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  • 1.
    Edlund, Fredrik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Sarker, Saqib
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Smart Kitchen: Automatisk inventering av föremål2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Internet of Things is growing fast and is predicted to become a part of everyday life. This can be used to create products which will make everyday life easier. Automated object detection combined with an automated inventory check can make it easier to manage what is in stock, this is something that can be used in smart refrigerators as an example, to make life more convenient through Internet of Things. This Bachelor thesis studies methods regarding object detection with the purpose to build a system which automatically identifies objects and manages the inventory status. A prototype was built and tested to see what the possibilities there is with such a system. The Prototype uses a Raspberry Pi as core unit, which uses Dlib libraries to identify predefined objects. The user will identify unknown objects via the mobile phone application, which makes it possible for the system to learn how to identify new objects. The same application is used to check the inventory status for the different objects that has been identified by the system. The prototype can identify objects and learn to identify new ones, according to the goals of the project.

  • 2.
    Gidlöf Örnerfors, Linus
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Testautomatisering av linjärmotorer2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This diploma work has been carried out on behalf of Stegia AB. Stegia manufacturesand sells linear motors that are tested in a test bench before shipped to thecustomer. Today there is a need for a test bench that collects test results from theperformed tests. The company would like to lower the risk of falsely made tests,and to make the test bench easier for the production staff to use. At this moment,the test of the linear motors is made up of several manual tasks before the test iscompleted. This increases the risk of wrong results because of incorrectly madetests, with no traceability of the results. The goal with this diploma work is to lowerthe risk of incorrect test result by automating the testing process for the productionstaff. The result is presented as a prototype, that should increase the reliability ofthe test result of the motors. The result is then validated and analyzed in this report.

  • 3.
    Grahn, Erik
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Evaluation of MEMS accelerometer and gyroscope for orientation tracking nutrunner functionality2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the production industry, quality control is of importance. Even though today's tools provide a lot of functionality and safety to help the operators in their job, the operators still is responsible for the final quality of the parts. Today the nutrunners manufactured by Atlas Copco use their driver to detect the tightening angle. There- fore the operator can influence the tightening by turning the tool clockwise or counterclockwise during a tightening and quality cannot be assured that the bolt is tightened with a certain torque angle. The function of orientation tracking was de- sired to be evaluated for the Tensor STB angle and STB pistol tools manufactured by Atlas Copco. To be able to study the orientation of a nutrunner, practical exper- iments were introduced where an IMU sensor was fixed on a battery powered nutrunner. Sensor fusion in the form of a complementary filter was evaluated. The result states that the accelerometer could not be used to estimate the angular dis- placement of tightening due to vibration and gimbal lock and therefore a sensor fusion is not possible. The gyroscope by itself can be used to provide the angular displacement around every axis with high accuracy without taking into account the gimbal lock phenomena or external forces in the form of vibration of the tool. The gyroscope provided data with a probability to measure ±1° in future tightenings by 69,76%. The gyroscope provided data with high accuracy and stability and can be used in real world application and production for true angle functionality of the tools. 

  • 4.
    Kers, Simon
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Configuration and device identification on networkgateways2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To set up port forwarding rules on network gateways, certain technical skills are requiredfrom end-users. These assumptions in the gateway software stack, can lead to an increasein support calls to network operators and resellers of customer premises equipment. Theuser interface itself is also an important part of the product and a complicated interfacewill contribute to a lessened user experience. Other issues with an overwhelming userinterface include the risk of faulty configuration by the user, potentially leaving the networkvulnerable to attacks.We present an enhancement of the current port forwarding configuration in the gatewaysoftware, with an extensible library of presets along with usability improvements. To helpusers with detecting available services, a wrapper for a network scanner is implemented, fordetecting devices and services on the local network. These parts combined relieves end-usersof looking up forwarding rules for ports and protocols to configure their gateway, basingtheir decisions on data collected by the network scanner or by using an applications nameinstead of looking up its ports. Another usability improvement is an internal DNS service,which enables access to the gateway interface through a human-memorable domain name,instead of using the LAN IP address.Using the Nmap utility for identifying services on the network, could be consideredharmful activity by network admins and intrusion detection systems. The preset libraryis extensible and generic enough to be included in the default software suite shipping withthe network equipment. Working within the unified configuration system of OpenWrt, thepreset design will add value and allow resellers to easily customize it to their services. Thisproposal could reduce support costs for the service operators and improve user experiencein configuring network gateways.

  • 5.
    Klint, Simon
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Laveskog, Magnus
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Energiövervakning och styrning av snarta hem2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Energy monitoring can lead to lowering energy consumption. This infor-mation would help the user to make decisions in regards to the power us-age. The measurements can also give the user the possibility to study the power quality to find bad loads and minimize the effects on the power grid. The choice of thesis was done to give the users the possibility to affect and monitor their environmental effect in a way that is otherwise not possible. A concept was developed that measure the voltage and current peak, the voltage and current RMS, power factor and the voltage waveform. The measurements are then sent to a server that is also containing a website. With the website the user can monitor their power usage and turn on or off the power consumers on the website. Added to the system is also the pos-sibility to add external sensors to increase the monitoring. The result of the project is a functioning concept to demonstrate. Another big result is the amount of improvements discovered to make it a really good base to con-tinue developing on.

  • 6.
    Persson, Mikael
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik.
    Andersson, Tim
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik.
    Utveckling av en Quadcopter2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of the thesis is to build a quadcopter that can fly and be controlled via a radio transmitter in all directions, stabilizing itself in the air, to land autonomously and detect collisions in the forward direction.In order to achieve the basic goal of being able to fly, a PID controller was implemented which is used to stabilize the Quadcopter in the air by controlling the motors with help from sensor orientation. This sensor orientation is obtained from a complementary filter that merges angle data from an accelerometer and a gyroscope. Both an accelerometer and a gyroscope are required to automatically stabilize the Quadcopter in the air.To achieve the goal of autonomous landing an ultrasonic sensor was used. An algorithm was developed to read the distance from the ground which was a basis for creating our own algorithm for autonomous landing.The Quadcopter has the ability to stabilize itself in the air, be controlled via a radio transmitter and land autonomously. A safety feature that enables autonomous landing if the Quadcopter travels outside the radio coverage is implemented and also a switch that turns off the engines. The only thing that wasn’t implemented was the crash avoidance in the forward direction because the ultrasonic sensor was not suited for this application.

  • 7.
    Sandberg, Johnny
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik.
    Trådlös strömning av en ljudsignal till multipla mottagare2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has examined which wireless technology that is best suited for use when an audio signal are to be streamed wirelessly to multiple recipients. The technologies that where compared was Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. Other wireless communication technologies, ZigBee, ANT+ and NFC, were excluded because their maximum data rate or range wasn’t sufficient enough. Since it’s required a license to be allowed to use 3G and 4G, these were excluded as well.  As receivers, primarily Android and iOS phones would be used. Furthermore, it has been examined which components that are required for manufacturing a prototype that will be able to stream an audio signal wireless to multiple smartphone’s. Lastly, a circuit diagram for this prototype has been made.

    Wi-Fi WLAN infrastructure was considered to be best suited for this application. The prototype that would stream an audio signal therefore needed to function as a Wi-Fi access point. AR9271, a Wi-Fi chip from Qualcomm Atheros, was selected to be used as Wi-Fi transmitter because it has an open-source firmware and were easier to come by compared to other similar Wi-Fi chip. To be able to use the Linux-based open-source firmware of the Wi-Fi chip, SAM9M10 MCU from Atmel was selected as control unit since it can be used with Linux Embedded. In order to digitize the analog audio signal, VS1063 MP3 encoder from VLSI Solution was selected.

  • 8.
    Söderholm, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik.
    Fröberg, Markus
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik.
    Energismart bevattningssystem2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Energy smart solutions are up to date and all opportunities to save energy are considered essential for protection of nature. Energy can be saved on irrigation systems by not watering if rain is approaching. By monitoring weather forecasts, the rainfall can be analyzed and irrigation adjusted accordingly.

     

    The projects goal is to create an energy smart irrigation system designed to prevent unwanted watering. By using soil moisture sensors and analyze weather data, the irrigation amount will be determined depending on the soil moisture and upcoming rainfall. Through a web page, there are configuration options and information about the system.

     

    This report explains the sensor nodes and its various functionalities in the system. The associated soil moisture sensors characteristics and its calibration are described. The water pump and its associated controlling are also treated. The system’s server and database are described as well as the link between them. There is also a flowchart of the server’s functionality. It explains how the weather data is collected and analyzed to access impending rainfall.

     

    The system's web page is shown and described with its configuration options and its status information. It also explains how the sensor motes are added, removed and edited on the website and in the system.

     

    The results summarize the work with how the different parts are linked together to form the energy smart irrigation system. An installation guide and a user manual have also been created.

  • 9.
    Wernersson, Johan
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Automatiserad elektrisk testning av styrenheter: Styrenheter med verkliga laster i befintliga testriggar2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis work intends to study the possibilities to automate electrical testing of electronic control units in an existing test environment. The work was executed on behalf of Scania CV AB for the department Electronic Hardware, who run tests in development and verification of requirements for electronic control units. By using an automated testing system, the testing process could be made more effective and raise the quality. The testing work is done on test rigs which are equipped with full-scale hardware from real trucks to emulate the working environment the electronic control unit operates into. Development models were used to be able to create a testing system which could meet the requirements that were defined during the requirement engineering process. Evaluation matrices were used to choose the soft- and hardware that could be considered the most appropriate for the automated testing system according to the requirements. The result shown that the testing system should consist of a testing software that runs on an ordinary computer and an embedded system equipped with electronic components to enable the testing system for electrical tests. To demonstrate the possibilities of the whole testing system a prototype was manufactured which was designed to execute a test case that could greatly benefit from the advantages that comes with automation. It was a test case set out to measure voltage levels when switching in a digital input. The prototype was based on a microcontroller card from Arduino and was joined by a printed circuit board to be able to run electrical tests with the higher voltage levels that were demanded by electronic control units. To design test cases and manage the test process, LabVIEW was chosen, a software in which tests are designed in a graphical programming language. Test results for the prototype test system showed that verification of the requirements for voltage levels when switching was radically simplified by an automated procedure, as the test time could be drastically reduced, particularly in a repetitive procedure.

1 - 9 of 9
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  • nn-NO
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  • Other locale
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