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  • 1199101. Östlund, Anna
    Utrymningsförsök från en skola med döva och hörselskadade barn och ungdomar: En fallstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1199102.
    Östlund, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Vad säger cylindern?: Om utformningen av en vandringsutställning.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet är en studie i hur en vandringsutställning på gallerior och köpcentrum kan utformas. Utställningen ska tillfälligt fylla tomma ytor i gallerior och köpcentrum. Målsättningen har varit att det ska bidra till en mer attraktiv och aktiv miljö.

    Arbetet har utgått från organisationen Protect our Winters, vilka arbetar med att informera och engagera människor i kampen om klimatet och vinterns framtid. De har efterfrågat en rumslig installation för att på så sätt nå utanför skidvärldens befintliga kanaler.

    Studien och gestaltningsförslaget har baserats på teorier om utställningsmediet, former, designprinciper och gestaltlagar samt metoderna intervju, formalanalys och behavioral mapping.

  • 1199103.
    Östlund, Annelie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Östman, Annika
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Turbulenta omgivningar, affärsrelationer och icke-monetära mått: – En kvantitativ analys2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1199104.
    Östlund, Annika
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences.
    Teknik i bruksmiljö2008Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1199105.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Distriktssköterskors upplevelser av och tillvägagångssätt vid ett motiverande samtal2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 1199106.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Högskolan i Gävle.
    Motivational Interviewing in Primary Care: Nurses´ experiences and actual use of the method2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The overall aim of the present thesis was to describe and examine primary care nurses´ self-reports on training, use and performance as well as experiences and actual performance of MI.

    Method: One qualitative and three quantitative studies were conducted among primary care nurses. A study-specific questionnaire was sent to 980 primary care nurses and 673 (69%) responded (Study I). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 MI trained primary care nurses (Study II). MI sessions between 12 (Study III) respective 23 (Study IV) primary care nurses and patients (total 32 respective 50 sessions) were audio-recorded. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis, Motivational Interviewing Integrity Code, Motivational Interviewing Sequential Code for Observing Process Exchanges and statistical analysis.

    Results: The findings showed that primary care nurses reported and experienced lack of training in MI and lack of prerequisites for using MI (Study I-II), while training, knowledge, prerequisites and time were associated with use of MI. They also reported and experienced that MI facilitated their work with patients (Study I-II) as well as elicited their own ability to motivate and be empathetic (Study II). About half of the primary care nurses reported that they used MI (Study I), and none of the nurses (Study III) achieved the approved skill levels in MI in their recorded sessions. They overestimated their performance on six of eight aspects of MI (Study III). The most frequently used nurse talk in the recorded sessions was neutral, which is not consistent with MI. Questions and reflections directed toward change were most likely to be followed by change talk among patients (Study IV).

    Conclusions: Self-reported knowledge about MI and personal as well as workplace prerequisites for using it were associated with self-reported use of MI. Participating nurses´ experienced that MI requires openness, practice, support, feedback and willingness. The participating primary care nurses did not achieve approved levels of MI skills in their recorded MI sessions. Patients´ change talk is more likely to occur after open questions, complex reflections as well as after questions and reflections directed toward change.

  • 1199107.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Uppsala universitet.
    Motivational Interviewing in Primary Care: Nurses' experiences and actual use of the method2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The overall aim of the present thesis was to describe and examine primary care nurses´ self-reports on training, use and performance as well as experiences and actual performance of MI.

    Method: One qualitative and three quantitative studies were conducted among primary care nurses. A study-specific questionnaire was sent to 980 primary care nurses and 673 (69%) responded (Study I). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 MI trained primary care nurses (Study II). MI sessions between 12 (Study III) respective 23 (Study IV) primary care nurses and patients (total 32 respective 50 sessions) were audio-recorded. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis, Motivational Interviewing Integrity Code, Motivational Interviewing Sequential Code for Observing Process Exchanges and statistical analysis.

    Results: The findings showed that primary care nurses reported and experienced lack of training in MI and lack of prerequisites for using MI (Study I-II), while training, knowledge, prerequisites and time were associated with use of MI. They also reported and experienced that MI facilitated their work with patients (Study I-II) as well as elicited their own ability to motivate and be empathetic (Study II). About half of the primary care nurses reported that they used MI (Study I), and none of the nurses (Study III) achieved the approved skill levels in MI in their recorded sessions. They overestimated their performance on six of eight aspects of MI (Study III). The most frequently used nurse talk in the recorded sessions was neutral, which is not consistent with MI. Questions and reflections directed toward change were most likely to be followed by change talk among patients (Study IV).

    Conclusions: Self-reported knowledge about MI and personal as well as workplace prerequisites for using it were associated with self-reported use of MI. Participating nurses´ experienced that MI requires openness, practice, support, feedback and willingness. The participating primary care nurses did not achieve approved levels of MI skills in their recorded MI sessions. Patients´ change talk is more likely to occur after open questions, complex reflections as well as after questions and reflections directed toward change.

  • 1199108.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Häggström, Elisabeth
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Primary care nurses' performance in motivational interviewing: a quantitative descriptive study2015In: BMC Family Practice, ISSN 1471-2296, E-ISSN 1471-2296, Vol. 16, article id 89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Motivational interviewing is a collaborative conversational style intended to strengthen motivation to change. It has been shown to be effective in addressing many different lifestyle problems as well as in chronic disease management, and many disease prevention guidelines promote use of motivational interviewing. The aim of the present study was twofold: to assess to what extent the primary care nurses in the study perform motivational interviewing according to the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity Code and to investigate how the participating primary care nurses rated their own performance in motivational interviewing. Method: The study was based on twelve primary care nurses' audio-recorded motivational interviewing sessions with patients (total 32 sessions). After each session, the nurses completed a questionnaire regarding their experience of their own performance in motivational interviewing. The audio-recorded sessions were analyzed using Motivational Interviewing Integrity Code 3.1.1. Results: None of the nurses achieved beginning proficiency in all parts of any motivational interviewing sessions and two nurses did not achieve beginning proficiency in any parts or sessions. Making more complex than simple reflections was the specific verbal behavior/summary score that most nurses achieved. Beginning proficiency/competency in "percent open questions" was the summary score that fewest achieved. Conclusion: Primary care nurses did not achieve beginning proficiency/competency in all aspects of motivational interviewing in their recorded sessions with patients, where lifestyle change was discussed. This indicates a need for improvement and thus additional training, feedback and supervision in clinical practice with motivational interviewing.

  • 1199109.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Häggström, Elisabeth
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Primary care nurses' performance in motivational interviewing: a quantitative descriptive study2015In: BMC Family Practice, ISSN 1471-2296, E-ISSN 1471-2296, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 89-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Motivational interviewing is a collaborative conversational style intended to strengthen motivation to change. It has been shown to be effective in addressing many different lifestyle problems as well as in chronic disease management, and many disease prevention guidelines promote use of motivational interviewing. The aim of the present study was twofold: to assess to what extent the primary care nurses in the study perform motivational interviewing according to the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity Code and to investigate how the participating primary care nurses rated their own performance in motivational interviewing.

    Method: The study was based on twelve primary care nurses’ audio-recorded motivational interviewing sessions with patients (total 32 sessions). After each session, the nurses completed a questionnaire regarding their experience of their own performance in motivational interviewing. The audio-recorded sessions were analyzed using Motivational Interviewing Integrity Code 3.1.1.

    Results: None of the nurses achieved beginning proficiency in all parts of any motivational interviewing sessions and two nurses did not achieve beginning proficiency in any parts or sessions. Making more complex than simple reflections was the specific verbal behavior/summary score that most nurses achieved. Beginning proficiency/competency in “percent open questions” was the summary score that fewest achieved.

    Conclusion: Primary care nurses did not achieve beginning proficiency/competency in all aspects of motivational interviewing in their recorded sessions with patients, where lifestyle change was discussed. This indicates a need for improvement and thus additional training, feedback and supervision in clinical practice with motivational interviewing.

  • 1199110.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avd. för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Högskolan i Gävle.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Häggström, Elisabeth
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avd. för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Högskolan i Gävle.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avd. för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, Högskolan i Gävle.
    District nurses' and registered nurses' training in and use of motivational interviewing in primary care settings2014In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 23, no 15-16, p. 2284-2294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives

    To examine to what extent district nurses and registered nurses have training in motivational interviewing, to what extent they use it and what prerequisites they have for using it; to compare district nurses and registered nurses, as well as to compare users and nonusers of motivational interviewing; and to examine possible relationships between use of motivational interviewing and the variables training, supervision and feedback in motivational interviewing and prerequisites for use.

    Background

    Motivational interviewing is an effective method for motivating patients to change their lifestyle, used increasingly in primary care. 

    Design

    A cross-sectional survey study. 

    Methods

    A study-specific questionnaire was sent to all district nurses and registered nurses (n = 980) in primary care in three counties in Sweden, from September 2011-January 2012; 673 (69%) responded. Differences between groups as well as relationships between study variables were tested. 

    Results

    According to self-reports, 59% of the respondents had training in motivational interviewing and 57% used it. Approximately 15% of those who reported using it had no specific training in the method. More district nurses than registered nurses had training in motivational interviewing and used it. The following factors were independently associated with the use of motivational interviewing: training in and knowledge of motivational interviewing, conditions for using it, time and absence of 'other' obstacles. 

    Conclusions

    Having knowledge in motivational interviewing and personal as well as workplace prerequisites for using it may promote increased use of motivational interviewing.

     Relevance to clinical practice

    Having the prerequisites for using motivational interviewing at the workplace is of significance to the use of motivational interviewing. In the context of primary care, district nurses seem to have better prerequisites than registered nurses for using motivational interviewing.

  • 1199111.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Häggström, Elisabeth
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    District nurses' and registered nurses' training in and use of motivational interviewing in primary care settings2014In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 23, no 15-16, p. 2284-2294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives

    To examine to what extent district nurses and registered nurses have training in motivational interviewing, to what extent they use it and what prerequisites they have for using it; to compare district nurses and registered nurses, as well as to compare users and nonusers of motivational interviewing; and to examine possible relationships between use of motivational interviewing and the variables training, supervision and feedback in motivational interviewing and prerequisites for use.

    Background

    Motivational interviewing is an effective method for motivating patients to change their lifestyle, used increasingly in primary care.

    Design

    A cross-sectional survey study.

    Methods

    A study-specific questionnaire was sent to all district nurses and registered nurses (n = 980) in primary care in three counties in Sweden, from September 2011–January 2012; 673 (69%) responded. Differences between groups as well as relationships between study variables were tested.

    Results

    According to self-reports, 59% of the respondents had training in motivational interviewing and 57% used it. Approximately 15% of those who reported using it had no specific training in the method. More district nurses than registered nurses had training in motivational interviewing and used it. The following factors were independently associated with the use of motivational interviewing: training in and knowledge of motivational interviewing, conditions for using it, time and absence of ‘other’ obstacles.

    Conclusions

    Having knowledge in motivational interviewing and personal as well as workplace prerequisites for using it may promote increased use of motivational interviewing.

    Relevance to clinical practice

    Having the prerequisites for using motivational interviewing at the workplace is of significance to the use of motivational interviewing. In the context of primary care, district nurses seem to have better prerequisites than registered nurses for using motivational interviewing.

  • 1199112.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. Univ Gavle, Fac Hlth & Occupat Studies, Gavle, Sweden.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Häggström, Elisabeth
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. Univ Gavle, Fac Hlth & Occupat Studies, Gavle, Sweden.
    Lindqvist, Helena
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, MIC Lab, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. Univ Gavle, Fac Hlth & Occupat Studies, Gavle, Sweden.
    Primary care nurses´ communication and its influence on patient talk during motivational interviewing2016In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 72, no 11, p. 2844-2856Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. The aim of this study was to describe what verbal behaviours/kinds of talk occur during recorded motivational interviewing sessions between nurses in primary care and their patients. The aim was also to examine what kinds of nurse talk predict patient change talk, neutral talk and/or sustain talk. Background. Motivational interviewing is a collaborative conversational style. It has been shown to be effective, in addressing health behaviours such as diet, exercise, weight loss and chronic disease management. In Sweden, it is one of the approaches to disease prevention conversations with patients recommended in the National Guidelines for Disease Prevention. Research on the mechanisms underlying motivational interviewing is growing, but research on motivational interviewing and disease prevention has also been called for. Design. A descriptive and predictive design was used. Methods. Data were collected during 2011-2014. Fifty audio-recorded motivational interviewing sessions between 23 primary care nurses and 50 patients were analysed using Motivational Interviewing Sequential Code for Observing Process Exchanges. The frequency of specific kinds of talk and sequential analysis (to predict patient talk from nurse talk) were computed using the software Generalized Sequential Querier 5. Findings. The primary care nurses and patients used neutral talk most frequently. Open and negative questions, complex and positive reflections were significantly more likely to be followed by change talk and motivational interviewing-inconsistent talk, positive questions and negative reflections by sustain talk. Conclusions. To increase patients' change talk, primary care nurses need to use more open questions, complex reflections and questions and reflections directed towards change.

  • 1199113.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Häggström, Elisabeth
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Lindqvist, Helena
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, MIC Lab, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Primary care nurses' communication and its influence on patient talk during motivational interviewing2016In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 72, no 11, p. 2844-2856Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    To describe what verbal behaviors/kinds of talk occur during recorded motivational interviewing sessions between nurses in primary care and their patients. The aim was also to examine what kinds of nurse talk predict patient change talk, neutral talk and/or sustain talk.

    Background

    Motivational interviewing is a collaborative conversational style. It has been shown to be effective, in addressing health behaviors such as diet, exercise, weight loss and chronic disease management. In Sweden, it is one of the approaches to disease prevention conversations with patients recommended in the National Guidelines for Disease Prevention. Research on the mechanisms underlying motivational interviewing is growing, but research on motivational interviewing and disease prevention has also been called for.

    Design

    A descriptive and predictive design was used.

    Methods

    Data were collected during 2011-2014. Fifty audio-recorded motivational interviewing sessions between 23 primary care nurses and 50 patients were analyzed using Motivational Interviewing Sequential Code for Observing Process Exchanges. The frequency of specific kinds of talk and sequential analysis (to predict patient talk from nurse talk) were computed using the software Generalized Sequential Querier 5.

    Findings

    The primary care nurses and patients used neutral talk most frequently. Open and negative questions, complex and positive reflections were significantly more likely to be followed by change talk and motivational interviewing-inconsistent talk, positive questions and negative reflections by sustain talk.

    Conclusions

    To increase patients’ change talk, primary care nurses need to use more open questions, complex reflections as well as questions and reflections directed toward change.

  • 1199114.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Högskolan i Gävle.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Högskolan i Gävle.
    Häggström, Elisabeth
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Högskolan i Gävle.
    Motivational Interviewing: Experiences Of Primary Care Nurses Trained In The Method2015In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 111-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivational interviewing is a person-centered counseling style used to promote behavioral change regarding a wide variety of lifestyle problems. Use of motivational interview is growing worldwide and among many different healthcare professions, including primary care nursing. The study aim was to describe motivational interview trained nurses' experiences of motivational interviewing in primary care settings. The study had a qualitative descriptive design. It was carried out in Swedish primary care settings in two county council districts, with 20 primary care nurses trained in motivational interviewing. Half of them used the method in their work, half did not. Qualitative semi-structured interviews were used. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The nurses experienced that openness to the approach and an encouraging working climate are required to overcome internal resistance and to increase use of motivational interviewing. They also experienced mutual benefit: motivational interviewing elicits and develops abilities in both nurses and patients. For the nurses using it, motivational interviewing is perceived to facilitate work with patients in need of lifestyle change. Lack of training/education, support, interest and appropriate work tasks/patients are reasons for not using motivational interviewing.

  • 1199115.
    Östlund, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Häggström, Elisabeth
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Motivational interviewing: Experiences of primary care nurses trained in the method2015In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 111-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivational interviewing is a person-centered counseling style used to promote behavioral change regarding a wide variety of lifestyle problems. Use of motivational interview is growing worldwide and among many different healthcare professions, including primary care nursing. The study aim was to describe motivational interview trained nurses' experiences of motivational interviewing in primary care settings. The study had a qualitative descriptive design. It was carried out in Swedish primary care settings in two county council districts, with 20 primary care nurses trained in motivational interviewing. Half of them used the method in their work, half did not. Qualitative semi-structured interviews were used. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The nurses experienced that openness to the approach and an encouraging working climate are required to overcome internal resistance and to increase use of motivational interviewing. They also experienced mutual benefit: motivational interviewing elicits and develops abilities in both nurses and patients. For the nurses using it, motivational interviewing is perceived to facilitate work with patients in need of lifestyle change. Lack of training/education, support, interest and appropriate work tasks/patients are reasons for not using motivational interviewing.

  • 1199116.
    Östlund, Anton
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Eidhagen, Viktor
    Nilsson, Marcus
    Synaesthetica: Relationen mellan ljud, bild och kropp genom Kinesonisk interaktion.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For generations humans have strived to interpret the relationships between picture and sound. Is there a scientific connection between the lightwave-spectrum and the sound-frequency domain? Is it possible to experience both modalities at once? A fraction of the population can experience a symbiosis of these modalities, a union of the senses where the brain cross connects two or more, seemingly unrelated senses. This variation of sensory function is known as synesthesia. The rapid development in digital media has enabled this cross connection through numbers, creating a form of art where sound triggers or generates visual elements or vice versa. This bachelor thesis is aimed towards examining the relationship between picture, sound, bodily interaction and how we can weave these modalities together to create visual and sonic elements in real time in a natural and organic fashion through the concept of kinesonic interaction. We have through ethnographic observation, focus groups and questionnaires examined various functions which contributes to the sensation of embodied sound, retaining a natural feeling towards the body movements and visual cues. We’ve anchored our research, knowledge and decisions as designers in agential realism to present a framework which we suggest creates an intertwining multimodal experience where body, sound and picture meet.

  • 1199117.
    Östlund, August
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Dahlman, Victor
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Patienters smärtupplevelser efter stroke:: Smärta och psykiska besvär2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Stroke definieras som en cirkulationsstörning i något av hjärnans kärl. De vanligaste symtomen vid stroke är hemipares, kommunikationssvårigheter, synrubbningar och emotionella samt kognitiva förändringar. Smärtan efter stroke kan förhindra fortsatt Rehabilitering samt att de personer som har en funktionsnedsättning är i behov av andra personers stöd. Syfte: Syftet för denna studie var att undersöka patienters smärtupplevelser efter stroke. Metod: Designen för denna studie var en litteraturöversikt där det gjordes en sökning för vetenskapliga artiklar i två olika databaser som därefter analyserades induktivt. Resultat: Av de som drabbats av stroke så lider 45-50% av smärta. De tre huvudtyperna av smärta var central post-stroke pain, skuldersmärta samt huvudvärk. Smärtan kunde även relateras till depression, tappat självförtroende och fatigue, många av dem som drabbats av stroke kände inte heller igen sig i sin egen kropp då den försvagats av stroken. Behovet av stöd från vården var stort då många kände sig ignorerade i vad de hade att säga om sin omvårdnad. Diskussion: Ett flertal studier visade att personer som drabbas av smärta efter stroke lider av mentala problem samt är i behov av andra för att klara sin vardag samt att smärtan försämrade patienternas rehabilitering för att ta sig tillbaka från stroken. Slutsats: Många lider av smärta efter stroke vilket försvårar deras vardag samt vägen tillbaka från stroken. Patienterna var ofta i stort behov av information från vården samt att bilda en relation till vårdpersonalen. Att aktivera patienterna med olika aktiviteter visade sig också nödvändigt då detta avleda tankarna på smärtan de upplevde.

  • 1199118.
    Östlund Bekele, Mikael
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Larsson, Marcus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Kundlojalitet hos Svenska Spel: -en konsumentundersökning på den svenska spelmarknaden2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Spelmarknaden har under de senare åren varit objekt för stora omvälvningar då nya aktörer dykt upp på Internet. Detta har lett till att konsumenter fått ett större urval av spelmöjligheter att välja bland, då alternativet numera endast är ett ”klick bort”. Konkurrensen har därmed hårdnat, vilket gjort att det blivit allt viktigare att ha lojala kunder. Detta har ytterligare förstärkts av den uppmärksammade Gambelli-domen som lett till att reklam för spelbolag har ökat markant.

  • 1199119.
    Östlund, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Interaction and collaborative learning: If, Why and How?2008In: European Journal of Open, Distance and E-learning (EURODL), ISSN 1027-5207 Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this explorative study was to develop further understanding of factors influencing peer-learner interactions and collaborative learning activities, in an asynchronous computer-mediated learning environment. The study was conducted with a small group of seven students enrolled in a supplementary course for special education teachers. Questionnaires, portfolios and transcriptions of the students’ postings into WebBoard were used for collecting data. The results indicate that the students appreciated computer-mediated communication but they preferred face-to-face communication, did not collaborate with assignments beyond requirements. There was little evidence of factors characterizing effective collaborative learning activities. Several possible reasons were found and discussed, e.g., the design of assignments and assessments, the teacher’s activity, the group-building process, the students’ life situation outside of their studies, the students’  motives to enrol in the course, their preferred learning style and their skills in how to collaborate effectively in an asynchronous computer-mediated environment.

  • 1199120.
    Östlund, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Kvinnor och män i datormedierad distansutbildning: en explorativ studie om betingelser för distansstudier utifrån kvinnliga och manliga studenters egna beskrivningarIn: Tidskriftet digital kompetense - Nordic Journal of Digital Literacy, ISSN 0809-6724 Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1199121.
    Östlund, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Prerequisites for interactive learning in distance education: Perspectives from Swedish students2008In: Australasian Journal of Educational Technology (AJET), ISSN 1449-5554, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 42-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates distance students' understanding of the prerequisites for interactive learning in asynchronous, computer mediated university distance studies. It encompasses students' attitudes to structure, dialogue and autonomy, and their experience of social presence and what they consider interaction with peer learners signifies for their learning. The data were collected from an undergraduate and a masters course within the teacher training distance program, using questionnaires, interviews, diaries and analysis of students' contributions in FirstClass and WebBoard respectively. The results indicate that there was no difference between the student groups in preferences concerning structure, dialogue and autonomy. Their preferences depended on their ideas about how to benefit from different situations. They preferred a course design permitting them to use time effectively in relation to their other commitments outside the university. The results also indicate that they felt social presence despite using only asynchronous, text based communication. The student groups, however, had different ideas about the significance of inter-learner interactions. The amount of spontaneous contributions sent to WebBoard and FirstClass also differed. The undergraduate students stressed the social and practical aspects, while the masters students to a greater extent emphasised the cognitive aspects. The amount of spontaneous interactions was also higher in the undergraduate group. These students need more support from others in order to manage their studies compared to the masters students.

  • 1199122.
    Östlund, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Stress, disruption and community: Adult learners’ experiences of obstacles and opportunities in distance education2005In: European Journal of Open and Distance Learning, ISSN 1027-5207, E-ISSN 1027-5207, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study was to describe, analyze and understand adult distance learners' experiences of obstacles and opportunities that influence their studying and learning. Many researchers in educational science, in Scandinavia today, state that knowledge is constructed through collaboration between the individual and the social surroundings, where language and communication between individuals are basic elements. Thus, another purpose was to investigate the learners' experiences of the effects the fellow students had on their studying and learning. The results are based on diaries from 33 adult distance learners, participating in a full-time introduction course in a teacher education program. The results show that most of learners found that it was difficult to combine labor and domestic life with fulltime studies. Many learners also expressed difficulties due to their lack of experience with distance learning. They reported that they have had problems in structuring and organizing their studies. Almost all learners emphasised the importance of peer learners for their feeling of satisfaction, social support and support regarding the interpretations of the assignments. The interaction affected satisfaction and motivation for most of the learners. Some of them also indicated that postings from classmates affected their self confidence. Since those are essential elements in the learning process, the interaction amongst learners indirectly supported their learning process

  • 1199123.
    Östlund, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Vuxnas lärande på nätet: Betingelser för distansstudier och interaktivt lärande ur ett studentperspektiv2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a part of a project, “Interactive Learning in Distance Education”, funded by The Swedish Research Council. The overall purpose was, from adult distance learners’ perspective, to describe, analyse and understand factors influencing studies and interactive learning in asynchronous computer-mediated learning environments. Da¬ta were collected in 2003; from 62 students (56 women and six men) attending an undergraduate and a supplementary distance cour¬se within the teacher training program. The study was based on questionnaires, diaries, portfolios, interviews and transcriptions of students’ postings to the computer conferences FirstClass and Web¬Board, respectively. The courses included campus meetings and individual studies accompanied by study guides containing reading instructions, timetables and individual as well as group-related assign¬ments. Asynchronous text-based, computer-mediated commu¬nication (CMC) was used for dialogue among the participants. The results indicate that difficulties to combine studies with commitments in the students’ everyday lives and lack of familiarity with higher education and computer mediated distance education constituted learning obstacles. Almost everyone emphasised the importance of communicaion with peer students for feeling satisfied in the study and learning situation. They appreciated the asynchronous text-based CMC because it increased the flexibility of the studies. The students´ online behaviour and statements also indicate feelings of social presence and solidarity with peer learners, despite using a medium with relatively low capacity to convey social cues. Female and male students described similar difficulties of combining family, work and study. Women sho¬wed lower self-esteem in terms of computer skills and coping with their studies. They highlighted the social importance of the studygroup to a higher extent than the men did. The ideal course design in terms of structure, dialogue and autonomy altered depending on students´ perceptions of benefits. They wanted flexibility and autonomy to be able to combine the studies with commitments in their everyday life, at the same time they appreciated elements of structure and governance in situations when these involved saving of time. The communication in the computer conferences was extensive but the analysis of the learners’ contributions provides little evidence of effective collaborative learning activities. Several reasons to this were discussed, e.g. students´ lack of time and knowledge to form functioning learning communities, as well as insufficient course design to promote and support collaborative distance learning. It was concluded that there is a gap between teachers' ambitions to create an interactive learning environment on the one hand, and students´ skills, attitudes to collaboration and need to share their time between studies and other commitments on the other. Also, teachers´ ambitions to develop distance education aiming at collaboration and interactive learning are often hampered by their limited skills and time frames to design and implement such courses.

  • 1199124.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University.
    Ageing Populations and technology: Challenges and Opportunities1998Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Comments as an expert and member of COST A5: Ageing and Technology Network, on a working paper for the European Commission

  • 1199125.
    Östlund, Britt
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering.
    Being in for different reasons. Implementing robots into daily life of elderly people in multi-diciplinary collaboration2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1199126.
    Östlund, Britt
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering.
    Deconstructing the Path Towards “Homo Digitalis”2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1199127.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lunds universitet.
    Den motsägelsefulla visionen: Vem avgör vilken teknik de äldre behöver?2006In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, no 2, p. 32-34Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns en diskrepans mellan vilka tekniska hjälpmedel och innovationer äldre människor verkligen vill ha, och vad omgivningen tror att de behöver. Nutidens befolkningspyramid antar en alltmer fyrkantig form och många av oss kan vid pensioneringen se fram emot ytterligare en tredjedel av vuxenlivet. Därför har den tekniska utvecklingen och äldres teknikanvändning kommit att bli ett aktuellt forskningsområde.En viktig uppgift för forskningen är att bidra till mer adekvata bilder av hur det moderna äldrelivet ser ut. Dessutom att ge underlag till en teknikutveckling som är anpassad efter det ökande antalet äldre och det allt större beroendet av teknisk kommunikation.

  • 1199128.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lunds universitet.
    Den motsägelsefulla visionen: vem avgör vilken teknik de äldre behöver?2006In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, no 2, p. 32-34Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1199129.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lunds universitet.
    Design och diakoni2007In: Svensk kyrkotidning, ISSN 0346-2153, no 34/25, p. 415-417Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1199130.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lunds universitet.
    Design paradigmes and misunderstood technology: The case of older users2005In: Young technologies in old hands - An international view on senior citizen's utilization of ICT / [ed] Jæger, Birgit, DJØF Publishing Copenhagen , 2005, p. 25-39Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The stereotypes about older adults and the incomplete picture that emerges when such persons are described in terms of properties and a characteristic derived from ageing is one motivation for defining the status of older users. The other key motivation is that the elderly are just one user-group among others so that the perspective on how technology is used may or may not tell us something about the elderly as users e.g. the elderly may find it more difficult to use a product in contrast to younger persons or young and old alike may find a product difficult to use. This article is a contribution to a better understanding of old peoples' needs and preferences in information and communication technology (ICT) and to how such needs and preferences should be defined. The aim is to describe established hypotheses and definitions of old people as a target group for the innovation and design of information- and communication technology (ICT) and analyse whether we should understand and define them with reference to their status as users, their age, or other common characteristics.

  • 1199131.
    Östlund, Britt
    Swedish Research Council.
    Design Paradigms and Misunderstood Technology: The Case of Older Users2005In: Young technologies in old hands: an international view on senior citizen's utilization of ICT / [ed] Birgit Jæger, Copenhagen: DJØF Forlag, 2005, p. 25-39Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1199132.
    Östlund, Britt
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering.
    Digitizing Health Care Welfare technology as a way to meet digital and demographic challenges in Sweden2017In: 2017 4th International Conference on Systems And Informatics (ICSAI), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017, p. 78-83Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitizing health care takes place in parallel with demographic changes posing one of the greatest social changes of our time. Although modern elderly care has evolved closely related to technological development and evaluated by established methods, digitization places new demands on approaches as a result of its systemic characteristics and its potential to bridge different environments and social contexts and the involvement of elderly users. This paper is paying attention to three challenges: digitizing already existing technological environments; implementing technology in new arenas outside hospitals and laboratories; and the imbalance between perceptions of elderly users and their actual needs and demands. The conclusions point out that digitization provides opportunities to deepen or reflections on technology and implementation, develop multidisciplinary collaborations and enhance proactive engagements to make new technologies work.

  • 1199133.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University.
    Do computers have a future within the care of elderly people?1993In: Percieved Needs of the Elderly abouT Mobility / [ed] I. Oever; Jan Graafmans, Knegsel Netherlands: Akontes , 1993, Vol. 7Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary of remarks with reference to a Sewdish study about new technology in elderly people´s housing

  • 1199134. Östlund, Britt
    Do Computers have a future within the care of elderly people?1993In: Perceived needs of the elderly about mobility / [ed] W.P.J.M. van den Oever, J.A.M. Graafmans, Knegsel: Akontes , 1993Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary of remarks with reference to a Swedish study about new technology in elderly people´s housing.

  • 1199135.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University.
    Elderly in Action in Front of the Television1998In: Methodologies for Media and Information technology Research in Everyday Life / [ed] Roger Silverstone & Maren Hartmann, European Commission, The European Media Technology and Everyday Life Network (EMTEL) , 1998, no 5Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1199136. Östlund, Britt
    Elderly in Action in Front of the Television1998In: Methodologies for media and information technology research in everyday life / [ed] Roger Silverstone & Maren Hartmann, Falmer: University of Sussex , 1998Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1199137.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University.
    Experiences with Safety-Alarmes for the Elderly in Sweden1994In: Safety Alarm Systems, Technical Aids and Smart Homes / [ed] Ivan, Oever; Jan, Graafmans, Akontes , 1994, Vol. 7Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter describe the early implementation of safety alarms in Sweden and the result of a study at a service centre i Linkoping.

  • 1199138. Östlund, Britt
    Experiences with Safety-Alarmes for the Elderly in Sweden1994In: Technology for the elderly: safety-alarm systems, technical aids and smart homes / [ed] Claudia Wild & Andrea Kirschner, Knegsel: Akontes , 1994Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1199139.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University.
    Final Evaluation Report with included Cross Cultural Analysis Report D6.3 for the EC Project GiraffPlus. Combining social interaction and long term monitoring for promoting independent living.2015Report (Other academic)
  • 1199140.
    Östlund, Britt
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Systems Safety and Management.
    Final Evaluation Report with included Cross Cultural Analysis Report D6.3 for the EC Project GiraffPlus. Combining social interaction and long term monitoring for promoting independent living.2015Report (Other academic)
  • 1199141.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lunds universitet.
    Forskning för en användarinriktad IT-utveckling - ett program med teman att utveckla under perioden 2000-20042000Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1199142.
    Östlund, Britt
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Gammal är äldst. En studie av teknikens betydelse i äldre människors liv1995Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Avhandlingen består av en etnografisk studie där äldre människors användning av teknik relateras till deras vardagliga kontext och till deras livslånga vana av tekniskanvändning och teknisk förändring. Två i vardagen välintegrerade teknologier - telefonen och televisionen - och två teknologier de fått i hög ålder - trygghetslarmet och handla hemma terminal - fokuseras. Resultatet visar att äldre människor använder teknik i hög utsträckning, att den är inordnad i dagliga rutiner,att de bedömer nyttan av ny teknik i förhållande till tidigare erfarenheter och att de blir mer pragmatiska jämfört med tidigare i livet. En slutsats är att teknikens nytta kan bedömas enbart i förhållande till sitt sammanhang och i sin egenskap av social artefakt. En annan slutsats är att äldre människors syn på teknik och vilken nytta de tillskriver den skiljer sig från den man finner hos dem som tillhandahåller och utvecklar teknik för deras räkning. Exempel i avhandlingen visar på missförstånd och fördomar.

  • 1199143.
    Östlund, Britt
    Linköpings universitet, Tema teknik och social förändring.
    Gammal är äldst: En studie om teknik i äldre människors liv1995Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with the role of technology in elderly peoples everydaylife, to what extent technology can facilitate or prevent them from havinga social life. The intension is to describe the role of technology from olderpeoples own perspective. Four activities in everyday life in which technology is involved are emphasised: social contacts, security, information and distribution of services and goods. Technology related to these activities are telephones, televisions, safety alarms and homeshopping-terminals. The aim of the study is to describe how these fourtechnologies are used by the elderly and what function and meaning theygive to the technology; and to describe old peoples attitudes to newtechnology in general and to the home shopping-terminals specificallyand how this technology affects their everyday life contacts and routins.The main emphirical work consists of recurrent interviews andobservations of a group of old people living in a city (Malmo) and in a rural district (Kinda).

    The results show that the function of technologies such as the telephoneand the television becomes more specific and even more important to connect the home with the outside world. By this kind of technology the interviewees remain socially integrated but, which is one of their expressed preferences, with no demands on social participation. A growing need of privacy is succesfully combined with an increased need of security and help. Technology is not used to establish new contacts but relations to relatives and friends are maintained. The attitude and acceptance of new technology in general is positive due to their lifelong experiences of improvements. The difference is that they are not that interested anymore, referring to an increased pragmatic vue towards modernity, to a limited future-perspective and to their basic values.

  • 1199144.
    Östlund, Britt
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gammal är äldst: En studie om teknik i äldre människors liv1995Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with the role of technology in elderly peoples everydaylife, to what extent technology can facilitate or prevent them from havinga social life. The intension is to describe the role of technology from olderpeoples own perspective. Four activities in everyday life in which technology is involved are emphasised: social contacts, security, information and distribution of services and goods. Technology related to these activities are telephones, televisions, safety alarms and homeshopping-terminals. The aim of the study is to describe how these fourtechnologies are used by the elderly and what function and meaning theygive to the technology; and to describe old peoples attitudes to newtechnology in general and to the home shopping-terminals specificallyand how this technology affects their everyday life contacts and routins.The main emphirical work consists of recurrent interviews andobservations of a group of old people living in a city (Malmo) and in a rural district (Kinda).

    The results show that the function of technologies such as the telephoneand the television becomes more specific and even more important to connect the home with the outside world. By this kind of technology the interviewees remain socially integrated but, which is one of their expressed preferences, with no demands on social participation. A growing need of privacy is succesfully combined with an increased need of security and help. Technology is not used to establish new contacts but relations to relatives and friends are maintained. The attitude and acceptance of new technology in general is positive due to their lifelong experiences of improvements. The difference is that they are not that interested anymore, referring to an increased pragmatic vue towards modernity, to a limited future-perspective and to their basic values.

  • 1199145. Östlund, Britt
    Granskningsrapport. En kartläggning om välfärdsteknik.2017Report (Other academic)
  • 1199146.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lunds universitet.
    Har aeldre mennesker brug for design?2008In: Gerontologi: aldring og aeldre - forskning og udvikling, ISSN 1604-8644, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 16-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1199147.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund Universitet.
    Hur kan teknik skapa möjligheter för äldre människor?2012In: E-hälsa. Innovationer, metoder, interventioner och perspektiv / [ed] Gard, Gunvor och mealnder Wikman Anita, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2012, 1:1, p. 209-222Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1199148. Östlund, Britt
    Hur kan teknik skapa möjligheter för äldre människor?2012In: E-hälsa: innovationer, metoder, interventioner och perspektiv. / [ed] Gunvor Gard, Anita Melander Wikman, Studentlitteratur AB, 2012, p. 209-221Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1199149. Östlund, Britt
    Images, users, practices: senior citizens entering the IT-society1999Report (Other academic)
  • 1199150. Östlund, Britt
    Images, users, Practises. Senior Citizens Entering the IT-society1999Report (Other academic)
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