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  • 1156701.
    Zetterberg, Karin
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Vilka väljs ut?: En urvalsanalys av två samverkansformer kring arbetslivsinriktad rehabilitering i Uppsala län2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är ett resultat av ett uppsatssamarbete med Försäkringskassan i Uppsala. Försäkringskassan i Uppsala län bedriver tillsammans med andra myndigheter ett flertal former av samordnad rehabiliteringsverksamhet. Fokus för samverkandet ligger på personer med långvarig frånvaro från arbetsmarknaden på grund av arbetslöshet, sjukdom eller dylikt och som är i behov av arbetslivsinriktad rehabilitering. Syftet med denna uppsats är att ana-lysera vilka individer som blir aktuella att delta i två av dessa samverkansformer, Fyrpart respektive Tvåpart. Avsikten är att se vilka faktorer som ökar sannolikheten att arbetslivs-inriktad rehabilitering kommer till stånd, samt om sannolikheten att bli utvald skiljer sig åt mellan de två samverkansformerna. För detta ändamål har logistisk regressionsanalys till-ämpats på individdata. Resultatet tyder på att ålder har störst betydelse för huruvida rehabili-teringsåtgärder inleds eller inte. Inga statistiskt säkerställda skillnader i urvalet mellan Tvåpart och Fyrpart återfinns. Med hjälp av en deskriptiv analys har även en uppföljning av avslutade ärenden i Tvåpart gjorts för att, utifrån de två samverkansformernas urvalskriterier, se vilka variabler som spelat en roll för utfallet efter avslutad rehabilitering för de medverkande individerna. Här tyder resultatet på att framför allt längden på sjukfallet spelar en roll för huruvida individen återgår i arbete eller inte.

  • 1156702.
    Zetterberg, Kent
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Det statliga kommittéväsendet: En del av den svenska modellen2011In: Svensk Juristtidning, ISSN 0039-6591, Vol. 8Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det statliga kommittéväsendet är en viktig del av den svenska modellen. De svenska departementen är vid en internationell jämförelse små och statliga myndigheter är ofta stora och förhållandevis självständiga. Med anledning därav har det statliga kommittéväsendet förekommit under mer än fyra sekel. Det är en flexibel modell för att initiera reformer men fungerar även som ett område för experter inom olika ickepolitiska områden. Det är också en viktig mötesplats för regering, riksdag och organisationer i samhället. Antalet utredningar var som högst under 1970-talet men systemet med statliga utredningar är fortfarande av stor betydelse för det svenska politiska livet.

  • 1156703.
    Zetterberg, Kent
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Från krigets Gustaf II Adolf till fredens Carl XVI Gustaf: Vänbok till Bo Huldt2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1156704.
    Zetterberg, Kent
    The Nordic Museum.
    Gustav V: och övergången från det gamla till det moderna Sverige1993In: Himla många kungar, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 1993, p. 278-317Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1156705.
    Zetterberg, Kent
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Nytt om konststölder kombinerat med gammal skåpmat: Recension av Guido Knopp, Göring – mellan makt och vansinne, och Guido Knopp, Andra Världskrigets hemligheter2015In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2014, no 2, p. 89-93Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 1156706.
    Zetterberg, Kent
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies.
    Riksdagen, MO och försvarets demokratisering 1914-1945: En studie i reformsträvanden och Militieombudsmannens (MO) verksamhet2008In: Militärhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, p. 55-107Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1156707.
    Zetterberg, Kent
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Svenska partiledare och statsmän i dagboksform: Recension av Per Albin Hansson, Per Albin Hanssons anteckningar och dagbocker 1929– 1946 och Gosta Bagge, Gosta Bagges minnesanteckningar 1939–1941, del 1 och 22015In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2014, no 2, p. 84-88Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 1156708.
    Zetterberg, Kent
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Sverige åren 1914–1918: En forskningsöversikt i urval över svensk politik, säkerhet och försvar2015In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2014, no 1, p. 255-270Article, review/survey (Refereed)
  • 1156709.
    Zetterberg, Kent
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Sveriges stöd till Baltikum 1991-19952009In: Från krigets Gustaf II Adolf till fredens Carl XVI Gustaf: Vänbok till Bo Huldt / [ed] Kent Zetterberg, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan , 2009, p. 89-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1156710.
    Zetterberg, Kent
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Sweden in the shadow of Nazi Germany and Hitler 1939-19452012In: Hitler's Scandinavian Legacy / [ed] Jill Stephenson & John Gilmour, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1156711.
    Zetterberg, Kent
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Tredje rikets vapenutveckling: Recension av David Porter, Hitlers hemliga vapen 1933–19452015In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 2014, no 2, p. 94-95Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 1156712.
    Zetterberg, Kent
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Thörnqvist, JanGyldén, NilsUlfving, LarsSwedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
    Svenska kärnvapen: En antologi uppsatser kring frågan om svenska taktiska kärnvapen under kalla kriget2010Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 1156713.
    Zetterberg, Kim
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    I särskolan eller i grundskolan?: en studie om ökningen av elever i särskolan 1992 20052006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 1156714.
    Zetterberg, Kristina
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering.
    High-Speed Downlink Shared Channel in Unlicensed Frequency Bands2004Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the standardized air interface for third generation mobile communication systems, WCDMA release 5, a concept called High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) is introduced. HSDPA enables faster transmissions from base stations to mobile users by using a shared, high-capacity channel called the High-Speed Downlink Shared Channel (HS-DSCH) that is designed for best effort services. The HS-DSCH is developed for usage in the frequency band licensed for third generation communication systems. As the use of licensed frequency bands is costly it may be interesting to make use of the unlicensed frequency bands at 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz with higher interference and stricter regulations. Using HS- DSCH in unlicensed frequency bands would lead to smaller costs and a new kind of usage of the HS-DSCH.

    In order to transmit in unlicensed frequency bands, some requirements set up by the public authorities must be followed. This means that the maximum transmit power used by the HS-DSCH must be decreased and, on the 5 GHz frequency band, that features to avoid disturbing radar systems have to be implemented. The HS- DSCH has a bandwidth of 5 MHz. To use the available frequency spectra more efficiently, multiple carriers could be used.

    Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) are the most common way to transfer data in unlicensed frequency bands today. Assessments and simulations of WLAN and the HS-DSCH in unlicensed frequency bands show that WLAN can provide higher bitrates than the HS-DSCH for low loads. HS-DSCH can however provide a larger coverage per base station, and is more bandwidth effective than WLAN. Using a larger bandwidth is necessary for HS-DSCH to compete with WLAN, which uses a bandwidth approximately four times as large as the HS-DSCH bandwidth. The usage of the HS-DSCH in unlicensed frequency bands also has the advantage that the services provided by the third generation communication systems can be accessed easily.

  • 1156715.
    Zetterberg, Kristoffer
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    “Us gamers want exactly what we have always wanted”: den avpolitiserade spelaren och dess ideologiska andra2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the sharp criticism directed at video games that embrace different types of what I call progressive elements, primarily those that include diversity, representation, or deviate from traditional video gaming mechanics and norms. The study is a discourse analysis of YouTube videos, where the starting point has been how the arguments construct a problem in relation to these progressive elements, with specific causes and solutions. By deconstructing these statements and then reconstructing a chain of equivalence, i.e. relations between subject positions, this shows how a binary logic carries the discourse where a specific ‘we’, The Gamer, are up against a specific ‘them’, the Social Justice Warriors (SJWs). By ways of binary discursive exclusions, the groups are constructed as opposites. In the discourse, The Gamer becomes depoliticized by relating it to concepts of rationality, game culture and the free market, whilst SJWs are associated with censorship, ideology, and non-games. In this way, The Gamer makes invisible its association with masculinity and an often pseudo-meritocratic and Social Darwinist ideology, and claims an interpretative prerogative and oppose any kind of change, on basis of truth and facts.

  • 1156716.
    Zetterberg, Kristoffer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Vem gör spel för mig?: om diskursiv kamp och heteronorm på spelsidan Gamereactor2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Gamereactor beskriver sig på sin hemsida som Europas största speltidning. Syftet med den här studien har varit att undersöka vad som får möjlighet att synas på hemsidan och på vilka villkor det får ta plats, d.v.s. hur Gamereactor skriver om detta. Studien består av en mindre kvantitativ undersökning och en djupare kvalitativ som båda har för avsikt att belysa områden med anknytning till genusvetenskapliga ämnesområden.

    I den kvantitativa undersökningen analyseras Gamereactors nyhetsrapportering under en månad och jag visar där, med utgångspunkt i andra studier kring spelkultur och representationer, hur den till stor del uppvisar en stereotyp och snäv bild av spelkulturen, där målgruppen är en ung, vit, teknikintresserad grupp män. Däremot framträder också en liten genusdiskussion som leder till starka reaktioner både för och emot.

    Den kvalitativa undersökningen undersöker de diskurser och den diskursiva kamp som framträder i textmaterialet, och jag menar här att Gamereactors textproduktion kan förstås som en diskursordning där en samling diskurser kring olika genrer kämpar om att definiera vad som anses vara ”bra spelbarhet” och ”spelmässig substans” i olika spel. Detta kontrasteras ofta mot diskussioner kring jämställdhet och representationer men det finns också en vilja att närma sig den här typen av problematiserande dimensioner i diskussioner och rapportering, vilket leder till en som analysen föreslår ambivalent och motsägelsefull textproduktion.

    Vad analysen också visar på är en kraftigt heteronormativ diskurs som avgör vad som går att skriva och tänka, och som framträder både i hur skribenter skriver om kön och kroppsligheter, vilka subjekt som blir möjliga att identifiera sig med, och vilka bilder som används för att ”marknadsföra” innehållet.

  • 1156717.
    Zetterberg, Lena
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
    Multidimensional Aspects of Dystonia: Description and Physiotherapy Management2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The overall aim of this research was to increase the knowledge about dystonia by identifying factors that influence self-reported quality of life and health in this disorder and to determine what factors predict disability. A further aim was to develop an objective outcome measure for quantifying the movement dysfunction in cervical dystonia (CD) and evaluate effects of physiotherapy.

    Methods: A descriptive correlative design was adopted for study I (n=351), with a questionnaire covering physical activity, satisfaction with treatment, physiotherapy or not, and quality of life and health measured with the Craniocervical Dystonia Questionnaire (CDQ-24) and the Cervical Dystonia Impact Profile, respectively.

    In study II a CD group (n=6) was compared with a control group (n=6). Head movements were measured with a motion capture system, and a Movement Energy Index (MEI) was calculated. In study III an experimental single-case design (n=6) was used, with continuous assessments during pre-treatment, intervention and follow-up. Quality of life, measured with CDQ-24, was the primary outcome measure.

    A prospective correlative design was applied in study IV (n=179), where data from questionnaires were collected on inclusion and 2 months later. Independent variables were: duration of dystonia, severity of dystonia, pain intensity, catastrophizing, self-efficacy, fatigue, kinesiophobia, depression, anxiety and physical activity; and the dependent variables were the Neck Disability Index and the Functional Disability Questionnaire.

    Results: Study I indicated that physical activity and satisfaction with treatment were associated with quality of life and health in dystonia. In study II the groups differed significantly concerning MEI in all movement directions. Mean MEI was significantly higher in patients than in controls. Positive treatment outcomes were reported by all patients in study III, mainly with reduced pain and reduced CD severity during the treatment period. Five of the six patients reported increased quality of life at the 6-month follow-up. Perceived self-efficacy, fatigue, pain intensity and anxiety contributed significantly to disability prediction in study IV.

    Conclusion: These investigations have increased the knowledge of dystonia from a multidimensional perspective and the results could be valuable in developing new treatment strategies.

  • 1156718.
    Zetterberg, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience. Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Automatic control. Enheten för sjukgymnastik.
    Aquilonius, S-M
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience. Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Automatic control.
    Lindmark, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience. Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Automatic control. Enheten för sjukgymnastik.
    Lundström, E
    Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Automatic control.
    Stokes, V
    Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Automatic control.
    Färnstrand, C
    Halvorsen, K
    Objective assessment in cervical dystonia.2004In: Proceedings from ESMAC 13th Annual Meeting of European Society of Movement Analysis of Adult and Children in Warsaw, Poland, 23-25 September 2004., 2004Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 1156719.
    Zetterberg, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
    Aquilonius, Sten-Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
    Lindmark, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
    Impact of dystonia on quality of life and health in a Swedish population2009In: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6314, E-ISSN 1600-0404, Vol. 119, no 6, p. 376-382Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives –  Dystonia is often disabling and disfiguring. The aim of the study was to identify factors influencing the impact of dystonia on self-reported quality of life and health.

    Material and methods –  Members of the Swedish Dystonia Patient Association participated in a survey covering demographic variables, satisfaction with treatment, physiotherapy and physical activity. Quality of life and health were assessed by the Craniocervical Dystonia Questionnaire and the Cervical Dystonia Impact Profile, respectively. Of 378 questionnaires, 76% were analysed. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to evaluate associations of the above variables with quality of life and health.

    Results –  Level of physical activity and satisfaction with treatment showed the highest association with quality of life and health. No significant relationship was found between form of dystonia and quality of life.

    Conclusions –  The study indicates a need for health care professionals to encourage physical activity and to question dystonia patients about satisfaction with treatment. Further investigations with prospective controlled trials are necessary to evaluate the value of physiotherapy and physical activity in patients with dystonia.

  • 1156720.
    Zetterberg, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Aquilonius, Sten-Magnus
    Uppsala University.
    Lindmark, Birgitta
    Uppsala University.
    Lundström, Erik
    Uppsala University.
    Stokes, Virgil
    Uppsala University.
    Färnstrand, Catarina
    Uppsala University.
    Halvorsen, Kjartan
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Objective assessment in cervical dystonia2004In: Proceedings from ESMAC 13th Annual Meeting of European Society of Movement Analysis of Adult and Children, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1156721.
    Zetterberg, Lena G.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotheraphy.
    Reviewing the effects of physical therapy in Cervical Dystonia2013In: Journal of neural transmission, ISSN 0300-9564, E-ISSN 1435-1463, Vol. 120, no 7, p. 1158-1159Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1156722.
    Zetterberg, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience. sjukgym.
    Halvorsen, K
    Färnstrand, Catarina
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience. neurofysiologi.
    Lundström, Erik
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience. neurologi.
    Lindmark, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience. sjukgym.
    Aquilonius, S-M
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience. neurologi.
    Objective assessment of cervical dystonia: a pilot study2005In: Acta Neurol Scand, Vol. 112, p. 248-253Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1156723.
    Zetterberg, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Halvorsen, Kjartan
    Swedish School of Sports and Health Sciences.
    Färnstrand, Catarina
    Uppsala University.
    Aquilonius, Sten-Magnus
    Uppsala University.
    Lindmark, Birgitta
    Uppsala University.
    Physiotherapy in cervical dystonia: six experimental single-case studies2008In: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 275-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explore the outcome of a physiotherapy program targeted to improve the quality of life of people with cervical dystonia (CD) by reducing pain, improving awareness of postural orientation, increasing muscle strength, and reducing the effort of moving the head and neck. In six single case studies, the primary outcome measure for each case was the Cervical Dystonia Questionnaire (CDQ) to measure the impact of the program on the individuals' quality of life. Secondary outcome measures were identified for the different components of the physiotherapy program: Visual Analogue Scale (pain); Postural Orientation Index (postural orientation awareness); and Movement Energy Index (effort of moving head and neck). Each of the cases had the severity of their problems scored on the Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Scale. The study period was 26 weeks: 2 weeks' baseline period, 4 weeks' treatment period, and 20 weeks' follow-up. All measures except the Movement Energy Index (MEI) and CDQ-24 were taken three times per week for the first 6 weeks of the study and then once at 3 and 6 months. The MEI was taken once a week during the pretreatment and the treatment periods and during the first 2 weeks of follow-up and also after 3 and 6 months of follow-up. The CDQ-24 was taken once in the pretreatment period, once after completion of treatment, once 2 weeks after treatment, and once at 3 and 6 months of follow-up. Five of the six case studies reported an increase in quality of life at 6-month follow-up, as measured on the CDQ-24. Three of the six cases reported a reduction in pain and severity of the dystonia and had improved scores on the postural orientation measure at 6-month follow-up. All six patients had a reduction in the movement energy scores, but this was not significant. The outcomes of the six case studies would suggest that further investigation is required to show the effectiveness of physiotherapy programs in the management of CD.

  • 1156724.
    Zetterberg, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotheraphy.
    Halvorsen, Kjartan
    Färnstrand, Catarina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Clinical Neurophysiology.
    Aquilonius, Sten-Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Neurology.
    Lindmark, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotheraphy.
    Physiotherapy in Cervical Dystonia: Six experimental single-case studies2008In: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 275-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explore the outcome of a physiotherapy program targeted to improve the quality of life of people with cervical dystonia (CD) by reducing pain, improving awareness of postural orientation, increasing muscle strength, and reducing the effort of moving the head and neck. In six single case studies, the primary outcome measure for each case was the Cervical Dystonia Questionnaire (CDQ) to measure the impact of the program on the individuals' quality of life. Secondary outcome measures were identified for the different components of the physiotherapy program: Visual Analogue Scale (pain); Postural Orientation Index (postural orientation awareness); and Movement Energy Index (effort of moving head and neck). Each of the cases had the severity of their problems scored on the Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Scale. The study period was 26 weeks: 2 weeks' baseline period, 4 weeks' treatment period, and 20 weeks' follow-up. All measures except the Movement Energy Index (MEI) and CDQ-24 were taken three times per week for the first 6 weeks of the study and then once at 3 and 6 months. The MEI was taken once a week during the pretreatment and the treatment periods and during the first 2 weeks of follow-up and also after 3 and 6 months of follow-up. The CDQ-24 was taken once in the pretreatment period, once after completion of treatment, once 2 weeks after treatment, and once at 3 and 6 months of follow-up. Five of the six case studies reported an increase in quality of life at 6-month follow-up, as measured on the CDQ-24. Three of the six cases reported a reduction in pain and severity of the dystonia and had improved scores on the postural orientation measure at 6-month follow-up. All six patients had a reduction in the movement energy scores, but this was not significant. The outcomes of the six case studies would suggest that further investigation is required to show the effectiveness of physiotherapy programs in the management of CD.

  • 1156725.
    Zetterberg, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
    Halvorsen, Kjartan
    Färnstrand, Catarina
    Lundström, Erik
    Aquilonius, Sten-Magnus
    Lindmark, Birgitta
    Objective assessment of cervical dystonia: A pilot study2005In: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, Vol. 112, no 4, p. 248-53Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1156726.
    Zetterberg, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Halvorsen, Kjartan
    Swedish School of Sports and Health Sciences.
    Färnstrand, Catarina
    Uppsala University.
    Lundström, Erik
    Uppsala University.
    Lindmark, Birgitta
    Uppsala University.
    Aquilonius, Sten-Magnus
    Uppsala University.
    Objective assessment of cervical dystonia: a pilot study2005In: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6314, E-ISSN 1600-0404, Vol. 112, no 4, p. 248-253Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives - The aims were to characterize the movements in cervical dystonia (CD) by using an estimate of the mechanical power and work involved in the movements and to describe this through a movement energy index (MEI). Materials and methods - The subjects (patients n = 6, controls n = 6) were seated in front of a screen with a laser pointer attached to a headband while they performed standardized movements. A three-dimensional motion capture system was used and a test-retest was performed. Results - The mean value of MEI was significantly higher for the patients than for the controls. There was no significant difference between MEI from test to retest for the patients but there was a significant difference between MEI from test to retest for the controls. Conclusion - This study suggests that MEI could be a useful measure for the quantification of movement dysfunction in CD and thus an objective outcome measure in comparison of different therapies.

  • 1156727.
    Zetterberg, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotheraphy.
    Lindmark, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotheraphy.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Åsenlöf, Pernilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotheraphy.
    Self-perceived non-motor aspects of cervical dystonia and their association with disability2012In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 44, no 11, p. 950-954Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To examine the multivariate association between a model of self-perceived non-motor aspects and disability in cervical dystonia. Design: A prospective and correlational design with two points of assessment. Subjects: All 273 members with cervical dystonia from the Swedish Dystonia Patient Association were invited to participate. Methods: Data were collected with one self-reported questionnaire. The questionnaire was sent by post on two separate occasions. Disability was the primary outcome variable measured by the Functional Disability Questionnaire. Results: The questionnaire was completed by 180 individuals (66%) on both occasions. The multivariate association between the non-motor model and disability was statistically significant (adjusted R-2 0.46, F(7, 149)=19.76, p = 0.001). This indicated that 46% of the variance in disability was explained by the non-motor model. Self-efficacy appeared to be the most salient predictor of disability. Conclusion: The results of this study highlight the need for increasing awareness of self-perceived non-motor aspects among care providers treating patients with cervical dystonia. This presents opportunities for new rehabilitation possibilities that apply a behavioural medicine perspective.

  • 1156728.
    Zetterberg, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Lindmark, Birgitta
    Uppsala University.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Åsenlöf, Pernilla
    Uppsala University.
    Self-perceived non-motor aspects of cervical dystonia and their association with disability2012In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 44, no 11, p. 950-954Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the multivariate association between a model of self-perceived non-motor aspects and disability in cervical dystonia.DESIGN: A prospective and correlational design with two points of assessment. SUBJECTS: All 273 members with cervical dystonia from the Swedish Dystonia Patient Association were invited to participate. METHODS: Data were collected with one self-reported questionnaire. The questionnaire was sent by post on two separate occasions. Disability was the primary outcome variable measured by the Functional Disability Questionnaire. RESULTS: The questionnaire was completed by 180 individuals (66%) on both occasions. The multivariate association between the non-motor model and disability was statistically significant (adjusted R2 0.46, F(7, 149) = 19.76, p = 0.001). This indicated that 46% of the variance in disability was explained by the non-motor model. Self-efficacy appeared to be the most salient predictor of disability.CONCLUSION: The results of this study highlight the need for increasing awareness of self-perceived non-motor aspects among care providers treating patients with cervical dystonia. This presents opportunities for new rehabilitation possibilities that apply a behavioural medicine perspective.

  • 1156729.
    Zetterberg, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy.
    Urell, Charlotte
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy.
    Anens, Elisabeth
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy.
    Exploring factors related to physical activity in cervical dystonia2015In: BMC Neurology, ISSN 1471-2377, E-ISSN 1471-2377, Vol. 15, article id 247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    People with disabilities have reported worse health status than people without disabilities and receiving fewer preventive health services such as counseling around exercise habits. This is noteworthy considering the negative consequences associated with physical inactivity. No research has been conducted on physical activity in cervical dystonia (CD), despite its possible major impact on self-perceived health and disability. Considering the favorable consequences associated with physical activity it is important to know how to promote physical activity behavior in CD. Knowledge of variables important for such behavior in CD is therefore crucial. The aim of this study was to explore factors related to physical activity in individuals with cervical dystonia.

    Methods

    Subjects included in this cross-sectional study were individuals diagnosed with CD and enrolled at neurology clinics (n = 369). Data was collected using one surface mailed self-reported questionnaire. Physical activity was the primary outcome variable, measured with the Physical Activity Disability Survey. Secondary outcome variables were: impact of dystonia measured with the Cervical Dystonia Impact Scale; fatigue measured with the Fatigue Severity Scale; confidence when carrying out physical activity measured with the Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale; confidence in performing daily activities without falling measured with the Falls Efficacy Scale; enjoyment of activity measured with Enjoyment of Physical Activity Scale, and social influences on physical activity measured with Social Influences on Physical Activity in addition to demographic characteristics such as age, education level and employment status.

    Results

    The questionnaire was completed by 173 individuals (47 % response rate). The multivariate association between related variables and physical activity showed that employment, self-efficacy for physical activity, education level and consequences for daily activities explained 51 % of the variance in physical activity (Adj R 0.51, F (5, 162) = 35.611, p = 0.000). Employment and self-efficacy for physical activity contributed most strongly to the association with physical activity.

    Conclusions

    Considering the favorable consequences associated with physical activity it could be important to support the individuals with CD to remain in work and self-efficacy to physical activity as employment and self-efficacy had significant influence on physical activity level. Future research is needed to evaluate causal effects of physical activity on consequences related to CD .

  • 1156730.
    Zetterberg, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
    Åsenlöf, Pernilla
    Söderlund, Anne
    Lindmark, Birgitta
    Predicitive variables for disability in cervical dystoniaArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 1156731.
    Zetterberg, Lisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Genreskolan i läroboken: Analys av tre läroböcker i svenska för gymnasieskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den australienska genrepedagogiken har formulerat en metod där genrer ska göras

    explicita i undervisningen för att ge fler elever tillgång till en utvecklad litteracitet.

    Metoden bygger på användandet av en cirkelmodell med fyra fält. Föreliggande

    undersökning ämnar undersöka om den genrepedagogiska metoden gjort avtryck i tre

    läroböcker för svenskämnet i gymnasieskolan, varav ett är uttalat genrepedagogiskt.

    Undersökningen baseras på innehållsanalys och närläsning av texterna i läroböckerna.

    Analysen visar det inte finns någon större skillnad mellan den uttalat genrepedagogiska

    läroboken och en av de andra läroböckerna. Det finns inslag av genreskolans metod i

    samtliga läroböcker, och två av dem innehåller i viss utsträckning stöd för samtliga delar

    i cirkelmodellen, oavsett om läroboken är uttalat genrepedagogiskt inriktad eller inte.

  • 1156732.
    Zetterberg, Liv
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Tvingad till autonomi: en teoretisk analys av öppen psykiatrisk tvångsvård i SverigeManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In earlier research about compulsory community care, two contradictions related to the legislation have been identified: First, compulsory community care (CCC) means both more and less autonomy for the patient. Second, it means that autonomous individuals are being coerced to autonomy. The aim of the article is to clarify the normative underpinning of the law in light of four perspectives of autonomy to that help understand the two contradictions.

    The first contradiction can be explained by the fact that the legislator operates with two different definitions of autonomy: liberalistic and bioethical. In a liberalistic perspective, CCC restricts the right to autonomy. From a bioethical perspective, CCC potentially increases autonomy since it may enhance or protect the future autonomy of the patient. According to this perspective, other values, like health and quality of life, can also motivate restriction of autonomy.

    The second contradiction can be explained by how the legislator confuses procedural with substantial conceptions of autonomy. Since the patient is not assumed to be incompetent, the patient is assumed to have procedural autonomy. At the same time, whether or not the patient’s will is accepted depends on the eventual outcome of the patient’s choice. If the patient refuses care, her opinion is not presumed authentic, which is an expression of a substantive conception of autonomy. The coercive care provided is supposed to re-install the patient’s substantive autonomy. When it comes to the practice of CCC, the patient is assumed to voluntarily accept the coercive elements. This means that the patient is also autonomous according to a substantive conception of autonomy. Since the objective of compulsory care is to enable the patient to accept care voluntarily and thus restoring her/his authentic opinion, the legal requisites for allowing and discharging from CCC are met at the same time.

    If compulsory community care is to be acceptable from a bioethical perspective, it must provide the patient with actual benefits or more autonomy. There is no research evidence that compulsory community works. Accordingly, it is hard to identify what benefits CCC provide that can trump the autonomy of the patient.

  • 1156733.
    Zetterberg, Liv
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Tvångsvård i frihet: tillkomst, implementering och rättstillämpning av öppen psykiatrisk tvångsvård2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyze compulsory community care (CCC) as a social and normative practice in different contexts in the Swedish welfare system. The research questions are:

    - How can the motives to introduce CCC in Sweden and other Western countries be understood?

    - What happens in and between psychiatric and social service organizations when CCC is implemented?

    - How are the legal rights of patients protected and what forms of social control of patients is discernible in written court decisions regarding CCC?

    - What normative positions regarding autonomy is the CCC legislation based on?

    - How can CCC be understood from steering, historic and power perspectives?

    The four first research questions corresponds to the four research studies included in the thesis and the fifth question relates to the material as a whole.

    The empirical material for the first study mainly consists of documents from the parliamentary process. For the second study, 15 interviews with employees in psychiatric and social services were conducted. For the third study, all written court decisions over a 6 month period (N=541) were investigated. In the fourth study, the analysis is primarily based on the current legislation and its history.

    Community care has already taken over most tasks of the old institutions. With the adoption of CCC, even the coercive measures are now formally found in community settings. CCC was adopted despite lack of evidence supporting its effectiveness. Although the policy process started in the aftermath of high-profile crimes, the government bill was focused on integration and rehabilitation with the stated intention to reduce coercive powers. While CCC entails an actual expansion of coercive powers, those coercive elements are downplayed in the bill. CCC allows for preventative restrictions on non-violent civilly committed patients. The CCC example shows that political steering is not something that automatically restricts discretion over the medical profession. Earlier political steering strategies had failed to reduce the excessive clinical use of use of temporary leave. The introduction of CCC meant that politicians adapted legislation to previously undesired practices.

    In psychiatric and social services, CCC is materialized as a physical object in the coordinated care plan. The interviewees talked about the template form for the coordinated care plan as almost synonymous with CCC. It helped clarify responsibilities and facilitated coordination between the organizations. These changes extended even beyond services for the targeted patients under CCC. The requirement of a coordinated care plan thus served as a political steering strategy for enhancing collaboration.

    In the written court decisions about CCC we found deficiencies in procedural fairness in all four requirements for a fair trial that were investigated: transparency, clarity, consistency and impartiality. For example, more than 99 % of the decisions were made in favor of the claims of treating psychiatrist and a substantial minority of courts routinely delegated decision-making authority to treating psychiatrists. The special provisions often involved surveillance controlling techniques. The control is mostly physical, because of the unique role of medication, but also spatial and temporal. Even though no formal coercive measures are allowed, the special provisions as controlling measures seem to have real impact on patients. CCC may therefore be understood as disciplinary power.

    A legal requisite for coercive care is that the patient oppose care. However, in practice it is assumed that a patient under CCC will accept the coercive elements (i.e. special provisions). The legal requisites for allowing and discharging from CCC are thus met at the same time. Restrictions of patient autonomy in the legislation is often motivated in terms of enhanced autonomy in the future, for example through avoiding relapse. Another rationale for the restriction of autonomy is to safeguard the health and quality of life of patients. There is no research evidence that compulsory community works. Accordingly, it is hard to identify what benefits CCC provide that can trump the autonomy of the patient.

  • 1156734.
    Zetterberg, Liv
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Markstom, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Sjostrom, Stefan
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Risk management or improving the life for the patient?: Court rulings concerning compulsory community care in Sweden2011In: Psychiatrische Praxis, ISSN 0303-4259, E-ISSN 1439-0876, Vol. 38Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1156735.
    Zetterberg, Liv
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Markstom, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sjostrom, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Risk management or improving the life for the patient?: Court rulings concerning compulsory community care in Sweden2011In: Psychiatrische Praxis, ISSN 0303-4259, E-ISSN 1439-0876, Vol. 38Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1156736.
    Zetterberg, Liv
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Sjöström, Stefan
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Translating Coercion Policy into Inter-Organisational Collaboration: The Implementation of Compulsory Community Care for People with Mental Illness2016In: Journal of Social Policy, ISSN 0047-2794, E-ISSN 1469-7823, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 655-671Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2008, compulsory community care (CCC) for people with severe mental illness was introduced in Sweden. CCC requires co-operation between psychiatric and social services, thus further complicating the longstanding difficulties with service coordination in the mental health field.

    This article investigates what happens when a new policy is introduced that assumes complex co-operation of two organisations bestowed with high degrees of discretion. The process of institutionalisation will be analysed in terms of how an idea is translated and materialised on local levels. This has been investigated by interviewing key informants within psychiatric and social services at three different locations.

    The implementation was perceived as relatively successful and occurred without major conflict. The main effect of the new legislation was improvement in the coordination of services, where designing a template form for a coordinated care plan was central. The inter-organisational discussions about service coordination that arose had a spill-over effect on services for other patient groups.

    In essence, respondents describe CCC as a pedagogical reform to promote the coordination of services, rather than a reform to increase coercive powers over patients. This raises concerns about the legitimacy of the reform.

  • 1156737.
    Zetterberg, Liv
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sjöström, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Translating coercion policy into inter-organisational collaboration: the implementation of compulsory community care for people with mental illness2016In: Journal of Social Policy, ISSN 0047-2794, E-ISSN 1469-7823, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 655-671Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2008, compulsory community care (CCC) for people with severe mental illness was introduced in Sweden. CCC requires co-operation between psychiatric and social services, thus further complicating the longstanding difficulties with service coordination in the mental health field.

    This article investigates what happens when a new policy is introduced that assumes complex co-operation of two organisations bestowed with high degrees of discretion. The process of institutionalisation will be analysed in terms of how an idea is translated and materialised on local levels. This has been investigated by interviewing key informants within psychiatric and social services at three different locations.

    The implementation was perceived as relatively successful and occurred without major conflict. The main effect of the new legislation was improvement in the coordination of services, where designing a template form for a coordinated care plan was central. The inter-organisational discussions about service coordination that arose had a spill-over effect on services for other patient groups.

    In essence, respondents describe CCC as a pedagogical reform to promote the coordination of services, rather than a reform to increase coercive powers over patients. This raises concerns about the legitimacy of the reform.

  • 1156738.
    Zetterberg, Liv
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Sjöström, Stefan
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    The compliant court: Procedural fairness and social control in compulsory community care2014In: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, ISSN 0160-2527, E-ISSN 1873-6386, Vol. 37, no 6, p. 543-550Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Compulsory community care (CCC) was introduced in Sweden in 2008. This article investigates all written court decisions regarding CCC over a 6 month period in 2009 (N = 541). The purpose is to examine how the legal rights of patients are protected and what forms of social control patients are subjected to. 51% of CCC patients are women and 84% are being treated for a psychosis-related disorder. In the court decisions, only 9% of patients are described as dangerous to themselves, while 18% are regarded a danger to others. The most common special provisions that patients are subjected to are medication (79%) and a requirement that they must maintain contact with either community mental health services (51%) or social services (27%). In the decisions, both the courts and court-appointed psychiatrists agree with treating psychiatrists in 99% of cases. Decisions lack transparency and clarity, and it is often impossible to understand the conclusions of the courts. There is considerable variation between regional courts as regards the provisions to which patients are subjected and the delegation of decision-making to psychiatrists. This means that decisions fail to demonstrate clarity, transparency, consistency and impartiality, and thus fail to meet established standards of procedural fairness. Surveillance techniques of social control are more common than techniques based on therapy or sanctions. Because of the unique role of medication, social control is primarily imposed on a physical dimension, as opposed to temporal and spatial forms. The article concludes that patients are at risk of being subjected to new forms of social control of an unclear nature without proper legal protection.

  • 1156739.
    Zetterberg, Liv
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sjöström, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The compliant court: procedural fairness and social control in compulsory community care2014In: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, ISSN 0160-2527, E-ISSN 1873-6386, Vol. 37, no 6, p. 543-550Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Compulsory community care (CCC) was introduced in Sweden in 2008. This article investigates all written court decisions regarding CCC over a 6 month period in 2009 (N = 541). The purpose is to examine how the legal rights of patients are protected and what forms of social control patients are subjected to. 51% of CCC patients are women and 84% are being treated for a psychosis-related disorder. In the court decisions, only 9% of patients are described as dangerous to themselves, while 18% are regarded a danger to others. The most common special provisions that patients are subjected to are medication (79%) and a requirement that they must maintain contact with either community mental health services (51%) or social services (27%). In the decisions, both the courts and court-appointed psychiatrists agree with treating psychiatrists in 99% of cases. Decisions lack transparency and clarity, and it is often impossible to understand the conclusions of the courts. There is considerable variation between regional courts as regards the provisions to which patients are subjected and the delegation of decision-making to psychiatrists. This means that decisions fail to demonstrate clarity, transparency, consistency and impartiality, and thus fail to meet established standards of procedural fairness. Surveillance techniques of social control are more common than techniques based on therapy or sanctions. Because of the unique role of medication, social control is primarily imposed on a physical dimension, as opposed to temporal and spatial forms. The article concludes that patients are at risk of being subjected to new forms of social control of an unclear nature without proper legal protection.

  • 1156740.
    Zetterberg Löwgren, Zacharias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning.
    Andersson, Adam
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning.
    De tillräckliga: HR-medarbetares väg till status2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore how HR employees experience their own profession, their status, and the strategic value that they contribute to the organization. Through a historical view of the HR profession, and the transformation that took place during the late 1900s, we examine the changes that helped to create the HR profession we see today. This process gives us the foundation of what this study seeks to explore. The discussion that takes place later on is inspired by a sociological perspective, as well as the tools originated by sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, which are used to analyze the reality of our interviewees. We conduct the study using a qualitative approach where HR generalists and HR specialists are interviewed about their perceived status (or lack thereof). HR employees with a title such as HR manager or HR supervisor have been excluded, since most of the previous studies already covered their experience regarding status and strategic value. The result shows that the HR employees participating in the study experience status and strategic value mainly through the assistant role that they have been appointed, acting as the right hand of the managers they are helping. However, by studying the transformation of HR, along with the data collected through the interviews, we find that there is a difference between how HR as a professional group acquire status, and how HR employees - the generalists and specialists - acquire status. 

  • 1156741.
    Zetterberg, Madeleine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Can values drive value for sustainable business?: An analyzing and interpreting case study of Konsum Värmland Value-creation2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Historically, value was believed to be created and embedded in the manufacturing process, implying that companies were the creators of value. Conversely, the notion of value-creation changed during the last decades and has implemented the customer orientation and service centred view. Instead, researchers currently believe that companies only can offer value-propositions, which means that value is to be created by the customers. Services and goods are much about values and identity today, which people connect to therefore it is important that positive values are associated with the company.

    The purpose of this case study is to present if values can drive value for sustainable business. In order to illustrate this we have chosen Konsum Värmland for our investigation, an independent consumer co-operative own by its 126 000 members. Konsum Värmland has advantages by being independent from KF (the co-operative union in Sweden), this by being able to set its own strategies and visions.

    This thesis aspires to illustrate which values Konsum Värmland stands for and to see if Konsum Värmland has succeeded to communicate these values to their stakeholders.

    We will present the theoretical framework and how values-based management is an excellent performance measurement for co-creating values together with its stakeholders. We chose to use a narrative approach for our empirical analysis. The narratives are based on interviews, observations and secondary data that we obtained in forms of literature, articles and previous research.

    We have chosen to investigate four areas for our case study, which are obvious of creating values. The areas are; the history Konsum Värmland, the brands Nästgård and Värmlandsgrisen, and the adapting and developing Konsum Värmland. These areas give the reader an insight to the value creation efforts of Konsum Värmland.

    It is important for companies to differentiate themselves from others, in order to stay competitive in the everyday retail branch. This is something that Konsum Värmland has done by standing for values that contributes to the region of Värmland

    This case study shows how the consumer co-operative thinking is becoming more modern, in co-creating common values and meanings. The consumer co-operative thinking also tells us that is can be used as a competitive strategy, to be able to predict and to adapt to the market.

    In this study we can see that local produced goods generate value, which makes the customer want to buy the goods even if they are more expensive. The values are communicated through the brands Värmlandsgrisen and Nästgård and the goods are offered in form of values-based service quality. We have created a model that illustrates how the vision, organization and the value-creation have to be in balance, to create values that can drive value for sustainable business.

  • 1156742.
    Zetterberg, Malin M.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Physical Chemistry.
    Reijmar, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Physical Chemistry.
    Pränting, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
    Engström, Åke
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
    Andersson, Dan I.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
    Edwards, Katarina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Physical Chemistry.
    PEG-stabilized lipid disks as carriers for amphiphilic antimicrobial peptides2011In: Journal of Controlled Release, ISSN 0168-3659, E-ISSN 1873-4995, Vol. 156, no 3, p. 323-328Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Antimicrobial peptides hold potential as a possible alternative, or complement, to conventional antibiotics but new, safe and efficient means are needed for formulation and administration of the peptides. In this study we have investigated the utility of a novel type of lipid particles, the polyethylene glycol-stabilized lipid-disks, as carriers for the model peptide melittin. The structural integrity of the carrier particle when loaded with the peptide was investigated using cryo-transmission electron microscopy. Liposome leakage upon addition of the peptide-lipid-disks was monitored as a means to verify the membrane lytic effect of the formulation. The susceptibility of melittin to tryptic digestion was studied and compared in the absence and presence of lipid-disks. Finally, the antibacterial effect of the peptide-lipid-disk formulation was compared to that of free melittin after both single and repeated exposure to Escherichia coli. The results show that melittin can redistribute from the disk into a new host membrane and that formulation in the disks does not compromise melittin's membrane permeabilizing ability. Further, the peptide was found to be fully protected against degradation when bound to the disks. Time-kill experiments revealed that all the antibacterial effect of melittin administered in free form was gone after a single exposure to E. coli. In contrast, the disk formulation showed significant cell-killing effect also upon a second exposure to bacteria, indicating an extended release of peptide from the lipid-disks. These results suggest that the lipid-disks constitute a new class of promising carriers for peptide antibiotics.

  • 1156743.
    Zetterberg, Malin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Ulander, Nina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Barnsjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att bedöma smärta hos barn i åldern 2-7 år2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The aim of the caregiver is to alleviate or prevent suffering. Children who are hospitalized are often subjected to unnecessary suffering. As a child nurse, one has an important role in the meeting with the child, where the child's perspective should always be in focus. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to highlight the nurses' experiences of assessing pain in children aged two to seven years. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 8 child nurses’ at a children's clinic in the north of Sweden. The material was analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Results: The result showed an increased need for education and clearer routines / guidelines. All child nurses were considered to use the clinical look in the assessment of the child's pain, however, there were few who estimated pain according to the pain estimation scale. Conclusion: More education is required about children and pain, and to what extent pain assessment instruments should be used

  • 1156744.
    Zetterberg, Mari-Louis
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    JÄMSTÄLLDHET: Vilken bild synliggörs i de stora börsbolagens årsredovisningar?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammandrag

    Genom historien har kvinnor haft sämre förutsättningar än män på arbetsmarknaden. Trots att svenska kvinnor idag borde ha samma förutsättningar som män till att göra karriär råder det fortfarande en brist på kvinnor framförallt inom näringslivets toppositioner. Jämställdhetslagens krav på aktivt jämställdhetsarbete har därmed inte fått önskad effekt. För att synliggöra problemet och skapa debatt har regeringen i olika omgångar beslutat att tilläggsuppgifter om könsfördelning bland anställda, ledning och styrelse ska redovisas i företagens årsredovisning.

    År 2005 kom det ett tillägg i 6:e kapitlet Årsredovisningslagen om att centrala icke-finansiella resultatindikatorer som exempelvis miljö- och personalinformation ska lämnas i förvaltnings-berättelsen om det kan anses vara relevant för verksamheten. Det är inte klart uttryckt i lagtexten men enligt förarbetena till lagen kan exempel på personalrelaterad information vara vilka åtgärder som företaget utfört under året när det gäller jämställdhet, arbetsmiljö eller kompetensutveckling. Även resultat och utvärdering, statistik samt företagens policy och mål på dessa områden kan vara aktuella att redogöra för i förvaltningsberättelsen.

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka vilken information som företagen lämnar rörande jämställdhet i sin externa årsredovisning utöver det som är lagstadgat att redogöra för avseende könsfördelningen bland anställda, ledning samt styrelse. Jag är också intresserad av att få veta om företagen anammat den nya lagen och redovisar informationen i förvaltningsberättelsen. Därutöver vill jag se vilken bild av jämställdhet som synliggörs genom de bilder som publiceras i årsredovisningarna. Undersökningen är en dokumentstudie och det empiriska materialet består utav fakta från 54 av Sveriges största börsföretags årsredovisningar från år 2006. De teorier som jag berör utgår från genusteori, redovisningsteori och institutionell teori.

    Studien visar att de flesta företag redovisar någon form av jämställdhetsrelaterad information i årsredovisningen. De flesta lämnar emellertid inte informationen i förvaltningsberättelsen utan uppgifterna hamnar för det mesta utanför den lagstadgade och revisorsgranskade delen av årsredovisningen. Av allt att döma så har företagen inte anammat lagstiftningen från 2005, det tyder på att företagen inte anser att det är relevant att redovisa för sitt jämställdhetsarbete för att ge en bra bild av företagets utveckling, ställning och resultat till intressenterna. Även om många påtalar vikten av en jämnare könsfördelning i årsredovisningen så ser verkligheten ut på ett annat sätt. De bilder som publiceras i årsredovisningarna speglar mer av den faktiska situationen på företagen, vilket är en starkt manlig dominans och då framförallt i ledningen. Det tyder på att det finns en diskrepans mellan företagens policy med jämställdhet som uttalat ideal och den befintliga situationen i näringslivet som är långt ifrån jämställd.

  • 1156745.
    Zetterberg, Martin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Davidsson, Pontus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Johansson, Mathias
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Brand Equity for Service Brands Online2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose is to explain what factors affect brand equity for SBOs.

    Hypotheses: These hypotheses were derived from a literature review.

    H1 - Perceived Quality has a positive effect on SBO brand equity

    H2 - Brand Association has a positive effect on SBO brand equity

    H3 - Brand Awareness has a positive effect on SBO brand equity

    Method: The researcher conducted an quantitative research where the empirical data

    was collected through a questionnaire.

    Conclusion: This research show that perceived quality, brand association and brand

    awareness positively affects SBO brand equity.

  • 1156746.
    Zetterberg, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Science and Mathematics Education.
    Intresse för kemiämnet ur ett genusperspektiv: Hur intresset för kemi skiljer sig mellan flickor och pojkar i gymnasieskolan2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the interest in different parts of the chemistry subject is investigated with a gender perspective among pupils in Swedish upper secondary schools.A survey consisting of questions regarding interest in specific areas of the chemistry subject was carried out which pupils in different study programs with different general interest in chemistry and in different study years, replied to. The replies from the survey were both analyzed quantitatively using hypothesis testing and ANOVA and qualitatively using an operationalization method.

    The results of the study showed that there was significant difference between girls and boys in their respective interest for some of the areas connected to chemistry. The girls were more interested in areas connected to health and what is regarded as biochemistry in the academy. Boys on the other hand displayed a larger interest in explosive and hazardous chemicals as well as chemical weapons.

    These differences correlates with previous studies and follow a societal stereotypical pattern of how girls and boys should behave and have affection for.

  • 1156747.
    Zetterberg, Mikael
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Malmsten, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Socialt ansvarstagande företag: - en attitydundersökning bland svenska konsumenter2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med ett gemensamt intresse för marknadsföring och företagsetik ansåg vi att fenomenet Corporate Social Responsibility, CSR, skulle vara intressant att studera. Den svenska benämningen för CSR är socialt ansvarstagande företag. När vi började orientera oss i ämnet märkte vi att det var få uppsatser som var skrivna ur ett konsumentperspektiv. Detta perspektiv tyckte vi verkade intressant och vi bestämde oss till slut för att vår uppsats skulle ha ett konsumentperspektiv som utgångspunkt. Efter många diskussioner kunde vi till slut fastställa vår forskningsfråga som är: ”Vilka attityder har svenska konsumenter gentemot CSR?” För att kunna besvara denna fråga har en kvantitativ undersökning med 102 stycken respondenter genomförts. Utifrån resultaten från undersökningen har vi kunnat beskriva konsumenters attityder gentemot socialt ansvarstagande företag. Den generella inställningen mot socialt ansvarstagande företag är positiv. Däremot verkar det finnas en skepsis gentemot företagens motiv till att vara socialt ansvarstagande. Svenska konsumenters skepsis gör att svenska företag måste lägga stor vikt vid att skapa ett trovärdigt social ansvarstagande. För att skapa denna trovärdighet är det viktigaste, enligt vår undersökning, att konsumenterna upplever att pengarna de betalar för det sociala engagemanget når fram och att företaget tar ett socialt ansvar på grund av genuina intentioner. Genom att undersöka respondenternas attityder ville vi se ifall socialt ansvarstagande kunde påverka konsumtionsbeteendet hos konsumenterna. Resultatet pekar på att socialt ansvarstagande inte kan härledas till direkta konsumtionsbeteenden. Däremot finns det indikationer på att socialt ansvarstagande indirekt kan påverka konsumtionsbeteenden. Ett exempel på detta är att socialt ansvarstagande verkar ha goda förutsättningar att generera ”Word of Mouth” vilket i sin tur kan ha en inverkan på konsumtionsbeteendet. Svaret på forskningsfrågan är således att svenska konsumenter har en positiv attityd mot CSR. Trots den positiva attityden verkar det finnas en skepsis gentemot företagens motiv till CSR och det verkar inte som om CSR har någon direkt påverkan på konsumtionsbeteendet.

  • 1156748.
    Zetterberg, Mikaela
    RISE, Swerea, Swerea KIMAB.
    A critical overview of machining simulations in ABAQUS2014Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Metal cutting is one of the most commonly occurring manufacturing processes in the industry and major effort is made to improve its processes. Cutting tools are expensive and have a life length measured in minutes, why predictions of tool wear are of great interest. Finite Element (FE) simulations have a central role in the development of tools and cutting processes, but performing simulations of metal cutting is not easy. The method chosen for the chip formation has a large impact on the result of the simulations. The scope of this work includes a survey on important parameters and different possibilities to form a chip in simulations of metal cutting in ABAQUS/Explicit. Particular emphases are placed the on prediction of flank wear and how the hardening implemented in the material model effects this. The approach has been to start with a literature study and thereafter make simulations in ABAQUS/Explicit. FE simulations, of cutting, with different damage criteria and simulations with SPH (Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics)- method are presented. None of the possibilities to form a chip in ABAQUS/Explicit, as implemented today, seems to be sufficient for simulations of cutting to predict flank wear. The SPH-method will be a good alternative for simulations of metal cutting in ABAQUS/Explicit if temperature dependency is implemented. The material model in general, the type of hardening in specific, has an impact on the chip-form and the stress state in the chip and workpiece. And thereby effects the flank wear.

  • 1156749.
    Zetterberg, Mikaela
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Solid Mechanics (Dept.).
    A critical overview of machining simulations in ABAQUS.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Metal cutting is one of the most commonly occurring manufacturing processes in the industry and major effort is made to improve its processes. Cutting tools are expensive and have a life length measured in minutes, why predictions of tool wear are of great interest. Finite Element (FE) simulations have a central role in the development of tools and cutting processes, but performing simulations of metal cutting is not easy. The method chosen for the chip formation has a large impact on the result of the simulations. The scope of this work includes a survey on important parameters and different possibilities to form a chip in simulations of metal cutting in ABAQUS/Explicit. Particular emphases are placed the on  prediction of flank wear and how the hardening implemented in the material model effects this. The approach has been to start with a literature study and thereafter make simulations in ABAQUS/Explicit. FE simulations, of cutting, with different damage criteria and simulations with SPH (Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics)- method are presented. None of the possibilities to form a chip in ABAQUS/Explicit, as implemented today, seems to be sufficient for simulations of cutting to predict flank wear. The SPH-method will be a good alternative for simulations of metal cutting in ABAQUS/Explicit if temperature dependency is implemented. The material model in general, the type of hardening in specific, has an impact on the chip-form and the stress state in the chip and workpiece. And thereby effects the flank wear.

  • 1156750.
    Zetterberg, Mikaela
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering.
    Kastby, Claes
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering.
    Vibrationsmätningar på handhållna pneumatiska verktyg.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current guidelines on how to assess and classify the health risk with exposure of the hand-arm system to vibrations is based on a simple frequency weighting curve. The problem with today's existing standard is that it doesn’t take into consideration all the factors influencing the risk of vibrating hand held power tools. For example factors such as impact of transients in vibration and the amount of energy absorbed by the hand are not taken into account. One way to more accurately evaluate the contribution of these factors is to use methods others than those imposed by the current standard, such as vibration power absorption or analytical wavelet transform. Another problem with today’s standard is that the characterization seems to be depending on the method chosen. Two of the recommended methods of analysis in the standard, weighting filter for narrowband and weighting factors in one third octave bands was tested, to determine if there is a difference depending on the analysis method chosen, and thus see how arbitrary the characterization is. This was done by applying both methods on each of the two recorded time signals, one with a strong tone and one with strong transients. The test confirmed that there is a difference between weighting factors in one third octave bands and narrow bands and that this affects the total hand weighted accelerations, ( ) especially if the vibration contains strong tones. The character of the vibration and the frequency of the tones are likely factors behind these results. The results can be used to optimize the outcome when selecting the method of analysis. It should be noted however that further research and investigation should be conducted to find how the locations of the tones within the third octave band, in the frequency domain, as well as how the selection of frequencies for summation of the affects the outcome of .

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