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  • 101.
    Adler, Patrick
    et al.
    UCLA, United States.
    Florida, Richard
    The University of Toronto's Rotman School, Canada.
    King, Karen
    The University of Toronto's Rotman School, Canada.
    Mellander, Charlotta
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    The city and high-tech startups: The spatial organization of Schumpeterian entrepreneurship2019In: Cities, ISSN 0264-2751, E-ISSN 1873-6084, Vol. 87, no April, p. 121-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on Schumpeterian entrepreneurship identifies new high-growth startup companies as key factors in technological innovation and economic growth. While economists have tended to focus on high-growth, high-tech startup firms as the unit of analysis, economic geographers and urbanists have examined the geographic dimensions of entrepreneurship, particularly the rise of entrepreneurial clusters and eco systems. We focus here on a particular type of Schumpeterian entrepreneurship associated with high-tech startup companies, or what we refer to as “tech-startup entrepreneurship.” We contend that the organization of such Schumpeterian entrepreneurship occurs at two spatial scales. At the macro-geographic level, it is highly clustered and concentrated in a relatively small number of global cities or metro areas. At the micro-geographic level, it is highly concentrated in distinct districts or micro-clusters within these leading cities and metro areas. To examine the geographic dimensions of tech-startup entrepreneurship across these spatial scales, we use previously unused data on venture capital-financed startups at the metropolitan and district levels. Our findings support the hypothesis that tech-startup entrepreneurship is organized across two distinct but related spatial scales, which act on entrepreneurial activity through different mechanisms. These findings suggest that local diversity and local specialization can simultaneously potentiate innovation, and that a multi-scalar approach to the geography of entrepreneurship is prudent.

  • 102.
    Adolfsson, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The Power of the Palestinian Landscape: An exploratory study of the functions of power using aerial image interpretation2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Palestinian region is changing rapidly, with both economic and cultural consequences. One way of approaching this very political process is thru the concept of landscape. By viewing the region as a multiprocessual, dynamic landscape the analysis allows for a holistic read where historical and contemporary projections, interpretations and notions of power are fused. This thesis draws on the scholarly fields of humanistic landscape research and aerial image interpretation as well as theories of orientalism and power. A case study of two regions of the West Bank is performed; interviews and observations provide localized knowledge that is then used in open-access image interpretation. By performing image interpretations this thesis explores the power embedded in mapping and the possible inclinations the development towards open-access geospatial analytic tools could have on the functions of power in the Palestinian landscape. By investigating the spatial configuration of the Palestinian landscape and tracing its roots this thesis finds four major themes that are particularly pivotal in the processual change of the Palestinian landscape: the Israeli/Palestinian time-space, the blurring of the conflict, the dynamics of the frontier region and the orientalist gaze. 

  • 103.
    Adolfsson, Petra
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet GRI.
    Dobers, PeterMälardalens högskola.Jonasson, MikaelHalmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR).
    Guiding and guided tours2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is based on the collaborative work and experience from Swedish researchers in an new and promising field of scientific and management oriented inquiry: guided tours. The book represents a wide range of scientific perspectives such as organizational theory, human geography, architecture, ethnology and technology.

    The chapters are divided into three themes: Guided tours as a phenomenon, Guided tours and guidebooks and finally Guided tours: their production, content and use. And your guides - the authors - will provide various kinds of insights. We will follow the history of guidebooks and their followers, experience the smell of sage and find out how a guided tour at a construction site can be performed. Let's take a walk...

  • 104.
    Adolfsson, Sylwia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Cykel som en del av den hållbara stadsutvecklingen- En studie om upplevelsen av cykling i Stockholm.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Främjande av hållbar mobilitet och hållbara transportmedel har under de senaste åren varit ett mål för många länder och städer runt om i världen.  I dagsläget är transporter och transportsystem i bl.a. Stockholm Stad inte hållbara och bidrar till miljöproblem därför finns det ett eftersträvan att fler ska välja cykel som ett transportmedel. Cykel är ett billigt transportmedel i jämförelse med andra och den ger inga upphov till utsläpp. Men främjandet av cykling gynnar inte endast miljön, det bidrar också till ett mer jämställt samhälle. Forskning visar att det finns en potential för att andelen resor med cykel ska öka, trots det är andelen resor med cykel fortfarande mycket färre än med andra transportslag. En faktor som hindrar människor att cykla kan vara den upplevda otryggheten. För att främjandet av de hållbara transportmedel, sådana som cykel ska bli framgångsrik är det viktigt att undersöka var och i vilka situationer som cyklisterna upplever otrygghet, samt vilka åtgärder behövs för att minska otryggheten. Dessa frågor besvaras huvudsakligen med hjälp av enkätundersökning, observation och kompletterande intervjuer. Resultatet för denna studie visar att cyklisterna upplever otrygghet främst på grund av bristande infrastruktur men också brist på hänsyn och samspel bland trafikanter. Det visar sig även att för att minska otryggheten krävs mer än att bara förbättra samt bygga ut cykelinfrastrukturen. Åtgärderna måste även ge förutsättningar för förändring i beteendet bland de olika trafikantgrupper. 

  • 105.
    Adolphson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Kernel densities and mixed functionality in a multicentred urban region2010In: Environment and Planning, B: Planning and Design, ISSN 0265-8135, E-ISSN 1472-3417, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 550-566Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interurban-level focus during the last decade has shifted from the compact city towards a polycentric urban framework. The ability to define consistent urban structures and also link them with sustainability goals has been hindered by inconsistent evaluation methods for density and mixed functionality in a polycentric framework. The aim of this research is to test and combine various methods from these perspectives in order to define more reliable and consistent descriptions of urban structures. The methods used are spatial-density modelling using kernel convolution, a polycentric density estimation, and methods depicting mixed functionality and the association between density and mixed functionality. The empirical findings relate to planning goals at both national and international level. The study region is the municipality of Strangnas, within the Stockholm City Region since 1997. Results from the analysis reveal urban development towards further segregated land use and sprawl, as well as a decreasing link with a polycentric urban scheme. The methods developed for depicting urban form could be useful tools in the planning process and may reinforce the possibility for analysing links between urban form and sustainability aspects. This improved knowledge in turn could contribute towards formulating future planning principles.

  • 106.
    Adriansson, Linus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Stockholm i färger: En kritisk diskursanalys av kulturarvets produktion och legitimering i stadens bebyggelsemiljö2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Avsikten med denna uppsats är att med en kritisk diskursanalys undersöka hur kunskap om kulturarvet och kulturhistoriska värden konstrueras i Stockholms byggda miljö. Akademisk litteratur inom kulturarvsforskningen beskriver en situation där det uppstått ett glapp mellan teori och praktik inom kulturarvssektorn som vidgats sedan postmodernismens och konstruktionismens framväxt i början på 1970-talet. Den utövande kulturarvsvården och värderingsprocessen är i stor utsträckning styrd av värdeorienterade klassificeringssystem där utgångspunkten är att finna och tolka olika värdetyper i ett objekt. Detta traditionella förhållningssätt är en del av ”den auktoriserade kulturarvsdiskursen”; ett begrepp inom kulturarvsforskningen som menar att kulturarvssektorn premierar traditionella värden genom expertutpekanden vilket leder till en reproduktion av kanoniserade objekt med vissa ideologiska förtecken. Sedan år 1974 finns det i Sverige nationella kulturpolitiska mål fastslagna och sedan år 2012 finns det fyra nationella kulturmiljömål som landets kulturmiljövårdande institutioner ska sträva. Målens tankegods förmedlar en ambition om att göra kulturmiljöer och kunskap tillgängligt för att främja demokratisering av kulturarvet. I Stockholms kommun är det Stadsmuseet som ansvarar för utpekandet och klassificeringen av kulturhistoriskt värdefulla byggnader och miljöer. Syftet med undersökningen är att bidra med en djupare förståelse för hur kunskapen om kulturhistoriska värden i Stockholms byggda kulturmiljö produceras och legitimeras. Resultat och analys visar att diskurserna i Stadsmuseets översiktsdokument sedan klassificeringens introduktion under tidigt 1980-tal har förändrats av ideologiska, politiska och ekonomiska element. Museets och kommunens samtida översiktsdokument har en anknytning till kunskapsläget inom kulturarvsforskningen genom att argumentera för relativa, pluralistiska värden. Men den traditionella värdesynen och expertdiskursen i värderingsprocessen har lett till en värdering och klassificering som reproducerar en traditionell förståelse av det byggda kulturarvet. En universell metod i kombination med intern praxis används för att identifiera vilka kulturhistoriska värden som finns, utan att precisera vilka egenskaper som upprätthåller dessa värden. Det ger klassificeringen en svag anknytning till kulturarvsforskning, regeringens kulturpolitiska mål och den egna institutionens värdesyn i samtida översiktsdokument.

  • 107.
    Adscheid, Toni
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    When Ecotopia grows: Politicizing the stories of Swedish sustainable urban development2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is known world-wide for its achievements in the field of sustainable urban development. Due to this global recognition Swedish stories and policies of sustainable urban development are being spread across various spatial and institutional contexts. Focusing on SymbioCity and its approach as examples for such stories, this thesis seeks to elaborate on the de-politicization of urban environments through sustainable urban development policies. In doing so, this thesis synthesises urban political ecology and policy mobility literature to form a theoretical framework to investigate the mobilization and legitimization of such environments. Drawing on findings provided by methods of text analysis and interviews, it is illustrated that Swedish stories of sustainable urban development construct a de-politicized spatiality supported by capital, desires of influence and “the planner”. The thesis concludes by arguing that planning research needs to critically address the process of de-politicization and support the articulation of a political Ecotopia. 

  • 108. Adscheid, Toni
    et al.
    Schmitt, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Constructing the sustainable city: Policy mobilities of Swedish sustainable urban development2018In: Globala flöden och lokala praktiker: policymobilitet i tid och rum / [ed] Ida Andersson, Svenska sällskapet för antropologi och geografi , 2018, p. 225-245Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 109. Adscheid, Toni
    et al.
    Schmitt, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Mobilising post-political environments: tracing the selective geographies of Swedish sustainable urban development2019In: Urban Research and Practice, ISSN 1753-5069, E-ISSN 1753-5077Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper develops an analytical framework from which to understand the mobilisation of post-political urban environments across spatial and institutional contexts. Our analysis of two closely related cases from a Swedish context reveals the potential benefits of combining studies on urban political ecology and policy mobility. By utilising Actor-Network Theory (ANT) we illustrate how post-political environments that are shaped by mobile and mutating policies of sustainable urban development are stabilised through distinct discursive strategies, capital investments and the desire for increased influence within global frames of action and contribute to the creation of, what we call, selective geographies.

  • 110.
    af Trolle, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Vision om en blandad stad: En komperativ studie av den sociala blandningspolitiken i Stockholm och Uppsala2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom empirisk insamling av material från kommunala styrdokument och intervjuer ämnar denna uppsats att undersöka vilka visioner som genomsyrar den kommunala planeringen i Stockholm och Uppsala för att motverka boendesegregation. Uppsatsen studerar om idén att skapa variation i upplåtelseformer i bostadsområden finns i Stockholm stad och Uppsala kommun för att skapa blandning och därmed motverka segregation. Fokus läggs också på vilka medel och åtgärder de båda kommunerna har för att uppnå sina visioner, samt vilken geografisk nivå kommunerna tänker att en blandning ska ske. Genom att undersöka två kommuners blandningsambitioner kan skillnader och likheter studeras för att få en mer övergripande bild av hur segregationsproblemet hanteras. Resultaten av studien visar att det finns en vision att variera upplåtelseformerna i bostadsområdena i båda kommunerna för att motverka segregationen. Ambitionen i både Stockholm stad och Uppsala kommun är att ett blandat boende ska skapas i hela staden. Dock finns många hinder som står i vägen som riskerar att motverka kommunernas blandningsambitioner.  

  • 111.
    Agaton, Stefan
    Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
    Östersjöledningen: En studie i åsikter och människors trygghetsupplevelse belyst av media2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Nord Stream natural gas pipeline has been a controversial project. The debate was primarily escalated by Poland's strong negative reaction to the project in the spring of 2006 over safety and security and then alternated back and forth in Europe until the approval by the nations most concerned in the Baltic region during the autumn of 2009.In the case study an approach is used that primarily maps out the media image of the various viewpoints that deal with the pipeline and how these viewpoints position themselves, primarily through political and environmental dimensions. Simultaneously there’s an attempt to map out the spatial spread of the media image views as to the proximity and distance to the pipeline in Sweden, Poland and Germany. A key question is whether distance or proximity to a large facility can affect people's attitudes.A parallel focus of the study is to explore the role of the Nord Stream natural gas pipeline in the cross-border hinterland region of Szczecin-Świnoujście. The complex cross-border relationship between Germany and Poland is characterized by the opportunities and obstacles to mobility & the potential of conflict between the needs of the individual vs. the state, partly due to an unbalanced hierarchy between the two nations.An understanding of the pipeline's impact on the border region is shown in part by an analysis of the city of Szczecin's theoretical potential in its hinterland, with special reference to the impact of the state boundary before and after Poland's entry into the European Union and the Schengen regime.Other contributions to the outline of this thesis deal partly with Medialisation and Framing, as the media-investigation in the study handles concerns, arguments and opinions about the pipeline-project, highlighted by the media. Another subject deals with risk assessment, as no one can be certain what will happen in case of an accident to the pipeline.A general concluding comment to the results of the media-investigation is that they are too parsimonious. However there are some assumptions to be made: In the resulting discussion it is argued, among other things, that from the political aspect both Poland and Sweden share a negative opinion towards the pipeline, while the opinion of German people appears positive to the project, according to the media viewpoints. From the environmentalaspect the over-all picture is that the opinions of the whole of Poland and the local levels of Germany and Sweden respectively (i.e. people living near the Nord Stream pipeline) are negative also – feel unsafe according to the project, due to the media viewpoints.A second assumption is that the media location does not play a major role in the way media coverage highlights the views of those for the pipeline or those against the pipeline.The overall impression is that the media coverage largely follows state affinities, in the sense that the relative openness of the argument that every state seems to represent, seems also to be reflected through media coverage in each state.The Nord Stream natural gas pipeline has been a controversial project. The debate was primarily escalated by Poland's strong negative reaction to the project in the spring of 2006 over safety and security and then alternated back and forth in Europe until the approval by the nations most concerned in the Baltic region during the autumn of 2009.In the case study an approach is used that primarily maps out the media image of the various viewpoints that deal with the pipeline and how these viewpoints position themselves, primarily through political and environmental dimensions. Simultaneously there’s an attempt to map out the spatial spread of the media image views as to the proximity and distance to the pipeline in Sweden, Poland and Germany. A key question is whether distance or proximity to a large facility can affect people's attitudes.A parallel focus of the study is to explore the role of the Nord Stream natural gas pipeline in the cross-border hinterland region of Szczecin-Świnoujście. The complex cross-border relationship between Germany and Poland is characterized by the opportunities and obstacles to mobility & the potential of conflict between the needs of the individual vs. the state, partly due to an unbalanced hierarchy between the two nations.An understanding of the pipeline's impact on the border region is shown in part by an analysis of the city of Szczecin's theoretical potential in its hinterland, with special reference to the impact of the state boundary before and after Poland's entry into the European Union and the Schengen regime.Other contributions to the outline of this thesis deal partly with Medialisation and Framing, as the media-investigation in the study handles concerns, arguments and opinions about the pipeline-project, highlighted by the media. Another subject deals with risk assessment, as no one can be certain what will happen in case of an accident to the pipeline.A general concluding comment to the results of the media-investigation is that they are too parsimonious. However there are some assumptions to be made: In the resulting discussion it is argued, among other things, that from the political aspect both Poland and Sweden share a negative opinion towards the pipeline, while the opinion of German people appears positive to the project, according to the media viewpoints. From the environmentalaspect the over-all picture is that the opinions of the whole of Poland and the local levels of Germany and Sweden respectively (i.e. people living near the Nord Stream pipeline) are negative also – feel unsafe according to the project, due to the media viewpoints.A second assumption is that the media location does not play a major role in the way media coverage highlights the views of those for the pipeline or those against the pipeline.The overall impression is that the media coverage largely follows state affinities, in the sense that the relative openness of the argument that every state seems to represent, seems also to be reflected through media coverage in each state.

  • 112.
    Agbi, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Social media platforms and travel destination choices among international students in umea.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media platforms have the potential to influence destination choice among potential travellers.Before potential travellers embark on a trip, they are faced with decision-making processes on whereto go, what to do, the best time to go, how to get there among other things. These pre-travel planning decisions can be influenced by their expectation of the experiences they will encounter at the destination and based on their perception of the destination. Their perception of destinations isusually informed by information found on social media platforms or passed on by family and friendswho have encountered similar travel experiences. Using Crompton’s model of destination choice set,this study explores the roles of social media platforms on destination choice among international students in the Umea university.

  • 113.
    Agdahl, Helen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    THE INTEGRATION PROCESS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION FOR FLOOD MANAGEMENT IN SPATIAL PLANNING: DRAWING EXAMPLES FROM ÄLVSTADEN-GOTHENBURGBETWEEN 1999-20152017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to climate change and natural variations in the hydrological cycle, global mean sea levels are increasing, causing the mean sea levels in different regions of the world to increase. In Sweden, coastal cities are facing rising water levels which is increasing flooding. The coastal community of Gothenburg, Sweden was identified the 18th most vulnerable city in the country both to flooding induced by water level rise and other climate change related impacts. Its location, in proximity of Lake Vänern, and in the mouth of the Göta River and its tributaries: Säveån, Mölndalsån and Lärjeån is heightening flood risk and vulnerability in the area. This thesis aims to contribute in comprehending the integration process of natural hazard and climate change adaptation for flood management in Älvstaden- central Gothenburg between 1999 and 2015. With the main objectives being” how the municipality of Gothenburg has applied the urban land use planning theory for the integration of natural hazard and climate change adaptation, with regards to adaptation for flood management in Älvstaden between 1999 and 2015? “What climate change adaptation policies for flood management have been implemented in Gothenburg within this time frame, and how the policies have been revised to match the reality of flood issues?” And “What improvements would be made in the integration process to better address adaptation for flood management?” A desk-based research and one case study approach was adopted for this study. The findings indicate that although the city has systematically used the steps involved in the integration process of natural hazard and climate change adaptation for flood management, it does not link the policies and the measures applied to adaptation for flood management. Which is an issue as it has led to the exclusion of vital functions of the integration process. Suggestions on how the integration process could be improved are provided.

  • 114.
    Ageland, Hannes
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Tillgänglighet för rullstolsburna: Politik, praktik och vardagsliv. En fallstudie i Örebro2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att studera hur man i Örebro arbetar med den fysiska tillgängligheten i staden, och vilka erfarenheter detta arbete har gett. Jag utgår från tre frågor. Hur arbetar man politiskt när det gäller tillgänglighet i Örebro? Hur planerar man praktiskt inom Örebro kommun med frågor kring tillgänglighet i staden? Hur ser rullstolsburna på tillgängligheten i Örebro? För att besvara frågorna studerar jag litteratur och gällande lagar som behandlar ämnet tillgänglighet på olika sätt. Jag genomför även tre intervjuer som jag spelar in med en politiker, en tjänsteman samt en person som är rullstolsburen. Dessa inspelade intervjuer skriver jag rent för att kunna analysera i uppsatsen.

    Utifrån min analys och den litteratur jag studerat kommer jag till slut fram till att det i planeringen av Örebro finns ett samarbete mellan politiker, tjänstemän samt handikapporganisationer. Politiskt arbetas det med att ge direktiv till tjänstemän. Praktiskt handlar det om att tillämpa gällande lagstiftning samt genom praktiska demonstrationer visa hur verkligheten ser ut för handikappade. Rullstolsburna ser tillgänglighet som något som sakta men säkert blir bättre, även om det finns mycket som kan förbättras.

  • 115.
    Aggeklint, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies.
    Ho, Hang Kei
    Introducing M+ as capital for a Hong Kong specific cultural identity2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last decade the Hong Kong government has shown an interest in promoting large scale cultural development projects including Art Basel Hong Kong, the West Kowloon Cultural District (WKCD) as well as M+ The Museum of Arts and Visual Culture, all presenting Hong Kong as a cultural hub. The development of those projects can be seen as a way for the city to diversify its economy through creative industries (CI) and urban entrepreneurship (Raco and Gilliam, 2012), making the place more appealing for international workers and global tourism. However, ongoing grassroots political movements such as the 2014 Umbrella Movement suggest that the Beijing government is keen to intervene with Hong Kong’s affairs. As a result, its cultural identity is being challenged. In this paper we argue that the study of the yet conceptual M+ museum contribute with accruing capital of cultural identity when compared to likewise huge museum projects in mainland China. We will further argue that the Hong Kong museum will represent an original that other museums in the world may wish to copy.

  • 116.
    Aggesund, Pamela
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Nyliberal planering och hållbar stadsutveckling: En studie av hur nyliberal planering kan bidra till hållbar stadsutveckling i Stockholms stad2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen redovisar en kvalitativ studie som har gjorts av nyliberal planering och hållbar stadsutveckling i Stockholms stad. Genom att studera plan- och visionsdokument utfärdade av staden är syftet med undersökningen att utreda hur nyliberal planering kan förenas med hållbar stadsutveckling. I undersökningen ingår också att utreda vad hållbar stadsutveckling faktiskt innebär utifrån olika perspektiv på hållbar utveckling, perspektiven som studeras är ekologisk modernisering, traditionell ekologi, miljörättviseperspektivet samt social hållbarhet. Resultatet av undersökningen visar att för att hållbar stadsutveckling ska vara ett resultat av nyliberal planering krävs att utvecklingen samtidigt bidrar till ekonomisk tillväxt alternativt stärker stadens konkurrenskraft.  Det innebär att nyliberal planering är lättare att förena med hållbar stadsutveckling såsom det förstås inom ekologisk modernisering men också att hållbar stadsutveckling såsom det förstås inom traditionell ekologi samt social hållbarhet åtminstone till viss del kan förenas med nyliberal planering. Utifrån ett miljörättviseperspektiv visar sig nyliberal planering vara svårare att förena med hållbar stadsutveckling. Resultatet visar också att nyliberal planering inte på ett fullvärdigt sätt kan bidra till en hållbar stadsutveckling. För att alla aspekter inom hållbar utveckling ska tillgodoses krävs något mer än nyliberal planering.

  • 117.
    Aggesund, Pamela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    "The sustainable development way of implementing circular economy": A system thinking approach2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to develop an understanding of how circular economy should be implemented to result in sustainable development and to analyze the potential of one particular implementation to result in sustainable development. “The sustainable development way of implementing circular economy” is presented by understanding circular economy with system thinking and considering the factors affecting the implementation of circular economy. Interviews and text-analysis are conducted to analyze the character and potential of ReTuna, a reused items mall in Eskilstuna, to result in sustainable development. Results show circular economy should be implemented as a way of reasoning that can result in a systemic transformation of the economic system to result in eco-centric sustainability. Implementations that do not explicitly derive from a an understanding of circular economy as a new way of reasoning are despite this valuable due to a system’s character of interconnectedness. ReTuna is implemented as a set of practices and an organizational structure but it also demonstrates an honorable effort to change people’s perception of the human-nature relationship. It is concluded that way of implementation has to reflect and be synchronized with the aspiration behind implementing circular economy. ReTuna has potential to result in sustainability but does not yet.

  • 118.
    Agnarson, Lars
    Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
    Estonia's health geography: West versus east - an ethnic approach2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this essay is to explore the social changes in relation to changes in mortality for the two largest ethnic groups in Estonia; ethnic Estonians and the Russian minority. Since this is a geographical essay, my purpose is also to explore these changes in relation to the country’s internal geography. As these changes appear over time in space, the content is partly rooted in a time geographical point of view. It is also rooted in a regional geographical point of view, since I have been comparing the mentioned changes between different areas in Estonia (with considerations on developments abroad).

    Two different development lines can be seen as a consequence of the social changes taking place in the 1990s. While the ethnic Estonians situation has improved, the Russian minority’s situation has instead declined regarding to social existence and health. As a result the mortality has increased enormously for the Russian minority. The ethnic Estonians had also a mortality increase in practically all studied causes of death in all studied areas, but this increase wasn’t as high as for the Russian minority. Nevertheless, when comparing two different counties with each other as well as with the country as whole, the pattern seems to be more complicated. The Russians living in the western county of Läänemaa, have been affected more favourably by the social change than those living in the north-eastern county of Ida-Virumaa. Except for mortality by alcohol poisoning, the Russians living in Läänemaa had a much lower mortality increase than those living in Ida-Viruma and even compared with the country as whole.

    It seems as those Russians living in the western parts of Estonia have been affected more favourably than those living in the north-eastern parts. These structures are very much depending on the history, since most of the Russians living in the north-eastern area immigrated during the Soviet era, while the western parts had a much earlier immigration of Russians. Considering the time and place of the Russian immigration, one can divide the Russian minority in two groups; those in the west, and those in the east.

  • 119.
    Agnemyr, Helena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Research on Regional Development.
    Dahlgren, Bengt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Research on Regional Development.
    Gör Vågen!: Samhällsentreprenörskap med värmländska förtecken2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten handlar om samhällsentreprenörskap med värmländska förtecken. Idén om samhällsentreprenörer ges i rapporten sammanhang och perspektiv i en diskussion om tidsandan. Rapporten handlar både om teori och praktik. Den bygger på litteraturstudier och på samtal och dialoger med forskare, regionala aktörer och inte minst värmländska samhällsentreprenörer.

    Rapportens rubrik har hämtas från ett återberättande av ett möte om vad regeringen tänkte göra för näringslivet. Det förlösande svaret på en avslutande fråga om vad regeringen borde göra blev ”Gör vågen!”. Anekdoten berättades vid en av de två workshopar med värmländska samhällsentreprenörer som genomfördes under arbetet med rapporten.

    Tankar om samhällsentreprenörskapet syfte och sammanhang eller dess själ och djupare mening kan möjligen sammanfattas i två dikter av Tage Danielsson, nämligen;

    För den trötta samhällskroppen, vore kanske bästa boten, ifall tankarna från toppen kom från roten

    Och

    En droppe i livets älv har ingen kraft att flyta själv. Det ställs ett krav på varenda droppe. Hjälp till att hålla de andra oppe!

  • 120. Agnidakis, Paul
    et al.
    Lagerqvist, Maja
    Strandin Pers, Annika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    I riktning mot en normkreativ kulturmiljövård: Metodutveckling utifrån exemplet Statens fastighetsverk i Sverige2018In: Kulturstudier, ISSN 1904-5352, E-ISSN 1904-5352, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 167-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utifrån tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv och metoder, hämtade från etnologin och kulturgeografin, och med en empirisk utgångspunkt i tre kulturmiljöer som förvaltas av Statens fastighetsverk (SFV) i Sverige, analyserar artikeln historiebruk i form av kulturarvsproduktion och föreslår ett applicerbart normkritiskt samt i förlängningen normkreativt angreppssätt för att möjliggöra alternativa, varierade och mer inkluderande historieskildringar kring kulturmiljöer. Genom att utveckla och integrera dessa synsätt och verktyg vill artikeln argumentera för att man får tillgång till nya berättelser om platsen; berättelser som går utöver den traditionella, „normala“ historien om staten, enskilda byggnaders materiella utformning och den sociokulturella och ekonomiska eliten. En långsiktig effekt blir att det möjliggör ökad mångfald och inkludering både i fråga om förmedling och representation av platser som komplexa rumsliga och sociokulturella helheter.

  • 121.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Nilsson, Kjell
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Tunström, Moa
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Asli
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Berlina, Anna
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Oliveira e Costa, Sandra
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Johnsen, Ingrid H G
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Grunfelder, Julien
    Kristensen, Iryna
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Randall, Linda
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Smas, Lukas
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Weber, Ryan
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    White Paper on Nordic Sustainable Cities2017Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid urbanisation is one of today’s biggest global challenges. Nordic Sustainable Cities is a flagship project under the Nordic Prime Ministers’ initiative Nordic Solutions to Global Challenges that seeks to shed light on this challenge from a Nordic perspective.

    The White Paper on Nordic Sustainable Cities develops a narrative to describe the “Nordic Sustainable City”. It forms a basis for the knowledge sharing effort that will be carried out by Nordic Innovation, Nordregio’s sister institution under the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2018. This work aims to export Nordic stories as a means of branding the Nordic Region and contributing to global efforts towards urban sustainability.

  • 122.
    Ahl, Steffen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Schwedenhäppchen: Ein Forschungseisebericht2001Report (Other academic)
  • 123.
    Ahlberg, Caroline
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Planering av fritidshus: En studie om Stockholms skärgårds planaktörer och dilemmat fritidshus2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim for this bachelor thesis is to identify how second homes are applied in planning strategies between different levels of planning. The planning levels are identified by municipality’s and part-regional levels. Furthermore, this thesis aims to analyze in which contexts second homes brings consequences in both positive and negative ways. To answer the purpose of this analyze a case study based on Stockholm archipelago was made. Two part-regional documents, seven documents for the municipalities in the archipelago and two semi-structured interviews with stakeholders was conducted to answer the aim.

    Second homes indicate the change of where a resident primarily lives depending on season. Which means that planning strategies should take into consideration for a phenomenon that doesn’t dwell on an all year basis. Due to this analyze, six themes were identified for the implementation of second homes in the planning strategies. Two main themes were identified. The first theme is in regards of the change that plays out when a second home becomes the primary dwelling and on the other hand when the primary dwelling becomes a second home. This in a combination with the second theme which indicates that the localization of the dwellings is of high priority for planning strategies in Stockholm archipelago. Remaining themes are identified in the planning strategies for the municipalities, which is the local level in this study. They indicate for example that second homes can provide profit for the local organizations and stakeholders, but some contexts also include the opposite implication as well. Furthermore, the themes apply to restrictions of use, constructions and the local conditions. 

  • 124.
    Ahlgren, Adam
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Bilden av orientaliska Kina: En textanalytisk studie av Kinas representation i resereportage från Sverige2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay sets out to map a part of the Swedish representation of China in travelogues, using postcolonial theory. Two sources were used, Dagens Nyheter and Vagabond. These were in turn examined to explain how the discourse and semiotics in the travelogues depicting China were constructed and have changed over the past two decades. The results show that the discourse has changed from a negatively portrayal based on anti-chinese discourse of China with parallels to its communist history, to a recent more exotic presentation revolving around romantic rurality, modernity, and Chinas dynastic history. The semiotic analysis in turn confirms the later representation as well as a postcolonial exoticism and otherness in the representation of China.

  • 125.
    Ahlgren, Annica
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Andersson, Johanna
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Evenemang: -ett vinnande koncept för regional utveckling?2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Event is a phenomenon that lately has become more common, especially within the tourism industry. This essay is a study within human geography and with focus on the meaning and the design of events. The purpose with this essay is to examine and describe the concept of event and to show how events can influence a region. Falkenberg is situated in the county of Halland by the west coast and the sea and because of that a natural tourist destination. The city is a known seaside resort since the end of the nineteenth century. Our method is a case study with interviews with seven of the participants active within events in Falkenberg.

     

    This essay shows that events are limited in time and space, they have their own attraction and uniqueness and it all sums up into what the visitor expects to experience and what they will experience. An event is a business opportunity, and it increases the flow of visitors and money through the region. The image of the region can be influenced by events and in the long run lead to a brand that enhances the regions values.

  • 126.
    Ahlin, Alexander
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Framställningen av Kina i geografiläroböcker: En kvalitativ textanalys2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att analysera hur en utomeuropeisk kultur, Kina, framställs i läroböcker i geografi för grundskolans senare år. Studien utgick från Edward Saids teori om orientalism. I studien togs tidigare läroboksforskning upp, vars resultat visar på att det förekommer stereotyper, fördomar och förenklingar i läroböcker. I tidigare forskning visas också på hur både elever och lärare ofta uppfattar läroböcker som objektiv faktakälla. För att besvara studiens syfte så skapades frågeställningar om, och i sådant fall på vilket sätt, det gick att se spår av orientalism och traditionell gestaltning av Kina, dess kultur och befolkning i läroböckerna. Studien använde sig av metoden kvalitativ textanalys som innebär en närläsning och tolkning av texterna som är föremål för analysen. Resultaten från analysen visar att det går att tolka spår av orientalism i läroböckerna. Resultaten bekräftar därmed delvis resultat som tidigare forskning visat. Resultaten öppnar för vidare och fortsatt analys av läroböcker, exempelvis i större omfattning eller över andra skolämnen för att avgöra om liknande resultat går att få och att därmed en generalisering av resultaten kan göras av läroböcker i ett större perspektiv. 

  • 127.
    Ahlin, Emma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Fysisk planering som främjar hållbart beteende: En studie om hur samhällsplanering kan främja hållbart beteende i Nyhamnen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att granska om den fysiska planeringen i Nyhamnen kan leda till en hållbar stadsutveckling, genom att undersöka huruvida kommunen planerar för att upprätthålla ett hållbart beteende hos invånarna. Undersökningen ägde rum med hjälp av metoderna backcasting och dokumentanalys av Nyhamnens officiella dokument. Studien undersökte hur kommunen planerar för ett bilfritt samhälle, hur den förenklar sopsortering samt möjliggör närodling och om den ökar möjligheterna till delningsekonomier istället för överkonsumtion. Backcasting går ut på att man lägger fram en framtida vision och sedan ser vilka vägar man behöver ta därifrån för att komma till idag, således ser man vilka vägar man behöver ta för att komma från dagsläget till den önskade framtida visionen. Framtidsvisionen grundades på de mål kommunen satt upp för Nyhamnen. Resultatet visar på att den fysiska planeringen främjar huruvida invånarna har ett hållbart beteende eller inte. Den fysiska planeringen främjar eller hämmar individens val i vardagen. Nyhamnen kan ge sina invånare goda chanser till ett hållbart beteende, men att kommunen för Nyhamnen har några åtgärder att ta i beaktande för att det ska bli fullt troligt.

  • 128.
    Ahlin, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Urfolket samerna- En statslös nation.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Samernas livssituation som statslös nation inom staten Sverige uppmärksammas av FN på grund av att deras rättigheter kränks. Hur kommer det sig att välfärdsstaten och föregångslandet Sverige inte behandlar Europas enda urfolk på ett korrekt sätt?

     

    Denna uppsats undersöker hur samernas tillgång till marken förändrats under de senaste århundradena i förhållande till vem som haft makten över marken, samt vilka lagar och regler som skapats för att ge urfolk världen över ökade rättigheter till den mark som de levt av sedan urminnes tider.

     

    För att få svar på hur samerna och andra urfolk har behandlats i förhållande till deras markrättigheter och användning av de ytor och platser som är och har varit viktiga för dem, genomfördes en kvalitativ intervju. Intervjun gjordes med professor Gunlög Fur en mycket ämneskunnig person från Linnéuniversitetet. Som ett komplement har en litteraturstudie och en mindre jämförande studie genomförts.

     

    I resultatet av litteraturstudien påvisas att staten enligt tidigare forskning har väldigt svårt att ge samerna självbestämmande över marken som de kallar Sápmi, då de överstatliga regler och lagar för hur detta ska gå till, ofta hamnar i konflikt med markägare och staten egna lagar.

     

    Uppsatsens jämförande studie där samernas situation i Sápmi jämförs med två andra urfolk, nämligen kurderna i Kurdistan och mapuchena i Wallmapu, visar att det finns både likheter och skillnader mellan urfolkens rättigheter till marken och i vilken utsträckning de under historien har haft olika förutsättningar för markanvändande beroende på vem som haft makten över marken.

     

    En analys av resultatet av studien visar att urfolkens värdering av markens betydelse sällan handlar om ekonomiska värden utan om historiska, geografiska eller kulturella kopplingar.

     

    Slutsatsen av denna studie blir att urfolks rättigheter till mark ser ungefär lika ut oavsett vilken stat de lever inom. Deras rätt till självbestämmande är väldigt begränsad och deras markintressen hamnar i stort sätt alltid i skymundan för de ekonomiska intressen som styr staters agerande.  

  • 129.
    Ahlin, Lina
    et al.
    Lund Univ, CIRCLE, Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Econ, Lund, Sweden..
    Andersson, Martin
    Lund Univ, CIRCLE, Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Econ, Lund, Sweden.;Blekinge Inst Technol BTH, Dept Ind Econ, SE-37179 Karlskrona, Sweden.;Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, Stockholm, Sweden.;Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.). Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Human capital sorting: The "when" and "who" of the sorting of educated workers to urban regions2018In: Journal of regional science, ISSN 0022-4146, E-ISSN 1467-9787, Vol. 58, no 3, p. 581-610Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The sorting of high-ability workers is often advanced as one source of spatial disparities in economic outcomes. There are still few papers that analyze when human capital sorting occurs and whom it involves. Using data on 16 cohorts of university graduates in Sweden, we demonstrate significant sorting to urban regions on high school grades and education levels of parents, i.e., two attributes typically associated with latent abilities that are valued in the labor market. A large part of this sorting has already occurred in deciding where to study, because the top universities in Sweden are predominantly located in urban regions. The largest part of directed sorting on ability indicators occurs in the decision of where to study. Even after controlling for sorting prior to labor market entry, the best and brightest are still more likely to start working in urban regions. However, this effect appears to be driven by Sweden's main metropolitan region, Stockholm. We find no influence of our ability indicators on the probability of starting to work in urban regions after graduation when Stockholm is excluded. Studies of human capital sorting need to account for selection processes to and from universities, because neglecting mobility prior to labor market entry is likely to lead to an underestimation of the extent of the sorting to urban regions.

  • 130.
    Ahlmark, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Sjökvist, Philip
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Mobiltelefonen som multimedium: En fallstudie om mobiltelefonanvändande hos gymnasieungdomar i Uppsala2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 131.
    Ahlqvist, Carolina Marianne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Svanberg, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Gendered relations to water: A study about water on a household level in Kerala, India2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 132.
    Ahlstam, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Maktutövning vid planering av stora projekt: Om spelet bakom Förbifart Stockholm2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syftar till att undersöka och försöka förstå inverkansfaktorer och maktrelationer bakom planeringen av ett större infrastrukturprojekt. Studiens fokus ligger på det stora vägprojektet Förbifart Stockholm, som bland annat syftar till att avlasta befintligt vägnät och bidra till att bättre knyta samman Stockholms norra och södra kärnor. Den reella politiken och planeringen behöver inte alltid vara densamma som den formella, vilket i uppsatsen klargörs genom bland annat uttalanden i media, remissvar och intervjuer med involverade aktörer och politiker. Maktbegreppet kan förstås och synliggöras på flera olika sätt och därför studeras och används flera olika resonemang och teorier kring maktbegreppet. I fallet med Förbifart Stockholm kan till exempel det diskursiva maktbegreppet synliggöras, vilket Foucault har utvecklat och skrivit om, men även Bachrach & Baratzs teori om icke-beslut, Flyvbjergs resonemang om Realpolitik och Realrationalitet samt den konventionella planeringsmodellen kan synliggöras i samband med studien av Förbifart Stockholm.

  • 133.
    Ahlstedt, Carin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Ivarsson, Lénie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Seniorboende: Planeringsförutsättningar i Karlstads kommuns ytterområden2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 134. Ahlström, Christer
    et al.
    Anund, Anna
    Fors, Carina
    Åkerstedt, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Effects of the road environment on the development of driver sleepiness in young male drivers2018In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 112, p. 127-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Latent driver sleepiness may in some cases be masked by for example social interaction, stress and physical activity. This short-term modulation of sleepiness may also result from environmental factors, such as when driving in stimulating environments. The aim of this study is to compare two road environments and investigate how they affect driver sleepiness. Thirty young male drivers participated in a driving simulator experiment where they drove two scenarios: a rural environment with winding roads and low traffic density, and a suburban road with higher traffic density and a more built-up roadside environment. The driving task was essentially the same in both scenarios, i.e. to stay on the road, without much interaction with other road users. A 2 x 2 design, with the conditions rural versus suburban, and daytime (full sleep) versus night-time (sleep deprived), was used. The results show that there were only minor effects of the road environment on subjective and physiological indicators of sleepiness. In contrast, there was an increase in subjective sleepiness, longer blink durations and increased EEG alpha content, both due to time on task and to night-time driving. The two road environments differed both in terms of the demand on driver action and of visual load, and the results indicate that action demand is the more important of the two factors. The notion that driver fatigue should be countered in a more stimulating visual environment such as in the city is thus more likely due to increased task demand rather than to a richer visual scenery. This should be investigated in further studies.

  • 135.
    Ahlsén Gahns, Malin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Olsson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Current and future shopping conditions in Sälen2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Going from having bought the most essential at the small shops close to home, better communications and an increasingly consumption oriented lifestyle has created a change in shopping behavior and has led to phenomenon such as shopping centres and more. These are constantly being built in Sweden: in the cities, outside the cities and more recently even in small cities -small cities as for one reason or another have access to a larger customer base which can have businesses to flourish economically.

    During the first decade of the 21st century, shopping centres have been established along the Swedish/Norwegian border. Since the Norwegian Krone is much stronger than the Swedish Krona Norwegians save a great deal of money on going to Sweden to shop. During the shopping trips to Sweden, it is mostly alcohol, meat, tobacco and candy that are being bought. However, other products such as clothing, technology, household appliances and more are also being purchased, all to save money on the trip. Together these cross border shoppers spent 11, 6 billion in Sweden during the year of 2010. This gives an average spending of approximately 10 900 SEK per cross border shopper on annual basis.

    Nordby, Töcksfors and Charlottenberg (small cities located in southwestern Sweden) are places characterized by Norwegian cross border shopping. Together, they generate billions every year and this only seems to increase. These places are relatively small in size but have prominent attributes such as proximity to the Norwegian border. Apart from these resorts and shopping centres, there are few or none similar places near the Norwegian border in the rest of Sweden. However, a place which is geographically well located and has a relatively large Norwegian and Swedish customer base is the ski resort of Sälen in west central of Sweden.

    Sälen is a village located near the Norwegian border, although fairly sparsely populated. The destination has annually about one million official guest nights, based on the 414 000 visitors who stay an average of about 4, 5 days.  Per visit, these tourists individually spend an average of 862 SEK on shopping at the destination.

    The expenditure of the mountain tourists together with the Norwegian border shoppers makes it very interesting to explore the opportunities for shopping development in terms of a shopping centre in the region of Sälen.

  • 136.
    Ahltorp, Olivia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Hållbarhet i det svenska lantbruket: Vad krävs för att möjliggöra en omställning?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats undersöks möjliga vägar mot hållbarhet i det svenska lantbruket. Med utgångspunkt i att rådande industriella jordbrukssystem inte är hållbara har åsikter och tankar samlats in från personer med erfarenhet av lantbruk kopplat till yrkesbakgrund inom forskning, ekonomi, politik och praktisk tillämpning. Två tidigare studier används som underlag för att lyfta fram perspektiv från småskaliga, ekologiska lantbrukare. Resultatet visar att det finns många och skiftande åsikter kring vad hållbarhet i det svenska lantbruket innebär samt hur den kan påverkas. Viktigt är att ta hänsyn till såväl sociala som ekonomiska och ekologiska aspekter. I många fall går det att hitta gemensamma lösningar för att uppnå önskvärda tillstånd. Ökad användning av marginalmarker, slutna kretslopp av näringsämnen och samarbete med naturliga ekosystem är några viktiga faktorer. För att möjliggöra en omställning krävs såväl politiska som ekonomiska riktlinjer. Rådande ekonomiska system med fokus på tillväxt utgör ett hinder, då stora produktionsvolymer värderas högt på bekostnad av andra icke-monetära värden så som biologisk mångfald och ekosystemtjänster. 

  • 137.
    Ahmadi, Ahmad
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Integration of immigrants into Swedish society: Two differentstrategies which have been influenced by politics and culture2014In: The 7th Nordic Working Life Conference Threats and Possibilities Facing Nordic Working Life University of Gothenburg, Sweden, June 11-13 2014: Book of Abstracts and Programme / [ed] Tommy Isidorsson, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2014, p. 229-230Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is description and understanding of the individual career development (as entrepreneur or employee) as a dynamical process. I have studied the interaction and cooperation between different formal (politics) and informal (culture) institutions and their impacts on the individual's carrier development process (as entrepreneur as well as employee) during three different stages, i.e. socialization processes, opportunity identification processes, and finally career formation and development processes. Research methodology is qualitative i.e. case study, and consists of several cases. Study is based on twenty interviews at the two municipalities (10 from each one – four unemployed, three employed and three businessmen/entrepreneurs) and observation of municipalities at the west Sweden so called "Västra götalands Regionen". Individual's career development from two municipalities are compared with each other. Different categories (employed, unemployed and businessmen)are compared and differences in influences of institutions on different categories in two municipalities are identified and described. Study shows that both formal and informal institutions affect individual's career development process during three stages, i.e. socialization processes, career identification/creation processes, and finally career formation's development process. In other words, survey shows that, Politics and culture affects individual's career development and thereby regional development. Theoretical contributions are: results of this study can contribute to different understanding of entrepreneurship, employment and unemployment. It widens theoretical views of the subject, by understanding the role institutions can play at the individual's career development processes. 230 Practical contributions are: results can be used in individual career development by job centers and for planning and avoiding or facing future unemployment. It can also be used in companies and other workplaces planning and construction or formation of employee´s career development.

  • 138. Ahmed, Adamu
    et al.
    Adama, Onyanta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Iliyasu, Idris
    Prospects and Retrospect: Insights from Children's participation in Informal Sector Solid Waste Management in Kaduna, Nigeria2017In: Dealing with waste: Resource Recovery and Entrepreneurship in Informal Sector Solid Waste Management in African Cities / [ed] Onyanta Adama, Tadischi Chidi Nzeadibe, Africa World Press, 2017, p. 137-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 139. Ahmed, Bayes
    et al.
    Hasan, Rakibul
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Maniruzzaman, K. M.
    Urban Morphological Change Analysis of Dhaka City, Bangladesh, Using Space Syntax2014In: ISPRS International journal of geo-information, ISSN 2220-9964, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 1412-1444Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on a study of the morphological changes of Dhaka City, the capital of Bangladesh. The main objective of the research is to study the transformation of urban morphology in Dhaka City from 1947 to 2007. Three sample wards (18, 19 and 72) of Dhaka City Corporation are strategically selected as the study areas. Ward 72 has an indigenous type of organic settlement, whereas ward 19 is a planned area, and ward 18 represents a mixed (both planned and informal) type of settlement. In this research, the transformation of urban settlement pattern is examined through space syntax. The results show that the organic settlements (ward 72) are highly integrated both in terms of the local and global syntactic measures (lowest standard deviation for local and global integration, with the highest intelligibility values), and are more connectivity. The scenario is opposite in the case of planned settlements. The characteristics of mixed areas (ward 18) lie in between the organic and planned settlements. Therefore, in summary, it can be stated that the integration, connectivity and intelligibility measures of Dhaka City are found to be high, medium and low for the indigenous, mixed and planned settlement types; respectively.

  • 140.
    Ahrens, Jill
    et al.
    Univ Sussex, Sussex Ctr Migrat Res, Brighton, E Sussex, England.;Univ Oslo, Dept Sociol & Human Geog, Oslo, Norway..
    Kelly, Melissa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Univ Orange Free State, Dept Sociol, Bloemfontein, South Africa..
    van Liempt, Ilse
    Univ Utrecht, Dept Urban Geog, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Free Movement?: The Onward Migration of EU Citizens Born in Somalia, Iran, and Nigeria2016In: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 84-98Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research into the mobility of European Union (EU) citizens has contributed to a better understanding of the social effects of European integration. A growing body of literature highlights that naturalised third-country nationals are also making use of their 'freedomof movement'. This paper proposes a typology of 'new EU citizens' who onward migrate between member states. It draws on relevant statistics and qualitative empirical research carried out with Dutch-Somalis, Swedish-Iranians, and German-Nigerians who relocated to the UK. In contrast to research with native-born EU movers, our findings indicate that the majority of naturalised EU citizens onward migrated as a result of the discrimination and racism they experienced in their previous place of residence. In this paper, we conceptualise the interactions of integration and transnationalism as a potential trigger for onward migration. We illustrate how onward migrants are able to complete certain aspects of their integration process in a second member state. Moreover, we show how migrants maintain transnational ties across several destinations and therefore contribute to a broader understanding of transnationalism.

  • 141. Ahrland, Åsa
    et al.
    Persson, BoStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Landskapets resurser2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 142.
    Ak, Evelyn
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Gümüssoy, Johanna
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Jag är ju inte så nära någonting egentligen, vart skulle jag ta vägen? -En kvalitativ studie om kvinnors rörelsemönster  i det offentliga rummet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvinnors plats i det offentliga rummet har länge försummats som en viktig del i samhällsplaneringen. Detta beror framförallt på att planeringen varit ett mansdominerat yrkesområde som planerat städer för män, vilket resulterat i att kvinnor upplever rädsla för hot samt en låg tillhörighetskänsla när de befinner sig i det offentliga rummet. Till följd av detta strävar denna studie efter att undersöka hur kvinnors anpassning till upplevt otrygga miljöer tar sig i uttryck, samt vilka faktorer som ligger bakom en upplevd otrygghetskänsla hos kvinnor i Örebro. Studiens syfte uppnås med hjälp av kvalitativa metoder i form av kodning och vandringsintervjuer, vilket har utförts med kvinnliga respondenter som rör sig med gång, cykel och kollektivtrafik i det offentliga rummet till och från arbetet. Studiens kvalitativa data har sedan analyserats i förhållande till tidigare feministisk geografisk forskning samt genusforskning.

    Respondenternas beskrivningar av faktorer för trygghet respektive otrygghet under sin väg till och från arbetet konkretiserar media, män och mörker som faktorer för otrygghet i det offentliga rummet. I kontrast konkretiserar respondenterna dygnets ljusa timmar och synlighet som faktorer för trygghet. Vidare exemplifierar respondenterna rädslans rum i Örebro som skogspartier, tomma mörka områden samt instängda områden som tunnlar.

  • 143.
    Akarcay, Pinar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Multi-Voiced Language in ‘Society of Democracy’:: Harmony Far Beyond Being Human2018In: International Journal of Language Academy (IJLA), Vol. 6, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 144.
    Akarcay, Pinar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Neo-Liberal Public Provision in Nordic Countries:: Case of Senior Housing Services2018In: Journal of Social and Humanities Sciences Research, Vol. 5, no 18Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 145.
    Akhmetzyanova, Leyla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Modeling Income-Based Residential Segregation in Moscow, Russian Federation2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates spatial patterns of income-based residential segregation at the neighborhood level in the Russian capital city Moscow within new administrative boundaries, which have received relatively little attention in prior studies. It is argued that Moscow faces high levels of income inequality exacerbated by growing levels of spatial segregation between the affluent and prestigious Center – South-West and poor industrial South – South-East. Applying a whole set of quantitative methods complemented with computer mapping techniques, based on the latest 2013 data by the City of Moscow Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics and 2010 Census data, this study provides new insights into spatial differentiation processes and elaborates policy solutions aimed at addressing economic disparities in the city. A key finding of this thesis is that income segregation in the study area has been driven to a larger extent by the isolation of very poor neighborhoods from middle- and upper-income areas.

  • 146.
    Aksungur, Aziz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Kurder och Identitetsbildning: En diskursanalys av kemalismen och PKK:s manifeste2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 147.
    Akyeampong, Oheneba Akwesi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Tourism and regional development in Sub-Saharan Africa: a case study of Ghana's central region1996Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 148.
    Al Kamil, Mohammed
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hur ska du resa till universitetet, med bil eller kollektivtrafik?: En studie om hur mobility management kan påverka morgondagens resor bland universitetsstudenter2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 149.
    Al Kamil, Mohammed
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
    SATS och Friskis & Svettis - Var och för vem?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate where and why the fitness clubs, Sats and Friskis & Svettis in Stockholms county, choose to locate their facilities in certain places and which their primarily targetgroups are. Furthermore, the aim is to gain knowledge of people’s health status in areas where the facilities are located, in order to see if they are located where exercise is most needed. Interviews were conducted with members of the fitness clubs but also with non members, i.e. people who lived in areas with an absence of fitness facilities. Further interviews have been made with managers of the fitness clubs and with two political representatives. The other methods were mapping of the facilities inrelationship to different variables in ArcGIS and field observations. The results of this study show thatthe facilities are mostly located in the central of Stockholm and places where income levels,population density and amount of people working in an area are high. The facilities can also be foundwhere there are large flows of people, for example near commercial centers such as shopping malls.The fitness clubs do not primarily focus on establishing any facilities in places where exercise is mostneeded. The target groups for Friskis & Svettis were both younger and older people and those who wanted to pay a low membership fee while Sats target groups were people aged between 20-50 years and were willing to pay a high price for a membership. Based on price for a membership, availability and what the clubs offers, some people may get excluded from Sats and Friskis & Svettis. Those people mostly live in low status areas and if they eventually would become members of the clubs it would require cheap prices, culture-specific exercise forms and better proximity between the residenceand the facility. Finally, since both the fitness clubs and the political representative’s claims that people everywhere should have the possibility to exercise regardless of their income level and so on, there should be a better interaction between all the actors in order for the clubs to be available to allthe people.

  • 150.
    Al Masharqah, Tareq
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Political Unrest and its effects in the destination image of Egyptian tourism product2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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