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  • 1199801.
    Østrem, Eyolf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Musicology.
    The office of Saint Olav: A study of chant transmission2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is a study of various aspects of transmission of liturgy in the Medieval churches of the Nordic countries, taking its point of departure in an edition and close study of the office of St. Olav, the patron saint of Norway.

    The first part is historically orientated. Questions are discussed concerning the institutional context within which the office was compiled and used, as well as questions of authorship and dating, and of the influences and models with which the compiler of the office has worked. Three such direct models have been found: the offices of St. Augustine, St. Martin and St. Vincentius.

    The second part is a study of the melodies used in the office, in comparison both with the different stylistic layers in the plainchant repertory and with the specific models, where such have been found. The office can in general be said to be a rather conservative example of a twelfth-century office.

  • 1199802. Østrem, G.
    et al.
    Nyberg, R. (Eds)
    Glacial and periglacial environments1986In: Geografiska Annaler, Vol. 68A, no 3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1199803.
    Østrem, Gunnar
    Stockholm University.
    Studies of ice-cored moraines1965Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 1199804.
    Øvereng, Aurora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    A Sustainable Future for Wind Energy in Sweden2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The 2040 governmental goal of 100 % renewable electricity in Sweden means that there will be a shift in electricity production and a phasing out of nuclear power. This nuclear power has to be replaced by some other source. Wind power is a viable alternative, thanks to its reliability and the abundance of wind in Sweden. However, wind power production requires a large amount of land and carries the risk of disrupting the landscape. Wind energy is therefore often difficult to develop, and when developed it is often in rural areas where it disturbs as few people as possible. This study presents an alternative to rural exploitation, it investigates whether it is possible to produce sufficient wind power to satisfy urban demand within 20 000 meters of the 20 largest cities in Sweden.

    Firstly, the criteria for areas where wind power can be developed were synthesised. Secondly a numerical model was used to simulate energy demand in TWh considering the future growth in demand and the phasing out of nuclear power. The demand for wind power was then translated into correlating area in km2. Finally, a GIS analysis was conducted to estimate the extent of area suitable for wind power development based on the criteria above and within a 20 000m perimeter from the 20 largest cities in Sweden. The analysis showed that only 35 % of the required area for wind power development fulfilled the criteria within the given perimeter. From the GIS analysis only 940.73 km2 was found to be suitable. From the numerical model, the results showed that for it to be sufficient, there would have to be at least 2687.1 km2 suitable land. The conclusion from this study is that in order to phase out the nuclear power, the majority of the wind power has to be located in the rural areas.

  • 1199805.
    Øvergaard Østby, Anlaug
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Migration and Identity:: The identity making of immigrants in Sweden2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1199806. Øverland, Indra
    et al.
    Kjærnet, Heidi
    Russian Renewable Energy: The Potential for International Cooperation2009Book (Other academic)
  • 1199807.
    Øverli, Ø., Kotzian, S. and Winberg, S.
    Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Evolutionary Biology.
    Effects of cortisol on aggression and locomotor activity in rainbow trout.2002In: Hormones and Behavior, Vol. 42, p. 53-61Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1199808.
    Øverli, Ø.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Evolutionary Biology. Department of Physiology and Developmental Biology, Comparative Physiology.
    Pottinger, TG
    Carrick, TR
    Overli, E
    Winberg, S
    Department of Physiology and Developmental Biology, Comparative Physiology. jämförande fysiologi.
    Brain monoaminergic activity in rainbow trout selected for high and low stress responsiveness.2001In: Brain Behavior and Evolution, Vol. 57, p. 214-224Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1199809.
    Øverli, Ø
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Evolutionary Biology. Department of Physiology and Developmental Biology, Comparative Physiology.
    Pottinger, TG
    Carrick, TR
    Overli, E
    Winberg, S
    Department of Physiology and Developmental Biology, Comparative Physiology. jämförande fysiologi.
    Differences in behaviour between rainbow trout selected for high and low2001In: Journal of Experimental Biology, Vol. 205, p. 391-395Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1199810.
    Øverli, Øyvind
    Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Evolutionary Biology.
    Behavioural and Neuroendocrine Effects of Stress in Salmonid Fish2001Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Stress can affect several behavioural patterns, such as food intake and the general activity level of an animal. The central monoamine neurotransmitters serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine are important in the mediation of both behavioural and neuroendocrine stress effects. This thesis describes studies of two salmonid fish model systems: Fish that become socially dominant or subordinate when reared in pairs, and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) genetically selected for high (HR) and low (LR) stress responsiveness, in terms of stress induced cortisol release. Socially subordinate individuals are often subject to chronic stress, and it was found that plasma cortisol and brain monoaminergic activity rapidly increased in subordinate fish during the initial 24 h period following fights for social dominance in pairs of rainbow trout. In pairs of Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus), subordinate individuals were characterised by an inhibition of food intake and aggression, and low spontaneous locomotion. Appetite inhibition in subordinate fish was reversed by subsequent rearing in isolation, and this effect was probably related to a concomitant decrease in brain serotonergic activity. Furthermore, differential stress responsiveness in HR and LR rainbow trout was associated with differences in behaviour, as well as changes in brain monoaminergic activity. HR fish displayed higher locomotor activity when challenged by a conspecific intruder. This response was probably related to a larger stress induced activation of brain dopaminergic systems in these fish. Finally it was shown that the steroid 'stress-hormone' cortisol has dose- and context-dependent behavioural effects in fish, as has been described in mammals. Specifically, short- term cortisol treatment elevated the behavioural response to a territorial intruder, while long-term treatment, like chronic stress, had the opposite effect, inhibiting locomotor activity and aggression. It is concluded that the signalling systems involved in behavioural and neuroendocrine control during stress display extensive similarities between teleost fishes and mammals.

  • 1199811.
    Øverlien, Carolina
    Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, Norway.
    Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Conclusions from the Literature and Challenges Ahead2010In: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 80-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: This article examines and discusses the research field of children exposed to domestic violence, a field which has greatly expanded during the last 10 years. The author presents an overview of this research, discusses its implications, and describes future challenges and contemporary knowledge gaps.

    Findings: The author argues that the field is dominated by studies that a) are quantitative, b) use the mothers as the informant and c) are represented by traditional psychology and social medicine, rather than social work. These studies have found substantial support for the negative emotional and behavioral consequences that children exposed to domestic violence suffer. However, many questions and problems remain unanswered. These questions include both the research field itself and the need for new approaches such as qualitative research including the voice of the child, longitudinal studies, and questions regarding methodology and research ethics.

    Applications: The author argues that there is a need for more qualitative research in general and social work research in particular. The implications for social work practice and policy are discussed.

  • 1199812.
    Øverlien, Carolina
    Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies (NKVTS), Norway.
    ‘He didn't mean to hit mom, I think’: positioning, agency and point in adolescents' narratives about domestic violence2014In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 156-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the narratives of adolescents who have experienced domestic violence. It focuses on what we can learn about being an adolescent who experiences domestic violence, using a narrative approach. Attentive to both form and content, the paper sheds light on why the narrative is being told, who the actors in the narratives are, who are positioned in the forefront/background and what the point of the narrative is. The analysis shows that through the storytelling, the father's position as the reluctant/dangerous/weak aggressor is negotiated, the mother is positioned both in the background as a victim and in the forefront as an actor resisting his violent behaviour. The children position themselves as actors with power to alter the progress, to protect and stop the violence. The point of the narratives is to describe the father as the aggressor, and to describe the important role of the children. This picture of the father, mother and child questions the traditional understanding of the father as the aggressor, the mother as the victim and the child as a powerless bystander being exposed to the violence, and underlines the complexities of the dynamics in families living with domestic violence.

  • 1199813.
    Øverlien, Carolina
    Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter om vold og traumatisk stress (NKVTS), Norway.
    «Jeg sier at skiltet har blitt ødelagt» – Strategier för hemlighållande bland barn på krisesenter2010In: Norges Barnevern, ISSN 0800-1014, E-ISSN 1891-1838, Vol. 87, no 1, p. 6-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents results from the first Norwegian nation-wide study on children in shelters for battered women and their situation. One of the qualitative findings; that children who live in shelters with their mothers have difficulties in keeping the shelterstay a secret is discussed specifically. The argument pursued is that the children are struggling to keep the shelter a secret, and that the secrecy creates problems in their everyday life and social relations. Moreover, the children develop a number of strategies to manage the issue of secrecy. Finally, the implications of this is discussed, as well as the secrecy as one of the dilemmas facing the new Norwegian shelter movement with an integrated children’s perspective.

  • 1199814.
    Øverlien, Carolina
    Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies (NKVTS), Norway.
    The Children of Patriarchal Terrorism2013In: Journal of family Violence, ISSN 0885-7482, E-ISSN 1573-2851, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 277-287Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an exploratory qualitative interview study of 25 children who experienced domestic violence, 10 children diverged from the rest of the group in regards to expressed strong fear. The questions asked were: what are the violent experiences of these children? What, from the children’s perspective, is the nature of the violence? A thematic analysis of the interviews with the 10 children identified six themes: a high degree of coercive control and exposure to ‘bizarre acts’, severe and repeated violence, perceived impossibility of physical interventions during the violent acts, violence permeating everyday life, strong feelings of fear and a constant state of readiness, and descriptions of life starting after the abusers leave the family. The results urges researchers, clinicians and policymakers to better distinguish between children who experience domestic violence in order to better target support and intervention.

  • 1199815.
    Øverlien, Carolina
    Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter om vold og traumatisk stress (NKVTS), Norge.
    Ungdom, vold og overgrep : Skolen som forebygger og hjelper2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [no]

    Hva er vold og seksuelle overgrep? Hvordan kan du vite om en ungdom er utsatt for vold og overgrep, og hvem kan bidra med råd, veiledning, beskyttelse og behandling?

    Ungdom som er utsatt for vold og seksuelle overgrep, finnes i ethvert klasserom. De sier de skulle ønske at læreren hadde fanget det opp og snakket med dem om det. Denne boken handler om hvordan man kan se og prate med ungdom, og hva man kan gjøre for å forebygge og hjelpe. Her er også fortellinger, fotografier og et kapittel skrevet direkte til ungdom. Boken er godt egnet som utgangspunkt for undervisning og samtaler og gir nødvendig kunnskap til lærere, lærerstudenter og andre yrkesgrupper som arbeider i skolen, og kommer i kontakt med ungdommer.

  • 1199816.
    Øverlien, Carolina
    Norwegian Center for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, Norway.
    Women’s Refuges as Intervention Arenas for Children who Experience Domestic Violence2011In: Child Care in Practice, ISSN 1357-5279, E-ISSN 1476-489X, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 375-391Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children often accompany their mothers to women's refuges, where they are at risk of developing behavioural and psychological difficulties. In these situations it is important for the children to be given the possibility to address their own experiences of violence. However, little is known about how children experience these interventions. This study examined children's perceptions about their everyday lives at refuges in Norway. In the first phase of the study, participants included 50 directors of women’s refuges in Norway, who were interviewed via telephone. The second phase included face-to-face interviews with 22 children from 7 refuges. The study asked what interventions do children in refuges receive and how do the children experience those interventions. Findings revealed that the children focused on two forms of interventions as particularly helpful: activities such as trips and outings; and individual counselling. The most important intervention for children who experienced domestic violence was to remove them from a violent environment. As such, the refuge in itself could be considered an intervention. In conclusion, the author describes why women’s refuges represent a unique opportunity for interventions with children.

  • 1199817.
    Øverlien, Carolina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter om vold og traumatisk stress (NKVTS), Norge.
    Hauge, Mona-IrenSchultz, Jon-Håkon
    Barn, vold og traumer: Møter med unge i utsatte livssituasjoner2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [no]

    Denne boken handler om barn og ungdom som har ulike erfaringer med vold og traumer, og hvordan de blir møtt av profesjonelle hjelpere.

    Gjennom fagtekster fra 18 forskere ved Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter om vold og traumatisk stress (NKVTS) kommer leseren tett på barn og unge som har det vanskelig, enten fordi de har opplevd en dramatisk hendelse, eller fordi de blir utsatt for vold i oppveksten. Tekstene gir forslag til hvordan det kan legges til rette for disse barna når vi møter dem på arenaer som skolen, sykehus, rettsapparat, krisesenter, barnevern eller i flyktningmottak. Dette er nødvendig kunnskap for å forstå, og dermed kunne iverksette, målrettede forebyggende og behandlende tiltak på flere arenaer. Med denne boken ønsker forfatterne å bidra med forskningsbasert flerfaglig kunnskap som gjør at barn og unge som er utsatt for vold og overgrep, eller som har opplevd skremmende, livstruende hendelser får best mulig hjelp og blir tatt best mulig vare på.

  • 1199818.
    Øverlien, Carolina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Norwegian Center for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies (NKVTS), Norway.
    Holt, Stephanie
    European Research on Children, Adolescents and Domestic Violence: Impact, Interventions and Innovations2019In: Journal of family Violence, ISSN 0885-7482, E-ISSN 1573-2851, Vol. 34, no 5, p. 365-369Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The second European Conference on Domestic Violence (ECDV) was held in Porto, Portugal in September 2017. Given the interest in and focus on children and adolescents at both the first and second ECDV, and the identified need to gather research and researchers working in the field of children and domestic violence in Europe, the JOFV made a call for a special issue on European research on children, adolescents and domestic violence. The call has resulted in this double issue of 17 articles which comment on research conducted across Europe, authored from differed scientific backgrounds and reflecting diversity in topics and methods. The work reflects not only how far we have come in Europe on developing research based knowledge on children and domestic violence, but it has also has played an important role in identifying multiple gaps and address needs for the future.

  • 1199819.
    Øverlien, Carolina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Norwegian Center for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies (NKVTS), Norway.
    Holt, Stephanie
    Letter to the Editor: Research on Children Experiencing Domestic Violence2019In: Journal of family Violence, ISSN 0885-7482, E-ISSN 1573-2851, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 65-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Grounded in an ontological, theoretical and methodological position that views children's views and experiences of domestic violence as critical to our understanding of those experiences, this letter to the editor reflects on Kimball's (Journal of Family Violence, 31, 625-637, 2016) review of research since 1999 when Edleson's influential article on children exposed to domestic violence was published (Journal of Interpersonal violence, 14(8), 839-870). Welcoming Kimball's call for research that can capture the full effects of children's exposure', we nonetheless challenge Kimball's criticism of the paucity of research literature directly capturing children's voices. Rather, we argue in this letter that Kimball's (Journal of Family Violence, 31, 625-637, 2016) methodology excluded those published qualitative studies which have engaged directly with children and sought to understand their lived experience of domestic violence. We conclude by highlighting our alignment with Kimball's assertion for the need to capture the voice and experience of children, but argue that this knowledge already exists. We also argue that some questions can only be answered by children and adolescents themselves.

  • 1199820.
    Øverlien, Carolina
    et al.
    Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, Norway.
    Thoresen, Siri
    Dyb, Grete
    Childhood adverse experience: Yes or No? Mothers' Decision-Making Process When Responding to Survey Questions2013In: Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, ISSN 1092-6771, E-ISSN 1545-083X, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 192-210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this pilot study was to assess how difficult it is for mothers to answer questions regarding adversities their children might have experienced, and to investigate their considerations in the decision-making process. A nonrepresentative community sample of 628 mothers of 6- to 8-year-old children responded to an online survey. The mothers answered questions regarding adversities, rated the acceptability of these questions, and reported on any difficulties they had in responding. Based on the mothers' reports, qualitative analyses were conducted to identify metacategories of arguments. The study highlights the need for increased awareness of the complexity involved in soliciting information about adverse experiences in research and clinical settings, and for caution in interpreting epidemiological results in this field.

  • 1199821.
    Øvrelid, Arne
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Strid om Hjørungavåg-slagets geografiske lokalisering. Historieskrivning og debatt fra 1600-tallet frem til 1940.2006In: Striden om stedet: Hjørungavåg-slaget i norsk historie og kultudebatt, Sunnmørspostens Forlag, Ålesund , 2006Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 1199822.
    Øvrelid, Arne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Øvrelid, Thor
    Gud skapade, Strøm ordnade: Carl von Linné och Sunnmøre2007In: Årbok for Sunnmøre, ISSN 1504-3851Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1199823.
    Øvrelid, Bjarne
    Lillehammer University College.
    Challenging the impact of Practice placement in Education of Social Workers2008In: European Journal of Social Education, ISSN 1810-4789, no 14/15, p. 49-57Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1199824.
    Øvrelid, Bjarne
    Høgskolen i Lillehammer.
    Empowerment er svaret, men hva var spørsmålet?2007In: Empowerment: i teori og praksis, 2007, p. 47-58Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1199825.
    Øvrelid, Bjarne
    Lillehammer University College.
    Etikk og brukerretting: frihet og styringsteknikk2007In: Nordisk sosialt arbeid, ISSN 0333-1342, E-ISSN 1504-3037, no 3, p. 170-181Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1199826.
    Øvrelid, Bjarne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Nødvendigheten av fronetisk handlingskompetanse i sosialt arbeid2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has partly been to explore how social work students develop their conception of relevant competence during their bachelor education. This part of the study is based on qualitative interviews with a sample of twelve students from Lillehammer University College interviewed individually focusing on the relationship between theory and practice, competence learned at the university and college and in practice placement and on the personal aspect of professional action. The most significant research finding was the ways in which the students changed their view on relevance after a period of practice placement during the second year of the bachelor program. The students consider competence experienced in practice placement as the "real thing" and competence learned in college as a secondary, but necessary competence for passing the final exam. Competence learned in practice placement was taken for granted and critical reflection on knowledge systems, practices and the relationship between welfare politics and professional action was outside the limits of what the students deemed relevant competence.

    From these research findings and interpretations I derived new research questions which I have investigated in five articles. Article 1 scrutinizes the strong impact of practice placement, article 2 explores the purpose of ethics in a context where social work tries to mediate between social control and users participation, article 3 is concerned with the necessity of moral competence in order to make good judgements in the application of the mandate given from the welfare state, article 4 asks to what extent the concept of empowerment requires certain techniques of intervention in order to make conform clients to conventional ways of living, while article 5 explores the potentials in Buddhism applied to relevant social work issues.

    The articles are situated in three different theoretical traditions. I use the traditions partly to challenge core elements within the traditions themselves, partly to challenge conventional viewpoints concerning competences in social work like arguments in favour of scientific knowledge because it contributes to the elevation of the status of social workers

    The first one draws on the tradition from situated learning and explores learning as participation in two different contexts (college and workplace). I challenge the notion that development of competence is about negotiations between contexts. I contend that the institutionalised practices in social work have a very disciplinary impact on the concept of relevant competence which is rather underestimated by our educational system.

    Article 2, 3 and 4 profit from Michel Foucault's governmentality-concept. His perspective on the ways in which the population in modern societies is governed. is used to explore how the welfare state uses its professions to combine social control with freedom and self-governing. In my interpretation, ethics is a part of a soft and subtle intervention strategy to transform social and structural issues to individual troubles and make clients cooperative and responsible. I also contend that the mandate given to social workers requires good judgement in their application of individualized strategies which actualize their phronetic competence. I also interpret empowerment as a strategy for intervention that makes clients conform to conventional ideals in society. This interpretation challenges the notion of empowerment as liberation strategy defined by the clients themselves.

    Article 5 is entirely devoted to the question of moral character, drawing heavily on core values from Buddhism. Buddhism is used to identify and suggest ways to overcome ego-related problems which are frequently occurring in social work (such as the problem of "burn-out" and the ways bureaucratic distance is used as a shield against demanding clients). I also suggest that Buddhism can be used as a strategy for promoting personal social engagement in social work.

    My empirical study as well as my articles identifies "phronetic competences" in social work as the most important ones. This concept is derived from the aristotelian "phronesis" meaning personal, experienced-based competence for making morally right judgements according to particular situations. I argue that phronetic competence is highly relevant because it includes capacities for actualizing moral aspects of a situation, critical analytical reflection and for scrutinizing knowledge systems, practices and impacts of welfare goals which tend to be taken for granted.  I contend that the education of social workers must make a stronger effort to facilitate phronetic competences among social work students to prevent social work from being reduced to technical skills and social engineering.

     

  • 1199827.
    Øvrelid, Bjarne
    Høgskolen i Lillehammer.
    The Cultivation of Moral Character: A Buddhist Challenge to Social Workers2008In: Ehtics and Social Welfare, ISSN 1749-6543, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 243-261Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1199828.
    Øvrelid, Bjarne
    Høgskolen i Lillehammer.
    Yrkesmoral som styringsteknikk eller samfunnskritikk?2008In: UNIPED (Tromsø), ISSN 1500-4538, no 2, p. 19-29Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1199829.
    Øvretveit, John
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Andreen-Sachs, Magna
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Carlsson, Jan
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Gustafsson, Helena
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Hansson, Johan I.
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Keller, Christina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
    Löfgren, Susanne
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Mazzocato, Pamela
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Tolf, Sara
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Brommels, Mats
    Karolinska Institutet, Medical Management Centre.
    Implementing organization and management innovations in Swedish healthcare: Lessons from a comparison of 12 cases2012In: Journal of Health Organisation & Management, ISSN 1477-7266, E-ISSN 1758-7247, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 237-257Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to compare the implementation of twelve different "organization and management innovations" (OMIs) in Swedish healthcare, to discover the generic and specific factors important for successful healthcare improvement change in a public health system.

    Design/methodology/approach: Longitudinal cross-case comparison of twelve case studies was employed, where each case study used a common framework for collecting data about the process of change, the content of change, the context and the intermediate and final outcomes.

    Findings: Clinical leaders played a more important part in the development of these successful service innovations than managers. Strategies for and patterns of change implementation were found to differ according to the type of innovation. Internal organisational context factors played a significant role in the development of nearly all, but external factors did not. "Developmental evolution" better described the change process than "implementation".

    Research limitations/implications: The 12 cases were all of relatively successful change processes: some unsuccessful examples would have provided additional testing of of the hypotheses about what would predict successful innovation which were used in the case comparison. The cross-case comparative hypothesis testing method allows systematic comparison if the case data are collected using similar frameworks, but this approach to management research requires considerable resources and coordination.

    Practical implications: Management innovations that improve patient care can be carried out successfully by senior clinicians, under certain circumstances. A systematic approach is important both for developing and adapting an innovation to a changing situation. A significant amount of time was required for all involved, which could be reduced by "fast-tracking" approval for some type of change.

    Originality/value: This is the first empirical report comparing longitudinal and contextualised findings from a number of case studies of different organisational and management healthcare innovations. The findings made possible explanations for success factors and useful practical recommendations for conditions needed to nurture such innovation in public healthcare.

  • 1199830. Øyane, Nicolas M F
    et al.
    Pallesen, Ståle
    Moen, Bente Elisabeth
    Åkerstedt, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Bjorvatn, Bjørn
    Associations between night work and anxiety, depression, insomnia, sleepiness and fatigue in a sample of Norwegian nurses2013In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 8, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Night work has been reported to be associated with various mental disorders and complaints. We investigated relationships between night work and anxiety, depression, insomnia, sleepiness and fatigue among Norwegian nurses.

    METHODS: The study design was cross-sectional, based on validated self-assessment questionnaires. A total of 5400 nurses were invited to participate in a health survey through the Norwegian Nurses' Organization, whereof 2059 agreed to participate (response rate 38.1%). Nurses completed a questionnaire containing items on demographic variables (gender, age, years of experience as a nurse, marital status and children living at home), work schedule, anxiety/depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), insomnia (Bergen Insomnia Scale), sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale) and fatigue (Fatigue Questionnaire). They were also asked to report number of night shifts in the last 12 months (NNL). First, the parameters were compared between nurses i) never working nights, ii) currently working nights, and iii) previously working nights, using binary logistic regression analyses. Subsequently, a cumulative approach was used investigating associations between NNL with the continuous scores on the same dependent variables in hierarchical multiple regression analyses.

    RESULTS: Nurses with current night work were more often categorized with insomnia (OR = 1.48, 95% CI = 1.10-1.99) and chronic fatigue (OR = 1.78, 95% CI = 1.02-3.11) than nurses with no night work experience. Previous night work experience was also associated with insomnia (OR = 1.45, 95% CI = 1.04-2.02). NNL was not associated with any parameters in the regression analyses.

    CONCLUSION: Nurses with current or previous night work reported more insomnia than nurses without any night work experience, and current night work was also associated with chronic fatigue. Anxiety, depression and sleepiness were not associated with night work, and no cumulative effect of night shifts during the last 12 months was found on any parameters.

  • 1199831.
    Øygarden, Geir Angell
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Den brukne neses estetikk. En bok om boksing.2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about boxing. More precisely it is about the meaning of boxing. And since it is about the question of meaning, it is also about the question of culture. This thesis aims to identify the system of meaning produced in the inside of the culture of boxing. Put differently, the objective has been the laying bare of the internal construction of the cultural form that boxing is.

    The empirical data has been gathered through participant observation or, as it is termed in the thesis: full-contact sociology. The field studies alluded to hereby have been conducted over a period of three years in two different boxing clubs in Södermalm, Stockholm. One of these clubs was for amateurs, the other for both amateurs and professional boxers.

    The thesis consists of three sections: one empirical, one theoretical and one existential. In the first section, a detailed account of the empirical material is presented. The second section is a multidimensional reconstruction of the culture of boxing. These sections make up the thesis in an argumentative sense. In the third section, three specific aspects of the culture studied are discussed - solitude, pain and death. This is done in order to criticize the practice of interpretation meaning in sociology.

  • 1199832.
    Øygarden, Rita
    Karlstad University.
    Internasjonalisering av høyere utdanning: Hva gjør enkelte høgskoler for å implementere nye politiske signaler?2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
  • 1199833. Øyum, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Kvernberg Andersen, Thale
    Pettersen Buvik, Marte
    A. Knutstad, Gaute
    Skarholt, Kari
    God ledelsespraksis i endringsprosesser: Eksempler på hvordan ledere har gjort endringsprosessen til en positiv erfaring for de ansatte2006Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [no]

    I 2005 startet prosjektet "Gode ledere i offentlig sektor" i regi av Nordisk Ministerråd og SINTEF Teknologi og samfunn, Ny praksis. Målsettingen med prosjektet var å få mer kunnskap om hva som kjennetegner godt lederskap i en vellykket omstillingsprosess, dvs en omstillingsprosess som de ansatte opplever som hensiktsmessig, positiv, og utviklende for arbeidsmiljøet og daglig arbeidssituasjon. I denne rapporten presenteres seks læringshistorier, som hver beskriver en omstillingsprosess, de ansattes opplevelse av lederens rolle og lederens egne refleksjoner om sitt lederskap. Dataene i læringshistoriene er hentet fra i alt 59 dybdeintervjuer av ledere og deres medarbeidere. Noen av de mest tydelige funnene var at de gode lederne i disse casene - samtidig som de implementerer endringen - benytter seg av anledningen til å fokusere på psykososiale arbeidsmiljøfaktorer og dyrker de positive sidene ved de ansattes arbeidshverdag. Den gode lederen bevisstgjør og involverer de ansatte i det som skjer via flere ulike kanaler, samtidig som hun eller han beskytter dem fra unødvendig støy, slik at de får både tid og energi til å utføre de ordinære arbeidsoppgavene sine. Lederne i disse læringshistoriene trives godt med omstilling, og har klare mål og visjoner med den omstillingsprosessen de gjennomfører.

  • 1199834.
    Øyvang, Thomas
    et al.
    University of South-Eastern Norway.
    Nöland, Jonas Kristiansen
    Hegglig, Gunne John
    University of South-Eastern Norway.
    Lie, Bernt
    University of South-Eastern Norway.
    Online Model-Based Thermal Prediction for Flexible Control of an Air-Cooled Hydrogenerator2018In: IEEE transactions on industrial electronics (1982. Print), ISSN 0278-0046, E-ISSN 1557-9948, Vol. 99, no PP, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The flexible generation of electrical energy is heavily dependent on hydropower. Advanced control systems may offer an enhanced operational security. During power system disturbances, a generator may need to operate beyond its limits to maintain a stable operation. This increased performance can be obtained if the total thermal capacity of the generator is exploited by applying optimal control theory in the automatic voltage regulator (AVR). A low order model is required for online implementation and prediction of critical thermal stresses in the machine. Periodic extension of the generator capability diagram has been historically overlooked. In this contribution, a thermal network for air-cooled hydrogenerators for use in real-time monitoring and optimal control is proposed and validated. The thermal model is extended with a heat exchanger model. The dynamic model is developed from an energy balance of the system and verified through FEM simulations and temperature measurements in a case study. Transient simulation results of the online low order model are in good agreement with measurements. Finally, a satisfactory simulator speed is obtained which confirms the feasibility of this approach in real-world applications.

  • 1199835.
    Újvári, Gábor
    et al.
    Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Institute for Geological and Geochemical Research, Budapest; Technical University of Denmark, Center for Nuclear Technologies, Roskilde.
    Stevens, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL.
    Molnár, Mihály
    Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research, Isotope Climatology and Environmental Research Centre, Debrecen.
    Demény, Attila
    Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Institute for Geological and Geochemical Research, Budapest.
    Lambert, Fabrice
    Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Geography Institute, Santiago.
    Varga, György
    Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Geographical Institute.
    Jull, A. J. Timothy
    Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research, Isotope Climatology and Environmental Research Centre, Debrecen; University of Arizona, Department of Geosciences, Tucson; University of Arizona, Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Facility, Tucson.
    Páll-Gergely, Barna
    Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Centre for Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Institute, Budapest.
    Buylaert, Jan-Pieter
    Technical University of Denmark, Center for Nuclear Technologies, Roskilde; University of Aarhus, Department of Geoscience, Nordic Laboratory for Luminescence Dating, Roskilde.
    Kovács, János
    University of Pécs, Department of Geology and Meteorology; Szentágothai Research Centre, Environmental Analytical and Geoanalytical Research Group, Pécs.
    Coupled European and Greenland last glacial dust activity driven by North Atlantic climate2017In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 114, no 50, p. E10632-E10638Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Centennial-scale mineral dust peaks in last glacial Greenland ice cores match the timing of lowest Greenland temperatures, yet little is known of equivalent changes in dust-emitting regions, limiting our understanding of dust−climate interaction. Here, we present the most detailed and precise age model for European loess dust deposits to date, based on 125 accelerator mass spectrometry 14C ages from Dunaszekcső, Hungary. The record shows that variations in glacial dust deposition variability on centennial–millennial timescales in east central Europe and Greenland were synchronous within uncertainty. We suggest that precipitation and atmospheric circulation changes were likely the major influences on European glacial dust activity and propose that European dust emissions were modulated by dominant phases of the North Atlantic Oscillation, which had a major influence on vegetation and local climate of European dust source regions.

  • 1199836. Újvári, Gábor
    et al.
    Stevens, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL.
    Svensson, Anders
    Klötzli, Urs S.
    Manning, Christina
    Németh, Tibor
    Kovács, János
    Sweeney, Mark R.
    Gocke, Martina
    Wiesenberg, Guido L. B.
    Markovic, Slobodan B.
    Zech, Michael
    Two possible source regions for central Greenland last glacial dust2015In: Geophysical Research Letters, ISSN 0094-8276, E-ISSN 1944-8007, Vol. 42, no 23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dust in Greenland ice cores is used to reconstruct the activity of dust-emitting regions and atmospheric circulation. However, the source of dust material to Greenland over the last glacial period is the subject of considerable uncertainty. Here we use new clay mineral and < 10 mu m Sr-Nd isotopic data from a range of Northern Hemisphere loess deposits in possible source regions alongside existing isotopic data to show that these methods cannot discriminate between two competing hypothetical origins for Greenland dust: an East Asian and/or central European source. In contrast, Hf isotopes (< 10 mu m fraction) of loess samples show considerable differences between the potential source regions. We attribute this to a first-order clay mineralogy dependence of Hf isotopic signatures in the finest silt/clay fractions, due to absence of zircons. As zircons would also be absent in Greenland dust, this provides a new way to discriminate between hypotheses for Greenland dust sources.

  • 1199837.
    Úlfarsdóttir, Björk
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH).
    Interaction between Icelandic basalt and Swedish granite with Swedish bitumen emulsion: Is it possible to use Swedish bitumen emulsion in Iceland?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Like in any modern civilization, roads in Iceland have an important role in thedaily lives of inhabitants. Consequently, road quality is of equal importance, butIcelandic roads have shown problems when surface dressing is used where itlooks decent after being paved during summer but then deforming pretty rapidlyafter being hit by elements of winter. Roads in Sweden however, do not seem tohave the same problem.The aim of this study is to minimize this road deformation by examining surfacedressing and aggregates. The Icelandic climate is also a factor to this problemsince the humidity is comparatively high, summers are cool, winters are mild andthe climate is overall challenging. Furthermore, winter thaws are distinctivecharacteristic of the Icelandic weather, which increases strain on the asphalt.An experiment was conducted where the adhesion of surface dressing that iscommon in Sweden was tested with two different aggregates by Vialit plateshock test method. First it was tested with Swedish granite and then withIcelandic basalt. The results from the aggregates were compared where theadhesion with the granite was stronger than with the basalt.Previous study have found that by choosing binder and aggregate that have highadhesivity at low temperature reduces the risk of surface dressing defects,especially when paving takes place in the early and late summer season. Whenchoosing aggregates for road construction the main criteria is cost, thereforeaggregates that are used usually reflect the local geology because transportingaggregates for significant distances is expensive. Concluding from theexperiment, it is not recommended to use the basalt with the Swedish surfacedressing in practice now due to the lesser adhesion compared to the granite.However further research on the asphalt mix with the Swedish surface dressingand the basalt should be conducted.

  • 1199838.
    Überbacher, Ewa
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    VÄGAR TILL REFLEKTION: Avdelningschefers uppfattningar inom somatisk omvårdnad2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Continuous feedback through reflection can be used as a tool by the department head for leading the development, learning and innovation in nursing work. The aim of the study was to describe the department heads´perceptions of reflection in nursing care by a phenomenographical approach. The analysis of 15 interviews resulted in five description categories of reflection. Knowledge integral reflection captures students´training that can be used in nursing work. Processing creates a continuous thought process in nursing work. Reflection development was reinforced among employees when talking to each orther. Managerial reflection was described as a separate forum in the process manager role. Patient-oriented reflection highlighted the patient´s participation. The conclusion was that department heads used reflection on different levels and in different contexts. Reflection proved important in nursing care. Study findings may help to increase knowledge in order to develop leadership whick leads to beter quality of care and patient safety. Continued research should focus on intervention studies with an emphasis on reflection.

  • 1199839.
    Ückardas, Can
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Erdal, Selcuk
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Akbas, Hakan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Investor Relations i AstraZeneca: En studie om förtroendets betydelse2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna fallstudie är att förklara hur AstraZenecas Investor Relationsverktyg ser ut och hur det används. Eftersom företaget stött på stora motgångar har vi bl.a. valt dessa frågeställningar för att uppnå syftet. Hur har ledningens uttalanden påverkat Investor Relations? Hur ser Investor Relations funktionens utveckling ut på både kort och lång sikt?

  • 1199840.
    Ückert, Stefan
    et al.
    Division of Surgery, Department of Urology & Urological Oncology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.
    Oelke, Mattias
    Division of Surgery, Department of Urology & Urological Oncology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.
    Albrecht, Knut
    Division of Surgery, Department of Urology & Urological Oncology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.
    Breitmeier, Dirk
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Legal & Forensic Medicine, Johannes-Gutenberg-University, Mainz, Germany.
    Kuczyk, Markus A.
    Division of Surgery, Department of Urology & Urological Oncology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.
    Hedlund, Petter
    University Vita Salute San Raffaele, Faculty of Medicine, Urological Research Institute (URI), Milan, Italy.
    Expression and distribution of key enzymes of the cyclic GMP signaling in the human clitoris: relation to phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5).2011In: International journal of impotence research, ISSN 0955-9930, E-ISSN 1476-5489, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 206-212Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The clitoris contributes to the normal female sexual response cycle. A significance of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (GMP) has been assumed in the control of clitoral vascular smooth muscle. As only a few investigations on the physiology of the vascular and non-vascular clitoral tissue have been carried out, knowledge on the mechanisms controlling this particular female genital organ is still vague. It has been suggested that human clitoral corpus cavernosum smooth muscle is regulated by nitric oxide (NO)/cyclic GMP and related key enzymes, such as NO synthases (NOSs) and the phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5). The present study evaluated in the human clitoris, by means of immunohistochemistry, the expression and distribution of key enzymes of the cyclic GMP pathway, such as the endothelial NOS, PDE2, PDE11 and cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase type I (cGKI) in relation to the PDE5. Immunohistochemistry revealed the presence of PDE2, PDE5 and cGKI in the smooth muscle wall of blood vessels transversing the supepithelial and stromal space. Immunosignals specific for PDE2 were also identified in interstitial-like cells located in the basal epithelial layer. Staining for PDE11A was observed in single nerve trunks located in the clitoral stroma. The results are in favor of a role of the cyclic GMP signaling in the control of clitoral blood flow. It seems likely that PDE2 and PDE11 are also involved in the mechanism of local (neuro)transmission in the clitoris.

  • 1199841.
    Ückert, Stefan
    et al.
    Division of Surgery, Department of Urology and Uro-Oncology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.
    Waldkirch, Eginhard S
    Division of Surgery, Department of Urology and Uro-Oncology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.
    Albrecht, Knut
    Division of Surgery, Department of Urology and Uro-Oncology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.
    Sonnenberg, Julia
    Division of Surgery, Department of Urology and Uro-Oncology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.
    Langnäse, Kristina
    Faculty of Medicine, Institute for Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Otto-von-Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany.
    Richter, Karin
    Faculty of Medicine, Institute for Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Otto-von-Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany.
    Hedlund, Petter
    Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital, Department of Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Kuczyk, Markus A
    Division of Surgery, Department of Urology and Uro-Oncology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.
    Expression and distribution of cyclic AMP- and cyclic GMP-binding protein kinases in the human vagina- an immunohistochemical study2010In: Journal of Sexual Medicine, ISSN 1743-6095, E-ISSN 1743-6109, Vol. 7, no 2 Pt 2, p. 888-895Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: In contrast to research findings describing the localization of nitric oxide synthases (NOS), guanylyl cyclases, and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)- and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)-degrading phosphodiesterase isoenzymes in the human vagina, the distribution of proteins known as major targets for cyclic nucleotides has not yet been evaluated. cAMP- and cGMP-dependent protein kinases (cAK, cGKI) have been identified as important receptors for cyclic nucleotides downstream the signaling cascades.

    AIM: To investigate, by means of immunohistochemistry, the expression of cAK and cGKI in relation to endothelial NOS (eNOS), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), and protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) in the human vagina.

    MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Expression and distribution of cAK and cGKI(alpha,beta) in relation to eNOS, VIP, and PGP 9.5 in human vaginal tissue.

    METHODS: Immunohistochemical techniques were applied to sections of human vaginal full wall specimens in order to evaluate the presence of cAK and cGKI(alpha,beta) in relation to VIP, PGP 9.5, and eNOS, respectively. Western blot analyses were conducted using cytosolic supernatants of homogenized specimens of the vaginal wall and epithelium.

    RESULTS: Immunostaining specific for cGKIbeta was observed in vascular and nonvascular smooth muscle of the vagina. In the endothelial layer, cGKIbeta was found colocalized with eNOS. In contrast, no signals indicating cGKIalpha were registered. cAK-positive subepithelial vessels were found to be innervated by a dense meshwork of PGP-containing varicose nerve fibers, some of which presented expression of VIP. The expression of cAK and cGKIbeta was confirmed by Western blotting.

    CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate the expression of cAK and cGKIbeta in the human vagina. The colocalization with VIP and eNOS underlines the significance of both the cAMP and GMP pathway in the control of human vaginal vascular and nonvascular smooth muscle.

  • 1199842.
    Ückert, Stefan
    et al.
    Hannover Medical School, Division of Surgery, Dept. of Urology & Urological Oncology, Hannover, Germany.
    Waldkirch, Eginhard S
    Hannover Medical School, Division of Surgery, Dept. of Urology & Urological Oncology, Hannover, Germany.
    Kauffels, Wolfgang
    Klinikum Hildesheim GmbH, Dept. of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Hildesheim, Germany.
    Kuczyk, Markus A.
    Hannover Medical School, Division of Surgery, Dept. of Urology & Urological Oncology, Hannover, Germany.
    Hedlund, Petter
    Lund University Hospital, Institute for Laboratory Medicine, Dept. of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology, Lund, Sweden.
    Rho kinase-related proteins in human vaginal arteries: an immunohistochemical and functional study2011In: Journal of Sexual Medicine, ISSN 1743-6095, E-ISSN 1743-6109, Vol. 8, no 10, p. 2739-2745Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: The calcium-sensitizing Rho A/Rho kinase pathway has been suggested to play a role in the control of nongenital vascular smooth muscle. Rho-associated kinases (ROKs) cause calcium-independent modulation of smooth muscle contraction, and have been demonstrated in the bladder, prostate, and corpus cavernosum. Until now, it is not known whether ROKs and related proteins play a role in the control of vaginal blood flow.

    AIM: To investigate by means of functional studies and immunohistochemistry the significance of the Rho pathway in human vaginal arteries.

    METHODS: Vaginal tissue was obtained from five postmenopausal women. Specimens were processed for immunohistochemistry for ROK1, ROK2, RhoA, and RhoGDI. Segments of sub-epithelial vaginal arteries were mounted in a tissue bath. Effects of Y27632 on the concentration-response curves to phenylephrine (Phe) or Phe-precontracted preparations were investigated.

    MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The expression of Rho kinases ROK1, ROK2, and the Rho-associated protein RhoGDI in human vaginal arteries was investigated by means of immunohistochemistry. Tissue bath studies were conducted in order to characterize the effects of the ROK inhibitor Y27632 on isolated vaginal arteries.

    RESULTS: A meshwork of α-actin immunoreactive arterioles was located in the sub-epithelium of human vaginal specimens. Immunoreactivities for ROK1, ROK2, RhoA, and RhoGDI were expressed in the smooth musculature of these arteries. At 0.1 and 1 µM Y27632, the contraction to Phe (10 µM) was 99 ± 17% and 28 ± 12% that of 124 mM K(+) . In Phe-contracted preparations, Y27632 produced relaxant responses.

    CONCLUSIONS: The activation of alpha(1) -adrenoceptors contracts sub-epithelial human vaginal arteries via ROK-sensitive mechanisms. A role for these signals in the regulation of vaginal blood flow might be considered.

  • 1199843. Ühllbeck, Johan
    Ditt val, det spelar roll: en studie om attityder till pensionssparande i Botniaområdet2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1199844. Ühllbeck, Johan
    En komparativ studie av den svenska och norska regeringens utnämningsmakt2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1199845.
    Ülgen, Veronica
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Supplier development: the challenges of being developed by many2016In: LRN conference 2016 : proceedings, The Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport (UK) , 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:  This study investigates supplier development from the supplier perspective. The purpose is to explore the supplier’s experienced challenges of being developed by many buyers simultaneously and over time.

    Research Approach:  The research is exploratory, using a qualitative approach. The chosen investigative strategy is a methods triangulation study involving a case study in the heavy vehicles industry and focus groups with supplier representatives from an industrial network. Focus groups were performed in order to validate and further develop the case findings.

    Findings and Originality:  The findings point towards challenges in supplier development due to frequent turnover of the buyer’s supplier development and purchasing staff, and the related changes in supplier development agenda.  They also point towards changes and developments of the supplier that does not reach the core of the supplier’s business, as different buyers request different developments at different times. This makes it the management staff’s task to present the right information at the right time to the buyer(s), rather than implementing changes based on the buyers’ supplier development work.

    Research Impact: To date there is limited understanding of how suppliers perceive and experience the supplier development and the challenges they are experiencing. Through the network approach an increased understanding of challenges, owing to the many actors and interrelatedness between actors in supplier development have been created.

    Practical Impact: This study sheds light on that different buyers affect one another’s possibility to develop the capabilities and resources of the supplier. This interrelatedness is something buyers should consider when implementing their supplier development

  • 1199846.
    Ülgen, Veronica
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Inter-organizational supply chain: interaction for sustainability2018In: NOFOMA 2018: the 30th NOFOMA conference: “Relevant logistics and supply chain management research”: conference proceedings / [ed] Jan Stentoft, Nordic Logistics Research Network, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1199847.
    Ülgen, Veronica
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Logistics performance management in textiles supply chains: best-practice and barriers2015In: International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, ISSN 1741-0401, E-ISSN 1758-6658, Vol. 64, no 1, p. 52-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of the paper is to explore the practices with logistics performance management in two textiles supply chains, and to identify the related best practices and barriers.

    Design/methodology/approach– The method is a multiple case study of two textiles supply chains with a special focus on the rarely addressed interface between the manufacturer and the retail chain. The retail chains represent one large, global retail chain and one Nordic, comparably smaller retail chain. This paper is primarily empirical and describes practices for logistics performance management. The analysis discusses and explains best practices and barriers for logistics performance managements in textiles supply chains.

    Findings– Differences were identified regarding practices, priorities and collaboration in the logistics performance management process. No textiles industry-specific practices were found. A way of exchanging action plans between the actors is an interesting best practice, which enables improvement projects even with long geographical distances. Barriers in the shape of difficulties in creating a collaborative culture were found; however, IT support seems no longer to be a barrier.

    Research limitations/implications– Two cases are explored, why a broader study is necessary to confirm the results. The best practices and barriers identified are similar to those known from manufacturing companies.

    Practical implications– The detailed descriptions of logistics performance management practices can provide insights for practitioners. Even if the studied supply chains are important for the respective actors, there is a potential for increased effectiveness in textiles supply chains.

    Originality/value– Supply chains for textiles products “starting at a manufacturer and ending in a retail chain” seem to be an unchartered territory and not many studies have been performed.

  • 1199848.
    Ülgen, Veronica
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Prestationsmätningar i textila försörjningskedjor: goda exempel och hinder2012In: Presented at PLANs forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens, Lund, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1199849.
    Ülgen, Veronica S.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Experiencing supplier development: Supplier perceptions of supplier development and related barriers and enablers2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 1199850.
    Ülgü, Yurtseven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    ”Hedern i flerdimensionellt perspektiv ”: - En kvalitativ studie om hur sex unga kvinnor och män med ursprung i Turkiet resonerar om heder, jämställdhet och integration2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Hedern i flerdimensionellt perspektiv” - En kvalitativ studie om hur sex unga kvinnor och män med ursprung i Turkiet resonerar om heder, jämställdhet och integration. Syftet med studien är att beskriva hur hederskulturen upplevs av unga vuxna kvinnor och män med ursprung i Turkiet. Den semistrukturerade intervjumetoden har valts för den kvalitativa studien där sex unga vuxna kvinnor och män i åldern mellan 18 – 25 har deltagit.  Målet för studien är att få svar på hur kultur och migration påverkar integrationen för unga vuxna kvinnor och män med bakgrund från Turkiet, hur kulturen påverkar informanternas identitet och hur informanterna upplever hederskulturen i relation till genus. Dessa frågeställningar har besvarats med hjälp av teorier som anses vara passande för syftet. Teorier som studien utgick från var radikalfeminism, socialkonstruktivism, kulturbegreppet, samt genus.    Resultat och analys indelades i tre övergripande teman. Temat familj och integration ska belysa familjens integrationsnivå och dess konsekvenser. Det nästa tema, kultur, handlar om hur informanterna uppfattar den svenska kulturen kontra den turkiska/kurdiska. Det tredje temat, heder och jämställdhet, tar upp hur hederskulturen uppfattas, beskrivs och upplevs.  Resultatet visade en nära koppling till tidigare forskning. Informanterna är högutbildade, har levt hela sitt liv i Sverige och uppfattar sig som välintegrerade i det svenska samhället. Trots detta visade det sig att hederskulturen existerar och att familjerna lever ett patriarkalt liv där hederskulturen lever i bästa välbefinnande.

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