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  • 101.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Arbetsklimat i privatkundtjänstföretag - konstruktion och statistisk prövning av index som mäter medarbetares attityder till arbetsklimat i data från tre olika privatkundtjänster hos Telia Sonera i Farsta och Sundsvall, samt Nordea i Sundsvall2005Report (Other academic)
  • 102.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Att ha utländska arbetskamrater2005In: Arbetsliv och samhällsförändringar, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2005, p. 89-102Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 103.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Categorization and Diversity in terms of Power in Working Life Settings.: Konferens i Göteborg 29-31 augusti 2002. meeting ourselves and others - perspectives in diversity research and diversity practices.2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 104.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Cultural Diversity and Groups Within the Individual2001In: Diversity in Work Organizations, Stockholm: Arbetslivsinstitutet , 2001, p. 8-44Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 105.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Det mångfacetterade kulturmötet1995In: Invandrarna på arbetsmarknaden: etnisk diskriminering eller kreativa kulturmöten? : [rapport från ett seminarium anordnat den 10 maj 1995], 1995Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 106.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Etniska relationer i arbetslivet: Teknik, arbetsorganisation och etnisk diskriminering i svensk bilindustri1996Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 107.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kulturell mångfald och grupper i individen.2001In: Mångfald: Sammanställning av resultat från ett forskningsprojekt., Stockholm: LO, SACO, TCO, ALI , 2001Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 108.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kulturell mångfald på svensk arbetsmarknad: en jämförande studie av personalstatistik och ett enkätmaterial från ett sjukhus och en bilfabrik2000Report (Other scientific)
  • 109.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olikheter på gott och ont2000In: I&M Invandrare och minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 11-13Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 110.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Socialklass, statusgrupper och etnicitetens sociala estetik2001In: Klassamhället - förändring, splittring och facklig vanmakt, Stockholm: LO , 2001, p. 103-Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 111.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Socialpsykologins ansikten: ett urval av teoretiska perspektiv på sociologisk socialpsykolog2005Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Socialpsykologi är ett komplext ämne innehållande olika perspektiv och teorier som vanligen förknippas med psykologi eller med sociologi. Bokens syfte är att belysa den sociologiska relevansen hos skilda socialpsykologiska perspektiv. Innehållet disponeras utifrån tre övergripande perspektiv: psykologisk socialpsykologi, socialitetsteorier och psykologisk sociologi. Dessa perspektiv rymmer teorier som behandlar individen eller smågruppen, mellanmänskliga relationer eller förhållandet mellan struktur och individ. Både perspektiv och teorier presenteras i termer av socialpsykologiska ledtrådar som är värdefulla att känna till för den som står inför uppgiften att genomföra en egen studie. Identifikationen av ledtrådar gör det möjligt att avgränsa relevanta tillämpningsområden för olika perspektiv och teorier. Presentationerna följs upp av diskussioner, exemplifieringar och liknelser. Ambitionen är att stimulera läsaren till kritisk eftertanke och egna konstruktiva reflektioner över socialpsykologins dåtida, samtida och framtida betydelse för forskning och samhällsutveckling. Boken är skriven för högskole- och universitetsstuderande, samt praktiker som önskar anamma en socialpsykologisk ansats på ett socialt fenomen.

  • 112.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Studentformulerad tentamen1993Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 113.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Två världar: teknik, arbetsorganisation och etniska relationer1994In: Arbetets etniska delning: studier från en svensk bilfabrik, Stockholm: Carlsson , 1994Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 114.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Jakobsson, P
    Konsten att leva upp till gemensamma beslut2005Report (Other academic)
  • 115.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Jonsson, F.
    Skadefrekvensen i Folksams försäkringsbestånd: En jämförande studie av Västernorrland/Jämtlands och Gävleborg/Dalarnas marknadsområden mellan åren 1998-2000. Rapport till Folksam Sundsvall.2002Report (Other scientific)
  • 116.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nordlander, G
    Kulturell mångfald höjer kompetensen2002In: Sundsvalls Tidning, ISSN 1104-005X, no 28 maj, p. 2-2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 117.
    Augustsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Olofsdotter, Gunilla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Wolvén, Lars-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Swedish Managers in TWA Act as Boundary Spanners2010In: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 4-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract:

     

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to highlight the complexity of manpower management in temporary work agencies (TWA). The aim is to investigate to which extent the managers reflects the features of boundary spanners.

     

    Design/methodology/approach – The results come from a case study where manpower managers at one of the biggest TWAs in Sweden are interviewed.

     

    Findings – TWAs' boundary-spanning managers mediate between the opinions of the clients, the TWAs, and the individual temps as well as balancing between trust and risk. The findings reveal the relevance of the managers' application of a flexible and a dialectical approach when delivering service to clients, the TWA and the temps. This flexible approach means being able to simultaneously embrace these three perspectives of interests. A dialectical approach involves being able to: systematically balance between the opposing pair of trust and risk and search for the most functional option and not relate others' opinions to one's own personal values.

     

    Research limitations/implications – The interview data come from a case study at only one TWA and it is collected in a limited number of interview subjects.

     

    Practical implications – The results can provide useful information for recruiters of manpower managers in a TWA when choosing staff members that can enhance strategic management of temps. The results can also be of assistance for managers when interacting with both customers and temps.

     

    Originality/value – The paper contributes to the literature by an analysis of the complex working conditions under which manpower managers in TWAs work.

  • 118.
    Awes, Mio
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    In Dubai: Traders, In Somalia: Conflict Escalators: A Study of Diasporic Influences on Civil War 2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    I have used diaspora theory with a sociological perspective. This perspective has given insight to the importance that a diaspora community can play in conflicts in their country of origin while they are absent. My main research question is: What roles do Somali traders in Dubai play in the Somali clan conflict? My material consists of interviews with three Somali Diaspora traders in Dubai. The aim of this study is to examine how they are involved in the clan conflict in Somalia through their trading activities. Questions have been asked about which precautions that must be taken in order to export and import to/from a country ridden by conflict. Their answers showed that they were dependent on their clan in order to secure their products and, thereby, they were forced to be involved in the conflict in different ways. A reciprocal relationship evolved since also their clans in Somalia became dependent on the traders in Dubai for their position in the conflict. Regarding.

  • 119. Backlund, I
    et al.
    von Fridrichs Grängsjö, Yvonne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nya samarbetsformer för utveckling av småföretagande i perifera regioner: Småföretagardagarna 20072007Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att öka kunskapen om hur små företag (främst solo- och microföretag) i gles- och landsbygder kan utvecklas och bidra till tillväxt med utgångspunkt från de särskilda betingelser som deras perifera läge skapar. Den genomförs med utgångspunkt i hur småskaliga matproducenter i Jämtlands län organiserar marknadsföring och distribution av sina produkter i syfte att vidga sina marknader och skapa gemensam tillväxt.

  • 120.
    Backlund, Kenneth
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, institutionen för nationalekonomi.
    Sjögren, Tomas
    Umeå universitet, institutionen för nationalekonomi.
    Stage, Jesper
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Effects of migration on tax policy in the EU countries: An empirical analysis2011In: China-USA Business Review, ISSN 1537-1514, Vol. 10, no 7, p. 508-515Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study whether migration affects taxes on labor and capital income. The analysis is based on panel data for 14 European countries. The results indicate that migration does affect subsequent tax rates; taxes on labor income increase with increased migration, especially in countries with large public sectors. However, this effect is reduced for countries with large foreign trade and/or large shares of elderly in the population.

  • 121.
    Barsom, Omar
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lepistö, Milla - Eilna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Diskriminering satt i system?: En kvalitativ undersökning av invandares upplevelser från Sfi2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ABSTRAKT

     

    Svenska för invandrare, förkortat Sfi utgör en slags inkörsport till det svenska samhället för många invandrare. Sfi ska ge förutsättningar att lära sig svenska tillräckligt för att klara sig i samhället. Just Sfi är en viktig sluss till det svenska samhället. Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva, analysera samt förklara upplevelser av utsatthet och utanförskap på Sfi och hur de som upplevt detta resonerar kring sina upplevelser. Vi ville även undersöka om dessa upplevelser kan bero på diskriminering. I vår undersökning intervjuades nio personer med invandrarbakgrund som studerar eller studerat på Sfi. Denna studie har varit intressant att genomföra därför att det visade sig att det förekommer upplevelser av utsatthet och utanförskap på Sfi. Våra intervjupersoner berättade om upplevelser och situationer på Sfi. Det fanns många upplevelser av besvikelse, utsatthet och utanförskap. Tidigare forskning har visat att diskriminering finns inbyggt i samhällsstrukturen och är svår eller omöjlig att undvika. Den behöver inte heller vara avsiktlig men den påverkar likväl de individer som utsätts för diskriminerande handlingar och strukturer. Våra resultat har analyserats utifrån Baumans teori om trädgårdssamhället och Azars teori om det symboliska objektet. De upplevelser som framkom i intervjuerna har vi analyserat och beskrivit i denna uppsats och visat att viss institutionell diskriminering har förekommit.

  • 122. Beer, Thomas
    et al.
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    CAIPS: A Context-Aware Information Push Service in Tourism2007In: Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2007Proceedings of the International Conference in Ljubljana, Slovenia, 2007 Sigala, Marianna; Mich, Luisa; Murphy, Jamie (Eds.) / [ed] Sigala, M., Mich, L & Murphy, J., Vienna, New York: Springer, 2007, p. 129-140Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A context-aware information push service provides the user with tailored information regarding her/his actual situation (the actual situation is also referred as context). This paper motivates and discusses the development of a context-aware information push service. A survey is presented motivating the implementation of such a system. Further, key requirements are identified leading to a description of the system architecture, thereby giving insight into how the requirements are tackled. Finally, the rule language which is used to formally declare push processes and the inference engine translating such rules into concrete push messages is explained in detail. The push service presented in this paper is part of the overall etPlanner system, a framework for mobile tourist guides

  • 123. Beer, Thomas
    et al.
    Rasinger, Jörg
    Höpken, Wolfram
    Fuchs, Matthias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Werthner, Hannes
    Exploiting E-C-A Rules for Defining and Processing Context-Aware Push Messages2007In: Advances in Rule Interchange and ApplicationsInternational Symposium, RuleML 2007, Orlando, Florida, October 25-26, 2007, Proceedings / [ed] Paschke, A., Heidelberg & Berlin: Springer, 2007, p. 199-206Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this paper is to show that the E-C-A paradigm offers an excellent approach for specifying the behavior of context-aware information push services. Such a service enables its operator to provide the users with tailored messages related to their current situation (context). The paper introduces CAIPS, an implementation of such a service for the tourism domain. The underlying E-C-A rules are presented and the design of the associated rule-engine is described. The engine’s rule-interpreter is based on event-notification services and the object-oriented query-language HQL. The paper further presents a graphical high-level editor which supports business-experts in “writing” the CAIPS E-C-A rules. The presented approach enables the rapid development of new tailored messages (related to the user’s context) without the need to modify the underlying application, i.e. without the trouble of writing new code for new message types.

  • 124.
    Bellman, Lina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Auktoriserade fastighetsvärderares syn på värdering: tankemönster om kommersiella fastigheter2012Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The valuation of commercial properties is about collecting, analyzing and assessing information. In addition to the fact that the properties' market values ​​are important to society as a whole, they are important to those who make decisions based on value statements. The purpose of this thesis is a) to identify how Swedish professional property valuers certified by ASPECT look at the value-influencing factors that determine the values of commercial properties when valuation is made prior to preparing financial statements and b) to compare and draw conclusions about the ASPECT certified property valuers´ thinking in terms of content, complexity and homogeneity and to what extent the thought patterns differ between different groups of property valuers.

    To map property valuers´ thought patterns I use Kelly´s (1955) Repertory Grid technique and complementary semi-structured interviews. I have interviewed nearly half (67) of the professional ASPECT certified property valuers in Sweden. The result shows three interpretable dimensions that can be considered central in the property valuers´ thought patterns.  The first dimension relates to the focus of valuation. It is about property valuers understanding that different kinds of information and assessment have different effects on property valuation on micro and macro levels. The micro level refers to the relation between properties and their property owner and macro level refers to the relation between properties and the market at large. The second dimension shows that verifiable information reflects that the property valuer understands that some information is more or less verifiable by the nature of information. The third dimension is related to the assessment´s complexity. It is about property valuers perceiving that different types of information are simpler and more complex to assess.

    The results indicate that ASPECT certified property valuers have relatively complex thought patterns. When certified property valuers are divided into groups based on different background variables, the three dimensions are in all groups. This indicates that property valuers also have relatively homogeneous thought structures. Some differences in complexity and homogeneity emerge, however. These differences are mainly based on the property valuers´ place of business and what universities they studied at.

  • 125.
    Bellman, Lina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Värdering av kommersiella fastigheter – en empirisk studie av auktoriserade fastighetsvärderare och deras tankemönster2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 126.
    Bellman, Lina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Öhman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Värdering av kommersiella fastigheter2012Report (Other academic)
  • 127.
    Bengtsson, Carina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Westerberg, Tove
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Utbildningsinsats mot arbetsplatsvåld: Är all kunskap bra kunskap?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsplatsvåld är ett vanligt fenomen i Sverige idag, ändå finns det en stor kunskapslucka i hur förebyggande säkerhetsåtgärder och strategierhar avsedd verkan då det handlar om att utbilda anställda i att motverka och hantera situationer som innefattar hot och våld på arbetsplatsen. I denna studie har det genomförts en utvärdering av en utbildningsinsats vid ett av Sveriges universitet. Målet med utbildningen var att öka de medverkandes säkerhet och upplevda trygghet vid arbetsplatsen. Syftet med utvärderingen var att undersöka om utbildningsmålet uppnåddes,och förstå vad resultatet berodde på. För att samla in data till studien, har det genomförts kvalitativa intervjuer med fem respondenter. Varje respondent har medverkat vid två intervjutillfällen, en gång innan, och en gång efter utbildningsinsatsen. De olika intervjuomgångarna har sedan jämförts med varandra för att se hur utbildningen påverkade respondenternas svar. Resultatet visade att de medverkandes säkerhet ökade, dock minskade den upplevda tryggheten. Utifrån resultatet utvecklades sedan en utbildningsmodell som kan användas för att uppnå utbildningsmålet bättre i framtiden.

  • 128.
    Bengtsson, Thomas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Räddningstjänst: Definition, ansvar och samverkan2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this legal dogmatic Bachelor Thesis is to define the legal definition of “a rescue service” and illustrate the division of responsibilities between national authorities and the municipalities with regards to the execution of emergency response operations.

    “A rescue service” means the emergency response actions that national and municipal authorities are legally obliged to provide to prevent or minimise injury to people and damage to property or the environment when emergencies occur or seem imminent. In the following cases a national authority is responsible for providing the requisite rescue service:

    1. Search and rescue (air) – the Swedish Civil Aviation Authority is the responsible authority;

    2. Search and rescue (maritime) the Swedish Maritime Administration is the responsible authority;

    3. Maritime environmental protection – the Swedish Coast Guard is the responsible authority;

    4. Mountain rescue service, – the police services in the four mountainous counties are the responsible authorities;

    5. General missing persons searches – the regional police are the responsible authority; and finally

    6. Emergency preparedness for nuclear energy incidents – the relevant county administrative board is the responsible authority.

    The municipalities are responsible themselves or in co-operation with others for all other rescue services required within the municipality’s boundaries.

    Keywords: rescue service, co-operation, emergency response, emergency, authorities

  • 129. Bennet, T
    et al.
    Eriksson, Ingalill
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Haunch, P
    Randle, H
    Learning to become employable by learning to work in the health and social sector. A new career path of life.: Paper to be presented at the International Conference on Workplace Learning - from the Learners´ Perspective, Sub-theme 2: Linking Workplace learning and School-based Learning, Copenhagen, 25-27 nov, 2004.2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 130.
    Bergh, Gunnar
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    Gunnarsson, Britt-Louise
    Hallén, Lars
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Hägg, Ingemund
    En svensk magister håller2007In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1104-0173, no 2 aprilArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 131.
    Berglin & Hämäläinen, Andreas & Alexander
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    En revolutionär i marginalen: Anställdas uppfattning om säkerhetsarbetet och säkerhetsnivån på en statlig myndighet2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet   med   studien   är   att   undersöka   hur   anställda   på   en   statlig   myndighet   upplever   säkerhetsarbetet,   säkerhetsnivån,   samt   om   de   anställda   upplever   ett   säkerhetsklimat.   Insamling   av   data   har   skett   genom   semi-­‐‑strukturerade   intervjuer   med   sex   stycken   anställda   på   en   statlig   myndighet.   För   analys   av   insamlad   data   har   teorier   om   organisationskultur  och  symbolisk  interaktionism  använts,  samt  ett   ramverk   som   integrerar   säkerhetskultur   och   säkerhetsklimat   med   Scheins   tre   kulturella   nivåer   En   diskussion   om   när   människor   i   olika  arbetsgrupper  skapar  olika  klimat,  tar  upp  problematiken,  när   en   arbetsgrupp   värderar   och   har   andra   attityder   gentemot   säkerhetsarbetet   och   säkerhetsnivån,   än   andra   arbetsgrupper.   Resultatet   tyder   på   att   arbetsgrupper   har   skiljande   upplevelser   av   säkerhetsarbetet   och   säkerhetsnivån   på   arbetsplatsen,   och   visar   på   möjligheten  av  flera  säkerhetsklimat  i  organisationen. 

  • 132.
    Berglin, Lisa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Slagbrand, Josefin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Påverkan i Arbetet: En kvalitativ studie om upplevelsen av att påverka i arbetet och utmärkande faktorers betydelse2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 133.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Klientidentifiering och det dysfunktionella beteendets påverkan på revisionskvaliteten2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Revision är en garantifunktion för de intressenter som har ett intresse i ett företag och ur ett samhällsperspektiv är därför kraven på revisionskvaliteten höga. Revisionskvalitet byggs upp av revisorns kompetens och av revisorns oberoende, vilket innebär att faktorer som påverkar oberoendet och revisorns kompetens påverkar samtidigt kvaliteten på revisionen. Det finns många saker som kan hota revisorns oberoende varav ett av dessa hot är revisorns relation till klienten. En faktor som kan påverka denna relation är hur revisorn identifierar sig med sina klienter. Enligt teorin om social identitet definierar vi vår självbild genom att identifiera oss med sociala grupper eller organisationer. Detta innebär att en stark identifiering med klienten kan påverka revisorns oberoende. Den andra grundstenen i revisionskvalitet är revisorns kompetens. I strävan efter hög revisionskvalitet ställs det höga krav på revisorn som yrkesutövare och många av dessa krav kan fungera som stressfaktorer. Kompetens kan ses som en individs potentiella handlingsförmåga i relation till en viss uppgift eller situation vilket gör att revisorns kompetens till viss del påverkar hur denne agerar i en stressad situation. Revisorer arbetar under ständig tidspress och ett vanligt förekommande redskap för kontroll och som prestationsmått är tidsbudgetar. I stressade situationer kan vi som individer agera dysfunktionellt och för revisorn kan tidsbudgeten vara en stressfaktor som skapar detta dysfunktionella beteende. Det dysfunktionella beteendet visar sig genom minskad kvalitet på genomfört revisionsarbete och genom underrapportering av tid.

    Syftet med denna undersökning är att se hur revisionskvalitetens byggstenar, i form av kompetens och oberoende, påverkas av tidspress, som resulterar i ett dysfunktionellt beteende, och av klientidentifiering. Delsyftet är att se om det är någon skillnad i dysfunktionellt beteende och i klientidentifieringen vid arbete med en genomsnittlig klient mot arbete med den största klienten.

    För att uppnå syftet har en kvantitativ undersökning gjorts där 268 svenska revisorer svarat på en webbaserad enkät. Resultaten visar att svenska revisorer identifierar sig med sina klienter, men det går inte att visa på att denna identifiering påverkar revisorns oberoende. Resultaten visar också på att dysfunktionellt beteende förekommer men inte i någon stor utsträckning och det går bara att statistiskt säkerställa att tidsbudgetpress genererar underrapportering av tid, inte minskad kvalitet på utfört revisionsarbete. Det intressanta med resultaten är att de visar att det finns ett samband mellan klientidentifieringen och det dysfunktionella beteendet, vilket indikerar att klientidentifiering i slutändan kan ha inverkan på revisionskvaliteten. Jämförelsen mellan de två klientgrupperna, baserat på storlek, visar på ett motsatt resultat än förväntat, där en genomsnittlig klient ses som viktigare för företaget än den största. Det är med en genomsnittlig klient identifieringen är starkare och det är vid arbete med en genomsnittlig klient det dysfunktionella beteendet förkommer oftare.

  • 134.
    Bergman, Anette
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Andresen, Edith
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Hallén, Lars
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Electronic communication in strategic networks2003In: 19th Annual IMP Conference University of Lugano, Switzerland, 4th–6th September 2003, 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The email communication in a strategic network of small and medium-sized firms in the Stockholm metropolitan area is analysed on the basis a classification model for communication reasons. Support is found for email use according to information richness theory, as the dominant use of email was information dissemination. However, email was also used for tasks not typical for lean communication media, e.g., the expression of emotions. Still more striking is the strong impact of social behaviour and expectations as a precondition for the actual use of email. Although the strategic network is built up around a web-based platform, email is only marginally used for communication in the network as an effect of low coherence in the network and limited computer experience.

  • 135.
    Bergman, Anette
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Andresen, Edith
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Hallén, Lars
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Roxenhall, Tommy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    The use of information in strategic business networks2002Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The strategic network actors use modern information technology in order to link activities and tie resources. Common means of transferring written information are EDI and e-mail. The manner in which actors use written information to secure resources is therefore an essential issue for the development of strategic networks. The focus of this working paper is how the actors in a strategic networks use written information by way of e-mail. Since knowledge of how actors use written information by e-mail is limited, this paper endeavours to clarify how e-mail are used and to find factors to explain this use on the basis of the interaction and the network approach. There are three different purposes for using written information by e-mail. The actor could use the e-mail in order to coordinate activities, to control individuals and organizational units and to gain and provide new knowledge. In this paper we are concentrated on the controlling category. It is possible, according to Gadde & Håkansson (1993), to classify written information by e-mail into three different categories. The first category deals with the product, or the seller�s ability to resolve a problem the buyer may have, and its characteristics. The second category deals with the commercial terms negotiated before the decision to buy was made, i.e. the information the buyer requires making the order (prices, discounts, terms of delivery and payment). The third category deals with the structure of the transaction (appointments, volumes, method of delivery, formal rules and routines). The first category is referred to in this paper as the technical content, the second category as the commercial content, and the third category as the administrative content. In this paper we try to classify the written information by e-mail into the three different categories and then attempt to examine just how the actors use written information by way of e-mail to control organizational units and individuals.

  • 136.
    Bergman, Anette
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ohlsson, Beatrice
    Kommunikation i regionala strategiska nätverk2009In: Regionala strategiska nätverk i praktiken, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, p. 93-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 137.
    Bergman, Maja
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Jakten på det sociala kapitalet: En studie i två forskares åsikter2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 138.
    Bergqvist, Anette
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Integrering och normalisering?: - Medborgerliga rättigheter för psykiskt funktionshindrade i Sverige och Nederländerna2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att titta på hur organisationer i Nederländerna påverkar förändringen av synsättet på och omsorgen av psykiskt funktionshindrade i Nederländerna och vilken roll den svenska utvecklingen inom omsorgen om de psykiskt funktionshindrade har spelat. Studien gjordes utifrån erfarenheter som organisationer och representanter för dessa har fått genom besök i Sverige. De 70 besökarna studerade den svenska handikappomsorgen genom studiebesöksgrupper vid olika tillfällen. En kvalitativ studie med sex ostrukturerade intervjuer med besökare från olika organisationer genomfördes. Observationer genom studiebesök i de Nederländska verksamheterna och dokumentstudier utfördes. Resultatet visade att de nederländska besökarna fann att medborgerlig rättighet var självklart i Sverige och att personalen hade större möjligheter och självförtroende att hitta lösningar utan hjälp från expertiskunskap än i Nederländerna. Integreringen i Nederländerna befann sig än så länge på ett stadium där man arbetade utifrån att integrera grupper i samhället vilket innebar att individ perspektivet hamnade i bakgrunden. Man arbetade i nätverk genom bostadsbyggande, dagligsysselsättning och opinionsbildning för att integrera de psykiskt funktionshindrade i samhället. Opinionsbildning skedde genom nätverk mellan olika organisationer och var en stor vinst för normaliseringsprocessen av de psykiskt funktionshindrade i Nederländerna.

  • 139. Bergsten Brucefors, Agneta
    et al.
    Hochwälder, Jacek
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Jeanneau, Madeleine
    Fosselius, Helene
    Psykisk hälsa hos icke sjukskrivna kvinnliga sjuksköterskor och undersköterskor.: en kartläggning inom Stockholms läns landsting2004Report (Other scientific)
  • 140.
    Bergstrom, Jan
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Behav Sci & Learning, Swedish Inst Disabil Res, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Ljotsson, Brjann
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ruck, Christian
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Andreewitch, Sergej
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Andreas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Carlbring, Per
    Umea Univ, Dept Psychol, S-90187 Umea, Sweden.
    Andersson, Erik
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindefors, Nils
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Internet-versus group-administered cognitive behaviour therapy for panic disorder in a psychiatric setting: a randomised trial2010In: BMC Psychiatry, ISSN 1471-244X, E-ISSN 1471-244X, Vol. 10, p. article 54-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Internet administered cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is a promising new way to deliver psychological treatment, but its effectiveness in regular care settings and in relation to more traditional CBT group treatment has not yet been determined. The primary aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of Internet- and group administered CBT for panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia) in a randomised trial within a regular psychiatric care setting. The second aim of the study was to establish the cost-effectiveness of these interventions. Methods: Patients referred for treatment by their physician, or self-referred, were telephone-screened by a psychiatric nurse. Patients fulfilling screening criteria underwent an in-person structured clinical interview carried out by a psychiatrist. A total of 113 consecutive patients were then randomly assigned to 10 weeks of either guided Internet delivered CBT (n = 53) or group CBT (n = 60). After treatment, and at a 6-month follow-up, patients were again assessed by the psychiatrist, blind to treatment condition. Results: Immediately after randomization 9 patients dropped out, leaving 104 patients who started treatment. Patients in both treatment conditions showed significant improvement on the main outcome measure, the Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) after treatment. For the Internet treatment the within-group effect size (pre-post) on the PDSS was Cohen's d = 1.73, and for the group treatment it was d = 1.63. Between group effect sizes were low and treatment effects were maintained at 6-months follow-up. We found no statistically significant differences between the two treatment conditions using a mixed models approach to account for missing data. Group CBT utilised considerably more therapist time than did Internet CBT. Defining effect as proportion of PDSS responders, the cost-effectiveness analysis concerning therapist time showed that Internet treatment had superior cost-effectiveness ratios in relation to group treatment both at post-treatment and follow-up. Conclusions: This study provides support for the effectiveness of Internet CBT in a psychiatric setting for patients with panic disorder, and suggests that it is equally effective as the more widely used group administered CBT in reducing panic-and agoraphobic symptoms, as well as being more cost effective with respect to therapist time.

  • 141. Bergström, Gunnar
    et al.
    Björklund, C
    Lisspers, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nathell, L
    Hermansson, U
    Fried, I
    Helander, A
    Bodin, L
    Jensen, I
    Work and health in the processing and engineering industries [abstract]2006In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 2006, p. 57-58Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 142. Bergström, Gunnar
    et al.
    Björklund, Christina
    Fried, Ingegärd
    Lisspers, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nathell, Lennart
    Hermansson, Ulric
    Helander, Anders
    Bodin, Lennart
    Jensen, Irene B.
    A comprehensive workplace intervention and its outcome with regard to lifestyle, health and sick leave: The AHA study.2008In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 167-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a prospective multicentre cohort study entitled Work and Health in the Processing and Engineering Industries, the AHA Study (AHA is the Swedish abbreviation for the study). Four large workplaces in Sweden participated during the years from 2000 to 2003. The present report has two objectives: (1) to present a comprehensive occupational health intervention programme and (2) to evaluate this programme with a focus on lifestyle (smoking and exercise), health related quality of life (HRQoL) and sick leave. Interventions were provided on an individual and group level, including evidence-based methods for four health/focus areas (individual level) and a group intervention based on a survey-feedback methodology. The analyses in this report were exclusively employed at an organizational level. The proportion of smokers decreased at three companies and the course of the HRQoL was advantageous at two of the companies as compared to a gainfully employed reference group. A significant decrease in sick leave was revealed at one company, whereas a break in an ascending sick-leave trend appeared at a second company as compared to their respective corporate groups. This comprehensive workplace intervention programme appears to have had positive effects on smoking habits, HRQoL and sick leave.

  • 143. Bergström, J
    et al.
    Andersson, G
    Karlsson, Andreas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Andreevitch, S
    Ruck, C
    Carlbring, P
    Lindefors, N
    An open study of the effectiveness of Internet treatment for panic disorder delivered in a psychiatric setting2009In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 44-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Panic Disorder with or without or without agoraphobia (PD/A) is common and can be treated effectively with SSRI medication or cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). There is however a great lack of access to CBT services, which has motivated the development of self-help approaches requiring less therapist contact. A novel treatment modality in this field, showing efficacy in several randomised trials but until now not evaluated within the context of regular psychiatric care, is Internet-based treatment. The present study evaluated the effectiveness of Internet-based CBT for 20 consecutively referred PD patients in a psychiatric setting. At post-treatment, 94% of patients no longer met DSM-IV criteria for PD (82% at 6-month follow up). The within-group effect sizes (for the main outcome PDSS; Panic Disorder Severity Scale) were Cohens d=2.5 (pre- to posttreatment) and 2.8 (pre-treatment to follow up) respectively. The proportion of responders on the PDSS was 75% at posttreatment and 70% at 6-month follow up. These results indicate that Internet-based CBT can be both an effective, feasible and potentially cost-effective alternative within regular psychiatric care for patients with PD.

  • 144. Berhardsson, J
    et al.
    Bjärtå, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Flykt, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Visual search with schematic faces: Perceptual artifactsManuscript (Other academic)
  • 145.
    Bertilsson, Anne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Medborgerlig frihet och den svenska sjukförsäkringen2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 146.
    Bezabih, Mintewab
    et al.
    Univ Portsmouth, Dept Econ, Portsmouth PO1 3DE, Hants, UK.
    Chambwera, Muyeye
    Int Inst Environm & Dev, Sustainable Markets Grp, Econ Climate Change Team, London WC1H 0DD, UK.
    Stage, Jesper
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Climate change and total factor productivity in the Tanzanian economy2011In: Climate Policy, ISSN 1469-3062, E-ISSN 1752-7457, Vol. 11, no 6, p. 1289-1302Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper analyses the economic impacts of climate change-induced adjustments on the performance of the Tanzanian economy, using a country-wide computable general equilibrium model. The effect of overall climate change on agricultural productivity (modeled as reduced land productivity) is projected to be relatively limited until approximately 2030 and become worse thereafter. Our simulation results indicate that despite the projected reduction in agricultural productivity, the negative impacts can potentially be quite limited. This is because the time scales involved and the low starting point of the economy leave ample space for factor substitutability and increased overall productivity. This indicates that policies that give farmers opportunity to invest in autonomous climate adaptation, as well as policies that improve the overall performance of the economy, can be as important for reducing the impacts of climate change in the economy as direct government policies for climate adaptation.

  • 147.
    Bezabih, Mintewab
    et al.
    University of Portsmouth.
    Stage, Jesper
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    How much is too much?: Individual biodiversity conservation vis-a-vis socially optimal levels2012In: 2nd International Conference on Environment and Natural Resources Management in Developing and Transition Economies: Abstracts, 2012, p. 16-16Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The individual farmer in a developing country has little incentive to care about the public good properties of on-farm biodiversity in the form of different crop varieties. There is a common assumption that because of this, farmers will tend to maintain too little biodiversity on their farms. However, this does not fit well with the empirical data; because of poorly functioning insurance markets, farms tend to maintain a wide range of different crop varieties in practice in order to hedge against weather shocks and other uncertainty. In this paper we develop a theoretical model to account for this, and show that farmers may in fact even maintain too much biodiversity on the individual farm, compared to the social optimum. This will be illustrated with empirical estimations from Ethiopian agriculture.

  • 148.
    Billy, Sjölén
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences. Mid Sweden University.
    Välfärd och socialt kapital: En jämförande studie2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under senare tid har fler och fler forskare betonat det sociala kapitalets betydelse för samhället. Men vilken betydelse har välfärden i denna aspekt? Det finns en stark koppling mellan trygghet och socialt kapital, vissa går så långt som att säga att trygghet är en fundamental faktor för att undvika sociala fällor. Men kan man då skapa socialt kapital genom välfärden? Detta skulle innebära att en generösare välfärd mer är en investering för samhället än en välgörenhet.

  • 149.
    Bjärtå, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Finns det genvägar för bearbetning av hotstimuli2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För att undersöka resursallokering av processresurser vid informations-bearbetning av hotstimuli har ett ”Dual Task” experiment utförts med spindelrädda försöksdeltagare. Uppgiften bestod av att respondera på olika probe-stimuli som exponerades, direkt på bilder av olika djur (däribland spindlar), med olika tidsintervall. Latens och träffsäkerhet mättes, för ett mått på prestation, och EKG användes för att kontrollera att spindel-bilderna faktiskt utlöste rädsloresponser. Resultaten visar att större processresurser allokerades till spindelbilderna jämfört med alla de övriga bildkategorierna, men att denna differentiering inte verkar ske innan en kognitivt kontrollerad bearbetning och utvärdering av stimulus ägt rum. När uppgiften krävde mer resurser minskade de fysiologiska responserna, vilket indikerar att en variation i den kognitiva belastningen kan modifiera rädsloresponsen.

  • 150.
    Bjärtå, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Bernhardsson, Jens
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ekström, Johan
    Tedgård, Tomas
    Flykt, Anders
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Threat of threat changes processing of fear-relevant stimuli2010Conference paper (Other academic)
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