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  • 101.
    Aidemark, Jan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Askenäs, Linda
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för omvårdnad. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. ADULT.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet.
    Challenges for heart failure patients’ self-care systems – analysis of patients’ needs2014Inngår i: Procedia Technology - Elsevier, ISSN 2212-0173, E-ISSN 2212-0173, Vol. 16, 1256-1264 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-care is important for heart failure patients. However, what are the views of patients on their situation when it comes to realizing self-care? The aim of the paper is to investigate the self-care needs of HF patients, by understanding the issues they embrace in their self-care processes. In this paper we make a review of 17 interviews and make a classification of what the needs are for possible information technology support systems. Based on the analysis of these interviews, we identify the diversity of needs in support of activities related to different background conditions and the dynamics of change of learning and changes in the heart failure condition. The contribution of the paper is a framework for understanding the diversity of needs and the specific situations of this group of patients.

  • 102.
    Aidemark, Jan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Askenäs, Linda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköping University.
    Challenges for Heart Failure Patients’ Self-Care Systems: Analysis of Patients’ Needs2014Inngår i: CENTERIS 2014 - CONFERENCE ON ENTERPRISE INFORMATION SYSTEMS / PROJMAN 2014 - INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PROJECT MANAGEMENT / HCIST 2014 - INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES / [ed] Varajao, J; Cunha, M; BjornAndersen, N; Turner, R; Wijesekera, D; Martinho, R; Rijo, R, Elsevier, 2014, Vol. 16, 1256-1264 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-care is important for heart failure patients. However, what are the views of patients on their situation when it comes to realizing self-care? The aim of the paper is to investigate the self-care needs of HF patients, by understanding the issues they embrace in their self-care processes. In this paper we make a review of 17 interviews and make a classification of what the needs are for possible information technology support systems. Based on the analysis of these interviews, we identify the diversity of needs in support of activities related to different background conditions and the dynamics of change of learning and changes in the heart failure condition. The contribution of the paper is a framework for understanding the diversity of needs and the specific situations of this group of patients.

  • 103.
    Aidemark, Jan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Askenäs, Linda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Mårtensson, Jan
    Jönköping University.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköping University.
    Understanding Heart Failure Care as a Patient Learning Process2013Inngår i: HCist'2013 - International Conference on Health and Social Care Information Systems and Technologies - leveraging health and social care through people, processes and information systems, to be held in Lisbon, Portugal, from 23 to 25 October, 2013., Elsevier, 2013, Vol. 9, 930-939 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper deals with the planning of eHealth systems in the area of chronic care from a patient-centred perspective. The particular area is heart failure (HF) and systems that support patients’ possibilities to be active learners during the care processes. A better understanding of this process is hoped to create a basis for the development of appropriate information systems or information technology (IS/IT) support of learning processes. The objective of this paper is the development of a better understanding of the challenges of chronic illness with special focus on HF. The results are presented as a planning framework that guides the choice and design of ICT-based support systems.

  • 104.
    Aidemark, Jan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Askenäs, Linda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Nygårdh, Anette
    Jönköping University.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköping University.
    User Involvement in the Co-design of Self-care Support Systems for Heart Failure Patients2015Inngår i: CONFERENCE ON ENTERPRISE INFORMATION SYSTEMS/INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PROJECT MANAGEMENT/CONFERENCE ON HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES, CENTERIS/PROJMAN / HCIST 2015, Elsevier, 2015, Vol. 64, 118-124 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the nature of user involvement in a co-design process will be explored. The outlines of a research project aiming at developing support systems for self-care inpatients suffering from chronic heart failure will be presented. The project is planned to perform a co-design effort where users (patients and healthcare professionals) will be given the opportunity to influence the development of support systems. We will discuss a number of possibilities and challenges that lie in the design of this kind of project and also some findings from its early stages. This report presents the experiences of users’ input, which are discussed in the context of previous research on benefits of user contributions in systems development.

  • 105.
    Aidemark, Jan
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Matematiska och systemtekniska institutionen.
    Carlsson, SvenLund University.Cronqvist, BjörnKristianstad University.
    Proceedings of the 8:th International Conference on Perspectives inBusiness Informatics Research: BIR 2009 - Kristianstad, Sweden, 1-2 October 20092009Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 106.
    Airaksinen, Tom
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Byström, Erik E.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    User and Business Value: A Dual-Stakeholder Perspective on IT Systems2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    When discussing the value of an information technology (IT) system, the most common approach is to take on the perspective of either the organization introducing the IT system or the end users. The purpose of this thesis has been to study the values of both stakeholder groups in order to define what system characteristics are the most desirable from a dual-stakeholder point of view.

    Through a series of contextual inquiries, interviews and questionnaires, the value perceptions of end users and IT managers at a large European rail operator were investigated. The results of the study point to a high degree of similarity in the value perceptions of end users and IT managers, although the former were generally focused on short-term value while the latter also were concerned about long-term, sustaining value.

    The findings are applicable to practitioners wishing to take a dual perspective on IT value as well as academics looking to find touch points between usability and business strategy. In the context of end users and IT managers, the most important system characteristics that maximize value for both stakeholder groups were found to be Availability, Recoverability, Efficiency, Reliability and Future Proofness.

  • 107.
    Ajegunma, Solomon
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Abdirahman, Zakaria
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Raza, Hassan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Exploring the governance of IT in SMEs in Småland2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 poäng / 60 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    With many research available on IT governance, this research differs from most of them due to its delimitation. The focus of this research lies in the two domains of value creation and performance measurement. Furthermore, the area of research has been small and medium Enterprises located in the area of Småland, Sweden.

    Brisebois, Boyd & Shadid (2001) gave us the following definition of IT governance: “How those persons entrusted with governance of an entity will consider IT in their supervision, monitoring, control, and direction of the entity. How IT is applied will have an immense impact on whether the entity will attain its vision, mission, or strategic goal.”

    An objective of IT governance is to align the IT resources of an enterprise in a way that it fast-tracks the business priorities of the enterprise and assures that the investments in IT generates business value and that the IT is performing to its expectations.

    The research questions and the outcome of this research paper sheds light on the challenges of both value creation and performance measurement within the SMEs, but it also showcases what the driving forces of IT value creation are and which benefits arise from measuring the IT performance within the SMEs.

    Through semi-structured interviews with four SMEs, based in the region of Småland, numerous amounts of challenges and driving forces for IT value creation and challenges and benefits to measuring IT performance have been extracted.

    Based on the extracted information from the interviews, an analysis and a conclusion have been formed by the authors. In the end, the authors provide their thoughts for suggestions for further work and how all of this contributes to the field of Informatics.

  • 108.
    Ajma, Muhammad
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Informationskodning. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Furdek, Marija
    School of Information and Communication Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden / Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, Dept. of Telecommunications, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
    Monti, Paolo
    School of Information and Communication Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wosinska, Lena
    School of Information and Communication Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forchheimer, Robert
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Informationskodning. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Dynamic provisioning utilizing redundant modules in elastic optical networks based on architecture on demand nodes2014Inngår i: European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2014, IEEE , 2014, 1-3 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Survivable synthetic ROADMs are equipped with redundant switching modules to support failure recovery. The paper proposes a dynamic connection provisioning strategy which exploits these idle redundant modules to provision regular traffic resulting in a substantial improvement in the blocking performance.

  • 109.
    Ajmal, Muhammad
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Informationskodning. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Furdek, Marija
    Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden / Dept. of Telecommunications, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
    Monti, Paolo
    Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wosinska, Lena
    Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forchheimer, Robert
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Informationskodning. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    An Optimization Model for Dynamic Bulk Provisioning in Elastic Optical Networks2014Inngår i: Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2014, Optics Info Base, Optical Society of America, 2014, AF3E.6- s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate benefits of setup-delay tolerance in elastic optical networks and propose an optimization model for dynamic and concurrent connection provisioning. Simulation shows that the proposed strategy offers significant improvement of the network blocking performance.

  • 110.
    Ajmal, Muhammad
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Informationskodning. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Zervas, Georgios
    High-Performance Networks Group, University of Bristol, UK.
    Saridis, George
    High-Performance Networks Group, University of Bristol, UK.
    Salas, Emilio H.
    High-Performance Networks Group, University of Bristol, UK.
    Simeonidou, Dimitra
    High-Performance Networks Group, University of Bristol, UK.
    Forchheimer, Robert
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Informationskodning. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Flexible and Synthetic SDM Networks with Multi-core-Fibers Implemented by Programmable ROADMs2014Inngår i: Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC2014, Cannes, France, September 21-25 September 2014, IEEE , 2014, 1-3 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study looks into network planning issues for synthetic MCF-based SDM networks implemented through programmable ROADMs. The results show that significant savings in switching modules and energy can be attained by exploiting the flexibility inherent in programmable ROADM through a proper network design.

  • 111.
    Akay, Altug
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Systemsäkerhet och organisation.
    Dragomir, A.
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, TX, US.
    Erlandsson, Björn-Erik
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Systemsäkerhet och organisation.
    A novel data-mining approach leveraging social media to monitor and respond to outcomes of diabetes drugs and treatment2013Inngår i: 2013 IEEE Point-of-Care Healthcare Technologies (PHT), New York: IEEE , 2013, 264-266 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel data-mining method was developed to gauge the experiences of medical devices and drugs by patients with diabetes mellitus. Self-organizing maps were used to analyze forum posts numerically to better understand user opinion of medical devices and drugs. The end-result is a word list compilation that correlates certain positive and negative word cluster groups with medical drugs and devices. The implication of this novel data-mining method could open new avenues of research into rapid data collection, feedback, and analysis that would enable improved outcomes and solutions for public health.

  • 112.
    Akay, Altug
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Systemsäkerhet och organisation.
    Dragomir, A
    Erlandsson, Björn-Erik
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Systemsäkerhet och organisation.
    A Novel Data-Mining Approach Leveraging Social Media to Monitor Consumer Opinion of Sitagliptin2015Inngår i: IEEE journal of biomedical and health informatics, ISSN 2168-2194, E-ISSN 2168-2208, Vol. 19, nr 1, 389-396 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel data mining method was developed to gauge the experience of the drug Sitagliptin (trade name Januvia) by patients with diabetes mellitus type 2. To this goal, we devised a two-step analysis framework. Initial exploratory analysis using self-organizing maps was performed to determine structures based on user opinions among the forum posts. The results were a compilation of user's clusters and their correlated (positive or negative) opinion of the drug. Subsequent modeling using network analysis methods was used to determine influential users among the forum members. These findings can open new avenues of research into rapid data collection, feedback, and analysis that can enable improved outcomes and solutions for public health and important feedback for the manufacturer.

  • 113.
    Akbarian Tari, Saman
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Svensson, Therése
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Investigation of a method to extend the use of output data from Scania's Hardware-In-the-Loop simulations: Development of database and search algorithm2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In the automotive industry, Hardware-In-the-Loop (HIL) laboratories are used for testing vehicle functions and systems. Swedish heavy truck manufacturer Scania recently upgraded its HIL lab resulting in an opportunity to save all data generated by simulations in the HIL lab for post analysis. Thus, Scania wished to investigate the possibility to extend the use of output data by examining a new test method. The new test method was intended to be used for disclosing a type of error that had not been possible to detect prior to the upgraded HIL lab. The proposed test method was to store tests in a database and to run the tests upon output data generated in the HIL lab. The tests which were to be stored in the database existed as scripts written in the programming language Python. In order to insert tests into the database the data had to be extracted from the Python test scripts. The investigation showed the database test method to be feasible in small scale for some test scripts but the results also indicated weaknesses with the method’s setup. Insertion of data, extracted from test scripts, into a relational database showed to be problematic as the data was highly heterogeneous and did not fit easily into relational tables. For future implementations it is suggested that the method incorporates other information sources complementing the test scripts.

  • 114.
    Akermark, Adam
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Matematiska och systemtekniska institutionen.
    Svensson, Martin
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Matematiska och systemtekniska institutionen.
    Piratkopiering - en oändlig historia?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt (svenska)

    Bakgrund: Piratkopieringen bara ökar och ökar. Program-, spel- och musikbranschen har idag stora problem. En i stort sett okunnig användare kan fixa en nyutgiven skiva innan den nått butikerna på grund av piratkopieringen. Detta problem möjliggörs genom att ingen bra lösning finns i form av fungerande kopieringsskydd samt att fildelningstjänsterna får stort spelrum. Vi går in specifikt och undersöker musikbranschen.

    Syfte: Fördjupa oss i begreppet piratkopiering. Vidare vill vi upplysa och informera såväl musikbranschen som användare om problemet och dess framtid. Vi hoppas att det resultat vi kommer fram till kan ge underlag för vidare forskning.

    Metod: Vår information har tagits från artiklar på Internet samt från litteratur vi ansett vara aktuell. Telefonintervjuer har skett med Magnus Mårtensson, IFPI (International Federation of the Phonographic Industry), programjuristen Anna Burén på Sveriges Radio, Per Sandin,

    General manager EMI marketing samt ett flertal Internetleverantörer. Vi har dessutom sammanställt en enkät som besvarats av en mängd personer.

    Resultat: Många av gårdagens skivköpare anser att priset för en CD-skiva är för dyrt idag. Man har upptäckt piratkopieringen med dess obegränsade funktioner samt insett hur lätt det är att få tag på gratis musik utan repressalier, vilket beror på den idag vaga och ej alltför avskräckande lagstiftningen. Musikbolagen förlorar pengar och höjer därmed priserna för skivorna samtidigt som de aktivt arbetar för att hitta det perfekta kopieringsskyddet eller för att komma på någon annan strålande lösning. Framtiden ser oviss ut och för tillfället har

    piratkopierarna och fildelningstjänsterna trumf på hand.

    Nyckelord: Mp3, CD, Kopieringsskydd, Fildelningstjänster, Upphovsrätt och Musikintressenter.

  • 115.
    Akindayo, Olayiwola
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Dopgima, Cynthia
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Improving Researcher-Patient Collaboration through Social Network Websites2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The main purpose of this study/thesis is to, through an interview with researchers in medical field in Jönköping,  provide an empirical analysis of the link or relationship between medical researcher and patient through social networking sites specifically for collaboration in order to improve relationships, dissemination of information and knowledge sharing.

    Background: The importance of social networking websites as a means of interaction between groups of individuals cannot be underestimated. Their impact on daily life activities and activities cannot be underestimated. Because  millions of individuals are making use of Social Network Sites (SNSs) to build or reinforce relationships, connect, disseminate and share information as well as sharing of knowledge whether personal or non-personal experiences with people they already know offline or new people online. Therefore, the authors are interested basically in how social networking web sites are being utilized in terms of collaborations, information and knowledge sharing and particularly in what benefits and challenge are connected to improving inter-groups collaboration in research study between researchers and ordinary citizens.

    Method: A review of literature gives us insight about the subject terms, critical and sensitive issues in regards to collaboration through social networking sites designed for research purpose. We apply in general networking theories such as social capital and two of its components couple with Putman´s theory of bonding and bridging social capital as a theoretical framework to synthesize the concept of  ties (strong or weak) . Our analysis based on the empirical data gathered through surveys, interviews and observation provide us with interesting preliminary results and with blueprints to guide the analysis of the thesis.

    Conclusion: Social networking platforms are valuable and useful in our generation being part of daily life and activity to keep up with people within our networks. However, the authors discovered that the advantages of involving ordinary citizens to participate in improving researcher-patient collaboration through dynamic social networking actually outweigh the disadvantages despite all odds and sensitive issues such as trust, privacy issues and sceptics of some researchers. In others words, some of the researchers were enthusiastic to collaborate in terms of disseminating useful information and sharing valuable knowledge with ordinary citizens. Overall, the study revealed positive result that despite weak ties relationships, the willingness to collaborate is far more than the obstacles perceived in the course of establishing such collaboration.

  • 116.
    Akkas, Sema
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Kvalitetsegenskaper på en kravspecifikation1997Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The result from Requirements Engineering is a Requirements Specification. Characteristics of a good Requirements Specification are unambiguity, completeness, verifiability, consistency, modifiability, traceability, correctness and ranked for importance and/or stability.

    This work defines these quality attributes and answers the questions how to reach these attributes and the diffuculties which exist in this area.

    This work should be read to get an overwiew of the area Requirements Engineering and Requirements Specification.

  • 117.
    Akram, Asif
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Value Creation in Digital Ecosystem – A Study of Remote Diagnostics2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The advancement of digital technologies is driving traditional product oriented businesses to move from selling product to selling solutions. In order to exploit business potentials from technology, it is necessary to understand the technological capacity and how it influences the value creation in the environment where it is deployed. I study remote diagnostics as an example of digital technology within the vehicle industry. I found that this technology provides potential to generate new value. To create this value, traditional product oriented organizations are required to create value in different way than traditional mode of creating value. In this paper, I show that how generative capacity of remote diagnostics technology creates value in digital ecosystem.

  • 118.
    Akram, Asif
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab). University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Value Network Transformation: Digital Service Innovation in the Vehicle Industry2016Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Advancement in digital technology is rapidly changing the contemporary landscape of business and associated networks for manufacturing firms. Many traditional physical products are now being embedded with digital components, providing them digital capability to become digitized products. The digitization of physical products has become an important driver for digital service innovation within manufacturing industries. Such digital service innovation transforms value networks of manufacturing firms in various industries. While digitization of products and digital service innovation can be observed in many manufacturing industries, this thesis focuses on the transformation of value networks within the vehicle industry.

    This thesis is a collection of papers and a cover paper. The thesis reports from a collaborative project in the vehicle industry. The project explored new digital services for vehicles based on remote diagnostics technology. The exploration and conceptualization of digital services is investigated in a collaborative manner with participants from the vehicle industry. The results reflect that there is a paradigm shift for manufacturing firms digitizing their products, and stretching the business scope from product to solution oriented business.

    This thesis contributes to the existing literature on digital innovation with insights on the transformation of value networks in the vehicle industry. The research question addressed in this thesis is: How are value networks of manufacturing firms transformed by digital service innovation? To answer the question, this thesis conceptualizes how the value creating pattern of digitized products transforms value networks of manufacturing firms. A model is presented that reflects how the symbiotic value relationship between the digitized product and digital services transforms the roles, relationships and exchanges in the value networks of manufacturing firms. The model can serve as an analytical tool to further advance the knowledge on business aspects in digital innovation. This thesis contributes to practice by providing an understanding of how manufacturing firms can leverage value of digitized products and digital services in value networks.

  • 119.
    Akram, Asif
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Bergquist, Magnus
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS). University of Gothenburg.
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS).
    Digital Visions vs. Product Practices: Understanding Tensions in Incumbent Manufacturing Firms2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences / [ed] Ralph H. Sprague, Jr., Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society, 2014, 4516-4525 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Incumbent manufacturing firms face challenges when expanding their product focus with digital services. Such expansion creates tensions in organizations in the servitization process. While management visions and conceptualizes new service oriented businesses, the actual practice of implementing these service concepts is influenced by the product paradigmatic way of thinking in the organization. This dominant thinking creates tensions between business visions and business practice. We use the case of remote diagnostics services to provide insights into a manufacturing firm’s attempt to transform the dominant oriented business models into a new networked environment. We suggest that such acts that may or may not lead to transition are lingered by dominant logics related to the product focus. This indicates that firms are required to embed new logics into their existing practice in order to exploit the full potential of digital technology. © 2014 IEEE.

  • 120.
    Akram, Asif
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Åkesson, Maria
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Människa och Informationsteknologi (MI-lab).
    Value Network Transformation By Digital Service Innovation In The Vehicle Industry2011Inngår i: Proceedings of the 15th Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems | Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems (PACIS), Association for Information Systems, 2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports from preparations in an ongoing research study concerning how digital service innovation transforms value networks in the vehicle industry. The research study concerns digital services based on remote diagnostics systems. This digital service innovation in particular is of great importance since the vehicle industry has great potential to expand its business and found new and extended boundaries and relationships with other stakeholder in the networks they are attached to. Core challenges and opportunities for digital service innovation will lead us to the study of its influence on the business and innovation environment i.e. the value network. In this paper, we propose three propositions to study transformation from product oriented value networks to digital service oriented value networks.

  • 121. Al Qassimi, Najla
    et al.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    IT Governance in a Public Organization in a Developing Country: a Case Study of a Governmental Organization2015Inngår i: Conference on Enterprise Information Systems 2015 (CENTERIS 2015) / [ed] Maria Manuela Cruz-Cunha and Varajão João Eduardo, Elsevier , 2015, Vol. 64, 450-456 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 122.
    Al Sabbagh, Bilal
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Ameen, Marihan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Wätterstam, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Kowalski, Stewart
    Gjøvik University College Oslo, Norway.
    A Prototype For HI²Ping Information Security Culture and Awareness Training2012Inngår i: 2012 International Conference on e-Learning and e-Technologies in Education (ICEEE), IEEE Xplore Digital Library , 2012, 32-36 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this short paper, we propose a security culture and awareness training platform that suite different learning styles and preferences. The objective is to operationalize the platform for improving individuals security awareness and learn more about their security mental models as well as how their cultural background influence their perception of security. Useful application of the tool is to enhance the effectiveness of security knowledge transfer in a security incident response process management and to develop staff commitment to security policies at organizations. The tool can also help on enabling a global security culture by creating a common understanding of security best practices. Qualitative results show the tool can play a promising role in security education as it combines different mediums for communicating the required information to fit the audience different learning styles.

  • 123.
    Al Sabbagh, Bilal
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Kowalski, Stewart
    A Socio-technical Framework for Threat Modeling a Software Supply Chain2015Inngår i: IEEE Security and Privacy, ISSN 1540-7993, E-ISSN 1558-4046, Vol. 13, nr 4, 30-39 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 124.
    Al Sabbagh, Bilal
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Kowalski, Stewart
    Gjøvik University College, Oslo, Norway.
    Developing social metrics for security: modeling the security culture of it workers individuals  (Case study)2012Inngår i: 2012 Mosharaka International Conference on Communications, Computers and Applications (MIC-CCA), IEEE Xplore Digital Library , 2012, 112-118 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this short paper we present and discuss the findings of a case study aimed at developing social security metrics for modeling the security culture of certain individuals. Using these metrics we have modeled the security culture of IT workers individuals from Saudi Arabia. We suggest these metrics can be used for modeling and comparing different security cultures to develop a global security culture required for effective global response to cyber security issues. We start by reviewing the latest research on the social aspects of information security. Then we highlight the history of the under-development social security metrics. Afterward we discuss the setup of the case study and the methodology used. Finally, we discuss the experiment results and suggested further research work.

  • 125.
    Al Sabbagh, Bilal
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Kowalski, Stewart
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Security from a Systems Thinking Perspective - Applying Soft Systems Methodology to the Analysis of an Information Security Incident2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the 58th Annual Meeting of the International Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS 2014), York: International Society for the Systems Sciences ( ISSS ) , 2014, 1-17 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Applying systems theory to information security enables security analysts to consider the socio-technical role of the security system instead of only focusing on the technical part. Systems theory can also equip security analysts with the skills required to have a holistic and an abstract level of understanding of the security problem in their organisations and to proactively define and evaluate existing risks. The Soft Systems Methodology (SSM) developed by Peter Checkland was created in order to deal with unstructured situations where human beings are part of the socio-technical system. In this paper, SSM is applied as a framework to diagnose a real case security incident in an organisation. The purpose of this application is to demonstrate how the methodology can be considered a beneficial tool for security analysts during security incident management and risk analysis. Literature review and experience indicate an existing lack of customisable incident response tools that facilitate communication and elaboration within organizations during incident management. In addition to the fact that these tools are mainly technical and don’t take the human factor into consideration. Using SSM as such, we define the security attack as a human activity transformation system that transforms a security event triggered by an attacker into a security breach that cause damage to the victim organisation. The attack system is then modelled to include a number of dependent activity sub-systems that interact with each other and their environment including the security control activity systems. By having such systemic perception of a security attack, security analysts, we suggest, can have a holistic perception under what conditions a security attack has succeeded and what elements of the socio-technical system and its environment should have been considered in order to mitigate and reduce the risk exposure.

  • 126.
    Al Sabbagh, Bilal
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Kowalski, Stewart
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    ST(CS)2 - Featuring socio-technical cyber security warning systems2012Inngår i: Cyber Security, Cyber Warfare and Digital Forensic (CyberSec), 2012 International Conference on, IEEE Xplore Digital Library , 2012, 312-316 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this short paper we propose a socio-technical framework for developing cyber security warning systems. We start by reviewing latest research and theories on socio-technical nature of information systems security. We then show the need to consider the social dimension of information systems security as recommended by number of global security consortiums. Afterward we review the development of some of the main currently existing global cyber security warning systems. Finally we present our suggested socio-technical coordination platform to feature socio-technical enabled cyber security warning systems.

  • 127.
    Alagic, Amir
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för teknik.
    BookZone web shop2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    My task was to create an e-commerce solution or web shop that is integrated with PayPal system. The intent of this paper is to show how this e-commerce web application was built and integrated with the PayPal system.

    The underlying technology used in the implementation of the application includes .Net 2.0 framework (ASP.Net 2.0 and C# 2005 and Express edition of SQL Server 2005)

  • 128.
    Ala-Häivälä, Anders
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper.
    Batch-digitalisering och GIS-anpassning av analoga enkätdata2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport beskrivs arbetet med att tillvarata och anpassa data från en enkätundersökning till digital hantering i GIS. Undersökningen är en besöksstudie utförd av Karlstads kommun och Skogsstyrelsen för att kartlägga människors rörelsemönster i I2-Skogen, ett gammalt militärt övningsfält som numera används som rekreationsområde. Enkäten består av ett antal frågor om exempelvis typ av aktivitet, ålder och åsikter om området, samt en karta på vilken besökaren ritat in var i området han eller hon rört sig. Utgångsmaterialet för arbetet har varit en databas innehållande enkätsvaren, samt originalkartorna med den ritade informationen. Arbetet omfattar dels att undersöka om kartinformationen kan digitaliseras automatiskt genom scanning och vektorisering i batch, och dels att normalisera och strukturera databasen med enkätsvaren.

    En metod för digitalisering har utarbetats och testats på ett urval av kartorna. Metoden består av ett antal steg och innefattar bl a bearbetning av kartorna i bildbehandlingsprogram samt klassning och vektorisering i GIS-programvara. Eftersom batchfunktioner saknas i GIS-programvaran har makron skapats genom programmering i VBA. Metoden har visat sig fungera bra på urvalet och slutsatsen blir att det är fullt möjligt att digitalisera de ritade linjerna med automatik. Dock finns vissa brister avseende noggrannhet och användbarhet. Dessutom är urvalet relativt litet och viss justering av inställningarna för klassning och vektorisering kan vara nödvändig vid tillämpning på större delar av materialet.

    Databasen har normaliserats så långt som ansetts rimligt med tanke på prestanda och användbarhet. För att tillförlitliga sökningar ska kunna utföras har flera attribut tolkats och modifierats genom indelning i kategorier och intervall.

    Arbetet har resulterat i en geodatabas innehållande samtliga enkätsvar samt det utvalda materialet från digitaliseringstestet. För att visa hur databasen kan användas har två enkla analysexempel tagits fram.

  • 129.
    Al-Ali, Mohammed
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Sokhan, Sereyvisith
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Remote Monitoring Technologies: The Improvement of Health Care Service for COPD Patients2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 130.
    Al-Ali, Mohammed
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Zahir, Ako
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Agile Software Requirements Handling Expectations of Product Owner: Theories and Practices2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 131.
    Alam, Kashan
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    IT-stöd för Migrationsverket: En studie om nyttjande av beslutsstödssystem vid placeringen av ensamkommande flyktingbarn2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har de senaste åren konfronterats med ett ökat mottagande av ensamkommande flyktingbarn. Vid situationer som denna är det viktigt för myndigheter att fatta rättvisa beslut med rätt beslutsstödsystem.

    Denna studie inriktar sig på en undersökning hos Migrationsverket samt två kommuner där forskningsfrågan som tillämpades var ”Hur används beslutsstödsystem vad gäller placering av ensamkommandebarn i kommuner?”. Metoden som användes var kvalitativ data erhölls genom litteratursökning samt intervjuer. Studien har pågående under flera faser tillämpat Zachmans ramverk som ett hjälpmedel för att analysera erhållen data samt för att skapa intervjufrågor och genomföra intervjuer. En beslutsmodell och Zachmans ramverk har applicerats på respondenternas svar för att kartlägga respondenterna enligt modellerna. Resultatet har varit en önskan av en ökad effektivitet vad gäller beslutsfattande för kommuner och mottagandet av denna information från Migrationsverket. Idag uppfattar kommunerna sina beslutprocesser som manuella. Utifrån ett Business Intelligence (BI) perspektiv är slutsatsen av denna studie att Migrationsverket samt kommunerna behöver tillämpa ett dynamiskt samspel vad gäller beslutsfattande, integrering, mottagande av information och hantering av denna information för att fatta beslut.

    Denna studie kan användas som grund för framtida forskning där syftet är att applicera Business Intelligence (BI) behov i en verksamhet genom en tillämpning av Zachmans ramverk.

  • 132.
    Alasjö, Alexander
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för informationsteknologi.
    Sidokanalattack mot knappsats för elektroniskt passersystem2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom ett undersökande experiment med elektromagnetisk sidokanalattack mot en knappsats för ett kommersiellt passersystem påvisas att informationsläckage i sidokanaler är ett fortsatt aktuellt problem och hur det gör fysisk åtkomstkontroll sårbart genom avlyssning och kopiering av användaruppgifter.

    Med enkel radioutrustning kan knapptryckningar registreras och avkodas genom oönskad elektromagnetisk strålning och teoretiskt är det möjligt att genomföra avlyssningen på en längre distans med särskilt utformad antenn och anpassad mottagare.

    Rapporten diskuterar problematiken med emission security hos konsumentprodukter som i militära sammanhang benämns Tempest eller RÖS (röjande signaler) och kräver kostsamma tester för att detekteras och hanteras.

    I regelverk för EMC (elektromagnetisk kompatibilitet) behandlas elektriska apparaters och näts utstrålning och påverkan av elektromagnetiska vågor, men inte direkt hur information kan läcka från informationsteknologisk utrustning vilket denna rapport vill problematisera.

  • 133.
    Alatalo, André
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Vallgren, Erik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Anpassningar till standardisering inom Software Configuration Management: En fallstudie om standardisering inom mjukvarukonfigurationshantering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Change is inevitable when software is built and deployed. It’s not particularly problematic to manage change if there is just one system. But in a large global IT organization, with several systems and people who develop, problems may arise. If organizations don’t control change, change will control the organization. Software Configuration Management (SCM) is a set of activities to manage change by identifying objects that are likely to change, establishing relationships among them, managing different versions of the objects, controlling the changes imposed and reporting on the changes made. A way to support the work of SCM is to follow standards. A standard can be compared to a type of rule, but also a directive. In this study we examined how a multinational organization applies standards within SCM. We examined the challenges with applying standards. We also examined whether there are deviations from standards, and in such cases why did the deviations arise and what are the following consequences? The study is based on a qualitative case study that employed interviews with developers, IT architects, operations manager and solution leader. The result of this study shows that some of the challenges in applying standards within SCM are: legacy systems, globalization, CMDB and ITSM-related tools (and their processes). The study also shows that standardization within maintenance is complex and that it’s easily breach and forgotten. The study shows that the consequence of this is that the developers must constantly compromise with standards. The result of this compromise is that it’s possible to carry out the business, but the solutions may not meet standards. In this study we concluded that the organization need to direct more attention towards maintenance, and less on new development. 

  • 134.
    Albadawi, Salem
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Improvement of Information Infrastructure for the North Hebron Directorate of Education2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 135.
    Albadawi, Salem
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Azizi, Fereshta
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Success factors in Healthcare Information Technology: A study about how Healthcare and IT vendor companies address the success factors2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 136.
    Al-Battat, Ahmed
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Medicinsk teknik, Data- och elektroteknik.
    Anwer, Noora
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Medicinsk teknik, Data- och elektroteknik.
    Utvärdering utifrån ett mjukvaruutveckling perspektiv av ramverk för SharePoint2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom ett företag eller en organisation finns det stor nytta av intranät som ett arbetsverktyg för att kunna dela information. Ett välfungerat intranät bidrar till ett bättre informationsflöde och ett effektivare samarbete. SharePoint är en plattform för intranät med interaktiva funktioner. Omnia är ett ramverk anpassad för Microsofts SharePoint 2013.I detta arbete undersöks hur Omnia fungerar som ett ramverk och vad produkten lämpar sig för. Omnia ramverket utvärderades noggrant och en oberoende bedömning utfördes under examensarbetet. Utvärderingen var baserad på vetenskapliga undersökningar som byggde på den kvalitativa och kvantitativa forskningsmetodiken. Utvärderingens huvudområden baserades på systemets prestanda, skalbarhet, arkitektur och funktionalitet. En testprototyp utvecklades under arbetets gång genom Omnia i from av en webbaserad applikation.Ramverket Omnia var lämplig för utveckling av interaktiva webbaserade applikationer för intranät i SharePoint. Dock saknade den färdig dokumentation/API, vilket gjorde utvecklingsprocessen mer avancerad. Lösningsarkitekturen för systemet uppfyllde kraven för skalbara system, eftersom den baserades på lagerarkitektur. Systemet hade även bra prestanda, dock försämrades den efter att antalet användare översteg ettusen. Funktionaliteten testades med hjälp av två olika tester, vilket visade att produkten är lämplig för att användas i intranät.

  • 137. Albert, Lars
    et al.
    Fredriksson, Odd
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för informatik och projektledning.
    Effektivisering av golvbranschen. En studie av struktur och lönsamhet samt några idéer till förändringar1986Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 138.
    Albertsen, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Informationsteknik.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Informationsteknik.
    Seigerroth, Ulf
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Informationsteknik.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Informationsteknik.
    Modelling Network-based Defence: Success and Failure of an Enterprise Modelling Endeavour2010Inngår i: The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: Third IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference / [ed] Patrick Van Bommel, Stijn Hoppenbrouwers, Sietse Overbeek, Erik Proper, Joseph Barjis, Berlin: Springer , 2010, 121-129 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research projects have an inherent risk of failure, and learning howto cope with the risk is an important task for everyone involved. In order to doso it is necessary to share the knowledge of the experiences done during andafter the project. This paper investigates a recently completed enterprisemodeling research project and contributes with lessons learned andrecommendations for future enterprise modeling projects.

  • 139.
    Albertsen, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Informationsteknik.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Informationsteknik.
    Seigerroth, Ulf
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Informationsteknik.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Informationsteknik.
    The Practice of Competence Modelling2010Inngår i: The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: Third IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference / [ed] Patrick Van Bommel, Stijn Hoppenbrouwers, Sietse Overbeek, Erik Proper, Joseph Barjis, Berlin: Springer , 2010, 106-120 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A clear understanding of the organizational competences of anenterprise and the underlying individual competences and the competencedevelopment needs has become more and more important for many industrialareas as a foundation for competence supply processes and adjustment tochanging market conditions. Competence modelling, i.e. the use of enterprisemodelling techniques for capturing existing and describing desiredorganisational and individual competences in enterprises, offers importantcontributions to this. In the last years, the authors of the paper have performed anumber of competence modelling cases, which revealed different characteristicsand resulted in lessons learned. This paper presents an examination of differentcharacteristics of competence modelling cases, and recommendations andlessons learned from these cases for the practice of competence modelling.

  • 140.
    Albertsen, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Informationsteknik.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Informationsteknik.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Informationsteknik.
    Towards Competence Modeling and Competence Matching for Network-Based Defense2008Inngår i: Stockholm contributions in Military-Technology 2007 / [ed] M. Norsell, Stockholm: Swedish National Defence College , 2008, 9-22 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 141.
    Albertsen, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Informationsteknik.
    Sandkuhl, Kurt
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Informationsteknik.
    Tarasov, Vladimir
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH. Forskningsområde Informationsteknik.
    Towards Competence Modeling and Competence Matching for Network-based Defense2007Inngår i: Proc. The 3rd International Conference on Military Technology, MilTech3, June 2007, Stockholm, 2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 142.
    Albinsdotter, Sofia
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    En utredning gällande vilken information en kravspecifikation bör innehålla ur ett kontraktperspektiv1999Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Utvecklingen av informationssystem utförs vanligen med hjälp av en systemutvecklingsmodell där kravhanteringsaktivitetens (Requirements Engineering – RE-processen) syfte är att samla in och bearbeta kundens alla krav på systemet. Den slutliga produkten av RE-processen är en kravspecifikation där alla kraven gällande exempelvis systemets funktionalitet, syfte etc skall specificeras.

    Det är inte alltid självklart vilken information som en kravspecifikation bör innehålla då detta dokument kan för både kunden och leverantören ses som ett kvitto på vad som skall utvecklas och hur det skall gå till. Dokumentet skall nämligen fungera som ett underlag för de så kallade implementations- och designaktiviteterna i systemutvecklingsarbetet samt fungera som ett underlag för diskussion och kontrakt mellan leverantör och kund gällande utvecklingen av informationssystemet. Kravspecifikationen bör därför innehålla komplett och förståelig information så att detta dokument uppfyller sina syften. Därmed är det inte enkelt att veta vilken information som en kravspecifikation bör innehålla för att detta dokument skall uppfylla ovannämnda egenskaper. Då kravspecifikationen skall upprättas kan ett ramverk eller en standard tillämpas som förespråkar att viss information skall ingå.

    Det ramverk som är upprättat i detta examensarbete innehåller den information som jag anser bör ingå i en kravspecifikation. Utifrån detta ramverk finns det viss information som jag anser att en kravspecifikation bör innehålla just ur kontraktsynpunkt. Denna information är följande:

    · Informationssystemets funktioner

    · Informationssystemets funktionella egenskaper

    · Informationssystemets generella egenskaper

    · Utbildning

    · Dokumentation

    · Leveransdatum

  • 143.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Curtin, Gregory
    Forsgren, Olov
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Wall, Maria
    Creating and sustaining successful knowledge management in purposeful communities: summary of key experiences from pioneers2008Inngår i: Systems research and behavioral science, ISSN 1092-7026, E-ISSN 1099-1743, Vol. 25, nr 5, 615-626 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on research organized as a number of workshops, case studies and interviews with experienced practitioners as well as academics, we present in this report the most important findings on how to create and sustain successful knowledge management in a community environment. The cases, workshops and interviews deal specifically with the Microsoft Solutions Sharing Network (SSN) program, but the findings, conclusions and preliminary recommendations can be applied more generally to the development of any knowledge management community. A key conclusion is that the bulk of efforts toward creating successful knowledge management communities focus oil less technical, or softer aspects like leadership, culture, social settings and value of participation. However, these are essential, but not sufficient, ingredients for success. Technical issues, issues regarding development and customization of the tools used to facilitate knowledge management (for example, the SSN web portal), and emerging legal issues surrounding the sharing of intellectual property UP) may be perceived as somewhat less important to the participants, but are nevertheless key factors in the long term success of these communities. It is also concluded that the foundation for successful collaboration is primarily laid in the initial phases of community development. A community must make a positive impression oil its participants from the very beginning because most people will not give it a second chance. In this report we have highlighted three important areas to consider when establishing portals for knowledge management: Leadership, Purpose and Process/Infrastructure. A leadership with high credibility in the subject is needed to lead the participants in the right direction, manage the cultural processes and to make sure that relevant content can be found. Initially it is the content that brings people to a specific community. Thus, there has to be some common purpose that not only needs to be in congruence with the professional role of the participants but also be inspiring for them as well. Additionally, the community should have some sort of process that the participants can understand and suits the way they would like to interact. Face-to-face meetings and networking activities create trust which is important to get the process started. Language, IT platform, support and rules governing the contribution, creation and sharing of 'knowledge' for the community are other concerns that need to be considered within the process. Copyright (c) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 144.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Forsgren, Olov
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Lind, Mikael
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Handels- och IT-högskolan.
    Towards a Co-Design Approach for Open Innovation2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 145.
    Albinsson, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Forsgren, Olov
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Lind, Mikael
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Informatik.
    Towards a Co-Design Approach for Open Innovation2008Inngår i: Designed for Co-designers workshop, Participatory Design Conference 2008 (PDC 2008), School of Informatics, Indiana University, Bloomington, U.S.A, 2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 146.
    Albrecht, Stefan
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Axelsson, Morgan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Umbraco, EPiServer, WordPress, Drupal och egen-utvecklade CMS - Utvecklares åsikter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 147.
    Alcazar, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik.
    "Ideas are simple. Implementation is Hard.": En Fallstudie om Nyckelfaktorer för Implementering av Planeringssystem inom Hemtjänsten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Home care are a very common form of care and many prefer this form of care in front of hospitalized care. The home care service is therefore in need of a planning system in order to plan its work as efficiently as possible. Many of these implementations fail.

    Purpose: Many implementations in the home care service fail. The purpose of this paper is therefore to investigate what critical success factors project managers should focus on to achieve a successfull implementation.

    Method: This study has been conducted with a qualitative study as research method. A literature study was carried out by finding previous research in the field, which was then used as a theoretical framework. This was then compared with the empirical evidence acquired through semi-structured interviews with people with experience of implementations in the home care industry.

    Result: The result shows that the CSF’s that appeared in the literature study should also be used in practice. In addition, three new factors were identified

    Conclusion: All of the CSF’s presented in the literature study were reinforced by the interviews conducted with the informants in this study. References to how these should be used have also been developed. For example, the focus on the factor resources should primarily be put on the resource time.This study also concludes that depending on the type of organization it is about, such as small private companies, private medium-sized companies or municipal-owned businesses, focus should be on different CSF’s.

  • 148.
    Alenljung, Beatrice
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Envisioning a Future Decision Support System for Requirements Engineering: A Holistic and Human-centred Perspective2008Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Complex decision-making is a prominent aspect of requirements engineering (RE) and the need for improved decision support for RE decision-makers has been identified by a number of authors in the research literature. The fundamental viewpoint that permeates this thesis is that RE decision-making can be substantially improved by RE decision support systems (REDSS) based on the actual needs of RE decision-makers as well as the actual generic human decision-making activities that take place in the RE decision processes. Thus, a first step toward better decision support in requirements engineering is to understand complex decision situations of decision-makers. In order to gain a holistic view of the decision situation from a decision-maker’s perspective, a decision situation framework has been created. The framework evolved through an analysis of decision support systems literature and decision-making theories. The decision situation of RE decision-makers has been studied at a systems engineering company and is depicted in this thesis. These situations are described in terms of, for example, RE decision matters, RE decision-making activities, and RE decision processes. Factors that affect RE decision-makers are also identified. Each factor consists of problems and difficulties. Based on the empirical findings, a number of desirable characteristics of a visionary REDSS are suggested. Examples of characteristics are to reduce the cognitive load, to support creativity and idea generation, and to support decision communication. One or more guiding principles are proposed for each characteristic and available techniques are described. The purpose of the principles and techniques is to direct further efforts concerning how to find a solution that can fulfil the characteristic. Our contributions are intended to serve as a road map that can direct the efforts of researchers addressing RE decision-making and RE decision support problems. Our intention is to widen the scope and provide new lines of thought about how decision-making in RE can be supported and improved.

  • 149.
    Alenljung, Beatrice
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Envisioning a future decision support system for requirements engineering: A holistic and human-centred perspective2008Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 150.
    Alexandersson, Lina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Data- och elektroteknik.
    Hinas, Sandra
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Data- och elektroteknik.
    Kravfylld design.: En studie i hur Requirements Engineering, sociala relationer och kommunikation kan samverka för en förbättrad hantering av kundkrav inom grafisk kommunikation.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte – Idag saknas det ett standardiserat arbetssätt för att hantera kundkrav samtidigt som det finns stora utmaningar i hanteringen av dem. Därmed är syftet med denna studie:

     Att definiera ett ramverk för hantering av kundkrav inom Grafisk kommunikation.

    För att kunna besvara syftet i studien har en frågeställning tagits fram som utgångspunkt för studien.

    Hur kan Requirements Engineering, sociala relationer och kommunikation tillsammans bidra till att förbättra hantering av kundkrav inom arbetet med Grafisk kommunikation?

    Metod – För att besvara frågeställningen har studien arbetat med datainsamlingsmetoden, semistrukturerade djupintervjuer. Intervjuerna har genomförts  för att få fram primärdata. Metoden har valts ut för att säkerställa en kvalitativ ansats i studien. I studien har även litteraturstudier genomförts som en viktig del med syfte att ge en bakgrund kring befintliga teorier, metoder och verktyg.

    Resultat – Studien är av tvärvetenskaplig art och dess resultat behandlar områden så som Requirements Engineering, Grafisk kommunikation, sociala relationer och kommunikation. Områdena har studerats för att se hur de kan samverka för att säkerställa en högre och jämnare nivå av de projektresultat som reklambyråer och konsulter inom reklam- och kommunikationsbranschen levererar. Studien resulterade i ett ramverk för hantering av kundkrav inom Grafisk kommunikation. Ett ramverk beståendes av två olika kategorier som berör både den praktiska processen samt den social kommunikativ dimensionen kopplat till hantering av krav. Studiens resultat beskriver också vilka element som bör finnas i en iterativ designprocess samt hur ramverket kan användas tillsammans med en sådan typ av utvecklingsprocess.

    Implikationer – Studien anses kunna bidra till forskningsvärlden då dess resultat har öppnat upp nya dörrar för ytterligare områden att applicera Requirements Engineering på. För näringslivet och det vardagliga arbetet inom reklam- och kommunikationsbranschen har resultatet visat att ramverk för hantering av kundkrav inom Grafisk kommunikation bör kunna medverka till att stödja verksamheters arbetsprocesser och säkerställande av en mer jämn kvalitetsnivå. Utvecklingsprocesser och dess slutresultat skulle ha större möjlighet att bli framgångsrika, samtidigt som användningen av projektets resurser med stor sannolikhet skulle kunna effektiviseras genom den struktur som ramverket för med sig.

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