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  • 101.
    Antonson, Hans
    et al.
    KMV Forum AB.
    Buckland, Philip I.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Nyqvist, Roger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Fröjmark Svanström, Karin
    KMV Forum AB.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Romlinsson, Simon
    Larsson, Andreas
    Eriksson, Camilla
    KMV Forum AB.
    Eriksson, Love
    Ekberg, Stina
    KMV Forum AB.
    Kulturhistoriska värden i ett förändrat klimat. Hot, risker och hanteringkopplat till vägar och banor2021Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change poses an assortment of risks for cultural environment andlandscapes, including cultural heritage close to or directly connected to roadsand railways. In this project, we looked at a number of these risks with an aimtowards helping the Swedish Transport Administration develop services forbetter predicting and managing them. The research was initiated through anoverview of existing government literature on climate change related threatsand risks and cultural heritage, followed by a survey of the level of understandingof these issues amongst a set of government employees involved in planning.Geographical Information Systems (GIS) were used to identify areas andheritage objects at risk for three regions, followed by field visits to assess thereliability of the GIS results. Evaluations indicated that simple GIS analysis canbe helpful in identifying sites at risk, but that fieldwork can help identify furtherrisks or issues of accuracy in the underlying data. The report provides providingbasic statistics on the degree to which different types of national monumentare threatened according to current climate change models. The project alsoran case studies, looking at 1) the risk posed by de-icing road salt to milestonesand other archaeological remains close to roads, and 2) the potential for usinghistorical maps in climate change risk prediction. Finally, the implications ofthese results for the prioritisation of climate adaptation activities are discussed,and suggestions presented for methods and models for identifying cultural heritagethreatened by climate change in the context of transport infrastructure.

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  • 102.
    Appelblad, Julia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    De klassiska sekulariseringsteoriernas arv: En kvalitativ, komparativ litteraturstudie om Weber och Durkheims sekulariseringsteorier och deras giltighet idag.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The secularization theses has over the last decade been a central issue within the sociology of religion. The two classic theses has been criticized for being one-sided and only focus on the change from traditional to modern society. The intention of this study is to evaluate this critique and to discuss what is defendable in the early secularization thesis in our contemporary world.This essay’s primary purpose is to compare the secularization theses Weber’s The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism and Durkheim’s The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. I use two analytical models, posing three levels and three categories of secularization, in order to make the comparison explicit. The levels are societal, organization and individual. The categories are descriptive, normative and analytic.As result I have found that there are perspectives of the classical theses of Weber and Durkheim that is defendable in the contemporary world. The critique is valid in some aspects, but not in every.

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  • 103.
    Appelblad, Julia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    "Ty kan man sin egen historia, blir det lättare att kämpa för sin egen identitet".: En kvalitativ analys av ett samiskt perspektiv på utbildningspolitik mellan 1962-1994.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis intends to examine a sámi perspective on Swedish educational policy between 1962 and 1994. To do so the curriculum of the Swedish schools and the sámi schools are analyzed. The sámi perspective in the thesis is represented by the debate about educational policy in a sámi journal, Samefolket.The results show that the Swedish curriculums from 1962-1994 don’t mention the sámi people and only the last one, the one from 1980, are stating shortly that groups within Sweden are to be treated with solidarity. Otherwise the sámis aren’t mentioned. In the curriculums for the sámi schools that only permitted sámi children, one can find that the purpose of those schools were to strengthen the sámi people in their culture and language.In the debate about education politics in the journal Samefolket it appears that there were three themes of subjects that were central in the debate. The first was the debate on the organizational form of the sámi schools. It appears that the voices in the debate of educational policy in Samefolket wanted greater sami influence in the sami school, however, this study shows that the Samefolket-debate did not comment on the educational policy reforms themselves. The study shows that the sámi voices in Samefolket wanted to keep the special sámi schools and that the two motives, which was the second theme of the debate, were to keep and to defend their culture. In the curriculum för the sami schools, this was also the motive. The third theme was of how the school system in Sweden was educating the non-sámi people about the sámi. In this theme the prime focus was about how sámis were represented in Swedish textbooks and the study shows that there were, according to the voices in Samefolket, a great disappointment in these.At last, from a culture imperialistic theory one can make the observation that the sámi schools were motivated as an important institution because the Swedish school system couldn’t give the sámi an education to fulfill their cultural needs. This is a result from the analysis of the Swedish school curriculums in comparison with the debate in the journal Samefolket, where the Swedish schools were criticized for being ethnocentric in the sense that the text books presented a stereotype of the sámis. The culture, most often represented by the language, play an important role in the educational policy debate in the Samefolket, which strengthen a language-based definition of the sámi culture.

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  • 104.
    Armini, Monica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Religionens plats i ett sekulärt politiskt landskap: Hur förhåller sig svensk kristdemokrati till det kristna över tid?2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete i religionsvetenskap har sökt finna svaret på hur svensk kristdemokrati harförändrats över tid med avseende på dess förhållande till begreppen kristen och kristendom.Källmaterialet har utgjorts av partiprogram, och dessa har undersökts för att ringa införekomst och kontext av ovan nämnda begrepp. Avsikten har varit att ta reda på partietsförhållningssätt till just det begrepp man en gång enades kring när man valde att ta sig anrikspolitiken — nämligen kristendomen. Dels görs en kvantitativ sammanställning, delsundersöks de sammanhang där orden används och om dessa har ändrats med åren. Följandearbete utgår från av KDS och KD utformade partiprogram från varje decennium sedan1960-talet och fram till 2015. Resultatet av studien visar att senare tiders KD har behållitkopplingen till det kristna i programtexterna, men att man har gått från en normativ kristenframtoning till en kristen etik av deskriptiv karaktär.2

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  • 105.
    Arnesjö, Hugo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Anpassning eller dö ut: Samers upplevda situation under 1960–1970– talen2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 106.
    Arrhenius, Julia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Återbegravning och Maktobalans: ett arkeologiskt dilemma: Fallstudier av återbegravningar av samiska mänskliga kvarlevor i Sverige2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate two different cases of reburial of Sámi human remains in Sweden, these being the reburial of Soejvengeele “the shadow man” in Tärnaby 2002, whose grave was excavated in 1950 by ethnologist Ernst Manker. The second case consist of the reburial in Lycksele 2019 of human remains of about 25 individuals which were excavated in 1950-51 by Västerbottens museum under the guidance of Karl Cajmatz. The essay aims to recognize the differences and similarities in how the cases have been handled by the authorities, museums and organisations involved. Another aim of this paper is to navigate the discourse regarding questions of ethical research of indigenous human remains, and what role archaeology has played in the historical context of power imbalance between the Sámi indigenous society and the Swedish State.

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  • 107.
    Arvidsson, Alf
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Edlund, Lars-ErikUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.Lindholm, ElenaUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.Melander, PerUmeå University, Faculty of Arts.Nordlund, ChristerUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Humaniora: om humanistiska fakulteten vid Umeå universitet2023Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 108.
    Arvidsson, Alf
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Lindblom, InaUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.Pettersson, RichardUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Från Pehr Stenbergs värld2023Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Pehr Stenberg (1758-1824), bondson från Umeå landsförsamling, suderade i Åbo och återvände till hembygden för en rad anställningar som präst. Hans omfattande och personligt öppenhjärtliga levernesbeskrivning ligger till grund för denna antologi där hans försök att finna sig till räta med sin nya sociala status, som gift man och som intellektuell i landsorten diskuteras.

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  • 109.
    Asp, Karl
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Fosterlandet, penningen och hoppet om framtiden: En studie av representationsreformen i utvald dagspress år 18652023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 110.
    Aspviken, Jakob
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Vad lär vi oss om islam?: En studie om framställningen av islam i läroböcker ämnade för gymnasieskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 111.
    Assaysh Öberg, Shereen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Infertility, Religion, Spirituality: A metasynthesis on women’s lived experience ofcoping with infertility2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the World Health Organisation, one in six of the adult population of the world are affected by infertility. Beside the physical implication of infertility and treatment, infertility negatively impacts the mental, emotional, sexual, and spiritual health in women. The aim of this study was to explore the experience of women going through infertility in relation to religious/spiritual coping. This study is a qualitative metasynthesis with a meta-ethnographic approach, which includes interpretative translations of findings from 16 empirical, qualitative studies. Four overarching themes were identified: practices & community support for coping; religious & spiritual explanations for infertility; negative religion coping & ART objection; trust & religious/spiritual surrender. The conclusion of this study is that religion/spirituality provides strategies that help women cope with infertility. At the same time, religious beliefs and communities can add to the stress and isolation, and the experience can lead to questioning one’s faith and the existence of God.

  • 112.
    Astborg, Robert
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Den axiella ålderns innebörd: En studie av Karl Jaspers idé om människans kulturella ursprung och existentiella liv i moderniteten2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines Karl Jaspers' theory of the origin of man in a historical period 2500 years ago.Jaspers believes that it was then that man's current mental and spiritual consciousness was formed and developed. Jaspers was convinced that man should use the abilities of his origin as a counterforce in the struggle in modern reality, a development which in many respects was based on myths, dogmas and irrationality, and which characterized man's living conditions. After suffering the trauma of World War II until 1945, Jaspers decided to identify the good qualities that he believed all people should have in common, thereby creating new existential conditions. Jaspers started from the archaic and classical times in history and then found a period where man had obviously been endowed with specific soul gifts and cognitive qualities. He called the period "the axial age" in the book published in 1949, Vom Ursprung und Ziel der Geschichte, which was then translated into English in 1953 with the title The Origin and Goal of History. The English edition is the primary source in this study. In his book, Jaspers uses a philosophical-historical perspective on the origins and events that he associates with human development during the axial age, in order to draw attention to the normative image we have of our selves and others as human beings in the world. Jaspers pedagogically describes the life man lives in modernity in the same way as when Plato explains the world of ideas. As it is demonstrated in the thesis, Jasper's idea is based on a speculative reflection on the origin and properties of man and regards it as a "tabula rasa" with new existential conditions intended for man in the modern world, facing a charge and a prelude to the future. Furthermore, the thesis explores comments on and critique of this theory expressed by other scholars.

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  • 113.
    Astborg, Robert
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Samhällets strukturer och sociala fenomen: En idéhistorisk studie av Durkheims samhällsteori och metodologi i Les règles de la méthode sociologique2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker sociologins forskning och metodregler i Émile Durkheims Les Règles dela méthode sociologique (1894) ur ett idéhistoriskt perspektiv. Målet med metodiken var att vetenskapligt kunna använda objektiva fenomen som relaterade till samhällets sociala strukturer och därigenom kunna erhålla sociala fakta och redovisa statistiska beräkningar ochlogisk-analytiska slutsatser. Metodreglerna utvecklades från samhällsvetenskapens ideologiska kunskapsteori till en rationell, empirisk vetenskap. Sociala fakta var grundvalen i metodreglerna och fungerade som ett index för lagbunden normalitet. Durkheim hävdade att sociala fakta i forskningen skulle behandlas som om de vore objektiva ting för att därmed lättare kunna bortse från sinnevärlden och underlätta forskningen. Under 1800-talet hade flera samhällsteoretiker haft idéer om att samhällets innehåll borde undersökas, men man hade inte haft några utvecklade metoder för att kunna praktisera det. Den snabba samhällsförändringen var en faktor som befäste moderniteten i samhället och påverkade samhällsstrukturen samtidigt som en ny uppfattning växte fram som prioriterade naturvetenskapliga metoder och teknik. Durkheim var den som först utvecklade en sociologisk rationell empirisk vetenskap och en metodologi. Genom systematiska metodregler skulle det vetenskapliga forskningsarbetet kunna genomföra observationer, identifiera och kategorisera sociala fenomen och därigenom kunna få större kunskap om de strukturella förhållandena och det sociala livet i samhället. Durkheim utmanade det vetenskapliga fältet med metodiken och etablerade så småningom också utrymme för både sig själv och sociologin inom den samhällsvetenskapliga kunskapsteorin och inom det franska undervisningsväsendet.

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  • 114.
    Astudillo, Jacob
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Domenic D'Ettore. Analogy After Aquinas: Logical Problems, Thomistic Answers. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press. 2019. 205 s.2019In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 95, no 4, p. 289-291Article, book review (Other academic)
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  • 115.
    Astudillo, Jacob
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Thomas läsning av Jobs bok: Reading Job with St. Thomas Aquinas2021In: Signum : katolsk orientering om kyrka, kultur, samhälle, ISSN 0347-0423, no 1, p. 59-60Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 116.
    Attervåg, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Undervisning och dopundervisning: Samtida ideologi och praktik i Svenska kyrkan2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenska kyrkans undervisning och dopundervisning beskrivs vara centrala i hela kyrkans väsen. Denna studie har syftat till att undersöka ideologisk grund för den religiösa praktiken att undervisa. Studien har belyst Svenska kyrkans praktik med teoretiska perspektiv utifrån ett antal officiella dokument. Det som kommer fram är vilken syn som finns på kunskap, kyrkan, lärande och undervisning.

    Svenska kyrkan står mitt i utmaningen att möta människor i olika åldrar med både fördomar, oförståelse och ibland inga erfarenheter alls av kyrkans språk. Därtill är Svenska kyrkans uppdrag, enligt lagen om Svenska kyrkan, att undervisa som evangelisk-lutersk folkkyrka i ett postsekulärt samhälle. Kan Svenska kyrkan genom att se på sig själv som kunskapsinstitution vara till stöd i ett mångreligiöst samhälle. En kyrka med bred kompetens kring lärande och undervisning och förståelsen för religiöst språk som bidrar till minskad polarisering och motverkar fördomar.

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  • 117.
    Avad, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Cyberreligion: En tematisk innehållsanalys av simuleringsteologi och AI som teknisk singularitet i science fiction litteratur2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 118.
    Axelsson, Einar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    "I barn, warer hörighe idhra föräldrar": Barn, föräldrar och auktoritetskonflikter i stormaktstidens Sverige2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 119.
    Axelsson, Einar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Samerna och statsmakten: Vardagligt motstånd och kulturell hybriditet i Torne lappmark under perioden 1639-17322015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the everyday resistance, and its interaction with cultural hybridity, of the Saami population in the administrative unit of Torne lappmark during the period 1639–1732. To do this, the thesis uses theoretical concept of everday resistance as it has been described by JamesC. Scott and the theories of cultural hybridity as they have been described by Peter Burke. Primary source material used in this thesis consists of the court records from Torne lappmark, specifically from the courts at Jukkasjärvi and Enontekis.The results of this thesis present a picture of the everyday resistance in early modern Torne lappmark. The states control was most prominent at the annual markets and court proceedings. The everyday resistance of the Saamis became more subtle when the supervision by the Swedish state became more significant, for example by cutting off pieces from the reindeer hides that they sold or taxed with. Further away from the courts the Saamis could use more drastic options, for example fleeing to Norway. The Swedish state did not want to implement hard punishments on the Saamis because the mining operations in the lappmarks were dependent on Saamis and reindeers to carry ore, wood and food in order to keep the mines operational. This is used by the Saamis as an argument against material domination. The insults and rumours concerning state officials that can be found in the source material often concern abuse of power. The lack of control outside the yearly court proceedings also led to harassments of state and church officials.The Swedish state had political reasons to present the Saamis as chris- tian subjects while trying to exterminate the Saami religion. The Saamis therefore learned a sufficient amount of christianity to make interaction with the state easier and to use as a tool in court proceedings to avoid punishment. This normalised and legitimised the states use of power. The fact that Saamis carried christian ideas and could reproduce them when they needed also led to a cultural hybridisation. They also adapted these ideas in accordance to their own worldview. Some Saamis also hybridised the two religions in different religious practises.The use of these theoretical models offers a new perspective on the interaction between the Swedish state and the Saamis. It also gives a new perspective on the power relationships in Torne lappmark during the early modern period.

    Keywords: Saami history, everyday resistance, cultural hybridity, 17th century, 18th century 

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  • 120.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Den svenska poliohistorien2009In: Allt du behöver veta om postpolio: en guide för dig som själv har haft polio eller arbetar inom vården / [ed] Lena Udd, Sundbyberg: Riksförbundet för trafik-, olycksfalls- och polioskadade (RTP) , 2009, p. 10-14Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 121.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Ethnicity, statistics and health in Sweden - ways forward2016In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 75, no 33200Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 122.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Várdduo – Centre for Sámi Research.
    Några trender inom urfolkshälsoforskningen, anno 20182021In: Psykisk hälsa och välmående på svensk sida av Sápmi: en antologi / [ed] Åsa Össbo & Patrik Lantto, Umeå: Várdduo-Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet , 2021, 1, p. 7-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter discusses a few international trends in indigenous health research until 2018, such as historical trauma. Studies conducted on Sami wellbeing have yet to include discussions on historical trauma. Until now they have mainly been based on theories of acculturation.

  • 123.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Urfolkshälsa: utmanande  och svårfångad2015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 6, p. 726-735Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines Swedish health research regarding the Indigenous Sami people and the lack of epidemiological data. A historical overview underlines that Swedish research is hampered by Sami people having been the subject of studies by the National Institute of Racial Biology between 1920 and 1950. Public health research has mainly taken place during the last 20 years. There are no current epidemiological studies and this is linked to the fact that Swedish official statistics do not report on ethnic groups in the country. Ethnic statistics is a sensative issue and new ethical principles need to be worked out where the Sami, as constitutionally recognized indigenous people, are allowed to decide whether they want to be part of official statistics, and if so, what statistics would be relevant and how it should be collected.

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  • 124.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Kukutai, Tahu
    National Institute of Demographic and Economic Analysis, University of Waikato, Aotearoa, New Zealand.
    Kippen, Rebecca
    School of Rural Health, Monash University, Australia.
    Indigenous Wellbeing and Colonisation2016In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, E-ISSN 2004-4658, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 7-18Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 125.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Röver, Corinna
    KTH.
    Ethnic identity and resource rights in Sweden2019In: The politics of Arctic resources: change and continuity in the "Old North" of Northern Europe / [ed] E. Carina H. Keskitalo, London: Routledge, 2019, p. 119-139Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chapter 7 differs from the previous chapters, focusing on Sami issues as both an area of policy and as having implications for the reindeer husbandry sector (in Sweden pre-eminently and by regulation Sami-based). The chapter illustrates how changes from early Swedish policy respecting Sami rights shifted with external influences (or discourse) that aimed to separate the indigenous population from others. Concurrent policy changes since then have placed large groups outside the defined Sami group at each point in time, made the Sami out to be a more unitary and profession-based (reindeer husbandry) group than they actually are, and even prohibited the general population from taking part in reindeer herding (although this prohibition continues to be disregarded in some places to this day). Thereby, the chapter illustrates how present conflicts can be seen as resulting from policy legacies instituted based on assumptions made in the 1800s.

  • 126.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Várdduo – Centre for Sámi Research.
    Storm Mienna, Christina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Várdduo – Centre for Sámi Research.
    The challenge of Indigenous data in Sweden2021In: Indigenous Data Sovereignty and Policy / [ed] Maggie Walter, Tahu Kukutai, Stephanie Russo Carroll, Desi Rodriguez-Lonebear, New York & Abingdon: Routledge, 2021, p. 99-111Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Indigenous Data Sovereignty is increasingly discussed in CANZUS countries but not as much in the Nordic countries, mostly due to Nordic prohibitions of the collection of ethnicity data. This chapter reports the first study on how the Sami people in Sweden perceive Indigenous control and ownership of Sami health research data. Results show that data and data management are important with preference for Sami authorities, preferably the Sami Parliament to take responsibility of data. However, doubts were expressed on the capacity of the Sami Parliament to undertake a data repository role. The study also shows that the legacy of the Nazi regime, of racial biology and of colonization is still present in discussions on Indigenous data and adds to the lack of trust between the Sami and the Swedish nation state.

  • 127.
    Back, Karolina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Guds närvaro, frånvaro och irrelevans: Ett religionspsykologiskt perspektiv.2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I discuss the occurrence of religious experiences from a psychological- and constructionist point of view. To be more precise I am interested in the presence of God. Why some people experience Gos as present, while he is deemed absent and irrelevant according to others. In search of an answer I have turned toward Tanya Luhrmanns research regarding the upkeep of ones ”faith frame” as well as the importance of religious narratives. Based upon my own compilation of previous research studies, tied to a theoretical analysis of Alices religious experience, I have found that we are all able to (1) experience narrative transportation, (2) absorb the content of religious narratives, and (3) live in alignment with our personal paracosm. These three are accomplished through a variety of cognitive-, psychological- and narrative mechanisms. And as so I put forth and advance the following proposition. Perhaps our experiences of Gods presence, including Alices, can be understood as the result of our human ability to live our lives in stories. While our experiences of Gods absence and irrelevance can be viewed through its complexities

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  • 128.
    Back, Karolina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Kitsune: Analys av yõkai-varelsens relation till gudomen Inari utifrån fem japanska folksagor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien analyserar yōkai-varelsen kitsunes relation till gudomen Inari utifrån fem japanskafolksagor, med avsikt att bidra med ökad förståelse för yōkai-varelsens relation till gudomen.Källmaterialet, det vill säga folksagorna, innefattar The Foxe´s Wedding, The Grateful Foxes, Visuthe Woodsman and the Old Priest, The Magic Hood with Eight Disguises samt Inari Answers aWoman´s Prayer. Analysen grundar sig på en kvalitativ- samt en komparativ textanalys med fokuspå sociala relationer i förhållande till yōkai-varelsen. Resultatet av studien visar på fem egenskapersom karakteriserar yōkai-varelsens och gudomens relation. Studien rekommenderas för studerandeinom ämnet religionsvetenskap, samt läsare med ett intresse för japanska folksagor eller yōkaikulturen.

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  • 129.
    Backman, Fredrick
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Från föhn till feu!: Esrange och den norrländska rymdverksamhetens tillkomsthistoria från sekelskiftet 1900 till 19662010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about the origin, planning and establishment of the European Space Research Organisation's (ESRO) sounding rocket base Esrange outside Kiruna in Northern Sweden. Three main questions are examined. First I show there were not just scientific and technical but also political, economical as well as military reasons to build a European rocket base. Second, I scrutinize the reasons to choose Northern Sweden as the location for the rocket base. As it turns out, the main reasons were the favourable location of Northern Sweden within the aurora oval zone, the proximity of the Kiruna Geophysical Observatory, and the possibility to use a large, although not quite uninhabited, area where the launched rockets could crash. Finally, I examine the difficulty of talking about boundaries of various kinds, such as temporal, spatial and functional. The essay also provides a discussion on possible ways to continue research on this topic.

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  • 130.
    Backman, Fredrick
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Making Place for Space: a History of 'Space Town' Kiruna 1943-20002015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Science and technology have a tendency to clump together in places where they spawn other forms of societal activities. Sometimes these places become famous through processes known as place-making, or the social construction of place. Because the scientific and technological activities affect the places, and the places conversely affect the science and technology, it is relevant to study how and why these connections emerge.

    This dissertation examines the particular case of the northern Swedish town of Kiruna, which has become known for being a `space town' because of its scientific, technological, and other activities that relate to the near space around the earth. The overall objective is to analyse the processes underlying the making of Kiruna as a space town in the period 1943--2000.

    Five parts make up the study. First is an examination of how the development of space physics research in Kiruna led to the setting up of a scientific observatory. The second part studies how the Swedish participation in the European Space Research Organisationmade Kiruna the place for a rocket base. Next follows an analysis of how local business efforts contributed to forming a new satellite technology business and the Space House office building. The fourth part concerns how the visions to establish a space `university' eventually led to the emergence of the Space Campus. Last is an epilogue that briefly analyses the space tourism efforts in Kiruna.

    A central finding is that the space town has emerged as the result of entwined processes where, on the one hand, ideas about the near space around the earth have led to new activities and physical structures, and, on the other hand, these new activities and built structures conversely have inspired to new ideas. Of importance is also the geographical place where these developments have occurred. Here, a reoccurring argument to placing the activities and structures in Kiruna was the town's geographically favourable location for specific scientific and technological activities.

    Another finding is that the development has gradually led to the emergence of a kind of identity or notion of Kiruna as a particular place for space activities. Although this form of place-making has occurred largely through spontaneous processes, it was also the result of intentional efforts.

    Together, these different place-making processes have formed the `space town' of Kiruna.

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  • 131.
    Backman, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Is there a Nordic Model for the treatment of introduced tree species?: A comparison of the use, policy, and debate concerning introduced tree species in the Nordic countries2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 222-232Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article compares the use, policy, and debate concerning introduced tree species in the five Nordic countries (Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and Iceland). These countries have a long common history and are culturally similar. They are often framed under the benchmark of the Nordic Model or even the Nordic Forestry Model. Therefore, we hypothesize that the Nordic countries' treatment of introduced tree species share common aspects, and that global environmental agreements and international currents in science and policy have reinforced these similarities. The comparison shows that globalization is strong and it seems, at least at a first glimpse, that the Nordic countries follow a kind of Nordic Model in their approach to introduced tree species. However, the history and importance of forestry, ecological conditions, afforestation campaigns, traditions of using introduced trees, understandings, and stakeholder positions have shaped different national and even regional path dependencies and circumstances. This, in turn, has transmuted international policy-making, regulations, and discussions into different specific ways to interpret, control, and implement the use of introduced trees in practice. This article concludes that global environmental agreements and international currents in science and policy adapt to diverse national contexts.

  • 132.
    Baker, Nathan Jay
    et al.
    Department of River Ecology and Conservation, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum Frankfurt, Gelnhausen, Germany.
    Pilotto, Francesca
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Haubrock, Phillip Joschka
    Department of River Ecology and Conservation, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum Frankfurt, Gelnhausen, Germany; Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Vodňany, Czech Republic.
    Beudert, Burkhard
    Department of Conservation and Research, Bavarian Forest National Park, Grafenau, Germany.
    Haase, Peter
    Department of River Ecology and Conservation, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum Frankfurt, Gelnhausen, Germany; Faculty of Biology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.
    Multidecadal changes in functional diversity lag behind the recovery of taxonomic diversity2021In: Ecology and Evolution, E-ISSN 2045-7758, Vol. 11, no 23, p. 17471-17484Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While there has been increasing interest in how taxonomic diversity is changing over time, less is known about how long-term taxonomic changes may affect ecosystem functioning and resilience. Exploring long-term patterns of functional diversity can provide key insights into the capacity of a community to carry out ecological processes and the redundancy of species’ roles. We focus on a protected freshwater system located in a national park in southeast Germany. We use a high-resolution benthic macroinvertebrate dataset spanning 32 years (1983–2014) and test whether changes in functional diversity are reflected in taxonomic diversity using a multidimensional trait-based approach and regression analyses. Specifically, we asked: (i) How has functional diversity changed over time? (ii) How functionally distinct are the community's taxa? (iii) Are changes in functional diversity concurrent with taxonomic diversity? And (iv) what is the extent of community functional redundancy? Resultant from acidification mitigation, macroinvertebrate taxonomic diversity increased over the study period. Recovery of functional diversity was less pronounced, lagging behind responses of taxonomic diversity. Over multidecadal timescales, the macroinvertebrate community has become more homogenous with a high degree of functional redundancy, despite being isolated from direct anthropogenic activity. While taxonomic diversity increased over time, functional diversity has yet to catch up. These results demonstrate that anthropogenic pressures can remain a threat to biotic communities even in protected areas. The differences in taxonomic and functional recovery processes highlight the need to incorporate functional traits in assessments of biodiversity responses to global change.

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  • 133. Baker, Nathan Jay
    et al.
    Pilotto, Francesca
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Jourdan, Jonas
    Beudert, Burkhard
    Haase, Peter
    Recovery from air pollution and subsequent acidification masks the effects of climate change on a freshwater macroinvertebrate community2021In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 758, article id 143685Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Freshwater ecosystems are dynamic, complex systems with a multitude of physical and ecological processes and stressors which drive fluctuations on the community-level. Disentangling the effects of different processes and stressors is challenging due to their interconnected nature. However, as protected areas (i.e. national parks) are less anthropogenically impacted, they are ideal for investigating single stressors. We focus on the Bavarian Forest National Park, a Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) site in Germany, where the major stressors are climate warming, air pollution (i.e. acidification) and bark beetle infestations. We investigated the effects of these stressors on freshwater macroinvertebrates using comprehensive long-term (1983–2014) datasets comprising high-resolution macroinvertebrate and physico-chemical data from a near-natural stream. Macroinvertebrate communities have undergone substantial changes over the past 32 years, highlighted by increases in overall community abundance (+173%) and richness (+51.6%) as well as taxonomic restructuring driven by a disproportional increase of dipterans. Prior to the year 2000, regression analyses revealed a decline in sulphate deposition and subsequent recovery from historical acidification as potential drivers of the increases in abundance and richness rather than to increases in water temperature (1.5 °C overall increase). Post 2000, however, alterations to nutrient cycling caused by bark beetle infestations coupled with warming temperatures were correlated to taxonomic restructuring and disproportional increases of dipterans at the expense of sensitive taxa such as plecopterans and trichopterans. Our results highlight the challenges when investigating the effects of climate change within a multi-stressor context. Even in conservation areas, recovery from previous disturbance might mask the effects of ongoing disturbances like climate change. Overall, we observed strong community restructuring, demonstrating that stenothermal headwater communities face additional stress due to emerging competition with tolerant taxa. Conservation efforts should consider the temporal variability of communities and their recovery from disturbances to adequately identify species vulnerable to local or widespread extinction.

  • 134.
    Baledi, Amin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    On Nondomination: A comparative study on the distinctiveness and the preferability of freedom as nondomination vis-à-vis freedom as noninterference2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The recent years have seen the revival of neo-Roman republicanism through the works of Philip Pettit, who has replaced Isaiah Berlin’s taxonomy of positive/negative liberty with freedom as nondomination. This essay compares the neo-Roman conception of nondomination to the liberal conception of noninterference, with the purpose of clarifying whether nondomination is a distinct concept of liberty and preferable to that of noninterference. The essay highlights the exchange between Pettit/Skinner and Carter/Kramer, wherein Carter and Kramer make their case for ‘pure negative liberty’, which is claimed to be the proper articulation of negative liberty. Pure-negative theorists believe that nondomination is a strand of negative liberty, adding nothing new to the concept, whereas their republican counterparts disagree. My essay argues that nondomination is a distinct, preferable concept of liberty, thanks to its view on fundamental unfreedom and the mere presence of arbitrary power, which the pure negative view fails to account for satisfactorily.

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  • 135.
    Ball, Derek
    et al.
    Department of Philosophy, University of St Andrews, Edgecliffe, The Scores, St Andrews,Fife, United Kingdom.
    Huvenes, Torfinn Thomesen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    A puzzle about accommodation and truth2022In: Philosophical Studies, ISSN 0031-8116, E-ISSN 1573-0883, Vol. 179, p. 759-776Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to present and discuss a puzzle involving accommodation. The puzzle is based on three assumptions. The first assumption is that accommodation takes place after an utterance. The second assumption is that accommodation can make a difference to the truth-value of an utterance even if the utterance is not about the future. The third assumption is that something that takes place after an utterance cannot make a difference to the truth-value of the utterance unless the utterance is about the future. Since these assumptions are jointly inconsistent, one of them must be false. The question is which one we ought to reject. The majority of the discussion is devoted to discussing each of the options, and the tentative conclusion is that the most plausible strategy is to reject the third thesis. That amounts to saying that something that takes place after an utterance can make a difference to the truth-value of the utterance even if the utterance is not about the future.

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  • 136. Baranov, Viktor
    et al.
    Jourdan, Jonas
    Pilotto, Francesca
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab. Department of River Ecology and Conservation, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum Frankfurt, Germany.
    Wagner, Rüdiger
    Haase, Peter
    Complex and nonlinear climate-driven changes in freshwater insect communities over 42 years2020In: Conservation Biology, ISSN 0888-8892, E-ISSN 1523-1739, Vol. 34, no 5, p. 1241-1251Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ongoing biodiversity crisis becomes evident in the widely observed decline in abundance and diversity of species, profound changes in community structure, and shifts in species' phenology. Insects are among the most affected groups, with documented decreases in abundance up to 76% in the last 25–30 years in some terrestrial ecosystems. Identifying the underlying drivers is a major obstacle as most ecosystems are affected by multiple stressors simultaneously and in situ measurements of environmental variables are often missing. In our study, we investigated a headwater stream belonging to the most common stream type in Germany located in a nature reserve with no major anthropogenic impacts except climate change. We used the most comprehensive quantitative long‐term data set on aquatic insects available, which includes weekly measurements of species‐level insect abundance, daily water temperature and stream discharge as well as measurements of additional physicochemical variables for a 42‐year period (1969–2010). Overall, water temperature increased by 1.88°C and discharge patterns changed significantly. These changes were accompanied by an 81.6% decline in insect abundance, but an increase in richness (+8.5%), Shannon diversity (+22.7%), evenness (+22.4%), and interannual turnover (+34%). Moreover, the community's trophic structure and phenology changed: the duration of emergence increased by 15.2 days, whereas the peak of emergence moved 13.4 days earlier. Additionally, we observed short‐term fluctuations (<5 years) in almost all metrics as well as complex and nonlinear responses of the community toward climate change that would have been missed by simply using snapshot data or shorter time series. Our results indicate that climate change has already altered biotic communities severely even in protected areas, where no other interacting stressors (pollution, habitat fragmentation, etc.) are present. This is a striking example of the scientific value of comprehensive long‐term data in capturing the complex responses of communities toward climate change.

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  • 137.
    Barbich, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sverige och alliansen med Osmanska riket: En textanalys av riksdagsständernas intressen av en allians och deras värderingar gentemot turkarna under början av 1700-talet2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 138.
    Barclay, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The absolutist criteria of Roderick Firth's ideal observer theory2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Meta-ethical theories take a number of different ontological, epistemic and semantic positions. In 1952 Roderick Firth published the article “Ethical absolutism and the ideal observer”, in which he defends and shares his own version of a theory on the meaning of ethical expressions, referred to as the ideal observer theory (IOT).

    The IOT essentially suggests that the truth value of an ethical expression could in principle be determined by knowing the ethically significant reaction it would evoke on an ideal observer (IO), of certain ideal psychological characteristics, should such a being exist. These characteristics are being understood in terms of an ideal practice of justification for actions. For instance, we might hold that in order to be a competent moral judge, we must have sufficient knowledge of the circumstances which we are to assess, or that we are not somehow biased. Firth suggests that an ideal observer has the characteristics of omniscience to non-ethical facts, omnipercipience, disinterest, dispassion and consistency. The theory itself is described as being absolutist, dispositional, objectivist, relational and possibly empirical.

    The specific research question of this paper regards the theory’s ability to give a plausible and meaningful explanation as to the meaning of ethical expressions, while maintaining its absolutist characteristic.

    The presented conclusion holds that: (i) the ethically significant reaction of IOs cannot be conflicting, (ii) that knowing the characteristics of the IO is not in principle necessary for the form and validity of the theory, (iii) that such form presupposes actual IO characteristics based on an assumption about the human nature and (iv) that ‘IO’ designates a hypothetical reference through a circular definition. And that this, although perhaps not in principle refuting the theory, renders it without the ability to provide any real meaningful explanation regarding the meaning of ethical expressions. A dilemma suggested to be possibly addressed by the abandonment of the theory’s absolutist criteria.

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  • 139.
    Baroudi, Mazen
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Petersen, Solveig
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Namatovu, Fredinah
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Annelie, Carlsson
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Norström, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Preteen children’s health related quality of life in Sweden: changes over time and disparities between different sociodemographic groups2019In: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 19, article id 139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Assessing disparities in health-related quality of Life (HRQoL) is important as a part of health-related disparities in the society. The aim of this study was to explore HRQoL among 12-year-olds in Sweden in terms of differences between years 2005 and 2009 and disparities related to sociodemographic background.

    Methods: During the school years 2005 and 2009, a total of 18,325 sixth grade students in Sweden were invited to a celiac disease screening study; 13,279 agreed to participate. Jointly with the celiac screening, the children answered a questionnaire that included EuroQol 5 Dimensions-youth (EQ-5D-Y) and their parents responded to separate questionnaires about their own and their child’s country of birth, family structure, their employment status, occupation, and education. In total 11,009 child-parent questionnaires were collected. Logistic regression was used to study differences in HRQoL between 2005 and 2009, and between various sociodemographic subgroups.

    Results: Compared with 2005, children in 2009 reported more pain (OR: 1.20, 95% CI: 1.1–1.3) and more mood problems (OR: 1.35, 95% CI: 1.2–1.5). In general, girls reported more pain and mood problems and had more disparities than boys. There were no significant differences based on parents’ occupation, however, children of parents with low or medium education levels reported less “mood problems” than those of parents with high education levels (OR: 0.65, 95% CI: 0.46–0.92) and (OR: 0.84, 95% CI: 0.73–0.96), respectively. A slight variation was seen in HRQoL between children with different migration background. Girls living in small municipalities reported more pain (OR: 1.51, 95% CI: 1.14–2.01), and problems performing usual activities (OR: 3.77, 95% CI: 2.08–6.84), compared to girls living in large municipalities. In addition, children living with two parents had less mood problems than children living in other family constellations.

    Conclusion: More children reported pain and mood problems in 2009 compared with 2005. To study future trends, health outcomes among children in Sweden should continue to be reported periodically. More efforts should be invested to increase the awareness of health-related disparities as highlighted in this study especially for girls living in small municipalities and children of parents with high education level.

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  • 140.
    Barton, Nick
    et al.
    University of Oxford.
    Belhouchet, L.
    Institut National du Patrimoine, Tunisia.
    Collcutt, S.N.
    Independent Researcher, Oxford.
    Aouadi, N.
    Institut National du Patrimoine, Tunisia.
    Albert, P.G.
    Swansea University.
    Douka, K.
    Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Germany.
    Drake, N.
    King’s College London.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Macphail, Richard I.
    University College London.
    McLean, D.
    University of Oxford.
    Mekki, H.
    Institut National du Patrimoine, Tunisia.
    Peat, D.
    University of Oxford.
    Schwenninger, J.L.
    University of Oxford.
    Smith, V.C.
    University of Oxford.
    New insights into the late Middle Stone Age occupation of Oued elAkarit, southern Tunisia2021In: Libyan Studies, ISSN 0263-7189, E-ISSN 2052-6148, Vol. 52, p. 12-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on a new project to investigate the activities of early Homo sapiens in the area of the Chotts ‘megalake’ in southernTunisia. Excavations in 2015 and 2019 at Oued el Akarit revealed one of a number of Middle Stone Age (MSA) horizons near the topof a long sequence of Upper Pleistocene deposits. The site identified as Oued el Akarit (Sondage 8) consists of lithic artefacts, bone fragmentsof large ungulates and pieces of ostrich eggshell. Many of the objects are burnt. Excavation of about nine square metres revealed thatthese were associated with a lightly trampled and combusted occupation surface. Amongst the identified artefacts were Levallois flakes someof which could be refitted, thereby indicating the generally undisturbed nature of the occupation. The lithic finds also included side scrapersand other tools diagnostic of the MSA but significantly no bifacial or tanged tools. OSL (Optically Stimulated Luminescence) dating of thesediments and AMS (Accelerator Mass Spectrometry) radiocarbon dating of ostrich eggshell have produced uncalibrated age determinationsin the range 37,000–40,000 years ago, one of the youngest ages for MSA sites in the region. This is the first example of a securely dated laterMSA occupation in a riparian environment in south-eastern Tunisia

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  • 141.
    Bassimir, Anja-Maria
    et al.
    The Obama Institute for Transnational American Studies, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Introduction: keeping the faith in protestant periodical cultures2023In: Protestant periodicals in transition: from the twentieth century to the digital age / [ed] Anja-Maria Bassimir; Stefan Gelfgren, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2023, p. 1-24Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 142.
    Bassimir, Anja-Maria
    et al.
    The Obama Institute for Transnational American Studies, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.
    Gelfgren, StefanUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Protestant periodicals in transition: from the twentieth century to the digital age2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Protestant Periodicals in Transition: From the Twentieth Century to the Digital Age demarcates the field of religious periodical studies by offering a range of historical and contemporary case studies from different Protestant traditions drawn from various regions of the world. Taking religion, periodicals, and their cultures seriously, this volume focuses not only on content but on the people, processes, networks, technologies, and economics involved in periodical publishing. Case studies explore the role of the Protestant magazine in defining, policing, and extending the boundaries of religious communities, of engaging with and influencing the surrounding society through political activism and lifestyle advice, and adapting to and sometimes spearheading technological changes to keep relevant in changing times. 

  • 143.
    Baumann, Juana
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Diakonipastoralens betydelse: En komparativ studie med fokus på dess utformning2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom en komparativ metod har likheter och skillnader i det diakonala arbetet i förhållandetill varandra påvisats utifrån läsning av diakonipastoraler vilka ingår i församlingens/pastoratets styrdokument. Intresset för diakonipastoraler har sitt ursprung i en vilja att se likheter och olikheter i detdiakonala arbetet på ett övergripande plan i Svenska kyrkan eftersom det diakonala arbetetkan se olika ut beroende på miljö, medarbetare och inte minst församlingens/pastoratetskontext.

    I undersökningen ingår sex diakonipastoraler vilka efter noggrann läsning har systematiseratsoch delats in i olika kategorier. Resultatet från undersökningen av diakonipastoralerna harställts mot adekvat litteratur, inte minst Ett biskopsbrev om diakoni: Biskopsmötet 2015.

    Undersökningen visar att diakoni motiveras som en kärlekens gärning och är helaförsamlingens/ pastoratets ansvar där tro gestaltas i ord och handling.Flertalet pastoraler poängterar att människan, som ses som en Guds avbild, ska respekterasoch ha makt att vara med och påverka sin egen situation och sitt liv även om hen söker endiakonal hjälpinsats.

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  • 144.
    Baumann, Juana
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Herrens bön - en längtan efter en gemensam bön.: En 40-årig tradition med rötter i Jesu ordoch Olaus Petri översättning.2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 145. Bayless, Martha
    et al.
    Liliequist, JonasUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.Webb, Lewis
    Gender and status competition in pre-modern societies2022Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This innovative volume of cultural history offers a unique exploration of how gender and status competition have intersected across different periods and places. The contributions collected here focus on the role of women and the practice of masculinity in setting as varied as ancient Rome, China, Iran and Arabia, medieval and early modern England, and early modern Italy, France, and Scandinavia, as well as exploring issues that affected people of all social rank, from raillery and pranks to shaming, male boasting about sexual conquests, court rituals, violence, and the use and display of wealth. Particular attention is paid to the performance of such issues, with chapters examining status and gender through cultural practices, especielly specific (re)presentations of women. These include Roman priestesses, early Christian virgin martyrs, flirtation in seventh-century Arabia, and the attempt by an early modern French woman to take her place among the immortals. Together this wide-ranging and fascinating array of studies from renowned scholars offers new insights into how and why different cultures responded to the drive for status, and the complications of gender within that drive.

  • 146.
    Beckman, Emma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mistaken morality?: an essay on moral error theory2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation explores arguments and questions related to moral error theory – the idea that morality inevitably involves a fundamental and serious error such that moral judgments and statements never come out true. It is suggested that the truth of error theory remains a non-negligible possibility, and that we for this reason should take a version of moral fictionalism seriously.

    I begin by defining error theory as the claim that moral judgments are beliefs with moral propositions as content, moral utterances are assertions of moral propositions, and no positive moral proposition is true. Second, after giving an account of J.L. Mackie’s error theory, I argue that neither Richard Joyce’s nor Jonas Olson’s argument for error theory gives us strong reasons to believe it. According to Joyce, moral discourse presupposes non-institutional desire-transcendent reasons and non-institutional categorical requirements. I challenge this claim by arguing that morality can be understood as an institution, and that the assumption that there are non-institutional moral reasons and requirements can be understood as entering pragmatically into moral conversations. According to Olson, moral discourse involves a commitment to irreducibly normative favoring relations between facts and actions. I challenge this claim by challenging Olson’s response to Stephen Finlay’s argument against absolutist accounts of moral discourse.

    Third, I discuss two objections to error theory, and argue that neither gives us strong reasons to reject it. According to the first objection, which is suggested by Terence Cuneo, error theory entails epistemic error theory, which has problematic consequences. After indicating some possible responses on part of the epistemic error theorist, I challenge the entailment claim by defending Hilary Kornblith’s account of epistemic reasons as hypothetical reasons. According to the second objection, error theory entails normative error theory, which cannot be believed. Although he does not defend this objection, Bart Streumer has given an argument for the unbelievability claim. I challenge Streumer’s argument by suggesting that we might have hypothetical reasons to believe normative error theory and that, properly understood, Streumer’s conclusion is not as radical as it may first appear.

    Fourth, I discuss what practical implications the discovery that error theory is true would have for first-order moral thinking and discourse. I argue that if this practice is overall non-morally valuable to us, we ought to revise engagement in it on the model of role-playing in live action role-playing games if we find out that error theory is true. Some have claimed that Richard Joyce’s fictionalism encounters (prima facie) problems. I argue that by incorporating the suggestion that engagement in revised moral practice is modeled on role-playing, fictionalism can escape these problems and preserve the benefits of first-order moral practice.

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  • 147.
    Bedjaoui, Idriss
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Algeriska befrielsekampen: Den svenska pressens skildring av religionens betydelse och roll 1954-19582017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 148.
    Bek, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Rimligt tvivel?: En studie om historievetenskaplig stringens i en juridisk kontext2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What happens when historical theories are used as evidence in a trial? Is it possible for historians to use their own scientific tools when acting as participants in a juridical process? And how do judges deal with historical evidence? The aim of this study is to answer these questions by analyzing a specific trial, known as “Härjedalsmålet”. Härjedalsmålet was a court case about the Sami people’s right to let their reindeer graze on private property grounds in Härjedalen during the winter season. Their claim to this right was based on prescription of time immemorial. In order to prove their long history in Härjedalen, the Sami people summoned the archaeologist Inger Zachrisson to testify.According to Zachrisson, the Sami people have a history in Härjedalen that stretches as far back as 98 AD. However, another archaeologist, Evert Baudou, claims that there is no evidence of a continuity of the Sami culture in Härjedalen during the early Middle Ages. In order to prove their respective theories, the archaeologists base their arguments on both archeological and historical (written) source material. The archeologists wrote a number of statements and articles which they sent to court. In this master’s thesis, these statements and articles are analyzed using the scientific criteria that a study must meet to be considered scientific by the historian community.The analysis shows that the scientific criteria are not fully met in by the archeologists and that the used written source material from the Middle Ages doesn’t meet the criteria for classic historical source criticism. The judges do not evaluate the historical evidence; they simple note that the archeologist have different opinions and that there is no certain evidence of a continuing Sami culture in Härjedalen during the early Middle Ages. The conclusion of this master’s thesis raises new questions: can history, known to be an interpretive science, ever produce evidence that is “certain enough” in a court? And how can the Sami people, whose nomadic life left little archeological and historical source material behind, ever prove their existence in a certain area in historical times?

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  • 149.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Johansson, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro universitet.
    Ranius, Thomas
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Roberge, Jean-Michel
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU, Umeå, Sweden.
    The Swedish forestry model: more of everything?2017In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 77, p. 44-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    "The Swedish forestry model" refers to the forest regime that evolved following the 1993 revision of the Swedish Forestry Act. It is key to Swedish forest politics and used to capture the essence of a sustainable way of managing forests. However, the ideas, institutions and practices comprising the model have not been comprehensively analyzed previously. Addressing this knowledge gap, we use frame analysis and a Pathways approach to investigate the underlying governance model, focusing on the way policy problems are addressed, goals, implementation procedures, outcomes and the resulting pathways to sustainability. We suggest that the institutionally embedded response to pressing sustainability challenges and increasing demands is expansion, inclusion and integration: more of everything. The more-of-everything pathway is influenced by ideas of ecological modernization and the optimistic view that existing resources can be increased. Our findings suggest that in effect it prioritizes the economic dimension of sustainability. While broadening out policy formulation it closes down the range of alternative outputs, a shortcoming that hampers its capacity to respond to current sustainability challenges. Consequently, there is a need for a broad public debate regarding not only the role of forests in future society, but also the operationalization of sustainable development.

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  • 150.
    Belander, John
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    "Det är ett sätt för oss att stärka kvalitén på vår undervisning": Historielärares attityder till undervisningen i högstadiet2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to investigate the perceived control of secondary school teachers teaching history. The study was of a qualitative nature where the data was collected through interviews. A total of five teachers were interviewed, where the teachers thoughts were gathered based on the purpose and questions of the study.

    The research was focused on two areas, self-efficacy, and context dependency. The teachers described the education as positive as the academic studies helped them to give perspective on history and discussed that the high standards had a positive impact on their knowledge of the subject. The second part in self-efficacy, the teachers said that they considered the subject relevant. The teachers considered history to be an important part of the students development into democratic citizens. They also wanted to give students tools to navigate in an information society. The last part was about experience and preparation, which turned out to be a negative based on self-efficacy since the teachers felt a time constraint.

    Based on context dependency, the teachers felt that the students demanded more from them because more extra adaptations are required now. To address the wide range of student interest and knowledge levels in the subject, teachers faced the challenge of adapting the material to each student's individual needs. The continuing education was also perceived as difficult because the municipality only provided continuing education around the student but not subject-specific, which was requested. The curriculum and joint assessment had both a positive and a negative effect towards history. The negative was that the teachers found it difficult to interpret the grading criteria and that the central content of the subject was increasing, without giving the teachers more time to educate. The collegial collaboration had a positive impact as they helped each other with planning, tests and had the opportunity to discuss this with each other.

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