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  • 201.
    Altmeyer, S.
    et al.
    University of Luxembourg.
    Lisper, Björn
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Maiza, C.
    Université Grenoble Alpes, Verimag, France.
    Reineke, J.
    Saarland University, Germany.
    Rochange, C.
    University of Toulouse, France.
    WCET and mixed-criticality: What does confidence in WCET estimations depend upon?2015In: OpenAccess Series in Informatics, 2015, p. 65-74Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mixed-criticality systems integrate components of different criticality. Different criticality levels require different levels of confidence in the correct behavior of a component. One aspect of correctness is timing. Confidence in worst-case execution time (WCET) estimates depends on the process by which they have been obtained. A somewhat naive view is that static WCET analyses determines safe bounds in which we can have absolute confidence, while measurement-based approaches are inherently unreliable. In this paper, we refine this view by exploring sources of doubt in the correctness of both static and measurement-based WCET analysis.

  • 202.
    Altmeyer, Sebastian
    et al.
    Saarland University.
    Lisper, Björn
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Hümbert, Christian
    AbsInt GmbH, Saarbrücken, Germany .
    Wilhelm, Reinhard
    Saarland University.
    Parametric timing analysis for complex architectures2008In: Proceedings - 14th IEEE International Conference on Embedded and Real-Time Computing Systems and Applications, RTCSA 2008, 2008, p. 367-376Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hard real-time systems have stringent timing constraints expressed in units of time. To ensure that a task finishes within its time-frame, the designer of such a system must be able to derive upper bounds on the task's worst-case execution time (WCET). To compute such upper bounds, timing analyses are used. These analyses require that information such as bounds on the maximum numbers of loop iterations are known statically, i.e. during design time. Parametric timing analysis softens these requirements: it yields symbolic formulas instead of single numeric values representing the upper bound on the task's execution time.

    In this paper, we present a new parametric timing analysis that is able to derive safe and precise results. Our method determines what the parameters of the program are, constructs parametric loop bounds, takes processor behaviour into account and attains a formula automatically. In the end, we present tests to show that the precision and runtime of our analysis are very close to those of numeric timing analysis.

  • 203.
    Amaral, Vasco
    et al.
    Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal.
    Cicchetti, Antonio
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Deshayes, Romuald
    Université de Mons-Hainaut, Belgium .
    A Multiparadigm Approach to Integrate Gestures and Sound in the Modeling Framework2013In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Vol. 112, 2013, p. 57-66Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the essential means of supporting Human-MachineInteraction is a (software) language, exploited to input commands andreceive corresponding outputs in a well-dened manner. In the past,language creation and customization used to be accessible to softwaredevelopers only. But today, as software applications gain more ubiquity,these features tend to be more accessible to application users themselves.However, current language development techniques are still based on tra-ditional concepts of human-machine interaction, i.e. manipulating textand/or diagrams by means of more or less sophisticated keypads (e.g.mouse and keyboard).In this paper we propose to enhance the typical approach for dealing withlanguage intensive applications by widening available human-machine in-teractions to multiple modalities, including sounds, gestures, and theircombination. In particular, we adopt a Multi-Paradigm Modelling ap-proach in which the forms of interaction can be specied by means ofappropriate modelling techniques. The aim is to provide a more advancedhuman-machine interaction support for language intensive applications.

  • 204.
    Ameerjan, Sharvathul Hasan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Predicting and Estimating Execution Time of Manual Test Cases - A Case Study in Railway Domain2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Testing plays a vital role in the software development life cycle by verifying and validating the software's quality. Since software testing is considered as an expensive activity and due to thelimitations of budget and resources, it is necessary to know the execution time of the test cases for an efficient planning of test-related activities such as test scheduling, prioritizing test cases and monitoring the test progress. In this thesis, an approach is proposed to predict and estimate the execution time of manual test cases written in English natural language. The method uses test specifications and historical data that are available from previously executed test cases. Our approach works by obtaining timing information from each and every step of previously executed test cases. The collected data is used to estimate the execution time for non-executed test cases by mapping them using text from their test specifications. Using natural language processing, texts are extracted from the test specification document and mapped with the obtained timing information. After estimating the time from this mapping, a linear regression analysis is used to predict the execution time of non-executed test cases. A case study has been conducted in Bombardier Transportation (BT) where the proposed method is implemented and the results are validated. The obtained results show that the predicted execution time of studied test cases are close to their actual execution time.

  • 205.
    Ameri E., Afshin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Akan, Batu
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Çürüklü, Baran
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Incremental Multimodal Interface for Human-Robot Interaction2010In: Proceedings of the 15th IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation, ETFA 2010, 2010, p. Art.nr. 5641234-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Face-to-face human communication is a multimodal and incremental process. An intelligent robot that operates in close relation with humans should have the ability to communicate with its human colleagues in such manner. The process of understanding and responding to multimodal inputs has been an interesting field of research and resulted in advancements in areas such as syntactic and semantic analysis, modality fusion and dialogue management. Some approaches in syntactic and semantic analysis take incremental nature of human interaction into account. Our goal is to unify syntactic/semantic analysis, modality fusion and dialogue management processes into an incremental multimodal interaction manager. We believe that this approach will lead to a more robust system which can perform faster than today's systems.

  • 206.
    Ameri E., Afshin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Akan, Batu
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Çürüklü, Baran
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Asplund, Lars
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    A General Framework for Incremental Processing of Multimodal Inputs2011In: Proceedings of the 13th international conference on multimodal interfaces, New York: ACM Press, 2011, p. 225-228Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Humans employ different information channels (modalities) such as speech, pictures and gestures in their commu- nication. It is believed that some of these modalities are more error-prone to some specific type of data and therefore multimodality can help to reduce ambiguities in the interaction. There have been numerous efforts in implementing multimodal interfaces for computers and robots. Yet, there is no general standard framework for developing them. In this paper we propose a general framework for implementing multimodal interfaces. It is designed to perform natural language understanding, multi- modal integration and semantic analysis with an incremental pipeline and includes a multimodal grammar language, which is used for multimodal presentation and semantic meaning generation.

  • 207.
    Ameri E., Afshin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems. IS (Embedded Systems).
    Larsson, Thomas B
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems. IS (Embedded Systems).
    Towards Full-Scale Ray Tracing in Games2016In: Proceedings of SIGRAD 2016, Visby, Sweden, 2016, Vol. 127, p. 48-49, article id 009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We discuss the current status when it comes to real-time ray tracing of games as a full-scale alternative to renderers based on rasterization. Modern games include massive geometry, beautiful graphics, and advanced rendering effects, and still, they run with a high and steady frame rate at high resolutions. We argue that to make ray tracing a viable option, significant further development is required in terms of improved algorithms and software libraries, as well as hardware innovations that will greatly benefit the average gamer’s hardware equipment.

  • 208.
    Ameri Ekhtiarabadi, Afshin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Unified Incremental Multimodal Interface for Human-Robot Interaction2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Face-to-face human communication is a multimodal and incremental process. Humans employ  different information channels (modalities) for their communication. Since some of these modalities are more error-prone to specic type of data, a multimodal communication can benefit from strengths of each modality and therefore reduce ambiguities during the interaction. Such interfaces can be applied to intelligent robots who operate in close relation with humans. With this approach, robots can communicate with their human colleagues in the same way they communicate with each other, thus leading to an easier and more robust human-robot interaction (HRI).In this work we suggest a new method for implementing multimodal interfaces in HRI domain and present the method employed on an industrial robot. We show that operating the system is made easier by using this interface.

  • 209.
    Amin, Rebin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Tool for Risk Evaluation2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 210.
    Amro, Adib
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Öberg Sjöstrand, Billy
    För- och nackdelar med att förlänga/förkorta flygets underhållsintervaller2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Aircraft maintenance within the aviation industry is an essential part as the purpose is to maintain the aircrafts built-in security and reliability levels. Aircraft require approved and straightforward maintenance to ensure safe operation and airworthiness. The maintenance program's intention is to ensure that a function operates properly despite an uncertain environment. During flights, aircraft are exposed to a large number of loads, which causes components and parts to be affected negatively. Because of this, a maintenance program is presented, the program tries to constantly detect and correct any potential errors before a functional error occurs.

    This degree project is about finding out about the pros and cons of extending or shortening the maintenance interval within the aircraft maintenance program. In addition, the purpose is to draw conclusions about how airline, aircraft turbine performance and age are related to extension or shortening of this maintenance interval. The dissertation was written at the Academy of Innovation, Design and Technology at Mälardalens högskola, Västerås.

    The work process was carried out in several steps. The first step was to deepen the knowledge within the field and understand the maintenance program. This was done through literature studies and information gathering on the subject. The second step was to analyze and process the general information and answers from the interview questions. The work included the advantages and disadvantages caused by extension or shortening of maintenance intervals without affecting the reliability that maintenance requirements ensure. 

  • 211.
    Amsih, Nancy
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Sambandet mellan self-efficacy och kreativitet: En teoretisk studie2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Creativity has great influence on society, organisations and individuals. On the basis of behavioristic principles, such as the ones on learning, this study has treated creativity as an opportunity that can be developed by the individual. Self-efficacy, which implies the belief that one is capable of performing in a certain situation, is one of many bricks that help creativity form itself in its special manner. This study has a focus on self-efficacy and those theories that self-efficacy has emerged from, and on creativity. The purpose was to, with help of a literature-study, discuss whether self-efficacy can have a helping hand as well as a damaging effect in the creative activity. Further along the report has shown that the relation between all concepts is a clearly appearing, which has led to an account on how nearly associated they are.  

  • 212.
    Anderberg, Roxanne
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Holm, Rickard
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Simplified sensor system for an intelligent robotic gripper2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents an intelligent gripper (IPA gripper) with a consumer available pre-touch system that can be used for detecting and grasping an unknown object. The paper also proposes a method of using indirect force control with object movement as feedback, named OMFG (Object Motion Focused Grasping). Together with OMFG and the pre-touch system, the gripper can detect and prevent slippage. During the course of this master thesis an iterative design methodology has been used to develop a design. The design has been tested with quantitative and qualitative experiments to verify the quality of the IPA gripper and to validate the hypothesis of this master thesis.

  • 213.
    Anderbrink, Alexandra
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Det blir som det blir - Vi har inte tid att planera!: En studie om att utveckla Kolmårdens djurparks befintliga zooapplikation och dess användbarhet och skapa ett praktiskt planeringsverktyg2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 214.
    Andersen, Ann-Louise
    et al.
    Aalborg Univ, Denmark.
    Rosio, Carin
    Jönköping Univ, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Reconfigurable Manufacturing - An Enabler for a Production System Portfolio Approach2016In: Procedia CIRP, 2016, Vol. 52, p. 139-144Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate how the development of a strategically integrated product and production system portfolio could be enabled by the concept of reconfigurable manufacturing. In previous research, several critical challenges related to developing production system portfolios have been identified, but it has not been investigated how developing a reconfigurable manufacturing concept could aid some of these. Therefore, through a multiple case study, these critical challenges have been investigated in two companies that have recently developed reconfigurable manufacturing concepts for multiple variants and generations of products. The findings reveal that the companies need to deal with several challenges in order to enable a functioning RMS. By running the project separately from the NPD project and to include several product types and production sites the company overcome several challenges. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • 215.
    Andersson, Alf
    et al.
    Volvo Car Corporation Manufacturing Engineering.
    Erdem, Ilker
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Funk, Peter
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems. IS (Embedded Systems).
    Rahman, Hamidur
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems. IS (Embedded Systems).
    Kihlman, Henrik
    ProdTex.
    Bengtsson, Kristofer
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Falkman, Petter
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Torstensson, Johan
    Fraunhofer-Chalmers Centre.
    Carlsson, Johan
    Fraunhofer-Chalmers Centre.
    Scheffler, Michael
    Carl Zeiss Automated Inspection GmbH & Co.
    Bauer, Stefan
    Carl Zeiss Automated Inspection GmbH & Co.
    Paul, Joachim
    Carl Zeiss Automated Inspection GmbH & Co.
    Lindkvist, Lars
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Nyqvist, Per
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Inline Process Control – a concept study of efficient in-line process control and process adjustment with respect to product geometry2016In: Swedish Production Symposium 2016 SPS 2016, Lund, Sweden, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    All manufacturing processes have variation which may violate the fulfillment of assembly, functional, geometrical or esthetical requirements and difficulties to reach desired form in all areas. The cost for geometry defects rises downstream in the process chain. Therefore, it is vital to discover these defects as soon as they appear. Then adjustments can be done in the process without losing products or time. In order to find a solution for this, a project with the overall scope “development of an intelligent process control system” has been initiated. This project consists of five different work packages: Inline measurement, Process Evaluation, Corrective actions, Flexible tooling and demonstrator cell. These work packages address different areas which are necessary to fulfill the overall scope of the project. The system shall both be able to detect geometrical defects, propose adjustments and adjust simple process parameters. The results are demonstrated in a demo cell located at Chalmers University of Technology. In the demonstrator all the different areas have been verified in an industrial case study – assembly of GOR Volvo S80. Efficient offline programming for robot based measurement, efficient process evaluation based on case base reasoning (CBR) methodology, flexible fixtures and process adjustments based on corrective actions regarding in going part positioning.

  • 216.
    Andersson, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bousquet, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bestickställ för ultraljudstvätt2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This was a product development project performed for AB Gense, a cutlery manufacturer in Eskilstuna. Between different operations during production the work material needs to be cleaned in an alkaline ultrasonic cleaner. The work materials are placed in a cutlery basket where they are in contact with each other. Due to this not all work materials are clean enough after the cleaning which leads to extra work for the operators. The purpose of this project was to develop a new cutlery basket in order to achieve a higher number of clean work materials.

     

    The main focus of the project was to develop a cutlery basket suitable for use in an ultrasonic cleaner. The project was based on the principals of the product development process. Interviews and observations were used in order to gather information about the problem. A number of concepts was developed and evaluated theoretically as well as practically together with the company.

     

    One concept was selected for further development. Plastic was chosen as material for the concept and 3D-printing for manufacturing since only a few baskets were to be produced.

     

    The result was a concept of a cutlery basket consisting of a base with removable supports for the work materials. The support comes in two different heights and has dents on the top in order to separate the work materials. A FEM-analysis was made in order to analyze the impact of the loads on the cutlery basket.

     

    It is hard to estimate to which degree the purpose was fulfilled due to the fact that no working prototype has been produced and tested. However the cutlery basket will probably give better results since the work materials are separated during the cleaning process. 

  • 217.
    Andersson, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Johansson, Kornelia
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Flens kommun - möjligheternas kommun2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Färdplan Flen är ett utvecklingsprojekt som drivs av Flens kommun och beräknas vara klart år2019. Den negativa utvecklingen inom kommunen med ett allt mer sjunkande befolkningsantal som i sin tur genererar mindra skatteintäkter har gjort att Färdplan Flen inrättats. I projektet ligger ett antal delprojekt som bland annat handlar om ortsutveckling och där har kommunen redan börjat arbeta med Malmköping som ett första steg. Ett annat delprojekt är Flen 2019 som handlar om att Flens kommun 2012 ska vara klara med en vision som kommer att arbetas fram under 2011 och vara verkställd 2019.I dagsläget arbetas det också på att skapa mer delaktighet mot invånarna och de anställda inom kommunen. Färdplan Flen är intresserad av Open Space och ska utföra workshops med detta tema för att få in invånarnas åsikter. Färdplan Flen är helt enkelt ett stort utvecklingsprojekt och här har vi fått en chans till att använda våra kunskaper för att hjälpa Färdplan Flen och Flens kommun i rätt riktning mot en innovativ kommun.

  • 218.
    Andersson, Carin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Implementation and use of OEE as a production performance measure2011In: Proceedings of the 4th Swedish Production Symposium, May 3-5th, Lund, 2011, Lund University, Sweden., 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 219.
    Andersson, Carin
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Managing Production Performance with Overall Equipment Efficiency (OEE) - Implementation Issues and Common Pitfalls2011In: Proceedings of the 44th Conference on Manufacturing Systems (CIRP), Wisconsin, US, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the current global competitive environment it is of immense importance for manufacturing companies tokeep track of, and improve the production performance of their production systems. One of the most widelyused performance measures is OEE, a powerful tool for production development if used correctly. Based ona theoretical analysis and a case study within a manufacturing company in the automotive industrychallenges associated with the implementation of OEE are identified and analyzed. Furthermore, the paperpresents conclusions of how to utilize the OEE measure for efficient management of improvement inproduction performance.

  • 220.
    Andersson, Carin
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Rösiö, Carin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Windmark, Christina
    Lund University.
    Production Location Handbook: Forming Your Strategic Manufacturing Footprint2013Report (Other academic)
  • 221.
    Andersson, Carin H.
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    On the complexity of using performance measures: Enhancing sustained production improvement capability by combining OEE and productivity2015In: Journal of manufacturing systems, ISSN 0278-6125, E-ISSN 1878-6642, Vol. 35, p. 144-154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The global speed of change within the manufacturing industry forces companies to constantly improve production performance. In that effort, performance measures are critical for driving and managing production improvements. Two of the most commonly used measures in operations are productivity and overall equipment efficiency (OEE). However, the potential of using these measures as improvement drivers is not fully utilized in industry today due, for example, to ambiguities in definitions and their interpretation. A study of available theory indicates a gap between these implications from a theoretical perspective vs. the industrial perspective. Bridging this theory-practice gap implies great potential for competitiveness and growth in manufacturing, since the latent production capacity that could be utilized is tremendous. Even if a high degree of complexity in definition and calculation when applied in operational conditions might be perceived, this paper will show that a systematically used combined set of OEE and productivity measures can successfully drive production improvements. Also, two new productivity measures for driving improvements at the shop floor level are proposed. The empirical findings are based on a two-year case study within a manufacturing company in the automotive industry using an interactive research approach. 

  • 222.
    Andersson, Carina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Information Design in Condition Monitoring2007In: The 3rd Information Design Conference, E-proceeding, Curitiba, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 223.
    Andersson, Carina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Informationsdesign i tillståndsövervakning: En studie av ett bildskärmsbaserat användargränssnitt för tillståndsövervakning och tillståndsbaserat underhåll2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research concerns the information design and visual design of graphical user interfaces (GUI) in the condition monitoring and condition-based maintenance (CBM) of production equipment. It also concerns various communicative aspects of a GUI, which is used to monitor the condition of assets. It applies to one Swedish vendor and its intentions to design information. In addition, it applies to the interaction between the GUI and its individual visual elements, as well as the communication between the GUI and the users (in four Swedish paper mills).

    The research is performed as a single case study. Interviews and observations have been the main methods for data collection. Empirical data is analyzed with methods inferred to semiotics, rhetoric and narratology. Theories in information science and regarding remediation are used to interpret the user interface design.

    The key conclusion is that there are no less than five different forms of information, all important when determining the conditions of assets. These information forms include the words, images and shapes in the GUI, the machine components and peripherals equipment, the information that takes form when personnel communicate machine conditions, the personnel’s subjective associations, and the information forms that relate to the personnel's actions and interactions.

    Preventive technicians interpret the GUI-information individually and collectively in relation to these information forms, which influence their interpretation and understanding of the GUI information. Social media in the GUI makes it possible to represent essential information that takes form when employees communicate a machine’s condition. Photographs may represent information forms as a machine’s components, peripherals, and local environment change over time. Moreover, preventative technicians may use diagrams and photographs in the GUI to change attitudes among the personnel at the mills and convince them, for example, of a machine’s condition or the effectiveness of CBM as maintenance policy.

  • 224.
    Andersson, Carina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Avgerinou, M
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Who am I Online-Portraits of Online Teachers from Sweden and the USA2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 225.
    Andersson, Carina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Essential Information Forms of Condition Monitoring in a Condition Based Maintenance Context2009In: International Journal of COMADEM, ISSN 1363-7681, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 10-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to describe an information theory in order to achieve a fruitful discussion of information within condition monitoring in a condition based maintenance context. The paper is based on a qualitative and interdisciplinary approach. A case study is performed at four Swedish paper mills and one condition monitoring supplier. Interviews have been the main method for data collection; however, observations and studies of artifacts are included in the study also. The main contribution of the study is a framework that visualizes how data and five different forms of information interact and turns into knowledge about a machine’s condition. These forms of information are all necessary to take into consideration when implementing and operating a condition based maintenance program. The research results state that it is relevant to allow and encourage the technicians and operators to utilize several forms of information when assessing the condition of an asset, and, thus, to not put too much trust in the condition monitoring technology alone. Also, it can be important to encourage user interface designers to reflect upon the different contexts and information forms as they design information in a condition monitoring interface.

  • 226.
    Andersson, Carina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Frank, Lars
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Nicholl, B
    University of Cambridge.
    Design fixations among information design students: What has been seen cannot be unseen2012In: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education: Design Education for Future Wellbeing, EPDE 2012, 2012, p. 159-166Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores the phenomenon of design fixation by studying undergraduate design students undertaking an information product design problem. The research is based on a case study, with 64 students. The students were given a design problem, and their design processes were documented in a weblog, which was analyzed jointly with handouts and slide presentations. The research suggests that the formulation of ideas in and recording of an early group brainstorming sessions may contribute to fixation of the finale design solution.

  • 227.
    Andersson, Carina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Pettersson, Rune
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    How can a design process and a scientific process in information design collaborate?2004In: Proceedings of the 4th International Seminar and Workshop EDIProD 2004, Zielona Góra, Poland, October 7–9. Poland, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 228.
    Andersson, Carina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Pettersson, Rune
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    How do we perceive and experience the design of messages in a web site? The multi analysis model of expressions in information set2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 229.
    Andersson, Carina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Pettersson, Rune
    Spinillo, C
    How to Merge Theory and Practice in Information Design? Educaraional and Research Perspectives in Visual Literacy2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 230.
    Andersson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Linnakallio, Caroline
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
     Basstation-FUMO 32013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 231.
    Andersson, Daniel
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. Mälardalen University.
    Innovation i allmänhetens tjänst: Effektiva innovationsprocesser i ett offentligt bolag2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The public sector in Sweden should, according to a rapport from the European central bank system (ECBS) in 2003, be able to keep the same quality with only half the economic resources. New ways that could raise value and reducing expenses in the Swedish public sector are therefore much needed. Innovative processes are suggested to be important for the public sector to find new andmore efficient methods of work. In this research the innovation process in a public corporation is reviewed with an intention to give suggestions of work methods that could improve the corporation’s efficiency. The following questions have guided the research: What characterize efficient innovation processes? How can efficient innovations processes help value to a publiccorporation? How can the public corporation work for more efficient innovation processes in their business?The purpose of this research is to develop suggestions for work methods that will help to improve the efficiency of the public corporation´s innovation processes.In this research a qualitative method is used in form of semi structured interviews with four employees in a public corporation in Sweden, two co‐workers, one executive and one CEO. The interviews were aimed to give a description of the present innovation processes in the corporation. The empiric data was analyzed from a theoretic point of view and set out to give suggestions for work methods that will help to improve the efficiency of the corporation´s innovation processes.Efficient innovation processes can vary from one organization to another. There is not one process that is more efficient than other processes and the innovation process have to be suited for the specific organization. A more efficient innovation process in the public corporation in this study can mean possibilities for a competitive business environment which gives job opportunities and an economic growth in the region. The public corporation in this study has flaws in their idea generating activities and in their continuous evaluation. It is primarily cultural obstacles that affect the innovation processes negative. The public corporation also needs routines for external and internalenvironment monitoring and for managing information.

  • 232.
    Andersson, Daniel
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Innovativt ledarskap: Ledarskap ur ett innovationsperspektiv i den offentliga sektorn2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem. With the Swedish public sectors problem with efficiency in mind, several reforms have beeninitiated during the last decades. These reforms go, in academic contexts, under the name“New public management”. The reforms have resulted in, among other things, an increasedcompetition, privatization and goal-orientation in the public sector. These new conditionshave changed the public leadership challenge and demand an increased focus on innovation todecrease costs and increase value as a central aspect of the Swedish public leadership.

    Purpose. The purpose for this research has been to examine the conditions for innovation in a publicorganization and how the leadership can improve the organizational innovativeness.

    Method. This research does not aim to measure the innovativeness in a public organization, instead itfocuses on understanding the condition for innovation and how the leadership can affect theorganizational innovativeness. Hence, it is motivated that I use a qualitative approach in theresearch process. Semi structured interviews and precedent research are being used as afoundation for the results and recommendations given.

    Conclusion. The leadership’s opportunities to improve the organizational innovativeness depend on anumber of independent organizational variables and the adaption of the variables to oneanother and the system as a whole. Leadership includes both the formal boss and the coworkerin a relationship that ought to be characterizing by reciprocity and cooperation. Bothmanagement and leadership are vital competences for the formal boss as both structure andculture must support each other. The conditions for organizational innovativeness improve ifthe organization has a structure and a culture that enhances: transboundary cooperation, spaceand energy for creative activities, a common context that contributes to an organizationalidentity and motivation and competence and organizational learning. The examinedorganization needs to decentralize the right to make decisions, improve the openness of theculture, and strengthen the organizational identity and audit structures in purpose to facilitatetransboundary cooperation.

  • 233.
    Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development. Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Tholén, Fredrik
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Styrkan i OEE som arbetsmetod2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The E-department at GETRAG All Wheel Drive in Köping have problems with the efficiency on parts of their production equipment. The equipment with the most significant efficiency problems are four automated multifunctional production cells that produces housing for rear drive units. The major part of the problem is the large amount of small stops that causes the low efficiency.

    The department already worked with logging of interruptions and efficiency calculations before this project started. However this work was not done to the extent considered necessary for a systematic follow-up of the interruptions.

    The aim of this paper is to point out a more effective and systematic way to work with logging of interruptions and the follow-up. In addition the equipment were studied with a method for efficiency calculation that – if used properly- is a more powerful and a visually better method than the one used by the company today.

    As the initial current state analysis of the equipment was made a lack of documented knowledge about the equipment was discovered. In addition the efficiency appeared to be lower than the companies previously presented figures.

    With the help of new methods for logging of interruptions and a deeper failure analysis the production equipment were studied for ten weeks. These studies showed that the department have big opportunities to a more effective and more profitable production. This can be done by reducing the chronicle interruptions through a more systematic work with continuous improvements.

    On the basis of the performed studies and the theoretical references a new working method that is based on the commitment of all employees is presented. This method can be used by the E-department to work with continuous improvements in a more systematic way than today.

  • 234.
    Andersson, Edvin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Dataöverföring av skilda datatyper på gemensam länk via multiplexing2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When transferring different data types between two sites, they have historically been transferred on separate infrastructures; analog signals separately, and digital data separately. Within the aviation industry, both these data types are still handled today, as transition from analog voice data to digital voice data takes time. To simplify the infrastructure, it is desirable to send all data on the same medium. Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) makes this possible and has been studied with focus on robustness and performance. The study has focused on how TDM devices should be configured with respect to Ethernet frame size to fully utilize link capacity. Theoretical reasoning has been validated by experimental data performed on TDM devices coupled with a fiber link. The number of lost frames for the system has been measured while varying data rates. This was repeated for several Ethernet frame sizes. Smaller frame sizes showed a higher possible transfer rate before data loss was recorded. This shows coherence between theory and experiments. Larger frame sizes were less good at filling the TDM time slots, causing data buffer on the device to overflow faster than for smaller frame sizes. This created data loss in the system. Other factors, such as overhead and payload, implies that the frame size should be chosen by application. Smaller data volumes that are sent frequently have an advantage when using smaller frame sizes, while when handling largeramounts of data that need to be transmitted quickly, it is more efficient to use larger frame sizes

  • 235.
    Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Manninen, Johanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Criteria´s for soft innovation: visionen om att standardisera kriterier som höjer innovationsklimatet2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att ta reda på vilka element som höjer det innovativa klimatet i företag och organisationer. Utifrån dessa element har författarna skapat kriterier som heter ”Soft innovation”. Visionen är att framtiden skulle kunna standardisera dessa kriterier. En abduktiv metod har använts. Metodvalet har motiverats med att kriterierna lättare accepteras om de är socialt konstruerade. Man kan påverka innovationsklimatet i företag, då det tar kortare tid än att förändra organisationskulturen. Dock antas att organisationsklimatet på sikt kan påverkar organisationskulturen. Kriterierna ska ses som vägledande riktlinjer för att stimulera ett innovativt klimat. Teori och empiri visade på många gemensamma faktorer som påverkar innovationsklimatet i företag. Resultatet av teori och empiri visade att de viktigaste faktorerna för att uppmuntra till kreativitet hos medarbetare var ett bra ledarskap, uppmuntran, belöning av kreativt beteende och misslyckande, projektgrupper som driver idén till verklighet och strukturer för hur kreativiteten ska hanteras.

  • 236.
    Andersson, Felix
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Pettersson, Sebastian
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Isaksson, Daniel
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    "Tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv på bankmötet"2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie där vi granskat rådgivningsmötet på en bank har vi kommit fram till att kundvärdet är en av de viktigaste delarna. Runt kundvärdet sker det en rad olika aktiviteter för att mötet ska bli värdeskapande både för kunden och rådgivaren. Den fysiska miljön och kommunikationen är två viktiga delar som vi anser påverkar kundmötena. Den fysiska miljön är det som kunden ser först och banken bör därför noggrant fundera vad de vill förmedla med den fysiska miljön. För att kommunikationen ska fungera och vara effektiv under ett möte kan det vara bra om det läggs ett större fokus på inventering innan mötet.

     

    Detta har tagit oss fram till en modell där kundvärdet är den centrala delen som sedan påverkas av kommunikationen och den fysiska miljön. 

  • 237.
    Andersson, Filip
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Pantzar, Anders
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Development of a mobile solution for delivering price quotes in the construction industry2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid growth of the mobile consumer market has influenced companies to make their workplace digital and mobile, with the goal to remove ties to a physical workplace, increase productivity, and trivialize tedious tasks. The construction industry is in need of modernization; it is a competitive market and to get a contract it is vital to provide a reasonable price quote fast.This bachelor thesis was performed together with Byggwalle AB in Västerås with the objective to create a mobile solution for price quotes, based on an earlier experimental prototype.

    This thesis will look at how the manual price quote creation process can be sped up and made more transparent to build up trust between the companies and the customers. It will also look at the choices made when developing a mobile application for the construction industry, how to make it flexible enough to fit different kinds of businesses, and look at how the data is administrated using a web based administration system.

    The result of this thesis is a promotional prototype, which sped up the delivery of price quotes from 3 weeks to 3 hours, and will be distributed to selected companies for further testing in the near future. We hope that this product can change the way business is done in construction industry.

  • 238.
    Andersson, Gabriel
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Det flexibla klassrummet, ett hjälpmedel för pedagoger.: En förbättrad klassrumsmiljö som underlättar kommunikationen mellan pedagoger och studenter.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a study in how to design a flexible classroom environment with a focus on facilitating and supporting teachers’ and students’ working and learning. The goal is to design a classroom environment that is welcoming while also designed to improve communication between teachers and students.

    The work is based on the Centre for Multilingualism, an education unit that is a part of Brinellskolan in Fagersta for people between 16 and 65 years who intend to learn the Swedish language and culture. The Centre for Multilingualism’s facilities are currently not well suited to the education that is provided there. The classroom at the centre needs to be better adapted, particularly with regards to physical elements such as storage and acoustics, and display elements such as whiteboards and projectors. At the Centre for Multilingualism the students do not have their own classroom or home-room, so it is important that the classroom they use is flexible and is designed to accommodate many different activities and users at different times.

    This study is based on theories of spatial design such as form, function, acoustics, colouring and lighting, it also includes some cognitive theories of design. The methods that have been applied in this thesis are spatial analysis, interviews and reference objects. Based on the results of these applied theories and methods a design proposal has been created. The goal of the design proposal was to create design for a flexible, functional, and aesthetically pleasing classroom adaptable to suit a variety of educational activities and also different teachers and students with differing needs.

    This study is intended to be of interest to educators, designers or researchers in design and teaching methods.

  • 239.
    Andersson, Hampus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Effektivisering av lager- och orderhanteringsaktiviteter på Dormakaba AB2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    The problem

    Being able to manage the process- and material flows in an efficient way is essential for delivering goods, on time and at the lowest possible cost, to customers. Efficient flows have always been of great importance, but in the past few decades they have received more attention, especially within industrial circuits. The interest in creating efficient flows has increased in line with market developments, its increased complexity and variations. But with the new market companies have come to face new problems. Poor delivery service, high inventory- and handling costs and longer lead times. Longer lead times lead to greater costs for the company. It’s also a competitive disadvantage, which means that the company may end up losing customers to competitors.

     

    With this in mind, the decision was made that this study would focus on reducing the lead times at the company’s warehouse department. The questions on which this study is based are as follows:

     

    1. Which factors affect the lead times for inventory- and order management?
    2. How can you increase the efficiency and shorten the lead times for inventory- and order management?  

    Case study

    During this thesis, a case study has been conducted at Dormakaba AB. The case study has been delimited to include only the inventory- and order management at the company. The overall approach for this study has been the DMAIC-method. The gathering of data has been made through observations, interviews and time studies.

     

    During the case study, a lot of unnecessary movements were identified in the process of inventory- and order management. This was mainly due to the layout of the warehouse, the design of the workbenches and the lack of structure. In order to reduce the lead times, the unnecessary movements needed to be minimized as much as possible. Therefore the improvement proposals are primarily focusing on reducing unnecessary movements.

     

    Results and conclusions

    During the course of the study a time study, on an order handling process, were done. The order, which could be considered to be of normal size, were completed in 32,8 minutes. By making an ABC-analysis and design the inventory after the results of the analysis, changing workbenches, introducing 5s on the workbenches and delivery area and introducing a new layout, it was estimated that a time saving of 6,8 (20,73%) was possible. This would allow an annual time saving of 2 266,5 hours.

  • 240.
    Andersson, Hedvig
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Felicias mattelåda: Ett kreativt och engagerandeläromedel för lågstadiet2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Matematik är ett av de viktigaste ämnena i dagens skola, men det är också ett av de ämnena som eleverna ofta tycker är tråkigast. På senare år har undersökningar visat på brister i elevernas matematikkunskaper och skolans matematik har blivit beskylld för att inte vara tillräckligt tydligt kopplad till verkligheten.

    Genom att ta del av tidigare forskning kom jag fram till sex riktlinjer för att utforma ett bättre läromedel i matematik. Jag bestämde mig således för att designa ett läromedel: med öppna lösningar där eleverna själva fick formulera problemen, ett läromedel som appellerade till flera sinnen, som var konkret utan abstrakta termer, som gjorde det möjligt för eleverna att använda sin kreativitet, som inbjöd till diskussioner och kommunikation och som fångade elevernas engagemang.

    Jag bestämde mig för att utforma mitt läromedel kring Felicia, hennes detektivbyrå och fallet med stölderna på hotell Citronella.

  • 241.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. Informativ illustration.
    Hur kan en informativ serietidning hjälpa barn att intressera sig för källsortering?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport avser arbetsprocessen bakom ett examensarbete på Mälardalens högskola med tema”flöde och processer”. Arbetets uppgift har varit att framställa en informativ bildserie för barn iårskurs 0 till 6 som informerar om källsortering och motiverar att källsortera. Rapporten innehållerkvalitativa undersökningar kring hur man framställer bra effektiv informationsdesign anpassat förbarn, hur man finner rätt bildmanér för målgruppen samt huruvida om serier är effektfulla i läromedel.

  • 242.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Yngvesson, Markus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Game of Ideas: utvecklingsprocessen för ett interaktivt verktyg att designa affärsidéer2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Författarna har sedan 2007 gemensamt skrivit uppsatsarbeten samt drivit konsultföretag inom kommunikation och kreativitet.  Under tiden har författarna kommit i kontakt med samarbetsövningen Win As Much As You Can. Författarna har ansett att övningen hade potential att bli ett nyttigt verktyg för företag för att förbättra samarbete och kommunikation och utvecklade därför övningen under 2008 till ett spel, Evolution. Dessa erfarenheter låg till grund för utformningen av Game of Ideas, vilket är baserat på litteraturstudier inom komplex systemteori och innovation. De grundläggande dragen för komplex teori har tillämpats genom att låta teorier kring innovation bli till spelregler. Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att försöka skapa något helt nytt genom att sammanföra två olika sorters teorier till ett interaktivt verktyg att designa affärsidéer.

  • 243.
    Andersson, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Already there?: cultivating emergent places for radical innovation in operations2017In: International Series in Operations Research & Management Science, Volume 255, Springer New York LLC , 2017, p. 131-149Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter proposes a way of understanding and cultivating places for radical innovation in operations. This chapter describes how, organisations can, instead of letting an innovation laboratory be its single economic and managerial priority, foster a decentralised, varied and emergent palette of places in use where radical innovation can occur. The chapter suggests that this can be done in lean production facilities and radical innovation be balanced with incremental innovation. 

  • 244.
    Andersson, Jennie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Andersson, Carina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Design as Information: How May Design and Information Relate?2009In: Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal, ISSN 1833-1874, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 161-172Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to Pettersson, design may be a process and/or the result of the process, a product. The area of design is multidisciplinary and involves several notions. One is in the subject field of Information Design, which includes language, communication, art, cognition and information science. These disciplines refer to the concept of information differently. There is therefore a need for a fruitful theory of information, terms and concepts in order to enrich the reasoning of design as information. Bates presents a definition of information and several fundamental information forms. There, she offers a theoretical framework, the main core of which is that information may take different forms related to architecture, graphic design, interior design, and interface design, etc. Such a framework may contribute to understanding the meaning of design. Bates’ theory is applied in a study involving spatial design in industrial environments. The conclusions of the study illustrates how design and information relate to a design process and a design product that enriches the understanding of the meaning of design.

  • 245.
    Andersson, Jennie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Lindell, Rikard
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    It Could Just as Well Have Been in Greek:: Experiences from Introducing Code as a Design Material to Exhibition Design Students2016In: TEI '16 Proceedings of the TEI '16: Tenth International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction Pages 126-132, EINDHOVEN, Netherlands: ACM , 2016, p. 126-132Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the experience and learning from introducing programming in a museum exhibition design course. Thirty-seven information design students from Sweden, with no previous experience in programming, participated in the course in 2014 and 2015. The students' tasks were to create interactive exhibition stations at a county museum in five weeks. We introduced Arduino and Processing programming in the course to enlarge the information design students' repertoire and to find ways to develop the interactive aspects of the exhibition medium. We aim to identify and discuss challenges and strengths when introducing code as design material in design education. The education of future exhibition designers is an important matter relevant the TEI community.

  • 246.
    Andersson, Jennie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Palmgren, Marianne
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Visionary Expectations and Novice Designers: Prototyping in Design Education2017In: Design and Technology Education: An International Journal, ISSN 1360-1431, E-ISSN 2040-8633, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In information design education, we strive to find methods that provide students with opportunities to explore different ways of learning and designing. We seek to support development of contextual competences that will be helpful in navigating an unknown future of design in society. A challenge in today's design education is to formulate and use methods that support design students in developing competencies in the space between basic form training and context-rich training. The aim of this study was to evaluate prototyping exercises in design education where the focus was in that in-between space. The study is based on 33 prototyping workshops done between 2008 and 2015 and involving 160 students and two design teachers. Four different approaches to prototyping exercises are described, examined and evaluated: "spatial prototyping," "multi-material prototyping," "physical prototyping," and a mix between the latter two, "physical multi-material prototyping." The results show that the prototyping exercises did support the learning of diverse competencies in the in-between space of basic form training and context training. However, the exercises were also counterproductive and met with different kinds of resistance. The results of the study invite to a dialogue on how different prototyping techniques can stimulate learning in relation to future design competences.

  • 247.
    Andersson, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Ett hinder kvar: En studie i Svensk hästhoppnings organisation2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledande problem

    Det har under ett flertal år skett organisationsförändringar inom Svenska ridsportförbundet och dennes underorganisation tävling/hoppning. Dessa förändringar har påverkat det Svenska hopplandslaget, då deras ledning kommit och gått på grund av interna konflikter som pågått mellan det Svenska ridsportförbundet och tävling/hopporganisationen. I denna studie har jag undersökt samarbetet mellan det Svenska ridsportförbundet och tävling/hopporganisationen för att ge förslag på hur organisationen kan utvecklas, för att återigen få med sig det Svenska hopplandslaget så att det sportsligt kan hävda sig internationellt. Forskningsfrågan som varit vägledande i denna studie: Hur kan tävling/hopporganisationen utvecklas för att skapa ett framgångsrikt och hållbart landslag?

    Syfte

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka tävling/hopporganisationen och deras samarbete med Svenska ridsportförbundet för att med hjälp av innovationsprocesser arbeta fram förslag till hur organisationen kan utvecklas, så att den återigen får med sig landslaget och sportsligt kan hävda sig internationellt.

    Metod

    I studien har jag använt en kvalitativ metod i form av intervjuer som skett med en representant från Svenska ridsportförbundet, tävling/hopporganisationen och en landslagsryttare. Intervjuerna gav mig en bild av hur samarbetet mellan de olika parterna fungerade. Jag har även hämtat information till studiens empiri via observationer i olika miljöer. Utifrån studiens teoretiska referensram har empirin analyserats varefter jag arbetat fram förslag till hur Svenska ridsportförbundet och tävling/hopporganisationen kan utvecklas organisationsmässigt.

    Slutsats

    I studien har det framkommit att Svenska ridsportförbundet och tävling/hopporganisationen saknat en stabil struktur vilket gjort att interna konflikter kunnat växa fram. Samtidigt har den kommunikativa förmågan varit undermålig och påverkat parterna på ett negativt sett, då missförstånd lett till konflikter. För framtiden behöver Svenska ridsportförbundet skapa en stabil struktur och utveckla den kommunikativa förmågan tillsammans med sina underorganisationer för att ge landslaget de nödvändiga förutsättningarna för att återigen kunna hävda sig internationellt.

  • 248.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    När platsen ska tala - gestaltning i känslig kulturmiljö: En fallstudie av Birka2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning är en fallstudie av Birka en del av världsarvet Birka och Hovgården. Birka tros ha varit en aktiv köpstad under vikingatiden och är en betydelsefull del av Sveriges historia. Ett världsarv är ett natur- eller kulturminne som anses så värdefullt att det har betydelse för hela mänskligheten. Själva platsen och mötet med kulturmiljön är en viktig del av studien. Det finns idag tre huvudaktörer som förvaltar och driver Birka. Utmaningen med studien består av två delar, aktörernas olika intressen och relationen mellan att skydda känslig kulturmiljö samtidigt som platsen ska levandegöras för besökare. 

    Syftet är att med en fallstudie av Birka undersöka möjligheter och begränsningar vid informationsgestaltning i känslig kulturmiljö. Studien riktar sig till besökare som på egen hand vill upptäcka och förstå platsen. Den specifika frågeställningen handlar om Vilka informationsbehov uppstår för den besökare som på egen hand vill utforska en kulturmiljö och hur kan dessa behov mötas?

    Empirin består av observationer, utprovning och platsanalys på Birka. Intervjuer har genomförts med aktörerna och nuvarande informationsmaterial har samlats in. Analysen är kvalitativt tolkande med hermeneutisk angreppsätt.

    Då studien inte har någon uppdragsgivare har en viktig del av undersökningen varit att identifiera informationsbehov för att sen kunna ge ett förslag till framtida informationsinsatser. Informationsbehoven som identifierats åt den enskilde besökaren är: kunna förstå var fornlämningsområdet börjar och dess utformning. Möjligheten till att orientera sig inom området och att det finns information om Birka och dess historia tillgänglig oavsett tid på dygnet eller året. Möjlighet till fördjupning är också önskvärt.

    Framtida informationsinsatser kan bestå av vandringsstråk utformade efter olika teman som gör att besökaren själv kan påverka valet av information, detta i form av en mobilapplikation. Möjligheten till en folder bör finnas som tar upp intressanta platser och erbjuder en grundläggande förklaring av Birka. Den passar bra till enskilda besökare som besöker platsen för första gången. För att orientera sig till den plats som kartan i foldern avser placeras platsmarkeringar i landskapet. Förslagsvis kan fornlämningsområdets entré markeras och ha ett liknande formspråk som Birkamuseet. En skylt vid entrén kan presentera världsarvsområdet och visualisera området på en karta.

  • 249.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Vägledningsskyltar på servicekontor2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Försäkringskassan, Pensionsmyndigheten och Skatteverket bildar tillsammans ett servicekontor. Kontoren finns utplacerade i hela landet. Tanken är att du som medborgare ska kunna få hjälp med allt som rör de olika myndighetera.

    Syftet med min forskning var att utveckla ett vägledningförslag till servicekontoret i Eskilstuna, detta för att underlätta för besökarna att hitta till rätt myndighet och öka flödet inne på servicekontoret. Undersökningar har gått till genom observationer, intervjuer och enkäter, detta för att förstå hur besökarna orienterar sig på servicekontoret.

    Mina reslutat visar att besökarna inte uppmärksammar de skyltar som finns idag. Enligt mig är det på grund av skyltarnas brist på god informaionsdesign och placering.

    Jag har med hjälp av teori och den insamlade empirin tagit fram vägledningsskyltar som med hjälp av färg och form vägleder besökaren på servicekontoret. Myndigheternas logotyper och märken har arbetats in i skyltarna.

  • 250.
    Andersson, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Olsson, Emelie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Meningsförändrande innovationer inom industrirobotbranschen: En explorativ fallstudie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis the subject innovation and the change of meaning is in focus. The purpose of the study is to present a new dimension of innovation as a change of meaning together with the cases we’ve studied. It is discussed throughout the article if theories of perception and association can affect the organization and its ability to create meaning-changing innovations. The industrial robotics is a market in need of, perhaps, if not other markets but of finding new ground that results in the change of meaning. What happens when you stand at the intersection of main areas in the field of innovation? Is it possible that meaningful change can be found here, amongst radical innovation and industrial robotic arms and it’s technology? Our methods were interviews and prior research complementing the cases we’ve presented. We want to show how meaning can change various dimensions. Together with a perceptual theory and an innovation theory we’ve found out that meaning and innovation can go hand in hand.

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