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  • 101.
    Abildgaard, Johan Simonsen
    et al.
    Department of Organization, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark; The National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Denmark.
    Tafvelin, Susanne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Christensen, Marit
    Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Special issue editorial: new perspectives on workplace interventions2023In: Scandinavian Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, E-ISSN 2002-2867, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 12Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the current special issue is to promote and foster development, debate, and knowledge of workplace Interventions. It is fitting that SJWOP, being a Scandinavian journal, has taken on the task of foregrounding intervention research. Scandinavian work and organizational psychologists have since the late 1990’s been at the forefront of the development of research into organizational interventions, for example by promoting a focus on not only effect, but also on process evaluation. This tradition has been kept alive by new generations of Scandinavian researcher who share the ideals of increasing our knowledge about the working mechanisms of interventions. But organizational interventions have proven to be much broader than just participatory interventions, and the current special issue contains a range of intervention approaches and methodological approaches. The papers in the special issue each present different areas and approaches in advancing our knowledge about interventions. We are pleased to publish both conceptual papers on evaluation and new forms of intervention as well as evaluations of interventions expanding our methodological toolbox.

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  • 102.
    Ablahad, Marlen
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture.
    Bära Sorg Föra Liv: En studie om begravningsritualer bland syrianer/assyrier i hemlandet och i Sverige.2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay describes the phases of funeral rituals between the Syrian/Assyrian, and compares the homeland with Sweden. It describes the stage of rituals according to Victor Turner schema of separation, margin or limin, and aggregation. The rituals religious significance agrees with Clifford Geertz’s theory about the importance of religious beliefs for the human being

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  • 103.
    Ablouh, Nawal
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Chowdhury, Nadia
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Att mötas någonstans mellan maktutövande och maktlöshet: En kartläggning av behandlingsmodeller, teoretiska antaganden samt behandlingseffekter för våldsutövande män i nära relationer.2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify which treatment models that are available for men who use violence against women in intimate relationships and the effects of the most commonly used treatment interventions. The further aim is to examine the theoretical assumptions and processing content of treatment models. The present study was conducted as a literature review where knowledge about treatment models for violent men in intimate relationships are compiled. Our results demonstrate that the treatment models that are most commonly used are Emerge, The Duluth Model, Change and ATV (Alternatives to Violence). Evaluations show that most treatment models exhibit small but significant effects and recurrence of violent crime decreases in the short term. Research highlights, however problems about the difficulties associated with evaluating treatment programs.

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  • 104.
    Abobaker, Amona
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Solak, Hülya
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Work.
    Mäns våld mot kvinnor: en kvalitativ studie om våldsformer och förklaringsmodeller bakom våldet utfört av etniskt svenska män och invandrarmän2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 105.
    Abokor, Axmed Cali
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Suugaanta Geela1986Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For centuries livestock have formed the backbone of the Somali economy. Camels are especially highly valued by Somali herdsmen.

    The practical uses of the camel have been eloquently described by Somalis in their extensive oral poetry, handed down through generations from father to son. It forms a complete literacy tradition composed of poems, proverbs, metaphors and tales of wisdom.

    The collection and preservation of Somali oral literature are important subjects that require urgent attention. This rich literature was transmitted to us orally from generation to generation. The cultural and historical life of the Somali people is reflected in this ancient oral data.

    The present collection of oral literature on the Somali camel is the result of an extensive research work. Oral literature has been one of the subjects studied by the "Somali camel research project", a bilateral undertaking between Somalia and Sweden (the Somali Academy of Sciences and Arts, SOMAC, and the Swedish Agency for Research Cooperation with Developing Countries, SAREC).

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  • 106.
    Abou Abboud, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Youth workers experiences of how adolescence in the suburbs can be included in society2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to increase knowledge about leisure leaders' experiences of and opportunities to counteract exclusion and crime among young people in socially disadvantaged suburban areas, and what risk and protection factors they perceive to be important for exclusion and crime. The study is of a qualitative method based on hermeneutic theory of science. Four interviews were conducted with leisure leaders divided into three leisure centers. The correspondents consisted of three men and a woman of different ages and with varying work experience and varying ethnicities. The intention with the correspondents and the choice of a semi-structured interview guide was to gain an increased perspective on the chosen topic. The results indicate that the various systems in Bronfenbrenner's ecological system theory have a strong impact on young people in socially disadvantaged areas. The different system theories have protective and risk factors for the youth.

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    Fritidsledares erfarenheter om hur ungdomar i förorten kan inkluderas i samhället
  • 107.
    Abou-Khadra, Rana
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Faktorer som påverkar upplevelsen av identitet för vuxna personer med autismspektrumtillstånd: En kartläggande litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals with autism spectrum disorder can experience various disabilities. These disabilities may result in the human rights for individuals with autism spectrum disorder not being met like everyone else. Each individual develops and builds their identity based on various factors that have influenced them throughout their lives. It can be important to understand how different factors can affect the experience of identity for individuals with autism spectrum disorder, in order to create an inclusive society that upholds human rights. The purpose of this literature review is to examine existing research that highlights various factors that can affect the experiences of identity for adults with autism spectrum disorder. This study is based on a structured mapping literature review inspired by a systematic literature review. All 18 final studies included in this literature review were thematized according to Braun and Clarke (2006). Four main themes were identified: Power and Balance, Stigma and Stereotypes, Significaticance of Diagnosis and Acceptance of Diagnosis. The results show that stigma is a significant factor that affects the experiences of identity for individuals with autism spectrum disorder. Stigma impacted the experience of identity by causing, among other things, exclusion, negative self-perception and a feeling of being different. For future research, it would be relevant to investigate various interventions that society could implement to reduce the stigmatization of individuals with autism spectrum disorder. 

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  • 108.
    Aboutakah, Amna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Shaat, Säloa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ''I Sverige har vi inte dukar på huvudet, de ska finnas på bord'': En kvalitativ studie om invandrarungdomars möte med rasism2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we examine the everyday experiences immigrant youths from two youth activities in the suburb have about racism. To do this, we focused on two main areas, first how everyday racism inherent in young people's lives, and secondly how they deal with their experiences of racism. To be able to examine their experience have we done a qualitative research approach used by semi-structured interviews on seven young immigrants from the suburb. Our meta-theoretical perspective has been social-constructionism, with post-colonialism as the main theoretical basis. According to this we use the concepts ''the Other'' and stereotyping, which are applied to the material. The material has been encoded, thematized, categorized and analyzed on the basis of the above theoretical perspectives.

    Concluding remarks is that the racial story along with colonial values today characterize and affects the life of the young people living in the suburbs in a tangible way. This is mainly expressed through a perceived differentness and inequality between those who are racialized and those which are considered as the norm in society. That was depicted through two different forms, first through an experience of being categorized as '' the other '' and secondly by judged by stereotypes. These forms was actualized by the remains of the racial-doctrine, where the slave, and the animals were clearly visible, and also by a stereotyping by attributes like the beard, shawl, and the place suburb, which the result show that resulted in that young people is being regarded as eg suicide bombers, terrorists, and gangsters. Moreover, the results also show that the way to deal with racism was varied, but we have been able to categorize them in three main strategies: to try stay in safe areas, to stay away from racism in different ways (avoiding, removing, negotiating, adaptation), and to resist through group activities. Finally, we problemized and discusses how the immigrant youth experiences of racism directly or indirectly leads to social exclusion.

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  • 109.
    Abraha, Senait
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Mengesha, Soliana
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Ensamhet bland äldre: En systematisk forskningsöversikt om riskfaktorer bakom upplevelsen av ensamhet2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate which risk factors are behind involuntary loneliness among the elderly and how the risk factors can be counteracted with the help of protective factors. The study was carried out with a systematic research overview where we compiled previous research on the chosen subject area and thematized the work using content analysis. The theories we chose to start from to analyze the results are the activity theory by Lars Tornstam (2005) and the SOC model by Baltes Baltes (1990). The results showed that there were both individual and structural factors that increased the risk of the elderly experiencing existential, social, and emotional loneliness. At the individual level̊, the results showed that physical and mental illness, loss of partner or close friends, and loss of physical and mental abilities can be risk factors for experiencing loneliness. At the societal level, the results showed that low socio-economic status and the feeling of powerlessness can increase the risk of loneliness among the elderly. The results also showed that many of the risk factors can act as protective factors, such as health and structural risk factors, good physical and mental health and high socio-economic status are protective factors against loneliness among the elderly. The risk factors for loneliness among the elderly can be countered if the elderly are allowed to maintain successful aging and an active life adapted to their abilities.

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  • 110.
    Abraham, Daniella
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Moayed Babke, Mariana
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Varför stannar hon?: En kvalitativ studie av kvarhållande mekanismer i biografiska skildringar av kvinnors erfarenheter av mäns våld i nära relation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 111.
    Abrahamson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Alkohol och mötet mellan unga kvinnor och män2003In: Nordisk Alkohol- og narkotikatidsskrift (NAT), ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 227-239Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 112.
    Abrahamson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Alkohol och unga i 20-årsåldern - rus, lust, problem och prevention2004Report (Other academic)
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  • 113.
    Abrahamson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Alkoholkontroll i brytningstid: ett kultursociologiskt perspektiv1999Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The dissertation is a product of four separate cultural studies, intended to throw light on the changes in Swedish alcohol policy taking place in recent years.

    Paper 1 discusses factors contributing to the rapid proliferation of restaurants in Sweden in the 1980’s and the subsequent tensions arising from a restrictive legislation, an increasingly liberal legal praxis and the new, public alcohol culture. Urban transformations and changes in public life, the transition from modem to late modernism, the emergence of a new middle class and the redefinition of women’s use of alcohol were among the crucial developments. Beginning in the late 1950’s and early 1960’s, important steps away from the traditionally strict control of restaurants stimulated competition and led to a loosening up of Swedish restaurant culture. By the 1980’s, the restrictive laws governing restaurants had begun to lose legitimacy as legal praxis was applied in an increasingly liberal spirit. The establishment of the Stockholm Water Festival, which allowed central parts of the city to be transformed into a gigantic beer hall, is one example of this. As in many other countries, age limits have now become almost the only actual restriction on the availability of alcohol. Today, rather than protection, the aim of alcohol policy - especially with regard to restaurants - is keeping damage to a minimum.

    Paper 2 is based on participant observation in three types of restaurants in Stockholm’s city centre. These are characterised as ‘the fashionable bar’, ‘the folksy bar’, and ‘the ethnic bar’. The study takes its starting point in Goffman’s (1956) concepts of ‘performance’, ‘setting’ and ‘personal front’, and how people consciously or unconsciously choose different milieus as a way of controlling the impression of themselves they wish to project. The fashionable bar clearly functioned as an arena for demonstrating professional and social success. The folksy bar could be used as the setting for a form of play in which company colleagues could temporarily set aside their differences in status. The closed room of the ethnic bar encouraged ‘time-out’ behaviour - seeming to serve as a second home, but also as a sex market for contacts between African men and Nordic women.

    Paper 3 presents an analysis of how five different occupational groups discuss their alcohol habits in serious compared to humorous speech. The occupational areas are media, politics, business, culture and civil service. In serious speech, the speakers tended to value cautious drinking, setting sharp limits as to how and when use of alcohol is appropriate. In humorous speech, the situation was largely the opposite - the interviewees often presenting themselves as being under external constraints with regard to alcohol. The situations that provoked humour are also where we find controversy in serious speech. Discrepancies between alcohol habits and the role model one represents as a parent gave rise to a number of jokes. The parts of serious discourse that concerned other people displayed a very different content, dealing with excessive drinking, not being able to handle alcohol and not being permitted to drink alcohol - a content reflected in humorous form when the interviewees talked about themselves.

    Paper 4, based on the same interview data as Paper 3, examines the issue of youth and alcohol. Common dividing lines between the groups could be observed, such as describing the problem as an individual, personal or family affair versus seeing it as a problem for the society, or placing responsibility for problem control on the individual as opposed to placing responsibility on the society. Those active in cultural pursuits viewed teenage use and abuse of alcohol as a social problem, but placed responsibility for its solution on a private, individual level. Journalists saw the problem as belonging within the family, which is also where they placed responsibility for the solution. The politicians clearly perceived teenage drinking as a problem for the society and placed responsibility for solutions on outer agents, such as legislation and extensive information campaigns. Civil servants described the problem both in terms of belonging within the family and as a problem for the society. Business executives varied between the level on which they described the problem and the level on which they sought solutions. In considering the problem from the point of view of the consumer, they stressed individual responsibility. But as the discussion progressed, they came to see teenage drinking both as a family problem and a problem for the society and to place responsibility on outer authorities.

    The four studies are linked together in an introductory chapter within the common framework of Swedish alcohol control policy.

  • 114.
    Abrahamson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Diskursiv analys av fokusgruppintervjuer: två exempel2005In: Forskningsmetoder i socialt arbete / [ed] S. Larsson, J. Lilja & K. Mannheimer, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 115.
    Abrahamson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Moral norms in older Swedish women’s drinking narratives. Enduring patterns and successively new features2012In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 371-396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS - To examine how the changes in women's relationship to alcohol during the 1960s appear in narratives of situated drinking occasions. DATA - Newly collected autobiographies written by women born between 1918 and 1951 are analysed using theories by William Labov on narrative construction and Kenneth Burke on the rhetoric of motives. RESULTS - The historically restrictive attitude to women at all drinking is present in the oldest women's narratives, while the liberalisation of attitudes to alcohol that took place in the 1960s likewise marks the narratives told by the younger women, even though they when writing are of pension able age. With the writers' diminishing age, the norms framing the narratives have changed, from sobriety among the oldest women to controlled moderation among the younger. And yet, the narratives also demonstrate a stable pattern of questioning women's drinking, although the focus has shifted from tasting alcohol at all to the state of becoming intoxicated. CONCLUSIONS - A controlling norm remains in place, which the women have internalised and made their own. The mitigating circumstances and the neutralising explanations that are presented throughout indicate that the women are conscious of the narratives' deviation from the prevailing norm, and show that women take a risk in drinking alcohol. When a woman drinks she risks her femininity.

  • 116.
    Abrahamson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    När jag drack för mycket: unga i 20-årsåldern berättar2003In: Nordisk Alkohol- og narkotikatidsskrift (NAT), ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 395-408Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 117.
    Abrahamson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Ungas definitioner av alkoholist, storkonsument och fyllo2002Report (Other academic)
  • 118.
    Abrahamson, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Stenius, Kerstin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Genetisk riskbedömning: nytt inslag i svensk alkoholskadeprevention2004In: Nordisk Alkohol- og narkotikatidsskrift (NAT), ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 156-163Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 119.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Bing, Vibeke
    Tema: Familjecentraler: vad är en familjecentral?2011In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 88, no 2, p. 98-99Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 120.
    Abrahamsson, Bengt
    Arbetslivscentrum, Stockholm.
    Det gick som det gick. Om inre logik, särskilt i organisationer1994In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, E-ISSN 2002-066X, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 3-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Whatever happened, happened. Some notes on inner logic, especially in organizations

    The notion that social events partly arise as a consequence of inner logic, i.e. that patterns and structures emerge outside of, or even in opposition against, plans and goals is a common element in social science. Inner logic is a summary term for social processes developing autonomously, i.e. without any individual or group intending them. Organizations quite often contain inner-logic processes. If, as this author maintains, fruitful organization theory has to build on rationalistic assumptions, how then do we handle instances of inner logic? A first step may be to break up the traditional link between structuralism and functionalism, maintaining the former and rejecting the latter. Organizations are intentionally dynamic, i.e. depend on order and predictability. To the extent that inner-logic processes appear in organizations, they should be analysed as confrontations between opposing rationalities rather than as spontaneous reactions of a ”system” . Also, frequently recurring organizational forms such as hierarchy are more fruitfully regarded as e.g. transaction-cost outcomes rather than as functional responses to system needs. Rationalism and structuralism are compatible, rationalism and functionalism are not.

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  • 121.
    Abrahamsson, Bengt
    Stockholm University.
    Military professionalization and political power1970Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 122.
    Abrahamsson, Bengt
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management.
    I brytpunkten mellan invasions- och insatsförsvar: utmaningar och möjligheter vid Försvarsmaktens reformering2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten lyfter fram ett antal anomalier och utmaningar som Försvarsmakten hotas av vid övergången från ett invasions- till ett insatsförsvar. De nya krigen kännetecknas av utdragna konflikter med kombinationer av militära och andra maktmedel och processer där hotet att sätta in militära resurser är vanligare än faktisk väpnad strid. Detta skapar behov av lokalkunskap, förhandlingsskicklighet, socialpsykologisk kunskap och kännedom om gradvis konfliktlösning. Frågor om etik och legitimitet accentueras. Sammantaget är de krav på förmågor som ställs bredare än tidigare och omfattar allt från krishantering vid låga konfliktnivåer, till väpnad strid mot en avancerad motståndare, nationellt som internationellt. Vilka visioner och mål som skall prägla det svenska militära engagemanget utomlands, och vad svenska soldater och officerare ska uträtta är oklart. Med dagens neddragningar av försvaret kan det dock bli problematiskt för Sverige att leva upp till både sina åtaganden internationellt, och bilden av sig själva som en modern försvarsmakt. Så länge denna fråga är otillräckligt besvarad riskerar också personalförsörjningen till Försvarsmakten att förbli osäker, och i avsaknad av tydliga huvudmannakrav bestäms en stor del av utvecklingen av verkställarens tolkning av verkligheten. 

  • 123.
    Abrahamsson, Camilla
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Nordin, Joanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Från Platon till dickpic: En kvalitativ studie om det social fenomenet dickpics2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fallosens symbolik med den hegemoniska maskuliniteten som följd skapar ettsamhälle där mannens makt och styrka premieras, detta kan ta sig uttryck på mångaolika sätt. I denna studie har 11 förundersökningsprotokoll och domar för sexuelltofredande online legat som grund till en kvalitativ studie som undersöker dickpicensom ett socialt fenomen i dagens digitaliserade samhälle. Genom en diskursanalys avmaterialet visar det sig i vilket syfte mannen skickat en oönskad dickpic men ävenvilka konsekvenser en bild på en erigerad penis kan ha på den drabbade. Dickpicenhar skickats i avsikt för att söka kontakt eller för att utöva makt, som sprunget ur denhegemoniska maskuliniteten. Den rådande stereotypa föreställningen om hurmannen är överordnad (aktiv) och kvinnan underordnad (passiv) lyser igenom idenna studie. Det finns en tydlig symbolik i de oönskade bilderna. Tillsammans meden hotfull retorik begränsar detta kvinnans livsutrymme i mångt och mycket. Dendigitaliserade onlinevärlden blir en ojämställd sfär där trakasserier inskränker påkvinnans yttrandefrihet och där mannen, med hot om sexuellt våld, tar det störstautrymmet.

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  • 124.
    Abrahamsson, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "...man har ju ett hum om artiklarna": En studie om hur socialsekreterare i fem kommuner förbereder sig för att Barnkonventionen blir lag 20202019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The primary purpose of the thesis is to investigate how social workers working in the social services are preparing for the incorporation of the United Nation Convention on the Rights of the Child (Children's Convention) into Swedish law with a focus on the child's participation. The secondary purpose is to investigate how social workers enable children of different ages to be given a voice in child welfare investigations.

    To fulfil the purpose, six social workers in five municipalities were interviewed. The empirical findings were thereafter analyzed on the basis of Shier's pathways to participation, from a developmental psychological perspective as well as previous research.

    The results of the study show that a majority of the interviewed social workers are not involved in the social services' preparatory work ahead of the incorporation of the Children's Convention into Swedish law. All interviewed social workers are positive about the Children's Convention becoming law, but some raised concerns that it may lead to a heavier administrative burden. Most believed that it is mainly other functions within the municipality that will be affected by the Children's Convention becoming law and that it in practice will not change their work to ensure the child's participation in child welfare investigations.

    The results also show that the lack of time and resources makes it difficult for the social workers to find sufficient amount of time to meet with the child during the childcare investigation, and several argue that all social workers do not always feel comfortable talking to children. Another aspect that is highlighted is the parents lack of knowledge about the Children's Convention and of the Social Services Act, resulting in planned support measures not being implemented.

  • 125. Abrahamsson, Christian
    et al.
    Palm, FredrikWide, SverreDalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Sociologik: Tio essäer om socialitet och tänkande2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    "Det sociala" tillhör de begrepp som samhällsvetenskapen utgår från men sällan känner något behov av att förklara. Ofta är socialiteten den samhällsvetenskapliga praktikens utgångspunkt och mål, men dess innebörd kan inte fastställas utan att överskrida gränserna till t.ex. filosofi, historia och religion. Kanske är avsaknaden av en kontinuerlig reflektion över det socialas innebörd rent av ett försvar av det samhällsvetenskapliga fältet. I denna bok diskuterar tio samhällsvetare och humanister det socialas betydelse från Immanuel Kant till Slavoj Zizek. Det handlar om tio sätt att tänka kring det sociala, om tio sociologiker. Detta skulle kunna tolkas som att det sociala är det objekt bokens olika bidrag behandlar ur respektive perspektiv. Men det kan också ges en snävare tolkning. Det verkliga objektet för undersökningarna blir då själva relationen mellan det sociala och vetandet. Med detta synsätt kan det sociala inte uppfattas som ett neutralt eller autonomt faktum utanför tänkandet. Snarare blir socialiteten något som framträder först i vetandets konkreta gränsdragningar och skillnadsskapanden. Denna bok är ett mångbottnat bidrag till diskussionen om vad samhället är och om möjligheterna att förändra det.

    Medverkande författare: Christian Abrahamsson, Magnus Fiskesjö, Maria Johansen, Per Magnus Johansson, Vessela Misheva, Gunnar Olsson, Fredrik Palm, Olli Pyyhtinen, Anders Ramsay och Sverre Wide

  • 126.
    Abrahamsson, Ella
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    En företagskultur i expansion: En kvalitativ fallstudie om att upprätthålla en startupkultur2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På dagens dynamiska och komplexa marknad har innovation framställts som en nödvändighet för en organisations överlevnad. Startups har framhållits som organisationer i framkant när det kommer till innovation. Vidare har kulturen i startups identifierats som en central byggsten i deras framgång, en kultur som utmanas när startups expanderar. I takt med att startupföretagen växer ökar de formella och strukturella inslagen i organisationen och de kulturella element som kännetecknar startupkulturen formaliseras för att gynna den förändrade strukturen. Syftet med studien var dels att undersöka hur medarbetare i en startuporganisation upplevde att företagskulturen påverkades i en expansionsfas, dels att undersöka vilka faktorer som kunde identifieras som värnande av företagskulturen. För att undersöka detta genomfördes en kvalitativ fallstudie, där data samlades in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer. Studien visade att fallorganisationens företagskultur karaktäriserades av en familjär känsla, vilken utmanades under organisationens expansion. Organisationen har genomgått strukturella förändringar. Utvecklingen av funktionsbaserade avdelningar, med specialiserade teams och nya positioner, utgjorde en av de huvudsakliga förändringarna följt av införandet av mellanchefer. Införandet av struktur och formalisering av kommunikation och samarbetsformer hade en negativ inverkan på medarbetarnas känsla av samhörighet till organisationen i sin helhet. De kulturella förändringarna kunde i stor utsträckning härledas till medarbetarantalets drastiska ökning under expansionen. Organisationens storlek hämmade medarbetarnas nära och vänskapliga relationer, vilket utmanade den familjära kulturen. Slutsatsen för studien visade att områden som rekrytering, värdegrundsarbete, ledarskap, onboarding, teamkultur, utvecklingsmöjligheter och relationsbyggande aktiviteter kan utgöra upprätthållande faktorer för kulturen i startups under expansion.

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  • 127.
    Abrahamsson, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Bjurström Hultin, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Vad är att vara maskulin?: En kvalitativ studie om hur unga män uttrycker psykisk ohälsa i förhållande till maskulinitetsnormer2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how young men express their mental ill-health and experience of masculine norms in the meeting with staff at the youth centres. The study also examines how the staff working at the youth centres experience the acceptance on this issues that affect young men's mental health and masculinity norms. The study examine that social constructions of masculinity create barriers for young men to express themselves verbally about mental ill-health, which results in alternate forms of expression. These alternative forms of expression are presented in this study such as self-medication, anxiety feelings, and exuberant actions. The study shows how masculine norms create penalties for how young men generally seek care later and then also generally feel inferior, which indicates the gender difference between young women and young men. The study results in knowledge about the problem for young men to express themselves verbally about feelings linked to masculine norms. The method used in this study is semi-structured interviews with informants in terms of staff among Swedish youth centres and Swedish centre for young men. Social constructivism and role theory have been used as a theoretical frame of reference to explain phenomena in our society that are considered natural and which in effect have different socialization processors for the creation of male norms (Wenneberg, 2000). The study findings draw attention to the complex problem of mental ill-health among young men, its consequences and which gaps of knowledge that needs to be filled.

  • 128.
    Abrahamsson, Emilia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Westerlund, Clara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    “Två saker är värre än allt annat. Det är om ditt barn dör eller om ditt barn blir omhändertaget av socialen”: En dokumentstudie avseende LVU-kampanjen2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    LVU-kampanjen beskrivs i media vara den största påverkanskampanj som någonsin träffat Sverige och uppges vara en av anledningarna till att landets terrorhotnivå höjdes från tre till fyra på den femgradiga skalan sommaren 2023. Vad handlar egentligen LVU-kampanjen om? Hur framställs den av media? I denna kvalitativa dokumentstudie är syftet att undersöka just detta samt hur regeringen och berörda myndigheter har bemött LVU-kampanjen. Studien ämnar även att undersöka vilka eventuella konsekvenser för Socialstyrelsen och socialtjänsten som media beskrivit förorsakats av LVU-kampanjen. För att undersöka detta utgår studien från nyhetsartiklar funna på internet. Det empiriska materialet utgörs således av 54 nyhetsartiklar och därtill har rapporter samt officiella dokument använts. Det empiriska materialet har analyserats genom kvalitativ innehållsanalys och studiens teori utgörs av gestaltningsteorin samt de teoretiska begreppen motstånd och social rörelse. LVU-kampanjen beskrivs handla om en form av ryktesspridning gällande att svensk socialtjänst omhändertar barn och i synnerhet muslimska barn utan några legitima grunder. Vidare beskrivs kampanjen ha fått stor nationell och internationell spridning med anledning av sociala medier, där personer enades kring frågan. Personer i andra länder, med miljontals följare på sociala medier spred denna så kallade desinformation, vilket nådde människor världen över. Studiens resultat visar att media har framställt en sammantagen bild av att porträttera och beskriva  LVU-kampanjen som en desinformationskampanj och bemötandet av kampanjen verkar, av de officiella dokumenten att läsa, till största del handla om hur desinformation ska motverkas. Avslutningsvis beskrivs LVU-kampanjen ha drabbat socialarbetare, vilka fått motta hot mot både sig själva och sina familjer. Dessutom beskrivs rädsla och minskad tillit till socialtjänsten vara en konsekvens av, men även orsak till, LVU-kampanjen, vilket drabbar barn som är i behov av stöd. Sammantaget är hot och våld gentemot socialarbetare samt en rädsla för socialtjänsten hos utsatta människor att betrakta som ytterst allvarliga konsekvenser för det sociala arbetets praktik.

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    Abrahamsson & Westerlund
  • 129.
    Abrahamsson, Erik
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Schagatay, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    A living based on breath-hold diving in the Bajau Laut2014In: Human Evolution, ISSN 0393-9375, Vol. 29, no 1-3, p. 171-183Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sea nomads or 'sea people,' namely the 'Bajau Laut' in the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia are skilled divers, and many Bajau Laut make a living from freediving. Men do most of the spearfishing, but women also dive, predominantly for gathering sea food. They start to dive at an early age and spend most days of their lives on and in the sea. Our objective was to study their diving and way of life, to reveal if modern humans have the physiological potential for making a living from breath-hold diving for fishing and gathering. Bajau Laut were visited for a total of nine months, during three periods from 2010-2013, in a combined physiological and social-Anthropological study. The diving physiology studies focused on a total of 10 male divers, whose working day diving while spearfishing was logged with time-depth loggers. One group of 5 divers were engaged in shallow (5-7 m) spearfishing with an underwater working time of 60%, when diving for 2-9 h. The other group of 5 divers went to a mean depth of 10 m and had an underwater working time of 50%, when diving for 3-9 h per day. During that time, between one and eight kilograms of coral fish, blow fish, moray eels and octopuses were caught, per diver. Seafood collected by the women included clams, crustaceans, sea weed and sea cucumbers. Life among the Bajau Laut was much like it was 25 years ago, although in some areas the fish stock is diminishing, making it necessary for the Bajau Laut to spend more time in the water to obtain the same quantity of fish. It was concluded that modern humans do possess the physiological qualities necessary for making a living from hunting-gathering via breath-hold diving.

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  • 130.
    Abrahamsson, Evelin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Ungdomsinflytande i Örnsköldsviks kommun: En tematisk analys om ungas möjlighet till ökat inflytande i Örnsköldsvik2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on three focus group interviews with minors living in Örnsköldsviks municipality. The aim is to investigate what minor individuals want to gain more influence in that concerns their citizenship rights. It also aims to investigate what obstacles there is in their surroundings that prevent them from influencing it. I have conducted semi-structured interviews with the focus groups. The theoretical framework consist of T.H Marshalls theories about citizenship, with the division of civil, political and social rights. Important theoretical conclusions from Tom Bottomore and Rut Lister theories about different group’s substantial opportunities to use their rights in their citizenship has also been used. The conclusion is that the minors living in Örnsköldsvik want to get more influence on their school, places to meet and the opportunity to create a culture place for them to practice music and other culture. The minors experience several obstacles to being able to gain real influence on their citizenship rights. Their young age was one explanation, but there are also laws and rules that prevent them from participating and gaining influenceof their rights in their citizenship

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    Evelin Abrahamsson
  • 131.
    Abrahamsson, Evonne
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Andersson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    "Unga män som bryter mönstret": "Young Men who Break the Standard"2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about the project Sharaf’s heroes, which aims to change - the attitudes of young men with roots in honour culture. A qualitative method has been used, with four interviews with men who work within the organization. The aim of the study has been to increase the understanding of how work against honour related violence and oppressions can be dealt with, in order to decrease it. The focus in this study lies on the young men's own view on and experiences of honour culture and their work with the project Sharaf’s heroes. Our issues are as follows: What are Sharaf’s heroes and what is the purpose of the project? Which methods are used in their work? Which problems and obstacles will it be with the work in the project and which result has the project given so far? What does an honour culture consist of and what kinds of problems does it cause? Which role has young men living in honour culture and how can they work in order to change it?

     

    Our result shows that the project’s purpose of the project is that it will work as an aid organization in order to prevent and to change attitudes. Additionally, it will function as a knowledge bank for different authorities when it comes to honour related violence. The main method in the project is the dialogue group, where the work starts from underneath through the young generation's men. The result that the project has given so far shows that when the dialogue between children and parents start, a process begins which leads to change the current prevailing attitudes. The problems with the work in the project are above all that there is a lack of cooperation within the authorities, and that authority’s knowledge about honour related problems is inadequate.

     

    Keywords; Honour, Young men’s role, Sharaf’s heroes, Honour related violence and oppression, Socialization, Familystructure.

     

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    FULLTEXT03
  • 132.
    Abrahamsson, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Alla är vi Charlie?: En diskursanalys av kampanjen #JeSuisCharlie på Twitter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen har haft som mål att skapa förståelse för hur hashtagkampanjen #JeSuisCharlie komatt användas på den sociala medieplattformen Twitter efter attacken mot satirtidskriften CharlieHebdo i Paris, den 7 januari 2015. Med kritisk diskursanalys som metod har vi sökt studera påvilka sätt vissa twittrare använde sig av kampanjen och hur de identifierade sig med Charlie.Charlie Hebdo kom för vissa twittrare att bli en symbol för det fria ordet, men det fanns även desom inte ville ställa sig bakom Charlie Hebdos budskap. Vi har därför också sökt analysera detavståndstagande som formulerades mot kampanjen bland vissa twittrare. Detta till följd av dereflektioner som uppstod över att så många valde att identifiera sig med en tidning som tidigarekritiserats för att vara islamofobisk. Analysen visar hur #JeSuisCharlie därmed kom att bli entvetydig och komplex symbol för yttrandefrihet, som också bidrog till att reproducerakonfliktlinjer mellan det demokratiska ”Väst” och de muslimska ”Andra”.

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  • 133.
    Abrahamsson, Hanna
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Mobbning: - en jämförelsemellan två arenor2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 134.
    Abrahamsson, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hjälp till hjälp: En kvalitativ studie om vägen till missbruksbehandling2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study has the qualitative research with the output of systems theory aimed to identify the individual abuser path to addiction treatment. Three semi-structured interviews have been conducted and subsequently analyzed.

    Addicts constitute a special category in the Social Services Act. In addition, it is to be found in the section of the law Chapter 3, 1 § (SFS 2001: 453) that the social outreach should make themselves familiar with the living conditions in the municipality. In addition, also provide information on social services in the municipality and through outreach activities and other means to promote conditions for good living conditions.

    Results have demonstrated that it is primarily the abuser's family members who support them to contact applicants as current treatment. The study has also revealed that although the addict in the first place not turned to social services, but turned to other instances.

    Respondents in the study all had individual agendas as applicable achieved abstinence. What, however, seemed significant among the participants has been a quest for better relationships with their family.

    Another of the study's conclusions is that social services should expand its dissemination of information to local residents about drug treatment are available and how the aid is designed.

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  • 135.
    Abrahamsson, Julia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Haraldsdotter, Hanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    “Det känns inte som att det är den första personen jag skulle gå till.”: En studie om gymnasieelevers uppfattning av skolkuratorers tillgänglighet.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 136.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Kön görs även i moderna organisationer2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, E-ISSN 2002-066X, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 3-10Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 137.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Lindberg, Jennie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Det krävs mer än mediciner: Betydelsen av samverkan och stödjande insatser kring personer som deltar i substitutionsbehandling för sitt opiatberoende2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Substitutionsbehandling är en vårdform som rekommenderas av Socialstyrelsen för personer med ett långvarigt opiatberoende. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur samverkan kring klienterna fungerade, samt vilka stödinsatser som kunde bli aktuella utifrån klinternas behov. Då substitutionsbehandling anses vara kontroversiellt, fanns även ett intresse av att undersöka de professionellas upplevelser av vårdformen. Studien bygger på kvalitativa intervjuer med yrkesverksamma (n=8) som i sina olika yrkesroller hade kontakt med klienterna. Resultatet analyserades utifrån systemteori, stämplingsteori och empowerment. Studiens huvudresultat visade att det förekom mycket samverkan kring klienterna och att det fanns flera stödinsatser tillgängliga för den enskilde. Inställningen till substitutionsbehandling var till övervägande del positiv och de främsta argumenten för vårdformen uppgavs vara de personliga vinsterna för klienterna. Slutsatsen är att det krävs mer än mediciner för att upprätthålla drogfrihet och klienternas sociala nätverk kan vara avgörande för en lyckad behandlingsprocess. Studiens resultat kan därmed bidra med kunskap om substitutionsbehandling.

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  • 138.
    Abrahamsson, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Grönlund, Mikaela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Att arbeta med oförenliga mål: En studie om vardagens etiska dilemman och målkonflikter på demensboenden, med särskilt fokus på äldreomsorgens nationella värdegrund2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Äldreomsorgens nationella värdegrund - ett vägledningsmaterial” gavs ut 2012 av Socialstyrelsen i syfte att implementera en gemensam värdegrund i verksamheterna så att äldreomsorgen ska kunna bidra till att äldre känner välbefinnande och ett värdigt liv. Denna studie redogör för etiska dilemman och målkonflikter som undersköterskor uppgett att de ställts inför i det dagliga arbetet på demensboenden, samt en redogörelse för vilka värdeord som ges mer prioritet än andra. Detta har undersökts genom kvalitativa, semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem undersköterskor. Intervjuerna har bearbetats med hjälp av tematisk analys samt tolkats i förhållande till tidigare forskning, det salutogena synsättet och KASAM, med begreppen begriplighet, hanterbarhet, meningsfullhet och makt. I vår studie fann vi etiska dilemman förknippade både med kollegor, anhöriga och brukare. Även bristande resurser kunde begränsa måluppfyllelsen och kvaliteten på omsorgen. Av de värdeord i värdegrunden som vi har fokuserat på så stod de vanligaste målkonflikterna mellan självbestämmandet och den fysiska tryggheten eller mellan självbestämmandet och den personliga integriteten. Målkonflikterna uppstod främst när brukaren vägrar vård, exempelvis när denne inte vill ha hjälp med ADL1 eller ta sina mediciner. Resultatet visar även på att informanterna värderar självbestämmandet högt och i särskilda fall kan de använda någon form av skyddsåtgärd eller annan tvingande åtgärd för att bevara brukarens hälsa. Dock så är det ingen av informanterna som kan tänka sig att tvinga eller lura i sin brukare mediciner. En värdefull aspekt som framkommer i studien är de förebyggande åtgärder och arbetssätt som undersköterskorna tar till för att “få brukarna med sig” så att brukarna tar rationella beslut, och därmed undviks målkonflikter.   

  • 139.
    Abrahamsson, Maria
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Röstén, Dorota
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Hälsa för lärande, lärande för hälsa: En studie om elevhälsans arbete för hälsa och välmående2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Student health consists of several professions that together build a team with several professions. The team works to promote students' mental and physical health. The goal for student health is that all participating professions work together to ensure that all students feel involved, valuable and motivated to achieve the official school goals. Depending on how well this teamwork operates, it can either be an enabling or hindering factor for the student's participation in school activities. This study aims to investigate how a student health team can best work to create the sense of context that the school requires both by law and its required values. The study is based on two popular science books about health and unhealthiness in school and a fiction book with a "case description" of two teenage girls from different psychosocial environments feeling mentally ill. The results of the study show that student health teams can function well as there is a clear structure and determination among all participating professions. Some issues the popular science books discussed were the need to focus on health promotion and to provide adequate time for the required preventive work. A further development of this study is recommended to gain an understanding of the individual thoughts in student health and thereby make a comparison with the study that we have done through our interpretation of the literature.

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  • 140.
    Abrahamsson, Matilda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Gustafsson, Karin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Internet - en plats där du inte behöver vara annorlunda: En kvalitativ internetstudie om personer med Asperger syndrom, om svårigheter och möjligheter som de möter genom samhällets konstruktion.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on a qualitative internet research about people with Asperger syndrome and their thoughts and opinions about the difficulties that occurs in the environment outside the home and their experiences of Internet. We have analyzed Internets social influences for those with Asperger syndrome, as a consequence of the difficulties that they meet in other environments. The constructed communities in the environment outside the home and the social interaction that occurs there is not adjusted for those with the diagnosis. This leads to difficulties to be there for those with Asperger syndrome. By doing a content analysis of the assembled data from a community site on the Internet, we found out that the environment on Internet is more comfortable for those with the diagnosis in several ways. A lot of people who earlier felt alone and excluded has thanks to the Internet been able to develop a healthy social life.

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  • 141.
    Abrahamsson, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    "Bara jag ser till att göra mitt jobb": En hermeneutisk studie i uppfattningar kring tomt arbete2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 142.
    Abrahamsson, Oliver
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Alkohol, idrott och tobak – ett triangeldrama: en studie av sambandet mellan idrotter, alkohol- och tobakskonsumtion.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka om det finns ett samband mellan vilken föreningsidrott man deltagit i som ungdom och alkohol- och tobaksvanor bland vuxna män. Studien ska även jämföra vid vilken ålder man gör alkohol- och tobaksdebut inom de olika idrotterna. Skiljer sig alkohol- och tobakskonsumtionen mellan vuxna män med bakgrund från olika idrotter? Vid vilken ålder alkohol- och tobaksdebuterar man inom olika idrotter? Vilken idrott bör man som ungdom delta i för att ha störst chans till hälsosamma alkohol- och tobaksvanor som vuxen man?

    Metod

    Mejl skickades ut till 4002 adresser kopplade till olika idrottsföreningar runt om i Sverige. I mejlet fanns en länk till en webenkät med tolv flersvarsfrågor. Föreningarna som kontaktades uppmanades att vidarebefordra länken till personer som varit eller är aktiva i föreningen som idrottare. Det var föreningar från 13 olika idrotter som kontaktades. För den lilla idrotten karting kontaktades också personer med kartingbakgrund via Facebook. Enkäten låg upp i cirka en månads tid. Under den tiden kom 352 svar in. Av dessa användes 295 i studien.

    Resultat

    Idrotterna som är med i studien är uppdelade efter fem grupper; fotboll, ishockey, karting, lagidrotter (handboll, innebandy och basket) samt individuella idrotter (simning, gymnastik, friidrott, tennis, bordtennis, motocross/enduro och golf). Det enda signifikanta resultatet i studien berör debutåldern för alkohol mellan idrotterna. De individuella idrotterna hade den högsta genomsnittliga debutåldern för alkohol med 16,3 år. Karting hade den näst högsta debutåldern med 15,8 år. Lagidrotterna hade en debutålder på 15,8 år och fotboll hade 15,6 år. Ishockeyn hade lägst debutålder för alkohol med 15,2 år.

    Slutsats

    Utifrån den här studien går inte att dra några signifikanta slutsatser om hur alkohol- och tobaksvanorna skiljer sig mellan vuxna män med bakgrund från olika idrotter. Genomsnittsåldern ligger mellan 15,2 och 16,3 år för alkoholdebuten. I lagidrotterna ishockey och fotboll sker den genomsnittliga debuten tidigast. Högst debutålder hade gruppen med de individuella idrottarna. Bristen på signifikanta resultat gör att det inte går att svara på frågan om vilken idrott som leder till hälsosammast alkohol- och tobaksvanor i vuxen ålder.

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  • 143.
    Abrahamsson, Oliver
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Engströms praktiker i praktiken: en studie om gymnasieelevers praktiktillhörighet utifrån Lars-Magnus Engströms teorier.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The purpose of this study is to research and map Swedish secondary school students’ taste for sports (practice belonging) based on Lars-Magnus Engström’s practice division. The purpose is also to explore how gender, participation in organized sports and socioeconomic capital might be related to practice belonging. The study will also explore what type of learning the different practices contributes to. – How is the practice belonging among Swedish secondary school students? – Is there a relationship between practice belonging and learning?

    Method

    A survey was conducted on 270 Swedish secondary school students. The students went to three different schools, all located in the Stockholm suburbs. The results were analyzed in SPSS and significance levels were tried through Pearson’s Chi-Square test. The study’s theoretical base consisted of Bourdieu’s concept of habitus, Vygotsky’s sociocultural learning theory as well as Hirdman’s and Fagrell’s rendering of the gender system. 

    Results

    Challenge, physical training as well as competition and ranking were practices who most felt a strong belonging to. Skill training was a practice that boys to a larger extent than girls belonged to and movement to music was a practice that girls in a larger extent than boys belonged to. The students who had a higher grade in PE felt a strong practice belonging to all practices but movement to music as well as interaction with animals. There were no significant results between economic capital and practice belonging. Those with a high or semi-high educational capital felt a strong practice belonging for all practices but movement to music, interaction with animals and competition and ranking. The students who were participating in organized sports felt a stronger belonging to all performance practices as well as physical training and skill training than those who weren’t participating in organized sports. The results in the comparison between practice belonging and learning showed that those with strong practice belonging to a greater extent agreed with the assertions connected to the practice’s learning.

    Conclusions

    There seems to be differences in practice belonging depending on which gender one belongs to. One’s practice belonging can also differ depending on educational capital and participation in organized sports. It seems to be some practices that to a greater extent lead to a higher grade in PE. The results also indicate that there is learning within each practice.

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  • 144.
    Abrahamsson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Liljemark, Sandra
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Socialt arbete i skolan: En kvalitativ enkätstudie utifrån ungdomars upplevelser och behov2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ÖREBRO UNIVERSITY

    Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences Programme in social care oriented towards social pedagogy C-essay, Social Work, 41-60 p

    Autumn term 2005 Social Work in School A qualitative study influenced by youths experiences and needs.

    Authors: Pernilla Abrahamsson & Sandra Liljemark

    Tutor: Marianne Freyne-Lindhagen

    Abstract

    The aim with this study is to investigate young adult´s experiences and need of social work in school, and a qualitative method was used to take part of their experiences. Groupquestionnaires with open questions was formed and three year one classes in uppersecondary school participated. In the process of making the questions a testquestionnaire was tested with one of the three classes as particpants. Information has also been collected throug an interview over the phone with the school´s welfare officer, and the school´s policy dokuments have been read. Social work in schools is mentioned in the study as preventive measures with youths when it comes to bullying, alcohol, drugs, sex and coexistance and tobacco. The concept youths include individuals born in 1989 and the year they was born was chosen in the study instead of a specific age to include youths who are not yet sixteen and to exclude the ones who are born earlier. The main questions are: What kind of experiences do yoths have of social work in school? What kind of need do youths have of social work in school? The result show the respondents experiences and needs of social work in school throug quotation and the answers. The result is also illustrated throug two diagrams which show the questionnaires frequence of answer. There is a need of social work in the uppersecondary school, and the need of it is not more then what the school today can offer. The respondents had the oppotunity to freely be able to express their opinion of social work in school, but the result shows that the youths who participated do not have the interest to give their opinion in the subject. This emerge throug answers with few words and a high frequence of “don´t know”-answers in many of the questions in the questionnaire. The analysis and discussion in this study opens up for new questions that can be used as further research. Key words: social work in school, youths

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  • 145.
    Abrahamsson, Sanne
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Socialtjänsten och mödrahälsovårdens arbete och samarbete kring gravida risk- och/eller missbrukare2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with my study is to highlight, illuminate and examine the social and maternal health care motivational work of pregnant women with a risk or abuse of alcohol and / or drugs, and what actions can be considered for these women. In addition, the aim is to explore how social services and maternity care might interact in this type of case. The aim is to convey the subjective experience of each of the interviewees. For the purposes of this study, I have chosen to use the qualitative research method. I have interviewed social workers in individual and family care, and midwives. Study interview results show that pregnant misusers priority for both maternity care and social services. By the AUDIT, conducted by the maternal health care, shows that the woman has a risk and / or abuse woman offered a variety of activities that may be in the form of talks, drug testing and treatment. Cooperation is the key to success in this motivational work, and it's mainly collaboration between social services, maternal health and child health care. Cooperation seems to work fine, but could be improved with more time and more staff.

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    C-uppsats
  • 146.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    A defense of waste: the case of municipal food recycling in Sweden2023In: Environmental Sociology, ISSN 2325-1042, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 107-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is an empirical analysis of food waste management and food recycling in Sweden. Currently, across Sweden, attempts are being made to achieve a circular economy whereby food wastes are transformed into resources. Food waste is used to produce biogas and bio fertilizer, and the enactment of food waste as a resource turns the waste into a raw material over which waste management organizations compete. Against this backdrop, the article interferes with research in ‘waste studies’ that highlight transformation of waste into something valuable, and proposes instead to ‘defend’ waste against the CE. The paper contributes to ‘waste studies’ and research on the circular economy by cautioning about the risks involved both in the establishment of a circular economy, and the treatment of waste as valuable. The empirical material used draws on a research project in which interviews were carried out with ‘waste workers’ in Swedish waste management organizations.

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  • 147.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    An actor network analysis of constipation and agency:: Shit happens2014In: Subjectivity, ISSN 1755-6341, E-ISSN 1755-635X, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 111-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As of late, claims have been made in social and political theory that agency is neither a property of subjects nor of objects, but is instead an emergent effect of constellations or assemblages – that agency takes place ‘between’ various things. The question that follows is how to then account for what happens and what to make of the ‘betweenness’ of agency. The answer offered by this article is to trace and situate agency empirically through practices. Exploring the happening and non-happening of a particular object – shit – I show that for things to happen, a lot of work has to be done. By evoking three examples of constipated bodies, I show that while the work that has to be done is different, and that the actors involved are diverse, agency is located in practices.

  • 148.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Compost politics:: experimenting with togetherness in vermicomposting2014In: Environmental Humanities, E-ISSN 2201-1919, no 1, p. 125-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Emerging from the question of how to live together with our planet, more-than-human approaches to interspecies relations have often presented ‘cozy’ versions of conviviality (Whatmore 2002; Haraway 2008; Hinchliffe 2010). This was usually set against a (supposedly) exclusionary politics of nature, in a move that betrayed a still largely humanist ethics. From the focus on friendly companions, to the attention to practices of care or living-together, the notion of companion species and their entanglements with humans has been polarized towards a pleasant and ‘nice’ version of coexistence. But, dealing with composting, it becomes clear that relations with the environment are never so neat and clean. What are, then, the modes of being together with the ‘dirty’ side of the ‘green’? What practices emerge at the mundane interstices of the ‘big picture’ of a functional ecology? Wasting, eating, rotting, consuming, transforming and becoming-with are brought together in a variety of ways in practices of composting-with earthworms. Reporting on our own and others' attempts to ‘live-together’ with earthworms, this paper tracks the non-relations and asymmetries of the transformations of more-than-human materialities inside (and outside) domestic composting bins. We argue that the example of living-together with dung earthworms sheds light on the interplays between attachment and detachment (Candea 2010), shifting the notion of conviviality from a green and comfortable ‘democratic collective’ (Latour 2004) to a messy, yet constantly productive and on-going coexistence.

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  • 149.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Cooking, eating and digesting:: Notes on the emergent normativities of food and speeds2014In: Time & Society, ISSN 0961-463X, E-ISSN 1461-7463, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 287-308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses conflicting versions of speed and temporal work that are involved in engaging with food. The dominant discourses around fast and slow food are challenged and extended by juxtaposing three kinds of food-related activities: cooking, eating, and digesting. Drawing on a wide range of empirical and theoretical examples and dietary advice, I illustrate how modes of engaging with foods also produce and come with specific “goods” and “bads.” Problematizing these normativities, I use the Swedish word ‘lagom’ to denote a temporal and spatial normativity that is always located in a specific situation.

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  • 150.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Empiricist interventions:: Strategy and tactics on the ontopolitical battlefield2012In: Science & Technology Studies, E-ISSN 2243-4690, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 52-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent papers by prominent scholars in science and technology studies (notably John Law and Bruno Latour) have crystallized a fundamental disagreement about the scope and purpose of intervention in actor-network theory or what we here choose to bracket as empirical philosophy. While the precept of agnostic description is taken as a given, the desired eff ects of such descriptions are highly debated: Is the goal to interfere with the singularity of the real through the enactment of multiple and possibly confl icting ontologies? Or is it (also) to craft new and comprehensive common worlds supported by notions of due process and parliamentary procedure? In this paper we think about this disagreement as a question of research strategy (a normative discord about the desirable outcome of an intervention) in order to assess its implications for research tactics (a descriptive accord about the practical crafting of an adequate account). A key point here is to challenge the impermeability of such a division and show how the strategic dispute, if to be taken seriously, invariably spills over to swamp the level of tactics. To illustrate this point, we draw upon materials from our recent doctoral research projects and to facilitate the discussion we make two deliberate caricatures: Firstly, we operate with a simplifi ed history of actor-network theory in which a strategy of epistemological critique has been replaced by two contending agendas for ontological intervention. Secondly, we address these two contending agendas as distinct options which map on to the positions of our two main interlocutors. In doing so, it becomes possible to compare their respective tactical implications as we work through two examples of what might constitute an empiricist intervention.

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