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  • 1.
    Adrian Meredith, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Björklund, Catarina
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Jansson, Katarina
    Hallberg, Anders
    Institutionen för läkemedelskemi, Uppsala universitet.
    Rosenquist, Åsa
    Samuelsson, Bertil
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    P2’-truncated BACE-1 inhibitors with a novel hydroxethylene-like core2010Inngår i: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0223-5234, E-ISSN 1768-3254, Vol. 45, nr 2, s. 542-554Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Highly potent BACE-1 protease inhibitors derived from a novel hydroxyethylene-like core structure were recently developed by our group using X-ray crystal structure data and molecular modelling. In a continuation of this work guided by molecular modelling we have explored a truncated core motif where the P2’ amide group is replaced by an ether linkage resulting in a set of alkoxy, aryloxy and alkylaryl groups, with the overall aim to reduce molecular weight and the number of amide bonds to increase permeability and bestow the inhibitors with drug-like features. The most potent of these inhibitors displayed a BACE-1 IC50 value of 140 nM. The synthesis of these BACE-1 inhibitors utilizes readily available starting materials, furnishing the target compounds in good overall yields.

  • 2.
    Adrian Meredith, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Wallberg, Hans
    Vrang, Lotta
    Oscarson, Stefan
    Centre for Synthesis and Chemical Biology, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.
    Parkes, Kevin
    Hallberg, Anders
    Institutionen för läkemedelskemi, Uppsala universitet.
    Samuelsson, Bertil
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Design and Synthesis of Novel P2 Substituents in Diol-based HIV Protease Inhibitors2010Inngår i: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0223-5234, E-ISSN 1768-3254, Vol. 45, nr 1, s. 160-170Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis and SAR of HIV-1 protease inhibitors containing novel P2 structural elements are presented. The inhibitors were designed having hydrogen bond accepting P2 substituents to probe potential favorable interactions to Asp-29/Asp-30 of the HIV-1 protease backbone utilizing inhibitor 3 as a model template. Several inhibitors were synthesized from an L-Val-methylamide P2 motif by appending hydrogen bonding moieties from either the isopropyl side chain or from the methylamide portion. The most promising inhibitors 4a and 4e displayed Ki values of 1.0 nM and 0.7 nM respectively and EC50 values in the MT4 cell-based assay of 0.17 µM and 0.33 µM respectively, a slight loss in potency compared to lead inhibitor 3. These inhibitors were also tested against an HIV protease inhibitor resistant strain carrying the M46I, V82F, and I84V mutations. Inhibitors 4a and 4e displayed a 3 and 4 fold change respectively compared with HIV wild type, whereas lead inhibitor 3 showed a higher 9 fold change. This study further demonstrate the chemical tractability of the approach where various P2 substituents can be introduced in just one chemical step from lactone x enabling facile modifications of the overall properties in this inhibitor class.

  • 3.
    Ahlford, Katrin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Ekström, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Zaitsev, Alexey
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Ryberg, Per
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of ketones catalyzed by amino acid derived rhodium complexes: on the origin of enantioselectivity and enantioswitchability: Corrigendum to vol 15(2009) 42, pp. 11197-2010Inngår i: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 16, nr 35, s. 10610-10610Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4.
    Ahlsten, Nanna
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Lundberg, Helena
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Martin-Matute, Belen
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Rhodium-catalysed isomerisation of allylic alcohols in water at ambient temperature2010Inngår i: Green Chemistry, ISSN 1463-9262, E-ISSN 1463-9270, Vol. 12, nr 9, s. 1628-1633Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An environmentally benign method for the transformation of allylic alcohols into carbonyl compounds is described. Using [Rh(COD(CH3CN)(2)]BF4 (2) in combination with 1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane (PTA, 1) as the catalytic system in water results in a very fast redox isomerisation of a variety of secondary allylic alcohols at ambient temperature. Also, some primary allylic alcohols can be isomerised into the corresponding aldehydes. The active complex, which in some cases can be used in catalyst loadings as low as 0.5 mol%, is formed in situ from commercially available reagents. Based on deuterium labelling studies, a tentative mechanism involving metal-enone intermediates is presented.

  • 5. Ai, Yue-Jie
    et al.
    Liao, Rong-zhen
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Chen, Shu-feng
    Luo, Yi
    Fang, Wei-Hai
    Theoretical Studies on Photoisomerizations of (6-4) and Dewar Photolesions in DNA2010Inngår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 114, nr 44, s. 14096-14102Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The (6-4) photoproduct ((6-4) PP) is one of the main lesions in UV-induced DNA damage. The (6-4) PP and its valence isomer Dewar photoproduct (Dewar PP) can have a great threat of mutation and cancer but gained much less attention to date. In this study, with density functional theory (DFT) and the complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) methods, the photoisomerization processes between the (6-4) PP and the Dewar PP in the gas phase, the aqueous solution, and the photolyase have been carefully examined. Noticeably, the solvent effect is treated with the CASPT2//CASSCF/Amber (QM/MM) method. Our calculations show that the conical intersection (Cl) points play a crucial role in the photoisomerization reaction between the (6-4) PP and the Dewar PP in the gas and the aqueous solution. The ultrafast internal conversion between the S-2 ((1)pi pi*) and the So states via a distorted intersection point is found to be responsible for the formation of the Dewar PP lesion at 313 nm, as observed experimentally. For the reversed isomeric process, two channels involving the "dark" excited states have been identified. In addition to the above passages, in the photolyase, a new electron-injection isomerization process as an efficient way for the photorepair of the Dewar PP is revealed.

  • 6.
    Björklund, Catarina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Jansson, Katarina
    Lindberg, Jimmy
    Vrang, Lotta
    Hallberg, Anders
    Rosenquist, Åsa
    Samuelsson, Bertil
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Discovery of Potent BACE-1 Inhibitors Containing a New Hydroxyethylene (HE) Scaffold: Exploration of P1’ Alkoxy Residues and an Aminoethylene (AE) Central Core2010Inngår i: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0968-0896, E-ISSN 1464-3391, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 1711-1723Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In a preceding study we have described the development of a new hydroxyethylene (HE) core motif displaying P1 aryloxymethyl and P1’ methoxy substituents delivering potent BACE-1 inhibitors. In a continuation of this work we have now explored the SAR of the S1’ pocket by introducing a set of P1’ alkoxy groups and evaluated them as BACE-1 inhibitors. Previously the P1 and P1’ positions of the classical HE template have been relatively little explored due to the complexity of the chemical routes involved in modifications at these positions. However, the chemistries developed for the current HE template renders substituents in both the P1 and P1’ positions readily available for SAR exploration. The BACE-1 inhibitors prepared displayed IC50 values in the range of 4-45 nM, where the most potent compounds featured small P1’ groups. The cathepsin D selectivity which was high for the smallest P1’ sustituents (P1’=ethoxy, fold selectively >600) dropped for larger groups (P1’=benzyloxy, fold selectivity of 1.6). We have also confirmed the importance of both the hydroxyl group and its stereochemistry preference for this HE transition state isostere by preparing both the deoxygenated analogue and by inverting the configuration of the hydroxyl group to the R-configuration, which as expected resulted in large activity drops. Finally substituting the hydroxyl group by an amino group having the same configuration (S), which previously have been described to deliver potent BACE-1 inhibitors with advantageous properties, surprisingly resulted in a large drop in the inhibitory activity.

  • 7.
    Björklund, Catarina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Oscarson, Stefan
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Benkestock, Kurt
    Borkakoti, Neera
    Jansson, Katarina
    Lindberg, Jimmy
    Vrang, Lotta
    Hallberg, Anders
    Rosenquist, Åsa
    Samuelsson, Bertil
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Design and synthesis of potent and selective BACE-1 inhibitors2010Inngår i: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0022-2623, E-ISSN 1520-4804, Vol. 53, nr 4, s. 1458-1464Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Several highly potent BACE-1 protease inhibitors have been developed from an inhibitor series containing a novel hydroxyethylene (HE) core structure displaying aryloxymethyl or benzyloxymethyl P1 side chains and a methoxy P1’ side chain. The target molecules were readily synthesized from chiral carbohydrate starting materials, furnishing the inhibitor compounds in good overall yields. The inhibitors show both high BACE-1 potency and good selectivity against cathepsin D, where the most potent inhibitor furnish a BACE-1 IC50 value of 0.32 nM and displays > 3000 fold selectivity over cathepsin D.

  • 8.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Preface2010Inngår i: Topics in catalysis, ISSN 1022-5528, E-ISSN 1572-9028, Vol. 53, nr 13-14, s. 831-831Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 9. Chowdhury, Sugata
    et al.
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Russo, Nino
    Sicilia, Emilia
    Mechanistic investigation of the hydrogenation of O2 by a transfer hydrogenation catalyst2010Inngår i: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 132, nr 12, s. 4178-4190Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Cumpstey, Ian
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Short synthesis of a benzyl ether protected building block for the synthesis of carbocyclic galactopyranose mimics2010Inngår i: Carbohydrate Research, ISSN 0008-6215, E-ISSN 1873-426X, Vol. 345, nr 8, s. 1056-1060Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 11.
    Cumpstey, Ian
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Ramstadius, Clinton
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Akhtar, Tashfeen
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Goldstein, Irwin J
    Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI .
    Winter, Harry C
    Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI .
    Non-glycosidically linked pseudodisaccharides: thioethers, sulfoxides, sulfones, ethers, selenoethers, and their binding to lectins2010Inngår i: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-193X, E-ISSN 1099-0690, nr 10, s. 1951-1970Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydrolytically stable non-glycosidically linked tail-to-tail pseudodisaccharides are linked by a single bridging atom remote from the anomeric centre of the constituent monosaccharides. Some such pseudodisaccharides with sulfur or oxygen bridges were found to act as disaccharide mimetics in their binding to the Banana Lectin and to Concanavalin A. A versatile synthetic route to a small library of such compounds is described

  • 12.
    Davies, Ronnie
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Rydberg, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Westberg, Emelie
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Motwani, Hitesh V.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Johnstone, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Törnqvist, Margareta
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    A New General Pathway for Synthesis of Reference Compounds of N-Terminal Valine-Isocyanate Adducts2010Inngår i: Chemical Research in Toxicology, ISSN 0893-228X, E-ISSN 1520-5010, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 540-546Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Adducts to Hb could be used as biomarkers to monitor exposure to isocyanates. Particularly useful is the measurement of carbamoylation of N-terminal valines in Hb, after detachment as hydantoins. The synthesis of references from the reactive isocyanates, especially diisocyanates, has been problematic due to side reactions and polymerization of the isocyanate starting material. A simpler, safer, and more general method for the synthesis of valine adducts of isocyanates has been developed using N-[(4-nitrophenyl)-carbamate]valine methylamide (NPCVMA) as the key precursor to adducts of various mono- and diisocyanates of interest. By reacting NPCVMA with a range of isocyanate-related amines, carbamoylated valines are formed without the use of the reactive isocyanates. The carbamoylated products synthesized here were cyclized with good yields of the formed hydantoins. The carbamoylated derivative from phenyl isocyanate also showed quantitative yield in a test with cyclization tinder the conditions used in blood. This new pathway for the preparation of N-carbamoylated model compounds overcomes the above-mentioned problems in the synthesis and is a general and simplified approach, which could make such reference compounds of adducts to N-terminal valine from isocyanates accessible for biomonitoring purposes. The synthesized hydantoins corresponding to adducts from isocyanic acid, methyl isocyanate, phenyl isocyanate, and 2,6-toluene diisocyanate were characterized by LC-MS analysis. The background level of the hydantoin from isocyanic acid in human blood was analyzed with the LC-MS conditions developed.

  • 13.
    Deiana, Luca
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Zhao, Gui-Ling
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Dziedzik, Pawel
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Rios, Ramón
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Vesely, Jan
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Ekström, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    One-pot highly enantioselective catalytic Mannich-type reactions between aldehydes and stable α-amido sulfones: asymmetric synthesis of β-amino aldehydes and β-amino acids2010Inngår i: Tetrahedron Letters, ISSN 0040-4039, E-ISSN 1359-8562, Vol. 51, nr 2, s. 234-237Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A highly enantioselective catalytic route to carbamate- and benzoate-protected beta-amino aldehydes and beta-amino acids is presented. The amino acid-catalyzed one-pot asymmetric reaction between unmodified aldehydes and alpha-amido sulfones gives the corresponding beta-amino compounds with up to 95:5 dr and 97-99%

  • 14.
    Deiana, Luca
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Zhao, Gui-Ling
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Lin, Shuangzheng
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Dziedzic, Pawel
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Zhang, Qiong
    Leijonmarck, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Organocatalytic enantioselective aziridination of α-substituted α,β-unsaturated aldehydes: asymmetric synthesis ot terminal aziridines2010Inngår i: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis, ISSN 1615-4150, E-ISSN 1615-4169, Vol. 352, nr 18, s. 3201-3207Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The first example of a highly enantioselective organocatalytic aziridination of α-substituted α,β-unsaturated aldehydes is presented. The reaction is catalyzed by simple chiral amines and gives access to highly functional terminal azirdines containing an α-tertiary amine stereocenter in high yields and enantiomeric ratios (95.5:4.5–98:2).

  • 15.
    Deska, Jan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    del Pozo Ochoa, Carolina
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Chemoenzymatic dynamic kinetic resolution of axially chiral allenes2010Inngår i: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 16, nr 15, s. 4447-4451Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Dimeric palladium bromide complexes bearing monodentate N-heterocyclic carbene ligands have been identified as efficient catalysts for the chemoselective racemization of axially chiral allenyl alcohols. In combination with porcine pancreatic lipase as biocatalyst, a dynamic kinetic resolution has been developed, giving access to optically active allenes in good yield and high enantiomeric purity (

  • 16.
    Engström, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Nyhlén, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Sandström, Anders G.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Directed evolution of an enantioselective lipase with broad substrate scope for hydrolysis of α-substituted esters2010Inngår i: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 132, nr 20, s. 7038-7042Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A variant of Candida antarctica lipase A (CalA) was developed for the hydrolysis of α-substituted p-nitrophenyl esters by directed evolution. The E values of this variant for 7 different esters was 45−276, which is a large improvement compared to 2−20 for the wild type. The broad substrate scope of this enzyme variant is of synthetic use, and hydrolysis of the tested substrates proceeded with an enantiomeric excess between 95−99%. A 30-fold increase in activity was also observed for most substrates. The developed enzyme variant shows (R)-selectivity, which is reversed compared to the wild type that is (S)-selective for most substrates.

  • 17.
    Engström, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Nyhlén, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Sandström, Anders G.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Enantioselective Kinetic Resolution of p-Nitrophenyl 2-Phenylpropanoate by a Variant of Candida antarctica Lipase A Developed by Directed Evolution2010Inngår i: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 132, nr 20, s. 7038-7042Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A variant of Candida antarctica lipase A (CalA) was developed for the hydrolysis of α-substituted p-nitrophenyl esters by directed evolution. The E values of this variant for 7 different esters was 45−276, which is a large improvement compared to 2−20 for the wild type. The broad substrate scope of this enzyme variant is of synthetic use, and hydrolysis of the tested substrates proceeded with an enantiomeric excess between 95−99%. A 30-fold increase in activity was also observed for most substrates. The developed enzyme variant shows (R)-selectivity, which is reversed compared to the wild type that is (S)-selective for most substrates.

  • 18. Eriksson, Kristofer L. E.
    et al.
    Chow, Winnie W. Y.
    Puglia, Carla
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Göthelid, Emmanuelle
    Oscarsson, Sven
    Performance of a biomimetic oxidation catalyst immobilized on silicon wafers: comparison with its gold congener2010Inngår i: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 26, nr 21, s. 16349-16354Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With the aim of extending the usefulness of an existing biomimetic catalytic system, cobalt porphyrin catalytic units with thiol linkers were heterogenized via chemical grafting to silicon wafers and utilized for the catalytic oxidation of hydroquinone to p-benzoquinone. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to analyze the morphology and composition of the heterogeneous catalyst. The results of the catalytic oxidation of hydroquinone obtained with porphyrins grafted on silicon were compared with those obtained earlier with the same catalyst in homogeneous phase and immobilized on gold. It was found that the catalysis could run over 400 h, without showing any sign of deactivation. The measured catalytic activity is at least 10 times higher than that measured under homogeneous conditions, but also 10 times lower than that observed with the catalytic unit immobilized on gold. The reasons of this discrepancy are discussed in term of substrate influence and overlayer organization. The silicon-immobilized catalyst has potential as an advanced functional material with applications in oxidative heterogeneous catalysis of organic reactions, as it combines long-term relatively high activity with low cost.

  • 19. Fourniere, Viviane
    et al.
    Skantz, Linnea
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Sajtos, Ferenc
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Oscarson, Stefan
    Lahmann, Martina
    Synthesis of the Lewis b pentasaccharide and a HSA-conjugate thereof2010Inngår i: Tetrahedron, ISSN 0040-4020, E-ISSN 1464-5416, Vol. 66, nr 39, s. 7850-7855Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Helicobacter pylori, a gastric pathogen, binds to various blood group antigens, including the Lewis types, present in the gastric tissue and a relation between the presentation of the ligands and the overall strength of binding has been assumed. Synthetic Lewis b tetra- and hexasaccharide conjugates are available but not the analogous pentasaccharide. An efficient synthesis of the amino spacer equipped Lewis b pentasaccharide, 3-aminopropyl alpha-L-fucopyranosyl-(1 -> 2)-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 3)-[alpha-L-fucopyranosyl-(1 -> 4)]-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 -> 3)-beta-D-galactopyranoside, is presented to enable further investigation of the carbohydrate recognition process of H. pylori.

  • 20.
    Fournière, Viviane
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Cumpstey, Ian
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Synthesis of non-glycosidically linked selenoether pseudodisaccharides2010Inngår i: Tetrahedron Letters, ISSN 0040-4039, E-ISSN 1359-8562, Vol. 51, nr 16, s. 2127-2129Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Non-glycosidically linked disaccharide mimetics with a selenoether functionality linking the two monosaccharide residues have been synthesised. Protected Glc(Se3–3)Glc, Glc(Se3–6)Glc and Glc(Se3–6)Man structures were obtained. Selenium was introduced by displacement of carbohydrate sulfonates with a selenobenzoate anion. Conversion into diselenides by methanolysis of the benzoate and aerial oxidation was followed by reduction of the diselenides to selenolates, and in situ displacement of a second carbohydrate sulfonate in an SN2 reaction to give selenoethers. Glc(Se3–3)Glc and Glc(Se3–6)Glc were also obtained in deprotected form.

  • 21.
    Frigell, Jens
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Cumpstey, Ian
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Carbasugar analogues of galactofuranosides: alpha-O-linked derivatives2010Inngår i: BEILSTEIN J ORG CHEM, ISSN 1860-5397, Vol. 6, s. 1127-1131Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Using an indirect method, we have synthesised alpha-linked carbasugar analogues of galactofuranosides for the first time. Ring opening of a beta-talo configured carbasugar 1,2-epoxide by alcohol nucleophiles under Lewis acidic conditions proceeded with very good regioselectivity to give alpha-talo configured C1-substituted ethers with a free OH-group at the C2 position. Inversion of configuration at C2 by an oxidation-reduction sequence gave the alpha-galacto configured carbahexofuranose C1 ethers. A carbadisaccharide corresponding to the Galf(alpha 1 -> 3)Manp substructure from Apodus deciduus galactomannan was synthesised to exemplify the method.

  • 22.
    Gao, Weiming
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för fysikalisk kemi, oorganisk kemi och strukturkemi, Avdelningen för strukturkemi.
    Åkermark, Torbjörn
    Li, Mingrun
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för fysikalisk kemi, oorganisk kemi och strukturkemi, Avdelningen för strukturkemi.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för fysikalisk kemi, oorganisk kemi och strukturkemi, Avdelningen för strukturkemi.
    Sun, Licheng
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Attachment of a hydrogen-bonding carboxylate side chain to an [FeFe]-hydrogenase model complex: Influence on the catalytic mechanism2010Inngår i: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 16, nr 8, s. 2537-2546Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Azapropanedithiolate (adt)-bridged model complexes of [FeFe]-hydrogenase bearing a carboxylic acid functionality have been designed with the aim of decreasing the potential for reduction of protons to hydrogen. Protonation of the bisphosphine complexes 46 has been studied by in situ IR and NMR spectroscopy, which revealed that protonation with triflic acid most likely takes place first at the N-bridge for complex 4 but at the FeFe bond for complexes 5 and 6. Using an excess of acid, the diprotonated species could also be observed, but none of the protonated species was sufficiently stable to be isolated in a pure state. Electrochemical studies have provided an insight into the catalytic mechanisms under strongly acidic conditions, and have also shown that complexes 3 and 6 are electro-active in aqueous solution even in the absence of acid, presumably due to hydrogen bonding. Hydrogen evolution, driven by visible light, has been observed for three-component systems consisting of [Ru(bpy)3]2+, complex 1, 2, or 3, and ascorbic acid in CH3CN/D2O solution by on-line mass spectrometry.

  • 23.
    Georgieva, Polina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Quantum chemical modeling of enzymatic reactions: The Case of histone lysine methyltransferase2010Inngår i: Journal of Computational Chemistry, ISSN 0192-8651, E-ISSN 1096-987X, Vol. 31, nr 8, s. 1707-1714Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Quantum chemical cluster models of enzyme active sites are today an important and powerful tool in the study of various aspects of enzymatic reactivity. This methodology has been applied to a wide spectrum of reactions and many important mechanistic problems have been solved. Herein, we report a systematic study of the reaction mechanism of the histone lysine methyltransferase (HKMT) SET7/9 enzyme, which catalyzes the methylation of the N-terminal histone tail of the chromatin structure. In this study, HKMT SET7/9 serves as a representative case to examine the modeling approach for the important class of methyl transfer enzymes. Active site models of different sizes are used to evaluate the methodology. In particular, the dependence of the calculated energies on the model size, the influence of the dielectric medium, and the particular choice of the dielectric constant are discussed. In addition, we examine the validity of some technical aspects, such as geometry optimization in solvent or with a large basis set, and the use of different density functional methods.

  • 24. Ghobril, Cynthia
    et al.
    Hammar, Peter
    Kodepelly, Sanjeevarao
    Spiess, Bernard
    Wagner, Alain
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Baati, Rachid
    Structure-Reactivity Relationship Studies for Guanidine-Organocatalyzed Direct Intramolecular Aldolization of Ketoaldehydes2010Inngår i: ChemCatChem, ISSN 1867-3880, E-ISSN 1867-3899, Vol. 2, nr 12, s. 1573-1581Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Structure-reactivity studies are performed to explore the reaction mechanism of the guanidine-catalyzed intramolecular aldol reaction of ketoaldehydes. A large number of guanidine and guanidine-like catalysts are synthesized and their properties studied. Kinetic profiles and pK(a) values of the catalysts are measured and correlated to reaction barriers calculated using density functional theory (DFT). The DFT calculations show that structural rigidity influences the pKa of the guanidines. Although the basicity is a very important factor in the catalysis, it is not sufficient to fully account for its catalytic efficiency. The availability of two aligned nitrogen reaction sites for proton shuttling in the transition state is an essential feature that helps to rationalize the reactivity pattern and the activation mode for this family of organocatalysts.

  • 25. Godefroid, Marie
    et al.
    Svensson, Mona V
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Cambier, Pierre
    Uzureau, Sophie
    Mirabella, Aurélie
    De Bolle, Xavier
    Van Cutsem, Pierre
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Letesson, Jean-Jacques
    Brucella melitensis 16M produces a mannan and other extracellular matrix components typical of a biofilm2010Inngår i: FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology, ISSN 0928-8244, E-ISSN 1574-695X, Vol. 59, nr 3, s. 364-377Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 26.
    Gustafsson, Mikaela
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Bartoszewicz, Agnieszka
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Martín-Matute, Belén
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Grins, Jekabs
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Zhao, Tony
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Li, Zhongyue
    Zhu, Guangshan
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    A family of highly stable lanthanide metal-organic frameworks: structural evolution and catalytic activity2010Inngår i: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 22, nr 11, s. 3316-3322Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A family of homeotypic porous lanthanide metal−organic frameworks (MOFs), [Ln(btc)(H2O)]·guest (Nd (1), Sm (2), Eu (3), Gd (4), Tb (5), Ho (6), Er (7), and Yb (8); guest: DMF or H2O) was synthesized. The structures of the as-synthesized compounds are tetragonal and contain 1D channels with accessible lanthanide ions. In situ single crystal X-ray diffraction shows that 1 undergoes a single-crystal to polycrystalline to single-crystal transformation from room temperature to 180 °C. During the release of DMF and water molecules from the channels by evacuation and subsequent heating, the structures of 1 and 7 transformed from tetragonal to monoclinic, and then to tetragonal, while the structure of 8 remained tetragonal. The transformation between the monoclinic and the low temperature tetragonal phases is reversible. The Ln(btc) MOFs are stable to at least 480 °C and are among the most thermally stable MOFs. The Ln(btc) MOFs act as efficient Lewis acid catalysts for the cyanosilylation of aldehydes yielding cyanohydrins in high yields within short reaction times. 1 also catalyzes the cyanosilylation of less reactive substrates, such as ketones at room temperature. The Ln(btc) MOFs could be recycled and reused without loss of their crystallinity and activity.

  • 27.
    Hamark, Christoffer
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Landström, Jens
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Ethyl 3,6-di-O-benzyl-2-deoxy-N-phthalimido-1-thio-β-D-glucopyranoside2010Inngår i: Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, ISSN 1600-5368, E-ISSN 1600-5368, Vol. E66, s. o3250-o3251Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the title compound, C30H31NO6S, the plane of the N-phthalimido group is nearly orthogonal to the least-squares plane of the sugar ring (defined by atoms C2, C3, C5 and O5 using standard glucose nomenclature), making a dihedral angle of 72.8 (1)°. The thioethyl group has the exo-anomeric conformation. The hydroxy group forms an intermolecular hydrogen bond to the O atom in the sugar ring, generating [100] chains. There are four close - contacts with centroid-centroid distances less than 4.0 Å, all with dihedral angles between the interacting systems of only 8°, supporting energetically favourable stacking interactions

  • 28.
    Hamark, Christoffer
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Landström, Jens
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Ethyl 4,6-O-benzylidene-2-deoxy-N-phthalimido-1-thio-β-D-glucopyranoside2010Inngår i: Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online, ISSN 1600-5368, E-ISSN 1600-5368, Vol. E66, s. o3249-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 29.
    Jalalian, Nazli
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Olofsson, Berit
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Design and asymmetric synthesis of chiral diaryliodonium salts2010Inngår i: Tetrahedron, ISSN 0040-4020, E-ISSN 1464-5416, Vol. 66, nr 31, s. 5793-5800Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The application of chiral hypervalent iodine reagents in asymmetric synthesis is highly desirable, as the reagents are metal-free, environmentally benign and employed under mild conditions. Three chiral diaryliodonium salts have been designed to provide chemoselectivity and asymmetric induction in asymmetric alpha-phenylation of carbonyl compounds. The synthetic routes to the selected targets are detailed herein, together with a structural investigation into the diastereoselectivity of the alkylation process.

  • 30.
    Johnston, Eric V
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bogár, Krisztián
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Enantioselective synthesis of (R)-bufuralol via dynamic kinetic resolution in the key step2010Inngår i: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 75, nr 13, s. 4596-4599Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An enantioselective synthesis of (R)-bufuralol via a ruthenium- and enzyme-catalyzed dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR) has been achieved. The synthesis starts from readily available 2-ethylphenol and provides (R)-bufuralol in high ee and a good overall yield of 31%.

  • 31.
    Johnston, Eric V.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Karlsson, Erik A.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Tran, Lien-Hoa
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Efficient aerobic ruthenium-catalyzed oxidation of secondary alcohols by the use of a hybrid electron transfer catalyst2010Inngår i: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-193X, E-ISSN 1099-0690, nr 10, s. 1971-1976Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Biomimetic aerobic oxidation of secondary alcohols has been performed using hybrid catalyst 1 and Shvo's catalyst 2. This combination allows mild reaction conditions and low catalytic loading, due to the efficiency of intramolecular electron transfer. By this method a wide range of different alcohols have been converted into their corresponding ketones. Oxidation of benzylic as well as aliphatic, electron-rich, electron-deficient and sterically hindered alcohols could be oxidized in excellent yield and selectivity. Oxidation of (S)-1-phenyl-ethanol showed that no racemization occurred during the course of the reaction, indicating that the hydride 2b adds to the quinone much faster than it re-adds to the ketone product. The kinetic deuterium isotope effect of the oxidation was determined by the use of 1-phenylethanol (3a) and 1-deuterio-1-phenylethanol (3a-d1) in parallel and competitive manner, which gave the same isotope effect within experimental error (k(H)/k(D) approximate to 2.8). This indicates that there is no strong coordination of the substrate to the catalyst.

  • 32.
    Kalek, Marcin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Johansson, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Jezowska, Martina
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Palladium-catalyzed propargylic substitution with phosphorus nucleophiles: efficient, stereoselective synthesis of allenylphosphonates and related compounds2010Inngår i: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 12, nr 20, s. 4702-4704Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A new, efficient method is developed, based on a palladium(0)-catalyzed reaction of propargylic derivatives with various phosphorus nucleophiles, to produce allenylphosphonates and their analogues with defined stereochemistry in the allenic and the phosphonate moiety. 

  • 33.
    Krumlinde, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bogár, Krisztián
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Asymmetric synthesis of bicyclic diol derivatives through metal and enzyme catalysis: Application to the formal synthesis of sertraline2010Inngår i: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 16, nr 13, s. 4031-4036Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Enzyme- and ruthenium-catalyzed dynamic kinetic asymmetric transformation (DYKAT) of bicyclic diols to their diacetates was highly enantio- and diastereoselective to give the corresponding diacetates in high yield with high enantioselectivity (99.9 % ee). The enantiomerically pure diols are accessible by simple hydrolysis (NaOH, MeOH), but an alternative enzyme-catalyzed ester cleavage was also used to give the trans-diol (R,R)-1 b in extremely high diastereomeric purity (trans/cis=99.9:0.1, >99.9 % ee). It was demonstrated that the diols can be selectively oxidized to the ketoalcohols in a ruthenium-catalyzed Oppenauer-type reaction. A formal enantioselective synthesis of sertraline from a simple racemic cis/trans diol 1 b was demonstrated.

  • 34.
    Landström, Jens
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Glycan flexibility: insights into nanosecond dynamics from a microsecond molecular dynamics simulation explaining an unusual nuclear Overhauser effect2010Inngår i: Carbohydrate Research, ISSN 0008-6215, E-ISSN 1873-426X, Vol. 345, nr 2, s. 330-333Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 35.
    Lavén, Gaston
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Kalek, Marcin
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Jezowska, Martina
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Preparation of benzylphosphonates via a palladium(0)-catalyzed cross-coupling of H-phosphonate diesters with benzyl halides. Synthetic and mechanistic studies2010Inngår i: New Journal of Chemistry, ISSN 1144-0546, E-ISSN 1369-9261, Vol. 34, nr 5, s. 967-975Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We have developed a new, efficient method for the synthesis of benzylphosphonate andbenzylphosphonothioate diesters via a palladium(0)-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction betweenbenzyl halides and H-phosphonate or H-phosphonothioate diesters, using Pd2(dba)3(CHCl3)as a palladium source and Xantphos as a supporting ligand. Some mechanistic aspects of thesereactions were investigated using 31P NMR spectroscopy.

  • 36.
    Lee, Bao-Lin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Kärkäs, Markus D.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Johnston, Eric V.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Inge, Andrew K.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Tran, Lien-Hoa
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Xu, Yunhua
    Hansson, Örjan
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Synthesis and characterization of oligonuclear Ru, Co, and Cu oxidation catalysts2010Inngår i: European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-1948, E-ISSN 1099-1948, nr 34, s. 5462-5470Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, we report the preparation and crystal structures of three new oligonuclear complexes, Ru-2(bbpmp)(mu-OAc)(3) (4), [Co-2(bbpmp)(mu-OAc)(mu-OMe)](PF6) (5), [Cu-4(Hbbpmp)(2)(mu-OAc)(H2O)(2)](OAc)(PF6)(2) (6) {H(3)bbpmp = 2,6-bis[(2-hydroxybenzyl)-(2-pyridylmethyl)aminomethyl]-4-methylphenol (3)}. The structures of the complexes were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The oxidation states of ruthenium, cobalt and copper in the complexes are +3, +3 and +2, respectively. In 4 and 5, Ru-III and Co-III are coordinated to four oxygen and two nitrogen atoms in an octahedral geometry, while in 6, Cu-II adopts both octahedral (CuN2O4) and square-pyramidal (CuN2O3) geometry. The potential of the three complexes as oxidation catalysts has been investigated.

  • 37.
    Liao, Rong-Zhen
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Yu, Jian-Guo
    Liu, Ruo-Zhuang
    Dipeptide hydrolysis by the dinuclear zinc enzyme human renal dipeptidase: Mechanistic insights from DFT calculations2010Inngår i: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, ISSN 0162-0134, E-ISSN 1873-3344, Vol. 104, nr 1, s. 37-46Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The reaction mechanism of the dinuclear zinc enzyme human renal dipeptidase is investigated using hybrid density functional theory. This enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of dipeptides and beta-lactam antibiotics. Two different protonation states in which the important active site residue Asp288 is either neutral or ionized were considered. In both cases, the bridging hydroxide is shown to be capable of performing the nucleophilic attack on the substrate carbonyl carbon from its bridging position, resulting in the formation of a tetrahedral intermediate. This step is followed by protonation of the dipeptide nitrogen, coupled with C-N bond cleavage. The calculations establish that both cases have quite feasible energy barriers. When the Asp288 is neutral, the hydrolytic reaction occurs with a large exothermicity. However, the reaction becomes very close to thermoneutral with an ionized Asp288. The two zinc ions are shown to play different roles in the reaction. Zn1 binds the amino group of the substrate, and Zn2 interacts with the carboxylate group of the substrate, helping in orienting it for the nucleophilic attack. In addition, Zn2 stabilizes the oxyanion of the tetrahedral intermediate, thereby facilitating the nucleophilic attack

  • 38.
    Liao, Rong-Zhen
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Yu, Jian-Guo
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Mechanism of tungsten-dependent acetylene hydratase from quantum chemical calculations2010Inngår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 107, nr 52, s. 22523-22527Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 39.
    Liao, Rong-Zhen
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Yu, Jian-Guo
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Phosphate Mono- and Diesterase Activities of the Trinuclear Zinc Enzyme Nuclease P1—Insights from Quantum Chemical Calculations2010Inngår i: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 49, nr 15, s. 6883-6888Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Nuclease P1 is a trinuclear zinc enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of single-stranded DNA and RNA. Density functional calculations are used to elucidate the reaction mechanism of this enzyme with a model of the active site designed on the basis of the X-ray crystal structure. 2-Tetrahydrofuranyl phosphate and methyl 2-tetrahydrofuranyl phosphate substrates are used to explore the phosphomonoesterase and phosphodiesterase activities of this enzyme, respectively. The calculations reveal that for both activities, a bridging hydroxide performs an in-line attack on the phosphorus center, resulting in inversion of the configuration. Simultaneously, the P−O bond is cleaved, and Zn2 stabilizes the negative charge of the leaving alkoxide anion and assists its departure. All three zinc ions, together with Arg48, provide electrostatic stabilization to the penta-coordinated transition state, thereby lowering the reaction barrier.

  • 40.
    Liao, Rong-Zhen
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Yu, Jian-Guo
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Reaction Mechanism of the Trinuclear Zinc Enzyme Phospholipase C: A Density Functional Theory Study2010Inngår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 114, nr 7, s. 2533-2540Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Phosphatidylcholine-preferring phospholipase C is a trinuclear zinc-dependent phosphodiesterase, catalyzing the hydrolysis of choline phospholipids. In the present study, density functional theory is used to investigate the reaction mechanism of this enzyme. Two possible mechanistic scenarios were considered with a model of the active site designed on the basis of the high resolution X-ray crystal structure of the native enzyme. The calculations show that a Zn1 and Zn3 bridging hydroxide rather than a Zn1 coordinated water molecule performs the nucleophilic attack on the phosphorus center. Simultaneously, Zn2 activates a water molecule to protonate the leaving group. In the following step, the newly generated Zn2 bound hydroxide makes the reverse attack, resulting in the regeneration of the bridging hydroxide. The first step is calculated to be rate-limiting with a barrier of 17.3 kcal/mol, in good agreement with experimental kinetic studies. The zinc ions are suggested to orient the substrate for nucleophilic attack and provide electrostatic stabilization to the dianionic penta-coordinated trigonal bipyramidal transition states, thereby lowering the barrier.

  • 41.
    Lin, Shuangzheng
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Zhao, Gui-Ling
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Deiana, Luca
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Zhang, Qiong
    Leijonmarck, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Dynamic kinetic asymmetric domino oxa-Michael/carbocyclization by combination of transition-metal and amine catalysis: catalytic enantioselective synthesis of dihydrofurans2010Inngår i: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6538, Vol. 16, nr 47, s. 13930-13934Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42. Liu, Bin
    et al.
    Perepelov, Andrei V.
    Svensson, Mona V.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Shevelev, Sergei D.
    Guo, Dan
    Senchenkova, Sof'ya N.
    Shashkov, Alexander S.
    Weintraub, Andrej
    Feng, Lu
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Knirel, Yuriy A.
    Wang, Lei
    Genetic and structural relationships of Salmonella O55 and Escherichia coli O103 O-antigens and identification of a 3-hydroxybutanoyltransferase gene involved in the synthesis of a Fuc3N derivative2010Inngår i: Glycobiology, ISSN 0959-6658, E-ISSN 1460-2423, Vol. 20, nr 6, s. 679-688Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    O-antigen (O-polysaccharide), a part of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria, is one of the most variable cell constituents and is related to bacterial virulence. O-antigen diversity is almost entirely due to genetic variations in O-antigen gene clusters. In this study, the O-polysaccharide structures of Salmonella O55 and Escherichia coli O103 were elucidated by chemical analysis and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. It was found that the O-polysaccharides have similar pentasaccharide O-units, which differ only in one sugar (glucose versus N-acetylglucosamine) and in the N-acyl group (acetyl versus 3-hydroxybutanoyl) on 3-amino-3,6-dideoxy-d-galactose (d-Fuc3N). The Salmonella O55 antigen gene cluster was sequenced and compared with the E. coli O103 antigen gene cluster reported previously. The two gene clusters were found to share high-level similarity (DNA identity ranges from 53% to 76%), except for two putative acyl transferase genes (fdtC in Salmonella O55 and fdhC in E. coli O103) which show no similarity. Replacement of the fdtC gene in Salmonella O55 with the fdhC gene from E. coli O103 resulted in production of a modified O-antigen, which contains a 3-hydroxybutanoyl derivative of Fuc3N in place of 3-acetamido-3,6-dideoxygalactose. This finding strongly suggests that fdhC is a 3-hydroxybutanoyltransferase gene. The sequence similarity level suggested that the O-antigen gene clusters of Salmonella O55 and E. coli O103 originate from a common ancestor, and this evolutionary relationship is discussed.

  • 43.
    Lundborg, Magnus
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Modhukur, Vijayachitra
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Glycosyltransferase functions of E. coli O-antigens2010Inngår i: Glycobiology, ISSN 0959-6658, E-ISSN 1460-2423, Vol. 20, nr 3, s. 366-368Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    ECODAB (the E. coli O-antigen database) has been expanded to include information about glycosyltransferases (GTs) involved in the assembly of the O-antigen polysaccharide. Similarity searches have been performed to be able to determine GT functions that have not been reported prior to this work. In addition to suggesting the function of 179 GTs, the approach leads to the prediction of part of the O-antigen structures of a number of serogroups. The procedure suggests a novel way of combining genetic information with experimental techniques in structural analysis of oligo- and polysaccharides.

  • 44.
    Merritt, Eleanor A.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Carneiro, Vania M.T.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Silva Jr., Luiz F.
    Olofsson, Berit
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Facile synthesis of Koser's reagent and derivatives from iodine or aryl iodides2010Inngår i: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 75, nr 21, s. 7416-7419Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The first one-pot synthesis of neutral and electron-rich [hydroxy(tosyloxy)iodo]arenes (HTIBs) from iodine and arenes is presented, thereby avoiding the need for expensive iodine(III) precursors. A large set of HTIBs, including a polyfluorinated analogue, can be obtained from the corresponding aryl iodide under the same conditions. The reaction proceeds under mild conditions, without excess reagents, and is fast and high-yielding. Together, the two presented routes give access to a wide range of HTIBs, which are useful reagents in a variety of synthetic transformations.

  • 45.
    Millet, Renaud
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Träff, Annika M.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Petrus, Michiel L.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Enantioselective synthesis of syn- and anti-1,3-aminoalcohols via β-aminoketones and subsequent reduction/dynamic kinetic asymmetric transformation2010Inngår i: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 132, nr 43, s. 15182-15184Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    β-Aminoketones obtained from imines in an organocatalytic Mannich reaction were transformed to enantio- and diastereomerically pure 1,3-aminoalcohols with two stereogenic centers via a combined reduction/dynamic kinetic asymmetric transformation. Both syn and anti diastereomers were obtained in high yield, dr, and ee.

  • 46. Norrby, Per-Ola
    et al.
    Petersen, Tue B.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Bielawski, Marcin
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Olofsson, Berit
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    α-Arylation by Rearrangement: On the Reaction of Enolates with Diaryliodonium Salts2010Inngår i: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 16, nr 28, s. 8251-8254Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Surprising equilibration: A new mechanism for the title reaction is supported by DFT calculations and experimental observations. The CI and OI intermediates are isoenergetic and equilibrate quickly. Thus, any chiral information induced in the initial complex will be destroyed. In the final CC bond-forming step, a [2,3]-rearrangement from the OI bonded intermediate is slightly preferred over the [1,2]-elimination from the CI bonded isomer (see scheme).

  • 47. Novoa-Carballal, Ramón
    et al.
    Säwén, Elin
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Fernandez-Megia, Eduardo
    Correa, Juan
    Riguera, Ricardo
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    The dynamics of GATG glycodendrimers by NMR diffusion and quantitative 13C relaxation2010Inngår i: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 12, nr 25, s. 6587-6589Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The dynamics of GATG glycodendrimers have been investigated by NMR translational diffusion and quantitative 13C relaxation studies (Lipari-Szabo model-free), allowing the determination of the correlation times describing the dendrimer segmental orientational mobility.

  • 48.
    Nozière, Barbara
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad miljövetenskap (ITM).
    Dziedzic, Pawel
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Inorganic ammonium salts and carbonate salts are efficient catalysts for aldol condensation in atmospheric aerosols2010Inngår i: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 12, nr 15, s. 3864-3872Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In natural environments such as atmospheric aerosols, organic compounds coexist with inorganic salts but, until recently, were not thought to interact chemically. We have recently shown that inorganic ammonium ions, NH4+, act as catalysts for acetal formation from glyoxal, a common atmospheric gas. In this work, we report that inorganic ammonium ions, NH4+, and carbonate ions, CO32−, are also efficient catalysts for the aldol condensation of carbonyl compounds. In the case of NH4+ this was not previously known, and was patented prior to this article. The kinetic results presented in this work show that, for the concentrations of ammonium and carbonate ions present in tropospheric aerosols, the aldol condensation of acetaldehyde and acetone could be as fast as in concentrated sulfuric acid and might compete with their reactions with OH radicals. These catalytic processes could produce significant amounts of polyconjugated, light-absorbing compounds in aerosols, and thus affect their direct forcing on climate. For organic gases with large Henry's law coefficients, these reactions could also result in a significant uptake and in the formation of secondary organic aerosols (SOA). This work reinforces the recent findings that inorganic salts are not inert towards organic compounds in aerosols and shows, in particular, that common ones, such as ammonium and carbonate salts, might even play important roles in their chemical transformations.

  • 49.
    Nyhlén, Jonas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Boschloo, Gerrit
    Hagfeldt, Anders
    Kloo, Lars
    Privalov, Timofei
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Regeneration of oxidized organic photo-sensitizers in Grätzel solar cells: quantum-chemical portrait of a general mechanism2010Inngår i: ChemPhysChem, ISSN 1439-4235, E-ISSN 1439-7641, Vol. 11, nr 9, s. 1858-1862Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 50.
    Nyhlén, Jonas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Duan, Lele
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Sun, Licheng
    Privalov, Timofei
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Evolution of O2 in a seven-coordinate RuIV dimer complex with a [HOHOH]- bridge: A computational study2010Inngår i: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 49, nr 10, s. 1773-1777Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
12 1 - 50 of 75
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