod byggs på återkoppling.

    För ledningssystemet är ledningsbehoven centrala både under planering och genomförande. För att ledningssystemchefen skall kunna understödja en gemensam operation redovisas, utgående från de centrala faktorerna, sex principer för ledning.

  • 1209124.
    Ängeby, Alice
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Öberg, Linn
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    “Se inte i backspegeln, vi har varken tid eller råd”: En kvalitativ studie om unga chefers perspektiv på jämställdhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study falls within the field of organization and management and aims to create a deeper understanding of the reproduction of inequality in organizations. The study also intends to discuss and problematize possible causes of reproduction of inequality within organizations. This is done through a deeper explanation of six young managers' perspective on gender equality.

    The theoretical chapter focuses on the topics; leadership, organizational culture, gender and equality. The study of leadership in organizations is relevant to this study as managers may have a big impact on their organization's gender equality work. The result of this study show that perceptions about various characteristics related to sex still exists. The study also shows that young managers have a positive attitude towards gender equality work in organizations, though a relatively small awareness of the subject.

  • 1209125. Ängeby, Gisela
    1600-1700-talsarkeologi i kvarteret Björnen i Karlstad1995Book (Other academic)
  • 1209126.
    Ängeby, Gustav
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Föra politik med fötterna: Grundandet av två Sierra Leone-kolonier från ett migrationshistoriskt perspektiv, 1786–17942020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the establishment of two British Sierra Leone colonies during the years 1787 and 1792 as migration phenomenons. While previous research has given much attention to the two colonies because of their peculiar origin and links to the abolition movement, fewer studies considers how the two stack up against other forms of early modern migration, the impact by individual resources on migration routes and mobility decisions, and how migration became interlinked to political and social upheaval of the times. Even fewer works has considered the integration of the arrivals in Africa from a functionalist viewpoint. Deploying a qualitative method with quantitative elements, this discourse-altering perspective reveals several interesting results.

                          First, like other forms of migration during this era, transport and information was key. Second, the two outward migrations to West Africa could be described as betterment migration for those involved; a close analysis of passenger lists and similar sources reveals a notable presence of migrants with origins in regions where North American slavery provided more means of acquiring independent resources. Third, actions of African American migrants before and after the American revolution secured symbolic recognition and important alliances with powerful political players during this time. The migrants could use this strategic position to secure further resources, political demands and new migration routes. Fourth, migrants' outcome in the recipient area was highly linked to the ability of utilizing local economic and political parameters of transatlantic commerce. The overarching conclusion of this thesis has thus been a normalization of the colonies' establishment. They were part of the displacement of people in conjunction with the development of trade. Importantly, migrating to the colonies are an example of displacement creating opportunities for those effected by the labor regime in the Americas to better their situation in Africa.

  • 1209127.
    Ängeby, K.
    et al.
    Women's Department, Central Hospital, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Wilde-Larsson, B.
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Hildingsson, Ingegerd
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences. Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Sandin-Bojö, A. -K
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden .
    Primiparous women's preferences for care during a prolonged latent phase of labour2015In: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, E-ISSN 1877-5764, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 145-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate primiparous women's preferences for care during a prolonged latent phase of labour. Methods: A qualitative study based on focus groups and individual interviews and analysed with inductive content analysis. Results: Sixteen primiparous women with a prolonged latent phase of labour >18 hours were interviewed in five focus groups (n = 11) or individually (n = 5). One main category emerged ". Beyond normality - a need of individual adapted guidance in order to understand and manage an extended latent phase of labour" which covers the women's preferences during the prolonged latent phase. Five categories were generated from the data: "A welcoming manner and not being rejected", "Individually adapted care", "Important information which prepares for reality and coping", "Participation and need for feedback" and "Staying nearby the labour ward or being admitted for midwifery support". Women with a prolonged latent phase of labour sought to use their own resources, but their needs for professional support increased as time passed. A welcoming attitude from an available midwife during the latent phase created a feeling of security, and personally adapted care was perceived positively. Conclusions: Women with a prolonged latent phase of labour preferred woman-centred care. Midwives play an important role in supporting these women. Women's need for midwifery-support increases as the time spent in latent phase increases. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

  • 1209128.
    Ängeby, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Prolonged latent phase of labour: Prevalence, labour outcomes, quality of care, women’s experiences and preferences, and psychometric properties of a questionnaire2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate the prevalence and labour outcome of a prolonged latent phase of labour, quality of care, women’s experiences and preferences during labour, and to psychometrically test a questionnaire.

    Methods: Qualitative and quantitative methods. Sixteen primiparous women’s preferences for care during a prolonged latent phase of labour were studied with focus-group and individual interviews and analysed with content analysis (I). From a one-year cohort of 2660 women, 1554 women with a spontaneous onset of labour were invited to participate and 1389 women accepted invitation (II-IV). Data from 1343 women’s birth records were analysed with descriptive and analytic statistics (II). 758 women, (RR 64%), 343 primiparous and 415 multiparous, responded to the Intrapartal-specific Quality from Patients Perspective Questionnaire, QPP-I (III), the Early Labour Experience Questionnaire, ELEQ (IV) and additionally birth-related items. Data were analysed with descriptive, analytic, and psychometric statistics.

    Main findings: According to women’s self-reports, 23% of women with a spontaneous onset of labour had a prolonged latent phase (>18 hours), which was associated with more obstetrical interventions and instrumental births (II). These women preferred individualised care (I), rated the quality of their intrapartum care lower, were less content with the birth experience, and had more negative feelings during labour and birth than women with a shorter latent phase (III). The ELEQ was translated and adapted to Swedish and resulted in two questionnaires, one for primiparous women, SWE-ELEQ-PP, and one for multiparous women, SWE-ELEQ-MP. Both are valid and reliable and can be used to evaluate early labour care in Sweden (IV).

    Conclusions: A prolonged latent phase of labour can be regarded as a risk factor. It can result in more obstetrical interventions, more instrumental births, a lower perceived quality of care, and a more negative birth experience regardless of parity. Differences in parity must be considered when evaluating early labour care during the latent phase of labour, with special focus to primiparous women.

  • 1209129.
    Ängeby, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences. Kvinnokliniken, Centralsjukhuset, Karlstad.
    Sandin-Bojö, Ann-Kristin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Hildingsson, Ingegerd
    Mittuniversitetet Sundsvall.
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Prolonged latent phase of childbirth: women's voices2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1209130.
    Ängeby, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Sandin-Bojö, Ann-Kristin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Persenius Wentzel, Mona
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Early labour experience questionnaire: Psychometric testing and women's experiences in a Swedish setting2018In: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 64, p. 77-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: (a) to psychometrically test the Early Labour Experience Questionnaire (ELEQ) among both primi- and multiparous women giving birth in a Swedish setting, and (b) to describe and compare their experiences during early labour in relation to background characteristics. Design: a cross-sectional study. Setting: a county in Sweden. Participants: primi- and multiparous women with a spontaneous onset of labour after gestational week 37 + 0. In total, n = 1193 women were invited, and n = 754 responded the questionnaire, with a final total of n = 344 primi and n = 410 multiparous women. Methods: the ELEQ was translated with cross-cultural adaptation. The validity was determined using exploratory factor analysis with principal axis factoring analyses. Reliability was estimated from the internal consistency using Cronbach's alpha. The relationship between the questionnaire and the demographic characteristics of the participating women were analysed using ANOVA and t-test. Findings: an explorative factor analysis showed a three-factor solution for primiparas women (SWE-ELEQ-PP) consist of 23 items and a stable factor structure that explained 49.2% of the total variance with sufficient reliability coefficients (0.81–0.86). A four-factor solution for multiparous women (SWE-ELEQ-MP) consist of 22 items, with 52.62% of the total variance explained and with adequate internal consistency reliability coefficients (0.77–0.86) for three factors and relatively low stability (0.62) for the fourth factor with two items. Primiparous women scored significantly higher on items about feeling confused, and significantly lower on some items measuring emotional wellbeing and perceptions of midwifery care compared to multiparous women. Primiparous women with longer early labour (>18 h), scored significantly lower on the perceptions of midwifery care. Primi- and multiparous women who were dissatisfied with their telephone conversation or with not being admitted during early labour, scored significantly lower on emotional wellbeing, higher regarding emotional distress, and significantly lower about perceptions of midwifery care. Key conclusions: the SWE-ELEQ-PP and SWE-ELEQ-MP are considered valid questionnaires for use in a Swedish setting. Differences exist between parity and the factor structure and experiences in early labour vary. Women less content with early labour management decisions rated perceived midwifery care lower regardless of parity. Implication for practice: the questionnaire can be used to evaluate early labour care in a Swedish setting. The result suggests that differences according to parity exist and should be addressed when managing early labour care and a more individualised approach requires considerations.

  • 1209131.
    Ängeby, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Sandin-Bojö, Ann-Kristin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Persenius Wentzel, Mona
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Women's labour experiences and quality of care in relation to a prolonged latent phase of labour2019In: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, p. 155-164Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    im: To describe primiparous and multiparous women's labour experiences and their perception of quality of intrapartum care, in relation to background characteristics and length of latent phase of labour prior to admittance to labour ward. Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: A middle-sized hospital in a rural county in western part of Sweden. Participants: Primiparous and multiparous women, both low-risk and risk, with a spontaneous onset of labour after gestational week 37+0 were included. In total, n =1193 women were invited, and n = 757 responded the questionnaire, n = 342 primiparous and n = 415 multiparous women. Methods: The Intrapartal-specific Quality from Patient Perspective (QPP-I), with responses on perceived reality and subjective importance, was used for data collection. QPP-I covers ten factors of quality of care. Background characteristics, length of latent phase of labour, global items about labour experience and items regarding feelings during labour and birth were included. Data were analysed with descriptive and analytic statistics. Findings: All factors in QPP-I were rated higher for subjective importance than perceived reality, except for information about selfcare, for both primi- and multiparous women. Labour experience, perceived reality of quality of care, and feelings were related to length of the latent phase of labour. Primiparous women with a prolonged latent phase (>18 h) had significantly lower scores regarding six out of ten QPP-I factors (PR); Information procedures, Information self-care, Commitment (midwives), Commitment (enrolled nurses), Midwives present, and Partner/ significant others. They scored lower on Experience birth as normal and Safe during labour and birth. The felt less proud and felt more ignored by professionals. Multiparous women with a prolonged latent phase of labour scored significantly lower on one QPP-I factor, Commitment (midwives). They also scored lower on Control over the situation and felt less safe during labour and birth. Key Conclusion: Women's perception of quality of intrapartum care, the birth experience and feelings are related to length of the latent phase of labour. Women perceive quality of intrapartum care as being lower than its subjective importance. Implications for Practice: A prolonged latent phase of labour can be regarded as a risk factor for a more negative birthing experience. 

  • 1209132.
    Ängeby, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Sandin-Bojö, Ann-Kristin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013). Karlstad Univ, Fac Hlth Sci andTechnol, Dept Hlth Sci, SE-65188 Karlstad, Sweden..
    Hildingsson, Ingegerd
    Uppsala universitet.
    Prevalence of prolonged lathent phase and labour outcome: review of birth records in a Swedish population2016In: NJF congress: Gothenburg May 12-14, 2016 Nordisk Jordmoderförbund (NJF) / [ed] Svenska Barnmorskeförbundet, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1209133.
    Ängeby, Karin
    et al.
    Cty Council Varmland, Womens Dept, Karlstad, Sweden.;Cty Council Varmland, Clin Res Ctr, Karlstad, Sweden.;Karlstad Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Fac Hlth Sci & Technol, Karlstad, Sweden..
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Fac Hlth Sci & Technol, Karlstad, Sweden.;Inland Norway Univ Appl Sci, Fac Publ Hlth, Dept Nursing, Elverum, Norway..
    Hildingsson, Ingegerd
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Obstetrics and Reproductive Health Research. Mid Sweden Univ, Dept Nursing Sci, Sundsvall, Sweden..
    Sandin-Bojo, Ann-Kristin
    Karlstad Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Fac Hlth Sci & Technol, Karlstad, Sweden..
    Prevalence of Prolonged Latent Phase and Labor Outcomes: Review of Birth Records in a Swedish Population2018In: Journal of midwifery & women's health, ISSN 1526-9523, E-ISSN 1542-2011, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 33-44Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IntroductionThe prevalence of a prolonged latent phase of labor has been described as ranging from 5% to 6.5% in previous research. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of the prolonged latent phase of 18 hours or more, based on women's report, in women intending vaginal birth and who had spontaneous onset of labor. An additional aim was to compare the incidence of obstetric interventions, and the labor and neonatal outcomes in women with and without a prolonged latent phase. MethodsA descriptive and comparative study was performed in a mid-sized hospital in western Sweden. The sample consisted of 1343 birth records of women who intended vaginal births and who had spontaneous onset of labor at 37 or more weeks' gestation during a one-year period (2013-2014). Background characteristics, obstetric interventions, and labor and neonatal outcomes were compared between women with latent phases lasting less than 18 hours and 18 hours or more, based on women's self-report. Odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated for the different exposure variables. ResultsA prolonged latent phase lasting 18 hours or more occurred in 23% of all births analyzed (n = 1343). A prolonged latent phase was more common among nulliparous women (29.2%) but also common for multiparous women (17%). Nulliparous and multiparous women who experienced a prolonged latent phase were more often exposed to amniotomy during latent phase. For nulliparous women, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) was 11.57 (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.25-25.51) and for multiparous women the aOR was 18.73 (95% CI, 9.06-38.69). Similarly, amniotomy during active phase was more common for both nulliparous and multiparous women who experienced a prolonged latent phase (aOR, 4.05; 95% CI, 2.53-6.47 and aOR, 3.93; 95% CI, 2.43-6.37, respectively). Women with latent phases of 18 hours or more, more often experienced augmentation of labor during all phases, especially during latent phase. For nulliparous women, the aOR was 10.13 (95% CI, 2.82-36.39) and for multiparous women, aOR was11.9 (95% CI, 3.69-38.71). A prolonged latent phase was associated with more instrumental vaginal births for multiparas (aOR, 2.58; 95% CI, 1.27-5.26) and emergency cesarean regardless of parity (nulliparous women: aOR, 3.21; 95% CI, 1.08-9.50 and multiparous women: aOR, 3.93; 95% CI, 1.67-9.26). DiscussionBased on women's self-report, the prevalence of a prolonged latent phase in women at term who planned a vaginal birth and had spontaneous onset of labor was higher than previously reported. Women with a prolonged latent phase were more likely to receive obstetric interventions. Assisted vaginal birth was more common for nulliparous women with prolonged latent phase and emergency cesarean occurred more frequently for both nulliparous women and multiparous women with a prolonged latent phase.

  • 1209134.
    Ängeby, Karin
    et al.
    Women’s Department, Central Hospital, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013). Inland Norway Univ Appl Sci, Fac Publ Hlth, Dept Nursing, Elverum, Norway.
    Hildingsson, Ingegerd
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, .
    Sandin-Bojö, Ann-Kristin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Prevalence of Prolonged Latent Phase and Labor Outcome: Review of Birth Records in a Swedish Population2018In: Journal of midwifery & women's health, ISSN 1526-9523, E-ISSN 1542-2011, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 33-44, article id JMWH12704Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The prevalence of a prolonged latent phase of labor has been described as ranging from 5% to 6.5% in previous research. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of the prolonged latent phase of 18 hours or more, based on women's report, in women intending vaginal birth and who had spontaneous onset of labor. An additional aim was to compare the incidence of obstetric interventions, and the labor and neonatal outcomes in women with and without a prolonged latent phase.

    METHODS:

    A descriptive and comparative study was performed in a mid-sized hospital in western Sweden. The sample consisted of 1343 birth records of women who intended vaginal births and who had spontaneous onset of labor at 37 or more weeks' gestation during a one-year period (2013-2014). Background characteristics, obstetric interventions, and labor and neonatal outcomes were compared between women with latent phases lasting less than 18 hours and 18 hours or more, based on women's self-report. Odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated for the different exposure variables.

    A prolonged latent phase lasting 18 hours or more occurred in 23% of all births analyzed (n = 1343). A prolonged latent phase was more common among nulliparous women (29.2%) but also common for multiparous women (17%). Nulliparous and multiparous women who experienced a prolonged latent phase were more often exposed to amniotomy during latent phase. For nulliparous women, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) was 11.57 (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.25-25.51) and for multiparous women the aOR was 18.73 (95% CI, 9.06-38.69). Similarly, amniotomy during active phase was more common for both nulliparous and multiparous women who experienced a prolonged latent phase (aOR, 4.05; 95% CI, 2.53-6.47 and aOR, 3.93; 95% CI, 2.43-6.37, respectively). Women with latent phases of 18 hours or more, more often experienced augmentation of labor during all phases, especially during latent phase. For nulliparous women, the aOR was 10.13 (95% CI, 2.82-36.39) and for multiparous women, aOR was11.9 (95% CI, 3.69-38.71). A prolonged latent phase was associated with more instrumental vaginal births for multiparas (aOR, 2.58; 95% CI, 1.27-5.26) and emergency cesarean regardless of parity (nulliparous women: aOR, 3.21; 95% CI, 1.08-9.50 and multiparous women: aOR, 3.93; 95% CI, 1.67-9.26).

    Based on women's self-report, the prevalence of a prolonged latent phase in women at term who planned a vaginal birth and had spontaneous onset of labor was higher than previously reported. Women with a prolonged latent phase were more likely to receive obstetric interventions. Assisted vaginal birth was more common for nulliparous women with prolonged latent phase and emergency cesarean occurred more frequently for both nulliparous women and multiparous women with a prolonged latent phase.

  • 1209135.
    Ängeby, Karin
    et al.
    City Council Värmland, Karlstad; Karlstad University, Karlstad.
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Karlstad; Inland Norway University Appl Sci, Elverum, Norway.
    Hildingsson, Ingegerd
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences. Uppsala University, Uppsala.
    Sandin-Bojö, Ann-Kristin
    Karlstad University, Karlstad.
    Prevalence of Prolonged Latent Phase and Labor Outcomes: Review of Birth Records in a Swedish Population2018In: Journal of midwifery & women's health, ISSN 1526-9523, E-ISSN 1542-2011, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 33-44Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IntroductionThe prevalence of a prolonged latent phase of labor has been described as ranging from 5% to 6.5% in previous research. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of the prolonged latent phase of 18 hours or more, based on women's report, in women intending vaginal birth and who had spontaneous onset of labor. An additional aim was to compare the incidence of obstetric interventions, and the labor and neonatal outcomes in women with and without a prolonged latent phase. MethodsA descriptive and comparative study was performed in a mid-sized hospital in western Sweden. The sample consisted of 1343 birth records of women who intended vaginal births and who had spontaneous onset of labor at 37 or more weeks' gestation during a one-year period (2013-2014). Background characteristics, obstetric interventions, and labor and neonatal outcomes were compared between women with latent phases lasting less than 18 hours and 18 hours or more, based on women's self-report. Odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated for the different exposure variables. ResultsA prolonged latent phase lasting 18 hours or more occurred in 23% of all births analyzed (n = 1343). A prolonged latent phase was more common among nulliparous women (29.2%) but also common for multiparous women (17%). Nulliparous and multiparous women who experienced a prolonged latent phase were more often exposed to amniotomy during latent phase. For nulliparous women, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) was 11.57 (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.25-25.51) and for multiparous women the aOR was 18.73 (95% CI, 9.06-38.69). Similarly, amniotomy during active phase was more common for both nulliparous and multiparous women who experienced a prolonged latent phase (aOR, 4.05; 95% CI, 2.53-6.47 and aOR, 3.93; 95% CI, 2.43-6.37, respectively). Women with latent phases of 18 hours or more, more often experienced augmentation of labor during all phases, especially during latent phase. For nulliparous women, the aOR was 10.13 (95% CI, 2.82-36.39) and for multiparous women, aOR was11.9 (95% CI, 3.69-38.71). A prolonged latent phase was associated with more instrumental vaginal births for multiparas (aOR, 2.58; 95% CI, 1.27-5.26) and emergency cesarean regardless of parity (nulliparous women: aOR, 3.21; 95% CI, 1.08-9.50 and multiparous women: aOR, 3.93; 95% CI, 1.67-9.26). DiscussionBased on women's self-report, the prevalence of a prolonged latent phase in women at term who planned a vaginal birth and had spontaneous onset of labor was higher than previously reported. Women with a prolonged latent phase were more likely to receive obstetric interventions. Assisted vaginal birth was more common for nulliparous women with prolonged latent phase and emergency cesarean occurred more frequently for both nulliparous women and multiparous women with a prolonged latent phase.

  • 1209136.
    Ängeby, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Hildingsson, Ingegerd
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Sandin-Bojö, Ann-Kristin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Primiparous women's preferences for care during a prolonged latent phase of labour2015In: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, E-ISSN 1877-5764, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 145-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate primiparous women's preferences for care during a prolonged latent phase of labour. Methods: A qualitative study based on focus groups and individual interviews and analysed with inductive content analysis.Results: Sixteen primiparous women with a prolonged latent phase of labour >18 hours were interviewed in five focus groups (n = 11) or individually (n = 5). One main category emerged “Beyond normality – a need of individual adapted guidance in order to understand and manage an extended latent phase of labour” which covers the women's preferences during the prolonged latent phase. Five categories were generated from the data: “A welcoming manner and not being rejected”, “Individually adapted care”, “Important information which prepares for reality and coping”, “Participation and need for feedback” and “Staying nearby the labour ward or being admitted for midwifery support”. Women with a prolonged latent phase of labour sought to use their own resources, but their needs for professional support increased as time passed. A welcoming attitude from an available midwife during the latent phase created a feeling of security, and personally adapted care was perceived positively. Conclusions:  Women with a prolonged latent phase of labour preferred woman-centred care. Midwives play an important role in supporting these women. Women's need for midwifery-support increases as the time spent in latent phase increases.

  • 1209137. Ängeby, Kristian A.
    et al.
    Jureen, P.
    Giske, C. G.
    Chryssanthou, E.
    Sturegård, E.
    Nordvall, M.
    Johansson, A. G.
    Werngren, J.
    Kahlmeter, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Hoffner, S. E.
    Schön, T.
    Wild-type MIC distributions of four fluoroquinolones active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in relation to current critical concentrations and available pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic data2010In: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, ISSN 0305-7453, E-ISSN 1460-2091, Vol. 65, no 5, p. 946-952Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To describe wild-type distributions of the MIC of fluoroquinolones for Mycobacterium tuberculosis in relation to current critical concentrations used for drug susceptibility testing and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) data. METHODS: A 96-stick replicator on Middlebrook 7H10 medium was used to define the MICs of ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, moxifloxacin and levofloxacin for 90 consecutive clinical strains and 24 drug-resistant strains. The MICs were compared with routine BACTEC 460 susceptibility results and with MIC determinations in the BACTEC MGIT 960 system in a subset of strains using ofloxacin as a class representative. PK/PD data for each drug were reviewed in relation to the wild-type MIC distribution. RESULTS: The wild-type MICs of ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, moxifloxacin and levofloxacin were distributed from 0.125 to 1, 0.25 to 1, 0.032 to 0.5 and 0.125 to 0.5 mg/L, respectively. The MIC data correlated well with the BACTEC 960 MGIT and BACTEC 460 results. PD indices were the most favourable for levofloxacin, followed by moxifloxacin, ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin. CONCLUSIONS: We propose S (susceptible)

  • 1209138.
    Ängeby, William
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Marcus Wallenberg Laboratory MWL.
    Använding av geometrisk akustik för beräkning av efterklangstid i idrottshallar2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When measures for acoustic improvements in sports halls, and other rooms, are to be implemented it is a great advantage to be able to predict how the action is going to affect for example the reverberation time even before it is done in reality. Since it costs money to install acoustic absorbers you want it to be right the first time around. Through the use of geometrical acoustic calculations digital models of the sports halls can be used to predict the results of a certain action. An often used method is to create a model with the existent absorbing materials and compare the calculated reverberation time to the measured reverberation time from the actual hall to check if the model is valid. Apart from calculations of the reverberation time the influence of the measured reverberation time to STI, a measure of speech intelligibility, is analyzed. A sports hall is often used as work places for sports teachers and it is therefore important to achieve a good acoustic environment in the hall.

    One of the aims of this project is to increase the knowledge of what gives a good model for acoustic calculations and how to choose absorption- and scattering coefficients. The goal is to make the calculated reverberation times to match the measured reverberation times. The other aim is to examine if there is a certain reverberation time curve which helps to achieve as good STI as possible.

    This project is part of the final examination in technical acoustics at KTH and has been carried out at Akustikbyrån T4p in Stockholm.

    The reverberation time for five sports halls has been measured. Models and geometrical acoustic calculations has been done for three of the halls. The absorption- and scattering coefficients used have been chosen from an absorption database as well as from analysis using the Eyring reverberation time model. The calculated reverberation times has been compared to the measured reverberation times. The measured STI for each of the five halls has been compared to the measured reverberation time for an analysis of if there is a certain reverberation curve which provides good speech intelligibility.

    The project resulted in recommendations for how detailed a model should be and also a procedure for estimating absorption- and scattering coefficients. Small details in the model usually don’t have a big impact on the calculated reverberation time at the same time as they do have a huge effect on the calculation times. The results also show that the scattering coefficients can have a huge impact on the calculated reverberation times and that they should not be neglected. It was found that both absorption- and scattering coefficients must often be overestimated for the 125 and 250 Hz octave bands for the calculated reverberation time to match the measured reverberation time in those bands. It turns out to be hard to give a specific reverberation time curve which provides for as good STI as possible since there are other parameters affecting the results. A requirement for reverberation times in sports halls used by school students is 1.2 seconds in all octave bands. The results shows that a reverberation time of 1.2 seconds in all octave bands is not necessary for good speech intelligibility.

    The procedure for estimation of absorption- and scattering coefficients hopefully leads to better understanding of how the coefficients can be chosen and how they affect the calculation results. The results could also give better understanding of the limitations when using software based on geometrical acoustics

  • 1209139.
    Ängerfors, Björn
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Westerberg, Siri
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Att attrahera arbetssökande: En studie i hur företag kan använda corporate social performance i employer branding för att stärka sitt arbetsgivarvarumärke2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Corporate social performance - How to become a employer of choice?

    Author: Siri Westerberg & Björn Viktor Ängerfors

    Tutor: Josef Pallas

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis was to study which aspects of an Employer brand that job seekers value the highest, and are therefore the most important to communicate to this group. Key questions to be answered are Which aspects of an employer brand are rated highest by students when it comes to choosing an employer? Is there a difference between men and women in what they value highest and lowest? Is there a difference in how job seekers rate the highest and lowest rated dimensions depending on how long they have studied?

    Method/Material: The material used in this article consists of a survey filled out by 49 respondents who were all students at Uppsala University, Sweden. The survey was based on a model of corporate social performance (CSP), taken from the Kinder, Lydenberg and Domini company profiles index. Main results: The main results demonstrate that the aspect that was rated highest by respondents was that the company has an accepting attitude toward its gay and lesbian employees. There was however no great difference between the four CSP dimensions. The main results further show that the companys’ treatment of its employees is something jobseekers value when considering seeking employment at a company. The survey did not find that there was any notable difference between male and female respondents. The survey found that for three of four CSP dimensions, respondents tended to rate lower the further along in their educations they were.

    Number of pages: 70

    Course: Media and Communication studies C

    University: Division of Media and Communication, Department of Information Science, Uppsala University

    Period: Fall 2012

  • 1209140.
    Ängerfors, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Svensson, Sofia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Milking the consumer’s conscience: Consumers’ perception of ecologically and locally produced milk2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates how consumers perceive ecologically and locally produced milk. Theories on consumer perception are used together with definitions of ecologically and locally produced food. The empirical findings are based on four focus groups discussing their perception towards six milk brands in Uppland as well as the concepts of ecologically and locally produced goods. We see a positive perception of brands with higher responsibility standards and brands wearing external labels guaranteeing the standards of the product. We have come to the conclusion that the participants in this study have an interest in ecologic and local production, something that we presumed because of the trends we have seen. We do however also conclude that the knowledge of these concepts is low due to vague information from the producers in combination with consumer inertia.

  • 1209141.
    Ängerteg, Anders
    Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
    Förändring av betygssystemet: Elevers och lärares syn på några nya förslag2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the referendum of parliament 2006 Sweden got a new government when the alliance with moderaterna, folkpartiet, kristdemokraterna and centerpartiet won. Suggestions that was promised in the election campaign, especially from folkpartiet, that concerns the elementary school later years, was among others to give grades earlier, make use of a grade in order and that invalid absence shall be noticed in the grades.

    The purpose with this paper is to examine what teachers and pupils thinks of these suggestions.

    The method I have used is an opinion poll that’s been carried through in three classes of the sixth degree and three classes of the seventh degree. I also interviewed four teachers who been working varying times in the elementary schools later year.

    The result shows that the number of pupils are equal divided among them who wants grades earlier or those who don’t. Two of three pupils wants to have a grade in order and the invalid absence shall be noticed in the grade. Any kind of difference between the grades and between boys and girls couldn’t be measured.

    The result among the teachers shows that most of them are positive to earlier grades compared to today. The most of them think also that the suggestion to have grades in order is a good idea but they are uncertain if absence shall be noted in the grades no matter how it is invalid or not.

  • 1209142.
    Ängerud, Karin H
    et al.
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Sederholm Lawesson, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Cardiology in Linköping.
    Isaksson, Rose-Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Department of Research, Norrbotten County Council, Sweden.
    Thylén, Ingela
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Cardiology in Linköping.
    Swahn, Eva
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Cardiology in Linköping.
    Differences in symptoms, first medical contact and pre-hospital delay times between patients with ST- and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction2019In: European heart journal. Acute cardiovascular care., ISSN 2048-8726, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 201-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: In ST-elevation myocardial infarction, time to reperfusion is crucial for the prognosis. Symptom presentation in myocardial infarction influences pre-hospital delay times but studies about differences in symptoms between patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction are sparse and inconclusive. The aim was to compare symptoms, first medical contact and pre-hospital delay times in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

    METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicentre, observational study included 694 myocardial infarction patients from five hospitals. The patients filled in a questionnaire about their pre-hospital experiences within 24 h of hospital admittance. Chest pain was the most common symptom in ST-elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (88.7 vs 87.0%, p=0.56). Patients with cold sweat (odds ratio 3.61, 95% confidence interval 2.29-5.70), jaw pain (odds ratio 2.41, 95% confidence interval 1.04-5.58), and nausea (odds ratio 1.70, 95% confidence interval 1.01-2.87) were more likely to present with ST-elevation myocardial infarction, whereas the opposite was true for symptoms that come and go (odds ratio 0.58, 95% confidence interval 0.38-0.90) or anxiety (odds ratio 0.52, 95% confidence interval 0.29-0.92). Use of emergency medical services was higher among patients admitted with ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The pre-hospital delay time from symptom onset to first medical contact was significantly longer in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (2:05 h vs 1:10 h, p=0.001).

    CONCLUSION: Patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction differed from those with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction regarding symptom presentation, ambulance utilisation and pre-hospital delay times. This knowledge is important to be aware of for all healthcare personnel and the general public especially in order to recognise symptoms suggestive of ST-elevation myocardial infarction and when to decide if there is a need for an ambulance.

  • 1209143.
    Ängfors, Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Distribuerad öppenhet: En studie av konceptualiseringen av öppenhet inom open access-rörelsen2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following thesis concerns the conceptualization of openness within the open access movement. Open accesscan be understood as a phenomenon or a movement that aims at changing the current system of scholarly communication.Consequentially, the movements goals arose in relation to the escalating serials crisis in scholarly communicationand the increasing power of commercial publishers. The purpose of the thesis is to study three centralopen access declarations with the aim of uncovering the different conceptualizations of openness found withinthese texts. Leaning on the theoretical position known as actor-network theory, the declarations role within a surroundingnetwork is explored by focusing on how openness as a concept has been produced and reproduced bycentral actors. Two overarching questions frames the study: How is openness conceptualized within the declarations?And how can openness, as a concept, be understood as an effect generated by a larger network?The first part of the study focuses on the first question. In order to provide an answer I have conducted athematically structured text analysis of the declarations. The results of this part show that openness, in relation toopen access, is part of a discourse where research is considered a public good. I claim that this indicates thatopenness is related to the larger questions of information freedom and the enclosure of intellectual commons.The purpose of openness is described within the declarations as contributing to mechanisms of decentralized controlover information, which in itself generates a greater efficiency and lower costs in regards to scholarly communication.The second part of the study is concerned with the larger, overarching network and in what way the conceptualizationof openness can be seen as a network generated effect. To answer this question I deploy the theoreticaltools provided by ANT. Focus lies on how the declarations relate to each other and on how central actors havecontributed to the conceptualizations. The results show that openness and open access has shifting meanings thathave been modified in various ways. They also show that actors through a collective negotiation process defineand shape the meaning of openness by circulating ideas on electronic dissemination and distributed processes

  • 1209144.
    Ängfors, Simon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Romantiken möter empirisk naturvetenskap i svensk kulturdebatt: en studie i läran om "det omedvetnas" utveckling hos Viktor Rydberg och Axel Herrlin2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen redogör för Viktor Rydbergs och Axel Herrlins versioner av läran om ”det omedvetna/undermedvetna”. Den diskuterar dessa genom en skildring av de filosofiska och psykologiska dimensionerna hos begreppet hos de båda. Vidare diskuteras begreppet i relation till själslig hälsa, en redogörelse görs för de eventuella positiva och negativa effekter kontakten med ”de omedvetna/undermedvetna” kan ge upphov till, samt en skildring av vad Rydberg betonar i begreppen i relation till Herrlin och vad Herrlin betonar i relation till Rydberg.

                          För Rydberg är ”det omedvetna” den först existerande delen av psyket, vilken innehåller de mest subtila delarna av detsamma. Vidare är ”det omedvetna” holistiskt på ett sätt som gränsar till det numinösa och i högsta grad dynamiskt. Det förutsätter även en klart idealistiskt färgad metafysik, vilket ger upphov till en människosyn som betraktar människan som inte bara bilologisk och materiell, utan även som ande. Rydbergs ”det omedvetna” är något i grunden positivt mer än negativt för psyket. Det äger mer psykisk energi än medvetandet, har i någon mening en egen vilja och intention, samt utgör basen för de psykiska krafterna i allmänhet. I speciell bemärkelse kommer psykiska och moraliska krafter som samvetet, moralen, instinkterna, fantasin och inbillningskraften, från detta psykiska rum. ”Det omedvetna” anses kunna påverkas och ta skada om kroppen drabbas av sjukdom, döendet eller känslor av vanmakt och andra svåra negativa psykiska tillstånd.

                          I Herrlins version är ”det undermedvetna” något ursprungligt och centralt för psyket. Det är psykets essens, vilken äger större psykisk kraft och energi än medvetandet. Det råder en ständig, för psyket hälsobringande och harmonierande, växelverkan mellan medvetandet och ”det undermedvetna”. Även han är idealist och betraktar en naturvetenskaplig syn på psyket som orealistisk. Människan anses bestå av något mer substantiellt än det materiella, likaså psyket och ”det undermedvetna”. Detta rum innehåller i mycket högre grad positiva än negativa dimensioner. Det utgör grunden för allt psykisk kreativitet och skapande, där han oftast exemplifierar med vetenskapligt, litterärt, filosofiskt skapande, samt psykiska kreativa processer i allmänhet. Viktiga psykiska funktioner, som exempelvis minnet, anses kunna stärkas dramatiskt i kontakten med ”det undermedvetna”, Herrlin nämner även bland annat undermedvetna rörelser och undermedveten kombinationsförmåga. ”Det undermedvetna” är patologiskt, vilket innebär att det ofta, men inte alltid, kommer till uttryck genom psykiska sjukdoms- eller abnormitetstillstånd, vilka ofta, men inte nödvändigtvis alltid, kan ha en psykiskt läkande funktion genom den hälsobringande kontakten med psykets centrala del, vilket dessa tillstånd anses ge upphov till. Speciellt i fall av hysteri, epilepsi och personlighetsklyvning, anses detta vara fallet.

                          Vid en jämförelse kan sägas att de båda ger begreppet en utpräglat idealistisk, holistisk och  syntetisk karaktär. De anser båda att ”det omedvetna/undermedvetna” är den äldsta delen av psyket, vilket medvetandet senare utvecklats ur. Båda associerar detta rum med kreativitet och psykiskt skapande krafter i allmänhet. Fantasin, inbillningskraften och drömmarna anser de även vara centrala i detta psykiska rum. De var båda mycket inspirerade av spiritism och parapsykologiska fenomen som uttryck för ”det omedvetna/undermedvetna”. Herrlins version av ”det undermedvetna” var dock mer patologisk (”det undermedvetna” kommer på ett speciellt sätt till uttryck i psykiska sjukdoms- och abnormitetstillstånd, medan Rydberg i högre utsträckning betonar att ”det omedvetna” är den mest substantiella och centrala delen av psyket, där substansen till känslor,instinkter och andra psykiska funktioner existerar. Slutligen är Rydbergs version av begreppet, mer färgad av humanvetenskaplig metod och människosyn, i det att han starkt poängterar humanistiska (kultur)verksamheters psykologiska betydelse, som vetenskaplig, litterär, filosofisk och konstnärlig verksamhet.

  • 1209145.
    Änggård, Adele
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies. adeleanggard@gmail.com.
    Figurines as multiple art: Studying the shape and forms of Neolithic Statuettes2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this paper is on Neolithic figurines and the type of plurality found in four statuettes.

    We follow why three dimensional figurines are a part of many museum collections and yet documentation is often comparatively scarce compared to other fields of archaeology. How this is connected to figurine’s uncertain imagery and why their visual ambiguity raises questions about what is deemed ‘cultural and well formulated art’.

    Scandinavian figurine character and plural imagery is compared with multirepresentational statuettes from other parts of the European continent.

    The result of exploring Neolithic figurine’s art is with an aim to broaden insights into what the statuettes depict. This includes studying why ceramic moulded art is easier to understand, when each sculpture is allowed several interpretations.

    Seeing them as pluralistic is a move that invites modernity to examine unexplored areas of what their combinations represented for the cultures that produced them.

    The paper examines an artistic approach to figurines and asks if art can enable archaeologists to see three dimensional images as a definable form of expression that belongs to the Neolithic period’s accomplishments?

  • 1209146.
    Änggård, Eva
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Natural Science - Medicine - Esthetics - Communication .
    A modern childhood spent outdoors in natural environments2007In: European Sociological Association,2007, 2007, p. 66-67Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

           

  • 1209147.
    Änggård, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Att skapa platser i naturmiljöer: Om hur vardagliga praktiker i en I Ur och Skur-förskola bidrar till att ge platser identitet2012In: Nordisk Barnehageforskning, ISSN 1890-9167, E-ISSN 1890-9167, Vol. 5, no 10, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to use data from an ethnographic study to analyse how places are given identities in an outdoor preschool. The preschool had 32 children between 1½ and 6 years divided in two groups. Each group had chosen their ‘own’ place that they generally visited three days a week. On the way to the places the same paths were used every day. Within the places different parts were used for normal preschool activities like eating, sleeping or playing. When the staff dramatized and the children played fantasy play the places were loaded with symbolic meanings. All these practices contributed to the process where the places were given identity.

  • 1209148.
    Änggård, Eva
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Barbie princesses and dinosaur dragons: Narration as a way of doing gender2005In: Gender and Education, ISSN 0954-0253, E-ISSN 1360-0516, Vol. 17, no 5, p. 539-553Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, young children's narration in words and pictures is discussed from a gender perspective. The article is based on a project in which eight pre-school children made their own books. In their stories, the children reused narratives picked up from different media, both traditional fairytales and popular cultural products. The reuse of those narratives gives children opportunities to explore gender positions in a playful way. The narratives produced by the children had, in certain respects, a gender-stereotyped content. The girls and the boys selected gender-specific themes for their stories. But in their stories, the children also made reinterpretations of traditional stories and gender patterns. The girls let the female characters play the active roles and the boys let their heroes become friends with the enemies. In this way, the children used the stories creatively, reshaping them to fit their own purposes.

  • 1209149.
    Änggård, Eva
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Barn skapar bilder i förskolan2006Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1209150.
    Änggård, Eva
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bildskapande: en del av förskolebarns kamratkulturer2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of the study is to investigate how children act and make meaning in art activities in the Swedish preschool. The study is a contribution to the new social studies of childhood. Children are seen as active participants in the construction and reconstruction of society. Pictures are understood as both culturally and socially produced. They are made in social contexts and earlier pictures are used as raw material.

    The investigation has an ethnographical approach and two preschools were visited for five weeks each. In all 36 children aged four to six years participated. Data were gathered through participant observations and comprise 37 hours of videotaped art activities, videotaped informal interviews, field notes and documented pictures. Both teacher-guided and unsolicited activities were observed, but in both cases the children's meaning making was in focus.

    The analyses show that the children use a wide range of pictorial genres. The pictures are produced in dialogue with other pictures: primarily pictures produced by other children, but also the staff's pedagogical illustrations and media pictures. The art activities have different purposes such as exploration of materials, making narrative accounts or producing pictures needed in fantasy play. The production of pictures is connected in several ways to the children's play projects. Girls and boys produce largely different pictures - making pictures could be seen as a way of doing gender.

    Aesthetic purposes seem to be important to the children. They prefer perfectly shaped forms and use a variety of strategies to accomplish such pictures. The admiration of perfect forms could be understood in relation to children's positions in the society. The social category 'child' is constructed in relation to adults and understood as a deficiency in size, age and abilities. There is a strong positive value connected to growing older and being 'big'. The use of methods that allow one to produce pictures similar to those that older children or adults can produce is one way of appearing as 'big' and competent.

    One paradox is that the methods used to make pictures attractive in the children's eyes make them less valuable in adults' eyes. Copying or using templates goes against central values that traditionally have dominated art pedagogy, where authenticity is valued and thought of as originating from the individual artist (or child). This contradiction is connected to another contradiction concerning individualism and collectivism. While adults often think of art activities as individual, the children mostly engage in art activities collectively. They sit together with other children when making pictures, they interact with each other during the activities and they produce similar pictures. The children's picture production is part of their peer cultures, and they share and practice what could be understood as their own pictorial cultures.

24180241812418224183241842418524186 1209101 - 1209150 of 1237993
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf