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  • 101.
    Eriksson, Hanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Emretsson, Veronica
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Öppenvårdsbehandling och återhämtningskapital: En utvärdering av ett kommunalt öppenvårdskoncept för beroendebehandling2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att utvärdera ett kommunalt öppenvårdskoncept för behandling vid beroendeproblematik i en svensk mellanstor kommun. Detta genom att undersöka klienters måluppfyllelse och positiv förändring gällande hälsa, välmående och livssituation samt sociodemografiska faktorers samband med behandlingsresultat. En kvantitativ innehållsanalys genomfördes av klienters akter (n = 37) med hjälp av ett kodningsprotokoll. En beskrivande samt bivariat analys genomfördes i SPSS. Resultatet visade att måluppfyllelsen var hög bland de klienter som fullföljde behandlingen. Resultatet visade även ett starkt signifikant samband mellan positiv förändring och fullföljande av behandling. Bland sociodemografiska faktorer visade andra insatser sig vara betydelsefullt både gällande fullföljande av behandling och positiv förändring.

  • 102.
    Eriksson, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Man känner sig ju lite grann som en spelpjäs" : Ett klientperspektiv på samverkansmöten inom Socialtjänsten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study aimed to gain a deeper understanding of a client´s participation in collaboration meetings. Four clients that get interventions from the Social services have been interviewed with a semi-structured interview. After the intake of empirical data it has been made a content analysis.

    The research shows that a collaboration meeting is built out of social processes that can either create participation of the client or obstruct it. The study also shows that there are power differences in collaboration meetings and that these must be made visible continuously in order to create a more equal discussion. It has also emerged that there are factors at an individual, group and structural level which hinders or promotes client participation.

  • 103.
    Fagerberg, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Lydnadsmodus på socialtjänsten: En operationalisering av funktionell dumhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study's aim was to apply Paulsen’s (2017) model of functional stupidity as a form of organizational compliance to a social work context. A questionnaire was developed with 20 Likert items that operationalised Paulsen's ten “stupidity rationales”, together with a measure of work satisfaction, and distributed to social workers in six municipalities (N=73). Results show that most stupidity rationale items were endorsed by a majority of participants, with the “despair” mode of compliance most strongly endorsed. Bivariate and internal consistency reliability analysis indicated that Paulsen's model was a good fit to the data, while multiple regression analysis demonstrated that the model of functional stupidity explained 30 percent variance in work satisfaction, with “authoritarian” and "cynicism" modes as significant predictors in the model. The study suggests that Paulsen's model of functional stupidity has potential value for increasing our understand of how social workers' cope with the demands of their work.

  • 104.
    Fahlvik, Ida
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Simonsson Lindberg, Siri
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Det gäller att hålla huvudet kallt och hjärtat varmt: En studie om socialarbetares upplevelser av rollkonflikt och makt i socialt arbete2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As a social worker, you need to think with a cool head while having a warm heart. Driven by

    a will to help, but faced with laws and regulations that can lead to conflicts between the

    professional and governing body. This study has been put in place to examine this

    relationship from the social workers point of view. This qualitative study aims to examine

    social workers experiences of power in “the authority role” and how that power affect “the

    helper role” within social work. We also want to investigate how these roles affect in meeting

    with the client. In order to understand the social workers experiences semi-structured

    interviews were made with workers within this department. The main focus was to exam how

    the specified roles affect the meeting with clients. Factors examined are: The relationship,

    conflicts, management and power between the roles. In the analysis of the result, the concepts

    of pastoral power and caring power have been used, and thus lift the social workers view of

    power and help. The study shows that all informants experienced contradictions between the

    roles and that the balance between power and help is complex. However, the study also shows

    that the subject is relatively unreflected by the social workers.

  • 105.
    Fjellfeldt, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Implementing a new mental health policy in Sweden2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sweden faces increasing problems related to mental ill-health. To address this problem, the government recently launched a new mental health policy to cover mental health issues in general.

    Purpose of study: This study aimed to explore the implementation process of the new mental health policy.

    Methods/Theory: A case study was conducted in which national governance and regional response constituted the main elements of the case. A period of 4 years was chosen. In all, 68 national and regional key documents were selected for the analysis. Theories of implementation processes and governance strategies were used to enhance the understanding of the data.

    Findings: The implementation process showed the following the distinctive features: 1) a broad range of target groups were addressed from persons at risk of mental ill-health to persons suffering from severe mental illness; 2) the whole spectra from preventive interventions to treatment interventions were included; 3) the mental health of children and youth was prioritized; and 4) the character of the governance gradually shifted over time from an open to a more targeted approach. A major difficulty associated with the implementation process was the lack of options to systematically follow-up government policy efforts.

    Conclusion: The broad definition of mental health care and support meant there were regional variations in the prioritizing of groups, as well as regional variations on the working methods used.

  • 106.
    Fjellfeldt, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    One new policy: A variety of applications—The implementation processes of a new mental health policy in Sweden2019In: Social Policy & Administration, ISSN 0144-5596, E-ISSN 1467-9515Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 107.
    Friberg, Linda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Grahn, Niklas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Manlig utsatthet för våld i nära relationer: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares arbete med män som utsätts för våld i nära relationer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to examine if social workers apply gender awareness when meeting individuals exposed to domestic violence and how it is expressed in the meeting. To answer these questions, a qualitative approach has been used, with vignette interviews as method. Three of our informants were given a scenario where the client was a man, and three informants were given the exact same scenario but with a female client. The informant’s answers were compared and analyzed through former research and theories such as gender theory, stereotypes and institutionalization. Our conclusions of this study show that social workers, to some extent, are influenced by gender stereotypes and that they distinguish between men and women regarding treatment, assessments and decisions. However, we have also seen that there is always a will to help the client if needed, if it is possible due to the political and economic situation.

  • 108. Frogner, Louise
    et al.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kunskap och kvalitet i socialtjänsten: En kartläggning av förutsättningar för kvalitetsarbete och verksamhetsutveckling i Katrineholms kommun2010Report (Other academic)
  • 109.
    Frost, Mattias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Johansson, Andreas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Socialsekreterares arbete med dataspelsberoende ungdomar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how social workers work with adolescents with gaming addiction, and how the social workers talks about the adolescents. We have applied a qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews as a method. Six interviews were held. The material has been analyzed using a body oriented model of explanation regarding drug use and addiction, an action oriented model of explanation regarding drug use and addiction, a theoretic framework based on conflict between social roles and social institutions, and former research. The result of our study is that social workers tend to equate gaming addiction with other types of addiction. The cause of internet gaming disorder is described as complicated, with a combination of social, psychological and biological factors. Treatment is mostly aimed towards parents, in order to support parental ability and boundaries. Social workers describe a lack of knowledge regarding gaming addiction.

  • 110. Fäldt, Johannes
    et al.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Implications of male and female same-gender dyads2012In: Journal of social service research, ISSN 0148-8376, E-ISSN 1540-7314, Vol. 38, no 5, p. 712-726Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article a study of male and female social workers’ assessments of a fictitious same-gender client’s problems and needs is presented. A vignette and questionnaire were mailed to a random sample of Swedish social welfare officers. A total of 222 cases of same-gender assessments were statistically analyzed. The findings suggest that the outcome of the assessments, at least to some extent, seems to depend on the gender of the client, the gender of the assessor, and how the problem area or situation of the client is ‘gendered’. Concerning some situations and problem areas, the same-gender dyads tend to strengthen stereotypical expectations on men and women as clients. Above all, the male same-gender dyad seems to have contributively consequences, in particular concerning proposed help-giving practices for the client. One way to carry out further research on this matter could be to incorporate a number of more refined ‘gendered’ problem areas and situations in a study with a comprehensive factorial design.

  • 111. Fäldt, Johannes
    et al.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Male social workers talk about male and female clients: A comparison of implicit and explicit conceptions of gender2011In: Joint Nordic Conference on Welfare and professionalism in Turbulent Times, Reykjavi, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses male social workers reasoning about and assessments of male or a female client in need of welfare assistance. The empirical material consists of four focus groups with Swedish social workers with experience of social welfare assessments. In two of the focus groups a vignette of a female client, with moderate social problems, are presented. In the other two focus groups, the vignette presented is the same with the exception of a shift of the client’s gender. The main question addressed what level of decision implementation is being put forward by the professionals? One way to conceptualize these levels are: 1) one overall legal level, 2) an administrative and organizational level, 3) a group level with local and culturally beliefs, and finally, 4) the individual worker's freedom of action. Social cognitive theory is used to analyze the material. The analysis are based on two main starting points: 1) how we perceive a specific social context effects our actions, 2) human cognitive capacity is limited, which means that we peel off some information and focus on other.

  • 112.
    Gilhooly, M. L.
    et al.
    Brunel Institute for Ageing Studies, Brunel University, Uxbridge, United Kingdom.
    van den Heuvel, E.
    Brunel Institute for Ageing Studies, Brunel University, Uxbridge, United Kingdom.
    Jowitt, F.
    Brunel Institute for Ageing Studies, Brunel University, Uxbridge, United Kingdom.
    Sutherland, I.
    Brunel Institute for Ageing Studies, Brunel University, Uxbridge, United Kingdom.
    Bichard, J.
    Royal College of Art, London, United Kingdom.
    Long, A.
    Bristol Urological Institute, Bristol, United Kingdom.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Vibrating underpants, smell sensors and hospital continence services: tools and technologies for improving the lives of people with incontinence2012In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 52, no s1, p. 185-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social isolation, loss of self esteem and depression are often a consequence of incontinence. The overall aim of this interdisciplinary project was to reduce the impact of continence difficulties and, thus, assist older people in maintaining a positive identity and good quality of life. The TACT3 project was comprised of three research work packages:

    Assistive technology development:

    Vibrating underpants: A washable fabric underwear wetness sensor and alert mechanism has been developed to alert continence pad users of leakage. In addition, a colour change odour indicating formula has been developed to indicate the presence of the odour of urine at a just imperceptible level.

    Challenging environmental barriers to continence: Two sets of stakeholders were involved, older people with continence difficulties and toilet providers. Focus groups, workshops, interviews and photographic diaries were conducted to identify key issues. A web based map locating toilets in London was developed which is called the Great British Toilet Map.

    Improving continence interventions and services: 140 patients and their carers were interviewed twice within a 12 month interval from a specialist continence clinic for older people and generic continence clinic. Twenty health and social care managers and 200 practitioners were also be interviewed. Care outcomes are being analysed from each clinic and a cost benefit analysis will be carried out.

    Key findings from this three year interdisciplinary project are highlighted. Prototypes of the vibrating underpants and the odour sensor will be on display. This research was funded by the UK New Dynamics of Ageing Programme.

  • 113.
    Grim, Katarina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Care Sciences. Karlstads universitet.
    Rosenberg, David
    Svedberg, Petra
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Development and usability testing of a web-based decision support for users and health professionals in psychiatric services2017In: Psychiatric rehabilitation journal, ISSN 1095-158X, E-ISSN 1559-3126, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 293-302Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: Shared decision making (SMD) related to treatment and rehabilitation is considered a central component in recovery-oriented practice. Although decision aids are regarded as an essential component for successfully implementing SDM, these aids are often lacking within psychiatric services. The aim of this study was to use a participatory design to facilitate the development of a user-generated, web-based decision aid for individuals receiving psychiatric services. The results of this effort as well as the lessons learned during the development and usability processes are reported.

    METHOD: The participatory design included 4 iterative cycles of development. Various qualitative methods for data collection were used with potential end users participating as informants in focus group and individual interviews and as usability and pilot testers.

    RESULTS: Interviewing and testing identified usability problems that then led to refinements and making the subsequent prototypes increasingly user-friendly and relevant. In each phase of the process, feedback from potential end-users provided guidance in developing the formation of the web-based decision aid that strengthens the position of users by integrating access to information regarding alternative supports, interactivity between staff and users, and user preferences as a continual focus in the tool.

    CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This web-based decision aid has the potential to strengthen service users' experience of self-efficacy and control as well as provide staff access to user knowledge and preferences. Studies employing participatory models focusing on usability have potential to significantly contribute to the development and implementation of tools that reflect user perspectives. (PsycINFO Database Record

  • 114.
    Grim, Katarina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Care Sciences.
    Rosenberg, David
    Svedberg, Petra
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Shared decision-making in mental health care: a user perspective on decisional needs in community-based services2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, article id 30563Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making (SDM) is an emergent research topic in the field of mental health care and is considered to be a central component of a recovery-oriented system. Despite the evidence suggesting the benefits of this change in the power relationship between users and practitioners, the method has not been widely implemented in clinical practice.

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate decisional and information needs among users with mental illness as a prerequisite for the development of a decision support tool aimed at supporting SDM in community-based mental health services in Sweden.

    METHODS: Three semi-structured focus group interviews were conducted with 22 adult users with mental illness. The transcribed interviews were analyzed using a directed content analysis. This method was used to develop an in-depth understanding of the decisional process as well as to validate and conceptually extend Elwyn et al.'s model of SDM.

    RESULTS: The model Elwyn et al. have created for SDM in somatic care fits well for mental health services, both in terms of process and content. However, the results also suggest an extension of the model because decisions related to mental illness are often complex and involve a number of life domains. Issues related to social context and individual recovery point to the need for a preparation phase focused on establishing cooperation and mutual understanding as well as a clear follow-up phase that allows for feedback and adjustments to the decision-making process.

    CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The current study contributes to a deeper understanding of decisional and information needs among users of community-based mental health services that may reduce barriers to participation in decision-making. The results also shed light on attitudinal, relationship-based, and cognitive factors that are important to consider in adapting SDM in the mental health system.

  • 115.
    Grim, Katarina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Care Sciences. Karlstads universitet.
    Tistad, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Stockholms universitet.
    Rosenberg, David
    Umeå universitet.
    The legitimacy of user knowledge in decision-making processes in mental health care: An analysis of epistemic injustice2019In: Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health, ISSN 2198-9834, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 157-173Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 116.
    Gustafsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Qvicker, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Vad får dem att stanna?: En kvalitativ studie om arbetsmotivation bland socialsekreterare inom missbruksenheten2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social workers work environment is a mentioned topic and there is an extensive staff turnover in the profession. The aim of this study was to explore why social workers within the social services addiction abuse unit choose to remain in their workplace. The study is of a qualitative character and the data is based on six semi-structured interviews. The theoretical reference framework is Herzberg´s theory of motivation and the empirical data is analyzed using a thematic analysis. The result shows that both internal and external factors have an impact for the will to remain on the workplace. The internal factors refer to factors within the individual social worker, such as satisfying an inner need to help others. The external factors, instead, concern outer circumstances, such as work tasks and colleagues. These interact with each other, but the results show no tendencies that one would be more important than the other.

  • 117.
    Hallin, Malin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Lindgren, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Men barnen då?: Ekonomiskt bistånd och det sociala arvet mellan föräldrar och barn2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this qualitative study, we have chosen to examine how the Financial Assistance Unit works with preventive measures as to avoid that financial assistance is permitted to become a social heritage that runs in generations. The context of this study is based on interviews with social workers who have experience in the field. The collected materials have been analyzed based on the social learning theory as an attempt to understand how social legacy can be passed between generations. As a complement to the theory, we have also adressed the children's perspective in the analysis since the children are a big part of the study. This study demonstrates and confirms that long-term financial assistance may pass between generations. Further this study also shows how the preventive efforts for these families take place inside the Financial Assistance Unit.

  • 118.
    Hallin, Simon
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Neljesjö, David
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kunskap om socialt arbete: Tredje sektorns erfarenheter och perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate how people without social work education,

    who practice social work targeted at people with alcohol abuse problems in the

    third sector learn about social work. Furthermore, the study aimed at investigating

    which forms of knowledge and abilities the respondents considered to be of

    importance in order to perform social work. Theories underlying the study were

    theories of learning. A qualitative method of individual interviews with volunteers

    and employees in the third sector from central Sweden was performed. A thematic

    analysis was made and resulted in a number of themes. The result does not show a

    comprehensive picture of the knowledge situation in the third sector, but shows

    that previous research is consistent with the results. Important knowledge was

    theoretical knowledge, the significance of the individual person and the

    significance of the meeting with the individual. The result also showed that the

    respondents gained knowledge through professionals related to the organisation,

    learn by doing and that their own experience showed a path to knowledge.

  • 119.
    Handegard, Audrina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Langörgen, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Skolkurativt arbete och Empowerment: En kvalitativ intervjustudie kring Empowerment och dess applicering inom skolkuratorns ramverk2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to see if the school counselors work is influenced by empowerment, that is, if the school counselors aim to strengthen the students' own capacity. Four school counselors from two different municipalities who work from elementary school through high school have been interviewed. The interpretation framework for the analysis of the empirical material was designed according to Adam's three dimensions for empowerment-based social work. The results showed that the school counselors were aware of the empowerment concept and had insight into what empowerment-oriented work contributes to. It also emerged that the work methods of all school counselors contained features of empowerment even though it was not the stated working method and the performance differed. The study concludes that the school counselors work does not explicitly follow empowerment theory but that it is found in the working method. The study indicates a need for further research on empowerment-based working methods and its application in school counseling.

  • 120.
    Hassan, Moshira
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Omar, Bahar
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Vem är jag?: En kvalitativ studie om unga kvinnors upplevelser av sin etniska identitet2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of the experience of identity among young women with immigrant backgrounds. In addition, a sub-purpose is to study whether the residential area has an impact on their sense of identity. Six qualitative interviews were conducted. The results showed that the young women live with a dual identity. The women are torn because they are not seen as Swedes and are instead being seen as immigrants. Women perceive their identity as difficult to cope with because they are forced to compromise between their two identities. The women felt safe with their friends because they could be themselves in contrast to their experiences from their families and the society. The result also shows that the residential area has an impact on their identity. The study shows that there is a need for further research on the subject to create a better understanding.

  • 121.
    Hedgårds, David
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Axelsson, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Resan till samhället: En kvalitativ utvärderingsstudie av en mottagningsenhet i mellansverige2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In present study interviews with five officials and the gathering of documentation carried out in a reception center for newly arrived refugees located in a medium-sized municipality in central Sweden. The aim has been on the basis of the collected empirical data to evaluate how the municipality worked to promote the integration of newcomers, what measures were available, whether there were existing goals, and how they were formulated, and the extent to which they were implemented. This constituted, together with earlier research and systems theory based framework for the study's conclusions. The study showed that communication between and within the investigated unit was partly flawed. It has also showed that there was a degree of conflict in organizational approaches within the examined entity which could cause bottlenecks in the activity. The current study also showed the difficulty in estimating the resources currently needed to cover the need of, among others, Swedish for immigrants.

  • 122. Henoch, Ingela
    et al.
    Browall, Maria
    Melin-Johansson, Christina
    Danielson, Ella
    Udo, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Johansson Sundler, Annelie
    Björk, Maria
    Ek, Kristina
    Hammarlund, Kina
    Strang, Susann
    The Swedish version of the Frommelt Attitude Toward Care of the Dying Scale (FATCOD): Aspects of validity and factors influencing nurses' and nursing students' attitudes2014In: Cancer Nursing, ISSN 0162-220X, E-ISSN 1538-9804, Vol. 37, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nurses' attitudes toward caring for dying persons need to be explored. The Frommelt Attitude Toward Care of the Dying (FATCOD) scale has not previously been used in Swedish language.

    Objectives: The objectives of this study were to compare FATCOD scores among Swedish nurses and nursing students with those from other languages, to explore the existence of 2 subscales, and to evaluate influences of experiences on attitudes toward care of dying patients.

    Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional, and predictive design was used. The FATCOD scores of Swedish nurses from hospice, oncology, surgery clinics, and palliative home care and nursing students were compared with published scores from the United States, Israel, and Japan. Descriptive statistics, t tests, and factor and regression analyses were used.

    Results: The sample consisted of 213 persons: 71 registered nurses, 42 enrolled nurses, and 100 nursing students. Swedish FATCOD mean scores did not differ from published means from the United States and Israel, but were significantly more positive than Japanese means. In line with Japanese studies, factor analyses yielded a 2-factor solution. Total FATCOD and subscales had low Cronbach [alpha]'s. Hospice and palliative team nurses were more positive than oncology and surgery nurses to care for dying patients.

    Conclusions: Although our results suggest that the Swedish FATCOD may comprise 2 distinct scales, the total scale may be the most adequate and applicable for use in Sweden. Professional experience was associated with nurses' attitudes toward caring for dying patients.

    Implication for Practice: Care culture might influence nurses' attitudes toward caring for dying patients; the benefits of education need to be explored.

  • 123.
    Herkules, Paula
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Younes, Angelica
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    ”Kanske att man inte tänker prostitution på en gång”: Socialsekreterares förståelse av ensamkommande pojkars utsatthet för prostitution2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Unaccompanied boys are at high risk to be exploited through prostitution which the social services are responsible to identify and give support. This study aimed to investigate how social workers in Dalarna understand and handle the issue of unaccompanied boys vulnerability and exploitation through prostitution. The result of the study was analyzed with intersectionality as theoretical frame of interpretation. This essay is based on a qualitative approach and was conducted by semi-structured interviews. The results showed that the respondents had limited experience of unaccompanied exploited through prostitution. A certain deflection of responsibility of the detection to any potential exploited is further noticed and also a stigmatizing perception of prostitution. The result further showed that the perception of intersectional power relations has an impact on the understanding of unaccompanied boys and their vulnerability to be exploited through prostitution.

  • 124. Herz, Marcus
    et al.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Genusmedvetet socialt arbete2012In: Genus i socialt arbete / [ed] Kullberg, Christian, Marcus Herz, Johannes Fäldt, Veronika Wallroth, Mikael Skillmark, Malmö: Liber, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 125.
    Hiltunen, Tiina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Jonsson, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Äldre och ensamhet: En kartläggning av sociala insatser för äldre personer i Dalarnas kommuner2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is limited research on how care administrators in elderly care work with loneliness among older people. For this reason, the study's main purpose is to examine how care administrators in Dalecarlian counties are working to investigate the social needs as a result of loneliness among older people and to find out which municipal-based social interventions that are offered for these individuals and on what grounds. The study was conducted based on a quantitative approach, were we have used a questionnaire that includes questions designed to answer the study’s purpose. Interpretative framework for the analysis of the empirical material consists of Lipsky 's theory of street-level bureaucracy. The study’s results show that there is a need to both expand and develop the municipal-based social interventions for the elderly and to develop procedures on how to work with loneliness among older people. The study demonstrates a need for more research, both international and national, about how care administrators are working to identify loneliness among older people.

  • 126.
    Hjort, Caroline
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Lindblad Wojcik, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Prostitution: En litteraturstudie om kvinnors egna berättelser gällande processen in och ut ur prostitution.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to learn more about women in prostitution, mainly about the process in and out of prostitution. Four books containing biographical material were read, three were written by the authors themselves and the fourth by two authors who interviewed female prostitutes. The empirical study was analyzed with thematic analysis and gender and stigma was used as theoretical perspectives and interpretation frames. The results showed that factors such as economics, traumatic events and self-hatred were the main reasons for entering prostitution, and that exiting prostitution was dependent on factors such as time, relationships and the treatment of society. The conclusion is that it is not a particular personality type that enters prostitution but it being due to several collaborative circumstances, therefore preventive efforts are important. It is also easier to quit with the help of someone, such as professional helpers.

  • 127.
    Hofberg, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Chamdin, Khaled
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Mångkulturell arbetsplats: En studie om kulturella skillnader och dess betydelse vid kommunikation på arbetsplatsen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at investigating how social workers experience cultural differences in communication with their colleagues. The students of the study are social workers who have worked for at least 6 months in the same working group. The data collection is based on a qualitative method where the data was gathered through semi-structured interviews. The results are then produced through a thematic analysis where we highlight different areas. Based on our study, we can state that our respondents feel that there is an experienced cultural difference in communication with colleagues and that they express themselves differently. Respondents talked about different communication situations where both language and action were the areas that showed the most cultural differences. Respondents also told about the pros and cons of cultural differences and how these could affect communication with colleagues in the workplace

  • 128.
    Hofberg, Sofia
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Att arbeta med återhämtning inom rättspsykiatrin: Personalens erfarenheter av återhämtningsprocesser hos patienter inom rättspsykiatrin2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about the forensic psychiatry staff experiences of patients ' recovery processes. The study aims to highlight the experience staff possesses. The study is based on a qualitative approach and consists of interviews conducted with staff who works in one of the forensic psychiatric care clinics. The study is based on a qualitative approach and consists of interviews conducted with personnel working in one of the forensic psychiatric care clinics. The results show that the staffs have experience of both beneficial and hindering factors that influence patients ' recovery. The result also shows that relations between staff and patient are essential for patients ' recovery.

  • 129.
    Hult Pettersson, Fredrika
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Osäker kunskap: Socialsekreterares beskrivning av arbetet med föräldrar med intellektuellt funktionshinder2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate how social workers, within the social child care, work with parents with intellectual disability. Two questions were investigated: how the social workers experienced meeting the parents and what was their knowledge base. A focus group interview was conducted with six participants. The results of the study showed that social workers experienced uncertainty in meeting and assessment the families with intellectual disability. Further, the study showed that there were weaknesses and uncertainty in cooperation between authorities, and that the knowledge used by the professionals was mainly experience based. The conclusion is that there is a lack of evidence based methods and the field is characterised by uncertainty.

  • 130.
    Hurtig, Lovisa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Svadling, Emma
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Socialsekreterares syn på barn och ungas delaktighet i barnavårdsutredningar: - En fokusgruppsstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how social workers practically work to enable children and young people’s participation in child care investigations. The method used is qualitative focus group interviews and the empirical material has been analysed using a qualitative thematic network analysis. A total of ten social workers working with child care investigations have participated. The study shows that there are different ways of practically involving children and young people, that social workers view of participation is broad and involves the need to individualize the participation of the unique child or youth they meet. The study also shows that the relationship between social workers and children and young people is of great importance and that the organisation's prerequisities are of great importance in the work to enable children´s and young people’s participation. The study shows that opportunities for improvement within, above all, the organisation's prerequisities exist in the work to enable children´s and young people’s participation in child care investigation.

  • 131.
    Hussfelt, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Johansson, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Aldrig ensam: En kvalitativ studie om ensamkommandes upplevelse av att bo och flytta från HVB2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate unaccompanied minors ex-perience of living and moving from a group home in a Swedish municipality. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with five individuals who previ-ously have been placed in a group home. The results showed that through placement in the group home the respondents had an opportunity to meet other unaccompanied minors and share a similar situation, which created a sense of security. The results showed further that received support from the staff, during the placement and in preparations to move from the group home and become independent, was of vital importance. The results indicate that the respondents experienced the time they spent in the group home in a positive way.

  • 132.
    Hämberg, Eva
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Social tillsyn ett hinder eller möjlighet för utvecklingen av evidensbaserat socialt arbete?2011In: Joint Nordic Conference on Welfare and professionalism in Turbulent Times, Reykjavik, Iceland, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Social tillsyn – ett hinder eller en möjlighet för utvecklingen av evidensbaserat socialt arbete? Eva Hämberg, doktorand, socialt arbete, akademin för hälsa och samhälle, Högskolan Dalarna. Bakgrund: Statens ambitioner att kontrollera och styra det sociala arbetet i Sverige har ökat. En förklaring till denna utveckling kan sökas i idéströmningarna bakom new public management men också viljan att evidensbasera det sociala arbetet. Tillsyn är ett medel för statlig styrning som också används inom socialtjänstområdet. Kritik har riktats mot att den sociala tillsynen varit otydlig och uddlös. Denna kritik har lett till förändringar i socialtjänstlagen som inneburit att den sociala tillsynens karaktär av auktoritativt styrmedel getts ökad betydelse. Syfte : Syftet är att studera den sociala tillsynens möjligheter att styra den kommunala socialtjänstens verksamheter. Metoder: Studien bygger på en systematisk litteraturgenomgång av statliga utredningar som behandlar utvecklingen av tillsynsinstrumentet generellt och av den sociala tillsynen i synnerhet. Texterna analyseras utifrån teorier som behandlar styrning och implementering i människovårdande organisationer. Preliminära resultat: De preliminära resultaten visar att den sociala tillsynens påverkan på socialtjänsten kan relateras till tillsynsinstrumentets styrlogik. En ökad betoning på tillsyn som auktoritativt styrmedel innebär att den sociala tillsynen får funktionen av ett kontrollsystem där staten via normering, kontroll, myndighetsbeslut och ökade sanktionsmöjligheter stärker styrningen av den kommunala socialtjänsten. En betoning på den sociala tillsynen som ett sådant kontrollsystem förväntas leda till ökade krav på en standardisering av det sociala arbetet och att instrument och metoder som är evidensbaserade används. Keywords; Social tillsyn, kontrollsystem, evidensbaserad praktik

  • 133.
    Hämberg, Eva
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Supervision as control system: the design of supervision as a regulatory instrument in the social services sector in Sweden2013In: Offentlig Förvaltning. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2000-8058, E-ISSN 2001-3310, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 45-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the prevailing official view of supervision as a regulatory instrument is examined as it applies to the social services sector in Sweden. The study is based on a comparison of the views expressed on the design of supervision as a regulatory instrument by two government commissions, the Supervision Commission and the Commission on Supervision within the Social Services (UTIS), and on the positions taken by the Government regarding the definitions of the concept of supervision proposed by these commissions. The view of supervision as a regulatory instrument expressed in these policy documents is analysed with the help of a theoretical framework describing the components, their functions and the governance characteristics of control systems. In the framework separate interrelated characteristics of the components are identified and summarized into two models of control systems. The analysis shows that supervision in the Swedish social services sector can be described in terms of both a disciplinary and non-disciplinary system. By its system theoretical basis and the identification of interrelated characteristics the study contributes to a broadened understanding of the construction and functions of supervision as a regulatory instrument and of how supervision within the Swedish social sector is meant to be designed.

  • 134.
    Hämberg, Eva
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    The use of standards in supervision of social services in Sweden: 11th EES Biennal Conference Evaluation for an Equitable Society 1-3 october 2014 Dublin, Ireland2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 135.
    Hämberg, Eva
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Tillsyn i teori och praktik: om statlig styrning och kontroll av socialtjänstens individ- och familjeomsorg2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to deepen the understanding about the function of control in the inspection process and to increase the knowledge about the legitimacy and impact from inspection on different types of social and welfare services. In the thesis the form and legitimacy of the inspection process are studied in two types of social services in Sweden: a less complex service where the task to investigate and make decisions about social care dominates (IAD), and a more complex service where the task to provide treatment interventions dominates (TI). The data consists of policy documents, inspection reports, casefile documentation, and interviews with inspectors, politicians, managers and social workers. The inspection process is discussed in relation to theories about control systems and legitimacy processes. Inspection is a policy instrument whose standards are derived from legislations and where those subject to the inspection are obliged to meet the demands made by the inspectorates. This form of disciplinary control has been questioned given that its complexity makes it hard to regulate the practice of social work through detailed rules. By including a less disciplinary form of control the instrument’s ability to impact on more complex aspects of social services are expected to increase. The results show a difference in how the inspection process is set up in the two types of services. In the IAD services the process takes the form of a disciplinary control system, whereas the process in TI services initially takes the form of a non-disciplinary system. In spite of the differences observed in the initial stages of the process, the results show that the judgments of inspectors in both types of services are almost exclusively based on information about concrete and detailed aspects. This entails that the judgements of inspectors in both types of services mostly take the form of statements on simple observable and concrete conditions, whereas judgments about more complex aspects are rarely made. The study also shows that although the propriety and relevance of the inspectors’ judgements are questioned more in TI organisations inspections seem to have greater validity and impact on TI than on IAD organisations. The results of the thesis point to two explanations. One explanation is that the costs of dealing with the problems underlying the identified deficiencies are lower for TI than IAD organisations. This in turn leads to greater acceptance of carrying out the proposed measures in TI than in IAD organisations. Another possible explanation is that the potential sanctions are greater for TI than IAD organisations.

  • 136.
    Hämberg, Eva
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Vilket värde har inspektörernas värderingar av värdet för tillsyn?2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilket värde har inspektörers värderingar för värdet av tillsyn?

    Eva Hämberg, doktorand socialt arbete, akademin för Utbildning, Hälsa och Samhälle, Högskolan Dalarna.

    Bakgrund: Den statliga tillsynens betydelse som medel för styrning av välfärdens organisationer har ökat, samtidigt som kunskapen om tillsynens utformning och hur den påverkar socialtjänstens olika verksamheter fortfarande är begränsad. I projektet Social tillsyn i tillsyn i teori och praktik studeras tillsynen som styrmedel utifrån ett systemteoretiskt perspektiv, där värderingen utgör en av fyra komponenter tillsynen. 

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är öka kunskapen om vilka värderinar eller bedömningar som görs i tillsyn av olika verksamheter inom socialtjänstens individ och familjeomsorg (IFO) och hur bedömningarna uppfattas av olika aktörer inom socialtjänsten.

    Design-Metod-Material: Studien har formen en komparativ fallstudie. Fallen utgörs av fem tillsynsärenden där två olika typer av IFO verksamheter, handläggning och institutionsvård granskat. I samtliga fem fall har tillsynsmyndigheten, i detta fall Socialstyrelsen (SoS), ställt krav på åtgärder. Materialet utgörs av SoS dokumentation i tillsynsärendena och av ett 15-tal intervjuer med politiker (nämndsordföranden), chefer och professionella i de fem kommunerna.

    Preliminära resultat: Analysen av SoS dokumentation visar att de bedömningar som görs uteslutande rör brister. Bedömningarna rör som regel sådana aspekter där s.k. säkra bedömningar kan göras, där bedömningen egentligen handlar om ett konstaterande av faktum.  Bedömningar baserade på mer osäker information, eller där information av mer komplex karaktär vägs samman, förekommer däremot sällan. Dokumentationen har en central funktion både som underlag i bedömningen men också som föremål för bedömningen i sig.

    Analysen av intervjudata visar att acceptansen för tillsynen hos socialtjänsten olika aktörer är god, men att de politiskt förtroendevalda inter en generallt mer kritisk hållning. De bedömningar inspektörerna gör av verksamhetens uppfattas i regel som riktiga, men handlar som regel om i verksamheten redan kända brister. I det fall bedömningarna ifrågasatts har det handlat om bedömningar baserad på osäker information och av en mer övergripande karaktär.

  • 137.
    Hämberg, Eva
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Örebro universitet.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Inspection of social services in Sweden: a comparative analysis of the use and adjustment of standards2016In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 138-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Inspection has increasingly been regarded as a safeguard for promoting quality of social services. Little attention has, however, been given to the impact of standards used in inspections, i.e. the written norms, rules and principles used for identification and judgment. The aim of this study is to empirically contribute to an improved understanding of how standards in inspection of social service are designed, and to what extent the design is adjusted in relation to different kind of social services. We employ a systematic and comparative analysis of the content (in terms of input, process, output and outcome aspects) and precision (low, medium and high) of 186 paragraphs derived from legislation and referred to as standards in inspection decisions concerning two types of social work: Investigation, Assessment and Decision-Making (IAD); and Treatment Intervention (TI) in Sweden 2012. Contrary to expectations based on an inspection ideal, our findings show that paragraphs covering outcome aspects are not more commonly referred to as standards in TI than in IAD inspection. The analysis of the precision also indicates that the standards used in inspection of TI are not more adjusted to complex and subjectively experienced aspects than are the standards used in IAD. Our overall results indicate that the policy instrument is primarily adapted to IAD inspection rather than to TI inspection.

  • 138.
    Högström, Maria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Steen, Terese
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kan du beskriva din introduktion med tre ord? - Det räcker med ett, obefintlig…: Socialsekreterares upplevelse av yrkesintroduktion och psykosocial arbetsmiljö2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Can you describe your introduction in three words? -It´s enough with one word, non-existent.

    The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of how newly qualified social workers in the social services for children and young management experience their introduction and psychosocial work environment. One aim was to gain a better understanding of the factors that contributed to their continuing professional development. The survey was conducted with a qualitative approach in the form of six semi-structured interviews with social workers who graduated within the last two years, and whom is working with children and youth management. The theory that we the writers related to the Thores Theorells requirements-control and support-model. The results section showed that all interview participants experienced a total lack of introduction. The results also showed that there are ambivalent feelings about how they perceive their psychosocial work environment. The majority of interview participants described their work as important and saw their work as meaningful. At the same time described the gaps as large negative effect on their health and well-being. This is because of the absence of introduction.

  • 139.
    Högström, Maria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Steen, Terese
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kan du beskriva din introduktion med tre ord? - Det räcker med ett, obefintlig…: Socialsekreterares upplevelse av yrkesintroduktion och psykosocial arbetsmiljö2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Can you describe your introduction in three words? -It´s enough with one word, non-existent.

    The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of how newly qualified social workers in the social services for children and young management experience their introduction and psychosocial work environment. One aim was to gain a better understanding of the factors that contributed to their continuing professional development. The survey was conducted with a qualitative approach in the form of six semi-structured interviews with social workers who graduated within the last two years, and whom is working with children and youth management. The theory that we the writers related to the Thores Theorells requirements-control and support-model. The results section showed that all interview participants experienced a total lack of introduction. The results also showed that there are ambivalent feelings about how they perceive their psychosocial work environment. The majority of interview participants described their work as important and saw their work as meaningful. At the same time described the gaps as large negative effect on their health and well-being. This is because of the absence of introduction.

  • 140.
    Idre, Emma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Shala, Mimoza
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Mycket ligger på oss biståndshandläggare": En kvalitativ studie om hur biståndshandläggare inom äldreomsorgen upplever arbetet med äldre som har en alkoholproblematik2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Although alcohol consumption among the elderly is rising this is still modestly noted. Care managers in elderly care come in contact with elderly people. The purpose with the study was therefore to examine how care managers experience the work with elderly people with alcohol problems and six qualitative interviews have been conducted. Empirical data has been analyzed with thematic analysis and linked to previous research and Hasenfelds theory about

    people-processing, people-sustaining and people-changing.

    The results show that care managers experience routines regarding elderly with alcohol problems, does not differ much from traditional elderly cases. These cases demand a higher level of cooperation between different departments, because they lack resources to help the elderly. Important factors in the work are considered to be motivational work, building a trust and a functioning interaction. They request more knowledge about elderly and alcohol, support from colleagues and the substance abuse unit are considered important.

  • 141.
    Igelström Karlsson, Kalle
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Modaser, Zekria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Att ta del av andras trauman: En kvalitativ studie om compassion fatigue i utredningsarbete med ensamkommande barn och ungdomar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate perceptions and experiences of compassion fatigue that exist among social workers who work with the investigative work of unaccompanied children and adolescents. The study further investigated their experiences of preventive and counteracting actions.

    In this qualitative study, interviews were conducted with six social workers who worked with unaccompanied children and adolescents.

    The results show that social workers have experiences of compassion fatigue. There are many descriptions of burnout syndrome, and a few descriptions of secondary traumatic stress. The results also show that social workers have many ideas about how to prevent or counteract compassion fatigue, both with ideas in the form of self-care or ideas about organizational changes.

  • 142.
    Isaksson, Kajsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Johansson, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Anmälningspliktens komplexitet: En kvalitativ studie om förskolepersonals upplevelser av anmälningsprocesser2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative essay is to study how pre-school staff experience and reason in

    mandatory reporting processes and which aspects they consider important for their work in

    these processes. The empirical data was collected from focus group interviews and individual

    interviews. The overall result indicates that pre-school staff experience mandatory reporting

    processes as complex since they have to relate to circumstances at both micro, mezzo and

    macro levels. Among some other aspects these circumstances constitutes individual roles and

    role conflicts, group discussions and existing social norms. It’s also the experienced

    complexity that make pre-school staff reason about whether to report or not. This result

    corresponds with previous research but unfortunately badly corresponds with the intentions

    of the legislator. Further on, the result show that pre-school staff finds it meaningful to get

    support and counseling from colleagues and other professions to gain help when working in

    mandatory reporting processes.

  • 143.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    An Explorative Integration of Factors Causing Men's Violence against Women2017In: Journal of Psychology and Clinical Psychiatry, ISSN 2373-6445, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 2-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the great progress in individual disciplines studying men’s physical violence against women, the various disciplines have developed much different approaches that by themselves are insufficient for understanding the processes that lead to men’s violence against women. Moreover, they also tend to neglect the equally important issue of understanding why some men are not violent toward women. The aim of this work is to integrate former research on socially modifiable factors and therefore does not include theories relating genetics and neurochemistry that may also play an important role. It shows how the psychological approach within criminology can be integrated with the feminist masculinity perspective. The work illustrates that it is both theoretically and methodologically possible, through an integration of previous research, to make hypotheses about under which conditions men are likely to be violent against women, as well as make hypotheses about under what conditions men are unlikely to be violent against women. This study also emphasizes methodologically important non-dichotomous forms where both enabling and reactive conditions are mixed at various levels. Despite the methodological problems, an integrated perspective on men’s violence against women is the most promising way forward today.

  • 144.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    An explorative single case study of the therapist's perspectives on power, emotions and identity changes in cognitive behavior therapy against men's violence in Sweden2013In: Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracovensis. Studia Sociologica, ISSN 2081-6642, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 117-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study starts from Retzinger (1995), Retzinger & Scheff (2000) and Scheff & Retzinger's (2000, 2001), micro-sociological perspective on social bonds. The general aim is to test a new model of operationalized sub-indicators that allows for a simplified ability to analyze the relationship between power relations and the social bond between therapist and clients in cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for violent men. CBT-therapy often achieves positive effects by giving clients the knowledge and ability to talk about their problems instead of using aggression and drugs as defenses. The therapists make in this case many efforts to balance the relationship between them and the clients, but, there is still a tendency that therapy alienates them from each other and prevents the development of a solidarity social bond, which assuming that the theoretical premise is true, is the prerequisite for a client to build a positive self-image and become reintegrated into society.

  • 145.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Avhandlingspresentation; Våldets onda cirklar2018In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 95, no 1, p. 108-108Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 146.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Behovet av tvärvetenskapliga kritiska socialarbetare ökar i en komplex omvärld2017In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 24, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 147.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Emotional consequences of violence in childhood2016In: Nutrition and nurture in infancy and childhood, Falun, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intergenerational transmission of violence theory has until recently mostly considered the male child’s witnessing of violence between their parents and the learning of violence as the main causal factor behind men’s violence against women (Gover, Kaukinen & Fox 2008). New research considers the negative emotional consequences of child abuse where increased shame proneness generally has been related to both introvert self-injurious behaviors as drug use and extroversions as aggressions and violence against other men and women (Scheff & Retzinger 2001; Tangney, Stuevig Mashek, & Hastings 2011; Schoenleber & Berenbaum 2012).

    In order to explore the relationship between causal factors as; exposure to violence in childhood, the foundation of basic emotions, socialization, masculinity construction and violence,  10 men at a treatment center against violence has been interviewed about their childhood experiences, socialization, masculinities, emotions and  violence.

    Biographical individual interviews were used as data collection method and directed content analysis have been used as analysis method. Special interest has been devoted to the exploration of the interaction between the men’s childhood experiences, socialization, masculinity construction, emotions and their use of violence. Since violent men at a treatment center represent a vulnerable group, special ethical considerations was given to them to avoid the risk of further stigmatization of the group. All respondents has approved to the study and given their informed consent.

     The results indicate that the shame proneness varies among the men and corresponds with the severities of their childhood experiences. The men’s childhood experiences seem to be related to their propensity to bypass feelings of shame and their use of anger, aggressions and violence as substituting emotions and behaviors. The men that had personal experiences of violence in childhood were extremely sensitive to humiliations and reacted almost immediately with anger (i.e. bypassed shame) and violence. The men who had experienced violence in childhood had also often been exposed to an inappropriate socialization with less social control and support from their parents. This behavioral pattern seems to have influenced their school results and masculinity construction since their ability to use conventional social resources was impaired.  The men who not had experienced violence in childhood were not demonstrating the same extent of shame proneness as those men that personally had experienced violence in childhood but witnessed about a lack of social control and positive role-models.

    More research is needed in order to fully understand the relationship between exposure to violence in childhood and how it affects the emotional repertoire and reaction patterns as an adult. Still the results indicate support to the research that emphasizes the significance of negative childhood experiences to men’s violence as adults.

  • 148.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Emotioners betydelse för psykisk hälsa och ohälsa2017In: Mind: för psykisk hälsa, ISSN 2002-4282, Vol. 58, no 3, p. 30-35Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningen visar entydigt att personer som utsatts för våld, kränkningar, övergrepp och förnedringar i barndomen är mer skambenägna än andra. Känsligheten är störst för händelser i vuxenlivet som påminner personen om att denne varit oälskad som barn.

  • 149.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Exploring pathways related to men’s violence: A qualitative exploration of the relationship between violent men’s violence and their masculinities, childhood, and emotions2019In: Deviant behavior, ISSN 0163-9625, E-ISSN 1521-0456, Vol. 40, no 10, p. 1171-1186Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored new ways of finding knowledge about violent men’s pathways toward their status as violent criminals and the mechanisms that underlie their violent behavior. The empirical data were gathered through biographical interviews with 10 men sentenced to therapy against violence and drugs at a Swedish treatment center. The men who had experienced violence and childhood maltreatment tended to bypass shame with uncontrolled anger and violence when reliving childhood traumas. Conversely, men without extreme childhood experiences seemed to exhibit more controlled violence mechanisms. Two men who had experienced brutal physical school bullying might have been expected to bypass shame with immediate violence; however, these men described their violence as controlled, suggesting that they had learnt to take cognitive control over their bypass mechanisms in order to escape the bullying.

  • 150.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Unacknowledged shame in therapy as the primary obstacle to succesful rehabilitation for violent men: considering the therapist perspective2011In: 2011 Joint Nordic Conference on Wellfare and professionalism in Turbulent Times., Reykjavik Island, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skam- och stigmatiseringsprocessers betydelse vid behandling av våldsverkande män. Peter Jansson, Högskolan Dalarna, Akad. för Hälsa och Samh.; Socialt arbete, 791 88 FALUN. I vålds- och missbruksbehandl. av unga män tas i varierande grad hänsyn till skam- och stigmatiseringprocessers betydelse för behandlingens resultat, trots att skammens betydelse för stigmatisering har stöd i forskning. Inställningen till klienten hos behandlande personal och behandlingsmetodernas tillämpning, kan innebära att klientens självbild som stigmatiserad förstärks, är oförändrad eller konstruktivt rekonstrueras. Med utgångspunkt i behandlade personals erfarenh. av tillämpningen av behandlingsmetoder och klienters erfarenh. av behandl. kan slutsatser dras om hur klientens stigma konstrueras. Syftet är att utveckla och testa hypoteser om skam- och stigmatiseringsprocessers betydelse vid behandling av våldsverkande män. - Har behandlingsmetoder av våldsverkande män skam- eller stolthetsskapande innehåll. Förstärks en stigmatiserad identitet eller rekonstrueras den konstruktivt? - Vilka exempel finns på stolthets- och skamskapande situationer hos klienterna? Data samlas in under två faser, fas 1 omfattar en pilotstudie, där ett urval av behandl. personal samt ett urval klienter intervjuas i avsikt att konkretisera de frågeställningar som studien omfattar. Den första hypotesgenererande fasen kompletteras i fas 2 med delt. observ. och intervjuer samt dokumentanalys. Datainsamlingsmetoderna är intervjuer med personal och klienter, dokumentanalys samt deltagande observ. av klientsamtal. Analysmetoderna är kvalitativa med tonvikt på diskurs- och innehållsanalys. De förväntade resultaten är att behandlingmetoder innefattande en förståelse av att klientens stigma påverkas av stolthets- respektive skamskapande behandling också leder till en konstruktiv rekonstruktion av klientens status som stigmatiserad. Behandlingsmetoder där personalen inte har denna kunskap motverkar en rekonstruktion av en stigmatiserad identitet.

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