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  • 101.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Regional Interaction & Economic Diversity: exploring the role of geographically overlapping markets for a municipality's diversity in retail and durables2006Report (Other academic)
  • 102.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS). Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE), Lund University.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    How local are spatial density externalities? Neighbourhood effects in agglomeration economies2016In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 50, no 6, p. 1082-1095Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The geographic scale at which density externalities operate is analysed in this paper. Using geocoded high-resolution data, the analysis is focused on exogenously determined within-city squares (‘neighbourhoods’) of 1 km2. The analysis confirms a city-wide employment density–wage elasticity and an economically significant density–wage elasticity at the neighbourhood level that attenuate sharply with distance. Panel estimates over 20 years suggest a neighbourhood density–wage elasticity of about 3%, while the city-wide elasticity is about 1%. It is argued that the neighbourhood level is more prone to capture learning, e.g. through knowledge and information spillovers. This interpretation is supported by (1) significantly larger neighbourhood elasticities for university educated workers and (2) sharper attenuation with distance of the effect for such workers.

  • 103.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Koster, Sierdjan
    Sources of Persistence in Regional Start-Up Rates: evidence from Sweden2009Report (Other academic)
  • 104.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Koster, Sierdjan
    Faculty of Spatial Science, University of Groningen.
    Sources of persistence in regional start-up rates: evidence from Sweden2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 105.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE), Lund University.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
    Local entrepreneurship clusters in cities2016In: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 39-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that entrepreneurs are co-located within cities. One plausible source of such spatial clustering is local social interactions, where individuals' decisions to become entrepreneurs are influenced by entrepreneurial neighbors. Using geo-coded matched employer-employee data for Sweden, we find that sharing residential neighborhood with established entrepreneurs has a statistically significant and robust influence on the probability that an individual leaves employment for entrepreneurship. An otherwise average neighborhood with a 5% point higher entrepreneurial intensity, all else equal, produces between six and seven additional entrepreneurs per square kilometer, each year. Our estimates suggest a local feedback-effect in which the presence of established entrepreneurs in a neighborhood influences the emergence of new local entrepreneurs. Our analysis supports the conjecture that social interaction effects constitute a mechanism by which local entrepreneurship clusters in cities develop and persist over time.

  • 106.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge tekniska högskola.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Näringslivsdynamik, städer och agglomerationsekonomier – forskningsöversikt och agenda2017Report (Other academic)
  • 107.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lunds universitet.
    Närhet och nätverk: Urbaniseringens roll utanför storstäderna2017Report (Other academic)
  • 108.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Social capital and the economies of cities2016In: Handbook of social capital and regional development / [ed] H. Westlund & J. P. Larsson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, p. 166-192Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 109.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Swedish Entreprenurship Fourm and CIRCLE, Lund University, Sweden.
    The economic microgeography of diversity and specialization externalities – firm-level evidence from Swedish cities2019In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 48, no 6, p. 1385-1398Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We employ finely geo-coded firm-level panel data to assess the long-standing question whether agglomeration economies derive from specialization (within-industry), diversity (between-industry) or overall density. Rather than treating the city as a single unit, we focus our analysis on how the inner industry structures of cities influence firm-level productivity. Our results illustrate the co-existence of several externalities that differ in their spatial distribution and attenuation within cities. First, we find robust positive effects of neighborhood-level specialization on TFP as well as a small effect of diversity at the same fine spatial level. These effects are highly localized and dissipate beyond the immediate within-city neighborhood level. Second, we also find that firms benefit from the overall density of the wider city. The results emphasize the relevance of “opening up” cities to study the workings of their inner organization and support the idea that location in a within-city industry cluster in a diversified and dense city boosts productivity. 

  • 110.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Lööf, Hans
    Agglomeration and Productivity: evidence from firm-level data2009Report (Other academic)
  • 111.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Lööf, Hans
    Key Characteristics of the Small Innovative Firm2009Report (Other academic)
  • 112.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Lööf, Hans
    Learning-by-Exporting Revisited: the role of intensity and persistence2008Report (Other academic)
  • 113.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Lööf, Hans
    Johansson, Sara
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Productivity and International Trade: Firm Level Evidence from a Small Open Economy2008In: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 144, no 4, p. 774-801Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 114.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Noseleit, Florian
    Start-Ups and Employment Growth: Evidence from Sweden2008Report (Other academic)
  • 115.
    Andersson, Martin O.
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet, Department of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, Umeå, Sweden.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lunds Universitet, Centre for Innovation, Lund, Sweden.
    Urban preferences, amenities and age: Exploring the spatial distribution of age in Stockholm from 1991 to 20112018In: Regional Science Policy & Practice, E-ISSN 1757-7802, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 367-381Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cities exhibit a rich and complex heterogeneity in people and activities. This poses a sizable challenge for planners when planning new neighbourhoods or the reconstruction of old ones as well as when considering the allocation of supply of and demand for amenities, e.g. kindergartens or health facilities. However, individual preferences may also exhibit common denominators that may provide structure to this heterogeneity. One such denominator is age. In this paper we introduce the concept of neighbourhood age, defined as the mean age of people living in exogenously defined squares of 1km2 in a city. We use highly disaggregated geocoded data to map how the spatial distribution of neighbourhood age changes over a 20-year period from 1991 to 2011 in the city of Stockholm, Sweden. We then test the correlation between neighbourhood age and two categories of urban amenities: supply of local consumption amenities and distance to the city's central business district (CBD). The paper presents three main findings: First, neighbourhood age changes and polarizes significantly over the observed period, suggesting that different age groups are concentrating in different parts of the city. Second, there is a rejuvenation in the central parts of the city but also in more distant clusters of amenities. Third, over a long-term perspective, the results suggest that local clusters of consumption amenities outside the inner city may become increasingly attractive to younger people. Our conclusion is that neighbourhood age and age-related patterns over time provides a tool for planners to better understand the spatial distribution of age-related demand. 

  • 116.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Thulin, Per
    Globalisering, arbetskraftens rörlighet och produktivitet2008Report (Other academic)
  • 117.
    Andersson, Peter
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Deregulation of railways: An analysis of the procurement auctions in Jönköpings Län2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Railways have played an important role for the Swedish economy throughout the 20th into the 21st century since it provides good connections between urban and rural regions and also within them. However, it has been very costly for the state to run this activity and a significant effort to reduce costs and to increase the efficiency for this sector was to introduce procurement auctions where also private firms are invited to lay bids.

    Four auctions have taken place in Jönköpings Län since its introduction in 1990. It has been a turbulent time economically for the winning bidders and the phenomena winner’s curse is evident where the bidder with highest over-estimate wins and therefore faces high costs or low returns.

    This study points at flaws in the auction design as the reason for the economical difficulties for the winning firms. If second-price sealed bid auctions or first-price sealed bid auctions were used instead of a combination of first-price sealed auction and English auction, the winner’s curse phenomena could be reduced or even eliminated.

  • 118.
    Andersson, Thomas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    New Requirements for Capturing the Benefits of Technology and Innovation2008In: STEPI International symposium 2007: Socio-Economic Impacts of Science and Technology, Seoul: STEPI , 2008, p. 77-100Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 119.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Engvall, AndersGöransson, Bo
    Globalisation and ICT: The Role of Government, Private Sector and Civil Society in an Information Society for All2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 120.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Formica, Piero
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Formation of International Start-ups and Mobility as an International Public Good2007In: Industry & higher education, ISSN 0950-4222, E-ISSN 2043-6858, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 125-127Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 121.
    Andersson, Åke
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Andersson, David E.
    Globalisation in Stages2005In: Economics of Globalisation, Aldershot: Ashgate , 2005, p. 77-94Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 122.
    Andersson, Åke
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Andersson, David E.
    The Economics of Experiences, the Arts and Entertainment2006Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 123.
    Andersson, Åke E
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Den nya regionalekonomiska teorin och K-samhällets framväxt2007In: Europaforum Hässleholm den 28 mars 2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 124.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Andersson, David E.Nottingham University Business School, China.
    Gateways to the global economy2000Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the post-industrial network economy, international gateway regions are becoming increasingly important. These gateway regions are the nodes (defined as a city or a city region) that act as saddle points between a region and the global economy. While gateway regions have existed ever since inter-regional trade was first practised, new non-trade networks, and the wider global economy, have made these regions more complex. The book includes discussions of infrastructure networks such as the internet and air transport, as well as networking activities such as long-distance scientific cooperation, financial networks and direct investments. The contributors have expertise in fields such as regional economics, economic geography, institutional economics and business administration.

  • 125.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Andersson, David Emanuel
    Nottingham University Business School China.
    Creative cities and the new global hierarchy2015In: Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, ISSN 1874-463X, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 181-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The world experienced three major urbanization processes between the eleventh and the twentieth century. All three periods of city growth were associated with revolutionary improvements in the logistical systems. In large parts of the world the third logistical revolution (the Industrial Revolution) has not yet come to an end. In industrializing countries and regions urbanization is thus very rapid. Concurrently, a new and fourth logistical revolution is changing the economic, social and regional structure of the post-industrial parts of the world, leading to the creation of a new Creative Society. A key aspect of this development is the increasing role of creative and innovative city regions with global linkages. These regions now form a new supranational rank-size distribution, which is centred on a few conurbations in Europe, North America and East Asia. Most post-industrial economic development is taking place in a small number of highly ranked creative regions, while other regions are suffering from the “creative destruction” of their traditional industries. One consequence of this restructuring is increasing regional income inequalities in the post-industrial nations.

  • 126.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Andersson, David Emanuel
    International Business School Suzhou, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China.
    Harsman, Björn
    Department of Industrial Economics and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    Department of Industrial Economics and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Complexity, scientific creativity and clustering2015In: The rise of the city: Spatial dynamics in the urban century / [ed] Karima Kourtit, Peter Nijkamp and Roger R. Stough, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 15-32Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 127.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Andersson, Martin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Samhällsekonomiska fördelar av en uppgradering av E22an2007Report (Other academic)
  • 128.
    Andersson, Åke. E
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Batten, D.FKarlsson, CharlieJönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Knowledge and Industrial Organization1989Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 129. Andersson, Åke E
    et al.
    Johansson, Börje
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Förnyelse av Västsveriges regioner: Borås: en framtida marknadsplats i Norden1995Report (Other academic)
  • 130.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Börje
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Inside and outside the black box: organization of interdependencies2018In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 61, no 3, p. 501-516Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Production theory has remained substantially unchanged since the publication of the theory of production by Frisch (Theory of production, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1928; Nord613 Tidskr Tek Økon 1:12–27, 1935). The theory is based on the idea of a firm deciding on the possible input and output combinations of a single unit of production. His theory was substantially copied in contributions by Carlson (A study on the pure theory of production, University of Chicago, Chicago, 1939) and Schneider (Einführung in die Wirtschaftstheorie. 4 Bände, Mohr, Tübingen, 1947), and later by practically all textbooks in microeconomics. The idea is to model the firm as a “black box” in which a finite number of externally purchased inputs are transformed into a finite number of outputs to be sold in the market(s). Most of the time, the prices are externally determined. Often, the production process is summarized by some simplified production function as, for example, in the form of a CES function. Another and conceptually richer approach is the formulation of an activity analysis model. In the latter case, simple internal interdependencies can be included. In this paper, we indicate how internal interdependencies can also be modeled within a special CES framework. In recent decades, there has been a remarkable growth in the number of production units of firms such as IKEA, Walmart and Apple to name a few such global networking firms. Most of the analysis of these network firms has been modeled by logistics and other operations-research analysts (Simchi-Levi et al. 2008) and to a limited extent by researchers in business administration schools. Very little has been done in economics. We propose a modeling approach consistent with the microeconomic theory. 

  • 131.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Börje
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Internal and external knowledge and development in regions2018In: Transportation, knowledge and space in urban and regional economics / [ed] K. Matsushima, & W. P. Anderson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 319-348Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 132.
    Andersson, Åke E
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, Börje
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Mathematical Models in Spatial Economics2007Other (Other academic)
  • 133.
    Andersson, Åke E
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Johansson, BörjeJönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.Anderson, William P
    The Economics of Disappearing Distance2003Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 134.
    Andersson, Åke
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Pettersson, LarsJönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.Strömquist, UlfJönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    European Metropolitan Housing Markets2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 135.
    Andreé Back, Joakim
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Information efficiency of Swedish warrants-: Empirical tests of warrants quoted on the Swedish plain vanilla market2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the sharpen regulation of the Swedish plain vanilla warrant in 2006 and the recent increase in trade among private investors, this thesis examined the informa-tion efficiency of Swedish plain vanilla warrants. This was done in three different ways. First the theoretical Black & Scholes (B&S) price was tested against the ac-tual market price. Secondly likelihood ratio test statistics was used to see whether information regarding past returns added any information to that already captured by the implied volatility (IV) generated from observed warrant market prices via the B&S model. The third method used was a comparison of the IV´s among com-parable warrants. As the regulation of the Swedish plain vanilla warrant market states that only certified issuer are allowed short calls and puts, the self adjusting price mechanism found in the option market doesn’t exist on this market. As a con-sequence of this, investors on this market is reliant of accurate ask and bid prices from the issuers. Further, the information efficiency of a capital market is of es-sence for capital allocation, price discovery and risk management. The results from all three tests rejected the information efficiency hypothesis of the sample. Thus concluding that the included warrants in this thesis are none ideally for activities such as capital allocation, price discovery and risk management.

  • 136.
    Antanelyte, Ugne
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Timmerbäck, Nimisha
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Impact of Immigration on Regional Unemployment: A cross-sectional study on Sweden’s municipalities year 20172019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of immigrants in Sweden has been increasing over the years and the share of foreign-born individuals has been unequally distributed across municipalities in Sweden. One of the reasons for this are the laws concerning refugee settlement that have been implemented in Sweden over the years. For instance, between 1987 and 1989 refugees were assigned to certain municipalities instead of letting them choose where they would like to be located, whereas in 2006-2010 refugees who could not find their own housing were placed in municipalities where there was available housing, that being mostly outside bigger cities. Decisions concerning where a foreign-born individual is placed can impact their ability to find employment in that region. Therefore, we assume that these people make a strategic choice regarding which municipality they prefer to be living in. Regional differences such as housing and labour market integration programs may also impact the attractiveness of certain regions and, in turn, their labour markets. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate whether there is a relationship between immigration and unemployment across municipalities in Sweden and the research is based on Sweden’s 290 municipalities using a cross-sectional approach. In addition we account for other types of immigrants besides refugees such as students, labour-immigrants, relatives of the refugees and other foreign-born individuals.  The results obtained show that there is a relationship between immigration and unemployment across municipalities in Sweden year 2017. We end with discussing the results in connection to previous studies, as well as with limitations of this study.  

  • 137.
    Antonevich, Konstantin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Fiscal Policy in Sweden: Analyzing the Effectiveness of Fiscal policy During the Recent Business Cycle2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The economic downturn of 2008-2010 has encouraged many economists andpoliticians to reconsider the role of fiscal policy. Whereas there is a broadly acceptedmodel which describes the influence of monetary policy on the economy, there is noconsensus concerning the fiscal policy.This paper aims to study the effectiveness of fiscal policy actions in Sweden over thepast 15 years, starting from the end of the banking crisis of 1992-93 to date. It has aspecific focus on the measures which were introduced in 2007-2010 and employs bothqualitative and quantitative analyses.The qualitative analysis investigates different expansionary fiscal measures, inter alia,the earned income tax credit, the new legislation for crisis management of banks, theguarantee program and the establishment of stability fund.The quantitative analysis is based on a 4-variable Vector Autoregression model whichhelps to identify the influence of general government expenditure, revenue and centralgovernment debt on GDP fluctuations over the past 15 years. The results demonstrate apositive response of GDP to an increase in government expenditure, with the maximumvalue of response achieved after 8 quarters. GDP also grows in response to a positiveshock in the central government debt, which is in line with the macroeconomic theory ofexpansionary fiscal policy. The positive response to an increase of revenue is somewhatcontradictory, and can become a topic for a further in-depth research.The economic downturn of 2008-2010 has encouraged many economists andpoliticians to reconsider the role of fiscal policy. Whereas there is a broadly acceptedmodel which describes the influence of monetary policy on the economy, there is noconsensus concerning the fiscal policy.This paper aims to study the effectiveness of fiscal policy actions in Sweden over thepast 15 years, starting from the end of the banking crisis of 1992-93 to date. It has aspecific focus on the measures which were introduced in 2007-2010 and employs bothqualitative and quantitative analyses.The qualitative analysis investigates different expansionary fiscal measures, inter alia,the earned income tax credit, the new legislation for crisis management of banks, theguarantee program and the establishment of stability fund.The quantitative analysis is based on a 4-variable Vector Autoregression model whichhelps to identify the influence of general government expenditure, revenue and centralgovernment debt on GDP fluctuations over the past 15 years. The results demonstrate apositive response of GDP to an increase in government expenditure, with the maximumvalue of response achieved after 8 quarters. GDP also grows in response to a positiveshock in the central government debt, which is in line with the macroeconomic theory ofexpansionary fiscal policy. The positive response to an increase of revenue is somewhatcontradictory, and can become a topic for a further in-depth research.

  • 138.
    Arkhipov, Ivan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Boltenko, Marina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Investment Under Uncertainty: Risk Assessment in Emerging Market Countries2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of the paper is to see how crediting institutions assess risks in emerging market countries. The paper describes prevalent economic and social conditions for each of the selected emerging market countries (Brazil, China, Kazakhstan, India, Russia and Ukraine) as examples of recent attractive investment locations in quest of higher returns.  Second, recognizing the importance of ratings for risk management in credit institutions, the authors show what determines country ratings made by main rating agencies by running a linear regression on several macroeconomic indicators and the country ratings. It is also explained what the most widely-used ratings mean and described the correlation between the ratings as well as between the macroeconomic indicators and the ratings. The authors also describe the characteristic approach of a Scandinavian bank towards dealing with risk factors in emerging market countries. Concluding comments: risks happen to be inbound in the bank interest rates; there is no common pattern for banks to apply to all the emerging market countries and each market should be analyzed separately. Nordic banks have a relatively safe and careful strategy concerning lending in the emerging markets.

     

  • 139.
    Arnautovic, Aida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Erixon, Elin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment: Swedish Flows of FDI into Eastern and Western Europe2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the determinants of Swedish foreign direct investments to 24 European countries during the period 1998 to 2008 with 2000 and 2008 as sample years. The thesis emphasizes five factors that affect the Swedish FDI flows to these countries, which are grouped into OECD countries and CEE countries (Central and Eastern European Countries). The explanatory variables studied are economic growth, property rights, labor cost and two dummy variables with one targeting whether the country is culturally affiliated with Sweden and the other is dealing with whether that country is an OECD country or not. We use multiple regressions to find out to what extent each of these variables can explain the variance of FDI during the years 2000 and 2008.

    The coefficient estimates show the expected sign in the relationship between FDI and the various explanatory variables, with the exception of labor cost but only OECD membership shows a significant relationship to FDI (and only when using 2000 data).

  • 140.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Accessibility and New Firm Formation2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 141.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Banks and new firm formation2015In: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 734-761Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    – The purpose of this paper is to give a nuanced picture of how the local bank sector influences new firm formation and how this differs along the urban-rural hierarchy. Thus, the present paper increases the knowledge concerning the importance of the local bank sector in influencing new firm formation. In this respect, it also sheds light on how banks influence regional growth through their impact on start-ups.

    Design/methodology/approach

    – The empirical design is based on a cross-sectional approach from 2010, where Swedish municipalities are employed as the unit of observation. To overcome a possible endogeneity problem, an instrumental variable approach is applied. A two-stage least squares approach is employed in which instruments for the local bank sector in 2010 are utilised.

    Findings

    – The findings present positive relationships among the average size of the bank branches, independent banks per capita, bank branches per capita, bank competition, and the number of local start-ups in Sweden. Hence, access to financial funds is important for new firm formation. When the sample is divided across the urban-rural hierarchy, differences arise concerning the importance of the local bank sector. Independent banks per capita and bank branches per capita tend to have a larger impact on firm formation in rural municipalities.

    Originality/value

    – This paper is novel in its detailed approach to describing the local bank sector. This topic is important for local and national policy makers, demonstrating the importance of the local bank sector for a growing and healthy regional economy. This study is also the first study on this topic in Sweden.

  • 142.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Career trajectories of immigrants in Sweden2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 143.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Crossing Borders-Expanding Markets: An outlook from Sweden2010Report (Other academic)
  • 144.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Exchange rate volatility: How the Swedish export is influenced2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine whether the exchange rate volatility has an impact on Swedish exports. This relationship has been tested in several studies but no consistent result has been found. It is therefore an interesting subject to investigate further and it has not been thoroughly tested for Sweden using aggregated data. Since the exchange rate vola-tility may have an effect on exports, and therefore on the whole economy, the effect can support a certain exchange rate regime. All the data used in this thesis is based on the ag-gregated data for Sweden and the Euro zone between the years 1993 and 2006. The method chosen is a statistical analysis using regressions. Three variables other than ex-change rate volatility were included when conducting the regressions explaining Swedish exports and these are: the real effective exchange rate index, the industrial production in Sweden (“push” factor) and the import from the Euro Zone (“pull” factor). The overall conclusion found was that the industrial production in Sweden, the real effective exchange rate index, the time and lagged values of the export influence the export. There was no evi-dence found that the exchange rate volatility influences the exports for Sweden.

  • 145.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Financial Accessibility and New Firm Formation2007In: Entrepreneurship, Institutions and Policies: The 2007 Ratio Colloquium for Young Social Scientists, 23-25 August, Stockholm, Sweden, 2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 146.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Human capital and firm performance2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 147.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    New Firm Formation and Regional Accessibility to Capital2009Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 148.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Nyföretagande och närheten till finansiellt kapital: Policysammanfattning från Entreprenörskapsforum2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Varför är finansiellt kapital (banker) viktigt?Anledningen till att banker och närheten till banker är så viktigt för nyföretagande och därmed entreprenörskap är att finansiellt kapital är nödvändigt för att ett nytt företag ska kunna etableras. Det finansiella kapitalet kan härstamma från entre-prenörens eget kapital och/eller från vänner och familj, det vill säga informellt kapital. Om det informella kapitalet inte täcker de initiala kostnaderna och investe-ringarna måste entreprenören söka externt kapital genom riskkapital och banker. Riskkapital finansierar endast ett litet antal nya företag och är främst koncentrerat till Stockholm och Göteborg. Detta innebär att banker står för den största ande-len av externt finansiellt kapital. I Sverige har ungefär hälften av alla små företag banklån (Berggren med flera, 2001). Berggren och Silver (2010) bekräftar detta mönster och finner att cirka tre fjärdedelar av alla svenska företag har banklån. De finner även att företag som ligger på landsbygden är mer beroende av denna typ av finansiellt kapital, vilket beror på att det finns färre alternativ till att låna externt kapital. Eftersom banker står för den största delen av utlåningen, samtidigt som de finns representerade i alla Sveriges kommuner, fyller banker en viktig funktion i samhället för nyföretagande och entreprenörskap.

  • 149.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Spatial capital mobility: An empirical study2008In: ERSA Congress 2008: culture, cohesion and competitiveness : regional perspectives, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 150.
    Backman, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Spatial capital mobility: An empirical study2008In: Uddevalla Symposium 2008: spatial dispersed production and network governance : papers presented at the 11th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 May, 2008, Kyoto, Japan / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: Department of Economics and IT, University West , 2008, p. 129-152Conference paper (Refereed)
1234567 101 - 150 of 1579
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