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  • 101.
    Amer, Eynas
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Gren, Per
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Edenharder, Stefan
    Institut für Technische Optik, Universität Stuttgart.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Stimulated Raman scattering holography for time-resolved imaging of methane gas2016Inngår i: Applied Optics, ISSN 1559-128X, E-ISSN 2155-3165, Vol. 55, nr 13, s. 3429-3434Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, pulsed digital holographic detection is coupled to the stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) process for imaging gases. A Q-switched Nd-YAG laser (532 nm) has been used to pump methane gas (CH4) at pressures up to 12 bars. The frequency-tripled (355 nm) beam from the same laser was used to pump an optical parametric oscillator (OPO). The Stokes beam (from the OPO) has been tuned to 629.93 nm so that the frequency difference between the pump (532 nm) and the Stokes beams fits a Raman active vibrational mode of the methane molecule (2922 cm(-1)). The pump beam has been spatially modulated with fringes produced in a Michelson interferometer. The pump and the Stokes beams were overlapped in time, space, and polarization on the gas molecules, resulting in a stimulated Raman gain of the Stokes beam and a corresponding loss of the pump beam through the SRS process. The resulting gain of the Stokes beam has been detected using pulsed digital holography by blending it with a reference beam on the detector. Two holograms of the Stokes beam, without and with the pump beam fringes present, were recorded. Intensity maps calculated from the recorded digital holograms showed amplification of the Stokes beam at the position of overlap with the pump beam fringes and the gas molecules. The gain of the Stokes beam has been separated from the background in the Fourier domain. A gain of about 4.5% at a pump beam average intensity of 4 MW/cm(2) and a Stokes beam intensity of 0.16 MW/cm(2) have been recorded at a gas pressure of 12 bars. The gain decreased linearly with decreasing gas pressure. The results show that SRS holography is a promising technique to pinpoint a specific species and record its spatial and temporal distribution

  • 102.
    Amer, Eynas
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Gren, Per
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Kaplan, Alexander
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Produkt- och produktionsutveckling.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Impact of an extended source in laser ablation using pulsed digital holographic interferometry and modelling2009Inngår i: Applied Surface Science, ISSN 0169-4332, E-ISSN 1873-5584, Vol. 255, nr 21, s. 8917-8925Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Pulsed digital holographic interferometry has been used to study the effect of the laser spot diameter on the shock wave generated in the ablation process of an Nd:YAG laser pulse on a Zn target under atmospheric pressure. For different laser spot diameters and time delays, the propagation of the expanding vapour and of the shock wave were recorded by intensity maps calculated using the recorded digital holograms. From the latter phase maps, the refractive index and the density field can be derived. A model was developed that approaches the density distribution, in particular the ellipsoidal expansion characteristics. The induced shock wave has an ellipsoid shape that approaches a sphere for decreasing spot diameter. The ellipsoidal shock waves have almost the same centre offset towards the laser beam and the same aspect ratio for different time steps. The model facilitates the derivation of the particle velocity field. The method provides valuable quantitative results that are discussed, in particular in comparison with the simpler point source explosion theory.

  • 103.
    Amer, Eynas
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Gren, Per
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Kaplan, Alexander
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Produkt- och produktionsutveckling.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Shaer, M. El
    Department of Engineering Physics and Mathematics, Faculty of Engineering, Zagazig University.
    Comparison of the laser ablation process on Zn and Ti using pulsed digital holographic interferometry2010Inngår i: Applied Surface Science, ISSN 0169-4332, E-ISSN 1873-5584, Vol. 256, nr 14, s. 4633-4641Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Pulsed digital holographic interferometry has been used to compare the laser ablation process of a Q-switched Nd-YAG laser pulse (wavelength 1064 nm, pulse duration 12 ns) on two different metals (Zn and Ti) under atmospheric air pressure. Digital holograms were recorded for different time delays using collimated laser light (532 nm) passed through the volume along the target. Numerical data of the integrated refractive index field were calculated and presented as phase maps. Intensity maps were calculated from the recorded digital holograms and are used to calculate the attenuation of the probing laser beam by the ablated plume. The different structures of the plume, namely streaks normal to the surface for Zn in contrast to absorbing regions for Ti, indicates that different mechanisms of laser ablation could happen for different metals for the same laser settings and surrounding gas. At a laser fluence of 5 J/cm2, phase explosion appears to be the ablation mechanism in case of Zn, while for Ti normal vaporisation seems to be the dominant mechanism.

  • 104.
    Amer, Eynas
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Gren, Per
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Laser-ablation-induced refractive index fields studied using pulsed digital holographic interferometry2009Inngår i: Optics and lasers in engineering, ISSN 0143-8166, E-ISSN 1873-0302, Vol. 47, nr 7-8, s. 793-799Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Pulsed digital holographic interferometry has been used to investigate the plume and the shock wave generated in the ablation process of a Q-switched Nd-YAG (λ=1064 nm and pulse duration=12 ns) laser pulse on a polycrystalline boron nitride (PCBN) target under atmospheric air pressure. A special setup based on two synchronised wavelengths from the same laser for simultaneous processing and measurement has been used. Digital holograms were recorded for different time delays using collimated laser light (λ=532 nm) passed through the volume along the target. Numerical data of the integrated refractive index field were calculated and presented as phase maps showing the propagation of the shock wave and the plume generated by the process. Radon inversion has been used to estimate the 3D refractive index fields measured from the projections assuming rotational symmetry. The shock wave density has been calculated using the point explosion model and the shock wave condition equation and its behaviour with time at different power densities ranging from 1.4 to 9.1 GW/cm2 is presented. Shock front densities have been calculated from the reconstructed refractive index fields using the Gladstone-Dale equation. A comparison of the shock front density calculated from the reconstructed data and that calculated using the point explosion model at different time delays has been done. The comparison shows quite good agreement between the model and the experimental data. Finally the reconstructed refractive index field has been used to estimate the electron number density distribution within the laser-induced plasma. The electron number density behaviour with distance from the target at different power densities and its behaviour with time are shown. The electron number densities are found to be in the order of 1018 cm-3 and decay at a rate of 3×1015 electrons/cm3 ns.

  • 105.
    Amer, Eynas
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Gren, Per
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Pulsed laser ablation studied using digital holographic interferometry2009Inngår i: Svenska mekanikdagarna: Södertälje 2009, Stockholm: Svenska nationalkommittén för mekanik , 2009, s. 87-Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 106.
    Amer, Eynas
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Gren, Per
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Shock wave generation in laser ablation studied using pulsed digital holographic interferometry2008Inngår i: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, ISSN 0022-3727, E-ISSN 1361-6463, Vol. 41, nr 21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Pulsed digital holographic interferometry has been used to study the shock wave induced by a Q-switched Nd-YAG laser (λ = 1064 nm and pulse duration 12 ns) on a polycrystalline boron nitride (PCBN) ceramic target under atmospheric air pressure. A special setup based on using two synchronized wavelengths from the same laser for processing and measurement simultaneously has been introduced. Collimated laser light (λ = 532 nm) passed through the volume along the target and digital holograms were recorded for different time delays after processing starts. Numerical data of the integrated refractive index field were calculated and presented as phase maps showing the propagation of the shock wave generated by the process. The location of the induced shock wave front was observed for different focusing and time delays. The amount of released energy, i.e. the part of the incident energy of the laser pulse that is eventually converted to a shock wave has been estimated using the point explosion model. The released energy is normalized by the incident laser pulse energy and the energy conversion efficiency between the laser pulse and PCBN target has been calculated at different power densities. The results show that the energy conversion efficiency seems to be constant around 80% at high power densities.

  • 107.
    Amer, Eynas
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Gren, Per
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Single-shot polarization digital holography for recording stimulated Raman scattering signal for time-resolved measurement of gaseous species2017Inngår i: Applied Optics, ISSN 1559-128X, E-ISSN 2155-3165, Vol. 56, nr 36, s. 10016-10023Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) process is sensitive to the relation between the polarization direction of the two laser beams (the pump and the Stokes) that generate it. In this paper, we made use of the polarization sensitivity of the SRS process and used polarization-resolved pulsed digital holography to record the signal from one single-shot hologram. The pump beam polarization was kept vertical, while the Stokes beam polarization was 45 deg. The two polarization components of the Stokes beam were recorded in a single hologram by blending the Stokes beam with two reference beams with orthogonal polarization on the detector. The two components of the Stokes beam were separated in the Fourier domain, and the corresponding intensity maps were calculated. The vertically polarized component of the Stokes beam was amplified due to the SRS process, while the horizontal component experienced no gain. The difference between the vertically and horizontally polarized intensity maps, respectively, was calculated and Fourier transformed to separate the gain signal in the spatial frequency domain. The method was demonstrated on methane (CH4) gas at a pressure of 12 bars. Results show that SRS polarization holography is a promising technique for recording the SRS signal from one single-shot hologram for time-resolved monitoring of specific species. 

  • 108.
    Amer, Eynas
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Gren, Per
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Stimulated laser induced fluorescence holography for imaging fluorescent species2013Inngår i: Optics Communications, ISSN 0030-4018, E-ISSN 1873-0310, Vol. 311, s. 124-128Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper pulsed digital holographic detection is coupled to the stimulated laser induced fluorescence (LIF) effect for imaging fluorescent species. A frequency tripled Q-switched Nd-YAG laser (wavelength 355 nm, pulse duration 12 ns) has been used to pump Coumarin 153 dye solved in ethanol. Simultaneously a frequency doubled pulse (532 nm) from the same laser is used to probe the solvent resulting in a gain through stimulated emission. The resulting gain of the probe beam is recorded using digital holography by blending it with a reference beam on the detector. Intensity maps were calculated from the recorded digital holograms and used to calculate the gain of the probe beam due to stimulated fluorescence emission which is coupled to the concentration of the dye. The results show that the amplification of the probe beam (532 nm) due to stimulated LIF emission is seen in the intensity maps. The gain is about 40% at a dye concentration of 0.32 g/L and decreases to be about 20% at a dye concentration of 0.04 g/L for a probe beam energy density of 0.1 mJ/cm2. Spectroscopic measurements have been carried out to confirm the holographic results. The results show that stimulated LIF holography is a promising technique for quantitative imaging of fluorescent species.

  • 109.
    Amer, Eynas
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Gren, Per
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Stimulated Raman scattering imaging for studying specific species2015Inngår i: SPECKLE 2015: VI International Conference on Speckle Metrology : 24-26 August 2015, Guanajuato, México / [ed] Fernando Mendoza Santoyo, Washington: SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2015, artikkel-id 96600VKonferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) signal in diffuse light has been recorded using an optical imaging technique based on spatial modulation. A frequency doubled Q-switched Nd-YAG laser (wavelength 532 nm) has been used to pump a polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) cylinder. The frequency tripled (355 nm) beam from the same laser is used to pump an optical parametric oscillator (OPO). The Stokes beam (from the OPO) has been tuned to 631.27 nm so that the frequency difference between the pump and the Stokes beams fits a Raman active vibrational mode of the PMMA molecule (2956 cm-1). The two laser beams were overlapped in time and space on a PMMA cylinder resulting in a gain of the Stokes beam through the SRS process of about 4.0 %. For separating the SRS signal, the pump beam was spatially modulated with fringes produced in a Michelson interferometer. The gain of the Stokes beam due to SRS was separated from the Stokes beam background in the Fourier domain. The intensity image has been calculated from an inverse Fourier transform of the separated gain signal. The intensity image shows a gain of the Stokes beam at the area of overlap between the pump beam fringes and the Stokes beam compared to the undisturbed surrounding. The results show that spatial modulation of the pump beam is a promising method to separate the weak SRS signal from the Stokes beam background. This technique can be applied to pin-point specific species and record its spatial and temporal distribution

  • 110.
    Amer, Eynas
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Gren, Per
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Stimulated Raman scattering signals recorded by the use of an optical imaging technique2015Inngår i: Applied Optics, ISSN 1559-128X, E-ISSN 2155-3165, Vol. 54, nr 20, s. 6377-6385Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) signals have been recorded by an optical imaging technique that is based on spatial modulation. A frequency doubled Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (532 nm) was used to pump a polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) target. The frequency tripled (355 nm) beam from the same laser was used to pump an optical parametric oscillator (OPO). The Stokes beam (from the OPO) was tuned to 631.27 nm so that the frequency difference between the pump and the Stokes beams fit the Raman active vibrational mode of the PMMA molecule (2956 cm(-1)). The pump beam has been spatially modulated with fringes produced in a Michelson interferometer. The pump and the Stokes beams were overlapped on the target resulting in a gain of the Stokes beam of roughly 2.5% and a corresponding loss of the pump beam through the SRS process. To demodulate the SRS signal, two images of the Stokes beam without and with the pump beam fringes present were recorded. The difference between these two images was calculated and Fourier transformed. Then, the gain of the Stokes beam was separated from the background in the Fourier domain. The results show that spatial modulation of the pump beam is a promising method to separate the weak SRS signal from the background.

  • 111.
    Amer, Eynas
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Gren, Per
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    UV laser interaction with a fluorescent dye solution studied using pulsed digital holography2013Inngår i: Optics Express, ISSN 1094-4087, E-ISSN 1094-4087, Vol. 21, nr 21, s. 25316-25323Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A frequency tripled Q-switched Nd-YAG laser (wavelength 355 nm, pulse duration 12 ns) has been used to pump Coumarin 153 dye solved in ethanol. Simultaneously, a frequency doubled pulse (532 nm) from the same laser is used to probe the solvent perpendicularly resulting in a gain through stimulated laser induced fluorescence (LIF) emission. The resulting gain of the probe beam is recorded using digital holography by blending it with a reference beam on the detector. Two digital holograms without and with the pump beam were recorded. Intensity maps were calculated from the recorded digital holograms and used to calculate the gain of the probe beam due to the stimulated LIF. In addition numerical data of the local temperature rise was calculated from the corresponding phase maps using Radon inversion. It was concluded that about 15% of the pump beam energy is transferred to the dye solution as heat while the rest is consumed in the radiative process. The results show that pulsed digital holography is a promising technique for quantitative study of fluorescent species

  • 112.
    Amer, Eynas
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Stenvall, Jonas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Gren, Per
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Stimulated LIF studied using pulsed digital holography and modelling2013Inngår i: Optical Measurement Systems for Industrial Inspection VIII / [ed] Peter H. Lehmann; Wolfgang Osten; Armando Albertazzi, SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A frequency tripled Q-switched Nd-YAG laser (wavelength 355 nm, pulse duration 12 ns) has been used to pump Coumarin 153 dye solved in ethanol. The laser induced fluorescence (LIF) spectrum has been recorded using a spectrometer at different dye concentrations. The frequency doubled 532 nm beam from the same laser is used as a probe beam to pass through the excited volume of the dye. Because of stimulated emission an increase of the probe (532 nm) beam energy is recorded and a reduction of the spontaneous fluorescence spectrum intensity is observed. A model was developed that approaches the trend of the gain as a function of the probe beam energy at low dye concentrations (less than 0.08 g/L). The stimulated LIF is further recorded using digital holography. Digital holograms were recorded for different dye concentrations using collimated laser light (532 nm) passed through the dye volume. Two holograms without and with the UV laser beam were recorded. Intensity maps were calculated from the recorded digital holograms and are used to calculate the gain of the green laser beam due to the stimulated fluorescence emission which is coupled to the dye concentration. The gain of the coherent 532 nm beam is seen in the intensity maps and its value is about 40% for a dye concentration of 0.32 g/L and decreases with the decrease of the dye concentration. The results show that pulsed digital holography can be coupled to the stimulated LIF effect for imaging fluorescent species

  • 113.
    Amoignon, Olivier
    et al.
    Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University.
    Berggren, Martin
    Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University.
    Discrete adjoint-based shape optimization for an edge-based finite-volume solver2003Inngår i: Computational Fluid and Solid Mechanics 2003 / [ed] K. J. Bathe, 2003Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 114.
    Amoignon, Olivier
    et al.
    Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University.
    Pralits, Jan
    Universita di Salerno, Italy.
    Hanifi, Ardeshir
    FOI, Swedish Defence Research Agency, Stockholm.
    Berggren, Martin
    FOI, Swedish Defence Research Agency, Stockholm.
    Henningson, Dan
    FOI, Swedish Defence Research Agency, Stockholm.
    Shape Optimization for Delay of Laminar-Turbulent Transition2006Inngår i: AIAA Journal, ISSN 0001-1452, E-ISSN 1533-385X, Vol. 44, nr 5, s. 1009-1024Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 115.
    Amoignon, Olivier
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Pralits, J.O.
    Salermo University, Italy.
    Hanifi, Ardeshir
    FOI, Sweden.
    Berggren, Martin
    FOI, Sweden.
    Henningson, D. S.
    KTH, Sweden.
    Adjoint-Based Shape Optimization for Natural Laminar Flow Design2004Inngår i: ERCOFTAC Design Optimization: Methods & Applications / [ed] K.C. Giannakoglou, W. Haase, 2004Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 116.
    Amouzgar, Kaveh
    et al.
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Rashid, Asim
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Strömberg, Niclas
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Multi-objective optimization of a disc brake system by using SPEA2 and RBFN2013Inngår i: ASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference: Volume 3B: 39th Design Automation Conference, New York: ASME Press, 2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Many engineering design optimization problems involve multiple conflicting objectives, which today often are obtained by computational expensive finite element simulations. Evolutionary multi-objective optimization (EMO) methods based on surrogate modeling is one approach of solving this class of problems. In this paper, multi-objective optimization of a disc brake system to a heavy truck by using EMO and radial basis function networks (RBFN) is presented. Three conflicting objectives are considered. These are: 1) minimizing the maximum temperature of the disc brake, 2) maximizing the brake energy of the system and 3) minimizing the mass of the back plate of the brake pad. An iterative Latin hypercube sampling method is used to construct the design of experiments (DoE) for the design variables. Next, thermo-mechanical finite element analysis of the disc brake, including frictional heating between the pad and the disc, is performed in order to determine the values of the first two objectives for the DoE. Surrogate models for the maximum temperature and the brake energy are created using RBFN with polynomial biases. Different radial basis functions are compared using statistical errors and cross validation errors (PRESS) to evaluate the accuracy of the surrogate models and to select the most accurate radial basis function. The multi-objective optimization problem is then solved by employing EMO using the strength Pareto evolutionary algorithm (SPEA2). Finally, the Pareto fronts generated by the proposed methodology are presented and discussed.

  • 117.
    Amouzgar, Kaveh
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Produktutveckling - Simulering och optimering.
    Rashid, Asim
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Produktutveckling - Simulering och optimering.
    Strömberg, Niclas
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Produktutveckling - Simulering och optimering.
    Multi-Objective Optimization of a Disc Brake System by using SPEA2 and RBFN2013Inngår i: ASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference: Volume 3B: 39th Design Automation ConferencePortland, Oregon, USA, August 4–7, 2013, New York: American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Many engineering design optimization problems involve multiple conflicting objectives, which today often are obtained by computational expensive finite element simulations. Evolutionary multi-objective optimization (EMO) methods based on surrogate modeling is one approach of solving this class of problems. In this paper, multi-objective optimization of a disc brake system to a heavy truck by using EMO and radial basis function networks (RBFN) is presented. Three conflicting objectives are considered. These are: 1) minimizing the maximum temperature of the disc brake, 2) maximizing the brake energy of the system and 3) minimizing the mass of the back plate of the brake pad. An iterative Latin hypercube sampling method is used to construct the design of experiments (DoE) for the design variables. Next, thermo-mechanical finite element analysis of the disc brake, including frictional heating between the pad and the disc, is performed in order to determine the values of the first two objectives for the DoE. Surrogate models for the maximum temperature and the brake energy are created using RBFN with polynomial biases. Different radial basis functions are compared using statistical errors and cross validation errors (PRESS) to evaluate the accuracy of the surrogate models and to select the most accurate radial basis function. The multi-objective optimization problem is then solved by employing EMO using the strength Pareto evolutionary algorithm (SPEA2). Finally, the Pareto fronts generated by the proposed methodology are presented and discussed.

  • 118.
    Amouzgar, Kaveh
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsmiljö Produktutveckling - Simulering och optimering.
    Strömberg, Niclas
    University of West.
    An approach towards generating surrogate models by using RBFN with a apriori bias2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the ASME 2014 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference IDETC/CIE 2014 August 17-20, 2014, Buffalo, NY, USA, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) , 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, an approach to generate surrogate modelsconstructed by radial basis function networks (RBFN) with a prioribias is presented. RBFN as a weighted combination of radialbasis functions only, might become singular and no interpolationis found. The standard approach to avoid this is to add a polynomialbias, where the bias is defined by imposing orthogonalityconditions between the weights of the radial basis functionsand the polynomial basis functions. Here, in the proposed a prioriapproach, the regression coefficients of the polynomial biasare simply calculated by using the normal equation without anyneed of the extra orthogonality prerequisite. In addition to thesimplicity of this approach, the method has also proven to predictthe actual functions more accurately compared to the RBFNwith a posteriori bias. Several test functions, including Rosenbrock,Branin-Hoo, Goldstein-Price functions and two mathematicalfunctions (one large scale), are used to evaluate the performanceof the proposed method by conducting a comparisonstudy and error analysis between the RBFN with a priori and aposteriori known biases. Furthermore, the aforementioned approachesare applied to an engineering design problem, that ismodeling of the material properties of a three phase sphericalgraphite iron (SGI) . The corresponding surrogate models arepresented and compared

  • 119.
    Amouzgar, Kaveh
    et al.
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden .
    Strömberg, Niclas
    Department of Engineering Science, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    An approach towards generating surrogate models by using RBFN with a priori bias2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, 2014, Vol. 2B, New York, USA: ASME Press, 2014, artikkel-id V02BT03A024Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, an approach to generate surrogate modelsconstructed by radial basis function networks (RBFN) with a prioribias is presented. RBFN as a weighted combination of radialbasis functions only, might become singular and no interpolationis found. The standard approach to avoid this is to add a polynomialbias, where the bias is defined by imposing orthogonalityconditions between the weights of the radial basis functionsand the polynomial basis functions. Here, in the proposed a prioriapproach, the regression coefficients of the polynomial biasare simply calculated by using the normal equation without anyneed of the extra orthogonality prerequisite. In addition to thesimplicity of this approach, the method has also proven to predictthe actual functions more accurately compared to the RBFNwith a posteriori bias. Several test functions, including Rosenbrock,Branin-Hoo, Goldstein-Price functions and two mathematicalfunctions (one large scale), are used to evaluate the performanceof the proposed method by conducting a comparisonstudy and error analysis between the RBFN with a priori and aposteriori known biases. Furthermore, the aforementioned approachesare applied to an engineering design problem, that ismodeling of the material properties of a three phase sphericalgraphite iron (SGI) . The corresponding surrogate models arepresented and compared

  • 120.
    Amouzgar, Kaveh
    et al.
    Product Development Department, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden; School of Engineering Science, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Strömberg, Niclas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik. Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Radial Basis Functions as Surrogate Models with A Priori Bias in Comparison with a Posteriori Bias2017Inngår i: Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), ISSN 1615-147X, E-ISSN 1615-1488, Vol. 55, nr 4, s. 1453-1469Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to obtain a robust performance, the established approach when using radial basis function networks (RBF) as metamodels is to add a posteriori bias which is defined by extra orthogonality constraints. We mean that this is not needed, instead the bias can simply be set a priori by using the normal equation, i.e. the bias becomes the corresponding regression model. In this paper we demonstrate that the performance of our suggested approach with a priori bias is in general as good as, or even for many test examples better than, the performance of RBF with a posteriori bias. Using our approach, it is clear that the global response is modelled with the bias and that the details are captured with radial basis functions. The accuracy of the two approaches are investigated by using multiple test functions with different degrees of dimensionality. Furthermore, several modeling criteria, such as the type of radial basis functions used in the RBFs, dimension of the test functions, sampling techniques and size of samples, are considered to study their affect on the performance of the approaches. The power of RBF with a priori bias for surrogate based design optimization is also demonstrated by solving an established engineering benchmark of a welded beam and another benchmark for different sampling sets generated by successive screening, random, Latin hypercube and Hammersley sampling, respectively. The results obtained by evaluation of the performance metrics, the modeling criteria and the presented optimal solutions, demonstrate promising potentials of our RBF with a priori bias, in addition to the simplicity and straight-forward use of the approach.

  • 121.
    Andersdotter, Katarina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Tempo50: En temporär mästerskapsbassäng2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
  • 122. Andersson, A.
    et al.
    Fernberg, P.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Optical methods to study fracture of notched glass mat composites2000Inngår i: Proceedings / International Conference on Trends in Optical Nondestructive Testing: May 3 - 5, 2000, Hotel de la Paix, Lugano, Switzerland / [ed] Pramod K. Rostagi, Lugano: Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne , 2000Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 123.
    Andersson, Angelica
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Combined speckle interferometry and speckle correlation for non-destructive testing2000Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    When a sample is studied during loading in a tensile test machine, the sample is often exposed to rigid body motions during loading at the same time as it deforms due to tension. Therefore, the small deformation field is hard, or impossible, to measure when it is overlaid by a large motion. The large rigid body motions can be measured with methods like speckle correlation (also called digital speckle photography, DSP), but the results might be of too poor accuracy to resolve the deformation field. Interferometric methods on the other hand might measure the deformation field but the rigid body motion makes the fringes disappear. In this thesis a method is presented that makes it possible to master such measuring situations, by a combination of speckle correlation and speckle interferometry (also called TV holography, ESPI or DSPI). Both theory and experiments are presented. It is shown that speckle correlation can determine the speckle motion in the recording in order to determine the small deformation field in the interferometric algorithm. Speckle correlation can also be used to determine the amount of shear in shearography allowing a quantitative determination of the spatial derivative of the deformation field.

  • 124.
    Andersson, Angelica
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Non-destructive inspection of structures1999Inngår i: Advanced materials and processes, affordabilities for the new age: proceedings of the 20th International SAMPE Europe Conference of the Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering, Paris, La Défense, April 13th - 15th, 1999 / [ed] Markus A Erath, Niederglatt: SAMPE , 1999Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 125. Andersson, Angelica
    et al.
    Mohan, N. Krishna
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Molin, Nils-Erik
    TV shearography:: quantitative measurement of shear-magnitude fields by use of digital speckle photography2000Inngår i: Applied Optics, ISSN 1559-128X, E-ISSN 2155-3165, Vol. 39, nr 16, s. 2565-2568Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital speckle photography combined with TV shearography is developed for precise measurement of the magnitude of the shear field in a linear shear configuration. As an application the method is implemented to determine the slope-change variations of a three-dimensional object with TV shearography in which the shear magnitude is obtained with the digital speckle photography technique

  • 126.
    Andersson, Angelica
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Runnemalm, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Digital speckle pattern interferometry: fringe retrieval for large in-plane deformations with digital speckle photography1999Inngår i: Applied Optics, ISSN 1559-128X, E-ISSN 2155-3165, Vol. 38, nr 25, s. 5408-5412Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The compensation of large in-plane motions in digital speckle-pattern interferometry (DSPI) with the use of digital speckle photography (DSP) is demonstrated. Ordinary recordings of DSPI are recombined and analyzed with DSP. The DSP result is used to compensate for the bulk speckle motion prior to calculation of the phase map. This results in a high fringe contrast even for deformations of several speckle diameters. In addition, for the case of an in-plane deformation, it is shown that the absolute phase change in each pixel may be unwrapped by use of the DSP result as an initial guess. The principles of this method and experiments showing the in-plane rotation of a plate and the encounter of two rounded plates are presented

  • 127.
    Andersson, Carry
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Kisswani, Lennart
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Dynamic Characteristics of a Tool Holder Shank in Lathe2000Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Dynamic characteristics of a Tool Holder Shank were determined by using the Finite Element Method and Experimental Modal Analysis. Good agreement between FE-model and the experimental model was obtained for the Tool Holder Shank itself. With the Tool Holder Shank in Lathe the agreement was less good. Reasons for this are discussed. Suggestions for further work on including actuators to reduce vibrations are given.

  • 128.
    Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Hållfasthetslära (Inst.), Hållfasthetslära (Avd.).
    Larsson, Per-Lennart
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Hållfasthetslära (Inst.), Hållfasthetslära (Avd.).
    Determination of yield surfaces in advanced constitutive powder models using inverse modeling2011Inngår i: Proceedings of the Euro PM 2011 Congress and Exhibition, European Powder Metallurgy Association , 2011, Vol. 3, s. 247-252Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to decrease the extensive experimental work in product development of WC/Co powder tooling equipment, an investigation of the applicability of inverse procedures to industrially relevant material models is performed. The powder die compaction process of WC/Co powder is modeled using the finite element method and an advanced plasticity-based constitutive model. An angled indenter is used to increase the sensitivity of constitutive parameters with respect to the measurable data from experiment, which is done using an instrumented die. Here, the inverse modeling (optimization) is performed (using iterative reduction of variable space and a combination of genetic (GA) and gradient search algorithms) in order to determine the yield surface of the investigated material. The results indicate that inverse modeling can be a useful tool in order to reduce the experimental efforts at material characterization of powder materials described by advanced material models.

  • 129.
    Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Hållfasthetslära (Inst.), Hållfasthetslära (Avd.).
    Larsson, Per-Lennart
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Hållfasthetslära (Inst.), Hållfasthetslära (Avd.).
    Cadario, Alessandro
    Sandvik Tooling AB, Sweden.
    Lindskog, Per
    Sandvik Tooling AB.
    Inverse modeling for parameter determination when using advanced material models to describe powder compaction2010Inngår i: Proceedings of the World Powder Metallurgy Congress and Exhibition, World PM 2010, European Powder Metallurgy Association , 2010, Vol. 5, s. 77-84Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to decrease the amount of experimental work at material characterization of powder mixtures, optimization procedures are often used. In the present study, characterization of WC/Co powders described by an advanced plasticity model is at issue. In particular, uniaxial die compaction is analyzed numerically in order to determine the correlation between material parameters, scalar and functional, and measurable information from experiments. Such information include radial (contact) pressure between powder and die walls, press force as function of indentation depth and frictional effects between powder and die walls. The commercial finite element solver LS-Dyna and the optimization module LS-OPT are used in the present investigation.

  • 130.
    Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Hållfasthetslära (Inst.), Hållfasthetslära (Avd.).
    Larsson, Per-Lennart
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Hållfasthetslära (Inst.), Hållfasthetslära (Avd.).
    Cadario, Alessandro
    Sandvik Tooling AB, Sweden .
    Lindskog, Per
    Sandvik Tooling AB.
    Parameter Sensitivity at Advanced Constitutive Modeling of Powder Materials2009Inngår i: Proceedings of the Euro International Powder Metallurgy Congress and Exhibition, Euro PM 2009, European Powder Metallurgy Association (EPMA) , 2009, Vol. 3, s. 293-298Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Dry pressing powder compaction is analyzed using the finite element method (FEM) and in particular then the explicit commercial FEM program LS-DYNA. The aim is then to determine the sensitivity of mechanical local and global parameters with respect to different constitutive as well as geometrical variables. A very advanced constitutive description (not available as standard in commercial FEM packages but implemented into LS-DYNA for the present investigation) is used in the numerical analysis, Brandt and Nilsson [1], and the results are particularly helpful for a forthcoming inverse analysis where it is crucial, for reasons of efficiency, to reduce the number of variables in the optimization procedure aiming at a accurate description of the mechanical behavior of the powder material. It should be clearly stated that the geometrical parameters to be investigated include different possible press geometries to be used for experimental verification of the results.

  • 131.
    Andersson, Erika
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    De fem enkla maskinernas integrerande i den fria leken inom förskolans arena: En studie baserad på barns undersökande av enkel teknik i den fria leken.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att påvisa hur barn tillämpar enkel teknik i förskolan genom de fem enkla maskinerna. Observationer och”Intervju i farten” är de metodval som besvarar studiens syfte och frågeställningar. Observationer och intervjuer har genomförts i förskolans utemiljö under en förmiddag och utgår från barnens fria lek där målet är att utgå ifrån barnens perspektiv och reflektioner. Situationerna som blivit valda till studien baseras av barnens nyfikenhet och påvisade intressen. Resultatet i studien visar att två av de fem enkla maskinerna tillämpas av barnen i förskolans utemiljö och fria lek. Detta synliggörs genom deras användning av lutande planet och hjulet ur de fem enkla maskinerna. Det sker genom användning av redskap, som utforskande, del av leken och genom begrepp. Detta sker genom ett sociokulturellt perspektiv där olika faktorer påverkar barnens lärande.

  • 132.
    Andersson, Filip
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Hållfasthetslära (Inst.), Hållfasthetslära (Avd.).
    Bengtsson, Rhodel
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Hållfasthetslära (Inst.), Hållfasthetslära (Avd.).
    Spot-Weld Fatigue Optimization2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis project is to develop a methodology that can be used to minimize the number of spot-welds in a mechanical structure, this is done in a reliable manner via optimization methods. The optimization considers fatigue life in spot-welds and also stiffness and eigenfrequency values. The first chapter of this thesis presents a spot-weld fatigue model proposed by Rupp (1995), common FEmodels of spot-welds and also important aspects about structural optimization in general. The second chapter further describes how topology optimization and size (parameter) optimization are applied on a simple multi-weld model with respect to the aforementioned structural constraints. The topology optimization is later used on a full-size car model, while the size optimization is used to optimize the multiweld model by adding an non-linear structural constraint - a crash indentation constraint. The spot-weld fatigue model proposed by Rupp (1995), is also verified by comparing FE results using different FE-models of spot-welds compared to fatigue data by Long and Khanna (2007). Both optimization methods successfully minimize the total amount of spot-welds on the multi-weld model. The topology optimization,accompanied with thegradient based MFD algorithm,minimizes th etotal spot-welds with around 15% and 3% on the multi-weld model and car body respectively. The size optimization, using design of experiments and response surfaces, manage storeduce the number of welds in the multi-weldmodel by 25%. However, with the size optimization the computational time is several orders of magnitude longer-even without the formulation of the crash constraint. The fatiguespot-weld model fares reasonably well compared to the experimental fatigue data, regardless of the FE model of the spot-weld. It is concluded that the ACM model would be recommended based on its compatibility with fatigue and optimization methods, mesh-independence and also other studies have shown its ability to represent stiffness and eigenfrequency correctly.

  • 133.
    Andersson, H.M.
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Lundström, Staffan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.
    Gebart, Rikard
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Energivetenskap.
    Synnergren, Per
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Application of digital speckle photography to measure thickness variations in the vacuum infusion process2003Inngår i: Polymer Composites, ISSN 0272-8397, E-ISSN 1548-0569, Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 448-455Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A new method to measure the movement of the flexible bag used in vacuum infusion is presented. The method is based on an in-house developed stereoscopic digital speckle photography system (DSP). The advantage with this optical method, which is based on cross-correlation, is that the deflection of a large area can be continuously measured with a great accuracy (down to 10 μm. The method is at this stage most suited for research but can in the long run also be adopted in production control and optimization. By use of the method it was confirmed that a ditch is formed at the resin flow front and that there can be a considerable and seemingly perpetual compaction after complete filling. The existence of the ditch demonstrates that the stiffness of the reinforcement can be considerably reduced when it is wetted. Hence, the maximum fiber volume fraction can be larger than predicted from dry measurements of preform elasticity. It is likely that the overall thickness reduction after complete filling emanates from lubrication of the fibers combined with an outflow of the resin. Besides, the cross-linking starts and the polymer shrinks. Hence, the alteration in height will continue until complete cross-linking is reached.

  • 134.
    Andersson, Håkan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanik och hållfasthetslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    A Co-Simulation Approach for Hydraulic Percussion Units2018Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This Licentiate of Engineering thesis concerns modelling and simulation of hydraulic percussion units. These units are often found in equipment for breaking or drilling in rock and concrete, and are also often driven by oil hydraulics, in which complex fluid-structure couplings are essential for their operation.

    Current methodologies used today when developing hydraulic percussion units are based on decoupled analyses, which are not correctly capturing the important coupled mechanisms. Hence, an efficient method for coupled simulations is of high importance, since these mechanisms are critical for the function of these units. Therefore, a co-simulation approach between a 1D system simulation model representing the fluid system and a structural 3D FE-model is proposed.

    This approach is presented in detail, implemented for two well-known simulation tools and evaluated for a simple but relevant model. The Hopsan simulation tool was used for the fluid system and the FE-simulation software LS-DYNA was used for the structural mechanics simulation. The co-simulation interface was implemented using the Functional Mock-up Interface-standard.

    The approach was further developed to also incorporate multiple components for coupled simulations. This was considered necessary when models for the real application are to be developed. The use of two components for co-simulation was successfully evaluated for two models, one using the simple rigid body representation, and a second where linear elastic representations of the structural material were implemented.

    An experimental validation of the co-simulation approach applied to an existing hydraulic hammer was performed. Experiments on the hydraulic hammer were performed using an in-house test rig, and responses were registered at four different running conditions. The co-simulation model was developed using the same approach as before. The corresponding running conditions were simulated and the responses were successfully validated against the experiments. A parameter study was also performed involving two design parameters with the objective to evaluate the effects of a parameter change.

    This thesis consists of two parts, where Part I gives an introduction to the application, the simulation method and the implementation, while Part II consists of three papers from this project.

  • 135.
    Andersson, Håkan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanik och hållfasthetslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Simonsson, Kjell
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanik och hållfasthetslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Hilding, Daniel
    DYNAmore Nordic AB, Brigadgatan 5, 587 58 Linköping, Sweden.
    Schill, Mikael
    DYNAmore Nordic AB, Brigadgatan 5, 587 58 Linköping, Sweden.
    Leidermark, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanik och hållfasthetslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    System level co-simulation of a control valve and hydraulic cylinder circuit in a hydraulic percussion unit2017Inngår i: Proceedings of 15:th Scandinavian International Conference on Fluid Power, June 7-9, 2017, Linköping, Sweden / [ed] Petter Krus, Liselott Ericson and Magnus Sethson, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2017, Vol. 144, s. 225-235Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study a previously developed co-simulation method that is based on a 1D system model representing the fluid components of a hydraulic machinery, within which structural 3D Finite Element (FE) models can be incorporated for detailed simulation of specific sub-models or complete structural assemblies, is further developed. The fluid system model consists of ordinary differential equation sub-models that are computationally very inexpensive, but still represents the fluid dynamics very well. The co-simulation method has been shown to work very well for a simple model representing a hydraulic driven machinery. A more complex model was set up in this work, in which two cylinders in the hydraulic circuit were evaluated. Such type of models, including both the main piston and control valves, are necessary as they represent the real application to a further extent than the simple model, of only one cylinder. Two models have been developed and evaluated, from the simple rigid body representation of the structural mechanics model, to the more complex model using linear elastic representation. The 3D FE-model facilitates evaluation of displacements, stresses, and strains on a local level of the model. The results can be utilised for fatigue assessment, wear analysis and for predictions of noise radiation.

  • 136.
    Andersson, Jan
    et al.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Trafik och trafikant,TRAF, Samspel människa, fordon, transportsystem, MFT.
    Sandin, Jesper
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Trafik och trafikant,TRAF, Samspel människa, fordon, transportsystem, MFT.
    Renner, Linda
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Trafik och trafikant,TRAF, Samspel människa, fordon, transportsystem, MFT.
    Fors, Carina
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Trafik och trafikant,TRAF, Samspel människa, fordon, transportsystem, MFT.
    Strand, Niklas
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Trafik och trafikant,TRAF, Samspel människa, fordon, transportsystem, MFT.
    Hjort, Mattias
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Trafik och trafikant,TRAF, Fordonsteknik och simulering, FTS.
    Hultgren, J
    Almqvist, S
    Traffic safety effects when overtaking 30 meter trucks2012Inngår i: Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics 2012- 14 Volume Set: Proceedings of the 4th AHFE Conference 21-25 July 2012 / [ed] Gavriel Salvendy, Waldemar Karwowski, Taylor & Francis, 2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate if the introduction of extra-long and heavy trucks has an effect on traffic safety on Swedish roads, especially in relation to overtaking maneuvers. Traffic safety effects will be measured in terms of road user behavior concerning accelerations and time slots. First, focus group interviews with heavy truck drivers. Truck drivers that do not drive extra-long trucks believe that the introduction of extra-long trucks will create a number of traffic safety problems especially in terms of conflicts with ordinary road users. The drivers of extra-long trucks do not experience the problems that ordinary truck drivers predict. The problems they experience can be taken care of with more planning (thinking ahead). They also believe that the traffic sign on the back of the extra-long vehicle has a positive effect. The truck company, working environment and truck equipment are other important aspects mentioned by the drivers of the extra-long vehicles.

    The simulator study investigates overtaking situations on a 2+1-lane highway, with extra-long trucks (30.4 m) and ordinary trucks (18.75 m). The results reveal that the distance from the rear/front of the truck to the point where only one lane exists affects car drivers’ decision to overtake, independently of truck length. If the truck is in the relatively same position, the timeslot for a safe overtaking maneuver before next one-lane section was reduced significantly for extra-long trucks compared to ordinary trucks. The conclusion is that there exist small tendencies which point in the direction of enhanced traffic safety problems with the introduction of extra-long trucks. The results should, however, be interpreted with caution as the number of data points was few and collected in specific situations and in specific conditions. It was neither considered how the introduction of longer and heavier trucks, given a constant amount of goods, reduces the number of heavy trucks on the road network.

  • 137.
    Andersson, Josefin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik.
    Englund, Monika
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik.
    Study of a Body Subjected to a Vertical Drop into Water – Experiment and Simulations2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In computational fluid dynamics (CFD), the computational domain can be discretized using mesh- based methods or particle based methods. During this project; a CFD method that uses smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH), in which the computational domain is discretized by particles, is modelled and compared to mesh-based CFD methods, in which the domains are broken into a set of discrete volumes. The aim with this master thesis project is to determine whether the SPH method can replace mesh-based methods in cases that involve free surface flows and fluid-structure interac- tions (FSI’s) in order to avoid mesh-deformations. The comparison is done by studying a free fall of a torpedo shaped object, 500 mm in length, both experimentally and with numerical simulations. The CFD methods that are compared are mesh-based one-way FSI, mesh-based two-way FSI and the SPH method. The methods are created in the two simulation software ANSYS (one-way and two-way FSI) and LS-DYNA (two-way FSI and SPH).

    The comparisons are made by looking at experimental and numerical accelerations. The experiment gave uncertain results and there were difficulties in comparing experimental results to numerical results. When looking at all results, it is concluded that the mesh-based methods give reasonable maximum values while the SPH method gives too high values.

    For the mesh-based methods in ANSYS, air is present which is not the case for the methods mod- elled in LS-DYNA. When comparing the computation time for all methods, it is concluded that the presence of air increases the computation time considerably and based on the results in this project, air is not necessary to take into consideration.

    The aim of this project is reached by concluding that the mesh-based method in LS-DYNA is the most suitable method for the studied case, based on the following: acceleration behaviour, maximum acceleration values, computation time and the possibility to neglect air. The conclusion might be revised when future work on the SPH method has been done.

  • 138.
    Andersson, L-E
    et al.
    Department of Mathematics, University of Linköping.
    Lundberg, Bengt
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Some fundamental transmission properties of impedance transitions1984Inngår i: Wave motion, ISSN 0165-2125, E-ISSN 1878-433X, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 389-406Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Reflection and transmission of waves by impedance transitions from a constant input to a constant output characteristic impedence are considered. Several fundamental properties are explored, primarily for impedance transitions with piece-wise constant characteristic impedance in an arbitrary number N of intervals of equal length. For example, the following properties are shown: (i) The relative momentum transmission depends only on the ratio of output to input characteristic impedance. (ii) For a given impedance transition there are at most, and generally exactly, 2N different transitions, including the original one, with identical transmission properties. (iii) For monotoneous impedance transitions the efficiency of energy transmission is minimized by one with an abrupt change in characteristic impedance. (iv) There exists an optimal impedance transition, with a certain antisymmetry, which maximizes the efficiency of energy transmission for a given incident wave of finite duration and energy. Several of the results can be extended to more general classes of impedence transitions. Simple illustrative examples are given.

  • 139.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Swedish E Science Research Centre SeRC, Sweden.
    Lantz, Jonas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Swedish E Science Research Centre SeRC, Sweden.
    Ebbers, Tino
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Swedish E Science Research Centre SeRC, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Matts
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Swedish E Science Research Centre SeRC, Sweden.
    Correction: Quantitative Assessment of Turbulence and Flow Eccentricity in an Aortic Coarctation: Impact of Virtual Interventions (vol 6, pg 281, 2015)2015Inngår i: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology, ISSN 1869-408X, E-ISSN 1869-4098, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 577-589Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Turbulence and flow eccentricity can be measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and may play an important role in the pathogenesis of numerous cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we propose quantitative techniques to assess turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) and flow eccentricity that could assist in the evaluation and treatment of stenotic severities. These hemodynamic parameters were studied in a pre-treated aortic coarctation (CoA) and after several virtual interventions using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), to demonstrate the effect of different dilatation options on the flow field. Patient-specific geometry and flow conditions were derived from MRI data. The unsteady pulsatile flow was resolved by large eddy simulation (LES) including non-Newtonian blood rheology. Results showed an inverse asymptotic relationship between the total amount of TKE and degree of dilatation of the stenosis, where the pre-stenotic hypoplastic segment may limit the possible improvement by treating the CoA alone. Spatiotem-poral maps of TKE and flow eccentricity could be linked to the characteristics of the post-stenotic jet, showing a versatile response between the CoA dilatations. By including these flow markers into a combined MRI-CFD intervention framework, CoA therapy has not only the possibility to produce predictions via simulation, but can also be validated pre-and immediate post treatment, as well as during follow-up studies.

  • 140.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Lantz, Jonas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Medie- och Informationsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Ebbers, Tino
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Karlsson, Matts
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Quantitative Assessment of Turbulence and Flow Eccentricity in an Aortic Coarctation - Impact of Virtual Interventions2015Inngår i: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology, ISSN 1869-408X, E-ISSN 1869-4098, Vol. 6, nr 6, s. 281-293Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Turbulence and flow eccentricity can be measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and may play an important role in the pathogenesis of numerous cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we propose quantitative techniques to assess turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) and flow eccentricity that could assist in the evaluation and treatment of stenotic severities. These hemodynamic parameters were studied in a pre-treated aortic coarctation (CoA) and after several virtual interventions using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), to demonstrate the effect of different dilatation options on the flow field. Patient-specific geometry and flow conditions were derived from MRI data. The unsteady pulsatile flow was resolved by large eddy simulation (LES) including non-Newtonian blood rheology. Results showed an inverse asymptotic relationship between the total amount of TKE and degree of dilatation of the stenosis, where turbulent flow proximal the constriction limits the possible improvement by treating the CoA alone. Spatiotemporal maps of TKE and flow eccentricity could be linked to the characteristics of the jet, where improved flow conditions were favored by an eccentric dilatation of the CoA. By including these flow markers into a combined MRI-CFD intervention framework, CoA therapy has not only the possibility to produce predictions via simulation, but can also be validated pre- and immediate post treatment, as well as during follow-up studies.

  • 141.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Lantz, Jonas
    Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Medie- och Informationsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Karlsson, Matts
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    NON-INVASIVE INTERVENTION PLANNING OF STENOTIC FLOWS USING SCALE-RESOLVED IMAGE-BASED COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 142.
    Andersson, Marcus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Tillämpad konstruktion (Digitala verktyg).
    Jönsson, Simon
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för ekonomi och teknik (SET), Maskinteknisk produktframtagning (MTEK), Tillämpad konstruktion (Digitala verktyg).
    Konstruktion av kolfiberarmerad motorcykelram2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 143.
    Andersson, P.
    et al.
    Department of Mechanics, KTH, Stockholm.
    Berggren, Martin
    FFA, the Aeronautical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Henningson, D.S.
    Department of Mechanics, KTH, Stockholm.
    Optimal Disturbances in Boundary Layers1998Inngår i: Computational Methods for Optimal Design and Control, / [ed] J. Borggaard, J. Burns, E. Cliff, and S. Schreck, 1998Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 144.
    Andersson, P.
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Ståhle, Per
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Shielding effects and dislocation repositioning at cleavage crack growth1996Inngår i: Mechanisms and mechanics of damage and failure: proceedings of the 11th Biennial European Conference on Fracture - ECF 11 - held in Poitiers-Futuroscope, France, 3 - 6 September 1996 / [ed] J. Petit, EMAS , 1996, Vol. vol. 1, s. 419-424Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The motion of pre-existing edge dislocations in an infinite linear elastic body is studied. Motion, is due to a quasi-statically steady-state growing crack. In the model, the dislocations glide if the force on the dislocation exceeds a critical value. Obtained results are changes in dislocation density, the shielding effect on the crack tip and residual stresses. The model is applied to an isotropic material. The residual stress far behind the crack tip is tensile near the crack, decreasing to zero at a certain distance above the crack plane. The indication is that the shielding effect may be considerable

  • 145.
    Andersson, P.
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Ståhle, Per
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Shielding effects and residual stresses at cleavage due to pre-existing dislocations1997Inngår i: International Journal of Fracture, ISSN 0376-9429, E-ISSN 1573-2673, Vol. 85, nr 4, s. 365-380Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The motion of pre-existing edge dislocations in an infinite linear elastic body is studied at initiation of crack growth and at quasi-static steady-state crack growth. Dislocation nucleation is assumed not to occur. Thus, the study concerns only dislocations that are present in the virgin material. A dislocation is assumed to glide if its driving force exceeds a critical value. Changes in dislocation density, crack tip shielding and residual stresses are obtained. The shielding of a stationary crack tip is found to be small compared with the shielding of a growing crack tip. At steady-state the residual stresses far behind the crack tip are tensile near the crack, decreasing to zero at a certain distance from the crack plane. It is shown that the shielding due to pre-existing dislocations, e.g., for cleavage in α-iron crystals may be considerable.

  • 146.
    Andersson, Paul
    et al.
    FFA, the Aeronautical Research Institute of Sweden, Bromma.
    Berggren, Martin
    FFA, the Aeronautical Research Institute of Sweden, Bromma.
    Henningson, Dan S.
    FFA, the Aeronautical Research Institute of Sweden, Bromma.
    Optimal disturbances and bypass transition in boundary layers1999Inngår i: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 134-150Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 147.
    Andreasson, Eskil
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Realistic Package Opening Simulations: An Experimental Mechanics and Physics Based Approach2015Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A finite element modeling strategy targeting package opening simulations is the final goal with this work. The developed simulation model will be used to proactively predict the opening compatibility early in the development process of a new opening device and/or a new packaging material. To be able to create such a model, the focus is to develop a combined and integrated physical/virtual test procedure for mechanical characterization and calibration of thin packaging materials. Furthermore, the governing mechanical properties of the materials involved in the opening performance needs to be identified and quantified with experiments. Different experimental techniques complemented with video recording equipment were refined and utilized during the course of work. An automatic or semi-automatic material model parameter identification process involving video capturing of the deformation process and inverse modeling is proposed for the different packaging material layers. Both an accurate continuum model and a damage material model, used in the simulation model, were translated and extracted from the experimental test results. The results presented show that it is possible to select constitutive material models in conjunction with continuum material damage models, adequately predicting the mechanical behavior of intended failure in thin laminated packaging materials. A thorough material mechanics understanding of individual material layers evolution of microstructure and the micro mechanisms involved in the deformation process is essential for appropriate selection of numerical material models. Finally, with a slight modification of already available techniques and functionalities in the commercial finite element software AbaqusTM it was possible to build the suitable simulation model. To build a realistic simulation model an accurate description of the geometrical features is important. Therefore, advancements within the experimental visualization techniques utilizing a combination of video recording, photoelasticity and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) of the micro structure have enabled extraction of geometries and additional information from ordinary standard experimental tests. Finally, a comparison of the experimental opening and the virtual opening, showed a good correlation with the developed finite element modeling technique. The advantage with the developed modeling approach is that it is possible to modify the material composition of the laminate. Individual material layers can be altered and the mechanical properties, thickness or geometrical shape can be changed. Furthermore, the model is flexible and a new opening device i.e. geometry and load case can easily be adopted in the simulation model. Therefore, this type of simulation model is a useful tool and can be used for decision support early in the concept selection of development projects.

  • 148.
    Andreasson, Eskil
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Håkansson, Paul
    Sandgren, Martin
    Jönsson, Joel
    Deformation and Damage Mechanisms in Thin Ductile Polymer Films2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The mechanical material behavior of highly extensible or ductile polymer films used in the packaging industry has been studied in this work. The polymer material, consisting of different variants of polyethylene grades, is used as several components in the packaging material structure at Tetra Pak®. Experimental tensile tests were used to quantify the mechanical behavior and to be able to calibrate numerical constitutive material models. The studied polymer materials were able to withstand large deformations before breaking, involving both necking in the width and thickness direction of the specimen. During deformation re-orientation of polymer chains and substantial strain-hardening were also occurring. The latter effect was accounted for in the presented material modeling approach. The numerical simulations were solved in the general finite element software Abaqus version 6.13. In this work a continuum damage modeling (CDM) approach was used. CDM which are attractive in macro scale applications, thus solving our engineering problems, was chosen in this study due to the computational efficiency. A damage model consisting of two functionalities; initiation of damage and evolution of damage was suitable for modeling the ductile fracture behavior. During the numerical analysis it has been assumed that the polymer materials are isotropic, homogenous through the thickness, independent of strain rate and independent of temperature to ease the material parameters identification.

  • 149. Andreasson, Eskil
    et al.
    Jemal, Abdulfeta
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Katangoori, Rahul Reddy
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Is it possible to open beverage packages virtually? Physical tests in combination with virtual tests in Abaqus.2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The opening mechanism in a beverage package, where a mixed mode failure occurs, is a rather complex phenomenon. A better knowledge in respect of fracture mechanics is needed for the proactive prediction of the overall opening performance. Reliable material data used for virtual simulation of the opening mechanism is extracted by characterization and calibration of the packaging materials. Knowledge of how to choose appropriate constitutive models for the continuum material and how the damage initiates and propagates to various loading conditions is of great interest. The virtual tests, replicating the physical tests, are performed with the aid of the finite element method. Non-linear material response, anisotropic material behaviour, large deformation and fracture mechanics are identified effects that are all included in the virtual model. The results presented in this paper show possible selections of material models in conjunction with material damage models, adequately describing thin polymer films behaviour. Comparison between the physical test and the virtual test, exerted to fracture Mode I – Centre Cracked Tension, showed a good correlation for the chosen modeling technique.

  • 150.
    Andreasson, Eskil
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Jönsson, Joel
    Tetra Pak, SWE.
    Advancements in package opening simulations2014Inngår i: Procedia Materials Science / [ed] Zhang, Z; Skallerud, B; Thaulow, C; Ostby, E; He, J, Elsevier, 2014, Vol. 3, s. 1441-1446Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The fracture mechanical phenomenon occurring during the opening of a beverage package is rather complex to simulate. Reliable and calibrated numerical material models describing thin layers of packaging materials are needed. Selection of appropriate constitutive models for the continuum material models and how to address the progressive damage modeling in various loading scenarios is also of great importance. The inverse modeling technique combined with video recording of the involved deformation mechanisms is utilized for identification of the material parameters. Large deformation, anisotropic non-linear material behavior, adhesion and fracture mechanics are all identified effects that are needed to be included in the virtual opening model. The results presented in this paper shows that it is possible to select material models in conjunction with continuum material damage models, adequately predicting the mechanical behavior of failure in thin laminated packaging materials. Already available techniques and functionalities in the commercial finite element software Abaqus are used. Furthermore, accurate descriptions of the included geometrical features are important. Advancements have therefore also been made within the experimental techniques utilizing a combination of microCT-scan, SEM and photoelasticity enabling extraction of geometries and additional information from ordinary experimental tests and broken specimens. Finally, comparison of the experimental opening and the virtual opening, showed a good correlation with the developed finite element modeling technique.

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