Change search
Refine search result
23155231562315723158231592316023161 1157851 - 1157900 of 1200584
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1157851. Yazdi, Sammy
    et al.
    Andersson, Magnus
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Theoretical Physics, Theoretical & Computational Biophysics. KTH, Centres, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. KTH, Centres, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Elinder, Fredrik
    Stein, Matthias
    Lindahl, Erik
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Theoretical Physics, Theoretical & Computational Biophysics. KTH, Centres, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. KTH, Centres, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Molecular Characterization of the Binding of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids to a Voltage-Gated Potassium Channel2014In: Biophysical Journal, ISSN 0006-3495, E-ISSN 1542-0086, Vol. 106, no 2, p. 739A-739AArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 1157852.
    Yazdi-Berneskog, Farzane
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Stress i förskolan.: Hur förskollärare upplever stress och vad de gör för att minska sin stress.2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning handlar om stress i förskolan. Syftet med undersökning är att ta reda på hur förskollärare i en förskola upplever stress i sitt arbete och vad förskollärarna gör för att minska sin stress. Dessa frågeställningar har varit centrala i min studie. Hur definierar förskolläraren sin egen stress i det vardagliga arbetet? Vad gör förskollärarna för att minska stressen i förskolan? Den metoden jag använde mig av var kvalitativa intervjuer som genomfördes med fyra förskollärare. Min forskning fokuserar på, stress och hur man kan minska detta.

    Resultatet visar på att förskollärare är väl medvetna om stress och hur den kan förebyggas, att förskollärarna upplever mer eller mindre stress i sin vardag.  De faktorer som framför allt bidrar till stress var höga ljudnivåer, personalbrist, extra arbetsuppgifter, stora barngrupper samt att inte hinna med att planera i barngrupperna.  Stress hos förskollärarna själva definierades som en känsla av spändhet, frustration eller depression.

  • 1157853.
    Yazgan, Ayhan
    Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
    Performance Analysis and Link Design of Long Haul Coherent Optical OFDM Systems2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is a suitable solution due to its many advantages known in wireless communications. On the other hand, optical communications is also used as a backbone to transmit and receive large data rates with economical and good performance. Recently, fiber optical communication and OFDM method are combined to obtain both advantages in a communication link. Coherent optical OFDM (CO-OFDM) has recently been proposed against the chromatic dispersion effect in electrical domain. According to the ITU-T standards there are 111 channels (C and L bands) can be used (191.4 to 185.9 THz) at 50 GHz spacing. Thanks to Wavelength Division Multiplexing, even we use only one RF carrier, we can reach 1.7 Tb/s (111*16 Gb/s) using only one optical cable and utilizing C and L bands. In this research, CO-OFDM technique is modeled and simulated by designing a Monte Carlo simulation. In this simulation, dispersion, data rate, SNR-BER and BER-Distance variations are calculated and results are given in graphical forms. These graphics show the performance of the CO-OFDM system in 5, 8 and 16 Gb/s at different distances for one RF carrier and one optical carrier. It is also shown that how to get 64 Gb/s data rate using the same structure with one optical carrier.

  • 1157854. Yazgan, Ayla
    Turkiska pojkar: andra generationens invandrare1993Report (Other academic)
  • 1157855.
    YAZICI, Almila Berfin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    OEE IMPROVEMENT USING COST EFFECTIVE RAW MATERIAL INVENTORY MANAGEMENT: A CASE STUDY2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The companies ought to care about OEE because it is a measure that shows the effect of the performance and quality related losses on the system or equipment. In order to improve OEE, they focus on defining the losses under each OEE elements and try to eliminate these losses.This study aims to enhance raw material inventory management in order to eliminateinventory management related losses and improve OEE.  Lack of raw material and improperstorage of raw material are main problems related to inventory management. A model isdeveloped and tested in order to prevent these problems and eliminate these losses.Performance rate can be improved by preventing idle time due to lack of raw material, andquality rate can be improved by standardization and improving raw material storageprocedure. In the result of model testing, it is shown that raw material inventory managementhas an effect on OEE and OEE can be improved by enhancing raw material inventorymanagement.

  • 1157856.
    Yazici, Hakki
    et al.
    Sabanci University, Istanbul, Turkiet.
    Slavik, Ctirad
    Machines, Buildings, and Optimal Dynamic Taxes2014In: Journal of Monetary Economics, ISSN 0304-3932, E-ISSN 1873-1295, Vol. 66, p. 47-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effective taxes on capital returns differ depending on capital type in the U.S. tax code. This paper uncovers a novel reason for the optimality of differential capital taxation. We set up a model with two types of capital – equipments and structures – and equipment-skill complementarity. Under a plausible assumption, we show that it is optimal to tax equipments at a higher rate than structures. In a calibrated model, the optimal tax differential rises from 27 to 40 percentage points over the transition to the new steady state. The welfare gains of optimal differential capital taxation can be as high as 0.4% of lifetime consumption

  • 1157857. Yazidi, A.K.
    et al.
    Morales, Javier O.
    Marek, S.R.
    Thielmann, F.
    Burnett, D.
    Heng, J.
    McConville, Jason T
    College of Pharmacy, University of Texas at Austin.
    Dissolution Rate Comparison of Micronized and Spray-Dried Budesonide2012In: Respiratory Drug Delivery, Vol. 3, p. 855-858Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1157858.
    Yazidi Svedlund, Miriam
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Svenska för utanförskap?: En intervjustudie med åtta före detta SVA-elever om rollen "andraspråkselev" i behov av särskild undervisning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1995, Swedish as a secondary language was formally established as an independent subject within the Swedish schooling system. The subject is meant to promote the progression of multilinguals within the Swedish language, but it is shown that there is some insecurity on how to organize and carry out the task. This insecurity is something that has caught my interest and sat the basis of this study. 

    I have through out this study used a qualitative approach combined with the use of a semistructured interview technique. These interviews were analysed using a theoretical framework including social constructivism, social categorization and ethnical identity.

    The purpose of this study is to examine how eight former student of Swedish as a secondary language, born or since early age brought up in Sweden, relates themselves to the role of a student of a secondary language in need of special education. The following questions where raised: How do the participants relates themselves to the role of a student of a secondary language in need of special education? How are the participants positioned, by themselves and others, found in their own narrative? How did the role of a student of a secondary language influence the participants motivation, accomplishments and self-perception through their schooling?

    The participant gave a consistent view that it was not their actual language skills, but rather the fact of being bilingual, that was the basis of them being picked to attend Swedish as a secondary language classes. There was also a wast dissatisfaction regarding the role, which affected their motivation, performance and self-perception through out schooling.

     

  • 1157859.
    Yazidi Svedlund, Miriam
    Södertörn University, Lärarutbildningen.
    Två-Och flerspråkighet som "språkpolicy" i förskolan2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the essay was to investigate the way four different educators, at a pre-school with a bilingual profile, work towards strengthening the children’s bilingualism as well as their identity. The research questions concern which guidelines are being used, the educators perceptions concerning children’s bi- and multilingualism and in what way they believe that their pre-school distinguishes itself from others.

    Qualitative individual interviews and observations were conducted and the empirical data was analyzed using a theoretical framework, constructed of theories concerning language development, ethnicity and identity.

    The result presented in the study shows that the pre-school not only follows the national curriculum but also their own guideline. The guideline states that there should be both Spanish- and Swedish speaking personnel and that they are “responsible” for the education in their own language. The educators had predominantly two views concerning bi- and multilingual learning, the first one was that translation and repeating enhances the children’s language capability, whilst some pointed on the importance of communication and being attentive to the children’s needs, to enable a good learning environment. The main part of the educators stated, somewhat surprisingly, that the main criteria that distinguishes them from other pre-schools were of a cultural nature. Their opinion was that the “Latin culture” of the pre-school leads to a more loving and lively working climate.

  • 1157860.
    Yañez, David
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Portilla, Iñigo
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Claw, Christopher
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Marketing Investment Effectiveness of Small Clothing Firms in Sweden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is proven difficult to provide evidence for the financial benefit of marketing operations within firms and marketing is the last organizational function to achieve an adopted quantitative method to track and measure its effectiveness. As a result, demands for marketing to provide accountability for its inputs toward firm performance have increased over the past decade and there are an increasing amount of methods looking to measure its contributions.

     

    Problem: Small businesses need to invest financial resources in marketing in order to increase their market share and sales. However, marketing’s value to the firm as an organizational function often goes undervalued. Additionally, small businesses commonly lack the marketing experience and knowledge required in order to make more profitable marketing investment decisions.

     

    Purpose: The purpose of the thesis is to research how much marketing investment influences the profit/sales effectiveness of small business within the clothing sector in Sweden.

     

    Method: The study was conducted using a quantitative research method, through the analysis of 23 small businesses in clothes retailing industry located in Sweden. The data was collected through the firms’ annual reports and telephone surveys with firm managers. This information was processed using a relevant marketing effectiveness model in combination with regression and correlation analyses. Empirical findings were analyzed using theories relevant to pursuing the purpose.

     

    Conclusion: Based on the findings the study concludes that there is evidence for a positive relationship between a firm's marketing investments and sales, as well as between the effectiveness of its marketing activities and it’s incremental revenue. This provides evidence for marketing investments contributing to the economic effectiveness of the firm and that the firms marketing effectiveness contributes to overall financial growth

  • 1157861.
    Yberg, Viktor
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS).
    Native-like Performance and User Experience with Progressive Web Apps2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Users spend more time than ever on mobile devices like smartphones and tablets, while native app development continues to become harder due to platform fragmentation. The web is a promising platform for mobile applications because of its easy access and standardised technologies that work unanimously across many different platforms and operating systems. However, native applications have always had an edge over the web because of important features that have not been available anywhere else, such as push notifications, background synchronisation and offline support. Progressive Web Apps aim to bring the web platform closer to native by enabling many of these important features while still running completely in the web browser, with the possibility to install the application, effectively promoting it to a top-level application.

    This project will evaluate the capabilities of web-based mobile applications compared to traditional native mobile applications. Three simple proof of concept applications will be built to test the performance and user experience with the help of different JavaScript libraries and techniques for building a Progressive Web App. Then one of the implementations will be further developed and matched against an existing native application with similar features in terms of functionality and performance.

    The study finds that for this use case, a Progressive Web App may be used instead of a native app without missing out on any important functionality. This simplifies development and releases, by enabling rich code sharing between the different platforms as well as avoiding the app distribution platforms by distributing the application entirely through the web, automatic and transparent to the users. However, this solution means more responsibility in terms of infrastructure for developers to maintain and optimise as the application needs to be distributed by own servers.

  • 1157862.
    Ybrahim, Rawan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kränkande särbehandling i arbetslivet: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur kränkande särbehandling uppstår i organisationer med utredningsfokus2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate why victimization occurs in organizations and to create an understanding for how working groups perceive faktaundersökning (a Norwegian investigation method for victimization). The method used is a qualitative interview study in which three investigators and three clients of the investigation method faktaundersökning were individually interviewed. Three reports from the investigations has also been analysed and later used in the result. Four different cases in three different organizations has been investigated for this study in total. The study shows that all organizations had an insufficient working environment with multiple factors that were the underlying cause of the emerge of victimization, bullying and conflicts. These factors were later able to be categorized as; communication, leadership and roles, organizational structure and culture, policies, understanding and values. The study thus showed that the individuals who performed the negative interpersonal actions were the result of an insufficient organizational and social work environment. Furthermore, the study showed that the respondents experienced the faktaundersökning as dry, direct and hard to go through for both the different parties, but also the working groups and the organizations. The study showed that it is important that all parties are offered emotional support as soon as possible in order for the parties to feel fairly treated and thus become more willing to cooperate in the investigations. According to the respondents, trust and impartiality between investigators and the parties were an important aspect for the investigation to generate in such a true result as possible, where the right of reply plays a crucial role in the legal certainty of the investigation.

  • 1157863.
    Ybrandt, Helen
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Changes in self-image in a psychotherapy supervisor training program2009In: The Clinical Supervisor, ISSN 0732-5223, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 113-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB) was  used to assess the self-image of psychotherapists enrolled in a psychotherapy supervisor training program in the initial and final phases of their training, as well as four months after the completion of their training. Their self-image was compared to that of experienced supervisors. The results show that the self-image of the supervisor trainees changed over the course of the training. By the end of the training, their self-image was as autonomous as that of experienced supervisors. Positive self-acceptance also developed. The relation between the outcome of psychotherapy, the style of trainees’ supervisor, and changes in the self-image of the trainees is also discussed.

  • 1157864.
    Ybrandt, Helene
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    A normative study of the Swedish adolescent drug abuse diagnosis (ADAD)2013In: Journal of Substance Use, ISSN 1465-9891, E-ISSN 1475-9942, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 138-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to provide a standardization of the use of the Adolescent Drug Abuse Diagnosis (ADAD) among Swedish adolescents using interview self-reported and interviewer-rated problem severity. Data relating to nine life areas (medical status, school history and status, employment, social activities and peer relations, family background and relationships, psychological status and problems, legal involvement, alcohol use and drug use) were gathered from a randomized population-based sample of 847 adolescents aged 13–18 years. The results show that the effects of age, gender and geographic region were small but significant, with older adolescents, girls and adolescents in cities scoring higher for problem severity. Adolescents’ scorings were in the range “no problems” to “small problems” and the interviewer severity ratings were in the range “no real problems” to “no need for further help”. The conclusion is that individual score variations are much greater than can be attributed to age, gender or residential area. Consequently, the ADAD has the potential to serve as an instrument for assessing individual adolescents’ self-reported problems in Sweden.

  • 1157865.
    Ybrandt, Helene
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Risky alcohol use, peer and family relationships and legal involvement in adolescents with antisocial problems2010In: Journal of Drug Education, ISSN 0047-2379, E-ISSN 1541-4159, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 243-262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine risk and vulnerability factors contributing to problems with alcohol use in adolescence. Data relating to seven life areas (medical status, school status, social relationships, family background and relationships, psychological functioning, legal involvement, and alcohol use) was gathered using the ADAD (Adolescent Drug Abuse Diagnosis) interview. A total of 1163 Swedish adolescents (809 boys and 354 girls) between the ages of 12 and 20 years old were interviewed. All had antisocial problems and were detained at special youth homes. It was found that for those aged between 12 and 18 years, the general risk factors for alcohol use were leisure and peer problems, problems associated with family background and relationships, and criminal behavior. These results suggest that drug abuse treatment planning should focus on altering the predisposing factors that exist in these domains. It was also found that the ADAD problem areas seem to be most useful as prognostic indicators of treatment outcome for adolescents with antisocial problems who are under 18 years of age.

  • 1157866.
    Ybrandt, Helene
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ten-year trends in self-reported family and psychological problems among swedish adolescents2014In: European Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 1788-4934, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 54-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to compare problem severity among Swedish adolescents, using self-reported and interviewer-rated data from 2000 and 2010, gathered with the Adolescent Drug Abuse Diagnosis (ADAD) interview. Data relating to family relationships, psychological status and problems were collected in two samples randomly selected from the adolescent population aged 15–17 years (121 adolescents in the year 2000 and 485 adolescents in the year 2010). The results show that the self-rated and interviewer-rated problem severity of adolescents in 2000 and in 2010 seems to be unchanged, with no increased polarisation for sex and socio-economic groups. There was a difference, however, was of girls reporting more severe problems in family relationships compared to boys. In 2010, compared to 2000, adolescents reported on fewer psychological problems (e.g. experiences of serious anxiety and tension, comprehension and concentration disorder, memory loss and, in addition, problems with relationships in and outside the family sphere – e.g. problems with getting along with siblings, and with trusting other people). In order to promote the mental health of adolescents, it is essential, during the next decade to reveal relationship problems, such as problems of insecurity with people outside the family.

  • 1157867.
    Ybrandt, Helene
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The relation between self-concept and social functioning in adolescence2008In: Journal of Adolescence, ISSN 0140-1971, E-ISSN 1095-9254, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A model of the relation between self-concept and internalizing and externalizing problem behaviours in adolescence, with the self-concept influencing problem behaviours (S→IE), was assessed using a sample of 277 Swedish adolescents. The model was tested in a path analysis with data from Youth Self Report (YSR) and Structural Analysis of Social Behaviour (SASB) questionnaires. Consistent with the model, a positive self-concept was found to be the most important factor for adjustment and for protection against common problem behaviour. A negative self-concept combined with female gender were risk factors for internalized problems. Self-control had only a direct effect on externalizing behaviour for boys. Adolescents of 15, 16 years of age had a stronger relationship between a negative self-concept and externalizing problem behaviour than younger and older adolescents. Internalizing problem behaviours such as anxiety and depression predicted aggressive and delinquent behaviour. These findings highlight the importance of promoting of a positive self-concept in every adolescent in various psychosocial contexts.

  • 1157868.
    Ybrandt, Helene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Adolescents' mental health and their images of self and parents2010In: European Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 1788-4934, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 59-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relation between images of self and parents as defined in interpersonal theory and by the Structural Analysis of Social Behaviour (Benjamin), and internalizing and externalizing problems, as defined by the Youth Self-Report (Achenbach) was studied in a sample of 199 nonclinical adolescents (92 boys and 107 girls) aged between 13 and 17 years. Regression analyses showed that the pattern relating images of self and parents to mental health problems was different for boys and girls. Internalizing problems for girls were best predicted from aspects of their self-image while for boys parental behaviour played a larger role. A pattern of self-blame and lower self-affirmation together with parental blame was important for girls’ externalizing problems and a pattern of self-neglect and low self-autonomy and an uncertainty of parental love were important for boys externalizing problems. Results emphasize that boys and girls have different kinds of vulnerabilities as risk factors for mental health problems.

  • 1157869.
    Ybrandt, Helene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Peer aggression and mental health problems: self-esteem as a mediator2010In: School Psychology International, ISSN 0143-0343, E-ISSN 1461-7374, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 146-163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined whether self-esteem mediates the association problems in adolescents. A total of 204 Swedish adolescents aged between 12- and 16-years-old completed self-report measures; self-esteem was assessed with ‘I think I am’ (ITIA) and internalizing and externalizing problems with Youth Self-Report (YSR). Our results showed that internalizing problems in peer aggressors could be understood as problems with low self-esteem, while internalizing problems in peer victims could be understood both as problems with low selfesteem and as an effect of being victimized. Externalizing problems in peer aggressors and peer aggressor–victims could be understood as problems with being involved in peer aggression, while the same problems in peer victims could be understood as problems with low self-esteem. This article also discusses the importance of self-esteem in adolescents’ development of their own identities and for peer aggressive- related psychological psychopathology.

  • 1157870.
    Ybrandt, Helene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Börjesson, Josefine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Measurments instruments scales tests: The Adolescent Drug Abuse Diagnosis composite scores in Swedish normal and antisocial adolescents2008In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 43, no 10, p. 1411-1423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study evaluates the utility and issues around the composite scores in Adolescent Drug Abuse Diagnosis (ADAD). Participants were Swedish normal adolescents (121) and adolescents manifesting antisocial problems (1,168), ages 10 to 21. The results show that the interviewer severity ratings seem to be the most appropriate outcome when the objective is to differentiate between normal and antisocial adolescents. The composite scores appear to function as an indicator of current problems in all areas except for Medical and Alcohol sections. The critical items within the Medical and Alcohol composite scores are explored and discussed.

  • 1157871.
    Ybrandt, Helene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nordqvist, Stefan
    SiS-placerade ungdomars problematik i relation till andra ungdomar: en jämförelse med referensdata insamlade med ADAD 20102015Report (Refereed)
  • 1157872.
    Ybrandt, Helene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sundin, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Capone, Georgina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Trainee therapists' wievs on the alliance in psychotherapy and supervision: a longitudinal study2016In: British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, ISSN 0306-9885, E-ISSN 1469-3534, Vol. 44, no 5, p. 530-539Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The shape of alliance in psychotherapy and supervision using growth curve modeling was examined for clinically inexperienced trainee therapists, who were engaged in long-term cognitive behavioral - or psychodynamic individual psychotherapy at a Psychology Clinic in Sweden. Trainee therapists rated their view of the alliance with their clients and their supervisors on the Working Alliance Inventory at five time points. The alliance to the client show a consistent, positive development throughout the therapy. The alliance to the supervisors show initially a decrease, followed by an increase, and then again, the rate of increase in the supervisory alliance ratings slowed down indicating a more complex view of the supervisory alliance compared to the view of the alliance in psychotherapy.

  • 1157873.
    Yckenberg, Johan Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Philosophy.
    Aphorismi, elementa eruditionis humanae præcipua leviter adumbrantes, quos ... modesto offerunt examini auctor, mag. Johannes Jac. Yckenberg ... & respondens Petrus Ögren uplandus. In auditorio Gust. d. [31] maji anni MDCCLXX.1770Dissertation (older thesis) (Other academic)
  • 1157874.
    Yckenberg, Sven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Philosophy.
    De fatis musices in Svecia dissertatio cujus partem posteriorem cons. ampl. fac. philos. Ups. publico examini deferunt Sveno Yckenberg, philos. magist. et Car. Ax. Juringius, Ostrogothi. In audit. Gust. maj. die VIII Junii MDCCXCVIII. H. a. m. s.1798Dissertation (older thesis) (Other academic)
  • 1157875. Ydebrink, Andreas
    Alla ska få vara med och delta på idrotten: - En studie om integrering av barn med autism i idrott och hälsa2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur en integrering av barn med autism kan se ut i ämnet idrott och hälsa och hur den upplevs av en lärare i idrott och hälsa.

    1. Hur kan en integrering se ut i ämnet idrott och hälsa? 2. Hur påverkas lärarens undervisning av en integrering av barn med autism i ämnet? 3. Vad anser läraren i idrott och hälsa om integrering av barn med autism i ämnet?

    Metod

    I uppsatsen har en kvalitativ forskningsansats använts, med observationer och intervjuer som metod. Ostrukturerade observationer har genomförts för att undersöka hur en integrering av barn med autism kan se ut i ämnet idrott och hälsa, jag har även genomfört kompletterad intervjuer till den delen av uppsatsen. Mer djupgående intervjuer har genomförts med läraren i idrott och hälsa för att besvara resterande två frågeställningar.

    Resultat

    Resultatet av observationerna visade att integreringen av barn med autism skiljde sig åt oberoende på individ. Två av barnen i studien deltog på alla lektioner som den klass de tillhörde hade och deltog i alla moment i idrott och hälsa. De tre andra barn med autism var inte alltid med på idrott och hälsa lektionerna som deras klass hade, dessa barn hade också en lektion i veckan där enbart barn med autism deltog. Vidare uppgav läraren i idrott och hälsa under våra intervjuer att han påverkas tidsmässigt och innehållsmässigt av att ha barn med autism i sin undervisning. Övriga barn i klassen kunde också påverkas av integreringen och även undervisningen påverkades av de integrerade barnens pedagoger. Läraren i idrott och hälsa uppgav också effekten av integreringen var delad, det var positiv för barnet med autism men det kunde gå ut över de andra i klassen.

    Slutsats

    Bilden av integreringen av barn var delad, det var både en segregerande integrering och en inkluderande integrering. Läraren i idrott och hälsa tar själv inget tydlig ställningstagande för någon av de båda typerna av integrering. Utan läraren anser att båda kan vara bra beroende på individ. Den inkluderande integreringen uppger läraren i idrott och hälsa har störst påverkan på lektionsinnehållet, eftersom läraren inte kan genomföra de moment som denna skulle vilja använda i sin undervisning.

  • 1157876.
    Ydefeldt, Stefan
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Diaconal Studies, Church Music and Theology.
    Den enkla runda rörelsen: En studie i rörelsefilosofier vid pianospel2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work analyses the movements involved in different piano techniques and is intended to improve, enhance and develop your own playing and that of your pupils. These movements can be more or less effective depending on the relationship of the interaction of the joints involved to the resulting sound. A technique that allows no freedom but is inhibited by the opposing tensions of different groups of muscles affects technical dexterity and tone. On the basis of the major reform of piano techniques at the end of the nineteenth century, I have studied three different movement philosophies, which I have labelled the straight school, the spiral school and the free movement school, using the manuals of three authors, Adolph Kullak, Elisabeth Caland and Rudolf Breithaupt, to represent them. The differences between them are illustrated through comparison of their recommendations for scales, chords, leaps and tremolo from the piano and the organ repertoire. The differences in the attitudes to the pianist’s movements and the instructions given can be viewed as three theories about motions: the principle of isolated muscular activity, the theory of coordination and coherence and the philosophy of relaxation and free fall. Study of the process from an anatomical perspective enables certain conclusions to be drawn about the effectiveness of a movement in solving the technical problem and the artistic task. I have found evidence that the most coordinated movements combine independent finger settings, the weight of the arm and rotary motion. It is, however, spiral motion that resolves the opposition between the straight keyboard and the rotary motion of the joints. The path through which energy is transferred from the body to the instrument is more aligned and becomes shorter as the joints approach a central point. This central point is the outcome of the opposing rotary motions of the joints involved. My conclusion is that spiral movements are, paradoxically, at the same time those that are most aligned and unrestricted. This simple circular motion makes the playing seem simple and the sound noticeably clear.

  • 1157877.
    Ydefjäll, Emelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Karlsson, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Dimensioner av brand personality i den svenska kontexten: -­En kvantitativ studie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Brand personality beskrivs i litteraturen som den uppsättning avpersonliga egenskaper som beskriver ett varumärke, genom att försevarumärken med mänskliga drag kan konsumenten lättare relatera ochknyta an till sina egna preferenser utifrån sin egen karaktär (Aaker 1997).Det var år 1997 som forskaren Jennifer Aaker (1997) kom med denförsta definitionen om brand personality, som följde "the set of humancharacteristics associated with a brand" (Aaker 1997, p 347).

    Syfte: Syftet är att förklara hur Aaker’s (1997) modell brand personality “thebig five” kan revideras för att passa till den Svenska kontexten.

    Forskningsfråga: Vilka dimensioner i modellen brand personality “the big five” (Aaker,1997) behöver revideras för att appliceras i en Svensk kontext?Vilka personlighetsdrag och dimensioner är unika för den svenskakontexten och behöver därmed adderas till brand personality modellen?

    Metod: Denna studie har antagit en abduktivt angreppssätt, där tidigareforskning om brand personality har varit utgångspunkt. Författarna toggrund i befintlig teori med avsikt att testa modellen ”the big five” skapadav Aaker (1997) empiriskt i en ny kontext. Till studien tillämpadesfokusgrupp (förstudie) och enkät.

    Resultat och slutsats: Genom studien var det möjligt att fastslå att Aakers (1997) ursprungligamodell brand personality, inte var funktionell i den kontext som studienämnar. En revidering var nödvändig för att uppnå en effektiv brandpersonality i den svenska kontexten. Resultatet genererade 41personlighetsdrag fördelade i 15 fasetter och fem dimensioner. Unikt förden svenska kontexten är åtta nya personlighetsdrag och tvådimensioner. Dimensionerna sophistication och ruggedness (Aaker1997) förkastades och ersattes av dynamisk och elementär. Det påvisadesatt vissa personlighetsdrag hade en annan innebörd i den svenskakontexten och var därmed bättre lämpade till en annan dimension.

  • 1157878.
    Ydemar, Carina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Frimanzon-Ek, Ingrid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Uppfattningar om preventivt arbete med risk- och missbruk i alkohol och drogfrågor: - en enkätstudie bland kabinanställda i SAS Sverige2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Problemen med risk- och missbruk av alkohol och droger är ett stort och viktigt område. Det är viktigt att arbetslivet tar sitt ansvar och arbetar mera med primär prevention och att de åtgärdar arbetsmiljöfaktorer som kan ha en bidragande orsak till att någon hamnar i risk- eller missbruk av alkohol och droger. I dag finns inte många studier kring ämnet, men de som vi tagit del av i denna undersökning tyder på att primär prevention är viktigt i det hälsofrämjande arbetet. Denna studie handlade om preventiva åtgärder för att förhindra risk- eller missbruk av alkohol eller droger i arbetslivet. Syftet med undersökningen var att ta reda på vad kabinpersonalen på SAS Stockholm ansåg om företagets arbete med att upptäcka och förebygga riskbruk/missbruk av alkohol eller droger Metoden var kvantitativ med enkät som insamlingsmetod. Resultatet visade att de flesta visste att det fanns en policy men få hade läst den. Oregelbundna arbetstider och hög arbetsbelastning tyckte flera var riskfaktorer och de flesta var positiva till drogtester. Slutsatserna från studien var att det behövs mera information och utbildning kring alkohol- och drogfrågor inom SAS Sverige för kabinpersonalen dvs. primär prevention.

  • 1157879.
    Ydemar, Malin
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Zachrisson, Marie
    Karlstad University.
    Sociala faktorer och föräldrars attityder till karies bland yngre barn: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Av alla barn i världen drabbas 60-90 procent av karies, som är den vanligaste sjukdomen under barndomen mellan åldern två till elva år. Munhygien- och kostvanor är båda faktorer som är kopplade till beteenden och vanor som styrs av sociala faktorer, kunskaper och attityder. Vanor som etableras tidigt ligger till grund för munhälsan senare i livet. Föräldrarna utgör en viktig modell för sina barn gällande munhälsan och munhygienvanor förs över från föräldrar till barn.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva föräldrars attityder till kariesassocierade faktorer bland yngre barn och eventuella samband mellan sociala faktorer och karies.

    Metod: Litteraturstudien baserades på vetenskapliga artiklar från PubMed.

    Resultat: Stor variation fanns bland föräldrarnas attityder, kunskaper och vanor till kariesassocierande faktorer bland yngre barn. Föräldrars attityder var sammankopplat med kariesassocierande faktorer bland yngre barn. Sociala faktorer som låg klasstillhörighet, inkomst- och utbildningsnivå hos föräldrarna ökade kariesprevalensen bland barnen.

    Konklusion: Barns munhälsovanor var kopplade till föräldrarnas attityder. Attityderna präglades av varifrån föräldrarnas kunskap kom och hur starkt rotad den traditionella synen var. Yngre barns kariessituation var starkt förknippad med sociala faktorer som påverkade familjen. Det fanns en tendens att högre klasstillhörighet, inkomst- och utbildningsnivå hos föräldrarna minskade kariesprevalensen bland barnen.

  • 1157880.
    Ydenius, Thomas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Bolin, Patrick
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Joint ventures inverkan på aktiekursen: En eventstudie på den svenska marknaden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Internationaliseringen av näringslivet har lett till att svenska företag tenderar att samarbeta mer med andra bolag. Exempel på en sådan samarbetsform är joint ventures, det innebär att två eller fler företag bildar ett nytt samägt bolag. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka om det uppstår abnormal avkastning hos svenska företag vid tillkännagivandet av ett ingått joint venture. Vidare undersöks som underliggande faktorer om nationella och internationella joint ventures och relativa storleksskillnaden mellan moderbolagen påverkar en eventuell abnormal avkastning. Studien är kvantitativ och för att undersöka marknadsreaktionen används en eventstudie. Urvalet består av 198 joint ventures från perioden 2000-2016 som ingåtts av företag noterade på NASDAQ OMX Stockholm large, mid och small cap. Resultatet visar att det generellt uppstår en positiv abnormal avkastning i samband med tillkännagivandet av ett ingått joint venture. Dock tycks ingen av de undersökta faktorerna vara drivande bakom marknadsreaktionen.

  • 1157881.
    Yderbo, Pernilla
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Lundin, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Läs- och skrivundervisning på två skolor och hanteringen av misstänkta läs- och skrivsvårigheter2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En rapport med internationella mätningar från Skolverket (2012) visar att elevers läsförmåga har minskat. Vi tycker oss ha sett ett samband med Skolverkets rapport och vad vi sett under den verksamhetsförlagda utbildning där vi har noterat att det finns många elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter. Syftet med denna studie är att kartlägga två skolors arbetssätt med läs- och skrivinlärning samt deras hantering av misstänkta läs- och skrivsvårigheter för att se om det skiljer sig åt.

    I den teoretiska bakgrunden redogörs för tidigare forskning omkring läs- och skrivinlärningens grunder och metoder samt definition, utredning och åtgärder av läs- och skrivsvårigheter.

    Materialet för undersökningen består av enkäter till lärarna i de båda skolorna, observationer samt en intervju. Materialet har granskats med avseende på skillnader mellan skolorna för att se om arbetssättet vid läs- och skrivinlärning och tillvägagångssättet vid hantering av misstänkta läs- och skrivsvårigheter skiljer sig åt.

    Resultatet visade att vi kunde se både likheter och skillnader mellan skolorna avseende läs- och skrivundervisningen samt att utredningen av läs- och skrivsvårigheter är densamma på de båda skolorna.

  • 1157882.
    Yderborg, Anna
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Lundahl, Jacob
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Structuring of maintenance data for identifying and elimination of problem machines2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Manufacturing companies of today are using maintenance system to keep good historical information about their machines, to make sure that preventive maintenance is preformed and to keep track of breakdowns. Many companies are doing this but the data quality is often very varying, which leads to that the information in this system is useless. The problem arises because the maintenance technicians finds the reporting of a failure too time consuming. To solve this problem we have created a model for information input that will facilitate the report of a problem and structure the data. This will lead to that the data will become searchable and useful for decision making. The model has been created during a case study by evaluating the existing data and validating the model at a case company.

  • 1157883.
    Yderfält, Åsa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Mejtoft, Thomas
    Umeå Universitet.
    Mejtoft, Sara
    Umeå Universitet.
    Customer centric innovation processes and timing to deliver renewed value in mature and declining industries: A case study of the graphic arts industry2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization has shifted industries closer to each other and disruptive innovation has been a major reason for the success and failure of many products and industries. Hence, the need for innovative business models and extend the innovation process beyond the technological features have become more prominent recently. The objective of this case study of the graphic arts industry is to discuss the use of customer centric open innovation processes, in a longitudinal sense, as a mean to change the competitive posture. The results of this case study are based on 11 interview series with 54 firms (43 printing firms, 7 direct customers toprinting firms and 4 media and advertising agencies).

  • 1157884.
    Yderfält, Åsa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Roxenhall, Tommy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Real estate business model innovation and the impact of ego network structure2017In: Management Research Review, ISSN 2040-8269, E-ISSN 2040-8277, Vol. 40, no 6, p. 648-670Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - This paper aims to analyze how a real estate business model innovation developed in a real estate network, with a special focus on the relationship between ego network structure and the innovative development of the business model. Design/methodology/approach - The paper is a single case study of a Swedish real estate network of 38 actors. The data were collected at the individual actor level using multiple sources: 12 semi-structured indepth interviews, 94 min of meetings and 28 written contracts. The empirical findings resulted in four propositions. Findings - This study demonstrates that it was primarily the building user who was behind the innovative development of the real estate business model innovation, whereas the real estate company acted as a network hub and network resource coordinator. The ego network structures significantly affected the outcome. Practical implications - Real estate companies should act as hubs, coordinating all the network actor resources the building user needs in the value-creation process. To be effective hubs, the representatives of real estate companies must create extensive personal and open ego networks to acquire central network positions. Originality/value - Few studies examine business model innovation, particularly in the real estate context. Though large real estate businesses usually operate in the networks of various actors, analyses based on the network perspective are also lacking. This case study builds a valuable understanding of how network processes in real estate networks can be used as tools to foster real estate business model innovation, which in turn can lead to more competitive real estate companies and building users.

  • 1157885.
    Ydergren, Jan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ericson, Oscar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Work-life balance och verkstadschefer2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research suggests that to have a good relationship between work and private life it is important to experience a-good mental health and success at work. The industrial managers’ in this study were undergoing a major change at their workplace and this study found examined how five male managers’ perception of their work-life balance. One of the aims of this study was to examine how the managers’ roles at home affects work-life balance (WLB), to what degree support at home affects WLB, and the impact that a balance or a conflict could have. The study was conducted qualitatively with a semi-structured interview guide and every manager was affected by the change at the workplace. The results showed that some of the managers were experiencing work-life conflicts where others were on the other hand experiencing a good WLB. The most common reason for feeling conflict between work-life was the uneven amount of workload, which occurred to a greater extent due to the change. These periods of uneven workload caused the managers to feel less control. One of the things that caused the managers to feel frustration is that they had limited resources and authority to handle the demands at work. The situation at home also had a very big impact on whether the managers’ experienced a good WLB or not.

  • 1157886. Yderland, Stina
    Boende för andra halvan av livet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1157887.
    Yderstedt Karlsson, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Godtrosförvärv av aktier: Resan från aktiebrevet till kontoförda aktier2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1157888.
    Yderstedt Karlsson, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Internprissättning – Armlängdsprincipen: En jämförelse mellan teori och praktik2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1157889.
    Ydersten, Anton
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    International Space Law and Resource Extraction in Outer Space: Does Current International Space Law Bar Resource Extraction Activities in Outer Space?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1157890.
    Ydesen, Christian
    et al.
    Aalborg university, Denmark.
    Ludvigsen, Kari
    Unievrsitet i Bergen.
    Lundahl, Christian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Creating an Educational Testing Profession in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, 1910-1960.2013In: European Educational Research Journal (online), ISSN 1474-9041, E-ISSN 1474-9041, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 120-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Norway, Sweden and Denmark national testing communities advocating the introduction and expanded use of standardised educational tests in the national educational systems emerged around World War I. Using international research and cross-border networking activities, these coteries were able to gain power and thus establish and promote a new profession, the educational psychologist, along with instituting practices of alleged scientific tests in the following decades.

    This article presents a historical analysis of the central processes and developments constituting the Norwegian, Swedish, and Danish testing communities. The aim is to understand the workings of these professionalization movements rooted in the creation of an international fellowship of like-mindedness and a knowledge monopoly connected with standardised educational tests. Viewed from a contemporary perspective, this type of analysis is relevant, because specialised knowledge and experts with knowledge monopolies remain prevalent in the modern-day field of education policy and practice. Thus, the roots of this inherent tendency towards expert knowledge in modern welfare state educational settings can be more adequately grasped through a better understanding of the historical precursors.

    The article discusses the importance and actual impact of the Norwegian, Swedish, and Danish testing communities on national educational practices, the significance of the international interplay, and how and to what extent national political and educational climates were shaped by new experts and knowledge.

    It is argued that the testing communities were able to gain authority in the national educational fields through the creation and maintenance of organisations, knowledge, and practices, as well as in the forming of alliances with politicians, universities, and teachers’ unions in a joint endeavour that promoted educational psychology and testing in the three Scandinavian educational fields.

  • 1157891.
    Ydesen, Christian
    et al.
    Department of Learning and Philosophy, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark .
    Ludvigsen, Kari
    Stein Rokkan Centre for Social Studies, Uni Research, Bergen, Norway .
    Lundahl, Christian
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, sweden; Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Creating an educational testing profession in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, 1910-19602013In: European Educational Research Journal (online), ISSN 1474-9041, E-ISSN 1474-9041, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 120-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Norway, Sweden and Denmark national testing communities advocating the introduction and expanded use of standardised educational tests in the national educational systems emerged around World War I. Using international research and cross-border networking activities, these coteries were able to gain power and thus establish and promote a new profession, the educational psychologist, along with instituting practices of alleged scientific tests in the following decades.

    This article presents a historical analysis of the central processes and developments constituting the Norwegian, Swedish, and Danish testing communities. The aim is to understand the workings of these professionalization movements rooted in the creation of an international fellowship of like-mindedness and a knowledge monopoly connected with standardised educational tests. Viewed from a contemporary perspective, this type of analysis is relevant, because specialised knowledge and experts with knowledge monopolies remain prevalent in the modern-day field of education policy and practice. Thus, the roots of this inherent tendency towards expert knowledge in modern welfare state educational settings can be more adequately grasped through a better understanding of the historical precursors.

    The article discusses the importance and actual impact of the Norwegian, Swedish, and Danish testing communities on national educational practices, the significance of the international interplay, and how and to what extent national political and educational climates were shaped by new experts and knowledge.

    It is argued that the testing communities were able to gain authority in the national educational fields through the creation and maintenance of organisations, knowledge, and practices, as well as in the forming of alliances with politicians, universities, and teachers’ unions in a joint endeavour that promoted educational psychology and testing in the three Scandinavian educational fields.

  • 1157892. Ydfors, Mia
    et al.
    Fischer, Helene
    Mascher, Henrik
    Blomstrand, Eva
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology, Eva Blomstrand's research group.
    Norrbom, Jessica
    Gustafsson, Thomas
    The truncated splice variants, NT-PGC-1alpha and PGC-1alpha4, increase with both endurance and resistance exercise in human skeletal muscle2013In: Physiological Reports, ISSN 2051-817X, Vol. 1, no 6, p. e00140 Page 1-e00140 Page 9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, a truncated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1 alpha (PGC-1α) splice variant, PGC-1α4, that originates from the alternative promoter was shown to be induced by resistance exercise and to elicit muscle hypertrophy without coactivation of “classical” PGC-1α targets involved in mitochondrial biogenesis and angiogenesis. In order to test if distinct physiological adaptations are characterized by divergent induction of PGC-1α splice variants, we investigated the expression of truncated and nontruncated PGC-1α splice variants and PGC-1α transcripts originating from the alternative and the proximal promoter, in human skeletal muscle in response to endurance and resistance exercise. Both total PGC-1α and truncated PGC-1α mRNA expression were increased 2 h after endurance (P < 0.01) and resistance exercise (P < 0.01), with greater increases after endurance exercise (P < 0.05). Expression of nontruncated PGC-1α increased significantly in both exercise groups (P < 0.01 for both groups) without any significant differences between the groups. Both endurance and resistance exercise induced truncated as well as nontruncated PGC-1α transcripts from both the alternative and the proximal promoter. Further challenging the hypothesis that induction of distinct PGC-1α splice variants controls exercise adaptation, both nontruncated and truncated PGC-1α transcripts were induced in AICAR-treated human myotubes (P < 0.05). Thus, contrary to our hypothesis, resistance exercise did not specifically induce the truncated forms of PGC-1α. Induction of truncated PGC-1α splice variants does not appear to underlie distinct adaptations to resistance versus endurance exercise. Further studies on the existence of numerous splice variants originating from different promoters are needed.

  • 1157893. Ydhag, Josefin
    Tillämpning av miljöbalken: en studie av Luleå länsstyrelses handläggning angående miljöfarlig verksamhet2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1157894.
    Ydrauw, Agne Kudirkaite
    University of Borås, Swedish School of Library and Information Science.
    Barnbibliotekariers förhållningssätt till barns läsning: en jämförande studie mellan Sverige och Litauen2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this master’s thesis is to investigate children’s librarian’s perspectives on children’s literature and reading of fiction books. This is a comparative study of Swedish and Lithuanian librarians. The main questions to be answered are how children’s librararians at public libraries motivate their selection and purchase of fiction for children and what kind of considerations there are behind the purchases. The thesis is based on four qualitative interwiews with children’s librarians in Sweden and Lithuania. The theoretical perspective of the thesis is based on a model of the three different approaches to children’s literature and reading - the pragmatic, the traditional and the emancipated. As a result we can see that all informants to a greater or less extent apply all of the pragmatic, the traditional or the emancipated views on children’s reading in selection and purchase of books, depending on several circumstances. Still, we can see that priority has been given to the emancipated and the pragmatic approach by the Swedish librarians, while the Lithuanian librarians give priority to the traditional approach.

  • 1157895.
    Ydreborg, Berit
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    To be in‐between: The road to disability pension with reference to the Swedish social insurance system2005Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Social Insurance is part of the Swedish welfare system that is intended to create economic security for citizens in the event of unemployment, sickness, functional disability, and old age. The Swedish sickness‐benefit insurance is based on the standard insurance principle meaning that sickness benefits are related to level of lost income. The increasing number of sick listed people and people with disability pension (DPs) in Sweden may lead to marginalisation of individuals as they are not part of the labour market. The government has decided that the number of sick‐listed people should be halved by 2008, which means a tougher judgment of the applications for sick leave compensation. To be qualified for sickness benefit the disease has to impair the work ability in relation to the specific demands of the work of that person. The evaluation of the work ability in a percentage is an important element with regard to the policy on disability. The social insurance officers (SIOs) who are assessing the work ability are dependent on judgments from the physicians as expertise, and the guidelines in the social insurance act. The eligibility criteria for DP and the process of dealing with applications for DP is scarcely studied.

    Objectives: The overall aim of the thesis was to explore demographic and health differences between those, who were granted and those, who were not granted disability pension. The second aim was to study how the process from applications to decisions on disability pensions were executed and perceived by the social insurance offices and to elucidate their working conditions during the decision process. Material and methods: The first two studies explored differences between those granted DP and those not granted DP. Study I was a register‐based retrospective case‐control study carried out in the area of a county in Sweden. The cases were all individuals rejected a full disability pension 1999‐2000, in all 99 cases. Controls were every tenth person who was granted a full DP during the same period, 198 controls. Determinants were recorded from the Social Insurance (SI). In study II demographic data and medical diagnoses were obtained from the SI records. Data concerning self‐reported health, HRQoL, social networks and use of health care were collected by a postal questionnaire. The study objects were the same as in study I. In study III and IV indepth interviews were carried through to study the social insurance officers’ perspective on the process from application to decision on disabilitypensions as well as their experiences of prerequisites and hindrances in their work with DP applications. The transcribed data were analysed by an inductive content analysis.

    Results: Unemployment, living in the main municipality and age below 50 years were determinants for rejection of DP. Medical status as described in the Social Insurance records had less association with the outcome. There are variations in praxis of rejection of applicants between social insurance boards in different geographical areas due to other reasons than medical. The nDP group had more often multiple diagnoses, and lower self‐reported health and HRQoL compared to those granted DP. Those not granted DP also had significantly smaller social networks.

    The SIOs perceived that they had to make rapid decisions within a limited time frame, based on limited information, mainly on the basis of incomplete medical certificates, and with no firm criteria for the regulations on the individual case level. Communication among the various authorities as employment offices and social services suffered from lack of common goaldirected strategy. In study IV the SIOs described their working conditions when executing the applications for DP. The SIOs perceived recurrent changes in rules and regulations as frustrating as they at the same time had to face the client. The large number of clients prevented them from being able to offer clients activities and support them in the way they were supposed to do. The SIOs powerful position and how their discretion was implemented made them feel responsible for performing their work well. SIOs are to be considered as typical street‐level bureaucrats as they have to perform their work between the policy, rules and clients.

    Conclusions: The individuals had an increased risk to be rejected DP if they were younger than 50 years, unemployed, and lived in the main city. No evident differences in medical diagnoses were found between the groups. The results indicate that there may be other reasons than medical in praxis. Contrary to expectations, those not granted DP do not seem to have better health, but rather to suffer from more sickness than those, who were granted DP. Unemployment leads to inability to qualify for compensation and benefits that are associated with participation on the labour market. The group not granted disability pension appears to be a disadvantaged group in need for a co‐ordination between different parts of the social welfare system.

    The different perspectives were perceived as obvious obstacles in the communication between professionals in the welfare system as they had other goals and demands. Clients, that have comprehensive problems and are in need of coordinated measures from many authorities to get entrance to the labour market still suffer from lack of coordination. One question is how the different public officers use their discretion when handling clients and how the cooperation can be improved.

  • 1157896.
    Ydreborg, Berit
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Disqualified for disability pension: a case referent study2004In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, Vol. 26, no 16, p. 1079-1086Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To analyse medical and other determinants for decisions about rejection or acceptance of applications for disability pension.

    Methods: A register-based retrospective case-control study was carried out in the area of a county in mid-Sweden. Cases were all individuals rejected a full disability pension 1999 - 2000, in all 99 cases. Controls were every tenth person granted a full disability pension during the same period, 198 individuals. Determinants were recorded from the protocols at the Social Insurance Office.

    Results: Unemployment (OR = 7.1, CI = 3.1 - 16.4), living in the main municipality, (OR = 2.8, CI = 1.4 - 5.8) and age below 50 years (OR = 0.4, CI = 0.2 - 0.8) were determinants for rejection of disability pension. Medical status, as described in the Social Insurance act, had no association with the outcome.

    Conclusions: There appear to be variations in praxis of rejection of applicants between Social Insurance boards in different geographical areas due to reasons other than medical. Socio-economic situation of the applicant may have an influence. Established criteria for determining work ability are needed.

  • 1157897.
    Ydreborg, Berit
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nilsson , Kerstin
    University of Gothenburg.
    Swedish social insurance officers experience of their working conditions when dealing with applications for disability pension2008In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 451-459Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe how Swedish social insurance officers experienced their working conditions, when dealing with applications for disability pensions (DPs). A qualitative research design was selected to describe their experiences. Open-ended interviews with ten social insurance officers were analyzed with inductive content analysis. This analysis showed that the working conditions were influenced by rules and regulations and the social insurance officers competence. The social insurance officers powerful positions and how their discretion was implemented made them feel responsible for performing their work well. They felt that the large number of clients hampered them from being able to offer the clients the activities they were entitled to, and from paying each client sufficient attention. There was a need for time to reflect and to improve management, in order to better develop the way in which DPs were handled. There was a difference in culture between the older social insurance officers, who had experience-based training, and the younger social insurance officers, who had academic qualifications. The results from this study could be used to better develop the organisation of work in the social insurance agency, and in further educational activities.

  • 1157898.
    Ydreborg, Berit
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nilsson, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Executing applications for DPs‐ social insurance officers’ experiences of prerequisites and hindrances in their working conditions2005Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1157899.
    Ydreborg, Berit
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nilsson, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    From application to decision on disability pensions: Swedish social insurance officers’ practice2005Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1157900.
    Ydreborg, Berit
    et al.
    Örebro Cty Council, Dept Community Med & Publ Hlth, Örebro, Sweden / Linköping Univ, Dept Hlth & Soc, Natl Ctr Work & Rehabil, S-58183 Linköping, Sweden.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping Univ, Dept Hlth & Soc, Natl Ctr Work & Rehabil, S-58183 Linköping, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Kerstin
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Swedish social insurance officers' experience of their working conditions when dealing with applications for disability pension2008In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 451-459Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe how Swedish social insurance officers experienced their working conditions, when dealing with applications for disability pensions (DPs). A qualitative research design was selected to describe their experiences. Open-ended interviews with ten social insurance officers were analyzed with inductive content analysis. This analysis showed that the working conditions were influenced by rules and regulations and the social insurance officers' competence. The social insurance officers' powerful positions and how their discretion was implemented made them feel responsible for performing their work well. They felt that the large number of clients hampered them from being able to offer the clients the activities they were entitled to, and from paying each client sufficient attention. There was a need for time to reflect and to improve management, in order to better develop the way in which DPs were handled. There was a difference in culture between the older social insurance officers, who had experience-based training, and the younger social insurance officers, who had academic qualifications. The results from this study could be used to better develop the organisation of work in the social insurance agency, and in further educational activities.

23155231562315723158231592316023161 1157851 - 1157900 of 1200584
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf