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  • 1200551.
    Øian, Hogne
    et al.
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstad university.
    Sæþórsdóttir,, Anna Dóra
    University of Iceland.
    Tyrväinen, Liisa
    Natural Resource Institute Finland.
    Søndergaard Jensen, Frank
    University of Copenhagen.
    Tourism, nature and sustainability: A review of policy instruments in the Nordic countries2018Report (Other academic)
  • 1200552. Øian, Hogne
    et al.
    Fredman, Peter
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Sæþórsdóttir, Anna Dóra
    Tyrväinen, Liisa
    Søndergaard Jensen, Frank
    Tourism, nature and sustainability: A review of policy instruments in the Nordic countries2018Report (Other academic)
  • 1200553.
    Øiestad, Johanne
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Nordqvist, Daniel
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Hur skapas ett varumärke som alla och ingen äger?: En studie av hur uppkomsten av ett platsvarumärke går till2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte – Vårt syfte är att skapa en förståelse för hur professionella konsultföretags varumärkesprocesser går till, när de jobbar för att skapa en attraktiv image för potentiella besökare på platser och destinationer. Vi har vidare undersökt vad konsulterna anser vara viktigt i platsvarumärkesprocessen.

    Metod – Studien har haft en kvalitativ metod, med en induktiv förklarings- och förståelseansats. Vi har genomfört öppet riktade intervjuer med sex platsvarumärkeskonsulter där respondenterna fick svara fritt utifrån en bred fråga.

    Teori – Teorikapitlet grundar sig på en modell framtagen av Moilainen och Rainisto som beskriver platsvarumärkesprocessen i fem steg. Modellen beskriver hur en arbetsgång kan se ut när en plats eller destination vill förändra sitt varumärke. Vi använder oss också av en mängd andra referenser i teorikapitlet.

    Resultat – Resultaten av studien pekar på att arbetsgången konsulterna sinsemellan och gentemot teorin liknar varandra. Respondenterna identifierar intressenterna, gör en omfattande analys och utifrån detta så skapas en varumärkesidentitet, precis som teorin pekar på. De betonar att ingen äger platsvarumärket och att det gör platsen speciell ur en varumärkesaspekt. Utifrån studien ser vi att det finns åtminstone tre gemensamma nämnare som respondenterna tar hänsyn till: Platsvarumärkets komplexitet, identifiera destinationens intressenter och slutligen att skapa engagemang.

  • 1200554.
    Økland Lier, Haldis
    et al.
    Haugesund Hospital, Section of Mental Health Research, Helse Fonna HF, Haugesund, Norway.
    Åström, Sture
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Rørtveit, Kristine
    Stavanger University Hospital, Psychiatric Nursing, Stavanger District Psychiatric Centre, Stavanger, Norway.
    Patients’ daily life experiences five years after gastric bypass surgery – a qualitative study2016In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 25, no 3-4, p. 322-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and objective The objective was to explore and describe patients’ daily life experiences five years after gastric bypass surgery. Background Bariatric surgery markedly decreases body weight. Previous studies describe positive consequences, as well as physical, social and emotional challenges during the first few years after surgery. An understanding of how patients adjust to and cope with postsurgical changes in the long term is crucial to help them obtain a successful outcome after bariatric surgery. Method A qualitative method was employed. In-depth interviews with 10 men and women were conducted five years after bariatric surgery in a Norwegian hospital. Results One overarching theme – a multitude of daily life changes following bariatric surgery – was developed based on three main themes: relational aspects related to weight loss, the new body and changes in self-esteem. Six sub-themes are described. Conclusion Those who undergo gastric bypass surgery experience enormous changes in their daily lives. Their social lives, their relationship to their body and their self-esteem may be altered by the weight loss. Relevance to clinical practice The results of this study suggest directions for patient education, health staff education and peer education. A patient education programme focusing on changes in daily life experiences when undergoing gastric bypass surgery is suggested due to the changes experienced by the patients involved in this study.

  • 1200555.
    Økland Sortland, Merete
    et al.
    Norge.
    Tikkanen, Tarja
    Norge.
    Presthus Heggen, Marianne
    Norge.
    Holter, Kari
    Norge.
    Langholm, Guri
    Norge.
    Broström, Stig
    Danmark.
    Bollingberg, Karen
    Danmark.
    Damgaard, Birgitte
    Danmark.
    Frøkjær, Thorleif
    Danmark.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Ladstein, Sigve
    Norge.
    Grutle Nappen, Kari
    Norge.
    Norddahl, Kristin
    Island.
    Harju-Luukkainen, Heidi
    Finland.
    Staffans, Eva
    Finland.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Kvalitet i barnehagelærerutdanning i naturvitenskap: en fellesnordisk studiemodul2017In: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 97-111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a new joint Nordic study module consisting of a theoretical framework, the kindergarten teacher students’ case study and a reflection talk, in natural science for the kinder-garten teacher education. The module is developed through an interdisciplinary collaboration in the Nordplus network: Learning of science concepts by kindergarten children: Nordic study module for the kindergarten teacher education (NATGREP), with science and quality in the kindergarten teacher education in focus. The introduction describes the Nordic kindergartens shortly, and concepts as quality and competence are shortly discussed. It is followed by the module’s theoretical framework. Then the study module’s development process is described accompanied by reflections of the student’s case studies in relation to the theoretical framework. At the end, the work with the study module is summarised, and the main conclusion is that the study module contributes positively to the students’ skills development, both in science and quality.

  • 1200556.
    Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet (NTNU).
    Falkner, Carin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, School age educare.
    Ludvigsson, Ann
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, School age educare.
    Knutas, Agneta
    Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet (NTNU).
    Kjær, Bjørg
    Danmarks Pedagogiska Universitet (DPU).
    The leisure of childhood in after School programs: a Nordic model?2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With Rousseau the romantic idea of the leisure of childhood was established. This notion is associated with childhood as an isolated space for children`s play. Ideologically, after school programs build on this freedom, at the same time we see an increasing institutionalization of childhood with political decisions pointing towards instrumentalisation. Thus, children often meet prearranged programs structured by pedagogues with educational aims for institutional activity. As such, children`s leisure time might be as confining as school and work (cf. Kleiber 1999). There seems to be an expectation that the content of after school programs should be useful for development of formal knowledge in school. We suggest that a ”hurry sickness” (cf. Elkind 1984) steer pedagogues in a certain direction focusing on an academical and theoretical knowledge grounded in developmental psychology. This might reduce children`s opportunities to get varied experiences in their play and leisure. The aim of our study is to explore the possibilities everyday life in after school programs and children’s opportunity to creatively express themselves in other ways than in school and maybe transgress institutional educational aims and intentions. what kind of experience do they get? Theoretically, we are inspired by philosophers as Gadamer, Bakhtin and Arendt in an attempt to move beyond the emphasis on humans as cognitive and intellectual beings. We are also inspired by new institutional theory as a tool for reflection. This will give as an opportunity to highlight the culture in after school programs (Brunsson & Olsen, 1990; Johansson, 2002). To answer our research questions we will conduct three case studies (cf. Yin 2003), one in each country. Data is gathered through shadowing, observations, interviews, and documents. The study is expected to generate knowledge about on the way pedagogues in after school programs relate to cultural and institutional grounds, and to what degree they open for children’s transgressing activity. We hope this study will give us deepened understanding of what kind of experience after school programs in the three countries offer children and in what way pedagogues relate to what might be a transcending institution, how do they relate to cultural and institutional contexts.

  • 1200557.
    Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet (NTNU).
    Knutas, Agneta
    Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet (NTNU).
    Ludvigsson, Ann
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Carin, Falkner
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Kjær, Bjørg
    Danmarks Pedagogiske Institut (DPU), Aarhus universitet.
    Lekens rolle i skandinaviske skolefritidsordninger og fritidshjem2014In: Barn, ISSN 0800-1669, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 107-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a general comment on article 31 UN warns against an increasing pressure for learning. A consequence of this is that children`s free spontaneous play is marginalized and that children’s spontaneous play is under pressure. With this as our backdrop we will do a close reading of how play is presented in the official documents regarding children`s institutionalized leisure in after-school programs in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Our reading show that there is room for interpretation and that the official documents are open to an understanding of play as something instrumental. This is in line with what we interpret as a dominating perspective on play. Our reading also shows that the documents are open up to a change of perspective where play is regarded for its own value. 

  • 1200558.
    Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (NTNU).
    Knutas, Agneta
    N UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (NTNU).
    Ludvigsson, Ann
    Jönköping University.
    Carin, Falkner
    Jönköping University.
    Kjær, Bjørg
    Aarhus.
    Lekens rolle i skandinaviske skolefritidsordninger og fritidshjem2014In: Barn, ISSN 0800-1669, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 107-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a general comment on article 31 UN warns against an increasing pressure for learning. A consequence of this is that children`s free spontaneous play is marginalized and that children’s spontaneous play is under pressure. With this as our backdrop we will do a close reading of how play is presented in the official documents regarding children`s institutionalized leisure in after-school programs in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Our reading show that there is room for interpretation and that the official documents are open to an understanding of play as something instrumental. This is in line with what we interpret as a dominating perspective on play. Our reading also shows that the documents are open up to a change of perspective where play is regarded for its own value. 

  • 1200559. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Barns nej - ett steg mot ett hållbart samhälle2018In: Motstånd, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 55-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1200560. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, MarcusUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Motstand2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1200561. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, MarcusLinköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Motstand2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 1200562.
    Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Program for lærerutdanning, NTNU, Trondheim.
    Samuelsson, MarcusLinköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Motstand2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [no]

    Barns motstand har i lengre tid vært et sentralt pedagogisk forskningsområde internasjonalt. I de siste årene har barns motstand vært gjenstand for økt forskningsmessig oppmerksomhet i de skandinaviske landene. I Motstand presenterer nordiske barnehageforskere ny kunnskap om barns motstand. Artiklene i denne fagfellevurderte vitenskapelige antologien er et bidrag til innsikt i barns motstand. Forskningen springer ut av forskjellige forskningstradisjoner innenfor samfunnsvitenskap og humaniora. Forskerne drøfter blant annet tema som:

    • Motstand og demokrati
    • Motstand og et bærekraftig samfunn
    • Hverdagsmotstand
    • Barns motstand som ressurs
    • Lek som motstand
    • Makt, motstand og frihet

    Artiklene i boken er relevante som aktuell forskning for profesjonelt arbeid med barn. De bidrar med ny kunnskap som gir utdypet mulighet for å forstå barns motstand innenfor institusjonelle rammer. 

  • 1200563. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, MarcusUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Motstånd2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1200564. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Möte med motstånd är en existentiell fråga": Intervju med Gert Biesta2018In: Motstånd / [ed] Øksnes, M., & Samuelsson, M., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 143-160Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1200565.
    Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Program for lærerutdanning, NTNU, Trondheim.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    «Nei, jeg gjør det på min måte!»: Motstand i barnehagen2017In: Motstand / [ed] Maria Øksnes & Marcus Samuelsson, Oslo: Capellen Damm Forlag , 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1200566. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Nei, jeg gjør det på min måte!": Motstand i barnhagen2017In: Motstand / [ed] M Øksnes & M Samuelsson, Oslo: Cappelen Akademisk Forlag, 2017, p. 11-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1200567. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Nej, jag gör det på mitt sätt!" Motstånd i förskolan2018In: Motstånd / [ed] Øksnes, M., & Samuelsson, M., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 11-37Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1200568. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "The encounter with resistance is an existential matter": Interview with Gert Biesta2017In: Motstand / [ed] M. Øksnes, & M. Samuelsson, Oslo: Cappelen Akademisk Forlag, 2017, p. 164-182Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1200569.
    Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    «The encounter with resistance is an existential matter.»: Interview with Gert Biesta2017In: Barndom i barnehagen: Motstand, Oslo: Cappellen Damm Forlag , 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1200570. Øksnes, Marianne
    et al.
    Bensing, Sophie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Hulting, Anna-Lena
    Kämpe, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Hackemann, Annika
    Meyer, Gesine
    Badenhoop, Klaus
    Betterle, Corrado
    Parolo, Anna
    Giordano, Roberta
    Falorni, Alberto
    Papierska, Lucyna
    Jeske, Wojciech
    Kasperlik-Zaluska, Anna A.
    Chatterjee, V. Krishna K.
    Husebye, Eystein S.
    Lövås, Kristian
    Quality of Life in European Patients with Addison's Disease: Validity of the Disease-Specific Questionnaire AddiQoL2012In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, ISSN 0021-972X, E-ISSN 1945-7197, Vol. 97, no 2, p. 568-576Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context: Patients with Addison's disease (AD) self-report impairment in specific dimensions on well-being questionnaires. An AD-specific quality-of-life questionnaire (AddiQoL) was developed to aid evaluation of patients.

    Objective: We aimed to translate and determine construct validity, reliability, and concurrent validity of the AddiQoL questionnaire.

    Methods: After translation, the final versions were tested in AD patients from Norway (n = 107), Sweden (n = 101), Italy (n = 165), Germany (n = 200), and Poland (n = 50). Construct validity was examined by exploratory factor analysis and Rasch analysis, aiming at unidimensionality and fit to the Rasch model. Reliability was determined by Cronbach's coefficient-alpha and Person separation index. Longitudinal reliability was tested by differential item functioning in stable patient subgroups. Concurrent validity was examined in Norwegian (n = 101) and Swedish (n = 107) patients.

    Results: Exploratory factor analysis and Rasch analysis identified six items with poor psychometric properties. The 30 remaining items fitted the Rasch model and proved unidimensional, supported by appropriate item and person fit residuals and a nonsignificant chi(2) probability. Crohnbach's alpha-coefficient 0.93 and Person separation index 0.86 indicate high reliability. Longitudinal reliability was excellent. Correlation with Short Form-36 and Psychological General Well-Being Index scores was high. A shorter subscale comprising eight items also proved valid and reliable. Testing of AddiQoL-30 in this large patient cohort showed significantly worse scores with increasing age and inwomencompared with men but no difference between patients with isolated AD and those with concomitant diseases.

    Conclusion: The validation process resulted in a revised 30-item AddiQoL questionnaire and an eight-item AddiQoL short version with good psychometric properties and high reliability.

  • 1200571. Ørbeck, M.
    et al.
    Karlsson, Svante
    Nye teorier på gamle næringer - omstilling i skogbruk og skogindustri i Indre Skandinavia2007In: Omställning och utveckling i Inre Skandinavien - en gränsregion under omvandling / [ed] Forsberg, G. & Ørbeck, M, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press , 2007Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1200572.
    Ørbeck,, Morten
    et al.
    Östlandsforskning, Hamar, Norge.
    Olsson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Hauge, Atle
    Östlandsforskning, Hamar, Norge.
    Ericsson, Birgitta
    Östlandsforskning, Lillehammer, Norge.
    Att göra regionala skillnader till en styrka: en introduktion2012In: På gränsen – interaktion, attraktivitet och globalisering i Inre Skandinavien / [ed] Eva Olsson, Atle Hauge och Birgitta Ericsson, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012, 1, p. 17-26Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1200573.
    Øresland, Vidar
    Stockholm University.
    Life cycle and feeding of the chaetognaths Sagitta setosa and S. elegans in European shelf waters1987Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 1200574.
    Ørnevik, Grethe
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Smitteverntiltak ved Clostridium difficileinfeksjon.: En kvantitativ tverrsnittsstudie blant helsepersonell i et norsk sykehus2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Clostridium difficile(CD) causes 20 %–30 % of all nosocomial infectious diarrhea, resulting in significant morbidity and increasing healthcare costs. Good antibiotic stewardship reduc-es the incidence of CD, andcompliance with infection control measures limits its spread. In recent years, ribotype 027, a new strain of CD, caused several disease outbreaks. Ribotype 027 spreads more easily and increases disease severity and relapse. Thus far, ribotype 027 has caused few prob-lems in Norway.

    Objective: This thesis aimed to determine whether hospital-based healthcare professionals comply with recommended infection control measures for CD prevention and identify how they learn about such measures.

    Method: A retrospective cross-sectional survey and questionnaire was performed among healthcare professionals at Sørlandet Hospital, Norway,during the spring and fall of 2011.

    Results: Survey participants included 168 health professionals (59 physicians and 109 nurses). The response rate was 94 %. Medical doctors (94 %) and surgeons (38 %) said that their clinics impose antibiotic restrictions (x ² = 10.756, p< 0.001). After contact with a CD patient, physicians and nurs-es (73 % and 64 %, respectively) said they disinfect and wash their hands (x ²= 6.451, p< 0.011). Notably, only 8% of physicians and 36 % of nurses always give patients information about the im-portance of hand hygiene (p< 0.001). Even 25 % of physicians and 6 % of nurses reported using ethanol (does not eliminated CD spores) to disinfect stethoscopes before leaving a CD isolation room (x ² = 22.273, p< 0.001). Medical and surgical nurses (48 % and 43 %, respectively) incorrectly used Virkon as a disinfectant in the CD patient’s room. Physicians and nurses (63 % and 72 %, respective-ly) mainly obtain knowledge about infection control measures from colleagues, compared to physi-cians and nurses (14 % and 46 % , respectively) who gain such knowledge from the hospital’s infec-tion control program (p< 0.001).

    Conclusion: Healthcare professionals have some knowledge about infection control measures, but lack knowledge specific to limiting the spread of CD. Increased compliance with infection control measures is crucial to meeting the challenge of new and more potent strainsof CD. Guidelines alone are likely insufficient to keep healthcare professionals up to date. The lack of specific knowledge about infection control measures for CD may expose hospitalized patients to CD infection

  • 1200575. Ørstavik, Hanne
    Kjærlighet2017Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [de]

    Eine große norwegische Autorin erzählt von den Spielarten der Zuneigung und wie man einander lieben und trotzdem aneinander vorbeileben kann.

    Jon, ein kleiner Junge von großem Ernst und feinem Taktgefühl, der für sein Alter sehr erwachsen wirkt, ist mit seiner Mutter Vibeke  in eine nordnorwegische Kleinstadt gezogen. Vibeke ist Kulturreferentin, um die 30, Jons neunter Geburtstag steht am nächsten Tag be- vor. Als Leser folgen wir den beiden durch den Abend und die Nacht. Die tiefe Verbindung zwischen Mutter und Sohn wird deutlich, wenn sie abwechselnd von ihren Wünschen und Erwartungen erzählen, von denen der jeweils andere jedoch nichts weiß, da sie nicht miteinander sprechen. Schweigen und Missverstehen lösen die Ereignisse dieser Nacht aus.

    Eine feingesponnene Geschichte, deren Stimmung an David Lynchs Mulholland Drive erinnert und die mit unterschwelliger Spannung den Leser packt und so schnell nicht wieder loslässt.

  • 1200576.
    Ørstavik, Kristin
    et al.
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo.
    Namer, Barbara
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg.
    Schmidt, Roland
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Schmelz, Martin
    Department of Anesthesiology Mannheim, University Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany,.
    Hilliges, Marita
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS).
    Weidner, Christian
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg.
    Carr, Richard W.
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg.
    Handwerker, Hermann
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg.
    Jørum, Ellen
    Laboratory of Clinical Neurophysiology, Department of Neurology, Rikshospitalet-Radiumhospitalet Medical Center, Oslo, Norway.
    Torebjörk, H. Erik
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Abnormal Function of C-Fibers in Patients with Diabetic Neuropathy2006In: Journal of Neuroscience, ISSN 0270-6474, E-ISSN 1529-2401, Vol. 26, no 44, p. 11287-11294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mechanisms underlying the development of painful and nonpainful neuropathy associated with diabetes mellitus are unclear. We have obtained microneurographic recordings from unmyelinated fibers in eight patients with diabetes mellitus, five with painful neuropathy, and three with neuropathy without pain. All eight patients had large-fiber neuropathy, and seven patients had pathological thermal thresholds in their feet, indicating the involvement of small-caliber nerve fibers. A total of 163 C-fibers were recorded at knee level from the common peroneal nerve in the patients (36–67 years old), and these were compared with 77 C-fibers from healthy controls (41–64 years old). The ratio of mechano-responsive to mechano-insensitive nociceptors was ~2:1 in the healthy controls, whereas in the patients, it was 1:2. In patients, a fairly large percentage of characterized fibers (12.5% in nonpainful and 18.9% in painful neuropathy) resembled mechano-responsive nociceptors that had lost their mechanical and heat responsiveness. Such fibers were rarely encountered in age-matched controls (3.2%). Afferent fibers with spontaneous activity or mechanical sensitization were found in both patient groups. We conclude that small-fiber neuropathy in diabetes affects receptive properties of nociceptors that leads to an impairment of mechano-responsive nociceptors. Copyright © 2006 Society for Neuroscience

  • 1200577.
    Ørstavik, Kristin
    et al.
    Department of Neurology, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Weidner, Christian
    Department of Physiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany; Universitat Erlangen/Nurnberg, Inst. Physiol./Exp. Pathophysiol., Erlangen, Germany.
    Schmidt, Roland
    Dept. of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Schmelz, Martin
    Department of Physiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany.
    Hilliges, Marita
    Department of Basic Oral Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Jørum, Ellen
    Department of Neurology, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Handwerker, Herman
    Department of Physiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany.
    Torebjörk, Erik
    Dept. of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Pathological C-fibres in patients with a chronic painful condition2003In: Brain, ISSN 0006-8950, E-ISSN 1460-2156, Vol. 126, no 3, p. 567-578Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Little is known about the contribution of C-afferent fibres to chronic painful conditions in humans. We sought to investigate the role of C-fibres in the pathophysiology of pain and hyperalgesia in erythromelalgia as a model disease for chronic pain. Erythromelalgia is a condition characterized by painful, red and hot extremities, and patients often report tenderness on walking. We made microneurographic recordings from single C-fibres in cutaneous fascicles of the peroneal nerve in patients suffering from this disease. All patients had had a pain attack recently and psychophysical signs of allodynia and punctate hyperalgesia were found. We obtained recordings from a total of 103 C-fibres and found significantly lower conduction velocities and increased activity-dependent slowing of the conduction velocity of afferent C-fibres in the patients compared with healthy controls. Furthermore, several units with biophysical properties of mechano-insensitive fibres were pathological, being spontaneously active or sensitized to mechanical stimuli. Since these fibres also mediate the axon reflex flare, their hyperexcitability might account not only for ongoing pain and tenderness but also for redness and warming in this pain syndrome. The changes in conductive properties found in the C-fibres of these patients could be the first signs of a small-fibre neuropathy. This is the first systematic study of single C-fibres in patients and it shows an active contribution of mechano-insensitive fibres to chronic pain.

  • 1200578.
    Ørsten, Mark
    et al.
    University of Roskilde.
    Aalberg, Toril
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
    Strömbäck, Jesper
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Conclusions. Similarities and Differences Between the Nordic Countries2008In: Communicating Politics: Political Communication in the Nordic Countries, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2008, p. 267-272Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1200579.
    Ørtenblad, Niels
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Gejl, Kasper D
    Holmberg, H-C
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Andersson, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Plomgaard, Peter
    Nielsen, Joachim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Subcellular glycogen pools is utilized in a fibre type specific manner during acute and repeated high intensity exercise in elite athletes2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1200580.
    Ørtenblad, Niels
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Holmberg, Hans-Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Schrøder, HD
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Saltin, Bengt
    University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Nielsen, Joachim
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Differences in the mitochondrial content of different fibre types in the leg and arm muscles of elite cross-country skiers2013In: Proceedings for the 18th Annual Congress of the ECSS, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1200581.
    Ørtenblad, Niels
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hvid, L
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Jensen, R
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Andersson, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Willis, Sarah
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Holmberg, Hans-Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Gejl, K
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Repeated sprint exercise affects contractile apparatus and force production of isolated human muscle fibers2014In: Science & Skiing VI / [ed] Erich Muller, Josef Kröll, Stefan Lindinger m.fl., Meyer & Meyer Sport, 2014, p. 446-452Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1200582.
    Ørtenblad, Niels
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Jensen, Kurt
    University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Gross efficiency predicts a 6-min double-poling ergometer performance in recreational cross-country skiers2017In: Sports Engineering, ISSN 1369-7072, E-ISSN 1460-2687, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 329-333Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate which physiological parameters would most accurately predict a 6-min, all-out, double-poling (DP) performance in recreational cross-country skiers. Twelve male recreational cross-country skiers performed tests consisting of three series lasting 10 s, one lasting 60 s, plus a 6-min, all-out, DP performance test to estimate mean and peak power output. On a separate day, gross mechanical efficiency (GE) was estimated from a 10-min, submaximal, DP test and maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max) was estimated from an incremental treadmill running test. Power was measured after each stroke from the acceleration and deceleration of the flywheel that induced the friction on the ergometer. The power was shown to the skier on a small computer placed on the ergometer. A multivariable correlation analysis showed that GE most strongly predicted 6-min DP performance (r = 0.79) and interestingly, neither DP VO2 max, nor treadmill-running VO2 max, correlated with 6-min DP performance. In conclusion, GE correlated most strongly with 6-min DP performance and GE at the ski ergometer was estimated to be 6.4 ± 1.1%. It is suggested that recreational cross-country skiers focus on skiing technique to improve gross mechanical efficiency during intense DP.

  • 1200583.
    Ørtenblad, Niels
    et al.
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Nielsen, Joachim
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Saltin, Bengt
    Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Holmberg, Hans-Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Glycogen resynthesis rate following cross-country skiing is closely correlated to skeletal muscle glycogen content2010In: Glycogen resynthesis rate following cross-country skiing is closely correlated to skeletal muscle glycogen content / [ed] Erich Mueller, Salzburg: Meyer & Meyer Sport, 2010, p. 89-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1200584.
    Ørtenblad, Niels
    et al.
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Nielsen, Joachim
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Saltin, Bengt
    Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Holmberg, Hans-Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Role of glycogen availability in sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) kinetics in human skeletal muscle2011In: Journal of Physiology, ISSN 0022-3751, E-ISSN 1469-7793, Vol. 589, no 3, p. 711-725Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Little is known about the precise mechanism that relates skeletal muscle glycogen to muscle fatigue. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of glycogen on sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) function in the arm and leg muscles of elite cross-country skiers (n = 10, (V) over dot(O2 max) 72 +/- 2 ml kg(-1) min(-1)) before, immediately after, and 4 h and 22 h after a fatiguing 1 h ski race. During the first 4 h recovery, skiers received either water or carbohydrate (CHO) and thereafter all received CHO-enriched food. Immediately after the race, arm glycogen was reduced to 31 +/- 4% and SR Ca2+ release rate decreased to 85 +/- 2% of initial levels. Glycogen noticeably recovered after 4 h recovery with CHO (59 +/- 5% initial) and the SR Ca2+ release rate returned to pre-exercise levels. However, in the absence of CHO during the first 4 h recovery, glycogen and the SR Ca2+ release rate remained unchanged (29 +/- 2% and 77 +/- 8%, respectively), with both parameters becoming normal after the remaining 18 h recovery with CHO. Leg muscle glycogen decreased to a lesser extent (71 +/- 10% initial), with no effects on the SR Ca2+ release rate. Interestingly, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis revealed that the specific pool of intramyofibrillar glycogen, representing 10-15% of total glycogen, was highly significantly correlated with the SR Ca2+ release rate. These observations strongly indicate that low glycogen and especially intramyofibrillar glycogen, as suggested by TEM, modulate the SR Ca2+ release rate in highly trained subjects. Thus, low glycogen during exercise may contribute to fatigue by causing a decreased SR Ca2+ release rate.

  • 1200585.
    Ørtenblad, Niels
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Univ Southern Denmark, Inst Sports Sci & Clin Biomech, SDU Muscle Res Cluster SMRC, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark.
    Westerblad, Håkan
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Physiol & Pharmacol, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nielsen, Joachim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Univ Southern Denmark, Inst Sports Sci & Clin Biomech, SDU Muscle Res Cluster SMRC, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark.
    Muscle glycogen stores and fatigue2013In: Journal of Physiology, ISSN 0022-3751, E-ISSN 1469-7793, Vol. 591, no 18, p. 4405-4413Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies performed at the beginning of the last century revealed the importance of carbohydrate as a fuel during exercise, and the importance of muscle glycogen on performance has subsequently been confirmed in numerous studies. However, the link between glycogen depletion and impaired muscle function during fatigue is not well understood and a direct cause-and-effect relationship between glycogen and muscle function remains to be established. The use of electron microscopy has revealed that glycogen is not homogeneously distributed in skeletal muscle fibres, but rather localized in distinct pools. Furthermore, each glycogen granule has its own metabolic machinery with glycolytic enzymes and regulating proteins. One pool of such glycogenolytic complexes is localized within the myofibrils in close contact with key proteins involved in the excitation-contraction coupling and Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). We and others have provided experimental evidence in favour of a direct role of decreased glycogen, localized within the myofibrils, for the reduction in SR Ca2+ release during fatigue. This is consistent with compartmentalized energy turnover and distinctly localized glycogen pools being of key importance for SR Ca2+ release and thereby affecting muscle contractility and fatigability.

  • 1200586.
    Ørtoft, Merethe
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Det sårede selv: Kvalitativt studie om at blive ramt af kræft i æggestokkene2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of the study was to obtain an increased understanding of how women with newly diagnosed ovarian cancer are experiencing their own coping and how meaning and identity constructed in the first period after the diagnosis

    Method: Used a qualitative approach with narrative interviews with six women who have been diagnosed with ovarian cancer within six months. Data analysis used a narrative analysis method "The Holistic Content Perspective" to get an overall picture of the informants' themselves, as it was presented in their stories

    Result: The study shows three different development paths that must be considered in conjunction with women's age, life period, and the spread of disease. A development path used by younger women who experience the disease as threatening to the identity that they defend themselves by denying the seriousness of the disease and in no way identify with this. They choose to live life the same as before they became ill and the experience of meaningful attempts maintained through denial of the seriousness of the disease. Another path of development emerged in the elderly women who understand the disease as a part of life and quickly begin a providing of meaningful and maintenance of identity, how they relate to disease and its potential consequences such as loss of life. These women learn to live with the disease as part of their identity. A third path of development was found in women where the disease was in an advanced stage and the physical and social suffering becomes dominant. These women struggle to retain or find meaning, instead characterized by meaninglessness, while identity is difficult to maintain, with self image and self-understanding recover from, because they can no longer know themselves

    Conclusion: The construction of meaning and identity as a part of it to cope with newly discovered cancer of the ovary are important for women, but the processes around how women cope, is different depending on age, life duration and spread of the disease. Health promotion interventions to improve coping processes among these women must keep pace with these different development paths to ensure maximum health.

  • 1200587. Ørum, Tania
    Jesper Olsson, Alfabetets användning. Konkret poesi och poetisk artefaktion i svenskt 1960-tal: OEI Editör. Stockholm 20052005In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 126, p. 349-357Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 1200588.
    Ørum, Tania
    et al.
    Köpenhamns universitet.
    Olsson, JesperLinköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A cultural history of the Avant-Garde in the nordic countries 1950–19752016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1200589. Østberg, Kai
    Fra kongens til nasjonens kultur: Fransk kulturpolitikk fra Ludvig XIV til den franske revolusjon2010In: Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift, ISSN 1403-3216, E-ISSN 2000-8325, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 140-161Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For André Malraux the purpose of cultural policy was to promote human sociability and French national identity by giving as many Frenchmen as possible access to the great works of art, and especially the French ones. He wanted to keep the influence of market forces at a distance. The purpose of this article is to give an historical perspective of the French tradition of strong ties between political power and the arts. Under Louis XIV the arts were subjugated to the purpose of securing obedience by celebrating the glory of the monarchy, particularly using Versailles as a cultural and social as well as a political instrument of power. Creating the royal academies was part of this strategy. This was, however, not solely a subjugation, but also a liberation from the medieval, economic framework of the guilds, creating a separate aesthetic sphere. In the 18th century this sphere would form the basis for autonomus aesthetic judgements, which would then be turned into moral and political judgements. The 18th century saw at first a resurgence of aristocratic power, symbolized aesthetically in the Fête galante immortalized by Watteau. Towards the end of the century a moralizing patriotic movement gained ascendancy, often adopting a critical stance against both monarchy and aristocracy. The ascendancy of stern patriotism, politically and aesthetically, reached its apogee in the radical phase of the French Revolution, symbolized in the twin roles of Jacques-Louis David as politician and leading artist. Under the Revolution we see the processes of both liberation and of a subjugation of art to politics more thorough than ever before. A lasting result of the French Revolution was to appropriate cultural objects as a national cultural heritage and turn them into subjects of pedagogy, especially through the establishement of public museums, archives and libraries.

  • 1200590. Østby, Stein
    The Local Impact of European Policy Integration2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Some Issues relevant to the Nordic Countries. Across all Nordic countries there is now an intensive debate on changing responsibilities and the division of labour between the state and the regions. Recent trends toward decentralisation have been accompanied by a further trend towards supranational centralisation. Besides the extensive adoption of European legislation into national law, this trend has been most notable in the field of macroeconomic policies. Although macroeconomic policies have no intended geographical bias, there are certainly unintended effects. An understanding of how the regional economy is affected is therefore necessary in order to make informed choices between different the policy designs and different policy instruments to be targeted at the regional level. In this report Stein Østbye, University of Tromsø, discusses some issues relevant to the Nordic countries concerning the local impact of European policy integration.

  • 1200591.
    Østby, Torbjørn Ims
    et al.
    Univ Oslo, Inst Geosci, POB 1047 Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, Norway..
    Schuler, Thomas Vikhamar
    Univ Oslo, Inst Geosci, POB 1047 Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, Norway..
    Hagen, Jon Ove
    Univ Oslo, Inst Geosci, POB 1047 Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, Norway..
    Hock, Regine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Univ Alaska, Inst Geophys, Fairbanks, AK 99775 USA..
    Kohler, Jack
    Norwegian Polar Res Inst, Fram Ctr, POB 6606 Langnes, N-9296 Tromso, Norway..
    Reijmer, Carleen H.
    Univ Utrecht, Inst Marine & Atmospher Res, Princetonpl 5, NL-3584 CC Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Diagnosing the decline in climatic mass balance of glaciers in Svalbard over 1957-20142017In: The Cryosphere, ISSN 1994-0416, E-ISSN 1994-0424, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 191-215Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Estimating the long-term mass balance of the high-Arctic Svalbard archipelago is difficult due to the incomplete geodetic and direct glaciological measurements, both in space and time. To close these gaps, we use a coupled surface energy balance and snow pack model to analyse the mass changes of all Svalbard glaciers for the period 1957-2014. The model is forced by ERA-40 and ERA-Interim reanalysis data, downscaled to 1 km resolution. The model is validated using snow/firn temperature and density measurements, mass balance from stakes and ice cores, meteorological measurements, snow depths from radar profiles and remotely sensed surface albedo and skin temperatures. Overall model performance is good, but it varies regionally. Over the entire period the model yields a climatic mass balance of 8.2 cm w.e.yr(-1), which corresponds to a mass input of 175 Gt. Climatic mass balance has a linear trend of -1.4 +/- 0.4 cmw.e.yr(-2) with a shift from a positive to a negative regime around 1980. Modelled mass balance exhibits large interannual variability, which is controlled by summer temperatures and further amplified by the albedo feedback. For the recent period 2004-2013 climatic mass balance was 21 cmw.e.yr(-)1, and accounting for frontal ablation estimated by Blaszczyk et al. (2009) yields a total Svalbard mass balance of -39 cmw.e.yr(-1) for this 10-year period. In terms of eustatic sea level, this corresponds to a rise of 0.037 mm yr(-1). Refreezing of water in snow and firn is substantial at 22 cm w.e.yr(-1) or 26% of total annual accumulation. However, as warming leads to reduced firn area over the period, refreezing decreases both absolutely and relative to the total accumulation. Negative mass balance and elevated equilibrium line altitudes (ELAs) resulted in massive reduction of the thick (> 2 m) firn extent and an increase in the superimposed ice, thin (< 2 m) firn and bare ice extents. Atmospheric warming also leads to a marked change in the thermal regime, with cooling of the glacier mid-elevation and warming in the ablation zone and upper firn areas. On the long-term, by removing the thermal barrier, this warming has implications for the vertical transfer of surface meltwater through the glacier and down to the base, influencing basal hydrology, sliding and thereby overall glacier motion.

  • 1200592.
    Østbye, Stein
    et al.
    Tromsø University Business School, University of Tromsø, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway.
    Westerlund, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Industrial structure, regional productivity and convergence: the case of Norway and Sweden2011In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 47-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Are less productive regions catching up with more productive regions? In this paper we investigate the importance of regional industry structure for regional productivity convergence. We use county data for the Scandinavian Peninsula. Norway and Sweden are similar in many respects and the Scandinavian Peninsula therefore represents an attractive natural laboratory with one country inside and another outside the European Union. The data cover five-year intervals from 1980 to 2000 for Norway and from 1985 for Sweden. We find strong productivity convergence between Norwegian counties and weak divergence between Swedish ones. The effect of the industry structure on the spatial distribution of productivity appears to be small in magnitude, but it is qualitatively important. Moreover, the role played by the changing composition of production in the process of economic growth seems to differ over time. By implication, considerable caution should be exercised when undertaking convergence studies based on the commonly used one-sector growth model. More complex models allowing for differences in industry structure, and possibly also other potentially important factors such as wealth effects and transitional dynamics, should be considered.

  • 1200593.
    Østbø, Irene
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Art History.
    LIGHT MY FIRE – MAKING SENSE: On materiality, meaning, light and development of curatorial method2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on post humanistic theory this thesis brings forward issues relating to light as aparameter being materially meaningful and lights possible impact on the art experience. Through a brief investigation of the topics art experience, human contribution to the artexperience, spatial context – light as parameter, the light as such is put in relation to theActor Network Theory and advocated as an important non-human actor in the network of which an experience takes place. Three reviews of James Turrell’s exhibition The LightInside, in Ytterjärna outside Stockholm 2011 are analyzed to look for corresponding orcontradictive points relating to the facilitation of the art experience, materiality of light andimpact of a sensory experience. Together this opens up for new ways of reading light as a helpful tool for curators to use when facilitating the art experience.

  • 1200594.
    Østebø, Terje
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Localising Salafism: Religious Change among Oromo Muslims in Bale, Ethiopia2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The political transition in 1991 and the new regime’s policy towards the ethnic and religious diversity in Ethiopia have contributed to increased activities from various Islamic reform movements. Among these, we find the Salafi movement which expanded rapidly throughout the 1990s, particularly in the Oromo-speaking south-eastern parts of the country such as Hararge, Arsi and Bale.

    This dissertation, based on findings from an extensive fieldwork, sheds light on the emergence and expansion of Salafism in Bale. Following the Salafi movement’s development from the 1960s to 2006, it first deals with its early arrival at the end of the Imperial period (late 1960s). Secondly, the study focuses on Salafism during the Marxist period (1974-1991) before discussing the rapid expansion of the movement in the 1990s. The movement’s dynamics and the controversies emerging as a result of the reforms are discussed, particularly with reference to different understandings of sources for religious knowledge and the role of Islamic literacy.

    The study demonstrates how the religious reforms were connected to wider political, socio-economic and cultural changes, in the sense that improved means of communication paved the way for increased travelling and flows of new ideas into Bale. The study underscores the significance of agents in the process of change, and focuses on the roles of local reformers and Islamic scholars returning from studies in Saudi Arabia in the late 1960s. It also sees the reciprocal process between agents and audience and between stimulus and response as crucial in the process of religious change. This is connected to the issue of localisation and the ways new ideas are coloured by the particularities of the context in which they are introduced. Although Salafism has the character of a trans-national movement, the ways it was remoulded in Bale demonstrates its diversity and points to the importance of locality in construing Salafism.

  • 1200595.
    Østerberg, F. W.
    et al.
    Dept of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, DTU Nanotech, Kongens Lyngby, Danmark.
    Rizzi, G.
    Dept of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, DTU Nanotech, Kongens Lyngby, Danmark.
    Zardán Gómez de la Torre, Teresa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Strömberg, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Strømme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Svedlindh, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Hansen, M. F.
    Dept of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, DTU Nanotech, Kongens Lyngby, Danmark.
    Measurements of Brownian relaxation of magnetic nanobeads using planar Hall effect bridge sensors2012In: Biosensors & bioelectronics, ISSN 0956-5663, E-ISSN 1873-4235, Vol. 40, no S1, p. 147-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We compare measurements of the Brownian relaxation response of magnetic nanobeads in suspension using planar Hall effect sensors of cross geometry and a newly proposed bridge geometry. We find that the bridge sensor yields six times as large signals as the cross sensor, which results in a more accurate determination of the hydrodynamic size of the magnetic nanobeads. Finally, the bridge sensor has successfully been used to measure the change in dynamic magnetic response when rolling circle amplified DNA molecules are bound to the magnetic nanobeads. The change is validated by measurements performed in a commercial AC susceptometer. The presented bridge sensor is, thus, a promising component in future lab-on-a-chip biosensors for detection of clinically relevant analytes, including bacterial genomic DNA and proteins.

  • 1200596. Østerberg, Ole
    et al.
    Savic, Radojka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Karlsson, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Simonsson, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Nørgaard, Jens Peter
    Vande Walle, Johan
    Agersø, Henrik
    Pharmacokinetics of Desmopressin Administrated as an Oral Lyophilisate Dosage Form in Children With Primary Nocturnal Enuresis and Healthy Adults2006In: Journal of clinical pharmacology, ISSN 0091-2700, E-ISSN 1552-4604, Vol. 46, no 10, p. 1204-1211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The population pharmacokinetics of desmopressin in children with nocturnal enuresis and in healthy adults were compared using a 1-compartment model with first-order absorption and first-order elimination. In addition, the model consisted of a number of transit compartments before absorption to describe a lag-time. The model gave an adequate description of adult as well as children data and provided a statistically significant better fit to data than a standard lag-time model. The main difference in the pharmacokinetics between children and adults was the absorption delay. The pharmacokinetic difference was minor and presumably of no clinical relevance.

  • 1200597. Østerbye, Per
    The Church in Israel: a report on the work and position of the Christian Churches in Israel, with special reference to the Protestant Churches and communities / [translated from Danish by Richard Webb]1970Book (Other academic)
  • 1200598.
    Østergaard Andersen, Peter
    et al.
    Københavns Universitet.
    Björklund, Elisabeth
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences, Curriculum studies.
    Bleses, Dorthe
    Syddansk Universitet. .
    Gjervan, Marit
    Nasjonalt senter for flerkulturell opplæring (NAFO).
    Hagtvet, Bente
    Universitetet i Oslo.
    Valvatne, Helene
    Høgskolen i Oslo.
    Vurdering av verktøy som brukes til å kartlegge barns språk i norske barnehager: Rapport från Ekspertutvalg nedsatt av Kunnskapsdepartementet 2010/2011.2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [no]

     

  • 1200599.
    Østergaard, Kija
    et al.
    Roskilde University.
    Karasti, Helena
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Simonsen, Jesper
    Roskilde University.
    Nurses' journey toward genuine participation: Learning and Becoming2016In: Proceedings of The 14th Participatory Design Conference (PDC '16), Aarhus, Denmark, August 15 -19 2016: Aarhus, Denmark, Short Papers, Interactive Exhibitions, Workshops, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2016, Vol. 2, p. 57-60Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to the ongoing debate on participation in Participatory Design (PD) by drawing on the notion of genuine participation [8]. It clarifies nurses' empirical journey as one of becoming and learning [1, 6], where they move from being reluctant participants, attending only because management has instructed them to do so, to taking an interest and finding their voices in the design process. In this way, they are ultimately able to engage in genuine and willing participation. The main discussion points in the paper are the transitions in the nurses' journey toward embracing qualities of genuine participation, the nurse-researcher's reflections on her facilitation of the process, and collective learning as an integral part of the process.

  • 1200600. Østergaard, Lars
    et al.
    Silfverdal, Sven-Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Berglund, Johan
    Flodmark, Carl-Erik
    West, Christina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Bianco, Veronique
    Baine, Yaela
    Miller, Jacqueline M.
    A tetravalent meningococcal serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine is immunogenic and well-tolerated when co-administered with Twinrix(®) in subjects aged 11-17 years: An open, randomised, controlled trial.2012In: Vaccine, ISSN 0264-410X, E-ISSN 1873-2518, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 774-783Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The co-administration of the tetravalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine, MenACWY-TT, with a licensed hepatitis A and B vaccine, HepA/B (Twinrix(®)), was compared to their separate administration in this open, randomised, controlled study. Healthy subjects 11-17 years of age (n=611) were randomised (3:1:1) to receive both vaccines, MenACWY-TT alone or HepA/B alone. The co-administration of both vaccines was shown to be non-inferior to their individual administration. At seven months after the first vaccination, 99.4-100% of the subjects who received both vaccines co-administered showed seroprotection against all meningococcal serogroups and at least 99.1% of them were seropositive for hepatitis A and seroprotected against hepatitis B. This study suggests that MenACWY-TT vaccine could be co-administered with HepA/B without adversely impacting the immunogenicity, safety and reactogenicity of either of the vaccines.

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