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  • 1200101. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Nei, jeg gjør det på min måte!": Motstand i barnhagen2017In: Motstand / [ed] M Øksnes & M Samuelsson, Oslo: Cappelen Akademisk Forlag, 2017, p. 11-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1200102. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Nej, jag gör det på mitt sätt!" Motstånd i förskolan2018In: Motstånd / [ed] Øksnes, M., & Samuelsson, M., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 11-37Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1200103. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "The encounter with resistance is an existential matter": Interview with Gert Biesta2017In: Motstand / [ed] M. Øksnes, & M. Samuelsson, Oslo: Cappelen Akademisk Forlag, 2017, p. 164-182Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1200104.
    Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    «The encounter with resistance is an existential matter.»: Interview with Gert Biesta2017In: Barndom i barnehagen: Motstand, Oslo: Cappellen Damm Forlag , 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1200105. Øksnes, Marianne
    et al.
    Bensing, Sophie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Hulting, Anna-Lena
    Kämpe, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Hackemann, Annika
    Meyer, Gesine
    Badenhoop, Klaus
    Betterle, Corrado
    Parolo, Anna
    Giordano, Roberta
    Falorni, Alberto
    Papierska, Lucyna
    Jeske, Wojciech
    Kasperlik-Zaluska, Anna A.
    Chatterjee, V. Krishna K.
    Husebye, Eystein S.
    Lövås, Kristian
    Quality of Life in European Patients with Addison's Disease: Validity of the Disease-Specific Questionnaire AddiQoL2012In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, ISSN 0021-972X, E-ISSN 1945-7197, Vol. 97, no 2, p. 568-576Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context: Patients with Addison's disease (AD) self-report impairment in specific dimensions on well-being questionnaires. An AD-specific quality-of-life questionnaire (AddiQoL) was developed to aid evaluation of patients.

    Objective: We aimed to translate and determine construct validity, reliability, and concurrent validity of the AddiQoL questionnaire.

    Methods: After translation, the final versions were tested in AD patients from Norway (n = 107), Sweden (n = 101), Italy (n = 165), Germany (n = 200), and Poland (n = 50). Construct validity was examined by exploratory factor analysis and Rasch analysis, aiming at unidimensionality and fit to the Rasch model. Reliability was determined by Cronbach's coefficient-alpha and Person separation index. Longitudinal reliability was tested by differential item functioning in stable patient subgroups. Concurrent validity was examined in Norwegian (n = 101) and Swedish (n = 107) patients.

    Results: Exploratory factor analysis and Rasch analysis identified six items with poor psychometric properties. The 30 remaining items fitted the Rasch model and proved unidimensional, supported by appropriate item and person fit residuals and a nonsignificant chi(2) probability. Crohnbach's alpha-coefficient 0.93 and Person separation index 0.86 indicate high reliability. Longitudinal reliability was excellent. Correlation with Short Form-36 and Psychological General Well-Being Index scores was high. A shorter subscale comprising eight items also proved valid and reliable. Testing of AddiQoL-30 in this large patient cohort showed significantly worse scores with increasing age and inwomencompared with men but no difference between patients with isolated AD and those with concomitant diseases.

    Conclusion: The validation process resulted in a revised 30-item AddiQoL questionnaire and an eight-item AddiQoL short version with good psychometric properties and high reliability.

  • 1200106. Ørbeck, M.
    et al.
    Karlsson, Svante
    Nye teorier på gamle næringer - omstilling i skogbruk og skogindustri i Indre Skandinavia2007In: Omställning och utveckling i Inre Skandinavien - en gränsregion under omvandling / [ed] Forsberg, G. & Ørbeck, M, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press , 2007Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1200107.
    Ørbeck,, Morten
    et al.
    Östlandsforskning, Hamar, Norge.
    Olsson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Hauge, Atle
    Östlandsforskning, Hamar, Norge.
    Ericsson, Birgitta
    Östlandsforskning, Lillehammer, Norge.
    Att göra regionala skillnader till en styrka: en introduktion2012In: På gränsen – interaktion, attraktivitet och globalisering i Inre Skandinavien / [ed] Eva Olsson, Atle Hauge och Birgitta Ericsson, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012, 1, p. 17-26Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1200108.
    Øresland, Vidar
    Stockholm University.
    Life cycle and feeding of the chaetognaths Sagitta setosa and S. elegans in European shelf waters1987Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 1200109.
    Ørnevik, Grethe
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Smitteverntiltak ved Clostridium difficileinfeksjon.: En kvantitativ tverrsnittsstudie blant helsepersonell i et norsk sykehus2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Clostridium difficile(CD) causes 20 %–30 % of all nosocomial infectious diarrhea, resulting in significant morbidity and increasing healthcare costs. Good antibiotic stewardship reduc-es the incidence of CD, andcompliance with infection control measures limits its spread. In recent years, ribotype 027, a new strain of CD, caused several disease outbreaks. Ribotype 027 spreads more easily and increases disease severity and relapse. Thus far, ribotype 027 has caused few prob-lems in Norway.

    Objective: This thesis aimed to determine whether hospital-based healthcare professionals comply with recommended infection control measures for CD prevention and identify how they learn about such measures.

    Method: A retrospective cross-sectional survey and questionnaire was performed among healthcare professionals at Sørlandet Hospital, Norway,during the spring and fall of 2011.

    Results: Survey participants included 168 health professionals (59 physicians and 109 nurses). The response rate was 94 %. Medical doctors (94 %) and surgeons (38 %) said that their clinics impose antibiotic restrictions (x ² = 10.756, p< 0.001). After contact with a CD patient, physicians and nurs-es (73 % and 64 %, respectively) said they disinfect and wash their hands (x ²= 6.451, p< 0.011). Notably, only 8% of physicians and 36 % of nurses always give patients information about the im-portance of hand hygiene (p< 0.001). Even 25 % of physicians and 6 % of nurses reported using ethanol (does not eliminated CD spores) to disinfect stethoscopes before leaving a CD isolation room (x ² = 22.273, p< 0.001). Medical and surgical nurses (48 % and 43 %, respectively) incorrectly used Virkon as a disinfectant in the CD patient’s room. Physicians and nurses (63 % and 72 %, respective-ly) mainly obtain knowledge about infection control measures from colleagues, compared to physi-cians and nurses (14 % and 46 % , respectively) who gain such knowledge from the hospital’s infec-tion control program (p< 0.001).

    Conclusion: Healthcare professionals have some knowledge about infection control measures, but lack knowledge specific to limiting the spread of CD. Increased compliance with infection control measures is crucial to meeting the challenge of new and more potent strainsof CD. Guidelines alone are likely insufficient to keep healthcare professionals up to date. The lack of specific knowledge about infection control measures for CD may expose hospitalized patients to CD infection

  • 1200110. Ørstavik, Hanne
    Kjærlighet2017Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [de]

    Eine große norwegische Autorin erzählt von den Spielarten der Zuneigung und wie man einander lieben und trotzdem aneinander vorbeileben kann.

    Jon, ein kleiner Junge von großem Ernst und feinem Taktgefühl, der für sein Alter sehr erwachsen wirkt, ist mit seiner Mutter Vibeke  in eine nordnorwegische Kleinstadt gezogen. Vibeke ist Kulturreferentin, um die 30, Jons neunter Geburtstag steht am nächsten Tag be- vor. Als Leser folgen wir den beiden durch den Abend und die Nacht. Die tiefe Verbindung zwischen Mutter und Sohn wird deutlich, wenn sie abwechselnd von ihren Wünschen und Erwartungen erzählen, von denen der jeweils andere jedoch nichts weiß, da sie nicht miteinander sprechen. Schweigen und Missverstehen lösen die Ereignisse dieser Nacht aus.

    Eine feingesponnene Geschichte, deren Stimmung an David Lynchs Mulholland Drive erinnert und die mit unterschwelliger Spannung den Leser packt und so schnell nicht wieder loslässt.

  • 1200111.
    Ørstavik, Kristin
    et al.
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo.
    Namer, Barbara
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg.
    Schmidt, Roland
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Schmelz, Martin
    Department of Anesthesiology Mannheim, University Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany,.
    Hilliges, Marita
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS).
    Weidner, Christian
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg.
    Carr, Richard W.
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg.
    Handwerker, Hermann
    Department of Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg.
    Jørum, Ellen
    Laboratory of Clinical Neurophysiology, Department of Neurology, Rikshospitalet-Radiumhospitalet Medical Center, Oslo, Norway.
    Torebjörk, H. Erik
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Abnormal Function of C-Fibers in Patients with Diabetic Neuropathy2006In: Journal of Neuroscience, ISSN 0270-6474, E-ISSN 1529-2401, Vol. 26, no 44, p. 11287-11294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mechanisms underlying the development of painful and nonpainful neuropathy associated with diabetes mellitus are unclear. We have obtained microneurographic recordings from unmyelinated fibers in eight patients with diabetes mellitus, five with painful neuropathy, and three with neuropathy without pain. All eight patients had large-fiber neuropathy, and seven patients had pathological thermal thresholds in their feet, indicating the involvement of small-caliber nerve fibers. A total of 163 C-fibers were recorded at knee level from the common peroneal nerve in the patients (36–67 years old), and these were compared with 77 C-fibers from healthy controls (41–64 years old). The ratio of mechano-responsive to mechano-insensitive nociceptors was ~2:1 in the healthy controls, whereas in the patients, it was 1:2. In patients, a fairly large percentage of characterized fibers (12.5% in nonpainful and 18.9% in painful neuropathy) resembled mechano-responsive nociceptors that had lost their mechanical and heat responsiveness. Such fibers were rarely encountered in age-matched controls (3.2%). Afferent fibers with spontaneous activity or mechanical sensitization were found in both patient groups. We conclude that small-fiber neuropathy in diabetes affects receptive properties of nociceptors that leads to an impairment of mechano-responsive nociceptors. Copyright © 2006 Society for Neuroscience

  • 1200112.
    Ørstavik, Kristin
    et al.
    Department of Neurology, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Weidner, Christian
    Department of Physiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany; Universitat Erlangen/Nurnberg, Inst. Physiol./Exp. Pathophysiol., Erlangen, Germany.
    Schmidt, Roland
    Dept. of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Schmelz, Martin
    Department of Physiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany.
    Hilliges, Marita
    Department of Basic Oral Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Jørum, Ellen
    Department of Neurology, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Handwerker, Herman
    Department of Physiology, University of Erlangen/Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany.
    Torebjörk, Erik
    Dept. of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Pathological C-fibres in patients with a chronic painful condition2003In: Brain, ISSN 0006-8950, E-ISSN 1460-2156, Vol. 126, no 3, p. 567-578Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Little is known about the contribution of C-afferent fibres to chronic painful conditions in humans. We sought to investigate the role of C-fibres in the pathophysiology of pain and hyperalgesia in erythromelalgia as a model disease for chronic pain. Erythromelalgia is a condition characterized by painful, red and hot extremities, and patients often report tenderness on walking. We made microneurographic recordings from single C-fibres in cutaneous fascicles of the peroneal nerve in patients suffering from this disease. All patients had had a pain attack recently and psychophysical signs of allodynia and punctate hyperalgesia were found. We obtained recordings from a total of 103 C-fibres and found significantly lower conduction velocities and increased activity-dependent slowing of the conduction velocity of afferent C-fibres in the patients compared with healthy controls. Furthermore, several units with biophysical properties of mechano-insensitive fibres were pathological, being spontaneously active or sensitized to mechanical stimuli. Since these fibres also mediate the axon reflex flare, their hyperexcitability might account not only for ongoing pain and tenderness but also for redness and warming in this pain syndrome. The changes in conductive properties found in the C-fibres of these patients could be the first signs of a small-fibre neuropathy. This is the first systematic study of single C-fibres in patients and it shows an active contribution of mechano-insensitive fibres to chronic pain.

  • 1200113.
    Ørsten, Mark
    et al.
    University of Roskilde.
    Aalberg, Toril
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
    Strömbäck, Jesper
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Conclusions. Similarities and Differences Between the Nordic Countries2008In: Communicating Politics: Political Communication in the Nordic Countries, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2008, p. 267-272Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1200114.
    Ørtenblad, Niels
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Gejl, Kasper D
    Holmberg, H-C
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Andersson, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Plomgaard, Peter
    Nielsen, Joachim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Subcellular glycogen pools is utilized in a fibre type specific manner during acute and repeated high intensity exercise in elite athletes2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1200115.
    Ørtenblad, Niels
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Holmberg, Hans-Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Schrøder, HD
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Saltin, Bengt
    University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Nielsen, Joachim
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Differences in the mitochondrial content of different fibre types in the leg and arm muscles of elite cross-country skiers2013In: Proceedings for the 18th Annual Congress of the ECSS, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1200116.
    Ørtenblad, Niels
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hvid, L
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Jensen, R
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Andersson, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Willis, Sarah
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Holmberg, Hans-Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Gejl, K
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Repeated sprint exercise affects contractile apparatus and force production of isolated human muscle fibers2014In: Science & Skiing VI / [ed] Erich Muller, Josef Kröll, Stefan Lindinger m.fl., Meyer & Meyer Sport, 2014, p. 446-452Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1200117.
    Ørtenblad, Niels
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Jensen, Kurt
    University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Gross efficiency predicts a 6-min double-poling ergometer performance in recreational cross-country skiers2017In: Sports Engineering, ISSN 1369-7072, E-ISSN 1460-2687, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 329-333Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate which physiological parameters would most accurately predict a 6-min, all-out, double-poling (DP) performance in recreational cross-country skiers. Twelve male recreational cross-country skiers performed tests consisting of three series lasting 10 s, one lasting 60 s, plus a 6-min, all-out, DP performance test to estimate mean and peak power output. On a separate day, gross mechanical efficiency (GE) was estimated from a 10-min, submaximal, DP test and maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max) was estimated from an incremental treadmill running test. Power was measured after each stroke from the acceleration and deceleration of the flywheel that induced the friction on the ergometer. The power was shown to the skier on a small computer placed on the ergometer. A multivariable correlation analysis showed that GE most strongly predicted 6-min DP performance (r = 0.79) and interestingly, neither DP VO2 max, nor treadmill-running VO2 max, correlated with 6-min DP performance. In conclusion, GE correlated most strongly with 6-min DP performance and GE at the ski ergometer was estimated to be 6.4 ± 1.1%. It is suggested that recreational cross-country skiers focus on skiing technique to improve gross mechanical efficiency during intense DP.

  • 1200118.
    Ørtenblad, Niels
    et al.
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Nielsen, Joachim
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Saltin, Bengt
    Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Holmberg, Hans-Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Glycogen resynthesis rate following cross-country skiing is closely correlated to skeletal muscle glycogen content2010In: Glycogen resynthesis rate following cross-country skiing is closely correlated to skeletal muscle glycogen content / [ed] Erich Mueller, Salzburg: Meyer & Meyer Sport, 2010, p. 89-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1200119.
    Ørtenblad, Niels
    et al.
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Nielsen, Joachim
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Saltin, Bengt
    Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Holmberg, Hans-Christer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Role of glycogen availability in sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) kinetics in human skeletal muscle2011In: Journal of Physiology, ISSN 0022-3751, E-ISSN 1469-7793, Vol. 589, no 3, p. 711-725Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Little is known about the precise mechanism that relates skeletal muscle glycogen to muscle fatigue. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of glycogen on sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) function in the arm and leg muscles of elite cross-country skiers (n = 10, (V) over dot(O2 max) 72 +/- 2 ml kg(-1) min(-1)) before, immediately after, and 4 h and 22 h after a fatiguing 1 h ski race. During the first 4 h recovery, skiers received either water or carbohydrate (CHO) and thereafter all received CHO-enriched food. Immediately after the race, arm glycogen was reduced to 31 +/- 4% and SR Ca2+ release rate decreased to 85 +/- 2% of initial levels. Glycogen noticeably recovered after 4 h recovery with CHO (59 +/- 5% initial) and the SR Ca2+ release rate returned to pre-exercise levels. However, in the absence of CHO during the first 4 h recovery, glycogen and the SR Ca2+ release rate remained unchanged (29 +/- 2% and 77 +/- 8%, respectively), with both parameters becoming normal after the remaining 18 h recovery with CHO. Leg muscle glycogen decreased to a lesser extent (71 +/- 10% initial), with no effects on the SR Ca2+ release rate. Interestingly, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis revealed that the specific pool of intramyofibrillar glycogen, representing 10-15% of total glycogen, was highly significantly correlated with the SR Ca2+ release rate. These observations strongly indicate that low glycogen and especially intramyofibrillar glycogen, as suggested by TEM, modulate the SR Ca2+ release rate in highly trained subjects. Thus, low glycogen during exercise may contribute to fatigue by causing a decreased SR Ca2+ release rate.

  • 1200120.
    Ørtenblad, Niels
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Univ Southern Denmark, Inst Sports Sci & Clin Biomech, SDU Muscle Res Cluster SMRC, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark.
    Westerblad, Håkan
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Physiol & Pharmacol, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nielsen, Joachim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Univ Southern Denmark, Inst Sports Sci & Clin Biomech, SDU Muscle Res Cluster SMRC, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark.
    Muscle glycogen stores and fatigue2013In: Journal of Physiology, ISSN 0022-3751, E-ISSN 1469-7793, Vol. 591, no 18, p. 4405-4413Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies performed at the beginning of the last century revealed the importance of carbohydrate as a fuel during exercise, and the importance of muscle glycogen on performance has subsequently been confirmed in numerous studies. However, the link between glycogen depletion and impaired muscle function during fatigue is not well understood and a direct cause-and-effect relationship between glycogen and muscle function remains to be established. The use of electron microscopy has revealed that glycogen is not homogeneously distributed in skeletal muscle fibres, but rather localized in distinct pools. Furthermore, each glycogen granule has its own metabolic machinery with glycolytic enzymes and regulating proteins. One pool of such glycogenolytic complexes is localized within the myofibrils in close contact with key proteins involved in the excitation-contraction coupling and Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). We and others have provided experimental evidence in favour of a direct role of decreased glycogen, localized within the myofibrils, for the reduction in SR Ca2+ release during fatigue. This is consistent with compartmentalized energy turnover and distinctly localized glycogen pools being of key importance for SR Ca2+ release and thereby affecting muscle contractility and fatigability.

  • 1200121.
    Ørtoft, Merethe
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Det sårede selv: Kvalitativt studie om at blive ramt af kræft i æggestokkene2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of the study was to obtain an increased understanding of how women with newly diagnosed ovarian cancer are experiencing their own coping and how meaning and identity constructed in the first period after the diagnosis

    Method: Used a qualitative approach with narrative interviews with six women who have been diagnosed with ovarian cancer within six months. Data analysis used a narrative analysis method "The Holistic Content Perspective" to get an overall picture of the informants' themselves, as it was presented in their stories

    Result: The study shows three different development paths that must be considered in conjunction with women's age, life period, and the spread of disease. A development path used by younger women who experience the disease as threatening to the identity that they defend themselves by denying the seriousness of the disease and in no way identify with this. They choose to live life the same as before they became ill and the experience of meaningful attempts maintained through denial of the seriousness of the disease. Another path of development emerged in the elderly women who understand the disease as a part of life and quickly begin a providing of meaningful and maintenance of identity, how they relate to disease and its potential consequences such as loss of life. These women learn to live with the disease as part of their identity. A third path of development was found in women where the disease was in an advanced stage and the physical and social suffering becomes dominant. These women struggle to retain or find meaning, instead characterized by meaninglessness, while identity is difficult to maintain, with self image and self-understanding recover from, because they can no longer know themselves

    Conclusion: The construction of meaning and identity as a part of it to cope with newly discovered cancer of the ovary are important for women, but the processes around how women cope, is different depending on age, life duration and spread of the disease. Health promotion interventions to improve coping processes among these women must keep pace with these different development paths to ensure maximum health.

  • 1200122. Ørum, Tania
    Jesper Olsson, Alfabetets användning. Konkret poesi och poetisk artefaktion i svenskt 1960-tal: OEI Editör. Stockholm 20052005In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 126, p. 349-357Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 1200123.
    Ørum, Tania
    et al.
    Köpenhamns universitet.
    Olsson, JesperLinköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A cultural history of the Avant-Garde in the nordic countries 1950–19752016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1200124. Østberg, Kai
    Fra kongens til nasjonens kultur: Fransk kulturpolitikk fra Ludvig XIV til den franske revolusjon2010In: Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift, ISSN 1403-3216, E-ISSN 2000-8325, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 140-161Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For André Malraux the purpose of cultural policy was to promote human sociability and French national identity by giving as many Frenchmen as possible access to the great works of art, and especially the French ones. He wanted to keep the influence of market forces at a distance. The purpose of this article is to give an historical perspective of the French tradition of strong ties between political power and the arts. Under Louis XIV the arts were subjugated to the purpose of securing obedience by celebrating the glory of the monarchy, particularly using Versailles as a cultural and social as well as a political instrument of power. Creating the royal academies was part of this strategy. This was, however, not solely a subjugation, but also a liberation from the medieval, economic framework of the guilds, creating a separate aesthetic sphere. In the 18th century this sphere would form the basis for autonomus aesthetic judgements, which would then be turned into moral and political judgements. The 18th century saw at first a resurgence of aristocratic power, symbolized aesthetically in the Fête galante immortalized by Watteau. Towards the end of the century a moralizing patriotic movement gained ascendancy, often adopting a critical stance against both monarchy and aristocracy. The ascendancy of stern patriotism, politically and aesthetically, reached its apogee in the radical phase of the French Revolution, symbolized in the twin roles of Jacques-Louis David as politician and leading artist. Under the Revolution we see the processes of both liberation and of a subjugation of art to politics more thorough than ever before. A lasting result of the French Revolution was to appropriate cultural objects as a national cultural heritage and turn them into subjects of pedagogy, especially through the establishement of public museums, archives and libraries.

  • 1200125. Østby, Stein
    The Local Impact of European Policy Integration2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Some Issues relevant to the Nordic Countries. Across all Nordic countries there is now an intensive debate on changing responsibilities and the division of labour between the state and the regions. Recent trends toward decentralisation have been accompanied by a further trend towards supranational centralisation. Besides the extensive adoption of European legislation into national law, this trend has been most notable in the field of macroeconomic policies. Although macroeconomic policies have no intended geographical bias, there are certainly unintended effects. An understanding of how the regional economy is affected is therefore necessary in order to make informed choices between different the policy designs and different policy instruments to be targeted at the regional level. In this report Stein Østbye, University of Tromsø, discusses some issues relevant to the Nordic countries concerning the local impact of European policy integration.

  • 1200126.
    Østby, Torbjørn Ims
    et al.
    Univ Oslo, Inst Geosci, POB 1047 Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, Norway..
    Schuler, Thomas Vikhamar
    Univ Oslo, Inst Geosci, POB 1047 Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, Norway..
    Hagen, Jon Ove
    Univ Oslo, Inst Geosci, POB 1047 Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, Norway..
    Hock, Regine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Univ Alaska, Inst Geophys, Fairbanks, AK 99775 USA..
    Kohler, Jack
    Norwegian Polar Res Inst, Fram Ctr, POB 6606 Langnes, N-9296 Tromso, Norway..
    Reijmer, Carleen H.
    Univ Utrecht, Inst Marine & Atmospher Res, Princetonpl 5, NL-3584 CC Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Diagnosing the decline in climatic mass balance of glaciers in Svalbard over 1957-20142017In: The Cryosphere, ISSN 1994-0416, E-ISSN 1994-0424, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 191-215Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Estimating the long-term mass balance of the high-Arctic Svalbard archipelago is difficult due to the incomplete geodetic and direct glaciological measurements, both in space and time. To close these gaps, we use a coupled surface energy balance and snow pack model to analyse the mass changes of all Svalbard glaciers for the period 1957-2014. The model is forced by ERA-40 and ERA-Interim reanalysis data, downscaled to 1 km resolution. The model is validated using snow/firn temperature and density measurements, mass balance from stakes and ice cores, meteorological measurements, snow depths from radar profiles and remotely sensed surface albedo and skin temperatures. Overall model performance is good, but it varies regionally. Over the entire period the model yields a climatic mass balance of 8.2 cm w.e.yr(-1), which corresponds to a mass input of 175 Gt. Climatic mass balance has a linear trend of -1.4 +/- 0.4 cmw.e.yr(-2) with a shift from a positive to a negative regime around 1980. Modelled mass balance exhibits large interannual variability, which is controlled by summer temperatures and further amplified by the albedo feedback. For the recent period 2004-2013 climatic mass balance was 21 cmw.e.yr(-)1, and accounting for frontal ablation estimated by Blaszczyk et al. (2009) yields a total Svalbard mass balance of -39 cmw.e.yr(-1) for this 10-year period. In terms of eustatic sea level, this corresponds to a rise of 0.037 mm yr(-1). Refreezing of water in snow and firn is substantial at 22 cm w.e.yr(-1) or 26% of total annual accumulation. However, as warming leads to reduced firn area over the period, refreezing decreases both absolutely and relative to the total accumulation. Negative mass balance and elevated equilibrium line altitudes (ELAs) resulted in massive reduction of the thick (> 2 m) firn extent and an increase in the superimposed ice, thin (< 2 m) firn and bare ice extents. Atmospheric warming also leads to a marked change in the thermal regime, with cooling of the glacier mid-elevation and warming in the ablation zone and upper firn areas. On the long-term, by removing the thermal barrier, this warming has implications for the vertical transfer of surface meltwater through the glacier and down to the base, influencing basal hydrology, sliding and thereby overall glacier motion.

  • 1200127.
    Østbye, Stein
    et al.
    Tromsø University Business School, University of Tromsø, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway.
    Westerlund, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Industrial structure, regional productivity and convergence: the case of Norway and Sweden2011In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 47-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Are less productive regions catching up with more productive regions? In this paper we investigate the importance of regional industry structure for regional productivity convergence. We use county data for the Scandinavian Peninsula. Norway and Sweden are similar in many respects and the Scandinavian Peninsula therefore represents an attractive natural laboratory with one country inside and another outside the European Union. The data cover five-year intervals from 1980 to 2000 for Norway and from 1985 for Sweden. We find strong productivity convergence between Norwegian counties and weak divergence between Swedish ones. The effect of the industry structure on the spatial distribution of productivity appears to be small in magnitude, but it is qualitatively important. Moreover, the role played by the changing composition of production in the process of economic growth seems to differ over time. By implication, considerable caution should be exercised when undertaking convergence studies based on the commonly used one-sector growth model. More complex models allowing for differences in industry structure, and possibly also other potentially important factors such as wealth effects and transitional dynamics, should be considered.

  • 1200128.
    Østbø, Irene
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Art History.
    LIGHT MY FIRE – MAKING SENSE: On materiality, meaning, light and development of curatorial method2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on post humanistic theory this thesis brings forward issues relating to light as aparameter being materially meaningful and lights possible impact on the art experience. Through a brief investigation of the topics art experience, human contribution to the artexperience, spatial context – light as parameter, the light as such is put in relation to theActor Network Theory and advocated as an important non-human actor in the network of which an experience takes place. Three reviews of James Turrell’s exhibition The LightInside, in Ytterjärna outside Stockholm 2011 are analyzed to look for corresponding orcontradictive points relating to the facilitation of the art experience, materiality of light andimpact of a sensory experience. Together this opens up for new ways of reading light as a helpful tool for curators to use when facilitating the art experience.

  • 1200129.
    Østebø, Terje
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Localising Salafism: Religious Change among Oromo Muslims in Bale, Ethiopia2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The political transition in 1991 and the new regime’s policy towards the ethnic and religious diversity in Ethiopia have contributed to increased activities from various Islamic reform movements. Among these, we find the Salafi movement which expanded rapidly throughout the 1990s, particularly in the Oromo-speaking south-eastern parts of the country such as Hararge, Arsi and Bale.

    This dissertation, based on findings from an extensive fieldwork, sheds light on the emergence and expansion of Salafism in Bale. Following the Salafi movement’s development from the 1960s to 2006, it first deals with its early arrival at the end of the Imperial period (late 1960s). Secondly, the study focuses on Salafism during the Marxist period (1974-1991) before discussing the rapid expansion of the movement in the 1990s. The movement’s dynamics and the controversies emerging as a result of the reforms are discussed, particularly with reference to different understandings of sources for religious knowledge and the role of Islamic literacy.

    The study demonstrates how the religious reforms were connected to wider political, socio-economic and cultural changes, in the sense that improved means of communication paved the way for increased travelling and flows of new ideas into Bale. The study underscores the significance of agents in the process of change, and focuses on the roles of local reformers and Islamic scholars returning from studies in Saudi Arabia in the late 1960s. It also sees the reciprocal process between agents and audience and between stimulus and response as crucial in the process of religious change. This is connected to the issue of localisation and the ways new ideas are coloured by the particularities of the context in which they are introduced. Although Salafism has the character of a trans-national movement, the ways it was remoulded in Bale demonstrates its diversity and points to the importance of locality in construing Salafism.

  • 1200130.
    Østerberg, F. W.
    et al.
    Dept of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, DTU Nanotech, Kongens Lyngby, Danmark.
    Rizzi, G.
    Dept of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, DTU Nanotech, Kongens Lyngby, Danmark.
    Zardán Gómez de la Torre, Teresa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Strömberg, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Strømme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Svedlindh, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Hansen, M. F.
    Dept of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, DTU Nanotech, Kongens Lyngby, Danmark.
    Measurements of Brownian relaxation of magnetic nanobeads using planar Hall effect bridge sensors2012In: Biosensors & bioelectronics, ISSN 0956-5663, E-ISSN 1873-4235, Vol. 40, no S1, p. 147-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We compare measurements of the Brownian relaxation response of magnetic nanobeads in suspension using planar Hall effect sensors of cross geometry and a newly proposed bridge geometry. We find that the bridge sensor yields six times as large signals as the cross sensor, which results in a more accurate determination of the hydrodynamic size of the magnetic nanobeads. Finally, the bridge sensor has successfully been used to measure the change in dynamic magnetic response when rolling circle amplified DNA molecules are bound to the magnetic nanobeads. The change is validated by measurements performed in a commercial AC susceptometer. The presented bridge sensor is, thus, a promising component in future lab-on-a-chip biosensors for detection of clinically relevant analytes, including bacterial genomic DNA and proteins.

  • 1200131. Østerberg, Ole
    et al.
    Savic, Radojka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Karlsson, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Simonsson, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Nørgaard, Jens Peter
    Vande Walle, Johan
    Agersø, Henrik
    Pharmacokinetics of Desmopressin Administrated as an Oral Lyophilisate Dosage Form in Children With Primary Nocturnal Enuresis and Healthy Adults2006In: Journal of clinical pharmacology, ISSN 0091-2700, E-ISSN 1552-4604, Vol. 46, no 10, p. 1204-1211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The population pharmacokinetics of desmopressin in children with nocturnal enuresis and in healthy adults were compared using a 1-compartment model with first-order absorption and first-order elimination. In addition, the model consisted of a number of transit compartments before absorption to describe a lag-time. The model gave an adequate description of adult as well as children data and provided a statistically significant better fit to data than a standard lag-time model. The main difference in the pharmacokinetics between children and adults was the absorption delay. The pharmacokinetic difference was minor and presumably of no clinical relevance.

  • 1200132. Østerbye, Per
    The Church in Israel: a report on the work and position of the Christian Churches in Israel, with special reference to the Protestant Churches and communities / [translated from Danish by Richard Webb]1970Book (Other academic)
  • 1200133.
    Østergaard Andersen, Peter
    et al.
    Københavns Universitet.
    Björklund, Elisabeth
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences, Curriculum studies.
    Bleses, Dorthe
    Syddansk Universitet. .
    Gjervan, Marit
    Nasjonalt senter for flerkulturell opplæring (NAFO).
    Hagtvet, Bente
    Universitetet i Oslo.
    Valvatne, Helene
    Høgskolen i Oslo.
    Vurdering av verktøy som brukes til å kartlegge barns språk i norske barnehager: Rapport från Ekspertutvalg nedsatt av Kunnskapsdepartementet 2010/2011.2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [no]

     

  • 1200134.
    Østergaard, Kija
    et al.
    Roskilde University.
    Karasti, Helena
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Simonsen, Jesper
    Roskilde University.
    Nurses' journey toward genuine participation: Learning and Becoming2016In: Proceedings of The 14th Participatory Design Conference (PDC '16), Aarhus, Denmark, August 15 -19 2016: Aarhus, Denmark, Short Papers, Interactive Exhibitions, Workshops, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2016, Vol. 2, p. 57-60Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to the ongoing debate on participation in Participatory Design (PD) by drawing on the notion of genuine participation [8]. It clarifies nurses' empirical journey as one of becoming and learning [1, 6], where they move from being reluctant participants, attending only because management has instructed them to do so, to taking an interest and finding their voices in the design process. In this way, they are ultimately able to engage in genuine and willing participation. The main discussion points in the paper are the transitions in the nurses' journey toward embracing qualities of genuine participation, the nurse-researcher's reflections on her facilitation of the process, and collective learning as an integral part of the process.

  • 1200135. Østergaard, Lars
    et al.
    Silfverdal, Sven-Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Berglund, Johan
    Flodmark, Carl-Erik
    West, Christina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Bianco, Veronique
    Baine, Yaela
    Miller, Jacqueline M.
    A tetravalent meningococcal serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine is immunogenic and well-tolerated when co-administered with Twinrix(®) in subjects aged 11-17 years: An open, randomised, controlled trial.2012In: Vaccine, ISSN 0264-410X, E-ISSN 1873-2518, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 774-783Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The co-administration of the tetravalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine, MenACWY-TT, with a licensed hepatitis A and B vaccine, HepA/B (Twinrix(®)), was compared to their separate administration in this open, randomised, controlled study. Healthy subjects 11-17 years of age (n=611) were randomised (3:1:1) to receive both vaccines, MenACWY-TT alone or HepA/B alone. The co-administration of both vaccines was shown to be non-inferior to their individual administration. At seven months after the first vaccination, 99.4-100% of the subjects who received both vaccines co-administered showed seroprotection against all meningococcal serogroups and at least 99.1% of them were seropositive for hepatitis A and seroprotected against hepatitis B. This study suggests that MenACWY-TT vaccine could be co-administered with HepA/B without adversely impacting the immunogenicity, safety and reactogenicity of either of the vaccines.

  • 1200136. Østergaard, Per
    et al.
    Trolle Linnet, Jeppe
    Pynt Andersen, Lars
    Kjeldgaard, Dannie
    Bjerregaard, Stine
    Weijo, Henri
    Martin, Diane M.
    Schouten, John
    Östberg, Jakob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Marketing.
    Nordic Consumer Culture: Context and Concept2014In: Research in Consumer Behavior / [ed] John W. Schouten, Diane M. Martin, Russell Belk, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2014, Vol. 16, p. 245-257Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1200137.
    Østergaard, Tom
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    SADCC beyond transportation: the challenge of industrial cooperation1989Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to move to an offensive to combat underdevelopment, SADC has recognized the need to move into intra-regional trade and industrialization. This study is a rich analysis of the obstacles which have to be overcome, and the minimum of changes that the SADC countries must agree on to achieve balanced and coordinated development.

  • 1200138. Østergård, Uffe
    Översättning av Uffe Østergård, "Vad hade hänt... - Kontrafaktiska hypoteser och 'öppna' situationer i historien och historieforskningen",1999In: Tänk om...: Nio kontrafaktiska essäer / [ed] Lars M. Andersson, Ulf Zander, Lund: Historiska media , 1999, p. 29-64Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1200139.
    Østermark Sørensen, Helle
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Work and non-work related determinants of Danish workers mental health problems: A mixed method study2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to identify work and non-work related determinants of mental health problems in Danish workers´ from a pragmatic integrative perspective. A convergent mixed method design consisting of a quantitative (n=391) and qualitative strand (n=10) with integrated interpretation was applied. The determinants of workers´ psychological distress was found to be multi-facetted and multi-contextual. Both strands identified high demands/effort and low social support/reward as important determinants both within and outside the workplace. Moreover it was found that it is the interaction of strains across context that facilitates mental health problems rather than a single element. The mixed method design contributed with an expanded perspective on the complexity of mental health problems among the Danish workers.

  • 1200140.
    Østgård, Jon Steinar
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Reite, Bjørn
    Karlstad University.
    Slåttsveen, Wiggo
    Karlstad University.
    Bærekraftig eksport av frukt og grønt fra Kroatia: Sustainable export of fruit and vegetables from Croatia2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [nb]

    Hensikten med denne masteroppgaven i Innovation Management, har vært å klargjøre de ulike faktorene som har påvirket prosessen med å få til eksport av frukt og grønnsaker fra Kroatia til Skandinavia, og mer konkret fra Erdut kommune i Øst-Slavonia til COOP Norge.

    I kapittel tre har vi beskrevet relevant teori som belyser fagfeltet som er omhandlet i denne oppgaven.

    Siden det har manglet sekundærdata som beskriver antall gårdsbruk, produkter som dyrkes, tilgjengelig teknologi, bruk av sprøytemidler og lignende, har vi gjennomført undersøkelser som beskriver situasjonen og potensialet for eksport fra regionen. Disse undersøkelsene ble gjennomført sammen med lokale partnere.

    I tillegg gjennomførte vi to eksperimenter for å se om personell og produksjonsprosessen kunne levere den kvaliteten som markedet og kundene krevde . Disse eksperimentene ble mulige ved at COOP Norge kunne delta aktivt som en krevende og kompetent kunde i denne fasen av prosjektet. Begge eksperimentene avslørte til dels store avvik fra kundens krav. Det ble derfor iverksatt to kvalitative undersøkelser blant de lokale produsentene, representanter fra lokalt næringsliv, og våre lokale partnere i området. Hensikten med denne kvalitative undersøkelsen var å finne årsakene til leveringsproblemene og prøve å finne strategier for å få til gode leveranser i framtida.

    Disse dataene ga oss relevant informasjon om årsakene til problemene og identifiserte kritiske suksessfaktorer for videreføring.

    Eksperimentene viste at eksport av frukt og grønt fra dette området ga omlag den dobbelte inntjeningen av tilsvarende leveranser til det lokale markedet. Selv om dataene er begrenset i denne undersøkelsen, så opplever vi at de faktorene som ble tatt fram i denne undersøkelsen kan være relevante for tilsvarende prosjekter andre steder i denne regionen.

    Basert på våre funn og den teoretiske drøftingen har vi kommet fram til følgende anbefalinger for å håndtere eksportprosjekter av frukt og grønt fra denne regionen:

    - Dersom eksportprosjekter som dette skal lykkes, er det etter vår mening viktig at en krevende kunde deltar aktivt i prosjektet, og blir tidlig involvert. Dette for å kunne beskrive marked og markedskrav og spille en aktiv rolle i å utforme viktig detaljer og påvirke utviklingen av verdikjeden .

    - Opplæring av nøkkelpersonell er viktig både for å endre mentale bilder og for å få introdusert nye arbeidsmetoder som er kritiske for å få til god kvalitet.

    - For å styre disse to faktorene er det viktig å få på plass en lokal, sterk og kompetant prosjektleder. Nøkkelen er å finne en person som har evnen til å lede i en god balanse mellom transaksjons- og transformasjonsbasert lederskap. Prosjektledelsen trenger å involvere og motivere produsenter, men samtidig må de være i stand til å intervenere når det er nødvendig å korrigere prosessen (stoppe aktiviteter som har negativ effekt og holde et sterkt fokus på riktig sortering, pakking og kvalitetskontroll)

    - Introdusere et system for sporbarhet og visuell kontroll slik at alle produsentene kan identifiseres og knyttes direkte til de leverte produktene. Hensikten er ikke hovedsakelig kontroll, men for å kunne skape en læringsarena og drive kompetanseutvikling.

    - Prosjektet som dette der de gamle mentale bildene blir utfordret og må erstattes av nye, vil alltid trenge tid til å modnes og utvikles. Det er derfor viktig å ikke undervurdere tidsaspektet samt legge vekt på tett oppfølging og tilrettelegging i tidlige faser.

  • 1200141. Østhus, Ståle
    et al.
    Mäkelä, Pia
    Norström, Thor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Rossow, Ingeborg
    Sosial ulikhet i alkoholbruk og alkoholrelatert sykelighet og dødelighet2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [no]

    I Norge er befolkningens helse gjennomgående god og levealderen høy, men tross velstand og høyt velferdsnivå er det i Norge, som i de fleste andre land, sosiale ulikheter i helse og levealder (Dahl, Bergsli, & van der Wel, 2014): Helsen er bedre og levealderen lengre blant dem som har lang utdanning, høy inntekt og høy yrkesstatus, sammenlignet med dem som har kort utdanning, lav inntekt og lav yrkesstatus. Sosial ulikhet i helse har betydelig helsepolitisk interesse, og det er en tverrpolitisk enighet om at sosial ulikhet i helse er en kilde til bekymring. Det er derfor en uttalt målsetting å redusere slik ulikhet (Dahl et al., 2014). I folkehelsemeldingen (Stortingsmelding 16 – Resept for et sunnere Norge) er det gitt flere begrunnelser for å redusere sosial ulikhet i helse. Blant disse er at det ligger muligheter for en forbedring av den samlete folkehelsen dersom alle oppnår en like god helse som den gruppen med best helse og at en bedret helse for alle grupper bidrar til økt økonomisk utvikling (Sund & Krokstad, 2005).

  • 1200142.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History. Nord Africa Inst, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Holy water: the works of water in defining and understanding holiness2017In: Wine Economics and Policy, ISSN 1934-5070, E-ISSN 2049-1948, Vol. 4, no 3, article id UNSP e1205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Holy water has a central role in shaping the understanding and beliefs of holiness in general, but how does holy water work, and what defines holy water? By analyzing holy water in three different religious traditions-Christianity in Northern Europe, Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, and Hinduism-the aim is to discuss the metaphysical essence of water in human understanding and ideas of holiness embodied in water. On the one hand, holy water represents purity and has to be protected from defilement, but on the other hand, many holy rivers are severely polluted. This seeming paradox will be analyzed by focusing on actual beliefs and uses of holy water in ritual and religious practices. Holy water transmits purity and holiness, but it also transfers, transports, and transforms impurities. In the process of obtaining spiritual purity, devotees may pollute the holy because holy water is believed to have a divine agency. By comparing ritual practices and beliefs in three distinct religious traditions in Europe, Africa, and Asia, it is possible to enhance the understanding of the ways holiness and holy water are perceived to work in cultural-specific religious worldviews based on essential capacities of water cross-culturally. This directs the attention to the structuring mechanisms at work because water is conceptualized and used as holy in remarkably similar ways in many religions.

  • 1200143.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Nilens livgivende vann: Ritualer og religioner fra kildene til den egyptiske sivilisasjonen2018Book (Other academic)
  • 1200144.
    Østigård, Terje
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Nilens livgivende vann: Ritualer og religioner fra kildene til den egyptiske sivilisasjonen2018Book (Other academic)
  • 1200145.
    Østigård, Terje
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    The religious Nile: water, ritual and society since ancient Egypt2018Book (Refereed)
  • 1200146.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History. Nord Africa Inst, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Water from stone: archaeology and conservation at Florida's springs2018In: Antiquity, ISSN 0003-598X, E-ISSN 1745-1744, Vol. 92, no 362, p. 549-551Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 1200147. Østigård, Terje
    et al.
    Goldhahn, Joakim
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Rituella specialister i brons- och järnåldern – en epilog2007In: Rituelle spesialister i bronse- og jernalderen bd. II / [ed] Goldhahn, Joakim & Østigård, Terje, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet , 2007, p. 187-199Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1200148.
    Østlie, Ingrid Landgraff
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gjøvik och Karlstads Universitet.
    Johansson, Inger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Möller, Anders
    Nordiska hälsovårdshögskolan, Göteborg.
    Mellom livsverden og funksjon - å være ung med juvenil idiopatisk artritt2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1200149.
    Østraa, Inger Elisabeth
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Evaluering av det lovbaserte legefordelingssystemet i Norge i perioden 1999 til 20132014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aimedto investigate the effect of the legally based system for allocating new positions for physiciansunder a policy that wasin effectin Norway between 1 January 1999 and 30 June 2013.The study also aimed to increase understanding of a government-regulated physician distribution system.

    Method: The primary methodology involved using quantitative descriptive analysis to review registry data and available statistics. Case documents and decisions related to theallocation of physician positions, and case and policy documents related to the original justification for the government-regulated physician distribution systemw ere also reviewed. The theoretical thesis and framework for this study is public health, organization theory, and the "result chain" as a management tool for executing evaluations and deliberations.

    Result: Theresults of the study show that vacant positions for physicians, both primary and specialists, decreased to less than 1% during the study period. During this same time period, 54% of all new hospital positions were assigned a priority specialty. Positions for specialist education increased 36%. Among the Nordic countries, Norway had the highest increase in coverage by primary care physiciansper 1,000 capita during the past 15 years.

    Conclusion:The government-regulated physician distribution systemin Norway has been effective. Robustness, consensus building, and broad participation are key conditions and ingredients in the recipe for success.

  • 1200150.
    Østrem, Eyolf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Musicology.
    L'homme armé: Krigisk musik i fredlig tjänst2017In: Tidig musik, Vol. 4, p. 26-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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