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  • 101.
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Gerbild, Helle
    Health Sciences Research Centre, University College Lillebaelt, Denmark.
    Sexual health education - experiences, challenges and recommendations for physiotherapists2016Inngår i: Conference abstracts: Pre-conference abstracts, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 102.
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Juuso, Päivi
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Rolander, Bo
    Jönköping University.
    Larsson, Agneta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Health Care Students' Attitudes Toward Addressing Sexual Health in Their Future Profession: Validity and reliability of a questionnaire2016Inngår i: International Journal of Sexual Health, ISSN 1931-7611, E-ISSN 1931-762X, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 243-250Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To test the reliability and validity of the Students' Attitudes Towards Addressing Sexual Health questionnaire (SA-SH), measuring students' attitudes towards addressing sexual health in their future professions.

    Method: A cross-sectional online survey (22 items) were distributed to 186 nursing, occupational therapy and physiotherapy students in Sweden, April 2015. Validity and reliability were tested.

    Results: The construct validity analysis led to three major factors: present feelings of comfortableness, future working environment and fear of negative influence on future patient relations. The construct validity, internal consistency reliability and intrarater reliability showed good results.Conclusion: The SA-SH is valid and reliable.

  • 103.
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Samrehab, Värnamo Hospital.
    Kammerlind, Ann-Sofi C.
    Futurum – The Academy of Healthcare, Jönköping.
    Lund-Levander, Martha
    Futurum – The Academy of Healthcare, Jönköping.
    Evidence-based practice in a multiprofessional context2012Inngår i: International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare, ISSN 1744-1595, E-ISSN 1744-1609, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 117-125Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background  Healthcare today is a complex system with increasing needs of specific knowledge of evaluation of research and implementation into clinical practice. A critical issue is that we all apply evidence-based practice (EBP) with standardised methods and continuing and systematic improvements. EBP includes both scientific and critical assessed experience-based knowledge. For the individual, this means applying evidence-based knowledge to a specific situation, and for the organisation, it means catering for a systematic critical review and evaluation and compiling research into guidelines and programmes. In 2009, the County Council of Jönköping had approximately 335 000 inhabitants and the healthcare organisation had more than 10 000 employees. As the County Council actively promotes clinical improvement, it is interesting to explore how healthcare employees think about and act upon EBP. The aim of this survey was therefore to describe factors that facilitate or hinder the application of EBP in the clinical context.

    Method  A quantitative study was performed with a questionnaire to healthcare staff employed in the County Council of Jönköping in 2009. The questionnaire consisted of questions concerning which factors are experienced to affect the development of evidence-based healthcare. There were 59 open and closed questions, divided into the following areas:

    • • Sources of knowledge used in practice
    • • Barriers to finding and evaluating research reports and guidelines
    • • Barriers to changing practice on the basis of best evidence
    • • Facilitating factors for changing practice on the basis of best evidence
    • • Experience in finding, evaluating and using different sources of evidence

    The participants were selected using the county council's staff database and included medical, caring and rehabilitative staff within hospitals, primary care, dentistry and laboratory medicine. The inclusion criteria were permanent employment and clinical work. Invitations were sent to 5787 persons to participate in the study and 1445 persons answered the questionnaire.

    Results  Knowledge used in daily clinical practice was mainly based on information about the patient, personal experience and local guidelines. Twenty per cent answered that they worked ‘in the way they always had’, and 11% responded that they used evidence from research as a basis for change. The participants experienced that EBP was not used enough in clinical healthcare and explained this with practical and structural barriers, which they thought should be better monitored by the organisation and directors.

    Conclusion  Overall, the results indicate that the scientific evidence for healthcare is not used sufficiently as a base for decisions in daily practice as well as for changing practice. This is more prominent among assistant staff. As a consequence, this might affect the care of the patients in a negative way. Increased awareness of EBP and a stronger evidence-based approach are keys in the ongoing improvement work in the county. Local guidelines seem to be a way to implement knowledge. But, as the arena of activities is complex and the employees have diverse education levels, different strategies to facilitate and promote EBP are necessary.

  • 104.
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Larsson, Agneta
    Department of Health Sciences, Luleå Technical University, Luleå, Sweden.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Department of Health Sciences, Luleå Technical University, Luleå, Sweden.
    Rolander, Bo
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för beteendevetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Juuso, Päivi
    Department of Health Sciences, Luleå Technical University, Luleå, Sweden.
    Health care students' attitudes towards working with sexual health in their professional roles - survey of students at nursing, physiotherapy and occupational therapy programmes2016Inngår i: Conference abstracts: Pre-conference abstracts, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 105.
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Larsson, Agneta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Rolander, Bo
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Avd. för beteendevetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Juuso, Päivi
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Health care students' attitudes towards working with sexual health in their professional roles - survey of students at nursing, physiotherapy and occupational therapy programmes2016Inngår i: Conference abstracts: Pre-conference abstracts, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 106.
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Larsson, Agneta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Rolander, Bo
    Jönköping University, Futurum, Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County Council.
    Juuso, Päivi
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad.
    Health Care Students’ Attitudes Towards Working with Sexual Health in Their Professional Roles: Survey of Students at Nursing, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy Programmes2016Inngår i: Sexuality and disability, ISSN 0146-1044, E-ISSN 1573-6717, Vol. 34, nr 3, s. 289-302Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore differences and similarities in health care students’ attitudes towards working with and communicating with patients about sexual health issues in their future professions. The aim was also to explore whether the students’ gender, age and future professions were influencing factors and whether there was a change in attitude depending on educational levels, gender, age and future professions. The study also aimed to explore the potential development of those differences and similarities in attitudes between health care students having achieved different levels of education and training in their future professions. A cross-sectional quantitative study was performed with an online survey distributed to nursing, occupational therapy and physiotherapy students. The students believed that they needed increased sexual health education and increased communication skills about sexual health. Gender and future profession are factors that significantly affect the attitudes of the students towards working with sexual health. Nursing and occupational therapy students have a more positive attitude towards addressing sexual health in their future professions than do physiotherapy students. Further research is needed in this field to improve competence in sexual health for all student groups, particularly physiotherapy students. Further research is also needed to explore the significance of gender regarding education in sexual health and attitudes towards working with sexual health.

  • 107.
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Stenz, Cathrine
    Gerbild, Helle
    Syddansk Unversitet, Danmark.
    Fysioterapi og Seksuel Sundhet2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 108.
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Värnamo Hospital.
    Öberg, Ulrika
    Futurum - The Academy of Healthcare, County Council, Jönköping.
    A literature review of the sexual health of women with rheumatoid arthritis2009Inngår i: Musculoskeletal Care, ISSN 1478-2189, E-ISSN 1557-0681, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 219-226Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual health problems are common for women with Rheumatoid Arthritis, RA. Sexual health is covered in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) by two different fields: sexual function and intimate relationships, which are included in the ICF core sets for RA. Most patients with RA are female, and there are differences concerning sexual health between women and men with RA. The aim of this study was to explore the literature concerning the effects of RA on the sexual health of female patients, and also recommend solutions to improve the sexual health of women with RA. Sexual health problems can occur before, during and after sexual activities, and can affect women's sexual health in different perspectives. The investigated areas concerning female RA-patients and sexual are general sexual problems, sexual satisfaction, sexual desire, sexual performance, and sexual functioning. RA affects sexual health as a result of pain, reduced joint mobility, fatigue, depression and body image alterations. The investigated material provides few solutions to sexual health problems of female RA- patients. The most commonly mentioned solution is increased information and communication between health professionals and patients. Some of the studies recommend physiotherapy. Further research is needed to understand which types of intervention can help women with RA to improve their sexual health

  • 109.
    Areskoug-Josefsson, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. Kvalitetsförbättring och ledarskap inom hälsa och välfärd.
    HBTQ - Fysioterapeutens roll2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 110.
    Areskoug-Josefsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy, Lund University.
    Ekdahl, Charlotte
    Department of Health Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy, Lund University.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Center for Primary Health Care Research, CRC, Lund University.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Detecting decreased sexual health with MDHAQ-S2013Inngår i: Health, ISSN 1949-4998, E-ISSN 1949-5005, Vol. 5, nr 6B, s. 38-47Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There are instruments that measure sexual function or sexual health for persons with RA, but since sexual health is a sensitive issue, the hypothesis is that it would be easier to have a standard questionnaire that could indicate the need for communication about sexual health issues instead of an extra questionnaire with more detailed questions on sexual health. The aim of the study is to find out whether sexual health difficulties can be screened by factors included in the MDHAQ-S for persons with RA. This study explores the relation between factors included in the MDHAQ-S and the Sexual Health Questionnaire (QSH) using a mixed methods design combining quantitative and qualitative data. The MDHAQ-S covers sexual health issues, not only by using the question on sexual health, but also on other factors included in the questionnaire such as increased pain, fatigue, depression, anxiety, physical capacity, level of physiccal activity and body weight. To explore decreased sexual arousal, decreased sexual satisfaction and decreased sexual well-being, in-depth interviews must be held with persons with RA, either using a sexual health questionnaire or in a clinical interview.

  • 111.
    Areskoug-Josefsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Gard, Gunvor
    Sexual health – A professional challenge for physiotherapists2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 112.
    Areskoug-Josefsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. Kvalitetsförbättring och ledarskap inom hälsa och välfärd.
    Haraldsson, Patrik
    AME, Region Jönköpings län.
    SMAK - Nyttan av ett strukturerat, validerat multidisciplinärt bedömningsinstrument inom företagshälsovården2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 113.
    Areskoug-Josefsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare). Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Juuso, Päivi
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Rolander, Bo
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för beteendevetenskap och socialt arbete. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. SALVE (Socialt arbete, Livssammanhang, Välfärd). Futurum, Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County Council, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Larsson, Agneta
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Health care students' attitudes toward addressing sexual health in their future profession: Validity and reliability of a questionnaire2016Inngår i: International Journal of Sexual Health, ISSN 1931-7611, E-ISSN 1931-762X, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 243-250Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To test the reliability and validity of the Students' Attitudes Towards Addressing Sexual Health Questionnaire (SA-SH), measuring students' attitudes toward addressing sexual health in their future professions.

    Method: A cross-sectional online survey (22 items) were distributed to 186 nursing, occupational therapy and physiotherapy students in Sweden, April 2015. Validity and reliability were tested.

    Results: The construct validity analysis led to three major factors: present feelings of comfortableness, future working environment, and fear of negative influence on future patient relations. The construct validity, internal consistency reliability, and intrarater reliability showed good results.

    Conclusion: The SA-SH is valid and reliable.

  • 114.
    Areskoug-Josefsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Larsson, Agneta
    Department of Health Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Department of Health Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Rolander, Bo
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. SALVE (Socialt arbete, Livssammanhang, Välfärd). Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för beteendevetenskap och socialt arbete. Futurum, Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County Council, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Juuso, Päivi
    Department of Health Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Health care students' attitudes towards working with sexual health in their professional roles: Survey of students at nursing, physiotherapy and occupational therapy programmes2016Inngår i: Sexuality and disability, ISSN 0146-1044, E-ISSN 1573-6717, Vol. 34, nr 3, s. 289-302Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore differences and similarities in health care students’ attitudes towards working with and communicating with patients about sexual health issues in their future professions. The aim was also to explore whether the students’ gender, age and future professions were influencing factors and whether there was a change in attitude depending on educational levels, gender, age and future professions. The study also aimed to explore the potential development of those differences and similarities in attitudes between health care students having achieved different levels of education and training in their future professions. A cross-sectional quantitative study was performed with an online survey distributed to nursing, occupational therapy and physiotherapy students. The students believed that they needed increased sexual health education and increased communication skills about sexual health. Gender and future profession are factors that significantly affect the attitudes of the students towards working with sexual health. Nursing and occupational therapy students have a more positive attitude towards addressing sexual health in their future professions than do physiotherapy students. Further research is needed in this field to improve competence in sexual health for all student groups, particularly physiotherapy students. Further research is also needed to explore the significance of gender regarding education in sexual health and attitudes towards working with sexual health.

  • 115.
    Arkkukangas, Marina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Evaluation of the Otago Exercise Programme with or without motivational interviewing: Feasibility, experiences, effects and adherence among older community-dwelling people2017Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Falls and injuries related to falls are one of the most common health problems among older people and are becoming increasingly more frequent. Regular exercise has been identified as one of the most effective fall-prevention activities for older people; however, awareness of the impact of exercise programmes and adherence to recommended exercise among the elderly population is generally low. Research examining how an exercise programme is administered to and experienced by elderly community-dwelling people is needed.

    The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate the feasibility, experiences and effects of and adherence to the fall-preventive Otago Exercise Programme (OEP) with or without motivational interviewing (MI) among community-dwelling people aged 75 years or older.

    Four studies were performed from October 2012 to May 2016 in a sample of 175 people. Both quantitative and qualitative research methods were used. The methods included the feasibility for conducting a randomized controlled trial (RCT) (I), individual face-to-face interviews (II), an RCT (III) and a prospective cohort study (IV). The intervention was given to two groups. The participants who received OEP with or without MI were compared with a control group that received standard care.

    The feasibility of performing an exercise intervention with or without MI was acceptable from the perspective of the participating physiotherapists. From the perspective of the older participants performing the exercise with behavioural change support, the inclusion of monitored exercises in everyday life and daily routines was important. The participants also expressed experiencing more strength, improved physical functioning and greater hope for an extended active life during old age.

    From the short-term perspective, there were significant improvements within the OEP combined with MI group in terms of physical performance, fall self-efficacy, activity level, and handgrip strength. Improved physical performance and fall self-efficacy were also found within the control group; however, corresponding differences did not occur in the OEP group without MI. There were no significant differences between the study groups after 12 weeks of regular exercise. Adherence to the exercises in the pooled exercise group was 81% at the 12-week follow-up.

    At the 52-week follow-up, the behavioural factors being physically active and obtaining behavioural support in terms of MI had a significant association with adherence to the exercise programme.

    These studies provide some support for the combination of OEP with MI as the addition of MI was valuable for achieving adherence to the exercise programme over time in older community-dwelling people.

     

  • 116. Arkkukangas, Marina
    et al.
    Sundler, Annelie J.
    Soderlund, Anne
    Eriksson, Staffan
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi. Centre for Clinical Research Sörmland, Uppsala University, Eskilstuna, Sweden; Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Johansson, Ann-Christin
    Older persons' experiences of a home-based exercise program with behavioral change support2017Inngår i: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040, Vol. 33, nr 12, s. 905-913Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is a challenge to promote exercise among older persons. Knowledge is needed regarding the maintenance of exercise aiming at preventing falls and promoting health and well-being in older persons.

    Purpose: This descriptive study used a qualitative inductive approach to describe older persons' experiences of a fall-preventive, home-based exercise program with support for behavioral change.

    Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 elderly persons aged 75years or older, and a qualitative content analysis was performed.

    Results: Four categories emerged: facilitators of performing exercise in everyday life, the importance of support, perceived gains from exercise, and the existential aspects of exercise.

    Conclusion: With support from physiotherapists (PTs), home-based exercise can be adapted to individual circumstances in a meaningful way. Including exercises in everyday life and daily routines could support the experience of being stronger, result in better physical functioning, and give hope for an extended active life in old age.

  • 117.
    Arkkukangas, Marina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Sundler, Annelie
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Eriksson, Staffan
    Johansson, Ann Christin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Older persons’ experiences of a home-based exercise programme with behavioural change support2017Inngår i: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040, Vol. 33, nr 12, s. 905-913Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is a challenge to promote exercise among older persons. Knowledge is needed regarding the maintenance of exercise aiming at preventing falls and promoting health and wellbeing in older persons.

    Purpose: This descriptive study used a qualitative inductive approach to describe older persons’ experiences of a fall-preventive, home-based exercise programme with support for behavioural change.

    Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with twelve older persons aged 75 years or older, and a qualitative content analysis was performed.

    Results: Four categories emerged: facilitators of performing exercise in everyday life, the importance of support, perceived gains from exercise, and the existential aspects of exercise.

    Conclusion: With support from physiotherapists, home-based exercise can be adapted to individual circumstances in a meaningful way. By including exercises in everyday life and daily routines could support the experience of being stronger, result in better physical functioning and give hope for an extended active life in old age.

  • 118.
    Arkkukangas, Marina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Eriksson, Staffan
    Johansson, Ann-Christin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    One- year adherence to the Otago Exercise Programme with or without motivational interviewing in older peopleManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 119.
    Arnadottir, Solveig
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Physical activity, participation and self-rated health among older community-dwelling Icelanders: a population-based study2010Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The main objective of this study was to investigate older people’s physical activity, their participation in various life situations, and their perceptions of their own health. This included an exploration of potential influences of urban versus rural residency on these outcomes, an evaluation of the measurement properties of a balance confidence scale, and an examination of the proposed usefulness of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a conceptual framework to facilitate analysis and understanding of selected outcomes.

    Methods: The study design was cross-sectional, population-based, with random selection from the national register of one urban and two rural municipalities in Northern Iceland. There were 186 participants, all community-dwelling, aged 65 to 88 years (mean = 73.8), and 48% of the group were women. The participation rate was 79%. Data was collected in 2004, in face-to-face interviews and through various standardized assessments. The main outcomes were total physical activity; leisure-time, household, and work-related physical activity; participation frequency and perceived participation restrictions; and self-rated health. Other assessments represented aspects of the ICF body functions, activities, environmental factors and personal factors. Moreover, Rasch analysis methods were applied to examine and modify the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) scale and the ICF used as a conceptual framework throughout the study.

    Results: The total physical activity score was the same for urban and rural people and the largest proportion of the total physical activity behavior was derived from the household domain. Rural females received the highest scores of all in household physical activity and rural males were more physically active than the others in the work-related domain. However, leisure-time physical activity was more common in urban than rural communities. A physically active lifestyle, urban living, a higher level of cognition, younger age, and fewer depressive symptoms were all associated with more frequent participation. Rural living and depressive symptoms were associated with perceived participation restrictions. Moreover, perceived participation restrictions were associated with not being employed and limitations in advanced lower extremity capacity. Both fewer depressive symptoms and advanced lower extremity capacity also increased the likelihood of better self-rated health, as did capacity in upper extremities, older age, and household physical activity. Rasch rating scale analysis indicated a need to modify the ABC to improve its psychometric properties. The modified ABC was then used to measure balance confidence which, however, was found not to play a major role in explaining participation or self-rated health. Finally, the ICF was useful as a conceptual framework for mapping various components of functioning and health and to facilitate analyses of their relationships.

    Conclusions: The results highlighted the commonalities and differences in factors associated with participation frequency, perceived participation restrictions, and self-rated health in old age. Some of these factors, such as advanced lower extremity capacity, depressive symptoms, and physical activity pattern should be of particular interest for geriatric physical therapy due to their potential for interventions. While the associations between depressive symptoms, participation, and self-rated health are well known, research is needed on the effects of advanced lower extremity capacity on participation and self-rated health in old age. The environment (urban versus rural) also presented itself as an important contextual variable to be aware of when working with older people’s participation and physically active life-style. Greater emphasis should be placed on using Rasch measurement methods for improving the availability of quality scientific measures to evaluate various aspects of functioning and health among older adults. Finally, a coordinated implementation of a conceptual framework such as ICF may further advance interdisciplinary and international studies on aging, functioning, and health.

  • 120.
    Arnadottir, Solveig A
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Gunnarsdottir, Elin D
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Are rural older Icelanders less physically active than those living in urban areas?: a population-based study2009Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 37, nr 4, s. 409-417Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Older people in rural areas have been labelled as physically inactive on the basis of leisure-time physical activity research. However, more research is needed to understand the total physical activity pattern in older adults, considering all domains of physical activity, including leisure, work, and domestic life. AIMS: We hypothesised that: (a) total physical activity would be the same for older people in urban and rural areas; and (b) urban and rural residency, along with gender and age, would be associated with differences in domain-specific physical activities. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected in Icelandic rural and urban communities from June through to September 2004. Participants were randomly selected, community-dwelling, 65-88 years old, and comprised 68 rural (40% females) and 118 urban (53% females) adults. The Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) was used to obtain a total physical activity score and subscores in leisure, during domestic life, and at work. RESULTS: The total PASE score was not associated with rural vs. urban residency, but males were, in total, more physically active than females, and the 65-74-year-olds were more active than the 75-88-year-olds. In the leisure domain, rural people had lower physical activity scores than urban people. Rural males were, however, most likely of all to be physically active in the work domain. In both urban and rural areas, the majority of the physical activity behaviour occurred in relation to housework, with the rural females receiving the highest scores. CONCLUSIONS: Older Icelanders in rural areas should not be labelled as less physically active than those who live in urban areas. Urban vs. rural living may, however, influence the physical activity patterns among older people, even within a fairly socioeconomically and culturally homogeneous country such as Iceland. This reinforces the need to pay closer attention to the living environment when studying and developing strategies to promote physical activity.

  • 121.
    Arnadottir, Solveig A
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik. School of Health Sciences, University of Akureyri, Iceland .
    Gunnarsdottir, Elin D
    Stenlund, Hans
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Determinants of self-rated health in old age: a population-based, cross-sectional study using the international classification of functioning2011Inngår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 11, s. 670-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Self-rated health (SRH) is a widely used indicator of general health and multiple studies have supported the predictive validity of SRH in older populations concerning future health, functional decline, disability, and mortality. The aim of this study was to use the theoretical framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to create a better understanding of factors associated with SRH among community-dwelling older people in urban and rural areas.

    Methods: The study design was population-based and cross-sectional. Participants were 185 Icelanders, randomly selected from a national registry, community-dwelling, 65-88 years old, 63% urban residents, and 52% men. Participants were asked: "In general, would you say your health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?" Associations with SRH were analyzed with ordinal logistic regression. Explanatory variables represented aspects of body functions, activities, participation, environmental factors and personal factors components of the ICF.

    Results: Univariate analysis revealed that SRH was significantly associated with all analyzed ICF components through 16 out of 18 explanatory variables. Multivariate analysis, however, demonstrated that SRH had an independent association with five variables representing ICF body functions, activities, and personal factors components: The likelihood of a better SRH increased with advanced lower extremity capacity (adjusted odds ratio [adjOR] = 1.05, < 0.001), upper extremity capacity (adjOR = 1.13, = 0.040), household physical activity (adjOR = 1.01, = 0.016), and older age (adjOR = 1.09, = 0.006); but decreased with more depressive symptoms (adjOR = 0.79, < 0.001).

    Conclusions: The results highlight a collection of ICF body functions, activities and personal factors associated with higher SRH among community-dwelling older people. Some of these, such as physical capacity, depressive symptoms, and habitual physical activity are of particular interest due to their potential for change through public health interventions. The use of ICF conceptual framework and widely accepted standardized assessments should make these results comparable and relevant in an international context.

  • 122.
    Arnadottir, Solveig A
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Gunnarsdottir, Elin D
    Stenlund, Hans
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Participation frequency and perceived participation restrictions at older age: applying the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework2011Inngår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 33, nr 23-24, s. 2208-2216Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To identify variables from different components of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) associated with older people's participation frequency and perceived participation restrictions. Method: Participants (N = 186) were community-living, 65-88 years old and 52% men. The dependent variables, participation frequency (linear regression) and perceived participation restrictions (logistic regression), were measured using The Late-Life Function and Disability Instrument. Independent variables were selected from various ICF components. Results: Higher participation frequency was associated with living in urban rather than rural community (beta = 2.8, p < 0.001), physically active lifestyle (beta = 4.6, p < 0.001) and higher cognitive function (beta = 0.3, p = 0.009). Lower participation frequency was associated with being older (beta = -0.2, p = 0.002) and depressive symptoms (beta = -0.2, p = 0.029). Older adults living in urban areas, having more advanced lower extremities capacity, or that were employed had higher odds of less perceived participation restrictions (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 5.5, p = 0.001; OR = 1.09, p < 0.001; OR = 3.7, p = 0.011; respectively). In contrast, the odds of less perceived participation restriction decreased as depressive symptoms increased (OR = 0.8, p = 0.011). Conclusions: Our results highlight the importance of capturing and understanding both frequency and restriction aspects of older persons' participation. ICF may be a helpful reference to map factors associated with participation and to study further potentially modifiable influencing factors such as depressive symptoms and advanced lower extremity capacity.

  • 123.
    Arnadottir, Solveig A
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Gunnarsdottir, Elin D
    Fisher, Anne G
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Arbetsterapi.
    Application of rasch analysis to examine psychometric aspects of the activities-specific balance confidence scale when used in a new cultural context2010Inngår i: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0003-9993, E-ISSN 1532-821X, Vol. 91, nr 1, s. 156-163Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Arnadottir SA, Lundin-Olsson L, Gunnarsdottir ED, Fisher AG. Application of Rasch analysis to examine psychometric aspects of the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale when used in a new cultural context. OBJECTIVE: To investigate by using Rasch analysis the psychometric properties of the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale when applied in a new Icelandic context. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, population-based, random selection from the Icelandic National Registry. SETTING: Community-based. PARTICIPANTS: Icelanders (N=183), 65 to 88 years old, and 48% women. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: ABC, an instrument used to evaluate how confident older people are in maintaining balance and remaining steady when moving through the environment. An Icelandic translation of the ABC (ABC-ICE) scale was evaluated by implementing Rasch rating scale analysis to transform ordinal ABC-ICE scores into interval measures and evaluating aspects of validity and reliability of the scale. RESULTS: Participants were not able to differentiate reliably between the 11 rating scale categories of the ABC-ICE. Additionally, 3 items failed to show acceptable goodness of fit to the ABC-ICE rating scale model. By collapsing categories and creating a new 5-category scale, only 1 item misfit. Removing that item resulted in a modified version of ABC-ICE with 5 categories and 15 items. Both item goodness-of-fit statistics and principal components analysis supported unidimensionality of the modified ABC-ICE. The ABC-ICE measures reliably separated the sample into at least 4 statistically distinct strata of balance confidence. Finally, the hierarchical order of item difficulties was consistent with theoretic expectations, and the items were reasonably well targeted to the balance confidence of the persons tested. CONCLUSIONS: Rasch analysis indicated a need to modify the ABC-ICE to improve its psychometric properties. Further studies are needed to determine if similar analyses of other versions of the ABC, including the original one, will yield similar results.

  • 124.
    Arnadottir, Solveig
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Gunnarsdottir, E
    Stenlund, Hans
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Self-rated health: a valid outcome in geriatric physical therapy?Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 125.
    Arumugam, Ashokan
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Sacral Osteosarcoma Masquerading as Posterior Thigh Pain2018Inngår i: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, ISSN 0190-6011, E-ISSN 1938-1344, Vol. 48, nr 8, s. 665-665Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 126.
    Arvidsson, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Fysioterapi.
    Skogs, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Fysioterapi.
    Muskuloskeletal skadeprevalens i nedre extremitet hos rekryter efter genomförd grundläggande militär utbildning.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown a high injury rate in the lower extremities among military recruits. A correlation has been shown between female gender or a low level of physical activity prior to basic military training and a higher risk of injury.

    AIM: To investigate the self-reported injury rate in the lower extremities among Swedish recruits and the difference in injury rate between men and women. Another aim was to investigate correlation between self-reported injury rate in the lower extremities and self-reported physical activity, and to study this correlation for both men and women.

    METHOD: A quantitative study with a prospective, descriptive, comparative and correlative design. Data from two different questionnaires were answered by 177 recruits.

    RESULTS: 26% of the recruits reported injury in lower extremities after completing the basic training. There was a significant difference (p=0.006) in self-reported injury between female and male recruits. The level of prior physical activity and the injury rate amongst the recruits had a low correlation.

    CONCLUSION: The results indicate a high injury rate among Swedish recruits, especially among the female recruits. No correlation between self-reported physical activity and the injury rate in lower extremities was found. 

  • 127. Arvidsson, Mialinn
    et al.
    Patel, Sonal
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Calner, Tommy
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Kroppsmedvetande hos unga indiska kvinnor2005Inngår i: Nordisk fysioterapi, ISSN 1402-3024, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 40-47Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Body image is a concept, referring to feelings and attitudes toward: the body. There are many di fervent factors affecting the body image; historical, cultural, social and individual factors. The aim ofthis study was to describe young Indian women's body image. One hundred female university students in India answered the Ben-Tovim Walker Body attitudes questionnaire (BAQ). The result showed that Indian women had a sound body image.

  • 128.
    Aspdahl, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Comparison of joint status with ultrasound and physical examination in children with hemophilia A2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Hemophilia A is a bleeding disorder that can cause chronic artropathy, when not treated optimally. To detect early signs of hemophilic artropathy patients with moderate or severe hemophilia undergo yearly examinations by a physiotherapist defining the joint status by a scoring system, “HJHS”. A new ultrasound-based scoring system, HEAD-US, has been developed to evaluate joint disease progression and treatment results. The aim of this study is to evaluate if there is a correlation between HJHS 2.1 and HEAD-US in children with hemophilia A. Furthermore, to evaluate if there is a correlation between physical activity and hemophilic artropathy and finally to asses if there are any differences in artropathy between sub-groups within the study group.

    Methods: A prospective study where all patients between ages 3 to 18 years with moderate or severe hemophilia followed at the Karolinska University Hospital 2015-2016 were asked to participate. Patients were asked to fill in a questionnaire regarding physical activity and joint bleeds and clinical data were retrospectively collected from the patients’ medical records. Joints were evaluated by the author according to HJHS and HEAD-US.

    Results: There was a significant correlation between the total-, elbow-, knee- and ankle scores for HJHS and HEAD-US scores. There was a statistically significant correlation between annual bleeding rate and total scores for HJHS and HEAD-US. No statistically significant correlation was seen between the total score of HJHS or HEAD-US and the level of physical activity.

    Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the total score and individual joint scores with HEAD-US correlate well with the current method HJHS 2.1 in children with hemophilia A. 

  • 129.
    Awad, Amar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB), Fysiologi.
    Levi, Richard
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Rehabiliteringsmedicin.
    Lindgren, Lenita
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB), Fysiologi. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI).
    Hultling, Claes
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (Neurorehabilitation), Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Westling, Göran
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB), Fysiologi.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB), Fysiologi. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper.
    Eriksson, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB), Fysiologi. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI).
    Preserved somatosensory conduction in a patient with complete cervical spinal cord injury2015Inngår i: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 47, nr 5, s. 426-431Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Neurophysiological investigation has shown that patients with clinically complete spinal cord injury can have residual motor sparing ("motor discomplete"). In the current study somatosensory conduction was assessed in a patient with clinically complete spinal cord injury and a novel ethodology for assessing such preservation is described, in this case indicating "sensory discomplete" spinal cord injury. Methods: Blood oxygenation level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD fMRI) was used to examine the somatosensory system in a healthy subject and in a subject with a clinically complete cervical spinal cord injury, by applying tactile stimulation above and below the level of spinal cord injury, with and without visual feedback. Results: In the participant with spinal cord injury, somatosensory stimulation below the neurological level of the lesion gave rise to BOLD signal changes in the corresponding areas of the somatosensory cortex. Visual feedback of the stimulation strongly modulated the somatosensory BOLD signal, implying that cortico-cortical rather than spino-cortical connections can drive activity in the somatosensory cortex. Critically, BOLD signal change was also evident when the visual feedback of the stimulation was removed, thus demonstrating sensory discomplete spinal cord injury. Conclusion: Given the existence of sensory discomplete spinal cord injury, preserved but hitherto undetected somatosensory conduction might contribute to the unexplained variability related to, for example, the propensity to develop decubitus ulcers and neuropathic pain among patients with clinically complete spinal cord injury.

  • 130.
    Axelryd, Gustaf
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Zeising, Fredrik
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Samband mellan felställningar i fot, knä och höft och patellofemoralt smärtsyndrom: En systematisk litteraturgranskning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Patellofemoralt smärtsyndrom (PFPS) är en diagnos som avser smärta i främre delen av knät och i patellofemoralleden. Överbelastning, onormal patellarörlighet, onormal Q-vinkeln, muskelsvaghet, muskelstramhet, muskelobalans och felställningar har föreslagits som riskfaktorer till PFPS. Trots att flera studier har undersökt sambandet mellan felställningar och PFPS är sambandet fortfarande oklart.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna systematiska litteraturstudie var att undersöka statiska felställningar i fot, knä och höft som kan ha ett samband med PFPS.

    Metod: En litteratursökning genomfördes i september 2013 i databaserna, Pubmed (med Medline), CINAHL (med fulltext), SPORTDiscus, Academic Search Elite, Web of Science, Scopus och Pedro.  Efter granskning av ingående artiklar användes GRADE för att bedöma den sammanvägda evidensen av de enskilda utfallsmåtten.

    Resultat: Fjorton artiklar inkluderades i granskningen. Studierna hade undersökt 16 olika utfallsmått. Navicular drop, vinkel Calcaneus – lodlinjen, navicular drift, pes planus, vinkel calcaneus-tibia, foot posture index, lateral distal femur angel och medial proximal tibia angel bedömdes med hjälp av GRADE. Den sammanlagda evidensen enligt GRADE ansågs vara låg, och visade på ”otillräckligt vetenskapligt stöd” för ett samband mellan statiska felställningar i fot, knä och höft och PFPS.

    Slutsats: Det behövs fler studier med högre kvalitet för att utreda samband mellan statiska felställningar och PFPS. 

  • 131.
    Axelsson, Helena
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Ridderström, Ida
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Is Pilates more effective than a Motor Control Exercise program when treating chronic low back pain: A randomised Control Trial2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 132. Axelsson, J.
    et al.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Arbetssätt, kompetensanvändning och trivsel hos sjukgymnaster inom kommunal verksamhet: en kartläggning2002Inngår i: Nordisk fysioterapi, ISSN 1402-3024, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 2-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The municipality should offer good healthcare for those living in managed care facilities. This responsibility encompasses both rehabilitation as well as certain technical aids. The purpose of the study was to survey the work procedures of physical therapists in municipalities. A mail survey with questions regarding organization, work procedures, competence and job satisfaction was sent to 96 randomly selected physical therapists employed by Swedish municipalities. 70 physical therapists responded to the survey, which showed that the organization varies widely among different municipalities. However, a common denominator was a large territory with a large number of caretakers. The work of physical therapists largely consists of advising and educating personnel. They have a broad competence which is necessary and in demand but few decision makers know what physical therapists can contribute. Most physical therapists believe that they have a stimulating and meaningful work but that the resources are too scarce

  • 133.
    Axelsson, Sarianne Wiklund
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Prerequisites for sustainable life style changes among older persons with obesity and for ICT support2015Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The experiences from persons in the third age of lifestyle changes due to obesity are rarely described in research. Interventions regarding lifestyle changes and obesity show weak evidence for long-term effects. Information and communication technology (ICT) may add an important potential in interventions, but readiness among older persons and the actual needs for support must be explored. Therefore the overall aim for the thesis was to explore the prerequisites for sustainable lifestyle changes among older persons with obesity; and how this could be supported by ICT.Both qualitative and quantitative approaches were used. In paper I, 10 participants were individually interviewed about their experiences of lifestyle changes and in a multistage focus group study (paper IV), 6 participants expressed the support needed for sustainable lifestyle changes in relation to obesity. Qualitative content analysis was used. In a randomly selected population survey, 154 participants responded to an enquiry about general and health related ICT usage (paper II). They also rated scenarios for expected psychosocial impact on web based e-health services and mobile health applications (paper III).An integration of the results identified four main findings: The first finding, A never-ending process of vigilance and vulnerability, showed constant attempts of weight loss and pre-occupation on not to fail in an un-supportive environment. The second finding; Need for psychosocial support marked that the process of lifestyle changes was influenced by factors as sensibility to moods, social support and others’ attitudes. It was therefore essential for the persons to achieve emotional balance. The third finding, ICT as a possible support for adaptability, presented that older Swedes expected a positive psychosocial impact by ICT, especially in a future perspective. ICT was most valued in the domain of adaptability. The degree of usage of health related ICT, however, was low, although persons with overweight had more experience of this usage. Finally, the fourth finding; Reconstructions from weight to health expresses the needs of reconstructing focus towards health, rather than being pre-occupied with weight loss. Physical activity that was associated to joy and to have a functioning body, a body that would serve them as before, were motives to lose weight.In conclusion, this thesis illustrates that a lifestyle change due to obesity in third age is lined with vigilance not to fail and requires a great deal of endurance and effort. The potential of ICT to support lifestyle changes is likely to be substantiated by the positive expectations on ICT from a psychosocial impact perspective, especially in views of the future. Findings indicate a need for moving focus from weight towards health and to see opportunities, and that psychosocial support and enjoyable physical activity are important prerequisites for sustainable change.

  • 134.
    Aytar, Osman
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Att utvärdera med processtänkande för lärande2015Inngår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, nr 2, s. 162-175Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Change-projects can be evaluated in different ways. One of the ways is to evaluate with process thinking, which means that evaluators are involved in the process from the very beginning. Involvement of evaluators already in the beginning of a project can mean several challenges for both the project itself and the evaluators. This study is about describing and analyzing how and with what results the perspective of process thinking on evaluation of the national learning project Care on equal terms was used. The results indicate, among other things, that it was a good choice to bring in evaluation perspective at the beginning of the project. Process thinking has, among other things, contributed to the activities throughout the project, and played a role in learning from and implementation of the project itself.

  • 135.
    Backåberg, Sofia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Video-supported Interactive Learning for Movement Awareness: a learning model for the individual development of movement performance among nursing students2016Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:  The overall aim of this thesis was to explore the development of a video-supported interactive learning model for movement awareness among nursing students.

    Methods:  Study I was a cross-sectional survey regarding prevalence and impact of musculoskeletal symptoms (MSS) among nursing students. In the remaining three studies a learning model was developed and explored; II - the inter-personal interaction (qualitative content analysis), III - the students’ experiences of using the learning model (phenomenological hermeneutics), IV - the students’ learning processes (hermeneutic approach).

    Results: 143 of the 224 respondents in study I reported MSS during the previous 12 months and of those 91 reported impact on physical daily life activities. The odds ratio for reporting MSS study year 3 was 4.7 (95% CI: 2.1 – 10.7). Study II shows that the students’ movement awareness and self-analysis developed when encountering their own movement through video feedback. Studies III and IV show that the facilitator’s reflective and responsive approach appears to be essential in creating interaction and a permitting learning atmosphere. The students became emotionally and cognitively challenged and personally engaged, were motivated to change by discovering details in their movements and gained a greater understanding of the relationship between their own movements and current or risk for future MSS. They also experienced emotional, cognitive and bodily confusion, which was interpreted as a necessary step in the changing process.

    Conclusion: MSS among nursing students appears to be a problem and education regarding ergonomic movements and principles is suggested to be emphasized in the nursing curriculum. The video-supported learning model enabled encountering and discovering one’s own body and movement in different ways, which facilitated reflection and motivation for change, which was supported by the facilitator’s reflective approach. The learning model, which could contribute to multifactorial ergonomic interventions, could also support movement awareness and learning in practical learning situations within education and rehabilitation. Further research needs to study the model in different contexts and in relation to MSS prevention.

  • 136.
    Backåberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Brunt, David
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Gummesson, Christina
    Lund University.
    Let me see, reflect and try again: a hermeneutical study on the process of movement learning facilitated by a video-supported interactive learning model (VILMA)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 137.
    Backåberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Gummesson, Christina
    Lund University.
    Brunt, David
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Is that really my movement?: Students’ experiences of a video-supported interactive learning model for movement awareness2015Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, artikkel-id 28474Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Health care staff and students have a great risk of developing musculoskeletal symptoms. One cause of this is heavy load-related work activities such as manual handling, in which the quality of individual work technique may play a major role. Preventive interventions and well-defined educational strategies to support movement awareness and long-lasting movement changes need to be developed. The aim of the present study was to explore nursing students’ experiences of a newly developed interactive learning model for movement awareness. The learning model, which is based on a life-world perspective with focus on inter-personal interaction, has been used with eleven undergraduate students from the second and final year. Each student participated in three individual video-sessions with a facilitator. Two individual interviews were carried out with each student during the learning process and one interview 12-18 months after the last session. The interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim and a phenomenological hermeneutic method inspired by Paul Ricoeur and described by Lindseth & Norberg was used to interpret the interviews and diary notes. The interpretation resulted in three key themes and nine sub-themes. The key themes were; Obtaining better preconditions for bodily awareness, Experiencing changes in one’s own movement and Experiencing challenges in the learning process. The interactive learning model entails a powerful and challenging experience that develops movement awareness. The experience of meaningfulness and usefulness emerges increasingly and alternates with a feeling of discomfort. The learning model may contribute to the body of knowledge of well-defined educational strategies in movement awareness and learning in for example preventive interventions and ergonomic education. It may also be valuable in other practical learning situations where movement awareness is required.

  • 138.
    Backåberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Brunt, David
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Gummesson, Christina
    Lund University.
    Impact of musculoskeletal symptoms on general physical activity during nursing education.2014Inngår i: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 14, nr 4, s. 385-390Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Nursing education should prepare students for a lifelong professional career including managing clinical physical demands. Musculoskeletal symptoms, such as bodily pain, have been reported among nurses and nursing students but less is known about the impact of symptoms in daily activities. The aim was to explore the prevalence of self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms and their impact on general physical activity among nursing students. This cross-sectional study was based on a questionnaire to all undergraduate nursing students at one university. The prevalence of symptoms and physical impact during past 3 and 12 months was calculated for each study year. Odds ratio was analysed with logistic regression. Of 348 students 224 responded, 84% women, mean age 24.6 years (range 20-46). Of those 143 (64%) reporting symptoms during the past 12 months, 91 (64%) reported impact on physical activities. Most commonly reported were everyday activities such as transportations and prolonged sitting. The odds ratio for reporting symptoms was 1.8 for year 2 (95% CI: 0.9-3.5), and 4.7 for year 3 (95% CI: 2.1-10.7). The prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms was high among nursing students and higher the final study year and not only resulted in discomfort but had an impact on the students' general physical activities.

  • 139.
    Backåberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Gummesson, Christina
    Lund University.
    Brunt, David
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Video-based feedback combined with reflective enquiry: An interactive model for movement awareness among nursing students2015Inngår i: Nordic Journal of Digital Literacy, ISSN 1891-943X, E-ISSN 1891-943X, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 246-264Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe an interactive model developed for movement awareness in a practical learning situation and to explore the use of video-based digital feedback and reflective enquiry in this model among nursing students. Sixteen students participated in individual interactive video sessions with a facilitator, who encouraged the students to reflect upon their own movements. Qualitative analysis showed that movement patterns were visualized, and that movement awareness and self-analysis were gradually developed. Encountering one’s own movement and reflecting on one’s own experiences appear to support motivation for movement changes.

  • 140.
    Balnožan, Stevan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Isgren, Andreas
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Samband mellan träningsbelastning vid högintensiva cykelintervaller och styrkekapacitet hos yngre, friska och tränade individer: En pilotstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Under senare år har olika former av mycket högintensiv intervallträning givits ett ökat intresse. Denna träningsmetod har potential att vara användbar av många. Problematiken idag är att det inte finns någon kliniskt användbar metod för att styra/reglera träningsintensiteten på ett säkert sätt. 

    Syfte: Att undersöka om tester av styrkeprestation vid 30s Chair Stand Test och Isometriskt marklyft kan användas som mått för att reglera intensitet vid högintensiva intervaller.

    Metod: 12 försökspersoner mellan åldrarna 20-30år (6 kvinnor, 6 män)[BR1]  genomförde Borg Cycle Strenght [BR2] Test för att estimera maximal anaerob effekt (Watt) för 30 sekunders cykelarbete (MAnP, Maximal Anaerobic Power). Därutöver genomfördes två styrketester: Isometriskt marklyft och 30s Chair Stand Test. Sambandet mellan kapaciteten i styrketesterna och MAnP analyserades med Pearson`s[BR3]  korrelationstest.

    Resultat: Signifikant korrelation fanns i båda styrketesten i relation till Cycle Strenght Test, (p<0.01, r=0,77 för 30s Chair Stand Test och p<0.05, r=0,61 för det isometriska marklyftet).

    Konklusion: I den här pilotstudien visar resultatet att det finns ett samband mellan prestationsförmågan vid Marklyft respektive 30s Chair Stand Test och maximal prestationsförmåga vid cykling under 30 sekunder hos unga individer. 30s Chair Stand Test visar sig vara ett mer lämpat styrketest än det isometriska marklyftet för att kunna styra träningsintensiteten vid supramaximala 30 sekunders intervaller. Testmetodiken kan vara möjlig för att kunna styra träningsintensiteten. Vidare studier krävs för användning i klinisk miljö exempelvis bland äldre.

  • 141.
    Baranowska, Marta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    UTVÄRDERING AV HÖFTLEDSARTROSKOPI FÖR PATIENTER MED FEMUROACETABULÄRT INKLÄMNINGSSYNDROM: Samband mellan självskattning och fysisk prestationsförmåga2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 142.
    Barck, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Sjukgymnastik.
    Niemi-Andersson, Ewa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Sjukgymnastik.
    Sjukgymnasters upplevelse av rehabiliteringsplaner som en del i arbetet på strokeenhet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Att undersöka en grupp sjukgymnasters erfarenheter och upplevelser av att använda rehabiliteringsplaner för patienter på strokeenheter i Landstinget Gävleborg.

    Design och metod: Deskriptiv kvalitativ design. Semi-°©‐strukturerade intervjuer av fem sjukgymnaster. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för databearbetning.

    Resultat: Sjukgymnasterna såg rehabplan som ett användbart arbetsinstrument i akut strokevård. Tidiga samtal om mål bidrog till att ge patienterna motivation och insikt om sin situation men hjärnskadan kunde försvåra patientdelaktighet. Rehabplanen upplevdes ha potential att fungera som samlande dokument för teamets rehabiliteringsarbete. Sjukgymnasterna ansåg sig föra en ständig kamp för rehabtänkandet i teamet. Journaltekniska problem försvårade överföring av rehabplanen till nästa vårdnivå.

    Konklusion: Sjukgymnasterna såg nyttan med tidiga mål, men förde en ständig kamp för att samla teamet kring rehabplanen. Studien antyder att rehabplanen som arbetsinstrument inte nyttjas i hela sin tänkta potential. Kunskap om syftet med rehabplaner och samarbetet kring dem måste vidareutvecklas. Studien kan bidra med tankar när rutiner kring rehabplaner ska upprättas i andra sammanhang.

  • 143.
    Barck, Hanna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Fysioterapi.
    Estrada Hidalgo, Sebastian
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Fysioterapi.
    Upplevelser av dans hos personer med ryggmärgsskada - ett bio-psyko-socialt perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Inom fysioterapin ser man på individen utifrån ett bio-psyko-socialt perspektiv. ”International Classification of Function, Disability and Health” (ICF) är ett ramverk för att mäta hälsa ur ett bio-psyko-socialt perspektiv. Kunskapen om hur dans som fysisk aktivitet påverkat personer med ryggmärgsskada är bristfällig. Det saknas kvalitativa studier inom området. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur personer med ryggmärgsskada upplever dans ur ett bio-psyko-socialt perspektiv. Metod: Metoden var kvalitativ och induktiv, baserad på semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem informanter: två män och tre kvinnor i åldrarna 21–57 år som dansat i rullstol mellan 2–33 år. Data analyserades med innehållsanalys. Resultat: Informanterna upplevde kroppslig påverkan: Förbättrad styrka, kondition, rörlighet, koordination och balans. Ändrad kroppsuppfattning (fått mer kontakt med kroppen). De hade även fått minskad smärta. De upplevde personlig påverkan: Psykiskt välmående (ökad self-efficacy, förbättrad självkänsla och glädje) samt fysiskt välmående. Dansen hade även varit ångestframkallande. De upplevde att de hade påverkats omgivningsmässigt: Socialt (fått nya vänner, upplevt unik gemenskap och utvecklat socialt samspel). De hade mött acceptans, viss okunskap men fått stöd från närstående. De upplevde påverkan på aktivitets- och delaktighetsnivå: Mer självständig i vardagen (de hade blivit bättre på förflyttningar). Delaktig i samhället (deltar i fler aktiviteter, delaktig i att påverka samhället). Konklusion: Personer med ryggmärgsskada upplever att dans har många positiva effekter bio-psyko-socialt. Fysioterapeuter och andra yrkesverksamma inom vård och omsorg, samt personer med ryggmärgsskada behöver få kunskap om vinsterna av dans som fysisk aktivitet för personer med ryggmärgsskada så att fler kan få del av dansens fördelar. 

  • 144.
    Barrdahl, Hanna
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Johansson, Sandra
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    FYSIOTERAPEUTERS UPPLEVELSE AV SIN YRKESROLL INOM DEMENSVÅRD2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Befolkningen blir äldre och antalet som lever med en demenssjukdom ökar.

    Fysioterapeuten kan bidra med sin kompetens och vara en del av ett multiprofessionellt team

    i vården av personer med demenssjukdom, en patientgrupp som av andra professioner

    upplevs som utmanande.

    Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka fysioterapeuters upplevelse av sin yrkesroll

    inom vård av personer med demenssjukdom.

    Metod: En kvalitativ design med induktiv ansats användes. Data samlades in genom

    semistrukturerade intervjuer med sex fysioterapeuter som arbetade med personer med

    demenssjukdom, sedan utfördes en kvalitativ innehållsanalys på materialet.

    Resultat: Den kvalitativa innehållsanalysen resulterande i sex kategorier som sedan

    skapade två olika teman: “problemlösare för rehabiliteringsbeteende mot en ökad

    livskvalitet” och “kompetens, ett öppet sinne och samverkan ligger till grund för arbetet”.

    Slutsats: Fysioterapeuterna upplevde sin yrkesroll som viktig inom vården av personer med

    demenssjukdom samt att arbetet ofta är utmanande, men de upplevde att det behövdes

    större möjlighet till vidareutbildning inom området. Fysioterapeuterna ansåg att det var

    viktigt med bemötandet mot patienterna samt att ha ett samarbete med andra professioner.

    Studieförfattarna anser att fler studier behövs inom området, då med fokus på de hinder som

    finns i samarbetet med andra professioner.

    Nyckelord: Fysioterapi, hälso- och sjukvårdpersonal, kvalitativ forskning,

    neurodegenerativa sjukdomar

  • 145. Barreto, Philipe de Souto
    et al.
    Morley, John E.
    Chodzko-Zajko, Wojtek
    Pitkala, Kaisu H.
    Weening-Djiksterhuis, Elizabeth
    Rodriguez-Manas, Leocadio
    Barbagallo, Mario
    Rosendahl, Erik
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Sinclair, Alan
    Landi, Francesco
    Izquierdo, Mikel
    Vellas, Bruno
    Rolland, Yves
    Recommendations on Physical Activity and Exercise for Older Adults Living in Long-Term Care Facilities: A Taskforce Report2016Inngår i: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, ISSN 1525-8610, E-ISSN 1538-9375, Vol. 17, nr 5, s. 381-392Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A taskforce, under the auspices of The International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics-Global Aging Research Network (IAGG-GARN) and the IAGG European Region Clinical Section, composed of experts from the fields of exercise science and geriatrics, met in Toulouse, in December 2015, with the aim of establishing recommendations of physical activity and exercise for older adults living in long-term care facilities (LTCFs). Due to the high heterogeneity in terms of functional ability and cognitive function that characterizes older adults living in LTCFs, taskforce members established 2 sets of recommendations: recommendations for reducing sedentary behaviors for all LTCF residents and recommendations for defining specific, evidence-based guidelines for exercise training for subgroups of LTCF residents. To promote a successful implementation of recommendations, taskforce experts highlighted the importance of promoting residents' motivation and pleasure, the key factors that can be increased when taking into account residents' desires, preferences, beliefs, and attitudes toward physical activity and exercise. The importance of organizational factors related to LTCFs and health care systems were recognized by the experts. In conclusion, this taskforce report proposes standards for the elaboration of strategies to increase physical activity as well as to prescribe exercise programs for older adults living in LTCFs. This report should be used as a guide for professionals working in LTCF settings.

  • 146.
    Basic, Vladimir Tomislav
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Tadele, Elsa
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Elmabsout, Ali Ateia
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Yao, Hongwei
    Department of Environmental Medicine, Lung Biology and Disease Program, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester NY, USA.
    Rahman, Irfan
    Department of Environmental Medicine, Lung Biology and Disease Program, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester NY, USA.
    Sirsjö, Allan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Abdel-Halim, Samy M.
    Department of Environmental Medicine, Lung Biology and Disease Program, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester NY, USA.
    Exposure to cigarette smoke induces overexpression of von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor in mouse skeletal muscle2012Inngår i: American Journal of Physiology - Lung cellular and Molecular Physiology, ISSN 1040-0605, E-ISSN 1522-1504, Vol. 303, nr 6, s. L519-L527Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cigarette smoke (CS) is a well established risk factor in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In contrast, the extent to which CS exposure contributes to the development of the systemic manifestations of COPD, such as skeletal muscle dysfunction and wasting remains largely unknown. Decreased skeletal muscle capillarization has been previously reported in early stages of COPD and might play an important role in the development of COPD-associated skeletal muscle abnormalities. To investigate the effects of chronic CS exposure on skeletal muscle capillarization and exercise tolerance a mouse model of CS exposure was used. The129/SvJ mice were exposed to CS for 6 months, and the expression of putative elements of the hypoxia-angiogenic signaling cascade as well as muscle capillarization were studied. Additionally, functional tests assessing exercise tolerance/endurance were performed in mice. Compared to controls, skeletal muscles from CS-exposed mice exhibited significantly enhanced expression of von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor (VHL), ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2D1 (UBE2D1) and prolyl hydroxylase-2 (PHD2). In contrast, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF1-α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression was reduced. Furthermore, reduced muscle fiber cross-sectional area, decreased skeletal muscle capillarization, and reduced exercise tolerance were also observed in CS-exposed animals. Taken together, the current results provide evidence linking chronic CS exposure and induction of VHL expression in skeletal muscles leading towards impaired hypoxia-angiogenesis signal transduction, reduced muscle fiber cross-sectional area and decreased exercise tolerance.

  • 147.
    Baunsgaard, Carsten Bach
    et al.
    Univ Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Nissen, Ulla Vig
    Univ Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Brust, Anne Katrin
    SPC, Switzerland.
    Frotzler, Angela
    SPC, Switzerland.
    Ribeill, Cornelia
    Ulm Univ, Germany.
    Kalke, Yorck-Bernhard
    Ulm Univ, Germany.
    Leon, Natacha
    FLM, Spain.
    Gomez, Belen
    FLM, Spain.
    Samuelsson, Kersti
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Rehabiliteringsmedicinska kliniken.
    Antepohl, Wolfram
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Rehabiliteringsmedicinska kliniken.
    Holmstrom, Ulrika
    Uppsala Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Marklund, Niklas
    Uppsala Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Glott, Thomas
    Sunnaas Rehabil Hosp, Norway.
    Opheim, Arve
    Sunnaas Rehabil Hosp, Norway; Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Benito, Jesus
    Neurorehabil Hosp, Spain.
    Murillo, Narda
    Neurorehabil Hosp, Spain.
    Nachtegaal, Janneke
    Heliomare Rehabil Ctr, Netherlands.
    Faber, Willemijn
    Heliomare Rehabil Ctr, Netherlands.
    Biering-Sorensen, Fin
    Univ Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Gait training after spinal cord injury: safety, feasibility and gait function following 8 weeks of training with the exoskeletons from Ekso Bionics2018Inngår i: Spinal Cord, ISSN 1362-4393, E-ISSN 1476-5624, Vol. 56, nr 2, s. 106-116Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Study design Prospective quasi-experimental study, pre-and post-design. Objectives Assess safety, feasibility, training characteristics and changes in gait function for persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) using the robotic exoskeletons from Ekso Bionics. Setting Nine European rehabilitation centres. Methods Robotic exoskeleton gait training, three times weekly over 8 weeks. Time upright, time walking and steps in the device (training characteristics) were recorded longitudinally. Gait and neurological function were measured by 10 Metre Walk Test (10 MWT), Timed Up and Go (TUG), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury (WISCI) II and Lower Extremity Motor Score (LEMS). Results Fifty-two participants completed the training protocol. Median age: 35.8 years (IQR 27.5-52.5), men/women: N = 36/16, neurological level of injury: C1-L2 and severity: AIS A-D (American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale). Time since injury (TSI) amp;lt; 1 year, N = 25; amp;gt; 1 year, N = 27. No serious adverse events occurred. Three participants dropped out following ankle swelling (overuse injury). Four participants sustained a Category II pressure ulcer at contact points with the device but completed the study and skin normalized. Training characteristics increased significantly for all subgroups. The number of participants with TSI amp;lt; 1 year and gait function increased from 20 to 56% (P=0.004) and 10MWT, TUG, BBS and LEMS results improved (P amp;lt; 0.05). The number of participants with TSI amp;gt; 1 year and gait function, increased from 41 to 44% and TUG and BBS results improved (P amp;lt; 0.05). Conclusions Exoskeleton training was generally safe and feasible in a heterogeneous sample of persons with SCI. Results indicate potential benefits on gait function and balance.

  • 148.
    Beischer, Susanne
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Lower extremity injuries in young floorball players: A prospective study on overuse injuries2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To my knowledge, no previous studies have examined the appearance of injury in young floorball players. Aim: To investigate the occurrence of overuse injuries in lower extremity (LE) in floorball players aged 15 or younger, with respect to frequency, location, and consequence of injury. Method: Fifty-seven players participated (mean age 11±2 years). A modified version of Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center Overuse Injury Questionnaire was submitted every fourth week during four months in order to record the occurrence of overuse injuries in LE. Result: A total of 42 overuse injuries in 42% (24/57) of the cohort were found. The average monthly prevalence for all players, in any anatomical area, was 28% (95% confidence interval 18%-38%). The most common location of injuries was the knee (43%), followed by the foot (40%). A weak positive and significant correlation (rs = 0.276, p = 0.038 ) between overuse injuries and age was found. Conclusion: The present study shows, in accordance with other recent studies on children and adolescents, that overuse injuries seems to be a common problem for young floorball players.

  • 149.
    Bendrik, Regina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Gävleborg. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin. Reg Gavleborg, Gavle, Sweden..
    Kallings, Lena
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin. Swedish Sch Sport & Hlth Sci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Broms, K.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och preventivmedicin. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Gävleborg. Reg Gavleborg, Gavle, Sweden..
    Emtner, Morgan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Fysioterapi.
    Maximal Step-Up Test A New Functional Test In Hip Or Knee Osteoarthritis2016Inngår i: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, ISSN 1063-4584, E-ISSN 1522-9653, Vol. 24, s. S471-S471Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 150. Bengtsson, Karin
    et al.
    Forsblad-d'Elia, Helena
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Reumatologi. Department of Rheumatology and Inflammation Research, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Lie, Elisabeth
    Klingberg, Eva
    Dehlin, Mats
    Exarchou, Sofia
    Lindstrom, Ulf
    Askling, Johan
    Jacobsson, Lennart T. H.
    Risk of cardiac rhythm disturbances and aortic regurgitation in different spondyloarthritis subtypes in comparison with general population: a register-based study from Sweden2018Inngår i: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 77, nr 4, s. 541-548Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To describe the incidence of atrioventricular (AV) block II-III, atrial fibrillation (AF), pacemaker implantation (PM) and aortic regurgitation in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), undifferentiated spondyloarthritis (uSpA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) compared with the general population (GP) and with each other. Methods: A prospective nationwide study with cohorts of patients with AS (n=6448), PsA (n=16063) and uSpA (n=5190) and a GP (n=266435) cohort, identified in 2001-2009 in the Swedish National Patient and Population registers. Follow-up began on 1 January 2006 and ended at event, death, emigration or 31 December 2012. Age-standardised and sex-standardised incidence rates and hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated. Results: The highest incidence rates were noted for AF (5.5-7.4 events per 1000 person-years), followed by PM (1.0-2.0 events per 1000 person-years). HRs for AV block, AF, PM and aortic regurgitation were significantly increased in AS (HRs 2.3, 1.3, 2.1 and 1.9), uSpA (HRs 2.9, 1.3, 1.9 and 2.0) and PsA (HRs 1.5, 1.5, 1.6 and 1.8) compared with the GP cohort. The highest HRs were seen for AV block in male uSpA (HR 4.2) and AS (HR 2.5) compared with GP. Compared with PsA, significantly increased HRs were noted for PM (HR 1.5) in AS and for AV block (HR 1.8) in uSpA. Conclusions: Patients with SpA are at increased risk of aortic regurgitation, cardiac rhythm disturbances and, as a probable consequence, also PM. Particularly for AF, the most common arrhythmia, increased caution is warranted, whereas AV block should be looked for especially in men with AS or uSpA.

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