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  • 1191551.
    Öberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sollenberg, Margareta
    O ensino da análise de conflictos: Sugestões sobre a utilizacão dos media como recurso para a análise de conflitos2003In: Fogo Sobre os Media: Informacão, Conhecimento e Critica em ConflitosArmados, Coimbra: Quarteto , 2003Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1191552.
    Öberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sollenberg, Margareta
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Teaching Conflict Analysis: Suggestions on the Use of Media as a Resource for Conflict Analysis2003In: The Emotion and the Truth: Studies in Mass Communication and Conflict, HumanitariaNet, Bilbao , 2003Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 1191553.
    Öberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Strøm, Kaare
    Conclusions2008In: Resources, governance and civil conflict, Oxford: Routledge , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1191554.
    Öberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Strøm, Kaare
    Introduction2008In: Resources, governance and civil conflict, Oxford: Routledge , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1191555.
    Öberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Strøm, Kaare
    Resource, governance and civil conflict2008Book (Other academic)
  • 1191556.
    Öberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Taub, Samuel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Möller, Frida
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Challenges from within: Introducing the Uppsala Coup Events Dataset2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1191557.
    Öberg, Maja
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Autismpedagogik för alla?: en studie om lärares pedagogiska strategier i idrott & hälsa för gymnasiesärelever med autism2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim was to increase awareness of how teachers design learning environment in Physical Education (PE) for students diagnosed with autism in upper secondary school. The two research questions were: ”What strategies do teachers select when teaching students with autism in the subject Physical Education?” and ”From where do teachers get ideas for the strategies they use?”.

    Method: Qualitative interviews with seven teachers were used. They work/had been working with students with autism in PE in the upper secondary school in Stockholm. All informants were found through personal knowledge. One observation was performed, but only as a complementary source of information.

    Two teaching meodels; TEACCH and ABA, were used as analytical tools in the analysis of the informants teaching strategies.

    Results: Teachers' strategies are based on structure and clarity, and these concepts are emerging as key concepts in the teaching. Teaching is conducted in small groups of students with a high staff support. The language is kept clear, simple and concrete and the physical environment appears secure and familiar. The lessons take place in a structured and consistent approach. Tools such as pictures, timer clocks and schedules, are used. Sometimes special interests or a reward system is used as a motivator.The teachers are educated PE-teachers, but none of them a teacher educator in special needs. Some of them have received further training in autism through courses, seminars and lectures. Teachers also find inspiration and learn from each other and from other staff at school. The exchange between staff and cooperation concerning the pupil is emphasized by the teachers.

    Conclusions: The teachers used elements from the so-called TEACCH and ABA models  in their teaching, but few knew about the method. This may mean that some of the knowledge is only personally mediated and not documented, which may hamper the spread of knowledge. Continued studies on PE in Swedish schools for students with autism are needed. Hopefully this study contributes to a growing interest for further research and more extensive studies. A further reflection of the study is that adaptations within the autism education may benefit other students without autism too.

  • 1191558.
    Öberg, Maja
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Kåbring, Lotta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Yrkesverksamma inom rättsväsendet och civilas bedömningar av straff beroende på gärningsmannens bakgrund2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Stereotyper inom psykologin handlar om att tillskriva individer egenskaper som generaliseras över grupper. Detta leder till att negativa fördomar skapas och människor felaktigt döms på förhand. Studien undersökte om skillnader fanns i bedömningen gällande en gärningsmans bakgrund. Syftet med studien var att undersöka om en gärningsman med brottsligt förflutet döms till grövre påföljd vid brott, än en gärningsman utan brottsligt förflutet, samt att rättsväsendet bedömer brottet allvarligare än kontrollgruppen. Deltagare var 99 individer, varav 56 från rättsväsendet som besvarade en enkät gällande ett misshandelsfall. Enkäten fanns i tre olika utföranden där en gärningsmans bakgrund manipulerades. Resultaten indikerade att rättsväsendet tilldelar hårdare straff mot gärningsmannen, samt bedömer brottet allvarligare i fallet där gärningsmannen ej var känd tidigare. Detta kan bero på att rättsväsendet är professionella i sina bedömningar oavsett gärningsmäns bakgrund. Kontrollgruppen däremot kan anse att gärningsmannen förtjänar en andra chans och därmed inte dömer lika hårt.

  • 1191559.
    Öberg, Malin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Djurliv i svensk barnlitteratur: Kan böckerna lära barnen om djur?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim whit this study was to perform a qualitative literary study and to analyze how animal life is presented in Swedish literature for children. With the purpose to find out if children’s books can work as a source of scientific knowledge and be used in a pedagogical environment. The analysis started by investigating which type of animal and their attributes that the literature describes in text and images. In the study the children books are categories in five different categories, the books were placed in different categories based on the scientific knowledge that the books contained. The study showed that many of the books contained scientific knowledge about animal life, but the facts in the literature where different between books. After the investigation the conclusion was that the children’s literature which was placed in category 1, 2 and 3 can be used in a pedagogical purpose and teach children about animal life.

  • 1191560.
    Öberg, Malin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Hjälpfröknar i förskolan: En undersökning om så kallade hjälpfröknar i förskolan ur pedagogernas perspektiv2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta examensarbete är att undersöka rollen som hjälpfröken i förskolan utifrån pedagogers perspektiv. Litteratur och forskning visar att detta är en roll som flickor i förskolan ofta får på medveten eller omedveten uppmaning från pedagogerna omkring dem. För att synliggöra rollen ur ett helhetsperspektiv är det viktigt att se till det sociala livet på förskolan för alla barn. Det vill säga, barnens interaktioner med andra barn och vuxna på förskolan. Hur de talar till och med varandra samt hur de agerar gentemot varandra. För att undersöka rollen som hjälpfröken ur pedagogers perspektiv har jag intervjuat personal på tre förskolor. Förskolorna ligger i samma lilla kommun, men i olika bostadsområden. Resultatet jag fann är att det finns två sorters hjälpfröknar. Rollen kan ha en positiv eller en negativ form. Den positiva rollen är när barn själva väljer att vara till hjälp medan den negativa handlar om att bli tilldelad rollen mot sin vilja av någon vuxen. Den positiva rollen som hjälpfröken strävar pedagogerna i arbetet mot medan den negativa är en roll de arbetar emot. 

  • 1191561.
    Öberg, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Inkluderande undervisning i matematik: En kvalitativ studie av elevers och lärares uppfattning av inkluderande matematikundervisning i skolår 7 och 82014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to both national and international political regulations, the school should as far as it is possible include students with special needs in regular education. However, when implementing these political intentions regarding an including school environment, problems often arise. The aim of this studie has been to investigate the opinions of teachers and students when it comes to inclusive education in mathematics. The study has partly been based on interviews with students with special needs in mathematics. These students were included in regular mathematics groups. It has also partly been based on interviews with the teachers of these groups. To analyze the results, a phenomenographic approach has been used. By using this approach, it is the students and teachers’opinions that have been studied and the result is being presented in different categories of opinions.The result was many varying opinions regarding inclusive education and it thus showed how complex the work with students with special needs is. The teachers in the study had for example different opinions about what an inclusive approach to education is. The result showed various opinions among students and teachers about what possibilities and obstacles an inclusive approach to education has when it comes to how the students’ learning process.

  • 1191562.
    Öberg, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Optimerade material för optiska komponenter i koncentrerande solfångare2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The energy consumption continues to increase as the use of electronics and energy consuming equipment increases. The use of fossil fuels has to be phased out for this to be sustainable in the long run while the use of renewable energy continues to increase. A renewable energy source is solar energy but the production of heat and electricity are today very expensive compared to other energy sources and an important task for the solar energy market to grow is therefore to minimize the production cost of the solar collectors while increasing its efficiency to produce heat and/or electricity. One way to convert solar energy into heat is by using solar collectors and electricity can be produced by utilizing the produced heat, or by applying solar cells.

    This thesis aims to recommend a reflective material for the next generation solar collectors from Absolicon and to recommend a commercially available coating for the receiver tube of the solar collector. A market study has been carried out to investigate the cost-related aspects along with the optical and durable aspects for the optical material of the solar collector. Experimental evaluations have been performed to ensure that the optical materials meet the requirements that the supplier promises. The optical properties have been evaluated with advanced measuring equipment at the Ångströmlaboratoriet at Uppsala University and with an infrared camera. The measured values from the infrared camera were in turn used to theoretically calculate the thermal losses of the receiver tubes. To investigate the materials durability the materials were subjected to different climates in a climate chamber and all the tests that has been conducted in this thesis have been carried out both before and after the climate chamber simulation to investigate the materials optical and physical durability. An important aspect of the laminated films is that they should have good adhesive properties even when subjected to high temperatures and high humidity and a method to evaluate this has been developed.

    The result of the thesis shows that aluminum reflectors obtain the best optical results for concentrated solar collectors, but since aluminum is not suitable for the Absolicon solar collector TC160 the recommended reflector material is SF2, which showed good optical, adherent and durable properties which is desirable for a good solar collector and a total reflectance of 92.4 % was obtained. The material that is recommended as a receiver tube is R2 with a measured absorptance of 95.9 %, an emissivity of 17.7 % and the thermal energy loss was calculated to 1055 W. R2 is durable in high humidity and temperatures of 85°C for over 300 hours without the optical characteristics deteriorated. Based on the recommended materials, the next generation solar collectors from Absolicon obtained a theoretical calculated optical efficiency of 76 %. 

  • 1191563.
    Öberg, Malin
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Vägen till anmälan2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1191564.
    Öberg, Marcus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Belief and Religion in Terry Pratchett’s The Hogfather2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Being widely known as comedy fantasy, Terry Pratchett’s Discworld series has been highly regarded by fans and critics alike. While known for their comic tone, Pratchett’s novels have also dealt with grave topics, such as the power of belief and the notion that gods are created, destroyed and made relevant through belief and worship. Yet, there is a distinct gap in academic literature investigating Pratchett’s ideas concerning the nature of both belief and religion. Although Amanda Cockrell has touched upon similar subjects, this paper will address the nature of belief and religion in the Discworld further, by focusing on the novel The Hogfather. I argue that The Hogfather suggests humans are capable of giving meaning to the world around them through the power of belief, and that religion is created by humans to make the world around them more meaningful. In Pratchett’s Discworld, humans have created gods to make sense of what they cannot understand and in this way, they try to bring meaning to the world around them. Furthermore, I argue that The Hogfather presents a case for the importance of religious belief in a modern, secularised world. By presenting “Hogswatch”—the Discworld equivalent of Christmas—as a satire of belief and tradition, Pratchett suggests that, in the end, both secular and religious worldviews should co-exist.

  • 1191565.
    Öberg, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Validation of a simulation model for an airport terminal2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    LFV Teknik is a part of the LFV Group. They work as internal consultants with competence in for example simulation techniques. When the company is preparing to build a simulation model for the study of passenger flows through an airport terminal, a large amount of information about the system is needed. Usually, the model is needed quickly, which means that the time for building it is short. Furthermore, some parts of the system may not be directly in line with the main purpose of the study, which might make it difficult to motivate data collection costs. This project will contribute in this area, by constructing general statistical distributions of the check-in time and the capacity for the security control. The distributions can then be used in other models. The project will also include a discussion about how and when a passenger arrive the airport terminal.

    A simulation model should be built and validated against an existing airport terminal. As a base for this project, Terminal 4 in Stockholm - Arlanda Airport has been used. The passenger’s arrival time to the terminal is collected from the LFV Group statistical database. Data collections for the check-in times and the capacity calculations of the security control are performed using a stopwatch. When the statistical distribution is calculated, a large amount of data is necessary. All data then have to be analysed and implemented in the simulation model.

    As one result of the project, statistical distributions for the check-in times are given. A capacity calculation of the security control is also discussed. Furthermore, the report includes theory of simulation techniques and methods to perform verification and validation.

  • 1191566.
    Öberg, Marcus
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Valdebenito, Marcelo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Staden i Arenastaden2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett mycket högexploaterat förslag utformas där en egen identitet skapas åt Arenastaden i Växjö. Solens gång, bullerkällor, brandrisker, kulturhistoriska värden och många mål i kommunens visionsbild för Arenastaden väger in vid utformning av förslaget. Förslagets nya upplevelsevärden och andra kvalitéer analyseras med hjälp av en solstudie, bullerkällsundersökning och analysmetod av Kevin Lynch. Projektuppgiften är baserad på att en mycket hög exploatering drar ner på områdets upplevelsevärden. Då analysens resultat föll annorlunda erhölls ett annat resultat – metoden; att bygga på höjden besparar grönytor och de värden som mäts vid en Lynchanalys.

  • 1191567.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: BGLC - Acitivity 3.6 Measuring of Green Corridor Performance samt BGLC - Acitivity 6.1 Corridor structure enabler management2012Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Lägesbeskrivning för arbetet i WP 6.1 Corridor structure enabler, samt WP 3.6 Measuring of Green Corridor performance. LTU är aktivitetesledare för dessa aktiviteter i projektet. LTU är projektpartner.

  • 1191568.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: BGLC - Acitivity 6.1 Corridor structure enabler management2012Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Lägesrapport för arbetet i projektet Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor, aktivitet WP6.1 där LTU är aktivitetsledare. LTU är projektpartner.

  • 1191569.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: BGLC - Acitivity 6.1 Corridor structure enabler management2012Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Beskrivning av upplägg för arbetet i projektet Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor, aktivitet WP6.1 där LTU är aktivitetsledare. LTU är projektpartner

  • 1191570.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: BGLC - Acitivity 6.1 Corridor structure enabler management2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Information om arbetsresultat så här långt i WP 6.1 Corridor structure enabler management, Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor project, inför diskussion på workshop.

  • 1191571.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: BGLC – Activity 6.1 Corridor structure enabler management, samt BGLC – Activity 3.6 Measuring of Green Corridor Performance2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kort beskrivning av aktuella resultat i WP 6.1 respektive WP 3.6 i Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor project. LTU är aktivitetsledare för dessa. LTU är projektpartner.

  • 1191572.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: BGLC - Corridor structure enabler management2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Beskrivning av arbetet i WP 6.1. Corridor structure enabler management, i Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor project, samt förslag till rekommendation för corridor management för Botniska korridoren. Rekommendationen utgjorde underlag för fokusgrupper på workshopen. LTU är aktivitetsledare för WP 6.1. LTU är projektpartner.

  • 1191573.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: Bothnian Green Logistic Transport Corridor Activity 6.12013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion vid Workshop, arrangerad av LTU, VTT, CLOSER och Region Örebro, inom projektet BGLC.

  • 1191574.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: Experiences from cooperation between regional authorities and EU programmes: Former and current project initiatives stimulating regional industrial development2011Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1191575.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: How to create a transnational transport corridor management – structural and procedural public and private cooperation2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1191576.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: LTU Luleå University of Technology – research partner in BGLC, WP62011Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Partner meeting for the Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor project (start-up phase)

  • 1191577.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Activity: Research of governance for sustainable transport corridors2015Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Beskrivning av mitt forskningsområde vid Corridor Forum för Scandinavian-Mediterranean transport corridor, som är en av de utpekade mest strategiska transportkorridorerna i EU. Se EU regulation 1316/2013.

  • 1191578.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Aktivitet: ACE Green: Arctic-Central Europe Green Transport Corridor2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1191579.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Aktivitet: Botniska korridoren2011Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1191580.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Aktivitet: Hur ska ledning och styrning av transportkorridorer byggas upp?2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1191581.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Aktivitet: Råvaror och transporter2011Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1191582.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta ()
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    By Maria Öberg, Senior research engineer/PhD-student, Kristina L. Nilsson, Professor, and Charlotta Johansson, Assistant Professor Luleå University of Technology2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1191583.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Corridor Management in the ACE Green Corridor: outcomes and discussions from the TransBaltic extension seminar and related to previous research2014Report (Other academic)
  • 1191584.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Governance for sustainable development of major European transport corridors: The Scandinavian-Mediterranean TEN-T core network corridor2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Intermodal road, rail, air and sea transport networks across the European Union (EU) calledTrans-European Networks for Transport (TEN-T) are currently being implemented. Keyelements, which should be implemented by 2030, are the most strategic TEN-T Core networkcorridors. These nine corridors are expected to enhance smoothness and sustainability oftransport across the EU, thereby enhancing cohesion between EU nations, and relate to non-EU nations. In the EU Regulation 1315/2013 a governance framework for implementation ofthe Core network corridors is outlined, which mainly involves appointment of a Europeancoordinator for each corridor, establishment of Corridor forums for consultations, andformulation of work plans and follow-up measures.This framework is now being implemented in practice. A recognised challenge in the processis engaging the numerous, diverse stakeholders. A possible solution is to introduceappropriate elements of complementary governance. Thus, in this doctoral research, suitablecomplementary governance to support the sustainable development of a Core networkcorridor was investigated. Complementary governance, a concept that was developed andrefined during the project, refers here to additional governance in relation to the governanceframework described for the EU Core network corridors in the EU Regulation 1315/2013.To address an identified gap in knowledge on the nature and utility of complementarygovernance a series of studies was carried out. The studies included a study of relevantacademic literature, studies of EU transport policy and implementation documents regardinggovernance and sustainability, a survey of views of Scandinavian-Mediterranean Corridorforum participants, and interviews with stakeholders in the Baltic Sea region. These studiescollectively constitute a case study, focusing on the Scandinavian-Mediterranean Corenetwork corridor, of the need for, and if a need is present the optimal design of,complementary governance in the process of sustainable development of a Core networkcorridor.The main findings of the studies are that the implementation process of the Core networkcorridors could benefit from complementary governance measures, mainly to increaseinclusiveness, which is crucial for a sustainable development. Complementary governancecould both deepen and broaden stakeholder awareness and involvement. This may haveseveral advantages, such as increasing possibilities for stakeholders to influence the processand benefit from the corridor, align activities, and promote cooperation and learning betweenstakeholders. Moreover, including stakeholders who are based outside the corridors mayimprove distributive aspects of the investments and reduce risks of focusing attention tooclosely on the corridors per se. However, broadening stakeholder inclusion also hasdisadvantages, as it increases the complexity of the process, which may impair itseffectiveness, and may lead to unrepresentative involvement due to differences instakeholders’ interests, administrative capacities and power. It also increases requirements forcoordination.The nature of complementary governance is multifaceted and related to diverse dimensions ofgovernance, such as processes, stakeholder participation and implementation documents. For complementary governance measures a flexible and task-specific multi-level design isemphasised, which may involve various types of engagement mechanisms. Further, thefindings showed a need to extend previously recognised types of public engagementmechanisms based on communication, consultation and participation in the decision-makingstage, by recognising another category, named stakeholder exchange. This category ischaracterised by stakeholder cooperation and collaboration in an implementation stage wheremain goals and policies already are in place.Areas for complementary governance in the implementation process of the Core networkcorridors were indicated in the interview study. They consisted of extended involvement ofprivate stakeholders, extended involvement of regional and local stakeholders, extendedinvolvement of stakeholders geographically external to the immediate corridor, and extendedinformation both generally and specifically (i.e. directed information to specific stakeholders).Several complementary governance measures that could potentially improve implementationof the Core network corridors were raised in the interviews, ranging from minor adjustment inthe existing process to entirely new solutions. These ideas correspond well to the indicatedareas and provide robust foundations for further discussion.Thus, findings from the research suggest several governance measures to systematicallyinvolve and engage diverse stakeholders in the Core network corridor implementationprocess. However, before introducing such measures, they should be assessed together withexisting governance measures, to avoid overlapping or contradictory initiatives, possiblyusing policy packaging approaches, where policies are combined and analysed together toachieve a desired overall outcome. Proposals for future research and practices are presented.

  • 1191585.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Governance structure for transport corridors2014Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Transport plays essential roles in almost all economic activities and our daily lives. Transport flows are often agglomerated in soͲcalled transport corridors linking urban and/or commercially important areas.Clearly, it is desirable for transport to be efficient and sustainable, thus there are several onͲgoing initiatives to develop major, often transnational, transport corridors.Diverse stakeholders are affected by and/or involved in the development of these corridors, including travellers, transport buyers,transport service providers and transport authorities (local, regional, national and transnational). Governance of the corridors can be regarded as the interactive involvement of these stakeholders in their development and subsequent management.This is a licentiate by publications based on a covering essay that summarises and synthetises four articles. The topic focuses on the development of a framework for designing governance structures formajor transport corridors, by examining the variables that should be considered, the structural and procedural organisational possibilities, and both stakeholders’ participation and interactions. A qualitative research approach has been applied, as deeper understanding of the underlying issues is needed. Several studies have been performed, in conjunction with the Bothnian green logistic corridorproject, to illustrate key concerns. These studies have included literature reviews, studies of documents describing governance of major European transport initiatives, and interviews with key individualsinvolved in the development of European transport corridors. An international study has been established and supervised to gather experiences from other research projects, including an open workshop for discussion between representatives of various stakeholder groups. In addition, a casestudy of the Bothnian corridor has been performed, including focus group discussions with principal stakeholders.Main findings from the literature studies concern both the design of governance structures and their socioͲpolitical integration. The findings show that there is no universal solution for governance structuresas they have to be adapted to the social, economic and political context, and should have a sufficient flexibility to meet changing requirements. They also show that collaboration between public, private and other stakeholders to address issues earlier handled by a single authority is becoming increasinglycommon, also within the field of transport, particularly when public investment budgets are restricted. Another main finding is that broad stakeholder inclusion is advantageous and engaged leadership crucial for a successful outcome. Both structural and procedural aspects of a governance structure influence theoutcome and need to be considered when designing one. The international study and the workshop confirmed most of these literature findings and additionally highlighted the need for clear goals, objectives and rules for collaboration. Stakeholders´ diverse needs of connecting to a governancestructure were discussed in the workshop. The document studies and the interviews enhanced knowledge of European transport corridor establishment and management practices.

  • 1191586.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    How to create a transport corridor management: a literature review2013In: VTI-Transportforum 2013 - Granskade artiklar, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, VTI , 2013, p. 108-121Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Commission has adopted a proposal to develop the trans-European network for freight and passenger transports (TEN-T). A multimodal core transport network for Europe has been proposed, as part of the TEN-T (including all modes of transport; roads, railways, airports and canals). As parts of the core network, ten core network corridors have been appointed. They will be used as instruments for implementing the entire core network. European Coordinators will facilitate the implementation of the core network corridors, in cooperation with corridor platforms to be established by Member States concerned. There is no overall solution to how this core network with partly appointed network corridors would be managed, and how the corridor platforms will be synthesized and inter-organized to accomplish seamless transnational transport solutions.This literature review pinpoints three areas of specific importance for future work in creating transport corridor management structures. First, broad stakeholders inclusion, where formalized partnerships in agreements are suggested. Second, several ways of communication between stakeholders to ensure common progress, and third, to complement the dominant causation processes with effectuation processes to capture the stakeholders own driving forces towards common goals.

  • 1191587.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology.
    How to create a transport corridor management: a literature review2013In: Transportforum 2013: granskade artiklar / [ed] Blomqvist, Göran, Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2013, p. 108-121Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Commission has adopted a proposal to develop the trans-European network for freight and passenger transports (TEN-T). A multimodal core transport network for Europe has been proposed, as part of the TEN-T (including all modes of transport; roads, railways, airports and canals). As parts of the core network, ten core network corridors have been appointed. They will be used as instruments for implementing the entire core network. European Coordinators will facilitate the implementation of the core network corridors, in cooperation with corridor platforms to be established by member states concerned. There is no overall solution to how this core network with partly appointed network corridors would be managed, and how the corridor platforms will be synthesized and inter-organized to accomplish seamless transnational transport solutions. This literature review pinpoints three areas of specific importance for future work in creating transport corridor management structures. First, broad stakeholders inclusion, where formalized partnerships in agreements are suggested. Second, several ways of communication between stakeholders to ensure common progress, and third, to complement the dominant causation processes with effectuation processes to capture the stakeholders own driving forces towards common goals.

  • 1191588.
    Öberg, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Hållbar utveckling i förskolan: En jämförelse av det pedagogiska arbetet i förskolor med grön flagg och en vanliga förskolor2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta examens arbete var mitt syfte att ta reda på hur man arbetar med hållbar utveckling i förskolor som har Grön flagg och i vanliga förskolor. Metoden som har används i undersökningen är kvalitativ intervju. Intervjuerna gjordes med 16 pedagoger, från fyra förskolor där av två förskolor med Grön flagg och de andra är vanliga förskolor. Syftet som jag hade med denna undersökningen är att jämföra hur pedagogerna arbetar med hållbar utvekling ur ett miljö perspektiv i förskolans verksamhet. I resultaten framgår det att det finns både likheter och skillnader. De likheter som jag finner i undersökningen är att samtliga förskolor arbetar med teman som är inriktat mot miljön. Den skillnad som jag finner i resultaten är att de förskolor som har Grön flagg arbetar enbart utifrån miljöarbete. De vanliga förskolorna arbetar inte enbart med ett miljöarbete i verksamheten.

  • 1191589.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Intermediate preliminary findings from 5 interviews: Awareness of TEN-T corridors and need of complementary governance/cooperation2016Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1191590.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Management structure for the Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor: A summary of activities in WP 6.1 and concluding recommendations2013Report (Other academic)
  • 1191591.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Measurement of Green Corridor environmental impact performance: -A2A logistic corridor concept2013Report (Other academic)
  • 1191592.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Motivationsfaktorer bakom oreglerat arbete inom hästbranschen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ridsport är en hobby som engagerar tusentals personer. För några av dessa personer är det en dröm att få göra denna hobby till sitt yrke. Till branschens baksidor hör dock låga löner, långa arbetsdagar och svartarbete. Som en följd av detta påverkas både pension, sjuk-och semesterersättning. I många fall finns inga försäkringar som täcker uppkomna skador och olyckor i arbetet. Trots detta väljer en stor skara människor att arbeta med hästar. Studiens syfte är att ta reda på vilka motivationsfaktorerna inom hästbranschen är, trots ovanstående problem. Fem kvinnliga hästskötare har intervjuats i studien. Samtliga respondenter har arbetat i tävlings-och träningsstall med inriktning hoppning. Resultatet har analyserats med hjälp av Herzbergs tvåfaktorteori och Oldham och Hackmans arbetsdesignteori. Resultatet visar att det finns ett gemensamt mönster av motivationsfaktorer för samtliga respondenter. Dessa motivationsfaktorer är intresse, sociala relationer, utvecklingsmöjligheter och arbetets överensstämmelse med medarbetaren.

  • 1191593.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Results from focus groups about transport corridor management for the Bothnian Corridor: Part of Bothnian Green Logistic Corridor (BGLC) project workshop, Arlanda 7th of January 20142014Report (Other academic)
  • 1191594.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Results of questionnaire about complementary governance sent to TEN-T Scandinavian-Mediterranean Corridor Forum participants Dec 2015 – Jan 20162016Report (Other academic)
  • 1191595.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Förbifart eller genomfart?: E10 och Nikkaluoktavägen (väg 870) i Kiruna2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Kiruna pågår en omfattande stadsomvandlingsprocess. Den orsakas av att gruvbolaget LKAB arbetar med en ny huvudnivå i underjordsgruvan för järnmalm. Malmkroppen lutar in under staden och brytningen ger sprickbildning som innebär att delar av staden, bland annat Kiruna centrum, måste flyttas om gruvverksamheten ska kunna fortgå. Järnvägen, E10 samt väg 870, Nikkaluoktavägen, måste också få nya sträckningar.I samband med att E10 ska få ny sträckning har det diskuterats om E10 ska fortsätta utgöra genomfart genom nya centrala Kiruna eller om en förbifart ska byggas, nära centrum (tangentiell förbifart) eller lite längre från själva bebyggelsen.Syftet med detta PM är att genom studie av forskning och utredningar öka kunskapen om vilka effekter valet av förbifart eller genomfart kan få, och tillämpa dessa resonemang i fallet Kiruna.Utifrån de områden som analyserats har det framkommit att det finns både faktorer som talar för respektive mot en förbifart i Kiruna. Flera faktorer är för osäkra för att kunna beskriva konsekvenserna av. Genom att öka kunskapen om hur utbyggnad av trafiksystemen i Kiruna kan påverka utvecklingen, skapas ett bättre underlag för beslutsfattande.

  • 1191596.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Översiktlig analys av olika faktorers påverkan på en långsiktigt hållbar stadsplanering: Scenariobeskrivningar för huvudstråk för trafik och stadsform respektive karaktärer för olika bebyggelsestrukturer i Kiruna2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kiruna står i dagsläget inför en stor utmaning då stora delar av staden måste flyttas till ett nytt läge för att gruvbrytningen ska kunna fortgå. Det är en unik samhällsplaneringsprocess som pågår som kräver insikt, nytänkade och samarbete med många aktörer.Den här rapporten utgör en översiktlig beskrivning av några former/kollektivtrafikstråk och bebyggelsestrukturer, samt dess konsekvenser för en långsiktigt hållbar stadsutveckling, med fallstudie i Kiruna. Problem som bör analyseras djupare har identifierats.Dagens strävan mot långsiktig hållbarhet, också i stadsplanering, talar för en koncentrerad bebyggelsestruktur i motsats till en utglesad struktur. Från ett vetenskapligt perspektiv finns det både för- och nackdelar med en kompakt stad, men en koncentrerad stad skapar bättre förutsättningar för korta avstånd inom staden, vilket främjar gående och cyklande, samt ger större möjligheter till attraktiva kollektiva transportsystem.Tre olika typer av bebyggelsestrukturer har studerats; gles struktur, blandad struktur och tät struktur. Gles struktur utgörs främst av villabebyggelse och tät struktur utgörs av bebyggelse med tydlig stadskaraktär, med flerbostadshus, affärslokaler m m.Tre olika scenarier för huvudsakliga utvecklingsstråk i Kiruna har studerats översiktligt; bandstruktur (målpunkter längs linje), fingerstruktur (nav med linjer ut från centrum som ”fingrar”) och slingstruktur (målpunkter längs ring). Det kollektiva trafiksystemet kan utgöra stommen i stråken. Stråken karaktäriseras av hög aktivitet av människor och händelser.Analysen av stråkstrukturer visar att de olika stråkstrukturerna samtliga är generellt bra som trafikstrukturer, men tar olika stor hänsyn till den befintliga bebyggelsen, därför kan man tänka sig att de är mer eller mindre användbara på kort eller lång sikt. Fingerstrukturen kan vara en tänkbar lösning på längre sikt, medan slingstruktur kan vara lämplig i närtid, och bandstruktur i en övergångsperiod alternativt på längre sikt. Det är viktigt att planera långsiktigt under hela stadsomvandlingsprocessen eftersom lokalisering av viktiga målpunkter och val av trafikstråk är beroende av varandra.Avseende bebyggelsestrukturer konstateras att en koncentrerad bebyggelse underlättar för attraktiva kollektivtrafiklösningar och ger närhet till service och nöjen och korta avstånd för gång- och cykeltrafikanter. Detta stödjer också jämställdheten. Gles bebyggelse ger å andra sidan generellt sett en hög tillgänglighet till grönområden. Med en koncentrerad bebyggelse minskar ytor för uppställning av fordon, släpvagnar och dylikt samt ytor för offentligt bruk för till exempel snöupplag.Trygghet i form av ett aktivt stadsliv med människor i rörelse stöder koncentration av bebyggelse. Trygghet i form av att vara känd i kvarteret, och att nya människor som rör sig i kvarteret noteras, är en fördel med gles bebyggelse. Gles bebyggelse kräver en högre markexploatering och leder till en högre energianvändning och emissioner totalt sett med längre transportsträckor. Gles bebyggelse skapar däremot förutsättningar för miljöer med låga lokala emissions- och bullerstörningar. Blandad bebyggelsestruktur ger goda förutsättningar för en ökad integration i samhället avseende socioekonomiska faktorer, och skapar en flexibel miljö för om- och tillbyggnad. Olika bebyggelsestrukturer har alla sin plats i en stad för att möta olika önskemål hos invånarna. Hur mycket som ska finnas av olika strukturer formas i en process mellan önskvärd samhällsutveckling och efterfrågan på olika strukturer.

  • 1191597.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Eckhardt, Jenni
    VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.
    Finding success factors for transport corridor management structure2013In: Nordic Road and Transport Research, ISSN 1101-5179, E-ISSN 2000-186X, no 2, p. 12-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1191598.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Governance of major transport corridors involving stakeholders2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1191599.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Governance of Major Transport Corridors Involving Stakeholders2016In: Transportation Research Procedia, ISSN 2324-9935, E-ISSN 2352-1465, Vol. 14, p. 860-868Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper governance for developing main transport corridors in the European Union was examined by means of document- and literature studies. European Union transport policy documents were studied as well as legislation regarding development of the trans-European transport network (TEN-T). One of the most strategic parts of the TEN-T, the Scandinavian – Mediterranean (ScanMed) transport corridor, was particularly studied with documents concerning the implementation of ScanMed. Qualitative content analyses have been conducted and three themes consisting of “governance organisation”, “actors” and “governance in practical implementation process” were studied.It was concluded that a broad range of stakeholders have to contribute in order to accomplish a well-functioning transport system. Accordingly the studied policy, legislative and implementation documents all concern governance matters in various ways. Depending on the actual transport initiative, and its objectives, stakeholder involvement can vary. A framework for governance arrangements for the most strategic parts of TEN-T, the Core network corridors is set in a regulation. A European coordinator was appointed for each Core network corridor and has an important role in facilitating the implementation. Such governance structure was already foreseen in earlier policy documents. Corridor forum is a new tool aiming to bring key stakeholders together for consultative purposes and in addition working groups can be connected to the Corridor forums. The policy and legislative documents have a focus on the responsibilities and activities for the European Commission and the concerned Member states. The importance of other stakeholders such as cities, ports, regional authorities, private actors is mentioned, but their activities are not explicitly stated in these formal European documents. However, participation of various stakeholders in the ScanMed Core network corridor implementation process is tangible, especially when concrete projects are discussed. Further, in the ScanMed Core network corridor implementation process the Corridor forum is explored as a new tool for bringing stakeholders together, progressively reaching an increasing number of stakeholders, including users of infrastructure in future stages. Encompassing eight countries and several modes of transport a large number of stakeholders are indicated. The idea of future ideas laboratories acting as meeting spots for development of the transport corridor on specific topics, and bringing a variety of stakeholders together, is interesting.A key challenge for future implementation of the ScanMed Core network corridor is the large number of stakeholders concerned by a transnational and multimodal transport system. Governance design to strengthen involvement of stakeholders in European transports initiatives such as the TEN-T should be encouraged. Suitable forums for cooperation and collaboration for inclusiveness for various actors need to be elaborated, where common overarching objectives need to be agreed upon. These forums have to be developed together with concerned stakeholders so that choice of forum is suitable due to its expected function. Key stakeholders which can actively contribute to progress and new ideas need to be connected to the process. And developed working groups, ideas laboratories and similar, on a geographical basis for parts of the corridor or for a specific topic, need to be adequately bridged to a European level.

  • 1191600.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta M.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Expected benefits and drawbacks of Baltic Sea European transport corridors: implications for complementary governance of TEN-T Core network corridors2018In: Cogent Business & Management, E-ISSN 2331-1975, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 1423870Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, stakeholders’ expected benefits and concerns are presented regarding the development of Core Network Corridors (CNCs) within the European transport initiative, the Trans-European Network for Transports. An interview study was conducted with 23 stakeholders from different parts of the society in the Baltic Sea area. The results show that stakeholders have a range of expectations, both positive and negative, for the development of the CNC. Stakeholders’ views were sorted into three categories based on the gathered data: matters that are already regulated; unregulated matters that often include vaguely defined responsibilities and require diverse stakeholder engagement for improvement; and matters for which there are concerns about negative outcomes. The results indicate (a) a need for cost-effective complementary governance, here described as additional governance measures to those regulated in the initial framework, (b) that a wider group of stakeholders than is currently involved is needed in the on-going implementation process. Additional regional and local level stakeholders, within and outside of the CNC, and private businesses, would enhance the benefits and/or mitigate negative implications of the developed CNCs, (c) an openness for complementary governance in the on-going CNC implementation process. This openness needs to be considered when developing models for policy packaging.

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