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  • 201.
    Andersson, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Johansson, Kornelia
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Flens kommun - möjligheternas kommun2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Färdplan Flen är ett utvecklingsprojekt som drivs av Flens kommun och beräknas vara klart år2019. Den negativa utvecklingen inom kommunen med ett allt mer sjunkande befolkningsantal som i sin tur genererar mindra skatteintäkter har gjort att Färdplan Flen inrättats. I projektet ligger ett antal delprojekt som bland annat handlar om ortsutveckling och där har kommunen redan börjat arbeta med Malmköping som ett första steg. Ett annat delprojekt är Flen 2019 som handlar om att Flens kommun 2012 ska vara klara med en vision som kommer att arbetas fram under 2011 och vara verkställd 2019.I dagsläget arbetas det också på att skapa mer delaktighet mot invånarna och de anställda inom kommunen. Färdplan Flen är intresserad av Open Space och ska utföra workshops med detta tema för att få in invånarnas åsikter. Färdplan Flen är helt enkelt ett stort utvecklingsprojekt och här har vi fått en chans till att använda våra kunskaper för att hjälpa Färdplan Flen och Flens kommun i rätt riktning mot en innovativ kommun.

  • 202.
    Andersson, Carin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Implementation and use of OEE as a production performance measure2011In: Proceedings of the 4th Swedish Production Symposium, May 3-5th, Lund, 2011, Lund University, Sweden., 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 203.
    Andersson, Carin
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Managing Production Performance with Overall Equipment Efficiency (OEE) - Implementation Issues and Common Pitfalls2011In: Proceedings of the 44th Conference on Manufacturing Systems (CIRP), Wisconsin, US, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the current global competitive environment it is of immense importance for manufacturing companies tokeep track of, and improve the production performance of their production systems. One of the most widelyused performance measures is OEE, a powerful tool for production development if used correctly. Based ona theoretical analysis and a case study within a manufacturing company in the automotive industrychallenges associated with the implementation of OEE are identified and analyzed. Furthermore, the paperpresents conclusions of how to utilize the OEE measure for efficient management of improvement inproduction performance.

  • 204.
    Andersson, Carin
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Rösiö, Carin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Windmark, Christina
    Lund University.
    Production Location Handbook: Forming Your Strategic Manufacturing Footprint2013Report (Other academic)
  • 205.
    Andersson, Carin H.
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    On the complexity of using performance measures: Enhancing sustained production improvement capability by combining OEE and productivity2015In: Journal of manufacturing systems, ISSN 0278-6125, E-ISSN 1878-6642, Vol. 35, 144-154 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The global speed of change within the manufacturing industry forces companies to constantly improve production performance. In that effort, performance measures are critical for driving and managing production improvements. Two of the most commonly used measures in operations are productivity and overall equipment efficiency (OEE). However, the potential of using these measures as improvement drivers is not fully utilized in industry today due, for example, to ambiguities in definitions and their interpretation. A study of available theory indicates a gap between these implications from a theoretical perspective vs. the industrial perspective. Bridging this theory-practice gap implies great potential for competitiveness and growth in manufacturing, since the latent production capacity that could be utilized is tremendous. Even if a high degree of complexity in definition and calculation when applied in operational conditions might be perceived, this paper will show that a systematically used combined set of OEE and productivity measures can successfully drive production improvements. Also, two new productivity measures for driving improvements at the shop floor level are proposed. The empirical findings are based on a two-year case study within a manufacturing company in the automotive industry using an interactive research approach. 

  • 206.
    Andersson, Carina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Information Design in Condition Monitoring2007In: The 3rd Information Design Conference, E-proceeding, Curitiba, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 207.
    Andersson, Carina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Informationsdesign i tillståndsövervakning: En studie av ett bildskärmsbaserat användargränssnitt för tillståndsövervakning och tillståndsbaserat underhåll2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research concerns the information design and visual design of graphical user interfaces (GUI) in the condition monitoring and condition-based maintenance (CBM) of production equipment. It also concerns various communicative aspects of a GUI, which is used to monitor the condition of assets. It applies to one Swedish vendor and its intentions to design information. In addition, it applies to the interaction between the GUI and its individual visual elements, as well as the communication between the GUI and the users (in four Swedish paper mills).

    The research is performed as a single case study. Interviews and observations have been the main methods for data collection. Empirical data is analyzed with methods inferred to semiotics, rhetoric and narratology. Theories in information science and regarding remediation are used to interpret the user interface design.

    The key conclusion is that there are no less than five different forms of information, all important when determining the conditions of assets. These information forms include the words, images and shapes in the GUI, the machine components and peripherals equipment, the information that takes form when personnel communicate machine conditions, the personnel’s subjective associations, and the information forms that relate to the personnel's actions and interactions.

    Preventive technicians interpret the GUI-information individually and collectively in relation to these information forms, which influence their interpretation and understanding of the GUI information. Social media in the GUI makes it possible to represent essential information that takes form when employees communicate a machine’s condition. Photographs may represent information forms as a machine’s components, peripherals, and local environment change over time. Moreover, preventative technicians may use diagrams and photographs in the GUI to change attitudes among the personnel at the mills and convince them, for example, of a machine’s condition or the effectiveness of CBM as maintenance policy.

  • 208.
    Andersson, Carina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Avgerinou, M
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Who am I Online-Portraits of Online Teachers from Sweden and the USA2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 209.
    Andersson, Carina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Essential Information Forms of Condition Monitoring in a Condition Based Maintenance Context2009In: International Journal of COMADEM, ISSN 1363-7681, Vol. 12, no 4, 10-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to describe an information theory in order to achieve a fruitful discussion of information within condition monitoring in a condition based maintenance context. The paper is based on a qualitative and interdisciplinary approach. A case study is performed at four Swedish paper mills and one condition monitoring supplier. Interviews have been the main method for data collection; however, observations and studies of artifacts are included in the study also. The main contribution of the study is a framework that visualizes how data and five different forms of information interact and turns into knowledge about a machine’s condition. These forms of information are all necessary to take into consideration when implementing and operating a condition based maintenance program. The research results state that it is relevant to allow and encourage the technicians and operators to utilize several forms of information when assessing the condition of an asset, and, thus, to not put too much trust in the condition monitoring technology alone. Also, it can be important to encourage user interface designers to reflect upon the different contexts and information forms as they design information in a condition monitoring interface.

  • 210.
    Andersson, Carina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Frank, Lars
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Nicholl, B
    University of Cambridge.
    Design fixations among information design students: What has been seen cannot be unseen2012In: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education: Design Education for Future Wellbeing, EPDE 2012, 2012, 159-166 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores the phenomenon of design fixation by studying undergraduate design students undertaking an information product design problem. The research is based on a case study, with 64 students. The students were given a design problem, and their design processes were documented in a weblog, which was analyzed jointly with handouts and slide presentations. The research suggests that the formulation of ideas in and recording of an early group brainstorming sessions may contribute to fixation of the finale design solution.

  • 211.
    Andersson, Carina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Pettersson, Rune
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    How can a design process and a scientific process in information design collaborate?2004In: Proceedings of the 4th International Seminar and Workshop EDIProD 2004, Zielona Góra, Poland, October 7–9. Poland, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 212.
    Andersson, Carina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Pettersson, Rune
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    How do we perceive and experience the design of messages in a web site? The multi analysis model of expressions in information set2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 213.
    Andersson, Carina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Pettersson, Rune
    Spinillo, C
    How to Merge Theory and Practice in Information Design? Educaraional and Research Perspectives in Visual Literacy2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 214.
    Andersson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Linnakallio, Caroline
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
     Basstation-FUMO 32013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 215.
    Andersson, Daniel
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. Mälardalen University.
    Innovation i allmänhetens tjänst: Effektiva innovationsprocesser i ett offentligt bolag2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The public sector in Sweden should, according to a rapport from the European central bank system (ECBS) in 2003, be able to keep the same quality with only half the economic resources. New ways that could raise value and reducing expenses in the Swedish public sector are therefore much needed. Innovative processes are suggested to be important for the public sector to find new andmore efficient methods of work. In this research the innovation process in a public corporation is reviewed with an intention to give suggestions of work methods that could improve the corporation’s efficiency. The following questions have guided the research: What characterize efficient innovation processes? How can efficient innovations processes help value to a publiccorporation? How can the public corporation work for more efficient innovation processes in their business?The purpose of this research is to develop suggestions for work methods that will help to improve the efficiency of the public corporation´s innovation processes.In this research a qualitative method is used in form of semi structured interviews with four employees in a public corporation in Sweden, two co‐workers, one executive and one CEO. The interviews were aimed to give a description of the present innovation processes in the corporation. The empiric data was analyzed from a theoretic point of view and set out to give suggestions for work methods that will help to improve the efficiency of the corporation´s innovation processes.Efficient innovation processes can vary from one organization to another. There is not one process that is more efficient than other processes and the innovation process have to be suited for the specific organization. A more efficient innovation process in the public corporation in this study can mean possibilities for a competitive business environment which gives job opportunities and an economic growth in the region. The public corporation in this study has flaws in their idea generating activities and in their continuous evaluation. It is primarily cultural obstacles that affect the innovation processes negative. The public corporation also needs routines for external and internalenvironment monitoring and for managing information.

  • 216.
    Andersson, Daniel
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Innovativt ledarskap: Ledarskap ur ett innovationsperspektiv i den offentliga sektorn2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem. With the Swedish public sectors problem with efficiency in mind, several reforms have beeninitiated during the last decades. These reforms go, in academic contexts, under the name“New public management”. The reforms have resulted in, among other things, an increasedcompetition, privatization and goal-orientation in the public sector. These new conditionshave changed the public leadership challenge and demand an increased focus on innovation todecrease costs and increase value as a central aspect of the Swedish public leadership.

    Purpose. The purpose for this research has been to examine the conditions for innovation in a publicorganization and how the leadership can improve the organizational innovativeness.

    Method. This research does not aim to measure the innovativeness in a public organization, instead itfocuses on understanding the condition for innovation and how the leadership can affect theorganizational innovativeness. Hence, it is motivated that I use a qualitative approach in theresearch process. Semi structured interviews and precedent research are being used as afoundation for the results and recommendations given.

    Conclusion. The leadership’s opportunities to improve the organizational innovativeness depend on anumber of independent organizational variables and the adaption of the variables to oneanother and the system as a whole. Leadership includes both the formal boss and the coworkerin a relationship that ought to be characterizing by reciprocity and cooperation. Bothmanagement and leadership are vital competences for the formal boss as both structure andculture must support each other. The conditions for organizational innovativeness improve ifthe organization has a structure and a culture that enhances: transboundary cooperation, spaceand energy for creative activities, a common context that contributes to an organizationalidentity and motivation and competence and organizational learning. The examinedorganization needs to decentralize the right to make decisions, improve the openness of theculture, and strengthen the organizational identity and audit structures in purpose to facilitatetransboundary cooperation.

  • 217.
    Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development. Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Tholén, Fredrik
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Styrkan i OEE som arbetsmetod2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The E-department at GETRAG All Wheel Drive in Köping have problems with the efficiency on parts of their production equipment. The equipment with the most significant efficiency problems are four automated multifunctional production cells that produces housing for rear drive units. The major part of the problem is the large amount of small stops that causes the low efficiency.

    The department already worked with logging of interruptions and efficiency calculations before this project started. However this work was not done to the extent considered necessary for a systematic follow-up of the interruptions.

    The aim of this paper is to point out a more effective and systematic way to work with logging of interruptions and the follow-up. In addition the equipment were studied with a method for efficiency calculation that – if used properly- is a more powerful and a visually better method than the one used by the company today.

    As the initial current state analysis of the equipment was made a lack of documented knowledge about the equipment was discovered. In addition the efficiency appeared to be lower than the companies previously presented figures.

    With the help of new methods for logging of interruptions and a deeper failure analysis the production equipment were studied for ten weeks. These studies showed that the department have big opportunities to a more effective and more profitable production. This can be done by reducing the chronicle interruptions through a more systematic work with continuous improvements.

    On the basis of the performed studies and the theoretical references a new working method that is based on the commitment of all employees is presented. This method can be used by the E-department to work with continuous improvements in a more systematic way than today.

  • 218.
    Andersson, Edvin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Dataöverföring av skilda datatyper på gemensam länk via multiplexing2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When transferring different data types between two sites, they have historically been transferred on separate infrastructures; analog signals separately, and digital data separately. Within the aviation industry, both these data types are still handled today, as transition from analog voice data to digital voice data takes time. To simplify the infrastructure, it is desirable to send all data on the same medium. Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) makes this possible and has been studied with focus on robustness and performance. The study has focused on how TDM devices should be configured with respect to Ethernet frame size to fully utilize link capacity. Theoretical reasoning has been validated by experimental data performed on TDM devices coupled with a fiber link. The number of lost frames for the system has been measured while varying data rates. This was repeated for several Ethernet frame sizes. Smaller frame sizes showed a higher possible transfer rate before data loss was recorded. This shows coherence between theory and experiments. Larger frame sizes were less good at filling the TDM time slots, causing data buffer on the device to overflow faster than for smaller frame sizes. This created data loss in the system. Other factors, such as overhead and payload, implies that the frame size should be chosen by application. Smaller data volumes that are sent frequently have an advantage when using smaller frame sizes, while when handling largeramounts of data that need to be transmitted quickly, it is more efficient to use larger frame sizes

  • 219.
    Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Manninen, Johanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Criteria´s for soft innovation: visionen om att standardisera kriterier som höjer innovationsklimatet2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att ta reda på vilka element som höjer det innovativa klimatet i företag och organisationer. Utifrån dessa element har författarna skapat kriterier som heter ”Soft innovation”. Visionen är att framtiden skulle kunna standardisera dessa kriterier. En abduktiv metod har använts. Metodvalet har motiverats med att kriterierna lättare accepteras om de är socialt konstruerade. Man kan påverka innovationsklimatet i företag, då det tar kortare tid än att förändra organisationskulturen. Dock antas att organisationsklimatet på sikt kan påverkar organisationskulturen. Kriterierna ska ses som vägledande riktlinjer för att stimulera ett innovativt klimat. Teori och empiri visade på många gemensamma faktorer som påverkar innovationsklimatet i företag. Resultatet av teori och empiri visade att de viktigaste faktorerna för att uppmuntra till kreativitet hos medarbetare var ett bra ledarskap, uppmuntran, belöning av kreativt beteende och misslyckande, projektgrupper som driver idén till verklighet och strukturer för hur kreativiteten ska hanteras.

  • 220.
    Andersson, Felix
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Pettersson, Sebastian
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Isaksson, Daniel
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    "Tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv på bankmötet"2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie där vi granskat rådgivningsmötet på en bank har vi kommit fram till att kundvärdet är en av de viktigaste delarna. Runt kundvärdet sker det en rad olika aktiviteter för att mötet ska bli värdeskapande både för kunden och rådgivaren. Den fysiska miljön och kommunikationen är två viktiga delar som vi anser påverkar kundmötena. Den fysiska miljön är det som kunden ser först och banken bör därför noggrant fundera vad de vill förmedla med den fysiska miljön. För att kommunikationen ska fungera och vara effektiv under ett möte kan det vara bra om det läggs ett större fokus på inventering innan mötet.

     

    Detta har tagit oss fram till en modell där kundvärdet är den centrala delen som sedan påverkas av kommunikationen och den fysiska miljön. 

  • 221.
    Andersson, Filip
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Pantzar, Anders
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Development of a mobile solution for delivering price quotes in the construction industry2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid growth of the mobile consumer market has influenced companies to make their workplace digital and mobile, with the goal to remove ties to a physical workplace, increase productivity, and trivialize tedious tasks. The construction industry is in need of modernization; it is a competitive market and to get a contract it is vital to provide a reasonable price quote fast.This bachelor thesis was performed together with Byggwalle AB in Västerås with the objective to create a mobile solution for price quotes, based on an earlier experimental prototype.

    This thesis will look at how the manual price quote creation process can be sped up and made more transparent to build up trust between the companies and the customers. It will also look at the choices made when developing a mobile application for the construction industry, how to make it flexible enough to fit different kinds of businesses, and look at how the data is administrated using a web based administration system.

    The result of this thesis is a promotional prototype, which sped up the delivery of price quotes from 3 weeks to 3 hours, and will be distributed to selected companies for further testing in the near future. We hope that this product can change the way business is done in construction industry.

  • 222.
    Andersson, Gabriel
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Det flexibla klassrummet, ett hjälpmedel för pedagoger.: En förbättrad klassrumsmiljö som underlättar kommunikationen mellan pedagoger och studenter.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a study in how to design a flexible classroom environment with a focus on facilitating and supporting teachers’ and students’ working and learning. The goal is to design a classroom environment that is welcoming while also designed to improve communication between teachers and students.

    The work is based on the Centre for Multilingualism, an education unit that is a part of Brinellskolan in Fagersta for people between 16 and 65 years who intend to learn the Swedish language and culture. The Centre for Multilingualism’s facilities are currently not well suited to the education that is provided there. The classroom at the centre needs to be better adapted, particularly with regards to physical elements such as storage and acoustics, and display elements such as whiteboards and projectors. At the Centre for Multilingualism the students do not have their own classroom or home-room, so it is important that the classroom they use is flexible and is designed to accommodate many different activities and users at different times.

    This study is based on theories of spatial design such as form, function, acoustics, colouring and lighting, it also includes some cognitive theories of design. The methods that have been applied in this thesis are spatial analysis, interviews and reference objects. Based on the results of these applied theories and methods a design proposal has been created. The goal of the design proposal was to create design for a flexible, functional, and aesthetically pleasing classroom adaptable to suit a variety of educational activities and also different teachers and students with differing needs.

    This study is intended to be of interest to educators, designers or researchers in design and teaching methods.

  • 223.
    Andersson, Hampus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Effektivisering av lager- och orderhanteringsaktiviteter på Dormakaba AB2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    The problem

    Being able to manage the process- and material flows in an efficient way is essential for delivering goods, on time and at the lowest possible cost, to customers. Efficient flows have always been of great importance, but in the past few decades they have received more attention, especially within industrial circuits. The interest in creating efficient flows has increased in line with market developments, its increased complexity and variations. But with the new market companies have come to face new problems. Poor delivery service, high inventory- and handling costs and longer lead times. Longer lead times lead to greater costs for the company. It’s also a competitive disadvantage, which means that the company may end up losing customers to competitors.

     

    With this in mind, the decision was made that this study would focus on reducing the lead times at the company’s warehouse department. The questions on which this study is based are as follows:

     

    1. Which factors affect the lead times for inventory- and order management?
    2. How can you increase the efficiency and shorten the lead times for inventory- and order management?  

    Case study

    During this thesis, a case study has been conducted at Dormakaba AB. The case study has been delimited to include only the inventory- and order management at the company. The overall approach for this study has been the DMAIC-method. The gathering of data has been made through observations, interviews and time studies.

     

    During the case study, a lot of unnecessary movements were identified in the process of inventory- and order management. This was mainly due to the layout of the warehouse, the design of the workbenches and the lack of structure. In order to reduce the lead times, the unnecessary movements needed to be minimized as much as possible. Therefore the improvement proposals are primarily focusing on reducing unnecessary movements.

     

    Results and conclusions

    During the course of the study a time study, on an order handling process, were done. The order, which could be considered to be of normal size, were completed in 32,8 minutes. By making an ABC-analysis and design the inventory after the results of the analysis, changing workbenches, introducing 5s on the workbenches and delivery area and introducing a new layout, it was estimated that a time saving of 6,8 (20,73%) was possible. This would allow an annual time saving of 2 266,5 hours.

  • 224.
    Andersson, Hedvig
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Felicias mattelåda: Ett kreativt och engagerandeläromedel för lågstadiet2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Matematik är ett av de viktigaste ämnena i dagens skola, men det är också ett av de ämnena som eleverna ofta tycker är tråkigast. På senare år har undersökningar visat på brister i elevernas matematikkunskaper och skolans matematik har blivit beskylld för att inte vara tillräckligt tydligt kopplad till verkligheten.

    Genom att ta del av tidigare forskning kom jag fram till sex riktlinjer för att utforma ett bättre läromedel i matematik. Jag bestämde mig således för att designa ett läromedel: med öppna lösningar där eleverna själva fick formulera problemen, ett läromedel som appellerade till flera sinnen, som var konkret utan abstrakta termer, som gjorde det möjligt för eleverna att använda sin kreativitet, som inbjöd till diskussioner och kommunikation och som fångade elevernas engagemang.

    Jag bestämde mig för att utforma mitt läromedel kring Felicia, hennes detektivbyrå och fallet med stölderna på hotell Citronella.

  • 225.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. Informativ illustration.
    Hur kan en informativ serietidning hjälpa barn att intressera sig för källsortering?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport avser arbetsprocessen bakom ett examensarbete på Mälardalens högskola med tema”flöde och processer”. Arbetets uppgift har varit att framställa en informativ bildserie för barn iårskurs 0 till 6 som informerar om källsortering och motiverar att källsortera. Rapporten innehållerkvalitativa undersökningar kring hur man framställer bra effektiv informationsdesign anpassat förbarn, hur man finner rätt bildmanér för målgruppen samt huruvida om serier är effektfulla i läromedel.

  • 226.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Yngvesson, Markus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Game of Ideas: utvecklingsprocessen för ett interaktivt verktyg att designa affärsidéer2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Författarna har sedan 2007 gemensamt skrivit uppsatsarbeten samt drivit konsultföretag inom kommunikation och kreativitet.  Under tiden har författarna kommit i kontakt med samarbetsövningen Win As Much As You Can. Författarna har ansett att övningen hade potential att bli ett nyttigt verktyg för företag för att förbättra samarbete och kommunikation och utvecklade därför övningen under 2008 till ett spel, Evolution. Dessa erfarenheter låg till grund för utformningen av Game of Ideas, vilket är baserat på litteraturstudier inom komplex systemteori och innovation. De grundläggande dragen för komplex teori har tillämpats genom att låta teorier kring innovation bli till spelregler. Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att försöka skapa något helt nytt genom att sammanföra två olika sorters teorier till ett interaktivt verktyg att designa affärsidéer.

  • 227.
    Andersson, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Already there?: cultivating emergent places for radical innovation in operations2017In: International Series in Operations Research & Management Science, Volume 255, Springer New York LLC , 2017, 131-149 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter proposes a way of understanding and cultivating places for radical innovation in operations. This chapter describes how, organisations can, instead of letting an innovation laboratory be its single economic and managerial priority, foster a decentralised, varied and emergent palette of places in use where radical innovation can occur. The chapter suggests that this can be done in lean production facilities and radical innovation be balanced with incremental innovation. 

  • 228.
    Andersson, Jennie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Andersson, Carina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Design as Information: How May Design and Information Relate?2009In: Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal, ISSN 1833-1874, Vol. 3, no 4, 161-172 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to Pettersson, design may be a process and/or the result of the process, a product. The area of design is multidisciplinary and involves several notions. One is in the subject field of Information Design, which includes language, communication, art, cognition and information science. These disciplines refer to the concept of information differently. There is therefore a need for a fruitful theory of information, terms and concepts in order to enrich the reasoning of design as information. Bates presents a definition of information and several fundamental information forms. There, she offers a theoretical framework, the main core of which is that information may take different forms related to architecture, graphic design, interior design, and interface design, etc. Such a framework may contribute to understanding the meaning of design. Bates’ theory is applied in a study involving spatial design in industrial environments. The conclusions of the study illustrates how design and information relate to a design process and a design product that enriches the understanding of the meaning of design.

  • 229.
    Andersson, Jennie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Lindell, Rikard
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    It Could Just as Well Have Been in Greek:: Experiences from Introducing Code as a Design Material to Exhibition Design Students2016In: TEI '16 Proceedings of the TEI '16: Tenth International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction Pages 126-132, EINDHOVEN, Netherlands: ACM , 2016, 126-132 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the experience and learning from introducing programming in a museum exhibition design course. Thirty-seven information design students from Sweden, with no previous experience in programming, participated in the course in 2014 and 2015. The students' tasks were to create interactive exhibition stations at a county museum in five weeks. We introduced Arduino and Processing programming in the course to enlarge the information design students' repertoire and to find ways to develop the interactive aspects of the exhibition medium. We aim to identify and discuss challenges and strengths when introducing code as design material in design education. The education of future exhibition designers is an important matter relevant the TEI community.

  • 230.
    Andersson, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Ett hinder kvar: En studie i Svensk hästhoppnings organisation2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledande problem

    Det har under ett flertal år skett organisationsförändringar inom Svenska ridsportförbundet och dennes underorganisation tävling/hoppning. Dessa förändringar har påverkat det Svenska hopplandslaget, då deras ledning kommit och gått på grund av interna konflikter som pågått mellan det Svenska ridsportförbundet och tävling/hopporganisationen. I denna studie har jag undersökt samarbetet mellan det Svenska ridsportförbundet och tävling/hopporganisationen för att ge förslag på hur organisationen kan utvecklas, för att återigen få med sig det Svenska hopplandslaget så att det sportsligt kan hävda sig internationellt. Forskningsfrågan som varit vägledande i denna studie: Hur kan tävling/hopporganisationen utvecklas för att skapa ett framgångsrikt och hållbart landslag?

    Syfte

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka tävling/hopporganisationen och deras samarbete med Svenska ridsportförbundet för att med hjälp av innovationsprocesser arbeta fram förslag till hur organisationen kan utvecklas, så att den återigen får med sig landslaget och sportsligt kan hävda sig internationellt.

    Metod

    I studien har jag använt en kvalitativ metod i form av intervjuer som skett med en representant från Svenska ridsportförbundet, tävling/hopporganisationen och en landslagsryttare. Intervjuerna gav mig en bild av hur samarbetet mellan de olika parterna fungerade. Jag har även hämtat information till studiens empiri via observationer i olika miljöer. Utifrån studiens teoretiska referensram har empirin analyserats varefter jag arbetat fram förslag till hur Svenska ridsportförbundet och tävling/hopporganisationen kan utvecklas organisationsmässigt.

    Slutsats

    I studien har det framkommit att Svenska ridsportförbundet och tävling/hopporganisationen saknat en stabil struktur vilket gjort att interna konflikter kunnat växa fram. Samtidigt har den kommunikativa förmågan varit undermålig och påverkat parterna på ett negativt sett, då missförstånd lett till konflikter. För framtiden behöver Svenska ridsportförbundet skapa en stabil struktur och utveckla den kommunikativa förmågan tillsammans med sina underorganisationer för att ge landslaget de nödvändiga förutsättningarna för att återigen kunna hävda sig internationellt.

  • 231.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    När platsen ska tala - gestaltning i känslig kulturmiljö: En fallstudie av Birka2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning är en fallstudie av Birka en del av världsarvet Birka och Hovgården. Birka tros ha varit en aktiv köpstad under vikingatiden och är en betydelsefull del av Sveriges historia. Ett världsarv är ett natur- eller kulturminne som anses så värdefullt att det har betydelse för hela mänskligheten. Själva platsen och mötet med kulturmiljön är en viktig del av studien. Det finns idag tre huvudaktörer som förvaltar och driver Birka. Utmaningen med studien består av två delar, aktörernas olika intressen och relationen mellan att skydda känslig kulturmiljö samtidigt som platsen ska levandegöras för besökare. 

    Syftet är att med en fallstudie av Birka undersöka möjligheter och begränsningar vid informationsgestaltning i känslig kulturmiljö. Studien riktar sig till besökare som på egen hand vill upptäcka och förstå platsen. Den specifika frågeställningen handlar om Vilka informationsbehov uppstår för den besökare som på egen hand vill utforska en kulturmiljö och hur kan dessa behov mötas?

    Empirin består av observationer, utprovning och platsanalys på Birka. Intervjuer har genomförts med aktörerna och nuvarande informationsmaterial har samlats in. Analysen är kvalitativt tolkande med hermeneutisk angreppsätt.

    Då studien inte har någon uppdragsgivare har en viktig del av undersökningen varit att identifiera informationsbehov för att sen kunna ge ett förslag till framtida informationsinsatser. Informationsbehoven som identifierats åt den enskilde besökaren är: kunna förstå var fornlämningsområdet börjar och dess utformning. Möjligheten till att orientera sig inom området och att det finns information om Birka och dess historia tillgänglig oavsett tid på dygnet eller året. Möjlighet till fördjupning är också önskvärt.

    Framtida informationsinsatser kan bestå av vandringsstråk utformade efter olika teman som gör att besökaren själv kan påverka valet av information, detta i form av en mobilapplikation. Möjligheten till en folder bör finnas som tar upp intressanta platser och erbjuder en grundläggande förklaring av Birka. Den passar bra till enskilda besökare som besöker platsen för första gången. För att orientera sig till den plats som kartan i foldern avser placeras platsmarkeringar i landskapet. Förslagsvis kan fornlämningsområdets entré markeras och ha ett liknande formspråk som Birkamuseet. En skylt vid entrén kan presentera världsarvsområdet och visualisera området på en karta.

  • 232.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Vägledningsskyltar på servicekontor2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Försäkringskassan, Pensionsmyndigheten och Skatteverket bildar tillsammans ett servicekontor. Kontoren finns utplacerade i hela landet. Tanken är att du som medborgare ska kunna få hjälp med allt som rör de olika myndighetera.

    Syftet med min forskning var att utveckla ett vägledningförslag till servicekontoret i Eskilstuna, detta för att underlätta för besökarna att hitta till rätt myndighet och öka flödet inne på servicekontoret. Undersökningar har gått till genom observationer, intervjuer och enkäter, detta för att förstå hur besökarna orienterar sig på servicekontoret.

    Mina reslutat visar att besökarna inte uppmärksammar de skyltar som finns idag. Enligt mig är det på grund av skyltarnas brist på god informaionsdesign och placering.

    Jag har med hjälp av teori och den insamlade empirin tagit fram vägledningsskyltar som med hjälp av färg och form vägleder besökaren på servicekontoret. Myndigheternas logotyper och märken har arbetats in i skyltarna.

  • 233.
    Andersson, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Olsson, Emelie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Meningsförändrande innovationer inom industrirobotbranschen: En explorativ fallstudie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis the subject innovation and the change of meaning is in focus. The purpose of the study is to present a new dimension of innovation as a change of meaning together with the cases we’ve studied. It is discussed throughout the article if theories of perception and association can affect the organization and its ability to create meaning-changing innovations. The industrial robotics is a market in need of, perhaps, if not other markets but of finding new ground that results in the change of meaning. What happens when you stand at the intersection of main areas in the field of innovation? Is it possible that meaningful change can be found here, amongst radical innovation and industrial robotic arms and it’s technology? Our methods were interviews and prior research complementing the cases we’ve presented. We want to show how meaning can change various dimensions. Together with a perceptual theory and an innovation theory we’ve found out that meaning and innovation can go hand in hand.

  • 234.
    Andersson, Li
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Självständigt Flöde: En studie om självständig orienterbarhet på Björnkullas äldre- och demensboende2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how the design of the wards, at Björnkulla nursing home, affects the residents’ wayfinding ability and autonomy. Thus, the aim has been to make a design proposal that, trough color and design can increase the residents’ chance to independent mobility. Since the study aimed to examine how the environment affect and can support people with dementia, qualitative methods were used. Observations of the two dementia wards were carried out as a starting point, and as a means to compare the different design of the two wards. The observations were complimented by two informant interviews, with people linked to the nursing home, the head of unite and the occupational therapist.

    The result show that staff, in most cases, guides the residents between the common room and the residents own apartments. In addition, the residents ask for help when they need to visit the toilet and often remain seated in the same place throughout the day, with the exception of those who exhibit wandering behavior. The results clearly state that people suffering from dementia are dependent on the spatial design in order to orient themselves independently. The results also show the benefit of an open floor plan with almost immediate visual access to main destinations. The major weakness, of the wards current design, concerns the ability of the residents to independently find their way from the common room back to their own apartment. Mainly because the doors do not distinguish themselves from each other. This would suggest that the most important design feature, for a person suffering from dementia, is transparency. In the meaning direct view of the destination. Complimented by clear and distinct landmarks.

    The design proposal therefore supports aiming as a wayfinding strategy. As a result it contains a color-coding system, that distinguish the residents doors, and additional landmarks that facilitate wayfinding from one decision point to the next, when the doors are not directly visible. Also included in the design proposal is a concept that can help minimize wandering.

  • 235.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Kabuye, Lillemor
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Loi, Lilly
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Delat Ledarskap: Ett sätt att lätta på bördan?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many people seem to be curious about shared leadership but are having a hard time finding information about this subject. Leaders from Sweden that practice and don't practice shared leadership have participated in a qualitative study. Whether or not shared leadership works, depends on the influence from areas such as competence and assignments, values, availability and efficiency, communication and power and conflict. A handbook about shared leadership should include general information about the subject, should be written in a straightforward way, contain advice, word definitions, pictures and scenarios. This study has given us a clear picture of what is needed to carry out a shared leadership and what content that needs to be presented in a handbook intended for leaders with an interest in shared leadership.

  • 236.
    Andersson, Linn
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Myndighet och retorik – en fungerande taktik?: Hur offentliga myndigheter kan använda visuell och verbal retorik i samverkan i ett externt informationsmaterial2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies show that young adults do not see public sector as an attractive employer. There is an incorrect view that needs to be treated with correct information. Ovanåkers municipality has therefore requested an information material that highlights them as employers.

    Public sector need to comply with laws and directives in their external communication. But how can these rules coincide with visual and verbal rhetoric, in order to maintain both the tune of the authority and yet influence the target audience?

    Previous research shows that visual and verbal rhetorical figures and tropes can affect the receiver so they look at the sender and the message more positively. However, there is no previous research on which rhetorical figures or tropes that works best in text and image, or how rhetorical figures and tropes can interact with language in public sector.

    This study has through comparative analysis and testing on the target audience come to the assumption that there are 11 rhetorical figures and tropes that work better than others with language in public sector with an informative purpose, and that there are six figures and tropes that should be able to interact to some extent with language in public sector, for example in images. Of these figures and tropes, this study indicates that public sector could use rhyme in heading, epanaleps in the introduction, antithesis in body text and hyperbola in image if they want their target audience to positively be affected by the information. The visual rhetoric should subsequently complement or say the same as the verbal rhetoric in order for them to work together.

  • 237.
    Andersson, Lukas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Produktutveckling av SMS Presence Mobile2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete ingår inom ämnet produktutveckling – industriell design. Arbete har utförts för Smart Media Solutions AB i Nacka Stockholm. Examensarbete är på C nivå och omfattar 15 högskolepoäng. Arbetet har utförts på hel fart under april och maj månad 2015 av undertecknad student från Mälardalens högskola.

    Uppdraget är att vidareutveckla en produkt åt Smart Media Solutions. Produkten heter SMS Presence Mobile och är ett golvstativ för skärmar. Uppdraget innebär att vidareutveckla och sammanställa ett högtalarsystem till produkten.   

    Produktutvecklingsprocessen inleds med att först förstå problemet genom att analysera hur produkten ser ut idag samt dialog med uppdragsgivaren. Med hjälp av olika produktutvecklingsverktyg togs det fram fyra olika koncept vilket slutade med ett slutkoncept. Slutkonceptet koncept är testad och redo för att sättas i produktion.

    Konceptet består av en högtalarlåda som är placerad inuti stativet. Stativet har även täckplåtar som är designanpassade för högtalarlådan. Det har även designat monteringskomponenter för lätt montering av hela produkten.

    Högtalarlådan fungerar och ger ett bra ljud. Högtalarsystemet består av en mini förstärkare och högtalare som är placerade stativet. Det finns även ett grenuttag placerad i stativet för att minska trassel för sladdar. Volymregulator fins placerad på stativ för lätt tillgänglighet till volymreglering. 

    Slutresultat av detta arbete illusteraras i form ar renderade bilder, tillverkningsritningar samt ett tillverkat slutkoncept.

  • 238.
    Andersson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    En analys av materialförsörjningsprocessen i samband med kontaktledningsprojekt hos Balfour Beatty Rail AB2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Balfour Beatty Rail AB har kompetens för genomförandet av uppdrag inom samtliga teknikområden för järnvägsinfrastruktur och är i dagsläget en av de större aktörerna på den svenska järnvägsentreprenadmarknaden. Rådande konkurrenssituation kräver en kontinuerlig utveckling av verksamhetens processer för att bibehålla dess konkurrenskraft. Vid genomförandet av arbeten i Trafikverkets anläggningar finns restriktioner som innebär att järnvägsspecifikt material skall användas. I dagsläget finns endast en leverantör av detta material, Trafikverket Materialservice, vilket medför i en konkurrenssituation att det är direkt avgörande hur effektivt ett projekt kan genomföras. I en kontaktledningsanläggning ingår ett hundratal olika komponenter. Ett effektivt och väl planerat materialflöde är i sammanhanget en viktig del i utförandet samt en möjlighet att kunna presentera ett konkurrenskraftigt erbjudande.

    Syftet med genomförandet av detta arbete har varit att kartlägga, beskriva och analysera materialförsörjningsprocess, från ett logistikperspektiv, till verksamhetens kontaktledningsprojekt. Avsikten har varit att visa på de brister som i dagsläget finns i materialförsörjningsprocessen samt att ge förslag på förbättringar som medför att ett effektivare mer konkurrenskraftig materialflöde kan erhållas. Informationen som ligger till grund för den inledande kartläggningen och den efterföljande beskrivningen av processen är huvudsakligen inhämtad genom observationer och genomförda intervjuer.

    Utifrån den analys som genomförts anses förutsättningarna för att skapa ett effektivt materialflöde som goda. Materialflödet gynnas av rådande leveransstruktur, att materialflödet genom verksamheten är en förhållandevis korta process, samt att materialkvantiteterna baseras på verklig åtgång. Förutsättningarna är goda men den rådande bristen på kontroll, uppföljning och kommunikation medför att ett omfattande arbete krävs för att nå den effektivitet som det finns potential till.

    Analysen ligger även till grund för de förbättringsförslag som arbetats fram. Förlagen syftar till att ge idéer på hur de strukturella problem som i dagsläget finns i verksamhetens kontaktledningsprojekt kan lösas samt hur arbetet bör ske för att förbättra materialflödet som helhet. Förslagen bygger delvis på att förändringar genomförs tidigt i processen för att uppnå önskat resultat i de senare delarna. Arbetet med materialförsörjningsprocess bör i framtiden inriktas på förebyggande åtgärder som hjälper till att förhindra uppkomsten av problem i processen. Att lyckas med ett förändringsarbete kräver stöd både från de som är direkt inblandade och från organisationen.

    En bra lösning finns i dagsläget redan till de strukturella problemen men anses inte lönsamt i samtliga projekt. För dessa projekt ges förslag på arbetsmetod för att förbättrande av strukturen samt förslag på hur beställningsarbetet ska utvecklas för att minska den fysiska hanteringen i projekten. Förslag som är relaterade till förbättringsarbetet av materialflödet syftar framförallt till att förbättra kontrollen av flödet genom ett ökat uppföljningsarbete, en förbättrad kommunikation och ett närmare leverantörssamarbete. Samtliga förslag är tänkta att skänka bidrag till arbetet med utformningen av en effektivare materialförsörjningsprocess.

  • 239.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Eriksson, Peter
    Analysis of noise levels, audio frequency and fuel consumption with propellers of type McCauley and MT on BAe Jetstream 322012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes a thesis project conducted at Direktflyg in Borlänge, in early 2012, where the aim was to analyse the difference in noise level, audio frequency and fuel consumption between propellers of the older type McCauley and the newer type MT on the aircraft type BAe Jetstream 32. To perform the analysis, the authors reviewed current procedures regarding noise certification from air safety agencies to be able to identify suitable methods for the noise level and audio frequency measurements. The results of the conducted noise level measurements show a general lower noise level throughout the cabin and a significant reduction in noise level behind row 2 when using the MT propeller compared to the McCauley type. In practice this means a lower perceived noise level for most passengers at an average passenger load factor. The frequency measurements show that the MT propeller generates audio frequencies which are perceived as lower in noise levels and are therefore more comfortable for passengers. The fuel consumption was also slightly lower when using the MT propeller compared to the McCauley type over the assigned time period and the determined limiting parameters.

  • 240.
    Andersson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Klarar 8 Sidor konkurrensen?: En jämförande analys av informationsvärdet i 8 Sidor, Dagens Nyheter och Metro2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 241.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Pettersson, Carina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Skola för framtiden: är entreprenöriellt lärande essentiellt för utvecklingen av kreativiteten inom skolvärlden2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Creativity and innovation have become two very important concepts in today’s society where the demand for these abilities are sought after. At the same time, the school system of today follows a more traditional outlook on what learning and knowledge means.The extend students ability to understand and elevate their motivation is possible through creative methods of working. In order to create a school system which can withstand the demands of the future by including creative methods in its model, a study was carried out to examine how teachers’ thoughts on creativity could mean for its development.This study took place in an elementary school in Sweden where Entreprenöriellt Lärande (EL) has been in use for the last two years. Three teachers were interview regarding subjects such as a) creativity and what it means, b) teaching and motivation and c) students abilities. The study showed that the concept of creativity had undergone some changes even though it was thought of as small ones. This in turn affected the work that was being done and the concept of teaching. At the same time, there are constraints in which the teachers are working, for instance limited recourses and having to reach certain goals. The innovative proposal this study contributes is based on those factors the teachers listed as most constraining.

  • 242.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Sjöström, Emil
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    COMPARISON OF TIME- AND EVENT-TRIGGERED STRATEGIES FOR WIRELESS COMMUNICATION IN EMBEDDED SYSTEMS: Design of a lab assignment for university level course on data communication in embedded systems2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Embedded systems (ESs) and wireless technologies are in constant rapid development and therefore it is important to educate people in these subjects. This thesis work has the goal of developing a lab assignment for a university level course on data communication in embedded systems. Embedded systems have reliability and timeliness requirements that have to be fulfilled. These criteria pose problems to be addressed while ESs are used in conjunction with communication over wireless medium, which has some underlying limitations. These limitations come in the form of interference, degradation of signal strength with the distance and possible unwanted delays. This thesis work starts with a literature study on medium access control (MAC) methods and their possibilities for adoption of time-triggered and event-driven strategies for ESs with time constraints and continues with the lab assignment design, implementation and testing. Taking into account timing requirements brought by ESs and the specifics of the lab, i.e., limited time given to the students to solve the problem and compulsory usage of available lab equipment, a design with two communicating raspberry Pis was proposed. The system consists of a sensor node sending its readings to a controller, which is responsible for analyzing the data and actuating a set of LED lights as a response to the input data. The communication is done over a WiFi network and three different programs, organizing the communication in time-triggered, eventdriven or a combination of the two fashions are developed. Each program is tested under three environmental conditions and the results from these tests clearly show the limitation of the underlying CSMA/CA MAC adopted in WiFi and give a greater understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of different strategies for communication design.

  • 243.
    Andersson, R B
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Dana, L P
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Johansson, A W
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Indigenous Rights, Entrepreneurship and Economic Development: Policies and Outcomes in Canada, New Zealand and Sweden2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 244.
    Andersson, Robin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    MOBILE PLATFORM INTERFACE FOR CONTROLLING AND MONITORING ARTIFICIAL LIMBS2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 300 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An artificial limb driven by myoelectric signals provides individuals suffering from upper limb amputation a means to perform some daily activities that would otherwise be impossible to perform. Although promising, the functionality of the limb is however still limited due to signal drift and changing requirements for different daily activities. The ability for the user to adjust control parameters on the artificial limb in real time could enhance the quality of life for these people by improving the performance of the artificial limb. During this master thesis, a mobile platform for communication and configuration of an artificial limb has been developed based on previous work by Max Ortiz C et al. The communication between the embedded system and the mobile application is based on a bluetooth standard and have been verified in conjunction with a customized communication protocol.Qualitative validation was performed by analyzing a collected questioner from one patient suffering an upper limb amputation. The results showed that functionality of the artificial limb is still one of the most important areas that needs to be improved. In addition, the most important types of feedback currently lacking were tactile feedback and elbow functionality. Quantitative experimental tests showed a statistically significant improvement in terms of both artificial limb response time and movement prediction accuracy when the threshold value, used by the control system to make a movement prediction, was adjusted in real time through the mobile application as compared to having a fixed threshold. These results shed new light on the potential benefits of using a mobile interface for real-time adjustment of limb parameters.

  • 245.
    Andersson, Sabine
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Innergården: Förbättrat utomhusflöde på äldreboende genom tillämpad Informationsdesign2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 246.
    Andersson, Sandra
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Text och bild i samverkan för att förklara funktioner i teknikinformation2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are lots of studies that show that text and image integration is good for learning and understanding. But to simply add some images to a text material or vice versa, does not ensure improvement. How can text and image interact from a cognitive theoretical perspective in a product to increase the understanding of functions in a complex system? This is the question that I have asked myself in this study and limited my analysis to a brochure about the intern system PERFEKT. The brochure is made by Tjeders who manufactures and markets components in areas such as healthcare. The purpose of the study is to make the brochure more understandable and to clarify information about product features. To do this, I have used literary studies, conducted telephone interviews with the target audience and made a text and image analysis. Based on the methods and the theoretical framework I have designed a new brochure, made proposals of a coherent picture mannerisms, produced a new text written in the text binding theme-rheme as well as working with text and images in the collaboration. Conclusions of this work is that knowledge of the target audience can lead to a better understanding of what information they want. The irrelevant information decreased by adapting the information to the target audience, which is good for our limited working memory. By using theme-rheme in the text, the reader can wander into the text step by step, which also reduces strain on the memory. By interacting text and picture and connecting the two modalities together, the information conveyed is better understood. One of the methods to interact both modalities that I have applied in my design result is: integration.

  • 247.
    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Communication space: Spatial design in manufacturing industry2011Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main concern of this licentiate thesis is to discuss how built space is used for communication in the manufacturing industry, from a visual communication perspective. The thesis presents and develops the notion of 'communication space' and presents a model to describe the relation between different factors in the communication space.

    In a multiple case study, six different cases from the manufacturing industry are described and analyzed to highlight how built space is used for communication in a lean production context. Research results on how built spaces such as improvement places, meeting places and a development workshop affect improvement processes and communication are presented. What the studied improvement areas, meeting places and workshop can be said to communicate about the improvement processes is analyzed.

    The research results show that the built spaces in manufacturing industry are used for communication on two levels, both as places for interaction between employees and as a part of a communication process. The study also shows a relation between architecture from a specific time and the relation to the improvement work in the industrial context. How the results can be used to facilitate communication in the built spaces used for improvement processes in manufacturing industry is suggested in the thesis.

  • 248.
    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    ‘Company-selfies’ Boundary Negotiating Artefacts in Group Discussions on Innovation2015In: The Proceedings of The XXVI ISPIM Conference 2015 Budapest, Hungary - 14-17 June 2015, Budapest, Hungary, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, one practice-oriented approach to incorporate nonexperts in early stages of innovation work is presented and analysed: the method of photo-based group discussions on innovation. The result is based on studies in 7 different organizations during 2013-2014. The method was developed as a response to a current innovation management problem in manufacturing companies in mid-Sweden, i.e. the problem how to enable all employees to use their talent and potential in relation to innovation initiatives on all levels. The results show how the photographs were used by the participants to negotiate different interpretations of innovation. The photographs were used for self-reflection, borrowing, inclusion and denominating actions. The results contribute to the theoretical understanding in the innovation management community of photographs in innovation processes. It does so by the introduction of the notion 'company-selfie' and the analyse of the photograph as a boundary negotiation artefact in groupdiscussion on innovation.

  • 249.
    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Rumslig omgestaltning : – en visuell signal i förändringsprocesser2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract

    Detta är en teknisk rapport om en fallstudie, utförd på en utvecklingsverkstad, 2007-2008. Som metod användes intervju, enkätundersökning, studier av tryckt material och arkitekturanalys. En rumslig förändring kopplas till aspekter som orientering, professionalitet, den anställdes känsla av värde för företaget, motivation och status. Andra aspekter i studien är rumslig gestaltning som signal för förändring, nöjda medarbetare, trivsel, framtid, attraktiv arbetsplats, verkstad i världsklass och effektivitet.

    Resultatet indikerar att en rumslig förändring i den studerade utvecklingsverkstaden fungerar som en positiv visuell signal för en pågående förändringsprocess när det gäller organisation på avdelningen som helhet. I det empiriska resultatet har det blivit tydligt att förändringar av rumsliga element starkt kan förknippas med – och vara ett resultat av – agerad information (Bates, 2006). De övertygelser och förhoppningar som genomsyrar avdelningens ledning visar sig i form av effekter i de rumsliga elementen. I slutsatsen diskuteras studiens resultat kort i relation till Hawthornestudien (Mayo, 1933).

     

  • 250.
    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Space for Creative Dialogue: context and content in practice2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: How do Spaces for Creative Dialogue evolve and how are they experienced in practice? In this paper we will present findings on how space is experienced by informants in the structure of a dialog seminar in an innovation research project. We are investigating the relationship between the physical context and mental content, between the created mental space and the experience of physical space. In the project studied here, the aim of the research was to share ideas and also to develop strategies and methods for radical change in production systems in manufacturing industry from an engineering, innovation and design research perspective. In a way the research project itself was under the demand to be innovative and different competences had to work together. In the method of dialog seminars the explanation of the organisation is focused around the structure of the seminar, but the physical spaces is an unexplored part of the dialog seminar. The success of the innovation process today depends on the use of both organizational structure and physical space. Furthermore, the organizational structure and physical space must be designed to encourage the very communication that spurs innovation, a view put forward by Allen and Henn (2007). So, how was the project organised to encourage a dialogue that spurs innovation and how were the physical spaces experienced? Keywords: creative spaces; dialogue; thinking style; radical innovation.

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