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  • 101.
    Bleckman, Christian
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Maktdynamiker, rationalitet och planeringsföreställningar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen antar en kritisk ansats med ambitionen att synliggöra maktförhållanden som formar den offentliga planeringen. I uppsatsen konstrueras en kritisk-teoretisk modell som beskriver hur simultant interna/implicita och externa/explicita ’maktdynamiker’ kopplat till ’rationalitet’ opererar genom ’planeringsföreställningar’. Den kritisk-teoretiska modellen förenar två forskningsfält; ’planeringsföreställningar’ och ’rationalitet-makt-relationer’ i syfte att analysera hur ’maktdynamiker’ opererar inom offentlig planering.

    ’Maktdynamiker’ beskriver övergripande nätverk av makt som yttrar sig på olika skalnivåer genom att individer och grupper ansluter sig till dem. Maktdynamiker är överlappande, motstridiga, beständiga och föränderliga maktstrukturer. Subjektets agerande är involverat i maktdynamiker som både påverkar och påverkas av agerandet och producerar samhälleliga effekter. ’Rationalitet-makt-relationer’ exemplifieras bland annat av kunskapsanspråk, sanningsanspråk, legitimering av processer och politisk koncensus som stabiliserar maktrelationer. Rationalitet-makt-relationer kan både medvetet och omedvetet maskera prioriteringar och maktutövande som ’självklarheter’ vilket gör att de sällan är föremål för öppna konflikter. Trots det har rationalitet-makt-relationer stor betydelse inom demokratiska organisationer och planering. ’Planeringsföreställningar’ utgör planeringens idémässiga förutsättningar och analyseras som det sätt den offentliga planeringen föreställt möjligheten att styra stadsutvecklingen. Sådana föreställningar utgör planeringens möjligheter och begränsningar samtidigt som föreställningarna påverkas av försöken att planera. Planeringsföreställningar härleds till rationalitet utifrån en grundläggande uppfattning om att planering syftar till att styra och påverka samhällsutvecklingen med hjälp av förnuftet – vilket i sig är en rationalitet-makt-relation oavsett problemformulering och övrigt innehåll. Sammantaget beskriver uppsatsens kritisk-teoretiska modell planeringens och rationalitetens omedelbara relation varandra och till makt.

    Analysen involveras i de rationalitet-makt-relationer som formar den offentliga översiktsplaneringen där en exemplifierande fallstudie utgör uppsatsens empiriska kontext. Fallet är intressant dels eftersom lagen ger stora friheter i hur översiktsplanering används. Friheten kan innebära att planeringsföreställningar hos nyckelaktörer inom översiktsplaneringen får stort inflytande över översiktsplaneringens form och innehåll. Analysen visar inte bara hur planeringsföreställningar varierar mellan individer utifrån ambivalensen i och med det tillsynes omöjliga uppdraget att ordna samhället med förnuftet. Planeringsföreställningar kan också variera beroende på vilka övergripande maktdynamiker de relateras till. Analysen är en successivt framvuxen konstruktion av tre ’kritiska belysningar’ där planeringsföreställningar analyseras i förhållande till ’den egna organisationen’, ’marknaden’ respektive ’medborgare’ (samtliga i obestämd, dynamisk och multipel ’form’). I relation till medborgare, politik och andra förvaltningar framhålls planeringssubjektet som autonomt och översiktsplanen legitimeras som ett ’kunskapsanspråk’ eller ’sanningsanspråk’ om stadens utveckling. Rationaliteter i förhållande till dessa föreställningar lägger fokus på bostadsproduktionen och att processerna ska kunna fortgå. Andra förvaltningar ska följa översiktsplanen och medborgare ska få en förståelse för att staden växer. I förhållande till marknaden är föreställningar om möjligheten att styra stadsutvecklingen mer flexibla och anpassningsbenägna då marknaden ses som den ’sanning’ planeringen har att förhålla sig till. Marknadens ’realism’ ska implementeras också för att stärka översiktsplanens ställning. På det sättet beskrivs hur översiktsplaneringen upprätthåller och stabiliserar maktförhållanden utifrån rationalitet-makt-relationer till förmån för bostadsproduktionen.

  • 102.
    Blom, Martina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Landstedt, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Granskning av 3D-printingens möjligheter vid utformning av byggnader2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: There is today limitations of what is possible to design and in fact produce.

    In industrial construction the focus is on standardization which impedes an individual

    design form, which can be considered an architectural quality. The potential of 3Dprinting

    is growing, which is benefitting design freedom.

    The goal was to evaluate how 3D-printing in Sweden today could increase architects

    possibilities at the design process and be production adapted.

    Method: In a case study at Tengbom in Jönköping, interviews were included with three

    architects. In addition, a literature review, a telephone interview and a focus group

    interview formed the basis of the collected material. As an initial phase, a focus group

    interview was conducted, which resulted in the actors’ opinions about 3D-printing. The

    architect interviews contributed with high credibility regarding architectural qualities,

    which together with the other collection methods gave answers to the studies questions.

    Findings: The study shows that it is possible to print building components in Sweden.

    However it is not possible, with 3D-printing, to produce entire buildings. It can be

    shown that there are obstacles for the introduction of the technology, such as economy,

    Swedish laws and lack of knowledge. These should be reviewed to allow 3D-printing

    as a manufacturing method. With Rapid Ornament Production larger architectural

    qualities will conduce to, where 3D-printing allows unique solutions. Solutions no other

    technology can achieve.

    Implications: Customized and varied buildings can be achieved thanks to 3D-printing.

    Building components such as light weight walls, ornaments and details can be produced

    in Sweden today. One advantage of 3D-printing as a technology, is that it provides

    greater freedom between design and production. For further development of 3Dprinting

    a greater knowledge is recommended for industry stakeholders, regarding the

    drawing tools as well as the 3D-printing technology.

    Limitations: The result is applicable to architects, working at architectural offices

    similar to Tengbom in Jönköping. There have not been deeper studies regarding of

    printing technologies, finances, materials, time or law. A case study as research strategy

    entails an interpretation of the opinions, which limits the generalization of the results.

    Keywords: 3D-printing, design, production, architectural qualities, possibilities,

    limitations, industrial construction.

  • 103.
    Blomberg, Harriet
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Pettersson, Anders
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Linnéuniversitetets järnvägsstation: Ett utformningsförslag2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien i rapporten sammanställs i ett utformningsförslag till Linnéuniversitetets järnvägsstation.Stationen är dimensionerad efter 35 sittande, väntande resenärer. Materialen är till sörsta del träoch glas.Utformningen visualiceras med en modell i trä, 2d ritningar i cad och 3d modell i googlesketchup.Förslaget går i modernismens teorier med avskalad och geometrisk enkel arkitektur. Det har enöppen planlösning med många funktioner.

  • 104.
    Boberg, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
    Opera i Stockholm, Galärvarvet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Opera på Galärvarvet i Stockholm. Byggnaden är uppdelad i segment vars höjd bestämms av underliggande funktion. Fasadmaterialet är kopparplåt.

  • 105.
    Bodin Danielsson, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. The Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden.
    Aesthetics Versus Function in Office Architecture: Employees' Perception of the Workplace2015In: Nordic Journal of Architectural Research, ISSN 1236-6064, E-ISSN 1893-5281, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 11-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the influence of the aesthetic and functional dimensions of architecture on office employees’ perceptions of their own workplace and organization. It is motivated by the lack of architectural research on employees’ identification with, and emotions related to, workplaces and organizations. Hereby potentially important insights have the chance to emerge that otherwise would not do so.

    An explorative approach is taken to investigate the ways that: 1) type of office, 2) different dimensions of architecture, and 3) architectural quality play in influencing employees’ perceptions of their workplaces and organizations. The sample consists of nineteen in-depth interviews with employees working in different types of offices and employed by varying organizations of different sizes.

    Results show that employee’s office category has several impacts, e.g. if the employee’s workplace focus is on work itself, the social life among employees, or the physical environment at work. When workplace focus is on the physical environment, the employees emphasize the aesthetic more than functional dimensions of the space, which are only in focus when the proximate work environment is discussed. Most importantly, the aesthetic dimensions appear to influence both the employee’s perception of their workplace and the organization as a whole.

  • 106.
    Bodin Danielsson, Christina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Office Experiences2008In: Product Experience / [ed] H. Schifferstein, Elservier , 2008, p. 605-628Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the individual office employee’s experience of the physical office environment; its influence on the individual employee and in the prolongation on the organization to which the employee belongs. Since most organizations and businesses operate in a physical environment and the physical office environment sets the conditions for the activities performed, its impact should be recognized. The office experience has an impact through its functional, social, and symbolic implications on interaction and cooperation among employees; thus office experiences are fundamental at both an individual and an organizational level. Research on how the work environment influences employees is found in numerous fields such as architecture, organizational and management theory, social and stress medicine, as well as environmental and social psychology. Although this chapter touches upon all those fields, its focus is on the interior experience of office environments among employees. The aim is to discuss how the office environments influence employees, with an interdisciplinary approach to the subject. The special focus is on the part of the research presented in it that investigates the influence on employees’ office experience by different office types. When comparing the employees’ experiences of different office environments it is important to use the variety of office types that exists in office design today, instead of only comparing a vaguely defined open plan office to a single room office. According to the research, the architectural and functional features that define the existing office types have a great impact on office employees in different respects, such as employees’ health status, job satisfaction, and office experiences. Therefore, this chapter discusses how research results can be used in the professional practice of office design.

  • 107.
    Bodin Danielsson, Christina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    The Office - An Explorative Study: Architectural Design's Impact on Health, Job Satisfaction & Well-being2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This doctoral thesis examines the office environment’s influence on employees’ perception oftheir workplaces, their organizations and their job satisfaction, as well as their health and wellbeing.It is based on an empirical study of 491 office employees from twenty-six companies anddivisions in large companies. Seven office types, defined by their architectural and functionalfeatures, are represented in the study group: cell-office, shared-room office, small open planoffice, medium-sized open plan office, large open plan office, flex-office and combi-office. Theresearch has its basis in architecture, although an interdisciplinary approach using organizationaland management theory, environmental psychology, and social and stress medicine has beenemployed. Qualitative (Articles I & V) and quantitative methods(Articles II & IV) were used.The thesis also contains an explorative, review article. Thus it comprises all in all five articles.Article I is an analysis of the importance of architectural quality for employees´ perceptionand experience of the office using Lynch’s method (1960) developed to measure inhabitants’perception of architectural quality in cities. The study shows that in the office the experienceto a high degree is independent of both the scale of the office and office type; instead it isdetermined by the quality of the plan layout combined with the quality of other design features.It also shows Lynch’s method to be useful in foreseeing where the elements that reinforce‘imageability’ will most likely appear in an office environment.Article II investigates employees’ environmental satisfaction focusing on:1) ambient factors; 2) noise and privacy; and 3) design-related factors. The results, based onregression models with age, gender, job rank and line of business as additional covariates,show office type as a factor with a statistically significant impact on satisfaction with the officeenvironment. Employees in cell-offices are prominently most satisfied, followed by those inflex-offices, cell-offices rate low only on social aspects of design-related factors. A major findingis the internal differences between office types where employees share workspace and facilitieswith lowest satisfaction in medium-sized and large open plan offices.Article III is a review article that analyzes the employees’ office experiences in two ways:1) by framing the physical work environment’s influence on employees into the model oforganizational theorist Davis (1994); and 2) by categorizing the office experience into twogroups based on the nature of the experience and problems related to them. The results of theemperical study presented in Article II are the basis for the discussion in this article.Article IV examines employees’ health, well-being and job satisfaction. A multivariateanalysis applied to the study sample and equivalent to that of Article II shows significantly higherrisks for ill health and poor well-being in medium-sized and small open plan offices, comparedespecially with cell-office. In medium-sized open plan and combi-offices the employees evincethe lowest job satisfaction. The best chance for good health status and job satisfaction is in cellofficesand flex-offices.Article V examines the office architecture´s importance for employees’ perception of theirown workplaces and organizations based on the two key components of architecture—theaesthetical and functional dimensions. The results show that overall the employees had positiveexperiences of their office environments. These mainly concerned the aesthetical dimension,whereas the negative comments dealt with the functional dimension. The aesthetical dimensionappears not only to set the agenda for employees’ perception of the workplace and organizationas a whole, but also for the perception of the functional dimensions. The functional dimensionswere only in focus when the workstation and its proximate area were discussed.

  • 108.
    Bodin Danielsson, Christina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Bodin, Lennart
    Office-type in Relation to Health, Well-being and Job Satisfaction Among Employees2008In: Environment and Behavior, ISSN 0013-9165, E-ISSN 1552-390X, Vol. 40, p. 636-668Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the hypothesis that office type has an influence on workers’ health status and job satisfaction and 469 employees in seven different types, defined by their unique setup of architectural and functional features, have rated their health status and job satisfaction. Multivariate regression models were used for analysis of these outcomes, with adjustment for age, gender, job rank, and line of business. Both health status and job satisfaction differed between the seven office types. Lowest health status was found in medium-sized and small open plan offices. Best health was among employees in cell offices and flex offices. Workers in these types of offices and in shared room offices also rated the highest job satisfaction. Lowest job satisfaction was in combi offices, followed by medium-sized open plan offices. The differences between employees could possibly be ascribed to variations in architectural and functional features of the office types.

  • 109.
    Bogholt, Josefine
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Hemma i staden - bostad för äldre i Sundbyberg2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hemma i staden - bostad för äldre i Sundbyberg. Bostad i centrala i Sundbyberg. utgångspunkt från trygghetsbosteden. De äldre har en egen lägenhet med tillgång till gemensammarum. De gemensammarummen delas med det offentliga och de boende i huset vilket knyter staden och bostaden samman.

  • 110.
    Bolinder, Sofia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Korpen i Tantolunden: breddidrott på höjden2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 111.
    Bonnevier, Katarina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Critical Studies in Architecture.
    Behind Straight Curtains: Towards a queer feminist theory of architecture2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents theatrical queer feminist interpretations of architecture staged within a series of architectural scenes: architect Eileen Gray’s building E.1027 in the south of France (1926-29); author Natalie Barney’s literary salon at 20 rue Jacob, Paris (1909-1968); and author Selma Lagerlöf’s former home and memorial estate Mårbacka, situated in mid-west Sweden and transformed between 1919 and 1923. Interpreted as queer performative acts, or enactments of architecture, these cases bring into play the interconnectedness of material container, the setting, the deeds and the actors. A broad aim of the thesis is to explore the role played by architecture in the social and cultural constructions of bodies, in particular in relation to gender and sexuality. Architecture is investigated as one of the subjectivating norms that constitute gender performativity. The thesis is thus not only about but also operates through enactment. It masquerades as a series of lectures written in the form of scripted drama. The aim of this formal experiment is not only to explicate and critique from a detached perspective but also to represent architecture in the process of being enacted. Architecture is investigated not only as a theoretical metaphor but also as a concrete material practice always entangled with subject positions. With this exploration into the queerness and the theatricality of architecture, Behind Straight Curtains seeks to affect both the analysis and enactment of architecture and contribute to an architectural shift towards a built environment that does not simply repeat repressive structures but attempts to resist discrimination and dismantle hierarchies.

  • 112.
    Borg, Marcus
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Bostadsbrist trots ökat bostadsbyggande, om ansvar och behov: En fallstudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det råder bostadsbrist i Sverige, trots att det återigen byggs bostäder i högt tempo. Flera orsaker kan förklara den stora bostadsbristen. Sveriges befolkning har ökat med 25% den senaste årtionden, delvis till följd av ökad invandring. Samtidigt pågår en fortsatt urbanisering som ökar trycket på bostäder i storstadsregionerna. Miljonprogrammet ledde till moderna bostäder under 1960-1970-talet, men i början av 1990-talet var bostadsmarknaden mättad. När befolkningen idag återigen ökar saknas det bostäder. I Sverige är det en generell bostadspolitik som varit och är dominerande, vilken bygger på socialistiska grunder där alla skulle ha rätt till bostäder med hög standard. Den bostadspolitiska modellen har sedan 1980-talet utmanats och influerats av nyliberala tankegångar. Den generella bostadspolitiken och nyliberalism står till viss del i motsats till varandra och det är därför av intresse att undersöka hur kommuner och bostadsbolag förhåller sig till det bostadsförsörjningsansvar som lagstiftningen beslutat om. Det kan ge en ökad förståelse för hur det kommunala bostadsförsörjningsansvaret tillämpas.

     

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka Stockholms stads kommunala bostadsförsörjningsansvar i förhållande till bostadsmarknadens behov och den rådande bostadsbristen. Syftet är vidare att förstå bostadsbristens problematik ur den historiska kontexten och samtidens nyliberala influenser. Det har gjorts genom en kvalitativ fallstudie där Stockholms stads bostadsförsörjningsprogram tillsammans med deras kommunala bostadsföretag har studerats för att se hur de omsätter sitt ansvar i praktiken för att möta behovet på bostäder.

     

    Studien visar på att det finns ett visst glapp mellan lagstiftningens intention och Stockholms stads tillämpning. Det delvis på grund av den svängning som skett i svensk bostadspolitik med nyliberala influenser. Tillika har inte behovet av bostäder tillgodosetts på ett tillfredställande vis, något som pekar på att svensk bostadspolitik behöver förändras. Ur resultatet framgår att Stockholms stad i sitt bostadsförsörjningsprogram och deras kommunala bostadsbolag lägger stort ansvar på privata aktörer för att tillgodose bostadsbehovet. Studien visar på att behovet på bostäder inte tillgodosetts och då i synnerhet inte segmentet i bostadsstocken där studien visar att behovet är som störst. 

  • 113. Borgogni, Francesco
    et al.
    Calvano, Michele
    Moscati, Annika
    Sapienza University of Rome.
    The dome of Saint Yves at La Sapienza in Rome: Digital modelling as method of knowledge2012In: Proceedings of the First International Congress Domes in the World, Florence, March 19 - 23, 2012, Florence: TecnoConference , 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The work presented here was developed as a major training activity of the Seminar of Urban Survey by the students of the XXVIII and XXIV cycle doctorate in Science and the Representation of Survey. Survey is the main tool to understand an architectural work and the several features that rule its spatial concept. The architectural complex of Saint Yves at La Sapienza, original place where was based the University of Rome, is full of interesting information to be learned. The building was designed by Francesco Borromini and implemented in the second half of XVII Century: its shape is characterized by a strong centralization, which is the result of the plan design. The plan of the building was born from the composition and interaction of different geometrical shapes, like the circle, the triangle and the hexagon. These shapes are all pivoting around a strong center but creating a complex weave of lines and curves around it. Centrality is enhanced by the giant coupled responds forming six huge pillars joined by the projecting cornice, directly leaned on the Corinthian capitals of the aforementioned columns. The last fillet of the cornice highlights in silhouette the strong intention of the designer, expressed by the multi-curved shape at the base of the dome. Finally we reach the sky at the top of the dome, where shapes melt in the light coming out of the big windows: here moldings are the only elements which keep together the big vertical columns rising from the ground and disappearing in the shadow. The base of the dome gets together the complexity of architectural elements below, reducing it, as the eye rises to the top, to the simplicity of the circle at the base of the skylight turret. This spatial concept, which is like inviting to look up to the “starry sky of the dome”, expresses itself also outside the building through the geometrical concept of the skylight turret. The turret is set up on a circle at the base and rises up following an helicoidal trend, being decorated continuously from the base to the flamed crown at the top. The completion of the turret is represented by a spherical element, probably symbolizing the Globe, suspended above the flames, which are symbolizing the Christian Charity operated by Saint Yves and embodied by the Pope. The entire complex is crowned by the more explicit symbol of the Christian tradition which is placed next to the sky: the Cross. In the architectural complex of Saint Yves, every decoration lives on its own, but its position respect to the whole building enhances its symbolic value, more than the simple decorative one. The virtual reconstruction, both in a bi-dimensional and tri-dimensional way, of the building of Saint Yves at La Sapienza, has been carried out only through a complex integrated survey methodology, made with long-range 3D laser scanners and high-resolution cameras. After some preliminary elaborations of the data resulting from the survey, like organizing and selecting all the points scanned, it has been possible starting the effective virtual reconstruction. Through the analysis of survey data and the selection of appropriate projection planes, horizontal and vertical sections of the model have been extracted to better understand the geometrical concept. This allowed a critical interpretation of the architectural complex, understanding even the most complex shapes and reducing them to simpler ones. From a practical point of view, the tri-dimensional reconstruction has been executed through an hybrid process, melting the geometrical precision of NURBS surfaces, concerning the architectural aspects, and the adaptability of polygonal modeling applied to the organic shapes of the decorations. This methodology allowed to deeply understand the articulated geometrical solutions designed by Borromini, representing a base for further analysis and studies on these issues.

  • 114.
    Borseman, Henrietta
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Samband: Ett hem för äldre i Tollare2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med mitt examensarbete är att undersöka och utnyttja de positiva aspekterna av att bo tillsammans till att skapa en varierande och stimulerande och samtidigt trygg, tillgänglig och hemtrevlig miljö. En av grundidéerna har varit att föra in andra program i det särskilda boendet såsom förskola och trygghetsboende, för att skapa många olika typer av mötesplatser, både inom den enskilda målgruppen, för anhöriga och över generationsgränserna. Det ger unika möjligheter för de olika generationerna och bidrar till att låta de äldre vara fortsatt integrerade i samhället och uppleva en meningsfull vardag även om man skulle ha det svårare att ta sig ut på egen hand.

  • 115.
    Borén, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Platser i Praktiken och Social Hållbarhet: Hökarängen och andra små centrumbildningar i fokus2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Stadsbyggnad och samhällsplanering är som framgår av förordet inget neutralt område utan en praktik och ett kunskapsområde med stora implikationer för människors vardagsliv liksom för samhället i stort. Det handlar om att få platser att fungera bra för dem som bor, arbetar eller på annat sätt är involverade i platsen, och där i samman­hanget ’fungera’ avser hela skalan från individens möjligheter till självförverkligande, till det för staden och samhället gemensamma bästa.

    Över tid förändrar sig förutsättningarna och platser som en gång formgivits i samklang med sin tid behöver i stadsbyggnadens och samhällsplaneringens praktik omtolkas och ges nya innebörder för att kunna leva upp till den nya tidens krav, utan att för den skull ge avkall på grundläggande överenskommelser i samhällskontraktet. Platser i praktiken kommer då att handla om social hållbarhet och om vilken typ av stad vi vill ha i vilken typ av samhälle. En komponent i detta handlar om livskraften i det lokala offentliga rummet och de villkor som gäller där oavsett om detta är beläget i stadens centrum eller i något av stadens ytterområden, där mycket av stadens liv levs. Det är detta lokala offentliga rum som den här rapporten ämnar bidra till att belysa.

  • 116.
    Boström, Annika
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Opera i Stockholm, Värtahamnen2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 117.
    Botta, Marina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Towards sustainable renovation: three research projects2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this dissertation is on existing housing areas: in industrialised western countries, in 2005, the number of existing buildings that are taken care of, maintained, repaired, renovated or restructured for other functions is higher than the number of buildings that are (new) built.

    This is a review dissertation, based on empirical material and further reflections from previous research projects dealing with Swedish housing renovation: private-owned old single-family housing areas and large housing areas from the 1950s, 60s and 70s, mainly owned by housing companies.

    The concepts of careful renovation, environmentally-friendly renovation and sustainable renovation are analysed as different approaches to housing renovation. The aim is to present an interpretation of sustainable renovation that includes the goals both of careful renovation and of environmentally-friendly renovation as necessary components of sustainable development.

    This dissertation identifies and analyses the main issues that may be faced during renovation and that have a relevant impact on the environment, the architecture or the inhabitants, and describes the renovation actions that have been used in the studied projects.

    It concludes with reflections about positive results, incongruities and challenges that may be found in projects of sustainable renovation.

  • 118.
    Boyea Ljung, Alexander
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Opera i Stockholm, Frihamnen2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 119.
    Brandt, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Svensson, Linnéa
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Approaching urban sustainability: - a minor field study in India2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to enable improved urban sustainability in India and has therefore been conducted at WSP’s office in Delhi. The objective has been to chart the Indian characteristics as well as to identify difficulties regarding urban sustainability. The purpose and objective have been accomplished through the implementation of three research questions. The questions have been answered by a literary review of existing theories and a complementary document analysis. Furthermore, a case study of a new development in India with long-term sustainability in focus of the design has been conducted. For an Indian city to achieve a sustainable urban development, five pillars of sustainability have been identified; political, physical, ecological, social and economic. The ecological, social and economic are pillars from the common definition of sustainability, however they have different meaning and focus in the Indian context. The physical and political pillars are therefore characteristic for the Indian urban development. The physical pillar is added in the Indian context since short term planning and focus on profit is dominating the building industry. The demand for maintenance is because of that larger than the supply which results in a need for more emphasis on the physical built environment. The political pillar is applied because of the concerns for the value and quality of governance actions. It affects the four other pillars since the government should provide guidance, both with instructions and by executions, which is not always apparent. The Indian government has introduced several strategies in order to achieve sustainability in Indian cities. Rating tools for sustainability, such as Leed and Griha, together with the planning of spatial city forms, such as compact city form and mixed land use, which are the main procedures. Benefits in terms of lower interest rates on loans and a quicker clearance are given to developers who intend to build sustainably. Though the many theories and strategies seem ambitious, they are not always as effective when translated into practice. This is partly because of the lack of follow-up and partly the clients focus on quick profit. Thus, India is facing many challenges in order to reach a sustainable urban development. Together with urbanisation and growth in population, corruption is the main challenge since many other follows. These are lack of awareness in the field of sustainability, short term planning and the focus on profit as well as public safety and poverty. If India is serious about developing its cities sustainably, it is significant for the Indian government to take an inspiring role in using and promoting sustainability.

  • 120.
    Britse, Katarina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
    Opera i Stockholm, Nya Värtastaden2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    OPERA 

    Kan en Opera som byggnad gestalta olika sorters skådespel om upplevelser i det byggdas helhet?

    Det är en fråga som legat som inspiration i det här projektet. 

    Platsens stora skala, saknad av växtlighet och det råa utomhusklimat, tillsammans med programmets kvadratmeterytor, har resulterat i ett projekt som handlat om ett artificiellt landskap. De två operadelarna gestaltas i två berg som ligger och vilar längst ut på piren. De två bergen är en komposition som tillsammans strävar efter helhet där byggnaden vill berätta vilka delar som helheten består av. Mellan bergen finns en stig som leder upp till entrén. Olika moment för besökaren framåt i byggnaden som avslutas med en artificiell skogsdunge och sen kommer havet där en av Stockholms öar, Lidingö träder fram på andra sidan vattnet.

     När besökaren kommit hit vare sig man ska gå på opera eller om man kanske bara ska ta en kaffe i caféet, som allt utgår ifrån. Besökaren har en förberedande känslostämning, kanske nyfikenhet och förväntan, en förväntan om en upplevelse och om någon slags upprymdhet. 

    De olika  momenten i entrésituationen ska öka förväntan och samtidigt ta hand om det praktiska.

    I den artificiella skogsdungen innan vattnet är publiken skådespelare i den verkliga världen. Här sker mötet av de som ska uppleva upplevelsen som kommer i nästa moment inom tid. 

    I föreställningarnas pauser kan publiken komma ut på balkongerna för att kasta blickar på verklighetens skådespel i den artificiella skogsdungen och för att delta själva i verklighetens skådespeleri. 

    Tanken med byggnaden är att den ska vara en del av ett landskap för operabesökare, för boende, för restaurangäster, för flanerare m fl. Olika delar av operan ska kunna användas så många timmar om dygnet som möjligt för att utnyttja byggnadens kapacitet och ha som mål att hela tiden fylla på med händelser som gör delar av byggnadens program rörligt. Den artificiella skogsdungen (foajén) kan delas av och ge plats för t ex utställningar. Platsen kan också användas för lunchkonserter, morgonsång, fester, workshops, m.m. 

  • 121.
    Brolund de Carvalho, Sara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Operaplatsen, Årsta2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 122.
    Broman, Sanna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Grängesberg 2.0: Strategi och taktik för att förstärka befintliga kvaliteter2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 123.
    Bryson Svartz, Kelda
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Non Stop Kids: An all hours kindergarten2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Thesis on all hours kindergarten.

  • 124.
    Buccolieri, R.
    et al.
    Dipartimento di Informatica, Università Ca' Foscari Venezia, Mestre-Venezia, Italy; Dipartimento di Scienza Dei Materiali, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy.
    Sartoretto, F.
    Dipartimento di Informatica, Università Ca' Foscari Venezia, Mestre-Venezia, Italy.
    Giacometti, A.
    Dipartimento di Scienza Dei Materiali, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy.
    Di Sabatino, S.
    Dipartimento di Scienza Dei Materiali, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy.
    Leo, L.
    Dipartimento di Scienza Dei Materiali, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy.
    Pulvirenti, B.
    Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e Del Controllo Ambientale, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
    Sandberg, Mats
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Building science - installation technology.
    Wigö, Hans
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Building science - installation technology.
    Flow and pollutant dispersion within the Canal Grande channel in Venice (Italy) via CFD techniques2010In: HARMO 2010 - Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Harmonisation within Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling for Regulatory Purposes / [ed] Albergel, A., 2010, p. 760-764Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper is aimed at the analysis of flow and pollutant dispersion in a portion of the Canal Grande (Grand Canal) in Venice (Italy) by means of both Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) FLUENT simulations and wind tunnel experiments performed at the University of Gävle (Sweden). For this application, Canal Grande can be viewed as a sort of street canyon where the bottom surface is water and bus boat emissions are the major source of pollution. Numerical investigations were made to assess the effect of the water surface on air flow and pollutant concentrations in the atmosphere. One of the challenges has been to deal with the interface between two immiscible fluids which requires ad-hoc treatment of the wall in terms of the numerical scheme adopted and the grid definition which needs to be much finer than in typical numerical airflow simulations in urban street canyons. Preliminary results have shown that the presence of water at the bottom of the street canyon modifies airflow and turbulence structure with direct consequences on concentration distribution within the domain.

  • 125.
    Burefjord-Fors, Christian
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Elbrink, Miriam
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Urban Komplettering för en Stad2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Spretande och utglesning är ett problem i många svenska städer. Detta ökar då ny mark, relativt oplanerat, tas i anspråk för att expandera staden. Komplementbebyggelse är ett sätt att motverka den spretande utglesningen. Forskning bedrivsäven kring hur kollektivtrafiksanslutningar och gröna ytor påverkar en stadsutveckling. I detta arbete har ett förslag på hur en strötomt i Växjö kan nyttjas till komplementbebyggelse. I förslaget ingår två byggnader i ett sammanhang som kan bidra till att skapa en attraktiv stadskärna.

  • 126.
    Burman, Christo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages. Drama-Teater-Film.
    Osynligheten tar vid där ruinerna slutar2005In: À Derrida x 13, Institutionen för konstvetenskap, Umeå universitet: Umeå , 2005, p. S. 59-63Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 127.
    Byrelid, Ninni
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    A FORGOTTEN CULTURAL HERITAGE - revitalized into a conference hotel2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 128.
    Bäckman, Johan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
    Opera i Stockholm, stadsgårdskajen2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kan man kombinera en opera med båtterminal och vad händer då med operans roll?

  • 129.
    Bäckström, Simon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Dagsljusinsläpp genom fasad: Undersökning av fönsterlösning med reflekterande ljushylla2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Buildings are constantly developing and becoming more energy efficient. This progress is partly down to building regulations forcing constructions to be better insulated, but also by using more energy efficient materials. In modern energy efficient buildings the windows are a great cause for concern. They contributes to heat loss, and if not shaded in a good way they can increase the needs for additional cooling during summer. Well planned property fenestrations can decrease the window area and thereby minimizing energy loss through windows.

     

    In the project Kub och Länk in Umeå, Link arkitekture has created a fenestration solution with a light shelf. The purpose of the light shelf is to help increase daylight transport further in to the building. This report investigates the window positioning and analyses the benefits of the light shelf.

     

    Velux daylight visualizer is used to analyze the building through computer analysis. Simulations were made in both clear and overcast skies analyzing, luminance, illuminance and daylight factor.

     

    The analyses of the daylight factor showed that the original solution was good enough to reach the gold level of Miljöbyggnad. Further simulations of the different fenestrations showed that this was not likely a result of the light shelf itself. In fact, most result indicated that the light shelf was shading the room more than lighting it and therefore created less use of the window area than regular window solutions.

  • 130.
    Bölin, Eric
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
    Animate form through low tech wood construction2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How can we build small scale dynamic shapes with what we have?

    This project will present a method to build your own free form wooden structure without relying on high-tech computer programs or custom made parts from expensive factories.

  • 131.
    Börestam, Harald
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Norell, Mathilda
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Samordning mellan arkitekt och vvs-projektör i programskede: En undersökning, ett förslag till arbetsmetod och ett gestaltningsexperiment.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has high statutory standards for inside climate and thermic comfort in buildings. Because of technical advances these requirements can be met, but at a cost. Increasingly effective HVAC and plumbing systems are linked to a larger volume claim for units, pipes and ducts. As the systems grow the design aspect moves in a contrary direction. A direction where the role of the architect has changed to become a consulting part (Östnäs 1984). These diverging developments has triggered a knowledge gap between technical engineers and architects. 54% of respondents on this study claim that this gap causes problems, and 35% claim that it often contributes negatively to the end result in the form of having to resort to last minute solutions.

    This master thesis aims to investigate if the coordination between architects and HVAC & plumbing engineers can be improved by bridging the knowledge gap. The study is limited to only encompass the coordination between these two groups and leaves out remaining disciplines and parties. The focus of this study is directed to the early stages in the building design process.

    The hypothesis suggests that there exists a need for further coordination regarding installations design. This has been tested through a quantitative survey consisting of a web form with a total of 99 respondents. This data was then statistically analyzed in the form of hypothesis testing, which concluded there exists a general need for improved coordination. Furthermore, hypothesis test I showed that there is also need for a change regarding which disciplines should be involved in early stages of projects.

    The most common coordination problems were identified by a quantitative study consisting of interviews with eleven projectors and two branch experts. The two most coveted aspects were the volumetric size of room containing ventilation machinery and the placing of vertical shafts. Where vertical spaces caused greatest consequences. The reason for these problems, according to many, being an acute lack of interdisciplinary knowledge or experience from the architect. On the other hand, architects claim this is due to changes being made in latter stages of projects by other disciplines or the client. The majority claim that a solution is to bring in the HVAC & plumbing engineer in an earlier stage.

    Following this a workshop including five professionals was carried out to draft up a solution. It established that if the HVAC & plumbing engineer is brought in at an earlier stage it allows for the right conditions to be set. Suggestions regarding creative start up meetings were introduced. Participants agreed that the best way to mediate knowledge about installations is to educate through both interdisciplinary projects at universities, and also through courses or site visits for architects.

    To meet the identified needs a solution was constructed from collected data. This solution took the form of a checklist to help guide how meetings between the architect and HVAC & plumbing engineer should be carried out in early stages. The checklist clarifies responsibility and expectations for both parts.

    This solution was then tested through a simulated design project. The project consists of an apartment building property for Notstället 5 & 6 in Eskilstuna municipality. A solution for the installations is presented.

    The checklists ability to meet the identified needs were concluded to suffice but an additional tool for bridging the knowledge gap further would be beneficial. The use of this solution did not cause any significant negative consequences on the architectural qualities, but created value by discovering new innovative solutions, in addition to preventing unplanned surprises from arising.

    As a research topic this project has sparked interest in the branch. Insights from this study concludes that interdisciplinary communication and knowledge transfer between disciplines in general is an interesting topic to study.

  • 132.
    Börjesson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Stade, Christian
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Volvos Utvecklingsverkstad: En studie i färgteori och inre miljöer på verkstadsplatser2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten avhandlar arbetet med att ta fram ett förslag som förlänger Volvos kärnvärden - kvalitet, säkerhet och miljöhänsyn, ut i Utvecklingsverkstaden på Volvo Construction Equipment, Hauler Loader Business Line, i Eskilstuna. Förslaget är utformat som ett koncept, som ska kunna överföras till andra verkstadsmiljöer på Volvo, om så önskas. Idéförslaget har baserats på en studie av den befintliga Utvecklingsversktaden. En modell av verkstaden i skala 1:50 utformades som presentationsmedium.

    Vid examensarbetets slut har förslaget presenterats och utvärderats av målgruppen. Den primära målgruppen har varit de anställda på avdelningen.

    Slutsatserna av arbetet är att en informationsbärande interiör kan formges för att representera ett företags kärnvärden och visa på innovation och framtidstänk. De visar också på att en fysisk modell är ett bra medium för en presentation av ett förslag till en informativ estetisk utformning.

  • 133.
    Cafuta, Oskar
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    The Death And Life Of Great Shopping Centres: Effect of consumerism on public urban space2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As the world is speeding towards the future that is perceived as desirable, this project looks into trends of shaping the future of consumerism. With the growth of capitalism, particularly after First Industrial Revolution,

  • 134.
    Calogerópulos, Maria
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    SOCIAL HOUSING WITH POSSIBILITIES FOR A PERSONALIZED HOUSING: A proposal for a life improvement in Mangrullo, Rosario, Argentina.2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mangrullo is a neighbourhood inhabited bypeople living in very precarious houses, surrounded by garbage, almost without infrastructure, public spaces.

    My thesis work talks about improvement of life quality and creation not only a shelter but also a place to feel proud of that conserves its identity.

  • 135.
    Cancino, Milton
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Milhajlovic, Darko
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Jönköpings Hamn2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This thesis presents a proposal of a pier for the future in the town of Jönköping. The proposal is based on individual ideas and desires to develop the Harbor Pier of Jönköping from the municipality as well as the interest of partners.

    Background

    Jönköping is a town that has been under constant development for the past five years. The main goal for the municipality is to unite the town center and one of many plans is to create a new entertainment corridor. At the same time it is important that the Harbor Pier follows this development and improves, so that its strategic position does not get lost. According to the Office of City planning in Jönköping there is a pressure on the municipality to create a more tourist friendly Harbor Pier with additional activities. The commission that we were given was to construct a vision of the pier area with the help of the partners needs. The Office of City planning is the orderer of this project.

    Implementation, Result and Conclusion

    To create understanding and setting of the paper we have gathered historical facts about the pier area and interviewed important partners for the thesis. Fieldtrips have been done for inspiration and collection of information that relates to the different conditions that creates a harbor. The sketches and drawings have regularly been edited and corrected because of the constant change of ideas. On the basis of this we have supplied a building program that resulted to the design of the Harbor Pier. Together with our own thoughts, the outcome of this is a proposal of the future Harbor Pier of Jönköping.

    This proposal presents five different areas that have been analyzed and prepared in detail. The design has resulted to a new entry to the Harbor Pier that is more functional and attractive than the one that exists today. The proposal also presents a new harbor for smaller boats that connects to a youth hostel along with a bath and a recreation area. A new complex has enriched the pier arm where the town sailing society has their activities today. This complex consists of a marine shop that integrates with a restaurant. A stage has also been established in this area to promote the towns’ cultural life and upbeat the nightlife of Jönköping. To finally create a feeling of tourism in Jönköpings’ harbor, sandy beaches have been planned east of the existing restaurants. This result has also been produced in a three-dimensional environment to gain the understanding of the new vision.

    The conclusion of this thesis is that the different partners’ wishes have been fulfilled at the same time as our own ideas have resulted into a socially functioned harbor with many different activities and an exiting environment.

  • 136.
    Carlsson, Cassiopeja
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Selse, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Evidensbaserad utformning och utvärdering av övergångsprocessen till ett effektivt aktivitetsbaserat kontor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: With the vast changes in the work life comes changes in the office design. One of the newest on the market is ABW (Activity Based Workplace), were the employees themselves chooses were to sit in the office depending on what fits them best according to the moment. This thesis contributes with knowledge that is necessary for an organisation to know before they begin using an ABW.

    The goal is to evaluate how an efficient ABW-environment is created. An ABW are efficient when the workplace concept works the way it is supposed to do and with that provides good results from the recourses that are available. This thesis addresses the implementation of the transition to an ABW from a traditional office type and how the office design could look from evidence-based results.

    Method: The main strategy for this thesis is a case study that involves the organisation NCC. That is because the evidence-based design is based on their workforce and their office building. The thesis goal is achieved through four different data collection methods: literature study, interview, observation and guidance form an architect. These methods were chosen to gather both qualitative and quantitatively data.

    Findings: The findings are divided into three areas: the first question of issue presents the different office types performances, there are both advantages and disadvantages with all office types. The advantages that can be found in these office types is for instance the cell offices privacy, the open landscapes interaction possibilities and that the kombi office retain the social environment whilst still give privacy from other employees. Whereas availability and flexibility are the most significant advantage of an ABW. Some disadvantages are how cell offices can be unwelcoming, the open landscapes noise level and the fact that you can not work in teams in a kombi office.

    The second finding is the evidence-based office design proposal, from an efficiency point of view. A collocation of the factors that needs to be thought of when designing an ABW is the fundament of this proposition. Some of these factors are for example the possibility to privacy, have co-workers nearby and distinct zone divisions.

    The third finding of the thesis demonstrate an evaluation of the transition to an ABW. An evaluation has shown to be necessary when establishing an efficient ABW. One of the most important part is to understand the employees, meet their needs and let them be heard.

    Implication: It takes both well planned transition and good design for an ABW to preform efficiently. Design and efficiency depend on each other and there are a few distinguished factors of what makes a workplace environment efficient. When talking about the transition to an ABW it is important to have a substantial process were the employees are given the possibility to be involved and informed of the ABW-concept and its impact.

    Limitations: The main limitations of this thesis are from a design perspective, such as artificial lightning, technical equipment and ventilation. The focus instead lies with the placement of walls and rooms, as well as furnishing. The economy aspect is also something that has not been taken into consideration, either when designing or in the evaluation process. This is maintained by defining the searches and stay focused.

  • 137.
    Carmine, Charlotta
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Kulinarisk mötesplats på Djurgården: En ätande byggnad för kultur, kunskap och konsumtion2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet började med en idé om att skapa en samlingsplats för mat vilket innebar att först formulera hur en sådan skulle kunna tänkas te sig och sedan utveckla ett övergripande koncept samt en idé om vad för slags arkitektur som behövs. Resultatet är byggnad för kulinariska möten på Djurgården. Löpande har det kretsat kring vad som behövs för att generera kulinarisk kunskap, kultur och konsumtion. Mångfald har varit ledordet under processen och att kombinera en sådan med möjligheter, både väntade och oväntade, En annan av grundtankarna var att se på om maten som nöje för att inte lusten och dess innebörd ska glömmas bort.

  • 138.
    Carmona, Matthew
    et al.
    The Bartlett School of Planning, University College London.
    Punter, John V.
    Department of City and Regional Planning, Cardiff University.
    Chapman, David
    The Bartlett School of Planning, University College London.
    From Design Policy to Design Quality: The treatment of design in community strategies, local development frameworks and action plans2002Book (Other academic)
  • 139. Carmona, Matthew
    et al.
    Tiesdell, Steve
    Heath, Tim
    Oc, Taner
    Public Places – Urban Spaces: The Dimensions of Urban Design2010Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Public Places Urban Spaces 2e is a thorough introduction to the principles of urban design theory and practice. Authored by experts in the fields of urban design and planning, it is designed specifically for the 2500 postgraduate students on Urban Design courses in the UK, and 1500 students on undergraduate courses in the same subject. The second edition of this tried and trusted textbook has been updated with relevant case studies to show students how principles have been put into practice. The book is now in full colour and a larger format, so students and lecturers get a much stronger visual package and easy to use layout, enabling them to more easily practically apply principles of urban design to their projects. Sustainability is the driving factor in urban regeneration and new urban development, and the new edition is focused on best sustainable design and practice

  • 140. Castegini, Giulio
    et al.
    Fahlbusch, Mark
    Tessmann, Oliver
    B+G Ingenieure Bollinger und Grohmann GmbH, Frankfurt am Main, German.
    Drawer, Oliver
    Arnold, Uwe
    Sphäre Deutsche Bank, Frankfurt am Main2013In: Stahlbau, ISSN 0038-9145, E-ISSN 1437-1049, Vol. 82, no 9, p. 695-699Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Im Jahre 2006 hat Mario Bellini den Architekturwettbewerb für die Sanierung der Firmenzentrale der Deutschen Bank AG in Frankfurt am Main gewonnen. Unter seiner Leitung ist in der Eingangshalle eine herausragende Skulptur entstanden. Die Sphäre – der architektonische Mittelpunkt des neu gestalteten Foyers zwischen den beiden Türmen, symbolisiert Stabilität und Stärke, aber zugleich auch Dynamik und Wandel.

    Der Entwurf des Architekten sah eine 16 m durchmessende Kugel vor, die mit Bändern umwickelt zu sein scheint und zwischen den beiden Türmen der Bank klemmt. Dieses Konzept wurde durch ein interdisziplinäres Team bestehend aus dem verantwortlichen Entwurfsarchitekt Giulio Castegini (Mario Bellini Architects), den Ingenieuren Oliver Tessmann und Mark Fahlbusch (Bollinger Grohmann Ingenieure) und Oliver Drawer der ausführenden Firma (Arnold AG) weiterentwickelt.

  • 141.
    Catalini, Anna
    et al.
    College of Arts, University of Lincoln.
    Nour, ZeinabFaculty of Fine Arts, Helwan University.Versaci, AntonellaFaculty of Engineering and Architecture, University “Kore” of Enna.Hawkes, DeanCambridge, UK.Bougdah, HocineCanterbury School of Architecture, University for the Creative Arts.Sotoca, AdolfLuleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.Ghoneem, MahmoudArchitecture Department, Faculty of Fine Arts, Helwan University.Trapani, FerdinandoUrban Planning, Architecture, Palermo University.
    Cities' Identity Through Architecture and Arts: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Cities' Identity through Architecture and Arts (CITAA 2017), Cariro, Egypt,  May 11-13, 20172018Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Every city has its unique and valuable identity, this identity is revealed through its physical and visual form, it is seen through the eyes of its residents and users. The city develops over time, and its identity evolves with it. Reflecting the rapid and constant changes the city is subjected to, Architecture and Arts, is the embodiment of the cultural, historical, and economical characteristics of the city. This conference is dedicated for the investigation of the different new approaches developed in Architecture and Contemporary arts. It will focus on the basis of urban life and identities.

    It will discuss the examples and tendencies in dealing with urban identities as well as the transformation of cities and urban cultures mentioned in terms of their form, identity, and their current art. Contemporary art, when subjected to experiments, continues to be produced in various directions, to be consumed and to put forward new ideas. Art continuously renews itself -from new materials to different means of communication, from interactive works to computer games, from new approaches to perceptional paradigms and problems of city and nature of the millennium.

  • 142.
    Cettner, Annicka
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Ashley, Richard
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Viklander, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Stormwater management and urban planning: lessons from 40 years of innovation2013In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 56, no 6, p. 786-801Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban planning is widely advocated as an important way to encourage the more sustainable management of urban stormwater using alternatives to piped systems. This paper explores the way in which Swedish water professionals have opportunities to influence stormwater planning and the barriers that limit their participation in this process. Empirical evidence has been obtained from in-depth semi-structured interviews with urban water professionals from nine Swedish municipalities. The paper shows that there is a perception of the legal requirements related to the provision of drainage services that inhibits the utilisation of non-piped solutions. There are also reservations about a dichotomy that inhibits actions - is stormwater an issue for the planning department or for the water department? It is concluded that water professionals have unique opportunities to integrate stormwater management approaches within wider urban planning practice and hence are able to encourage the use of alternative systems that are more sustainable than using traditional pipes or sewers.

  • 143. Chaltiel, Stephanie
    et al.
    Bravo, Maite
    Goessens, Sebastien
    Latteur, Pierre
    Mansouri, Masoumeh
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Ahmad, Ismael
    Dry and Liquid clay mix drone spraying for Bioshotcrete2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    “Bioshotcrete” is a new technology being developed by a team of robotic experts, architects, engineers, and drones’ specialists, aiming at using drones in the construction industry to spray natural materials over a temporary light formwork until a self-standing shell is completed. This technique consists in projecting paste-like matter composed of clay mixes following precise and customized deposition sequences over a temporary formwork, incorporating computational techniques in the design and fabrication stages, therefore proposing a more sustainable version of shotcrete. In particular, this paper features experiments using drones for spraying wet and dry ranges of clay mixes over a reusable inflatable formwork with the purpose to build monolithic earthen shells. The featured case studies propose specific protocols to control different deposition sequences, describing the proper formulation of clay mixes, the design and production of customized spraying devices, and fitting options in the drone allowing to vary pressure and other drone spraying parameters. The development of Bioshotcrete using robotic fabrication strategies could help expand and transform existing construction methods and processes to be applied at large scale, therefore incorporating innovative digital fabrication protocols towards a more sustainable building construction realm.

  • 144.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    By Design, from design guidance to built form2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the planning policy era of By Design: Urban design in the planning system: towards better practice through the lens of Planning Policy Guidance 1 (PPG1): General Policy and Principles and Planning Policy Guidance 3: Housing. The paper explores the objectives of urban design, as set out in By Design against PPG1’s objective to promote higher standards of urban design and PPG3’s objective to revise housing densities. Research takes a systematic approach to reviewing the evidence base available for the production of By Design and analyses density targets and urban design objectives against generic housing types of the day and four housing led development schemes delivered during the policy period. The paper argues that on density grounds, only two of the researched generic housing types delivered the density targets prescribed by PPG3, requiring the development industry to bring forward new models of development. The case study analysis establishes that the industry was able to adapt to the objectives of By Design with selected developments delivering the urban design objectives set out in By Design and density standards of PPG3. The paper concludes by arguing that whilst ‘By Design’ was extinguished as policy in 2012, its design objectives are still valid and may be relevant to new emerging dimensions related well-being as part of; Ease of movement and seasonal climate change as part of; Quality of the public realm.  

  • 145.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Cities in time, temporary urbanism and the future of the city2019In: Journal of Urban Design, ISSN 1357-4809, E-ISSN 1469-9664, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 158-163Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 146.
    Chapman, David
    Glasgow School of Art.
    ‘Compacte-stadsbeleid’ is dead: long live the Dutch compact city2002In: MacJournal, ISSN 1355-3046, no 5, p. 48-57Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 147.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Neoliberal Urbanism and its Contestations, Crossing Theoretical BoundariesJenny Ku¨ nkel and Margit MayerPalgrave Macmillan, 248 pp. ISBN 978-0-2302-7183-82014In: Journal of Urban Design, ISSN 1357-4809, E-ISSN 1469-9664, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 567-568Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 148.
    Chapman, David
    Bartlett School of Planning University College London .
    Patterning the Dutch Compact City2001Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A major challenge to town planners in Britain is to help fulfil current and future housing need in a sustainable manner and avoid excessive development land take.

    This thesis therefore establishes what future development models are currently under debate and undertakes extensive research into Governments preferred option the 'Compact City'. Research focuses on empirical data for sustainable development and arguments for/against a policy of urban intensification.

    On conclusion that research alone fails to provide a sufficient basis for promoting a policy of 'Compact Cities', research emphasis was placed on the Dutch planning system, which has promoted such a policy for over a quarter of a century. Dutch experience was used to answer many unresolved arguments surrounding the 'Compact City' and an investigation was undertaken into how the Dutch have made this policy successful.

    In light of the fact that Dutch experience has shown that high quality urban housing is fundamental to attracting residents back to cities, an investigation of current UK generic housing models was undertaken and these were tested against sustainable density research and UK/Dutch design advice. On comparison it was established that many failed both tests and it was established that additional housing types could be required under a policy of 'Compact Cities'. An alternative development brief for additional housing models was therefore developed and this brief was investigated through the design of three alternative housing types.

    In final conclusion it was proposed that the Dutch treatment of density could provide a model for future planning in England and their design principles could aid the creation of alternative urban housing types.

  • 149.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    The Modern City Revisited Thomas Deckker (ed.)2003In: Urban Design Quarterly, ISSN 0266-6480, no 85, p. 42-43Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 150.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    The potential of ephemeral interventions1997In: Mac Journal, ISSN 1355-3046, p. 35-39Article in journal (Refereed)
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