Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet

Change search
Refine search result
1234567 101 - 150 of 747
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 101.
    Andersson, Emelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Lundh, Nils
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Hur påverkas den regionala arbetslösheten av flöden på arbetsmarknaden?: Empiriskt test av Browns jämviktsmodell2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att empiriskt testa Browns jämviktsmodell, genom att på regional

    nivå i huvudsak undersöka relationen mellan flöden av arbetskraft och arbetslöshet.

    Uppsatsen testar även för fler variabler för regionala karaktäristika som i tidigare litteratur

    används för att förklara regional arbetslöshet. Med hjälp av poolad regression och upprepade

    tvärsnitt erhålls varierande resultat för observationsperioden 2007-2011. Den årsvisa

    variationen i resultatet är tydlig dels genom signifikansen hos de årsvisa intercepten i

    regressionen baserad på poolad data, men också på hur koefficienter varierar i de upprepade

    tvärsnitten. Detta leder oss till slutsatsen att Browns jämviktsmodell varierar i hur väl den

    fungerar empiriskt över observationsperioden. En trolig orsak till de varierande resultaten är

    den exogena chocken, finanskrisen, som nådde Sverige år 2008.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 102.
    Andersson, Erica
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Knutsson, Ida
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Immigration - Benefit or harm for native-born workers?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of our study is to investigate the effect of immigrants on wages for natives with

    divergent skill level within one country. Skill level is measured as education level and the

    purpose is to focus on the level where it according to us is a lack in research, namely the

    effect on high skilled native-born worker wages. Further, our contribution to the already

    existing studies may be considered to be a complement. Using panel data, collected from the

    time period 2000-2008 for the 290 municipalities in Sweden to get regional variation, we

    investigate and interpret the estimated outcome of how wages for native-born workers in the

    Swedish labor market respond to immigration into Sweden. The main findings, when

    controlling for age, unemployment, and differences between year and municipalities in this

    study are on the short run, in line with the theory. The closer to a substitute the native-born

    and foreign-born workers are, the greater are the adverse effect on the wage for native-born,

    given that we assume immigrants as low skilled. The effect on wage for high skilled native

    workers in short run, when assuming immigrants and natives as complement, is positive, i.e.

    the wage for high skilled natives increases as the share of immigrants increases. The effect on

    high skilled native-born wages is positive even in mid-long run and adverse for the low and

    medium skilled native-workers. This is not an expected outcome since we according to theory

    predict the wage to be unaffected in mid-long run. This may be the result of errors in the

    assumption that immigrants are low skilled, or that five years is a too short time to see the

    expected effect in the long run; the Swedish labor market may need more time to adjust to

    what we predict the outcome to be.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 103.
    Andersson, Kaj
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Recreational values of forests.: A case study.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As swedes are keen on outdoor recreation and like to spend on travels and gear for forest recreation we want to show if there is a willingness to pay for forest recreation close to home. Starting in hedonic regression we create a model using publicly available data to show how consumer preferences effect house prices. Results show that distance to forest have a small but significant impact on house prices. To conclude we state that a logarithmic model using open source data can be useful in city planning and that there is a positive effect of nearby forests on house prices.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Recreational values of forests
  • 104.
    Andersson, Lina (current name Aldén, Lina)
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ethnic enclaves, networks and self-employment among Middle Eastern immigrants in Sweden2015In: International migration (Geneva. Print), ISSN 0020-7985, E-ISSN 1468-2435, Vol. 53, no 6, p. 27-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The proportion of immigrants from countries in the Middle East living in Sweden has increased since the 1970s, and it is a well-known fact that immigrants from the Middle East suffer from low earnings and high rates of unemployment on the Swedish labour market. There are often great hopes that self-employment will enable immigrants to improve their labour market situation. Further, in Sweden as in many other countries, the question of whether the existence of ethnic enclaves are good or bad for immigrants’ earnings and employment opportunities has also been widely debated. This paper presents a study of the extent to which Middle Eastern ethnic enclaves and networks in Sweden enhance or hinder immigrants’ self-employment. The results show that the presence of ethnic enclaves increases the propensity for self-employment. Thus, immigrants in ethnic enclaves provide their co-ethnics with goods and services that Swedish natives are not able to provide. The results also show that ethnic networks seem to be an obstacle to immigrant self-employment. One explanation is that an increase in network size implies increased competition for customers among self-employed immigrants. The question of whether ethnic enclaves are good or bad for the integration of immigrants into the labour market has been widely debated. The results of this paper provide us with information about the integration puzzle. Ethnic enclaves seem to enhance self-employment propensities among Middle Eastern immigrants in Sweden.

  • 105.
    Andersson, Mimmi
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics (NS).
    The impact of school closures on educational return rates in Kenya: A regression analysis of socioeconomic differences and other influential factors2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies how the school closures in Kenya as a result of the corona pandemic have affected students in Kenya depending on different socio-economic classes. In addition, the study examines how access to the internet, the gender of the student, access to education during the school closures and location of residence affected the return to school after the school closures in Kenya. In order to obtain results, the work is based on data from Covid-19 Rapid Response Phone survey made by The World Bank in collaboration with the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics and the University of California. Furthermore, have pooled cross section regressions and cross section regressions been used. In addition, fixed effects for households have been included to measure how the children are affected differently excluding the social circumstances. The results that this paper presents are that factors influencing the returning rate in Kenya during the school closure were internet access, gender, availability of distance learning and place of residence. Surprisingly, girls were more likely to return to school, contrary to gender norms. Initially, access to education and the internet correlated positively with not returning to school, but later it had a negative impact, which may indicate that students with access to this delayed their return. In conclusion, socio-economic factors and access to the internet and distance learning played a significant role in influencing dropout rates in Kenya.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 106.
    Andersson, Mimmi
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Björkman, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    The gender gap in the unemployment rate before and after the corona-pandemic: A comparison between Sweden and Denmark2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the Covid-19 pandemics effect on female labor market participation in Sweden and Denmark. Previous studies have various assessments on whether women were affected to a different extent than men. Studies from the United States indicate that women have been hit harder than men as a result of the pandemic. According to the Swedish data, women were not affected significantly more than men. This study contributes to the research by examining how the gender gap develops during the pandemic in Sweden and Denmark. This is warrant by the different policies that the countries have introduced. In this study panel data between 2014 and 2021 is used, the results of this study indicate that there is no significant effect of the pandemic on women's unemployment rate in Sweden while the results from Denmark is significant at a 1 percent level. The results show that the pandemic has affected the gender gap in Sweden more than in Denmark. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 107.
    Andersson, Per-Åke
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Older volunteers in Sweden: a welfare state in transition2014In: Active ageing: voluntary work by older people in Europe / [ed] Andrea Principi, Per H. Jensen, Giovanni Lamura, University of Chicago Press, 2014, p. 197-216Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this chapter is to describe the mains features of the Swedish voluntary sector and the enrolment of older people in this sector. Sweden has a large non-profit and volunteer sector. The Swedish experience shows that a large voluntary sector is compatible with a strong and universal welfare state. Since the State is strongly involved in the provision of social services and the financing of a generous and encompassing social protection system, the Swedish volunteer organisations are less active in the fields of social services. By international standard, the participation rate of older volunteers is high and Sweden offers more opportunities than restrictions for older people to be engaged in volunteer activities. In spite of a recent retrenchment of the public sector and an increase of more welfare service oriented associations, the large majority of volunteer organisations are voice organisations and less of a philanthropic nature.

  • 108.
    Angelova, Vera
    et al.
    Technical University of Berlin, Germany.
    Giebe, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ivanova-Stenzel, Radosveta
    Technical University of Berlin, Germany.
    Competition and fatigue2022In: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, ISSN 0167-2681, E-ISSN 1879-1751, Vol. 198, p. 236-249Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study how subjects deal with fatigue in a sequence of tournaments that are linked through fatigue spillovers. We develop a model that allows us to predict the consequences of varying the severity of competition as well as the ease of recovery over time. Even in the presence of fatigue, effort should positively respond to an increase in incentives in a single tournament. A less obvious consequence is the need for strategic resting before and after that tournament. We test our theory using a chosen-effort experiment. While an increase in incentives in the second of three tournaments does lead to higher effort in that tournament, we observe only a tendency for the predicted strategic resting before and after. The increase in incentives does not yield the predicted higher total effort. When recovery is made harder, effort responds negatively as predicted. We complement our study with a real-effort task. Subjects seem to have difficulties simultaneously dealing with physical fatigue as well as the cognitive problem of allocating effort over time.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 109.
    Angelova, Vera
    et al.
    Technical University of Berlin, Germany.
    Giebe, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ivanova-Stenzel, Radosveta
    Technical University of Berlin, Germany.
    Competition and fatigueManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We study how subjects deal with fatigue in a sequence of tournaments that are linked through fatigue spillovers. Our contribution is threefold. First, we develop a model that allows us to predict the consequences of varying the severity of competition as well as the ease of recovery over time. Second, we test how fatigue spillovers affect subjects' effort provision. Third, as we employ both, a chosen-effort and a real-effort task, we contribute to the methodological question of the consistency of insights obtained from both paradigms. Our experimental results suggest that subjects have difficulties in dealing with fatigue within a dynamic competitive environment. The model predicts strategic resting before and after a tournament with higher incentives. While an increase in incentives in one tournament does lead to higher effort in that tournament, we do not observe the expected strategic resting before and after that tournament. As a consequence, the increase in incentives does not yield the expected higher total effort. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 110.
    Angelova, Vera
    et al.
    Technische Universität Berlin, Germany.
    Giebe, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ivanova-Stenzel, Radosveta
    Technische Universität Berlin, Germany.
    Does a short-term increase in incentives boost performance?2018In: Economics Letters, ISSN 0165-1765, E-ISSN 1873-7374, Vol. 166, p. 31-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    If agents are exposed to continual competitive pressure, how does a short-term variation of the severity of the competition affect agents’ performance? In a real-effort laboratory experiment, we study a one-time increase in incentives in a sequence of equally incentivized contests. Our results suggest that a short-term increase in incentives induces a behavioral response but does not boost total performance.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 111.
    Angelova, Vera
    et al.
    Technical University of Berlin.
    Giebe, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ivanova-Stenzel, Radosveta
    Technical University of Berlin.
    Does a short-term increase in incentives boost performance?Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    If agents are exposed to continual competitive pressure, how does a short-term variation of the severity of the competition affect agents’ performance? In a real-effort laboratory experiment, we study a one-time increase in incentives in a sequence of equally incentivized contests. Our results suggest that a short-term increase in incentives induces a behavioral response but does not boost total performance. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 112.
    Antoine, Gabriel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Möllestam, William
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Microfinance Effect on Income Inequality in Latin America: A cross-country panel data study on the effects of microfinance on the income inequality in Latin America2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines if increased microfinance intensity reduces the income inequality in 11 Latin American countries from 2005 to 2015. Gini coefficient was used as a measure of income inequality, while microfinance intensity was derived by dividing the number of active borrowers by the country's population. A panel data was constructed with 384 microfinance institutes present in the countries studied. To examine the relationship, a pooled OLS and a country clustered fixed-effects model was conducted using the specific-to-general method. Both methods showed a significant negative relationship between the Gini coefficient and microfinance intensity. However, it was a relatively small impact at -0.004% for every percent increase in microfinance, which confirms our hypothesis that a higher MFI participation leads to a decrease in income inequality. These results are in line with previous studies conducted, although, to our knowledge, this is the first macroeconomic framework study conducted on multiple Latin American countries at once.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 113.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Convergence towards better working and living conditions: The crucial role of industrial relations in Sweden2019In: Towards Convergence in Europe: Institutions, Labour and Industrial Relations / [ed] Daniel Vaughan-Whitehead, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019, p. 398-435Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the basic elements of the Swedish model is a strong contractual tradition and the crucial role played by the social partners in mechanisms for regulating labour market, working conditions and wage formation. The bipartite and contractual nature of labour market regulations coupled with the high union density and high coverage rate of collective bargaining create a favourable institutional environment for the emergence of negotiated compromises aimed at balancing flexibility and security in the labour market. Sweden constitutes, therefore, a good illustration of a flexicurity regime based on negotiated flexibility and largely explains why Sweden remains a country with decent working conditions, low income disparities and extended social justice. A compressed wage structure with relatively high wage floors have also prevented the development of low-skilled jobs in Sweden and instead have boosted policies favouring skill upgrading. In effect, large investment in research and development, a well-developed lifelong learning as well as a more balanced bargaining power between the two sides of industry have limited the tendency towards job and class polarisation in Sweden.

  • 114.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    De una crisis a otra: revisando el modelo sueco en un periodo turbulento2015In: El triunfo de las ideas fracasadas: modelos del capitalismo europeo en la crisis / [ed] Steffen Lehndorff, Madrid: Catarata , 2015, 1, p. 254-271Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 115.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Early fiscal consolidation and negotiated flexibility in Sweden: A fair way out of the crisis?2013In: The Public Sector Shock: The impact of policy retrenchment in Europe / [ed] Daniel Vaughan-Whitehead, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, p. 543-576Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 116.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Entry and exit patterns from the labour force: a European and life-course perspective2015In: Age Discrimination and Labour Law: Comparative and Conceptual Perspectives in the EU and Beyond / [ed] Ann Numhauser-Henning, Mia Rönnmar, Kluwer Law International, 2015, 1, p. 17-48Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 117.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Flexicurity and life long learning: the Swedish experience2014In: Skills strategies for an inclusive society: the role of the state, the enterprise and the worker / [ed] Johnny Sung and Catherine R. Ramos, Singapore: Institute for Adult Learning , 2014, 1, p. 14-33Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 118.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Industrial relations and crisis: the Swedish experience2017Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 119.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics (NS).
    Industrial relations, social dialogue and the transformation of the world of work: The Swedish experience2021In: The New World of Work: Challenges and Opportunities for Social Partners and Labour Institutions / [ed] Daniel Vaughan-Whitehead;Youcef Ghellab;Rafael M. de Bustillo Llorente, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2021, p. 465-490Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite a decline in union density over the last two decades, the Swedish social partners remain the main actors responsible for labour market norms and regulations affecting the terms and conditions of employment. The Swedish experience remains a good illustration of the positive “productive” role played by a developed bipartite social dialogue based on powerful and independent social partners, especially regarding the mitigation of potentially negative consequences of globalization, external macroeconomic shocks, rapid structural and technological changes, and the transformation of the world of work. The Swedish flexicurity regime, based on negotiated flexibility, creates a favourable institutional environment for negotiated compromises aimed at balancing flexibility, security, efficiency and social justice in an open economy strongly exposed to international competition and growing economic turbulence. The Swedish IR system has favoured growth-enhancing structural change, limited job polarization, and significantly contributed to the development of a knowledge-intensive economy, reinforcing the competitiveness of the Swedish economy and fostering full employment and balanced growth.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 120.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Life-course oriented working time options: the Swedish experience2016In: Working time options over the life course: new regulations and empirical findings in five European countries / [ed] Christina Klenner & Yvonne Lott, Hans-Böckler-Stiftung , 2016, p. 35-57Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 121.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Shaping the future of work in Sweden: the crucial role of social partnership2018In: Reducing inequalities in Europe: how industrial relations and labour policies can close the gap / [ed] Daniel Vaughan-Whitehead, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, 1, p. 519-554Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the basic elements of the Swedish model is a strong contractual tradition and the crucial role played by the social partners in mechanisms for regulating labour market, working conditions and wage formation. The bipartite and contractual nature of labour market regulations coupled with the high union density and high coverage rate of collective bargaining create a favourable institutional environment for the emergence of negotiated compromises aimed at balancing flexibility and security in the labour market. Sweden constitutes, therefore, a good illustration of a flexicurity regime based on negotiated flexibility and largely explains why Sweden remains a country with decent working conditions, low income disparities and extended social justice. A compressed wage structure with relatively high wage floors have also prevented the development of low-skilled jobs in Sweden and instead have boosted policies favouring skill upgrading. In effect, large investment in research and development, a well-developed lifelong learning as well as a more balanced bargaining power between the two sides of industry have limited the tendency towards job and class polarisation in Sweden.

  • 122.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics (NS).
    Strengthening the representativeness of the social partners and their institutional capacity to shape labour markets through social dialogue2021In: The New World of Work: Challenges and Opportunities for Social Partners and Labour Institutions / [ed] Daniel Vaughan-Whitehead, Youcef Ghellab, Rafael M. de Bustillo Llorente, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2021, p. 28-68Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this chapter is to analyse the transformations of IR systems and social dialogue in Europe during the last three decades and the extent to which we observe some convergence/divergence. The last decades have seen a clear decline in union density and coverage rates of collective bargaining and a marked tendency towards decentralisation of collective bargaining. The period has therefore been characterised by a weakening of the capacity of social partners to regulate the labour market and to an increase of state interventions (labour market deregulation) leaving more scope to market forces and/or unilateral decisions of employers regarding pay and working conditions. If the policy objective of the EU and its member states is to move towards IR systems characterised by powerful and autonomous social partners playing a crucial role in the production of labour market norms, there is a long way to go. Uncertainty therefore continues to overshadow the political and institutional conditions needed for convergence towards an IR regime favouring labour market governance based on autonomous and strong social partners.

  • 123.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics (NS).
    The rise and fall of the Swedish middle class?2016In: Europe's disappearing middle class?: evidence from the world of work / [ed] Daniel Vaughan-Whitehead, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, 1, p. 543-585Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 124.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics (NS).
    The Swedish social model: resilience and success in turbulent times2015In: The European Social Model in Crisis: Is Europe Losing Its Soul? / [ed] Daniel Vaughan-Whitehead, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, 1, p. 507-552Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite substantial transformations during the past two decades, the Swedish social model (SSM) still shares many of the distinctive features, principles and core values of the European Social Model (ESM). In fact, we may argue that the SSM illustrates the resilience and long-term viability of the ESM through its continuing attachment to a universal and generous social protection system, egalitarianism, proactive policies for promoting gender equality and fighting against discrimination and social exclusion, social dialogue as a mechanism for regulating the labour market and social policies, and strong public and political involvement in the provision of a wide range of public services in areas such as utilities, education, health and social care.

  • 125.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics (NS).
    The Swedish welfare state in times of crisis: resilience and success2014In: Economia & Lavoro, ISSN 0012-978X, E-ISSN 1827-8949, Vol. XLVIII, no 2, p. 9-30Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this article is twofold: Firstly, to identify the major transformations of the Swedish Welfare State focusing principally on the structural reforms initiated during the last two decades and their impact on economic development, the distribution of social welfare and on income inequalities. Secondly, to explore the role of the Swedish Welfare State in mitigating the negative impact of the 2008 Great Recession. The early fiscal consolidation measures and the structural reforms undertaken since the second half of the 1990s have without doubt contributed to securing the long-term sustainability of the Swedish social protection system and fostering more healthy public finances.  However, the  “Swedish success story” during the last recession cannot only be reduced to early fiscal consolidation measures and structural reforms. It is clear that the automatic stabilisers embedded in the Swedish Welfare State, the counter-cyclical macroeconomic policy conducted by the Swedish government and a developed social dialogue have all contributed to alleviating the negative impacts of the 2008-crisis on employment, welfare and social exclusion. The Swedish experience illustrates above all the resilience, the long-term viability and the success of a societal model based on an universal and generous social protection system, egalitarianism, pro-active policies for promoting gender equality and fighting against social exclusion, and a strong public and political involvement in the provision of a wide range of services.

  • 126.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Time allocation and working time preferences: a gender and life course perspective2016In: Den Arbeitsmarkt verstehen, um ihn zu gestalten: Festschrift für Gerhard Bosch / [ed] Gerhard Bäcker, Steffen Lehndorff, Claudia Weinkopf, Springer, 2016, p. 71-84Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Why write a chapter on working time when Gerhard Bosch and I have been for a long time gently arguing and quarrelling over the overall efficiency of a general reduction of working time and its potential impact on unemployment? Well, because in spite of our minor academic controversy, time has not eroded our friendship, our mutual esteem, or our 20 year-long scientific collaboration.

  • 127.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Turbulent times and beyond: the Swedish experience2017In: Talking through the crisis: social dialogue and industrial relations trends in selected EU countries / [ed] Igor Guardiancich & Oscar Molina, Geneva: International Labour Office (ILO) , 2017, 1, p. 281-295Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 128.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics (NS).
    Upskilling to avoid jobs’ polarisation and growing income inequalities: the Swedish experience2016In: Economia & Lavoro, ISSN 0012-978X, E-ISSN 1827-8949, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 13-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Taking a broad historical perspective, this article analyses the development of the Swedish class structure. During the last decades, Sweden experienced a relative decrease in its middle class and a stronger polarisation of its class structure. Three potential factors can explain this development: changes in labour market behaviour, a reduction of the extent of decommodification of the Swedish welfare state and large structural changes in employment and occupational structure. We show that the long-term tendency towards an upgrading of occupational structure in Sweden has benefitted the upper middle class and the top-income group. Indeed, the large investment in research and development, the expansion of education and the increase in the demand of high-skilled jobs have limited the tendency towards job polarisation found in liberal market-orientated welfare states. Weakly linked to the modifications in the skill structure, the decrease of the middle class appears to be better explained by the postponement of entry into the labour market related to the expansion of education and by social protection reforms that negatively affected the disposable income of vulnerable groups. 

  • 129.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Baird, Marian
    University of Sydney, Australia.
    Erhel, Christine
    Paris-Sorbonne University, France.
    Work and care regime and women's employment outcomes: Australia, France and Sweden compared2017In: Making work more equal: a new labour market segmentation approach / [ed] Damina Grimshaw, Colette Fagan, Gail Hebson & Isabel Tavora, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2017, 1, p. 309-329Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a gender perspective and a comparative approach, this paper assesses the extent to which national care regimes and family policies interact and impact upon female employment outcomes. We restrict our analysis to Australia, France and Sweden, three advanced market economies with contrasting employment and care regimes. For the employment regime we focus on paid work across the life course and we focus on parental leave and childcare as indicative of the care regime.  Previous comparative studies have clearly shown that the gender division of labour between paid work, care and domestic activities is strongly dependent on prevailing societal norms and the institutional and societal context, in particular the characteristics of the parental leave systems, the availability and cost of childcare services, the provision of care when older people become partially or fully dependent, and more globally on employment and working time regimes and the design of tax and family policies. Our central argument is therefore that family and care policies play a crucial role in shaping the patterns of men’s and women’s employment. The comparison shows the importance of institutional arrangements and that lack of affordable child care facilities and poor parental leave arrangements across the life course reduce female, particularly maternal, labour supply both in terms of labour force participation and working time participation.  

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 130.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Boulin, Jean-Yves
    Paris Dauphine University.
    Cabrita, Jorge
    Eurofound, Ireland.
    Vermeylen, Greet
    Eurofound, Ireland.
    Working time patterns for sustainable work2017Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 131.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Bogus-self-employment in Sweden2019In: Self-Employment as precarious work: a European perspective / [ed] Wieteke Conen & Joop Schippers, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019, p. 153-169Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyses to what extent bogus self-employment is prevalent in Sweden and identifies institutional and economic factors that may explain its magnitude and development. Drawing on the last wave of the European Working Conditions Survey and using standard econometric techniques we analyse the prevalence of bogus self-employed in the EU-28 and Nordic countries and examine main differences between self-employment and bogus self-employment. We find that Sweden displays a lower incidence of bogus self-employed compared to other EU member states. Bogus self-employment appears to be more prevalent in certain segments of the labour market, in particular in industries such as construction, transport and personal household services. The specificity of the industrial relations system in Sweden, with strong social partners, high union density and coverage rate of collective agreements in all sectors of the economy, may explain the limited development of bogus self-employment and relatively low incidence compared to other member states.

  • 132.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Labour market measures in in Sweden 2008–13: the crisis and beyond2015Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 133.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Mer nöje än nödvändigt ont att fortsatta arbeta2018In: Äldre i Centrum: tidskrift för aktuell äldreforskning, ISSN 1653-3585, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 134.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Self-employment and parental leave2015In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 751-770Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this paper is to analyse the extent to which employment status impacts upon the use of parental leave in Sweden. Our results show that during the child’s first two years of life Swedish female self-employees use on average 46 fewer days in parental leave (15 percent) than female wage earners, while male self-employees use on average 27 fewer days in parental leave (71 percent) than their wage earner counterparts.  We argue that the shorter average duration of parental leave among male self-employees is due to a combination of relatively higher costs of absence from work for self-employees compared to wage earners and a participation selection effect where some individuals with high performance-related income opt for self-employment and do not take parental leave at all, and where the self-employed who actually choose to take parental leave are similar to wage earners in terms of work-commitments and consequently reduces the difference in duration between self-employed and wage earners. On the other hand, given that all mothers, self-employees or wage earners, take parental leave, we do not find a participation effect among female self-employees. Instead, we suspect that there is an employment selection effect where women with high performance related income choose self-employment and consequently contributes to the shorter observed durations of parental leave for female self-employees.

  • 135.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics (NS).
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics (NS).
    Senior citizens' intrinsic and extrinsic work motivation2023In: International journal of manpower, ISSN 0143-7720, E-ISSN 1758-6577, Vol. 44, no 9, p. 216-236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PurposeIt is important to understand why some workers prolong their working life even though they are entitled to statutory pension benefits. This paper aims to investigate whether senior workers are motivated by external factors such as pay and social expectations (extrinsic motivation) or are primarily motivated by internal factors such as job satisfaction (intrinsic motivation). This is a central question for policymakers and social partners when it comes to the design of public pension systems and work organisation.

    Design/methodology/approachThis study uses a combined longitudinal administrative data and an own-designed postal survey to ask individuals aged 65–76 years to describe their work motivation. Based on the answers, this study constructs an index of autonomous motivation (AM) where a value of zero implies only extrinsic motivation and a value of one implies only intrinsic motivation. The values between zero and one thus imply various grades of AM, where higher values signal motivation that is more autonomous and hence a higher degree of intrinsic work motivation.

    FindingsThe results of the statistical analysis show that the extent of intrinsic motivation is higher among senior workers who retired aged 65 years or older compared to those who retired at 65 years or younger. In addition, this study found that the degree of intrinsic work motivation among senior workers decreases when they face economic and financial constraints. It also found that intrinsic motivation is more prevalent among high-skilled workers.

    Research limitations/implicationsThis study shows that individuals who continue to work after 65 are mostly motivated by the satisfaction they derive from their job. Job satisfaction is strongly related to skill level, job quality, job content and job autonomy. Results indicate that job quality and commitment to work are essential elements for motivating seniors to postpone retirement.

    Originality/valueThis study contributes to this literature by applying a multidisciplinary approach from organisational psychology and labour economics that considers the potential importance of intrinsic motivation to work after standard retirement age. The authors think that this approach enhances the understanding of the mechanisms behind the lengthening of working life. Finally, this study suggests a simple, but efficient way of empirically measuring the extent of intrinsic motivation among workers.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 136.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Herbert, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Beyond retirement: who stays at work after the standard age of retirement?2019In: International journal of manpower, ISSN 0143-7720, E-ISSN 1758-6577, Vol. 40, no 5, p. 917-938Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Drawing on a unique combination of longitudinal administrative data and a postal survey, the purpose of this paper is to identify the socio-economic factors and individual characteristics that affect senior citizens' decision to continue working on the Swedish labour market after the standard retirement age. Design/methodology/approach By using standard econometric techniques (multinomial logit model) on a large representative sample of 20,000 senior citizens residing in Sweden, the auhtors analyse the extent to which socio-economic factors and individual characteristics including personality traits affect the decision of senior citizens to delay retirement and to continue working after the standard retirement age. Findings The results of our estimations show clearly that good health, high educational attainment/high-skilled jobs, good psychosocial work environment, employment status (to be self-employed), personality traits (extraversion, openness to experience and conscientiousness) as well as industrial sectors (agriculture, healthcare and transport) are strong predictors of the continuation of work after the standard retirement age (65 years old). Originality/value To the best of the authors' knowledge, the paper is the first attempt in Sweden to analyse jointly a large range of factors influencing the decision to remain in the labour force after the standard/normal pension age, including psychosocial working conditions and personality traits.

  • 137.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Herbert, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Därför vill 40-talisterna jobba efter 652017In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 45, no 5, p. 45-58Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens generation av svenskar i åldersgruppen 65–74 år har en högre sysselsättningsgrad än tidigare generationer. I den här artikeln analyseras seniorernas motiv till att fortsätta att arbeta och varför andra går i pension, med fokus på vilka socioekonomiska faktorer som påverkar beslutet att fortsätta arbeta efter 65. Vi undersöker även om det finns vissa personlighets- och karaktärsdrag som utmärker de arbetande seniorerna, samt om det finns ett samband mellan arbete efter 65 och den allmänna tillfredsställelsen med livet.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 138.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Herbert, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rönnmar, Mia
    Lund University.
    To stay or not to stay. That is the question: beyond retirement: Stayers on the labour market2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The research project addresses three main questions: Who are the persons that continue to work after “normal” retirement age? What are their motivations? What are the consequences for the individual and for society? To answer these questions we perform an analysis of external and internal factors affecting the choice to stay after 65 years on the labour market or to leave earlier. Among external factors we investigate are: The impact of the prevailing labour laws and regulations on senior citizens’ participation on the labour market ; The socio-economic factors that affect the likelihood to stay on the labour market after the age of 65 ; The impact of employers’ human resource strategies on the possibility for senior workers to remain on the labour market after the age of 65 years. We also analyse the the role of individ specific factors such as motivation and , personal traits but the outcome in terms of subjective well-being and health. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 139.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Jolivet, Annie
    Institute of Economic and Social Resedarch, Paris.
    Undervärderade effekter av ett längre arbetsliv i Europa2013In: Europapolitisk analys, Vol. 4Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste 40 åren har sysselsättningsgraden för åldersgruppen 55-64 år utvecklats likartat

    i Danmark, Frankrike, Italien, Nederländerna, Polen, Storbritannien, Sverige och Tyskland. En

    minskning har skett fram till mitten av 1990-talet och därefter en ökning. Gemensamt för dessa

    åtta länder är även att de högutbildade lämnar arbetskraften vid i genomsnitt högre åldrar än de

    lågutbildade och att alternativa anställningsformer (tillfälliga anställningar, egenföretagande, deltidsarbete)

    är vanligare i högre åldrar. Å andra sidan finns det avsevärda skillnader mellan länderna

    när det gäller såväl nuvarande sysselsättningsgrad för äldre och kvinnor som förekomsten av egenföretagande

    och deltidsanställning bland äldre.

    Syftet med den här analysen är att belysa den övergripande utvecklingen och den aktuella situationen

    för arbetstagare mellan 50 och 74 år i de åtta länderna. Den sammanfattar också villkoren för

    den äldre arbetskraften och diskuterar hur nationell politik bör anpassas till ett förlängt arbetsliv.

    Dessutom presenteras statistik och tidigare studier om de äldres sysselsättning och välfärd.

  • 140.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Karlsson, Mattias
    Metoder för att utvärdera sysselsättningskrav vid offentlig upphandling - en översikt2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under den senaste tiden har sociala hänsyn vid offentlig upphandling blivit allt vanligare. En specifik form av sociala hänsyn vid offentlig upphandling är sysselsättningskrav där upphandlande myndigheter ställer specifika krav på att företagen ska anställa individer som står långt från arbetsmarknaden, exempelvis långtidsarbetslösa, lågutbildade och arbetslösa ungdomar m.m.

    I Sverige framstår sysselsättningskravet främst som ett komplement till arbetsmark-nadspolitiken där Arbetsförmedlingen eller kommunala arbetsförmedlare har en central roll för att fördela anställningsstöd till långtidsarbetslösa. Sysselsättnings-kravets påverkan på sysselsättningsgrad och arbetslöshet för hela arbetsmarknaden är osäker. Även om det i efterhand kan konstateras att ett visst antal personer ur målgruppen har anställts inom ramarna för upphandlingen, och sysselsättnings-kravet därmed är uppfyllt, kan sysselsättningen på den lokala arbetsmarknaden både öka eller minska, på grund av direkta och indirekta effekter på företagens rekryteringsbeteende, andra företag i regionen och individuella incitament att söka jobb. Det ställs därför relativt stora krav på en utvärdering för att kunna svara på frågan hur sysselsättningskravet påverkar sysselsättningen på arbetsmarknaden.

    Sysselsättningskravets syfte, målsättning och målgrupp bör anges i början av upphandlingsprojektet. Dessutom bör det explicit anges vilken anställningsform som avses (anställningskontrakt, arbetstid, anställningens längd). En utvärdering bör inkludera en jämförelsegrupp av utförande företag med anställda som inte omfattas av sysselsättningskrav vid upphandlingen. Det är endast genom att jämföra utfallet mellan de två grupperna (behandlingsgruppen och kontroll-gruppen) som det går att uttala sig om sysselsättningskravets inverkan på sysselsättningen och arbetslösheten i regionen. En utvärdering bör involveras i planeringsstadiet av ett upphandlingsprojekt med sysselsättningskrav. Behovet av insamling av data under projektet är omfattande och upphandlingens organisation, syfte och målsättning bör vara tydlig för alla parter. En tänkbar modell är att den upphandlande myndigheten ger en extern utvärderingskonsult i uppdrag att följa upphandlingen och genomföra utvärderingen som en integrerad del av projektet. Det kan etableras allmänna riktlinjer och erfarenheter för hur en utvärdering ska genomföras, där utvärderingskonsulten har en viktig roll i att förmedla dessa erfarenheter. Samtidigt måste utvärderingskonsulten vara lyhörd för särskilda omständigheter och villkor i den aktuella utvärderingen. Utvärderingen kan alltså inte följa en fast modell, eftersom det finns en uppenbar risk att utvärderingen då enbart upplevs som en administrativ börda utan egentlig nytta för de inblandade parterna. Uppföljningar av upphandlingen bör ske inom en relativt kort tidshori-sont, för att kartlägga eventuella förbättringsåtgärder i samarbetet mellan de tre parterna. För att kartlägga upphandlingens effekter på sysselsättningen krävs dock en längre tidshorisont där arbetstagare och arbetsgivare kan följas under en längre tid efter att upphandling har genomförts.

  • 141.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Impact of late and prolonged working life on subjective health: the Swedish experience2019In: European Journal of Health Economics, ISSN 1618-7598, E-ISSN 1618-7601, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 389-405Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the relationship between the prolongation of working life and subjective health. Drawing on a unique combination of longitudinal data and the results of a postal survey in Sweden, we investigate the health consequences of extending working life beyond the normal retirement age of 65. To do this, we compare the health status of two groups of retired people: one group who left the labour market completely at the age of 65, and a second group who remained in employment after the age of 65. Using a standard linear probability model and controlling for a range of socio-economic variables as well as previous labour market experiences, perceived life expectancy, pre-retirement income and health, our estimations show that those continuing to work after 65 on average display a 6.8% higher probability of reporting better health during retirement than those leaving at the age of 65. However, we find that this positive correlation between the extension of working life and health is only transitory. After 6 years of retirement, the health advantage of working after the normal retirement age disappears. Furthermore, we did not find any evidence that working after the age of 65 is positively correlated with physical fitness, self-reported depressive symptoms or well-being.

  • 142.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Sjöstrand, Glenn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Who employ senior workers?: Firm characteristics, working conditions, and employers’ main motivations2017In: Presented at International interdisciplinary conference on HRM, Gothenburg, 23-25 March, 2017, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We use a unique Swedish company survey data to investigate the central characteristics of workplaces and firms that are employing old workers. We address four research questions: What are the main features of the companies/establishments employing senior workers? How do working conditions and work environments affect the demand of senior workers? What are the main reasons and motivations of employers to keep senior workers after the age of 65? What are the employers’ views regarding the efficiency of government policies to prolong working life? It is found that there is a large variation of firms with employees older than 65 between firm size and industry sectors. The main motivation to keep old workers is found to be the employees’ key competences and employees’ willingness to stay. Employers mainly support policy measures that encourage senior employees to continue working.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Fulltext
  • 143.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Franz, Christina
    Duisburg-Essen University.
    Kümmerling, Angelika
    Duisburg-Essen University.
    Working time and work–life balance in a life course perspective: a report based on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Understanding how working time is organised and how this is impacting on balance of work versus private life is of fundamental importance. This general statement is very much in accordance with the main objective of the Europe 2020 employment strategy, stating that at least 75% of the population aged 20–64 should be employed by 2020, necessitating in many Member States a significant increase in women’s labour market participation. Drawing on data from Eurofound’s fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS), based on interviews with more than 38,000 respondents in 34 countries, this report documents the prevailing working time patterns of employees, the self-employed and lone parents across five country clusters. It also analyses the relationship between paid employment and domestic activities, work–life balance and working time preferences across the life course. 

  • 144.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics (NS).
    Franz, Christine
    Duisburg-Essen University.
    Kümmerling, Angelika
    Duisburg-Essen University.
    Working time distribution and preferences across the life course: a European Perspective2013In: Economia & Lavoro, ISSN 0012-978X, E-ISSN 1827-8949, Vol. XLVII, no 2, p. 77-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this paper is to identify and explain cross-country gender disparities in working time distribution and working time preferences in seven eu-member states (France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland and the UK). The selection ofhese countries has been essentially guided by the fact that they differ considerably in terms of welfare state regime, employment and industrial relation systems, family policies, and gender contract. Our selected European countries still display a high gender polarization of working time and the current gendered working time distribution reflects the resilience of a traditional gender contract. Regarding working time preferences a majority of wage earners seem to be satisfied with their current working time. However, around 45 per cent of dependent employees indicate that they would like to change their current working time, and most of them express a preference for a reduction of working time. Our results also show that male and female employees in our selected countries aspire to some convergence of working time, female employees expressing on average a wish of increasing their working time and men a wish of decreasing working time. Beyond measures favouring a more balanced gender division of labour, our study tends also to show the need of implementing family-friendly, flexible and reversible working time options across the life course. Finally, our results show that the current eu working time directive is not always successful in limiting excessive working time.

  • 145.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ivarsson, Ellinor
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Kunskapssammanställning: Sambandet mellan arbetsmiljö och beslutet att lämna arbetskraften2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kunskapssammanställning är att kartlägga forskningen som behandlar det direkta sambandet mellan arbetsmiljö och tidpunkten för utträde ur arbetsmarknaden. Med utträde från arbetsmarknaden menas att en person avslutar sin aktiva yrkeskarriär. När vi talar om pensionsbeslut avses personer som väljer att frivilligt lägga sin pensionering före eller efter 65 års ålder. I den händelse det rör sig om att personen tvingas sluta på grund av exempelvis hälsoskäl är detta en förtidspensionering. Det övergripande intrycket är att det finns begränsad forskning om detta direkta samband. Bland den forskning som kartlagts finner vi att den psykiska arbetsmiljön har betydelse. Låg kontroll tillsammans med höga krav ökar risken att lämna arbetslivet i förtid. Detsamma gäller för dåligt socialt stöd och då framförallt från personer i chefsposition. Vi finner även att fysiskt påfrestande och ergonomiskt bristfälliga arbetsmiljöer ökar risken för ett förtida utträde ur arbetskraften. Höga ljud, repetitiva och monotona uppgifter, tunga lyft, obekväm arbetsposition och hukande är exempel på fysiska faktorer som visat sig ha en empiriskt evident inverkan på tidpunkten för utträde ur arbetsmarknaden. Forskningen är enad om att personer med högre utbildning stannar i arbetslivet längre än lågutbildade. Anledningen till detta kan vara att dessa individer har bättre ergonomiska arbetsmiljöer, större kontroll över sin arbetssituation och kanske även är positivt selekterade jämfört med resten av befolkningen (mer motiverade osv.). Vidare har individer som arbetar i yrken som kräver mycket social kontakt med vårdtagare eller kunder, så kallade ”kontaktyrken”, större risk att lämna arbetslivet i förtid, något som även gäller för individer med högre utbildning såsom präster och psykologer. Informationsinsamlandet visade även på förekomsten av könsskillnader vad gäller tidpunkten för utträde ur arbetslivet. Forskningen pekar på att kvinnor har högre sjukfrånvaro, större hälsoproblem och lämnar arbetslivet tidigare än män. Även olikheter i hur män och kvinnor påverkas av faktorer i arbetsmiljön upptäcktes. Efter att ha gått igenom det relativt smala utbudet av forskning på detta område bedömer vi att behovet av fler kvantitativa undersökningar på det direkta sambandet mellan arbetsmiljö och arbetslivslängd är stort. Den typ av data som behövs för att genomföra dessa studier bör finnas tillgänglig via Arbetsmiljöverkets inspektionsdata och exempelvis inkomstdata från SCB. För att genomföra analyserna krävs en samkörning av dessa register.

  • 146.
    Appelkvist, Marielle
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics (NS).
    Pretty exploited Women: The Swedish Thai Massage Parlors: A quantitative study on the expanding number of Thai massage parlors and their effect on sex purchases and other sex crimes2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the past 15 years Sweden has seen a tremendous increase in the number of Thai massage parlors distributed across the country. With an estimated 80 % of the parlors providing sex trade with low risks of legal penalties the expansion highlights a growing social issue. The implementation of the Sex Purchase Act in 1999 made Sweden pioneers within the regulation of sex trade, legally altering consumers of sex purchases to perpetrators and suppliers to victims. The evident issue of sex trade in the current expanding number of parlors heighten the relevance of an ongoing debate regarding the effectiveness and unintended repercussions of the regulatory framework. Contributing to the debate, literature in recent years have shed light on a substitution effect between sex trade and other sex crimes (i.e. rape). No study has yet to investigate the parlors casual contribution to the ongoing illegal sex trade and its effects on other sex crimes. This paper aims to estimate the expanding number of Thai massage parlors’ impact on reported rates of sex purchases and other sex crimes. By the use of a difference-in-difference event study, with a rollout design, the paper reveals a statistically significant increase in rates of sex purchases the years following the implementation of a Thai massage parlor. Investigating the impact of the parlors’ establishment, on a number of sex crimes, a statistically significant decrease in the rates of rape is found. The results indicate that the services offered in the parlors provide the perpetrators with the same utility as that of rape. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 147.
    Appelkvist, Marielle
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Sweden, Covid-19, and the gender gap in labor market integration: A quantitative study on the effect Covid-19 had on the gender gap in unemployment rates of foreign-born in Sweden2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Successful labor market integration is a key attribute in a well-accomplished migration policy. Previous studies show patterns of a gender gap in labor market integration of foreign-born, where females tend to have worse outcomes. Related to their weaker labor market position foreign-born, in general, tend to be affected by economic crisis to a larger extent than native-born. Studies point to this being even more apparent for immigrants migrating from outside of Europe. Few studies have yet studied the labor market effects of the Covid-19 pandemic. This paper hence investigates whether the gender gap in unemployment rates for foreign-born were affected by the Covid-19 pandemic, using a difference-in-difference and a triple-difference method. Considering the broad variation of attributes within the group “foreign-born” the paper also distinguishes how the effect differed with number of years spent in Sweden and the region of origin being inside or outside of Europe. The results show an insignificant impact of the pandemic on the gender gap for foreign-born in general, even in relation to natives. Looking into the heterogeneity within the group, we find that newly arrived show signs of being more affected by the pandemic compared to foreign-born that spent over three years in Sweden. The same thing goes for immigrants born outside of Europe compared to within Europe.  

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 148.
    Araghi, Marzieh Hosseini
    et al.
    Univ Birmingham, UK.
    Chen, Yen-Fu
    Univ Birmingham, UK.
    Jagielski, Alison
    Univ Birmingham, UK.
    Choudhury, Sopna
    Univ Birmingham, UK.
    Banerjee, Dev
    Univ Birmingham, UK.
    Hussain, Shakir
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Thomas, G. Neil
    Univ Birmingham, UK.
    Taheri, Shahrad
    Univ Birmingham, UK.
    Effectiveness of Lifestyle Interventions on Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA): Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis2013In: Sleep, ISSN 0161-8105, E-ISSN 1550-9109, Vol. 36, no 10, p. 1553-1562Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder associated with several adverse health outcomes. Given the close association between OSA and obesity, lifestyle and dietary interventions are commonly recommended to patients, but the evidence for their impact on OSA has not been systematically examined. Objectives: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the impact of weight loss through diet and physical activity on measures of OSA: apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and oxygen desaturation index of 4% (ODI4). Methods: A systematic search was performed to identify publications using Medline (1948-2011 week 40), EMBASE (from 1988-2011 week 40), and CINAHL (from 1982-2011 week 40). The inverse variance method was used to weight studies and the random effects model was used to analyze data. Results: Seven randomized controlled trials (519 participants) showed that weight reduction programs were associated with a decrease in AHI (-6.04 events/h [95% confidence interval -11.18, -0.90]) with substantial heterogeneity between studies (I-2 = 86%). Nine uncontrolled before-after studies (250 participants) showed a significant decrease in AHI (-12.26 events/h [95% confidence interval -18.51, -6.02]). Four uncontrolled before-after studies (97 participants) with ODI4 as outcome also showed a significant decrease in ODI4 (-18.91 episodes/h [95% confidence interval -23.40, -14.43]). Conclusions: Published evidence suggests that weight loss through lifestyle and dietary interventions results in improvements in obstructive sleep apnea parameters, but is insufficient to normalize them. The changes in obstructive sleep apnea parameters could, however, be clinically relevant in some patients by reducing obstructive sleep apnea severity. These promising preliminary results need confirmation through larger randomized studies including more intensive weight loss approaches.

  • 149.
    Ashiri Fard, Delaram
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ceylan, Evelina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Access to Information and Retirement Decision: The Swedish case: Who are well-informed and did the information affect their retirement plans?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the role of information and its impact on the retirement decision. Two aspects of information were examined; the first displays the characteristics which informed individuals, and the second shows how certain information affected their decision to leave the labour market or to continue working after the age of 65. Our results confirm that being male and having a higher average labour income increases the probability of being well-informed about the pension system. Conversely, being a female, having a lower education or few skills, suffering from poor health, working in the public sector and being self-employed all have a negative impact on the likelihood of being well-informed. In regards to the effect of information on the retirement decision, the empirical results show us that a majority of the well-informed individuals will leave the labour market before the retirement age of 65. Generally speaking, those who remain employed will not take information into account when it comes to retirement planning, since majority of them have other motives than pure economic considerations. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 150.
    Askar, Nasra
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Income inequality in sweden pre and post the 1990's bank crisis2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    INCOME INEQUALITY IN SWEDEN PRE AND POST THE 1990’S BANK CRISIS The aim of this thesis is to see if Sweden has had an increasing income inequality during the financial crisis in the 1990’s. The economy was in a deep recession after the booming years in the late 1980’s. A recession in Sweden’s case meant that the labourmarket was severely hit;the unemployment rate rose and income inequality as a result of this is expected to have increased. The main focus will be on the effect of income inequality between man and women as well as between natives and foreigners. Have these groups been effected by the crisis? If so, what may be the reason?Was it purely due to the crisis or was it due to other factors? The result showed that the income gap between men and women actually decreased during the financial crisis while on the other hand it increased between natives and foreigners.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
1234567 101 - 150 of 747
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf