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  • 101.
    Abdlwafa, Lezan
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Balci, Anita
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Safari, Awat
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Bokföringsbrott: Ett resultat av oaktsamhet i bokföring?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Datum: 29 maj, 2013

    Nivå: Kandidatuppsats i företagsekonomi, 15 hp

    Institution: Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, ESTMälardalens Högskola

    Författare: Lezan Abdlwafa, Anita Balci & Awat Safari

    Titel: Bokföringsbrott – Ett resultat av oaktsamhet i bokföring?

    Handledare: Ulla Pettersson

    Nyckelord: Bokföringsbrott, oaktsamhet, bokföringsskyldighet, god redovisningssed, Ekobrottsmyndigheten, Skatteverket, konkursförvaltare

    Frågeställning: På vilket sätt leder näringsidkarens oaktsamhet i bokföring till bokföringsbrott? Vilka faktorer bidrar till detta?

    Syfte: Att undersöka hur näringsidkarens oaktsamhet i bokföringen kan vara en av orsakerna till bokföringsbrott.

    Metod: För att uppnå syftet så använde vi oss av en kvalitativ metod för att få en djupare förståelse av ämnet. Vi inhämtade vårt material till referensramen från litteratur samt lagar såsom bokföringslagen, årsredovisningslagen och brottsbalken. Material till empirin var hämtad från tre intervjuer med personer som besitter relevant kunskap, en skattebrottsutredare, en konkursförvaltare och en åklagare.

    Slutsats: Det vi har kommit fram till i vår uppsats är att oaktsamhet i bokföring är en orsak till bokföringsbrott, främst i mindre företag som inte har resurser till att upprätta bokföring på ett sätt som ger en rättvisande bild av företagets ekonomiska ställning.

  • 102.
    Abdo, Johanna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Gustavsson, Camilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Controllerns funktion en studie av business controllerns arbetsuppgifter2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningen visar att en business controller i större utsträckning arbetar med analys och omvärldsbevakning än tidigare, vilket kräver att de tar hänsyn till både intern och extern information. Samtidigt har de inte helt övergivit redovisningsrelaterade arbetsuppgifter eftersom att det är en viktig del av den ekonomiska verksamheten, som business controllern behöver en övergripande förståelse för. En aspekt som påverkar business controllerns arbetsuppgifter i stor utsträckning är personalansvar.

  • 103.
    Abdo, Johanna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Gustavsson, Camilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Hur ser revisorn på sitt oberoende?: En caseundersökning utifrån analysmodellen2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En förutsättning för att revisorer ska kunna säkra tilltron till de granskande företagen är att de uppfattas som oberoende. En av anledningarna till att det är intressant att undersöka revisorns oberoende är att analysmodellen, som är ett verktyg för att säkra detta, lagstadgades för fyra år sedan, och vi förutsätter att den nu har förankrats bland revisorerna i Sverige. Frågor som tittas närmare på i undersökningen är om det är möjligt för en revisor att uppehålla sitt oberoende samtidigt som denne uppfyller kundernas krav, och hur revisorerna tolkar regleringen kring oberoende i sitt arbete. Undersökningen baseras på analysmodellens fem huvudsakliga oberoendehot. Studien genomförs genom att presentera ett case för godkända och auktoriserade revisorer, som efterföljs av en diskussion.

    Resultaten av undersökningen visar att revisorernas verklighet skiljer sig från befintliga regelverk i vissa hänseenden. I många situationer är en revisor mer överseende än vad lagens riktlinjer är. I slutändan är det upp till revisorn själv att avgöra vart gränserna går för revisorns oberoende, vilket kan ifrågasätta analysmodellens existens.

  • 104.
    ABDOLMOHAMMAD, BANAFSHE
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Internationalization Process of Born Global Firms in IRAN2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 105. Abdoulkarim, Karima
    et al.
    Abdi Dirieh, Hamda
    Corporate Social Responsibility  in Supply Chain Management: A case Study of Volvo Group2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of corporate social responsibility has become integral part of businesses´ strategy and communication. Under pressure or voluntary, social responsibility is neglected by any company, and at least definitely not by big corporations. That said, there is a difference between the determination of businesses in being responsibly and their efforts in acting responsibly. This thesis aims at investigating the reasons that motivate a company to address CSR issues and also to understand how CSR can influence the specific area of the supply chain management. To apprehend these questions a single case study was conducted in order to empirically study an important company -Volvo Group- and analyse the way it approaches and integrates CSR. The data used during this writing is mostly made of interviews with supply chain’s staff. When the findings are discussed in the light of the theory, the authors could conclude that Volvo group’s motivation -showed or hidden- behind CSR is to gain more reputation and visibility. The level of CSR integration in Volvo Group’s supply chain management shows a partial determination in fully addressing CSR. However a study of the others department of Volvo Group could maybe lead to different result.

  • 106.
    Abdu, Akrem
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Företagsamt förhållningssätt genom entreprenörskapsutbildning?: En kvalitativ studie om hur elevers företagsamma förhållningssätt kan utvecklas genom entreprenörskapsutbildning på gymnasieskolan2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det har på senare tid växt fram en rad olika entreprenörskapsutbildningar i det svenska utbildningsväsendet och det verkar som att satsningarna på den här typen av utbildningar kommer att fortsätta att öka. Detta relativt nya sociala fenomen i det svenska utbildningsväsendet innebär att många elever och lärare i dagsläget har genomgått någon formav entreprenörskapsutbildning. Frågan som jag vill kasta ljus på i den här studien är: Hur utvecklas elevers företagsamma förhållningssätt genom entreprenörskapsutbildning?

    Till min hjälp har jag använt mig av en kvalitativ metod där jag har intervjuat elever och lärare som genomgått entreprenörskapsutbildningen Ung Företagsamhet. Jag har fördjupat mig i tre av dessa elever och en av lärarna. Ett aktörssynsätt utifrån ett bottom-up perspektiv används för att besvara studiens forskningsfråga och syfte. Vidare används en multipel fallstudie där jag analyserar varje fall var för sig och avslutar sedan med en jämförande analys mellan fallen från vilken slutsatserna dras.

    Det teoretiska ramverket fungerar som teoretiska utgångspunkter och innehåller begrepp och modeller från teorier om entreprenörskap och lärande. Dessa teoretiska utgångspunkter har utvecklats utifrån studiens angreppssätt som är abduktion eller den gyllene medelvägen. Centrala teoretiska begrepp som används i studien är lärandesituation, lärandeprocesser och lärandenivåer vilka sammanfattar studiens teoretiska referensram.

    Det huvudsakliga syftet med studien är att baserat på det teoretiska ramverket bidra med djupare förståelse för hur elevers företagsamma förhållningssätt kan utvecklas genom entreprenörskapsutbildning. Slutsatserna för denna studie är att utvecklingen av ett företagsamt förhållningssätt bestäms av olika inre och yttre lärvillkor i lärandesituationen. Lärandeprocesserna för de olika aktörerna kategoriserades som kognitiva (kunskapsmässiga), psykodynamiska (emotionella) och sociala (samarbetsmässiga). Lärandenivåerna som berördes av eleverna kategoriserades som: know-me, know-what, know-when, know-how, know-who och know-why.

  • 107.
    Abdu, Akrem
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Johansson, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Social Entrepreneurship: A Case Study of SIFE Umeå University2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today the world faces a lot of societal challenges in the economical, social and environmental spheres that needs to be overcome. Global warming, poverty and increasing economic inequality are only some of these challenges. The public debate has been focused on finding solutions to them and one of these has been addressed as social entrepreneurship. This phenomenon is about the era of the new type of entrepreneurs – social entrepreneurs – that recognize these challenges as opportunities that can be exploited in a both profitable and sustainable manner. Social entrepreneurship has in this way emerged as an interesting phenomenon and a new area in the entrepreneurship research.

     

    This study examines the phenomenon of social entrepreneurship by scrutinizing the concept SIFE - Students In Free Enterprise. SIFE is a non-profit organization that claims to be actively engaged in working with social entrepreneurship. The general purpose of this study is to bring a deeper understanding of the social entrepreneurship phenomenon, by describing the particular purpose, the case of SIFE Umeå University as a social entrepreneurship model. Our study is a qualitative case study using semi-structured interviews. Six respondents have been interviewed from different levels of the organization - SIFE Umeå University - in order to reflect the entire organization. We have used a deductive approach by establishing a theoretical framework that guided the interviews and has been used in the analysis of the empirical data.

     

    The main conclusions in this study show that SIFE Umeå University’s work with social entrepreneurship is mainly about socioeconomic and personal development. Another conclusion is that cooperation with partners from different sectors of the society is an important fundament in their work with social entrepreneurship. Furthermore, SIFE Umeå University can be considered as hybrid of a voluntary organization and social enterprise since it includes similarities of both organizational forms. Moreover, the study shows that entrepreneurial skills play an important role in SIFE Umeå University’s work with social entrepreneurship. Finally, we can from this study draw the conclusion that SIFE Umeå University’s work with social entrepreneurship can be divided in six steps: Target group, Job/life training, Commercial enterprises, Personal development, Socioeconomic development, Partnership Network.

  • 108.
    Abdu, Ramadan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Zerhouni, Jonas
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Värdering av elitlicenser inom fotbollsallsvenskan: Hur gör man och hur påverkar variationsmöjligheterna jämförbarheten?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Accounting in companies has for a long time been a good way to show profitability for external people. Accounting has become more legitimate over time and is being drown towards more secure numbers that show the real performance of the company. This is an important matter because of the large amount of investors ready to invest in a company with good profitability. The matter of correct accounting has become a serious deal over the years for the companies and associations that are bound with accounting obligations. This has become such a big deal that even the whole football world has been dragged into it. Since the football clubs receive an immense amount of attention regarding their accounting we believed it would be an interesting objective for our study. The factor that adds to the interest is specifically how Swedish football clubs adapt to the accounting rules that are set.The type of approach we have chosen for this study is a qualitative research. We therefore assumed the hermeneutic interpretation doctrine would be a good tool to achieve our aim with the study, since it will increase the knowledge and interpretation of our research topic (Wallen, 1996), (Bryman & Bell, 2013).The result of the study shows that the Swedish football association has given football clubs two alternatives to report new player signings. These two ways are either to expense play acquisitions in the balance sheet as a direct cost or to activate the play acquisition in the balance sheet (Svenska fotbollsförbundet, 2013). Among the football clubs in the league the majority of the football clubs activates the play acquisitions in the balance sheet, there were only two clubs who expensed play acquisitions as a direct cost. All the football clubs will be doing linear depreciations along the lease term (Svenska fotbollsförbundet, 2013).

  • 109.
    Abdul Kader, Hale
    et al.
    Centre for Risk and Insurance Studies, University of Nottingham, Nottingham,.
    Adams, Michael
    Swansea University, UK.
    Andersson, Lars Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Lindmark, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    The determinants of reinsurance in the Swedish property fire insurance market during the interwar years, 1919–392010In: Business History, ISSN 0007-6791, E-ISSN 1743-7938, Vol. 52, no 2, 268-284 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing a framework from agency theory, we use a panel data design to examine the factors motivating the level of demand for reinsurance in the rapidly developing Swedish property fire insurance market during the interwar period 1919–39. We find that as hypothesised, reinsurance enabled Swedish fire insurers to mitigate underwriting and solvency risks and thus increased their capacity to underwrite new business in uncertain economic times. This in turn helped to increase the supply of indemnity coverage for property (buildings) fire risks in the Swedish insurance market. We also find that as expected, investment earnings are inversely related to reinsurance purchases. However, contrary to what was hypothesised, reinsurance appears to be positively related to liquidity levels, suggesting that over our period of analysis, fire insurers could have been reinsuring to ‘protect’ earnings and accumulated cash reserves therefore enabling investment opportunities to be realised. Analysis of the sub-period 1919–28 further supports this contention, while our results for the economic depression years after 1929 show that reinsurance helped mitigate underwriting and insolvency risks, suggesting that the reinsurance decision of fire insurance companies could be motivated by macroeconomic factors.

  • 110.
    Abdul Malek, Nurul Aida
    et al.
    Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Malaysia / Department of Production, University of Vaasa, Finland.
    Shahzad, Khuram
    Department of Production, University of Vaasa, Finland.
    Takala, Josu
    Department of Production, University of Vaasa, Finland.
    Bojnec, Stefan
    Faculty of Management, University of Primorska, Slovenia.
    Papler, Drago
    Faculty of Management, University of Primorska, Slovenia.
    Liu, Yang
    Department of Production, University of Vaasa, Finland.
    Analyzing Sustainable Competitive Advantage: Strategically Managing Resource Allocations to Achieve Operational Competitiveness2015In: Management and Production Engineering Review, ISSN 2080-8208, E-ISSN 2082-1344, Vol. 6, no 4, 70-86 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s dynamic business environment, a key challenge for all companies is to make adaptive adjustments to their manufacturing strategy. This study demonstrates the competitive priorities of manufacturing strategy in hydro-power case company to evaluate the level of sustainable competitive advantage and also to further analyze how business strategies are aligned with manufacturing strategies. This research is based on new holistic analytical evaluation of manufacturing strategy index, sense and respond, and sustainable competitive advantage models. These models help to describe, evaluate, and optimize resource allocation to meet the performance requirements in dynamic decision making. Furthermore, these models evaluate operational competitiveness for manufacturing strategies according to the multi-criteria priority. The results show that the adjustments of competitive priorities in manufacturing strategies by implementing the proposed holistic analytical models are helpful in strategically managing business operations. The discussion derives the most critical attributes in business operations while alignment of resource allocation with competitive priorities help to strategically focus those attributes. In conclusion, we argue that resource allocation and manufacturing strategies have become the most important capabilities in a business environment where companies focus to get a sustainable competitive advantage.

  • 111.
    Abdul, Shakoor
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Electronic Customer Relationship Management (eCRM) from the Perspective of Two Banks with Online Marketing in Pakistan: case of HSBC PK and Standard Chartered Bank PK2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study observes an approach which is known as explorative because it aims to evaluate and examine online media as a tool for e-CRM. In addition, this involves the approach known as iterative also depends on the data, which is qualitative in congestion with observational information. This study builds on the existing literature and theories within customer relationship marketing (CRM). The subfield to CRM, called e-CRM, is further studied the phenomenon of online marketing and online CRM (customer relationship management) in a banking business context. The study builds upon empirical studies of two banks using online banking on a daily basis. The empirical material was collected through face-to-face interviews in order to gain knowledge and understanding of how corporations use e-CRM. Moreover, observations were conducted in order to gain a deeper understanding of how differently e-CRM was used by the two banks, and to see how customers reacted to their initiatives. e-CRM is a new way to interact, it involves rapid interactions that are spread faster and can be visible to anyone using the Internet. It comes along with many challenges as well as great opportunities. It is vital that managers can direct the employees to use online sources and e-CRM in a correct way in accordance with the brand values to avoid contradicting messages. It needs to be used by employees with social competence, as it involves interaction with customers. Organizations need to be involved in e-CRM and online media to be able to influence what people write about the corporation. It is a valuable channel in order to gain customer knowledge and customers' opinions about the business and their offerings. Its also a way to acknowledge complaints and thus be able to handle them. An adequate complaint handling can in turn enhance customer relationships. As e-CRM is a relatively new and constantly evolving phenomenon, it requires curiosity and courage. Further, it can be used to create emotional bonds with customers by providing a personalization.

  • 112.
    Abdulahad, Jennifer
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Nordling, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Inget vågat, inget vunnet: En kvantitativ studie om skillnader i riskbenägenhet mellan män och kvinnor utifrån demografiska faktorer och geografiska områden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: This study aims to examine the factors that influence the individual's different choice of risk level. Demographic characteristics are the underlying factors being analyzed in the study with a special emphasis on geographic factors – this in order to analyze and explain the Swedish individual’s approach to risk. Based on certified private advisers’ perspective, the study will also examine their approach to manage individuals’ risk.

    Purpose: Studying the differences in risk aversion among individuals when making investment decisions, based on demographic factors and geographical areas.

    Theory: The essay’s theoretical framework deals with theories covering behavioral finance, the risk appetite development in individuals at a demographic and geographic way, and an overview of previous research on the subject.

    Method: We conducted a quantitative study in which 340 respondents were asked to answer a survey. We also interviewed three certified counselors from three different banks in Sweden.

    Conclusions: In line with behavioral finance theory, people are not rational when making investment decisions. The study concludes that people in big cities tend to be more risk-averse than people in smaller cities. Sex is shown to be a differentiating factor with men having a higher risk-aversion than women. A higher income and level of education leads to a higher risk attitude and marital status affects the risk appetite where a married person has a higher risk appetite than a person who is single. Age and education, showed to have no relationship to the level of risk.

  • 113.
    Abdulahad, Naim
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Akdemir, Liliane
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Ekonomistyrning i Sigtuna Kommun: Förbättringsförslag på gymnasieverksamheten2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Gymnasieskolan är för eleverna en avgiftsfri och frivillig skolform. Kommunerna är skyldiga att erbjuda folkbokförda elever som avslutat grundskolan en gymnasieutbildning. Allt fler väljer dock att läsa på andra skolors kommuner. Elever som väljer att läsa på andra skolor har andra ersättningskostnader. Detta gör det svårt att budgetera för hur fördelningen av resurser blir för året. Sigtuna kommun förväntar sig ett underskott i en av nämnderna under kommunfullmäktige under året. Denna prognos baseras på ett delårsbokslut den sista augusti för Arlandagymnasiet där ett underskott på 2.5 miljoner kronor upptäcktes. Underskottet väntas bli 10 miljoner kronor till årsslutet. 6 Problemet idag börjar när kommunernasövergripande strategier, mål och visioner bryts ned på verksamhetsnivå. En modell för den ekonomiska styrningen inom nämnden är idag avsaknad eller inte fullgod.

    Frågan som ställs i denna uppsats är; hur kan den strategiska ekonomistyrningen för gymnasieverksamheten i utbildnings- och arbetsmarknadsnämnden i Sigtuna kommun förbättras utifrån givna ekonomiska ramar från kommunfullmäktige? KSL(Kommunförbundet Stockholms län) har tagit fram en kalkylmodell för beräkning av programkostnader inom gymnasieskolan. Syftet med modellen är att alla kommuner ska beräkna interkommunala ersättningar på samma sätt. Sigtuna kommunen blandar även den interkommunala ersättningen med anslagen gymnasieledningen får. Dessa ska och bör vara uppdelade då detta inte ger en rättvisande bild, eller något att bygga utifrån enligt gymnasiechefen. Det främsta styrverktyget de använder sig av är budgeten, som man enligt kommunallagen måste upprätta. Ett förslag är att använda sig av riktade resultatkrav ibudgetarbetet, detta vilket ger en bättre överblick över vilka enheter som behöver komma i ekonomisk balans. Ett annat förslag är att jobba mer med fler nyckeltal som implementeras och följs upp på verksamhetsnivå.

  • 114.
    Abdulahi, Adan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Invandrarföretagares möjlighet till ekonomiskt stöd från statliga institutioner2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vid slutet av 80-talet ökade invandringen till Sverige samtidigt som dess karaktär förändrades. Idag pratar man om flyktinginvandring till skillnad från 80-talet då arbetskraftsinvandring dominerade de invandrare som fanns i Sverige. Det har blivit svårare för invandrare som kom till Sverige som flyktingar att integrera sig eftersom det råder hög arbetslöshet.

  • 115.
    Abdulkadir, Muna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Bozhko, Kristina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Driving university towards change and innovation: Impact of national culture and environmental factors2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate the impact of national culture on the process of managing change and innovation in the sector of higher education and identify what kind of environmental factors could produce a moderating effect on the cultural impact.

    Method: Inductive method and qualitative approach were used. With the purpose of collecting qualitative data, 15 in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with employees of Faculty of Education and Business Studies in University of Gävle, Sweden.

    Results & Conclusions: The study suggests that any innovation is a change, while change is always a process and, thus, should be managed as such. Authors draw attention from the process of management of innovation itself towards managing through manipulating by such an influencer as national culture. At the same time authors point out that not everything can be explained on the basis of culture providing a range of potential factors that can strongly moderate the impact of culture.

    Suggestions for future research: Current research is limited by the choice of country, sector of economy, number of studied cases, etc. Investigation of cultural impact on change and innovation management in universities of other countries or the choice of another economic sector would open opportunities for further research.

    Contribution of the thesis: During the study the authors verified a part of the suggested hypotheses demonstrating the strength of the impact that national culture produces on management of change and innovation. Moderating effect of different environmental factors such as employee’s age and position within organizational structure, governmental policies in the sphere of higher education, type of organizational structure and type of leadership, was demonstrated. Authors come up with implications of managing the process of change and innovation through manipulation of cultural impact.

  • 116.
    Abdulkarim, Zahra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Malmstedt, Annelie
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Segmentation model for strategic decision-making to increase customer value: A study of absentee proprietors in the Swedishforest industry as a result of urbanization2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urbanization is a major factor causing unsupported perceptions within the traditional vision offorest management. Urbanization has led to a reconstruction on forest owners’ economicdependency on the forestry. This contributes in emigration from rural areas to bigger cities.To understand how distant forest owners, manage their forest they need to be segmentedaccording to specific criteria. The purpose of the study is to create a segmentation model thatis theoretically anchored and empirically verified, to increase the customer value and maptheir different needs. Through the purpose a research question was developed: How can asegmentation model for absentee proprietors within the forest industry be developed toincrease the customer value? A segmentation model provides comprehensive knowledge andinsights about forest owners’ different needs. The empirical data, collected through surveys,was presented individually and some connections could be found. Through these connectionsproperty area and distance were chosen as factors that are appropriate for segmentation. Basedon the segmentation factors a correlation analysis was made to create four demographicsegmentations. The visitors: small area, small distance. Conservationists: small area, largedistance. Investors: large area, small distance. Specifiers: large area, large distance. Theconclusion shows that a segmentation model over absentee proprietors is necessary for thestrategic management in forest companies, when it comes to decisions regarding sales criteria,communication and recommended approaches.

  • 117.
    Abdullaev, Shuhrat
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Abdurahmonov, Sharof
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Title: Potentials of Insurance Market Development in Jizzak region2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Potentials of Insurance Market Development in Jizzak region Authors: Shuhrat Abdulaev, Sharof Abdurahmonov Supervisor: Anders Hederstierna Department: Business Administration, Blekinge Technology Institute Course: Master’s thesis in Business Administration, 10 credits Background and Problem Discussion: The main reasons why we have chosen this topic “Potentials of insurance market development in Jizzak region” for our thesis are the followings: 1) Strong and Competitive insurance market is one of the essential parts of well-developed market economy. How to reach well-developed insurance market is a complex problem that the economy of Uzbekistan is facing now. 2) Having studied previous researches regarding insurance market of Uzbekistan and the role of marketing in development of companies we concluded that there are huge potentials for growing in insurance market which have not learned yet. Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to find the answers to following questions: How is the current situation in the insurance market of Uzbekistan? What kind of insurance services are there and what is the demand for them? The determination of main clientele of insurance companies; The determination of factors that can affect on insurance services The analysis of proportion of population who do not apply for insurance services and the reasons; The role of marketing research in companies’ growth; Method: This research used Quantitative method. Survey technique used to conduct a quantitative study. Primary data collected through questionnaire. Secondary data collected from banks and department of Statistics of the local government. This research can be seen as deductive research since it begins by examining theories related to insurance and consumer behavior to insurance services. Following hypothesis were developed by the assumption that • Person’s insurance expenditure dependent of their annual income • Person’s positive opinion about insurance dependent of their gender • Person’s positive opinion about insurance dependent of their age • Person’s positive opinion about insurance dependent of their education • Person’s who is insured dependent of their income Theory: The theory section contains a review of theories concerning in economic nature and functions of insurance, marketing in insurance, insurance market in Uzbekistan. Analysis: Statistical program SPSS 14v.(Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) - is used to compute the correlation values and the regression coefficients. The results presented in appropriate table and graph. We divided our analysis into three parts: 1) Using the secondary data, we analyzed accidents that happened during the last two years, obligatory insurance, insurance companies in Jizzak. 2) We analyzed dependence of respondents’ annual insurance expenditure on their annual income using the multiple regression analysis. 3) Based on the primary data and using Chi-square statistical test, we analyzed consumer behavior to insurance service interviewing people individually. Conclusion: Analysis showed that insurance premiums mostly come from obligatory insurance. We discovered that banks are the main clients of insurance agencies at the present and insurance market undeveloped yet, the main reasons are low level of insurance culture, low level of citizens income, lack of understanding by the population and legal entities the need in insurance services; undeveloped economy of country, which doesn’t allow the insurance market to develop as a whole; lack of brokerage companies to work with insurance agencies; lack of skilled specialists and prepared insurance managers.

  • 118.
    Abdullah Asif, Farazee Mohammad
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
    Rashid, Amir
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering, Machine and Process Technology.
    Bianchi, C.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
    System dynamics models for decision making in product multiple lifecycles2015In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, Vol. 101, 20-33 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main drivers for adopting product multiple lifecycles are to gain ecological and economic advantages. However, in most of the cases it is not straight forward to estimate the potential ecological and economic gain that may result from adopting product multiple lifecycles. Even though many researchers have concluded that product multiple lifecycles result in gain, there are examples which indicate that the gain is often marginal or even none in many cases. The purpose of this research is to develop system dynamics models that can assist decision makers in assessing and analysing the potential gain of product multiple lifecycles considering the dynamics of material scarcity. The foundation of the research presented in this paper is laid based on literature review. System dynamics principles have been used for modelling and simulations have been done on Stella iThink platform. The data used in the models have been extracted from different reports published by World Steel Association and U.S. Geological Survey. Some of the data have been assumed based on expert estimation. The data on iron ore reserves, iron and steel productions and consumptions have been used in the models. This research presents the first system dynamics model for decision making in product multiple lifecycles which takes into consideration the dynamics of material scarcity. Physical unavailability and price of material are the two main factors that would drive product multiple lifecycles approach and more sustainable decisions can be made if it is done by taking holistic system approach over longer time horizon. For an enterprise it is perhaps not attractive to conserve a particular type of material through product multiple lifecycles approach which is naturally abundant but extremely important if the material becomes critical. An enterprise could through engineering, proper business model and marketing may increase the share of multiple lifecycle products which eventually would help the enterprise to reduce its dependency on critical materials.

  • 119.
    Abdullah, Tazhan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Suppl-SideRiskMitigationinManufacturingCompany2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Supply chain risk is a challenge, because they can disrupt the supply of components and raw

    material to the company. The Supply Chain Risk Management (SCRM) is reality in today’s

    resource-optimized supply systems. Disruption can cause an increase of production cost. In more

    serious production breaks it can jeopardize the fulfillment of contracts.

    The complexity of supply network increases risk as the rate of dependency on both single and

    dual sourcing increases either jointly or separately. When suppliers are placed far away, the risk

    of interference in time increases, which is the case of today’s global companies is a common

    issue.

    A framework has been developed in this study based on previous literature to investigate the

    sources of the supply-side risk and its categories, to implement the mitigation strategies the

    company can reduce the probability of occurrence of any undesired event and negative impacts.

    The proposed framework was applied, in form of a case study, on the global truck manufacturer

    Scania. Two managers of the company were interviewed by the author with this purpose.

    The main findings indicate that when the framework was applied, mitigation strategies were

    effective in truck manufacturing industry such as Scania. In the case of Scania, two more risk

    sources that were not included in the framework are monitored by the company, namely safety

    and health and security. In summarizing, the establishment of the risk mitigation strategiesmapping

    up, follow up, and continuous improvement, leads to improvement of the OEM. Formal

    training programs to achieve continuous improvement and the participation of the crossfunctional

    groups in the mapping and follow up practices to create a successful supply chain risk

    management.

  • 120.
    Abdullayev, Muzaffar
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Decline in distance effect in international trade2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 121.
    Abdulreda, Alico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Giba, Gabriela
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Generation Y: En studie om vad som motiverar yngre medarbetare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Generation Y or Millennials are people born 1980-1999. They are raised with a more advanced technology like no other generation before them. The technology has affected the individuals from generation Y in a way which has led them to become impatience. Studies have shown that people in generation Y are very emotional compared to other generations before them. Individuals from generation Y are already entering the labour market. Studies have shown that if an organisation wants to have a bright future the employees are a very important access. A leader who knows how to motivate and lead his co-workers has a great asset which may have a positive impact on the organisation. The purpose of this study is to understand what motivates people who are included in generation Y and what kind of leadership suits them best. Most of the theoretical framework came from scientific articles with theories and models of motivation and leadership for generation Y. Semi-structured interviews were chosen for the research method to get right information. The result of the study showed that generation Y is mostly motivated by inner motivation and prefer a leader who can adapt to the many work situations that can occur in the organisations.

  • 122.
    Abebe, Meaza Eshetu
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    Coordination of inter-organizational projects within creative industries: A contextual perspective2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Inter-organizational projects have become common forms of organizing in various industries such as construction, advertising, music, film making etc. The unique structural nature of Inter-organizational projects coupled with the fact that they carried out through the participation of multiple organizations, raises issues of coordination. Particularly when it comes to creative industries, coordination is challenged by demand and transactional uncertainties. In order to understand how inter-organizational projects achieve coordination in such situations, it is important to study their interior processes putting in consideration their environmental context. 

    The aim of this research is to study how network embeddedness enhances coordination in inter-organizational projects within creative industries.

    Inter-organizational projects: are projects that are carried out through the collaboration of multiple legally independent organizations

    Inter-organizational networks: refer to sets of long-term ties among independent organizations that are engaged in continuous exchange relations.

    Embeddedness: refers to the continuous interaction of individuals, organizations, projects etc. with their environmental context.

    Macrocultures: refer to the shared beliefs, norms values rules and practices with in inter- organizational networks that guide members on their actions.

    A qualitative approach using a multiple comparative case study was conducted. Accordingly four projects chosen from creative industries were studied using both primary and secondary data.

    Macrocultures that are embedded inter-organizational networks facilitate coordination within inter-organizational projects. Further projects that differ in their constituents task nature, time duration and team composition relied on different types of embeddedness for coordination.

  • 123.
    Abedian, Emil
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Mattsson, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Revisionsplikt: Mikroföretagens inställning till revision och revisorer2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 124.
    Abedian, Emil
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Pettersson, Helene
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    "REVISORN SKA INTE BEHÖVA VARA NÅGON STÅLMANNEN": En efterfrågestudie av revisorsproven2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 125.
    Abedian Sanandaji, Foad
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Imageskapande och marknadsföringskommunikation: En deskriptiv studie om Örebro Bostäders arbete i Vivalla och Markbacken2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The conclusion made after finishing this essay is that Örebro Bostäder AB desires to communicate an image of Vivalla as an area with a unique and personal environment with small individual neighborhoods where there is something for everyone. In Markbacken Öbo wants to retain and reinforce the image of variety, where everything from children's families is attracted to those looking for a little more exclusive accommodations. Further investigation has shown that these desirable images mainly are communicated through mouth to mouth method,media, community activities and events.

  • 126.
    Abeditary, Monica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Pamukci, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    IFRS 2: Effekten på optionsprogram i svenska bolag2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan den 1 januari 2005 skall alla börsbolag inom EU upprätta sina koncernredovisningar

    enligt standarder utgivna av International Accounting Standard Board (IASB).

    Syftet med standarderna är att kapitalmarknaden effektiveras genom att jämförbarheten

    av redovisningshandlingar på den inre marknaden förbättras. IFRS 2 är den andra standarden

    som IASB gett ut och heter Aktiebaserade betalningar. IFRS 2 omfattar optionsprogram

    vilka är ett sätt för arbetsgivaren att rekrytera, behålla och motivera medarbetare.

    Tidigare studier visar att det kan finnas en tendens att bolag överger optionsprogram på

    grund av IFRS 2. Detta då IFRS 2 lett till en mer dealjerad redovisning av optionsprogram

    och då detta medfört negativa ekonomiska konsekvenser för bolagen på grund av

    kostnadsföringen av dessa program. Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva och förklara

    hur svenska bolag förhåller sig till IFRS 2 och om detta haft en inverkan på svenska bolags

    val att ha kvar optionsprogram. Detta skall ställas mot storleken på bolaget. För att

    uppnå studiens syfte har författarna valt att genomföra en kvantitativ studie i form av en

    webb enkät. Studien innefattar samtliga bolag i Large –och Small Cap som idag har optionsprogram

    och eller som haft optionsprogram utgivna efter 7 november 2002 men

    som valt att slopa dessa.

    Vidare har en omfattande litteraturinsamling gjorts för att ge en förståelse kring IFRS 2

    och den problematik som finns med standarden. Enligt IFRS 2 skall optionsprogram

    kostnadsföras enligt verkligt värde. Problematiken uppstår enligt många med de optionsvärderingsmodellerna

    som finns för att beräkna det verkliga värdet, exempelvis

    Black & Sholes då de inte ger en tillförlitlig värdering. Andra problem som IFRS 2 lett

    till är exemplvis att kostnadsföringen av optionsprogram blir för omfattande för de

    mindre bolagen då de inte har samma resurser som de större bolagen.

    Resultatet visar att de bolag som valt att ha kvar optionsprogram har gjort detta på

    grund av att det är ett sätt för dem att locka till sig kvalificerad personal. Att IFRS 2

    medfört att resultatet påverkas negativt har ingen betydelse för att nyttan överstiger

    kostnaden. De bolag som valt att slopa optionsprogram har gjort detta på grund av

    andra faktorer än de redovisningsmässiga och IFRS 2 har inte något med detta val att

    göra. Exempelvis anser dessa bolag inte att nyttan överstigit kostnaden och att optionsprogram

    inte varit ett bra sätt att motivera personalen på. Att mindre bolag skall ha en

    högre tendens till att överge optionsprogram i jämförelse med större bolagen, eller vice

    versa, till följd av IFRS 2 är inget som denna studie kunnat utpeka.

  • 127.
    Abel, Maxime
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Impact of Working Capital Management on Cash Holdings: A Quantitative Study of Swedish Manufacturing SMEs2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 40 poäng / 60 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the impact of working capital management on cash holdings of small and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises in Sweden. The aim of this work is to theoretically derive significant factors related to working capital management which have an influence on the cash level of SMEs and test these in a large sample of Swedish manufacturing SMEs. The theoretical framework for this study consists of a treatise of motives for holding cash, working capital management and cash level. From these theoretical findings, two hypotheses are deduced:

    • H1: Cash holdings are negatively related to the presence of cash substitutes

    • H2: Cash holdings are positively related to working capital management efficiency

    The quantitative investigation consists of the statistical analysis – namely comparison of means and correlation analysis – of key figures which are calculated from the financial statements of a large sample of firms. The dataset contains 13,287 Swedish manufacturing SMEs of the legal form ‘Aktiebolag’. Both hypotheses are confirmed by the results. Empirical evidence is presented which substantiates the supposition that the presence of cash substitutes – namely inventory and accounts receivable – entails lower cash holdings. Furthermore, it is confirmed that working capital management efficiency – measured by the cash conversion cycle – is positively related to cash level. The discussion of the empirical findings pays regard to the different subordinate components of both cash substitutes and working capital management efficiency. Implications of the detected findings are highlighted with respect to their potential utility for the achievement and maintenance of a firm’s target cash level.

  • 128.
    Abelin, Matthias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Processorientering och lärande organisation på Huddinge Universitetssjukhus AB - En beskrivning av ett pågående förändringsarbete inom sjukvården2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En beskrivning och kategorisering av ett arbete med att processorientera och skapa en lärande organisation på Huddinge Universitetssjukhus AB, som pågått sedan 1996. En observation är att metodik förknippad med pragmatism och lärande organisation vid organisationsförändring kan minska risken pga större flexibilitet och lyhördhet för organisationskulturen och det specifika för en viss verksamhet.

  • 129.
    Abelmazovs, Ivans
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Engström, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Response strategies of traditional firms indisruptive times.: A case study on sustainable strategies of the hotel industry in response tothe sharing economy evolution.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Traditional firms within mature markets are challenged, as they have to rely a lot on adaptation of new technologies in order to keep their service sales among consumers and survive in a highly competitive globalized environment. One of the examples of a mature industry is the hotel industry, in which sustainability is a vital necessity, however implementation efforts are slow. Nowadays, a business shift is occurring from traditional to disruptive innovation models. One such model is that of the sharing economy. The aim of this thesis therefore targets the finding of the understanding and reaction, by analyzing and describing actions, of traditional hotel firms for sustaining their business in times when sharing economy firms become increasingly influential on the traditional business.

    Design/methodology/approach - An abductive approach was followed throughout the thesis spanning a qualitative data analysis of the empirical base of the study, which consisted of six semi- structured interviews of traditional hotel firms that were chosen through theoretical sampling. The multiple and holistic case study setup is a means of explaining response strategies in the hotel industry.

    Findings - The findings are that while some are aware of the growing impact of sharing economy on the mature industry, few firms have concrete strategies to sustain their own business in the light of the upcoming challenges. Moreover, the interviewed firms have lost large percentages of their traditional direct sales channels, making it essential to sell increasingly through online channels and third party providers such as online travel agencies. This adds to the challenge that the service offerings of sharing economy firms and established firms are becoming more comparable to each other, making it easier for the customer to compare directly which choice is preferable. The empirical data suggests that this is of relevance for both the leisure and business segment of travelers. However, there were also positive effects found, that the sharing economy is an opportunity for traditional firms to learn and for travel destinations to be boosted through increased supply and variety.

    Research limitations/implications - The chosen case study setup is a means of explaining responses from the hotel industry due to the sharing economy. However, there is an indication that a similar phenomenon can occur in a different mature industry, such as the taxi industry with Uber or the financial industry with Bitcoin. Moreover, this case had hotel firms operating on a 3-star level or higher, which imposes potential limitations for the applicability. However, for the research implications this thesis includes a model that contains theoretical description of a practical phenomenon within a shifting context.

    Practical implications - Traditional businesses must find new ways to highlight their unique values, core competences and what most significantly distinguishes their offering, for example beyond being an accommodation provider, in order to develop a sustainable business that can withstand the challenges in the 21st century. It is recommended for firms to assess their position in the market, their customers and competitors to decide on which strategy is best suited, as it may vary with every firm. Analogous, it is not recommended to rest on previous successes.

    Originality/value - Increasing influence of the sharing economy forces traditional firms to respond with their own strategic countermeasures. However, the response of traditional firms to the impact of sharing economy firms is not well described and has empirically been insufficient. In this way, the thesis contributes to the existing research on the sharing economy and its impact by studying the consequences for and responses of firms in a mature industry. Therefore, it addressed challenges in theory all well as in practice for the affected businesses. The finding and combination of response strategies in this thesis presents a valuable contribution to academia and practical implications for the mature industries.

  • 130.
    Abelson, Elin
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Getting through the Glass Ceiling: A minor field study of obstacles for businesswomen pursuing a career in Thailand2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 131.
    Abelsson, Erik
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Adam, Herhold
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET).
    Produktplacering i bloggar: Vägen till generation Y!2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle blir människan utsatt för mer information än någonsin tidigare. Företagen konkurrerar om att just deras budskap ska nå fram till konsumenten för att skapa den påverkan som i slutändan resulterar i konsumtion och som företagen tjänar sina pengar genom.

    Företagen har inte bara problem att sticka ut bland all övrig marknadskommunikation, människor blir även allt bättre på att sålla ut den information de själva är intresserade av. En av de största svårigheterna i sin kommunikation har företagen fått med den generation som precis ska kliva in i vuxenvärlden, de som är födda mellan 1977 och 1994 vilka varit uppvuxna med en ständig ström av information. Denna generation kallas för generation Y och är individer som utvecklat ett kritiskt sätt att sålla bland information och i synnerhet traditionell reklam. Detta tvingar företagen att finna nya vägar för att kunna påverka denna kräsna generation som ses som en viktig framtida konsument.

    Denna uppsats hade därför som syfte att undersöka en ny möjlig väg för företagen att komma åt generation Y på varpå en frågeställning har upprättats som lyder: Hur kan generation Y påverkas av produktplacering i bloggar?

    Produktplacering i bloggar var av stort intresse att utforska då generationen består av de människor som är mest aktiv på sociala medier och som läser flest bloggar. Då det fanns begränsad forskning på hur generation Y påverkas av bloggar och forskning inom produktplacering främst var gjord på medier så som film och TV fann vi ett kunskapshål att försöka fylla.

    För att fylla kunskapshålet har framförallt teori om kommunikation, påverkan, och generation Y samlats in för att kunna analyseras med det resultat som vi erhöll via en kvalitativ undersökning med två fokusgrupper som innehöll deltagare från generation Y.

    Resultatet av denna studie påvisade att produktplacering i bloggen kan påverka generation Y:s köpbeteende och hur produktplacering bör utformas samt vad som bör tas i beaktning för att påverkan på generation Y. Denna studie har därför bidragit med relevant kunskap till ett delvis outforskat område. Slutsatserna användas som en vägledning och riktlinjer för flera företag och marknadsförare som funderar på eller har bestämt sig för att produktplacera i bloggar.

  • 132.
    Abeshi, Flavja
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Mortimer, Therese
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Situationsanpassat ledarskap inom kunskapsföretag: En studie inom läkemedelsbranschen2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att beskriva ledarskapet i kunskapsintensiva företag med avseende på hur den situationsanpassade ledarskapsmodellen påverkat utformningen av deras interna chefsprogram och vad det finns för stöd för cheferna i deras ledarroll. Studien är baserad på en fallstudie av tre stycken läkemedelsföretag där vi intervjuat totalt nio personer, en HR- ansvarig och två mellanchefer på respektive företag. Studien har genomförts med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer där det är intervjusvaren som ligger till grund för resultatet. I studien framkom det att alla tre företagen använder situationsanpassat ledarskap men att de tillämpar detta på olika sätt i organisationen och att ledningen och företaget använder modellen när de ska anpassa sig efter individen och situationen. En kunskapsintensiv organisation kännetecknas av självgående individer som kan vara svåra att styra och därför är det viktigt att en chef kan hantera detta och anpassa sin ledarstil utifrån den enskilda individens behov. Utifrån analysen visade det sig att respondenterna ser situationsanpassat ledarskap som något som återkommer i allt ledarskap.

  • 133.
    Abeywickrama, Madawa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Vasickova, Jana
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Attitude towards mobile advertising and purchase intention of Swedish customers: A quantitative study on the impact of message content and flow experience2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the rapid technological development in information technologies, and mobile phone industry the usage of smart phone became a new trend consequently leading to more than one billion Smartphone users in the world. One of the most significant characteristic of those users is their growing need to be always connected to the Internet. Desire to do not miss important conversation, news, favorite TV series or result of sports events leads them to subsribe for mobile broad band or else use internet-on-the-go. Consequently telecommunication service providers witnessed increasing trend in mobile broad band subscription over the past five years outnumbering access to the Internet via desktop or other fixed broad band alternatives. Telecommunication providers are not the only one who experienced those changes. The crowd of smart phone users is constantly growing, thus on one hand it represents a compelling group of customers to target yet on the other hand due to its novelty it represents an obstacle for marketers and advertisers when executing communication with customers via a new channel, mobile advertising.

    Based on market research firms’ predictions of future trends in marketing, mobile advertising represent a one of the most effective communication channels due to its measurability, individual targeting via personalised messages and geo-location targeting.

    Therefore, in this thesis paper we identified research gap in form of lack of knowledge, that prevents both marketers and advertisers from leveraging the potential of mobile advertising. Designated purpose of this theis is to investigate role of attitudes and flow experience in mobile advertising. Research question to be answered is: What is the impact of advertising message personalisation, permission, and flow experience on attitude towards mobile advertising? And consequently examine what is the effect of attitude towards mobile advertising and flow experience on purchase intention of Swedish customers?

    In order to address such an issue we developed theoretical framework and conducted survey among Umeå inhabitants to find out their preferences and experiences with mobile advertising. Collected information were analysed in regards to the theoretical framework consisting of theory of flow experience and theory of reasoned action.

    However the data analysis did prove flow of experience theory as well as theory of reasoned action not all aspects did stand. Through our work we found out that flow experience and attitude towards mobile advertising were supported for purchase intention. While permission, personalisation, infotainment and incentives were supported for attitudes towards mobile advertising.

  • 134.
    ABGHARI, SHABNAM
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    FAKHOURI, REEF
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    The Relationship between Level of acculturation and Service Quality Perception: A Case study of Swedish Banks and Customers with Iranian and Iraqi cultural origins living in Sweden2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 135.
    Abic, Ahmet
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Ekonomiska konsekvenser av förbudet mot progressiva avskrivningar för bostadsrättsföreningar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In 2014 a ban was introduced on the progressive depreciation of housing associations. The same year it became mandatory to apply any of the K-regulatory frameworks, a new project developed by the Accounting Board. Housing associations immediately began speculating in the financial impact of the legislative amendment. It was believed that the ban would be characterized by negative results due to higher depreciation costs as well as to the members’ annual fees that would be increased.

    Aim: The purpose of the survey was to create an understanding of the financial consequences from the ban on progressive depreciation received for the housing associations, with regard to which of the regulations applied.

    Method: I chose to use a qualitative method in the study. By interviewing eight respondents I collected the empirical data which I analyzed with the help of my theoretical framework.

    Results & conclusion: My study has shown that those who participated in my research did not feel that the ban on progressive depreciation resulted in negative consequences or that the selection of the regulatory had an impact on what they received for consequences. I have therefore concluded that the selection of the regulations did not affect how the associations was affected by the ban on progressive depreciation. I also came to the conclusion that the economic consequences of the ban resulted in higher depreciation expenses.

  • 136.
    Abid, Umair
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Ahmed, Bilal
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Semwoul, Shamaoun
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Managing Finished Goods Inventory at regional level: A case study on Dalda Foods (Pvt.) Ltd. Pakistan2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 137.
    Abidi, Sami
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Björklund, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Mosseby, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Living the Brand: A case study of Stadium Sweden AB2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    No summary is available.

  • 138.
    Abidin, Crystal
    et al.
    University of Western Australia.
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Consumer-led innovation in social media advertising formats2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On Instagram, Twitter, Facebook, and weblogs, consumer activity is increasingly institutionalized, guarded by rules and norms. Consumers take on tasks previously performed by trained media workers, but they also create new activities, emerging as a new breed of media workers, institutionalizing new fields of the media and advertising industries and their associated practices (Dolbec and Fischer 2015). It has been described how amateur workers develop new ethical norms and rules for publishing, by taking journalistic/editorial decisions on what content to publish and how, within their new institutional domain (Abidin & Ots, 2015).

     

    This paper is focused on a specific group of stakeholders – everyday Internet users who manufacture themselves into a new form of social media microcelebrity known as the ‘Influencer’ (Abidin 2015). Since 2005, many young women have taken to social media to craft ‘microcelebrity personas’ as a career – “a new style of online performance that involves people ‘amping up’ their popularity over the Web using technologies like video, blogs and social networking sites” (Senft 2008: 25). In their most basic capacity, Influencers produce advertorials on blogs and social media platforms in exchange for payment or sponsored products and services (Abidin 2015). Owing to their power to shape purchase decisions, their clients have progressed from small home businesses to bluechip companies including Canon, Gucci, and KLM. Until recently, the most effective advertorials are those that are seamlessly woven into the daily narratives Influencers publish on their blogs and social media, such that readers are unable to tell apart ‘paid opinions’ from ‘unpaid’ sentiments (Abidin 2014). However, along with the maturity of the field, there is a gradual standardization of new advertising formats.

     

    The conducted study explores how semi-professional microcelebrity Influencers create advertising market innovations. Researchers have previously described how consumer fans help firms innovate (e.g. Füller et al 2008), and how fan cultures celebrate their favourite brands by creating their own advertisements (Muniz & Schau 2005; for overview see Ots & Hartmann 2015). This paper takes a slightly different approach – rather than seeing consumers as co-creators, it demonstrates how new actors outside the traditional media and advertising industries, make innovations that compete with the incumbents. We focus on these vernacular advertising innovations in the age of social media, and seek to understand how Influencers orientate towards a youth market in the saturated, visually dominated attention economy of Instagram. The findings include a typology of innovative advertising formats emerging outside the traditional media companies, along with their associated publishing rules as defined by the semi-professional Influencers.

     

    The data draws on a larger study of social media Influencers in Singapore since mid-2010, including over a year of intensive participant observation conducted with these Influencers in the flesh in the capacity of various roles. These interactions and observations were archived in extensively detailed field diaries. 120 personal interviews were conducted with Influencers, Influencer management agencies, (prospective) clients, readers, and friends and family of Influencers between December 2011 and July 2013. Social media content from blogs, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, AskFM, and popular public forums was archived until December 2015. Fieldwork entailed continued interaction with other actors involved in the Influencers’ social milieu, including their peers, backend production management, sponsors and advertisers, and readers. As such, although the data is drawn mainly from the textual and visual content of publically accessed blogs and associated social media platforms including Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook, the analysis is highly contextualised and shaped by long-term ethnographic work among these Influencers. 

  • 139.
    Abidin, Crystal
    et al.
    University of Western Australia.
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Influencers Tell All?: Unravelling Authenticity and Credibility in a Brand Scandal2016In: Blurring the lines: Market-driven and democracy-driven freedom of expression / [ed] Maria Edström, Andrew T. Kenyon & Eva-Maria Svensson, Nordicom, 2016, 153-161 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the emerging practices of social media Influencers. In focus are six influential Instagram Influencers who were ‘exposed’ for involving themselves in campaigns aiming to discredit telecommunications providers in Singapore. In the absence of enforced legal boundaries and industry norms regarding advertising formats and advertising ethics, brand scandals are frequent, causing concern among regulators, brand managers, and platform owners. When starting to accommodate commercial brands and contents in social media posts, Influencers are constantly at risk of breaching their contract of trust with their followers. The case study shows how Influencers, followers, and eventually also the brand clients, are sensitive to what they experience as deceptive and unethical behaviours that will put normative pressures onto the Influencers to conform to certain ethical standards.

  • 140.
    Abidin, Crystal
    et al.
    University of Western Australia.
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Microcelebrity influencers and advertorial disclosure: Practicing the advertising/editorial divide on Instagram2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 141.
    Abidin, Crystal
    et al.
    University of Western Australia.
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media Management and Transformation Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Influencer’s dilemma: The shaping of new brand professions between credibility and commerce2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The new "liquid" media environment involves a range of new professions, practices and practitioners (Deuze 2011). Based on a rich ethnographic study containing personal interviews and participant observation, this paper looks at semi-professional Influencers in the social media marketing industry and asks how these new branding professions and their practices emerge and institutionalize. Specifically, the material draws on data collected between 2011 and 2015 among women Influencers in the ‘lifestyle’ genre in Singapore who advertise products and services in the industry verticals of Fashion, Beauty, and Electronic goods on blogs, Twitter, and Instagram.

  • 142.
    Abiodun, Fashakin Teniola
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Oluwatosin, Odumade Adebola
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    EFFECTS OF THE EXTERNAL CONSEQUENCES OF ORGANIZATIONAL ACTIVITIES ON EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY TOPIC: Effects of the External Consequences of Organizational Activities on Employee Motivation Fashakin, Teniola Abiodun Odumade, Adebola Oluwatosin SUPERVISOR: Alsen, Göran COURSE: Master Thesis in Business Administration DEPARTMENT: School of Management, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden PROGRAMME: Master of Science in Business Administration PURPOSES: The purposes of our thesis include the following: • To know the activities carried out by organization(s) • To know the external consequences of these activities • To know how these consequences affect employee motivation • Identify certain external factors that actually measures employee motivation RESEARCH QUESTION: How Do the External Consequences of Organizational Activities Affect Employee Motivation? METHODS: Our thesis involves looking into 3 different but inter-related issues- organizational activities, external consequences and employee motivation. And so, we collated data using the secondary as well as the primary sources of data. Our secondary data includes a review of the literature which is to enlighten us on what has been studied about our topic while the primary data encompasses gathering data by constructing a questionnaire, conducting interviews, and also organising focus groups; all of these to aid giving answer(s) to our research question. FINDINGS: From the research we conducted as well as the analysis we made, we were able to get a proof that there is a strong link between an organization’s activities, the external consequences of such activities as well as how the relationship between these two affects employee motivation. We have been able to establish the fact that employees also look outside their organization for incentives that could enable them to perform their duties properly.

  • 143.
    Abiti, Alex
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Adzraku, William
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    The Impact of Financing Structure and Macroeconomic Variables on Profitability of listed Ghanaian banks2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT The sustainability of banks profitability is very important to national economy. This is because banking institution serves as financial intermediary and hence supports the flow of funds from the borrower to the user of fund to grow economic activities. However banks profitability is affected by various variables both internal and internal. Some of these may be control by the banks whiles other may not be controlled internally. To investigate the impact of financial structure and macroeconomic variables on listed banks profitability in Ghana, secondary financial data of all the seven (7) listed banks were collected from the Ghana Stock Exchange. The profitability variables or ratios used are return on equity (ROE), return on asset (ROA) and net profit net interest margin (NIM). The financial structure components considered are the long-term debt to the total capital; short-term debt to total capital. The macroeconomic variables include the GDP, inflationary rate and the Exchange rate (GH¢ per US$). A correlation matrix was run using SPPS regression tool with profitability ratios as the dependent variables whiles the macroeconomic and the financial structure variables are considered as the independent variables. The results were mix: the ROA is negatively related to both total debt and short term debt and the relationship are significant. However, ROA is positively related to long term debt but not statistically significant. ROA is also negatively related to GDP and not statistically significant. ROA is positively related and statistically significant to exchange rate. Again, inflation is positively related to ROA but not significant. ROE on the other hand is statistically significant and positively related to short term debt and total debt. Exchange rate, long term debt is negatively and significantly related to ROE while inflation is positively but insignificantly related to ROE. However, ROE is insignificantly but negatively related to GDP. Net Interest Margin (NIM) is significantly and positively related to short term debt but insignificantly and positively related to inflation. NIM is, however, significantly and negatively related to total debt. This implies that an increase in sales growth, total debt and firm size is likely to result in a fall in NIM. Also, exchange rate, GDP and long term debt are negatively and insignificantly related to NIM. It is important to note that negative relationship between dependent variable and independent variable implies that if the dependent variable increases then the independent variable decreases. Ghanaian banks take advantage of the high inflation regime to increase cost of borrowings to their valued customers to increase their net interest margin and hence increase profitability while strategically using short-term debt in their financial structure to avoid paying long-term high cost of borrowings which will economically destroy shareholders value. Again the banks also increase their assets base as the economy grows (GDP) to improve their profitability in terms of returns on equity through higher banks size to meet all customers and economic activities The study provides an empirical conclusion that listed Ghanaian banks use 80.23% debt and 17.77% equity hence the capital structure of Ghanaian banks is hugely skewed toward debt. However, the debt structure of listed Ghanaian banks indicates more than 70% short term debt and less than 9% long term debt. Thus the impact of capital structure and macro-economic variables on profitability of Ghanaian listed banks is such that short term debt positively influences profitability and long term debt negatively affects profitability.

  • 144.
    Abolghasemi Kordestani, Arash
    et al.
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Farhat, Farshad
    Peighambari, K
    Lueå Tekniska Universitet.
    Supply chain process maturity and financial performance study of Swedish steel SMEs2010In: Proceedings of  the 17th Euroma conference, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this research is to demonstrate that the financial performance of the current year in Swedish steel SMEs is dependent on the amount of maturity of supply chain processes. This is examined by considering current supply chain process maturities of the firm together with financial performance of prior years. It was found that the delivery process of supply chain processes and prior cost of goods sold (COGS) have an effect on current COGS. Additionally, prior inventory and plan process of the supply chain have a positive and negative effect on inventory turnover respectively.

  • 145.
    Abolhosseini, Shahrouz
    et al.
    College of Engineering, TEMEP, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    The main support mechanisms to finance renewable energy development2014In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 40, 876-885 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Considering that the major part of greenhouse gases is carbon dioxide, there is a global concern aimed at reducing carbon emissions. In addition, major consumer countries are looking for alternative sources of energy to avoid the impact of higher fossil fuel prices and political instability in the major energy supplying countries. In this regard, different policies could be applied to reduce carbon emissions, such as enhancing renewable energy deployment and encouraging technological innovation and the creation of green jobs. This study compares three main support mechanisms employed by governments to finance renewable energy development programs: feed-in-tariffs, tax incentives, and tradable green certificates. Considering that many of the promising technologies to deploy renewable energy require investment in small-scale energy production systems, these mechanisms could be used to enhance renewable energy development at the desired scale. Employing a carbon emission tax or emission trading mechanism could be considered ideal policies to mitigate emissions at the lowest cost. The comparison of feed-in-tariffs and renewable portfolio standard policies showed that the former is good when a policy to develop renewable energy sources with a low level of risk for investors is considered. However, the latter is an appropriate policy when a market view policy is applied by the government. Finally, considering technological progress and the cost reduction for power generation by renewable energy sources, we suggest that support mechanism policies should be reconsidered from the financial point of view. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 146.
    Abolhosseini, Shahrouz
    et al.
    TEMEP, Seoul National University.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    The Main Support Mechanisms to Finance Renewable Energy Development2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Considering that the major part of greenhouse gases is carbon dioxide, there is a global concern aimed at reducing carbon emissions. Additionally, major consumer countries are looking for alternative sources of energy to avoid the impact of higher fossil fuel prices and political instability in the major energy supplying countries. In this regard, different policies could be applied to reduce carbon emissions, such as enhancing renewable energy deployment and encouraging technological innovation and creation of green jobs. There are three main support mechanisms employed by governments to finance renewable energy development programs: feed-in-tariffs, tax incentives, and tradable green certificates. Considering that many of the promising technologies to deploy renewable energy require investment in small-scale energy production systems, these mechanisms could be used to enhance renewable energy development at the desired scale. Employing a carbon emission tax or emission trading mechanism could be considered ideal policies to mitigate emissions at the lowest cost. The comparison of feed-in-tariffs and renewable portfolio standard policies showed that the former is good when a policy to develop renewable energy sources with a low level of risk for investors is considered. However, the latter is an appropriate policy when a marketview policy is applied by the government.

  • 147.
    Abolhosseini, Shahrouz
    et al.
    Petr Univ Technol, Natl Iranian Oil Co, Int Affairs, Tehran, Iran.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Sogang Univ, Seoul, South Korea.
    Rashidghalam, Masoomeh
    Univ Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
    Energy security and competition over energy resources in Iran and Caucasus region2017In: AIMS Energy, ISSN 2333-8326, E-ISSN 2333-8334, Vol. 5, no 2, 224-238 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy security as a dominant factor in international stability is of great importance for major economies. The global energy market with its current level of supply and demand relies on energy sources in the Middle East, Caucasus, Central Asia and Russia. After the Fukushima disaster nuclear powers in Europe view renewable energy sources as a serious alternative. Europe’s energy vulnerability has deteriorated due to the Russia-Ukraine conflict. However, renewable energy sources are not large enough to replace nuclear power completely. This trend will continue with climbing demand especially in the natural gas sector as clean energy. In this research, Caucasus and Iran are considered the main sources and routes for energy transmission to the global market, including Europe. Caucasus plays a key role in bridging Europe and Asia. Also, Iran is an alternative for energy transmission to Europe after lifted sanctions. As part of the European active supply diversification policy Iran has capacity to reduce Europe’s energy dependency on Russia. However, changes in US new administration America First Policy is harmful for the EUs energy security. Caucasus aims to catch a large share of the European energy market since the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline has started operations and Iran is also trying to expand its market to become a sustainable source of energy for major consumers. Therefore, Iran and Caucasus are considered reliable energy suppliers for Europe. In this regard, we analyze the best motivation for changing the direction new suppliers’ energy policies towards Europe and suggest alternative solutions to compete with rival countries in order to enhance energy security.

  • 148.
    Abona, Emil
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Relationship between Swedish Equity Funds´Management Fees and Performance2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing number of people in Sweden and in the rest of the world are becoming more interested in the mutual fund sector. Investments in mutual funds have grown rapidly these past few years. Nilsson (2004) wrote that 85 percent of the Swedish population invested in mutual funds in 2004. The Swedish Investment Fund Association also found an increase in investments in mutual funds; 83 billion Swedish crowns were invested in mutual funds in 2005, an increase from 56 billion in 2004.

    The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate whether or not there is a relationship between low fee, middle fee, and high fee charging Swedish Equity funds and their respective performance (unadjusted and risk-adjusted returns). The Modigliani & Modigliani (1997) risk-adjusted performance measurement was used to calculate the risk-adjusted performance of the 130 mutual funds. And the linear regression was used to analyze whether or not there was a relationship between the variables (management fee vs. returns/risk-adjusted returns). The mutual funds were also divided into three different categories, based on their management fees; low, middle and high fee mutual funds.

    The analysis illustrated that there was no clear relationship between the management fee and the returns/risk-adjusted returns. There was some connection found between the management fee and the low, middle fee category. However, this research confirms that investors should not believe that a mutual fund which charges higher fees necessarily generate higher returns.

  • 149.
    Abonyi, Balazs
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Johansson, Martin
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    "Die deutsche Welle""Den tyska vågen": En studie om nya trender i investeringsflöden från Tyskland till Sverige2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 150.
    Abonyi, Balazs
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Johansson, Martin
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Let's get social on the way to the market: A study of German companies' internationalization proceses2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Germany and Sweden have been significant trade partners throughout history, which has even strengthened during the last decades. Many German firms have established their business in Sweden and vice versa. The Uppsala model has often been used to describe the way a company becomes international. However, in recent years there has been a demand for a new perspective that also takes the social aspect of internationalization into account. This paper focuses on these two approaches and tries to combine them. We have conducted a survey amongst German companies that are members in the Swedish-German Chamber of Commerce and also conducted an interview with the CEO of the Chamber Dipl.Ing. Klaus Bohler. We analyzed our answers and presented our conclusions, which suggests that a significant part of the firms questioned relied on their former social ties when they decided about entering the Swedish market. However, the mode of entry was not influenced remarkably. Furthermore, we concluded that the German counterparts were more active in seeking business opportunities; in more than 60 percent of the cases the initiative was taken by the German seller.

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