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  • 1.
    Glimskär, Bo
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    Developments for a future health care at home step by step2010In: Safety Science Monitor, ISSN 1443-8844, Vol. 14, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Glimskär, Bo
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    The Adoption of Ergonomic Innovations for Injury Prevention: Examples from the building construction and health care industries2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A good work environment is important for the individual, for industry and for society. The work environment research has, predominantly, targeted identification of problems and the measurement of the size of these problems.

    Innovations to reduce the incidence of musculoskeletal disorder, MSD, have been introduced in different branches of industry, but with limited success.

    Few of the ergonomic innovations developed for the building and construction industry have reached a sufficient level of adoption. Ergonomic innovations in the health care sector are of an incremental character and seem to have similar problems of adoption as the ones in the building and construction industry.

    Three examples of ergonomic innovation are examined in the thesis:

    • a glue spreader for floor layers

    • a four-wheel walker with a lifting device

    • a sonographer’s scanning support device

    The studies show that an ergonomic innovation is not adopted for prevention of occupational injury unless the innovation also has other relative advantages apart from the ergonomic ones. For the group who already has sustained an injury, it is enough that the ergonomic problems are solved, while the other, symptom-free group, requires other advantages in order to adopt the innovation; increased production economy seems to be the most prominent potential advantage.

  • 3.
    Glimskär, Bo
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    The Adoption of Ergonomic Innovations for Injury Prevention: Sonographer's scanning support deviceManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies of how people relate to the risk of occupational injury indicate that there is a tendency to underestimate the risk at work compared to other risks in society. Ultrasound examinations of the heart involve a static and very uncomfortable working posture for the sonographer. As a result many sonographers experience shoulder and neck pains which can result in long term sickness leaves.

    The purpose of the study was to evaluate how a more radical ergonomic innovation, a remote controlled ultrasound robot for cardiac examinations, Medirob, has been adopted. The study was conducted by interviews with department heads and heads of clinics, responsible for the procurement of the equipment.

    The results of this study have shown that it is not maybe enough to solve an ergonomic problem with an innovation to get it accepted and used. To prevent injuries the intervention must also have other qualities, for example improved productivity.

  • 4.
    Glimskär, Bo
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    Utvecklad projektering och planering: Fallrapport (Åkerbyparken)1995Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    1990 initierades Åkerbyparken av Täby kommun för seniorbostäder. Projektet genomfördes av Besqab i samarbete med SIAB och berörde samtliga verksamma på arbetsplatsen och i projekteringen. Projektets målsättning har varit att genom en utvecklad projektering och planering förebygga att arbetssituationer som kan leda till förslitningsskador uppkommer. Genom att särskilt beakta dessa frågor i alla skeden av ett byggobjekts genomförande kan man skapa förutsättningar för minskade förslitningsskador i branschen samt även skapa en bättre produktionsekonomi.

  • 5.
    Glimskär, Bo
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    Utveckling av armeringsbollen: Etapp 11995Report (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Glimskär, Bo
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    Utveckling av utrustning för utläggning av gjutasfalt1996Report (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Glimskär, Bo
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    Forsberg, Johan
    Wernersson, Å
    Byggrobot för spackling och målning1998Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skriften beskriver ett autonomt mobilt robotsystem för sprutspackling och annan ytbehandling inomhus vid i första hand nybyggnation av större byggnader. I skriften jämförs de två prototyper som utvecklats vad avser sensorer, mekanisk konstruktion, styrsystem och datoralgoritmer för att extrahera information från omgivningen.

  • 8.
    Glimskär, Bo
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    Graff, Daniel
    m.fl, m.fl
    Robotstöd till arbetsmässigt besvärliga byggarbeten: prototypuppbyggnad1995Book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Glimskär, Bo
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    Svedberg, B
    Utveckling av armeringsbollen: Etapp 21998Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I etapp 1 av projektet har en inledande undersökning genomförts med avsikt att pröva "armeringsbolls-principen" för att förstärka betong. Syftet med denna etapp 2 har varit att vidareutveckla och utprova metoden med armeringsbollar. Försöken har inriktats mot tester av egenskaper vad gäller energiupptagande förmåga. I samband med dessa tester har även olika utformningar prövats. Resultaten visar att armeringsbollen har bättre egenskaper än traditionell armering för dessa tillämpningar.

    Innehåller tre bilagor:- Wireball reinforcement for seismic resistance- Quasi-static loading of spherically reinforced concrete columns- Potential of wireball reinforcement for seismic design

     

     

  • 10.
    Glimskär, Bo
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    Wernersson, Å
    Nygårds, J
    Högström, T
    Inmätning av byggnader: Från lasermätningar till CAD-modell1996Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en förstudie av möjligheterna att från avståndsmätningar med laser finna geometriska primitiver till CAD modeller av byggnader. Rapporten tar upp laserteknologi genom ett antal illustrativa mätningar samt refererar till nödvändiga algoritmer för att extrahera CAD-modellens geometriska element.

  • 11.
    Hjalmarson, Jenny
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    Glimskär, Bo
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    Getting up from the floor: Older peroples´ abilities and experiencesIn: Physiotherapy, ISSN 0031-9406, E-ISSN 1873-1465Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To analyse the movement patterns of people over 75 years of age when getting up from the floor, and to find out what they describe as critical moments in getting up.

    Design: Observation of old people performing get up from floor and evaluation of experiences in VIDAR evaluation program.

    Setting: Tests were made in a laboratory environment

    Participants: 20 participants, eleven women and nine men. The mean age was 79 years.

    Result: Most elderly persons in this case did experience difficulties in getting up. The difficulties were mainly described in legs and were related to discomfort, weakness and balance issues. Most of the participants 18 of 20 made the getting up by themselves. The most of the participants 18 of 20 preferred a getting up including a position kneeling. The most critical part in getting were lifting one leg forward and then stretch the legs after kneeling, 17 of 18 described difficulties in this part.

    Conclusions: When developing aids to help persons to get up the main goal should be to reduce load on legs and support balance for the user. Training should include balance and muscle exercise of the leg.

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