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  • 1.
    Bali, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen. School of Social Science, Södertörn University, Sweden; Misum (the Mistra Center for Sustainable Markets), Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden; Center for European Research in Microfinance (Cermi) at the Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management.
    Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This book explores environmental challenges in the Baltic region from an economic perspective. Featuring contributions from regional experts from Nordic, Baltic and Eastern European countries it addresses the response to eutrophication caused by increased loads of nutrients to the sea from agriculture, wastewater, industry and traffic, and cost-effective solutions to reach the Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP) targets, set up through the Helsinki Commission (HELCOM). Contributions also explore the environmental impacts of rural landscape change during the post-communist period in the Baltic Sea region and a review of the ex-post evaluations of the costs and benefits generated by Baltic Sea nutrient abatement policies. Public policies towards marine protection, wind power establishment, and attitudes to paying for environmental protection, environmental resilience and the international cooperation in the Baltic region are also discussed.

  • 2.
    Bali, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    The Agrarian Credit Markets, Rate of Interest and the Collateral: Some Indian Evidence.1995Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    A Critical Analysis of the Sustainable Development Goals2018Inngår i: Handbook of Sustainability Science and Research / [ed] Leal Filho, Walter, Cham: Springer, 2018, s. 341-356Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The ambitious UN-adopted sustainable development goals (SDGs) have been criticized for being inconsistent, difficult to quantify, implement and monitor. Disparaging analysis suggests that there exists a potential inconsistency in the SDGs, particularly between the socio-economic development and the environmental sustainability goals. Critiques also raise questions on the measurability and monitoring of the broadly framed SDGs. The goals are non-binding, with each country being expected to create their own national or regional plans. Moreover, the source(s) and the extent of the financial resources and investments for the SDGs are ambiguous. This chapter quantifies and examines the inconsistencies of the SDGs. It further inspects which of the underlying social, economic or environmental pillars are that most effective for achieving sustainable development. Analyses of the data reveal that the developed countries need to remain focused on their social and environmental policies. The developing countries, on the other hand, are better off being focused on their economics and social policies in the short run, even though environmental policies remain significant for sustainable development.

  • 4.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    A Critical Report on the Econometric Analysis of the Prices of Food Grains in India1997Inngår i: Economic Development And Agricultural Productivity / [ed] Amit Bhaduri, Rune Skarstein, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 1997Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 5.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    A Critical Report on the Econometric Analysis of the Prices of Food Grains in India1997Inngår i: Economic Development And Agricultural Productivity / [ed] Amit Bhaduri and Rune Skarstein, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 1997Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    Can Microfinance Empower Women?: Self-Help Groups in India2007Inngår i: Dialogue, ISSN 1990-9357, Vol. 37, nr May, s. 61-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Can Microfinance Empower Women? Self-Help Groups in India2007Inngår i: Dialogue, ISSN 1990-9357, Vol. 37, s. 61-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 8.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    Contemporary Macroeconomic Issues in Developing Economies2004Inngår i: Contemporary Issues in Macroeconomic Management / [ed] B.N. Ghosh, Leeds, England: Wisdom House , 2004, s. 45-68Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Contemporary Macroeconomic Issues in Developing Economies2004Inngår i: Contemporary Issues in Macroeconomic Management / [ed] B.N. Ghosh, Leeds, UK: Wisdom House , 2004, s. 45-68Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 10.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    Credit programs in Eritrea1998Inngår i: Afraca NewsletterArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 11.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Credit programs in Eritrea1998Inngår i: Afraca NewsletterArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 12.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    Credit Rationing in Rural India2002Inngår i: Journal of Economic Development, ISSN 0254-8372, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 1-20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Credit Rationing in Rural India2002Inngår i: Journal of Economic Development, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 1-20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The view that households are credit rationed by the formal sector, rests on the assumptions that all households have a positive demand for formal credit and it is a cheaper source for borrowing. To empirically verify formal credit rationing three different models are estimated in this paper. The first model is a conventional credit-rationing model. The second model assumes that the probability to borrow from the formal sector is jointly determined by the demand for credit and the decision of the bank on access. Finally, the third model relaxes both these assumptions and the household chooses between borrowing from the formal or the informal sector. Empirical results using recently collected data from Puri, India, confirm that the access to the formal sector in the rural credit markets is limited and there exists a high demand for credit. This suggests a high degree of effective credit rationing by the formal sector in Puri.

  • 14.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Demand, segmentation and rationing in the rural credit markets of Puri2001Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of five chapters.

    Chapter 1 and 2 The first chapter presents the introduction and the summary and the second chapter provides details on the survey and the data collection.

    Chapter 3 The demand and supply of credit in the rural finance markets are investigated in this paper using data on 989 households, in Orissa, India. The aim is to study the effects of household, farm productive characteristics and the policy variables on the demand and supply of credit. A type 3 Tobit model is estimated which corrects for sample selection and endogeniety bias. In addition, a generalised Double Hurdle model is estimated where the household's access to credit is treated distinctly from decisions about the interest rate charged. The results from the type 3 tobit model suggest that the size of the operational holdings, net-wealth, the dependency ratio, educational level of the household and the wages and output prices are important determinants of the demand and supply of credit. The Double Hurdle model suggests the important result that the size of land owned plays a crucial role in whether the household obtains a loan or not.

    Chapter 4 Based on the 'Rural Credit Market Survey of the Puri district in India', this paper investigates evidence on segmentation in the rural credit markets of Puri district. It further investigates the presence of any systematic association between the type of collateral offered by the household and the rate of interest at which it borrows. The data shows differences in the loan characteristics between the households borrowing from the formal and the informal sector. The empirical results confirm the presence of segmentation in the Puri credit market. For the households borrowing from the informal sector and the moneylenders, evidence also shows that the marketability of the collateral is inversely related to the interest rate. However, no such clear relationship is found for households borrowing from the formal sector.

    Chapter 5 In the theoretical and the empirical literature on rural credit markets it is widely assumed that the households are credit rationed in the formal sector, which offers subsidised credit. This view rests on the assumptions that all households have a positive demand for formal credit and that it is the cheaper source of credit. Three different models of formal credit rationing are estimated in this paper. The first model is a conventional credit-rationing model. The second model assumes that the probability to borrow from the formal sector is jointly determined by the demand for credit and the decision of the bank on access. Finally, the third model relaxes both these assumptions and the household chooses between borrowing from the formal or the informal sector. The results confirm that the access to the formal sector in the Puri rural credit markets is limited and that there exists a high demand for credit. This suggests a high degree of effective credit rationing by the formal sector in Puri.

  • 15.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Demand, segmentation and rationing in the rural credit markets of Puri2001Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of five chapters.

    Chapter 1 and 2 The first chapter presents the introduction and the summary and the second chapter provides details on the survey and the data collection.

    Chapter 3 The demand and supply of credit in the rural finance markets are investigated in this paper using data on 989 households, in Orissa, India. The aim is to study the effects of household, farm productive characteristics and the policy variables on the demand and supply of credit. A type 3 Tobit model is estimated which corrects for sample selection and endogeniety bias. In addition, a generalised Double Hurdle model is estimated where the household's access to credit is treated distinctly from decisions about the interest rate charged. The results from the type 3 tobit model suggest that the size of the operational holdings, net-wealth, the dependency ratio, educational level of the household and the wages and output prices are important determinants of the demand and supply of credit. The Double Hurdle model suggests the important result that the size of land owned plays a crucial role in whether the household obtains a loan or not.

    Chapter 4 Based on the 'Rural Credit Market Survey of the Puri district in India', this paper investigates evidence on segmentation in the rural credit markets of Puri district. It further investigates the presence of any systematic association between the type of collateral offered by the household and the rate of interest at which it borrows. The data shows differences in the loan characteristics between the households borrowing from the formal and the informal sector. The empirical results confirm the presence of segmentation in the Puri credit market. For the households borrowing from the informal sector and the moneylenders, evidence also shows that the marketability of the collateral is inversely related to the interest rate. However, no such clear relationship is found for households borrowing from the formal sector.

    Chapter 5 In the theoretical and the empirical literature on rural credit markets it is widely assumed that the households are credit rationed in the formal sector, which offers subsidised credit. This view rests on the assumptions that all households have a positive demand for formal credit and that it is the cheaper source of credit. Three different models of formal credit rationing are estimated in this paper. The first model is a conventional credit-rationing model. The second model assumes that the probability to borrow from the formal sector is jointly determined by the demand for credit and the decision of the bank on access. Finally, the third model relaxes both these assumptions and the household chooses between borrowing from the formal or the informal sector. The results confirm that the access to the formal sector in the Puri rural credit markets is limited and that there exists a high demand for credit. This suggests a high degree of effective credit rationing by the formal sector in Puri.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 16.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    Differential impact of microfinance delivery mechanism on vulnerability2012Inngår i: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 19, nr 8, s. 721-724Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Differential impact of microfinance delivery mechanism on vulnerability2012Inngår i: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 19, nr 8, s. 721-724Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Microfinance reduces vulnerability. We investigate if this impact varies by the delivery mechanism used. Correcting for the membership selection bias using Propensity Score Matching (PSM), the household's vulnerability is estimated using the Self-Help Group (SHG) microfinance programme data in India. The results show that the reduction in vulnerability is greater for villages with better infrastructure and for SHGs that are formed by NGOs and linked by banks (linkage model 2).

  • 18.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi.
    Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region: A Perspective from Economics2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 19.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi. Stockholm School of Economics / Uppala University / Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management.
    Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region: An Introduction2017Inngår i: Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region: A Perspective from Economics / [ed] Bali Swain, Ranjula, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, s. 1-3Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 20.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    Evidence from Impact Assessment: Is Microfinance a Good Poverty Alleviation Strategy?2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Evidence from Impact Assessment: Is Microfinance a Good Poverty Alleviation Strategy?2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    Financial Services for low-income households2010Inngår i: Handbook of human development and management / [ed] Ashutosh Priya, New Delhi, India: Serials Publications , 2010, Vol. 1, s. 173-205Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 23.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Financial Services for low-income households2009Inngår i: Journal of Human Development, Vol. 1, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Financial Services for low-income households2010Inngår i: Handbook of human development and management / [ed] Ashutosh Priya, New Dehli: Serials Publications , 2010, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 173-205Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    Impacting Women Through Financial Services: The Self Help Group Bank Linkage Programme in India and its Effects on Women’s Empowerment2010Inngår i: International Handbook of Gender and Poverty: concepts, research, policy / [ed] S. Chant, Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar , 2010, s. 594-598Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26. Bali Swain, Ranjula
    M. Floro and Bali Swain, R., "Food Security, Gender and Occupational Choice Among Urban Low-Income Households" Working paper No. 2010-6, Department of Economics, American University, Washington DC, May 20102010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet.
    Microfinance - ineffektivt botemedel eller universalmedicin?2010Inngår i: Framtider, ISSN 0281-0492, nr 1, s. 9-11Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    Microfinance: a Catalyst for Development at Macroeconomic Level?2006Inngår i: Finance & the Common Good/Bien Commun, ISSN 1422-4658, nr 25, s. 83-87Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Microfinance: a Catalyst for Development at Macroeconomic Level?2006Inngår i: Finance & the Common Good/Bien Commun, ISSN 1422-4658, nr 25, s. 83-87Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    Microfinance and Women empowerment2007Inngår i: Microfinance: Impacts and Insights / [ed] S. Rajagopalan, Nirali Parikh, Hyderabad, India: ICFAI University Press , 2007, 1Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 31.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Microfinance and Women empowerment2007Inngår i: Microfinance: Impacts and Insights, ICFAI University Press , 2007Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    Microfinance and Women’s empowerment: evidence from the self help group bank linkage programme in India2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 33.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Microfinance and Women's empowerment: evidence from the self help group bank linkage programme in India2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication is an extract from research work within microfinance at the Department of Economics at Uppsala University done by the author Ranjula Bali Swain. The purpose of the paper is to capture the relationship between microfinance and Millennium Development Goal number three, which concerns gender equality and women empowerment. The research is based on the Self Help Group Bank Linkage Programme in India and has revealed that the clients are in fact in the process of empowering themselves. The results show however that a greater emphasis needs to be placed on business training and awareness programmes. Therefore a minimalist approach to microfinance might not have the same outcome.

  • 34. Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Microfinance- inefficient universal cure or medicine? (Mikrofinansiering – ineffektivt botemedel eller universalmedicin?, in Swedish)2010Inngår i: Framtider, nr 1, s. 9-11Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Mikrofinansiering av småskaliga kooperativ och företag som drivs av kvinnor i utvecklingsländer är ett ämne som väckt stor uppmärksamhet de senaste åren. Kan mikrofinansiering starta en ekonomisk utveckling som kommer de fattiga till godo i stor skala? Eller måste denna mikroekonomi ha draghjälp av andra drivkrafter för att kunna lyfta människor ur fattigdomen? Nationalekonomen Ranjula Bali Swain reder ut begreppen.

  • 35.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet.
    Money With a Mission, Volume 1: Microfinance and Poverty Reduction, by James Copestake, Martin Greely, Susan Johnson, Naila Kabeer, and Anton Simanowitz. Warwickshire, UK: Practical Action, 2006. 272 pp. ISBN-13: 978-1853396144 (pbk).2009Inngår i: Feminist Economics, ISSN 1354-5701, E-ISSN 1466-4372, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 103-106Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 36.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Money With a Mission, Volume 1, Microfinance and Poverty Reduction, by James Copestake, Martin Greely, Susan Johnson, Naila Kabeer, and Anton Simanowitz. Warwickshire, UK: Practical Action, 2006. 272 pp. ISBN-978-18533961442009Inngår i: Feminist Economics, ISSN 1354-5701, E-ISSN 1466-4372, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 103-106Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 37.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    Participation: Challenges for Policy and Practice in Approaches to Poverty Reduction and Democratisation2004Inngår i: Developing Participation: Challenges for Policy and Practice in Approaches to Poverty Reduction and Democratisation, Uppsala: 2004 , 2004Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 38.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Participation: Challenges for Policy and Practice in Approaches to Poverty Reduction and DemocratisationInngår i: Developing Participation: Challenges for Policy and Practice in Approaches to Poverty Reduction and Democratisation, Uppsala University Collegium for development studies: 2004Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 39.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Reducing Poverty and Empowering Women through Microfinance2010Inngår i: International Handbook of Gender and Poverty: concepts, research, policy / [ed] Sylvia Chant, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2010, s. 594-598Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Sustainable Development in the Wake of Covid-19Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The ´decade of action´ to achieve the ambitious 17 Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 is off to a very challenging start. With progress on the achievement of most SDGs already lagging behind even before the Covid-19 crisis – our analysis finds that the pandemic negatively affects the achievement of 144 targets (almost 90%) of the SDGs. However, 66 targets (ca. 40%) could potentially benefit from the changes spurred by the crisis, given that the appropriate decisions are made. Holistic response and leadership are needed to ensure an inclusive economic recovery while protecting the environment. Furthermore, our analysis of the literature documents the unprecedented speed of the international community to assess the impacts of the pandemic. Future research should gather data to better understand the impacts of the pandemic locally and globally, and produce long-term analyses to inform the sustainable recovery across all SDGs.

  • 41.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    The Demand and Supply of Credit for households2007Inngår i: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 39, nr 21, s. 2681-2692Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    The Demand and Supply of Credit for households2007Inngår i: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 39, nr 21, s. 2681-2692Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The demand and supply of credit in the rural credit markets is investigated in this article using household data from India. The aim is to study the effects of household, farm productive characteristics and the policy variables on the demand and supply of credit. A type 3 Tobit model is estimated which corrects for sample selection and endogeniety bias. In addition, a generalized Double Hurdle model is estimated where the information on the household's access to credit is included to estimate the demand and supply of credit. The results suggest that the size of the operational holdings, net-wealth, dependency ratio, educational level of the household and the wages and output prices are important determinants of the demand and supply of credit for farm households. The Double Hurdle model confirms that the 'size of land owned' plays a crucial role in whether the household has access to a loan or not.

  • 43.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala University.
    The Microfinance Impact2012Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 44.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    The Microfinance Impact2012Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Financial inclusion through microfinance has become a powerful force in improving the living conditions of poor farmers, rural non-farm enterprises and other vulnerable groups. In its unique ability to link the existing extensive network of India’s rural bank branches with the Self Help Groups (SHG), the National Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has covered up to 97 million poor households by March 2010 under its Self Help Group Bank Linkage Programme. Policy-makers have proclaimed SHGs as ‘‘the most potent initiative … for delivering financial services to the poor in a sustainable manner."

    This book presents a comprehensive scientific assessment of the impact of the Self Help Group Bank Linkage Programme (SBLP) on the member households. The book discusses wide-ranging topics, including the rural financial sector in India, the history and structure of the SBLP, the impact methodologies, the economic and social impact of microfinance, its role in building assets while reducing poverty and vulnerability, the role of women and their empowerment, training and accumulation of human capital and policy implications of lessons learned.

    The empirical results show that vulnerability of the more mature SHG members declines significantly. Vulnerability also falls for villages with better infrastructure and for SHGs that are formed by NGOs and linked by banks. The results strongly demonstrate that on average, there is a significant increase in the empowerment of the female participants. The economic impact of SBLP is found to be the most empowering. Greater autonomy and changes in social attitudes also lead to female empowerment. The investigation further reveals that training (especially business training) has a definite positive impact on assets but not on income. The impact of training can be improved through better infrastructure (as in paved roads), linkage model type, and the training organiser.

    Bridging the gap in the existing literature and between academics and practitioners, this book moves beyond the usual theoretical issues in the impact assessment literature and draws on new developments in methodology. It will be of interest to academics, development practitioners and students of economics, political science, sociology, public policy and development studies.

  • 45. Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Andrehn, Inga-Lynn
    Christensen, Jens
    Finnegan, Gerry
    Steps Towards Impact Assessment of SED Interventions on Employment, SEED, ILO2002Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 46.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Andrehn, Inga-Lynn
    Christensen, Jens
    Finnegan, Gerry
    Steps Towards Impact Assessment of SED Interventions on Employment, SEED, ILO2002Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 47.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Nationalekonomi. Mistra Center for Sustainable Markets.
    Blomqvist, Björn R. H.
    Sumpter, David J. T.
    Uppsala University.
    Last Night in Sweden? Using Gaussian Processes to Study Changing Demographics at the Level of Municipalities2020Inngår i: European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, ISSN 0928-9569, E-ISSN 1571-8174, Vol. 28, nr 1, s. 46-75Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The increased immigration in Western Europe has been linked by some political parties to increased criminality rates. We study the statistical relationship between the proportion of foreign-born to three types of reported criminality - rapes, burglary, and assault. The analysis is based on Swedish municipality level data for 2002-2014, years with signicant immigration. Using non-parametric Gaussian processes models, we find that while reported rape rates have increased, they are likely best explained by changes in reporting. The reported burglary rates have decreased, while reported assault rates are positively correlated to the proportion of foreign-born residents in the municipality.

  • 48.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn Univ, Sch Social Sci, Huddinge, Sweden; Stockholm School of Economics, Mistra Ctr Sustainable Markets, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Blomqvist, Björn Rune Helmer
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Matematiska institutionen, Tillämpad matematik och statistik.
    Sumpter, David J. T.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Matematiska institutionen, Tillämpad matematik och statistik.
    Last night in Sweden?: Using Gaussian processes to study changing demographics at the level of municipalities2020Inngår i: European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, ISSN 0928-9569, E-ISSN 1571-8174, Vol. 28, nr 1, s. 46-75Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The increased immigration in Western Europe has been linked by some political parties to increased criminality rates. We study the statistical relationship between the proportion of foreign-born to three types of reported criminality - rapes, burglary, and assault. The analysis is based on Swedish municipality level data for 2002-2014, years with significant immigration. Using non-parametric Gaussian processes models, we find that while reported rape rates have increased, they are likely best explained by changes in reporting. The reported burglary rates have decreased, while reported assault rates are positively correlated to the proportion of foreign-born residents in the municipality.

  • 49.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Floro, Maria
    Assessing the Effect of Microfinance on Vulnerability and Poverty among Low Income Households2012Inngår i: Journal of Development Studies, ISSN 0022-0388, E-ISSN 1743-9140, Vol. 48, nr 5, s. 605-618Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 50.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Floro, Maria
    Assessing the Effect of Microfinance on Vulnerability and Poverty among Low Income Households2012Inngår i: Journal of Development Studies, ISSN 0022-0388, E-ISSN 1743-9140, Vol. 48, nr 5, s. 605-618Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We empirically investigate whether participation in the Indian Self Help Group (SHG) microfinance programme has helped reduced poverty and household vulnerability using cross-sectional SHG rural household survey data. The potential selection bias is eliminated by propensity score matching to estimate the average treatment on treated effect using nearest neighbour matching and a local linear regression algorithm. We find that vulnerability in SHG members is not significantly higher than in non-SHG members, even though the SHG members have a high incidence of poverty. However, vulnerability declines significantly for those that have been SHG members for more than one year. These results are found to be robust using sensitivity analysis and the Rosenbaum bounds method.

1234 1 - 50 of 172
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